Newspaper Page Text
-VERMONT- WATCHMAN STATE
AUGUST 15, 1850.
WHIG STATE TICKET. .
flr, Go nnur, Charles K. Williams. .
vc-Fvr,icu(eiia( Governor, .J alius CBBVersc.
for TVeaittrer, Gcrge Ilewcsl'
f T THE COALITION. T
HOW THEV SERVED 'FREE SOILISM.
- JWo give the resolution of the Coalition Stalo
' Convention, holder) o'n the 2d u!t. in 'order that
' cur readers may judge for themselves.
r ' li Resolved, that we adhere with unwavering
constancy to the Jeffersonian proviso, and not
( rwiihsuxndinz'its abandonment by many of those
, who have heretofore claimed to be it exclusive
friends, we will insist on. its application to all
v territory of which the United States now have
t or snail herealter have jurisdiction.
2. Resolved. Tiiat Congress possess the now
cr to prohibit slavery in the territories ; and that
' its uninterrupted exercise since' (he formation
- of:the government, under all administrations.
. -from Washington to Polk, has established it as
. an admitted rule of practice.
3. Resolved, That slavery doei not now by
). law exist jn the Territory conquered ort aequir
'ed.froin Mexico and'that we, stands opposed, to
the admission of any "slave siate into the Union
inat snail do formed out ot any partot that tcr
- rttory.fby whomsoever, and wheresoever slavery
shall be therein established.
4. Resolved, That slavery does not depend
, on lines nf latitude or points of compass, or
, upon " Physical Geography',"' but upon the un
holy cupicuy of uicuto enjoy the fruit of the
jaoor oi ollicrs.
5. Resolved. That the existence of slavery
- .and the slave trade in our National Capitol is a"
oisgracciui inconsistency wnicn calls loudly lur
-orrecuon, and that we insist on the abolition' oi
. -both by act of Congress.
., 6. Kcsolved,- That Congress should leave the
qnestion ot the reclamation of fugiltve slaves
where it Is left under the constitution: but it it
' undertakes to pass an act to aid the slaveholder
in the pursuit of his victim, ne protsst against a-
ny law on that subject which does not fully pro
, vide tor a trial by jury for every person claimed
as a fugitive slave, in the state where he may be
7. Resolved, That California ought immedi
ately to be admitted into the Union as a state,
without the admission being coupled in any Hay
' with any other measure.
" '8. Resolved, That we hail with'decp satisfac-
lion the announcement that the people of New
Mexico by forming a Slate Constitution and
prohibiting slavery, have done for themselves
what the schemes of politicians have prevented
Congress from doing tor them, and we regard
their action in the premises as a pointed rebuke
-of the pretence that no direct prohibition is nee-
.- ded to exclude slavery from the territories.
Thus far the coalition on slavery. Shall we
ay that Ibis platform, so far as slavery is con
cerned, is no itftr-than that the Whigs of Ver-
. mont have long occupied ? We are not content
with'.tbat It is not- so broad, so effective, so
- true, so good as the Whig anti-slavery ground.
'. "We specify the shcrt comings of this cx-freesoil
fli to the Slate Trade. The Whigs have long
"ago gone to the whole extent .of the Constitu
tion against tbo slave-trade against it in the
District, in the Territories, on the high seas, and
every where within the jurisdiction of Congress.
' See resolutions of the Legislature of 1849, and
'of the Whig State Conventions of 181'J and 1850.
rTheex-free soil party seem not to have learned
- that the slave trede exists any where but in the
District of Columbia, and limit their resolution to
that! Sec resolution five. In short, theso con-
- ecientious gentlemen have just come up to the
''Clay .Compromise on this point not a whit be
jls to Slavery. Here, too, the Whigs cover
the whole ground of the Constitution, and go a
gainst the admission of any jutv state, whether
.from territory already acquired or to be acquired,
without excluding slavery; and against the ex
tension of slavery, whether by extending the a
rea of Texas or otherwise. Not so the ex-free
' soil party : they limit their restriction to territo
ry only, (see first resolution;) to the territories,
' (see second resolution, and to " the territory eon
'" quired or acquired from Mexico," see third reaolu
. lion.) Now we call the attention of anti-slavc-,
Ty men to the remarkable fact that the very place
- where the most danger exists, both of the exten
sion of slavery and the creation of more slave
states, these ardent free scilera have left entirely
ui of their platform! We allude to Texas.
: Texas ia the great point of danger the only re-,
al point of danger, indeed, since California and.
' New .Mexico have voluntarily excluded Slavery.
J Utah, we know, remains unsettled but her iesu-
' lated position, bordering on the free soil -of Calis
fornia and New Mexico, renders it pretty cer
tain that slavery never can get a foot-hold .there.
Texas is the point of danger ; the Whigs of-Ver-mont
have 'guarded themselves against this dan
gerbut Texas is omitted from Bit coalition creed
and omitted, too, at the very time when cbe
. insists, not only that she has. a right to carve out
- new slate states, but also to slice off the best part
' of the free soil of New Mexico and dedicate
. tiiat 16 slavery! The coalition leaders cannot
plead ignorance. They well knew tliel Texas
was admitted without defining her western boun
dary, as if for the very purpose of enabling her
to claim more territory: for this was the act of
their parly, -when they were locofocos, red hot for
'annexation. They well knew that Texas was
admitted to the Union, with a constitution pro
hibiting her from ever abolishing slavery, and
without a guarantee that any of the new states
ever formed from' her should be .free; an'tct of
fraud, it was too, for she had held out tha idea of
.an equal division of the territory between Slave
ry and Freedom. This, too, was the act of tktir
ywrfy.in the days of James K. Polk. These
eentloincn thea swore by the .Baltimore plat
form andthe Baltimore platform brought-in
Texas and Slavery. They well knew that Texas
' uf claiming a large part of JVew Mexico, as be'
'Jag jindcr her, sUvocratic jurisdiction, at the ve
- ry moment they were adopting these resolutions
- oo the 3d of July last: bat they pass no resola-
Jk agtiBai this claim ! They well knew 'iht
1 Texts is large ptough for at Jewt foursUtee,
ied that the right is reserved to make foursUies
'Mt of ber: but they pass bo resolution requiring
eaeto'.berte, AVe submit whether we have
" truly qajped these geetUraen and their party
;'. "tx-free soil"
l-fefveA TtaCtki 'Tarlor; party ifdfir
its sol icy of non .action but a-
, proles KXyat.aawt wee
. repudiated Wke Wihnot
t to the ooKlMerwation
w Borwfeeuwr t set dsva tnevtftor
of that resolution araa-stw or a knave. If he
did not know what the position of the Whigs of
Vcrmoat is, taeirst is the word ; ifherftikoow,
he deserves the last. The Whigs of Vermont
hvo to"rltea'oi(dpiinistwiot9 whether it be
of Polk, Taylor or Filmore no leader, whether
it be Webster,- Clayi" or Cass a sd no- creedy
whether it be that of Baltimore, Philadelphia, or
Bufelo-i-to and their position on this subject
The Whigs of Vermont have ted; not fotlowedf
Their, position is, pUinly, ib prtrcnf fAe. extension
of Slavery. jTfaai'w the end they have aimed at.
and stiUaimat. If ". non-tntorrnboa" will effect
this, the Whigs of Vermont) are; perfectly wil
ling to let it; nay, tliey. prefer, it, on the gronnd
that it ia better for the people' of ; the territories
to do" rfghVvoluhtaxily.- If - non-iriterventibn fails,
then the Whigs are for "positive probibition."
Th'mis thepoiitioB of the' Whigs and it was
assumed htfow President Taylor' indicated his
course in 'his first1"' message' of Dec. 1849.1 We
quote' fibm the resolutions of the 'V hig State
Convention, July 4..1849, as follows:
"That unless, as we hppe.ond trust, the people
of California and Now Mexico shall' anticipate
the action of onr'natjonaVlegiblature,by presen
ting themselves for admission as 'Stales, with
constitniions forbidding the existence ol slavery,
at an early" period of the "next session of Con
gress, it will be the, duty of that body immediate
ly to secure tne perpetual exclusion oi, slavery
from those territories, by applying to 'tliem the
principles of the" ordinance of '87."
"And further, that the illegal attempt now
making by Texas .to include within .her limits
that portion of New Mexico lying-east of the
Rio Grande, and thereby again spread over, ter
ritory nowXre'e the curse ot human slavery, ought
to be resisted Dy au tue power oi. ,tne national
Thus the Whigs covered the w hoje'gronnd.as
to the new territory, and included that most iin
portant point of all, ths Ttia point which the
coalition have omitted. The resolutions of the
legislature last fall, and of the Whig State Con
ventiont on the 17ih ulL, are precisely to the
sanie cffect. In a word, the Whig sround is
unchanged. But the coalitionists accuse us cf
approving the. course of I be administration, and
argue that to be an abandonment ol our post
lion. We beg leare-'to say that here again is a
full length figure of the ass or the knave. The
administration came fuliy and airly trilhin the
position of the Whigs of Vermont. California
and New Mexico did come with free Constitu
tions, and the administration ircnt for their admis
sutn as free states. 1 cxas persisted, in tier
attempts upon New Mexico, and the administra
tion resiled Texas and protected J"eiCMMexico. So
far, Gen. Tatlob. was right, and they approv
ed his course. They also expressed confidence
in Mill ed FiixsioriE: and he has by his first
act by the message against Texan aggressions
upon New Mexico justified that confidence.
Thue far the administration has done right its
course his been for freedom:, we think men can
much better adorn their profession of free soil
ism by supporting tho administration so far as it
is right than by joining hands with the opposi
tion in opposing it "to the bitter end."
We add the remainder of the coalition resolu
tions, remitking that'tlie dodging on the subject
of the Tariff of I81C is eminently Iocofocoish.
10. Refolved, That we are sincerely devoted
to the Union of the states and to the Constitu
tion that we have no apprehension that anv
considerable portion nf the American people
can ue induced to abandon the lawful exercises
of constitutional rights by intimidation ; or to
dissolve a Union fraught with innumerable hies
sings for the sake of sustaining slavery fraught
with innumerable evils.
II. Resolved, That the Taylor party in the
last legislature of this State, by disfranchiRi"g
certain counties, in violation of long established
usaue and the most obvious principle of repre
sentative government, to secure the "loaves and
tislies lor. a set ot liuugry parasites, bare anown
how sincerely they reverence popular rights, and
given the lie to all their prutessions of liberal
12. Resolved, That the independent treasury
having been adopted by the' nation and being
now in operation unoer the present administra
tion, without any serious attempt, to repeal it, by
the party once so fiercely opposed to it, e will
resist any effort to change it, except by such
modifications as expcriei.ee may show to he ne
cessary. 13. Resolved, That In common with the mass
of the people of the 'Union we consider a Na
tional Hank an obsolete idea, and tliat we mil
resist a)l attempts to re-establish such an insti
14. Resolved. That we arp in favor of a tariff
whxb shall raiso-revenue. sufficient injdefray the
expenses of the government economically ad
ministered ;''lo pay'aa aiinu.il installment' on the
oublictdebr. and that in'atiiostini tho' drlails of
such a tariff, due encouragement should be af
forded to domestic industry.
15.. Resolved, That we arc opposed to the dis
tribution of the proceeds of the sales of the pub
lic lands, and in tsyor of'giying thcinin limited
traantities and on liberal .term's to' actual settlers.
Vi There, reader, '6uhive al bf the resolutions
of the coalition .State Cocvention for I850v They
come short of' the true u.ark on the Slavery
question, and abandon entirely the Test which
was insisted on as a sine qua von by the Liberty
wen in 1849. Let us ece'if the animal can live
with its skull cracked and its brains " spilled as
water np.-n'the ground."
The, Texas Bill.
The bill introduced by Mr. Pearce of Mary
land, has been airrceJ to by the Senate. It
fixes the boundary line as follows : begin where
100 deg. long, intersects lat, 36 deg. 30 min,run
due westio 103 dog. long. thence dje South to
31 deg.jat thence on the line -32 westward
to the Rio Grande, and thence by) the chan
eel of that river to the' Gulf of Mexico. This
gives Texas all the cream of the territory claim'
ed by her i. e. that between the Neuccs' and
the Rio Grande, and about half of what' cbe
claimed above that.. For relinquishing the rest,
&c, she "is to. have ten millions of dollars. It is
a great bargain forTexas infinitely better than
she deserves, and we hope the bill .will be in
prorwfin the House, by substituting as a line
the 100th deg. long, down to 29 deg. 30 min.,
and thence' down the Neuees to the Gulf This
gives' Texas enon'gh for two large states, with
the Colorado as the dividing line ; leaves territo
ry for another large elate between Meridian .100
and the Gabdaloupe Mountains, and 'enough 'for
two large states, (New' Mexico' being one,) be
tween" these 'mountains' and the Rid Grande.
For this wenwould vote ten, millions; andihen
we would take these new states, as tlieyj shall
he ready tocoiac inimcAoutassery., IfTexajis
really, saxieas to keep jurisdiction of the terrkb
rygirea her by this bill north of the bead 'wst.
ea of the Ntecea, aad between' Bseridiarr 100
and the Gamialoepo moantaioa, we wbild agre
proviwo n m .onewwi w
I ' we no
in this business.11 They marked out fur themselves
& 'pi acticar coristitaUonaland judiCjidus course;
tanr they Jia tt adliered to if, into the bargaini
, .1 -
. Look at the map asd jsdge for' yow;
j q) msjf in tee ? Lfisns! I 'tent
1? Trn fi KT DP Tii-aMf
ar vow thaVsoaie of th'cm even those bo are
ordinarily -well posted in political matters do
not' seem to have discovered that it will be a very
-easyiraatter ferj.rM;WhijsjoeIect; their- eeiire
ticket this year by the people. We have a word
for this class of men. .053! fo!
In May, 1849, certain locofoco arithmeticians
""figured" crtomethihg like 6000 majority again
the Whigs, and for their candiJate, J they could
v unite'the tcoiicentra'ted essence' of locbfoco'wra
1 with'thepirit of liberty. So ihe pseudo-chem-
isUfwcnt' tp" work,' reducing and .nicely adjusting
; bikli nicies to Jhe point, astliey fondly, hopfd,
"of compUte afljniiy. On.Uie 31st of May the
..materials were po'jred.together and after four
months fermentation the. liquor was .tested and
' lo!, the experiment was a' failure. True to the
l laws of political affinity, it wis found that a por
tion ol'tho IbcofocoUm had united with' the old
HinVrs, and a portion oflibert'yismwith the Whiga
leaving as residuum poitions of 'each still held
in solution by' tho rhass of filthy water that form
ed the staple in the compound. There has been
a year; more spent imstirring the compound;
and, by way of new experiment, an effort has
' been made to alter .the' proportions, by adding a
' little more locofocoism and still farther reducing
She quantum ol liberty. Bdt the failure must
be only the "more decisive. .Agitation Has but
separated me wcungruuua iiiuluiidi.. nuj mau
who will look, into the cauldron will see the three
materials "still more distinct than ever the liber
ty, the locofocoism, and the difly water; andeV'
ery moment the bubbles rise and burst, and the
freed spirit that forms them speeds its way to'its
own place the loco "and the Whig to his old
home. The result will be that tho water your
men of no principle at all will be left alone; to
stagnate and finally ovapnrate. Such is the fate
of this experiment. But to drop these jigurcs of j
speech for figures of another sort.
The .vote of 1848 wa3 as follows : ,
Maj. against'the Whigs 6,4G2
The vote of 18JD was thus :
Old line loco 3,334
Scattering 2G 2(1.935
Maj. against tho Whigs 107
So the coililion in IS49 resulted in a net
Whig gain of six TiiousAsn votes, bringing
tho Whigs within less thin' 500 votes of an elec
tion. Does any man especially any Iflog
doubt. the ability of the Whis to overcome
these 500 votes this year? List year the Wbigs,
many -of them, were dubious about the new ad
ministration: now their fears are dispelled. Last
year the coalition was counting upon victory :
this year they have no confidence in a victory,'
and no tonjlicnte in each other. Last year, many
Liberty Whigs held on to the coalition, fearing
that the " Taylor Whigs" of Vermont would a
bandon their free suilism, and hoping that the
loco'icos'in the coalition would really prove gen
uine converts : now they see their great mis
take in both particulars and they will profit by
it. Wc say what we believe : few genuine Free
Soil Whigs will ever ogain permit themselves
to be cheated. We" say, then, lo the Wh gs
CP, cr, asd at tour wokk : Vermont will be
disgraced if you do not this year do " a perfect
wirk." Let us have ererv Whig voto in Vcr.
mont deposited, and counted this year.
The Legislature ; A word of Can
tion. In another place we have spoken confiJcntly
of an election of the whig stat3 ticket by the
people. Wc believe our opponents count upon
the success of the wliigs in ihe popular vote,
and slake their hope Jar the U. S. Stnalorship,
the Supreme Court, and the other appointments in
Joint Assembly on an nnti uhig majority in Me
Senate and House. Thus you sec an effort to
strengthen themselves in tho Senate by a ntu
coalition, of coalitionists and old liners, in Chit
tenden county. And (ricks of this kind will
also be attempted in towns; indeed we have
been apprized that tif irts were commenced even
last autumn, and hive been continued with more
or less act'vhy up to this time, to secure anti
whig representatives in the close towns. Nor
all we have to say is,, let the .whiga do their
whole duty, promptly and efficient 'y, respect
to the legislature.. Certainly there can be .no
whig who would not blush to seethe U; S. Sen
atorshipand the bench of the Supreme Court fill
'ed by intriguers such as those "ho brought about
the coalition of '49.
Ammuriition for the Ballot-Bor.
Be React in Season.
According to the amendments of the Consti
tution the County officers, including Justices of
the peace, arc to be elected in fAe same, manner
as county senators.
There are therefore to' be three- distinct tickets
for each freeman, to wit:'
1. For Member of i Congress.
2. ForTown Representative.
3. For State" officers, County officers, and jus
t'.ces pt the peace. These ought to be on' one
piece of paper: this will require dijfeienl tickets
for each town, (the justices being dUfTercnt,) and
nominations for justices ought. to be. made, im
mediately, and orders sent for suitable tickets
for eah town. Let tho town committees attend
to tliis uromptly. else they will be too late. We
shall fill orders at 25 cents per 100 tickets. We
presume that at least' one half of the towns will
fail to be ready in "season, and we' shall provide
, a quantity ot'tickets without justices of the peace,
which can bo written and deposited with the
printed State ticket Cars should be taken, to
head. the. written ticket for justices with the words
For justices of ihe peace." But the true way is
for each town lo nominate early enough to .send
for regular printed tickets.
Weappend the number of .justices to which
each town in Washington, Orange,- Caledonia,
Lamoille, Orleans,- and Essex Counties is enti
tled. The Constitution allows to each town with
a population of 1000 or less five justices or less;
1000 and under 2000, reeen ; 2000 and under,
3000, fen ; ,3000 and under. 5000, iirefVe; oyer
5000, fif teen.,
Barre, Montpclter, and Nortbfield, each, 10;
Berlin, Calais, JCtslMontpelier, MsrshBeld, Mid'
, dieses Moreiqwn, Waittfield, Waterbury and
Woodbury, .each 7.; .Duxbury, Fayston, .J'lain-
; field, Rokbury,; Warren and Worcester, each 5.
v . o r Obaase Codktt. j J
- Newbury, Randolph and' Tlietford, eachlO;
Fairlee. -Ora'nj and West Fairlee, each 5 ; all
. SASSIVIlltlk ww ty A ill
t .ussswjoee, nraepaiK. jooosoa. stoRisiawa.
I iVtL, so .ccuir
U iherrera by thffiM
& UALEDOKIA C005TT. , . ,
BarneVmaaovists, escft w;,tsor, ra-
Craftebury; Derby and Glover, each 7; all the
reat 5 each.
L"r . rr:EisEx.Cou3Tr. -
Concord and Lunenburgh 7 cash ; all the rest
-Tlt CaWaet Goipleted.' r
The places of Messrs. Bats aud Peabce
are supplied by7'!!?. cVBal&ofJLooBi'ana, and''
McKeknos of Pearisylvanis.'niThe following is
a complete list !" -uC '
Secretary of StateJ'J DAirtEL'WEBsTta; Mass.
t 'dotoMTreasaryj, Thomas Coawirr.Ohi'o.
do of Navyfo 'W. A. Geauav, N. C
"doof ,War, C. M.. Cosrad, La..r.-
. do .oi' Interior, ,1. M. T, McKEsnorr.Pa.
1 - -''
Stray Shce'v. ThV Green Mountain' Freeman,
hFrce Soil paperV published at Montpelier, in
view; "of the ius! ot" the' Free Soil'Whigs of this.'
Slate back, to the Whi. ranks, say : Mercury.
'Thus, one aftor"another, and then in a rues,
they are escaping frothe Free Soil pasture, in1
which they never appeared much at home, leav
ing us' nothing to do, in our amazement, but to
exclaim.with the old farmer, who; with, 'desper.
alb philosophy, looked helplessly on to see his
whole ffock ot! sheep1 escnpingover tho wall of
their enclosure "There goes ihe old ram!
there goes the black-nosed ewe!! there goed
crop-ear !!! there goes why blast 'em there
they all. go'!!!'"'
Had tho Freeman slid that the Free Soil Wbgs'
were not at home in (he coalition, with the crop
ears, and black-noios, and blue noses of true'e
and dicker locofocos, it would have come nearer
lo the truth.
(jy We, learn fhal Roger S. Howard, Esq.
of this town has been offered a situation in Ban
gor, Maine, presenting so many inducements
and advantages that he hah felt it bis duty to ac
cept it We, in common as we doubt not wan
iuauy 'others, regret to have him leave our town
au'd state. By his fidelity and assiduity as" Sec
retary of the .National, Life Insurance Company,
he has contributed not a little tp its present pns-
pcrons condition. J. T. TlioasTOX, Esq. haj
been appointed to tako. Mr. Howard's place as
Secretary. His well established reputation fur
integrity and accuracy his experience and thor
ough business habits', admirably fit him for dis
charging well the duties of the office.
,VorA Carolina. The locos have elected their
candidate for Governor, and a decided majority in
both branches'of the legislature.
Missouri. For the firal time, the Whigs of
Missouri have carried tho .day. The report is,
that tho Whigs hare elected four Members of
Congress (out ol five, leaving one loco,) and a
la'e plurality in the Legislature.
Mentpelicr. The census of Montpelier (new
town) gives a population of 2308 an incroiso of k
sixty-four since the census in January 1349, on
tho division of the town.
Don't forget tint Cms. K. Williams, your
candidate for Governor, njftred himself to Ihe free
Democracy al .tlonlptlitr, on lite JlsJ of May,
last year, as their candidate fur Governor. Bur
The Sentinel is most decidedly mistaken.
Wo were among the lookers on at the Coiiition
cjf May 31, ISly, and took notes of the siting
nd doings on tint memorable occasion not
omitting what was said in .reference to Junes
Williams. The ficts are. these :
On coming to the businesj of a State ticket,
Mr. Barber announced tint the old candidates
had declined and the coast was clear for u new
Mr, Henry inquired whelhcr Jcoge Williams
had been consulted?
Mr. Barber Slid he Ivid been, but that lie oc-
Mr. Poland (Joseph) (-aid he had seen a letter
from which he inferred that Judge W. would
not decline if nominated.
Mr. Kasson (Charles, of' Burlington,) said this '
could.not possibly, be. true; he hid seen a letter
from the Judge, in which he (Judge Williams)
Slid POSITIVELT'HE CJLLD NOT COS3E.1T" TO
bun as a candidate of the party.
Mr: Poland exp.ained thit tha letter he allu
ded to was xot from Judge Williams.
Such wcre'the, facts, as brought out in the
coililion convention. They put the stopper up
on the Sentinel story, and as .far as they go,. con
firm tho view, given by the Watchman last week.
IV S. In endeavoring to find fault with Judge
Williams, the North Star goes farther back, and
quotes from his letter in 1646, showing that he.
then withdrew fro i) the Liberty party,- but still
retained his anti-slavery principles. Exactly,
Mr. Star wc are obliged to you for confirming
the other part of our statement. Judge, W. did.
decline being tho tool of the coalition leaders
and rfirf nevertheless, retain liis genuine Whi'g
anti-slavery principles. All right.
Gcorsrc Hilt it CoJsA'cu: Store. Moston.V&
need no better evidence of the growth of this city
than we find in the "magnificent edifices new be
ing erected for business purposes in Boston to
meet the wants of tho three hundred thousand in
habitants embraced within a circuitjof five miles
from State street, and the ten thousand strangers
that daily pour in from the" different railroads.
The new store 'of Messrs. George Hill & Co. in
Summer street, is rapidly progressing, and will
be ready for occupancy about the first of Sep
tember. On a recent visit to the premises we
were surprised to .find that (o noble a building
had sprung up almost by magic, and happy to
find that bur old friends Messrs. George Hill &
Co. ; a firm long and well known are to be so'
admirably'accomniodate'd. Their store is 150
reet in depth and' sixty in width, aud for the fa
cilities it will afford to transact business, it is not
surpassed by any .this side of the water.' With
out being gorgeously, decorated it is sufficiently
adorned to give it a' line appearance and every
appointment is in xreping wnn me irauo woicn
is to be carried on here. M- Chandler, formerly
of the firm of Chandler &. Greenleaf, is' in Eu
rope, making selections for' Ibeir stock. Wo
shall take an opportunity hereafter to allude
more at lentu to inis store and the several im
provements it contains. Boston Evcniwr Ga-
xelte, of August 3d1..,,,
(T? We olten see'allusions mVrtn to trie lata
amendments of the Constitution of this State.ai
it tney are uie measures oMhe Democratic par.
ty, and adopted because" the uso of the '"Long
Team" gave especial offence to the people.
Please remember that the amendments were, pro
posed by a Councirevery member of which was
a Whig, and Judge Williams was' President' or
the CounciL-fcrcury. ''
Nation&i Life' IiuTiraiice Com-
,n - - 'pay.j Uv v t
t-The suiseritgwtake'lh'M'BKStliod of express-'
iag their tssklu. the Dirsssorstrfthe Nalioatl
Lisa Ibshhmiis Copr.i tSMfiUt for iW
proniatssss a ssssiuing ia assess sf laauraacs
prnisMssnMi ssssfUMf vtm istoawor lasoraacs J
K MrGeneral, NathahX-Haix,. JJ. Yr
Attor"ney'Generalir J. J. CaitEaDEii, Ky.
Amajonty .from "lim'oribern half of "the,
IT- , 4.3 ' In. His' "
Union.., ti .. , , y
r . r t: v
the Diie8m.werftClkar rMlioas'.Hd jpay
proof of deathyct the claiii aV., allowed tuu
oreercd to be paid.Mi.khey dsyj of tU?said
notice; and proof. SachprowptntH deserveare-i-nmrnpnilntinn.
anil tie cannot help recommend
ing this Irstitution, managed with so much skill
and energy, to tne lavorauie notice uuu jiuuu
ntfH of the nublic
Administrator and father-in-law of R.wland AI
wjdowrotRq'rtand "A llerr."
-Fprriahnrrrli. Julv 2. 1850.
.Rowland All, the; person. spoken of in. the
foregoing ca'rd,'wasinsured,:in two.ptdtcies, oh
the 5th of April 'last. One for ihe benefit of, his
wifeV.thc ""the? forlbe'benefit of a 'friend "wliu
furnished him' with funds to go to CaliforhlaT Hfe
sailed about the, 10tb ofiApril,- and died the - 1 1 til
day of Mayon board lhe1U., S. Mail Sttamer,
Oreron. off the Dortof SanDie2'.in Calilornu,
, T.he'policies were fivu hundred dollars each,
and the premiums paid.tii the Company weieeacli
t went v-four 'dollars and filteen ceiits. Vermont
) Ffoni tjie VWieitflotk SIcrtarr.
Where is the JFree Soil; Party ?
Br a'Libertt Mam. i
Mr. EniT6fi':-Tf!e above question present
itsnir tnour mindiwh-n readinir Hie proceedtnis
of the late Democratic State Convention, and the
a'rjlidn of the different County Conventions,
which have been held durlna. the present seanon.
This inquiry forces itself upon our mind Irom
tne taci, mat Having Jimp, ngicu im uui
iv. we are anxious that such a patty snail, con
tinue to exist, or'if this party must go to pieces,
and be disbanded, that in members may not be
led to the support of wronr measures and wrong
persons. Two years ago there existed in this
State a nartv callintr itself the, Free Soil" par
ly, which was composed of men from both of
tho other political parties was quite ,respccta-
i t '- : . . i:.'j I j.-.rru,.
OlO lu pOlill Ul l.U(lluuin,,ailu i.uu;uiutu uu uuuui
as much talent as'eithe'rof the 'other pirties.
This arty assayed, and e believe hones'Iyi to
he opposed,' not only to the cxtcision, but' to the
existence of slavery,.and carried out their prin
ciples by resolves and mutual politic j1 action.
One principal item in their cri ed was, that no
member pt that party should vote Tor a slavehold
er or a nro-slaverv min; Moit nobly did they
contend for this 'principle, and battle with the
contending' elements of the two opposing parties.
moit. valiantly did tliej coi.tend tor' the ".one
idea," but that idea, was n noble and philanthrop
ic one one that merited and received thus. lent
approbation, if not Ihe open support of every
true lover of free'do n and progress. But
11 A cb&riQ uu4 0r tha tiiit ol their dipami."
One'year ago Lst May, they consented (innestly
but foolishly, to coalesce vrith the so callcj de
mocratic p irty. At thM convention une tear
ago, thistaiuc test ot fidelity to tho principles of
Ireedoin was enjotucd upo i our nc allies. A
resolution was adopted declaring that tho " Free
Democracif' would not give ihcir support to a
slaveholder or an apologut of slavery. By these
nnd other means inually ahvpocntical and last.
Liberty and Free Soil men were led to gitv their
countenance end eupport to this union, and thu
consequence w.ir, a very fining vote fur the can
didates noiiiitmtcd at that convention. The res
olutiou dtclarin this lest s the iiinin pillar ot
the uuiuii. It was thu Ci.mcr S'one cl Uie foun
dation, upon nh ca stood this coalition last year.
The frte soil piny which had incieasd from a
smill band ol 311), to a largu and intlucntial far
ty of 13,000, would onseia lo no other ba.s for
tms uuion. they wuuld nut enter into this
compact unless this test couid be cunralted as a
leading item into.thd creed of the Free Ucino-
But soon alter ilw olccnon of last year, a dis-
P'tM'.ion was plainly maniLVsted by tho "locofo
co portion of tltc t tea Democracy to oiicar.l
this U'Et,and openly " back out"' from their sil-
emu out hypocritical enggeii.cnte. The locofo
co organs aud leadcis raid this ttst was useless
au. impracticable, ami advi.-ej its abandonment.
anJ a leiuni to the old platform. This was of
course opposed by liberty men as a violation of
ooa laitn, ana tnus matters stood until the State
Convention ut-Iha present year, held at i Mont
pelier, on tlie 2d day of July. At this conven
tion, the bcotocos, led on by Barber, Vilas,Hast
man aud Co., had everylhinir their own way.
They passed a set of resolutions similar lu iboso
nn.cii tlioKJuie locotoco piny passed vcarsa-'o
and discarded the resolution which wai adopted
one year.ago, as the pUiform of the Freo ' De
mocracy. This convention not only di.-cjrded
the principles of the 3l3t of May, but even te
I'Udtated tlio name of t ree Democracy, and took
tue naino of Democrat alias loc jfuco niain. By
Ibis n:mc let them be ki.oxn. By these piinci-
pies niiicn mis party nis iicretolore prolesscd.
let idem be juifjred and suunorfed.
In this stale ot things, tlio question very r.at
urally ansei Wheie is the Frte Sail uariuf and
"". u,H"tltu "j niai mere is no
such pjjty in existence. . By lb; a nalgainati m
of the free soil an J, democratic parties'" the' free
soii.pailylqjtiuibeiiig, and became a pin sn.l
can mitt. 1 1 . i .. ..o .... '..I k.. . .
pjrCel.OI llieolU lAShmned J.tCof.jC.I runv. anil
as such continue io be li all inteu's nnd'pjrpo
scs. In this1 crisis' of 'affairs, what is the duty .f
liberty add tree soil men ? They have been
grossly abused and betrayed, by 'their (riends,
and are now left wiihiiut anorgaoizition.' Tliey
have been deserted by their leaders, and nre left
wiiiiout ruaaer, urcouipas'i, upon Ihe sea t pol
hies ; but still wc hop;: th-?re aro irnisj who wil
remain intiicchtpas long as a single plank floats
mat win ainiue uy me .u-st silult and nian
fully mmntained. But for the present,. hat shall
we' do? shall ne give our support 'to that party
which has iccentiy deseneu us, descried the
distinctive feature of the liberty piy eWrtrd
the name wluch, was eiven lliem' as a e.imnrn-
mise, and proved recreant to every principle of j
Vltriin n.l lrAn.t,.m VV'K. L-ll
ivi...iu. ana.ci Bllilll nc nuar
from liberty men and genuine free sjilcrs to those
queries ? There can be but one consistent answer,-and
that should echo from the Northern
extremity of Grand l,lo to the Southern point or
117 L . i 1
tvuiunam, ana nom mo remotest tons in lis
sex lo the exlieine part of Bennington. NO,
No, njter thuuld liberty incii give thtir support
to a party who have so infimously deserted their
compatriots in arms.and retired behind the weak
and battered down entrenchments of locofoco
ism. Every one will be their own judge in this
matter, and "give bis vote or suffrage so ss in
his conscience bo shall indue will best conduce
to the iuterest of the State without fear or lavor
t ,, t !'., t. . '
oj any man. in less, man lour weeks we shall
be called upon to go to the polls and there siy
by our vote, to the world that we aro not as get
firmly chained to the car of locofocoism, but are
still as free as our own mountain air. Lot us do
ibU openly and boldly, u that the world may take
knowledge of us thit we have been with liberty
and learned of her."
In conclusion, Mr. Editor, let mo observe, that
having travelled for the last three weeks some
what cxtensively in the nurthern part of the
State, and conversed with many of the leading
abolitionists and liberty men throughout the
State, and have heard but one sentiment from
them all that of condemnation of the proceed
ings nf the latu Democratic. . Su'c Convention.
and a determination not to yield their support to
tin. ... ; ... i ; ... . i . T I I t . t i
Mia i.vunui' i'.ii .ini-ic lliauc AUUVCU, A iniUK
these are the ecntimentsand feelings of the mass
of liberty men and free soileis throtighoul the
State; and though the locolocos may bribe some
to remain in their rank this year, yet if I am
not very much mistaken, .their numbers will be
very maenoUr, diminished from last y ear.
The timo tor action fus.. arrived. Let u b
up and doing, put fac'ubefo're the people that
they'may jude for1 themselves,' and, act accord
ing to tneir judgment when formed lrom Ihe
facts of the cafe.' '
.i CONSISTENCY; '
i Woodstock Aug. 4tli,i'J8.a
, The late .oat MMter GeneraL '
In.lho.withdrawal from service of, the Mr
Po"stmater.G.enera,JAcoB,CqLLAJisK, the ifa
tidn has sustained "no 6ririuarv"los.. Willi in-
wwjiuffuuiiuiciiij suu aiargo. capacuy, jar.
Collamer combioed'ari'uu'tirioir assuidity; a con
scientious devotion of his eini're time and thoughts
to the public'interests Committed to his charge,
of which' the fruit werei wot: bencicenC Six
years, service .lOiixmfioss, anajoo, ise ;rsuc
years, service .lalxxfreH, an ; Kta 'rsalic
AlilmnoliMiv the terms of the LOttcr.
ntKl jtnargeu nis iocai sounicujc, v-a--' ' V ,
the rWer sectfefis of thsreouetry, and"- beweK
.'.J',k P..," nrr'niiaa(itl aualmed 3ur tl '5
'responsibilitiy.;! 11 y.
nischarzc ot lisl'msni
ear was never ildafUti
nniTpiarnt in tha. Mill Wfrice
ue uau v
nor taste for onjtfiing else when such imf rov
ments appeared-practicaliie. A snnpie .isi.
li iibw rnntM established, old ones acceleratf
new offices, .opened.-dic., during hia. fifte.
mnnlhtlis8crvice,-w&utd"b3"a: noble" monuma
.!.: .1. A rt.l latitln thn tiintl tt..rvicU W
Ol 1113 wuilll. ouu, ............. ; a
thtts increased on every side, the iPost ;Ofh,j
t?nv,nii!i were never more ample than uno
bis successor to be Tone'oT the same sort'-
worker by instinct, wi h ji mind peculiarly nit
rortireastbrydf 'awaifsl'but even Mr. H ,
Wil) have succeeded nobly Ifjhe general verdi
shall pronounce hiiir worthy to tread in the foi
steps of Jacob' Collarr.er., We trust Mr. C-'s. r
lircment from. publiqjife.is nol;final. The pus
lie service has need of hiou .V' Y. Tribune?
, j-SATCHDATy Auglltt3.
ThcSer.ale mt in.scssiun' t'-dsy, Having a.
jijurned over till M'o.ndiy.. . v. ;
House. i ne House went into, uommiiice
the Whole on, tlie. State of'ihd "Union; whi
tne Indiou Appropriation bill was "debated ;
JIe.-s.fi Thompson of ,Miss., and Sweeizr
during the discussion of .amendments, chargi
the late Se'.retarv of tho'Trcasurv with iilentl.
exfiendinvj "ipoiiey whicli'ba'd by law reverted I
the Surjdu'j Fund, and Mri Chandler entered h
su.'cinn' protest ajrainstlhe"' charge, touching th
charactor nf Mr. Meredith. The gentlema
from Oliio.had mure than onco thoujln that h
had fbund soinelhins io'the conduct of the lat!-
oecretary dcserviog a censure. .very menu i
ot the late and presen.adountstration.u. Doui.a
td believe'.lhat the) genUemin by the repetitioj
Mr. Sweetzer I mean that the latC' Secreta'
ry's act' was unauthorized bylaw.
Mr.:Cbandicr then replied that tbo Houaa
had nlrnadv iltiriileJ litis, and had called on the
uepitimcut lor the ucpirturea tiom tne law, iu
Air. Sweetzer satd that for the third timo he
uau ueen attacKCd uy tueigeniieman irom rcim
sylvauia, who had grossly perverted his re
.Mr. White rose to tha point of order, that the-
pen'.le.nan must ccnrino.liinisclf bi the amcnu-
mer t.as required by rJiejiiles.
Jlr. Sweetzer Willtrentlcnien from that side
forestall inquiry into the' conduct of the retired,
Secretary, anJ hid they to choke down the mo
lives of jrcntfemrn ?
Mr. Stanley-called Mr. Sweetzer to order.
The Chairmm decided that Mr. Swee'z;r,
according to llie latitude usually allowed was
Mr. S'anly then appealed, and on the q-iestion
being tiken, the decision of tho chair was re
vcrs d. i
Mr. Johnson offered an amendment tn thq bill
which was adoiiteJ, appropriating j30iXX) for
procuring lntormation, preparing ,iniorniaiion,
preparing statistics of, making treatioi witit, and.
for prisetits tic, various tribes of Iudi.m3 in the
Un'on, on-tlie tiordets or ajoxico.
In th( course of tlie tive minutes debate, Mr.
Kaultnati, of Ttx3s. said that he had received
letters fru ii M lor Neighbours, who expre.-sed
the opiuiou that a few tliousaud dollars, ti make
prtsents wojM have a far belter c!T ci. to con
trol the Indians, thin military force, and au es-
neu.ltturcot millions In vrarlarc.
'Anion; other amerd.ucnts offered, was oneoj
SI5.000 for .the extinguishment of iho title, o.
r . . c n: .. . I :
louians, in ine leriuorc oi .uuiesoia , unu u sui
.lar sum lo carry out treaties with the Texa-i
Indiaus, an! preserve peace and tranquility with'
The com nittee rose, and trie araendmcnls
were concurred in by the House. ,
Pending the question on the third readin; o
the bi;l, tue House, at half past one o'clock ad
lit the Senate Mr. Doughss called for ihe spe
cial order, the Cali'orntd'bill, but waived it to
allow Mr. Pearce of Maryland, to introduce his
This proposes to Texas the line of 30 30, in
the parallel of 4i- Texas to relinquish all exte'-.
rior territory, and a'l' claims atrainst the United
Slates, ihe United States lo p'ay .'$10,000,000 iu
5 per cent stock. .
.Mr. feaice ttjen exptainsd the. provisions ot
the bll. which was read twice and orJercJ to be
'llie upeiial order, tlie 'California-bill, cmo.
up. und Mr. VtiUo of Florida 'moved 1U posf
nonrmenti until to-morrow lot; and : the bill.
wasirepojteJ to the Senile'snd agreed to. Tna
baes lju mi u,engrus,menl. recurring,, Messrs.
liulUranJ Mason express.-d a hP3 that the
que?non would not bo taken to-day," as the Seu
aie wjs not full ; howevcr.'they wod'ld interpose
no lurtner oosiacle.- l ney hoped it would De.
iefi lu Males whose rights were infringed lo say
wlratsliall be; done.
Mr.t Douglass said, he would move forapbst-
pouement, understanding that the, vote should
be laken to-morrow.
Mr. Yulee not agreeing to that, Mr. Douglass
withdrew it. .
Mr. Footc. in iriewof the'threateninf position
ot affairs, desired ihccountry to know Hint tlie
defeat ol u S3, was chargeable upon four or
five southern Senators, whom he consulted to no"
His remarks called up Messrs Butler, Soule,
and Mason, in pointed and enthusiastic vin
dication of the cause which they hid sustained.
.Mr. llaiiiliu ot Maine, proposed to lake a
vote on the engrossment "to-day, and upon the
passane,to-uio:row,soa3'lo accommodate absen
Mr. Viilce wanted to offer an amendment,
and ?peik on it, but accidentally had not got it
with htui, and therefore be wanted a postponc-
Mr. Benton hoped for a vote on the engross-,
mem to nay. The absentees belonged to both
sides. . Their presence could not prevent ihe
tatc ut lite bill.
Messrs. Badger, Dawson, Cass, Soule, , and
Jeft'.'rsuu Djvis, of Miss., participated in tbe'de-
Mr. Atchison moved an amendment. Mr..
Douglass asked for the yeas and nays ordered
Mr. Berrien said he had Mr. Yulee s amend
ment at hia lodgings. He would now send, for
it if tlie Senate wished, but he preferred an ad-
Messrs. xuteo and Mason loudly protested
against tho engrossment to-day.
if r. Dawson thoogiif nothing would be gained
by forcing a vote, and the Sinite shortly allsr
In Vik Ihuse'lhe debate was of no importance.
There was a' skirmish between Messrs, ('amp-
bell and Olds of Ohio, but the session doted
without any vote, the Committee of tho whole
having risen without having taken any question.
J CESOAT, Aug.ib.
In the Senate Mr. Clemens offered a resolu
tion to inquire into the expediency of conferring:
brevet rank of Lieutenant General upon Gen.
Scott, id consideration of his valuable services'
Mr. Hale opposed the "resolution. Mr. Man-'
gum .supported it. Tho resolution was finally
Mr. I'earcc of Maryland, moved to to take up
liiis hill fixing.the bouudary of 'I'exas, die. Car
ried. . .
Mr.'Foote of Mississippi, moved to pojtpone
th biU until' half past 11, and to make "it the
speciaforder, whxb, alter sojib debata, was car
ried; The California bill was then taken up. --Mr.
yulee, ofFlcr.da then tasked lor the printing,
of his anicudruCQUhicli is a substitute "fir. iho'
bill. ' ... ...
Mr. Dooslass'of Illinois had no objection to"
priutiuir the ameiidincnt, but ho wonld not con
sent to poH'.ponatlib bill until Ihe 'priiitfng' was
done. - k j i
Mr, -Atchison-of Missouri was .of the:
omnton. .. ... i. -.
T T ' r (- I. 5. ... .
!!7 it J .-A" - ... .
.Ur. Turr.ey of.Tennossce oltercu an amena-
tcli io uivioe usiiforiua UjJOH IUU HUB wi.ww,
arid ie.'liand Tckttio'' State'CorWtitution. Ia
trie mcnnwhilcJha-i would: alie'wt her one repra
iksntauva m ia ! rissse, m . ueiBij,
tativ b' las as ,a( delsgate, ;. as
' rirF,eo!rtfreJsnaenrtmenttnmMc, ;
boiJaryVsato triiiajKwithm 2C 3o a .
aner ueestc oy Messrs. Ualdwin, D ivis ofl
Butler, oule and Prett.'.was withdrawn t.. !
KS;i Jr"'?fll'0. p"d his ameaSfl.
pro.-ioslac thit California adopt a Brovisi.,i i'
alter debate bjrMessrs. Baldwin, D ivis of
'ithdrawn l .
proaoslag thitCaliforma adopt a provisir,i ,.. '
ernmeuL He was frequently intertuptej da
his remarks, and hid at list t- y ieltl to la ?
journment no quorum voting jn th la-: bi,
. JFne House went into committee of ihl
lull Ihl. irtllf rf tlf.-ll;n 7 u!
. ...i , " i5 con.
'"umeo the eoi.
lerayon m ne ronotiice aiFrnpna,;ca lu,
Mn tirowqll rns? .in reply to ihn .
Mr. Grume ot Missouri, dclivertd -eserdir
.Thai gen Ieirun, ha said had iur'ly UtfiioaiT
eiTfirii as anaboIiiioiiUt,butTiad taken occasi I
to denounce at.o'hyr on the saofe accaai on
the.11:sttnui;f.dd staVsxcjd Seintor B-atnT
whose fame is so widely extended in tbucan?
try, and ut whom, as a neighbor and fellon,
4 i'v K-"ui.-'iiaii iiuiii wen oe proud U
dein.uiiced lliat Senalr s a traitor to his 'cj-aal
try: v A ifian who finds his W3y into this Hal "
and is capable of uttering sucti scn-inon-. ..'1
jndulgm" . !'isucli.opprobrious epithet, w, J K
ter fitted for an inmate ot a mitl-house, or inn"'.
asylum; than for a seit .on this fiW. Hcml
.nade an inquiry of thu.gentlemanin tKemestre
apeciful terii'9, and the gentleman h id turned
on him, and com nenced a course of vituperatoa
and abuse, unprovukej and unatlml
such as he hid never before received froaanr
The following message was received:
TEXAS.AND NEW MEXICO.
ME3SAGE OF PRESIDENT
-I.V RELATION TO TUB TEXAN' EOUNDARr.
UA.-MltL, WEDSt'Eil'S REPLY TO GOV.
To the Senateand HaustoJ I'eprestntatires :
,A iiuitsitu irau?miL io me iwo tlnnia ,t
Congress'a letter from his Excellency the Got
ernor'nf 'Texas, dated on the Mlh day r-f Jace
last,-tiddressed to the late President of the Kaj.
ed Statesrwhich not, having been answelbf
him, came to my hands on his death ; anJ I a3j
transmit a copy of the acswer I have Uiou-htrt
to bo.niy duty to be caused to be made to" t!u;
Congre.s will perceive thit the Govcrnnr cf
Texas otfictilly states, that by ih'j author.tt
the legislature of that Slatehe despa'ibed a srv.
cial cou misstotier, with full power and lnstrec
lions to extend the civil juriiicttnn -if the Su;e
oyer the unorganized c-iuutiesof Eil as.o.Woria
f restdtar, and Santa r e, situated oa its Kori-
Ho bncecdsto siy, thit the Cocm:s5ionr
had reported lo htm in an officiil form, tint !.
military otSrera employed m the service cf t.
United States, stationed at Smta Fe, interpowM
adversely, with the inhabitant?, tn the fu.&niie it
ut his object, in lavur ot tne cstiulisnna i: , i i
sejarate blale govtrnment, east tf tj jtj
Grabde; and within the rightful limits ot us
Siate of Texas.
Theso four counties which Texas propo--(a :
establish and organize, as being wi hia ucr irea
itirisdiclioii, uxter.iover the whole of tneierri.
- .... , , ....
tory east or tna ito uranue, wm:n ins liv-r.tj.
fore been regarded as an essei.tia and mtLm
oait o: ti.e deyarticent of Sew Mexco. ana sc.
tually governed ano pes osed by her penpe,
until corq'iered aad severed from th : repua ,j
of Mexico by tho Amer.can arus.
The Legislaturj ol 1 :s lias been call a o-
gether by te Goj cn or, for thu purj as- as .s
understood, of injliliaimug lur clai a tj a ,;.
ritory east of the Rio Grade,and ot c'a.;. ;
over it her otvu jurisdiction and her own urn,
These procecdioss of Texas miy wen irreit
tho attention ot ail branches of toe overD l .t
of tlie Untied Siates, and 1 rejo.ee iha- t.ev
curvhiletho Countess ;s yet in s si n. ha
I fear, far tium bung i-iidrsiu u ihai, i , c i,.-
quence of these pmi ecdins of Texas a c .-i
imy be brought o.i which shtil sum ..t-rt " j
Houses ot uongiess auu sun more eiau .a
ly the Kxeiulive- Viovernmeiit to an i .raiut
atu rtadirii'fS fur the pert'oruiaece of tueir r
liy the Constitution ol tne united bates, .
Prciident is constituted coniuiander-in-cbii.f
the army and navy, and ot ihs militia of the " -cral
Statrs. when called into the actual :en.,.i
of the United Slates.
i'tie coiiatitution.dclarcs alo, tint hi sia.
tako ca-e that'tliQ lawa be faiihJully execw ca.
and that hethiil lio it titiw to tiuie.givo t;:'J
Congress n.torniition ot the stale of the I l. -
Congress has power, by the Coustatu' i,'"
provide lor caning loan ins iniiina i' eivu
the laws ot the bn onj and suiublcacd a.oi
priate acts of Congress liavo been -a5--J,M
well for providing tur calling f.rth it.e raw. i.
as ,for pacing, other sutlablo and eacioat
Mi'earis.in ttie hands of the IVsnicir, to eiw.e
him to'discriirje the constitutional mu.ujai .f
Tne second section of the act of the 2.-'3
February, 1705, declares that wheuevr ue
lansof llie United Sates shall be opposed, :r
tneir execution ohatructed, in any state, by ora
bina'ions tod p iwcrlul lo be suiipresse I by t o
ordinary coarse of judicial procejdtiigs, or die
power vesifcd iu the iiiarshVs.tncr'reitdeat ra r
call forth the inMiia, so fir as may bs utcs-i-
ry, to suppress such combioatiuus, and io cau.
tlie laA to be duly, executed.
Bv the act of Aiarch JJ, IS07, it is Fra LlJ
that io all case3 of obstruction lo the taws,erSitr
of the United Staiea or any individual sate'
territory, vrhcre it H lawful for tho I'reaiJ at u
call lurth tlio militia for tlie purpose, of caost. I
ihe laws to be duly executed, u fhall te U!"
for hi to employ, foi iha same purposes, sucli part
of the land or naval force ot ihe Utitieu Statti H
shall be judged necessary.
Thes-i several enactma-its aro now r T i
firce; sotliatif the la s of the I'oreJ Su s
aie opposed or obsiructed, in any State or .
ntoty, by combinations tco powepul to lie w3
prcssed by the ju-icial.orcivit aulhinMCSjitiw
comes a casd in which it U ihediity of lie Prs-
dent, either to call out the militia, or to ccv j
ihe military and naval frcc of the lot"
Sta'es, or la do both, if in his j'idiment tha exi
gency of the occasion so req nre, for tlie , urposJ
of suppressing such combination.
-Tne constitutional duty ot tlio rrcsrarai
plain and peremptory: and the authority vetca
in him bylaw funi pcrformance.clearanJanp s
Tcjtas is a state authorized to maintain t
own laws, so far. as they aro no: repuDWi O
ihe Constitution, laws and treaties of t" b?1'"
ed States, to suppress insurrections agaisst wr
uuionty, and to punish tsose wna may
treason against the State, according w
lotuis pruviueu vj ner own cumuiuuvu
:j i i i .:...;nn Ana net
Butall this no-vcr U local, and confined citire-
ly within the limits of Texas htrrsjlf. Sue ca
possibly confer no authority which cm lama"
be exercised beyond her own boundaries.
All this is pi iin and hardly needs arjtrncnt or
elucidation. If Texan militia, therefore, mire"
iutl any territory of the Umted S ales, ttir l
enforce or execute any law or laws i.f Texis,
fltPtf hf!-:rrtf. nl thit innninnt IrcS'jafSv'rS 1IJtJ
are no longer under the prutccam of any U't
authority, and nre to be reg irueu msreiy
trmlnrs? nn.l if wirhir. Kiir.h stite or
ubstruci ai.y law of the United Statf s, enher "f
power ot arms or iuere power ot uuocr,
stituling such a coinbinition as ii too rocrui
to ba suppiessed by. the c.viUuti ority.tite 1 RS
ident ol'ihe Uuiied" States ha no oi.tin 'eft ta
him, but is bound to obey tlie solemn injunction
of lh-j Constitution, and exercsi the higti pa
ers vested in hmi by tLatiuilruuient, uiij"'
acts of Congress.
Or. if any civil DWie, armed or unirir.cd, emu
intn anv iHrritnrv ol the United Slatts, uiia.
the protectioiof tho laws there if, witri intent to
seize, individuals lo be earned eltcahcre for at
lp,r,.A nft'."n'pa. mirllhis Basse be too poucrluV to
beT resisted by the local and civil authorities,
- l r....-. . ... ,.. 1..-. nrevent-
aeizun; uraiioiiipv uu bciu , - , .
resisted by ihe authority of the United
The grave and important question now answ
whether Ihere bo in the territory of New Jext-
co-any,existmg law.ol the United States, opposi
tion to which, or the .obstruction of wbica, would
coastitute a case calling for tlie in:erp-s-uo" "
the authority ves.ed in tlie President.
Th .Mi-n;nn-:,fih iTmio.i Smies declares
thaL'.u tBisComtiiutioaf and the lss of th
uimna wki, wurcu saaii uv irauii: i t"u
.1,- r-n .m,lc nr-whicnsnall
b e . naade, . under , lbs autaorty of theUuitcd