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VERMONT WATCHMAN STATE JOURNAL, SEPTEMBER 5
tUatdjmcra & State Jfonraal.
E. P.WALTON, JR., EDITOR.
Thursday, September 5, 185.
Montpelicr takes her stand as a. Whig town
decidedly so; having elected a whig represent'
ativc, and given a clear Whig majority on the
State, Congressional and County tickets, over
all the other parties, which weie, this year and
in this Iowd, far more numerous than usual, and
some of them (we are obliged to add,) were
countenanced by a few men who have hitherto
not merely acted with the Whig party, but have'
been quite willing to take a liberal share of its
honors. Such a victory as the Whigs of Mort
pelier have won, under such circumstances, is
in the highest degree satisfactory to them, and
will be so to the Whigs of the entire State. 'Mr,
Vail's majority was 24 overall and his plurality
over Mr. Marston, the candidate of the coalition
ists, 101. The vote on the slate ticket last
year was 348 whig and 348 coalition a tie; this
year the whigs have 11 majority over both the
coalition and old line candidate;.
The following are the votes :
For Governor, Williams
Lieut. Governor,Con verse
For CoDgrces, Davis
Sheriff, Joseph W. Howes
James W. Howes
Nelson A. Chase
Representatives, J. A. Vail, Whig
J. I. JUartton, coalition
D. S. Thurston, workingm.
John Spalding, temperance
Justices of the Peace elected.
K. P. Jcwett, whig
C. W. Bancroft, old lino
W. W. Cad well, whig
ytJoj. A. Prentiss, u
Luther Cross, "
Wra. Howes, M
F. F. .Merrill,
C. G. Eastman, coalition
Chas. Reed, "
11. W. Heaton, "
We add such returns as have come to hand.
It will be observed that in this county, the re
sultys a loss of whig representatives: but it
must be remembered that in the last two years
the whigs were very lucky, having five or six
whig representatives, while there was but one
solitary town in the county that gave a whig ma
jority on the state ticket : this year the whigs
struggled manfully probably never have tin
contests been more severe, but the luck was on
the other side. In Berlin, Middlesex, Worcest-
cr and East Montpclier, the coalitionists have
saved themselves, " by the skin of their teeth.''
c In Barre the fight was c hard one against the co
alitionists, and they were defeated by W. II
Ellis, old liner, by 3 maj. over all, and 25 plural
ity over the coalition.
Wc gutss the whig state ticket is elected by
the people, and the Legislature is whig by a
good working majurity.
VOTES FOR. GOVERNOR.
Wilt Tect Hob. Cool. Weed. Clsrt
Montpclier 259 236 12 248 248
Worcester 41 74 C 28 82
Woodstock 425 7C 7 480 109
Orange 121 116 106 113
Brookfield 103 IG5 12 114 213 1
Barrc, Warren H. Ellis, old line, coalition loss.
Berlin, Elijah II. Covell, c, whig loss.
Calais, D. B. Fay, c
East Montpelicr, Nathaniel C. King, c.
Fcryston, Jacob Boyce, c.
, Middlesex, John Poor, c.
Monlpelier, Jackson A. Vail, w.
Mortloicn, Dennis Childs, c".
NorthUld, John Gregory, c. whig loss.
Roxbury, Dexter Sampson, c
Waitsfield, Roderick Richardson, c. gain.
Warren, Gideon Goodspeed, w.
Worcester, Milton Brown, c. gain.
Bennington, whig, 200 majority.
Burlington, Henry Leavenworth, w. 175 maj.
Mtddlebury, Joseph Warner, w. 60 maj.
Woodstock, Thomas E. Powers, w. 30 maj.
WUliamstoicn, Milton Martin, c.
. Shelburne, Elijah Root, w, coalition loss.
St. Albans, Wm. Bridges, old line, whig loss.
Milton, Rodolphus Sanderson, w.
Randolph, Ammi Bumham, c 40 maj.
Pomfrtl, coalition, whig loss.
Barnard, no choice.
Brookfield, Homer Hatch, c
Orange, Orange Fifield, whig gain.
Washington, Elisha Tracy, whig.
On invitation, the editor of the Watchman vis
ited Lamoille county last week to talk to i
whig convention, and had the pleasure of meet
mg a good number of warm-hearted whigs gath
ered in the Court House at Hyde Park, who
were also addressed, and very handsomely, by
C. Notes, (a son of Lamoille,) and B. RixrortD,
Esq.. of Burlington. So much lor the occasion
a political one, of which it is" of course useless
to speak more particularly, now that the election
We improved this occasion to use our eyes as
well as our tongue, and as the result of our ob
serrations we say: it will be hard to find a bet
ter agricultural region, or a more thrifty and en
terprising population, than is to be found on the
line of the new plank road from Waterliury to
Hydepark. Stowc is one of the very best agri
cultural towns in the State ; and Morristown,
with the whole valley of the Lamoille, is alto en
titled to high rank. This region should also
abound in various manufacturing works, for
which the water power of the Lamoille affords
unusual advantages; and we doubt not that the
facilities for transportation on the plank road to
the Central Railroad, and thence to markets,
both eastern and western, will hasten the time
for an Improvement of all the resources of that
section of country. Five mile of the plank
road are in use; ten miles, (Stowe to Waterbu-
ry.) will be completed this year; and the rest
(ten miles more, from Stowe to Hydepark,) will
be constructed next year. The road is well
made, planked eight feet wide with side grading
of earth, and operates admirably. We under
stand it will cost $1,300 dollars per mile $26,
000 for SO.miles, or less than the cost of one
mile of the cheapest sort of railroad. We guess
it will "pay," as the phrase goes, and grow more
popular and pay better every day that it w used.
Go and aee the plank read, and the country, too,
through which it runs. We do not know of a
more pleasant excursion that can be bad in this
Letter to the Editor.
WiSHiKaTow, Aug. 28, 1850.
Messrs. Editors My purpose in addressing
you at this time, is to give you and your readers
some idea of what is doing in the city of mag
nincent distances that is, what is doing by
Congress for the benefit of the people at large.
To make my letter interesting to you and your
readers, I must talk about those subjects in
which the people of Vermont take an interest.
And what are the subjects now before Congress
in which they feel a peculiar interest ? Slavery
is one, and that as they well know has absorbed
nearly the whole time of Congress, to the ex
clusion ol almost everything else. Each of their
senators and representatives has spoken at
large upon it, and their speeches have been pub
lished. They are all known to be sound on
that subject and all opposed to slavery. No un-
prijudiced person can say that the subject of
slavery has not been discussed thoroughly dur
ing this session, and the interests of the domes
tic institution cared for. But have all other in
terests been equally discussed and equally pro
vided for ? The people of Vermont, I think,
were once somewhat interested in the protection
of American Industry. In 1844, if I mistake
not, all parties declared themselves in favor of
the Tariff of 1842, aud when the tariff was al
tered in 1846, they were opposed to its alteration
and prcfercd specific to ad valorem duties. The
opinion of the people then was that more ample
protection ought to be afforded both .to the agri
culturist and the manufacturer. And has that
feeling changed? Are they now opposed to
protection ? These questions of course you are
able to answer better than myself. Believing
however, that they still lake an interest in these
subjects, I will proceed now to tell what has
been done by Congress upon this subject.
The Tariff question hue been,during the nine
months of this session, but seldom agitated.
Numerous petitions have been sent in from the
people in different sections of the country, but
as a general tiling, they were merely presented,
received and laid upon the table unacted upon.
Upon the presentation of petitions occasionally
members would take a lively interest and speak
in favor of specific duties ; but aside from that
nothing has been done. Even Committees who
might have matured bills for the alteration of the
Tariff, have done nothing. The Speaker of the
House, a Southern man, and a Locofoco, and of
course hostile to a high tariff, appointed every
chairman of each of the standing committees
from among the Locofocos; and it was not to be
expected that any Committee would make a re
port favorable to prottction to home industry.
The Committee on Manufactures, (of which
Mr. Peck is Cliairuan.) whose duty it is to take
care of tho interests ot the manufacturers, and
which would, if the Chairman and a majurity of
the Committee had been favorable to a protec
tive tariff, made a report in favor of protection to
Home Industry, has not, I have been credibly
informed, been even called together. And yet
the Chairman is called a good Tariff man at
home. Well, perhaps he will bo when he re
turns from the contaminating air of Washington
to the bracing breezes ot tho Green Mountain
Last Saturday, an effort was made in Commit
tee of the Whole on ihe state of the Union, to
amend the General Appropriation Bill, so as to
give more adequate protection to the drooping
inleiesu of the country. The amendment wa,
however, decided out of order, by tho Chairman,
Mr. Burt, from S. C.) and on an appeal Irom his
decision, he was sustained 81 loj77. Those who
voted to sustain his decision were mostly from
the South and anti-tariff men. All the Whig
members from 'Vermont voted with the friends of
prutection, and against the decision of the
Chair. Mr. Peck, however, the democratic
member, voted with the South to sustain tho
The amendment wns offered by Mr. Ham no
of Pennsylvania, as follows :
Be it enacltd, (fc Thai from and after 30 days
from the passage of this act, the duties imposed
by the act entitled" An act to reduce the duties
on imports and for other purposes, approved June
30, I84G," shall be levied cn goods, wares, and
merchandize, imported into the United States,
agreeably to the average value which the same
articles bore in the principal markets of the U
nited States, during the year ending June 30,
1846, to be ascertained, and fixed under the ci
rection of the Secretary of the Treasury.
In the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation
Bill of 1836, there was a clause of a similar
character to this which wes cited as a precedent
to this; and consequently the friends of protec
tion considered this amendment to be in order.
As toon as the amendment was read. Mr.Toombs
rose and declared the amendment out of order,
because the object was to raise revenue, where
as the bill was to make appropriations.
The Chairman decided the amendment out
of order, as not germane to the bill.
Mr. Stevens of Penn. appealed from the de
cision of the Chair.
Mr. AsiiMUN thought the Chair was in error.
Mr. Stevens desired to have the clause read
in the appropriation bill of 1836.
The Chairman decided that it could not be
read without a unanimous consent of the House,
This not being granted,
Mr. Stf.ve.ns called for tellers to count the
ayes and noes on his appeal.
The decision of tho Chair was sustained, 81
ayes, 77 noes.
Nearly all the Whigs from the North, friends
of protection, and among them the Vermont
Whigf, voted aye, and the Locofocos, and among
them Mr. Peck, from the North, with a few ex
ceptions, voted No.
This vote was regarded by the friends of pro
tection as a vote fur or against increasing pro
tection to Home Industry. Mr. Peck's votipg
with the enemies of protection cannot be con
strued as favorable to him as a protectionist.
It is said in the city that Mr. McKenuan, the
new Secretary of the Interior, has returned home
indisposed, not to enter again upon the duties of
his office. L.
Confirmations. The Washington Republic
and Intelligencer, of Friday, contain acolumn of
confirmations by the Senate, of appointments
made by the President We select tho.se for
Collector. Albeit Catlio, for. the district of
Postmaster. Luther Blodgett, ot Burlington,
The ShillinglauTS all arrested. The fifth.and
last of this family was arrested on Tuesday by
officer Watson and Lyman Hinkson in Worces
ter, and safely lodged in the jail here.
Bonne's Dictionary of Mechanics New York
D. Appleton, & Co.
No. 11 of this valuable work has been teceir-
Obituary ReT. Nathaniel B. '
The. subject of this notice was born in Witv
cheater, N. H. and in childhood removed with
his parents to the State of Vermont There, in
early life, be dedicated himself to God, in the
new and everlasting covenant. There he enter
ed the ministry was ordained and there, too,
be labored for Borne ten or twelve years, a part
of the time as an Evangelist, md a part as
settled Pastor. While there a call was made by
the U. F. M. S. for missionaries to go to the Os
age Indians, on the Western borders of Missou
ri. To this call he responded ; and with very
short notice, turned his face to the wilderness,
like his Divine Master, "To seek and to save
that which was lost." From that time forward,
he in a special manner gave up all for Christ.
The writer became acquainted with him as ear
ly as March, 1621. From that time until his
death, (which took place September 3d, 1848,)
be had tho fullest opportunity to try, by the
Scripture test, Ihe genuineness of his Christian
character. " By their fruits sho shall know
them.'' He was frank, benevolent, devout, stead
fast, persevering, watchful, and eminently a roan
of prayer. Few men ever studied the Bible
more, or with greater profit to himself and oth
eis. No one, after an hour's acquaintance with
him, could for.a moment doubt his goodness.
What he was one day, he was every day and in
every place, and under all circumstances. The
salvation of souls was the great theme upon
which he delighted to dwell. The efficacy of
the Gospel he never doubted. The Sovereignty
of God, the Divinity of Christ, and of the Holy
Spirit, occupied a prominent place in alfbis pub
lic discourses. His views of tho Atonement
were clear and discriminating. His faith in the
promises of the Gospel unyielding. These
views prepared him to be untiring in the great
work of winning souls to Christ, and sustained
him under every discouragement No 'benevo
lent enterprises of the day escaped his notice,
and no one was more prompt to give and solicit
funds for these purposes. After devoting nearly
fifteen years to the improvement of the Indians,
he then turned his attention to the tpiritual wants
of the infant settlements on the western front
ier. To their good, he devoted twelve or thir
teen years, till the close of his useful life. Two
churches, through his untiring efforts, were
fathered and ormuiizsd. Few churches were
ever blessed with a morn faithful and devoted
Pastor. They are now left to mourn his loss,
while no one can be found to take his place.
Should any of tho readers of this notice ever
visit Western Missouri, they would do well to
turn aside to the settlement on tho little Osage,
in Bates county, and they will there find an in
teresting monument erected to his praise. A
neat house of worship, substantially enclosed in
a four acre lot, in which you will find his hum
ble icstin' place. You will not find it marked
by the marble slab, nor perhaps with a single in
scription to record his wonh. But isit tho few
families in the neighborhood, and there you will
find it inscnbeJ on the fltshly tablets of the
heart. The writer attended tho burial service,
and was an eye witness of the silent groan and
flowing tears which so eloquently bespoke their
love to lh? departed. From the first moment of i
his espousals to Christ, to the last hour of his
stay on earth, he kept the faith, and faith kept
him. He was remarkable for his punctuality ;
and it is worthy of notice, that he was called to
enter the sanctuary above, on Sabbath morning,
at tho same hour he was wont to leave for the
sanctuary on earth. He never was subject to
ecstacies, neither did he experience theui- in the
hour of his death : '-butcalin as summer even
ing," he bid the final farewell, his countenance
gathering radiance as he breathed h:s last.
"Maikthe perfect man and behold the upright;
for the end of that man is peace." The deceas
ed has left a widow and sev cn children, for whom
prayed is affectionately asked. He was nearly
70 years old, when he died, and probably had
been thirty years in the ministry.
Vermont Central R. R. and the
The following note received from Col. Moore
this morning sufficiently explains itself: Bur
Northfield, Aug. 30, 1850.
To the Editor or the Sestim.l :
Sir : I saw it stated in the Montreal Couri
er, that tho editor of that paper had recently re
ceived a Boston paper by the hand ot Air. Doanc,
agent of the Rutland &. Burlington R. R., 12
hours in advance of the last British A! ail, in con
sequence of the Central cars uot arriving at
Burlington in season for the boats. The truth
is that the boat left the wharf before the time a-
greed udoii for leaving, by Mr. O. A. Burton,
the asent of the boats, and myself, (a memoran
dum of which, made at the tune, I now have in
my possession.) Tho fault tnerelbre, lies with
the boats, and not with the Central Katlrosd.
J. MOORE, Sup't Vt C. R. R. Co.
Apropos : we give the following from the
Railway Times. If true, the travelling public
ougct to know it If not true, we shall bo glad
to contradict it.
hake Chamnlain Raihcnv .Yatisation Compa
ny. We have heard great complaints of the
management ol tins company, and as a friend to
the travelling public, it is not our of place lo
advert to it The Company is controlled by one
or tivo different parties, who, we are told, seem
determined to use the power in their hands to
the utmost, tor trie purpose ot Ueccing the trav
elling public. The course the directors are now
pursuing is very obnoxious to the public, and
against ihe wishes of the more discreet stock
holders. Tho company charge for a passage a
cross the Lake from Whitehall to St Johns, 150
miles, three dollars, and for meals and berths two
dollars extra five dollars in all while upon the
roue from Niagara Falls to Montreal, a distance
ot 'IfcU miles, ttie Untario ami bt. Lawrence
boats charze but eirht dollars, for meals, berths,
and the most splendid accommodations included.
Trie agent ot the Liafce thamplain Company, we
are told, dees not hesitate to say that he shall
make the public pay roundly this season, so as
to enable him to run off the opposition boats
which he expects will be put on during the
next summer. II this is a fact, the public should
be made acquainted with it and govern them
selves accordingly. Extortion of this character
should be put down at any and all hazards, and
if the principle which the agent his laid down,
is to be acted upon, every newspaper in New.
England, New-York and the Canadas would be
false to the duty which they owe to tbo public
good, if they did not expose the infamous mo
nopoly, and warn their readers from travelling
wuh it. The increasing traffic upon Lake Cham
plain calls loudly for belter accommodation, and
if the capitalists of Vermont will put a fleet ol
substantial boats, a proper representation of the
rights ot the matter would give the new line nine
tenths ot the entire Lake travel.
The completion 'of the railways from White
hall to Rutland will operate to reduce this mo
nopoly, but the Lake boats must be pot on to
do it effectually. At this stage of travelling fa
cilities, no quarter should be given to any odious
monopoly, and especially, should every friend of
iair piay unite lo drive irom existence one that
avows its' determination to fleece the public
with such shameful audacity. Railway ISmes. '
In Bad Time. The mails, on Tuesday and
Wednesday morning, were delayed by another
slip up on the railroad the rain of Monday
night baring washed out, part, of the temporary
truss work. All right to-day, we presume.
Execution of John W. Webster.
From-the Boston Mas. The extreme sent
eoce of the law was yesterday carried into ef
fect upon Dr. Jobs W. Webster, who was found
guilty of. the murder of Dr. Georee Parkman.
The paper of yesterday afternoon contain many
i i- i . . i " . i .; f
particulars rn relation to ins execution, some oi
which we give. Tbo minutiae of a hanging
scene, however interesting, we have little taste
for. Dr. Webster had an interview with his
family on Thursday afternoon, in his cell. The
lime wps chiefly occupied in reading the Script
uies. They were ignorant of the day set apart
for his execution, and left him with the expecta-,
tion of seeing him again. Rev. Dr. Putnam was
with- the prisoner on Thursday,' from 7 o'clock
ti 1 !). The prisoner appeared calm and compos
ed. Two officers remained in the cell with him
during the nieht He lay down on his bed a-
bout 12 o'clock, and slept until six. He ate a
hearty breakfast in the morning, and smoked a
cigar. At quarter before eight, Dr. Putnam and
Mr. Andrews, the jailer, visited the prisoner in
his cell. The arrangements for the execution
had all been explained the previous evening.
Dr. Putnam continued in the cell until the pris
oner was taken to the gallows. Mr. Andrews
came out a lew minutes before nine, and shortly
afterwards-returned with the Sheriff and jail of
ficers, who then took formal and affectionate
leave of the prisoner.
The following we copy from the Transcript :
At a quarter past nine the religious service
commenced in the cell, in the presence of Sher
iff Evleth, the jail officers, the legal witnesses
summoned fur me occasion, and the reporters of
The prisoner knelt before a chair in the centra
of the eel ; Dr. Putnam standing in the door
way, and addressing the throne of grace. The
prayer occupied eeveu minutes. After a brief
but touching allusion to tho'solemn and melan
choly chracterof the occasion, he prayed ferv
ently for the' pnso'ner, commending him to the
mercy of an all- wise and beneficent God. He
expressed disbelief that the prisoner was prep
ared, injar as sincere contrition for his offence
and prostration of soul in bumble supplications
fcr forgiveness, and reliance upon the Saviour's
pro'mises, cuuld qualify him for his departure.
Mr'. Putnam then prayed fervently for the fa
mily, ttat the same grace and mercy might su
stain tleni' in their great affliction, and unable
them to support it with resignation and humble
hope. He prayed that this terrible example
miht have a salutary effect on the whole com
munity, in teaching them the danger of unre
strained passion, and inspiring humility and self
distrust. Tho officers of the Iand,whcse duty it would be
to carry the sentence of tlw law into effect,
were also remembered in his praper; and he
asked, that while they might perform their pain
ful functions with firmness, it would alio be in a
6piritof tenderness and compassion for their fellow-being,
who was about lo pa33 before a high
er tribunal, whose justice wuuld be sure to be
temucied with mercy ; and he hoped that some
of the spirit, which would preside in that higher
court might shed its benign influence to aid
ihem on tins trying occasion.
After again fervently commending the prison
er tu divine mercy, the services were concluded
without fu.thcr cercniouies, and ihe company re
tired from the building.
The Spectators. '1 ho gallons was surround
ed by some 150 persons.including several sheriffs
and deputies from abroad and a larrc police force.
Hut few members of the bar or of the medical
profession were present The windows of ihe
surrounding house.', with tho exception named,
were cruwded by persons of both texes and all
age. The lops of the adjacent bui'dings. the
sheds, outhouses, and every available point of
view were occupied. 'Ihe rear windows of the
houses on Ljueli street, the houses on Leverett
and Wall stieeis, all had their eager throngs of
spectators. Probably they numbered about a
thoand. There was borne blight disluibance
in the crowd at one li ne, and the reading ot the
death warraut was interrupted by shouts and the
crowdings of those solicitous to tee the appal
io Scene of M At 25 minutes past 9,
Sheriff Ercieih, and his deputies, -Messrs. Cob
urn, Fiecman and Rugg, u.ountcd tho steps of
the scflold, in the jiil jard, followed hi the
prisoner, supported by Qr. Putnam, and by jail
er Andreus and Mr. Holmes, a turnkey.
The prisoner took his stand upon the trap
door, or drop, nnd immediately under the rope
which depended from the top of the gallows
frame, lie was dressed in a black frock coat,
buttoned up in front, black pants and shoes,
wi houtatiy neckcloth, and onlv a norium f the
chin-bosoui visible. He immediately entered
into conversation with his spiritual advuer,
which he continued as long as practicable, and
i'h apparent calmness and composure.
Deputy Sheriff Coburu called the nttentinn
of the witnesses, to the reading of the Ex
ecutite death narraiit, which was next done in
an audible manner by the Sheriff who, with
his ofliceis and the assembly, stood with un
covered hsads during the reading, with the ex
ception of tho prisoner.
The prisoner was then seated, while Mr. And
rews proceeded to confine his elbows by a strap,
which also passed around the body and tied the
hands crosswise in front Another slran was
bound arounl the legs, just above the knees.
After tho prisoner had ncain rispn nnnn his
feet, Ihe rope as drawn down and adjusted a-
round his netk by Deputy Sheriff Rugg. The
knot was plfccd a little behind tho rn'ht nr:
and the rope being by accident drawn too close
ly, the culpritjs lountenance became flushed and
his eyes tillec with tears, when the noose was
The black cap was drawn oier the head by
Messrs. Rugg and Holmes; thus shutting cut
forever Iran the prisoner's mortal vision the
beautilul sunlight and blue sky of this fair sum
The flushed appearance of the (prisoner's face
continued as the cap was descending ; and, to
the last moment, he turned his eyes sideways
upon Dr. Putnam, who stood at the left, leaning
upon the railing, and much affected.
Sheriff Evfeleth announced, that in the name
of the Commonwealth he should now proceed
to carry into effect the sentence of the law, and
immediately placing his foot upon the drop, the
prisoner fell soaic seven feet and a half; and hw
mortal career was at an end. This took plac
at 25 miniitei before 10 o'clock.
The body swayed slightly to and fro ; and, in
a few seconds after the full, there was a spas
modic drawing up of the legs, once or twice.
Beyond this there was no observable struggle ;
nor was there any subsequent agitation or quiv
ering of Ihe body;
After hanging thirty minutes the body was
examined by Doctor Henry G. Clark, City Phy
sician, and by Dr. Charles H. Stedman, of the
Lunatic Hospital, South Boston ; and tbey in
formed the Sheriff that life was extinct.
The Sheriff then announced the fact to the
assembly, and after thanking the witnesses for
their prompt attendance, he dismissed them from
The body was taken in charge by Mr. John
Peak, undertaker, placed in a black coffin, and
conveyed to the cell recently occupied by the
Professor Webster left no special communica
tion for the public ; nor did he retract to the last
any statement made in his confession to Mr.
He has. however, left a number of letters, ad
dressed lo various parties ; and some of them
may bo hereafter. communicated for publication.
The Exicotioh or Paor. Joh.i W. Web.
ster. Letter from Hiu to Dr. Frahcis
Parkmak. The countenance of Prof. Webster
in death wis serene and even pleasant in its ex
pression ; exhibiting no discoloration or sign of
distortion. The genial beaming smile, with
which he was wont to encounter a friend, seem
ed lo have'just passed over it and left its trace.
Soon after tho body was cut down, Dr. Put
nam repaired to Cambridge to communicate in
telligence of tbe execution to the bereaved fa
mily. For some dy s, through the vague com
munication of a friend, they had been anticipat
ing that each interview with theiprisocer might
be the last: although they left the cell and tbe
jail on Thursday, not supposing that the execu
tion would take place, the next day. As they
Mend their carriage, however, they noticed a
bawls about the -jail, and the assembling of a
elrwd, frtjaVwhicn tbey drew 4roadful auguries
of the imminence of the fatal event;' and when
the visit of Dr. Putnam was announced, yester
day morning, they al once know that all was
We drop the curtain over the scene of domes
tic anguish that ersued. It was not unrelieved
by hopes, that the father and husband had deep
ly ana sincerely repemca oi u cinur, aim
the bitterness of death was alleviated by sincere
religious preparation and prayer to the Most
Dr. Putnam having inquired of the prisoner
yesterday morning, before tho religious exerct-
ces in the cell, whether Uiere were any points ne
should like to have touched upon in ihe prayer,
Prof. Webster replied, that there were two,
which it would be acreeable to his feelings to
have introduced : one was. that the hearts of his
fellow men might be softened towards him. after
he was gone; the other, that every cunsolalion
from Heaven, for the suffering he had inflicted,
mtcht be vouchsafed to the lauulv and relatives
of the late Dr. Parkman.
In the interview before the prayer, Prof. Web
ster alluded lo his hope of meeting, in tho world
lo which he was about to pass inspirit, a tender
ly beloved child, who died some years since
He conversed, with perfect composure, on van
ous subjects, mostly ot a religious nature.
During the walk to the gallons, the ennvcrsa
tion was maintained mostly by Dr. Putnam,
whose object it was to keep the prisoi.er's
thoughts so occupied witb sacred tilings, thai
the appalling spectacle around him should nut
cause him to qjail. But uie prisoner was hrm
to the last Not a nerve shivered. To Dr. Put
nam's remark" Do uot regard any thing about
you do not look" as ibcy entered Hie area,
and approached the gallows, he replied : " I do
not My thoughts are elsewhere.
All the while the death-warrant was being
read, Dr. Putnam kept up cheering convsrsttion
with him, and the prisoner responded calmly and
appropriately. It would have been difficult to
prescribe a demeanor more becoming under tbe
circumstances, than that which he exhibited, or
to have invented words more suitable than those
which he uttered. Dr. Putnam plied him with
remarks to keep his thoughts in the risritdirec
lion, and to prevent any pause, during which he
mitrlit ouail. The prisoner sratefully seconded
these humane efforts, but without any flurry of
spirits or nervous agitation. Dr. Putnam ccnlin
ued near, conversing with him. while the officers
iied the prisoner's arms and legs while the
noose was adjusted round his neck and while
the black cap was put on nor did he retire
from his immediate vicinity till just as the fatal
drop was about lo descend.
The flushed appearance of the prisoner's face
and the cnusion ot tears were produced uppar
ently by the premature and momentary tighten
ing of the rope, and not, as some supposed, by
The last audible words of Professor Webster,
as the can was drawn over hts face, were:
.it,- . .
TATHER, !STO TUT UAMJ3 1 COJ1.UE.NU Mr
One of our contemporaries state?, that the
spot selected fur the gdllows was that where it
would be most contpicuous to the multitude.
Directly the contrary of ihU is the truth. It
wa3 the object of Air. Andrews to p ace it wheie
11 wouiu oe as little conspicuous as possible.
With regard to the statement that ihe prison
er uaa a ngni lo culji till II oclocK jes'erdiy
we have learned that there was n. special right
on the prisoner's put after 8 o'clock, the first
iiour mentioned in me ueatii-warrant
Ihe wish of the pnsoi er, a expressed the
evening ueiun-, uotti to a lent! JSveleih ai,d Dr.
i uiium, was mil me execution might be as
pro npt as possible. He said that he would be
rca-iy at ouy moment after 8 o'clock. Tuis re
quest the bhenif obser.ed, so far as tho con
tenietce and Lecorumof the occasion would a!
For some Jays before his death Prof. Web
ber's favorite reading, next lo the B.ble, was in
Channing's Wotks. He al-o found much lo
soothe him aud gratify hij religious and liieiary
taste in Bownng's 'Jlalius aud Vespers," ami
in Longfellow's Collection of hymns. Ho made
presents of the last named Worits, with appro
priate passages marked in them, to various
Ihe body was taken to the house of Mrs,
Webster, in Cambndee. last nir-ht The funer
al will take place early tomorrow morning, the
services being performed at the house by the
uev. ur. waiKer.
The following letter communicated for the
Transcript of tins day, was addressed by Profes
sor w cusicr lo the Kcv. Dr. rarkman, and a
copy retained in the iKssesxiori of the former,
whii-n ho couhdeJ to a friend, with i.eriui-sion lu
make such di.-pojiiion of it as vi might see fit
alter his own decease. We mention this lu o--
der that the gentleman, to whom tha letter was
addressed, may not be suspected of having dis
regarded tho icquest which il contains.
Boston, Aug. C, 1850.
Kev. Dr. 1" All km an. Dear Sir: 1 cannot
leave this world in the peace of mind for which
I pray, without addressing vouas head of that
family which I have so deeply iniured and afflict
ed, to nuke known to you and them the bitter
anguish ot soul, ihe sincere contrition ana pen
uence i nave ictt at navtng been tho cause ot
the affliction under which you and they have
been called to mourn. I can offer no excuse
for my wicked and fatal ebullition of Dawon
out wnat you already knjw, nor wuuld 1 attempt
to palliate it
I had never, until Ihe two or three last inter
views with your brother, felt towards htm any
thing but gratitude for Ids many ucts of kind
ncss and friendship. Tint I should have allow
cd tlie feelings excited on those occasions lo
have overpowered me so as to involve the life of
your brother, and my own temporal and eternal
wellare, I can, even now, hardlv realize.
I may rot receive from you forgiveness in this
world yet I cannot but hupe and believe you will
think of me with compassion, anl remember me
in your prayers to Him who will noi turn away
irom me numble and repentant Had 1 many
lives, with joy would I lay tliem all down,
could I, in the least, atone U-r the injury 1 have
uuue, ui uiitjviiiv triu uiuicuon t nave cau?ci ;
but 1 can now only pray for forgiveness for mv-
self and for eiery consolation oud blessing up
on every ii.cmiier ol your family.
In iuslico to those dearest lu mc. I beg to as
sure you, and I entreat you to believe me, no
one of my taiuily ha I tils slightest doubt ot my
innocence up lo the moment when ihe contrary
was communicated to ihem by Dr. Putnam.
That ihey have your sincere pity and sympathy
1 feel assured.
There is no family, towards every member of
wuicn I nave always felt a greater degree ot re
spect and regaid than that of w Inch you are now
the head. From more than one I have received
repeated acts ot tritndship and kindness, lor
winch 1 have ever been and am most truly crate
ful. Towards yourself in particular, have not only
my own feelings been those ot the mosl sincere
regard and gratitude, but every individual ot mv
family has fell towards you that you were their
pastor and friend. Ulten has mv wife recalled
the intercut you took in her from her first becom
ing your parishioner, and cltcn has sie spoken,
with feelings of deep gratitude, of the influence
of your public ministrations and of your private
instructions and conversations, and of your di
rection of her inquiries aud reading in what re
lated to her religious views. These she has
often recalled and referred to, as having firmly
established the reli.ious faith and trust which
are now such sources ot consolation and sunuort
to her and our children, as well as to mysclt
Nothing that has occurred has weakened
these feelings, and although ibose I leave behind
me may not meet you witliou'. the keenest angu
ish, 1 trust you will exonerate thorn from anv
participation in, or knowledge of the fathers sin,
up to the moment I have mentioned, and mav
you remember them in your prayers lo the Fath
er of the fatherless and the widow's God.
1 beg you, my dear air, to consider this strictly
a private letter, and by uo means to give it pub
licly; at the same time I will request you to
make known lo tbe immediate members of vour
family the state of my feelings and my contri
tion. That every consolation and bleating mar be
vouchsafed to yourself and to every member of
your family, is the heartfelt prayer of,
xoors, most respectiutiy,
(Signed) j I. W. WEBSTER.
(Speech by the Hon. Thaddeus
The Hon. Thaddeus Stevens made a very
powerful speech in the House of Representa
tives a few days since, in relation to tbe Texan
question. It occupies fourcolumns in the Wash
ington Globe. We give the following conclud
ing passages, which will be read with interest,
by all who read ihe extracts in our last :
Well, sir, the rightful limits of Texas are
now precisely what they were when she was ad
mitted into the Union as a State. States can
make no conquests; for by the constitution they
can make n wars. All conquests made by the
army or militia are made for the United Slates!
What were her Irue limits her actual posses
sions when tho United States admilied her and
assumed the war? Sho held the country be
tween Louisiana and Ihe river Nueces. Beyond
that river the did not hold a rod of ground. Cor
pus Christi, at its mouth, was her farthest milita
Between the Nueces and tho Rio Grande,
from its mouth to its source, was inhabited by
Mexicans, acknowledging allegiance to that
government, and governed by her laws and civ-
I magistrates. On the east side of the Rio
Grande, betw een it and Texas, lie parts of the
ancient Mexican depirtrnents of Tamiulipas,
Cohahulia, Chihuahua, and New Mexico. The
United Stales sent her troops and her officers,
and conquered all of them from Mexico. Gen
eral Taylor conquered the two first, Colonel
Doniphan Cbifuahna, and General Kearney
New Mexico. Texas had no army there. She
could have none there, for she was a State of
the Union. But it is said that tbe United States
conquered it for Texas. Why not for Kentucky
ur Mississippi? Their troops aided in the bat
tles. The money of the whole Union paid the
expenses of the war, and the fifteen millions to
Mexico. The conquest was made by the nation,
and or the nation.
The Territory below New Mexico thus con
quered, lies between the Rio Grande and the
Nueces, and between the Gulf of Mcxicu and
the lower line of New Mexico, being about one
hundred miles widu by six hundred long, con
taining more than sixty thousand square mills
independent of New Meico. Being but thinly
inhabited, the United Stales has tacitly permit
ted Texas to extend her jurisdiction oier it
Every foot of this ground belongs to the UnitLd
States. But we have quietly surrendered it lo
Texas and slavery. New Mexico wo never did
serrender, but have held exclusive possession of
itsiuce its couquest. True, Texas, in 183C,
passed an net claiming it But from that time
until the United States coi.quercd i', abuut
twelve "years, she does not preterd she ever
took possession. Paper er parte declarations give
no rights, or we should owa to the North Pole.
Gen. Smyihe conquered Canada by proclama
tion. U hy do we not enforce the title at the
point of Ihe bayonet, or extort an "indemnity?"
Uisturnell'd map, affixed to the treaty o!" Hidal
go, is relied on as tending to fix the limits ot
IVxis. This is an entire mistake. That trea
ly do .-s not profess to fix ti)3 boundary of Texas,
i'lio imp is rtlerred to lo designate the line then
agretd on between Mexico and the United
States, and for that puracse alone. It describes
no line except up the Rio Grande to the lower
'imits of New Mexico, and thence along the lit
eral line of New Mexico If'esl of thai river tn-
waids the Pacific ccean. That was tho line
not betwen Texas and Mexico, but between the
United States and Mexico, showing clearly that
the land on one side cf the lice belonged to the
United States government, and on the other to
Mexico. All sound men who have examined it,
pronounce the claim of Texas absurd. Air.
C ay, concurring with the late President, Gen.
Taylor, .Messrs. Webster, Bcn'.on, Ashmun and
o'hers, whol'y repudiate it. Yet we are asked
to add fir y thousand square miles of our territo
ry, now free, to 'IVxas, an J surrender it to siave
:y and give ten millions to pay her fur asking it
Sir, if Texas uere to give us ten millions, I
would not sell it to her for such an abhorred
purpose. The hill on your table is a compli
ance with such demand ; to which I rejoice that
the President's message gives no sanction, and
imposes i.o such crushing responsibility on bis
friends. I know the pressure there is upon us.
I know t'-.aiTexas stock, by millions, is held by
mercenary speculators, who surround this hall
and press this measure. If successful, it will
enricit ihem out of a plundered treasury. I do
not pretend to insinuate who are interested in
this gigantic swindle. Parliamentary law ex
cludes ihe idea that thev are in Congress or in
ottice. S.r, 1 shall regarJ none of this preseure.
1 would do full justice to Texas. I would not
take a foot of laud which- bRlnoi tn hpr IVn.
would I give her any to train her slaves uifbn
And above all, I should despise mvselt iff
should piy her money to purchase peace. Pass
mis oiii, and instead ot bringing repose, it will
be the cause of constant agitation and sedition.
It will become the fruitful mother of future re
bellion, diruilion. and civil war. and th finnl mi,.
of the republic. Do your duly firmly how
that you are lu lo be a government, and this Un-
ion will he perpetual."
The Tariff Ad Valorem Duties.
To the Editors ot the Mas. Notwithstanding
the dcclintiitr state of nearly all branches of bu
siness, people seem hardly yet to have opened
meir eyes to me cause ot our troubles. They
will have to learn by n more bitter experience,
that no interest in this couutry can prosper un
npr n mnr inrirr nr rtnfiaa "hn ... : . . . - .
of commerce, manufactures, and agriculture, are
so dependent on each other, that whatever af-
fects one must affect them all. No sepirate
. - - . . ... j. I ' V- I LU, ItllUlGSLS
branch of libor need expect to be exempt from
the general distress, not even that of raisimr
rnii a .h.,rt .. i
cotton. A short crop may keep prices up for a
nine, out iney must come down, while ail pecu-
: i . i - i , - . .
uidrj? uiiiuarrassmenis, wnicn nave fallen so
heavily upon the country, are most felt in tlioso
pirts fjrthest removed from tho centre. Th?
extremities .feel the cold first, and in the crisis
which must yet come upon us under tho nresent
tariff, ihe South and West will perhaps suffer
first and most severely. Had itnot been ,r the
targe receipts ot specie from California, the
whole commercial community would probably
have been swept away before this time ; and as
it is, those tarrrc sums have not prevented mnnev
Irom bringing from 12 to 20 per cent, for a space
of lime altogether unprecedented in our history.
i acloncs aro now stopping all over New Eng
land, and property of all descriptions deDreciat-
inj;. Railroads which are fed bv manufartunnrr
villages, as most of them arc, cannot recover un-
der the present state of ihinjrs. The found ition
of our prosperity has been knocked away, and
uiai juuriuaiion is ine industry ot tne country.
Labor must come down, and prices of everything
except money, which must continue high." Tnus
nur Democratic Legislators have been taking
bread out of the poor man's pocket, and by thj
same process enabling ihe capitalist to add to
his wealth hy extra interest flloney lenders
have never before en,oyed such a harvest as
within the last throe years, while labor and pro-
the decline, ar.d must so continue under the pre-
sent system ; ar.d thw is called democracy. It is 1
a cruel democracy, and so will be found bv eve- I
ry man that has ti work for his living. A i.a- J
tion, to be prosperous, most be indepe.,dent by
protecting its 0,Tn industry, by pay mg its own
people for whit they can make; instead of for-
eigiiers ; and in uo other way can il be truly in-
dependent or rich. The wealth of a people is I
f - . . .IlilkJJl Hi UCCbilullulKI 11. L . f. 11 I'M 1 1 111! 1
i its industry; lhat lies at tho botom ot every
hinrr. If that prospers, every other interest
will prosper with il ; but strike down lhat, and
every thing toes with it I proLOse, with ycur
leave, in ewe lutnre article, to say a few words
on the subject of "free trade," as it is called
a fallacy which is likely to cost this nation pret- I
...j .. : ri-.i-j .....
ty dear, before it is exploded, as it must inevita
bly be, betoro long. 1 notice with much pleas-
urea work lately published ou this subject by
an able hand, and oue fully competent to do it
justice. 1 hope you may be nblo to give your
leaders more extracts" from it X.
Seven millions of 'sold coin, says the Mirror,
lying asleep in the vaultaof the Ne-v x"ork Sub'
Treasury, and no money in Uncle Sam's coffers'
io pay "contingent expenses," reminds us of the
sad exclamdrion of the becalmed "Ancient Mar- j
' Wttor, water rarywher.
And not a drop to dnsk
Monday, Aug. Ja
Senate. A motion to take up a resolution rt.
ing a day of adjournment of Congress, failed, 12
only voting in favor of the resolution. tL
seeras in be a determination on the part of. ...
jority not to adjourn until the House have acted
on the California and Texas bill.
The Fugitive Slave bill was read a third it
and passed without a division.
Mr. Badger and Mr. Hamblin gavenotii-n
they would at one o'clock tomorrow, niove thai
the aenaie proceeu 'o ine consideration of th
vast amount of executive business, and hoped a
understanding to that effect would be ha J Tk3
Senate then adjourned.
House. Qn motion of Mr. Potter, ihp Un
discharged the committee of the Whole on the
state of the Union, from tbe consideration of rt.
bill establ-shing post routes.
Several amendments having been marV r.
Ashmnn moved lo postpone the further enn;,L.'
ation of the bill until Monday next; it be:nia"
porta nt to dispose of the Civil and Diplomatic
Appropriation bill atonce. Decided in tha nr.
alive, 82 to 120.
Tne consideration of the route bill was rpn
ed, and amendments made-
Mr. Evans of Maryland offered one to m,t.
all public roads and analogous rivers post routei
and authorising the Postmaster General to con
tract lor carrying mails from place to place i3
conformity to law--wherever in his opinioa tie
pnuiic gouu requires.
After debate it was rejected, and the bill
J lie tlouiie then went into, committee ot At
hole, aud immediately Mr. Bavlv nnitr.,1 ,k.,
the committee rise and report the civil ani di.
plomatic appropriation bill, thus acted upon.
The Cook amendment was concurred in va
98. nays 77. 1
The amendment appropriating eighteen thou
sand dollars for outfit for Charge de Af.
fairi to Portugal, Ecuador, Guatemala and
New Grenada, was concurred in 107 yeas to 73
Mr. Bayly moved to reconsider the vote bat
gave way to eoable Mr. Jones to offer a resolu
tion giving the Globe reporters seats near lis
Clerk's desk, pending which tbe House acjoain
ed. Senate, Tcesdat, A eg. 7.
Af.orthe consideration of morning's busiaesj.
and a bill lo refund certain monies to thes-atetf
Verginia, the Senate, on motion of Mr. Hamb
lin. went into executive session, and so continu
ed nntil adj turnrncnt
The House resumed voting on the amendment)
to the civjl and diplomatic appropriation bill,
portcd from the committee of tie whole on lie
state of the Union.
An amendment appropriating nine tho-isarj
dollars for silary and outfit for Charge de Af
fairs to Nicaragua, was concurred in yeas 11D,
The proposed amendment for purchase of sta
and erection of Post Office at Bitli, Mam?, or
repair ofo'd one, iij.COO dollars, was concurred
in, 01 to 87.
The ouiendment paying Mr. Rives fifteen
thousand dollars, for reporting and publishiuj ro
the Daily Globe two thousand column of pro
proceedings, was concurred in: veas 103. ran
The amendment appropriating twectv-tiree
thousand five hundred dollars for a huanred se3
each of the Congressional Globe and ApcenJn
and R"ister of debates, for the ue cf members.
was Lot concurred in.
The house refused to strike out the item of
twelve thousand collars to secure perpetual Ifaa
of rooms in the new hall to be erected at Ulica,
for the usi of the United States Circuit ani
Wedxesdat. Au;. 23.
Senate. Tho Senite took up and finally de
posed ofscveMl resjlutions, cot of a very impor
The resolution submitted by Mr. Davis, cf
Mass, enquiring relative lolhe mann;rof pref
erence ot contract for Mail service by sea steal
ers, was taken up.
Mr. Dickinsjn of New York. ODnased tLe
resolution, on the ground that ihe infomutijn
called lor, would soon be presented in a report
by the l'ost Ofiice committee.
.Mr. Davis prelerred havinrr the inforrmtioa
separately condensed, direct fro n tho P. O. Ue
parti.cnt. The resolution was adopted.
After the consideration of additionil morninj
business, Mr. Clay moved that the bill abolish-inn-slate
rra! in ih Hj;,.;,., P..I,mhi!, ht.
I taken up. Agreed to.
Mr. Clay moved that it be made the sneciil
: '"er ,or .Monday next.
I Mr. Atchison, of Misi
souri. as a test question.
moved thai the bill te laid on the table, which
was rejected hy a vole of yeas Ulnars 30, as fol
lows. Yeas Messrs. Atchis-in, Barnwell, BerrieD,
Butler, Davis, of Sliss.. Dawson. Downs, lions.
'ln Hunter, Mason, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian,
! osate, I urney, l ufao
W a is. Messrs. Badger, Raldwin, Bell, Be
j ton, Bradbury, Bright Cass, Chase, Clark, Clar,
Cooper. Davis, of Mass., Dayton, Dickinson,
Dodge of Wis, Dode, of Iowa, Douglass, J
' -ng, Felch, Foote, Green, Hamblin. Jones, King,
Maniim, Pearce, Phelps, Shields, Smith, Spra
mice, Sicrgeon, Underwood, Upham, Wales,
The motion to make the special order was
In the House, the Pennsylvania election case
I . - . .
was 'asen up and postponed until ednesilay
Dei , , , . .
! -fPorU were called from committees, nherj
!-r;pW"'y lrm the belect committee appoin'ea
;miayio inquire what persons holding otcco
! under the list administration, were cntraeed in
electioneering airainsi Gen. TavIor.coatxiDUtinj
lo ihe press, and giving money to carry on tba
campinjn, made a report in put, lhat Mr. Ritch
ie of the Union, and Sengstack, late warden nf
the Penitentiary, refused to answer as witness
es. Mr. Ritchie would not tell "who wrote certa'n
commur.ications for his paper, and Mr. Sengs
tack would not intorm him whil Democrats con
tributed money unless ho was permitted to state
what whigs contributed funds lor their on party
The committee, in view" of this adopted a res
olution to the effect lha: Messrs. Ritchie and
Sengatack having refused lo annwer, ibe House
be asked for their advice and order thereon.
Mr. Stanley bncoy advocated the ijrnmu-
Mr. Hihhflrrl nrtrvreort (ho ntitrvta nousbt to be
accomplished by the committee, and concluded
his remarks by moving lo lay the report on the
The question was decided in the negative by
85 to 1U8.
Tuursdat, Aug. 29.
Senate. Mr. Hunter reported the West Point
j appropriation bill, with an amendment lor raax
I ing ihe salaries of the Prufesiors tniforrnjjw
A debate followed, in which Messrs, Hunter,
and Dickinson spoke in favor, and Mr. Miawj
a6a,Diil ,he an-mienf, which was nnajy adop-
. . , , , . ..
After some furthei amendment, tbe bill was
or'cd fur engrossment
1 he mscussion on the boundty Land bill was
then iuudnd after an hours debate, the bw
tc wen "to executive sessi.n, and afterwards
adjourned. , ... r, , taken
"" " ue"-u
UP-. ... ...... ,.
,M r- l'CD bc,aS entitled lo tne noor, pny-f
If? tospe.k against ihe report, and in de ten e
Kitphie. He replied to Mr. r.vu ... ..--
(and satirical manner.
M': ""c"."'"tlr,' , " he
miiviti.iii.s. and astea him it he meant to sayu
i was no gentleman.
WW, Mil. . 1-. " H-.w,
i a . -1 ..n
A point' ot order was raised by Mr. Meade,
who said tbe 21th rule required the bill to he on
the table, and take its turn wilh those ordered io
1. ,k;.j .La
jy, n Cal.0i;n-t also contended
n(J hlJ a lioh, to Bove its reference to committee
Both 0bjecUon were finally overruled, and
nrl th .Wtainn nf !hB Chair WaS SU3-