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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, JULY ,13 1818.
the power oX Congress and to local legislation.
Ho replied with great forco opd aculcness to llio
nrgumonts of Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Ilerrlon.
Tliat the South has on equal right to all tho ter
ritory actufirod by llio Union hot-onceded. That
tho Southern people have a right to reniovo with
the property to this territory ho granted: but
he insisted that they must hold it Buhjeet to Iho
laws of the Jurisdiction. Thatslaves wero piop
crly In the sense that chatties aro property, hu
denied and showed ihat they were property
only as an Incident to n domestic relation in
tho same manner in which a master has a right
in The service of an apprentice, or a parent to
the cervices of o child. As soon ns llio relation
was dissolved llio property in tho person ccatcd,
in each cojc'I'ho Constitution recognized slaves
'as property only in this sense, and, therefore, de
fined thciri cs "persons held to labor or service."
Tho existence of this properly must depend
on local jurisdiction. Tho law of tho civilized
world wuj that nroueitv of this sort depended on
local jurildiclion, nnd that a slave lukun out of
that jurisdiction into ono whero slavery is not
recognized, is, by that lact, free. Slavery was
not, as Mr. Calhoun had argued, recognized by
tho Constitution ; bitt'for tlio cladse in llio Con
btitution for the recovory of " persons held to la
bor," every ronaivay slave would become free
tho moment lie reached a free State. Tho re
eoi'iiiiiuu of the Constitution was founded on
that assumption. Tho South cannot cany slaves
os properly, into oilier jurisdictluii!,bccauso thoy
cull them property in tlioir own peculiar juiisdic-
Hon. Tho wholo basis of slave property was in
local legislation : and it the pcop.o ot the Utn
ted Stales could bo convinced that it does not
rest on local jurisdiction they would extinguish
It. Local jurisdiction was the only plank upon
which the institution reslod.
In fine, Mr. Phelps uigucdi that tho South
could possess and enjoy equal rights and advan
tages in all tho new territory of the United
Stale?, without currying slaves inlo it as proper
ty. The eliiimoii the pan of tho South, was, in
tect, a right to lorco llio institution of slavery
noon ihe vast region which was destined tu form
i part of Iho Uniun; and, thus tho genius of sla
in ij wus put above the power either utlho gen
oral government or ol tho local governments,
above all human control.
if tho doctrine wus to bo persisted in by. the
South which had been advanced here, that no
boundaries wore to bo set to .slavery, then the
prospect of any settlement of tins question was
iUatcljmmt & State Jfournau
K. i 1VAI.TOX, JJI., EiUTOIt.
Tlusrsslny, July 13, 1818.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
First. I reiterate what I liavo looflen uiM I nmaWhi:
If el? etc d I would not Ii the mere l'rerftfoMt of u party. I
woid end pavor lo set independent of jiaity domination. I
fclioutd feci bound to administer tha govcrninerit untramnielled
uy pony .renemei.
iECOSD. Tho Veto imuer. The nowor .elven bv tho con
CUulitin to the Executive to Inter nom him veto, in a con-
ervutlvb power but in my opinion iliuulJ never be exercised
except in cnsei of clear ioUtmn of the enmtitution, or mdiil
frtl haute and want of coniMenition bv Consre-ti. Indeed. I
have thought that fur many your pait the known up in ion end
wlilieh of the Kjtecutiva lmva esuiciicd umluo find Injurious
jnjnicnce upon 100 legiaiaiivo acpanmrni 01 mo government
and fur this cuujq I huvo thnnzhl our lyatrm in dutizer of un
derjfoinj a creat change from iti truu theory. The personal
opinions of thv individual wlrnmay hppn to occupy the
Lxccu'.ivo L'lirtir,ou;ht not to contio) ttio action of Conjren
upon queatiom of Uomottic Policy : nor ought hi objections
to be interposed where questions of Constitutional power havo
Dgenseu.ea uy mo various sepaiinicnii 01 mi government,
tod iicnuieiceil in by the people.
Third Upon the mbjct of the tariff, the currency, tho
improvement oiour great Mguwurs, men, lanes ana minors
tho mil of tho People, ns expressed throujh their represcala
lives, on 2 hi to be leipucted and carried out bv the Executive.
Fourth The Mexican unr. I sincerely rcjuico at thn
rirospect of peace My Jife Iihi bon dmoteu to arms, yet I
oo h upon war irt'all times and under all circumstance us a
rationHi caismiiv, to be avoided n compatible- witn inn na
tional honor. Iho principles of our government, ru well as
its true '(iiry, p opposed to tho subjugation of other nations
and the dismemberment of oiher coantiies by tonvntsU In
the lanjuigof I the groat nihlngtort, why should we quit
our own to cUnd on foreign ground.1 In the Mexican war
nur national ht nor has been vindicated j and in dictatin; terms
01 peace we may wen anoru to oe loiDeann?, ana even mnjj
inoimous 10 a uiien loe. i a i tuit
The extension ovm the continent beyond the Rio Grand of
me oroinnnce ni wc, is nn otiject too Mgn ana permanent to
do -lauica oy rresiueniui vetoes unctnnait oiiptai.
1 trut you will pardon me fur thus briefly replying to you
which I do with a hizh opinion and approval of the seiiti
nients and views embruced in your editorial. Z Taylor
tmiKtr to vie ttui or of me stgnai.
WHIG STATE CONVENTION.
Notice is hcroby given 'that n delegate Con
ver.tion of tho Whig party ilf tho Slate of Vcr
rnont, will beholden at Woodstock, on Wcdnea
day, the lOlh day of July next, for the purpose
ot nominating candidates for Governor, Lieut
Governor and Treasurer of tho State for th
year ensuing, and also candidates for Prcsiden
tial Electors. It is desired that every town
the State should be represented in tho Conven
lion, by, at least, two delegates.
E. I. WALTON, JR.
SAMUEL W. KEYES,
Juno 24th, 16-ie.
CONGRESS 2D DISTRICT.
Tho Whigs of the 'M Congressional District
nre notified to meet in Convention at Koyalton
on iriday tho 28th day of July instant, at 10 o'
clock' A. M,, for tho purpose of iiominatinff
candidateor a member of Congress for said Dis
irict. It is urged that each town in said District
bo represented in said Convention.
JOHN PORTER, Chairmen of Windsor
J. K. PARISH, J mid Orange Co. Com.
July 6th, 1818.
Whig State Convention.
Wo trust tho Whigs will remember the State
Convention to bo holden nt Woodstock on tho
10th, and send delegates from even foirn. Let
there be a full understanding of tho views and
feelings of tho Whigs in every portion of tho
State a free interchange of opinions and coun
sel ; so may tho deliberations of tho convention
result in wise action, and meet with a hearty ro
eponso from tho Whigs at tho polls. The Bos
ton Atlas says that Gen. Leslie Coombs of
Kemucky will bo present ono of the most cfii
cient speakers in tho West.
FOURTH OF JULY.
For tho first time in many years tho glorious
fourth was celebrated in tho old fashioned patri
otic Btylo politics banished, and tho day really
an "era of good feelings" to men, women and
children. We say tho old fashioned Btylo but
not without qualification. Thcro was nothing
military ,beyond tho spirit-stirring fifes and drums,
interchanging with tho inoro modern music of
tho brazen instruments admirably played by tho
Montpelier Band. Tho toasts, too, wero listen
cd to rather than drank albeit tho committee
provided nothing but water for the occasion.
Ptrhaps the good people had not exactly r-ot thn
Nominees of t!ic WUifj, Convention.
hang of toasts in c6ld water. Sovoral of tho
outsiders evidently hsd not, and took to llqnor,
according to law." Tho exorcises ot tho churcli
wore highly interesting. .Wo never hoard the
Declaration of Independence sound so well os
on this occasion read by P. F. MnnniLL, Esq.
The ltov. Mr. MAfisr.n selected a thomo fitted
dmirablv to the occasion, and not at all doroga
ttil" from his own position as an " ambassador of
peace." lie discoursed upon tho progress of tho
Spirit of Liberty, from tho days of Martin Lu
ther to tho last revolutions in Europe ; and the
stillness which pervaded a densely crowded au
dience, from tho beginning to tho close, was tho
best of compliments to tho orator. The exer-
Ises were agreeably interspersed by inusio from
tho choir from a glco club and also from tho
Band, all excellent; and then with the music
out of doors of a different sort, from the cannon
down to India crackers, and a fino display of
fireworks In tho evening, wo believe all tastes
were gratified, and every body seemod to think
it was a grand time, in spite of rain and mud
and cold weather.
Wo have not been furnished with tho toasts,
neither tho rogular nor the volunteered. Of the
latter, J. A. Vail, Esq. delivered ono which told
with uncommon effect: it was a toast compli
mentary to ANonnw Jackson and Hr.wiv Clat
ono that oppealed at once to tho sympathies of
men of both tho leading parties, and which was
delivered with unmistakable tokens ofdeepemo.
tion. Wo know of oyes that were not tearless
on its utterance, and could not but feel that it
was good fur. men of different political parties to
sit at the game board. '
Democratic State Convention.
This Convention camo off formally on Tues
day ; but the b ittle began at a preliminary meet-
ng on Monday evening a second edition in
miniature of tho Baltimoro Convention, border
ing very nearly at times upon n general row. In
short, for the first time in Vermont, thcro was a
public demonstration of division in tho demo
cratic ranks a rccogn.tion of tico democracies,
called in Now York by thu euphonious names
of Old Hunkers and Barnburnrs. Stephen S.
Brown ot St. Albans, E. D. Barber of Middlohu.
ry, Lucius E. Chittenden of Builingtoii, and a
gentleman from Milton, whoso nainu wo do not
now, took strong grounds for tho Wilmot pro
viso and denounced Gt w Cass. We did not hear
Mr. Brown'tj opening, which was said to bo very
stiong. Mr. Barber arjruod tho matter well: he
regarded the question to bo simply this wheth
er the democracy must support Casi and sacri
fice nil their principles in reference to tho ex
tension of hliivery or abandon Cass and htick
to their principles. This was tho issuo forced
upon them by tho South, and by Gen. Cass him
sell in tho Nicholson Jotter. Tho Baliiinore
Convention might havo avoided it ; might, and in
his judgment ought, to havo presented a candi
date unshackled, and left llio question to Con
gress just as tho Whigs have dono, thought we :
but they had forced a choice between Cass and
principle and he was for sticking to principle.
Mr. B. was interrupted, in no friendly wny : but
it only stirred up the firo within him, and elicit
ed a fino peroration which carried tho house by
storm, and brought out a grand burst of applause,
even against the prevailing under current of
feeling. Mr. Chittenden snoko vcrvr handsome
ly, and argued tho Wilmot proviso with a good
deal ot ability effectively quoting and conlras
ting the opinions of men learned in constitution
al law with tho positions of the Nicholson let
ter. The fdinders of tho Constitution, nearly
all our Presidents, and jurists such as Marshall,
Kent and Sronr, all had affirmed tho power ol
Congress to the fullest extent over federal terri
tory j and it had remained for ieioi'j Cum to
swallow his own speeches and announce the en
tirely new discovery that Congress had no con
stuutional power to act at all. Then, said he.
as an honest man as a man bound by the sol
emn sanctions of his official oath Lewis Cass
as President would be bound to veto any act
prohibiting slavery in territory now free ; and
is the very man of whom Mr. Dillingham in Oc
tobcr last said, and solemnly invoked God to
witness tho declaration, that no Northern Demo
crat could over support him.
On tho Hunker side, Judge Vilas of Chelsea,
Judge Cobb ot Strafford, and Judge Noyes ol
Mornstown, were conspicuous. They contented
themselves with advocating tho necessity of ad
hering to the party, and endeavored n3 well as
they could to dodge tho Slavery question, by
buch stuff as is to be found in any bto number
of the Patriot : but tho spider's ebs were deuiol
ished without mercy. The speakers endeavored
to bo courteous ; and the C'nirman (Mr. Kidder
of Orange Co.) tried to keep order; but the
Barnburners were grossly insulted, particularly
by Judge Cobb, who denied their right to sit in
tho Convention and advized them to join tho
Whigs. TliC80 and like insults only provoked
still stronger declaration of resistance to Cass
from thu other nide. Finally, one of the Hun
kers roso for a third time, to support tho ' hero
of Hull's surrender," arid tho audience by com
inon consent quit tho house.
Thus ended tho first chapter.
The second chapter was liko unto tho first,and
so on until tho end. Tuesday morning the Con
vention opened in form, and (evidently by a pre
concerted movement,) Hon. Levi B. Vilas (old
Hunker) was put into tho chair. Wo pass ovei
tho formal bubiues,and dual only with tho cream
of tho matter.
Hon. Paul Dillingham Jr. took tho floor, and
in n brief speech declined running as a candid
ate for Governor, it would iuterfero with his bu
siness; but besides ihat ho didn't agree with
tho Democracy on certain Important points. In
tho main ho nccoided with tho sentiments of
Martin Van Burun.
Sundry of tho old Hunkers deprecated this
movement of Paul's; if ho didn't exactly stick
to all tho notions of tho parly, thoy would stick
h. tl. l'nce Esq. of Windsor spoke ably for
an hour and a half. Tho Wilmot proviso was
the groat question of tho day, absorbing all oth
ers j and if Gen. Cass and tho Democratic party
are faithless to the country In thli emergency, he
musi anu wouia quu uotn.
Hon. Stephen S. Brown of St. Albans, was a
Barnburner too, and stood on the narno ground.
He warned the Democracy that if tho Rubicon
is passed now thero would bo no return. Ho
said that Gen. Cass could not got forty votos in
the town of St. Albans.
In tho afternoon a long and bitter fight ensu
ed about delegates from Swanton. Thero wero
two sets, Barnburners and Old Hunkers. It had
been whispered by iho Old Hunker leaders, and
especially by tho Patriot Junto, that every Barn
burner was to be ousted "wo'll put our foot
upon their necks," said they. Hut it was awk
ward ousting men who had regular credential.
Swanton, however, had two sets of mon and two
sets of credentlils-so hero was a fair chanco
for Old Hunker vengeance. A committee was
'raired and reported to admit tho Hunkers nlono
thus rejecting the Barnburners. Messw. Whit
tomoro, Chittenden, and Barber defended Iho
Barnburner delegation; they wero tho tiun'rcp
rcsentatlves of Swanton a town here Cass
men nro scarco; whilo tho Hiinkoro, they insist
ed, wore a cpurious set, appointed at a secret
meeting but dono in tho custom house. But In
vain; Messrs. Bowdish, Judgo Noyes, Jndgo
Blodgott and Judge Cobb said tho custom-houso
dolcgotion must come in; and so said a majori
ty of tho Convention. Tho democracy of Swan
ton ore rcal'y in a pickle: if thoy wont havo
Cass to rulothem, thoy are forced to succumb to
tho custom house. Shouldn't wonder if thoy
havo a word to say about tho business.
Tho next Interesting demonstration was from
Mr. Barber. Ho Introduced a resolution, declar
ing substantially that Cnnprcsi has the' constitu
tional power to prohibit Slnvtry in newly acquired
ttrriloiy, and ought to exercise it immediately. A
Hunker mot this with a motion to lay it on the
table. Bradley Barlow and Judgo Noyrs woro
for thus killing tho unwelcome intruder. Messrs.
Barber and Chittenden however compelled the
Convention to face the music : if they laid tho
resolution upon the table, they declared that it
would bo regarded as a rejection, and tho friends
of freedom must bolt. This settled tho hash
the motion to lay upon tho table was withdrawn,
and a direct vote forced. Tho ayes were loud
some twenty or thirty uttered a strong Ao;
and tho resolution was declared CArtrurn amidst
a ritorm of hisses from ono sido and cheers from
Mr. Barber was not slow to aail himself of
this temporary ndvantage gained by the Barn
burners. You hive solemnly resolved, said he,
that Congress has the power and ought to exer
cise it now do you mean to stultify yourselves
by voting for Lewis Cass tho man who denies
this power and pledges himself to Veto any ex
ercise of it? True enough stultify. But the
Hunker's denied that this was Cass's position,
whereupon Mr. Barber just read from the Nich
olson letter tho very words of Cass denying tho
power in question, and eloquently invoked tho
Convention not 'o bo so grossly inconsistent as
to denounce his doctrines and yet sustain the
man Veto and all. In ono of his speeches Mr.
B. introduced a letter showing that Hon. John.
Kellogg of Benson, and his son Liyal C. are
opposed to Cass; whereupon Mr. Sawyer vouch
ed that Rutland Coun'y Democrats aro unanim
ous tho Kelloggs not being of them, but old
This sceno ended the nominations were made :
Dillingham for Governor Charles K. Field for
Lieut. Governor and J. T. Marston for Treasurer
The resolutions followed quietly after tho old
sort, until up camo ono ratifying tho nominuticn
of Cass and Butler. Mr. Barber rose tho
gag wan at once applied, in shape of Me previous
question. Withdrawn nflcr hard bogging, and
Mr. B. proceeded to spcal; against Cass. Hon.
S. S. Brown took tho fio. r but the gag was ap
plied In his case unrelentingly so also in the
case of Mr. Poland of Lamoille County. Tho
Barnburners having been thus choked off, tho
question was put, and greeted by tho Hunkers
with a fierce yell in tho affirmative. Tho noes
wero called tho Barnburners yelled defiance in
n round .Yb. Tho resolution was declared to bo
carried amid another storm of hisses and cheers ;
and at oncn n goodly portion of tho Barnburners
took their hats and lelired from the Convention.
Electors at large wero nominated (L. B. Vilas
and John S. Robinson, we believe;) Mr Dilling
ham swallowed his morning's speech ar.d came
out for Cass and Butler; a few Hunkers tried to
smooth. over matters, and then the Convention
At times, tho Convention was something liko
pandemonium hisses, cheers, and curses, min
gled in strange confusion and tho President,
(a delegato to Baltimore,) naively remarked that
it was vciy much like the Baltimore Convention,
only it was not quxte so bad.
We guess loth will prove sore jobs for tho
Somo of thn Hunkers wero mortified at the
position in which Mr. Barber has placed them,
and moved to recomidtr the vote; but thoy dare
not try it. More will yet bo mortified ; but
" what's done can't bo helped." The Old Hunk
er democracy has effectually stultified itself, as
Mr. Barber justly remarked.
The Great Question.
give this week, briefly, tho vios
Wo give this week, briefly, tho vios of
Messrs. Van Buren, Calhoun, and Pin:irs,on
the Slave question. Mr. Van Buren usca up
Cass's notion completely; evon Mr. Culhoun is
forced to repudiate tho Cass doctrine also he
can't agree that a handful of Mexicans or squat
ters have the right to control the wholo federal
government. But he holds that Congress is
bound to permit slaveholders to cmigrato wiili
their slavo properly a position which Mr.
Phelps completely demolishes. A word to Iho
Whigs: you ee that the nomination of Gen.
Taylor has not abated one jot or tittle of tho de
termination of tho Whigs of the North to abide
by tho Free Soil doctrine. Mr. Phelps has but
given tho signal which every Northern Whig in
Congress will follow aye, and wp hope some of
tho Southern, also. Gen. Taylor and the south
ern Whigs ask nd sacrifice of principle no
abatement of tho Free Soil policy. Nny, all tho
indications arc that Taylor himself is with us,
heartily. Such Is the declaration of a personal
friend of his, and a candidate for elector in Tay
lor's own State. It is your Cass men alone who
aro sold o the slavocracy who aro obliged by
tho Baltimoro Convention and Cuss's letter to
foreswear tho Freo Soil prlnclplo rnd establish
slavery by the veto power. They may waver,
and leavo it to the Whigs and Independent De
mocrats of Congress to fight tho battlo. Whigs,
will younot sustain your representatives?
SIGNS OF THE TIMES.
Whig; Meeting at Burlington.
SPEECH OF ABBOTT LAWRENCE.
Abuott Lawiif.nce of Boston, nnd tho lion.
Solomon Foot of Rutland, happening to be at
Burlington on the evening of the SDth, notico
was given of a Ratification meeting. Tho hour
camo and with it a multitude of people, so large
a inuliituda that it became necessary to adjourn
from tho Couat House lo the street. Dr. Jourr
Peck was elected Chairman. Tho Daily Freo
1 rcsssayslha meeting was unthusimic.md gives
a brief synopsis of Mr. Lawrence's speech. Wo
copy from it an follows :
REMARKS UF MR. LAWRENCE.
Mr. L. after alluding to his unexpected arrest,
ot llutlington, as he was quietly wending his wny
to Her Mojesty's dominions, void that heforo
peaking of Taylor and Fillmore, ho wit.hcd.to
say a few words on some measures of public pol
icy on which the well being or thu country real
ly depended, and which were opposed bv llio
present Administration. 7
un the opposition of the AdmlnWiratioii to
mwu mm oiucr measures oi vital Importance, he
predicated the necessity of a chango In tho Ad
ministration, if tho present downward tendency
would ho stopped.
Thodoctrmo of Internal Improvements wnaa
measure (if tho highest Importance to tho busi
ness and social relations nftho country. Rivow
and hnrb"rfl must bo improved una rendorud se
cure, so far as Iho application of human menus
can givo socurily. Security for tho vast amount
of wealth transported upon our waters, nlid for
mo lives ol tnu countless iuouanui or our iui
low citizens lint fill our steamboats nnd other
water craft, throughout the whole land, is u mea
sure in which all ore interested, and wuicli right
Iv comes "lilun tho provincu of ill i General
Governiuenl. Thu l.usir-ues relnticus of thu
country imperatively demand, that thu nttcnlion
of Iho Government be turned In thirf subject.
And tho Bucial relations of the country m lew
dcmiiud It. For ono of llio strungust bonds of
the Union h free, xafo and couiumdiniM social
I inlo.course between Iho difT'reut sect ons of tho
"in1. He alluded to our own unfimsliud Urc.ik-
water. n remninliiL' ill Its nrcsont statu, because
of the veto of President Polk to llio channel of
our Liko near Whltclnll oh being unimproved,
from Him h.iiiio causo. J nines K. Polk wasopno
sedto thu will of ihe people, as expreised in tho
River und Harbor Bill, Ihat pa.nc Congress
some cijjliteen mouths since, nnd thoeol''c mUil
.Mr. L. was in favor of no hasty legislation on
this subject, Ho would havo every implication
fur improving too river or harbors of our coun
try pass through the cruciblo of u competent
Ooatdat Washington, bufore the uctiou ot Con
gress, ihat Conrc;s may act intelligently.
Mr. Lawienco next spoke of tho duly of pro
tecting American Industry by a tariff ut" specific
' Ho was n laboring mm. He was not a man
of money. His mo'ins worn all employed in tnr
thering tho ureal industrial Interlaid of country.
y; .uvi-ftait. 1)Iu'I""1 boon, and tho re
maining yvars wimTd bo epent in developing tho
resources of the country. Ho demanded, not
ihat his personal inlerels fl.ould ho protected,
but hcrfW demand that Iho efforts in progres.t lor
developirn; hitherto undevelnp jd, or onl penal
ly developed sutiices i.f woultli nnd pioapeilty,
should be protected. It was the duty of thu
iiiivurnmciit to do this. But thu present Ad
mliiimrutlnn would not countununco piolection
to American induttry, would not lend h helping
hand io Iho developomcnl ol resources within
I he nation
It has been said from high p'aces, that tho
high prices, which farmers obtained last year
lor their crop, resulted from the present tarilf
Why urn not nunctiltiiral products us high now?
The same tariff is still a law. Tins day is corn
uniting in store house-., nl the West, because It
will not tell fur enuUL'h tu nav the cost of trans
portation: and nt this hour in Liverpool, is flour
Belling ns cheaply as at Burlington. The foiuino
nbroul, not thu turilV, caused the high price of
grain. Wha a tarmur wants is u guicc cath
martut at home. Famine may occur abroad, but
wo want not.iinini', wo wed none, to enable Iho
Farmortii obtain a f.iir price for Ins crops, if only
the Government will protect the means in uso
tor developing the resources of tho country by a
The question now neloro tno pcopio oi ino
country is whether General Taylor, ns tho expo
nent of the real whig docintuu o'' Internal Im
provement, unci n Protective) '1 nnfT, or Lewis
Cass as the exponent of tho concentr.iled reek
lessnesa and radicalism of Iho L'ico loco puny,
shall ndn mister tho guveaniuciit fur tho next
Mr. L. uescrtt'd that General Taylor was a
Whip, a btaunch whig. Ho was responsible fur
thu Maicuirnt. Gun, Taylor would havo n whig
cabinet. I Its was the Iribiid of Henry Clay. Ho
whs a man of eliong common sense, not u vision
ary, but pinctical man, n mm keen und shrewd
in his judgment of human nature. Ho was a
imiu of honor, storlii. intcyrily and courage.
"Iho political character of Mr. Cass was one, in
winch Mr. L. had no confidence, llo was vi
sionary nnd destitute ul courugc. When dur
ing Jackson's administration, thero was danger
of war with France, and Cass wus Secretary of
War, the poir man wasto frightened, tint lo
could naiihor put, driu!t( sleep, or attfcnd to nny
hu-.itiorfs. but una riiiilinuullv ru 11 111 II ir about.
asking Willi anxiety depicted oil every teulure, if
h. Ji. wru ivMiy thou-jtn more womu u m.
Ho wus frigliloned nlmosi to dea'li und Gen.
Jackson know u, und ono morning during tho
season of Mr. Cns' fright, while calmly smoking
his pipe, re n.irked in mat ellect to .Mr. Li. Uou.
Taylor w.is nritizui ol a td.ivo Slate. What
though he w.is i Mo was a citiiuti oi win uui
tedbUtis. Ami thu taet lliat lie w.ih u citizen
of n bliive El.Ho was i o ol ji eiion to him so long
tho Cui.-'liMlniii ron.amed. lie who will not
volo for GeiiTajlor, on this giuund alone, dues,
not by Iho relusal ot Ins vote, but uy inu reason
on which that rHut-al is groumled, virtually nul
lify '.he eontlitiition as far u- he ran.
.Mr. L. t-.nU ihat ho wus a Ution limn, that
Gen. 'I'njlnr a-ii Union ii.uii,ini'l that hi-(Gen.
I V) liuii'Miinxlinu to ml minster llwj govern
ment, according In ihe will i f the people, was
the guarantee of tl is. Though u slaveholder,
liko every t-unsiblu man in thu cuuniry, ho was
nut in luvur of the cxtensioi uf shivery.
Geneial Taylor would reniovo no one from of
fice, on accoont of political principles. Ho
would retain quiet, cupablu, honest men. But
hu would not allow nicouipetenl, braw ling, noisy
demagogues to remain in office. He wants men
that can mind their own business.
The nomination ull'hiludelphu was honorably
made. All wus ubovo hoard there. And the
whigu of ihe Union were, from tho fact that ihe
convention was authorized by them, bound in
honor to support the nominee. The delegates
wero tent to nominate a candidate. If eacli
State had persisted in standing oot tor a separate
candidate there would have been no nomination.
The delegates ajireed upon u candidate. Thoy
did their duty. Now thu whig party is to do its
duty, and elect its uwn nominee.
Ratification Meeting in Krattlcuoro'i
Tho Whigs of Brultleboro' held a ratification
uieelinj, on tho 1st. Spirited and satisfactory
Addresses were made by R. W. Clarke, Esq. of
Brattlebjrn, and J. W. Smith ol'New-Orleans
a member of the Now.U:lears Legislature and
one of llio earliest friends of Geneial Taylor,
Wo ccpy from the latter:
In contemplating tho elements of Taylor's
characterhis modesty, his prudence, his human
ity, his tempusufjbu industry, his Miuplinly of
manners, his irucalily und integrity utenileu
with that rare judgment which ncvurorrs, thai'
patriotism which through Ins long career has
over sacrificed his personal comfort to the good
of llio country that devotion to the public wol
fs r which has never digged, that high power of
concentrating upon himself the confidence, Iho
esteem, llio utfvclion and the admiration of all
with whom he is UfBocinled that sure capacity
which liai ever burno him successfully through
ovcry duly with which ho has been charged
wo ure curried buck by ihe striking points of a
reeemblunco to tho groat model of his choice
to ono who may bo approached but yet who
stands alouo and ever will us first in war,
first in peace, and first in thu hearts uf his, coun
trymen. But it is said that Taylor belongs exclusively
lo iho South that ho is only a military chieftain
comparatively unknown disqualified by his
pursuits without known or fixed political prin
pies. I'oi mysolf ns a Southern man, and to tho ex
tent nf the local attachments which every ouo
cheiUhes I could wish to find hlui connected
with llio south by tho strongest tios. But I may
not shut my eyes to tho reality. His family has
resided ut Batun Rogue a military post but u
low years, and since he was called lo thu vicini
ty by Im ublic duties. During nonrly all tho
lime siucu he has been absent from the State.
Nor dues he uwn, to my knowledge, any property
in Louiciaui', though he dues in Mississippi.
Born in the same mate with Wuahingtuii, Mon
roe and Harrison, his father soon emigrated to
Kentucky, and lliero enured his early years to
tho hardships ol a frontier life. He was brought
up ns a lurmor not tho Idle, wealthy, gentleman
farmer, but the hard working, hard handud, dai
ly laborer in tho field. Oltun, said a friend of
miiio, who was brought up in tho sjiiiu neighbor
hood, havo I seen Zack Taylor at Iho plough
tail in the field. And a harder wurkiiur and
more persevering young man was not to bo
found. And we often, ald ho, attended balls
nnd social parties together. But thcro tho young
beau could not shine. Ho was somewhat awk
ward in his movements. Naluro had withhold
from liim fomo of her graces of manner. Ho
could not trip tho light I'nnlnHic too in the most
approved oljfle. His coat did not r.onlorm to the
nlcganco of Inshion. In fino, ho was no hern In
iho eyo of tho bollcs of tho evening. But by tho
rcflcclimr fathers and mothers of his acquain
tance, Zochary wus held up as a model for his
quir I, unassuming deporlmont, his mndcsiy, hii
untiring Industry, his sound judgment, his good
sense, his devotion to su'ld and nt fnl acquire
ments, nnd his habit of minding his own busi-
Whilo Zncbnry wns working ot bin daily labor,
tho Yankee School Master went abroad nnd the
young farmer becamo hU pupil. Thus wns
Inld the basis of Ihat acquired intolligoicu that
solid education which has been si conspiiuous
in his fiibseqnnnt career. In the correct and
elegant dispatches from his pen, in tho plan
drawn up bv him for thn orgnnlzitlon of tho mi
litia of tlio United States, in tho decisions of the
riilmrrom Court Martinis of which ho has been
member and almost olwnys ihe nrenn, in his
brilliant defence of tho cnpitulnlion of Monterey
against tho assaults of Marcy and Polk backed
hy n L'icoloco tlouso nt Representatives nnd
fifteen immortal Senator?, headed by LowiiCussj
nnd above all in thn profound respect and unlim
ited obedience Iip his always paid, In tho mnny
dclleoln and embarrassing pnnilions of his pub
lic enrerr, lo the Constitution ami laws of lus
Tha rumors nt Indian uarnarilies and ot tho
meditated treason of Burr fired his bosom, nnd
eaving tho field nnd his studies, ho.oltercd hu
services ns n volunteer. Thus wnir ho drawn
from agricultural pursuits, to which he has cvci
benn nnd yet remains fondly attached, and to
which, if he" felt ut liberty to indulge hi own in
clinations, ho woold now gladly return lo enjoy
Ihat repose In the bosom of hu nmiablo family,
of which ho hns been deprived during tho forty
years of Ids public life. But the peoplo aro de
termined to milto even numbers of it by adding
four years more, Irom tno tuiirlh of jNlureh next,
so ni- to uinnu -14 years or ins public service.
Taking leavo ot his farming pun-nils -to
which ho returned fur u brief period at tho close
nf the war with Ennland wo see him ensoaed
by fur llio greater part of his life within tholim
its of tho present North Western Stnte. Ob
serve him fighting his first fiirhi on the Wnbnsh
or posted as a sentinel in Ohio to protect Iho
advancing tido of Iho white population from sav
age cruelties, or drilling volunteers aim ueleat-
inr favago toes in tho Bnows ot Illinois anu
Wisconsin or in makinz Indian Treaties nt
Greon Biy or in chasing tho red faena through
the hammocks and cverulades of Florida or in
slaying the encroachments of tho Indian at Fort
Jessnp or, with his handful of braves, in fighting
the enemy, in whatever force he may come, on
tho prairies or muring the chapparals of Texas
or in driving him Irnm Ins battlements nnd
mountain fastnesses of Mexico. Wo see him
associate with citizens of every portion of the
country familiarizing himself with tho habits,
the wants, tho prejudices and thu sentiments ol
the people of tho whole country knowing no
fectional interests recognizing no guide but
iho iNiition il wclUr.; and tho National Honor.
If ever n mun could belong to tho whole nation
ciitihl be free from local or pcctional bias
from private influences that man is Zacliary
In all tho vicissitudes of his career ho has ev
er preserved tho plain, frugal, unostentatious
habits of his early lift. Who has ever heard of
his giving wny lo the violence of passion?
Who has neen him drink of tho flowing wine
cop or engaged in gambling or indulge in
profanity, or give way to any other of iho fash
tunable vices or follies so commonly acquired in
Iholu-vuiy ot youths' Who has ever Been
liim descend lo nny act which might cast the
slightest blemish un the stainless purity of his
character? Who can say that Zacliary Taylor
hns ever falsified his word, or that he failed in
Iho performance ot any duty, private or public?
Who of all living men can liku him bo held up
as a model io our children fur their example and
Duriiii tho long course of his lifn constantly
engaged ns ho hus been in enforcing Ihu laws
and'ennstitutfon ot liM cuuniry wiili h's palint
uiloMrv wiih Ins won mured camp library con
stantly on hand w un nis nauita ot study and
reflection with his almost daily official corres
pondence with the iiign ouicers ot lioernmpnl
has ho not acquired a knowledge of tho prin
ciples of tho Constitution and a fitness to up
hold its provisions in tho true spirit of the earlier
and belter days ot tno repuuiic'
But once he has deviated from his instructions
nl Buena Vism. There, tliouch ordered lo
rctieal and thus ubandun to thu enemy tho whole
lino of - the Rio Grande to civo up ul onco all
the conquests to tho enemy, ho hesitated not to
uphold Ihe honor ol our ring nt every haziiu
xetwns he suiroundeu hy a Ismail band only,
and ncnrly nil consisting of raw recroils in view
Ihe best nppuliiled nnd must numerous army
which Mexico over biuu"ht into tho field. II
brought Santn Anna In his own fighting cround
scattered his forces to tho winds nnd proved
lo the world as he has so nltcn done hefore, that
fu every conquest bo will suroly conquer, and
that ho never surrenders.
A"ain ho has taken tho field. Not as the
loader of n fow raw recruits, bulofa gallant host
of tho treat iiius of thu American people.
lie moves lurward tu crush the servile ranks ol
Lucofunuism, led on hy General Cass but led
on lo u lluciii Vista deleat. Again ho has
mounted "Old Wlnley," and his leg H crossed
over the saddle. With glass in hand ho is sur-
vevinir tho whole field ol ac'ion. It any of his
friends waver if a whig bannir bend betoru ag
gressive or progressiva democracy, there 6tands
old Rough and Ready, and thero will bo heard
tho signs ol the coining victory ' a nine more
grape, Captain Bragg." " You must lake that
battery at all hazirds."
To doubt Iho irmncss ot his political princi
pies, is to be ignorant of tho man. 1 know thai
ho dusirnd his friends to un into tho Convention
audio pledge their support and his to whoever
uiiulit bo the iNoiuiuce. 1 Know mai no wouiu
have rejoiced if another honest, truthful and pa
I nolle whig had been chocn. I Know nidi no
hns every "confidence in the leading men ol the
whig parly, as well us coincides with them for
the most part, if not entirely, in their views as
to tho management of our national affairs. These
I know to bulha sentiments of Zacliary laylur,
and I leel ihe certain assurance that he will nev
er repudiate them.
Chouse, then, between the destruction of all
the old landmarks of American prosperity lind
of American institutions and tho firm and ar
dent euppoit ot ull the great principles uf tho
Uousliution, and ut all the lugn imeresis dear io
nverv rceinau. Cnoose between the spirit oi
wur uid tho spirit ol peace. L,noose neiwee
thu man who is a citizen in war und a soldier I
peace, and him who, though a soldier in war, is
u citizen in peace. L. house between ono win
would havo thu present limits of the cuuniry ru
mam as thoy arc und one wliu. in his dcinu
gugical prupagaiidism would be in full chase af
ter uil ol dle-tico, Yuculup, I'uuama, uuua, ja
maica, the Canadus. and. whun his fancy hai
drawn within lis greedy maw ull the territories
til UIO uaitll, IIU 1YUUIU UU IIUUIIII III inu lliuuil'
Uins of tho moon and bighin like llieMacedu
man for mora worlds to annex.
Wo mako tho following extracts from Whig
papers in various parts ot the country. All oc
casional correspondent of tho Courier nnd En
nuirer says :
" Senator Niles Bays that an electoral ticket
win no lonnca in Connecticut, lor van lltiren
which will at least divido tho vote of tho partvi
Tho leadinir politicians of the Democratic party
in that Slate still retain their undent attachment
for Vuu Buren. Gideon Wells, the Chief of tho
Bureau of Provisions und Clothing in tha Navy
Department, Is said to uoutnoiig ins earnest sup
lortors. And tlio now Attorney Uencrul, M
oocov. inclines to his cause.
ureal prelonsious navo ucen put torwaru oy
tho friends of Gen. Cass for tho vote of Ohio.
It hus been claimed as uiiiong tho freo States tho
rigid power of Cass. But ho will no moro carry
Ohio than Now York. It is safo to tho Whigs.
Letters from our best and strongest friends thero
speak encouragingly, conlidently oi tno result
Gov. Vance, among others, lias written wunin
fow days, that ho entertains no doubt of Ohio.
Ho does not speak unadvisedly. And his testi
mony js tho moro conclusive, inasmuch ns hii
opposition tu Taylor nroso from his doubts of
tho Whigs being nblo to carry tho Stato for
him. Those doubts, those "gloomy doubts that
rose,"oosays nro wholly diisipa'ed. Bellamy
Storer, from tho Cincinnati District, and John
W. Allen from the Western Reserve bot'i for
merly distinguished members of Congress
write us Intelligence of great gladness. Wo
shall carry tho Legislature nnd Governor in Oc
tober, by a decided, the electoral in November,
by an overwhelming majority.
Our political opponents give up new York.
Wo hive but to quota tha Union as nn admis
sion of their despair Martin Van Buren may
possibly get that Stato for himself, for he Is
drawing awr.y votes among tho Whigs for him
self.' For every Whig ho draws at least half a
dozen Democrats whilo Taylor draws a still
greater proportion of them. Hint nominis umbra.
is the true designation of tho Cass strength in
tho Empiro Slate.
In Pennsylvania, it is said a formidable onnn.
sition is in process of organization against linn,
hooded uy David wilnnit, who represents ono
of tbo Wrongest Democratic districts in the State.
W ilmot succeeded in his last canviiss, no less
against tho secret yet active opposition of tho
Administrnlion than tho open opposition of tho
Whigs. Princlpto nnd indignation alike urge
him to a bold and determined opposition tno
recollections of tho past, tho hopes oftlio future.
Ho saya his district will not vote for Cass.
Tho returning volunteers owe nim no good
will. His support of tho bill reforming llioir
clothing, and reducing their emoluments, has
gained linn no supporters among them.
A correspondent of the Courier and Enquirer
rites ns follows, under date,
Buffalo, July 5, 1818.
I write vuu utter having waited tune enough
to speak understandlngly, when I say that this
portion of the State is heart and soul for Taylor
nd t'lllmoro. lie assureu mai ine nomo ot
Mir.LAnn Fillmork will send forth from tho
ballot boxc3 a response to the nominations of tho
Philadelphia Convention, that shall cheer tbo
hearts of all true Whigs and friends of correct
principles, from ono extremo of tho Union to
the otiier. Tho expected Convention to be held
hero on tbo ninth of August will not affect us in
this wholo Lake region n single vote. Every
man on our great Lakes has a proper apprecia
tion of Lewis Cass--tho man whose 'circum
stances' would not permit him to attend the great
River and Harbor Congress at Chicago, last sum
As vet our political world is very nuiet, but it
is Iho quiet that precedes tho storm; and I doubt
if Cass gets votes enough this side Cayuga
Bridge to snow that ho was ro illy considered a
candidate. Western New York will do its
whole duty to tho whig cause, as in the days of
Notwithstanding the dissatisfaction which is
said to exist nmong tho Whigs of the Western
Reserve, because ol tho nomination ot uen. Tay
lor, thero are accounts from that region quite ns
favorablo ns could havo been anticipated. The
Cincinnati Chronicle says a letter wns received
n that city Irom a distinguished and intlucntial
Wilis, residing in tho Western Reserve, who
onco represented that section in Congress, in
which is given the assurance that Taylor s ma
jority in the Reserve will range from ten to fif
Tho following most pregnant paragraph is
from an able article in tho National Era, tho
Liberty party paper at Washington, on tho nom
inations nl Baltimoro and Philadelphia. To all
thinking anti slavery men, Gen. Taylor must in
deed bo far preferable to tho nominee of tho Lo
co nartv :
" t hough wo certainly shall not cnoose oe-
tween evils, beyond all doubt wc thoulu teel
that the honor and interests ot tho country, ay,
even the great interest, Freedom itself, would
be safer in -tho hands of a slaveholder than a
servile of Gen. Tujlorthan Gen. Cass."
Gr.s. Taylor, ajio.no the Voluktef-rs.
Four hundred returned volunteers reported them
selves at Newport barrucks a few days since.
llcin" anxious to express their opinions as to the
Presidency, they took a vote omong themselves
which resulted as toltows:
Wnio Ratification in New Albany. A
Democrat who wns at the Whig ratification meet
ing in New Albany un Saturday evening, informs
us that it was immense. Tho crowd, finding; tho
court house not half largo enough fur their ac
commodation, adjourned to an open epace. An
elooiient and powerful speech was made by Jo3.
G. Marshall, Esq., which was received with great
npulauso. no was still speaking when our in
formant left. Tho Hon. W. P. Thompson was
expected to follow. Ibid.
TAYLOR AND FILLMORE
A mcctinir of citizens of Montpelier nnd vi
cinity, friendly to tho nomination of Tnylor and
1-illmore, will be hold at tno free Uhurcli in
Montpelier on Monday the lth inst. at 7 l-'J P.
M. Addresses are expected from Portus Baxter.
Esq., the Delegato fro.u this District to the Phil
adelphia Convention, and fiom gentlemen from
other parts of the State, who may be on their
way to tho atatu Convention.
Wo acknowledge the present from Jos. W
Howes, Esq. of a Beautiful Pitcher, as a speci
men of the Crockery manufactured at Benning'
ton, in this State.
13 AD CASUALTY.
As Jonathan Smith Esq., postmaster of Chel
sea, was descending a hill into Chelsea villago
on Wednesday last, in a carriago containing Mr.
S., his wife and three children, the horse etnmb
led, throwing all the inmates of tho carriago
down a steep bank. Mr. Smith was taken up
horribly mangled and doad j and his wifo was
greatly, nnd it was feared mortally injured. The
children escaped without serious harm, and ono
of them was the first to bring intelligence oftlio
distressing accident to the people of the villago.
Mr. Smith was a merchant, nnd u man highly cs
(XTTho President has issued a Proclamation
of Peace, signed on tho 4th of July.
CO"A largo and spirited democratic Conven
tion, opposed 19 Cass, was holden in Berkihiro
Co., Mass., on iho 4th.
(X It is now said that Hon. David Wilmot,
will not support Gen. Cass.
(JJTho Whigs of Rutland Co. celebrated
tho 4 th at Rutland in grand style.
fl5" The 4th was celebrated at Strafford
oration by Mr. Miller of Dartmouth, nnd fire
works in tho ovoning. The oration is highly
Correspondence of tho N. Y. Express.
Wasiiinoton, July 5.
I met in Pittsburg, a few days since, one
tho Taylor Electors for Louisiana, an intelligent
and patriotic southron ono every men a man
and without sectional prejudices, or strong par
tisan animosities, llo knew Gen. Gen. Taylor
intimately, and assured mo that while tho old
Gonoral would adhcro to the Constitutional
riglits of tho South with unflinching tenacity
and abiding faith, ho was novorthelcss opposed
to the extension of slavery ovor freo territory !
Gen. Tavlor had his reasons for this, and thoy
show him tn bo a man ot infinite sagacity, anj
wisdom, nnd Justice. Ho docs not think it
right lo forco slavery upon a reluctant people.
Ho does not think slavery a desirable institution,
even whero it exists of right, and fioin the no
ccssily of tho cose. Ho holds too, that it woold
bo equally wrong, impolitic and impracticable,
to sow tho seeds of slavery upon nny of tho
provinces of Mexico, or in nny of tho l5. B. ter
ritory of tho Union.
"E. B." is Mr. Brooks, editor of tho Express.
Lr.TTF.n i-nofl Gr.n. Tailorto AnnoT La w
nr.ncK. Wo cot tho following communication
from tho last number of tlio Northampton Cour
ier.' Mr. Editor t I perceive that von enll for Iho
evidence" which Mr. Abbott Lnwreneu posses
js, concerning Gen. Taylor's political views.
happen io Know somo nttlo ot tho matter, and
ill slate what I know, for the benefit ot tho
public. Tho "evidence" is contained in a let
ter from Gen. Taylor to Mr. Lawrence, and tho
tuts Jcllcr is, l believe, private, still it certainly
ought to bo published. In ono place, he says in
effect, and I think in so many words, that ho "is
a wing, always a Whig, but never nn Ultra
Whig," whilo in another phco are theso very
words, " 7 elected lo the Prcsidcncti. I shall select
my cabmtt from the runnsT a.nu aullst Wiuos
im tup. U.nio.n." These words I know to bo con
tained in this letter, and if I mistake not thero
is more to tho same cfiect. I hope you will givo
publicity to this statement nnd oblige
Sf..iatomal Nominations. The Locofocos
of Windsor County havo nominated the following
.!.,.. 1 . T ! 1 t 1 . Tl ,,T r I
iiuitui iur oenuiuia ; joiiu vvrigm, Ji. vv.oouw
gate, Henry E. Stoughton, Gilman II. Shedd.
In Orange County, the 6ame party havo re
nominated the old ticket, as follows: Henry
Koyes, Wm. Swett, J. P. Kidder.
tho Liberty party in Orange County havo
nominated tho following Senatorial ticket: James
Georee. of Toosham. Wilder Dearborn, of
Chelsea, and F. G. Bigclow, of Brookfield.
MiDnLEBORT Commencement. Tho Com
mencement at Middlebury occurs on the ,!26th
inst. Wo learn that Rev. Dr. Baird and Rev.
John J. Owen are to address tho Literary Socie
ties, and Rev John Mattocks the Alumni.
Conn, and PASsuMrsic Rivr.ns Railroad.
We arc told that tho whole forty miles of tlio
Koad Irom White Jtiver to Wells Ktver is now
fully manned that the grading on several sec
tions is already completed or nearly so, and the
work is so far advanced on all the most difficult
parts as to indicato tho certainty of the comple
tion of tho work in season for laying tho super
structure the present season. C'uferfonum.
Contoocook Railroad. Wo loam that tho
grantees of tho Contoocook Valley and Claro
mont and Concord Railroads, havo raised suffi
cient subscriptions to defray the expenses of a
survey of tho route to Contoockville, 1 1 miles,
lo which place both routes pursuo tho sair.o
track. The survey is to be immediately com
menced under the direction of Mr. George
Stark. jY. U. Patriot.
(T? All the political exiles sent from Canada
to Australia by the British Government, for par
ticipating in the rebellion of 1637, have return
ed, except one, who preferred to remain.
ffr Tho Wisconsin LeaHaturehave instruc
ted their Congresmen to use nil their efforts to
prevent the introduction of slavery into any new
territory of tho United Slates.
The Way Gen. Cass Served his Country
The Newhuryport Herald says:
" uen. Lass was uovernor ot aiiclugan Ter
ritory from 1813 to 1821 , his salary during this
time, as Governor, wns liberal, nnd ho had an ex
tra salary as Indian agent, at tho samo tune, of
S 1.100 a year, also ten rations a day, commuted
at 20 cents each, equal to $'30 a year more, ma-
King an extra allowance ot taJU a year, tor
duties incidental to the office of Governor of the
In leul, fie received 810,550 more ns extra
compensation, and un the 13th of Nov.. 183'J.
$3873 additional pay. Ho received as extra
compensation and commutation of rations, from
1813 to 1831, 00,412 00 tho particulars of
which may be found in the documents of the
We wero lold by members of Conercs3. when
in Washington, that somo of this extra allow
ance was refused when first applied for, but
when ho became Secretary of War. ho allowed
his own accounts, and thus pocketed the cash.
John P. Hale. Tho National Anti-Slaverv
Mr. Hale, we hear from very good authority,
will, without doubt, withdraw in favor of tho
Barnburners' nomination. Wo shall not believe
him the man of good sense that wo take him to
be, if he does not.
Don't believe n"vord of it.
An entirf. Whio, all bot. A fierv-nosed
individual, who stood six feet four in his stock
ings, declared to a Hunker that ho was every
inch a Whig. "All but your nose," said the
latter. " And why not my nose r" " Because,
if that wero to get in among a lot of hav, it
might provo to bo a Barnburner."
"The Turkcti for me and Ihe Wurnrrfbrwau,"
Millions of our money have been spent to pro
cure slave territory for the South, and thousands
of Northern men have sacrificed their lives in
defending it. That is all right I But to extend
the least aid to Oregon w hen she will not allow
Slavery within her borders, is all wrong.
"T wouldn t suit them boulhern tellers,
They're a dreadful graspin' set ;
We must oilers blow the bellows
When they want their irons hot."
From tbo Salem lleg'itcr
Gen. Taylor's No-Partyism.
As the oft-repeated declarations of Gen Tay
lor, expressing Ins desire not to bo a mere parly
President, have been somewhat harshly commen
ted upon by a portion of ihoso antagonistic to
liis nomination, wo subjoin a few declarations of
other eminent men whom the Whig party has
delightfid to honor, in order tint all may sea that
there ore weighty precedents in favor of the pat
riotic desire of Gen. Taylor, (while always a
vowing himself a Whig,) to havo tho Govern
ment administered for the benefit of the wholo
people, and not solely lor party purposes.
John Oointv Adams. 111 hid nthlrcnH tn lii
constituents in 1842, said: "I entered thu na
tional Ilouso of Representatives in December,
16J1, with an assurance to the constituents bv
whom I was elected, that I should not hold myself
bound in orgierice to any patty, whether sec
tional or political. I thought this a duty impo
sed upon me by my peculiar situation. I had
spent llio greater portion of my life in the ser
vice of tbo whole nation, and had been honored
with Iheir highest trust. My duty of fidoltiy, of
affection and gratitude to tho wholo was not
merely inseparable from, but indentical with,
that which was duo from me to my own natlvo
Wm. Henry Harrison, in his lotter to Har
mcr Denny, giving his views of the duty of Pres
ident, said "lie should never sutler tho inflcenco
of his office to b3 used fjr purposes of a purely
party character." In his letter to Sherrod Will
iams, upon the samo subject, ho says: "Tho
framcrs oftlio Constitution never could havo ex
pected that he, who was constituted the umpire
botween contending parties, should ever Inden
tify himself with Ihe interests of ono of them,
and voluntarily raise himself from the proud em
inence of leader of a nation, to thai of chief of
As 10 the difficulties in tho way of the Presi
dent avoiding thu influoncu uf party spirit, hu
says: " Several of our Chief Magistrates havo
been able to escape its iufluenco; or, what is the
same thing, to act as if thoy did not feci it." And
his letter to the Van Rensselaer dinner conclu
des with the lollowing soutiment: "May Sol
omon Van Renssolaer bo the last victim 111 our
country of party violenco; and may tho services
which aro lo bo future passports tu offico, bo not
those rendered to a parti, but to the whole ;ieo
ple." Daniel Webster in ndvocating tho election
of Gen. Harmon, said: " If I desire iho suc
cess, as I most anxiously do, ot the Whig can
didate now in the nomination for the Presidency,
it is becauso he would be President of the whole
People; that hit administration would bo just,
liberal and comprehensive."