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Vermont watchman and State journal. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, July 06, 1848, Image 1

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BY E. P. WALTON & SONS.
MONTPELlEIt, THURSDAY, JULY G, 1818.
VOL. XLII, NO. 34. WHOLE NO. 2177.
jtUatcljntan & 0tatc journal.
iuMsnn hveuy Thursday mounino.
Tr.RMB SlfiO cai. Inndvnneoi 200 Ifpnymcnt li not
inula In ndvancoi interest aluuys charged ft
from tlio end
p of tho year.
)Poctv).
The Righteous not Forsaken.
AUTHOR tSKfrOWN.
riljrlm, In llio jouiney drear,
Aro its lights extinct forovrr,
Hi 1 1 1 nupprcis iho rising toar
find foraakoi llio righteous never.
Ftorms mny gather o'er thy path,
All llio tic of life to suvcrt
PUll, omUl tho friu ful ncallip,
(.oil furs likes tlio righteous never.
1'am may rack lliy waiting f amr,
fftullh tic oort tliy couch forever )
1'ulll. Hill braitu with deathless llinio
Cud firs(ikci tlio righteous unci I
Farewell lo the Vanities of (lie World!
flf SIR lIEnftt WOTTOf.
Farewell ye gilded follies, idrasin ttouhlc j
1'HfCMell yo hunurrd rags' )o glorious buMilo!
Puma's 1'Ut a hollow crlio j gold puru cluy
Honor, tlio darling but of onn short dny ;
ltcutily, tlio C)f' loot, I ut n (Jamnnkcd sUn J
Stato, but n glorious f iiun to Hvn in,
And torturo frcclmrn mind J embroUoiod train,
Merely hut iirantii fur proud inclllnj veins;
Ami btooil allied lo grcatuett Is olono
Inherited, not purtliflicd, not our own:
Iiunc, honor, beauty, stale, train, Mood and birth,
Aro bul Iho fading blossoms f tlio rutlh.
What can I do?
41 r do net sco what I can do,'
A littlo snow-fliko laid,
"Upon this meadow hmg and wido,
A covering to pproad."
Hut quietly it keeps lis pUco,
Till, slowly falling round,
Tito other fl ikes camo slier t don n,
And wbito was all Iho ground.
Oh freely give! though little sums
Aro nil jou can bos tow,
Remember that ul'iinglo fl iIos
Is funned tho bed ot snow
iftisrcllancous.
THE CAMEL'S HUMP.
The Camel's Hump, one of tlio finest
mountains in New England, derives its
name from a fancied resemblance of its out
line to the figure of a camel. It rises to an
elevation of nearly 5000 feet, and is the
highest peak but one in the Green Moun
tain range. Tho Camel's Hump is about
lilty miles south ol the Canada line ; and
wncn viewed irom ljako uuampmin is a
most picturesque object, rising in majestic
preeminence above the neighboring lulls,
ami presenting m bold relief against the sky
the figure of the animal whose name it bears.
Tho outline is strikingly exact ; tho central
and highest part representing the Hump,
while a curve towards the north gives the
figure of the neck, and the southern dccl'iV'
ily slopes in the direction of the tail.
In travelling through this section of Vcr
mont in lBtfO, the writer observed the sum
mit covered with snow as early as the 3d of
September, and was informed by thcinhab
itants that it might frequently be seen whit
ened over in June. Its base borders on the
Onion River Valley, which, it is well known
was the great thoroughfare of the Indians in
the early history of the colonics. From
this mountain they used to descend, like a
torrent, on the towns ol the Connecticut
and on us summit tucy iiuut tneir signal
urcs, which could be seen to an immense
distance over the River on the one side
and far into Canada on the other.
In the early part of July, the writer, in
company with a friend and guide, visited
the mountain and spent a night on its sum
mit. When we started the sun shone bright
ly, and gave abundant promise of a pleas-
ant season for the excursion, but it soon be
came obscured. Our route for tho Inst (on
miles, lay through tangled woods without
human habitation, and all the way ascciu!
ing, except when intercepted by deep ra
vines formed by descending torrents.
On arriving at the summit, we found to
our dismay, that it was sunset, and that the
sun had set behind masses ol black an
threatening clouds. We immediately strucl-
a lire and set about building ourselves
house with the boughs of the spruce, whicl
grew in scattered clusters round the rocks,
At this elevation the spruco attains tho
height of about six feet, and sends out lat
eral branches of a length that frequently
exceeds that ol the tree. 1 he lower bran
ches extend so near tho ground, that it was
necessary to climb over them in order to
pass tnrougn me copse.
The night was growing dark so rapidly
accompanied with the thickening signs of
tho approaching storm, that we almost de
spaired of completing any thing like an ad
equate shelter from tho elements, lint wo
plied our hatchets lustily, urged by the strong
impulse of necessity, and had the satisfac
tion of finishing our house just as we were
becoming enveloped in utter darkness.
I will not attempt to describe our sensa
tions; those, who have been placed in sim-
nr c rcumsm ices, win man v nnnrrr.i:iio
them. All that constitutes tho grand and
the sublime, formed tho elements of the
scene. Immediately before us was the brink
of it tremendous precipice. Delow, above,
around, nil was impenetrable darkness, into
which our fire seemed vainly trying to scud
a few straggling rays, that only served to
make its ' darkness visible.'
Tho firo itself seemed the sport of some
superhuman agency. Being kindled on the
very summit of tho mountain, it was blown
in one largo sheet of ilamc, one instant to
tho north, tho next to tho south, and again
directly into tho black and matted foliage of
tho root above our heads. Far in the world
below, twinkled a few glimmering lights,
that seemed liko ' stars fallen from their pla
ces,' while, around tho cliffs, with a solemn,
thunder-like voice, bellowed tho mighty
winds, at times blinking tho mountain to its
very base, as though they were pent up in
its bowels and struggling for deliverance.
All around combined to inspiro tho most ex
alted conceptions of Him, ' who hath weigh
ed tho mountains in scales, and holds the
winds in his fists.'
At length tho morning dawned upon us,
tho clouds had partially passed away, and
now, for tho first time, could wo fully enjoy '
the unrivalled gloricsof the scene; we were
reminded of the prospect, as described by
travellers, from tho summit ol ulna. L-louds
wcro sweeping by on a level with our feel
or far below them, for a moment obscuring
objects, and then leaving them in clearer
. I.. i r. n .
view; on our rigiii aiui m iroui, as wo ia
ccd tlio north, the river with its numerous
tributary Btrcams, like lines of silver, meas
ured their way to the lake. On our leu,
spread out tho beautifully undulating coun
try between tho mountain and Champlain ;
tho lake itself, though twenty miles away,
seeming to lie, with its bcatitilul green isl
ands, at our very feet, while beyond its wes
tern shore, tho mountains of Essex closed
the view. After enjoying tho scene, wo de
scended tho mountain and continued our
route. It. II'. Griswold.
Camel's Hump will soon, wc trust, bo
better known to our people and to muli
tudes from abroad. A house has been cttab-
ished in its immediate neighborhood for
tho accommodation of visitors. Sec adver
tisement on tho inside of this paper.
A DOMESTIC SKETCH.
1IY MltS. SIGOUIINEV.
It is the duty of mothers to sustain tho
reverses of fortune. Frequent and sudden
:is they have been in our own country, it is
important that young females should possess
some employment by which they might ob
tain a livelihood, in case they should be re
duced to the necessity of supporting them
selves. When families arc unexpectedly re
duced from allluciicc to poverty, how pitiful
ly contemptible it is to seo tho mother de
sponding or helpless, anil permitting her
daughters to embarrass those whom it is
their duty to assist and cheer.
1 liavo lost my whole fortune, said a
merchant, as ho returned one evening to his
home ; " we can no longer keep our car
riage. Wc must leave this largo house.
The children can no longer go to expensive
schools. Yesterday I was a rich man ; to
day there is nothing I can call my own."
" .Dear husband," said tho wile. " wc are
still rich in each other and our children.
Money may pass away, but God has given
us a better treasure in those active hands
and loving hearts."
" Dear father," said the children, " do
not look so sober. We will help you to get
a living."
" What can you do, poor things 1" said
he.
" You shail sec, you shall sec," answered
several cheerful voices. " It is a pity if wo
have been to school for nothing. How can
the father of eight children be poor. We
shall work, and make you rich again."
" 1 shall help," said tho youngest girl,
hardly four years old. " I will not have a
ny new things bought, and I shall sell my
great doll."
The heart of the husband and father,
wmcn nau sum: within his bosom m:c a
stone, was lifted up. The sweet enthusiasm
of tno scene cheered him, and his nightly
prayer was like a song ol praise.
J hey lelt this stately house. I he ser
vants were dismissed. Pictures and plate,
rich carpets and furniture were sold, and she
who had been so long tho mistress of the
mansion, shed no tear. " Pay every debt,"
said she, " let no one suffer through us, and
wo may yet be happy."
He rented a neat cottage and a small
piece of ground a few miles from the city
ivitn the aid ot ms sons ho cultivated veg
etables for the market. Ho viewed with de
light and astonishment tho economy of his
wife, nurtured as she had been, in wealth,
and the efficiency which his daughters soon
acquired under her training.
The eldest one assisted her in the work
of the household, and also instructed the
younger children. Besides, they executed
various worKs, which they had learned as
accomplishments, but which they found
could bo disposed of to advantage. They
embroidered with taste some ol the orna
mental parts of female apparel, which wcro
readily sold to a merchant m the city.
They cultivated flowers, and sent bouquets
to market in tho cart that conveyed tho
vegetables; they platted straw, they painted
maps, they executed plum needle-work.
Every one was at her post, busy and cheer
ful. The cottage was like a bee-hive.
" I never enjoyed such health before,"
said the father.
" And I never was so happy before," said
the mother.
" Wo never knew how many things wc
could do, when wo lived in the great house,"
said tho children, " and wo love each other
a great deal better here. You call us your
little bees."
" Yes," replied the father, " and yon
make just such honey as tho heart likes to
feed on."
Economy, as well as industry, was strict
ly observed; nothing wasted. Nothing un
necessary was purchased. Tho eldest daugh
ter became assistant teacher in a distin
guished fcmalcscmiuary,and tho second took
her place as instructress to the family.
Tho little dwelling, which had always
been kept neat, they were soon able to beau
tify. Its construction was improved, and
the vines mid flowering trees were replanted
around it. Tho merchant was happier un
der his woodbine covered porch, in a sum
mers evening, man he had been in his
showy dressing-room.
" Wc aro now thriving and prosperous,"
said ho, " shall wc return to tho city ?"
" Oh, no, no," was tho unanimous reply,
" Let us remain," said the wife, "where
wo have found health and contentment.
rather," said uio youngest, -an wo
children hope you aro not going to bo rich
again; for then," sho added, "we littlo
ones were shut up in tho nursery, and did
not see much of you or mother. Now we
all livo together, and sister, who loves us,
teaches us, and wo learn lo bo industrious
and useful. Wo were none of us happy
when wo wcro rich and did not work, bo
father, please not bo a rich man any more,"
THE. FIVE PEACHES.
II V MRS. ST. H1MON,
A peasant returning from tho city brought
homo with mm livo peaches, tno most beau
tiful ones which ho could find. It was tho
first timo that his children had ever seen this
fruit. Thcrcforo they admired, them and
were delighted with their red checks and
dclicato down. Tho father then divided
them among his four children, reserving one
for their mother.
At evening, before tho children went in
to their sleeping room, their father asked
them, " Well, how have the pcTichcs tast
ed ?"
" Dcliciously. dear father." said iho eld
est. " They are a fine fruit, so juicy and
sweet. I have carefully kept the stone, and
I will plant it and rear a tree."
" Good," replied tho father ; " that is ac
ting prudently, and caring for the future, as
becomes a farmer."
' I ate mine up at once, and threw away
tho stone," said tho youngest, " and mother
gave mo half of hers."
" Well," said the father, " you have not
acted very wisely, biit still natural and liko
a child. Wisdom will como by and by.
The second son then said " I picked up
tho stone winch littlo brother threw away
and cracked it. There was a kernel in it,
just like a nut. But I sold my peach, and
received for it money enough to buy twelve
when I go to tho city."
The father shook his head, and said "It
was wisely done, indeed, but it was not nat
ural nor child-like. I think you arc des
tined to ho a merchant."
" And you, Edward ? asked tho father.
Edward answered frankly and carelessly
" I carried my peach to our neighbour's
son, the sick George, who is ill of a fever.
Ho refused to take it. Then I laid it upon
his bed and came home."
" Well," said tho father, " and who has
made the best uso of his peach?"
1 hen all three cried out " Brother re
ward I"
But Edward was silent, and his mother
embraced him with tears in her oyes.
THE INVENTION OF THE VI-
AMETER.
Lancaster, .Tunc 10, 181S.
Messrs. Editors : I noticed an article
in your paper on the 7th inst., giving a ta
ble of distances from Vera Cruz to Mexico,
measured by the " viamctcr," attached to
one of the carriages of a battery which late
ly went up to the city of Mexico. It may
be interesting to your readers to know the
ustory ol this celebrated, but simple ma
chine.
In tho year 1845, when General Tavlor
mid that portion of the army under him was
ordered to the Rio Grande, tho lato Lieut.
George Stevens, (son of Henry Stevens,
hsq. of Barnct, Vt.,) of the 2d regiment of
Dragoons, was despatched on topographical
engineering service, and was ordered by
General Taylor to survey the route of the
army from l'ort .lessup, La., to Corpus
Christi, Texas. Lieut. Stevens, being an
inventive genius, constructed this "viamc
tcr" out of an old wooden clock, and at
tached it to tho axcltrcc of a cart given him
by his commanding general for the purpose,
and in tho hub of the wheel he drove a spike,
and every revolution of tho wheel the spike
would strike a pin in the clock and cause the
hand to move one notch, thereby indicating
the circumference of the wheel and the dis
tance that the army had travelled every day
by looking at the "clock," as the olhcers
used to say.
JJy this piece ol mechanism Lieut. fctc-
vens was enabled to make a perfect survey
of the route for the army, a drawing of
which is now in tho war department. Lieut.
Stevens received some very flattering com
pliments Irom the President, the secretary
of War and General Taylor, for the beauti
ful and ingenious style in which the survey
was made.
A few days before tho battles of the feth
and Dili of May, Lieut. Stevens, not know
ing what might bo his fate, desired that his
Government should bo the owner of this
valuable invention. He gave it to the Quar
termaster's department for tho use of the
United States, and after passing through
those battles unscathed, Lieut. S. was
drowned while leading his squadron across
the Rio Grande on the lath ol May.
Philadelphia Ledger.
THE DOG.
A Doa Storv. A gentleman of tho I
name of Lafii, residing in Rockingham
county, New Hampshire, a few years ago,
possessed a dog that was remarkable for his
sagacity. He ono day told the dog to go
and Imd a haudkcrchicl which his child had
lost in a distant field while picking berries.
Tho dog started off with his usual alacrity,
but in the course of an hour or two returned
without the handkerchief, looking as crest
fallen as though ho had been caught in a
neighbor s shecplold. The master culled
his cars sharply, and told him to go and try
again, and lint come back until ho lound it.
I ho dog started ofl again with apparent re
luctance, while the master followed at a
distance behind, and unpcrccivcd. The
dog went towards tho field where the child
had picked the berries, and sat down on his
launches held down his head and ap
peared to be in a deep broon study.
lie sat in this attitude lor perhaps hall an
our, when ho suddenly jumped up with a
peculiar yell of exultation, and started oil'
lor one corner or the held. Hero he stop
ped for a moment, and then commenced
trotting round tho field, going about three
leet from tho lenco the first time, about six
the second, and thus continuing to near the
middle at each succeeding circle. Ho
went round tho field about twenty times,
when ho jumped up into the air with a loud
yell of triumph, picked up the handkerchief,
anu started lor home.
I'ho veracity of this narrative may bo ro-
lieu upon, wo received it irom Mr. v
a Baptist clergyman of great Ircspectabilitv
Now, did the dog reason mathematically ?
dues this go to add proof that instinct is but
another name lor reason Vamtly Vmtor.
Curious Ani:oioti: or a Don, Tho
following anecdote was told us by an eye
witness of tho incidents, which occurred n
few days ago in St. Albans, Vt., in the prcs
enco of several rcspcctablo citizens of that
village, who are ready to vouch for their
literal truth. A gentleman L'oing to his of.
fico, was passing up tho principle street of
uiu village, in company with ins dog, an an
imal of unusual sizo, when tho dog observ
ing an afiray in tho btrect between two oth
er dogs of very unequal sizes, walked up to
tho combatants, and taking tho part of tho
lesser, (a stranger in the villago by tho by,)
immediately drovo the assailant from tho
ground. Tho gentleman passed on with
his dog, and having arrived at tho door of I
his office, a distance of some thirty or forty
rods from tho affray, stood talking with
several persons present when tho following
scene occurred : The little dog camo run
ning up from the direction of tho recent
squabble, having a piece of meal in his
mouth, which ho laid down on the side-walk
directly before tho nose of the big dog, his
ally and deliverer. "Bluchcr" picked up
tho moat and ate it with great deliberation,
tho bearer of tho collation standing by and
wagging his tail with manifest delight un
til the meal was over, when ho wheeled a
botit and departed. The spectators having
heard the story of tho rescue, looked at
each other with surprise, and each made
his continent in his own way, the substance
of most of their speeches being "that it was
certainly very remarkable lor a dogr
"Remarkable for a dog I" exclaimed
lor a (log i UACiiiiiiicd me i
n I .-III l.l .1.-
oldest of the bystanders, a rather cynical
person, and a shrewd observer of men and
Cll atl(l!t
dogs : "remarkable for a dog I it is an in
stance of gratitude which would be very re
markable for a ;nn "
Singular Passion or a Doo. A lalo
number of tho Glasgow Chronicle tells this
story ol a splendid Newfoundland dog in
the shire of Edinburgh : having saved sev
eral persons from drowning, ho was greatly
flattered and caressed therefor. This turn
ed the good fellow's head, and now whenev
er he sees a child on the bank of the river
he patiently wait a good opportunity, then
suddenly places his foro paws on its person
and plunges it into tho stream all for the
sake of pulling tho child out again. Pa
rents of course aro much alarmed, but the
dog has never sacrificed a single life by his
dangerous fport.
Wc add an incident on our own respon
sibility. A few days since a dog of ours
received a severe wound at the root of one
of his ears. This was a position which ho
could not reach with his own tongue so as
to take care of the wound himself; so a
nothcr dog licked it for him. AVc give the
fact, not undertaking to determine whether
dogs have a language capable of describing
the difiiculty in old " Spry's" case, or
whether by reasoning of any sort the big
dog from the Temperance House was able
to discover that it was his duty to bo the
good Samaritan for tho occasion.
P. S. 'Spry' has had his day ; an lion
est, affectionate, faithful, intelligent dog,
who had a multitude of friends to remcm
bcr him kindly. lie is dead, and one of
the boys performed the sad duty of burial
in a respectful stylo.
Cum: of IIviinoi'iioiiiA. Tho following
is said to bo a preventive ot hydrophobia,
As discovered by a French physician, M.
Crossar :
"Tako two tablcspoonful of fresh chloride
ot lime, in powder, mix it with halt a pint
of water, and with this wash keep the wound
constantly bathed, and Ircquently renewed
The cholerine ol gas possesses the power ol
decomposing this tremendous poison and
rendering mild and harmless the venom a-
gainst whose resistless attacks the medical
science has been so long directed in vain.
It is necessary to add that this wash should
be applied as soon as possible after the in
fliction of the bite. The following aro the
results of this treatment: From 1810 to
1821, the number of persons admitted into
Bresleau Hospital was 181, of whom only
two died; from lie.i to lba-l, ol the num
ber admitted into the Hospital at Zurich,
MXi persons were bitten by dillereut ani
mals, (lbii by dogs,) ol whom only lour
died."
flumovoiu
PREACHING, AN EASY BUS!
NESS.
A minister had a deacon m his congre
gation who was rather disposed to underval
ue the duties discharged by bis minister.
" What an easy life our minister lias 1 He
has little else to do besides preaching ! And
preaching is a very easy thing to do 1 In
fact, any one could preach that tried I"
Theso and such like remarks, having of
ten come to the minister's cars, he called on
the deacon ono Saturday, and thus uddrcs
scd him,
" Well, deacon, they tell me that you
think that preaching is very easy."
" Yes, so it seems to me 1"
" Would you have any objections to try
to-morrowl"
" None in the world I"
Accordingly the next day the congrega
tion was surprised to behold the deacon oc
cupying the pulpit. And all anticipated a
rich treat from one who regarded preaching
as a very easy performance. But sadly wcro
they disappointed. A very small trial con
vinced tho deacon of his mistake. After
bungling and stumbling for a short time, he
abruptly finished his discourse with the fol
lowing honest and eloquent peroration :
"Well, my friends, 1 thought until now,
that preaching was a very easy thing I All
I have to say i3, that if any of you think so,
just come and try it I"
" THE BRITCHIN BROKE."
Tho political principles of Gen. Cass
wcro very correctly illustrated by a littlo in
cident that occurred during his visit to New
York last week. Among tho crowd that
rushed in !o sen him at a place where he
stnpt, ono man pressed forward and seizing
him by the tho hand exclaimed, 'God help
you, General.' The General, not inclining
to rely too much on the uncertain aid of
Providence, replied, 'You help mo, and I'll
help you.' lhchangc paper.
Gen. Cass's present position may bo very
well illustrated by an anecdote told of an
old lady whoso horse ran away with her.
In relating her sensations sho said sho felt
very much alarmed while dashing over hills
and through valleys; "but sho put her trust
in Providence the britchin broke, and
then she didn't know what to do." Gen.
Cass was quito sure of election and put his
trust in Providonco, until ho heard that Gen.
Taylor was nominated, and then ho gave up
in despair. That nomination "broke the
britchin." Albany Journal.
political.
BENEFITS TO RESULT FROM
THE ELECTION OF GEN.
ZACIIARY TAYLOR.
We cannot better fortify some of our own
views, expressed last week, than by tho
following article from the pen of Hon.
Truman Smith, of Conn., who is ono
of tho worthiest as well as among tho a
blest of N. England Statesmen. Ho has
done excellent service in Congress, as a
member of the House, and tho Whigs of
Connecticut have just elected him to the
Senate.
I seize the occasion to give a brief expo
sition ol tl'0 benchts which I conceive will
i, , ,i, . ,i. t..,: r
fin . z,Pilnrv ,',. ,n m i..-,:,,..,-,,.
I anticipate from such a consummation
...!.! r -.-J! J
1. An essential alleviation of the acerbi
ty and violence of party spirit which has
been running to extremes for many years
past, and which has produced nothing but
evil to the country, and that continually.
A more moderate and reasonable ac
tion on the part, both of Congress and the
Executive, in establishing a policy in refer
ence to all essential interests, in which all
good men, if not perfectly satisfied, can ac
quiesce. I wish to sco public men disen
thralled, in some degree, from the iron rule
of party, and placed in a condition to act
freely according to their own conscientious
convictions of duty. Timo was when lead
ing men ol the same party lelt themselves
at liberty to differ on great questions of
public policy, but now tho state of the case
is widely dillcrcnt, and many arc forced, by
the tyranny of party, into the support of
measures which they cordially disapprove,
if they do not detest. Relentless proscrip
tion awaits every man who falters in tho
least. I have, within the last few days,
heard an upright and duly patriotic Senator,
Niles, from my own State, bitterly de
nounced by a leading Democratic member
of tho House of Representatives, merely
because ho will not go the whole figure in
supporting all tho wild and mischievous
measures of the present Administration.
The stato of things, which has long existed
at tho scat of Government, I can sufficient
ly illustrate by an anecdote : At the time
the final vote was taken in tho Ilousa, at
the first session of tho last Congress, re-enacting
the Subtrcasury law, a highly respec
table Democratic member came across the
Hall to my scat, and exclaimed, with an
oath, (which I will not repeat,) " it is a
shame that a law should be passed to which
a largo majority of the House is opposed,"
or words tothatcficct. I am confident that,
had it not been for "the bonds of party,"
the tariff of MO could not have-been passed,
though that of M2 might have been essen
tially, and perhaps advantageously, modified.
I am equally confident that, but for the same
cause, tho country would not have been
plunged into " an unnecessary and uncon
stitutional war with Mexico," the past and
present evils whereof few yet comprehend,
and the future evils of which will only be
taught us by many years of bitter experi
ence. But when moderation shall become
T . l ii r ii
inc orucr oi mo nay, wmcn l am well as
sured will be inculcated by Gen. Taylor,
should he bo President, by both precept and
example, a new spirit will come over Con
gress, and I trust the great body of the peo
ple, and wc shall leel that wo have common
institutions to preserve, a common country
to servo ; and, whether we sink or swim,
wc aro all committed to ono common desti
ny, whether for good or evil.
3. An administration which will conse
crate all its faculties to the preservation of
the peace of tho country. I regard this as
an object of paramount importance. No
man is better qualified than Gen. Taylor
to seize with a linn grasp the spirit of war
which unhappily infests the American peo
ple, (the great besetting sin of all republics,)
and to hold it effectually in check. That
he entertains sentiments of the utmost ab
horrence of war, and that he will be the
resolute friend of peace, I know. I hope I
shall be excused for presenting hero an ex
tract from a letter which Iliad tho honor to
receive from Gen. Taylor, dated at Baton
Rouge, on the 4th of March last :
" I noctl hardly reply lo your concluding inquiry tliat lam
a peace man, anil that I ilrcm a .tato oT pna-o to do atMu
luluty noroiiDry to ll-o proper and licalttiTul uclioii of our
republican institutions. On tli1 important locution I freely
confess mysolf to lia tho unqualified advocate of llio prlnci.
plos so often laid doun liy llm 1'alher of lii. Country, and so
urgently roconimended liy lilin in lls farowoll Address tu Ilia
American people. In.locil I IhinU I may safoly say that
nomun ran put n rnnro implicit fuitti than I do in the wisdom
of liis Lilvico wliou ho urged upon us the propriety of alwii)s
standing uioii 'our own soil.1 '
In his letter to Captain J. S. Allison, da
ted April 22d, General Taylor says:
" My lifo has been devoted to arms, yet 1 look upon war,
at all times and under nil circumstances, as u nationul ca
lamity to lia avoided, If compatililo with national honor. Tlio
principles of our (overmnenr, as well as its Irun policy, aro
opposed lo the subju-aliou of oilier natiuns,and Iho disiuoin
henuonl of oilier countries by conquest."
At a dinner in New Orleans, given in
December last in honor of Gen. Taylor, ho
responded to a complimentary sentiment by
declaring
"Thai Iho joy ami riultatlon or Iho greatest vielories
were always, hftar tho beat nn) oxi-ilcinrnt of tho bjltio,
succeeded oy feelings of poignant sonow end puin j uud Ins
is tho greatest glory who could torniiiiuiu it.'1
General Taylor has on other occasions a
vowed similar sentiments; they do him
much honor. He will resist the lust of do
minion and tho passion for acquisition which
marks so distinctly tho character of tho A
mcrican people, and which is fraught with
moro peril to our free institutions, and tho
perpetuity of our glorious Union, than any
other cause whatever. There will bo no
danger of tho annexation of cither Yucatan
or Cuba under the auspices of Gen. Taylor.
1. Also an administration of tho strictest
impartiality, and of tho most rigid justice,
as between all tho great interests of the
confederacy. I believo Gen. Taylor to be
entirely abovo sectional prejudice ; and there
aro not any of the interests of the free States
which I would not unhesitatingly confide to
his hand. Ho has a head to comprehend,
and a heart to embraco his country, and
his whole country. Having spent his wholo
lifo in the public scrvico, and on terms of
cordial nud friendly intercourse with the
people of all parts of tho Union, he enter
tains tho broadest and most liberal senti
ments of nationality. I do not regard him
as a citizen of Louisiana, but as a citizen
of the United States of America.
5. Ho will do much, if elected, to put
down tho efforts now making in various
quarters to run all the politics of tlio coun
try into a mischiovotisspirit of sectionalism.
If he should prove to be the President I
doubt not he will bo, the people will learn,
that of all tho qualifications' for that Jiigh
office, that of citizenship, residence, or dom
icil, is the lowest. I am moro disposed to
look at tho man himself, to the qualities of
his head and heart, rather than to the acci
dents of birth or residence. Who would
not rejoice to have a succession of Presi
dents for the next five centuries, who shall
administer the Government after the fash
ion, and in the spirit of Washington, though
every ono of them should come from tho
Capes of Florida I
(J. Congress will bo restored to the pow
ers and prerogatives which tho framcrs of
the Constitution intended that body should
exercise. It must bo obvious, on the slight
est examination of that instrument, that to
Congress was confided tho power of expres
sing the will of the people in the form of
laws, and to the Executive the duty only of
executing that will when ascertained by
Congress. But within the last few years
there has been in progress a rapid concen
tration of all power in tho bauds of the Ex
ecutive. The President has become every
thing and Congress nothing. An irrespon
sible body, called a convention, and" gener
ally a small committee of such body assem
bled in the upper room of some tavern, have
arrogated tho right of settling every thing
in advance, and of binding both Congress
and tho Executive. The latter has become
rrtio agent of a debased and grovelling part-
ncrsiup to overrule inc iormer, ciiucr inrougu
the instrumentality of the veto, or by a cor
rupt exercise of patronage. 1 o tho correc
tion of tho enormous evils of " the one man
power," General Taylor stands distinctly
pledged. The moment this is done, the
great questions of public policy aro taken
out of the Presidential canvass and are car
ried into tho Congressional districts. If
tho people desire a protective tariff, the im
provement ol our harbors and rivers, or any
policy in regard to our territories, they will
elect members ol Congress accordingly.
This will relieve the legislation of tho coun
try from the malign iullucncc of party, and
will be likely to give more stability to such
measures as have a favorable bearing on the
important interests of the country, than has
obtained for many years past.
7. Tho iullucncc of the name and char
acter of General Taylor will be quite'eer-
tain to give us a Congress whose views of
public policy will accord with those of the
Whig party. In this respect he can do more
for the country than any man now living.
Few of those who undertake to pronounce
so peremptorily on the question of the Pres
idency have given this subject any conside
ration whatever. While I am free to ad
mit that Mr. Clay ought to have been elec
ted President long ago, yet I think it cer
tain that if he could now bo brought suc
cessfully into the field, ho would have tho
two Houses of Congress to thwart and em
barrass him through tho wholo of his Pres
idential term. Any man who will consider
tho condition of the representation in both
branches of Congress from the northwes
tern, western, and southwestern States, must
admit the truth of this remark. I want a
Whig President, a Whig Senate, and a AVhig
Ileuscof Representatives, and Gen. Taylor
being strong in those parts of tho Union
where we aro weak, will favor in a high de
gree so desirable a consummation.
8. In short, I believe that all departments
ol the Uovcrnmcnt will become conserva
tivo under tho auspices of Gen. Taylor.
That he will administer tho Executive de
partment in that spirit no man can doubt :
and this makes him a good enough Whig
for me. He will take high conservative
ground on all questions appertaining to our
foreign relations. He will dispense tho pat
ronage of tho Government in a spirit of
moderation, lie will be particularly cau
tious to sco that justice is done to all sec
tions in tins regard. And as to questions
appertaining to our domestic policy, he will
follow tho example of the earlier Presidents,
and will throw them into Congress. What
more can bo desired by the just, moderate,
and patriotic ol the Whig party (
I doubt whether there has ever been as
sembled in this country a Convention, the
proceedings of which were more just and
fair, and in which there was less of manage
ment and intrigue than that which recently
assembled at J'liiladeipiua. It was rclresl:
ing to meet from the farthest extremity of
our wide spread Union so many good and
true hearted Whigs, who had incurred the
fatigue and tho expense of a journey of ma
ny hundred miles to participate in our con
sultations. All seemed to be actuated by
the best spirit, and anxious fur the success
of the common cause. It is true there were
strong differences of opinion among tho
members, honestly entertained and respect
fully and kindly expressed, and these differ
ences were submitted to tho proper arbiter
voluntarily constituted and pre-eminently
worthy of tho confidence of all. The re
sult was the nomination of General Zachary
Taylor as tho Whig candidate for tho Prcs-
! idency, and by tho blessing of God ho will
be elected, whoever may bolt the track.
I accord fully in the opinions recently ex
pressed by tho lion. C. C. Cambrelcng in a
political assembly, as follows :
"The croat nhlect or tho wis. men of iho capital, for
three years pail, has been to make a rrosHoot. 1 hey hai
labored day and nltht, tealouslf and assiduouslr, and havo
suci.oodeil admirably and triumphantly, lliey havo most
olluctually accomplished their object t they have by tin it
own acts inadn n President of tho Umlod Elates, but it bap
pens not to bo tho man, nor either oi tlio inon, Ihey intend
ed. Il is neither the l'resiilent nor itny of bis Cabinet, nor
is it tho conservative nominee of tho ll.tltiinero Convention.
I'rem tho first roll of tho drum ot l'alo Alto, lbiou-b all our
vplcndl-1 victorios. to the final und glorious conquest of
Moklco, the I rosldcut ami his Cabinet bate labored, ical
uu.ly aud successfully Ubured, to uski: Z.ctuar Tatlor
I'msipENT pr thrUmted riTATEs. It in. tiers not wheth
er be is Irom tho North, tho tiuuth. Iho Kast,ur Iho West,
nur bow he gols into the Hold, Whether supportod by vol
unteers or regulars, oure in tlio field, the maw who ius
HIE HE.! Of THE NATION Vltll HIM IS lallESISIMLE,
AND MUST INEVITABLY TMl'MrH."
And why should it not be so, when the
real issue to which we aro brought is wheth
er Lowis Cass or Zachary Taylor shall bo
tho next President of the United States? I
desire to say nothing disrespectful of Gen
eral Cass, but his career in Congress, par
ticularly on tho Oregon question and tho
Mexican Wor, aro too well known to ren
der mistako possible as to what will bo the
tendency of an administration of which he
shall bo the chief. Unfortunately ho is one
of those who think they can find an inex
haustible fund or source of popularity in
tho belligerent propensities of tho American
People. War I war I has been incessantly
on his lips lor years past. I trust that
Whigs everywhere will ponder well on tho
consequences which resulted from third
party organization in 1S-11. Did it not e-
lect Mr. Polk, overthrow tho Tariff of M2,
re-enact an odious and oppressive Sub
treasury, annex Texas, involve us in the
war with Mexico, commit twenty-five thou
sand citizens to a prcmaturo grave, and
squander over ono hundred and fifty mill
ions of tho public treasure? Does not a
largo share of the responsibility of all tlicso
evils lie at tho door of those who, by a third
party movement, defeated Mr. Clay ? Who
ever takes a similar course now, will incur
dread responsibilities. AVhat if war again
should follow from it the annexation of
Cuba or indefinite extension on the side of
Mexico? I cannot believe that anv such
sudicial policy will be pursued. No I the
hour ol retribution has come, and those
who have been gambling with war in refer
ence to the Presidency, will find themselves
put down, by a man who by his noble con
duct and brilliant exploits has raised him
self to the level of the most eminent com
manders of modern times. Let us now c
Icct Gen. Taylor President, and aspirants
for that high office will be little inclined
hereafter " to make of war and its bloody
front a game of politics."
1 declare my utmost confidence in Gene
ral Taylor. I feel that I havo a thorough
insight into his principles and his character.
As lie is an honest man, I confide in him ;
as ho is a moderate man, I respect him; as
he is a humane man, I admire him ; as ho
is a irran of unsurpassed bravery, I honor
him ; as he is distinguished for good sense
and sound discretion, I think he will make
a safe President ; as a high sense of justice
has ever characterized his conduct, I am
willing to trust him with the rights and in
terests of all parts of the country, and par
ticularly those of the free States ; as ho has
ever been remarkable for firmness and de
cision of character " asks no favors and
fears no responsibility" I believe ho will,
with a steady hand, guide the country safely
through all the perils which may environ it;
as he possesses the utmost purity and excel
lence of character, I shall take pleasure in
seeing him at tho head of public affairs ;
as he is truly republican in his habits and
manners, being ono of the people, and sym
pathyzing thoroughly with tho masses, I
think there is n fitness in making him the
chief magistrate of those same masses, of
whom the humblest can exclaim with truth,
" ho is ono of us!"- and as ho is a good,
sound, conservative, and reliable Whig, a
bominating war and contemning meanness,
fraud, chicanery, and trickery, who will put
far from him all evil-doers, political or oth
erwise, I am for him from the beginning to
the end of the chapter. I consecrate my
hand and my heart to the good old cause as
represented by Zachary Taylor, and will do
all within the range of my feeble abilities
to make him the next President of the U-
nitcd States.
TRUMAN SMITH.
TrasiiHrort, June 20ri, 1818.
LETTER FROM HON. JOHN
DAVIS.
Washington, Juno 28, 1818.
Gentlemen ; Your favor came to me
yesterday; but my duties in the Senate
wore such, that I could not reply until to
day. I should be grateful to comply with
your request to be present at the Ratifica
tion meeting ol tomorrow, but it is out of the
question. You will pardon me, neverthe
less, in expressing my great satisfaction to
observe that the people of Worcester that
good old Whig town arc not inattentive
to passing events. 1 he crisis is undeniably
eventful, tho dangers besetting our path im
minent, the prayers of the virtuous and the
entreaties of the suffering are raised from
all quarters, urging every patriot to make a
serious, an earnest effort to rescue the lib
erties of tho people from the perils which
threaten them. Let us look at our posture,
and see what is demanded of us.
In 1815, when the present administration
entered upon its duties, the republic was in
a stato of poace with all the world, and the
people enjoying a degree of prosperity and
happiness almost unparalleled. What a
change has come over us in this brief space
of time brought on either wholly or chief
ly by tho overshadowing influence of the
one man power. It is a sad but fearful il
lustration oftho great afflictions which may
be brought upon the country by the abuse
of that power, even in feeble hands. Tho
President has, by his own will and agaiust
the express provisions of the Constitution,
plunged tho Union in a war with a neigh
boring republic by which multitudes of our
citizens have perished; our revenues, need
ed for domestic purposes, have been wasted,
and a great public debt has been created,
to absorb our future resources.
While the Constitution has been thus
wrested for abuse of power, and the reven
ues have been squandered to acquire terri
tory by conquest, laws made for the benefit
of the people, by large majorities of Con
gress, havo been defeated by a perverse use
of the veto, and the people have been denied
the right to spend a dollar of their own
money to repair their highways for trade
and commerce.
Under the revenue law of 1842, (tho black
tarilT, as tho enemies of American industry
arc pleased to call it) our finances become
prosperous our sunken credit was restored
our business revived, and tho hammer and
tho shuttle were again heard in unison with
the cheerful songs oftho laborer and light
hearts, with strong arms, gave unexampled
prosperity to our industrial pursuits.
In the judgment of the present adminis
tration, a policy which produced these ben
cficient results was inexpedient, and war
for tho conquest of territory and laws
which would encourage foreign labor, whilo
they bankrupted our own, were more de
sirable and belter suited to tho taste of tho
democracy. Tho law of liil was there
fore repealed and war, sub-treasury and
free-trade wcro substituted. Thus the labo
rer has been left to struggle against not only
foreign competition, but u tido of opposi
tion from his own Government.
In this stato of things tho Presidential
election returns tons; and shall wo now,
by a great and united rally, rescue the coun
try from its perils, and restore the days of
prosperity ?
Tlio Democrats have placed before tho
pcoplo Mr. Cass, who is tho avowed expo
nent, and who has been tho chief advocate
of tho present system. His opinions prove
but too clearly that if elected, we nave noth
ing to anticipate but an aggravated stato of
the present policy.
The Whig Convention, after a fair con.

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