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Vermont watchman and State journal. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, March 07, 1850, Image 1

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BY E. P. WALTON & SON.
MOJNTPELIER, THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 1850.
VOL. XLIV, NO. 17. WHOLE NO, 22C4.
lUatcljmnn & 0tatc journal.
rUKLISHHD EVERY THURSDAY MORNINO.
TERM? 810 .. in advance ; &jBa if payment it not
mde in atjvc; interest lwe charged Item the cod of
tLa jear.
poctrn.
TEE SHOEMAKER.
Act well jour pait, there all the honor lietV'
The uliopmater ml amid wax and leather,
With iaj-tone oer liii knee,
Where, au in kit fhop, he defied all weather,
Draw 105 hi quarters and aola together
A happjr olu man was be.
Thii happy old man was o v.Uo and knowing,
The Moith of his time he knew,
He bristled bit end and kept them coin;,
Aud felt to each moment a alHcb was owing,
Until he jot round the shoe.
Of every deed Lis wax was tealinj.
The cluin; w firm and ft ;
The prick of his awl oarer caused a feeling
Of pain to tlxs foe; and hi skill in kttUug
Was perfect and true to the UiU
Wbenever yon gave hita a foot to me a are.
With gentle and skillful hand
He took bis proportions with looks of pleasure,
As if jou were ginnj him the coitH.it treasure,
Or dubbing him lord of the laud.
And many a one did he save from getting
A fever, or cold, or cough,
And many afoot did he xave from wetting,
l ben, w hethor in water or know 'twas setting,
His shoeiog would keep them off.
When he bad done with In making and mending.
Wtth hope and a inartful bieatt,
Resigning bis awl, as his thread wascn4ing.
He isse Com lin bench, to the grave descending
A lii-h as the king to rest.
itltsccllnncou
Fiom IIrlV Dollar Magazine.
CONTENT AND DISCONTENT.
BV MRS. E. S. I.r.GGUTT.
Hetty and Susan Lcvton were as dif
ferent in their dispositions a they were in
appearance; .the one had a clear, rosy coin
plextmi, laughing eye, and joyous expres
sion, with vvhich the fulness of a round fig
ure .ind nimble step well accorded, while
llie. other had a shrunken, tall, straight
hotly, with t .in lips, dull, grey eyes, and
naturally no Minle at all, unless a painful
distortion of one side of l.er mouth, when
an unfortunate occurrence in housewifery
was duelt upon, mig it he so interpreted.
I never saw her run; hut she uo'ild walk
around the hoii-e as tliouh there was death
in it. Even nlten they were children, Het
ty would always come bninduig into the
door, v. ith her apron full of fruit or fl.mers,
aud her dre-s all in tatters from the exertion
to gnher them, while Susan would follow
her demurely, with no evidence of the hap
piness and delight which beamed in every
every expression of her si-trr's face and
every word she breathed. It was not that
Sus.m was cross either, but a continual
discontent seemed to hang upon every thing
she said or did. If it rained, " it was to
disappuint her;" if the birds sung, "every
thing, even the birds, were happier than
she." Of course we loved Hetty how
could we help loving her best? Even. her
cake tasted sweeter than Susan's, if it was
browner; for it seemed as if the song with
which the sat gaily at work was in our car,
and we could always hear it when we touch
ed or eat any thing of hers ; while, if it was
Susan's turn, (we used to take turn in those
days in housekeeping.) she would sigh at
breakfast time for fear she would miss her
luck in baking, and if by chance she did,
she would mope about until the next baking-day
came to redeem her credit, but
Hetty would say, "don't fretty Susy ; if it
is a little heavy, it will last longer;" thus
did the little annoyances of life embitter
every day of it. It would read any one a
lesson to see the two girls. With one the
gentle streams, which might have beautified
the Ilowers, ever ready to spring upon its
bulks, were checked in their course and
turned to fall over rocks and in muddy cur
rents, while the other was a song of glad
ness in its silver rippling, paused now in
glassy rings of playfulness, and dashing its
tiny spray upon the sweet flowers which
grew hourly in Hetty Lay ton's bosom ; as
it is said that "the boy is father of the
man," so were the dispositions which were
rooting themselves about the growth of the
minds of them, to be the cloud or Us silver
lining in all their future lives.
Ju visiting the sick, (a sacred duty with
them both,) their natural characteristics
were felt. There was in the neighborhood
a young creature, who was lingering for
months at the edge of life, and the voice of
comfort was always so welcome, as it
would seem when Hetty came to her with
her basket of nice fruit and a few flowers,
and brought pictures, and would sit by her
chnir, with her white hand laid in hers;
the invalid would smile, and her languid
eve would brighten to the cheerfulness of
the kind creature beside her ; and hope
would seem to be by her in those short sea
sons; and the mother of the sick girl would
follow Hetty to the little gate, and beg her
to come again, for her visits " did Alary so
much good;" but when Susan came she
never brought flowers, and would sit at a
distance and ask the atteudaut if she failed
fast, and dwelt upon her alarming symp
toms, and relate other cases of like nature
and increased suffering as the disease ad
vanced, until of; lines a faint hysterical
sob would come from the low couch, aud
Susan would return to say, " what a poor
turn Alary had while she was with her."
Well, the girls grew up to he young wo
men, ai!d the toes of one would ache, while
pinched up 111 a tight shoe, so intolerably
that her whole frame seemed to partake of
the agony; and Hetty, although iier loot
was larcer in its proiiolions, danced and
tripped upon the green with all the light
gracefulness of enjoyment, as her pleased
counlenaccc would seem to say, " the
world and every body in it owes me my
share of happiness why shitll I not claim
it?" If the old fiddler "forgot to come,"
or the string of his violin snapped, and
there was none other, you would always
hear her voice in time, making music lor
Id exclaim against her making lierselt
Common, and transforming her sweet
into something more like the great
nies in the garden; and besides, she;
would add, "you need not expect to attract
the admiration of the young men by it, for
I do believe that they were laughing in their
sleeves at your labor;" but little could the
kind-hearted creature be convinced that so
ill-disposed a person could live as to ridi
cule or dis'ike her for her efforts to please,
when she feit that all her pulses were in
harmony and good will to the least of the
company.
.And so time passed; and, notwithstand
ing the great difference in the attractive
manner aud disposition of the two, it began
to be rumored about among the "young
folks," that " Susan Layton had a beau,"
and stranger than fiction it was.
John Walker was a young man calcula
ted in every respect to render a wife happy
(if she were not predetermined to be oth
erwise) he was encouraged by her parents
to continue his visits, and Hetty urged up
on her sister the gentle manners and
universal good name he enjoyed, but Susan
was unmoved. " Why is it 1" persisted
Hetty ; " you can't find a fault about him !"
At length she acknowledged that she was
so scrupulous that he did not look neat
enough she liked him very well, but she
knew that the polished linen, white as
snow on his bosom, had no connexion with
his wristbands ; in plain terms, it was a
false dickey, (we used to call them dickeys
in those days,) for his wristbands were
tucked up every other night, and so she
would not marry him, for she hated deceit, I ed in Susan Layton to find a companion
and that closed John's courtship; but in aland friend who would fill up the vacancy
few months preparation? wcrcgoing forward felt in his heart, by the death o! a most ue
for a wedding; and Hetty, hnppy in the loved wife, at the Sf.me time giving to his
choice of a lover, did not inquire into the (young daughters a tender guardian lor their
secrets of his washerwoman, and believed , future years. Alas, fur his prospects! the
that all was gold which glittered. She re-, beautiful paths of his former life ofpleasant
posed in trusting confidence that, as the ness he soon discovered were laid waste by
time had come for her to leave the old house the spirit of discontent he had brought in
and the vine at her father's door, the shad- their midst ; the dear haunts, and scenes a
ow of the roof tree of Henry Fielding would bout his really picturesque home, the cool
shelter her as lovingly as had the dear trees bowers and shaded walks, upon which he
about her native home ; and so, after she , had bestowed so much labor, and felt so
had taken her last vvallj among the familiar much pride, drew no feeling of admiration
places she had loved looked her last upon 1 from his wife; and the home for which all
the little brook, and her family of ducks, his youth had been spent m toil to obtain, a
and stopped to drink from the clear spring, " Lome in the country," was regarded by
as she Used to do when a child, she dash- his companion as a very great drawback to
ed a.vay the natural tears which hung her enjoyment. " She always had hoped to
upon her lids, cliing awhile in the , live in the citv ; and t.ow, from her connex-
arms of her parents, embraced her sister,
and took her cheerful presence from her
childh'ind'i home. Ami now, as we hare
sepiratcd the sisters, we will separate their
stories.
The house to which Henry Fielding
brought ins young wile, was a great
fashioned budding, with a stone hall and a
broad snurca-e, and heavy mouldings; the
huge doors showing the strength and seen-
i - i i .1 i i i t
rity t its wooU'.voik, inn tne iiuck, sona ; cneenui iieipmaie aim a some to greet nun
m itonry promistd a home for many genera- 1 by his hearth.
tions of the Fielding family; it had been 1 llut when did ever change of circumstan
the ancestral homestead, and with each dc-j ces minister to a mind so so diseased. The
scendant the pride of family increased, and malady had grown with the victim from
so also increased the beauty of the grounds .childhood, and years had strengthened it;
and gi.rtlens around it. The smooth cut ' and now no remedy could be found to apply
freestone showed that taste as well as ' io the full grown incubus. A stranger to
wealth had been bestowed upon every part 1 have entered into the beautifully appointed
of the stately mansion. Tne door yard was ' drawing rooms, nil tastefully decorated with
filled with 'trees, very old, aud evergreen, 1 draperies and delicate specimens of art,
ami beneath were immense bushes of box- j would be led to the belief that the drop cur
wood, trimmed and fashioned in various j tain held no picture behind the scents to
shapes of urns, and cones, and baskets. j mar the comfort apparently showing itself
To be sure, they were still' enough to look! in all things.
at, but everything was in keeping, and they 1 But as each heart knov.cth its own bitter-
were green even wlien tne lulls were cover-
ed with .-now. and Hetty called it her "Ev-'un
crureen Home:" and dear child, her own
heart was just like it. fur there was always '
a freshness and'beauty about it, even when
the cold winter of aflhction rame upon her.
As ears came and went, thev brought their :
cares wiih them ; a large family was spring-
ing up and filling the halls and shady walks
with the voices of childhood ; and happt
as had been nil her days as maiden ai.d wife,
the devoted mother thanked Ged daily that fort; those who had trustfully reposed in
he had bestowed so much to make her path the promises of hope, found them like the
pleasant, but it is not sunshine alone which apples of the Dead Sea, filled with the ashes
g'ues fragrance to the flowers or tlew that of deception.
moisteucth the earth ; there were clouds in; Ami now, in her impoverished discontent,
the henzen of this happy family, and they 'we will return to Hetty, vim moved still in
were the first that had ever threatened its the ornament of a quiet spirit, the centre
tranquility. jof the orbit, her home. Anil although for-
1 have said it was a pride in the owner of, tunc had again, (as the world would say)
Fielding manor to retain its possession ; but
with the properly was increased incumbran- love, yet " why need we mourn over a lew
ces, and combined with a large family and I acres gone?"
generous living, the estates of the fine place j " My husband," she cheerfully replied, to
were much involved, and it became neces- j a groan which involuntarily burst from
sary for great domestic economy: but a j Henry Fielding's full heart, as the ancestral
cheerful spirit ruled the hearth, and presid- Halls of his fathers receded from his linger
ed at the board, and what, if during the j ing gaze "have we not the worlil before
warm months, the cool and spacious bed us, and our growing family to prop us, as
chambers were crowded with strangers, and our shadows lengthen ; and besides, we have
nurses with other's children in their arms, 1 health and strength, and brave hearts with
plucked the gay flowers from the borders, us, to take to the luxuriant west ; and these
Hetty would say : " It is so pleasant for the are all we need, they tell us." And thus,
boys to have company, and so lively that ! with a woman's soul and woman's courage,
Emma (her eldest daughter,) enjoys it so , she cheered the drooping partner whom she
much, that we feel sorry when summer is 'had so faithfully served and loved, through
gone; for all that are with us seems so much ' good report and evil report, through the
like our own, that the toil of serving them , passes of better and worse, richer and poor
is nothing." And so like the sun she er; and she never saw her " greenwood
brightened every thing she looked upon, and home, ' nor the stalely boxwood urns, nor
even labor was gilded by her smile. "So the grave of her dear child beyond the gar
long as God gives us health, dear Henry, do den '.vails again ; and when she wrote to her
not regard me; we are happier aud rest friends she would say : " But we have found
belter in the performance ol our duty. , another greenwood, and the trees we used
These are small ills. See our children ; t think so grand, are children compared to
blooming and healthy around." ithe venerable forest ones which shade our
Thus she would cheer the drooping spir-l cottage, and w e are so happy ; we have seen
it of her husband in seasons of tletpoud'en-! so much of the beautiful world by leaving
cy, nuking light of those vexations which ' 'e little one 1 had always lived in; and
beset a lare household and slender means. then the flowers every thing is a garden
Emma, ihe companion of her mother, aud
her re idy assistant, partook of all the sweet
amiabilities of her deposition; but a deli-
.f 1 l.t. !.-.l r.ll I 1 I' I .
fjauy to i.eiiiiu imu luiiowcu uui irom ner
childhood, aud now the bloom upon her
cheek looked " too bright to be good," her
neighbors said. But with the buoyancy of
youth and her natural snrichiliness'of tem-l''e
per, she would not gncve her parents byiouyB witn tneir wives aud little ones about
complainings; and although her couch was I them, and to hear the birds singing just as
tne tunc ot scenes ot severe pains, and u
slight low cough disturbed, her rest, still
there was but occasional anxiety felt fur
their beloved daughter, so well did her in
nocent deceit cover the " worm in the bud."
JJut a few years found the invalid crowini
frailer, and the comfortable chair was wheel
ed in the most inviting spots, and the broth
ers brought in delicacies to tempt the appe
tite. Yet still content aud hope was ever
written upon the countenance of the trust
ful mother ; and when finally the chilly
winds of autumn brought the invalid to sit
iu the bright sunny soutrTparlor, it was a
real delight to see the labor of love which
showed itself in every thing little rases of
flowers were placed around, which Emma
had arranged, and light fancy-work dispos
ed of to the attentive friends who visited the
sick girl, were a real source of pleasure to
the gentle child. " For I am not a burden,"
she would say, "and I can help you yet,
mother."
And so the winter passad ; and when the
daisies and violets came in her lap, and
decked the- little green banks abovo the
garden wall, she laid her angel-head upon
her mother's shoulder, and yielder her ten
der spirit to her-Maker."
" Dear Emma's sickness was a great com
fort to us," Hetty would say to her sympa
thizing friends for a great part of the time;
"it was not heart sickness; and then, we
saw all our friends so often, and they were
so kind, and I always had her near me, and
now I know that she is safe ; and perhaps
had she lived, she would have left us, and
had care and anxiety to distress her."
Thus she was ever distilling sweets from
bitter fruit ; thus did she show the meek
ness of content and the humility of a true
Christian. Not so with Susan, having at a
late period in life connected herself with a
person of estimable qualities, and settling
herself upon one of the most desirable loca
tions of the beatiful East River. She ren
dered those around her so uncomfortable by
repining at her lot, that her society was a
burden to all. Her husband was a man, as
I have said, of estimable amiabilities, and
111 selecting his second partner, he had hop
' it'll, it appeared that her destiny was fixed j
she never had enjoyed the thing she desir-
led; of course it was not to be looked fur." :
I And with iiiurmurings such us these, she fi-
' nally succeeded in rendering her husband's
j house so uncomfortable, that iiftcr a few i
old-hears of their marriage he consented to.
jyield his wishes to her and return to the !
J city he had quitted with loathing, in the!
hope of procuring the domestic comfort of a i
I t r.t I. -I . I - I.. ... . i - . !
ness, so mcuaru jcwis Knew- me ciouu up
his own doorway would never brighicu
no domestic sunshine would gladden the
future. And his girls, who were fast ap
proaching those years which need the fos-
tering of lender guidance to direct tnem
through the mazes of youth, received no
gentle influences from her, who had assum
ed the responsibility of a kind director.
And thus her life passed on, unloved and
unloving, she shed no joy and gave no com-
frowned more fiercely upon the family of
here; and the little borders about us are j
bright with those I brought out with me,
lnty grow so much gayer in this rich soil ;j
n.wl ..it- lime 1 ret ill ..!.... if .... f,.n 1 '
"M WM ""j3 u" ua, iuu, uuu C
uve liKe monarens in our new Kingdom, and
i we have most loving subjects. If we had
""f dear Emma with us, just to look through
1'2, long dark woods, and to see the
gay as sh was herself, sweet child!
And so, from the day she was first rock
ed in her cradle until the last when the
flower parted and fell in upon her narrow-resting-place
was the life of Hetty a con
tinual feast, and her memory was blessed
to those who had lived in her smiles.
Hood gives a graphic picture of an irri
table man, thus : He lies like a hedgehog,
rolled up the wrong way, tormenting him
self with his own prickles."
Punishing Liars. In Turkey when a
storekeeper is convicted of telling a lie, his
house is painted black, to remain so for one
month. 1
A Singular Story.
The Washington Correspondent of Mr.
Lippard's paper, the ''Quaker City," com
municates the following curious account of
a recent remarkable dream of Mr. Calhoun's.
We have not much faith iu supernatural
appearances, or in Washington correspon
dents, but if anything could lead the ghost
of the "Father of his Country" to revisit
the realms beneath the moon, it would be
the thought that his beloved country was in '
danger of Disunion, which, is but another!
name lor vivit w ar. v e give me story lor
what it is worth : .
Washington, D. C, Jan. 12, 1850.
Mr. Editor: The other morning, at the
breakfast table, our friend, the Hon. John
C. Calhoun, seemed very much troubled and
out of spirits. You know that he is alto
gether a venerable man, with a hard,, stern,
Scotch-Irish face, softened i its expression
around the mouth by a sort -of sad smile,
which wins the hearts of all those who con
verse with him. His hair is snow-white. He
is tall, thin, and angular. He reminds you
very much of Old Hickory. That he U
honest, no one doubts; he has sacrificed to
his Fatalism the brightest hopes of political
advancement has offered upon the shrine
of that iron Necessity which he worships,
all that can excite ambition even to the
Presidency of the United States.
But to-iny story. The other morning at
the breakfast table, where I, an unobserved
spectator, happened to be present, Calhoun
was observed to gaze frequently at his right
hand, and brush it with his left, in n ner
vous and hurried manner. He did this so
often that it excited attention. At length I
one of the persons comprising the breakfast
parly his name I think is Toombe, and he
is a member of Congress from Georgia took
upon himself to ask the occasion of Mi. Cal
houn's disquietude.
" Does your hand pain you 1" he asked.
To this Calhoun replied in rather a flur
ried manner " Pshaw !
Itis nothilifr!-
Only a dream which I had last night, and
which makes me see perpetually a large
black spot like an ink blotch upon the
back of my hand. An optical delusion I
suppose."
Of course, these words excited the curios
ity of the company, but no one ventured 10
beg the details of this singular dream, until
Toombs asked quietly
" hat was your dream like 2 I'm not
very superstitious about dreams ; but some- I the promotion of a people's welfare,
times they have a good deal of truth in 1 Nor is this duty of examining teachers
them." ! one of trilling importance. Without a
" But this was such a peculiar absurd thorough system of examination, many who
dream," said Mr. Calhoun, again brushing ! are wholly "incompetent and unfit lor their
the back of his light hand " however, if it I high and holy work, will be likely to find a
does not too much intrude upon the tune of : place in your schools as touchers; many,
our friends, I will relate it." ! who, if "they do not positively lead your
Of course, the company were profuse in j children into error, and corrupt their morals,
their exprsssions of anxiety to know all a- J will vet fail lo rouse their energies, to awa
bout the dream. In his singularly sweet j ken their interest in study, and secure their
voice, Mr. Calhoun related it : j proper advancement. And if the precious
" At a late hour last night, as I was sit-1 season of then early life bo allowed 10 pass
ting hi my room engaged 111 writing, 1 was
astonished by the entrance ofi visitor, who,
without a word, took a seat opposite me, at
my table. This surprised me, as I had giv
en particular orders to the servant, that I
should 011 110 account be disturbed. The
manner iu which the intruder entered, so
perfectly self-posessed, taking his seat oppo
site me, without a word, as though my room,
aud all within it, belonged to him, excited
in me as much surprise as indignation. As
I raised my head to look into his features,
over the top of my shaded lamp, I discover
ed that he was wrapped iu a thin cloak,
which effectually concealed his face aud
features from my view. And as I raised my
head he spoke
"' What are you writing, Senator from
South Carolina?" he said.
"I did not think of his impertinence at
first, hut answered him involuntsrily
" I am writing a plan for the Dissolution
of the American Union, (you know, gentle
men, that I am expected to produce a plan
of Dissolution in. the event of certain con
tingencies?) " To this the intruder replied, in the cool
est manner possible :
'"Senator from South Carolina, will
you allow me to look at your right hand V
" He rose, the cloak fell, and I beheld
his face. Gentlemen, the sight of that face
struck me like a thunder-clap. It was the
face of a dead man, whom extraordinary
events have called back to life. The fea-
. .1. r-i iit i
mres were muse 01 ueorge asaingion,
yes, gentlemen, the intruder was none other them in their work. From this view of the
than George Washington. He was dress-' nature and leading purpose of the duty in
ed in the Revolutionary costume, such as ' question it might be concluded that you
you sec preserved in the Patent Office" j could perforin it to better advantage than
Here Mr. Calhoun paused, apparently ! you could that of examining teachers. But
much agitated. His agitation, I need not could we rely upon you to attend to it amidst
tell you, was shared by the company. the engrossing pursuits of your business!
Toombs at length broke the cmbarrasiiig Would you perform the duty promptly, thor-P-tusc.
I oughly and faithfully 1 We indeed hope
" Well, w-e-M, what was the issue of this we would entreat you, that you will not en
scenc ?" Air. Calhoun resumed: j tirely neglect the duty as an individual and
"This intruder, I have saut, rose and ask-'persoual one. Yet you need not fear that
ed lo look at my right hand. As though I the services of your superintendents, in this
had not the power to refuse, I extended it. way, will be superfluous or useless.
The truth is, I felt a strange chill pervade Again and lastly, the duty of recommend
me at his touch ; he grasped it, and held ' iug the books to be used in your schools
it near the light, thus affording me full time j will also devolve entirely upon these officers,
to examine every feature of his face. It was ' You need some arrangement to protect
the face of Washington. Gentlemen, 1 yourselves against the fluctuations and chan
shuddcred as I beheld theliorriblj dead-alive ges in schoolbooks which must unavoidably
look of that visage. After holdiug my hand result if this matter be left without any sys
for a moment, He looked at me steadily, and tematic regulation. You want well iuforiu
said in a quiet way ed discreet and stable men to advise on the
" ' And with this right hand.Seuator from ' subject, so that you may feel secure not only
South Carolina, you would sign your name that your children have suitable books, but
to a paper, declaring the Union Dissolved V that no caprice fiom any quarter shall, on
" 1 answered in the affirmative. ' Yes,' , the one hand compel you to purchase anew
said I, ' if a certain contingency arises, I 1 at the commencement of each successive
will sign my name to the declaration of Dis- school, (if not oftener.) or, on the other
solution.' But at that moment, a black 1 hand, expose you to have the usefulness of
oioicn appeared on tne bacK ot my nand, an
inky blotch, which I seem to see even now.
' What is that V cried I, alarmed, I know
not why, at the blotch upon my hand.
" ' That,' said He, dropping my hand,
' that is the mark, by which Benedict Ar
nold is known in the next world.'
" He said no more, gentlemen, but drew
from beneath his cloak an object which he
placed upon the table placed it upon the
very paper on which I was writing. That
object, gentlemen, was a skeleton.
"'There,' said He, 'there are the. bones
of Isaac Haync, who was hung at, Charles
ton by the British. He gave his life iu
order to establish the Union. When you
put your name to a Declaration of Dissolu
tion, why you may as well have the bones of
Isaac Hayne before you. He was a South
Carolinian, and so are you! But there
was no blotch upon his right hand ' !
" With. these words the intruder left the
room. I started back from the contact with
the dead man's bones and awoke. Over
worn by labor, I had fallen asleep and been
dreaming. Was it not a singular dream?"
All the company answered in the affirma
mative. Toombs muttered, " singular, very
singular 1" at the same lime looking rattier
curiously at the back of his right hand and
Mr. Calhoun, placing his head between his
hands, seemed buried in thought.
To the Parents, Guardians, and
Friends
Of the Ninety-eight Thousand Children in
Vermont, icio arc growing up to be the
Citizens of the Stale and of our common
country :
The time is just at hand when, in the
several towns in "the State, you will be re
quired to choose superintendents of your
schools; and we would urgently and earn
estly appeal to you, on that occasion, not
only to select the right kind of men for that
office, but to give them such directions and
encouragement as shall prompt them to the
zealous, efficient, and faithful discharge of
their duty. Our county superintendency
having been abolished, the office of town
superintendent will now assume a higher re
sponsibility and importance than have hith
erto belonged to it.
In the first place the duty of examining
teachers will devolve solely on your town
superintendents. This is a work which
you, as individuals, would doubtless be re
luctant to engage in, even if you possessed
essentially the requisite qualifications. Be
sides, there is a certain tact and skill ac
quired :iy experience in this, no less than in
any other kind of business, which you could
.,mt',,!U.ril.,'B.J,o'lni.,.r f w,r.,.
trt ,...;.,,. :r i .
vour teachers ,mn..rio..rlm -en,!, J.
r. .1 ' .r
ries of rears. If vou have a delicate niece
tiiruiiuv ute service once, pernaps, 111 a se-
of work to be done, you apply to one who
has gained skill in such work by practice.
Division of labor, each steadily pursuing
a particular employment, and thus acquiring
an ability to perform his work skillfully and
well, is a characteristic of the civilized
state, and the most effective means of ad
vancing civilization. And this is true not
only in regard lo the mechanic arts, but all
j the employments and pursuits that look to
away unimproved, ihcv will sustain a loss
which the future, however propitious, can
never fully repair. For the wasted oppor
tunities of childhood may be mourned over,
but they w ill not return.
.But failure from incompetency in the
teacher is not the only evil to be feared.
He may do far tcorse than fail. He may
inculcate error, or exert a demoralizing in
fluence. And remember that the impress
ions and effects thus produced are of no
transient duration. The teacher is engaged
in rearing a structure " whose bise is on
the earth whose cap stone is in the skies!"
He is inscribing on the mind and soul of
those entrusted to his care, a tracery w hich
time may not alter, characters that men
and angels must surrey. His instructions
and influence will tell upon the character
aud destiny of those you love, for time and
for eternity.
In the second place, the duty of visiting
your schools will devolve wholly 011 your
town superintendents. Doubtless one of Ihe
most important ends to be answ ered by this
visiting of schools, is to keep alive iu the
teacher a sense of his responsibility, and
show him that some solicitude is felt for his
success, and awaken in your children anew
and livelier interest iu their pursuits by the
assurance that their progress in learning is
regarded as a matter ol so much importance
as to be made the object of your own and
jt; jx;,
n.l pupils are fairly entitled,
it to encourage and animate
the public attention.
both teachers an
and Ihcv need it to cucourag
your schools greatly unpaired the labors
of your teacher essentially embarrassed and
the progress of your children seriously re
tarded, by a multiplicity of text-books and
a consequent multiplicity of classes. The
recommendations of judicious superintend
ents will tend to establish a system which
you can rely upon to be as permanent as
the nature of the case will admit,and which
you can conform to with far less embarrass
ment and expense than you would be sub
jected to if no stable system were adopted,
to say nointng ot the dmerence in the prog
ress which your children would make in
their studies.
In view, then, of the various important
duties which are to be performed by your
superintendents, may we not hope that you
will regard the proper selection .qf them as
matter of serious moment 1 We would urge
you to select men orcompetentscholawhip,
the prudent and judicious, those who feel
an interest in the cause of our common
schools, and who may be relied upon to be
active and earnest in discharging the duties
of their trust. And especially select such ,
as will aflbrd you the best possible security
that the teachers ihey approve shall be of
such a character as their high office de -
mands. For we would again urge you to
guard well, to use every precaution in (
your power, that those in wnom are gar
nered up your dearest aud loudest hopes be
not entrusted to the charge of an incompe-j reach of that authority and example, and
tent, unfaithful and unworthy teacher. Em- from the innocent but wholesome associa
ploy, if you please, a novice to superintend tions of a home, however humble. The
a business in which you have invested all .cause of morality, no less than the dictates
your capital, give, if you will, the pleading
and defence of a cause in which your
whole worldly wealth may be involved, to a
fourth rate lawyer ; and commit, if you
choose, the care of your health and life,
when disease has assailed you and death
stares you in the face, to an ignorant quack
but do not, O do not entrust the educa-
lion of your children, the unfolding of and although in this instance, as in many
their immortal minds, and the formation of others involving a reform iu the condition
that character on which hangs their eternal of ancient laws, there may be much oppo
destiny, to those who would go to work at I sition in the onset, it will eventually be gen
raudom upon materials so priceless tho't- lerally adopted.
less and careless, it may be, of the final re-1
suits of their labors! The former errors) To renew old and worn Files. The
will, it may be, lead to a ruined fortune, or following recipe has been selling about the
the cutting short of your years on earth. country for 5, as a secret: Take half a
liut me ruined tortune pernaps may De re-iH""" " auipuuric aciu, on oi vurioi;aun
Itrieved, and your life at farthest must sootir'ne pint of soft water in an enrtheu or glass
! reach its close. But the last error, that, vessel, very slowly, or it will eiiflamc. Put
' which involves the miscducation of your the files and heat to about the scalding
children, is one that concerns more than ' point. Keep them in from five to ten min
worltlly wealth or a fleeting existence here, 1 "cs, according to their coarseness. Wash
i aud involves a loss which neither time nor 1 in strong ley or saleratus water, rinse off"
eternity can repair a fatal and irretrieva-
hie ruin.
i v is tioi euouiu,uowcver, tor tuu siuiuiv it
1. : . t. i r. : l ...
. select your best and worthiest men for su -
perintendcn.s. When this has been done,
they should be piven to understand that vou
, , ... 1 nn ,
expect mem 10 uo incir uuiy. mismayue
! done bv vour 'iviiir them oroner directions
and the assurance ol a suitable compensa
J - O 3 I
tion for their labors.
It was the intention of the undersigned
only to call your attention, at
tins time, to
tne uiuv mat pertains 10 me election 01
r. . . . ..
your town superintendents. But now-that
J . ...
we are 111 communication with vou. allow us
to add a few words further. When vou !
have performed the duty already contcmpla-
ted, you still are not, cannot be, discharg
ed from all further obligation or concern in
regard to yourschools. Youhavj; yet other
personal and individual duties to perform.
Yoii need to cooperate witn your superin
tendents and with your teachers in every
possible manner.
We trust the Institute will be brought
within reach of all our teachers iu the course
of the current year. These are schocls de
signed to impress upon teachers a deeper
sense of the responsibility and importance
of their umUj to impart lo tliAiii a L'linu'l-
edge of the best methods of leaching, and
the best mode of adapting their instructions
to the different ages and capacities of chil
dren ; and, generally, to ensure to them a
higher skill and more full success in a labor
fraught with so momentous consequences.
uut witnout a general system oi co-opcra- j
lion on your part, teachers, however well!
.
qualified, skillful and faithful, must come far
short of accomplishing the good they might
otherwise do.
We cannot here enter into the details of
your personal duties in relation to this mat-
ter, but we strongly and eaniesuy entreat
you to turn your aucnuuii 10 inu suujecv
and study those duties for yourselves. Our
schools need improving. They should en-i
sure to our children higher intelligence,
purer virtue, greater usefulness. The im
provement demanded will require your ef
forts ; but no great good is obtained at a
cheap rate. And, in closing, we would
appeal to your regard for the honor and
prosperity of the state, which we doubt not I
. . ., . t
you are tirouu to can your own : to your .
concerii for the best welfare of society ; to
the interest you feel in the respectability,
the usefulness and happiness of your chil-
dren; or, if you have not children of your I
own. we commend to your special regard
the State's whole Ninety-eight Thousand 1
" buds of promise" and ask you, respect- j
fully, but with the expectation that the re- I
- ' . . ' i
w. n. ...
Ijr best cnerg.es.-your most earnest, j
6l'ful "id pewctering efforts-to sustain ;
and build up our common schools.
11. JiA lOIN, btate tjupt.
Middlebury, Feb. IS, 1850.
Chemistry of the Stars
This singular head forms the subject of an
:.. ,i, n,;i;i,rt,,nri.i 'n, j;
of it is to show that the forms of life exist-! f ,! nlpn'fn S"' me'i'1, C'" C0Ulffl
- ... t, . . , and plenty lo every clime,
nig in this world are not repealed ... he Tm3 Caucasian Jac has thus, in all ages, and
other planets and heavenly bodies. 1 he tin all the varieties of condition in which the dif
article is destined to be read with unusual ferent branches of it have been placed, evinced
interest. The data from which it reasons the same great characteristics, inarKiag the ex
are the variety in weight, superficial phe-! '? tence of some innate and constant cunstitu
nomenii, forms and color, of the heavenly '. ti.onal superiority, and yet, in the different bran
bodies. It Is shown to be impossible that a TT subordlna'erd'fferen:e3 appear, which ara
system or animal and vegetable life, resem-, 0rere3"0"" for' P,erhaf.3' bj ,d,ffe.re"ca
. ,- ., . r ti -. ot circumstances, and partly, perhaps, by similar
blmg that of our globe, can exist on many constitutional diversities, by which one branch
of them. 1 he dry and rugged surface of is distinguished from other branches, as tho
the moon, volcanic, yet without sea anil whole race is from the other races nitii which
without atmosphere, the varying quality of w have compared them. Among th.-sti branch-
sidereal light, and the chemical poverty of"' WL"' Anglo-Sixons onrseives, clumfortna
meteorites or sir stones, as far as their com- Ang'"-iaxoiis ihe superiority over all others.
poneut substances have been discovered by i n..,. no.... r a r i
r , - .. , . , l J Cjpt. II. biMMO.is, of San I rancisjo, arrived
analysis, arc among the data on which it is I j town on Thursday or last week, and alter
argued that the stars are not telluric; that spending a few day returned to New York.
they do not resemble the earth iu their com-' The extensivo business operations of the house
position, and, therefore, that life must be ' of Simmons, Hutchinson, and Co. male it neces
otherwise sustained on the surfiice of those t??,v ,or u,m lo visit several of the cities of the
orbs, if it exist at all, than on ours. Uu,tt1 ,?tatf' nnd msv re1"ire a voyage t Eu
The chemistry of the stars, itis inferred, ' IL Tr - i.- Ail hia en
. j-tr r .i t . c V ,' I tcrprues seem to have been eminently success
must differ from the chemistry of the earth fu. Woodstock Mtr.
the grandeur of the universe and the
grandeur of Omnipotence are not obscured
but vastly illustrated by this general fact of
diversity a diversity that is already seen
to surpass all previous thought and all possi
ble conception. Yet there may be as wide
a range of vital . as of chemical diversity,
and the reasons of analogy are urged in be
half of the hypothesis that the stars are in
habited, are in no way invalidated bv the
discovery that they are not or that many
of them are not adapted to the sustenta-
tton ot such living beings as dwell on the
surface our earth.
Homestead Exemption.
Gov. Fish recommends the passage of a
Homestead Exemption Law in the following
eloquent passage :
While it a admittedly a primary; duty
or the Legislature to enact laws for the
punismcnt f yiCe, it is no less its duty, to
remove the causes which frequently lead to
the commison cf cr;mc. i'De imprcss-lo
made upon th youthful mind by the "entlc
force of parenta authority and exsmpje,
and by the associations of the family circle)
are among the most active and enduring of
the influences which, control the conduct pf
after life. Much of the vice that we are
- ! called upon to deplore, may ue traced to
ttne early removal ol its subject from the
( of humanity, demand the preservation of
, the family circle, and the. maintenance of
' the family home, efficient preventives of
i vice, and sure and permanent contributors
1 to individual virtue and happiness, and to
public prosperity and order."
This principle has already been incorpo
rated into the codes of several of the States,
dry, and oil.
1 The explanation of this operation is, that
' th. m-i.i lia t ..... r 1. .-...I. . r .
..u v jiuu c41.1t iuuui iu nic
tne acid lias two sides of each tooth of
, file lo corrode aud only one point. It cre-
. . a species of sharpness about like a file
nail worn.
We hare tried it. Rural New
Yorker.
Marble Cement. Take plaster of Pa-
! ris, and soak it in a saturated solution of
I alum r then bake the two in an oven, the
1 : . 1 1 1 . 1. 1 1 1
same as jrpsuiti 13 uto iu iii.iiu tut; ujj
r 1 i f .- , . ,,,..
1 .. j. rt ;.!,... 1 . . . . 11
to powder. Jt is then used aswanted,being
:i,i ,. ,:,i. ,..,. 1:1 1 . a
1 mixed up with water, lite piaster, and ap
1 i. - . . 1 . ' . . r
plied. It sets into a very hard composition,
capable of taking a very high polish. It
may be mixed with various coloring miner
als to produce, a cement of any color capi
ple of imitating marble. This is a very rare'
recipe.
THE CAUCASIAN RACE.
The following extract is taken from the life of
Alfred the Great. It shows in a striking light
the immense energy of the Caucanan race and
heir commanding influence upon the destiny oC
the human family:
For three thousand years the Caucasian race,
have continued in all circumstances ami um'er
every variety of situation, to exhibit tlif nw
i.-ti- and iitc 4ine inaomitaoic progress. No
calamities however great ro desolating wars,
no destructive pestilence, no wasting famii c, no
night of darkness, however universil and jdoomy
have ever been able to keep them Ion? in
i degradation or barbarism. There is not now a
j oarbarous people to be found in the whole race.
-' j m.bu viiv. iiu wuic mail 4.
thousand years.
Nearly all tho ereat exploits and acbicvmnta
'00, which have signalized the history ot the
wurld, have been performed by this branch of
j the ',unn family. They have given celebrity'
to ever? age in which they have lived, and to
every country that they have ever possessed, by
some great .deed, or discovery, or improvement,
I lvhld, their intellectual energies havo acc.m-
piialied. As Egyptian they built tl e pyramid,
and reared enormous monolith, which remain
as perfect now as they were when first comple-.
ted thirty centuries ajro. As Phenecians. they
constructed ships, perfected navigation, and ex
plored, without compass or char, every known
sea. As Greeks, they modelled architectural
embellishments, cut sculptures in marble, and
wrote poems and history, which have been ever
sir.ee the admiration of the world. As Romans,
they carried a complete and perfect military or-
nIT.i;:,n nar f. (1 n.i;Ana I l 1 i ;t
vm unj uauuua onu u miii.u nui-
liuns of" people, with one supreme mistress over
all, the ruins of whose splendid ptlaces ar.d
monuments have not yet passed away.
Thlta Tl.is iMa mrr rrnrtn nn fllurnv itijttnmitcTi-
jDg itself, by energy, activity, and intellectual
power, wherever it has dwelt, whatever lannuaso
it has spoken, and in whatever period of tho
wor,J il ,is8 Iived- I' hss invented printing.and
fillcJ every country that it occupies with pcr.ua-
npnt rtftrim nl ha nqaf iiKajiliI.. I., all 1,
;-zi z
aml exact caicuIations aU th,
tion3 there. It has ransacket
d reduced lo precise
the complicated mo
cked the c trth. system -
atized, arranged and classified the vast melange
ot plants, and animals, and mineral praJucUti
ue louna upon its surface, it inaKej steam and
fulling water to do more than half ths work nc-
cessary for feeding and clothing the human race
aim the howling winds ot the ocean, llie very
emblems of resistless destruction and terror, it
'stradily employs in interchancinsr the product
Rev. George B. Manser, of Montpclfer. has
accepted a call from SL Peter's Churc in'Bsu
ningtoo, and will soon assumo the duties of his
now tharge. Mr. M. has been paitor of the
Episcopal Church in Monteher, for some yems
post, and is an accomplished scholar and elo
quent preacher. Drat Eagle.
dHorj-.Lutlier Severance, editor of llio Ken
nebec Journal, and formerly member ot Con
gress, has teen appointed Commissioner to the
Sandwich Islands. There has not. been a better
appointment made by ths present Administration
than this one. Mr. Ssverar.ee is one of the firs:
men in New England.
,It is not what we earn, but .what we tave, tint
makes us rich. It is not what we eat, bat what
we digest that makes us rat. It U uot what we
read, but what we remember, that makes us
learn. All this is very limple, but it is worth
remembering.

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