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Jllntrtnnml O "filtf TmtVltr.1
iMlUCIjlUHU v XUlilC JOUlUtu.
i. WAI.TOX, Jit., KIUTOft.
Tlitii'Mlity, Vch. 10, ISSU.
LETTERS FROM EUROPE.
l'LORr.Ncr, Nov. AO.
Mr l)Mn Sir, Genoa, situated at tho head
of the Gulf of the same name, is tlio chief port
of the Sardinian States. Two extensive piers i
afford pood protection to the numerous vessels
frequenting tho port. Tho city is built nlmosi
entirely on,' a' Bleep side hill forming a crescent,
arid i$ seen to the greatest advantage from tho
rntrnnnh tn tl.n t,.1,n. 'I'linc, It flMlllv hut
ono thorojghfarojthrough tho city, and but two or
three others claiming to be called streets. The
others are simply passages, whero men and wo
men, tnules and handcarts, all crowd together.
Wood, coal, stono and brick arc packed about on
mules. Tho houses are gcTicrally very well
' built, but being six or seven stories high, with
only a narrow alley between them, makes them
very dark. The city is u jw erecting, on a small
equaro near tlio supposed birth-placo of Christo
phor Columbus, a beautiful tnirblo monument
to lib memory. It is to bo surmounted with a
Vtaluo in marble. I saw at the Municipal Hall
an autograph letter in Latin written by Co!um
bus in 1 TiO'J, and to which he had subscribed his
namo in tho manner fashionable at tho prcecnt
day, requiring one to bo learned in tho arts to
interpret it Manufacturing in tlio small way is
carried on very extensively here, the lower
story of nearly every houso being occupied by a
shop of some kind. Th people generally
seemed to' ho well off, and tho females in partic
ular had on air of neatness unusual in a city of
that size. Tiey wear no bonnets, but long
whitOjgauzo veils over their heads, giving them
au extremely neat and tidy appearance. From
Genoa a voyage of nine hours by steamor bro't
mo to Ieghorn, whero, as I entered tlio lnrbory
I .saw several American ships, which really
..,..! m, ......:.. ..,.1 a.
though this is a freo port of Tuscany, still tho
n 1 ...
passengers were not allowed to land until
health officer had been on board, examined the
list arid counted tho pjssengers and found all
well. From the dirty and slovenly appearance
of tlio official, I am satisfied tliu passengers ran
by far tlio greatest risk from tho contact.
Leghorn is located on a plain, with broad and
well paved streets, containing n population of
Bcvcntyfivo thousand. The houses are mostly
built of ii yellowish sand stone, giving them n
bright and cheerful appearance. There are but
frfr public buildings of any note in the city.
Tlio most cxtcnsivo ono I saw was erected as
tin asylum for the poor, but government wanting
barracks for its troops had turned the poor out
to beg ami filled it with soldiers. Since tlio at
tempted revolution in 1818, Austria lias filled
Tuscany with her troops, having ubout (brty
thousand quartered in different places, and the
people are prohibited from keeping arms of any
kind, Pisa, eight miles in tho interior from
Leghorn, is a very old and dirty looking town,
but celebrated for its Cathedral and Leaning
Tower. Tho Cathedral is a very line old build
mg of tho eleventh century. Tho interior is
entirely of'marblejand contains many relies of
antiquity) its piintiugs, statuary and pillars of
jwrphyry are very riclu Tho Leaning Tower is
tho.grent wonder of Pisa. It is of a circular
form, about thirty-fivo feet in diameter and two
hundred in height, and was built fur a hell tower
for" tho Cathedral. Tlm.Towor. wl.cvcrytltinE
around it, denotes that it lias acquired its pres
ent declination of thirteen feet, from tho sinking"
of tho ground, and the only wonder is tint it lias
stood so long after having onco commenced to
Fifty miles in tho interior from l'isa, is Flor;
ence, tiio capital of Tuscany, containing a popu
lation of ever ono hundred thousand. It is lo
cated on a plain on both sides of tho river Amio,
having in the distance sloping hills nnd high
mountains, covered w ith the vino and olivo. A
grove of two or three miles in extent on the
banks pf the river below the city, furnishes the
most delightful drive imaginable, and the hun
dreds of carriages seen thcro every pleasant af
ternoon proves that the. people duly appreciate
it. Tho buildings aro generally well built of
stone, but the streets aro narrow, without side
walks ; tho people and carriages all passing a
long together. Among tho public buildings
worthy of nolo is tho Cathedral, commenced in
tho thirteenth century, built of black and white
marble, in tho form of a Itin cross. It is -)f0
feet in length by .'130 in breadth, having n sejm
rate bell tower forty feet squaro and three hun
dred high, ornamented with many statues and
much fine carving, and as a whole, much more
beautiful than tho Leaning Tower. Tlio I'ittt
I'alace, tho residence of tho Grand Duke, ha
an imposing appearance ; still there is nothing
very beautiful in the architecture, but tho grounds
in tho rear aro laid out wjtji much taste, and
from V high point in the garden is obtained ono
of the best views of tho city. Tho show rooms
of the Palace contain little worthy of note, ex
cept tho gallery of paintings, but that is coinid-
cii:u out. ui uiu tiiun-eei iii i.uropc. J pcro aro
a great number of galleries in Florence, but to
me, thero seems but little variety. They aro
nearly, all copies from each other, i Hundreds of
artists go to Florence every year, to com from
tlio old masters j they originate nothing new;
tliey follow in tho beaten track, painting Madon-
nas and the V irgin slid Child for J did not ?oo
in all Florence a dozen paintings on uny other
than sacred subjects. For myself, I confess I
wai tired of going from gallery to gallery and
finding nothing now. An American ortist frauk
ly.said wo are mere copyists hero. Thero aro
better portrait and laudrcape painters in Ameri
ca than in Florcnco. Tho samo remarks are ap
plicable to statuary. Thcro areccrtaiii old mas
ters whoso works were considered perfect m
their day, and modern artists must copy them.
They daro not trust their own skill to model ac-
f-nntiii'f in fill, fitithirni,! nPtlia it,... t.n .
VV....D , - . - w utvj nam iu
represent. TJiuJ it was with Grecnough, when
lie placed the head of Washington on a body
wrapped in a blanket, with sandals on tlio feet
and a ecimetar in the hand. To tins remark I
want to mako an bonorublo exception, in refer
ence to Mr. Powers, the sculptor. Ho is as A
mcrican in heart and tout, and relies upon his
own talents and ability to delineate character in
conformity to tho era ho would represent Ho
is at present cngtged on threu works expressly
adapted to Auicrica,-a Washington, represent
ing him as a private citizen, aAer having resign
cd his commission, in 0 dress of his time a
genius of America, a beautiful design, aud an at.
Jegoricat figure of California, represented as a
beautiful female, with a wreath upon her head,
and a n and or divining rod in her left hand,
pointing to a quartz rock of gold beneath her
feet, whilst in her right hand, which i behind
.her, sho holds abumllo of thorns, partly conceal.
d, but still visible to those who aro not too much
dazzled by the shining gold. Such works I can
appreciate, for they sccui in harmony Villi the
tijrO; btit when, after reading n glowing dc?crip-
itionof some wonderful work, I goandlookatl
M)J find Uial timo and Mpo suro h B0 cllsnK.
cd tho material that it is diflicl tit to tell whether
It was made of marble or stucc o, the beauty for
mo lias all gone, and I do not feel bound to ad
mire and praise it because otlie ts have dons so,
any more than I should to prais 6 Judge 's old
family carriage, becauso half n century ago it
was consi.Vrrd n splendid afTair . I saw the no
torious General llaynau frcue ntly In Florence,
and from remarks I heard made, was led to sup
pose that ho did not stand on thr pinnacle of glo
ry, even In his own country, t t. ie present tunc.
After much search, I found tlio
louse wlicro A
; n small mar-
mericus Vespuciiis once reaidrd
bio tablet over tho door, drnoting tho place and
that is (lie only nieninntn of the , rent navigator
to be found in his nativo city, to which he con
ferred immortal honor in giving liis namo to a
now world. K.
U. S. Senators Elected.
Massachusetts, tidward F.vcrett, whig; Dela
ware, John M. Clayton, whig; New Jersey,
Wm. Wright, loco ; Indiana, Job n W. Petit,
loco; Michigan, Charles 13. Stuart, loco; Iowa,
Geo. W. Joncsloco; Texas, Samuel Houston)
(XT" Mr. Foot of tho Senate, and Mr. Meach
am of the House, have our thanks l.r valuable
ArroTiinn Statue or Ai.Lrs. It so cms from
tho following that a statue of " .Wen" i t. to form
a part of a Monument to Washington; though
wo have a suspicion that the real person go rep
resented will turn out to bo .Uams.
Crawford's Great Washln jton
I cannot leave Koine without giving so me ac
count of the Monument of Washington, which
is being executed by order ot tho Umtwl states
Government by Mr. Crawford, an Am ?rican
sculptor of much merit. It will, bo theliirgest
national monument of the kind existi tig
Itauch's statuo of Frederick tho Groat, at Berlin,
is considerably of less proportions. The Wash
ington monmnrnt is a complete circle; oi t this
a star with six points is raised, and on this rics 1
tho actual basn to tho equestrian figuo of Am-1
erica's great man. Six eagles surround the . itcps
un the circle, and six collossal statues of emi ncnt
Americans surround tho pedestal Henry, Lee,'
Mason, Marshall, Allen, and'Jctl'erson.
Tho whole is on a .gigantic pcile, fmm 'lixtv
to srveniy feet high, and is grandly rrpresoi )UM.
The figures of Jefferson and Henry aro com pitt
ed, and have already been forwarded to Mm ler's
celebrated fonndry at Munich, to be ca t in
bronzo J the others will successively bessntto
tho same place, ami for tho sum) purpose. ' The
whole coinxition bears tho stamp of grcaln w,
and testifies the vast conception of the artist .
Ho is at present raising tho figure of Welling
ton's ImrFC n real mound of clay. A small
modolofthe monument it will bo when complet )d,
decorates the immense studio in which tins tna n
moth work is being oxectited. Tho sides of t de
peilo3tal aro decorated by two very handsome
bssso relievos, tho oiio'represcnting the arms of
the Stale, the other is symbolic a iigur-.- ni J li
berty with its foot on Tyranny, surrounded i iv
the motto, "Sic semper tyrannls." Ixllirfnvi
Tor die Wmrhmltn anit Jpilrnnl.
Vermont Central Railroad.
Mru EniTiin : In November !&(), tliu ktoc't-h.-.lders
wore informed, pages S." and 'JO of th e
animal rrport, that "Tho Directnni cnngntu
lato tho Stockholders upon the finil comptdian
of tho road, and confidently anticipate that the r
will find tho affairs of the corporation as present
cd in the foregoing reports, fully equal to thoir
just expectations. I no past year lias ben onu
or great financial embarrassment, nui mo crisis
has been triumphantly passed, und the road is
now in a condition fully to dcvclopo its rcsour
ce, and tn justify the oft repealed predictions nf.
its friends." 'f lift road may then bo consider
trtt n I'll,' tumplfleu, tijttipittl unit pumJIJr.
Tho capital s'ock of tlio company will bo repre
sented by 1()U,(J(JU shares aud the bonus amount
ing to fee l,t)M si.
Since that time, under a special law, I under
stand about threo millions of dollars of bonds
havo been ifsued, (for what it does not apnonr
that we are ever to bo informed,, tho report of tho
committee appointed in May last not having yet
been made,) bearing such exorbitant interett as
to absorb the entire income ot tlio road.
lty thogenem! law of the State I understand
that a takmjr of over six percent interest for mo
ncy loaned, works a forfeiture of principal and
interest, which appears to mo just, wlnlr money
is civen an artificial vuliio ny uemg tho only lo
g-il tender in payment of debts, to keep it of sla
bio value. Vet by tlio special law ubovo men
tinned tho bon dholders aro receiving seven per
cent, for anoul cu or t.i dollars. 1 wo laws so
incompatible it appears to me cannot be valid, as
tho general law r quires of the pwple what the
Bpecial law prevents a compliance with. and lhsv
must euner ceaeo to uen law-anunng people or
fill to niy tlunr dobts, for after tho publication
of tho special law no one who has ready money,
will loan for less than can bo got of railrnad cor
porations. If it be wrong to loan a shareholder
or any othor person at more than ix per cent, it
is equally wrong tn loan n corporation for more,
unless a sin becomes a virtue in the reidy mon
ey capitalist by being licensed by assumed pipit
authority to rob tho mass after their hands are ti
ed. The special law also crippled the stockhol
derby rendering his stock worthless to raiso mo
ney upon by pledging it.
Those who subscribes! and paid for their shares
arc entitle I to the credit and profit for thqir en
terpriseit wns by their means tint tho hills
wore lowered, tho vallies raided, tho rivers span
ned, and tho laku jumped, 'ihcyploned and
harrowed the earth and planted tho rails and
havo tlin right to tho linnet, but have been sur
plautcd by tn filth hour men who will not allow
them even to gloan, but gather tho whole them
selves. If thero remains a particlo of tho snirit which
influenced tlm Champion of tho Rights of Man,
whose imatro is in front of tho capital of tho
State, tho Verinonters can never quietly submit
to such wrongs until they havo at least made an
eltort to test the validity ot such a law.
lloston, Feb. I, 185.T.
Wo are not awaro of any " special taw" in
ermout such as tho writer of the above alludes
to Thero is a general laic, allowing all railroad
companies to issua notes or bonds bearing not
more- than seven cr cent, interest, to be secured
in any manner such companies may choose, and
to be p ollcctable at law whether issued under
par or not This law was unacted for tho pur
post of enabling tho railroad companies in Ver
mont tn complete their roids nnd pay their debts,
and was certainly deemed necessary for tho crod
iters of the roails and for tho public. If the
ilockhoUltrs did not like tho law, they had the
privilege of providing some other way to pay
their debts. It is questionable, to my tho least,
whether this ought to be adopted as tlio settled
jwlicy iu regard to corporations, and for this rea.
son wo publish tho foregoing communication.
Jleleasc of a Itumanfrom Slavery. A highly
interesting narrative of the abduction and re
lease from slavery, of a northern freo colored
man, will bo found on the first pige, Threo
things aro worthy of notice. Firtt, that freo
northern men aro liable to be mado slaves ; and
sccoud, that by tho laws ofslavo states, and
even of IU District of Columbia, the white man
stealer is jieriiiitted to become a witness to do
fend his crime, while the freo colored man can
not be a witness iu defence of his liberty i henet
Impropriety and absolute neeetsity of lain, in Hie
fret italts, to present the abduction of freemen
The third noteworthy thing is, the readiness of
Louisiana magistrates, to tlio extent of their u
bility, to restoro the injured to liberty. This it
honorable to them, aud cannot but bo gratifying
to every good man. Wo aro glad to find, a Kcn
tucky c rt indicating the same honorable du
position in tho following decision :
Decision in a Mie Cast. An interesting
slsvo case has just been decided by tho Ken
tucky Court of Appeals, involving a question
which tho Court declared to bo cntiMy now in
a legal point of view. It appears that a Mrs,
'l'f'Rfft owiung a slavo. woman named Clarissa,
sent her with n relative of hers, a Mrs. Alexan
der, to Philadelphia, in tho year !8iI3, to attend
on her whilo the latter was undergoing medical
treatment for defcctivo sicht. Previously tn
sending her, Mrs. T. inquired as to the laws of
cnnsyivania regarding slaves, and learned that
ii uiu siavo remained there longer than six
months, she would bo free: ftlns wsshefnrn tlin
repeal, in If 17, of tho six months proviso in the !
Clari ,a ,' Zt IW t ft V ",' t i?
v-inriMa, she sent her to I'mlafHimrt, wlicrcfho
back voliiX nivTn i ,:,UV " ?l
- -.' - .... ...mi,, act., u,
tllO Winh flttft U'tll rtP lirt,,lMn....lMh.in. - ...
dm .!.(. nj ..n .r l . V , . ' J
e fteed nMl." del IT?, T,t
lauor btcoimng imolved in debt, sold her to n
be Treed ot tl death of hor mistress ; but tho
ltlor becoming involved in debt, sold her to n
female, who was subsequently her executrix, and
Who retained tho former III sl.lvnrif. rmitmrif In
tho wish of Mrs. Trigg, who had desired her to
bo set free. The Court of Appeals set Clarissa
free, nnd decided that tho condition of freedom
follows a person to his or her homo, where it has
resulted, as in Clarissa's case, from tho slavo re
mainiiiff by tlio direction of un mvlipr. in nrtntti.
rr State, lor a longer period than tlio laws of that
Mo.xkat. Jan. 31
Seiate. .Mr. Hunter submitted a resolution
tor a joint committee to count the votes for Pros
ident and Vico President.
Mr. Halo presented tho petition of the Pcnn
Society for the abrogation nf slavery, for tho re
lief of freo negroes unlawfully held in bondage,
inning mr me rejicai and modification ot tholu
Citive slavo law.
Mr. Cass presented several petitions, praying
in r mo imrrveniion oi ino government to pro
tect American citizens abroad in their religious
Mr. Iluoll's death was nnnotiricod. and Mr. Se
ward delivered an eulogy upon tho deceased, af
ter which tho Senate ndiourned.
Housr.. Mr. Jenkins announced the death cf
lion. A. 11. Ifuell, member of tho House froci
New York, spoko a brief eulogy of the deceas
ed, and offered the custermry resolution, when
tho House adjourned.
Tur.Jtur, Feb. 1.
Se.vati;. Mr. Rusk moved to substitute fo
the ponding bill ono reported by him last Thurs
day. Mr. Brodlicad cave notice of a substitute fcr
all bills on the subject; his providing for tho sur
vey and reconnoisisatice of the country between
the Missouri river nnd San Francisco.
Tho subject was postponed.
Tho Senate then took up the resolution, re
ported last session by the t 'immiltee on Foreign
Relation, relative to the Garsy grant.
Mr. Msson recapitulated the Eictn set forth,
nrm in uio cimrso 01 ins exienuca remarks, said
it might become the duly of the United States
to insist tint the right of way shall be substan-
imiy ronceueu, as seciireu uy the tirant to Ua
ray. Ho eurnestiy urged that it was the duty
of the United States to protect her citizens and
their claims. Ily tho law of nations we had tlio
nirhl to take away by force, if it ciihnot bo oh.
Mined fiencpably. Ho predicted t hut in case of!
ano'lier war Mexico would fall dead upon our
Mr. Dawns obtained tho floor, and tlio Senate 1
HousK. Hr. Giddiiigs reported a bill for the
survey and locution of a wagon road from Mis
souri to the settlements in California and Ore-
The House then took up tho lull making ap
propristions for the support of tlio Army.
Air. (lorman oflbrod an amendment repealing
uio net in lew, placing tho iSalional Armories
under tlio superintendence of officers of ord
nance, and proposing to place tho Armories
under the caro of civil superintendents, as for
An amusing debate followed, when tho com
mittee roo without lakinar a vote.
Weh.i:dt, Feb. 1?.
Sesate. After so:no unimportant business,
tlio Warehousing bill was taken up.
Mr.-lluTiWexpliunviVUlc bill St some length,
nnd concluded by saying that tlio breaking up of
tlio system oi government warehousing would
Uive to the owners of private property in tho
laigo cities the opportunity of deriving tho prof
its. Mr. Brodhcsd said that ho did not like that
section of the bill allowing three yearn for the
warehousing of itnporU. It was extending the
tuno lor the payment ol duties, nnd ho was not
prepared to say what effect it would haio upon
thn revpniiR. or lumii thn nninnnt nf rrrifa mi
ported. He hoped the hill would lay over until
tomorrow. A "reed to.
Mr. Alansmn presented the joint resolution of
North t.arnlina in lavor of repealing all duties
on railroad iron.
Tho resolution relating to the right of way
under Garay grnnt, over the Isthmus of Tchu
nnteppc. was taken up.
Mr. Ditmis addressed the Senate fur an hour
in favor ol this Government eompellinir Mexico
tn n rigid adhereico to hor plighted faith, under
the grant to Garry, now held by citizens of tho
United Status. He coincided entirely with what
.Air. Jtaion said un yesterday on tins subject.
Mr. Smv.ird gut tho floor, am! the subject was
postponed till I ucadsy next
i ne oiii lor uio rcnci oi ucneral liilev was
Tho Sctnto then took up tho bill concerning
tho emisrant route to the Pacific, to which tho
Spi-rial (Vimmilteo had reported an amendment
Striking out all after tho enacting clause, and
inserting provisions that it bo the duty of
the President to cnuso tn bo constructed, as soon
as practicaole.a railroidan.) ma!:iietic telearanh
ic line, connecting with tho Pacific Ocean at
such points us the I'resulent may determine; and
to employ cnginccm and surveyors, tn furnish
him with information, &e.; granting the right of
way TO) feet through public luniUi. for construe-'
tion of iho slid road; appropriating alternate
sections of land of six miles on each side thro'
States, and twelve miles each side through th
territory, and S'M.OOO.OOO in five percent bonds,
redeemable iu fifty years. Tim ruid to be con
structed in the mot complete aud tinUhcd man
ner, nnd to bo u first class road. As soon as the
general route is determined, proposals to bo ad
vertised for, and work given to the lowest re
The rest of the bill, containing fourteen sec
tions, la occupied In the various details of tho a
hove general provisions. Adjourned.
House. Tho Speaker appointed Messrs.
Jones of Tennessee, Stephens of Georgia,
Chandler, Davis of Indiana, and Dean, as the
Committee to count, in conjunction with tlio
Senate Committee, tho Electoral votes fof Presi
dent. A bill was reported to organize tho Territory
The House resumed tho consideration of the
Senate Comago bill.
Mr. Dunham continued his remarks in favor
of the lull, nnd in answer to the objections tq
tho seigniorage clause.
Mr. Jones of Tcnnsro followed in opposi
tion tq the measure, which ho denounced as a
piece of tho veriest charlatanism. Adj.
TiioitsiuY, Feb. ft.
Senate. Tho Warehousing bill was taken
Mr. Miller of .Now Jersey spoke in opposition
Tho Pacific Railroad bill was taken up, .tho
question being on the adoption of iU. Brod
Mr. Wcller replied to Mr. Biyari, who spoko
yesterday, denying that there wns (grilling cre
ating n monster corporation, surpaing in its
overahadowinginlluencothe United States Bank.
Mr. Bayard lephed by reading the lUlli sec
tion. Mr. Weller rcioined ; ho said when ho spoke
of tho bill he did not know tho contents of the
1'Jth section. Ho now believed the bill did cre
ate a monster corporation, and that, under the
power given to it by this bill, n would havo tho
right Ui issuo millions of piper money. Unless
the bill was modified in this narticular, ho could
not vote for it
Ilot'sr, Mr. Johnson of Tennessee resumed
his reinaks in opposition to tlio Coinage bill.
FnioAr, Feb. 4.
Senate. Mr. Felch reported back a bill grant,
irg tho right of way to Niagara Fallj Railroad
Ceropany along the river side.
U then 'liscnssed.
'were proposed and rciect-
Aft &.n t.n.lanl
Is w ere agreed to and linal-
Tho Pacific I
oad bill was taken tin. and
I Messrs. Davis
Douglas, warmly urged its
Mr DaMn opposed it, and favored Mr. Brod
Mr. lliitlrr got the floor, when tho Chair laid
beforo tho Senate a mcssago from tho President,
replying to the resolution calling for information
respecting tho execution of the Postal treaty
with Great llritaiti.
Tho correspondence shows that Mr. Lawrenco
has been urging a moro liberal construction of
the l'Jth Art. and Groat liritain denies it.
I ho Postmaster General, in a note to Mr. I3v-
rett, of tho 1 Ith Jan. last, cives his opinion that
1 ,hn 12111 Art, has been violated by Great liritain.
I . 1 1,0 Senate then adjourned.
""oar.. in uio iiot so .vicssrs. jones,o l enn.,
and Mr- CllanJlet PPinlc'' "
Bent and Vi-n I'rr.idont.
. .. .. " .. . ....
Nothing of importanco was transacted.
SATuntur, Feb. 5.
Senate. Mr Davis introduced a bill to reg
ulate tho rights of fishing, and tho right of dis
posing of the proceeds of the fisheries in and be
tween tho British North American Provinces
and the United States. It was referred. It pro
vides that whenever tho President shall be sat
isfied that the American fishermen arc admitted
to tho privileges of Dritish ronidents in the Prov
inces, with nil the incidental rights of curing
and preparing for market the proceeds of such
tiherics, both on water nnd land, then ho shall
issno a ProcUmition, authorizing fishermen of
the llritish Provinces like privileges iu tho wa
ters of the United States, together with tlio priv
ilege of entering the ports of entry on payment
of the same duties which aro required by law of
American fishing vessels, provided that the act
shill in no way affect the rights of property.
The Arkansas Railroad bill was then taken up.
Air Underwood moved to add Mr. Bennett's Lund
Hill, but upon nn appeal being made to him, ho
withdrew it, rind the bill was passed.
Tho Pacific Railroad bill was taken up.
Mr Hutlcr snoko at trreat length in nnnnsi-
illr. Roll replied, but before concluding, the
Housr.. The House after debate mssml n
resolution providing for the nrintinr nnd himlinir
of the census report, 117 to !ll.
Seven Days Later from Europe.
Halifax TEixunAru Office, )
Friday, Feb. -I, IrjSJ.
The steamship Canada, from T.ivprnnnl Inn
2:id, arrived at this port Ibis morning at !U o'
clock. Apprehensions are eviilnnilv Mi ilir.imli
admitted, of a coup demain of Napoleon III. n
gainst Lncland. Anion? other svmnlmrm. it nn.
pears that Government has been making inqui
ries of the various railroad compauies how many
ulc ri"s rnnroaii compatues now many
mcn nnu horses, with immituns of war, thev
iu .uijr npvkinuu poini, in case 01
emergency. Arrangements nro making also to
havo the regular troops and militia available at
a inoment's notice. A large militia station is to
bo formed near IJirminzham, and no more rpgu-
ma uiu id ue seni irotn nome ut piesent. In tho
navy-yards tho greatest activity prevails.
trance, lo tho exclusion of all else, the
news of the Kmperor's marrmtre to Mndpinni-
8U" Monteco, has taken Paris bv surprise, nnd
ih unfavorably recened by the Jionapartists..
.viaucmoisello is a .Spuuurd, a." yesrs old, n
blonde, nnd jrrand-daughtrr of tho British Con
sul nt Malaga. Her mother is un Irish woman
named Fitzpatrick. Her t'.ither is the younger
son of n Spanish family, who, fortunately, by the
death of his eldest brother, pucceed-d to the ti
tles of Count Montego, Duko of Tiha and Pen
ninando. Her sister is Duchess Of Abbi, nnd
Mademoiselle is herself Countess of Tiba. A
proposal for her hand wns formally made by the
Kmperor on Sunday last, and of coarse accept
cd. Next day tho hannv briderrrnnm mnMinira.
ted to his ministers that his .determination was
taken, and that it was n tiinfrint. nr niv..,:nn
One report says that nil the ministers, except
ono, roaigncd, but ilia Kmperor refused to ex
c.t umir rosijznntion. I lie Government state
ment is, that they assented, as did also tho di-
It is said tho civil marriage has already taken
place, nnd religious ceremonials will he held on
the autli inst, on which occasion Prmco Naiop.
on Jerome will espouse the daughter of Alar
ins, Friday Jhening. A dowry of fivo
million of francs will be asked for the new 13m.
pre-. Tho nnrriago will take placo tomorrow
week, at the Cathedral of Notre Dame.
Simultaneously with these matrimonial schemes
has taken placo a disastrous fall on the Bourse,
but (iovermrent organs assert thero is nothing
in tho s;ato of the country, either finincially,
commercially, or politically, to cause distrust
fliey attribute tho fall eolely, and probably tru
ly, to tho cheek put to wild speculations.
Twenty lino-of-bottle ships, with screw pro
pelhrs, eighteen frigates, and fifteen smaller
ships of war aro building in the French Navy
.Mr. Napier, ship builder at Clyde, recently
received orders forsixtccn frigates, from France;
but the British Admiralty canodled the order,
and gave him similar orders fur English vessels.
.htstrnlii. Tho overland mail brings Sydney
ditcs to October 10th, Melbourne 23th, Ade
laide Nov. Cth. Flour at Melbourne and Syd
ney, 10 to 37 per ton; four pound loaf, 'ii.
Cd. ; gold, .'1 7s. fid. to .CI 10s. (id. per ounce.
Largo immigration continued. News from tho
Sings of it mixed character, some doinff
well, many dissitUfied. Farm laborers very
Sydnny papers apprehend temporary inconve
hienco, if supplies of Breadstuff do not arrive
KsanNn. The Daily Nows announces tho
prospect oi an cany visit ot Kossuth to America .
being mado, hoping thereby to secure tho inter
vention of tho Democratic party.
The weather m England lii been of extraor
dinary high temperature for the season. Tlio
temperature ot December, as registered ut
Greenwich, was 4G 7 Fahrenheit, and tho
thcrmoinuler only once desccne'ed below tho
freezing point The average of the last fortv
years is only about 4. During the past year,
I8."W, morq rain fell than in any year of the
From Mexico. Accounts of tho procccdinjs
on the resignation of tho Presidency of Mexico
by Gen. Antta, have been received by way of
Vera Cruz and Havana, and also by an nrrival at
New York frum Vera Cruz to tho I'.'th instant.
It was anticipated, if Uio intimations of tho Hav
ana Diario aro to be relied on, that this move
ment would terminate in a declaration of Santa
Ana, who was a short time since summoned to
return to Mexico. It is jiosjiblo that the roturn
of this leader of varied fortunes may infiiso ap
energy into the government of which it has
been long destitute, und enable it to suppress
the movements of tho minor rebellious leaders.
It appears that tho abdication of Gen. Arista was
extweted on the 3d instant, and that ho left tho
paUce under the escort of fifty men of the po
lice, and a small detiichmont of troops, at half
p-ut one o'clock in the following morning. Mr.
Cevallos, on whom tho Presidency devolved,
reached the palace at midnight, and to him Aris
ta delivered his act of resignation, to be by him
presented to tho Congress which was summoned
to meet at ten o'clock.
The Progress of Extension. The National
Era, tlio central organ of Abolitionism of all
shades, has the following reiinrUblo paragraph
upon the extension of territory by our govern
We speak for no party, but for ourselves,
when we say, that we dcsiro to seo American
power supreme, arid American Institutions imi
venal, in this North American continent ; that
we regard tlio present relations of Canada, Cu
ba, and the Sandwich islands, as temporary nnd
exceptional; that those countries will hardly find
their true position urtil they take their places as
members of tho great American Republic.
We go for tho annexation of tho Sandwich ls
tanos, whenever Uiey shall propose such a meas
ure ; for the annexation of Ctnada, when it can
be consummated accfully, honorably, and with
the consent of the parties concerned; and for
the annexation of Cuba, with tbo consent ot
Spain and of the Cubans, awd without si..ye
nr not" otherwise. '
ocnl ifttus & Notices.
VOTE ON THE LIQUOR LAW.
Tho vote in Montpelicr was as follows i
Majority for the law, 157
Bermm. " Yes," 1 1 majority.
Tie iVre L'lignc. ThtO committee, wliicl
was authorized to purchase an. additional fire-
engine for tho village of Montpelicr, has deter
mined tioi to purchise, for two reasons: tlio first
is, that tho majority of property-holders voted
against purchasing at tho corporation meeting ;
and the second is, that, in conscqucnco of tho
opposition of tho prpperty holders to tho pur
chase, it is doubtful 'whether men could bo found
to work tlio cnglno if ono should be obtained,
Wo nro informed by tho officer employed in
the transaction that " Z. it'. P." wns wrong last
week in charging that " last con" to n ruin exe
cution. The execution was for a stove, and wos
backed by third parties,who took a bill of sale
of the cow for security, nnd finally took tlio cow
in tho last resort
Harper's .cw MonlUy .Maratinc. Tho lead
ing articles in tho number for February arc Mo
moirs of the Holy Land, by Jacob Abbott, with
eight illustrations Crii3oo-Life, by J. Ross
Browne, with twenty two illustrations Napolc
on Boinparte, by John S. C. Abbott, with six il
lustrationsMy Novel, by Bulwcr, concluded
Bleak House, bDickens, with two illustrations,
and four Christmas Stories, by tho sme nu
thor. Published by Harper &. Brokers, New
i on;, price cents.
j(7ie Jlmencan Journal cf the Medical Sciences,
edited by Isaac Hays, M. D. Philadelphia,
i!!anchard & Lea.
This is a quarterly, published at $5 per nn-
num. Our thanks nro due to the publishers for
tho January number, which contains, with n
great amount of matter valuable to tho medical
profession, nn authentic account of tho post mor
tern examination of Daniel Webster. We ulso
notice nn article on tho medical qualities of re
ratrum viride, which w o can particularly com
mend to the profession, inasmuch as wo havo for
long time mado good uso of the medi
cine ns n patient, under professional ndvice. It
has also been our lot to receive n professional
(homeopathic) opinion that teratrum would nof
euro us. Wo took the rtroirum not tho advice
and speedily recovered.
iUackicood's Edinburgh Magazine : Now York,
Leonard Scott & Co.
The Jan. nunber has been received. The arti
cles are Slavery and tho Slavo Power in the U.
S. My Novel, concluded Letter to Eusebius
about many things Lady Leo's w idowhood, part
I Thomas Moorr Defeat of the British Min
istry. Will the publishers send the December
Hater Cure Journal. Published by
Si ells, Ml, iSmssau Street, N. Y. One dollar
a year. No. I, of vol. 1.1, is upon our table. It
is an ably edited r.nd neatly printed quarto pf
iipago, monthly has a wide circulation, nnd
sticcwsfully advocates pure water, pure air, mod-
crate exercise, and careful diet, as the best pres
ervatives of health, and when health is lost, ns
the best means of restoring it Wo know romc
thing of the value of the cold water treatment,
in pur own experience. And while we eschew
all fault-finding with tho medical profession, wo
navo entire conlidenco in tho virtue of cold w.
tor and puro air. Those who wish for tho Wa
ter Cure Journal, can bo accommodated, on
leaving one dollar, and thoir address, at our
( should le tinivcrsillly Inoanfor it is strict.
Iy true that indigestion is the paront of a Iar"o
proportion of tho fatal diseases. Dysentery, di-
arrha-a, cholera morbus, liver complaint, and
many other diseases enumerated m tho city in.
specter' weekly catalogue of deaths, are gen
erated by indigestion alone. Think of that. dvs.
peptics! think of it all who suffer from disor
dercd stomachs, and if you nro willing to be
guided by ndvice, founded upon experience, re-
sort at once (don't delay a day) to Hooiland's
German Bitters, prepared by Dr. C. M. Jackson.
which, as an alterative, curative, and invigorant,
sianus alone and unpproached. General de
pot, 1 JO Arch street We have tried these Bit
ters, und know that they are excellent for the
diseases specified above. PkitmMnl,: tvi,.
Another section of the Boston, C-incord, and
Montreal Railroad, from Warren to East Haver
lull. 1 t- opened to the iiuhhiv Tl.i.,
eludes the summit Tho remainder of the road,
to WclU River-twelve miles-is graded, and
will be opened in Aprd next. The work on the
minimi section is welt worthy a visit by thoso in
(.wsvjbvu iii lumuaus.
, A,n?.w Poslolfiffo has been established at N'oth
i unuriu, uranze bounty, and It F. l)rLn
C. B. Adams, Prof, of Amherst College, died
on tlio lUlh January, at HtThntnna. in ii,
tnuiua. mr. Auams was t.ir imtn, v..-,,., ....
uu in mo ueoiogicai survey ot this State. Ho
.win iu uiu u3k mines in consequonco of im
paired healthbut died of tlio prevailin
Tho freemen of Burlington, havo by a vote of
S78 to !!.!.l, accepted tho village charter, in
preference to a city charter. Onitr, .,!,,..
Mr. Barber, of tho Brandon Post, on seoinrr
the Major's cry for help says, ' It is appointed
"" "k.u iu uic, uim ancr mat the jud"
mcnt, and after thai tho redemption of Vermont
by tho Vermont Patriot" l't. Ifatdiman.
Mr. Barber hasn't said any thing of the kind,
and tho atchman inoiri it Urandon I'ost.
Wo know that tho Brandon Post used tlio
Dissmission. The pastoral relation r Ti
A. G. Pcaso with tho Congregational church at
aterbury, t, wus dissolved by nn Ecclesias
treat Council Jan. 2G, 185,'i, for (Jl0 rcason t!mt
the Council saw no ground to hope that tho church
and society won.il furnish Mr. Peaso an adequate
ccuniary support. Tlio Council were gratified
to perceive evidence of tho faithful, kind, and
conciliating conduct of the Paetor during the
courso of his unwary, and to observe that thero
has been no personal difficulty between him and
the church or any of the people, that would furn-
lsli any ground ol dismission. They rcret that
..r... . uif'uiiMik . position in
the Mate, is thus deprived of the valuable servi
ces of Mr. Pease ; and thev mourn that n.
eminently useful m the Countv n,l Kimo .,.i
so well fitted for tho discharge of tho duties of
uiutu, wm ue inus witnurawn lrom their vi
cinity. II. Chron.
Hon. George P. Marsh, IT. S. Minister to Con-
siaiuinopie, arm lauy, have just come in from V.
enn ; Mrs, M. is now contims! to her bed, .with
tho mdUposition under which sho has suffered a
King num. utjawaus cuvices from Washln
ton concerning the Dr. King affair at Athens. '
Life of Ethan .WniThis is a handsoino vol
umo of Iii nai'es. illnstrnin,t uiil,
----- , ---, .. ,. u .iiiccuyray.
ingof Lthan Allen-a bustand autograph of 'old
hUiai!' a view of Ticonderoga and a map of
uiu marcii oi uurgoynes army, from Canada,
through Vermont, to Saratoga. The work is
drawn tip from authentic materials, and isavcrv
interesting history of tho hrayo leader ot the
Green Mpuptain IJoys, in their struggle ftrinde
pendence. Published by Horaco Wcntworth,
Boston. Dover Enquirer, '
CHIPS AND CLIPPINGS,
Letter Written in 1900.
Mn. Eoitor: How the following letter camo
into hiy possession, I leave you and your readers
to conjecture. It may have como through a
"medium" from the Spirit of Prophecy, but this
I only throw nut as a suirircstion. Meanwhile.
rest assured, Mr, Editor, that should I be favor
ed witli any moro communications from tlio same
KMirce, thoy shall be transmitted to you without
fail. Your friend and correspondent,
Wasiii.iotom Citt, Jan. 1, 1000.
Mr Dear FnlED: Writing to you as I now
ilo, at tlio commencement of tho twentieth cen
tury, I am naturally led to speak of the wonder
ful changes which liave taken placo within tho
last hair of the century just passed. 1 remember
very well when mcn were considered the lords of
creation, when all the offices of honor and profit
were in their hands. Women wcro at that timo
hold in subjection, by' their haughty oppressors,
and women's right were then almost unknown.
Now, thank Heaven! all this is reversed; in
stead of lords we havo lailies of creation.
Our navies do not now consist of rntn of war
they aro nil tromen of wnr. Now, happily, n
woman occupies our Presidential chair, w hile our
halls of Congress nro filled with a body of intelli
gent and influential females from all parts of the
c6nntry. Formerly, wo had professional men
now wo havo professional women.
But without farther preface, let me give you a
sketch of Washington, which'Inmat present
visiting. Every body is praising the administra
tion of Hon. Mrs. Uetsy Jones, who has just as
sumed the reins of Government. She has filled
her cabinet with some of the most distinguished
statcswomen in the country. Where, for instance
could she have found n better Secretary of Wnr
than Gen. Abigail Chase, of Massachusetts,
who covered herself with glory, in our late war
with tho Sandwich Islands ?
1 went to tho President's levee, a few eve
nings since. Among the crowd who were pres
ent, I noticed Hon. .Mrs. Jenkins, the distin
guished Senator from tho new State of Patago
nia. Tho Russian Minister, Mrs. Orlolf, had on
a splendid fur cape, which attracted the atten
tion of nil the ladies present. Iwas snrrv not
to havo seen the Secretary of State bur she
sent word that her baby was sick, and sho
I called to seo the Attorney General the other
day, and found her husband settinc tho tahln fnr
tea, and taking caro of tho children. Ho said
his wife was so much occupied with the cares
of office, that sho had but little leisure for her
1 Ins morninc arrived the sfeamnr A mnrirn
Captain Bettv Martin, cnnimnmlnr hnnmnir
the latest news from Europe. It seem3 that
the queen of Austria has issued a iromandnle,
ordering nil tho men in her dominions to shavo
Off their whiskers. In consequence of this very
reasonable edict nn insurrection took nlaco n.
mong the man, which, however, was soon quel
led by the offorts of Gen. Polly Kosciusko.
1 heard, last Sunday.nneloqiientsermon, from
Rev. Sally Spracue. minister of the flit church
in this city. 1 understand it is to be published.
I seo bv tho rinor.. tliat n mm nnl IV'o,, .,,
tempted to lecture upon men's rights, recently,
in which he foolishly insisted that tnnn Imil n
right to vote. 1 was glad to learn that he wns
pelted from tho stijo by a volley of stones from
the females, whoso rights he had assailed. Poor
man: no quite lorgot that, in the words of the
" Time, aim now ll,?, mod to win h.n,
Tliio;, Mn, dow now It.j awd to ,h,n."
(H Si:.NATon Piielfs, of Vermont we aro
triad to see, has been appointed by Gov. Vir.
. lo "" "'0 vacency occasioned by tho death
1 l. a.t .i . . . : -
oeuaiur uuuani. iiir. 1'iieips is one of Uio
ablest men wlmhas held a scatiq Congress from
Vermont Ifo is nn accomplished jurist, a con
servative statesman, and lias had, withal, twelve
years experience in the U. S. Senate to add to
his other qualifications for the placo to which he
is now temporarily carried by tlio Governor of
Writing of Vermont reminds us of tho simple
tastes and great economy of tho people of that
sterling commonwealth. The Governor there is
paid $7X0 per annum ; tho Lieutenant Governor
1 a day as President of the Senate; tho State
treasury i?J00 a voar; the Secretary of State
-ii.; and tho three Judges of tho Supreme
Court, who receive tho highett silarics paid, I,
:if per annum each. Tho pay for services in
tlio Legislature is $-2 per day during the session,
and there ore 1,'I0 members, or one from each
town. A. i. Erjiress.
These Vermonters w ill continue free became
they do not corrupt their peoplo and tempt them
from the pursuits of. honest industry by holding
out office-seeking as n means of livelihood.
o dare say, although their public officers ro
civo such small salaries, that the public duties are
no where better iwformcd. Certainly, from
what wo know of Virginia, wo should not jud"o
that our Governor performs six times as much
work or does it six times as well as the Vermont
Governor. And yet wo pay $5000, and they only
$o0. But it may be and, wo pay sometime for
the dignity, tho honqr, the glory, the magmfi
cencc, and tlio splended abilities of a Governor;
and no doubt, w e get the worth of our money for
those eminent qualities n.s illustrated in Gov. Jon.
I ho Vermonters don't know what R frreat Ruler
t, , ourinjn, they would be
able the belter to appreciate suponor endow
incuts. IlicJimond II hig.
Look Ur. It is what wo like to see-men.
women and children the rich, the poor the old,
tho young, always looking up. It shows the
purity of your intentions, and tho determinations
of your own hearts. We see in you tho element
of n true man. No matter if the seas have on al
lowed your property, or the fires have consumed
your dwellings look up, take fresh courage. Is
your namo a by-word, or a reproach ? Look up
to tho purity of the skies, and let its imago bo
reflected in jour heart Detraction, then; will
rebound from your bosom. Aro you trod upon
by the strong .- Look up push on nnd von will
stand as strong as he. Aro you crowded out of
society by tho rich? Lockup and soon your
company will bo coveted. Whatever may be j our
circumstances or condition in life, always make it
a Kint to look up to rieo higher nnd hn'her
and you will attain your fonden expectations
Success may bo slow, but bo sure it will come.
Ilea cn is on the side of those who look up.
The Mcanct in HourThe Ilochesler Union
says the recent rise in Flour or some two or three
shillings per barrel, will ensure a small fortune
to some of its citizens, who havo largo quantities
in store in tho markets. Tho Union is informed
that ono milling establishment of that city has
over 0.000 barrels, another 2:5,000, a third 1C,.
000, m New ork, or now on tho way there und
others havo small qualities. An advancoof two
bin lings per barrel would amount to tho snue
Iittfo fortune of $10,000 to the holder of 4000O
barrels. Tho season haa'becn a prosperous'one
for tho Rochester millers.
1 1 he Use of Tobacco. This subject is worthy
of being written about and talked about continu
ally by ablo end experienced men. Tobacco in
all its uses, smokiug, chewing and snuffing, is so
fi thy, loathesome and disgusting, that a boy is
playing the foot's part the day he commences to
use it It wears gradually, but surely, on tho
btiongcst constitution, and many eloquent phillip-
i.u.agiuk n u uaiuucaru uom thoso who con
stantly use it. Wo know a number oT men
whose constitutions aro entirely ruined by the
uso or it Few not many, can easily break off
the habit after they have onco acquired it It
sticks and holds like the grappl,i iro3 '0r
war-ship. Boys, never use it. If you had our
experience ami observation you could not bo
hired to accqu.ro this habit. Tho commonsense
or oil men is against it, but the hope of reform
ing its consumers is almost hopeless.
Important Suit,-.Ve learn that tho heirs of
the late Stephen Girard aro making (in effort to
obtain possession of the entire estate now in tho
possession of 'the -city of Philadelphia, including
tho college buildings and tho grounds. Tho
heirs have filed a bill in equity in the circuit
court, and have commenced op act of ejectment
in that court, and in the court of Nisi Prius
I his is not tio first attempt made by the heirs
to obtain this immenso cMatc. It is not probi
bio that it will bo attended with
cess than their former efforts. When the cnor"
mous value of the vast nniiihnp nr.i j. .
mgs, and other valuable property at stajce. is
taken into consideration, tho importanco of tHs
suit can be apprcciatcd.-(nnj;;Mman.
A Novtt EXCIIANOE. n
pparently-notw price that we know of-but
risen from the floors which they uscdto covcV
to envelope the persons ol the rapid youth. oftMs
metropolis. It Is said Tinil who that trnlkai
Broadway can doubt it ? that tlio ingenuity hf
fie makers of pantaloon stuffs, having been m t
to such exceeding severe tests during the i L
ten years, gave out a few months since. In i,
despair, one of tho leading men in (his bran ' i,
of business, eat ruminating so the story rroes
with his oyes fixed gloomily on the carpet, which
' . . ""-"'u pattern, a rem
noisy pattern indeed!, "loud," In short, or "stun,
ning," as tho English say. An Idea seized him
IIu rushed to tho counting mom of a Wr,
carpet manufactory near by, and borrowed n lit
tie library of old pattern books. From that hour
all wns well. Ho sat up half the night examin
ing, mlmiring, selecting. In the mornin-r tho
requisite order was given, and nil hands wero
set to work. Tlio result, ho who runs may seo.
Carpets navo risen, and, now perambulate tho
streets. Accelerated young gentlemen wear
heir blushing honors thick, very thick and very
broad, tiport them. Home Journal.
ToTiuvv out a PtMr.-Take a halrinch
lead pipe. vut a tunnel in one end nnd set tho
other on tho ice in tho pump. 'I !. p0,ir boil
ing water in tho tiitmol, and the pipe will settle
rapidly down through tho ice. 1 laving drilled a
hole through tho mass, hot water will soon en
largo it so that your pump roil will move nnd
raise the water lrom below, which will melt n
way the obstruction.
The Fa it Nonm Wr.tr. Tho St Paul
Minnesota Democrat of tho 12th instant has the
The Memiiers rnoi Pr.Mni.A Mr. Kitt
son, of tho Council, and Messrs. Gmgrnis and
Bolctto of the Home, arrived on Monday even
ing last, and took their seats yotmly. They
left their homes on the 20th ult. with fmir trains
of dogs, and were consemicnti) twenty days m
performing the journey, which is vrrv good trav
elling considering the depth of the now m that
part or the Territory. They made the journey to
Cow Wing on snow shoes, walking ahead of
the trams to harden tho track for tlm dogs. A
niong tho dogs wo noticed old 'felon, the chief,
who-o health was perfectly pood, but lie himself,
to make a distinction between him and his
health, most remarkably fatigded, as were nls0
the others of tho trains, nil y,g flit on tho
floor steiiungly unconscious of whj. was eoinir
on around them. Well, they will have a rood
resting spell during the session of tin- Lrcisla-
lure, nnd frill be well provided for by thnr mas
ters until the day ot their departure. The snow
111 the Pembina rerrion is fmm il.ro.. . . ... r .
deep on n love . 1
'iho Pembina delegation which represents
licenly cighl votes, having learnt as soon as thev
reached the settlement, that Pierce and KinL'
had been elected, became suddenly transformed
into democrats, " to Ihe fullest rrlrni " a
remarkable and sudden conversion. They, how
ever, seriously objtct to our democracy, becauso
it unfortunately happens to be older than theirs
How to Pop Con. The Rural Now York.
er, ma communication over the sit'iiature of If
II., gives tho followm!. mode, i-.s fln t Hi tirnt-o
ment in the importont busim-ss of corn popping:
Take two quarts of salt nnd put in an iron kettle
and heat until it is hot enough (tin- di greo of
hdat may bo found by trial) to pop the corn ; put
it iu and (dir the corn until it hem tn twin ii,.
cover the kettle, to prevent tho corn and salt rrom
flying out; raise the cover occasien.all! , and
stir the corn to keep it from burning. "When
von have n little experience, he sin . vou mm.-
pop your com better and faster in tins way thaii
in any other. The com will all he tnmn.i
out, white nnd soft, provided the corn is well
dried, as it sliould be when you undertake to
pop it. The corn may be easily separated from
the salt by sifting thiough a screen, or common
fanning mill sieve, and the same sail mil .,.
to pop all winter.
.7 fad lo be Pondered. X)r. Howe has examin
ed almost the entire number of cases of idiocy
known m Massachusetts, ond the r-ult is that in
all but four esses, he found the parents of these
idiotj wore either intemperate, addicted to sensu
al vices, M-rufulous, predisposed fc insanity, or
had intermarried with blood relations
UT" Hon. John Pettit was elected V. S Sen
ater, lllh mst, by the Indiana legislature, to
fill the vacancy in the unexpired term of the
Hon, James Whitoonib. Judge Pettit was for
merly a Representative in Congress, and mado
himseir somewhat notorious by anB.ially int-viinr
a resolution, dispensing with a Cliaplam in the
.Irriral of a I'cssel from the. Holy Und. Tho
hark Marietta, Captain Capuren, arrived hi re a
few days ago, from .Malta. She belongs to Je
rusalem, and is owneJ by one of tho inhabitants
or the Holy City. This is the only vessel that
has ever entered Now York harbor, bclon"in
to Jerusalem, and U thorefore a great curiosity
to historians nnd antiquarians. Ship builders
will find her i node a.gret cunos.ty when coin
pared with the superb ssilmg craft of this couu
try. Her captain is n Maitee. as are also soy.
era! of her crew Having no Consul in tins , i
ty, the Captain delivered his papers i me Brit
ish Consul, he himself being an English sobiect
and that mivernment bem.. r.im ,i i ....
sale... by a Bishop of Uie established Church.
k. 1. Herald.
f"r'?r the t'nJ'ptki The editor of tho
Salem Observer gives a cure for this distressing
disorder, from which he has become a great
Eiitlercr. He says o simple poultice or c.nnbcr
ries, pounded line, and applied in a raw Mate,
lias proved in my case, nnd a number also in
tins vicinity, a certain remedy." In this rase the
poultice was on going to bed.ahd the nrjetmorn,
to Ins surprise, he found tho inflammation nearly
gone; nnd in two days he was as well as ever
.llbany Ihe. Journal.
Seventeen states, at least have passed homo
stead kws. Of tho Southern Slates, Georc
erupts twenty acres, not exceeding ,S
?!..U ; Honda exempts forty acres not exceed
ng ,n va uo tflOO; Alabama, r0y acres, or
house nnd lot m tow n, $00 ; Texas, two 1. in'
dredncres $500; California, the land of gold,
$..00; South Carolina forty acres, $500.
&ti?"'ZJV,Va ,eK?r tbe-Journalof
on. ...i: . "ura.na, under date of January
-.'Jth, which says. Wo have nri
that the British
tish sereu- "r .1.7. 'i" 1
blew unnot far from 1 "' " J
were lost V "es Iii
. - 1IIHL.1I1II Ill-ftJ
nrnmpn nn4 in,, i I
good source, but it is very prevalent "
Miss Ellen Greelv.
Same, Greely of I3l,aorth Ma was bun,- M
cd to death on tho 2 lib. ult, by hor clothes t.k H
ing fire. A daughter of CI arL 1 fe,"t.C' 11
Corinth, Maine, eight years old, was burnt to R
death on Sunday. She lay on a sick bed tlm P
covering of which became icnited from - 1
piace. - -....
Loring Prince, of Douglass, charged with man
slaughter in causing the death of Joshua I W.
The o.vufnpn n;i.. i- i
: : v.fauHjf rcueu on oy tiie f?Qcrn-
S ion of the act. wcro Ihe dying declarations of
the deceased ; but after Uio court had ruled that
these wereadmisi n, , ,l
fence introduced a wuue who tesUfl at, in'
frequent conversations with Howard in year
past, tho Uuer had nLimlt.,lm,..i i .'?. Jc?r9
in . future existence and'abo in ie s, c oo
a God, and on this ground the counsel ob eyed
"m aunnssion ot tho dying declaraUons as be.
mg tncompetent testiino..y,'eJudgo Memck ' avo
a very concise and lucid exposition of 'Z i hw of
Una Commonwealth, iaiuarnihca on o tho ad
mission of evidence under such c rcumstances
and concluded by sustaining the obiecUon Un
tlm1?. rulin,tl'e.ct Attornefabandoned
the case and the jury acquitted thodefendant
..."ton TTlTiSH?''tUra! -nsh.
!.,, ' i'i0 Auncultural Society met
rii ro"clock- Nineteen States wererenresen
ted. About one bundled members vero nre
cnt Various Covnpiittoeu reported. P
th I teno of X1' 0lho1Co"i"''on, changing
mo timo of the annual meeting to tho last
0CrJ -"'"u Honorary mem-
A resolution to memorialize Confess to es
blish a Denarlmnnt e a -"u0s io es-
ted. "sncuuuro was udop-
a Vic.. Proi.in. r . ' rus"'i, ana
n'un r r,?sui.ent for each State in tho Union.
'J ho foliowing are the New England ones -
MrlT0 G- W' Nes"' Now Han p.
hiro Frederick Hnlhrt v' .
flf1 haj Kmin
mm, Pin Ul"geu oy the court of Cora-
The WorcVT-r SL'M,0n St Mass.
I ho orcester Transcnnt. in it r .i.
I I vivii, v. UIU
, . VlUJVil. u. V.