i i i i . . 1 1 i i . -i i ' " 1 I. i i ...... n i 1' i '" ' - - .- biii - in I. I. i i. i - 1 1, i . . - , ,"""" ' ' ' , I,,' 'J'. '.I, ' '-','',"' "". i i ! i .1
BY E. P. WALTON & SONS.
MOJNTPELIEU, THURSDAY, JUNE 29, 1818.
VOL. XLII, NO. 38. WHOLE NO. 217G.
illatcljmau & 0tatc journal.
l'UULISHUD BVUUY TltUHSDAY MOUNINO.
TERMS SI BO rah In advance $500 If payment li not
made Id advance) Intercut always charged lrnm the end
of tlto j-eor.
iVom llio Southern Literary Gazette
SONG OF THE AXE.
nr ciujan lotntiiu.
Let llio pott-lonl,
PepMiiui th iwuril
'Dint jrlcniui on conqneit't tracki )
Hel ml no tn prolong
A liintil'lcr long
The lay oMlto Wooil nan' nxo.
In llio rnddjr llood
Ubattle'i blood 1
Ita pie itdo r iiitVrwui dimmM,
Tor a grnitiT lamo
Awiiu tin no mo
Tlmn cer tbe ttildlrr lijmiiM.
Like a pioneer
Willi v.ouU of chrer,
It brenStf the fornix gloom,
And biddeth tlto torn
!( Iftvei unclose 1
And lu tbo tli'icit bluom. '
And tbe palace dome,
Or peamnl'i homo,
It rent wltlibrnte i-ommand j
For n towering auk
Ita luxfy ftiokn t
Cuuld ever yet withstand.
IIo! tbe Axo ii kh.g
Of llio wlldHOod rini '
And of tbo moiiaich lice,
A tul loloro bis Mow
They bow them low.
They Iau.i at tbo mountain breeze.
And iln tropblci bright
Aro truth ami light.
And rient)'i golden tt.ro j
rir rndrop of icon
IVor dim tbo iht-cn
That fljtfbM in diii of jure J
Then prnhe to tbe king
Of llio wi M wood rin?,
Tbe voi'dmnn4 billing Axe
Tor a gnnt'er fumo
A .vuit Its name
Than tbe nwrdon Conqueit's track 1
DT WM. 11. SUBLriOII.
Juse, with It rosei, June !
The glmUlf ii month of out capricious year,
With tit tbak foliage ami iti nunlight clour ;
And villi tbo drowsy tune
Of llio bright leaping water, as Ibey pass
Laughingly ou uinid tbo iprlnging grass.
Hariri, at her joyoui coming,
Smites as she puts her gajtut mantlo on J
And nature arceti her with u bmisuti )
While myriad voices bumming
Tholr welcome nong, breathe dreamy music round.
Till seems the air un clement of sminJ,
'J be overarching sky
Wenrctb a softer tii.t, a lovelier blue,
As If tlio light of heat en were melting through
lis supj-hire domo on high
Hiding the Kuuiliiiiv in their vapory Sreasl,
1 ho clouds float on like spirits to their test.
A deeper mclu.ly,
Poui'd by the bird, as o'er their callow young"
Watchful they hover, to the brcczo Ii flung
G.utumo, jet not of glee
Music heart-horn, liko that which mothers sing
A hot a their cradled infunts slumbering.
On tbe unrm MI! side, whoro
To the blf ript-n'd cherry, as the sun
Day after day pours vnrmtb tbo trees upon, m
Tbo neb pu'p is g'vec. ;
The tiuint rcbtol buy looks with laughing crcs,
And perils limb and neck to win tbo prize.
1 bo farmer In bis field,
Praui the lirb mould urn -nd tbe tender moi.o j
Whilo Hope, bright pinion'd, points to coming days,
When all bis toll shall yield
An ample harvest, and around bis hearth
'J hero hull bo longing ees and tunes of mirth.
Potted on bis min bow wing,
The butterfly, whoso life i butun hour,
llovirs coq'icll'My from fl'iwertu flower,
A guy and huppy thing;
Horn for the lumliino and the summer day,
Boon, passfn;, like the beautiful, away !
Thctto uro thy picturos, Juno
Brightest of summer tnonlhi the month of flowers !
l'irst'bvrn of beauty, whose swift-fooled hours
Dance to tbo merry tune
Of Urdu, and WHUr', end tbe pleasant shout
Of childhood on the sunny bills pealM out.
( feel It wcro not wion
To deem thou art n typo of heaven's clime.
Only that there the rlouds aud storms of lima
Sweep not tbo sky along ;
The flowers atr bentit; all ro tblnft
But brlgLtcr puier lovolier moro diiino I
THE BAG OF WHEAT.
bt Mai. lvuia j.iic maio.
" So it seems wo havo got a thief in our
settlement," remarked Mrs. Green to a com
pany of ladies who were assembled around
a nuilt, each busily plying her needle.
" I should hope not," said Mrs. Gray, " I
have never heard of a theft being commit
. ted in this neighborhood, and ue arc all ex
cessively careless, leaving our doors unfas
tened day and night, aud our wash out for
lays together, and never once dreaming
that any thing could be stolen."
"Thatiitrue," replied Mrs.Green. " We
have never had a lock or bolt upon our
door; but it becomes us to be a little cau
" What has happened, Mrs. Green? in
quired Mrs. Lacey, "I think you should tell
us what you mean."
" Well, then," said Mrs. Green, "though
' they talk of keeping quiet as tho surest
method of detecting the thief, I sec no harm
in telling it for there can ho no doubt as to
who the wretch is."
. " You must know that Mr. Frost put up
s'tx bags full of wheat, to take to tho mill,
. last Saturday morning, but something pre
vented his going; and when ho went to tho
barn yesterday to take it away, ono bag was
(hissing. So you sec it must have been sto
len between Saturday aud yesterday, which
" But who is suspected of the theft ?"
" Oh, as to that you know, as Mrs. Gray
i says, wo have never had any dishonest peo
. phi amongst us; so it must bo the poor fam
ily that moved into Mr. Frost's old house,
last mouth. Mary called on them soon af
' tcr they moved iu, aud sho says they looked
miserably having little or no furniture, and
that little out of order that tho man Bat
writing, whilo his wife lay on tho bed, and
a growing girl tricked out in city finery,
wns nursing an infant, and hearing two lit
tle ragged fellows read. And Mary noticed
that when tlio boys had done reading, the
youngest whimpered to Ins sister, " Now,
Alice, I am n good boy, will you give mo a
piece of bread V And the girl whispered,
" Wait a while, Charley1 and she kissed
him, Mary said, to hide the tears that gush
ed from her eyes. Now if they arc so very
poor, yon know, they might be tempted to
steal; for it must be very bard to hear chil
dren cry for bread and have none lo give
" Yes1 put in Mrs. Laccy, " and my hus
band has often said be wondered if they had
any thing to cat, and wc would willingly
have given them something, only they seem
ed so proud and stuck up like, wo were a
fraid lo otter them anything for fear tint they
would take it as an insult."
' TI,n('o inul flirt wntt tt-n hfii u Toll nlinttf
them," remarked Mrs. Gray, " and if thoy I
would havo come amnnir us. aud told us
that they wcro in want, wc should not have
let them sufier. Hut so if is. The pride
that will not let a man work, or ask relief
of his neighbor, drives him to dishonest aud
"Well," resumed Mrs. Green. "I hope
this affair will drive such people from our
ncigliborliood, lor JWr. Frost intends to find
out the truth of the business, and then tell she did not intend to assume a false pnsi
them to make themselves scarce, or abide 'lion, but she actually believed, as she had
the decision of the law." been taught, that she was better than those
There was in the company of quitters, ai who were ;i grade below her fattier in point
maiden lady of near fifty years of ago, who, 'of wealth, and those who were degraded by
during the colloquy, uttered not a word ; j a necessity to labor, she looked down upon
hut now she turned her head aside, took oll"i as from an immeasurable height. Surely
her spectacles, wiped first her eyes and some- they were not of her species, aud could
what faded cheeks, and then tier glases; have neither feeling nor affection in com
heaved a deep sigh, and murmured, " I fear moil with her. Adversity had not humbled
that wc have sinned against these strangers, her, and she still claimed the homage which
Wo have permitted them to sufier in our, had been paid to tier wealth and not to tier,
midst, and now impute crime to them mere-1 For now that the golden orb of wealth no
y because wc suppose them to be destitute, j longer threw his glorious radiance upon
Let us at least be charitable in this last case: ' her, she found herself a very inferior orb
they may he worthy people and there may
be some mistake about the bag of wheat;
and, even if they have been driven to
take what wns not theirs, I fear the sin lies
nt our own door. AVc should have visited
them, notwithstanding their centry airs and
As Aunt Sarali was regarded an oracle,
the whole circle assented to her verdict, and
it was settled that Mr. Frost should bo per
suaded to let this one ofiunco rest for the
present, and Aunt Sarali and Mrs. Laccy
were deputed as a kind of committee to call
on the htrnngi! family the next day, and re
connoitre. Now a rail in the country,
means to drop in a little while after noon,
lay off your bonnet and shawl, take out your
work, and it liko one of the family, work
ing and chatting until evening or bed time
partaking of such faro as the house affords, j
Ami who were these poor people concern-1
ing whom such suspicious were afloat ?
I will give you a sketch of their history.
Mr. Howard was the son of an independent
farmer, who was owner of a superior tract
of land, nn elegant and comfortable house,1
fine stock of catilc, and a large family of
handsome and intelligent children. These
wero all, from childhood, accustomed to
healthy labor, plentiful board, comfortable
lodging, and substantial raiment; besides
many little elegancies of dress and furni
ture. As they arrived at proper ages they
were well educated, and provided with situ-
tions, in which it was reasonable to suppose
that they might iu time make themselves i
fortunes. One studied medicine, two read j
law, ono being pious, became a minister,
and this one. William Howard, served his i
seven years as clerk iu a dry goods store. I soon ceased to be a topic of conversation, or
About the time ho attained his majority, j wondering speculation. But now, the cir
his father died, and the property that had ! cumstance of the lost bag of wheat brought
been riches m one man's possession, was
but small portions when divided ainoncst
ten children. However, William's share
enabled him to enter as junior partner into
a respectable mercantile firm. He now
thought himself authorized to marry, as be
had long been a sincere lover of Alice Car
roll, daughter to the merchant with whom
he served his clerkship, and of whom ho
was now a partner. Tlio girl loved him,
and as ho was honest, industrious, hand
some, and a real gentleman iu his deport
ment, her parents cheerfully consented to
Alice was a lovely girl, sweet-tempered,
and highly accomplished, and Howard per
fectly adored tier. Ti.cy commenced house
keeping in a style of simple elegance, suit
ed to their standing and expectations, and,
luring several years, enjoyed the sweets of
contcntcu competence and reasonable pros-
But reverses came. Loss followed loss
and the wealthy house of Carroll and How-1
ard became itisolteut. M isfortuno seemed
never weary of persecuting them, anil blow
followed blow, until Mr. Carroll found rest i her sympathy. At length one ol the little
iu the grave and Mr. Howard found lodg- boys came forward, attracted, doubtless, by
ing in a small cottage, in the nut-skirts ' Aunt Sarah's gentle mien and voice, and
of the city. Ho soon found employ- ' taking her hand in both of his, said
ment as a clerk, at a small salary, and ifl "George Frost told me that his father
Mrs. Howard had received a domestic edu-j was going to put my papa iu jail, because
cation, might have lived comfortably. Hut he said papa was u thief. It is this makes
her parents had fallen into tho fashionable! mamma cry so; but wc wcro crying he
error of modem educating, and while they cause wc were so hungry. We have had no
spared no pains in accomplishing their I bread these two days, and now wc have no
daughter, utterly neglected that which ren-' potatoes."
dcrs woman good and valuable on earth. The ice being thus broken up, Mr. How
Tho young ladies wero taught to conceal ard confirmed what the child had spoken,
under the veil of politeness, every defect of! related his history as sketched above, and
temper; to please, to dazzle, and to seek
admiration; but the virtues and graces that
constitute the wife anil mother, and tho
.ln.nnaf if nr1llrnInn ...t.:l. ...... .I...... - ,
uu.iw.j.w uuwm.iw.i niHu luuuuia a wiiiiiuu wimuii in u iiiuuu in vmu, fiu.i i.au in
capable of managing her house, were passed ' solved, if ho should get an unfavorable an
by as of no consequence, or avoided as dc-jswor, to end his miserable existence by sui
gruding, I cido, before this last blow fell upon Inm.
Mrs. Howard was therefore incapable of, Aunt Sarah, with a few sensible, gentle
performing the labors of her household, and i words, quieted tho stormy spirits of tlio
so the servants wero retained, consequently ' household, reproached herself for having
while there were more mouths to feed, and
less economy in tho housekeeping, there
was wages to bo paid weekly.
Their eldest daughter, Alice, had been
for tho last threo years an inmate of tho
most fashionable school in the vicinity, but
now she was forced to come homo and en
deavor to turn her accomplishments to ac
count in somo way ; tho eldest son was re
moved from tho seminary and entered as
errand boy in a store, and still Mr. How
ard's income did not meet the expenses of
Ins family. What was to bo done ? Ills
brothers had families of their own, and wero
scattered over tho far West, from Tramc
Du Chien to New-Orleans. Ho could get
no aid from any of them. Tho Carrolls
were all involved in tho fall of their house
What could ho do J
It was on a Saturtlny eveninj:, llio weekly
bills were paid, Imt the balance was too
small to purchase bread and tea for the Sab
bath, and the quarter's rent would bo due
in a few days. Mrs, Howard, crushed in
health nud spirit, lay Bobbing on her hus
band's shoulder, while her daughter Alice
was vainly endeavoring to soothe the infant
which was crying for the milk which nei
ther the mother's bosom nor the father's
hand could supply.
" My dear, poor wife," the miserable man
said nt length, " there is no tuc in our re
maining hero and struggling thus against
misfortune. 1 know tbcro is it living for
us somewhere in the world. If yon arc
willing, poor love, wc will sell our remaining
furniture, pay our landlord, and go West,
into some new settlement. The people in
such places arc kind hearted and free from
pride ; wc can get a cottage nud garden
spot for a trillinc rent, can net some cm-
ploymcnt, you and Alice can do our house
work, and if the worst come, 1 know how
to work on a farm, andean get employment'
as a day laborer." . ,
The wretched wife groaned, but she an-!
swered, " Wc will make tbo trial." j
Mrs. Howard would not have been so i
utterly deserted in her adversity if she bad ,
linntt Inca linilrrlifv in Itnf Tin! mu fl.ll'a 'Prim I
w.. .y ....... j ........ . ..... ,
amid the galaxy of the female world. It
was rank, and fasliion, and dress, and showy
accomplishments, that had constituted her
charms : these had forsaken her and she was
I nnlv mi ftrltunrv ivumnn
Mr. Howard gathered the poor remains
of his utter wreck together, paid off consci
entiously, all demands against him, nud with
the trille which remained to him, turned his
Sickness among the children detained
him on the road, and when lie reached our
settlement he was destitute. Leaving his
family at an inn, he walked out to seek a
shelter for them. His appearance excited
wonder, and, it must be added, suspicion ;
however, ho at length succeeded in obtain
ing permission to occupy for the present,
Mr. Frost's old house : which, although it
answered his own family very well until by
industry and economy he had been enabled
to build a better, was now deemed by the
family who left it scarcely a year previous,
hardly habitable. Dut then Mr. Frost did
not require any rent. If they could live in
it, they were welcome.
Hut what were such fashionable people
doing in thafWd house in our settlement?
Some thought that they were unfortunates,
and some whispered t hat they were proba
bly fugitives from justice.
These suspicious were strengthened by
the conduct of the family, who seemed to
shun all familiar intercourse with their
neighbors, and as country people always
have plenty of employment for every hour,
curiosity cannot bo largely indulged, and
wonders ure short lived among them, so the
Howards and their peculiar circumstances
them once more heloro the community
But while thequiltcrsat Mrs. Gray's wero
thus hazarding conjecture respecting them,
how was the real state of affairs at Mr. How
ards? We will relate only what Aunt Sa
rah and her companion reported after a visit
of inquiry. They found the house in tho
greatest disorder, and tho family in the keen
est possible distress. Mrs. Howard was
moaning aud shrieking hysterically ; while
Alice, with a voice choked and broken by
sobs and tears, was essaying every art to
soothe her. Mr. Howard was pacing the
floor, with hands and teeth hard clenched,
and face white as death ; while the little
ones huddled together in a corner crying
pitcously. Mr. Howard turned towards the
visitors as they appeared at his open door,
but Aunt Sarah's meek and gentle couulcu-
mice checked tho wrath that seemed rising
to his lips, and ho utaggercd back and sank
upon a bencn like a person fainting. Aunt
Sarah approached Mrs. Howard, and teudcr-
ly inquired the cause of the sorrow that so!
atllictcd the family, llut the suffering lady !
turned from her and seemed not to desire
ended by saying that he had askcu lur,
I Frost to give him credit for a few bushels,
' of grain, and bad been refused ; that he had
ii . . r.:.....I fAl.t.. n...l l.n.l ...
been deficient iu neighborly kindness, uud
assured Mr. Howard that if hts'circiimstan-
ces had been known, ho would havo found
a ready sympathy,
Tho good lady soou discovered that Mrs.
Howard was iu a violent fever, and Mrs.
Lacey left, promising to send her husband,
Dr. Lacey, immediately, whilo Aunt Sarah
remained to tako care of tho invalid. Tho
doctor soon arrived, and beforo night the
houso was full to overflowing with all man
ner of good things. And during tho even
itig Mr. Frost came iu to say that tlio affair
of tho lost bag was all cleared up. His eld
est son had just returned from a short jour
ney, and said that, wanting a hag to fill
with oats to feed his horses bv tho wav. ho
had emptied the wheat into tlio granary mid
used tho bag, little dreaming of the mischief
ho was occasioning by so doing. Mischief
indeed, for though Mra. Howard received
every attention, she never recovered from
the shock, and after lingering awhile died.
Hut Mr. Howard got his expected letter
from Ohio, and, after the death of his wife,
departed for that State with his mourning
family. Wc heard afterwards that ho was
in good circumstances as a clerk of a bank ;
that Alice was married to a worthy young
farmer, and that her brothers wcro nt col
lege. Hut Aunt Sarah often speaks of Mr.
Howard as one of the many victims to the
injustice of society, which never scruples to
add to the burden of poverty the joul.crush
iug weight of unjust suspicion as ifja man
must bo dishonest because he is poor.
THE GIRL WHO WOULD
i ... l . i ' Mrtitiiit iiisik uiv limits vji ilia libViitli lUl-
hail by industry and eco,..sUs . .... of ,ft . , '
omy accumulated a I a rue property, lie was
a man of rather superior mind and acquire
ments, but unfortunately became addicted
to habits of intemperance. Naturally fond
of company, and possessing superior con
versational powers, his society was much
sought aud he eventually became a sot, 1 1 is
wife was a feeble woman without much de
. . 1 . I I I 'I i
c.s.on of character, but an only child, a
daughter, was the reverse,
was well a-1
Mary, for so wo will call her
ware of the consequences that would
v.tably follow her lather's course, ami had . wlmso amc shoM )(J he(1 , rcvorenco ,
used every exertion of reason and pcwii?.,a, who ,mro know whnl it is t0 , ,J
Rlntl m hpr imivnr ti miltifn mm tn nllor Ina I .... ... .... 2r
i i . :.f . m i . , ,
habits, without avail ; his resolutions and
promises could not withstand temptation,
and he pursued Ins downward course, till
the poor girl despaired of rcforin. and real
ized what the end must result in.
John D . a voiing man from the
a voting man
East, possessed of a good education, as all
our New England hoys are, and the most
indomitable industry and perseverance
was working on tho farm of a neighbor by
Mary, on going ou some errand to tho
next house, met him ou the road with the
Mary " Good morning, Mr. D ."
John "Good morning, Miss W .
How's your health ?"
Mary" Well I thank you but to tell
the truth, sick at heart."
John "Pray, what is the trouble what
can alfect a cheerful, lively girl like you,
possessing every thing to make you happy?"
Mary "On tho contrary every thing
conspires lo make mo miserable. I am al
most weary of lifo but it is a subject I can
not explain to you, and yet I have some
times thought I might."
John " Anything that I can do for you,
Miss W , you may freely command."
Mary " That's promising more than you
may be willing to perforin ; but to break the
ice at once, do vou want a wife?"
John" A wife I Well I don't know
do you want a husband f"
Mary" Indeed I do, the worst way. I
don't know but you will think mo bold, and
deficient in that maidenly modesty that be
comes a young woman ; but if you knew
my situation, and the alllictions under which
I suffer, I think it would be somo ex
cuse for my course."
John " Have you thought of all the con
sequences my situation. I am poor you
arc rich 1 am a stranger, and
Mary "Indeed I have, till I am almost
crazy. Let mo explain you and every one
else hero know the unfortunate situation of
my poor father. His habits arc fixed be
yond amendment, and his property is wast
ing like the dew before the sun. A set of
harpies arc drinking his very heart's blood,
and rum and misery stare us in the face.
Wc arc almost strangers, it is true ; we have
met iu company a few times, but I have ob
served you closely. Your habits, your in
dustry, ami the care and prudence, with
which you manage your employer's busi
ness, have always interested me."
John "And yet my dear young lady,
what can you know of me, to warrant you
in taking such an important step !''
Mary "It is enough for mo that I am
satisfied with your character and habits
your person and manners. I am a woman
and have eyes. Wc are about tho same
age; so if you know mo and liko me well
enough to take me, there's my hand."
John " Aud, my dear Mary, there's
mine, with all my heart iu it. Now, when
do you desire it to bo settled I"
Mary " Now this minute; give me your
arm and we'll go to Squire B 'a and fin
ish the bargain at once. 1 don't want to en
ter our house of distress again until I havo
one on whom I can rely, to control and di-
rect tlio allairs of my discousolato homo,
and support me iu my determination to turn
over a new kaj in our domestic allairs."
John " But not iu this old hat and shirt
Alary " Yes, and I in my old sun bon
net and dirty apron. If you arc content,
let it be done at once. I hope yoii will not
think I am so hard pushed for a husband ns
that comes to, but 1 want a master. I am
willing to bo mistress, but to bo master is
more than I am equal to; I will then take
you home and introduce you to my parents
as my own dear husband, signed, sealed f.nd
John" So be it permit me to say that
I have always admired you from the first
minute 1 saw you, for your beauty, energy
and industrious habits aud amiable deport-) and, whereas, every State fairly represcnt
ment." ) cd in such Convention, docs, by tho very
Mary " Now, John, if that is sincere, act of sending delegates, virtually pledge it-
.. . . .. . ' . 111-.. i , ic ... . .1 .!.-...!.... .1 :.. .
tins is ino happiest moment in mj inu, ami
1 trust our union will bo long and happy. 1
am the only ono niv poor father will hear
to; but alas, his resolutions aro liko ropes
of sand. I can manage him on nil other
subjects; you must take charge of his bu
siness and have the sol 6 control ; there will
bo nodilliculty, 1 am confident in tho result."
Thoy were married, and a more happy
match was never consummated. Everything
prospered, houses and bams wero repair
ed, fences and gates wero regulated, aud
the extensive fields smiled and nourished
liko an Eden. The fortunate father iu a
few years sank into a drunkards grave.
Mary nud John raised a largo family ; he
was for many years a Justice of tho Poaco
in his town, and they still live respected and
wealthy and all from an energetic girl's
resolution, forethought and courage, and
tho prudential use of tho young ladies' priv
ilege of putting tho initiatory question dur
ing the maiden's jubilee of Leap Yeaii.
The New York iMirror claims Mr. Fillmore
as a Now Yorker perhaps truly. It
Millard Fillmore is n native of this State.
Ho was born in Cayuga county, at a place
called Summer Hill, on the 7th day of Jan
uary 1800. His father, Nathaniel Fillmore,
was born in Uurlington, Vermont in 1771 ;
he emigrated in early lifo to the Western
part of New York, then a wilderness, and
in 1819 purchased a farm in Eriri' county,
which he still cultivates. The educational
advantages enjoyed by young Fillmore wore
very slender; the Bible and such books as
were used in the very Common Schools then
nvittl Mirf tuApn lltrt litnito eP ta liln.nrC itn
apprenticed to the wool-carding business in
Livingston county. lie was afterwards pla
ced with a person in tho same business in
the town where his father resided, and pas
sed four years at tho trade, devouring, in
the meanwhile, the contents of a small vil
lage library. At the age of 1!) fortune
ii. ....... I,; ....... .. i.,. .......,! 1...
in ...a t.u ib uilli;tllli;ill lllilll, IVilU
y t.e Bcirnlion to discover ihn v .nth'
good parts , and the kindness to place him
;.':,:,...... ..i.: i.. .'m-
... U lUOIlllll IU 1IIUIII. X 1113 lUII-
. 1 . ... ..... ?
, .iieniau was tlio late Waller Wood a man
with adversity and gather knowledge in tho
thorn.bcsel Waysides of early poverty.-
Judge Wood, for this benevolent gentleman
was a lawyer, possessed of a good library and
handsome fortune. He prevailed upon young
Fillmore to quit the trade of wnol-carding
and to take to tho study of law, that being
looked upon as tho only profession which
can quality a man for high station. A sad
fact, but one that cannot be denied. Tho
clothier's apprentice purchased tho remain
der of his time, and .studied law and survey
ing in the ollico of his benefactor until ho
was 2 1. Dating this time ho partly suppor
ted himself by teaching school. In l&il he
removed to Erie county, and entered a law
yer's ofiico in Buffalo, where he pursued his
legal studies and taught a school for his sup
port, until 1823, when ho was admitted to
practice m tho Court of Common Pleas.
From this time his course has been onward.
Ho first commenced practising iu his pro
fession in tho village of Aurora, in Cayuga
county, but returned to Buffalo in 1830,
where lie still resides. In 18'J!) he was elec
ted a member of the Stale Legislature, and
was re-elected the two succeeding years. It
was during his membership iu the State Le
gislature that tho laws for the imprisonment
for debt were partially abolished, and was
iu a great degree owing to the activity, elo
quence and indefatigable zeal with which
ho advocated the removal of these villauous
relics of an ago of superstition and weak
ness that the friends of humanity succeed
ed in partially wiping the foul blot from our
still sufficiently barbarous code of laws. A
person reared iu the manner iu which Mil
lard Fillmore has been, could have no sym
pathy with laws winch made poverty a
In 1S32 Mr. Fillmore waselected to Con
gress, and again in 1839, when he distin
guished himself by his report on the New
Jersey election case. He was re-elected to
tho next Congress by a largely increased
majority, and was placed at tho head of the
Committee of Ways and Means, in which
post he gained great distinction by his en
ergy, aptness and industry with which ho
advocated them. At tho close of this Con
gress lie declined a re-election, and resum
ed the practice of his profession at the bar.
In 1814 he was nominated by the Whigs for
Governor of tho Stato in opposition to Silas
Wright, but was unsuccessful. Last year
he was elected Comptroller of the Slate, and
has filled that office with honor to himself
aud profit to the people. IIo is now the
candidate of the Whig party for tho Vice
Presidency of the United States, and being
a man of tho people, is worthy in nil re
spects to preside over the representatives of
Mr. Fillmore is iu his 40th year, a fine
lookiugman, with a sanguine temperament,
a tall commanding presence, and a grave
but good uatured countenance. IIo is an
excellent specimen of a genuine northern
Yankee, as old Rough and Heady is of the
The Whig Convention was holdeii on the
James M. Slade, Esq., from the Commit
tee appointed to present candidates for Sen
ators of Addison County, reported the fol-
. lowing :
IRA STEWART, of Middlebury,
ZURIEL WALKER, of Ferrisburgh.
Tho report was accepted, and tho gentle
men so designated wero declared duly nom
inated. Ozias Seymour, Esq., from the Commit
tco on Resolutions, reported the following :
Whereas, Unity of action throughout the
Whig parly of tho Union is essential to the
triumph of Whig measures, and wc believe
a National Convention to bo the most suit
able means for deciding upon what candi
date tho cltorts ol tho party, in tho various
sections of tho country, shall bo united,
ten 10 accept tue iiuuiiiimiuu iiiviciiiiiniuu,
nnd Vermont having been so represented in
tlio Whig National Convention held at Phil
adelphia on tho 7th inst., therefore,
Resolved, That wo will give our hearty
support to tlio nominees of tho late Phila
Resolved, That wc entertain great confi
dence in the ability, firmness, aud integrity
of Zachaky Taylor, and in his attach
ment to the great principles of the Whig
party, and believe the administration of the
Government will bo safe in his hands, nud
that ho is worthy ol our strenuous support.
Resolved, That in the support of Mil
i.Ai FiLLMonc for the Vice Presidency,
a Whig tried and true, we feel an entire
confidence that, in tho success of our tick
et, wc shall not, for the next four years, at
any timo bo without a decided uud uuequiv
ocating Whig Administration,
Resolved, That tho thanks of this Con
vention aro due, and aro hereby cordially
given, to that portion of our Delegation
who took a firm and nnflhic'lilng siand for
Hknky Ci.ay our own first choice the
people's favorite the country's long-tried
and faithful servant a irran whoso name
succeeding generations will ever reverence,
and whose services will bo written on the
brightest page of History.
Resolved, That wo adhere with unwav
ering firmness to the great principles of the
Wilmot Proviso ; that wc will evei boldly
and decidedly lift our voice against the ex
tension of Slavery into territory now free ;
that in the avowal of Zacharv TavLok that
he is opposed to any extension of territory
whatever, and in his iilcdgo to veto no act;
,u.u . . ... u iu ,bi .."
of Congress not plainly u.iconstitut.ona
hastily passed, wo see a clear ground oi
prcfcrcncp over the candidate of our oppo
nents, who is pledged to veto any act exclu
ding falavery lrom lice territory: that in
1 short, Gen, Taylor is virtually pledged a
yainst tho extension ofSlavery, while Lewis
Cass is positively pledged to veto any bill
, limiting such extension.
Resolved, That tho great American Sys
tem of Protection, of which Henry Clay
was inc at cr and always t icstcautast sup-
i , . ..i i i f u,i . ,'
porter, is a settled principlo of Whiff noli-'
i . . . - . . - ... . " l
cy; that the larill ol JiJ, while m opera-
tion, proved itself worthy of being perma
nently adopted among our national laws, and
that its repeal, aud the adoption ol the 1 ar
auopt.ono. tue xar-
the recent Locofoco
id ol ' Hi, did truly, as i
Convention at Baltimore unanimously de-1
dared, give a decided " impulse to the cause
of r nur. Thadc."
Resolved, That the doctrines of
'li l .1.. .
i '.'u "-; 'c present state o, commerce,
entirely fallacious and are but arguments in
, North to the level of the pauper labor of
j Europe and of the Slaves at the South; and
: that, in order to obtain the fullest measure
i of protection, the nation require a TarifTso
! adjusted that the duties may ho adequate to
uimoi. fcw ui uuitii iiiu nut; lauiii ui mu
the current expenses of the Government,
and so arranged by discrimination as to give
a preference iu market to all the articles of
our own growth and manufacture.
Resolved, That we recognize iu the Con
stitution the power of Congress to make ap
propriations for Improvements in our Har
bors and Rivers so necessary to the pros
perity of our Internal Commerce and that
wc believe such Internal Improvements can
never be made, with any other than a Whig
Resolved, That wo regard the present
Administration of our National Government
as entirely ajiartizan administration, whose
measures have been aimed and shaped to
strengthen and establish the party in power,
and that wo consider that tho highest inter
ests of the country demand a change of the
administration and policy of the Govern
Resolved, That wc individually rejoice,
and wo tender our congratulations to our
fellow citizens of tho whole country, at tho
termination of tho War with Mexico, a
War carried on at an immense expense of
human hie aud of treasure, aud which, al
though fruitful of glory to our officers and
soldiers, lias been productive of no adequate
benefits to our common country.
Tho resolutions were taken up separate
ly, and, after remarks by Mr. Slade, Hon.
Peter Starr, Judge Solace, Vcrtulon Rich,
Esq., (an Ohio Delegate to the Philadelphia
Convention,) Hon. Ira Stewart, and others,
all wore unanimously passed.
WM. H. SEWARD'S LETTER.
Auuukn, June 13, 1848.
Gentlemen: Your letter in behalf of the
Whig general committee of the city of New
York, inviting mo to attend and address the
Whig mass meeting to bo held iu that city
tomorrow, has just now been received.
Tho intcrt cuing time will be too short to
permit a compliance with an invitation
which implies so much respect. I cannot,
however pass by so suitable an occasion for
expressing my cordial acquiescence in the
nominations made at Philaderpliia.
I shall cheerfully give to the nominations
my support, confiding in tho eminent abili
ties and virtues of the candidates, in tho
wisdom and patriotism of tho convention by
whom they were nominated, and in the
known devotion of the Whig party to the
maintenance of law and public order the
fostering of national industry tho improve
ment of the national rcsonrccs the preser
vation of peace, by tho exercise of justice
and moderation iu our foreign relations
the equal protection of individual rights, and
the constant melioration and ultimate remo
val of all laws and institutions oppressive
upon any class of mankind.
I am, gentlemen,
With great respect,
Your humble servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
J. II. Hobart Hawes, Joseph R. Taylor, and
Royal II. Thayer, Committee of Corres
ANECDOTE OF CHANCELLOR
Tho lato Chancellor Kent was one of
those men whose innate dignity enabled him
to tako in good part familiarities the re
sult of ignorance and accident. IIo was
exceedingly fond of martial music, and hear
ing tho drums of a recruiting party, who
haTl taken' a station at tho corner of the
street, beating a point of war, he walked
out to listen to it nearer. Insensibly he was
whistling the burthen of the tunc, when the
man of war uccosted him
'You aro fond of such music, thou, my
fine fellow !'
'Very !' was tho reply.
'Well, then,' said Sergeant Kite, 'why
not join us Good quarters good pay
large bounty, besides, our Captain is a glo
rious fellow. Why won't you, now ? You
can't do better.'
'Well,' said tho Chancellor, 'I havo one
pretty strong objection.'
'What is it 1' asked tho sergeant.
'Why, just now, 1 happen to have a bet
'What trado is it ?' said the inquisitor.
'I am Chancellor of the Stato of New
'Whow 1' interjected the Sergeant.
'Strike up 1 quick timo 1 forward, march!1
Oil tramped tho military man, without look'
ing behind him ; leaving the Chancellor to
enjoy his laugh at the adventure. Home
A KENTUCKY JOKE.
A correspondent of the Kentucky Whig
gives an amusing account of the progrdss of
a recruiting officer, Capt. Metcalfe, in the
county of Carter, which is threo or four to
ono democratic, and one would suppose
would bo very full of valor, if their profes
sions are to bo taken as evidence. Cnpt.
M. being at home on the recruiting service,
looked to Carter, which lias often tendered
but never given aid in the prosecution of
the war, as the place, above all others, for a
recruiting station. He accordingly went
there, posted up his bills, and offered all
sorts of induce ncnts to thoso disposed to
... , ... ., ,. - snvnr .
battle for their country.' and. after several
days spent in hard work, recruited one man,
and left in despair 1 A day or two after ho
left, a notice was posted up, calling a mect
uigoftlio patriotic war democracy, at tho
court house, for tlio purpose- of electing it
candidate to the Legislature. This an
nouncement, as usual, produced a great ex
citement, and the citizens from all parts
were preparing to attend. Meanwhile,
however, some waggish fellow added a post-
.n r . .. .
script to the call for a mcctini;, announcing
,i. '(.. .t... t..ir- 1 1 .... i
.. .,;.. , ... nf :,;
Lilt: irlbl LlltlL VJilIIL. lilt: Lt. .1111: 1VI1I1II1 illll'llfl
such able bodied men as were disposed to
go fortli to tho wars, to fight, bleed and die
, - " - ' o --- i i "
forUlcir CQ Tho news spread liko
.. . ! .i..
niiu-iiii;, uuu lliuuu ii ivtu iruilljJlljr UUII-
tradictcd, the able bodied men did not come
to the meeting; there was not a quorum
I present, and for the first time in the history
e of Carter, the announcement of a deniocrat-
io ,. f d the hearts
of ,hc imfolnital,,c Lo00(los of the ..evcr truo
and glorious Old Ninth," and it is further
stated, as the opinion of those "who ought
to know," that there never will be a meet
ing of the untorrificd whilo a recruiting of
ficer remains in that region I
HINT TO THE UNPICKED.
An old lady, resident of a neighboring
place, kept a largo family of Turkeys, per
haps sixty. She, like a great many other
people, thought a great deal of her turkeys,
consequently valued them very highly. Op
posite her door was a 'West India Goods
Store.' The man who kept it one day emp
tied his cask of cherries, intending to re
place them with new. This old lady being
economical, thought it a pity to have all
these cherries wasted, and in order to have
them saved, she would drive over her tur
keys and let them cat them. In the course
oftbedaythe old lady thought she would
look after them and see thoy were iu no
mischief. She approached the yard and lo,
in one corner lay her turkeys in one huge
pile, dead. Yes they were stone dead.
What was to be done?
Surely the old matron could not lose the
feathers 1 She must pick them ! She call
ed her daughter and picked them, intending
to have thein buried in tho morning. Mor
ning came and behold there were her tur
keys stalking about the yard featberless c
nough, (as may be supposed,) crying out
'quit, quit,' feeling no doubt mortified that
their drunken fit had been the means of los
ing their coats. Poor things, if they had
said 'quit' before they begun, they would
not have been in this bad 'fix.'
Wc would advise all young men who are
in the habit of drinking, to leave oft" beforo
they get picked ; aud to those who do not,
let every young lady say 'quit.'
A TEMPERANCE DEACON.
On last New Year's eve, at Washington,
a certain New-England deacon, the Presi
dent of a temperance society in those parts,
returned to his boarding houso iu a singu
lar state of elevation, to tho astonishment of
all his friends and acquaintances who knew
the inflexibility of his principles.
'Deacon,' said a wag, addressing tho wor
thy gentleman, 'been out visiting?'
'Yes, zur I have,' replied the deacon,
'Have a good timo V
'Fuss-rate,' stammered the deacon.
'They treated you well ?'
'Fuss-s-rate hiccup I'
'Why, deacon, you han't been drinking'
'No, Sir!' very emphatically 'I never
drink nothing,' the last word iu a scream.
'But they did give mo glorious liq liq
liquid cuss cuss custards cuzzards.
And they wcro fuss-rate fuss-rater 1'
The poor old gentleman had been ted on
stiflf egg nog, which he had swallowed by
the aid of a spoon. Like Mr. Pecksniff", un
der similar circumstances, he was assisted
to bed, and went up stairs quietly enough,
without a word, until the moment of enter
ing his bed. when a terrific yell of 'liquid.
custards!' electrified tho house, and then,
as the novelists say, all was a blank.
The following circumstance happened iu
one of the towns of Arkansas. A man had
been drinking until a late hour at night be
fore he started for home. Honest folks had
been long in bed, and tho houses were all
shut and dcrk. The liquor he had taken
was too much for him ; he did not know
where to go. Ho at last staggered into an
empty wtgon shed, and fell upon the ground:
for a long time he lav iu tho unconscious
ness of a drunken sleep, and would havo
undoubtedly frozen, (for the snow on tho
ground showed the night to be very cold)had
not others less insensible than himself been
around him. This shed was a favorite ren-
desvous for the hogs, which rushed out
when the new comer arrived, but soon re
turned to their bed. In the utmost kind
ness, and with the truest hospitality, they
nave their biped companion tho middle of
the bed; sonic lying on cither side of him,
and others acting the part ot a quill. Their
warmth prevented him from being injured
by his exposure. Towards morning ho a-
woko ; finding himself comfortable, in bliss
ful ignorance of his whereabouts, he sup
posed himself enjoying the accommodations
oi a tavern, in company witn oiuer gentle
men. Ho reached out his hand, and catch
ing hold of a stifTbristlo of a hog exclaimed,
'Why mister, when did tou shave last !'
An ELr.piiANTiNu Guntlcman. A lla
grant insult was oflered to a worthy crea
ture at Pittsburg, a few days since ; a fel
low ofibred lighted cigar to ono of the el
ephants of the menagerie 1 Tho elephant
acknowledged his politeness with a wipe
over the ribs, which sent him half across
tho arena. As big a beast as tho elephant
was, he was ashamed to smoke in public.
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