OCR Interpretation


Vermont watchman and State journal. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, February 17, 1853, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Vermont

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84023200/1853-02-17/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

t
BY E. P. WALTON & SON.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1853.
VOL. XLVIT, NO. 13...WHOLE NO. 241S.
lUatcljmnn & Stale Journal.
I'l'iiusiini) r.vmtv Thursday morninh.
TEnMH.-Sl.50t.fh in adtane I S?.XJ If payment it not
made In edrance ; Inteteit laji enerjed Itom tho eml or
lhAnnei.d it lilt nr tni to recelr auMrrlptlon., ad.er
ll.eniente aud cou.iiiunieetioot, ud eeknuwledje payment lot
the lame.
llaker.firld, J. N.I'f'MKROV,
Ilrookf.r-M, W. II. HM1TII, .
Cabot, . I'. lll'.OVVN,
i.iii,ciMni.n-. DANA,
Elmore, S.n CI'OIT.
llydeperk, HOWARD R. BAWYEH,
John.on, V. W. SOllTI,
Mar.hlield, li PUTNAM,
MsrMttiMr, i. V. NnVfcH,
Mlddlmn, JEff I' JOMNPO.V, Jr.
NorthfleM. E. SMITH,
Oranie, (.'All 1.03 CARPENTER,
Pl.lnMJ, A. T. ItAM'HOrT,
fontli II nlu Irk, 0. nlllPVtA.V.
Klue, JUSEril tt. K.WMOMI,
Pu!r..rd, WILLI .U R"hI.INf .
rnulh Hlraflbrd, I1AMEI. VV. JUM),
Toonildi-, AARON N. KINO,
WalUnVM and Fey.'on. OKA.NOE KMITII,
Warren, IT.ANKLI.N A. IllOIIT,
Walrilmry ud Dulbur., II laVKMITil,
ATlrmVlifowlf, IIABll'K I'RItlE,
Worcctter, JONAH AIIBOTT.
Poctrn.
From Little Pllreritllnj.
HT WM. OLASK BOURSE.
Ill llik.. of a fetihory white,
Il wet felHol e,lr ,ow
Oh, plttiaal l la lh. ijM,
Of Ifcotlleaily folios tiww,
Feow, too Mr, now ,
The rail of th liroikry aaowt
The Mtltl l ei4 lo
With a mantle of tadlaal tbo ,
A4 It laaiktaa and aklni in ar
ia ttyitli of lnt.ric ",
fBOW, BOW, nw,
Tli (paikllaf lard JrUltHnj .now!
Il r.T.l. the e. till Onus the M!
WmM m lkk, little Elk, tt't '
A ad who lleoro.a down on tko mold,
It, only warm mat of now!
P0OW..BUW, IMO 1
Tho eariou. warm eoai of hmw !
Krrao my winduw lli nw.lirde I tee ',
Tb hop and t'ny tlitt aa thy J!
And lory apeak ol a I. tain to mo,
Wklle tby f-d la th i beautiful aow!
Know, .oa , oow,
Happy bird, thai uiltikl la the .Bow!
The tre.i hao a Imrden of white,
Tbaj atitf k out t licit knack. I ka.w !
And kllod lueir iro.t roi talk. niht,
To l)U r in tho nalmaa oltk '
tMW, .aw, .oow !
The trci with tl"" kr.nekea all enllint with mow 1
llowiootlarr It teraia a4 bow purat
I wi.h that my orfrlt eia ot
And thai olillo as; aool ihall cladura
I I mitht ikiao (at mote kir;bt tbta tba now !
foov, aoow, I oow !
U'.irj nj boart hot poto od otljfct at tba J now I
Itthall J" with the hroath oCprlnj,
And tlowa to lh ttaf tboll flow I
Aai th. rjjoitu.t fan ihall btia
I) til'' I llowora for the illietj .now 1
tfoow, .now, mwl
Iitljlil D.weri hallktooaa on the jraio of tha mow.
m: orr with vou sow.
Ill- CIUKI.ES swai.n.
Da orTwIth )o mw doa'l I know
That it', oalj eajoting jog at i
With " ekki like ih ro.a. .oil ;low,
And tl.ne.t note kri(U than th. ttarl"
Tit no lii.tanr wtitt I. bat tm.ll,
And toy iir,ft ma; rurl Ilk tka aloe i
Ila'. 1'aa Bol Ilk an in;rl at all !
Neraai I tha l.a.l bit diviae !
So ho off with you now doa'l 1 to
Voote doluding (rota ate uatil dawn .
lj itfp nta; a bouodiaf and fie,
Eui 1 roeotlB thn Irtatt llkoa r.wn !
Bat flw atr the method we know,
HlBoaAdaai ib EJ.Bhig'ae,
That koaoojtt wet .ore to ke tnow
Aod Bvkt were, ot coutte. like the twan !
Ootne, heoff mth you now tillyon letln
To woo like a phtio koarted youth!
Let yoot aaiod. If you love Die, diic.rn.
To win, you utu.1 voo rue, with truth 1
I would rather, iti.leaJ oflheae flowetl,
In which y u ar aver ta rile.
That you protBid lu loierueal! hourf,
Aa Ion; at each ulhcr bad life 1
iHiscellancous.
THE BIRD OF PAKADISE.
A SWJMJISII LEGEND.
Before Lullier be;an to preacli the lie
formnliun, inoiinMeric Miiildft) (lie slopes
of every lull in Germany ; huge buildings
willi a quiet peaceable nspect, etirnioiinted
by a slender iotor nmg in the rnidnt of
the forest lliroiiHi ulucb the rinmloves
lioppcd from branch to liranch. Those gray
ualls covered many a fault, and many an
error, but they sheltered men also uho were
insensible to u-ordly joys, saints whose
thoughts dwelt only on the heritage prom
ised by Christ.
At Olmutz, in particular, there was one
who had rendered himr-elf famous through
out the surrounding country by his piety
and learning; he was a simple and unaf
fected man, like all men whose knoii ledge
is great, for tcience is like the sea the
farther we advance the wider grows the
horizon, aim tue less no we seem ourselves.
Brother Alfus had had, nevertheless, his
scahons of doubt mid misgiving; but after
bavmrr wrinkled Ins broiv mid whitened
his hair in vain ilUnuibitions. he had at
1... i r i . i . . i 1 1 i.-.t. ....... . i . n
f .1 r . I I . I .1
mutrv tin Riiritrftt tiitiikpif in rtiru itriiiiv
in me nue 01 pure tove, noiy visions, auu
peaveuiy nones.
But in a little while rouch squalls began
arf.m tnalmbn HialhiiiI ti li..L- 'I' m tnniii.
. ..W... J uv........
nen iiroiuer Alius urew sau: uarK ciouus
weL'ail to llo.it over his snirit : his heart
few cold ; and he could no longer pray.
ranuering through the country, lie sat up-
uio mossy rocks. Iinzcreu liv the loam
M'Waterialls antl saunlercd amidst the inur-
a.-' I. . I. . I., r . tn .11 , '
Wkquiries, the mountains, the leaves and
streams gave but one answer God !
ihiici jauuo .aiiic uui victorious iroin
any of these struggles, and each lime his
in was mauo iirmcr man ever ; lor temp
inn l tllA nVRI nnlllltl nPllta .nnMic..j.a
t does not destroy it, it strennthens it.
w. ,H .LW ii , ...... ,uo I.UIIlitlB
r Itls spirit more keenly than before.
had remarked that every tlnu? beauti
loses its charm by long use; that the
booh grows ureu 01 ine most oeiutilui
scape, the car of the sweetest voice
the heart of fondest love; and then ho ask
ed, how shall we find, even in heaven, n
source of eternal joy? In the midst of
magnificence and delight which have no
end, what will become of our restless souls ?
Will not unchangeable plenruro at last
bring on ennui ? " Eternity ! what n word
fur creatures who know tin law but that of
change and diversity I What man would
wish his sweetest pleasure to Inst forever ?
O my God I no more prist and no more fu
ture! no more remembrances and no more
hopes! Eternity! eternity! etcrtiily! O
word, which has spread fire and lamenta
tion upon earth, what must thou then mean
ill heaven 1" Thus spoke Brother Alfus,
and every day his doubts became greater.
One morning he issued from the monastery
before the other monks had risen, and de
scended into (ho valley. The fields, still
moist with last night's rain, were glistening j
under the first rays of the rising sun, like a
maiden smiling through her tears. Alfus
nolo gently through the shady thickets an
the lull-side. The birds which had just a-1
woke from their slumbers were perched in
tho hawthorns, shaking down rosy blossoms
on his bald head ; and some butterflies, still
half asleep, Hew lightly in the sun to dry
their wings. j
Alfus stopped to gaze on tho scene he
foro him. He remembered how beautiful !
it seemed when first ho saw it, and with
wh.1t transport he had looked forward to
ending his days ir. that delightful retreat. '
Tor Ii i tit ( poor child of the city, accustomed
to sec nought but dark courts and sombre J
walls, these flowers and trees, ami clear air,
were bewitching novelties. How quickly'
passed the year of his novitiate! Those
louir rambles in the valleys, and those char
ming discoveries ! Streams murmuring
through t he corn-flags, glades haunted by j
the nightingale, egirtuline roses, wild straw-j
berries what joy to light upon them fur
the first time ! To meet with springs from '
which ho had tint yet drank, and mossy !
banks upon which he had never yet reclin
ed I But alas I tlie.-e pleasures themselves
do not last long ! very soon jou have trav
ersed all the paths of the forest, you have ,
heard the songs of all the birds, you have
plucked nosegays of all the flowers, and
then adieu to the beauties of tho country !
Familiarity descends like n veil between 1
you and creation, and mr.kes vou blind and ;
deaf. ' I
And thus it was now with brother Alfus.
Like men w hose abuse of ardent spirits has
made them cease to feel their power, ho
looked with indiffertncc on a spectacle
which in bis eyes had or,ce been ravishing.
What heavenly beauties, then, could occu-i
py throughout eternity a soul which the 1
works of God on earth could charm for a;
moment only ? Asking himself this ques-,
tiou, the monk walked on, his eyes fl.ted I
on the ground, but seeing nothing, and his'
arms folded on Ins breast. He descended '
into the valley, crossed the stream, passed I
through the woods and over the lulls. '
The lower of the convent was beginning!
already to fade in the distance, and at
length he stopped. lie was on the verge j
of a vast forest, which extended as far the1
eye could reach, like an ocean of verdure.
A thousand melodious sounds met his carsj
from every side, and an odorous breeze I
sighed through the leaves. After casting ;
an astanished look upon the soft obscurity
which reigned in the wood, Alfus entered ,
with hesitation, as if he feared he were ,
treading on forbidden ground. As he ad-1
vauccd, the forest became larger ; be found
trees covered with blossoms which exhaled )
an unknown perfume ; it had nothing ener-1
vatiug in it like those of earth, but was, as
it were, a sort of moral emanation, which J
embalmed the soul. It was strengthening '
and delicious at the same time, like the i
sight of a good action, or the approach of a I
lover. At length, he perceived a glade, ra-
diant with a marvellous light. He eat j
down to enjoy the protpeel, and then sud-'
tlenly the song of a bird overhead fell upon j
his ear, sounds so sweet as to defy descrip-!
lion, gentler than the fall of oars on a lake i
in summer, than the murmur of the breeze
amongst the weeping willows, or the sigh i
of a sleeping infam. All the music of the
air and earth and water, the melody of the!
human voice, or of instruments, seemed
centered in that song. It was hardly a
song, but floods of melody ; il was not Ian-1
gunge, and vet the voice t-poke. Science,!
wisdom and poetry, all were in it; and in!
hearing it one acquired all knowledge.
Alfus listened for a longtime, and with j
increasing pleasure. At last the light!
which illuminated the forest began lo fttde,
n low murmur was heard among the trees,
and the bird was silent.
Alfus remained for awhile motionless, as
if he was awakening from an enchanted
sleep. He at first looked around with a
sort of stupor and then arose. He found his
feet benumbed; his limbs had lost their a
gilily. It was with difficulty he directed
his steps toward the monastery.
But the farther he went the greater was
his surprise. The face of tho whole coun
try seemed changed. Where he had before
seen sprouting shrubs, he now saw wide
spreading oaks. He looked for the little
wooden bridge by which he was accustomed
to cross the river. It was gone, and in its
place was a solid arch of stone. On pass
ing n hedge on which some women were
spreading clothes to dry, they stopped to
look at him, and said amongst themselves:
" There is an old man dressed like the
monks of Olmutz. We know all the
brothers, but we havo never seen bun be
fore." " These women arc fools," said Alfus,
and passed on. But at last he began to feel
uneasy. He quickened his footsteps as he
climbed the narrow pass way which led to
wards the convent. But the gate was no
longer in its old place, and the monastery
was changed in Us appearance ; it was
greater in extent and the buildings were
more numerous. A palm-tree which he
had himself planted near tho chapel a few
mouths before, covered the sacred building
with its foliage. Overpowered with astou
islimeut, tho monk approached tho new en
trance and rang gently, But il was not
tho same silver bell, tho sound of which he
knew so well. A younger brother opened
the door.
" What has happened 1" asked Alfus, "is
Antony no longer the porter of the con
vent?" " I don't know such a person,", was the
reply. Alfus rubbed his eyes in astonishment.
" Am I then tnnd ?" he exclaimed. " Is
tint this the monastery of Olmutz, which I
left this morning "
'I'he young monk looked at him.
" I have been porter here for five years,"
was the rejoinder, " and I do not remem
ber to have ever seen you,"
A number of monks were walking up and
down tho cloisters. Alfus ran towards them,
none answered. He went closer, but not
one of them could ho recognize.
"Has there been a miracle hero V he
cried. "In the name of heaven, my broth
ers, have none of you ever seen ine belurc?
Does not cine know brother Alfus ?"
All looked at him with astonishment.
" AlfuH I" at last said the eldest ; " there
was formerly a monk of that name at the
convent. I used to hear the old men, when
I was young, talking of him. He was a
learned man, .but a dreamer, and fond of
solitude. Onb day he descended into the
valley, and was Inst sight of behind the
Wood. They expected him back in vain.
He never returned and none knew what
becamo of him ; but it is now a hundred
years or more since that."
At these words Alfus uttered a loud cry,
for he understood it all; and falling on his
knees he lifted up his hands and exclaimed
with fervor :
" O my God I it has been thy will to
show me my folly in comparing the joys of
earth with those of heaven. A century has
rolled over my head as a single day, while
listening to the bird that sings in thy para
dise. I now understand eternal happiness.
O Lord, be gracious unto me and pardon
thine unworthy servant."
Having thus spoke, brother Alfus ex
tended his arms, kissed the ground and
died!
The Discovery of America by the
Northmen.
Probably some of our readers are ac
quainted with the noble work of Prof, llafn,
of Copenhagen, entitled " Antiquitatcs A
tnericann:," published in 1.S17, in which a
large collection of the old Icelandic "Sa
gas," relating io the early voyages of the
Northmen to the American continent, long
before the discovery of America by Colum
bus, are printed in the original, together
with a Danish and Latin translation, and
copious notes of the learned Professor.
This work has now a double value, from
the fact that in the destruction of the Co
penhagen library some years since, a large
portion of the manuscripts which Professor
llafn had collected to illustrate this earliest
chapter of American history, were destroy
ed. The Maryland Historical Society, at a
recent meeting, received a printed commu
nication from Prof. Itafri, founded upon his
great work and intended to correct errors
into which some American authors have
fallen in regard to the earlier discoveries
upon our continent. We give the commu
nication as we find it in the Baltimore A
mcrican. It is n curious fact (shown in
Ilafn's work) that Thorwaldseu, tho great
Danish sculptor, was descended from the
child mentioned below as having been born
in Massachusetts nearly 500 years before
Columbus :
"The Dane Gardar, of Swedish origin,
was the first Northman who discovered Ice
land in 8G',i. Only a few outplaces of this
country had been visited previously, about
seventy years before, by Irish hermits.
Eleven years subsequently, or in t74, the t
Norwegian Ingolf began the colonization of j
tl.e country, which was completed during;
the -pace of sixty years. The colonists, j
many of whom belongtd to the most illus
trious and most civilized families in the
North, established in Iceland a flourishing
Republic. Here, on the distant isle-rock,
the Old Northern language was preserved
unchanged for centuries, and herein Ktldas
were treasured these Folk-songs and Folk-,
myths, and in the Sagas those historical j
Tales and Legends which the first scttleisj
had brought with them from their Scatidiu-1
na'inn mtithor Inmt Tt!nmt iu.no ltrafirn
the cradle of a historical literature of im
mense value.
The situation of the island and the rela
tionship of the colony to foreign countries j
in its earlier period, compelled its inhabi-
tants to exercise and develop their heredi-1
tary maritime skill and thirst for new dis-'
envenes across the great ocean. As early as
the year SV7 Guiinbiorn saw for the first!
time tho mountainous coast of Greenland. I
But this laud was visited by Erik the Red,
in 05-3, who three years nfierwards, in Deli,
by means ol Icelandic emigrants, establish
ed the first colony on the south-western
shore, when afterward, in IIS4, a Bishop s
Sec was founded, which subsisted for up
wards of three hundred years. The head
firths or bays were named after the ohiefs of
tho expedition. Erik the Red settled in
Erik's fiith, Einar, Rafn, Ketil in the firths
called afler them, and lleriulf on Heriulf
ness. On a voyage from Iceland to Green
laud this same year, ('.)(!,) Kiarne, the son
ol the latter, was driven lar out to sea toward
the south-west, and fur the first time beheld
tho coasts of the American lauds, afterward
visited and named by his countrymen. In
order to examine the countries more nar
rowly, Lief, the Fortunate, son of Erik the
Red, undertook a voyage of discovery thith
er in the year 10U0. He landed on the
shores described tiy liiarne, detailed the
character of these lauds more exactly, and
gave them names according to their ap
pearance ; Helluland (Newfoundland) was
so culled from its flat stones, Markland
(New-Scotland) from its woods, and Vine
laud (New England) from its vines. Here
he remained fur sometime and constructed
large houses, called after him (Leif's
Booths.) A German named Tyikcr, who
accompanied Lief on this voyage, was the
man who found the wild vines, which he
recognized from having seen them in his
own laud, and Leif gave tho country its
name from this circumstance. Two year's
aficrward Leif's brother, Thorwald, re
paired thither, and in 1 00U caused ay expe
dition in be undertuken to tho south, along
the shore, but he was kilted in the summer
of 1001 on a voyage northward, in a skir
mish with the natives.
The most distinguished, however, of all
the first American discoveries is Thorfin
Karlscfue,an Icelander, whose genealogy is
carried back in the old Northern annals to
Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Scottish and
Irish ancestors, some of them of royal blood.
In 1003 this chief on a merchant voyage
visited Greenland, and there married Gud-
rid, the widow of Thoratein, (son of Eric
the Red) who had died the year before in on
unsuccessful expedition to Vineland. Ac
companied by his wife, who encouraged him
lo this voyage, and by a crew of 100 men
on board three vessels, ho repaired in tho
spring of 1007 to Vineland, whee ho re
mained lor three years, and had many com
munications with the aborigines. Here
his wife Gudrid bore him a son, Snorrc,
who became the founder of an illustrious
family in Iceland, which gave that island
several of its first Bishops. His daughter's
son was the celebrated Bishop Tl orkk Ilun
olfsou, who published the firs. Christian
Code of Iceland. In 1121 IJishop Erik
saihd from Vineland to Grcenlnnd, doubt
less for tho purpose of strengthening his
countrymen in their Christian faith,
The notices given by the old .ISJjlandic
voyage-chroniclers respecting the climate,
the soil and the productions of this new
country, are very characteristic. Nay, we
have even a statement of this kind as old as
the eleventh century from a writer not a
Northman, Adam ol Bremen ; he states, on
the authority of Severn Estndson, the King
of Denmark, a nephew of Canute the Great,
that the country got its name from the vine
growing wild there. It is a remarkable co
incidence in this respect that its English
re-discoverers, for the same reason, named
the large Island which is close oil the coast
Martha's Yinryartl. Spontaneously grow
ing wheat (maze or Indian corn) was also
found in this country.
In the mean tunc it is the total result of
the nautical, geographical and astronomi
cal evidences in the original documents,
which places the situation of the countries
beyond all doubt. The number of days' sail
between the several newly found lands, the
striking description of the coasts, especially!
the white sand banks of New Scotland and
the long beaches anil downs of a peculiar
appearance on Capo Cod (the Kialarncs and
Furdustranir of the Northmen) are not to
be mistaken. In addition hereto we have
the astronomical remark that the shortest
day was nine hours long, which fixes the
latitude at 1 12 1m. 10s. or just that of the
promontories which limit the entrances to
.Mount Hope Bay, where Lief 's booths were
built, and in the district around which the
old Northmen had their head establishment,
which they called Hop.
Ifor the Watchman lod Journal.
Fire-Engines.
Messrs. Walton &.Sox: I thought it
might not be amiss to say a few words,
through yoiir columns in reference to fire
engines, as it is a subject of considerable
interest to our citizens, at the present tune.
The plan in general use is, the ilnior, of two
pumps discharging alternately, into one
common "air chest; each pump has two
valves, one inlet and one outlet, and there is
a tube inserted in the air chest, to conduct
the water to the leading hose. Suction hose
is frequently made uso of to convey water
from reservoirs, Soc. to the engines. When
the suction of an engine is immersed in the
water, and the atmosphere driven from the
purnps and none admitted to supply its place,
the weight of the atmosphere on the water
forces it to the pumps, to any height so that
the weight of the water on the square inch
shall not exceed that of tl.e atmosphere on
the same area. I he force required tosupply
an engine through suction bose can never (small beginnings in a small way, ami cu
be more than the weight of the atmosphere jargc my jjeas anj my farm gradually, care
on the working area of the pumps and the f and 5Ure, As noyj .,,
force required to raise a column of water lo ' ' "
any height can never be less than its own ' Pace a"d eternally looking after things in a
weight per square inch on the working area small house, you are quite mistaken, dear
oi ine pumps, anu io a ueigiu equal io me
vycight of the atmosphere cannot be less than
the w eight of the atmosphere on the working
area ofthe pumps. An engine must bo air
of the pumps, and to a height equal to the
area ol the pumps, .in engine must no air
tight to do good execution. If too much air
is admitted no water can be raised to the
pumps by the weight of the atmosphere,
and if any air is admitted it lessens the
quantity of water discharged more than it
does tho force required to discbarge it ; it
expands in the pumps by the force required
to raise the water to the pumps, and is com
pressed by the force applied to drive the
water from the pumps. It passes to the air
chest with the water, and fills it to the base
ofthe conducting tube, destroying in part
its intended effect to produce a constant
discharge.
An engine may be air tight when work
'ing, and yet leak water by the pistons,
vbich costs as much lorce as it does to elis
charge the same amount from the discharge j
pipe under the same pressure. Such a pro
cess may well be called churning. An en
gine may never be said to be in ;ood repair
unless the amount discharged is equal to
the contents of the pumps. The effect pro
duced by an engine that leaks air, when
compared with the same in good repair, is
not in proportion to the force applied, nor
in proportion to the quantity ot water dis
charged, but in proportion to its density
and velocity. A column of water free from
air passes on unbroken, only increasing in
volume as it decreases in velocity. The
mixed column of water and air is dispersed
in proportion to the quantity of air and the
force applied, and spreads over too much
space at a time to do much, if any good,
when applied to a fire of dense flame, be
ing evaporated by the flames before it reach
cthe burning substance. Hence, the ne
cessity of good engines in good repair.
Poor ones are little better than nothing,
since they do not in all cases save the lives
and property of the unfortunate, but too
frequently bring reproach upon those who
operate them. x mechanic.
Plank Road in MoNTrELiert. The
freemen of the town of Montpelier, have
been notified that the vote will be taken, to
see if tho town will adopt measures tu
planking a part, or the whole of one of tie
streets of that village. A capital sugges
tion. G. M. Herald. I
Ethan Allen and the Green MoiN'
tain Heroes of '70. This is a work of
over 400 duodecimo pages splendidly un
bellishcd with an engraving of Kinu ft
Hemic StntllA nf T!thnii Allrn Ttrnnfmu
n. concise ncr.nnnt nftltA nrmrmal pvrr to. iai
our State, from 1531 to Allen's death, wit
many graphic descriptions of tho deiotirf11
and patriotism of the early niountaiaMr;
in subduing tho " American Svvilzerl mc'
from its native wildness and tlevelopiikf J"
Puy gives a pleasing recital ofthe twigrf'?
cidents that have made memorable tliiaf fTf
tion of Vermont, bordering upon Lake
Champlain, and comes nearer to our hearth
stone by portraying that stirring event
known as " the burning of Royallon." We
understand that he made a tour through
Vermont last summer to collect statistics for
the above work. From what wo havo ex
amined, we should judge that it is a very
able work, and nno that Vcrmontcrs will all
be anxious to read. Green Mountain Jfer-aid.
Ijc plow anb lljc oc.
BY V. V. WAI.TOK,
"Mftliet by lhe riow would thrlee
Illmtelf routt either hcld or dmtb."
- - - --slorr? j$v a
The Penny and the Pound.
A DIALOGUE roil I'.WtMEttS.
Pound Good morning, Farmer Penny.
I see you go upon tho principle of small
(arms and small profits, and console your
self with the maxim that little things arc
best. It may do in some things but give me
a big farm, with liberty to buy all the land
that lays next to it. I never could content
myself with doing things upon a small scale.
A big farm, a big house, two stories high,
and a barn to match That's my notion a
bout farming. Everything upon a magnifi
cent scale make or break.
Penny Thank you, neighbor Pound-
but I must be contented to pursue the even
tenor of my way, and farm it according to
my means, and in accordance with my own
ideas of the importance of little things.
A good many littles make a micklc; and
while you arc skimming over your hundreds
of acres to fill a two story barn with poor
hay and musty fodder, and pitching it up to
the ridge-pole of your three story barn with
out a cellar, and your wife and hired girls
arc carrying water and the scrubbing ma
terials into tho garret of your two story
house, two or three times a year, to clean up
and set things lo rights, I will try to fill my
barn, commencing at tho gable end, and
dropping the hay and grain and fodder into
the places of deposit below ; and tho ma
nure and droppiucs of my little stock of
choice animals, to tho care of the pigs in
the cellar of the barn, while my wife and
daughters will be looking after tho affairs
of a little house well filled. And if I do
not grow rich as rapidly as you do, will try
to be contented and happy with slow but
sure gains.
Pound Bravo, neighbor Penny ! You
talk like an ancient philosopher not like a
modern farmer. In these days of steam and
lightning it will never do to move at a snail's
pace, and eternally be looking after little
things, in a small house and on a small
farm.
Penny Ancient or modern, farmer or
philosopher, 1 intend to bo contented with
Mr. Pound. I practice upon the maxim of
Mr. round. 1 practice u
a )ace fof evervthing ,
. f ,, ,,
lts J1'3"' a"d 1 assurc '
and everything in
you, upon my hon-
or as a man, a deal ol time and vexation is
saved by it; besides, you know that time is
money, and time in rumaging a two story
house, from cellar to garret, after a lost ham
mer or gimlet, is'nt tho plcusunlcst thing in
the world, nor is it the most profitable.
Pound Well, thero may be something
in that, to be sure; but did you mean to be
personal and hint that because I tucked the
sub-soil plow into a gap in the fence round
my fifty acre lot, and ih the spring forgot
it, and my hired man spent a few days in
search before he found it, that I am not a
good farmer, and don't have a place for ev-
cry thing ? I'll have you to know, sir, that
I do things on a grand scale, and on scicn
tific principles.
Penny Nothing personal, Mr. Pound.
I was ignorant of tho significant fact you
mention. But how much per aero did you
get, of good hay, from your magnificent
fifty aero lot I
Pound Oh I as to that, you know the
hay crop, generally, was extremely light
last year; and,. besides, it takes a world of
manure lo fertilize fifty acres of mowing;
andwhat, with a great farm and so many
hired men to see to and
to pay,
I had'nt
litre
nea money to do it justice, l crnops
the cri
CM1' f3 ,0" ' "i to 'ho acre, of good
hay, t'r ivfjuld have been hud'nt a lot of it
sfjqile'J in the winrovr, and a part of it
heatel'" mow.
tnny Hatty your crop was so small
anjt,so ptHir from fifty acres cultivated, or
ftfotriearrttd on, " upon scientific princi
pjfJ." Mjy'iot; of only fifteen acres, cultivat
erjTon common sense principles, yielded ine
pjAiiijjwo loirs to tho acre, and not a spear
fti wiRhurt in the winrow, nor did a fork
Y(ill hei: in the bam bicausc, you see, my
by wsj put in the cock over night, and in
bem over Sunday.
Jleund Ov er Sunday I io you mean to
iiuUhat I, or my men, unnecessarily work
lin the Sabbath I True, wt rot in a few
(tons on the Sabbath, to savoU from a rain
slorp in prospect. That was u work of ne
cessity, you know,
Jt'tnny It may be so, to a greit farmer,
on a great farm, carried on upon what you
call a magnificent scale but to ne, it
seems poor economy to work more thai six
diya in the week. Common sense ami
wommon observation long since convinced
Jenncy's Seedling Strawberry.
This, says tho N. E. Farmer, is a new
variety, raised from seed a few years since
by a Mr. Jenncy, of Fairhaven. It is a
strong, vigorous grower, perfectly hardy,
and very productive. The Iruit is rather
large, and of the highest quality; in our
engraving many of tho berries are rcpre
scntcduis they were, green and half grown.
me that a small farm well fenced, well ma
nured, and the cattle and the weeds and
thistles kept out of every field it may be di
vided into, and no plow wintered in the
fence, and no work done on Sunday, will
yield double the profit, according to the
number of acres, and the (labor and ex
pense bestowed, than a big farm will, con
ducted on scientific principles, as you call
them. There is science in good farming,
but the want of it in bad management.
Good morning, neighbor Pound.
Pound Good morning, friend Penny.'
But wait a moment. To tell you the truth,
I came lo borrow a lilllo money. My hay
is nearly gone, and I have an opportunity to
buy some at 815 per ton. Can you accom
modate mo with thirty dollars ?
Penny Certainly, my dear sir. Wife
will you bring me tho squirrel skin t I be
lieve there is fifty in one end of it, I took
of Smith, tho butcher, for the fourteen year
old cow, I sold him in the fall. It affurds
me much pleasure to accommodate n broth
er farmer, in a small way, from the proceeds
of a small farm.
Pound Thank you I thank you I neigh
bor Penny. Good morning.
JJutter. 1 he best wc have tried was
from the dairy of Harvey Allen, Berlin.
Others, no doubt, make as good.
Cheese. From tho dairy of Slmbael
Short, East Montpelier. It will melt in the
mouth, if its richness and fine flavor does!
not send il loo quickly into tho stomach.
It is just as easy to make good cheese as to
make thai which is worthless, provided you
know hote. If you do not, wo recommend
a visit to the cheese parlor (or iho cheese
room, as ;ien7 as a parlor,) of Mrs. Short,
who will give the desired information, wc
doubt nut, wilh a pleasant face, and in short
metre.
Acknowledment Aitles. Our grate
ful acknowledgments are duo to S. W. Jew
ell, Esq., for two barrels of superior fruit,
ofthe Apple species. Among the varieties
raised upon his farm, and included in the
present, arc a beautiful apple, large in size
and of a rich flavor, called Jewell's Best.
Il is truly among the best we ever ate, and
is practical proof that as good fruit can be
raised in Vermont as elsewhere, with prop
er care and culture. If any doubt the ac
curacy of our judgment, they will please
give us a call; its the proof of the uppe,
like that of the pudding, is in eating if.
Instead of going abroad for fruit trees as
many unwisely do, would it not be well to
procure the best of young trees, gratis and
buds, from trees already acclimated, and
near home? Mr. Bailey, at Kccsevillc, N.Y
Mr. Spear at Braintrce, and the venerable C
Stevens, of East Montpelier, have lino nur
series of excellent fruit, and can accommo
date their neighbors and the public.
Potatoes Large or small ones, for seed?
that is the question. W, B. Coppock, of
Buffalo, N. Y., thus discusses it, and gives
the result of his experience, as every good
and public spirited farmer should do, for
the benefit of those engaged in agricul
ture :
" It has been a mooted question in grow.
ing potatoes, whether it was an essential,
as with other seeds, to plant tho finest and
best matured tubers for seeds, adopting the
maxim that " liko produces like." This
point I feel satisfied I have fully tested, and
as it is one of pecuniary interest to the far
mer, take this opportunity of declaring the
results of my numerous experiments, in
the first place we have erred in supposing
the tuber to bo true seed, which it is not
the seed being in the ball. Tho pot aloe or
tuber being merely the underground root,
and iuci eased by elongation. This being
fact thero is no analogy in tho maxim, and
results fully prove there is not a necessity
to plant large potatoes in order to produce
lame returns.
1 have grown good crops, particularly ot
the cOarsear varieties. The rows were
twenty rods long. Tho six rows which
were of the smallest kind, usually called
pig potatoes. I sort my potatoes into three
sizes, thus : large, for sale, medium, too
small, for seed, and the balance, none larg
er than an inch in diainelor, are hailed for
the pigs, poultry, &c. Being thort of seed
The fuit is rather large; roundish-coni-(
cal ; deep red ; flesh rather firm, juicy,-,
slightly acid, but of a fine high flavor.. Pis
tillate. Ripens ten days or a fortnight af
ler Early Virginia, about the time that va-,
riety is gone, and forms a good succession
with it. It is several days later than Hov
cy's Seedling.
for the ground prepared, I ordered thesd'
cullings, not larger than a common marble,'"
or hickory nut, to boused to finish out with;'
The result is, these six rows are equal, in
every respect, and by the diggers thou;;ht'
to be better, than any other portion of. the.
whole plat."
Siianohai Sheep. Geo. W. Kendall, of
the N. O. Picayune, in the prosecution of,
his purpose to establish an extensive sheep'
farm in Texas, has recently returned to
New Orleans with a pair of Shanghai
lambs, which the Picayune announces in
the following strain :
Shanghai Sheep. Sheep nil the way
from China, good reader ! Something of
a novelty, that ! We are accustomed,
thanks to Yankee adventure, to the terms
Shanghai chickens, Shanghai eggs, iSoc,
but we had no idea that the Brother of tho
Sun, and fifty-third Cousin of tho Moon had
any knowledge ofthe wool-clip or the tasto
of mutton chops. One would imagine that
Chinese sheep would bo like every thing
else that is Chiueese queer, odd, quizzi-'
cal ; but no such thing. These two lambs
for they aro young 'uns are quite as sim
ple, and woolly, and dirty, and respectable
looking, as the most civ ilized of their Euro
pean or American brethren. It's no usu
saying "Cow-chow," or "Tcbiki" to them.
Tiiey dor.it uiidcieA.a.u tUtsKrreen tci lan
guage. A long voyage fhcMhavohai oT it,
from Shanghai, on tho otficr sido of tho'
globe, to New York whirjji is a'ready a
trip long enough to frighten j any sheep
and then from New York to this city of a
bominations. They appear to take il quiet
ly, however, and thoroughly lo understand
the difference between people who wear
tight inexpressibles, and those who sport
baggy ones. The two innocent little birr
lambs propose emigrating to the prairiet. of
Texas shorly, and weexpect to hear ofihfin
lying down peaceably with the same fleck
with Mexican and Vermont specimens' of
their tribe. So ba-a it !
The Horse. Tho following, from Ii0j
Maine Farmer, is commended (o the atten-i
tion of all who vtlue the comfort dnd,u?c
fullness of that uoblo animal the Horse.
The brcedersof Black Hawks and Morsa!!."1
and all other horses, ant) all who use them,
will please read the article, and profit by it.
" Young horses sometimes refuse the ,
hay or mangle it from the soreness in 1J10
mouth in consequence of changing their -teeth.
This is sometimes attributed to
lamias, and tho knife or firing iron is re
sorted to. This is a barbarous and cruel.,
practice, and should never be permitted. -iVhen
n young horso is changing his
teeth, the whole mouth is red and tender
which makes him fearful of eating hay
or unground corn, from the pain it gives
him. In such cases, tho horse should bo
kept on scnllcd shorts, or cut feed, until
the soreness of tho mouth is removed.
In old horses, when the lampas arc '
down to a level with tho front nippers,
tho part should be washed with a strong
solution of burnt alum ; or make n solu
tion of powdered blood root, mid wash"
the part night and morning. All serious
internal disorders arc attended with a
loss of appetito. Weakness of appetite
is often constitutional, and cannot be
cured ; yet it may be palliated. When 1
such n horse is wanted only for moder-'
ate work, his appetite maybe greatly
improved by careful feeding, nnd a well
ventilated stable. Tho food must be of
the best quality and tho water pure and '
not cold or hard ; ho should havo but
lilllo food at a time, but more frequently.
Ho should never havo more, but rather
Iqss food put beforo him at any timcthan
lie is inclined to eat; and if at tiny "'mju
lie is found to leave food in hjs manger',
it should be taken out, nnd, nfter keefV
ing him without food for a short time, t
somo fresh hay, oats, or shorts maybo'
given him. The rack, manger,' n"i id
every part of tho stall should, bo kept (
dean ; nnd when taken out for cxerciso
or work should bo swept out, the old Iitr ,
ter spread out to dry, and that part unfit .
for use taken away. At night, somo .
clean fresh straw should bo placed under,,,
him. A ciiaugo of food is often useful,),
especially when green food or carrots .
can be obtained. It is the custom in
many stables to collect tho bedding ufiur,
it has been saturated with the excrr
inent and urine, and place it under
manger, thus submitting tho "WPtf j '
nox'touB vapors that urisq front ,ST:V
mnss, Is it to be wonuerea r" v.
poor animal should drago ui
j tA-'ii 1 1 ii .
existence.

xml | txt