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Vermont watchman and State journal. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, July 06, 1848, Image 2

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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOUUINICl, JULY G, 1818.
icttiiinong Iho friends of llio several candid,
talcs,, iioiiiinnicd liy u Inrgo majority, Gem, 'Pay
lor as lliolr'cnndidatc. Hut with the result some
discontents aro said to exist, which aru supposed,
however, to nr'uo chiefly from sectional fooling.
i irusi, iiotvtiicr, inai in inu iiiiiuiguiiuu ui wiwi
sentiments no ono will Inso eight of (ho condi
tion of III u country, or of tho perils which besot
US, in n contest 'upon n question whether our
ratidida'o shall comu from this or that side of n
floographical hue. Tho Conslilulion spreads
uver llio wholo country our interests extend
over tho whole, and our duties aru cn-cxtonsivm
with holh. Tho w isc, iho Virtuous thosu whoso
ifiorts to livo are undo fruitless hy vicious log
islitinii nnd those who are deuiod all right to
their own innncy nil look In thu iipproachmg
election and earnestly hupu for tho rudomplioii
of thu county.
Tho crisis demands a united and harmonious
action of nil tho strength ot tho Whigs to plncu
biicccjs beyond doubt; nnd I liust lh.it calm
considoratioii und u dispissioirtto leview of our
condition ns it is. nnd as it will be, if wo fail,
will allay dicnntent, nnd avert iho pernicious
coiiseiiiicneesarisiuu- from tint? injr our Iricmls
nnd impairing our strength. I incorely hope,
lliat uitriotimuniav prev.ui nvcrr uiassuigo dis
appointment, nhd'li.at vio ma mt .under onv
circumstances be left to deplor. defeat, which
cannul fall to bo n liurren victor to tlloso who
uausu it, if il shall Ito brought uuout by Whigs
who abandon their ftaiiduril.
I am, gentlemen, ono of thosu who co-operste
Willi Ihi) Whigpjily, and havo through all lis
trials boon anxious to preserve it entire, under
the belief, that through the blessing of Divine
Providence, us strength in numbers nnd iimr.il
power, will bo siiHicient to protect the country
against thu mid schemes ol umbitnn which as
sail us.
I desire also to sco an honest, sound, capable
Whig, and none other, in thu chair of Slain u
tmgistrato who w ill bo content with tho puwur
confided to him by tho conslilulion ono who
till lint soul; to dismember foreign territory by
conquest, or lo annex it to tho United Status
one who w-II follow the prudent oxamplo ol iho
earlier l'leaidunts, in a sparing use of tho vt-lo
h'io who will not cherish a preference! (or for.
t'ign labor and capital over our oun in a wind,
ono uliMu bean is devoted to tho country, and
nut to selfish ambition.
Such, in my belief, is Zaclnry Taylor. 1,
lias not been my privilege in know or hold inter
course with bun, but still do not feel tint he
is a stranger, or llialhis inorilsundquulifications
uro unknown.
Tin! wnrd Whig, employed in Us common
signification, implies nil lint wo rcqtinu ot a
candidate, lor he who wears it honorably is :u
principle nu exponent of the fundamental view
of tlio piiriy. (Jen. Taylor suys, in In let tt-r ul
thoii'.'d of Apnl last, to Mr. Allison, "I urn a
Whig," llo makes also us strong n decl iritwn
in u previous loiter tu Mr. Inncr.-o 1, dated Au
gust ;i, J8J7. 1 bclieu; I may salely add to line
that no man here, friend or toe, and Micro are
many who know the General well, questions the
lact of lita being n Whig. I deem, ih-rel'ore,
the evidence on this point to bo entirely sam
laclory. It is crpially clear that In; is a bnvo,
tearless soldier, not only icspected but beloved,
lor Ins manly, benevolent character, by nil v.hu
lmvu served under him.
Uu is not less distinguished fur his firmness,
ins iiumanity, Ins justice, Ids moderation unci hu
good svnse.
Of his firmness he has given loo tinny signal
pioofs to leave it questionable ; and notwuh
Mantling ho has been in thu army nearly forty
years', und the latter part of that time in Floiida
nnd in Mexico, us Coimiruiider-in-C.iinf, under
ciicun.siuuccs demanding the most rigid di.-ci-plino
and the n est severe police yet 1 hivo
never si.cn or heard of any complaint Iigitm.1 his
liuiuanily, cr his administration of justice. II
(iny one has been oppicssed or wronged, or Ins
tell to much aggrieved us to make complaint, II
has e-caped my observation.
While he expects and requires uf every man
the performance of his duly in circumstances ni
peril, yet ho condemns and rebukes any thing
lll.n un unnecessary cxposuru of life, und hence
it i", that olticcrs and men put the greatest cuidi
deiico in his prudence and wisdom.
Tho-o "ho best know hint, not only bear will
ing testimony to these traits of character, but
they aecoid to him a sound, culm, discriminating
intellect u nilliu distinguished lor its ttraiglit
forward coin.i.on sense.
Mo man can be fully known until tested by a
fair trial of his merits; but these high moral
qualities constitute n good foumintion for faith
lo give good n-mirnnec, that lie who possesses
cs lliriu w ill not f ui.
I mii'hi udveit to other nvowi .s contained in
his loiiispondcni-o, and isprci. y in his letter
to Mr. Allison, bill it would eurr, this letter into
too great length, ll is evident ' inn that letter,
that ll elected, his potpoio is to jave Consre-w
lo settle quff lions uf dntues'ic policy, anil lo
circumscribe llio executive power to tho hunts
nssigin.-d to it by the Constitution, believing, ns
ho declares, lie does, lli.il it lias ot late uien
greatly and unlaw fully extended. "Upon the
subject of the tariff, the currency, the improve
ment of highways, rivers, lakes, and harbors,
lie declaies, tho will of the people, ns exp-ess
oil through their representatives in Congress,
ought lo bo respected and carried out by tho Ex
ecutive." IJc says again: "tlio principled ol
cur Government, as well us its truu policy, is
opposed to tho subjugation of uther nations, anil
tlio dismemberment of other countries by con
quest." These nro principles which I uelicvc
tho great Whig paity will most cordially ap
prove. Iiul tho wholu letter is before you, anil
will speak lor itself
it has been objected that he is a military chief
tain, and it is Hue that few men in any ng in
nation havo ncl.tcvcd a more brilliant uud endur
ing lame than his. With somo five thousand men,
chiefly volunteers uud now recruits, he routed
tlio legular Mexican Army of f.'0,000 uien, com
manded by their most distinguished general and
best tactician. This viclory won ogain.it such
fearful odds, and by new, undisciplined troops,
is liounr enough. It proves, too, how great, how
abiding and implicit, was the confidence uf the
troops in their gallant commander.
NeverthelCiS, I would as nu exarnp'o profrr
the selection of a candidate from civil life. 1 1 til
expeiienco proves the profession or employment
of ii candidate has little connexion with- his lit
Hess. Washington wos a soldier, I'oll: i law
ver. Tho names in juxlapojition suggest tne
whole argument. Ono loved peace, thu n'.hei
viar tho ono adhered to tho contitution, thu
other violated ono of its most important and wi
sest provisions ono said, " why should wo quit
our own to bland on foroign ground," llio other
nought new territory by conquest.
This proves, what nil of us know, thai pru-Ics.-ioi.s
aro nothing, while-sound principles and
honest purposes aro every thing. 1 euro not
from wlmt walks uf llfu a man comes, if he
tiringB with linn an honest heart nnd a capable
brad. There is security in that, but nune in the
intrigues of hackmed politicians.
Iiul, gentlemen, I fear I Invo carried this
communication to an unreasonable length, and
will, iherelorc, close by observing that havo
been long of opinion, thai Gen. Taylor could bo
elected by tho united exertions of tho Wing
pnity. 1 huvc thought it probable Unit hn would
bn tlio nominee, and have thurnforo sought infor
mation concerning him, und I am happy to he
nblo lo tssuru vou that all who best know linn,
speak ot him in terms that would do honor to
any man.
1 thereforo entertain a decided opinion, thai ii
elected, ho will administer tlio government in a
inuiiuer creditable to himself, and sulisfuctury to
tlio country. I havo tho further pleasure of as
during yuti that tho nomination gives very great
mlisluclion in almost aill iho pieces from which
intelligence has been received, and Micro is the
best reason lo believe tliul tlio domes of Ihu
Convention will bo ratified by majority of tlio
votes in llio unlteu ntuies.
.1 am, with great respect and regard,
Vour obedient sorvcut,
J. DAVIS.
A. U. Uulloc-lil'. Kiuiiicutt, 11. T. Ilico, Ks
quires, Cjiiiuilttco.
frnnunrnnir Viinrn. 1111 r.l.l n..il ffiilhflll mil)-
lie servant and ono uf tho most si 'istautial whigs
of Ohio, hos luken llio field in ui nest, llcru is
liis rcply to an im Itnticn to nid in giving Ihe loco
ibcoa'graje in Chauip.igno cotm y :
UtiiiANA, Juno l.l, IHlrf.
CJcntlcnicn : 1 will, Willi great plcuouro, ho
with you ulyour Taylor meeting on Huturi'uy
ovonlnir, Iho 17lh inslant, nnd ns I ennsider my-)
self unlisted lof tho war, I nin nt your service,
"and tltb srfjvlco nf your brother Whigs, from now
to tho 7th til Niivqmbor. Willi great respect
your friend and sorvaut, JOSUI'II VANCIi.
I, CnnwiN and otlicw.
(Jrcnt llailUcaiion Wcditig in Wor
co5r) Mass.
Mil. HUDSON'S LETTKIt.
A vnry largo IriBCling was held In Worccslcr,
on lihtunliy evening, of tho Whign nnd othor
friends of Gen. Taylor, to respond to tho l'hilii.
di Iphii nominations. Tho hall, which holds n
bout two thousand Dcranris, was filled full. The
meeting was called lo ordor hy lion. Thomas
Ki.nmcut, and Hon. Iiia M. Uaiito.v was eho
hpii President, und Jons 0, I! Davis, Secretary.
On taking the chair, Jtidgo Jhrton undo a shoit,
but patriotic nddross, in which he spoke in hand
somu torin3 ol General Taylor, and of tho im
portnnee of sustaining thu noinin itions at thu
po'ls. At the conclusion, Col. A. II. Hum ock
proposed n series nt patriotic reioluiioiM, whien
u-ofe rucillvod wilh groat fuvor. Col. llullock
nlo rend Iho f-illowing lutler from thu lion,
Cil.vm.l.s llunsti.v, member of Congress liom
that district, which uu gladly lay beloio our
readers !
W.vsnnriTo.N. Juno W, Iff IP.
(leiillnii'it .- In unswer to your fivor of the
Iflih, I lnvn thu honor to say that engige.nciiiH
of a piib.ii! nature will prevent my being with
you un tin- vMt.i.
Ifut mage on such ocensions will probably
lead you to oxpect Irom ino souiu expressions of
opinion on tho subject on w hich vou nro to act.
I need not say to you, geiitlemen.'lhat tho Horn-
in mini w as not oi my emuee. jua mo llomina
tiou h-8 been mule ; and m ule, too, under pecu
liar citcnnlstanccM. Tlio members of Congress
fliendly lo Gen. Taylor were opposed to ii Na
tional t'onventiin, itml it wan not until they
woio voted down by Nnrthern Whigs, that thry
ei.nsenti'd to hsvu u Convention called ; nnd at
Philad -Iphia, th. y pledged Gen. Taylor to abide
the deci-iioii of tho Convention. Under these cir
cumstances., wo aro In a manner bound in honor
to abide the rpsult, unless somo good and sulli
cient re.sun cn hu assigned unless thero wits
so no unfdiruesu in tlio Convention i uro If. Ol
that every oiu mu-it bo his own judge.
Iiul the nomination has now been made, and
in all probability, Gen. I'uylor or Gen. Cass w ill
b.3 tho next President; any defection among the
Whigs will increa thu chances of Gen. Cass's
election. General Cnss is an ojion advocito for
the extension of our territorial lim.ts, and main
tains that Congrea-j hx-i no power to excludosla
very fro.u territory acquired ; lie it known to bo
h'gbly beligoient, und in c iso of his election,
tluro would bo great danjer that ho moms to
embroil us n r relations with foroign govern
ments, iin.l tho annexation of Cuba or the lodof
Mexico might be the result. ith such nn ac
cession of blavo luni'ory, and tho effects of four
years mo'O of miir.ilo, 'I should d-spair of over
be,rg nhle to maintain Northern rights, or to
s. islam Northern interests. Doing uii'iltcrahly
oppose 1 lo too f.irthvrexteiHion of slave territu
ty. und an advocato of free soil nnd free labor,
I f?el it to bo my duty to do all tint can bo lion
ontbly done to oppoo the election of the Dem
ocratic condidalo, whoso policy I believe would
bo exclusively Southern.
General Taylor is not nil that I could desire.
Hut from all I can learn of tho man, I bulieve
lb it Ii3 is independent, manly and luneat, and if
elected would surround himself by a Whig cab
inet ; I believe thai ho is a moderate, conssrva
live mm, and if elected would carry otil Whig
principles. Ho has plc-Jged himself to sustain
the popular will, 113 expressed by the Itepreseu.
tatives of iho people, and administer tho govern
ment on tho principles adopted by the Father ol
the Republic. I holicvo lint ho i i less boligo
rent than tho Democratic candidate; that ho
would bo more inclined lo peace; less disposed
to annex foreign territory; nnd on tho groat
subject of slavery itsulf. would take u moro hou
orablo course than hU Democratic competitor.
Another cons. deration his weight in iny mind.
The Noithern ijto, ca havo a majority in thu
House of Representatives ; but th'u Senato aio
equally divided, there being II'Ippii tree and fif
teen slave State.". If tho lines should bo dr iv. n
on the question of slave extension, and the Sen
ate should divide on geoi-rn pineal lines, the c- :sl
ing vole mu.t bo given by the Vioo Picsideift
The views of Mr. Fillmore nru -.roll known on
this subject lie is a Northern man in the high
est and hi st sense of tho term.
From a full vie-v of the subject, and after
much refioc ion and unxious thought, I c 11. not
boo any thing to be gained for tho cnuao ot' tin
eotiutiy, of liberty, of humanity, by resibting tho
nomination, ami thereby increasing the charc-i
of another war ot conquest, and of lour je.irs
moioof 1 11111. ins misiule. Our cxpinieucenntliis
subject is 100 rcc- nt, uud too frightful in its con
sequences 11 bo lurgottun. At our last Presi
dential ih-ction, thoie were enough who with
diew from the Whig pirty, and cast their voirs
for 11 third candidate, to securu tlio election of
Mr. Polk; uud tho only danger of tho extension
of slavery which now exists, arisoa from tho ox
tension of toiritory, brought about by h'13 pit I
loniigo an I the war in wh.ch ho wantonly plung
ed Iho country. I am sulialiad that whatever ol
good is brought about by tho action of thu gov
ernment in behalf of freedom nnd equal rights,
must bo produced by tho united ollorts ol thu
Whig party.
I am, gentlemen, very inspectfully,
Vour obedient servant,
C. IIUD2ON.
Messrs. A. II. Ilur.i.ocK, Tno. Kik.niuut, and
Gr.o T, Uien, Ksqrs.
Tlio meeting was then addrossod briefly by
Ex Governor Lincoln, who referred to tho impul
sions ciHt upon him by Mr. Allen in his speech ;
and stated Hist ho intendod sonu to reply to tho
speech, to vindicate General Taylor and him
self. Ho wpoke very handsomely, ami conclu
ded with introducing Gou. I.etilio Coombs, of
Kentucky, who spoko at considerable length,
nn.l with great acceptance. Mr. McCiillis of
Maine, ulso spoke. Tho meeting was 0110 of tho
large-it over hold in Worcester, and bioko up
with Ihroo cheers for Gen. Tat 1.0.1 and Mii.i.auu
l-'iLt.Moni:. Huston Jithis.
Thicks o- -run Tnvni:. Tho Democratic
Legislature of Maine, nt its last session, passed
11 law that Presidential electors should heieafler
bo chosen by a plnra'ity of votes. This was
when the Democrats in, ihe state thought thoy
bhotild be ninre suio of carrying (ho day under
such a law. Put sincn tho nominal ions of ('ass
and Taylor it lias become prutty ovidentthat llm
latter will secure a plurality ol voios, and a bill
has just been introduced by a sjgaciuus Cass
man, to repeal thu plurality law and substitute
1110 oiu majority pnucijile, witn a view to throw
tlio choice of ulectots into a Demo iratic Legis
lature. The trick may give the voto of fllaniu to
Cass, but ho will btill lack unyw herd fiom 0110
hundred to 0110 hundred and filty votes of an u
lection. Hucli inanciiveiing don't amount to
much.
Tho Cass men take Mr. Van Duron's iioniim-
lion terribly to heart. For oxamplo :
"How ark Tin: MituiTV Fau.i:n !" Tho
nows of Mr. Van Huron's defection will iistonish
tho Dnmocrocy of tho nation ! The mighty nr
my of Democrats who have homo him on their
backs to famo and fortune huvo 11 sad Jusson to
loarn in 1I10 hitfory of Martin Van Huron ! Can
it be! will bo the general cry throughout the
country, that ho whom wo upheld thruimh eood
mid through evil ropoit, has now butruyedus!
11 iiuiu uuii pucii 1111 imiuncc ui puuucai ingrail
tudo bo found ?
Would that wo could answer llieso ques'ions
villi un indignant nognttvo Hut New Vurk
must hung her head in shnrno, while she is forc
ed to make the humiliating cnnfossiuii lo the
great Democratic party of America, that liar "fu
vorito son" iho only Chiof .Mugiotrato which
she has given to thg country has proved 11 divi
der lo tho parly that has nursed him into poljti
cnl existence, Wo have no words wheiowith
to olotho this confession that can relievo it of its
depth of degradation. Woi can only nay we
us w oil as you, aro butriiyud I .There is Ihe 'J'nti
lor! Do trilh him itmf you will tJVew I'eiA
Truu Sun,
Fx-Govemur ftletcalf'e,iiof Uem-rul ilorohead,
lias bu.-n iippoi ite I bnuei! Slultu Senator from
Kintucky, by G v. Oivdey,
iDatcljntan & 0iatc ouvnnh
v.. r.-WAiiToiv, Jit., i:rroit.
'I'lnn-.siCiy, July , 1H IN.
Numinous of the "W liii; Cuitvoiilion.
FOR PRI-SIDKNT,-
y. a r:rnv tayt.oi i
FOR VlCli I'HESIDH.NT.
MU LARH J?1LU10UE.
KiniT. 1 roilpf ito whii I liavo lotApn BftU I nin n VlilB.
If ott'i'teil I uouM not Itf tho iiMiro rri'i(Icnt fa uirtjr. I
won l.l fti'lcavnr to net linlopcndrnl of inly tltmilnatiuti. 1
fthmilil fuel IhmiiiiI funtliiitnlttoi tho KUtcrnincnt tinlfaiiiniclled
lt nry eclicmen.
."i.(uii), Tho Veto ticr. Tho powrr gion hy iho con
ntiliitmn lu tho Cxoouiitu to InturniHo hi vcltt, U a liljh con
crviitivu puLrj hut In iny-4.ininni timi!J nctet hu cxirclcil
rterft hi cnnpn of f lisir t luhtmn rf the runntiliiilDii, or mini
fy! huttit nml mint of coiiiiloratlon hy Cnii;ro'-,- Indeed, I
litivo ttmuiiit th it to i ninny jour tpl tho known n.iiilttit4 und
million uf the Iltocutho ti tvo cxercm'il iimltm nnd injiifioui
illtlilnco upon tho Ipgiihititt? deMrtiiionL nf tho gnrrnini'nt
nnd for IhU ciihu t Imvq 1 houht tmr vyRf'ni m d inor nf un
drrjnjti a vront rlnn'ro fum Hi trim ilioory. 'Iho pemon il
iMiinititni u tlie 1 ml Idu tl win may htnpim tn iTiipy tho
I."ru;iv ( Ii ilr. tniahl iml to contml thi tictlnii uf ConarrM
tiptMi qtH'Mloiiftor iJoitf1!!" I'ulif v nor ntiglit Iim oSjnriion
lu ho mlcrponod whoro nil' mhim olX'oiHlitiiiinnil tower Iinvo
liocn HPll.tjd by (ho viiriiiii-t '!fi)iiiniontrf uf thi government,
and itrquieiccii in hy thu p -top In.
'I'limo Upo.i th.1 iii'ij ct of tlio Inrilf, tho rurr"noy, th
Iniprorinrtnt of our grout liiihwnyi, riurf IdkoH nml hailion ,
Iho will f iho IN oplfl, n uxpreicd through their rtiprpBcnl.i
tiu4, nughl In ho ifMpi-cted und ctirriod out hy thu lUceulho.
I'oUiirn Tho Mexican nr. I f inrcrciy icjidco at tlw
prrnprrt of poaco. My hfn hin ht-i-tl tl'ivotnd to arms, jot J
look upon war nt all ttmi'4 nnd undr nil circinti"luiirin tn a
uiIIuiihI rHlmtdh, to ho (iviili if Mmipulhli llh th nu
tioml honor. Tho priHcip'ta t,C otir 'ttvcriuntJiit, well n
U trno hittryt t oppord to tho uhitinlinn of titliur ii illonn
nnd t!io dinnicnihrnucnt of othor countiiPi by cmaeiit. In
th') I inju i( oftht'arnit aInn?tn Wliy hntil I wi qtut
onr oun to fi ind on forriji y ton id." In the Mcxlc in win
onr n iiion.il honor Im hui'int.t.hcalod j and tn dirt it in; torim
of poaco wo my well nfftird tu ho foibo.irm;. nnd uvun m.i
lunimoui to u fillen fon. . TAYhOIl,
Tlio Rttnnion ovr tho cnnllnitnl hryond iho llio frnnd of
tint ordni inro nf 1787, ii nn ijtPt tiwi hlli nn.l pvrni inont to
In hil'lcd hy I'rrxidt-fiti il etop-H. fjoiriunnti Stxnal,
tfint yon will pudo i mo for thin hrli-llv irptyia? tn you,
uhicli 1 d'lwitliu hiijli rjiitii'Mi mid iipprovnl of tho ifiiti
nicnti and vioin cmhrjcrd hi jour (.ditorbl. Z. Tdylvr'A
a istctr to the etlttur vf the Signal
WHIG STATE CONVENTION.
Notice ii hereby given tint n delegate Con
vention of ihn Wtiiy party of the State of Ver
mont, will be holden at Woodstock, on Wednes
day, the IDtli diy of July next, for Iho purp.nc
ot nouiinaliui; candidates for Governor, Lieut,
fiovcrnor and Treasurer of tho Sla'.o lor the
year rinuin, and nlsn candidates for Presiden
tial Clector. It is desired that evory town in
tho State should bo represented in tho Conven
tion, by, at least, two delcjr-itc?.
TIMOTHY FOMiTJTT,
JOHN Kf.MHAI.U
SOLOMON I'OOTR,
PORTUS IIAXTLIf,
1',. P. W ALTON, .III.
SAMUI'.L V. KI-JYKS,
JUSTIN S. MORRILL,
June 2 Ith, IS It?.
J
The i'ass Doiigh-Facctl (amc describ
ed y a Cass Mam
Wo contrasted iho position of Taylor and
Cass in our last, according to otic iinilcrstnudinjr
of it; and now wo adduce the public testimony
of an eminent personal nnd political friend of
Gen. Cass to sustain us to the full length of uur
position. Wo introduce to tho roidor Senator
Douui.ass of Illinois one of tho sottsl and
lnoit contemptible of Dough face.?. Let us pro
mise a little, however. Whfti Gen. Cm re
ceived notice ot tin noiniii.uinii, tlio campaign i
was arranged nt Washington and tlio distin
guished G neralrj were despatched toorgmize
tho foiccti and give tlio watchwords. C.iss him
self staite.' for Michigan, endeavoring to con
veil his journey into a political tour through the
middle and northwestern States, nnd doubtless
fl itlcring himself that nil his path would be .-Irown
with wrenlliH, and every fctep an advance to the
Presidential chair. Ho 'herefnro selected Col.
Ilenton of Missouri, (Jen. Houston of Texus,
hangman Footo of .Msiisippi, und Mr Allen
of Ohio (three slavocrats and ono dough face) to
attend him on his way North, while ho despatch
ed a Noithern man, in the person of Senator
Douglass, to organize tho southern cuinpjign.
Tho Southern Sen Horn, coming North, all gave
Democracy and iculur nominitlioHM the watch
words, and inculcated harmony iimnng thu locos
to defeat tho great army of Whiga under that
torriblo old campaigner fCack Taylor ; the .W
Ihmi Senator going South gives Slavery and
Dinlh lo Ihe ll'ilmol Proviso, ns the watchwords,
and unhesitatingly assures tho Slavncracy thai
the only way in which thoy can triumph is to o-
lect a Northern dough-fice, in tlio person of
Lewis Cass ! It is astonishing that any North
em man could have the hardihood to take this
ginund publicly: but so it is. Cass's chance is
desperate, nnd requires desperato means. Here
is an extract from Senator Douglass's speech do
liverod at tho locofoco Ratification meeting at
Now Orleans on ihe 8th tilt., and reported for
mid published in tho Now Orleans Delta of the
10th.
IIo begins by alluding to tho ' Aonesfy (save
tho mark) of John Tyler! Alas, that minim man
should be held up to any assemblage of freemen,
even through DomocralH, ns a pattern worthy of
imitation. Wo don't think tint even thoy would
bo improved by following in Iii3 footsteps. Af
ter this happy introduction he enumerates the
principles upon which ho would require, his can
didate for tho Presidency to clearly defino his
position, nnd goes on to say :
" Nay, more, I would not stop here, I would
requiro him to say whether or not ho was in fa
vor of tho Wilmot Proviso. Immense applause
Yes, fellow citizens, I say to yon what I havo
ever Baid lo my own constituents in Illinois,
-ii . r- ... L.. -r It'll
iriu rule nr no mnn wnu u in uro, uj mc .
mat I'roviso. When I am required by iny con
stituents to support that measure, as much ns I
value their cunlidonco, us highly as 1 appreciate
the distinctions conferred on me, I will not lioi-
tato to resign my post and retire to a private Bta-
lion." " w
" Wo tried slavery once in Illinois. It did
not unit our circumstances or habits, and we
turned nbilanthronic and abolishoil it. So it will
bo found after all with our ioud-inonthod aboli
tionists, our Hales, Giddings, and others, who
would no doubt, hud they a sugar or cotton
jiiuui'tuon, no as Inrious lor tho pproail ol sluvo
ry us thev now aro for itn nlmlitinn."
" (7ie IHOpIc ot Cntilnrniit Art'irr In Inuc
slum, unJjiiul it for their interest to Imve them, I
ihqiuu coinwcr u a pjiipable invasion of tlitii
uifhtsfarthi dentral Uovmtmcnl lo interere lo
pnvtnl fi.r aeeomjilithing their tlcsire. Suth are
m scnlinfnls. Pins is tub Dkmookatio
CnF.rn. Tub CKi.KiuuTKn i.i:rmt ok Uk.n,
Cass presents this subject in a light which team
no doubt about his vieics,"
"Lot mo warn you, my follow citizens of Lou
winn i, tliul it will hu no security fur you tnoloct
a Southern Pros'ulent. Your danger then will
bo greater than if your choico fell on a North
orn iiiun. If a Southern man is clionen, you will
bo lulled into a fatal security, whilst tho North
will remain silent, knowing that, when elected,
the President will bo under their control; but if
n Northern man, tho South will bo nllvoto know
clearly his views, nnd very exacting of pledges
in referenco to slnvcry. Thus you may get the
mim and thny the measure. Thus it is, I predict,
that if the H itmol pioviso tver becomes it tau; it
will be by the aigii'ilnre oj a Southern President."
The Worcester, Mass., Convention.!
Tho Mass State Convention of persons "op
posed to tho nomination of Cass and Taylor,''
was holden on the 2Slh according to tho call.
In numbers, very respectable, though it was small
if. considered in relation to tho latitude of tho
call t the correspondent of the Atlas puts the
number nt 2000, including Whigs, Democrats,
Abolitionists, beys and ail or no larger than
llio Taylor ratification meeting of llio oich of
Worcester. Messrs. Allen, Wilson of Naticlt,
Campbell of Ohio, J. R.fliddingH, Lnvejoy, Phil.
I" Sumner, C. F. Adams, and V. R. Hoar ail
ed the meeting, " hen a series of resolutions
wn adopted complimenting John P. Hale, J. R.
Giddings, nml Martin Van IJiirru, nnd oxpros.
sing thu hnpo that Daniel Wcbxtor wilt do right
in this matter llio last being acoivod with his
ses, but finally adopted. Nu nomination of Pres
ident was made, but it wis resolved tint thero is
no man ether than Jo-dma R Giddings "to whom
ut ibis critical moment, t.'.eir cause can be moro
nafely entrusted." A delegation at largo of two
Whigs, two Democrats, nnd two Abolitionists
was appointed to the DufTilu Convention of tho
2d of Augutt, and the appointment of district
delegates was recommended ; a Statu Commit
tco was also appointed. The first three Kpeakers
mined above were dolugates to the Philadelphia
Convention, and did not consent to the nomina
tion of Gen. Taylor: Messrs. Allen and Wilson
aro still against supporting him, but Mr. Camp
bell of Ohio utterly refused to take that stand.
IIo would nul identify himself with thu opposi
tion thou, nor ut all until hu had consulted his
constituents. On the whole, this convention
fills far bchv.v our expectations. Among those
who look pirt in it, wo do not recognize a single
Massachusetts Whig except the gentlemen who
signed ihe call and originated the meeting j their
appeal therefore his met with no such response
ns was onlicipated. Again, in its action wo arc
dis ippointed : the Whi portion seemed moro
reluctant to put with their Whig brothron than
we expected, an 1 tho decision of tho wholo body
seems to bo to p istpono definite action until the
2d of August. In tho interim, tho passionate
will liuvc t'.tii-! to get cod tho honjst "con
science Whigs'' will have time tn examine the
mailer thoroughly and loarn to serve their coun
try as best thoy m iy, and iho result, wo itppro
hpud, will bo, that the d'nafi'iictcd Whigs will fi
nally by common commit ariivc nt tho conclu
sion that tho only modo of making effectual re
sistance to tlio .slavocrary is lo cnisa quarreling
among themselves about Gen. Taylor, und to u
nite ono and all in electing a Free Soil Congress.
This expectation is confirmed by tho proceedings
of a meeting subsequently holden lu lloston and
managed by the leaders in tho Worcester meet
ing. The chairman raised tho question whether
'Jiiliir is a Whig, and Hide a Democrat, and e
licited contradictory answers, ilr. Giddings then
took the stand nnd hit light, loft, and front de
spatching Taylor, Cass, I'an llarcn and Clay.
Tho la3t two, ho siid, killed themselves by their
letters in 1811 'Cuss can't get a single slave
State, nor New Ymk, nor Ohio, nor tcn Michi
gan, and thu Locoa may a9 well begin to make
his gr ivtitmia,' aud-'Paylor can't get Ohio ; so
the fight is not to bo between Taylor and Cuss,
hut Taylor and the numincc of the liujfdo Can
n niton! Who run thai be? With ll ebstcr,
('an, Tny'or, Clay, I'nn lluren mi l Hale thus
-vii' arily dnqiiHod of, wo rut.? thoso gnntlo
ure thinking more of .Mr. Gidlin-'s himself
' my body else. Absurd as it ii, wo appro-
I. en I these gentlemen uro dioimin,' tint all the
c imlidntos uf alt tho uxLting parlies aro to bo
repudiated, and a p ilitical niilloniuui beg.u on
2.1 of August next with Mr. Giddings, or somo
other entirely now nun. They are nidly mista
ken. Thoy can't even carry the abolitionists
with them ; and iustcid f h irmonizing nil par
ties, we eiituro the prcdiciio-i lb-it each parly
will count these gentlemen and their candidate
as enemies.
QyOne of iho six delegates, appointed by
the Worcester meeting to uttond the Rufl'alo
Convention, has declined.
THE BLACK COCKA.DE.
" The following is a literal extract from Nile?'
Register, of September Kith, 1611. Seo Vol.
47, page 18:
" The fad is, Unit nhile his jather. Major Cass,
superintended Ihe ricruilintsnvirc in I7SW 1800,
for what li-e Dtmocruh styled the 'provision eating
army,' he the present Gen. Cass) urns the precep
tor of Ihe Grammar School in 'I'itmingtnn, nnd
a' ways appeared with a UL.1CK COCKADE
in his hat."
Tho above paragraph appoars in almost every
Whig paper on our exchange list ; but notwith
standing tho popular opinion, wo can't see that
Gen Cass was very much to blame for ropecl
iug the views of his father in his youth. What
strikes us a3 a worso thing altogether is, that he
wears the Black Cuckaiik of the Slnvocralic le
gion sow, when old enough lo know belter.
fX" Half a dozen Whigs, nrdent friends of
Mr. Clay, have sent us a joint letter, saying that
thoy pledged themselves, somo limo ago, not lo
voto for Gen. Tayljr for tin Presidency. They
cannot, however, think of separating themselves
from their old friends, They still siy that they
will not !'.c for Taylor, but that they will voto
for tho electors nominated by tho Whigs ; and
that tho electors can voto lor Taylor, if they
I ike. Lo u iscille Journal.
At first blush this looks like creeping otil at a
very smalt hole. Not so, perhaps. Woro tho
Whigs to put their wisest and best men upon the
electoral tickets und pledge them to nothing but
an honest discliargo of their duty under all the
circumstances of tho case, at the period when
they elnll be called upon to cast their votes, the
conrso of these Kentucky Whigs would be right.
Tho electors when called upon to vole would
know tho result of tho elections in every state ;
thoy would havo beforo them n full developo
muilt of Iho position of ull thu candidates, ns
understood in different parts of tho Union ; they
would fully understand ths dangers to bo avoid
ed and tlio good to bo achiovedi and if left free
to a conscientious discharge of their duty, a
w iso result might bo safely counted upon. Wo
like tho suggestion right well.
(tyTho "Industrial Congress," at a late
nv -'t jig in Philadelphia, nominated Gerrit Smith
"'' Y. for President nnd William S. Wait of
is for Vico 1'rcjidont. This fourth party
fur Freedom of the public lumls, nnd Iluii-
utlo.i and Kxomption ol nomoaioaun irom niiacii
ment and prospectively for a prohibition of
government dobts Repeal of laws for the col.
lection of debts Direct Taxation -Free Trade,
and Diabandment of tho Standing Army and
Navy. It also proposes for consideration tlio
vurious plana of astciation nnd organization of
labor, and tlio bcstnyalem of township education.
RAILROADS.
NonTiiKnN (N. II.) Uaimioai). Wo nro In
debted to thu Prosident, Goo. W. Nesmith, Fsq.
for a copy of the third annual report of the Di
rectors. This road, from Concord, N. II, to the
mouth of White River in Vermont, is not far
from 70 miles in length, and i's construction (in.
eluding Interest paid to stockholders and dis
count on 'JCOO thares of new stock issued nt 00
per cent.) has cost S2,'lfJl.!)l5 outstanding
claims and work yet to bo done it is estimated
will bring tho coat to 82,000,000, making tho
cost $!J7,1 12 per mile. Tim whole nmount of
interest paid to the stockholder) i3 S13'2,7ti(J 3(J
interest having been paid from about Sept 1st
1815, if wo recollect correctly i yet wo find that
the incotno of tho roid from the 1st day of Jan.
1817 to the 1st day of M.iy, 1818, (If! months,)
was SI22,.)(!I -16' or enough, within about 610,-
000, lo pay tho total amount of intcrost which
accrued during llio whole period of iho construc
tion of the road. From Sept. 1, 1817, to May
1, 1818, tho road was in operation -II miles (or
throe months nnd Gl miles for five months yet
the not income Inn paid ti per oent. on tho cost
of tin- whole ru.i I nnd left a surplus of $0,751
o!. At the on set. then,- tho Noithorti road pre
sents highly satlsfictory rosnlls: its friend-i
count upon go nl Inrvests lor the future, from its
connection with thu Pussu iqn;c, Central, Ver
mont and Can id i ami Ogden-burgh r.mdi. Tho
Northern ro id his an cnjnw house nt Concord
I2(! feet in diauutor, nn I nm-ilrer uf P!0 feet at
West Lebanon, each eilcnlaln.l for 10 engines;
nnothcr ul Ffaukllu, nml also one at the Mimtnit,
for 5 engines each, ha lep'iir shop at Concord
measures It'Of-it by 51), mi l it ii erecting anoth
er at West Lebanon, 80 foot by 50. Its motive
power constats of 10 first elans engines and 1
second class; n.d il has II pissengcr cars with
01 seats each, 7 baggiguoar, 188 merchandize
cars, -17 gravel ami atone oars, and 8 snow
plows. Vf.iimont Cn.vrr.A!. Very high praiso is
given lo the Central, by thoju who have tested
it by a trip in the cars. Wo understand tint
freight will bo run the pri-sont week, and the
running so iirranju.l us to give two passenger
trains a day. It is now ho comfortable getting
from Huston to Montp lier in onu d ly that our
folks nro all in a irrc.it hurry to havo it more so.
dividend ol i.ivu-t is now toady for the
stockholders. We cut tin following notice of
tho opening f.o.n ihe Windsor Journal :
First Railroad in Vermont.
Wo cnioyed Ihu pleamre, last Monday, tho
2(!th ult. of a ride in the first regular passenger
tram of Railway Lars ever run in Veimont.
Tho Vermont Cmilral liailro-nl having been
completed fro n the Month of White River to
llethel, a distance of 27 iihIi-m, and it having bo
come known that the pmsenger cars would com
mence running last Jlond ly, tho friends of thu
roid in the vicinity, with a few friends fro u u
hroad, without any formal invitation, gathered
together at White Ittver village, all eager to try
the novel experiment of u imlw ay excursion a
niong our Oieen Hills. Three beautifully fin
ished cars were filled with passengers, among
whom was the Hon. Abliolt Lawrence of IWon,
who had ftartcl on u tour tliroiiL'h llio ccuntry,
with a portion of li s family. Thu cars woro
about an hour in going to ISethol, where, on our
nrrival, we found an extensive table bountifully
spread with nil the substantial comforts tint
coiilit uo itesireil. J ho repast over, Mr. Law
rence addressed tho assembled multitude for
some fifteen or twenty minutm. The Hon. gen
tleman spomed highly pleased with every thing
witli Vermont nnd Iit noblo sons around bin",
with tho L'Piieious rpirit of uutcrtirim that um-
matcd them, und above all. with that portion of
.1,,, rvi.it. .i i n.... i ...i.:.. i. i... i.. i ,
Itic vji.uki... i...i iiitK ii nu 11.111 JUSL lrSL-0
so thoroughly uml f.iithlnP.y constructed, and
forming an important link in the great chain of
railway iiimimcati'm 111 ll IS to Ccvclop our
resources i.nd biing us in closj eont ict with the
Atlantic bonier and the great lakes of the
North West; so that Vermont can bo called an
inland State but a short time longer, so far ns
the term relates to tho developornont of our dor
mant resources nnd the immeasurably increased
facilities of apinoachiiiir thu -'reat markets. Not
on y the speaker, but all present, Beemed inspir-
ou wiin inu importance oi ino opening to Ver
mum ui ui'j ftruiu luiure. nir. Lawrence alluded
in ins rourirKF, 10 tne great "rallw y Kill" ' in
F.ngl nil,- -Mr. Hudson, who has been tho rn is-ter-spirit
nf tho railway enterprt.su in tho old
worm, nut mis iraus-illantic friend, all worthy
us ho was, was no match to General S. F. llol-
knap, who Ins rijjhtlully won tho tit In of "the
Napoleon ot railway contractors in tho United
Statos. The compliment was well received by
the assomoly, who manifested their approval
with much npplaus".
Finally, uu t oncraliilato all our frionds. and
especially the frien ls of ihu Central llo id. on
tlio prospect beforo them on thu project of
iiaving uiroiign mo vory nuaii ot Vermont ono
of tho most thoroughly and substantially built
iviilrnntl in lint n.u.ntrvi IV'l.r... ..... f.1..-.t...
" J ' - uti "-J unn tour lliu
immense dillieultics and tlm prejudices tint havo
existed in relation to tlie roid. too much credit
cannot bo given lo tha Contractor, and tho Chief
i-.ngiHeer, Cob nel James Monro, tho result of
whose joint efforts, ihiu far, bo irs amnio testi
mony to the cup icily and fidelity with which
each, in his own depirtniuut, ha pushoj lorward
tho enterprise. I'uvionl Jiurrml, (Windsor.)
EDITOR'S TABLE.
Hlickwdoii's HniMiL-itaii JIaoazim- : Now
York, Leonard Scott & Co.
The June nu i.bar (closing volume 03,) is tin -
usually ricli for the Yankees How to disarm
the Chartists t'toddait on Angling Life in
the far West hontiinents nnd Symbols of the
Fronch Republic and American feeliny to
wards Fni'lan l, aro articles that will interest all
readers in this country.
Goiif.v's Lwiy's Diiok, fur July.
I his is the first number of volume 37, and a
good one too. Of illustrations there are Iwontv-
eiglit, embracing every variety of engraving
lino, mezzotint, und wood cuts; and tho leading
matter is us usual varied, and not a little of it
practically useful.
Coi.u.MiiiA.N AI.tuA2i.Nt. : Now York, John S.
'I'uylor.
Tho Columbian for July appears in a new and
beautiful dress, us the printers say liko a beau
tiful lady, most winning in u modest and neat at
tire. The cnyrinings, ten in number, nro un
commonly good, and the list of contributors prom
iscs a rich treat to the reader.
No. 215 of Littell's Living Ago closes volume
seventeen, und furnishes a title page and index.
Among the articles is one on Oliver Goldsmith,
Irom tho North llritish Rnviuw-Animal Psy
chology, from the lfritish Quarterly and Or
ganization in Agriculture, from thu London Spec
tator. FxcKi.LKtsr. Tho Richmond (Vu.) Knqiiirer,
un out and nut Cass organ, calls upon tho South
to npposo Mii.laiui F11.LM0111:, becnuso ho dar
ed to lift up his voice in Congress in favor of the
right of petition, and to declare that Ids constit
uents buliuved that Slavery bhuuld not bo toler
ated, COTho Voice of PieeJain has passed into the
liandi of W. C. Conant, Kq.
ftTA new Post Ollico has been established
St. Albans Hay in this State.
Orange County Whig Convention,
ClIF.I.SKA, Ju.nc 2It, 1818.
The Whigs ut this County this day convened
in thu Town Hall in Chelsea, were called lo or
der lv the Hon. J. K. Parish, Chairman of tho
County Committee, and orgatiizod by llio olec
tion of tho following olliccrs:
UAH LOS CARPi;NTi;il, Usq. or Orange,
Prushlo'it.
J. H. Moore, Fsq. of Strafford, Vico
Col. Luther Wheatley, llrookfield, $ Presidents.
iiiiiinn u. naie, 01 Climsea, secretary.
A Coinniilteo ol one from each town in tho
county was uppninted by the President for Iho
noiuinaitmi ot county Senators, consisting ol tlio
following named pcr.-om 1
lloliert iMcOr.nsuy, K-u. of Uradford: Mr.J.
Smith, of llrookfield ; Zlba Pass, of Ilraiutrco;
Ira 'Pole, of Corinth ; George A. Morey, of Or
ange ; John Atwoo'l, of Nowl.ury; Hon. J, K.
Parish, of Randolnli! Iluniainin Oilman, ut'
Strallord; Asa A. Goodwin, of Chelsea; Hon.
hiineuil Short, orThetlord; R. M. Rill, ol Tops
him; L. L. Tracy, of Tiinbriilgo; J. 13. Wor
Ihey, of Washington ; I) ivid Robinson, West
Fiiirlcu; Kimball Martin, of Williamtown ;
riiney Uwiglit, ut Vershiro; A. If. Oilman, ot
Fairlee.
Committee an Resolutions J. S. Morrill, Ecq.
Hon. Simeon Short, Nathan G. Hale, Abel Un
derwood, I'Jsip, II. W. Ilirlholomuw,
'Pile following person wt-ro then appointed a
committee ol Vigilance 111 the several towns 10
ulii.il they oolong:
7'itntintlt N. Kins, Jr., 11 II. I'.i.lrr, llurnco Pnrktnirtl,
A mm I ntifj, Uu'tHtu. ilo.pj, Jjitlt IVpnitturlli, II. I..
Il.it t, ll M tlckn,.
HlnlaMl., llnvili-n. Willnr.l Tll.on. J.ort-nzj Uolli-
ntt, imuii Kelt!,, Wnllcr L'.iroilttir.
tlritihtrir joint 11. llulvlilil.ull,. H Ilium .lcliol, James
Mint M,wi,i,.lr.
I iltiiimHiiifln Ciiltin Ahi.ttnrlh, Jo.'l lint., Jr., Gauro
Uu, ut, .Mj.riht It.,.., Jt, uiti l.'runt, Klin1, ill M .r'i.i.
Wl.re llmnt'u T, Kuvt-s, Culler llwllit.
llrol.fi'l4M,et Will-nil,-, J trail, Hmilh, I.. II (mllli.
(Irattuc Win. 1- Nuttfl. II. W. Ilitl'rv. II 1!. l-.itli-r.un.
J. II. (lull llli h, II. II. H,ir;ml,T. I.. Hiinlli, U (.', (Jump.
il ainmqlttH ll. A. v li.le, Walton lliinllogtiM, I . A.
Mill... MmiMi J lUitinmiii. tlilii Ujitiiimi. .. 1. I.oustic.
(jllmin rnl.um, U I'. Iluriuii.
C.ir(nM Irt n.lii, Juliit Mt-illll, TIioimIiiio rouk,.Min
fit-'M Tiiiliii, Winlliiup T. Jutkmun, John Iticlmiiliun, Ju..
Iviiulil.
C'ii.m V. O. Halo, D. II 11, Alter,. Ann A. (Jimilitin,
C.illu. Aioiit', Ull Camp, Jiuu-i'li (luuilin, I.UWI. IIhidl'.,
.Nimli I'.tlii, Juliii Dixit), Itrnj. 11 l'tu-, I'litctjul Giuw.
8 rnJ:rfl., ,, llurnl.mil, ..McM't.u-r, Jr., Win. Itu.liiit,
Clui.e lluw.
VAf'iird Juiotntuli llnil.-n, Alnn7ii (Irorijo, II n fc'lo.ni,
Tlmm t. jViih., lit. ip IV. l-ovc-i, Uulld Hull, I-IjuJ U.
CI '..tin, lt:llii llu.fuiil.
West Fulree ta 111 UuUiuon, S. O. Itulcliln., Salmon
Muret.
Fuiriet . 11. (.ilmrt, Culttn Cotiurn, !' r. MuuUnn,
C'llvin Cotik.
'"'..tiAuwi .V 11. (lrurgi, 1'frncli II. linden, N. Ilitilnj-.
ilrutljurd t.ptirau I'lilfliuril, Ci tifgo llatJtvin, Gcur-b W.
S iiiii.oii, 1.. I'. Jolin.on, Clnllli'S I'. UalJtviii, JauiQl ilo
lliitlir, IVurren Win.hit V.. T. Joliiiion.
.WWmry .liiti'tili llkin.im, tloiiitlit llriick, O, 1. Itogiiit,
Win. Itcllultic, It. U.-Aldffcli, Wm. It. Ii.tdd. Jultn ILiilet
3.1.
I'lin noniinaling Coinniilteo having reported
the following named persons:
CAIILOS CAItPHNTKIi.E-q. of Orange,
L. I). IlHIUUCK.of Rumlolpli,
AUIJAH HOWARD, of Thetlbrd,
to be supported lor Senators for thu present ycir,
it was moved and vox-d that their nomination bo
accepted and ull honorable means used for their
election.
The report of Coaimiltro on resolutions being
preseu.i-il, was read und ably discussed by Hon.
Simeon Short, Seth Au.-nu, lw , Justin S. Mor
rill, liiirnhiin alaitin, ami other gentlemen fro n
various puis of llio county, and wcru unanim
ously adopted us follows:
ll'to'vtJ, That tho Whigs of Vermont have
wiilisiooil tho progress of Locofucoism from Us
ciilii-st dawn, in nil its phases, ami under all its
cliiefaius, and that thy will exert themselves
lo justify the n iiiic they havo ho lung worn
that of" the smr that never sets" by rollin1 up
a majority fur the Fide of true, constitution il re
publicanism nt tho Sap-.einber und November
elections which shall cheer their friends through
out llio length and breadth of the land.
Ilesolvcl, That, however much wo may feel
opposed lo the principles and policy of the party
now rulitur tho nation, wo know not that its rea-tur.-s
aro more lovely, or greatly softened by i
nearer view of that portion of the parly which is
dominant in uur ou n rotinly, und w feel il to he
one of our chief duties tu work for Reform hero
a l li'ime.
llisolvcd, Tint we are in favor nf a revision
of the pr- n -nt tnriiriu unlur Unit while just rev
enue enoiiiih is produced, a moro ample and pro-tct-tiio
discrimination may be given to the wo-il
and iron interests of onr country, nnd to Ameri
can labor hi general ; thai wu uro in favor of
thai prosperity which flows from peace; that wu
aro opposed to any schemes for giving away thu
public lands; tint wo are opposed to tho a'bme
of the vtlo power, by which the president, and
not the people, controls our national icgisluti m;
ih.it we aro uncompromisingly opposed to fur
ther conquests of lerrltoiy, ns wo ever have
been, whether for the extension of slavery or for
any other puipose ; that wo aro in f.ivor of hav
ing a ptesiileiil, who, Hum elected, will bo th"
piesnlenl of tliu whole people, anil not merely of
a parly ; and finally tli.it wu mean to elect .1
preiulent by a lote so nearly embracing the
vliohi people that thu difference will not bo wouh
quarreling almut.
liisolved, That the policy of distribution of tlio
proceeds of the public lands has become untena
Idcground, now and probably lurcver, from the
I'nct iliat these lands aru notv pledged for 111.I1
t.iry and other bounties, instead of being set
up irt lor purposes ot education and public im
provements, and are nil, together with our pri
vate hoiuste.uls, in eft'uet mortgaged to pay olf
the more than hundred million war debt uf Pres
ident Polk.
Jlesolved, That wo nro opposed lo all Hanks
where tlie owners desi-ru to becoino the borrow
ers instead of the lenders, and wo are therefore
opposed to tho dovetailing together of treasury
Holes unit thu sub-treasury, by which an illegiti
mate bank is established whine function il Ts to
issue notes whilu it lioaids up gold und silver:
and wu believe our government is now, and will
bn lor o hilt century tu come, loo poor to dp any
safu banking luHincss, as iis capital has hc-uu
swallowed up in Mexican ;wsj(j and in tlio rath
er costly revelry ubuut and in the "halls of tho
Aloiiu ziimus."
Ilisolvcd, That while President Polk found n
" consliti lional dtllicnlly" m the way of allowing
Hie smallest sum ol money to bo appropriated
for thu improvement of tho harbors of our " in
land seas," au.l tho grout livers of thu west
declaring inntroier that iho m.ni'jy, if all
constitutional snags were removed, could not bo
spaied Irom the war; yet hu finds 110 dilhuil
ties lit tho way of epeudin ' money for a canal
ucros thu Isihmus of Tehuantepec, though in a
lou-igii country; uud none 111 ordering u fleet to
thu relief ot Vueatan; and no dillicuiiy whatev
er against an exploimg expedition lu tho Dead
Sat ,- buini' opposed e-encrully lo ull this courso
of policy k-AicA does .every thing ubioaj aild
nothing ul home--wu uro specially struck wuh
the absurdity uf tho expedition sent out by u
locofoco iidutinistruliuti at public expense to the
seat of Sodtnn mid Gomorrah, ag all llio informa
tion ll.eucu derived must necessarily bo wanted
for their own private benefit und future coiilem
plaiioii. Itesoli'ed, That Gen. Lewis Cas, in announc
ing his ucceptuuco of Iho llallm.ore locolino
nomination lor the Presidency, declured that he
would not ask, or accept, but 0110 term nfullice;
uud, us wu ull Ihllik ulhe less 0 him, Ihe belter,"
we feel it p oper respectfully to announce toluui,
thai he will not bo wanted ut nil, Ihe people
having engaged another man.
Hesolved, That some of our locofoco friends
11 lice I to bo prodigiously ularmud lest tho Whigs
uro about to ubandoii Uioir principles, uud, llio'
this is wholly u i.Uso al inn, wu are gratified at
their slid w of sensitiveness uud sympathy, as 111
such a truly painful emergency wo ueu whero
wu might gu lor help, bul fur the falul lact that
they themselves havo long ago sold out und now
deal in nothing stonier than dough.
Resolved, 'VIM wo are not insensiblo to the
great merits of other candidates win wuro
biuuglit beforo the Whig National Convention,
yet us thai body fuirly constituted, uml ull emi
nent Whigs, has selected Gkn. ZACllAltY
TAYLOR us thu Whig Candidate for tho Pres
idency to-cognizing 111 lum u man of puro mur
als, sterling integrity and Inch intelligence a
bold but not a reckless soldier und believing
ho will administer the government su that tliu
vnico uf the people shall bn heard and full for
Iho permanent interests, pros) only and glory of
our country, und in doing this will dupporl by
his ucls und his influence all measures that the
Whig parly holds dear wu aro firmly ana uni
tedly determined to give lum an honest, hearty,
and cordial support at (lie coming election,
Retrdvtd. That tho Wlilir nomination nr llm
candidate for the Vico Presidency, tlio IIo.n.
MILLARD FILLMORE, of Now York, Is pe
culiarly acceptable1 to ns, as wo behold in him
onu born III llm Green Mountain State on ublo
man, n distinguished statesman, and tho author
of the tarilfof 1819, who his won hu present
hiuh consideration by 11 thorough and faithful
adherence to the Whig phitlorin, and wo will
therefore pledge our wholo strength lo givo him
tho oleutornl viito of Vermont.
Resolved, Thai our candidate for Sonalors,
O. I). CilAtNDLEIl, of Tuiibridge, L. D. IlKR
RICK. ol Randolph, and AKIJAIl HOWARD
JR. of Tlielford, by thoir clmmoior ns men, and
by thoir Integrity and devotion lo U hlg princi
pi' s, morn onr iinanun ius support, ami wo will
usli all our eft'irts to secure ihuir election.
Tlie resolutions adopted, the Convention was
ably nildn-ised by lleman Carpenter, L'sq. of
NoiIIiHhIiI ; Purlin Ih.-tter, K-q. of Derby, and
air. .iiaiun 01 vv luningion. uino.
HLMISON SHORT, President.
Nathan G. Ham., Soc'y.
GXGNS OF THE TIMES.
IIunu.s-oTo.N. Tho Whigs of Burlington havo
hid a grand ratification meeting, addressed by
Hons. Abbott Lawrence of Uoston and Solo
11,01 Foot of R oland. Wo are obliged to defer
no account of it.
Evi-ry Win,; p pr r , , iho grain of Maine,
ii m ii usted the fl i- ul I ,yi ,r and Fill nore. In
none ot t.n. S un - !..- I Rough und Ready
appear lo hate more uciivu uml warm Iriends
thiiii ,11 Main
M u.k. We cut loo (ol! nvin, fiom tlio 13 ith
(Me.) Tii'june:
IIristoi., Juno I!), 1848. The Rait in motion.
Mr. h'dilur, At 11 burn raising, on iho farm of
Mr. Shiiiiu-I Uierce, nu Ihe Mill lu.miii, n v ito
was l-ilii-n on Ihu Presidency. For OldZick,
fifteen ; for Cass, onl ! ' GViieral Tn) lor never
surrenders." r.ouoii a.nu iikauv.
Oi.ii ..vc-K in EAST.Li.tcoL.N Tho infor
mation u i-nceivo Irom the L1-1 is n! I he most
chei'iing rh iiuiili-r. Tho e art-hundreds ofiinii.
est Democrats in that section who aru ilelern in
ed lo bienli away from ihu slm-Mcs ul paity
and vote for Tiylnr. Tho l ad-rs, noiibl-lt-ts,
will rnileavor to drive orcmx them into
the truces, hut ll will be of no um The p pu
luriiy ol old Z ick is too potent for thu ofiico
holders lo contend with.
Poi-ui.au Hallott. A Presidential Dallot
on board the canil Packet boat llostou resulted
ns follows: Taylor 20; Hale 05 Cass d.-.i.A.
Jouniof.
'1'AYr.nn. Siaxa. The Lancaster Union is in.
formed by a gt-ntlein.-in who travelled from Har
risburg lo Danville last week, that ten out of
every telvo boats along the lino of trie Penn
sylvania Canal had M'aylor lli's displayed, nr
various mottoes roiativu lo tho old General's
achievements in Muxico, socii us " Hurrah fur
Old Rouuh ond lli-ady ;" "(jen-r.tl Taylor n"V
er siirion i. rs," ' A lulle moro g ape, Captain
Uragt'i" "Old 'A ich Forever," etc. etc. Somo
oflhuoi wi 10 goticu up in somen fiat of a hurry,
on shinuli's ; yet they nevertheless show thu
popular c 1 rem, and ihu deep hold our candidate
11 is upon the atldcuoiis ot his countrymen,
Gi'.iut '1'AVLim Mnr.Ti.NO is AmAMr Tho
whins of Albany hold 11 largo and enthusiastic
meeting 011 Tuesdiy evening, t,'7lh ult. Tho
Capitol was not large enough 10 hold llio mass,
and 1 hey adjourned to .ho Park. lion. Henry
G. Wheaton provided.
At the lato Barbnruor Convention, at LT
tic.i, every county in the Stuio of New Voik was
ropresenlod, except the three small counties of
Rockland, Faiuklin and Cultiiriiugiis. Among
Iho delegili-s were many of ihu strongest sup
porters of Jackson, and the most uncompromis
ing Democrats.
Wisco.NSi.N. Intelligence nf the nomination
of Taylor and Fillmore was recmed at niltvau
kie with the greatest satisfiction and enthusi
ns u. Tho GaZ'.'tto and Sentinel published 111
lint low n, says :
' The ticket, in our ju.lgnent, is the best and
strongest tint could have been selocfd. It
presents a co .1I1111 itiou which w.ll hu found, like
thu Hero whuso niino heads it elsewhere, irre
sisTim.i:. It will rally the Wing pjrty, I1I10
lua sound of a trumpet c 1 11, to do baltlo onco
moro for tho country and the constitution. Nor
will the Whigs, in the coining contest, fight a
lone. Hundreds and thousands of those who
have heretofore been politically opposed to ns
'till bo found i.i ovory Slulu in inu Union ready
a id willing to aid in electing Ziciuitr Tav
lo a."
'How will Ohio Go?" The Cincinnati
li'is-tt", an old, staiiimh und reliable Whig pa-
0 inswvrs thisqaestum llius " When tliu lull
1. i.t- oi Ohio i brought oii, und t le wings urn
oniiod, sue h one of the most reliauio "vlug
S an-. 111 llio Union. Her devotion to wing
principles Ins buon la.tod 111 m i iv 1 lurd fought
b utle, und st-idoin havo. individu d prelurences
for iiit-ii so distractuu heroouiist ls or divioedher
sirengih as to juopardize lue endiiini;, fruils of
Whig Ascoiiilaiicy. Wu aiu wu, udvued of
tin.- tiissutisUcliuii uud disutrectioii winch now
exist within our borders ; bin .to haveoen 'dar
ker d-iys than these,' und entertain no doubt of
the result ol' th'j present canvass. Wo Ihere-
1010 ri-spuid, uiidi-rs'iiudtiigly uml coiifideuily to
tint cpn mioii O.'u'o will go or the nominee 0 the
ll'hig .Yutianul Convention."
A li-ltor from Washington lo Iho Philadelphia
American says : ' On alt sides there uro ay nip
turns of detection (111 regard toCiss.Jun.l this
very day letters from high smirt-i s 111 Ohio now
and always ojiposfil to Ihu Whig parly havo
been received, u Inch s-irreuder Hie contest, and
i-oiicrdo that tlm whig gain will tie over an hun
dred per cent above any probable loss in disaf
fected quarters.
fjy i'he New Orleans Doha of the loth gives
tho lollowing account of the manner in which
General Taylor received nn unnfiicnl account of
Ins nomination. It is characteristic and strik
ing: Hy u happy and extraordinary coincidence,
the nmvs of General Taylor's nomination was
brought down the river from M-mphis by tho
steamboat General Taylor, Captain Mnrehoad,
(which, by ihe-by.the reader will remember, was
thu name uf tlm President of llio Convention.)
As tlio boat approached llio Gnk-ral's plantation
near Itodney, she rooudoj tu, and the pissengers
commenced hollooing very roundly lor the old
hum. Alter a whilu the General emerged from
a log cabin and cumo down to the landing,
wheru ho was met by Captain Morehcad, who
handed him thu letter announcing his nomina
tion. Ho road it without the sliglitcit appr-aratico of
emotion after winch hu quietly lolded it up,
put it 111 Ihu capacious pocket ol lliat famous old
brown coat, and turning 10 tho Captain, remark
ed "It's a very lino day, Captain, a very fine
day indeed." " Yes, very fine," responded tfuT
captain. " Did you have u pleasant trip down ?"
" Quite so," was tho Captain's response. " Good
morning, Captain good morning, Gentlemen."
And tho linporluruulo old penileman waddled
oil", bowing us ho went to the passengers and
ciuw, who mailu the welkin ring with llieit loud
hurras for old Zack.
TAtLon Mi: kti.no i.n Nkw Yoixk. An im
mense nu cling to ratify tho nomination of Tav-
1011 and Fii.i.:iom: was hold 111 front of Nation
al Hull, Now York city, on Tuesday evening.
Tho Kipicss states that twenty thousand per
sons wero present. The Courier estimates tho
number nlUU.OOO. Philip Hono presided, assis
ted hy a largo number of Vico Picsidents. Tho
meeting was nddrossed by Senator Dayton, of
New Jo soy, Ogden Hodman, James S. Thayer,
Air. Houghton, und olhcis,
(CTho Joiinnii of Commerce states that tho
nomination of Mr. Vun Huron by the Barnburn
ers renders Now York suro for Taylor aud Fill
more by 100,000 plurality.
The Roslon Post Is down on Martin Van llu
ren, "that monument of ingratitude," nnd Marcus
Morton, whom it stylos tho "llourbons of New
York and Massachusetts,"
lXTlio Ohio Whig Central Committee Invo
issued an able addtrss, uryingtho Whigs of that
state to support Taylor and Fillmore.

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