Newspaper Page Text
MARCH 7, 1850.
-r -WTT T-fTOlt.
E. P. W AH "'1'-""1 .1 .
Washikotow, Feb. 27.
i....tif irninir ta IDR CftD'
Hfunv members irecen''j s- -.- r
i.a&d. to-d.y, and nimors , f J
bandied about. Another rumor vuu.
will allow Dott resoluiion to pass on Monday,
and then withdraw, in a body from the Union.
Wasiiikoto.v, Feb. 2(1.
The tall of Footo may seem bombastic, but
it ; not. Mr. Dotv'a resolution cornea up arain
in the House on Monday next, and the Southern
members nave acciarcu ineir aeterminauuii, m
case it is passed, to break up the House forcibly,
every man ot them being armed lor me occasion.
cor. nua. .myuwu.
(LThe arguments thus presented or ready
for presentation by the Southern members, are
vorr nnnr nup. Im't the policy of the thins is
much worse. The only rational explanation of
such doingg irould be that wose cngageo in
them were afraid that a compromise would be
-offered from the North, and hid determined to
defeat it at all hazards. For surely the North
ern member who could entertain the idea ol
Compromise under eucn circuustances would
" grossly impeach his own personal equanimity.
We trust, however, that there is more gas
than substance in these raw-headed stories.
Thev doubtless, have some foundation, bill a
very slender one. It does not fullow that there
is to be a general fight in Congress from the
fact that some Bobadil is seen flourishing a
Bowie-knife or ostentatiously loading his pistols.
Such demonstrations are rather pacific in their
tendency than otherwise. SpeaUng daggers, as
a habit, rather disinclines men In the use ot inem.
V. T. TWiune.
What if the thirty or forty Southern mad-caps
trilhdrawl We rather guess Congress could
get along without them. And what if these men
go armed and threaten assassination aye, and
attempt it, too? It strikes us that a good posse
'of policemen could even protect the capitolfroin
being defiled by blood. In any event, the au
thorily of the Government is not to be destroyed
in that way: that will stand, and they who try to
destroy it by violence will themselves perish.
The Washington correspondent of the Tri
bune, writing on the 27th ulL, said :
"There is no truth in the newspaper rumors
that Mr. Webster designs at an early day to
offer a compromise upon the Slavery question.
All the assertions to this effect have been mere
finesse to induce Mr. Webster to do so. What
ever lie may do hereafter, he lias jioir no such
tiling in contemplation.''
Let us read Noah Webster on
" Finesse artifice ; stratagem ; snbtilty of con
trivance to gain a point."
Now we do not doubt the entire correctness
of the Tribune man's position. Daniel Webster
never will compromise a great principle. The
story that ho will wm but a piece ot finesse.
The threat of Disunion is finesse. The threat of
violence on the floor of Congress is finesse. The
Union meetings in New York and Philadelphia
axe to be credited to finesse. Yea about nine
tenths of all that is written or spoken in Wash
ington on this Slavery question is finesse, and
ought to frighten nobody.
There is a sturdy old chap at Washington who
knows how-to check this game o( finesse thus:
The 1'residenl. The N. Y. Tribune-gives the
following extractof a letter from Washington:
"The President is very firm, and the South
ern members are in full possession of his views
A committee of them inquired, in an interview
with him, if he had expressed himself ready to
maintain the Union at any cost. lie replied that
he had that he should blockade every Southern
port in case of an armed resistance to the col
lection ot me customs mat lie Miouio im in
terpose the regular army, but should call for vol
unteers from the Northern and Western States,
putting himself at their head, and should pour
out his blood, if needed, in defence of the Un
ion. He is confident that the people of the
Southern States would themselves put down any
attempt to break forcibly out of the Union.
When told that the Southern members would,
in a certain contingency, secede and go home,
he quietly remarked that there would be enough
more good men ready to come in their places.
The calm firmness of the Northern members is
also having a good effect. Mr. Uuer's bearing
in the collision with Meade is not forgotten,
while Col. Bissell's late speech, and especially
its manner, is generally applauded.
The Peace-maker. Senator Davis of Missis
sippi, and Mr. Bissell, member of Congress from i
.Illinois, recently had a misunderstanding as to
the merits of the Mississippi and Illinois regi
ments in Mexico. A duel was arranged mus
kets, fifteen paces distance. President Taylor
interfered, put the police on the tracks of ihe
belligerents, got access to both, put them both
right, and so saved a fight. Well done.
.Bail Road Meeting.
A meeting will be holden at the Court House
in Montpelier, on Tuesday, the 10th day of
March instant, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, to
take into consideration the subject of construct
ing a Rail Road from Montpelier to Wells Riy-
er. It is hoped, and expected, that the friends of
the project will come, fully determined upon a
long pull, a strong pull, and a pull altogether, for
a direct communication from Ogdcusburgh to
Pottsrnouth and Portland.
The Coalition "Long Team"
Was tried on Tuesday by certain uneasy pol
iticians of the town: but the people of Montpe
lier intimated most decidedly that thi; team was
not long enough nor strong enough for the load.
The License Question.
License. No License.
Montpelier ICO J81
Marihfield 121 84
Berlin 3 maj.
(Lf" We hearMr." Peckman's Lecture highly
spoken of. Gentlemen of the Institute, why not
invite a repetition of it ?
(JyThe attention of Merchants and others is
requested to our New. York and Boston adver
tisements. Heavy Damages for Persecuting a Young
Girl. The following case was tried in one of
the Philadelphia Courts last week: An orphan
girl, named Susan Drais, sued William Smead
ley, a manufacturer. The girl, who is about 18
years of egc, worked in the manufactory of
Smeadley, but left him to work in another fac
tory. Smeadly brought a suit against her for
theft, and she was dragged through the stceets
to a magistrate's office, where the complaint was
discharged. He again had her arrested and hu
miliated at another magistrate's office, where
she was also discharged. A third time the poor
girl was arrested, taken from her work, and again
she was discharged. A gentleman named Be
drau took up the matter for her, and brought
suit against Smeadley for slander. (The charge
against the girl waa stealing pieces of yarn !i
The Jury gave five thousand four hundred dol
lars damages against Smeadley, for his wicked
persecution ol the poor orphan.
Homestead Exemption Bills. During the last
few months, household exemption bills have
passed as follows: Maine eiempts a homestead
to the value of $500, and in the absence of a
homestead personal estate to that amount. Ver
mont exempts a homestead to the Talue of $500 ;
Iowa and Minnesota, 40 acres of land, or a lot;
California, 320 acres of land or a lot worth
$2,000; Detcret, it is said, secures a home to
every family; Georgia, Texas, Michigan, Wis
consin, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut had pre
viously enacted similar laws. Star.
Some otherwise very, clever people suppose
Imt the manufacturing business is over-done in
this country-, and especially in New England. It
is a very great and a very mischievous mistake.
Observe the statements as to teoolens, which we
are in tne Habit ot attacning iu
New York Wool Market: the value of foreign
wookrit imported Into New York is more than
ten times the value of all the wool (both foreign
and domestic) so!d in that city. The value im
ported into the country in 1848 exceeded sixteen
millionsof dollars'. The probability is thatthis
country does not manufacture more than one
half of the woolen goods consumed in it though
she has capital, labor, power, and the raw mate
rial in her own limits. Nor is this the worst part
of the story: the woolen manufacture is dc.
creasing, and must continue to decrease, unless
protection is speedily furnished to sustain it,.
The best that can now be done in wool, is flan
nels and to that must be added one third cotton
to make both the flannels and the business
good. There is another and quite an important
branch of manufacture, worthy of consideration,
especially in Vermont, and in our own section of
Vermont. We mean the manufacture of cotton.
It is a safer branch of manufacture than wool,
becaujc it is very nearly independent of protec
tion, requires less capital, and has the world (if
need be) for a market Is the cotton minufac
ture overdone? Far from it. Over seventeen
millions of foreign cotton goods were imported in
1848, and in the same year no cxportcdTre mi
lions of domestic cottons. The balance is a-
gainst us on cottons ; wc must manufacture a
vast deal more to supply our own rapidly gr.w
mg country. Indeed, it is hardly possible for
the increase of manufactures to keep even pace
with the increase of population. Yet more could
be safely done: America can ore long just as
well supply the world with cotton cloth as she
can with raw cotton. If any Yankee thinks his
neighbors are going too fast and too far in the
cotton line, we offer him these statistics:
Cotton Sjiindlis oj the world.
Great Britain, 17.300,000
United States, 2 0CO.OOO
All the rest, :),500.C0O
This picture is susceptible ot improvement
Certainly it is not complimentary to Yankee
sagacity to let John Hull run more than 8 spin
dles to our one, and yet buy his cotton of us,
carry it 3000 miles to manufacture, and bring
his cloth mer the same 3000 miles again for us
to wear Here is another man who thinks the
cotton business is not quite dead yet worse
though it is than it would be, if the bars were
put up against foreign cottons. We believe,
with this writer, thit a safe business can be
done in cotton, and in Vermont as well as else
where. Cotton Manufacturing.
The Sacu Manufacturing Company have de
clared n dividend (semi-annually) of 3 per cent.;
the Laconia, at Biddleford, 3 percent.; the Great
rails, a dividend ot J per cent. I hesc compa
nies have surplus profits to he carried to new
account. The Auburn and Syracuse Hailrnad.
4 per cent. The Petersburg!! Railroad, 3 per
cent, for six uionlhs, it has recently purchased
gloO.OlO worth ot railroad Iron. The Alilledgc
villc (Georgia) Recorder states that the manu
facturing; company of that place has declared a
semi-annual dividend of 4 per cent. The divi
dend of the Naumkeag Company, at Salem, dur-
;e (.- pt Iua If t-cn D pL-r Ceil u, flc i pav
ing 828,000 for interest on rcpairs,new machine
ry, &c. A surplus fund is also lelt, amounting
to S48.590. Railway Times, 'Mst January,BT0.
In addition to dividends paid by I ho above
roentioned factories, it appears on reference to
the Railway Times, a most useful journal, that
within a short period, Die following companies
have paid semi-annual dividends, alter retaining,!
as is otaled, their usual amount of reserved prnf-l
its, tor wear and tear ot machinery, xc, name
ly, Hamilton, Alassacnusetts, A moskeag. Stark,
Cabot, Cluckopee, Perkins, Dwight, Nashua,
Salmon Falls, Jackson, Manchester, Alcrriiuac,
Lowell, Boston, Tremunt, Appleton, and others
of less note. The rates of profit have, it is true,
been far below those of preceding years, when
they ranged from 8 to 12, and even 20 per cent,
per annum ; but none of Ihein have been less
lhan 5 percent, per annum, and a majority have
ranged from (5 to 8 per cent.
It should be taken :ntn consideration thit there
never has been a penod of years so adverse to
cotton manufacturing as from 1S4G to 1850.
Within that time the duties on foreign g.-ods
coining in competition with home-made, have
been reduced fro u an average of 50 or CO wr
cent, to a fixed rate of 25 per cent, followed by
immense importations ot cottons, linens, and
mixed cotton and woollen.
2. The money market, for nearly three years,
has been in a very unfavorable Mate, discount
on the first class of notes, ranging Irom 8 to 12,
and considerable higher rates of interest, the
ettect ot winch was to throw heavy losses on
corporations, most of which have had to borrow
largely, for want of sufficient active capital, and
to much greater extent in order to realize their
sales, made on an average of 10 month-'.
3. Tho distributors of goods, who do riot get
the returns for their sales short of six or eight
months of the time paid for good., have been
compelled to pay still higher rates of interest
lhan corporations, whose piper, from its strength,
most generally has a prelerence at the banks and
elsewhere, over the notes of dry goods dealers,
shipping merchants, and ethers w ho retail, or ship
I lie manufactured article.
4. The cholera of last season waa a great dis
turber of business. It checked the distribution
of goods among remote parts of the country.and
materially lessened consumption.
5. The extraordinary demand for labor,(groat
ly relieved now by importations into New Ens-
land and New York of about half a million of
laborers since JeUtJ,) caused an unusual advance
If, under all these, and many other adverse
circumstance, there has been a reasonable a
mount of prufit on cotton manufactures, it would
seem to show that the complaints, heard in some
quarters, of over-production, were unfounded.
It should be remembered, too, that these divid
ends, greater than the bank rate ot interest,
were made on goods, which were Bold at prices
from 15 to 25 percent, below the current rates;
such being the case, the profits for the coming
twelve months will probably be twice as large as
they have been for the two preceding years.
It is contended, however, by a class of men,
who are not satisfied with moderate gains, that
we have too much power of manufacturing in
operation ; that the contrary is the case, may rea
sonably be inferred from the fact that during the
past two years there has been a greater addition
to spindles than at any previous period. It is
also stated in papers, and elsewhere, that appli
cations for increase of capital are before the Le
gislature, and that, in numerous instances, where
such an application has not yet been made, cap
itals hare been enlarged, because of an increas
ed demand for goods, which arc paying good
profits to the manufacturers.
On the whole, the time appears to have arrived
when, from the rapid growth of thfi country, the
consumption of cotton and woollen goods has
outrun the supply, and consequently, it is expe
dient to commence new undertakings for it
should be borne in mind thitthe additional quan
tity required, or that may be required fur the en
suing year or two, will come from abroad, to the
great loss ot the country, if cot to be obtained
There is, too, another reason why manufactur
ing should be extended at this moment, namely:
the cheapness of machinery, of land, and of wa
ter power, as compared with- any previous pe
riod. It is said, by those most largely conccrce J iu
factories, that new works can be erected at about
25 to 33 1-3. per.ccnt. below the cost of existing
ones, and consequently, that the factories now in
course of erection, and others, for which prepa
rations are made for erecting, win be cheaper,
when completed, than present old ones, at 75 on
a cost of 100.
It is also expected that wages will fall, from
the over-supply of operatives about to be import
ed from Europe. If what has been advanced
can be relied upon, it would seem that this is the
time to undertake new works for if we now
have enough to supply present demand, the con
stant increase of population renders it necessary
to extend in order that they may be supplied
with dorrcstic instead of foreign goods. Cor.
Consolation for Grumblers.
It has been said that Montpelier has lost bu
siness by the Kailroad. The truth is, business
has been dianged in some respects. This had led
fo Ihe supposition that business has been lessen
ed. An erroneous supposition it is, altogether.
Comparative statements have been made, by
leading business men here, ot three months bu
siness of the winter of 18411, and the same peri
od of 1850. The result is -not only an increase,
but a large increase in the aggregate. So far,
so good: but, gentlemen of Montpelier, you
have done nothing yet exactly nothing to im
prove your new resources for business. You
have but adapted a little of your old ways to the
new times. What is needed ic, to seize and nc
the new advantages offered, not simply for trade.
that must be limited by tho population around,
butformWiicing-whal can be produced by ap
plying labor io your capital. That will bring an
increased population, and population will bring'
increased trade. Our farms should produce
more; our wood and stone and water power
should be more improved for mechanical and
manufacturing purposes. Why buy cotton goods,
flannels, axes, scythes, and agricultural imple
ments of all sorts, house furniture, and a thous
and other things, which wc can make not only
for ourselves but for others also? Wc speck of
things that can Le manufactured in our own vi
cinity. Montpelier village should have a flannel
mill, and a good cotlon factory to begin with.
A start of this kind here will start up dozens of
other sorts ot manufacture in our neighborhood
on the Wicooski, North Brunch, and Dug Rivei
With the energy and skill of Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, or Connecticut men, Vermont
would be a prosperous manufacturing State.
Perhaps something of that energy and skill
could be imported, if Vcrmonters of capital
would dare to risk a small part of tint cipital by
way of furni'hiiig shops to work in and dwellings
to live in. Until something of this sort is done,
the men of :i.oney will " salt down" their capi al
where it doc nothing towards increasing the
products or the population of their neighborhood
where it will rust, while their houses are rut-1
ling down over their heads.
Vermont Central llailroad. We sec hy the
Vermont Watchman and State Journal, that the
Vermont Central Railroad ;co-nplcted to Bur
lington) is doing a very heavy freight business.
US loaded freight cars are daily passing over
this road. Boston Atlas.
We arc much obliged to the Atlas for afford
ing us an opportunity to try our hand again at that
item. It was of the down freight trains we were
speaking, and of that part of the do,vn train run
ning into Moutpelier from Burlington. The
whole number of cars in the down train will
.very far exceed the number slated and then
that number must be doubled (to include tho up
train) before "tho heavy freight business" of
the central can be correttly understood. We
have ascertained the average each way for a
week, and will report anon.
First Ipl os hrinfT in tho fotlnwinfr s-ipritnpn nf
scolding, which vvc hnd in the Boston bveiiing
VERMONT CENTRAL RAILROAD.
Mr.. Editor: I am not greatly gifted in the
an of complaining, and am not much addicted
to the practice; but such gilts as I have I am
disposed to exercise somewhat in relation to
some things pertaining to this rond. I am not
dispos d to find fault with the maimer in which
the road is consiructcd, or the time in which it
is run, or with the ease, quiet and s'lllness with
which passengers are carried over I'. This is
all well, and above reproach ; and not only well
and above reproach, it is truly worthy of com
mendation and example. What I complain of
is, the tak ol running aicommotlalions lor both
riight and pitsengtrs. For ins'ar.ce, there is a
lack of carr. Business recently called me over
this road. From Stanton's, six or seven miles
this side of Burlington, to Waterbury, we were
crowded almost to suffocation. As iimiy as fif
teen or twenty persons were obliged tostand up
But at Waterbury another car was added to the
tram, which was filled to overflowing, but the
difficulty was, in a great degree, removed.
I saw large quantities of freight nt the depots
UK)n the upper end of the road, waiting or cars.
'1 hesc evils should be remedied. 'I he bu-iness
, . . , o i i o
coimnuni y.aud the . public generally would call ,
Litu iiLiiitii-t;! 3 ol una ivu iu uo m.i.ouiiv in n
public form for these deficiencies. If peoplcare
obliged to travel, nnd if they pay for it nil that
is asked of them, they should be fairly accom
modated If two cars in a tram are nut enough,
there should be mrc. If twenty double freight
cars in one train are not enough, let there be
twenty five or fifty if needed. Nothing is plain
er. The grades will allow almost any number.
Too true, sir. The managers of the Central
Road did intend to lie fully equipped with furni
ture to do the business anticipated : the cause of
all the trouble is, that lite business oj ihe road has
outrun their anticipations. Certainly it is un
fortunate that the block of road furniture is not
adequate for the business; but we opine that the
stockholders will consider it a most excellent
fault. We trmst the Company will increase its
furniture as fast as possible; and we guess
there is no danger of getting too much. The
Central road is yet doing simply its local busi
ness: in one year, if the Northern roads are
completed, it will have m.t only a large Uirough
business, but a large increase of local business.
Now as to tbe trains : from Windsor to Wa
terbury (about three fourths of the line) two long
passenger cars are run daily each way from
Waterbury to Burlington one. As occasion de
mands the train is increased by one car. Wti
presume the same trains will soon bo run twice a
day each way. There has been an addition of
about one third to the number of passengers
within two weeks: and hence, probably, tbe
complaint published in the Journal.
As to freight. The average number of car
loads up daily, in the whole line, is 35 and the
same number down: will our friends of the At
las note that the sum total daily is seventy on the
whole line ? Remember, we before spoke only
of the train from Burlington into Montpelier.
On Monday last the up freight train consisted of
57 car loads; one train down, last week, to
White River Junction.numbered G8 car loads.
Tbe largest single train yet was 96 car-loads:
that was drawn over the Central road by a sin
gle but powerful locomotive. The same train
required two and even three engines on other
roads : no matter where. On the whole, the
road is now doing a smart business ; let it, and
its Btockholders,be prepared for a large increase.
Library Institute. Poem by C. G. Eastman,
this (Wednesday) evening.
Mohdat, Feb. 25.
In the Senate, Mr. Pearce of Maryland intro
duced a resolution for information concerning
the geology, &c of California adopted.
Mr. Foote moved to refer the California Mes
sage to a Select Committee of Fifteen post
poned. Air. Turney rose to make explanations relstive
to an alleged false report of the National Intel
ligencer, respecting the resolutions of the Ten
nessee Legislature. He was in favor of the
Southern Convention, , Mr. Hamlin of Maine
spoke on the California Message, which was
postponed until tomorrow.
Mr. Miller of New Jersey concluded a concil
iatory speech on Mr. ClayV resolutions, and was
followed by Mr. Rusk of Texas, when the reso
lutions were postponed until Wednesday.
M r. Foote renewed his motion to refer the Cal
ifornia Message to a committee of fifteen, and
strenuously urged it. If there was not some
thing done within a few days there would bo an
outbreak, forever prcventinga settlement. Messrs
Butler, Dayton, and Walker opposed it, and
Messrs. Clemens and Badger supported it. Ad
In the Houso of Representatives, Air. iirawn
of Mississippi moved to suspend the rules in or
der to introduce resolutions from the Committee
on Territories, to inquire if President Polk or
any of his Cabinet in any way sought to exclude
slavery from California. Action not reported.
He also reported a joint resolution for the dis
tribution ot public documents among different
Mr. presented a remonstrance against
the admission of Dcscret, and disclosing the
enormities of Mormunism.
Mr. Giddings presented a petitioi from Dela
ware, for a peaceablo dissolution of the Union.
Upon its reception the ayes and noes wereorder
ed. The ayes were, Messrs. Allen or Massa
chusetts, Giddings, Hone of Pennsylvania, Ju
lian of Indiana, Preston King, Durkee of Wis
consin, Root of Ohio 8. Nays 162.
Mr. Socnck of Ohio presented a memorial
from the people of New .Mexico for a territorial
government, and moved tint it be referred to the
ConiinitUe on the Territories-, and be printed.
Carried-135 to 42.
Three hours were spent in receiving a vast
number of privileged resolutions, &c. Adj.
M-. Thomas llutlcr King has published a card,
Hating that his California report has been delay
ed by his illness. He denies that he had any
specific instructions how to act in California, or
that lh-re was any official irterference there re-
.-pecting slavery. Uen. Kiley acted under the
orders of the Lie administration.
Wid.nespat, Feb. 27.
In Semite today, Mr. Clay ' resolulions wure
laken up, ana ilr. uentoii made a bnet and con
clusive argiiHient,sliowing that slavery does nut
exiat in California and Nov Mexico, qucting the
Spinish laws thereupon.
Mr. Rusk moved that the river Rio Grande bo
decided upon as the western bound iry of Texas,
but gave way to a motion for adjournment.
House of Jtriresinlalivts. The Ilou-e went
into committee of tho whoieon the President's
Message. -Mr. Toombs, of Georgia, presented
the i.suul Southern arguments on the slavery
question, with npparent fairness. Ho said the
South would abide hy the constitution until ar
gument was exhausted, and then would resort to
Mr. Baker, of Illinois, followed, and proved by
Southern arimirsions, the constitutionality and
justice of slavery prohibition in the now Territo
ries and Sates. On his interrogating .Mr.
Toombs and other Southern gentlemen whether,
if the Wil not Proviso passed, they would dis
solve the Union if ihey could. Mr. Bocock of Vir
ginia, lepiied, thai in that case, ho would intro
duce a resolution declaring the Union to be dis
solved. Air. Baker showed that such a resolution
would amount ' to nothing, The North would
not fijht to extend and support slavery. Col.
Baker defended his State and the course of his
Mr. AlcLanc of Maryland vindicated his
course. The Democratic party would not be dis
solved. If the Missouri line was adopted, they
would not extend the line of Texas to California.
Air. Conrad, of Louisiana, tuok the floor, when
the llmiso adjottrned.
In the Scnav, on Tlinrsihy, Feb. 23, Mr. Ucll
of Tennessee, addressed the Senate briefly in
explanation of a series cf resolutions looking to
the settlement ot the questions growing out of
the institution of slavery, lie disclaimed any
supposition tint any proposition would, carry
"eight as coming from him ; indeed, he did not
suppose that any proposition of compromise
could come frotn the South which would be suc
cessful. Such proposition, to be successful,
should come irom the North, where the power
Ilij preamble and first resolution provides for
ihe erection of a new slave Sute out of a por
lion of the Territory of Texas, and the reaffir
mation of the guarantee contained in the resolu
tions of Texas annexation, a to Slavery North
or Sjuth of the Compromise lina.
Air. Bell proceeded to argue the justice and
propriety of this measure, contending that Cal
ifornia, New- Alextco, Oregon. Nebraska and Ali
nesota, would give in a short time, at least ten
free States to the Union. He contended for the
eraction of this new slave State as a peace ofier
ing, to settle the pending difficulty in relation to
the admission of California. It was no more
than the south might reasonably ask of the jus.
tice and magnanimity of the North. His prop
osition, as explained, provides for the erection of
a slave State immediately upon the consent of
Texas, out of the territory of Texas lying be
tween the Trinity and Colorado Rivers ; the
s I . .1. it. f .. r .1.-
cession iu liiu vuiii-u oiuiea ui 1110 uiiipurnnria-
of . 3 SmA ,)e
tween Ihe Colorado and Rio Grande, said terri
tory to be ullinntely erected into a slave State,
and tho cession to the United States of the ju
risdiction over oil the territory of Texas lying
north of 34 deg. He assumed lhat the future
slave State to be erected out of the territory ly
ing on the Rio Grande would be the last of i's
race. The prop osilior. was to give the South the
small quota of advantage which would naturally
fall to ner, conceding to the North all that could
be reasonably asked, and all that could bo. given
with due regard to the honot and inlcgrity of
both sections. He repudiated the idea of mak
ing the Missouri Compromise line the arbitrary
demarcation between the free and slave States.
He also proposed the immediate admission of
California as a Slate, contending that no objec
tion should be made to a Constitution which hail
been formed and ratified by a people who had,
in that very instrument, evinced their capacity
for self-government, and ability to elect tho in
stitutions under which they preferred to live
the people of California were satisfied with their
Constitution, and Congress had no right to ob
ject. Mr. Bell further observed, that he had thought
best not to encumber his proposition with any
allusion to the abolition of Slav-cry in the Dis
trict of Columbia. Jle was willing to trust that
question, as well as the subject of the appre
hension of fugitive slaves, to the good faitli of
Congress. He expressed bis conviction that the
South would resist any flagrant violation of their
constitutional rights, but he anticipated no such
violation. Ho had not countenanced the South
ern Convention, for he had placed a liberal con
fidence iu the justice of the people of the North.
If good should flow from that Convention, he
would be entitled to no credit therefor; if evil,
though he might suffer therefrom, in common
with every citizen in ihe Union, he waa in no de
gree responsible for it He had no desire to un
derrate the earnest feeling of the South with
reference to this agitating question. The ex
citement was real, strong and deep, and he ap
pealed to Northern men not to be deceived, and
not to attribute all this commotion to the arts of
demagogues and aspirants for political distinc
tion. The elements of this agitation, in the
South, were t a character demanding the calm,
dispassionate consideration of Congress. In con
clusion, he entered into general remarks upon
the value of the Union, and the manner in which
alone it could be preserved.
The resolutions were received, laid on the ta
ble, and ordered to be printed.
ilr. Butler asked that there might be a gener
al understanding that Air. Calhoun's views on
Air. Clay's resolutions be presented to the Sen
ate on Monday next. He stated that the Sena
tor would not be able to speak, but asked the
privilege of having his views read to the Sen
ate by some friend.
The California Message was then taken up,
and its consideration postponed, on motion of
Mr. Hamlin, until Tuesday next.
The Senate resumed the consideration of- Mr.
Mr. Walker submitted an amendment to the
second resolution, by the insertion of a few
words, recognizing the fact that slavery has
been abolished and prohibited, together with the
slave trade, in .Mexico, and can only be introdu
ced there by positive enactment.
Mr. Rusk then took the floor, and resumed
and concluded his remarks upon the general
question, taking Southern ground and opposing
the Wilmot proviso.
Soon after the conclusion of Rusk's speech,
the Senate adjourned, with the understanding
. i i . : I-: ......
inai tomorrow is io ue spem. in jAut-uuvc o&
(n the House. AJr. Dotv's bill for the admission
of California was ordered to be prinled by gen
eral consent. The House had up the President's
California Alessage in Committee ot the vv nole,
and was addressed by Alessrs Conrad of Ui.,
and Parker of Va. Air. Conrad admitted that
California was justifiable, under tho circumstan
ces, in forming a Slate Utvcrnment ; anu as
part of a scheme for settling the slave question,
he would vote for her admission, hut not as an
Washi."coto.v, Wednesday, Feb. 27. The
renewed struggle, in the House, between the
North and the South, on .Monday next, has been
happily prevented by a timely arrangement.
The Northern members here generously yielded
a point, which they had hastily and without con
sideration made. To pass a bill for the admis
sion of California, without allowing the minority
to open their lips, was palpably unjust and op
pressive. The public sense was shocked at it.
Everywhere, the resistance of the minority was
considered as conservative and proper. The
Northern members are themselves glad to yield
io it : for thov see that, by hastening the meas
ure, they must defeat any projected compromise,
and, in tact, destroy all possible chance ot a re
sumption of the regular business ot me session.
It is understood that next Monday, when Air.
Doty' resolution comes up, it will be passed over
bv consent, or withdrawn; and m order to re
lieve its former supporters from any embarrass
ment, the resolution, together with n -bill lor tne
admission of California, is referred to the Com
mittee cf the Whole on the stale of ihe Union,
where it is fullv to be debated. The committee.
after a full discussion, and perhaps not till after
the Senate lnve matured some scheme of coin
pro, ni.-e, vvill come to a decision.
After some three months, we snail ue able to
crv land, ho : ' 1 consider inai im.neuiaie uan
"cr is already over. The .Northern men aro no
oner disposeu to act im precipuatiun auu vi-
The Southern men await a project of compro
mise from the North. They may not agree to
Air. Clay's plan as offered ; but somi plan on
that basis, if reported from a select committee
afier a debate, will undoubtedly be carried.
It is said that Air. Webster's plan will give
the South what they demand, equality of rights
and even nn equal nuuucr of Slates in the
lenitones cejed hy Alexicn, and to be ceded by
Texas. But at present, his plan admits Califor
nia, und at the same time, a new Slate from Tex
as. I mention this only as a current rumor.
l'erhaps it is entirely erroneous. 1 do not find
that any of Air. Webster's pollticil friends are
aware of his intention on this subject,
Icitcis have been received here by Northern
Senators Irom persons on the Riotlrandc, who
say that they do not desire shivery in that re
gion. They ask a separate territorial govern
ment, and have sent a petition to that effect.
The project sent from iSew Alexico for a Ter
ritorial (internment, contains a rcstnc'ion iion
Congress which will not be tolerated. It inhib
its the government of the U. S., or the Territo
rial (Jovernment, from abolishing tne sj stem of
peonage. UI the two, Airicau aiivery wouiu
be a k'.-d obstacle to Ihe advancement ot a com
munity in arts-aencu'ture, education and morals.
The inhabitants of New Alexico, who are inost-
Iv of ill Alexican race, might as well demand a
guaranty from the United States, lhat imprison
ment lor debt shall be, forever, the law of lhat
Statu for peonage is founded on debt.
Air. Bsnton has demonatraied lhat African
slavery wes aboli.-hed 111 Alexico by valid legis
lative and executive acts, and fully cunfiruied,
too, bv the usage of the people. Cor. 0 .V. Y.
Jour, of Com.
Alr. WinsTF.n. The Washington correspon
dent of the Philadelphia Ledger says,
1 was right when 1 said thai .ilr. Webster
would not propose a compromise, though it his
been staled that he would, and that his plan had
already been submitted to Southern membo-s
and obtained their approbation. Such state
ments are nlwavs premature and defeat their ve
ry object. They are not made by discreet men ;
they are made by mere quid nuncs. But Mr
Webster will make a powerlul Union spli.cii
one which will be a model nf eloquence, and the
ncmory of which wul be cherished lonrrnuerthe
orator's bones shall have minjrled with the kin-
dust of his native soil. It will rivet Washing
ton's farewell address, and be an admonition to
both sections df the country to fulfil, through
union, the great mission of the American people.
But beyond this speech, I repeat it, .Mr. Webster
will not go. Air. Webster will be the means ol
producing action in ethers; himself will be sat
isfied with Ihe part of" Cicero, lecturing tho Son-
ate rfe ojjictis.
Mysterious Wc give the following Irom the
Baltimore correspondent of the New York Tri
bune, with a caution against its belug swallowed
We hive reports of a character that seem tobo
correct, that the Southern .Members of Congress
purpose retiring from their scats m the Capitol
on .Monday next.
A letter received heretnaay Irom a prominent
.Member of Congress lo his fucud. states that
sumilhmg oj a serious character is apprehended
in Washington on lhat day. This accords with
Senator Foote's declaration, that the Uninn could I
not last more than this week ; but still I cannot
believe that a traitorous design ot attempting to
dissolve this glorious Union is seriously contem
plated. Extract of an article in the Rich
"A southern Convention ! and for what?
Wr, in the West, fear this is a movement (how
ever darkly veiled it seems to be) made by a
few designing, restless spirits in the south against
the Union of these Stales. An insidious move
ment against the Union so dear to the hearts of
all patriots of our widely spread, our belovrd
country against the Union which enshrines all
that is worth recollecting in our past history, and
on which alone our future hopes can .rest. We
can seo no good results from such a convention
no remedy in such a body for the evils which
lend the pretext for this movement. If it points
I. i.t .. . i, . h.-.t.
IU U13UIIIUII WU IIUVIU OSJ. LO UUI OA91VOI Ulbll-
ren, in the beautiful language of Governor Crit
tenden, " We can see no remedy in Disunion
for the evils of which the South complains ;" and
we will now admonish our eastern friends, if the
sad day shall ever come whn this glorious Uni
on shall be dissolved, or when Eastern Virginia
would leave it, she must expect lo leave it alone ;
for, however much we luve the good old common
wealth, we love the Union better."
The Administration and Slavery. The Mobile
(Ala.) Trioime, speaking of the late Message of
we i resicenv in regau io uaiiiuruia sayp,
"The Alessage, we think, is not calculated to
be at all satisfactory, and tor this reason. Tbe
Administration and every one in the country
knew very well that the great majority of the
people of California were opposed lo Slavery, and
that to aid them in adopting a Constitution was
in effect aiding and stimulating them to exclude
slavery from the territory. By leaving the mat
ter lo ihe action of Congress, the result might
have been an adjustment by which the South
would have obtained a share, if not the whole, of
tbe territory for Slavery. As it is now, wa con
sider the California Convention the work of the
Administration, and we do not see how, justly,
it can be considered in any other light."
The Vermont Patriot, Burlington Courier,
Brandon Post, and other Free Democracy papers
in tins State will please copy.
Nullification. Tho Louisville Journal of the 11th
instant, thus hits off the nullificrs of South Car
olina: Governor Seabrook, of South Carolina, has re
commended the Legislature of that billigerant
Stale to make an appropriation of fifty thousand
dollars to be expended in purchasing arms and
the munitions of war for the use of the people
when any exigency shall arise. That sum
would probably be sufficient to equip one thou
sand nullifiers on a march against an enemy.
We presumo the fiery Governor has called on
Qualtlebum, Commander, and other military and
scientific gentlemen of the State, and consulted
them on this interesting subject. These wor
thies, we suppose, concurred in thinking that
one thousand tire-eating nullifiers could inarch
to the city of New York, laying waste the coun
try through which thev passed, and, after re
galing on Tom's river oysters and pluck-elevating
Hollands, proceed t Boston, demolish the
Bunker Hill monument, and take pasession of the
home of blue bellied Puritanism. Altera gen
erous carousal in Fanueil Hill, they wijl proba
bly stick up a palmetto branch on the State
House and tako pusession of the whole country
in the name of Qualtlebum, the first and last of
Carolina. The enterprise is a very prclty one,
and it is to be hoped ihe nullifiers will under
Tin- JVashrilln Cnnrenlion in Louisiana. But
little sympathy is given to the gathering of tho
Nullifiers at Nashville, in June, among the peo
ple of Louisiana. The Committee on Federal
ItelMinna in the House ot Representatives luve
reported against sending delegates to such a
treasonable gathering. The N. O. Bulletin says
ihe strong men of both political parties are op
posed to the scheme.
Slave Law in Marutand. Baltimore. Tuesday,
The Senato ot this State have passed
a bill from the House, allow in-; sUves
into the Slate no: for sate however.
Deatu or Mr. H. R. Co.-ja.nt, We arc
pained to learn, by the lato anival from Califor
nia, of the death of this enterprising young man,
who is a son of Colonel Samuel Conant ot this
town. Iras'iurgh Vt.) Becord.
Heroic! Some of the members of Congress
attend the session with revolvers in their pockets.
They intend to dissolve the Uniou with a pocket
The Lawrence Sentinel states that the Atlnn
lic Company have commenced laying the foun
dation of a new mill, capable of holding 15,000
spindles, and that it will be the handsomest mill
in New England.
tTJ" Jlichigan expended last year, for the pro
motion of common school education, $113,187
92. The number of children in the State, be-
twecn 4 ami 18 years, is 125218 ; attending pri
m,r.. schools, 102.B7I. ihe school system is
here producing favorable results
(X?" Kentucky has ordered a block of native
marble to be placed in the Washington Monu
ment, inscribed with the following sentiment:
" Under the auspices of Heaven and the pte
cepts of Washington, Kentucky will be the last
to give up the Union."'
The. BlacJc Iiws Bfpenhd. Ohio has repeal
ed her black laws, and colored children are now
entitled to their full shire of the state school
funds. Colored schools are to be established by
A case fbrlaurers. An ingenious casuist in
the Providence Journal wishes to bu informed,
supposing it to bo true, as charged that Brigham
Young, of Deseiet, the Alor.nan loader, has 2G
wives whether the establi-hment of" this new
and peculiar institution of poIiL-amy or Brighamy
iu Deseret, would entitle lirigh.uu to remove to
Al.ist.ich'iscttti or Rhode Inland with his twenty
ix wives? The Journal thinks thit according
to the Calhoun doctrine, he would t least have
ihu right to carry them into any territorial gov
ernment, Mr Barnum states that since the debut of Jen
ny Lind 111 England, she has given tu the poor
from her private purse, more than the whole a
inount (SiGO 000) which he ha engaged to give
her, and tlul Ihe proceeds of" conceits for charit
ble purposes, where she has sung gratuitously,
have realized more than ten times lhat amount.
She is now founding a benevolent institution in
Stockholm, her native city, at a cost of 350,000
Revolutionary dell of Texas. The ostensible
debt of Texas including interest, is $1 1,055,tEM-
71 ; and the par value ol the same, 55,G0O,GyO.
Cholera in Russia. An official statement has
just been published of the deaths from Cholera in
Russia, during the last visitation ot that malady.
The total number of cases is allcdged to have
been 1,JS(J,819, and Ihe nu nber of deaths (Ktj,-
012. l'hysici ins and other observers, howei er,
are said to affirm lhat the deaths were not less
fr? rwo voting Amencms were walking in
the streets ol Vienna, when meeting an Austri
an otucer dasntng niong on norscoacK, one ol
them raised his walking stick to prevent the
horse from running upon hun, and the officer
struck him with his whip. The American as
certained the officer's name and demanded satis
faction. The officer treated the demand with
contempt. Air. Siyl.es. our charge, was then
consulted. He officially informed .the insolent
officer that he must either fight or apologize, or
he, Air. Styles, would publish Iitui in every news
paper on the Cont.neut as a poltroon. The ;
Washington Union, in relating the anecdote,
stales lint an immediate and ample apology was
Indian Patriotism. The Council of Chicasaw
Indians, have appropriated S'-OO tow ard the erec
tion nt the Nitional Washington Monument.
IT?" The Ship Russia, which was burned at
the mouth of tho Mississippi, on tho 7ih,was in
sured for jllVICOO at nine different offices.
The Question of Disunion. Tho National
Intelligencer publishes a letter from a gentle
man ot the highest standi.ig in Virginia, which
uses Ihe following lauguigc:
If I were an abolitionist, and desired a state
of things to promote my ends by destroyin;
value of the slaves themselves, 1 would wish the
Southern members of Congress to act precise
ly as many ol llieui aro doing now in both
Houses. lhoy are now siiently undermining
the slave property, and the owner who does not
sec it nt home is wanting in common sense.
Why, sir, the people in the slave States Me
masses don'l know vol what are the merits of
this question. Thny have viewed it up to this
ti.ne as little more than a theme for stump ora
tors, and lhat ho was the smartest fellow who
could make the most noise about it. This has
been permitted to go forth lo the world as uni
versal Southern sentiment. But who aro the
slaveholders? Are they everybody in the South?
One would suppose so ; when, in truth and in
fact they are not half no, not a third of the
substantial citizens of the South. Docs any
man of common 6cnse suppose lhat the latter,
when they see thtir danger when they see
their glorious Union about to be lorn to pieces
will not examine into the merits of the whole
question ? i es, they vvill ; and will say to ihe
slaveholder, " When you see your property is
protected ui none, you have got ail you ought to
ask, and with this you must be satisfied."
Firgimcr. The citizens of Loudoun, the larg
est county in Virginia, held a large meeting at
the Court House on Washington's Birthday, and
declared themselves, though adverse to thu Wil
mot Proviso, utterly hostile to tbe Nashville Con
vention and all projects and maneuvers looking
to Disunion. There was but one dissentin"
voice on the passage ol the Resolutions. It is
hardly necessary lo add lhat Loudoun was al
ways the strongest Whig County in Virginia.
(UDan'l H. Pearson is on trial at Cambridge,
tor the murder of his w ife and two infant chil
dren. The prisoner's father is one of the wit
nesses. A Boston paper (Atlas) says :
"The prisoner maintains and wears an appear
ance of perfect indifference to the evidence as
it is developed before the Court. He could not
show less signs of humanity if he were a granite
block. Not an emotion either of joy, or hope, or
sorrow, or fear, can be detected in his impassible
face. Not even when his aged father, bowed
down with the weight of years and sorrows was
upon the stand, weeping scalding tears as he
gave in his evidence against his Bon, did a mus
cle ot his countenance move, or a shade of regret
relieve the forbidding and repulsive expression
of his cold look."
Pearson has been convicted.
LATER FROM CALIFORNIA.
Arrival of the Alabama.' at New
Orleans, with dates from San
Francisco to January 14th,
and half a million of
New Orleans, Feb. 28.
Tho steamship Alabama has arrived at this
port from Chagres with sixty-five passengersand
one half million dollars worth of gold dust. The
Alabama brings dates from San Francisco to tho
14th of January.
There has been an immense flood at Sacre
mentu City, and tne whole place ha3 been over
flowed by ihe rise of the river, with the excep
tion of a few spots. The cattle have been swept
away from the vicinity like chaff before the
Bv this occurrence the loss of prnpertv is im
mense, and tho suffering of the inhabitants is al
most indescribable. The loss of propeity at tho
city of Sacremento, by this deluge, will be more
than one million of dollars.
All outrage has been committed at the mines
by the Chillians who are numerous on tho
Americans at the mines. Near Stockton an at
tack was made upon the Americans by the Chili
an-), wnen two of our countrymen were murder
ed and several others were captured and impris
oned, but finally released.
From the Rio Grande.
Frum l In New Orlean. l'icayuoe, Feb. 13.
We have received the Brownsville Fngand
the Sentinel to the 11th instant. It appears that
in eflorl has been made by a portion of the in
uabitantd ol that city and its environs to induce
Congress at the present session, in erect lint
(part of Texas lying between the Nueces and
ihe Rio Grando tnlo a'lerntorv, to be cahed
the Territory of the Rio Grande. A meeting of
Iho friends of ihts movement look placeat Sians
bury School house on the fid instant, when reac
tions were passed reccommending a Convent oa
of Delegates from the different sections of u e
so-called Territory to meet in Ilrownsviile on
(the lGth of Alarch, to devise a Provisional (luv-
ernment. 1 he Convention is to be coinpDsed of
ten delegates for each of the Counties ot Cimer
on, Starr, Webb and Nueces, and ten delegates
for Ihe uuorgnnized portion of ihesaidTerri urv.
The Provisional Government is to have '-suspended
functions" until the claims of the people
ran be urged before Congress by a delegation
chosen by ihe people.
An opposition meeting took place at the same
pot on the 5 h instant presided over by Judge
jigelow. Resolutions were passed recognizing
old asserting the right of the Stale of Texas to
he sovereignty and juiisdiction over the ternio
y between the Nueces river and tbe Rio Grande,
nd expressing that the people there assembled
icld themselves bound, as citizens ot Ihe State
i sutain that right against internal opponents
r external enemies. Tho meeting was toll of
.llegiince to the State authorities, and further
esolved that copies of the resolutions then pas
d should bj forwarded to the Senators and ltep
esentativcs of Texas m Congress ai.d to Gjv
rnorllell. The whole community was much excited by
his question of '-Territory or no Territory."
The Itio Grande Sentinel, Urownsvtllo, says of
he movement to organize lhat country into a
iew Territory, to be called Jacinto :
'We like not the name Jacinto, but the mei
ire certainly meets our unqualified approbation.
Ve have never believed that lln-re was any
-oundness or reason in the claim ot Tix.is to the
ountry between the Nue:es and the Rio
-irande, and we have ever considered that the
-xtension by her of her laws over it was an art
nl usuroilion on the tights of the L'mud Siate,
.nd an infraction of the solemn guarauti-.-a ol un
ite treaty wnh Mexico."'
Delaware. The Locofocos of tbe lit.le S."i'?
ield a State Convention at Dover on the 'ill,
uid resolved against tho Wilmot proviso mil
very thing of that sort, but in favor A extending
lie Missouri Compromise line lo the t'acific.
1'hey have been trying for years to tarry tbe
Stale on a pro-slavery issue, and if there ertf
nore slaves in it, or those they hive were j uong
.nd valuable, they might succeed. As it is they
ave thus far made, poor headway, except t j the
xtent ot detesting emancipation by toting in
jlid column w ith a small minority ot tbe Whigs
gainst it whenever it is proposed. Tribute.
Pennsylvania on Free Soil. The following are
he resolutions reported by the Wing miuurity
f the Select Commiltee on tho pres.-ot aspecis
f Slavery and Disunion raised by the Pennsyl
ania House of Reprcrfentalives. We trust that
he subject will be brought promptly to a deciu
d vote :
Resolcetl, -Vc. That the people of this Coro
noiiweallli cherish a deep and abiding anacu
ner.t to the Constitution, the unity and miegrity
jf Ihe Republic.
Resolved, That the people of California liavea
:st tclaim to be admitted into the Uuiua as a
Slate at the present time, and under the CjjiU
utton which they have adopted.
Resolved, Trial we see i.otumg in the existing
uate of atlairs io justify a departure troto the
osition winch Pennsylvania has heretotore oc
upicd in relation to slavery; and this Legisla
.ure does therefore reileuta and reaffirm the
, rinei.les and views of policy heretofore, on re
lated occasions, asserted and maintained by
receding Legislatures on this subject.
Resolved, That while Pennsylvania vvill as
Holy maintain as she frankly avoas her views,
rinciples and determination on this momentous
(uestion, she will now, as ever, properly respect
ud inviolably maintain all Hie Compromises of
he Constitution, and all the just rigms ot each
otate of this Union ur.der lue same ; but pru
; tests most solemnly in the mme ot humanity, a
i gainst any extension of the curse and evil of
Slavery beyond the limits authorized by that sa
At the great Union meeting in New York, on
Monday evening, there being loud calls for Gen.
Scott, Irom all parts of the room, the gallant he
ro of Lundy's Lane and Alexico, after appropri
ately acknowledging the compliment, spoko tu
Fellow Citizens I camo hero this evening
not expecting to do more than tiko a stand in a
corner of the room, for the purpose of listening
to the proceedings of this very interesting Hiid
important meeting. I had no expectation of
having the honor to be called upon this stand.
I am indebted to the kindness of a friend, who
discovered mo below, for having the honor to
appear in such a conspicuous manner bclore you.
Little did I expect being called upon to address
this great and glorious meetiug, which is worthy
of the Empire City worthy of the Empire
State, and worthy ot the Union which you camo
here to support. (Great applause.) I see before
me ihe intelligence, the wealth, the pitriotis n,
of this great ctly, voluntarily coming here for the
purposo of supporting that Union. I am an
humble friend and most devoted servant of that
s.itnc glorious Union. I do not call myself a
citizen ot tho East or of the Noith, of the West
or Ihe South. 1 haveserved lint Union for nearly
i'i years, and feel '.hat I am a citizen o every
part and parcel of this glorious constellation of
States. As a friend ot the Union, and knowing
that the Union is in jeopardy, aud knowing that
this meetiug was called for ihe purpose of devi
sing measures ot compromise and conciliation,
I caine here. Alar.y itianks for the kindness you
have shown me. 1 am not an abolitionist or an
advocate of slavery. I would nut have come
here if I had thought these subjects would be
militated with each other al this meeting. 1 did
nut come heie us a Wing or as a democrat, I
have not attended a parly meeting for upwards
of forty years; but when the cry is, that the Un
ion is in danger, uud a rally is called for the sup
port of the Union, I would be a coward, aud rec
reant to my country, if 1 did not respond to the
call. I mean to give my little streugih in sup
port of the Union, and Uod willing, 1 will do so.
1 am not a strong man ; but I have a little
strength left, and 1 trust 1 shall be buried under
the Union. God grant that you may devise or
fall upon some plan to save lhat Union lo which
we are, in heart and soul, all so much devoted."
The gallant General resumed his seal amid
the most enthusiastic and prolonged applause.
The meeting shortly afterwards adjourned, giv
mg three cheers for Gen. Scolt and the Union.