AUGUST 22, 1850.
VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL,
r IDotetjrotra State -lonriwl
VHIO STATE TICKET.
For Governor, Charles K. 'Williams.
For Lieutenant Governor, Julias Caaverse,
For Treasurer, George Hawes.
Seamd District, WM. HEBARD.
Third District, JAMES MEACHAM.
Fourth District, BLISS N. DAVIS.
Ticket far Ceaatj Ottacers.
RUFUS CLAPP, of Moretown,
ENOCH D. PUTNAM, ofMarshfield.
For County Judges,
F. A. WKIGKT, of Warren,
H. F. JANES, or Weterbury.
JOSEPH W. HOWES, Montpelier.
For High Bailiff,
HARRISON KETCH UM, Plainfield.
For Safe's Attorney,
DENISON K. SMITH, of Barre.
For Judge of Prolate,
HORACE HOLDEN, of Middlesex.
The Convention at Hard wick numbered
bout one hundred end fifty, and better Whig
cannot be found any where Whigs who art
Whigs in every sort of wind and weather.
Bliss JV. Davis Esq. of Hard wick received the
nomination a gentleman of fair abilities, sound
views, and unblemished character a man who
always does his duty fearlessly and faithfully.
Mr. Davis is the roan whose services in convic
ling the notorious Bristol Bill, at the Ust term
of Caledonia County Court, nearly cost him his
We are pleased to see the North Star come
promptly up to the support of Mr. Davis ripor
otu support, considering that the Star's prejudi
ces are all against him. " In 1848," says tho
Star, "he was on the fence for quite a length of
time ; however, he attended a free soil" con
vention at Hardwick, there made a speech, but
finally, hardly knowing which way to turn, vo
ted, as is supposed, for Gen. Taylor." Reader,
this is most excellent praise for the Star. It is
getting exceedingly near the truth .or Me Star.
You must recollect the Stat was then a Cast or
gan, bitterly opposed to free soilism and Whig'
gery : of course it is not to be expected that the
Star could go the whole figure with Mr. Davis,
nor even appreciate justly his position. We
were better acquainted with him, having enter
tained the same feelings co b. did iatlwciimw
of 1848 so we venture ts) put the Star on the
Whig; we mean by that, always a ffhig, and
always for free soil. He deliberated, as thous
ands of other Whigs deliberated, as to his duty
in reference to Gen. Taylor : he supported Tay
lor at last, as thousands of other free soil Whig
did ; and what is more he and they have never
found occasion to regret that decision. Free'
oilism has been safe in the bands of Taylor
Whigs the treachery has been found in the
skirts of locofoco doughfaces, as usual. Now
as the Star has become a Jree soil paper, it will
of course give Mr. Davis a decided preference
over that ardent anti-free soil supporter of Lewis
Cass, Thomas Bab.ti.ett, Jr. Consistency re
quires this; Mr. Davis' position and character
require this for, says the Star' in conclusion
toe will admit that he is a pretty smart fellow."
On the whole we must repeat that we are well
pleased to see the Star so decidedly commend'
ing Mr. Dat is to the support of every genuine
free-soiler. On that point there can be no donbt
Mr. Davis is decided in his opinions and has
been consistent in his course be has never sua
tained a dough fact. That is more than can be
amid of his opponent.
The California Bill
Has passed the Senate, 34 to 18. The 18
nays are all from the South, and bnt three of
them Whigs. Five Whigs from slave states vo?
ted for the bill. Mr. Clay was absent, being at
Newport, Rhode Island.
First Congressional District. The (second)
Whig Convention, holden at Rutland, nomina
, ted A. P. Ltkak, Esq. of Bennington by s very
decided vote. We observe, however, that the
BraUleboro' Phoenix (which sustains Mr. Min
is,") says the friends of Mr. Miner did not at
tend. We know too little of this contro
versy to undertake to say which of the two
nominees should withdraw, but this we will say
""he who withdraws' wiu'be'quite as much? honor
ed as he who shall be elected.
More Good 8heep.
E. Douglass of Chelsea thia year sheared 499
lbs. 11 ox. of wool from 97 sheep, and sold the
wool for 39 cts. per pound. This flock is of the
Tainter stock. A. J. More? of Randolph shear
ed 234 lbs. from a flock of 78, and sold his wool
for 38 cents sheep bred from a flock in Leba
non, N. H.
These items show what can be done in
wool-growing, even in these extraordinary times,
when foreigners are furnishing probably full one
. half of the woolen cloths consumed in this coun
try. Vote for Justices of the Peace.
Oae article last week was founded ea the pro
clamatioa of the Governor the only law in the
case, and which alUiced voting in the manner
staled. We bare since learned that there may
he difficulties in voting for Justices on the state
ticket, and that the Constitutional Convention
passed a resolution recommending a separate
aox for the voles for Justices of the Peace. So
he k UBderstoo-l : there will thee be Jomr dis
tiact boxes and fov distinct votes the:
1. State ticket, county seasters sad easmty
2. Heather of CoagTess.
3. Town Representative.
. MCW , . vJ
Coestables will do a favor to the freaam a,
Tha Wilflsot Prerlso AkaadOMiL
The nifsiis of the sr-free soil party ia tins re-
gioa bare at length cast the thin skis of free-
seilism, and repudiated the WILMOT PROVI
SO. The following is from (A Green Mountain
Preonen, and has been fully endorsed by the
North Star. .
Benton and the Dead Omnibus.
Amour those who have distinguished them
selves, during the long and disgraceful reign of
taction, in tne present congress, oy tnetr enorts
to resist the inrolling tide of assumptions more
dangerous to our liberties -than aught that has
been sought to be established since our exist
ence as a Republic, no one occupies a more
proud position than Thomas Benton, tho success
ful! antagonist of the defeated compromise.
Hale, Chase, Giddings, Mann, Seward and oth
ers, among wiioui be nas been found ngnung
shoulder to shoulder, durinir this perilous period,
have all done well all fought ably and fearless
ly, isut the same ability which is powenui in
one position may be comparatively powerless in
another. Mr. Benton, from his position as a
Southern man, together with his long experience
arid acknowledged strength ss a statesman, has
given lam power to do good in this controversy,
which few even from the South, and none from
the North, could have effected. And nobly has
ne employed those advantages on tne side 01
freedom and right, and in defence ol the broad
national principles of Jefferson, the unvaried
maintainance of our Republican Institutions.
Few will doubt, we oresume. that bad Mr. Ben
ton taken an opposite stand, the South, for the
present at least, must have triumphed. And in
according honors, therefore, to those who have
been most instrumental in overthrowing that
monster of legislative iniquity, the omnibus bill,
Vic services ot the great Missouri senator snouia
not enrraee the least portion ot our graieiui con
'deration. Green Mountain Freeman.
We cheerfully grant that Mr. Behtos has
acted inlependently and fearlessly against the
slavocrats in several points. So has Mr. Us
debwood of Kentucky ; so have both the Whig
Senators from Delaware ; so have Mr. Bell of
Tennessee, and Mr. Badger of N. C. These
men"( Benton inclusive) are Southern men, snd
anti-Wilmot Proviso men, yet have refused to
act with the Slavocrats on various occasions
yet the Freeman praises the solitary locofoco
and leaves the half a dozen Whigs unpraised.
Worse than this: the entire body of Northern
Whig Senators have voted straight out for the
IFUmol Proviso have sone the whole figure,
and all but one went against the Omnibus. The
er-free soil organs have no praises for these men
they are free soil Whigs and that is the rea
son, doubtless, for the injustice done them by
these journals. It is locofocoism, then, that en
titles a man to the praise of these papers not
free ssilism. Free soilism, then, is abandoned.
But to the main point. Senator Bektoh is
praised put above every body, both Liberty
men and Whigs above Phelps, and Hale, Davis
and Seward, and TJpbam, and Winthrop, and
Baldwin, and Smith, and Dayton, &c Sic ; above
the distinctive Liberty Senators, Hale and Chase.
And what is Bekto:i's position? He is opfo
seo to the Wicmot Proviso. The Wilmot
Proviso is a humbug" It is goat's wool" says
Tom Benton. And Tom Benton roles against
the Wilmot Proviso. See yeas & nays on Chase's
motion, August 14. Nay, more, Tom Benton
votes against Underwood's motion to reduce the
claim of slavocratic Texas to the free soil
New Mexico: see yeas and nays recorded this
week on our first psge. Nay further: the Free
man praises Bentorrfor going against the Omni
bus bill butatill Benton has gone for every
pan or that bill, mother distinct bills since
bill. The truth is, Benton was opposed to club
bing these bills in the omnibus as one be op
posed them ; as three distinct bills, he has voted
for them all! How easy it is for an ex-free soil
organ to cheat its readers, ot itself. The Green
Mountain Freeman and the North Star go for
Tom Benton the slaveholder and so the Green
Mountain Freeman and the North Star repudi
ate the free soil Test repudiate the Wilmot
The Vermont. Patriot ranks Mr. Winthrop of
Mass. smong the dough-taces, and then arraigns
the Whig members of Vermont (all shrouded in
black) for voting for him ss Speaker. The Pat
riot was dated Aug. 15 but printed on the 14th.
Reader, just look at the proceed. ngs at the Sen
ate on the 14th, and you will find these facts
Mr. Chase of Ohio moved to amend the New
Mexico territorial bill by affixing the Ifilawl pro
On that motion the yeas and nays were taken,
and Ml WinTHor votep Ate.
This is not the first time Mr. Winthrop has vo
ted for the Proviso. He moved to affix it to the
Oregon territorial bill, and of course voted for
bis own motion, which he has defended more
than once in his speeches,.
Now look a little farther in the list of yeas
and Mays on mates motion and you wui see
that Messrs. Bestoh of Missouri, (a favorite of
the coalitionists,) Cass of Michigan, (the man
who was supported for the Presidency by the
Patriot, and by L. B. Peck, Thos. Bartlett jr, J,
P. Kidder and sundry other coalition candidates,
Dodge of Iowa, and Sturgeon of Pa-, voted
NAY. These are the dough-faces locofocos
all. No Northern Whigs are to be found in that
Comments are unnecessary. In the light of
these facts, the Patriot man is as black as the
lines he haa chosen to display.
The Cass Men
In the coalition let slip no good chance of
kicking the old Liberty men. Jc the 4th Con
gressional district Rowell was driven off the
course by Bartlett, and in the second, Webber of
Rochester (free soil candidate in 1848) is laid a-
side and J. P. Kidder of Randolph (Cass man)
put in his place.
Monument to Silas Wright.
The last stone to complete this Monument,
now in the process of construction at Wey-
bridge, YL, will be laid on the 27th inst An
address is to be delievered by Hon. Behj. F..
Butler of New York, and the cap-stone is to
be laid Gea Jow E. Wool, U. S. Army.
Letters have been received from Gen. Wiknexb
Scott, Gea. Wool, Marti Van Borer, and
several other distinguished gentlemen oat of the
state, who have assured the Committee that they
will be present' The Committee consists of S.
W. JeweU of Weybridge, S. & Phelps of Hid-
diebury, and Samuel O. Wright of Weybridge.
BontrmyDegrut. The University of Ver
mont have conferred the degree of D. D.apea
Rev. Hear Wilkes of Montreal, and of A. U
upon John L. Bock, Esq. of North&eld, Dr. Phi
lander D. Bradford of West Randolph, sad Rsv.'
Daniel Warrea of Baketsfield. H.J.Rayasoad
Esq. of New YorK city was elected a aaaaar'ef
ELECTION NEW8. -
' Asrtt Csvsltaav Reid (loco) elected Govern
or by iflOO Bstjority. Loco majority in the Sen
ate 4, in the Hose6. Close rubbing.
Kentucky. Elsctioa for Legislature only.
Senate Whig, House ia doubt, several of the
counties running no Whig or loco tickets as
such, but going for the "Reform ticket" Le.
for the sew constitution.
So said the N. Y. Tribune, but tho Tribune
was too liberal altogether to the Locos. The
Ust report is that both Houses are Whig.
Iowa. 1st Congressional district, George G.
Wright, Whig, elected. 2d district, Lincoln
Clark, loco. Legislature loco. In the first,
Thompson (loco) was returned to the present
Congress, but his seat was contested, and both
Thompson and the contestant were sent home to
Indiana. The Whigs have gained handsome-
Missouri. A complete Whig victory. The
following is the list of members of Congress
1st District, John F. Darby, Whig gain.
2d " Gilchrist Porter,
3d John G. Miller, "
4itr " Charles E. Bowman, "
5th " Doubtful.
Legislature, as far as heard from, Whig 60,
ientonians 32, Anli-Bentoniaru 22.
Massachusetts. 1st District, Samuel A. Elli
ot (Whig) elected to Congress in place of Mr.
Winthrop resigned. 2d District, doubtful C.
W. Upham (Whig) runs vcary near an election.
4th District, no choice agaiu the whigs have
gained handsomely however.
Valuable Facts. 'Thomas H. Dodge of Nash
ua, (s Green Mountain Boy,) has published a
very interesting and valuable pamphlet, entitled
"Review of the rise, progress and present im
portance of cotton manufactures in the United
States, together with statistics, showing the
comparative and relative remuneration of the
English and American operatives." We gather
a few facts.
1838. Spindles 1,422,000; yards manufac
tured 469,200,000; males employed-14,000; fe
males, 47,000; wages of both $13,655,200.
184a Spindles 3,800,000; yards manufac
tured 918,000,000 ; males employed 27,000 ; fe-
malos 95,000; wages of both $27,196,000.
Thus it will be seen that the business has been
doubled in ten years. Shall this business be en
couraged, protected, and increased ? We put
that question to the farmers and workingmen of
Vermont, along with these facts.
The operatives employed in 1848 was 95,000,
and the wages earned $27,196,000. If it is bet
ter fur you to have 95,000 yankees taken from
your ranks, employed, and earn this money, than
it is to keep these operatives in your own shops
and field, snd employ 95,000 English laborers
and stnefyour own money to pay Men you will
go for encuuraging home manufacturers.
Again: theso cotton manufacturers snnuilly
Pay taxes to the amount of
Use leather, pounds,
Barrels of Flour,
besides immense quantities of beef, pork, butler,
cheese, corn, potatoes, Sc. etc Now if you
think it wiser to keep this market for the produc
tions of yankee soil than to yield it to foreign
soil, you will go for protection.
But is protection teanledi We answer, in a
statement of facts from this pamphlet :
In the II years 11838 to 184S) the pay of la
borers in the American Cotton Mills
The pay according fo British prices
would have been only 66,993,880
Excess of wages paid by the Amer
This is a vast difference. Shall it be reduced
by reducing the pay of yankee labor 1 If so, a
way with protection down with wages, work
harder, live poorer, and deny the children of the
operatives comfortable shelter 'and clothing and
the means of knowledge. If not so then the
difference must be maintained by yankee inge
nuity and by yankee advantages ia producing
the raw material and both kept at the safe
point by securing to them the home market in
other words by protection against the cheaper
labor of England.
Northern Railway Route.
Snow and Wilder, Boston, have published a
convenient and valuable description of the Rail
way Routes, via the Lowell, Concord, Plymouth
Northern, Vermont Central and Passumpsic
Railroads, illustrated by handsome maps of the
sections traversed by each road. We commend
this work to travellers, but we cannot refrain
from expressing tho wWb that a more perfect
"Traveller's Guide" could be furnished, indica
ting the spots for finding striking'scenery, &c
&c. In this respect, Vermont is not appreciat
ed with any degree of justice, nor is it possible
that she can be sa long as travellers are, content
to "tike the railroads only. To know Vermont,
one most leave the. great thorough-fares, which
are in the valleys, and take the iaci bone roads.
The bills and mountains of Vermont are her glo
ry ; and they are infinitely more beautiful than
the famous hills and mountains of N.Hampshire,
which have been the fashion for years. One
who has seen all, says the White Hills are by
no means so interesting as Mansfield mountain,
If he is correct, Camel's Hump may be set down
as superior to either. Of course we mean not
in lietgAf but for the views which are obtained
of the surrounding country, rich and cultivated
to the very mountains, extending from the Whi e
H ills of New-Hampshire to the ranges in North'
era New York, and from the Southern Green
Mountain range to the highlands of Montreal jn
tho North, embracing almost the whole of Lake
Cbamplaia itself, snd the whole of the great
basin in which it lies, and the valleys of all Ver-
aMBt's principal rivars flowing both into the
Lake and into the Connecticut. We speak now
of Camel's. Hump ; but Mansfield, and the moun
tains and Lakes of Northern Vermont, are also
well worth the attention of travellers.
See first page for the letter of Gov. Bell of
Texas and Daatel Websters reply.
, Rspir. of Ike Central eWL-Cost $29,230
jast within oar estimate. See "note of Gov.
Paine os the first page.
r Corn.amks9Xptrtn! Good news for the
fsmsjsofJhaiefiea. 1st lie. lOutiprm ad-
fourth Dlsrtriet "VVhlc Ca
uosv V ? .
The CoaveatioB met at Hardwiek, agreeable
to adjournment at Meatselier, aal was caHed to .
order by the- Precise at, Dc Jobs Dewey,' of
On motion of Mr. Walton of Montpelier, a
committee equal to the Senatorial represent! tion
was appointed to nominate officers tor the per
manent organization of the meeting.
Oa jaettea of, Mr. Delano, the following gen
tleaea were appointed a Committee on Resolu
tions, by the Chair: Messrs. Delano, Walton,
Bartlett; Worthington, and Cbadwick.
A motion was made by Mr. Deming, of Dan
ville, that a committee equal to double the Sen- ,
atorial representation be appointed by the dele
gates from the several counties, to present a
candidate for representative to Congress, from
the 4ih Congressional District; and after a very
courteous and interesting discussion, by Messrs.
Chadwick, Dewey and Walton, the motion pre
vailed. Adjourned tilll 12 o'clock.
The Convention met agreeably to adjourn
ment. The Committee to nominate officers of the
Convention reported ss follows: John Dewey,
President; Heary Stevens, Harry Baxter, Vice
Presidents ; Henry S. Bartlett, John S. Barker,
The Committee to make a selection of a can
didate for Conmess, presented the name of
BLISS N. D4VIS, Esq. of Hardwick, which
was unanimously confirmed by the Convention.
The Commif.ee on Resolutions presented the
Resolved, .That we cordially recommend
Bliss N.Davis, Esq. this day nominated for
Congress, to the hesrty and succesaiul support
of the Whigs eite 4th district
tttsoiuca, 1 nai tms uonvenuon resuirnis mc
principles of the Resolutions of the general
Whig convection of the 17th July, as contain
ing the true ipirit and substance of the old
Whig creed. 1 t
Alter addresses by Messrs. Davis and Caboon
of Caledonia, Damon of Orleans, and Walton of
Washington, tie resolutions were adopted unan
imously. The Convention then adjourned to meet at the
polls on the firtt Tueiday in Sept
Second District Whig Congres
The Whigs of the Second Congressional
District, pursuait to the caU of the District Com
mittee, met at Royalton, August 15, 1850. The
Convention was called to order by Col. Carlos
Carpenter, one of-the District Committee, and
Hon. Samuel W. Porter, of Springfield, was
chosen Presideit of the Convention, and Thus.
Hale and John B. Hutchinson, Secretaries.
Col. Carpenter stated the object of the meet
ing, and after runarks by J.S. Morrill and Jason
Steele, Esqis , and Hon. Hampden Cutts, the
Convention, on .notion of Mr. Steele, adjourned
to half-past one o'clock, P. M.
At half-past ne, the Convention again met
pursuant to adjournment. After brief remarks
from Joel Bass, Esq., and Hon. II. Cutis, Jason
Steele, Esq , mored thatthe Convention proceed
to the nomination of a Candidate for Represent
ative in the next Congress, by acclamation,
whereupon the. HON. WILLIAM HEBARD,
the present incambent, was unanimously no
minated. Hon. A. Cushmsn presented the following re
solution, which was unanimously adopted.
Besotted, That' we recognise in our candidate
this.day nominated for re-election to Congress,
an 'able and faithful representative ot Whig
principles ready at a'.I times to give sucn votes
as will favor the causa of Freedom, and protect
the interests of his constituents, and as sucb
serving of our united and cordial suppo
J. S. Morrill, Esq-, offered the folio"?! "h'"
was also unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That'tne late sdmi'Nt'011 of the
General Post Office Don.r-.ent, by uurdisling
nisned rfcliow-ciilzen. the Hon. JACOB COL-
ItliMfi'fiafi-flettt rJsarpnsea in JtBeffihurvw-
inai uepanmcni , siu wnue we oppiore uie iaci
which has deprived the country of the services
of an officer so capable, we are proud to wel
come him back to tie field of private life, which
he no less worthily pdorns.
The Convention vss now eloquently address
ed by Messrs. B. Mlrtin, J.,8. Morrill, A. Cush
man, H. Cults, anl others. The attendance
was unusually largtj for such an occasion, and
the proceedings were harmonious and spirited,
in the highest degrie.
Alter voting to publish the doings of the Con
vention in the newspapers frieodly to the Whig
cause, the Conventbn adjourned without day.
S.W. PORTER, President.
TiinMAS Hale, ,
J. B. HuTcm.isof.
Whyjthey do it.
. The Louisville democrat thus accounts for
the gains of its paiy in the late Southern Elec
tions : j
"The Executits runs into a petty quarrel
with Texas, and cdiies to a resolve that it will
produce civil war Is certainly as that the sun'
shines I As to getting
into a quarrel withTixas about a piece of land,
a Democratic Preside would have scorned it
He would never havecalled upon Congress to
have aided him in. Rawing the sword of civil
warfare in any such paltry and shameful con
test " Recollect, the question is not whether a for
eign nation shall ha'e teiritory we claim or that
a state claims, butjhetber a piece of Jand shall
belong to one sta or another that is to be.
Over this mighty oiestion the Executive calls on
the people of Ibis? Union to cut each other's
throats. Out upon Ihe disgusting exhibition!
The truth is, Texais a slave state, and her in
stitutions so bad, ttat Fillmore cannot think of
allowing her claii. This is the whole pith of
the controversy. If Texas were a free state, re
sistance to her cljin would not be thought of."
It does seem hrd that while the whigs are
thus doomed to pe ground at the South and
South-West beciise IM administration don't
succumb to the aLveryextensionists, they should
at the same tirn be.sbaken in Vermont and
Massisbusetta am beaten in Northern Ohio on
a falieassumptioa-that-iteloes. If there were
any decent Tetf6tC Jot honesty and candor
evinced by .the jouaalists and wire-workers who
are now using tne Free-soil organization to de
coy votes into tie I ranks of Locofoeoism, this
swindle could n goon. JY. Y. Tribune.
We think theTnbune may rest assured that
it won't go on inVermont
Old line Movements.
L The old linersbf Orleans have nominated a
County ticket, ad adopted a resolution request
ing the old line oasention of Lamoille (to be
holden this weekko nominate an old line candi
date for Congressjin this District
An old line ticlet in this county is contempla
ted. See notice, ibich we insert by request
fr?Tbe FraiuJ talks Irish to us. Since the
Freeman of June aid the. Freeman of Aug. are
swallowing each other aye and bolting Messrs
Peck and Scott bj way ot desert we commend
to its editor the famous Irish story of' the two
cats of Kilkenny,' Bat succeeded in entirely de
molishing each otter oh 6af their tads. To
our apprehension, ss far as free-soilism ia con-
cerned.the Freemi has already dwindled down
10 the tip end .of tie tail. There is not enough
left for the old Uhtrty men to bang on by.
Hob. Hearv Kes. Member of Con press
from Pa., died "'si York is that Sute, oa
Saturday. He haa beei ia fesWe health
the whole neaun; He was a Whig.
Wrong. Mr. Net iiviaf, his wife died on
Iha dayaasMsL &
' ' CONGRKM, '
Mswbat, Aug. 12.
Senate. After tho consideration of the morn
ing buai new, the California hill, was sgaia taken
bp, the question pending between Mr. Turney's
amendment, oeing me same as mat aaomiueo oy
Mr. Soule as a subitutute for the California
part of the omnibus.
Kejected r ess, ao, nays, au.
Alter some additional remarks, the question
was stated on the engrossment of the bill.
Mr. Hunter moved an adjournment ajosi.
Veis, 20; nays, 21.
Mr. Davis, of Miis .moved a postponement un
til to morrow Lost by same vote.
Mr. Foote moved that the bill be laid upon
the table. Lost. 19 to 33.
Mr. Turner again moved an adjournment,
which was lost Yeas 18, nays 23.
The bill was then ordered to be engrossed-
Yeas 33, nays 19, as follows:
Yeas Messrs. Baldwin, Bell, Benton, Brad
burv, Bright, Cass, Chase, Cooper, Davis of Jl ass,
Dickinson, Dodge of Wis, Didge ot Iowa,
Douglass, Ewing, Fetch, Green, Hale, Hamlin,
Houston. Miller. Norris. Phelps, Seward, Smith,
wales, WalKer, wintnrop ana wuueomo.
Navs Messrs. Atchison. Barnwell, Berrien,
Clemens, Davis of Miss., Dawson, Foote, Hunt-I
er, King, Mason, Mcuton, trait, kusx, aeoas
tian, Soule, Turney and Yulee.
The question being stated upon the passage
of tho bill Mr. Davis of Miss., rose to make a
speech, but yielded to a motion, and the Senate
The House resolved itself into Committee of
the Whole on the state of the Union on the Civ
il and Diplomatic Appropriation bill.
Mr. Casey proceeded to soeak in favor of a
orotective oolicv in connection with the ioterests
of Pennsylvania, and :eterred to the dissentions
of the Ixcolocos with regard to the Tariff ot '42,
which he said was broken oown through tne
treachery of Dallas. He showed from figures,
1 he depressed condition of Iron Manufacturers
in that State owing to this.
Mr. GidJmgs said, that to the joy and grati
fication of the people of the North the Omnibus
bill nas defeated ; but those who voted against
it have gone over and taken a position more dan
gerous to the North than that measure. The
bill of the Senate, proposing the settlement of
the Texas boundary, was now before the House.
The Senators who voted to strike out so much of
the Omnibus as fixed the boundary at the hun
dredth degree, voted afterward to extend it fur
ther nest giving Texas forty thousand square
miles, a Territory as Urge as Ohio, and ten mil
lions of dollars beside. He was to'd this bill,
so unjust to the Western States, New Mexico
and the North, was to be pissed in this body by
Whig votes by force of Executive yvvrer. But
this cannot be done. Gentlemen calculated
without their host when they say the Executive
can so act. The public sentiment of the Union
bids defiance to it He then discussed the Tex
as boundary denying the extravagant claims of
Texas, and insisting on the ancient boundary of
New Mexico, lie rejoiced to say the President
has shown no disposition to recede from that po
sition; but he repudiated paying tribute l) lex
as, whose representatives are not constitrtioo.-'0r
here, but by sufferance ; snd now they p-opose
m itimolvp the llniiin if wa don't o!v ner ten
mittiim. nl ftntlflrn.
Mr. Howard said Texas has not asked money
h k nnthinir hut terniorv. I think it ex
tremely questionable whetber'.'he will accept of
tbe ten millions. , ...
Mr. Giddings-I hope'e gentleman s doubts
will be realized. Was-'ut the voice of Texas
heard in the Senate-)e the daughters of the
hnnnlMr.li crvinrGive! give! Ills to make
i.. tn r-xr tnlute to Texas, and tax the Free
States "r aer oen":t- If Texas compels us to
niVan millions, may nut new KoiK make us
Tjv thinv millions? If the Territory belonss
to Texas, let her have it If to Die United Slates,
maintain It! It was nothing but weakness which
induced the President to recommend this meas
ure. Tbe North will n'it unitpj Their ener-
uiea are paraltzid, and some are false.
Mr. Jones made good tbe statements uttered
by him on a former occasion, snd hicli were
controverted by Mr. Bayly, thai the estimates
oftiovernment amounted tb$52,700,000 foTthe
present fiscal year, including the expenses of tbe
Post Office. Estimating the population of the
Untied Slates at twenty millions, the average for
every individual ol cacn class, sex, color, and
description is $2 50. The Government, he con
tended, should be administered for twenty-five
millions, and he called on gentlemen to reform
the expenditures and pay strict regard to econ
Mr. Johnson, of Tenn. examined tho Presid
ent's message, who he said assumes a menacing
attitude, when there was no law violated, and no
case in which he can call out tne troops to oper
ate against Texas.
Toesdat, Aug. 6.
Senate. The bill distributing the Public
Lands among the States in which they lay for
tne use of actual settlers thereon, was taken up
and Air. Walker nude a speech in its support,
after which it was postponed until Monday.
The California bill was then taken up.
Air. Davis ot .Miss, sddressed the Senate in
opposition to its pas -age, warning the Senate of
the serious and latal consequences likely to fol
low the consummation of a measure so subver
sive of the constitution and violative of the
principles upon which our forefathers founded
the Union of these States. He fell that the fate
of the Union hung upon this meagre, which
enacted the Wilmot proviso in effect, though
not in form a Proviso which tbe Legislature
of Sovereign States had declared that tbey
would resist to the last In conclusion be warn
ed the Senate that they were about to plunge
into an abyss in which would lie buried all the
glories of the past, and all the hopea of the fu
Mr. Clcmns stated the reasons which would
impel him to go ag-iinst the bill. He would do
so first, because no census of California had
been taken and there was no evidence before
the Senate that at the time of tho adoption"
it tne Constitution nl California her popu
lation was sufficient to entitle her to one-
Representative in Congress. Asa 11, that con
stitution was formed and adopted under military
and executive dictation, and for the purpose of
excluding the people ot on half the states of
the Union from participating in the benefits of
me new acquisitions.
After some further remarks relative to the
propriety of resistance to this measure, he de
clared himself ready to perform' whatever acts
his state might require, ot him. If sne directed
him to resist it in other fields he was was readv
to obey her, no matter what he mandate. If
this was treason, be was a traitor and intended
to continue such.
Mr. Houston defended the vote which he
should give in favor of the bill. He pictured
the evils of disunion, and scouted all idea of
such result, and argued the propriety and justice
of admitting California, and declared himself
ready to assume every responsibility devolving
on him, because of his vote in favor of that mea
sure. In the course of his remarks he alluded to
theJNashvi 1 Convention in terms far from com
plimentary. Mr. Barnwell defended.that bodv asrainst the
aspersions of the Senatothum Texas. He also
opposed the passage of toe California Bill, and
characterized it as an act of an unscrupulous
majority trespassing upon the rights and feelings
of a helpless minority.
Mr. Ewinz arose to reply to an inti
mation which he understood to have been thrown
out yesterday by Mr. Berrien, to the effect that
the late Executive had interfered in moulding
the institutions of California, and deluded her
people into adopting the constitution formed by
Mr. Berrien denied having intended to make
any charge. He only said that a letter which
he had read to the Senate contained such an in
timation. After further debate by Messrs. Davis of Miss.
and Houston, and some conversation between
Messrs Cass and uiemens, relative to tne coasts.
tencr of the course of the former upon the Wil-
mot rroVtSJ, ine question, was una ana we 0111
V- . . 1 .- I . -,,
passed Yeas o, Ways le, as loliowa :
Yeas Messrs Baldwin, Bell, Benton, Bradbu
ry, Bright, Cass; Ctnse, Cooper, Davis of Mass:,
uickinaon. uossre 01 wis., ieoss wi towa, ij-
lua. F.wiiiT. Green. Hale. HaraliB, Hoeston,
Joaes, Miller, Norris, T1I, Hswarf, BfcieUs,
Smith, Spraance, Stawceea, UBderweoaV Upham,
Wale, Walker, WiethreWhMMte. i
Nays Messrs. Atchison, BsraweU, Berrien,
Be tier, Clemens, Davis of Miss- Foote, Haater,
King, Mason, Morton, Pratt, Rusk,. Sebastian,
Soule, Turney, Yulee.
The passsge of the bill was greeted with de
monstrations of applause. P
Mr Turney signified a desire to enter a protest
to the bill 00 the part of the minority.
Mr Douglass moved that the bill to establish a
Territorial Government for New Mexico bo
made the special order for to-morrow, at 12 o'
Mr Butler expressed a desire to have tbe Fu
gitive Slave bill taken up and acted upon first
Mr. Foote expressed his great surprise lhat
gentlemen from the South should endeavor to
delay action upon the Territori il bill, and com
mented with some severity upon the action of
many Southern Senators.
After further debate, the motion to make the
bill a special order for to-morrow was agreed to
on a division Yeas 25, Nays 14.
The Senate soon after adjourned.
House. Mr Richardson asked the House to
take up the Senate bill to pay the pension of $20
a month to John Mitchell, a soldier in the Mex
ican war, who lost both arms in the service, and
aficra few words from Messrs. McLane and
Thompson of Miss., the bill was passed.
Mr Bayly moved that the House resolve itseu
into Committee of the Whole on the State of
tbe Union, which was disagreed to, Yeas 83,
Mr Jones from the Committee on Rules offer
ed an amendment to them which he thus explain
ed: we are all aware that under the rules, five
minutes are allowed for explanation to a mem
ber offering an amendment; after that the de
bate hss been closed, and some of the most bus
iness like and beneficial action bas taken place
under it: but we have also seen that tbe rule
has been abused by the transfer of the amend
ment It was originally intended to give tne
mover of an amendment, particularly on appre
ciation bills, an opportunity to explain it This
amendment from the Committee proposed to ex
tend this right to any other member to reply;
then no further debate is to take place on it
Tbe same rule is to be extended to amend
ments. Then the Committee shall vote, and the
mover shall not be permitted to-withdraw with
out the unanimous consent of the Committee.
He moved the previous question debate en
Weokcsdat, Aug. 14.
In the Senate Mr. Hunter moved that the
Protest of ten Senators, which be presented,
against the passage of the California bill, be en
tered upon the journal.
The paper is signed by -Messrs. aiason, Hun
ter, Butler, Barn el I, Turney, Soule, Davis of
Miss. Atchison, Morton and Yulee.
Mr. Davis of Mass. opposed the motion.
There was no precedent for it On the contra
ry, tfie Senate on a former occasion, refused to
receive such a protest If the principle should
be adopted it would be be found to be a very
strange ot"- If one side slould be allowed to
enter justification upon the journal, why
4uud not the other.
The Presi lent, in closing somo remarks, ruled
that a single objection was not enough to de
feat the motion.
Mr. Davis siid his objection was not against
the protest in this particular case, but against
Mr. Foote explained tbe reasons for refusing
to sign ihe protect He thought it disrespectful
and the action of tbe protestents elsewhere is
productive of mischief.
Mr. Shields hoped the protest woulJ be re
ceived. It could hare no effect upon the ques
tion, and he thought the act of magnanimity
could be afforded, at the same time be desired
it lhat should not he regarded as an e.tablished
Mr. Baldwin objected to the reception of the
protest Hhichmusl necessarily become a prece
dent Mr. Cass would vote for the motion. -There
was no question of .the power of the Senate to
receive the protest. It could" hac no effect up
on Ihe measure itself-- --eiva jr. if it
would auoru any sausiaciioo 10 ine siguers ui
'-Tuir . luuiiv uau'uu uujeTuuu "to uieTecep
tion of the petition, but was opposed to entering
it upon the journal. The Constitution gave to
every member tbe rifflit of protest on the
journal. A piotest not consisting of elaborate
arguments, but embodied in tbo emphatic No.
ite was opposed :o setting a preceded for other
protests. There was but one parliamentary
body in the world where the right to enter such
protests was accorded, and that was in the Brit
ish Uouse of Lords. Did the Senators desire
to secure that which was claimed by no other
parliamentarian than a British Peer? Did they
desire to introduce this appendage of aris'ocracy
into the Senate ? He was preoan d to advocits
the largest right of petition, and would receive
it as a petition, aud accord it the same consider-
After further debate between Messrs. Cass.
Butler, Davis, of Mississippi, Hamlin, Berrien,
Benton, Downs and Pratt the further considera
tion of the subject was postponed until tomor
row. The Senate took up the bill to establish tbe
territonal government of Utah and New-Mexico
and the settlement of the boundaries of Texas,
and amended by striking out all reUting to Tex
as and Utab. and describing the boundaries of
Texas and Utah as defined in the bills recently
Mr. uougiass moved an additional section,
postponing the operation of the bill till tbe dis
puted boundaries of Texas bad been settled by
the n.utual agreement of the parties.
Mr. Benton moved to amend the amendment
so us to confine the operations of the proposed
Territorial government 10 tial part of New
Mexico which was actually settled, held and oc
cupied as New-Mexico at the tune of the ces
8.0a to the United States, and nt included in
the boundary of Texa?.
After debate upon the thread-bare subject
of the boundaries of Texas, and the rights and
title ot Texas, a motion to postpone the further
consideration of the subject until to-morrow was
made and rejected
Mr. Winthrop submittcJ a few remarks, in
the course of which he intimated his intention to
vote fur the Wilmot Proviso if presented in this
bill, but expressing the hope that Congress
would at no distant day take up, ratify and eive
effect to the constitution of New Mexico recent
ly recently sent here by her people..
After additional debate the .amendment sub
mitted by Mr. Scnion was refected. Yen 0,
Mr. Douglas's proposed amendment was then
Mr. Foote moved to insert a proviso lhat when
New-Mexico presents herself for admission as a
state she shall be admitted either with or with
out slavery, as her constitution way declare:
Mr. Chase moved the insertion of the JefFer-
sonian proviso inhibiting slavery, which was re
jected. Yeas Baldwin Bradbury, Bright, Chase,
Cooper, Davis of Mass. Dojge of Wis., Fetch,
Greene, Hale, Hi ml in, Miller Morris, Phelps,
Shields, S.uuh, Upham, Walker, Whitcomb,
Nays Atchison, Badger, Bel, Benton, Ber
rien, Cass, Davis f Mis., Dawson, Dodge oflo
wa, DownsFootc, Houston, Hunter, Jones, King,
Manguin, Mason, Morton, f ratt, ot Wary land,
Rusk, Sebastian, Soule, Sturgeon, Underwood,
Mr. Dickinson said be bad paired off with his
colleague Mr. Seward,who was necessarily at
.. .1 -. : , ,j , . 1
sem iroin ine city, or ne snouia navs toieu in
Mr. Hale moved the same amendments which
were made to the Omnibus oa bis motion secur
ing the right of babeus corpus to the alledged
slave, and providing for, the. carry ins of, the
question of slavery to the Supreme Court, which
Tho bill was then reported to Senate.
Tha amendments to it were then concurred m
and the' bill ordered to be engrossed for a third
After a brief executive session the Seaate ad
House. Mr. Heon asaed leave 10 pnw:
a remonstrance from the citizens of New York
against the passage of tha bill extending the
patent of one Jethro Wood's Patent cast-iroa
Ohjeotisas ware made.
Mr. Pheaaix asked, bat did set obtain Mre
to ofler a resolution instructing the committee
oa military affairs to report upon the practicabil
ity of erecting a permanent fortification atSandy
Hook, in conformity with tbe recommendations
of the Engineer and the Secretary of the War
The House took up the report of Mr. Jocea,
made' yesterday, to modify the rules so that
where debate is closed by order of tbe Houw.
any member shall be allowed in committee five
minutes to explain any amendment be may offer,
and any member who shall first obtain the floor
shall be allowed to speak five minutes in reply,
and there shall be no further debate on tha
amendment; but tbe same privilege of debate
shall be allowed in favor of or against any
amendment which may be offered to the amend
ment, aad neither the amendment or the a mead
mend to tbe amendment, shall be withdrawn by
the mover thereof, unless by the unanimous con.
sent of tbe House.
Mr. McLane then withdrew his motion to
After sa ineffectual attempt of Mr. Feather.
stone to lay it on the' table, the report was adopt
ed 112 10 44.
Tbe House the then went into committee of
tbe .whole on the civil and diplomatic Appropri
Mr. Asbmun said that the bill from the Senate
appropriating ten millions tor the Texan boun
dary, was not precisely what be should frame,
but if it could not be amended so as to suit him
he, as a practical man, would vote for it as beinir
the beat he could get He concurred heartily
and cordially in the doctrine and spirit of the
President's message and recommendation.
They were those on which he believed the gov
ernment could stand, and will be sustained, fie
defended the President from the attacks made
upon him, and justified his conduct with refer
ence to New Mexico and Texas. If the boun
dary bill shall fail, not one single measure tend
ing to adjustment will pass Congress, and an
adjournment will take place only to send abroad
the seeds of dissension, and members will return
less disposed than ever to settle the questions.
He was willing to pay Texas ten million, not
for what we owe her, but which will go towards
the payment of her debts ; he would give ten
million for tha sake ot peace, and this amount
would be well spent, lather than pass another
month in such proceedings as the history of th:s
By tbe passage of this bill we snatch from
those who desire to keep up the agitation the
only practicable question about which there can
be any quarrel. We shall find many who are
not for it, and against adjustment and harmony.
There were men in Massachusetts and at
ihe South who make day and night hideous, and
who would be sorry to have peace. He desired
to have fraternal feeling. Ho was determined
that so far as he conscientiously could, to secure
it and one meats to accomplish it is to vote for
Mr. Toombs said he concurred in tbe rcmraks
heretofore made by his colleague Mr. Ste
phens. Ho would not sy thst the Presi(Mt
had other than a proper motive, but he h as
sumed power not in accordance with ihe!0113"
tulion and laws, but in derogation of JOt ajj
as such the message met his opposit"- " '"e
Union could not be maintained fo-'ne Pre!m'
tion of Southern lights he wr- for striking it
down. He then proceeded,-0 show ,b
President has assumed to b- he propounds and
executor of laws which a- dangerous to .iberty ;
and, in conclusion, he -pressed ihe h. pe lhat
Texas would defen"er,D.oner, swoid in hand,
and whatever aid coula Sive he would, ess
he should be rec-""" 10 oul?- ,
Mr. Steven' of Pa., defended the first part of
the rnesssrt oi pronounced the last in refer
ence to iing Texas money, a reproach to the
PreseJiUt arld the nition. He viewed all ths
thre.is or disunion and bloody civil war as im
potent aud as inieuded to intimidate the North.
He said lhat tbe remark from the gentleman
from Massachusetts, (Air. Ashinun,) -vho snd
he was willing to buy peace, looked like coward
ice, and as if he was willing to buy it from reb
fl. with kimJii -btr haodsHe wished to
know where the ancient spirit had fled which
would give millions for defense but not one cent
roruioSie. tie strenuously resisted tbe extrav
agant claims of Texas to boundary, and regard
ed the bill as the mother of most abominable
concessions, of future wars, dissensions and nul
lifications. The Committee then rose, and the House ad
THCrtSDAT, Aug. Ia.
Senate. The Fugitive Slave Bill was taken
up, and made the special order for Monday next
i lie f rotest againal the California I11II again
came up. 1 be question being upon its recep
tion, and entrance upon the journtl, Mr. Badger
opposed it as a dangerous precedent The sub
ject was also debated by Messrs. Walker, Hun
ter and Beatun, and tbe debate continued unm
the usuil hour of adjournment tbe Omnibus
bill, Texas Bill, and California Bill being inci
dentally discussed, and criminations and recrim
inations being indulged in between Southern
gentlemen. Nothing of interest tran-tpired, and
at 4 o'clock, the motion to receive was laid on
The bill to establish the Territorial Govern
ment of New Mexico was then read a third time
and passed, and after the consideration of Exec
utive business, the Senate adjourned till Mon
The House went into Committee on the Civil
and Diplomatic Appropriation Bill.
Mr. Dter entered upon a defence of Ihe Pres
idem's recent Texas snd New Mexico Message
which be considered well-timed, aud wise in its
application, lie replied to Mr. Seddon, whose
remarks, he said, were nullification with some
additions ; and he combatted the arguments of
.Messrs. Tombs and Stephens, heretofore deliver
ed. He gave reasons why he should vote for the
Texas .Boundary Ten Millions BilL The most
prominent object was to produce harmonr and
strengthen the Union. If civil war should result
from a failure to perform duty, on those who ob
struct tbe settlement, would rest a heavy respon
sibility. Mr. McLane opposed tbo views of tbe Presi
dent as to the boundary.
M r. Venable regarded the President as attemp
ting to revive the federal doctrine to decide the
question of boundary, and with sword in hand,
enforcing judgment, without consulting Con
gress. He did not want a Free Soil Abolition
Siate on the Texas border, and defended tbe
Mr. Ashe spoke in condemnation ot the Mcs
s"m favor of Texas' claim to th boundj'-
ine committee rose at 4 o clock, and the
House took a recess until 7.
Although seven was tne hour fixed for re-as
sembling, the House, or. ratber thirty members
01 k, were called to order at bait -past loo
House then went into Com nr.tee.
Mr. Marshall declined aoealcinff.and the floor
was taken by Mr. Sackett, who referred to the
tale of the bill sent from the Senate, proposing
to the Stale of Texas the establishment of ber
Northern and Western boundary; the relinquish
ment by said Slate of all the territories claimed
by her exterior to her present boundary, and all
her claims on the United States. He then en
deavored to show that the title was merely pro
forma, and did not express the character of tbe
oounaary in any degree, it was in iaci, a ow
to establish tbe Missouri Compromise two hun
dred miles west, and to cedo to the Slave State
of Texas about fitty-six thousand square miles
of Territory, which is now f ee, to be converted
into slave territory forever, and to establish the
Eio Grande as tho western boundary of Texas,
and to pav ber ten millions of dollars for taking
it He farther opposed uie oiu, aua ?iu "
would not treat with rebels with arms in their
bands, and he utterly repudiated the notion that
this was an Administration measure.
Mr. Marshall differed from opinions expressed
as to tbe power of the President to direct tbe
military forces, and held that there is as much
difference between the direction and oso of the
forces by the President, as between a dangerous
weapon and the use of it Tbe President must
be authorised by law 'to use the army and the
naval forces. Mr. Marshall insisted that the
Goverameat is committed ia every wsy to the
hausdarv of Texas to tha Rio Grande. He was
agaia robbing Texas tat the .purpose of admin-
istenag 10 amy ibbsucubi.
ajV MViCiaanek daftiuul tha President's Mes-
sage, aad iatoked a spirit of ceacord to settle
tha agttaliag qutioa.
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