Newspaper Page Text
BY E. P. WALTON & SON.
THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1852.
VOL. XLVJ, NO. 36.. AV HOLE NO. 23S9.
lUatdjmnn & Slaicifouvnal.
rUULIBHEI) KVKISV TIIUHSDAY MohNlNO.
Tf.RM8.-Sl,50eiihln ad-aneej $.,OairruTmetu li not
Bluie in tdrtnra intercat alwa-a charged liom the end of
I! t jr-ar.
Ann.i.d ! a. hitofifentfltorreeivaiunierlpttMt.,idvertite
n.. mi and eummunioatloni, and hCknoweCg paiiienl Tor
ii.n(i.id,j. n. roMRnoY,
li,. Iheld, H. II. SMITH-
t ,i.,t. r.r.nnnwN.
O.nvlllo, I'll AIII.H ft. DANA.
K morr, 8. O. PCOTT,
iivdepatk, rinvARii n. SAWVEn.
Ji.hn.no, f. W. SIOI'T,
M.rlK-M, K. I. ITTNAJI,
Mnrn-ill, J. 1". NOVBrf,
V .lill-ael, JRWSK JOII.N.-O.S.Jt.
NoMhriit, n. smith,
lranj, CARLOS fAhPIJ.VTEIl,
riin-rieM, A. T. DAM ItOPT,
H..ulh ICanloirk. f. PIIIPMN,
Hmwe,JUSKril P. 1IAVMUNU,
PtnfTord, WILLIAM ROLI.lNi,
Houih HtrarTonl DANIEL W. Jl'DD,
'lanl.rid--, JKHKMIAII KOTF.Il.
W,ttift-.l and lav.tnn.OnANGD SMITH,
Wa.ten, FHAN'KLIN A. WltlrillT,
Watertmr- and Ilu-Mirr, K. C f.Mll II,
WilUam.town, DARIL'S rnlllB,
HVt.cl.l, J ON At AOUOTT.
WnlTTHN AT A STATION IIOL'SK.
" Wliare'ra joa goutf, alt t h, air !
Cme ajon with mn tbia way, !'!"
" I leaf the Hack," or elie you1 II a.e man
linn, olll make eu err 'O'flimin) ! "
" ll-r-a tKe engine , eotl-hing, ana-nag,"
11 Uuotlnata graeioaa, bow -aaj'ra equeacinc t"
'All aboard !" " There ft Ue b II bow !"
Such a rrowrf ! " I led unwell now '."
Hncfa a itMbtag , and emitter,
Pit e the baf-agft there ub, I.wd
U ).ile I tr; to (at on board."
"Tkcare, ma'am, aeu'll ct nm otrat!"
' Hie h ma ! haw the pallia -hava bet !"
" Hang the children I how they're .qtlaltiftg "'
Hj kmrn .houtihg oewahoa bawling
" 'ltg'g ca.rrad ?' " Batttir ri, an!''
" 1'ir.t rata earring-!' " Claud aalda, air ! '
' Hi--a rare, air ;" " W ha,e'. jr. rir tieaH !'
" Mm I ur potkrl, ar he'll iii-k il.
I h.l chap iherr, wilhkti.'a ai.d run,"
' I ... hat.
"i wl.irh ihat ual wuniar .at '"
" i-ucri a jt'b to leer thi mob,"
l'..tiug, aplal inf ,
1 carrnf , -wtanag,
V l I
r I4M, in all roy lite,
It match, eacepl ttidtrng ntft!
V. '. Htm Jawreal.
The Whigs of Washington City held a glori
c.4 IUtitication Meeting on the Evening of the
'.'-lii of June. Tho Hon. Walter Lenox, late
Mm or uf that City, (prominent among tho most
jji.ldnt Whigs as he is among the most cultira
i il iwn of the country) presided and made an
' f.'n'iit speech on taking tho cbtur, ithich we
- . 'i.tl be glad, if our columns would permit, to
pi!', in in 'full. Wo will not dsny our readers
u pleasure, hotvevor, of reading a part of gome
t'li-io, and the whole of Mr. FootV.
Mr. Cullomn'a Speech.
The Hon. William Culloh, of Tennes
see, nude a brief speech, full of cutting ar
cdm and humor. Mr. Cullum is reported
as follows .
Mr. President and fellow-citizens of the
city i.f Washitilon and of Ihe District of
Columbia I do not know but that I ought
to extend my gratuitous beyond the Dis
t'ici, for it occurs to me on this occasion
ilui not only is tho city of Washington out
in Us strength, and the District of Columbia,
but it seems to me from the front jou pre
present here to-night that we mutt hate had
sprinkling from the woild at large.
Laughter. I thank your Chairman for
timing to jou Ihat I come from Tennessee
an by adoption, although a Kenluckiaii by
by birth. I am a Clay Whig of the Ken
lucky school. Cheers. And I am here
to-night as all Whigs are at all times, and
on all occasions to boar testimony, in be
half of ihe virtue of Whig principles.
Gentlemen, I will not occupy your pre
cious tune by recounting what transpired
m l lie Itdlliinore Convention, of which 1 was
one of ihe humble members : but, suffice it
to say, whether you preferred Daniel Web
'cr or Millard Fillmore, as I did, or Gen.
Htnfielil Scott, the selection of a cadidate
is a nutter of compromise between the thirty-one
free and ludependant Stales of this
Confederacy. No section of the nation ex
pected its choice: no locality is to stand
upon its preferences in defiance of the
.great will of the Amertcin people; but in
list Contention the claims of every aspirant
were canvassed, and their friends adhered
'o them with an unwavering tenacity ; and
the choice at last fell upon Gen. Wiufteld
Scott, of New Jersey, whom 1 proclaim
to-night as the second father of his coun
"y. Cheers. Yes, fellow-citizens, I
care nut for niy preferences ; I am a Whig
from principle. 1 worship at the shrine of
no mun; and when you say to me that you
cannot subscribe to the nomination because
t is not yo.ur choice, I pronounce you men
Worshippers, who forget what has always
been inscribed on the Whig banuer "mea
sures nut men."
Gentlemen, what is the struggle in which
tfm are to engage for the next few mouths ?
Gentlemen, Winlield Scott and William A.
Graham have commuted to them the banner
f the Whig party; while our Democratic
friends, amidst great " noise and confusion"
hate ransacked tho Democratic calendar
f'om A to izzard laughter and from iz
zard back again to A to ft ml for themselves
suitable man ; and behold they have "grab
bed" aud hauled up "from the vasty deep"
gentleman who, they say, is a general too!
Liughtcr. Gentlemen, Franklin Pierce
his been made the Democratic standard
bearer; aud let me now run a brief paral
lel before this audience between the relative
claims or Gen. Winfield Scott, who is a
rtal gtneral, aud ihe man whom the Dem
cmts say is a general Franklin Pierce, of
"ew Hampshire. That Mr. Pierce may be
gentleman, and doubtless s a gentleman,
lam not here to controvert ; but if he is
presented to the country on the score of his
"Unary acliivemcnta, in opposition to our
general of tx feel four inches standing
i'?ughler in his stockings ; a general cov
e,ed with honorable scats received in figiu
'g the battles of his country ; tears which
nark lirtn from iho ctown of tiis head to
the sole of his foot ; a man who ncverm
cil in a battle, cheers mid laughter,' and
whose glorious war charger never fainted,
rtneHed laughter; if, I eay, General
I'ierce is come into competition with our
real general, I am here as one of the Scott
h'hojs to pull off the mask. Loud cheers.
9ir, where are the achievements of Gen
eral I'ierce t If he is presented to mo as
military chieftain, I atk you where arc his
exploits? I have looked in vniu for his
grave-yard. Laughter. I have not been
able to discoter his laurels on all the laco of
the earth and the Republic of Mexico in
eluded. Great laughter. Not nt all
doubting Ins courage, yet in view of the
truth of history I must be allowed to say,
and every Democrat must allow me to re
peat it, that it is not recorded upon any page
of the history of my country that General
Franklin Pierce ever fouuhl a battle or won
cver fought a battle or won i
a victory. Great cheerrvajtlJ Uugbtcr.
...v.o la a gciiciai ir jou , fi.iugiucr no to such fjuaniicauons i wc give you
and cheers;) n general of Mr. Polk's ap-j old Scott, the second, Tather of his country'
poinlmenl ! I have been told by a gentle and I will not occupy your time by rccoun
man that that was the best appointment ting his deeds of chivalry, for they are writ
which Mr. Polk made! God save the ten as with a pen of steel on every Ameri
mark! (Laughter.) I replied to the gen-leans heart. Cheers. I will yield the
tleman that I did not know about this ap-1 stand to other gentlemen. Loud cries of
poiiitment being the host. He replied, i " No, nn," and "go on, go on." Why,
"Decidedly the best." I replied that I gentlemen, I havft been running day and
could not understand how that could be. night ever since the nomination. 1 have
The genileman answered, " Why, because hardly laid me down or shut my eyes for the
in the first place, he had the candor to ad-. last two or three days, and have made about
mil that he was no general at all; (great ; two speeches a night since we incribed the
laughter ;) and in the second place, because name of Scolt on our banner. If it were not
he had the manliness to resign his office for fear of intruding on the patience of my
and come home, while his other appointees ; friends 1 would talk you all into fits in favor
had neither the manliness to acknowledge i of the nomination. Laughter ami cheers.
their dcficiences nor the honesty to resign . Gentlemen, General Scolt fought for me be
their commissions." (Roars of laughter ) fore I could fight for myself. He fought for
Hut, gentlemen, it is certain that Mr. I my country hehas borne the fiagof my coun
Pierce was unfortunate ; I will not say that ' try in many a victorious field, cheers, and
he lacked in courage, but he was unfortu ! he shall not want an advocate while my free
Date. On the day of battle sorno say that ' American tongue is looe to speak. Nor
he fainted. I will not however repeat that, ' shall the glorious principles which he impel -fur
it may be a slander. I understand that sonnies ever wain an Advocate while I have
that statement is entirely a mistake; that the power of fpeech. Long continued
Gen. Pierce did not faint but that Ins bore cheering Humble as I um, unpretending
fainted. (Peals of laughter) I will nut 1 am, I alwa). bring to the rescue zeal
lander Gen. Pierce, but I must confess and delmnmatKin neter to yield a bile there
ihat I have no peculiar liking for that stock is a shot in the locker. Great cheering. ,
of burses which are given to fainting. Old Tennessee is going to show you a
(Continued laughter and cheering.) That ' little spunk ol her own." Tennessee has
Imrse that fainted under Gen. Pierce was never failed to support the Whig candidate 1
nolof the old stock that General Scott rode for twenty years. Do you know that? i
upon many a buttle field ; for I never heard (Cheers and ' yes.") Do you know that!
that the glorious war charger of tho hero of under Andrew Jackson himself, Tennessee j
Lundy's lane fainted any where. I find it dared to bo Wlngl (Cheers and "yes.")'
recorded that one of his glorious ttar char-' Let me tell you a little incident about that. I
gers in a certain battle was cut down by a I was brought up m Kentucky, but having'
cannon ball beneath bis glorious rider. nowhere to slay, I concluded I woald ' loaf
llut instead of Gen. Scott fainting, what !oIT." I " pulled up my stakes" and lied all
was I be effect t Why sir, he laid his pow- j my earthly treasure in a pocket handker
crful grasp upon the arm of a Ilritish otli-1 chief, which was labelled "this is the house
cer, pulled him from his horse, took him ; that Jack built." (Cheers aud laughter.)
prisoner, vaulted into his vacated saddle, I got to Tennessee in time to lake part in
and pursued the flying enemy! (Immense the contest of Gen. Jackson'n first election,
cheering.) Thero is a General for you ! I don't exactly want to come out, because
(Tremendous chtern.) A General not yo te it ftswi my age, and I wnt to mar
merely entitled to military buttons and ep-1 ry again. (A laugh.) I whs one of two
auletts, but to the highest conGdcuce of his men in tho county who voted against old
country. (Kcneued cheers.) hero, Gen. Jackson, and I stood alone till
Hut, gentlemen, when you corner a Dcm-! tho State was revolutionized in 1840, and
ocrat in regard to General Scott's military thank God I have taken part in every strug
achievments, and he gels hard pressed, he gle we have had since then ; and these same
will reply to you, " I am opposed to putting fellows that voied for Jackson have seen
military men into civil offices." I hate no' the error of their ways, aud they are tho
doubt you arc. (Laughter.) I believe it same chaps that sent me to Congress, in
from the bottom of my heart; you cannot place of a better, to represent the hermitage
bear the idea. Hut when you had General district itself. I don't see how they could
Jackson, how was it then t (Roars of have done any better do you ? (Immense
laughter.) When you have a real military cheering and litughtcr, and cries of " no,
hero who never fainted, and hose war no, no.") I think they have made a preliy
horse never lainied, you said, " Glory be respectable show of their good sense, which
to Jackson !" (Tremendous appl,tu-e and is a great conipliireut to themselves, and
cheering;) it every Democrat when he dies not to me. (Cheers and laughter.)
wants to go to Jackson. (Renewed laugh-1 Well, gentlemen, I will be with you for
ter and cheering ) He cares less to be in at least two months yet; aud all you hate
Abraham's bosom than with Gen. Jackson, 'to do is to gel yon a little " hollobaloo,"
(Immoiisc cheering.) 'and I will come and talk to you. (Cheers.)
So much for the military qualifications of I have nothing else to do. I am a Scott
General Pierce. And now fur his civil man from the crown of my head to the sole
qualifications. What are they ? He is a- of my foot. I mn not any thing else but a
gainst protection lo the labor of Americans Scott man now. Write that down in a
and in favor of building up Ilritish interests book and print it, and preserve it for your
at our cost. Ho is for striking dnun the children and mine. In the Convention
American laborer to the level of the Unto- there was a competition as between Fil!
pean laborer. My countrymen are to be more and Webster and Scott; but as be
reduced from their present rate of wages to tween General, Captain, Lieutenant Pierce
five or ten cents per day. He is against and General Scott there was no room for j
liver aud harbor improvements. Hin voice guessing. (Cheers and " Scott forever.")
was lifted in Congress against all that can I thank you, ladies and gentlemen, for the
nationalize American institutions. Hut polite attention you have given me. I just
there is one thing in particular to which I come in as a sort of small change to fill up
desire to reler. You remember tho lale the crevices between the big guns, The
lamented Gen. Harrison, when he died in honorable gentleman retired from the stand
your midst, having served his country from amid long and continued applause.
oarly infancy you remember when he died J Senator Foot, of Vt., after a few happv
in your midst, being stricken in years the opening remarks, said :
partner of his bosom still lingered. Gentle- j The name and the fame of Winfield Scott
men. I am ashamed that such a thing as I , aro written in characters of living light up
am about to relate should have happened in loa t,e pagea 0f foriy years of our country's
America ; and 1 am sure there is not a lady i history. He has made that history illustri
will dare to utter a word in favor of Gen. ,,USl nut less bv his civic than by his mar
Pierce when she learns what I am about to ttal triumphs. ' Tho peerless soldier coin
relate. Gen. Harrison, at the ago of three ' hmes the character of the matchless paci
score and ten years after serving his coun ficator. While the historic fields of Niag
try, was summoned to his fathers. His ara and the inou main passes or Alexico re
aged widow was here poor and penniless , fleet ihe dazzling glories of the hero, our
the wife or a patriot who had given his whole northern aud northeastern frontiers, our
lifo and sustance to the service or his coun-1 western wilds and the everglades or Florida,
try. When he died in your midst, and a . bear witness to the milder and nobler vir
magnanimous Congress proposed to give a te3 and triumphs of the minister of peace,
small pittance, the balance or his salary, to i,e messenger or philanthropy. (Cries or
Ins old widow to subsist upon lor t tic re
mainder of her days, this glorious, magnani
mous Gen. Franklin Pierce, this civilian
who is to override every body and every thing j
in yonder Capitol, lifted up his voice against
the claims of tho widow in such circumstan
and yet he rests his claims to the Presidency
upon the magnanimous consideration that
he will starve the millions of our country
men hy advocating a free-trade policy, aud
by refusing a miserable pittance of a few
hundred dollars to the widow of a deceased
military hero 1 Where is the heart that
docs not start back at such a picture ?
Hut they say that old Scott, being a purely
military man, won't do. I have no doubt
that it was objected lo the "Father of his
Country" that he "would not do." Great
cheering. 1 believe however, that it is
generally understood that he made a very
good President. Vociferous cheers. It
was said or old Jackson, in the same man
ner that he "would not do," but the Ameri
can verdict gave the lie to the assertion.
And when old Harrison was presented they
said you have presented an "old granny to
the country," Hut tho patriotism of the
American heart lifted him lo the first office
within the eift f any people upon earth
Cheers. So of old Gen. Taylor. The
Democrats said he was a "rusty old blade,"
and they argued, " if yon want a millitary
man, why don't you tttkc Gen. Scott ("
"there," say they is a real general for you;
ho is not only skilled in war but in diplo
macy." , When they talked in this way I
told them, "just hold still and wo will give
you a 'hasty plate of soup next lime."
Immense applause and laughter. The
truth is wo had taken it into our heads to run
old Zack and wo did run him ; and 1 con
gratulate you and the country now that the
soundness and healthiness of our present
condition is attributable to his coadjutor and
successor, who is worthy of all prase. Now
we have presented you with a man whom
you said four years ago that wc ought to
have run ; and justly fearing his succes, you
tell ui that we ought to run a civilian.
Brave Democrats I Consistent Democrats!
Cheers and laughter.!
Who is the civilian whom vou hsvo nro-
posed f Tho man who refused to allow a
flew hundred dollars to -0ld.Tip's" widow!
"Good," and cheers.)
Fellow citizens, it is not alone at the
nomination that we rejoice. We have, a
bove all occasions of congratulation and re
joicing at the reunion of the country.
(Cheers.) Fellow-citizens, for the last six
mouths 1 have been a pained yet silent spec
tator of the discords aud divisions of that
party, by which it has been distracted and
weakened, and almost paralyzed; hut I re
joice w uli you to-night in the confident hope
anil assurance that these unhappy divisions
have in a great measure been allayed. I
trust forever. Divided, we are powerless,
aud must fall ; united, we shall be a strong,
resistless, a triumphant party. (Olieera.)
In our divisions our political opponents had
hoped for an easy victory ; in our union de
spair aim ueieat only await them. (.Ap
plause.) Air l'rsideiit ana lelloa. citizens, another
contest between the great political organi
zations ol the country is near at hand ; a
nolber great civil victory is to be won or
lost ; aud the nation, is already gathering its
strength, aud girding on Us armor, and
marshalling its hosts for the conflict. The
issue of that conflict is to tell for good or
for evil, for weal or for wo, upon the des
tinies of this country for long years to come.
Hy all the hopes and fears that can inspire
tho heait of patriotism, wo aro bound to
carry thai issue. (Loud cheers.) Inspired
by the maintenance of a just cause, sus
tained by the best troops that ever were led
to a civil or a martial contest, and the lead
of that general who never lost a battle,
whose banner never trailed in retreat, we
must and we shall prevail. (Cheers)
Sir, I havo not the lime, and this is not
the occasion, for the discussion of any of
the great questions at issue betuecu these
parties; nor am I inclined here to attempt
to contrast the merits and qualifications of
their respective leaders. Other and abun
dant occasion will bo alTon(ed for all this.
I have said that the nomination of Win
field Scott was a fortunate one ; aud in say
ing that, I mean no disparagement to his
illustrious competitors. Between other
great names, and his own the preferences of
the convention, as well as of the Whig parly
or the country, were diyidej. It was nat
ural that it should be eo,--55atiiong so many
illustrious names, endeared toihe American
heait, it was hardly possible it could bo
A large portion of the Whit'
actuated by the h.ghcat and most
P. mnlll-ni Sllirnrnllf rlncirail n.,,l
patriotic motives, sincerely desired and
earnestly souuht 'for the nomination of ,.,,r.cs of oftlcc than for tho l,roal tllal slould
present excellent, able, and most worthy l't'et' t'10 mouth of labor, thus alludes to tho
Chief .Magistrate. Prompted, however, by assertion of Mr. II. that tho railroad is "the
the dictates or duty and of patriotism, thevj greatest invention that scioncc has yet
yielded a cheerful suiiport to the nouiiiico of c ? ,,,,
Ihe cou.n.,un. The honor, r the Pres.! j ? V , ,ncrett"nS "f W"
dency, which he so ably and acceptably 1IacI 11,0 B0"eni re:'(1 Adam Smith
fills, and the highest respect or the whole 'he would have round, as we have suggested
American people, are the enduring reward j to him, a greater one, Tor he would there
r(M,l'a"J P. ,ore- (Chec.) llavc fm)m, ,,1!lt tll0 Ia,ura, ,aciJ for le
Mr President, another argc portion ol the I . . . . . , - , , .
Whig party of, he conn.rv, participating ,,, I ar",Snn "by he s,de of he producer of food
the universal admiration fur the transccti aml woo'i the first to bo eaten while the
dent ability of the great slate-man of the latter was being converted into cloth anil
Hast, with tho most honorable devotion, la-1 fitted Tor cheap transportation to distant
bored and sought lor his nomination, hav-' countries aud that the more fully the con
nig reference not only to the highest inter- ... . . .
csts and honor of tho country, but as a trib- !""'0r a"d thc l,rodllcor 00111,1 ,,,us be
ute duo lo Ins long and brilliant career ol brought together, the greater Miiti bo the
public service. Diirippi'inted though they . increase in the value of land. In a piece
may be, they ore among the first and fore- or cloth, according to that highest or real
most to ueld a ready aud hearty support , free.,ra()e ailtJuritios, thoro are many bun
his successlul competitor. Thcir's is a , . . , , , , , , ,
disappointment that carries uith Ming (lrt1 "eights or food and wool, the trans-
Daniel Webster needs not the Presidency portation of which, in their original forms,
to fill the measure of his greatness and re- would be highly burdensome to tho fanner,
nown. (Cheers.) His is the singular ami ' ui,0 is therefore greatly benefitted by hav-
1 , 2rr l"?,0I nUiyT be0" alr7'1;i,ro- in? them reduced into the compact Torn, or
claimed, by the accordant loice or Chris-1 ,p , , , , ,
tendom, the Intellectual monarch of the ago.. clolh ami t,iat lle 13 s"' e havo the ad
No official power, no rnjal diadem, no lion- mission ol (he Hon. gcullemiin himself.
ors or earth can add one halt's breadth loj" Diminish," says he, "the time and ex
the measure of that stature. It was among ,,ensc 0f reaching a market rrom a section
competilorssuchastheselhattheconvocaUon r, ,. ... " t .,
of the representatives of the great National , of la"d '" Mlsaourl. d J ralte l,rlco
Whig party or the country, after the most ' of lhal land "15lanly and largely the mo
full and deliberate and anxious considcra-' merit you do so," an assertion thc truth of
tiou, selected Winfield Scott as the stand-' which, cannot, even for a moment, be ques-ard-bearer
or the parly in the approaching (imicd Tll0 object ,)f ho tarin-or ,g42
contesl ; "not that thov loicd Ctcsar ess, , . r i ,i r it
but ihey loied Rome more." (Cheers) was lhat of c"nbUnX lUo fanner scnd ll,s
Mr President, tn my judgement the nom- products to market in the most compact
iniiioD tr Win. A. Graham fmr the teecud form, aud thun to diminish both the. time
place upon lite ticket was equally loriunate. and expense of reaching the market. Un-
tS"nlemm f .ack,H!",L"dd b't'. "f der it the corn and other raw products of
large experience in public atiairs, of pure .... , . ,
ind elevated character, of deportmonl, and AIl!,s0Uf' "erc converted into lead, and to
ol accomplished and courtly manners, a 80 great an extent that the export or that
favorite sou or North Carolina, which he commodity rrom the west rose from year to
basso highly honored, and which has m j ,..-, until in 1617 it had attained the a
olien honored bun, he cannot fail to com-' . r , . ...
...and the cordial respect and support of ,"U"t f "Catl &00'000 U,tl' e"
every true Whig in the country, and to givo rea" 1(1 "elieio that by this time it would
additional strength to the ticket. 'reach 1,000,000, and thus were the time
Mr President and rellow Whigs, it only and expense of sending to market the pro
remains for the Whig party to do its duty; ductsof Missouri and Illinois greatly di
to do its whole duty ; to be true to itself, to ... , ... ,. .
be true to its great couservaf.ve principle : mmuhed, a process which, according to
to be true to the Constitution and the Un- the reasoning of the hot., gcutlemaii, should
ion ; to hy aside all persona! and local and have added largely to the value of laud.
sectional strires; foe one section of the Un- Under it the corn of Ohio and Indiana was
ion scrupulously to respect and observe the
couM.luuonal richts ol the other ; for the
North to comm.! no ai,.,,,-,,.,. ..no,, tlm
South, and the South to commit no aggros- scriptions of food were being fed to those
sion upon the North; to act in unison, in other manufacturers of vianure, the horse
!,ar",'J"',,Ia,,d co"ccr. a e great brother- aj (ie sheep, and to so great an extent
hood of lugs, seeking and laboring for tho ., . ., . , v , r, , r
prosperity and honor and happines of the ,,,al tlic Cxlmrt lnu , "rl Ca,,al of
country, the whole country.(Loud cheers.) product of animals doubled in six years,
Let this be our purpose, let Ibis be our ac- and thus did the Tarnier find a great de
tion, and this nomination will be ratified by ' crease in " the tune and expense of reach
the voices, by the votes, and by the hearts miirlct Under j, tho corn n)(1 ll)0
or thc American people. (Good, good," and , , , ,' , . .,
continued cheering.) And then wc will all 1 l,ork of Kentucky and the neighboring
rejoice ocr the proudest political triumph States were fed lo that other manufacturer
this country or the world has witnessed. of manure, the laborer, to so great an ex
(beers.) ,c)t ,j1!lt ,1C ,maMij.y f hemp received at
ilil 1 IU0IIICIU, III bUl"Ul.uj mis IHIIIIIliailUII
I pledge jou the vote of the Green Moun
tain State in advance. Upon a more firm,
a more true, a more reliable brotherhood or
Whigs of Vermont the sun does sol rise and
Winfield Scolt holds the second place in
the regards aud grateful remembrances of
that people the first place beinj j lelded
now and always lo the dying yet immortal .
Henry L ay. (Lmotion.) lhal Slate a
lone, of all thc States ol this Union, has i
never bowed to the Baal of the seir-chns-
tened and self-anointed latter-day Democ
racy ol the country. (Cheers.) Her star
has neter paled beneath its dark shadow;
and in November next that star will culmi
nate still higher and brighter than ever be
foie. I will not now undertake to fix a
limit to her majority; but in her name and
on her behalf 1 close my remarks with a
challange to each of the other thirty Stales
of this Union to furnish nn equal majority,
according to its population, for Scott and
Graham, for the Constitution and the Union.
(Immence cheering.) Sir 1 have done. Let
him who dares accept the challenge.
Hon. Mr Williams, of Kentucky, follow
ed Mr Foot, and concluded a most able
aud spirited speech, as follows :
I declare, as a Whig or Kentucky, I am
ashamed, on this occasion, tn follow the
gentleman from Vermont tlm glorious
Green Mountain State, God bless her !
Long ago Kentucky obtained the glorious
honor of being " the banner Stale." 1 reel
ashamed in the presence or a State that
never flinched, Hut I will say lo you and to
him Kentucky wauls only one more chance
Do not degrade her because she snapped but
once. Allow her riflemen to pick their
flints and try again. (Laughter applause,
and cries or" Try again," "Old Kentucky
never tire.") IT in November she does not
wipe out rrom her escutcheon the blott of
having once elected a Locofoco Governor
than take fr.'in her strong arm that standard,
borne io long at the head or the Whig
ranks, strike her from the roll of Whig
States, and set her down ai fickle and false
forever. She is mortified and ashamed fiir
the past; but with a glorious majority she
will stand up in November next.
I)c plow rmti lljc )cic.
11 v r. I. WAI.TOX.
" He that by the I'lo v. wild thtlea
lllmaeir meat either iiolc or tlE."
SrirttT of Tiin AnntcuLTt'iiAt. l'r.nss.
Wo have upon our table that excellent
work, for July, the Plow, tho Loom, and
the Anvil, and propose to give our readers
a little of the good matter contained in its
columns. It is much devoted to the great
question of protection to agricultural labor
aud every species of American industry.
The present number has an able review of
Mr. Rantoul's speech in favor of British
free trade; and in opposing this favorite
scheme or some of our noliticians who nn.
p-,renlly care more for the loaves and fish-
bei fl;d to ,he grelll mamifactrcr of
. . . , , , ,
nure the i,0S a"d llie alld ""-,r
New Orleans rose rrom one thousand two
hundred and eleven hales in 181 1-2, to six
ty thousand bales in 181(1-7, aud thus did
the planter find a great decrease in thc lima
and expense, ol reaching a market.
Under the tariff or 18IG, we find the ex
port of lead diminishing from year lo year,
until in the latt one it had fallen to IWo,-
000 tons, and is likely in the present tear
. , ,, , , . ,, ,
10 fa" beltm, ccn 250,000. Under ... we
find 'be product of animals passing through
the JNew iorK Lanal diminishing Irom
year to year, and likely to fall in the pres
sent one at littlo above the point at which
it stood nine years since, within which
lime the population of the West must have
almost doubled. Under it, we find the
quantities or the same commodities receiv
ed at New Orleans diminishing from year
to year, and with a rapidity beyond exam
ple. Under it, we find the export of food in
the form of hemp gradually falling, until it
has almost reached the point at which it
stood in 1812-y. Under it, thc export of
foot) in the form of bagging is steadily aud
regularly diminishing; but under il, tho
export of Indian com, the rudest form in
which food can be exported, is steadily in
creasing, and thus it is mat me policy ad
vocated by the lion, gentleman is profiting
the Tanner and the planter in increasing in
stead of diminishing the expense of going
io market. Diminish the export of food in
the form of leada of pork and of beef, or
butter and of cheese, of hemp and of bag
ging, and send to market tea torn of Indian
corn where before you sent a single ton of
butter and or cheeso, orhempor orbagging,
and you will thus, according to our orator,
diminish the " lime and expense of reach
ing a market," and thus will you give value
to your land. Such is the political econo-
my of thc Manchester school, in which the
hon. member is so distinguished a profes
It has been in vain that we have looked
through this speech for any reference to the
fact that the more distant the market the
greater is the difficulty of restoring to the
land thnt most important portion of the
farmer's crop, the manure. When the corn
is ctmtnrlcd, on tho farm on which it is
produced, into pork, and hay, into beef, tho
refuse oHIm food goes back upon the land,
which becomes enriched instead of being
exhausted, whereas when the farmer kills
his hogs and sells his corn, his land is spee
dily worn out, and then he runs away him
self. Under the tariff of 1812 thero was a
steady increase in the manuracture of ma
nure, as is shown bv the Tact that the ex
port of Iho product of animals doubled in
six years, whereas since the tarifTor 1810
became fairly operative, thc number oDiogs
and or cattle has steadily and rapidly declin
ed, ami with it the power or the farmer to
maintain the productive power of his land.
The railroad is truly a great invention, for
il enables the farmer to send his corn In
market, hut it is forgotten by thc hon. gen
tleman that tho farmer needs a market in
which to manure as well as lo sell his corn.
When ho feeds tho food on the ground,
ho obtains tho manure altogether free of
cost. When he carries his corn and his
pork lo his neighbors engaged in produc
ing iron, coal, lead, hemp, or cloth, he has
the manure at a small cost for transporta
tion ; but when the hoes and the cattle
disappear, aud the corn has lo go to a dis
tant market, he pays freight on a large
bulk instead of a small one, and the cost
of bringing back manure is so great that it
is altogether lost to him. " Diminish,"
says the lion, gentleman, "tho time and
expense of reaching market, and you in
crease the value of land." Such was the
object of the tarifl'of 1812, because il tend
ed lo make a market on or near the land
for all the products of the laud, thus econ
omizing transportation out and homo.
Such is tint the object nf the tariff of 1810,
because il tends to separate thc consumer
from thc producer, and therefore to dimin
ish thc value of land. Wc should be glad
if .Mr. Rantoul would explain how it is that
that law tends to add to thc value of cither
lam1 or labor, when its operation is direct
ly the reverse of that which he assures us
lends to give value to the laud. If his po
litical economy is sound, hu can have no
difficulty in doing this.
Tliu hon. gentleman inform the manu
facturers that they thrivo as their customers
thrive, and that they must perish "iflhewest
ceases to be a gootl purchaser," facts that
cannot be gainsaid, and it is because that
such are the facts that wc advocate protec
tion. The rarmer prospers as the market
is brought near to him, and the nearer thc
market the more rapid is the increase in i The mere list of premiums awarded is of
the value of labor aud laud, as was shown ! very little benefit. It operates as a stimu
in tho fact that the ability or the farmers , us to many minds, who are ambitious of
and planters of the Union to purchase and J such distinctions, aud therefore benefits
pay for iro.i trebled, and that their con- j them, and in this way, indirectly, the com
sumption or cotton and woolen cloth doub-' munily gains. Hut this is aiming quite too
led, in the brier period of the existence of 0w. It is to impart information upon all
thc tarifl'of 1812. Why they did so is ex-' sorts or farming operations. It is to satis
plained by the fact that our farmers wcro' ry the large majority of farmers that they
steadily improving the qualiiy of their pro-j are not doing what is for their pecuniary
duct, aud thus diminishing the cost of
transportation, sending lead, aud wool, and
hemp, in the place ol" corn. The rarmer
suffers as the market is driven from him,
' as is shown in the fact that under thc tariff
i of 1810, notwithstanding thc accumulation
lor foreign debt to a frightful extent, the
'consumption of iron and cloth is steadily
diminishing as the west is ceasing to send
lead, woo!, hemp and pork, and sending in
jits place the rude Indian corn. The man
! ufacturcra Anoio icell that "Oiey thrive ns
their customers thrive," Ihey know well
that thero is between them and their cus
tomers a perfect harmony of interests,
I and they feel sensibly that while they them-
selves are affected by the policy advocated
by Mr. Rantoul, which diminishes their
own power to obtain food, it diminishes in
1 a still more rapid degree thc power or thc
rarmer and the planter to obtain machinery
of cultivation ami of manufacture, as is
shown in the wonderful diminution in the
quuutity of iron that is consumed, and in
the almost equally wonderful diminution in
I tho quantity of cotton goods, foreign and
(domestic, consumed throughout the Union,
j "The manufacturing people have," says
' the hon. gentleman, " every thing to hope
for from the West, who are their best dis
i tumors." So they were, aud so will they ,
be again, whenever wo shall again adopt a
policy that will enable the people of the
West to remain at home aim improve uicir
land, as was the case to a vast extent under
the larifrof 1812. Let them be again pro
tected in the conversion or food into iron
and lead, hemp and wool, aud wc shall
again see the production of pork, beef, but
ter and cheese go ahead as it did five years
since, and ihen the demand for cotton and
woolen goods and for iron, will go ahead as,
it did then.- At present, the course of.
things throughout the West is precnely the
same that we lee it has been in Ireland,
which but lately was a large exporter or
pork and beef, butter and cheese. Under
Ilritish frcje trade, the number of hogs and
cattle in that country has steadily diminish
ed, as it is now doing here. There, the
land has been jrrpoterished for want of the
j manure that would havo been yielded by
the hogs and cattle that have been killed.
as is now beinir tho case here. Thar. t,n
i people now export oats instead of pork,
uuttcr and beer, as the people or tho rest
now export corn instcatl nf pprk, and with
each step of this process, they both become
poorer customers to thoso who produce
cloth anil iron, as is tho case with every ex
clusively agricultural country in the world.
Well do the manufacturers know that tho
greatest and best of iheir customers should
be found in the West, aud greatly do they
regret to find that under tho policy advo
cated by the lion, gentleman, tho domestic
consumption declines so rapidly that they
are daily more and more compelled to look
abroad for a market lor even the diminished
quantity nf cloth that is now made and
all that they would desire would bo that
thc speaker should examine for himself the
effects of the policy of 1812 and of 1810,
with a determination in future to advocate
that one under which thc farmers and plan
ter were proved to havo advanced most
rapidly in the power to purchase machinery
fur the production of food and wool, and
clothing for thetiisclics, their wives, and
children. We pray the hon. gentleman to
to enter upon this inquiry. Wo desire lhat
he should satisfy himself that under the
system of American Tree trade under that
system which enables the farmer to ex
change nt the nearest market, aud which
diminishes to the greatest extent " the time
and expense of going to market," tho
consumption of all articles used by our far
mers and our planters, our artisans and our
laborers, increased with wonderful rapidity.
Wc desire, too, that he should satisfy him
self that under thc system of Manchester
free trade under that system which com
pels the farmer to exchange in the most
distant market the power or consumption
diminishes with a rapidity equally wonder
fill. That done, wu would have him exert
himself for the release of his countrymen
from tho control of the men of Manchester
and Birmingham, who accumulate princely
fortunes by acting in tho capacity of mid
dlemen standing between the farmers and
planters and their customers and by so
doing have ruined Ireland, Portugal, India,
thc West Indies, and every other country
connected with them ; or, if hn. will still
persist in tho advocacy of the system which
has thus exhausted and ruined all thc coun
tries subject to it, wo desire that he bliall
do it with his eyes open, and with a full
knowledge that whatever greatness he may
achieve will be at the cost of the power of
hi country and the happiness and prosper
ity of his countrymen.
What should AunicutrurtAL Faiiis
tiiacii I Much, says tho Plow, Loom and
Anvil, is to be learned, as yet in respect to
tho mode of conducting our annual fairs.
interest, cither in thc selection and man
agement of stock, or in their modes of cul
tivation. Mr. Dodge has some very sensible re
marks (and ho always has such when he
has any) in the Journal of Agriculture, and
wo fortify our opinions already expressed
by citing from him the following passage :
" Their reports tell us who has raised
the best com, and who the best wheat and
rye ; who has exhibited the beat cow, and
who the best oxen. This is well, but it in
not enough. A largo part or the premium,
given to a competitor, is gli en for diffus
ing the knowledge which will aid another
person in producing another specimen like
it. Hut this seems to be forgotten. The
' what kind was it?' and ' how was it pro
duced I' are left out. Tho unsuccessful
competitor and all the rest of the world,
are sent back to their farms, to feel their
way with such light as their own observa
tion and experience hate given them;
whereas they are eniilled to all the light
the rccipent of the Society's bounty can
give. If a premium is ottered for an essay,
not only must the successful production be
given up and become the property of oth
ers, but it must be published to the world.
We would not take the farmers wheat and
i)lslribute it among others, but we would
take the knowledge by which it was raised,
and scatter it broadcast through Ihe laud ;
ifho would keep his knowledge, we would
keep the silver."
Haying. This iiTthe primo work of
the month, requires tho closest applica
tion and taxes tho lienlth ami strength
severely. Let it be performed qtiietly.sys
tcmaticnllj', without hurry, confusion or
noise ; then it will bo well done ; ana as
yon feed from your uniple bnys through
the winter, they will yield tho fragrant,
perfumes of summer, and repay you in
the fat rtb3 and glossy skins of your
Dobbs thinks the "tree ol knowledge"
was the beech tree, the twigs of which
have dono moro to make man acquainted
with arithmetic, than nil the other mem
bers of the vegetable kingdom combined.