Newspaper Page Text
toatcljman & State journal.
E, v. -WAirox, ju., r.ni'rit.
Tiini-Mltiy, l'cb. I, tsSil.
"LETTERS FROM EUROPE.
' NUMmnt vi.
Rome, Dec. 7, 1S52.
Mt Drtn Sin, Homo presents itself to Iho
traveller tinder two distinct aspects ? the ancient
nd modern. Ancient Homo present little mare
than ajflofof ruins, but thoe tell tlic history of j
n onco powerful nation, swayed anil governed
bynltermiefactloiw: the fialaco and temples 1
creeled by one being demolished by die next
Still those very views show the wrslth and pow
er of thf nUion in its days of glory. The Pala
tine 1 fill, The most celcbnlcd of tho Bet en hill?,
presents only a htnp of ruins. There wore tho
palaces o"f tho Cnars, covering many acres ;
there also Nero reigned in las gilded palace,
mid tlitro fill!. Tho lower stories of nil thoso
palaces aro still funding, but covered with the
rubbish from the upper stories and roofs. Many
of the arches remain in good repair, but thoir
pplendor Ms all passed nway, being now only
used as stables and hay-lofis. Over the lower
story of Augustus Co-sat's palace an Englishman
has erected a'fino house and planted his garden,
'i'ho Maxlm'us Circus, celebrated as the place
w hero tho" Rape of the Sabmes took place, tvas
in a valley near the palaces, but nearly every
vestige of tho building has long since disappear
ed. Tho ruins of tho llaths of Caracolla present
a nohlo specimen of thu magnificcnco and luxu
ry of tho Romans. They aro more than half n
milo in circumferoiicc, and many of the walls
aro still standing, presenting the finest speci
mens of arches, sixty or scvonty feet in hoiglit,
and eight or ten" in thickness. They were said
to have contained sixteen hundred rooms, the
ceiling and lloore of many of which present now
very good specimens of mosaic, Resides the
bathe, many of these rooms appear to hnvo been
used as places of various kinds of amusement,
' where the Romans, when not engaged in wars
fibroid, might indulge in the greatest luxury at
home. Tho Coliseum is tho ruin which attracts
tho mott attention at the present day, and shows
better its original extent and magnificcnco than
any other. It was commenced In tho year seven
ty,- and finished in eight yoniu. The original
design wni tin arena for gladiators, tint at differ,
cnt periods since it hafs been used a a military
post, a hospital during p'agucs, a tilt for knights,
and is now rendered sacred by tho erection of a
cross, in tho centre, and fourteen small chapels
or closets fur saints around tho arena. It is of
an oval form, the central arena being about two
by thieo hundred feet in diameter. The walls
aro 150 feet thick at the base, and fi.rmod of
arches, the external wall being llil) Icet in
height, built of hewn stone the interior is of
etono und brick, forming a succession of seats
from the bottom to the top, and estimated to ac
commodate dighly thousand persons. No won
der that tho gladiators in those days sought
denth ralh'or than disgrace before tuch an assem
bled multitude. About ono third of tho original
wall is still standing ut its original height, and
enough of the interior to give a ic.-fcct iden
of its original flructurc. Tho Porum, tho groat
arena of Roman orators, was for moro than n
thousand years buried beneath its own ruins, but
modorn enterprise has cleared away much of tho
rubbijh j still ts original extent is only in part
developed. Sevctal miles m extent oj tjic.wp.rld-1
renowned aquedftlt, built tbonvcy water from
tbemnuitains ov,n tho lowlands of Rome, are
fctill Btonng.a, monument of tho enduring nature
of brick and mortar. Tho Appian Vay,so often
mentioned in Uiiinan history, leads from Rnmo
towards Naples, and is the oldest paved highway
known, l'rorn the gates of Rome it is lined for
nuny miles on cither sido with mausoleums, tern
pics and monuments, being the favorite burying
place fur the distinguished dead ; and many of
those lmmeiiso monuments erected to their mem
ory are still Blinding, though crumbling to de
cay. During some of their wars this way for
near ten miles from the city was completely
blocked up by the destruction of those monu
ments, and has remained so until within n few-
years. The government is now engaged in re
opening thy way, and many antiquo monuments
of much beauty havo been discovered and do
posited in 'the'Muscuin. Hut of all tho ancient
buildings, of Romo tho Parthenon has been tho
best preserved. It is now, after t SCXj years from
its construction, one nf the linpst monuments of
modern Rome. Tho' despoiled by the ruthless
hand of man, moro than by time, of its original
ornament", tho beautiful proportions of its porti
co and domo still remain a model for all modern
architects. The interior is circular, and frjlitcd
solely by ar, aperture nt tho top, it retain) its
original pillars of porphyry, and most ufitsuv'
tique finiah of marble. Tho pavement is ofcran-
itn and jwrphyry, and tbo only ono of the antique'
remaining in a condition to bo ued, but that
is sufficient to give an idea of the beauty
and Milidity of tho material then used. Tho
building lias for many centuries past been used
as a chapel, and within its walls ore tho tombs
ofKophml and several oilier distinguished men.
Thu Tarpean Rock still retains its position, but
has lost all its terrors, having diminished under
the hand of man, until all that now remains
corves but for the foundation for a house. While
all t!i:so monuments of nncicnt grandeur liavo
for excctiHd my expectations by their magnifi
cence and extunt, the Tiber, so often mentioned
by Roman writers, has dwindled down from tho
mighty river which in tny youth I supposed it to
be, to a small muddy stream no larger than tho
Winooki. 1 hive enumerated only a small por
tion of the many anciont ruins remaining at
Rome, still these may givo some idea of its an
cient grandeur; and all theeo were destroyed,
not by the slow progress of timo and decay, but
by ruthlass man, for lovo of glory and conquest,
anu to humble, tlegride rud vuslata the con
quqred. Wlicn I Jook ut those ruins, and reflect
thut two thousand years have elapsed since ma
ny of them were constructed, America seems
indeed but in it infancy.
Uf modern Rome, St Peters is the groat and
almobt only wonder that travellers seek to con
template, I: is .au iminoiwe pile uf etono, but
to situated that it is difficult to get any ono viow
of the exterior" that will convey any adeijuato
idea of its eiie. Tho exterior is well finished,
blit'has little of the statuary and fino carving
winch constitute the external beauty of the old
cathedrals in Unglmd. It is in tho form of a
Iitin cross, the navo beltur i07 feet lonz and
the transccpt 411 feet, and from tho pavement to
mo lop ol the cross -lid feet Tho impression
produced by the fin,t Bight or Ui0 interior was
not equal to my preconccired ideas of its extent,
nnd jt was only by a close examination in detail
iU parts that I could realiio its immensity.
. not at first rcalire that between each of
columns thero was ample room to
' i7eiV; 0KFlTyfod church. The interior
- . oithe glitter to be icon in many of
- -"cuet, but every thing is ex
finely rich. The whole interior of us Immonio
doora is of mosaic, and all tho altarptceon, wlnrh I
at first seemed excellent paintings, arc, with ono
exception, of mosaic, copied in beautiful Btyle !
from paintings by tho most celebrated masters,
which will render them as dtirablo as tho build
ing itself. Thw i"" several marble monuments
in the different chapels, which display much
taste, but do not comparo in boauty to the mo
saic. St. Paters seems tho groat embodiment of
the Ctthnfic religion, and Its ono groat beauty
consists, nt tny viow, in its being a temple which
nisy be used by all worshippers. The true spirit
of Chribtianity prevails there, in this, that all
mingle together as equals. -the rich and poor,
tho peasant with his bundle under his arm, and
the licggar in his rags, Btand or kneel sido by
Side promiscuously, for thero aro no spats there.
H is true 1 have scon many acts performed hy
Catholics in Rome that I have never witnessed
elsewhere, many acts that Kcem at this enlight
ened period but relics of the barbarous ages, but
when I have witnessed those acts performed
with that solemnity which should always accom
pany acts of dlvinu worship, charity forbids that
I should censuro or make light of them. K.
The Liquor Law.
It appears from the voto that the law has been
approved by the people majority small. The
law, thon, will bo proclaimed by tho Secretary
of Stato on tho 21th inst, and will take effect
on Tuesday the flh day of March, on winch day
an election for a Commissioner in each county
will be had, tho returns of which election arc to
be mado by tho town clerks to the county clerk
within ono week. In order to givo twelve days
rrntico of this election, tho selectmen of each
town will have to issue their warrants on the
M 1th inst. for town meetings on tho 8lh of .March.
Washington CO. official.
K. M.mtpclicr I'A
I . I
1M7 i:H I
m.ij. hi I
l.X Kit) i
75 H) I
2Ki 17 1 1
maj. 40 i
maj. ."J ,
fl'indsor County I, New bury
Ilirtmrd till KEl ,(Jriinge
Hcthel l'Jl 20 11 Randolph
Ilridgowotcr KKI lS()!f.Slr.i(lord
1SI t'Oy ' J'hetfbrd
151 West l'oirleo
Williamst'wli 120 r'S
Itarnet . i , 172 '120
!57 220 ICabot
W. Windsor 110
Poacham 122 80
Ry ogata 01 71
Sheffield 71 !4
Sutton 00 maj.
ahlen 47 1211
Waterford maj. 8
1200 121 G
tlakersfiold 101 H8
Mount Holly Vi'i
Mount Tabor maj
tirij, 5 1
!St Albans it 1 5
IS wanton 1811
o1 1, ...
ii!fi7 1 (warn
Grniii Isle Co,
TOTAL-18 1, towns.
Maj. fur tbo law 1,81)1
Wo rogrct to leant tliat Gov. Fairbanks lias
been ctllod to Pan hy the uWerous illnes of
a son. The Governor leavus today (Wednos
day) 111 tho steamer from Iloiton.
Uectprocity uitk Canada. See Congressional
proceedings for a bill which is of considerable
importance to the farmers of Vermont, The
proposition is a good one for the codfish, ic'ac
co and bugar trade, und fbr Canada ; but it
strikes us that it is a bad ono for the Yan'tee
whoat growers, graziers, dairymen, and lumber
men. The Journal of the Senate. Thanks to Secre
tary Conant for a copy of tho printed Journal of
tho Session of 1852. Persons entitled to re
coil 0 copies will find them at tho County Clerk's
Tho anecdote of Gov. Chittenden, copied in
tho Watchman a fortnight since, originated in
tlie Green Mountain Freeman. Judge Thomp
son is entitled to tho authorship.
Died, in Willblnn, on the lstinstant,Tnt?MAH
CiiiTTKKnr.jr, aged eighty-two years.
Tho connection of Judge Chittenden with tho
early settlement and hitory of western Vermont,
oh well as tho moro recent political and legisla
te history of the State, renders it proper that we
should not suffer Ins decease to pass of entirely
Truman Chittenden was the son of Thomas
Chittenden; thctlrst Governor of Vermont, lie
was the youngest of a family of nine children,
and was horn in Satisbuv. Connecticut, on thn
!td of August, 1770, The namo and history of
't'l. .... 1 ... , ! i.. i.i..rcn.i
..with the early history of Vermont, to require
that we should, in this short notice of olio of Ins
sons, speak at any length of the early privations
which hp, in common with all tho other early
settlers ol this rnnntrv. were cnninrllnd In endure.
or tho courage and fortitude mIiicIi they brought
"itli tliem into the wilderness of iSortbeni Ver
mont, to sustain them through tho first struggles
or tho infant settlement. Suffice it to say, that
Thomas Chittenden oamo from Salisbury to Wil
liston, Vermont, in the spring of 1774, and lo
cated himself in tho valley of the Winooski, in
the midst of a then unbroken willdorncss. It was
during this year thut the first family removed
within the limits of tho County of Chittenden,
and it is believed that at tho beginning of this
year there wore no settlers on the west side of the
mountain, to the northward of Otter Creek.
To the people of tho present day, who through
mo lacinues lor travelling winch are now attlioiri
coinmand,aro ncrustomed to reckon miles by nun-
uics, me nariisnip ami privations ot a journey
from Couneticut In tho Winooski River, in 1774,
eiin hardly bi nnderstootl. It is to be recollccteil
that at that time there was no road to the north
ward of Rutland, and tho only guides to the ear
ly settler, warn marked trees and Indian footpaths.
With his wife and nine children, Truman then
being only four years of ago, the journey w.is
undertaken by Governor Chittenden, and accom
plisbod in May or Juno of that year. Ho com
menced a clearing, built a small loghotisc, and
was busily engaged in prepiring the soil for the
productioiiof tho nocossory support of his family,
when, in 1775, tho new b of thu battle of I,exin"
ton, and tho breaking out of tho Revolution,
found ite way to him. In the Spring of 1770,
tho advance of the llritish up the Lake, the ox-
pojeu anu uairnceless Mule ot the frontier, then
wholly unprotected by the American army, com
pelled all the settlers in this County to abandon
their clearings and return to the southward. An
incident which has been related to tho writer,
shows that Thomas Chittenden did not abandon
his new home sooner than a proper regard for his
personal safely compelled him to do so. Early
in tho spring of 177(1, and shortly after tho re
turn of Mr. Chittenden from Philadelphia,
(whither ho had repaired immediately upon the
breaking out of the Revolution, to call the atten
tion of Congress to the state of tho northern set
llemoiiLs,) tho family wero somewhat startled by
the abrupt entrance of a war party of Indians.
Air. Chittenden wuslhon at dimier.and as tho hos
pitalities of his honso were always extended to
every stranger, ho offered the party a seat at his
table. After a short consultation, in which his
host could hardly determine whether they were
determining to accept his fire or tnko his scalp,
the party sealed themselves at the table, and
having satisfied their hunger, gave him by signs
to understand that they belonged to the advanc
ing llritish furre, and that his hintrer stay in that
section might not only he unprovable but dan
gerous. They uV'ii ground ihoir hatchets upon
his grindstoni! mid departed. He immediately
buried such of Ins furniture as he could not trans
port d started with Inn family fur the south.
He went to I'ownal, from thenco In Wiilmmstonii
Mass., then hack In Arlini'ton. Vf.. uliorr. '10 r.
sided until the clmcof the war, when ho return-!
od again to Wilhslnn. Of his acts while a mem-
her of the Council uf Delegates, which met ut
i , .
corset, September I and the Council of Safe
ty, which held lis meetings dtinngthe revolution,
it is not necessary here to speak. It is enough to
say, although the evidence of some historians
may bo found to the contrary, that it was to
the skill and energy of Chittenden, Allen, and
their associates alone, that thu then settlements
of Vermont wero indebted for their exemption
from bomg overrun by the llritish army during
the war, and that 111 all their pretended negotia
lions with Gen. Hnldhiinnil, the only object of
which was to keep tlm llritish army from advanc
ing Into the taic, they hail not only the entire
conent of Gen. Washington, Initnctcd in some
deroo under his advico and direction.
Governor t 'hiUonder. died 111 August, 1707
all his children but one bomir atlhattimn livimr.
Of his daughters, ono of them was tho wife of
liovcrnorlialiisha, nnothor of the somewhat cel
ebrated Matthew Lyon, who was elected to Con
gress while imprisoned for a violation of tho alien
law. Noah nnd Giles, two of his sons, resided
in the towns of Jericho and Williston until their
deaths ; thu former occurred in 1835. .Martin
Chittenden, another sou, for some time a member
of Congress, and afterwards Governor of Ver
mont, ri federalist of tho rankoststamp during the
war of 181 1, hut afterwards an equally arderit do
inocrat, died in Williston in 184(1. Truman was
the last s.irvivor of the family of Thomas Chit
tenden. It ts usual in articles like the present
to allude to the many public stations which its
biibject has filled, in order to show tho estmu
Hon in which he was held hy his cntomporaries
and the community 111 winch he lived; but 111
these days, when ofiico has hocoine rather the
w-agos of iwliticnl machinations, than thu roward
of iwlitical merit, wo may be well excused from
measuring the worth of Truman Chittenden by
the number of official tuitions which ho occupied.
If his ambition led him m tint direction ho had
enough of them to satisfy Ins ambition and it is
porliapn enough to say that ho brought to the
disclnrgo of ull of them, n clear head and an
honckt heart. He was a coteniporary of the
Chipmans, Van Ness. Sevmoim. nml ntl,r
whoso connection with tho political affairs of
mis okuo nas now ueca ne a part of its history,
and that part too of which posterity has no reason
Truman Chittenden was possessed of ail those
characteristics, which made tho oarly settlers of
ermont the men of thu timo they lived in.
Whether it was tho hardships or a now settle
inent, tho privations of those repeated journeys
on fuut through the forosts, thi ru""ed and
mountainous, country in which they "lived, tho
activity and courago which the necessity of
guarding ugamst the dangers of all kinds which
beset them, called forth ; or nil these tncthcr
which developed tho minds of llieso nioiiln so
singular a manner, it may bejiieedlcss now to en
quire. I-or tho most part uneducated, they seem
ed to understand what other men gathered from
books, from intuition. Unacquainted with
the history of o!itical or logislativo bodies,
they discharged thoirduties in thorn with a jud".
ment and forecast which hardly over was deceiv
ed. Uneducated in the graces of iwhshed soci
ety, they w ero the very gentlemen of nature, and
they havo all of them left their impress upon tho
age in which they lived, and now when ono of
them lull of years and honors goes down to his
grave, we involuntarily look around us for tho men
ot this age to fill their nlaces. unit tn rtflpn lrok
"! J!.r- ctl'ttondon was ono of the last of
u.iuasoi men. it is not claiming tao much
for turn to say, that his life has been opeVf acti
vity anu usefulness. J ui..,.si, uiop,ceaof
such men may be filled in the councils f ij10
State and of tho nation, their loss is felt ti,0
community of which they have so long been ncm.
hers, and 111 which their many acts of kintfoegj
and benevolence will long bo reiuembere,i
Other men may fill moro brilliant rvgea in hi,l0.
ry. may by thoir acts and deeds become beter
known ; but thero ure low of us who may hf,,)0
to look forward to a longer ot wore well pvt
life or a moro quiet and pBacenjI death than tliat
of Truman Chittenden, und if when wo coma0
leavo this world, we shall leave belundus is fcL.
uncmies, and as many warm and devoted fricni3
as ho did. wo may at last hop that onr liviL
have not been iielud uiie, or our missions quitT
unfulfilled. Ilurlinglon free Press.
fXWo have at ljt good authority for say
ing that Frank Pikiici: of Concord, N, II., has
been elected President. Through tickets for
Concord for sal.- u( tho Railroad Depot. 1
ijr eu. ir.
tliat the Capu'u General has scut a message to
Hon. Win. , King, at Key Wet, inviting him
to mako Lbpalace his home while stopping at
TheMalik Liqdoii Law im Miciiiuax.
Detit. Feb, 10. Thu Maltio Liuuor Law
pasjyd the Stato Legislature to-day, and is to bo
suDmitted lo the people at ths special election
a July next (
Mo."dat, Feb. 7.
Stxatk. Mr Owin offered a resolution for a
statement of tho tuno and sum necessary to place
Kan rrprisco in a good condition of defence.
AIo,viii?nio nnd money necessary to fiibiicate,
transp". ,4nd place ir, secure depots and maga
zines, ths requisite armaments and munitions.
MrJ Douglass submitted a resolution, which
was agreed to, requesting the President to com
municate copies nf any Convention which may
havo been entered into by Mr, Ilclss with the
Slate of Nicaragua, or cither of tho two States
comprising the late Republic rtf Central Ameri
ca, together with all correspondence on the sub
ject. A bill to create additional collection districts
in Vermont was taken up and passed.
Houst. Mr Toombs offered a resolution, that
the Committee on Commcrco bo instructed to
umtiiro into tho oxnediencv ofaltorimr tlm nsvl
g.mon laws of the United States, to tho extent
of throwing open the coasting trade to the com
petition of all nations.
.Mr V. Howo offered a resolution for printing
00,000 copies of tho speeches and proceedings
in both Houses, consequent on tho death ol Dan
iel Webster. Referred to the Committee un
Other proceedings were had which wore des
titute of public interest. Adj.
Tur.siiAT, l'cb. 8.
Senate. Mr Weller. of California, renorted
" ""i granting lands 'o nut in building n tele-
graph line to the Pacific, which was made the
special order for Monday.
The Teliuantepec resolutions of Mr. Mason
were then taken up.
Mr Soward spoke at length in opposition.
After some preliminary remarks, ho alluded to
the Garay grant, which tho resolution of Mr.
Mason stated had pissed into the hands of A
merican citizens. Ho stated that he' could not
voto fir the resolution. 'Die administration and
nnr-JMifi of the Ssnato would go out of olTico
in less than thirty days, and thoir plncoa would
be filled by others. Any opinion given hy the
Senate ought to bo a fixed one. Ho was not
willing to embarrass any action of tho incoming
President in this laattor. Ho then resumed the
history of the Garay grant, contending that, in
the first place, its creation by Santa Anna whilst
IVsidoiit, was illegal, inasmuch as the Mexican
Congress alone had the right to make it ; and
secondly, that in 1851, the Mexican Congress
declared tho grant to bo void, and conscnuentlv
the assignors of it havo no title. He also read
the correspondence of Mr. Letcher, tho Ameri
can Minister to Mexico, showing that tho peoplo
and tho government of .Mexico had been olwuvs
entirely opposed to the recognition of the Garay
grant. He concluded by stating that whether
tho refusal of Mexico to affirm the American ti
tle, were justifiable or not, ho thought that no
candid man would deny that, in the present con
dition of Mexico, tho cercese of tho franchiso
claimed, would, in all human certainty, result lit
the dismemberment of the Mexican Union, und
tho extinction of that republic.
Mr Seivnrd denied that tho Government was
bound to interfere to protect the claims of Mr
Hargous to his grant No claim that was unjust
and immoral was entitled to such protection.
Ho then examined thu arguments of Mr Mason,
that the Government of tho United States had a
natural right lo this way by a law higher than
tho Constitution of the United Stales and Mexi
co, and pronounced it to be a bungling piece of
diplomacy to attempt by negotiation to get that
which wo now have by indefeasible right, under
the higher law; but o waivod that right m ask
ing Mexico for it when she was under our feet.
Mexico, he said, did not object to grant us the
right in a national character, and for national
purposes. If Iho Garay grant were out of the
May '''ere would be no obstacle in the way of a
treaty. He was theiofore in favorofour retrac
ing our steps, dissolving the partnership between
......... IT .1 c -
the Government and speculators, and proecul
illg tho suit hy fair and Inendly negotiations
In conclusion, ho advocated tho- building of
an inland railroad to tho Pacific, through our
own territory, in preference to the Tchuantepec
IIolhe. The House wont into CocnniMoe of
the hole, on tho bill to establish tho territorial
government of Columbia.
winiu cngagud 111 consideration of tho bill,
a message was received from the President,
wuen me ommuteo rose, and tho message was
The ine.-wagc covered the report from the
Stato Department, 011 the fisheries and commer
cial reciprocity with the Hntish Provinces.
Tho message was referred to the Comniitteo
on foreicn Affairs, and ordered to be printed.
Tho House then went into Committee again,
nnd resumed tho consideration of tho bill estab
lishing tho territorial Government of Columbia.
On motion of Mr Stanly, the namo in the bill
was changed to Washington, after which it was
laid aside, lobe reported to tho House.
The Committee then took up tho bill to estab
lish the territorial government of Nebraska.
A discussion einued, when tho Committeo
ro'o without concluding the subject.
The bill organizing the territorial government
of Washington was then reported to the House,
pending which, they took a recess till 7 o'clock.
The House met at 7 o'clook, but up to i) o'
clock had transacted no business of public inter
t. Wkd.m-.spav, Feb. II,
Senatf.. A niessago was received from tho
Honso announcing their readiness to proceed
with the order for cnuntinir the votes for Prosi.
dent and Vico President of tho U. States.
The Senate then proceeded to the House,
At two o'clock the Senate ro-aweuibled in
.Mr. Hunter submitted tho following resolu
tions, which wero agreed to.
Resolved, That n Committeo of ono member
of tho Senato bo appointed to join a committee
of two members of the Houso of Representatives
to bo appointed by the House, to wait on Frank
lin Picrco of Now Hampshire, und notify him
that ho has been duly elected President of tho
United States, for four years, to commence on
the 4th day of March, 1853.
.Mr. Hunter was appointed tho Committee on
tho part of the Senate.
Resolved, That tho President of the Senato
do cause Win. R. King, of Alabama, to bo noti
fied tliat ho has been duly elected Vice Prowl,
dent of the United States for four years, to com
mence on tho 4th day of March, 1853.
House. The galleries wero crowded Ibis
morning, with spectators of both sexes, to wit
noss the proceedings attendant upon tho count
ing of tho votes for President and V. President
of the U. States.
On motion of Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, tho
Clerk was directed to inform tho Senate that tho
House is now ready to receive the President and
the members of the Senate, to count tho votes
cast at tho late election for President and Vico
Afcr a short interval, tho Senato entered, pro
ceded by its Presdent, Sergeant at arms, and
Secretary. The House rose and remained
standing until the Senators wero seated in tho
centre of tho Hall.
Tho President of tho Senato then took the
Speaker's Chair, and tbo Sjieaker occupied a
position on his lutt 1 lie tellers, .Mr. Hunter on
tho part of tho Senate, and .Messrs. Chandler,
and Jones of Tennessee, on the part nf the IIouiv,
took seats at tho Clerk's desk, whilo tho Clerks
of tho two Houses occupied tho chairs at tho ta
ble in the arcc. fronting the Clerk's desk.
Mr. Atchison, President pro tein. of the Son
ute, called to order, and announced that the Sen
ate and Houso had assembled for tho purc of
counting tho votes for President and Vico Pres
ident of tlm United States,
Ho then opened and presented to tho tellers
tho certificate of the State of Maine.
Tho certificate of tho State of Maine was call
ed first and read, and so 011, until tho electoral
certificates of nil the Stales wero read by tho
tellers, who thus acted alternately.
There was much loud talking in tho lobbies.
Meanwhile, when the voto of Massachusetts was
read, there was a voice heard, saying, Hurrah
for Scott !"
Tho President of tho Senate read the result
amid comparative quietude. Ho said " I there
Cure declare that FRANKLIN P1KRCK, of New
.Hampshire, having the greatest number of votes
for President and that being the majority of the
l,l .V....f 1 .0 .1..!.. !...!, 11
jfint of the United States for four years from tho
lu made a like declaration 111 relation to Mr.
G, for Vico President,
'he business for which the two Houses as.
,c.nydcd in joint meeting hariiig beb despatch-
lm Senators proceeded 'to retire to their
chail,u.,,i. iiiWn ..'I,.., n.,
wtllU in rranfrt
The Speaker took tho Chair and called the i coasts and t-horcs of any patt ol tlic llruishpos
House to order. (sessions in North America, as are. or shall, from
Mr. Jones, of Tcnn., offered a resolution that I time to time, hereafter, bo enjoyed by the subjects
ft committee of to members be appointed on of Great Ilritun, subject, however, to tho rights
the pirt of the House, to join a committee of
ono that may bo appointed on the part nf tho
Senate, to wait upon Franklin Pierce, nnd in
form him of his election. The resolution was
adopted, and Messrs. Jones, of Tennessee, nnd
Hibbard, wero appointed a committee 011 the
part of the House.
Iho House niljoiirned, pasinir over an even
ing session yeas !)l, nays 70,
i iiunsiur, l et), Kl.
Senate. Mr. l'elch presented a reosliitioti
from the l.cgislatiiro of Michigan, in favor of a
Mr. Gwin presented resolutions from the leg
islature of New Mexico, setting forth the advan
tages to bo demcd from tho construction of the
Pacific' Railroad from tho Gulf of Mexico,
through that territory,
A messago was teceived from the President
enclosing the first part of Lieut Henderson's
roiort nf tho exploring expedition In tho ralley
of tho Amazon nnd its tributaries. Referred anil
ordered to be printed.
Mr. Cooper, of Pa., offered a resolution of en
quiry as to the propriety of establishing a lino of
mail anu war steamers between ualitornui ami
Mr. Cass said his resolution affirming the
Monroe dwtrino would come tip on Monday,
and he hoped all who dosire to spoak on it would
como prepared, and the vote be taken as soon as
the debate was over. He supposed there would
bo some more jokes from the Senator from New
Hampshire, and then he hoped thero would be n
Mr. Hale said he was serious in his reference
to Canada, and if the gentleman was joking with
respect to Cuba it ought to bo known.
Some further remarks enued between Messrs.
Cass nnd Halo, when Mr. Pearco of Maryland
got tho floor and addressed the Senate at length
on tho Texas debt bill. The amendment offered
hy him authorizes the issue of eight and one
third million 01' three per cent bonds payahlo in
twenty yoars, to bo paid to creditors holding
bonds of Texas, to he secured by the pledge of
revenue on imports, in proportion to their
Mr. Hunter followed in earnest opposition to
tho bill, contending that the United States wero
not legally or morally bound, under any circnm
stances, to pay tho Texas debt or any part of it
Mr. Houston got the lloor, when the Senate
House. The House proceeded to act on tho
bill to establish tho Territorial Government of
Washington tho question being on concurring
in the amendments from the Committee of the
Whole on the state of tho Union.
Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, moved to lay it on
tho table. Negatived, yens 20, nays 'M.
The bill passed -yeas 128, nays 20,
Tho House then went into committee on thn
hill organizing the Territorial government of
Mr. Howard opposed the bill principally be
cause the proposed territorial limits embraced
the lands of some eighteen tribes of Indians,
and thus violated tho spirit of the treaties with
Tho discussion was continued by Messrs.
Hall, Sutherland, nnd Clingman, tho latter gen
tleman offering an amendment, which was adnpt
tcd, to the effect that the territory occupied by
the Indians shall not cunaitutc a part of the Ne
Several other amendments were offered, and
the committee rose.
It was then moved to lay the bill on tho table,
which was negatived.
Tho House then adjourned.
FnniAi, Feb. 11.
Senate. The Chair late before the Ssnato a
communication from tke State Department, giv
ing tne number ol Ulerks m that Department.
Mr. Sew ard presented petitions from Cornelius
Vanderbilt, and from iho owners of the Collins
line of steamers, nnd from others omraffed in the
steamship business, for a suspension of the
steamboat law of list session. Petitions of n
liko nature were presented from Lake Huron,
uuruoru, anu other places.
Mr. Mason, from tho Committeo on Forolun
Afliirs. to which wa referred. the President's
message ou tho subject of the establishment of
llritish Colonics at Jlrazil ; und also the rceolu
ltition whether any action of tho Senato bo ne
cessary inconsequence ol tho explanations made
by Messrs. llulwer and Clayton, nt tho r-x-changp
of tho ratification of the Central Ameri
can treaty, made a report accompanied by tho
following resolve :
Resolved, That it is tho opinion of the Com.
mittec that the declaration on the psrt of the
Hntish government and the reply thereto by the
Secretory of state, as preliminary to the ex
change of ratifications of the treaty concluded
between tho governments of Great'llntnin and
tho United States, imports nothing more than
un uuimmuii mi mo pan 01 mo government or
its lunctionaries at the time of the exchange, that Tho House bill regulating the fees to be al
notlung contained in the treaty is tn he consider- lowed the clerks, marshals, atmrmes, solicitors,
ed as affecting the title or cx.sting rights of proctors, and others in the t'mted States Courts,
iirus Hay, and consequently, in Iho onininn of
iu mo i.iiKiiBii Keuiemeiii in lion- '
the Cominilleo, no measures aro necessary to bo
taken in reference to such a declaration.
J wo thousand copies of the rejiort w ere or
dered to be printed.
AIT. .Mason's report says that the Committee
have been uiublo satisfactorily tonscertain what
is now tho extent of the claim or pretensions of
Great llritam, in regard to the territory or do
minions m the Gulf of Honduras. In the unset
tled conditiun of the country, ponding hostilities
between Spain nnd the colonies, it is manifest
that whether with or without the sanction of thu
llritish government, the settlers there
their occupancy far beyond the southern limits
assigned to them by treaty ; and it now appears
that a right is asserted to maintain such occupan
cy as it btood in 1821, when the colonies wero
dismembered from Spain. Thoso are questions
properly belonging to the powors of Great llri
tain and Guatemala, but the question of domin
ion is of a different character, and it is nnn In
tho disposition of which, this government can
never be indifferent Whether it should ulti
mately bo determined that tho English settle
ments on tho Honduras, arc in Mexjco or Guato
mals, the question remains tho same, as regards
the United States, and as connected with Uiis in
quiry, the committee havo considered it incum
bent on them to express an opinion. Thoy then
enter into 11 long argument on the subject nnd
close as follows :
On the whole, tho Committeo ronort ns thoir
opinion, to the Senato, that tho islands of Ruatan,
Ilonacca, Utilla, Ilarbure, Helena and .Morat, in
and near the Hay of Honduras, comtitutn
part of the Republic of Honduras, and therefore
form n part of Central America: und. in
consequenco, that any occupation or colomza-
nun o: uicse isianus ny ureat llntain. rl,..irk.
,....u k . -r:, ' 7:, .
uu,u uv u iiuiuuun oi uiu ireaiv Ol mo 1 itli nt
April, 1850. The committee, from the intnnnn.
lion ueloro them, entertain a decided opinion
that tho llritish settlements at Rclize, as defined
by tlm treaties with Spain, lie within the torrito
ry ofGuatemala, and so equally constitute n part
of Central America. Should such bo the fact,
whilst tlie Committee aro not prepared to say
that tho engagements of the treaty of 1650 would
require that those settlements should be nban-
uoneu anu discontinued, on thn nnrt nf ftr,,.-,!
llritain, yet this government would havo just
causo of complaint aganut uny extension ol the
limits of those settlements, beyond thoso pre
scribed by Spain, or as further allowed by tho
republics, where they may be formed ; and that
in any manner to enlarge or change the charac
ter of thoso settlements, by any mode of jurisdic
tion, would bo in violation of said tieaty.
Mr. Underwood said he was a member of the
Committee, and lest his silence mifdit ho rnn.
strued as an acquiesccnco in their report, he do-
miuu vu bay mai 110 uiu noi concur therein.
Tho Texas bill was then taken up. Mr.
Houston addressed tho Senate fur an hour in
opposition to the bill. 'I ho bill was postponed
till Thursday next
Tho Senate then went into executive session,
and while therein Mr. lladger's nomination was
uusi(o!icu muenniieiy yeasati, nays 25.
The Senate adjourned
House. Mr. Seymour introduced! hill in.
tabhsh reciprocal trade with the llritish North
Aincrican,i rovinccs on certain conditions;
First, whenever tho government of Great Bri
tain khall agree with the government of the I'm
ted States that the people of tlie United Sutcs
hall enjoy, unmolested, tho same rights to tiko
fith of every kind in tho Gulf of St. I
aud along the shores of Newfoundland. Nova'
ot-uua, niiw iiruiwwicK, unu an oilier Ilritiah
possessions in North America, and 111 all bays
gulfs, creeks and waters of tho sea, bordering on
ond adjacent to their possessions in North Amer
ica j and to dreas, cure aud dry tho same, on the
of proprietors of tho ground where tho said fish
may ho tlrcsscii, cured or urieu ; anc wnenovcr
the government of tho United States nro satisfi
ed that all coses of fishing rights or privileges,
and lands necessary to tho enjoyment of the
same, made by IMtish subjects to any of tho
peoplo of the United Statos, shall have tho samo
force and effect as if mado to llritish subjects.
And, whereas tho government of Great llntain,
with tho consent of tho provinces of Canada and
Now llrunswick, agree with the government of
Iho United States, that the people of tho United
States, in American bottoms, and with boats,
rafts and vessels of every description, may navi
gato tho River St, Lawrence, and the River St.
John in New llrunswick, from thoir sources lo
the ocean, together with nil consts nnd waters
connecting the groat Wcsterfi Lakes with tho
Atlantic Ocean, through tho River St Liwrencc,
as the samo now arc, or hereafter may bo, enjoy
ed by the subjects of Great llritnin, subject only
to the charges and regulations which now exist
or shall hereafter bo proscribed, for the uso and
navigation of tho same by the inhabitants of the
lltitish provinces in North America, or other
llritish subjects; and whenever the Government
of New llrunswick shall abolish nil export du
ties on lumbpr cut on tho territory of tho United
Statos, and transported down the River St. John,
and exportPil thence ; and whenever tho Presi
dent of the United Slates shall issue his procla
mation ileclariiiL' that tho nrticles hereafter enu
merated, being of the grow th, the production, or
the manufacture of the United States, admitted
into the llritish North American Provinces by
law free of duty; but on nnd after that day the
like nrticles being of the growth, production or
manufacture of the said llritish North America 11
provinces, i-hall be admitted into tho United
Statos freo of duly when imported directly from
such provinces, so long as the said enumerated
articles arc admitted into such llritish North A
merican provinces, when imported directly from
the United Stales, free of duty, or till otherwise
directed hy the government of the United States,
Grains, flour, and brendstuffs ; seeds, unman
ufactured flax, and animals of ull kinds; undnoil
fruit, fish of all kinds ; dried, smoked, salted and
fresh meats ; salted, smoked and fresh hides ;
butter, cheese, tallow, lard, horns, manures,
ores of all kinds and marble, in its crude or work
ed state ; gypsum, ground or unground ; aslies,
firewood, or agricultural implements, including
axes ; fish, oil, broom corn, bark, unwrought burr
stones, dye stuffs, rice, cotton, unmanufactured
tobacco, and unrefined sugar.
Secondly, Whenever the President of the U
nitcd States shall issue his proclamation, de
claring that the government of Gtent llritain has
agreed with the government of tho United States
that round, hewed and sawed lumber of all
kinds, and all lumber of every description, tho
growth and production of tho United States, when
exported therefrom to the llritit.li West India
Islands, should during the course of the recipro
cal trade provided by this act, be admitted into
tho ports of tho snid islands, at no higher rate of
duty than shall bo iuixMcd in such ports on
similar articles, when imported into the said is
lands from tho llritish North Ameriuin Provin
ces ; that on and ofter that day, round, hewed or
sawed timber of nil kinds, and all sawed lumber
of every description, undretsed and manufactur
ed, in anv way the growth and production of the
llritish North American Provinces, when they
shall, by law, he admitted into thnse ports free
of duly, the articles named in the first section
of tins act herein provided, shall bo admitted
into the United Stales when imported directly
from said Provinces, free of duly, so long as
similar articles, the growth and production ol'lhe
United Stales, shall, when exported directly
from the United States, be admitted free of duly
into the Kirts of the United -Kingdom of Great
llritam and Ireland, or otherwise directed by the
Government of the United States, and when any
duty is, or shall be, charged in the ports of the
United Kingdom of Great llritain and Ireland
upon such articles, so far as aforesaid imported
directly from the United States, the same duty
shall be charged on round, hewed andaawed
lumber of every description, undressed and man
ufiictorerfin, ami imported from, the said provin
ces. direcJly into tho ports of tho United States.
Ho moved that the bill, togethor with tlie rc
jiort be printed. Agreed to.
Satohpat, Feb. 12.
Senate. Mr. Davis reported back the bill
which he introduced last week, proposing re
ciprocal fishing rights and privileges between
tlie American and llritish fishermen, in the wa
ters of both countries.
Mr. Miliary said this bill would have the of
fect to introduce into the important fisheries of
tlie .southern waters a class ot peoplo they havo
no desire u fee introduced. lie hoped that it
would lay over until Monday, that he might hava
time tn prepare an amendment
The bill was postponed.
was laKen up, ni
up, and afti-r some debate and an a-
mendment, Bsed, Adj.
House. Tho Senato hill for the relief of
Col. Fremont, appropriating 910,500 to nay cer
tain legal costs 111 England, was taken up, deba
ted, anu iinnuy a mention so as to provide for the
ultimate return of tho nionoy from Fremont's es
tates, and passed. Adj.
New Orleans, Teh. 0.
The steamship Philadelphia, from As ninwnll
2d inst, has arrived ut tho S. W. Pass. Sho
brigs ISO passengers and dates from San Fran
cisco to tho 10th of Jan. Loft at Aspinwnll
stoatmhips Uncle Sam aud Ohio, for New York :
tho latter with .100 passengers.and a million and
a nan 01 goiu uust on lreight
Sacramento and San Juan Valley wore still
flooded, and there was much distress" among tho
miners. Tho roads m many places wero im
passable, and Hour was reported as selling at $1
In the Xan Frnncisco market flour had de
clined. American was nuoted at SIM a nait.TS
Mess Pork $15. Mess -Reef S25. Hams 20c.
Putter had advanced to 411c. Lard 20c.
Tho California markets WOrn Irmipr.-tllv mnl.
dopressed. Largo sales of provisions had taken
placo. Tho stock of dry goods was very large,
and the market was dull,"
Iho small pox was raciii'Mcrv fatallvin Cl.
1 ho destruction of property by tho lato floods
had been immonsc.
Important from Mexico.
New Orleans, Feb, P.). Tho schooner Aguil
la, from Vera Cruz, lirinzs Iuirhlv interesting
news from tho City of Mexico to tho 20th Jan.
I he city ot Mexico had finally pronounced in
favor of tho revolution.
On thn evening of tho 19th, President Ccva
los, finding Congress refractory, plaved the part
of Cromwell introduced a large body ot sol
diers into the hall, and cleared it of tho members
at the point of the bayonet On tho samo eve
ning he issued a decree calling a National Con
vention to meet at tho Capitol on tho 15th of
Juno, to reform tlie Constitution, elect a now
President, and exerciso legislative powers. Ho
also guvo orders to tho Government troops to
coaso hostilities against the troops of Uraga.
Two new papers have been started advocating
the return of Santa Anna. 0
Xtiv Jersey Senator. The Legislature of New
Jersey on Friday elected John R. Thompson
(loco, as United State Senator, in placo of Rob.
ert 1'. Stockton, resigned. The voto stood,
Thompson, 47; Win. L. Dayton, 27.
lloth branches of tho Legislature of Iuisiana
on tho 10th, refused, by a large majority, to go
into an election of U. S. Senator; therefore Mr.
llenjamin (whig) takes his seat on tho 4th of
Cholera in Persia. Letters from Tauris, Per
sia, of Noz. 10, stato that tho cholera was ra--mg
violently in Persia. At Tauris tho number
ol deaths per day was not less than one lliou.
Ily a communication to the Iloston Tr
Two women wero brounht heft, ), iu-
Court in Brooklyn, N. on tho 4th inst charg
ed with beating their husbands. The magis
trate, after hearing tho evidence, decided that
tho husbands deserved all they got and dismisu
ed tho complaint.
ocnl iXcius & Notices.
Tho Freemen of tho several towns in tl,0
County of Washington ore requested to meet or
send their Delegates to nttend a meeting, at tho
Court Houso in Montpelicr, on lliursday, U10
2 Itli day of February, instant, for the purposo of
nominating n candidate for County Commission.
or for tho County of Washington, ns provided in
the law of 1652, entitled "An net to prevent
traffic in Intoxicating Liquors for tho purposo of
All the towns in tho County nro particularly
requested lo bo represented in this mooting.
K. J. SCOTT,
Montpelicr, Feb. 14, '511. County Committee.
JMIromt Matlern. The recent thaw nnd
floods caused no damage to tho railroads in
Vermont, excopt a very slight washing of em
bankment on the Passumpsic road. In New
Hampshire, the Northern road w as slightly inter
rupted between Franklin and Concord, causing
the trains tn 4)o an hour or two lato for a couple
of days. A proposition has hern made to form
n consolidation of tho Fitchburgh, part cf tho
Vermont and Massachusetts, Cheshire and Rut
land roads, to (nnn n line from llneton to llur
hngton. A freight train on tho Central parted a
few days ago near a small bridge in Roxbury ;
tho firtt of the cars which separated from the
train ran off tho track, and striking the bridge,
knocked it into tho brook. Ol courao the
remaining cars (two) piled themselves on top of
tbo wreck. Tbo damage was promptly repair
ed. On Wednesday tho up mail triuii caught a
f renchman on the bridge abovo Northtield, and
ran orer him luckily without damage. The
Frenchman dropped through the bridge and hung
by his arms, until the train had twssed, when he
was relieved from his dangerous predicament
Transmogrification. The Watchman gave re-
contly an announcement of tho appoinment of
W ilham Skinner Ksq., of Royalton, as State In
spector of Hope. A Iloston paper copied tho
itoin, and enlarged as follows:
' This office was created by tho last legisla
ture, in views of the rapid develoHiHnt of this
department of agriculture. Mr. Skinner has,
lor many years, been a crowpr offioirson n larire
scale, and a dealer in them still more extensive
ly." And tlie Iloston article has been imprortdky
the Now York Times :
" William Skinner IJsq., of Royalton, Vt, has
been appointod, by Gov. Fairbanks, State In
spector ot Hogs. This office was created by
the last legislature, in view of the rapid improve
ment of this department of agnculiure. Mr.
Skinner has, for many vears. bct-n a urower of
hogs on a large scale, and a deuler 111 them stiil
Now our fnei.d Skinner may have been " a
grower of hogs 011 a large scale," lor aught wo
know ; wo are sure that he has been a dealer in
pork; but we are equally sure that his new of
fice is not in tliat line. Hops is the word.
fjyThe Contention of deaf and dumb per.
sons at Montpelicr next week (the 2: id and 24th.)
promises to be very interesting. Addresses w ill
be delivered by signs, which will be interpreted
to the uninitiated if practicable.
Hare Chntut far a Merchant. See advertise
ment of 3. 11. Rockwell.
The ll'tttmintler Jleview : New York, republish
ed by Leonard Seott & Co.
No. 113, for January, 1853, gives unusual
space to American topics, to wit: American
Slavery and Emancipation by the free States
history and ideas of the Mormons Daniel Web
ster and contemporary literature 111 America.
Thcf-calptl: New York, Kdward II. Dixon,
The number for February is as caustic as
common, and unusually Hudibrastic.
Codey's Lady's Hook for March is on our ta
ble. Its illustrations are sunenor.
Peace ('o.nv evtion. A call so'iied bv R,v.
T. A. Merrill, Carlos L'oolidge, Lawrence Ilrain
erd and others has appeared, calling a State Con
vention in behalf nf thn cause of Peace, to as
semble nt Pittsford, on Wednesday the 2Md day
nf February instant. The call doc-Uns the ob
ject to be " to tako into consideration tho bent
means of uniting the whole of the freemen of
Vermont in one memorial to the now President
and Congress, requesting them to take the initia
tory stops for the abolition of War, by proposing
to all nations with whom w-e have intercourse
tbo establishment of a permanent board nf Jurists
for the final settlement of all international dis
putes." .1 Large ling. Mr. Sherman Killings, of
Guilford, Vt, lias a hog which weighs tcrt
hundred pounds. He is 24 years old.
Hon. Honry U. Janes, formerly of St Al
bans, is Umtml Ktnlo- l, .,,.,.,,.,. ...
. '-- vw,.i,,naiu!,.l 111 V U I
CHIPS AND CLIPPINGS.
From U .Norwich Cou,ir
Old Maihs. An nl,1 in.i.l i n
She has friends every where. Children love her,
and kittens como nnd ho in the fire-slnno at her
fOtit and niir. Tlir.rnrn r,lnu... I ...I
Iter preeonco is wolcome, and by and by. somo
r"1 cumiurieu, win put a tlower on
her grave. I'cabody's Am. Chronicle.
Wlint itnri tllA ln,n ,nn.. 5 l U- n .
1 , .: ," crazy .' is
ho a tool? Is tho millenium coming ? An old
mvejnenas crerytciitrc ! Where is every
where ? Don't toll mo its hero in Jiimpervillc !
I know better. Was'nt I acquainted with Miss
barah Isabella Simpson, she that lived on tlie
Iluttcrnut rami, along with her brother Thomas'
Didn 1 1 bco her live? did'nt I see her dio ? and
what s more, did'nt I sec her buried ) "W,t uni
rrrsaj aimf ." Yes, eho was Aunt to all Juni
porvillc, as well as to Thomas Simpson's boys
, Rl ,r,; 1)111 wliat does '"' mean ? Old
f,? wle lat U' Iml1 n" U'O head when ho
said " Sally vvas a privileged servant." CAi
dren love her r Did they love Aunt Sally ?
I shan t confess for more than one; but I can
guess they loved her pie crust cakes, her cook
les, her baked apple turnovers and her cinirer
pop. W hen you catch the first youii" man or
woman either, that won't speak 0 them now as
f they had done Aunt Sally a fat or in eating
her goodies, PI! own up-I'm mistaken !-'7W-mi
Aomfi triirc her presence is xcelcomc ! Yes,
but the measles must got there first-thc whoop
ing cough, or EomoBort of fevers ho thero to
welcome her! Then, sure enough, folks wero
as glad to beothoold maid como in as if sho was
IK? H-1 'J"18 1,001 of S,loam' n l""nan iw
wa) s Jlchef, a genuine healing plaster. Was n't
1 at her Inn, .mi; iv,.i ..1. 1 . ..
.1 . , "" co wiuunyoivn
ej es that people came there out of regard to
Thomas and Ins familv- ? ni '. ,i.
get through in doublo quick time ? Did n't I
near her sister-in-law av n.,
that Sally was taken, as sho had outlived her
usefulness? Fithi-one venn nil ., .,
. n. V . "u u as wuo nau
outlived her usefulness. Don't I know old nick-
cu up mourning ? Can't I smell black ribbon
wasneu m vinegar and pressed with a hot iron?
Does anybody hnvn in .-,11 . ...1 .
,r.i.- St "., mien ioiks cast
Ott their Prici lipfnrn .I.e.. .1- .....
... I .1 v, uiujr uiacK Clonics,
aud heir black clothes as Boon as they think
people icon'l talk ! Do n't I know when horses
..naicm oi waiK f Do n't tell mo about
tlOWCrS lllailtnd nn -1.1 11. n,L-
, ., u uiu uiuiua unite me
first experiments m thatkind of horticulture hate
yet to bo mado ! Three years u2o Aunt Sallv
was law in her narrow bed, and never a stone
has yet marked her retting place, or flower
bloomed there without it tvas a thistle or a dan
delion. 1 oor old maid ! no other fault was thine