Newspaper Page Text
,i r., v
itV C. V. WALTON, JU.
IiotTeuiTuTj a'nTsoT 1 sm.
W( ira.. -Tho vnto for V. S. Senator in
Massacliuietts.and tho irtolligcncecontained
in the annexed letter on Ohio politico, arc
significant of a division in the K.N. rank.
The Slavery question runnol lie ignored in
the North t that is crrtain. t.ook t tho
vote in the Massachusetts House of Repre
sentatives on Tuesday, fur V. it, senator :
Henry Wilson, anti-Slavery K.S.'M
It. W. llishop, democrat, 1
All other, 13J
Tho House, it nil! ho remembered, con
sists, with hut l mi or three exception,, uf
K. N'. cither tnetn'icra or candidates ortho
Order. The conclusion la that two-thirds ol
tho K. N. strength in the House is anli-lyuii
slaver), -one-till 1 dissenter,
The writer of tho following would have
aduen uignuy ana sircngiu to i
i.e eiven iho K. N. riilfonn literally, in lieu
of hU interpretation of it.
lletotulion among the Knoip .Vnthingn.
U.lrs.jMtnJstrf- "flits S. V. Tnlraos.
Ci.nvKLOP. I'riday, Jn. W, 18.V".
The action of tho Statu and Nationil
Grand Councils of Know-Nothings, held m
Cincinnati last fall, opened the eyes, and
cured for life a majority of those who had
enjoyed the inestimable blessing of seeing
"Sim," t apeak of Ohio. A l.irgo
majority of those who joined the Order last
summer and fall were ignorant of its real
principles until after llioy were " taken in."
I confess I am one of the number. We
supposed thit it was n grand invention to
help freedom, as well aa to emu ropery,
We did not rcalne that it was defunct i In all law, Human .nuomne.ni.u . rig.u
.Vuieisni, galvanized inlo spasmodic nc-1 eous as well ns learned a Unman indeed
tivity by means ot mystery, gripes, andfor a Consor, but not a RoiiuniM. Tho
oaths ; and that the great micstion of lioinm 1 ,,, I10nlml,c Timothy P. lledlleld,
rights was completely ignored, and Us ... i
discussion practically forbidden. The , H for Wa.hington County. He is well
realizing sense of theso facts lias cooled the ' filled for tho office ; but is ho eligible ? Mr.
ardor oftens of thousands, and from fever ! IteJrteKI was a member of tho Senate in
heat last September, llio mercury in the
Know Nothing thermometer Ins fallen, in
January, to the Ircezing point. T ;IVu,t,,rriday to Monday last may
When the Stale firand Council convened ! , " ' 3 . '
in Cincinnati, it was fondly anticipated by ! bo act down safely as a stormy tune.
the best men of llio Order in this State that Snow, wind and rain, each in turn cvhibitcd
the .Vnli'ri'jfi'c plank of the platform would . pfemun specimens, interrupting' all sorts of
bo removed, and that a man should be b Tlig 6lorm cxtende, , along
judged by his principles, not Ins birthplace. . , . , . . "
It was held that, if the Order was smcero in the Atlantic coast, and so far west s tu in
its hostility to Papiey, it were gross j tertupt telegraphing between Chicago and
injustice to liberal, intelligent Protestants of! gti 01I19. At Chicago Iho railroads were
iteS!? 'T. w J? ir,ncuf i: i mw. - "
composed that State Council thought ,on Iho trains, except what was due to the
otherwise. Nativism, nothing but Nntivism, loner roads. On 'ho Sullivan road, the
would answer. Tho cry of " Croppies lio trgj,, was .klaycd by tho washing of a cil
down' was retained lor tho purposo of, . . ... , . . m.,i,.
wielding and using tho Mrong Protestant ! t Charlestown; and tho Northern was
sentiment of tho community to promote the j impeded by snow in the vicinity of Danbury.
ends ot tho leaders ol iho llrder. iWow.
this is not tho entertainment to which we
were invited w lien wo sat down lo tho Know
Next camo tho gjcat Notional Council, in
grand, gloomy, and peculiar conclave. Tho
sachems haic tried to castnn fmpeiictroble
secrecy over its mighty purposes, nnd
withhold its wonderful resolves from tho
knowledge of lho rank and filo of lho Order.
Hut enough of the decrees of this Council
lias camo to light to open tho eyes of its
It may all bo summed up in a Can
sentences. The Council resolved, 1st.
1 hat the Order should be nnlioimitei.
Sd. That it should occupy such grounds on
tho great Slavery issue as avould bo accept-
? ? . nT,,,T0'p0m ,P r H--1 '"" I
! . it... . I..!,;..., ..t ... 1:.. :
. "'.FT " ,. ' ' 1 I I.-. " n...i... a. under Iho charter of the defendant. ' Hie de- ". n"k
... ... . , ... .... . una. viiintti- linn iif.fn nrnni7.r.i inr ir-.i.i. ua i .- ....uiuii. a vr i.ijiiiiiii9aiiiii(.-ra uiiiHiinii.-u
iiicsuo i o. o.aicrjr mu,i ..encc.orui ue pmdant had. under 11s rh.nee. I.vn..l iiu I oaruarisui
ignored and lU discussion suppressed ; tho Simi.iuio, Licufeiiant; Jon.-s S. IlaHKca, ril... ...,.. ,,, ,,, ,..,. , ., ite ... edilues. :i
Slavery confer on the body politic must bo ! n,t, . v , i,n r, 11 1. pi. ,1... . ....... 1 r .1 . .1 , . . .. sues. '
ll..uia- ,IIU liuiuitwil 1f lllu .IIIVOUIIII
rrotcsla.it, under prcteuco ot crushing
Popery, and scenro tho Immenso swils of
tiovcrnment oiiico as generous rewards lor
such patriotic services.
I assuro you that the majority uf the
Know Nothings of Ohio realize iho
downward tendency of the Order, and keenly
feel that Ihey hale been sold. Rut
forewarned is forearmed. Already vigorous
steps have been laken to arrest the
Pro-Slavery and Nativistic march of the
Order In this State. A reformed Order has
beon institutes ; every plank in us platform
has betn carcftilly selected for strength,
fcoundncss and durability. It avas organized
exclusively by members ortho old Order.
It is known at present as tho Know -Somethings."
Tho prominent points or diffurenco be
tween the Know. Nothings and Know.
Somethings aro theso : Tho former pro
scribes men on account of their place of
birth ; the latter makes prineiplts, not nativ
ity, the test of mcmberahiii. Tho former
requires each member, upon his initiation, to
awcar never to reveal tno cxistenco ot tho
Order, or hi own connection villi it; the
Utter requests each member to proclaim iho
existence or tho new Order, ami leaves him 1
at liberty to confess his own connection with ;
11, nut not ina o ou.ers, unoiit their
express consent, lho know No!hins
attempt to conceal not only the existence T,r'
their Society, but its principles; the Know. I
Somethings boldly proclaim and publish
1 he old u;iicr proscribes a roan ff born
parents, raise, in a Catholic 1
family, or married lo a Catholic wife. The
now Order doc not hold him responsible for
the belief of others, or the placo where ho
was raised and nurtured, provided In own
sentiments are in concord ivilh tho senti
ments ur iho order. The old Order tiro.
acribcs Cathulus or the Gavazzi ucbool, the
tamo as rapists of llio llodliu sort. The t
new Urder treats all Catholic who deny ,
on rcsm iiiu (Mimical preicusions ot the
" Mother-Church," on the same fooling with
Protestants it wage no war on right of
religious conscience, ua the Slavery .
question, the old Order maintains a sncaVin'r'
cowardly alienee completely ignoring the
whole issue, and refusing to permit it to bo 1
discussed by tho Order. The oilier adopts
abold and manly language covering the I
wholo constitutional ground ol resistance tol
ortho freemen in the Wet. 1
Hut your reader will obtain a much
.......h t-oiicemiun OJ mc vast superiority of,
contrasting their respective platform.
... ..v .. uimi uivi toe u u umvr. tiw
1 Jiavo not the technical formula of the
Know. Nothing creed before me, but it may
be stated thu: '
1. None but natives shall bold niTn-e
2. Tho palriotwni, talents, character and !
capacity or citizens or foreien hirth i.i,.ii I
for nothing; all person of foreign birth 1
should bo proscribed.
3. o person born in Canada or Europe
should be permitted to vole until he ha
iiaiueu twenty-one year in the Uuiled
s. rroittuni cn.n .... 1.1 i.
P"ibm-,",.,.?1y Catholic., ev.n
li Y17L .1 . 01 l"em re our lather,
elder brother and couaina
All persons or fam.,.. t.:..i , 1 .
.UA :, ,-L: -f ftm "oouig ue
r.i,i :;:.r:" i",.", r oUr
uo wiwieaonuio same level
where we keep Tree niggers.
To which should be added t
Indian, ihould rule this coal'm.n, a.
Ihev am ih nnlir i...,i.n. .....
aborigine, in it all other, being fan Ja '
Interloper, and alien enemies." k
Now contrast tha platform or tho Know.
(Somethings with the aboie. It is a. follows
according to a copy a member has plated in
J. Uppoailion to all form, oflvrnr.ni-
PVerUiemind .r body 9f niUtosicn ' I
2, Neither naiure nor the Cmwtituiion 'off
Compromise must bo submitted to quietly, ""'. r.ras.us nuuoaru, josepn
with tho bckt pouibto grace; tha nggres- 'Poland, and Charles Lyman. The badge of
sions oftho ulavelioldcr must not bo brought j their office will consist or i red libbon tied
into tho politics or the Order ror Tear of jm ,he ,eft breast of tho coal. Tho duties
offending llie slave-holding members ol tho 1 ... . . ,,
brotherhood; lho mighty Aiitl-Ncbr.sV. ball r coml"y "'"' 111 wportmu ...
set in motion last summer must bo stopped, selves immediately at tho scene r any fire,
tlut why do these things ? In order that tho to co-operate 1th tho owner 111 lho protec
brotherhood may be a unit throughout lho ,Um ur re)uva , preservation or personal
Union, and thereby bo enabled to establish
.Vificijm, trample down tho foreign born ' Pt0Pct1y
our country recognises tho riM or man to
hirth'plBrc, arc tlio true standard! or quali
t?,.,n l1r nitiTfitim'lin.
c-.,li.n fiir eltirenahin.
4. No more 'lave Slates should be ad
milted into the Union, and thoro ihould be
neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude,
except for the punishment of crime, in any
territory of tho United States.
5, The Papal potior being a politiral
despotism under tho naino of religion, its
supporter should not be permitted to hold
office in a free country.
ti. Tho people being the legitimate
source of political power, all office", national
as well as State, so fit as practicable, should
be filled by a direct vote of the electors.
Such is the pisiform ortho "Know -Some-tilings,'1
and it will meet ttith a rcpono
that will appal your Hindoo Silver-Ctay
Know Nothings. A Slate Council is organ
lied, ami In active operation. Also, a
olint.al Council, pro fun. Applications
for charters and membership are pouring in
from all shies.
In subsequent, communications i win keep
fully posted in regard to tho progress
and OllllUUC Ol UOUI wruers, iiutwiiK tout
sympathies will bo with the one neanst
. ' KsowSouktih.iu.
Council of Censors.
The election of thirteen Cenors is to take
I p'.aco on Iho last Wednesday in March, and
i the candidate must bo men who aro "not
,of tho Council (Hemic) or Ocneral Assem
bly," meaning, wo buppoie, persons who
lino not been members for the last seven
years. As yet no regulir nominations Inve
been made, unless by tho K. Ns. tub rem
and we Ime noticed but to names suggest
ed by the press. The Vermont Tribune
names the lUv. Wortiiioto.i Siiirn, for
Kranklin County, and Ilia Burllujtnn Tree
Preas and Rutland Herald approve that
name. We say ditto! Mr. Smith is vers-
. , .....
i 18 Id.
I'ire. On Saturdiy, a dwelling in tho
north PJIt of tho Ullage, owned by ICIII,
Peck &. Co., was considerably injured in llie j
upper works -tho second timo within n Tew
,'lccidenl. Mr. I). II. Kibboy wasseieroly
injured on Tuesday, by a team, (with a load
or wood) running over him near Ins dwelling
on clay hill. The road was icy ami lho
team beyond Iho control or tho driver. For a
li.no Mr. Kibbey's life wa despaired or;
but he is improving.
'JVie fVopnly Saving Company, specially I
obarged with saving property Worn fire
, ...... ... 1.1,1, ,
! Lectures. Rev. .Mr. Hudson Ins delivered
two lectures, in this village, on Shakespeare,
and Solomon Northrop two on Slavery. Mr.
Northrop is a Tree man of color, llu was
born a freeman, kidnapped and sold into
slavery, and restored to freedom after twelve
ycors' service, through tho interference of
Gov. Hunt or New York, lie Iclls appa
rently an honest tale, without exaggeration.
fX" The Middlebury paptrs record tho
death, on the 1 1 til iiist., of Hon. Dorastus
Wooitcr, well known to our citizens ns a
member or the Senate for some yeara.
fX" A very intetesting story will be
found on tho first page. Wo found it in a
smart littlo weekly, entitled " Hull's Now
The I'ermont State Tnnperamt Society
had an unusually interesting meeting ut Si.
Albans. Proceedings dignified, temperate
and aviso, a groat improvement upon Ut
year. Wo shall record Ihem 111 our next, in- 1
cludlng . lisi,iy ,niciMtinff report from iho'
., . , , ' , 1
1)o""nf'l' fr .,!.. Litrun.-Ou j
request of Senator Uruinenl, to give sug. (
gestions on the distribution or public doc-
,,,,.,,. wo invo ,,i..ell ... nlmM nrMllpll
Academies and Grammar Schools a oc
curred to us, and we are happy to s.iy that
Mr. 11. will, o far a his quota will alloav,
supply those on the Hist side of Iho Moun
tain. Senator Foot will doubtless be elad
10 "u "la same Tor tho est side. Thoso
who desire such contributions to the libraries
of academiea will see tho propriety of for
warding their address at once.
'"' Story: "Tho Seven Poor
Travellers," can he had iif Fui,lSo U Co.,
IHelen'i Household fiords: republished by
J. A. Uix, New-York.
T!' naae rr
1-00"' containing tho continuation or North
nd Scuth," an interculing ort.cle on lho loss
ofSir John Franklin, &c. &c. Price
For sale by lliu publisher, ond by Fclndge
&. Co. Hoston. $U per ; ear.
ttooVy' ldyi' ISook for February ; At
tractive in illustrations and matter. ;) per
Ncw.Vnrlr. J. M r'.r,o-.
1011 &. 0,1.
A hamlsoine illustrated monthly quarto,
32 page each number.
81 per year.
She Scalpel; an entirely oiiginal expositor
oflhe Laws or Health, and abuse or .Med
icino and Domestic Lifo : by Edward II.
Dixon, M. 1); New-Yo.k. Sherma. Sc.
Co., I Veaey . $lperyear.
Caustic, witty, seiuibls-or course inter-
eating and valuable.
Mhur'j Ihuxt Magaxine , Philadelphia, T.
H. Arthur it Co. $g per yP,r, r
The February nuinb.r or thi excellent
sad cheap monthly ha. been received. Mat
ter excellent and illustrations bcaulifol.
Our TAanls are duo lo Hon. Vf, 8. Barry
"d .0 Hwauc Hrs"
d(VFiimrnu. r V1IUD1'' Pub1""
J t,w speech on hnow-Nolhingis
Dcclalons of tho Supreme
January 15, ISM.
Mrr . Jv II. tt.R. Co. Caso for killing
plaintiff's cows by a tiaiu on the defendant's ,
road. fWwr llES.NUTT, Judge, affirming
tho judgment below, that tho duty ol tho
,lefendant to fence its road, only exists as
belatecn it and adjacent land owners ; and
therefore, one not an adjacent land owner,
could nut maintain an action for damages
for an injury to his cattle, founded on tho
neglect of the Company to renco its road ; -
that whe her the train of the defendant was
f,aw.j r.i ""V'1'
injury, was a question o lact far tho jury, to ;
bo determined upon all Iho attending circuiu-1
atantcs, and that the Court below was right
in .nfii.ilti. ,.. ...lr,!f.t (I... t(..U tl4, .11V fl...
in remain to instruct ho jury tint any par-
tieular modo or ipecil of running a lral" !
.TUB 1IVIIUII1.(J (19 IIIIIUL-I 111 I.I.I.
W. V, Peck mid Underwood tf Hard for
plaintiff; Phelps St. Chittenden, and IJ. A.
Sunlley, for defendant.
Thompson v I'roulu. Assumpsit. Tho
defendant contracted it fa tho plaiiitifl to
make an expedition to California, tint! Libnr
somuc.u, uic jear " ' S '
. ..-i i . I , a , , - I I i
,.,o ,o ronen noino oy ,e . ir ua, o.
cember ot that year, and that then ),u would ,
.qually divide with tho pi . ..,11(1 ho en ire ,
nvaus w ie ir . - , ,
Ca iforma inn er l ie contr.iel nil tint neriml I
ll ii 1
ot returning arrived, ami then sent
litnintlfV n sum lent lli.-tn one lintr,!
' ' ., ' .. .i .. .. 1
Vn,rT' "en"",a"u;. "'O'ouiaii one
half., such proceeds, after deducting a rea-
amiable sum for the expenses of a return,
The defend, nt remained in Californ.a till tho
Spring of I8.M. when he returned, having in
the mean tunc accumulated further tum,
llild ptr IIevnktt, Judge, reversing the'
judgment below, that tho lefundi.it was not I
bound to aceoiiut ftir (ho accumulations undo
after tho period lor return had arrived, but
thit he had no right, If he chose to remain in ,
California, to retain anything nut of the
proceed, of his labor lor tits return expenses '
and that he was liable to account for one half ,
no iiintis on nanu at tint time ho had chosen
1 ' , , i
Levi I'nderwocjd and V. k. Hard, for ;
platntifr-. Ooo. h . Ldmi.nds. for delendant.
Harltrvlht I oxrnof I.sset. C.se. The
declaraliun slated that a certain highway in j
said ton was out of repair, and full ol holes : 1
and excavations, and that by reason there t '
I lir I'iniiiiii. i.u 1:11111 iiicicuo n ii'jiiii'ii,
ii ...,.,..., 1 ii.,i 1, ... 1. 1 ..1
,1 .. . .... ...v. ..,S,, ...j, ,.au um.nuuui
four months before the injury crossed by the I
Vt. fc C. R. It. Co., by its road, ond a "deep ,
cut niauo tnereui in cnnsnpieiice (but this
did not appear to Inve been dune under any '
legal right) which made lho highway entirely
impassable. The Company therefore l.udi a non. (J Ma ,
brulgo across the railroad, ah ml If, rods from , , , " . , .
tho cut. and turned the travel across it, and I "cc0'l'l'bed minister alCon.tantiniple.de
into lho highway on the other sicleol Iho cut, hvercd a lecturu in New York city, list Fn
but no sulficient harriers were put 110 lo in-I dsv evening Wo find the follow nif ab
dicate to travellers that travelling aloe.- llm slr"act in tho VWt.ii.e or Siturd ly : -
old highway wav dangerous. The town did , , ' ,
tint appear to hae had any agency in this , , 1 h, commenced with a review of
change of the road mid (ravel. T:,n plaintiff'
was wave iiil' on said hlshwav in the n."ht.
and being ignorant of tho clango, and not
seeing the bridge, pissed it, ami dinvo into
Slid cut. llttil irr IIkih ii.i 11, ('luef Jmtice,
affirming the ju.lgmoiit beloiv, th.it the pro f
mptmrteil tho det-laraliou; that there was no
vi, neeot no nhinilnn.ent. ,,r .li.r.,,,1.1...
nnee, of the old highway; that whether the
night was so ilmli us to ren cr imprudent to
traael, was a question nllercu lor Hie jury ;
tint the plamtiir having proved tho insuffici
ency of the highway, and that tho injury was
caused ny it, Had made a prima J.icie case,
and tint the burden of proof wis thus thrown
upon tho defendant to show that Ilia town
w is bound In this caso to provide a sife and
proper passage lor llio travuller, and to pre
vent his Inking tho old road nnd dnvini' into
iho cut, hy harnrcs reasonably giitl'icnini tor
A. 11. Maynard and Ceo. F. IMmunds, Tor
lho plaintiff; J. Alaeck, tor tho defendant.
Stacy v I't. C. II ll. Co. Debt oil award
mission or lho plaintiff commenced bu'ddin""y ttPI,l"w ' "', tvci "nt belongs more
Its road upon Iho plaintiff's l.in.l. Afterwards PruP-'y to thu inhabitant of tr.e capital
lho damiges wero duly appraised by t10 , 'nan to thoso of lho country. The little cn-
UoiumissionerK. 'I'ho defendant niter their
apprauui, anil without paying Iho ilamai'.:.
.., dw..- i....i 111 u oaoKiis provided lor
by the charter, changed the location of its
road, tinderun authority granted 111 tho char
ter, su that it did not cross the pl.niilill',
land ; and ubaudonud the first location. Tho
chirter provided tint the company after the
on'paying lolhoowuerthedanngesnwarded,e"nno""' 9t'" r,J,ilocliug ; but Ins commii
or depositing the same in a hank, should ho 1 "lcl1,"" W" W"M ",ri" "'' f-un peau
deeinid lo be seized and possessed of thu 1 c.'"iz.tion, joined to a hopelessness for lho
land 111 respect to which lho damages should llllu,ru 0,'"J t0"l',,r'- his 11.11 -h injured h:s
boawardad. Held per 1-iusi, Judge.ro- good qualities. Chrisuimiy has lately been ,
apprisai 01 uuua uy ine uoiiiinissiunors, p
versing lho ludirnient below, tlut the nulil
of the laud owner and 1 ho compiiiy wero!01 llrKB' i many Diioman men anJ women
,,M,l..ril, .I,.,!,...,, ,i.i, ...i . i .
il,( il.n nlainiiiT rnnl.l ,m npimirn
right to tho d images, until tho'defendant ac-
quired .1 veiled right to the land ; nnd lint as
by the provision of lho charter Hit-defend,
ant had not acquired a vested ri"bt lo tho
land by payment or deposit, ot the lluioof
the change of localiuns, tho plaintiff could
I). A. Smalley and J. Maeck. for tho plain-
tiff; K. J. Phelps ,t L. K. Cliillenden, for
llm dtf. ndant. t'ne I'ress.
Alallbey, about tho year Ib'J.i. HishIU'ii-
lion wos attracted to it, by the deconisisi- j
lion oftho siilphurot of won on Iho surface of,
the ground. Ho expended about thirty '
dollar in opening tho 1111110, au.l become 1
satisfied that it was valuable, but having no
real or definite knowledge of it utility and
value, he suspended operations. Tho work
ay.i recouuiienccd by one .Mr. Spencer and
I ss -m. nlnriol.is Lot in (I,.. ioi. .i.t.. ll riafh ns nllirntivlirafl hof...,. .. t . t t .- . . . . uli inn esA n rntvird Ii Ills r.1.1 ar, itil mnl
V crmoill. Jopper minill": tjom- -" "" "z- to mu i.uro- - 'fl"l"''i'li,l I'ncu 01 ms inienueu seiucment. ; ',: . ., 7. V, V , ' contemn atcd
rmnv pcan Powers. Phe lecturer thou touched , supenor, district, or circuit cou.t of some land required that the clerk should record I relerenco to this ( ourt M.rtial. m, rl hl?.
. .01 -j ,-.-nntn w u i.mi-idi i too .ir.ieTinjiis, - .-, .., i,iv ...-.I uvi tai 1 inn in ms uiucu ami gram ceru ucaies. in ...,,i11 K.,f,r
(Utleredin .N.l-crmu if. ,00,000. who lorm one-latelftl. of lho l,.,.. .' n, districts or the United Stales, three vears i 1 iwn; .,.11 ......'... ... -nit resolution for the ostablishmjnt of a ".""" b"c.
The first examination made of Iheso cop- Porte;lhey are wanting in physic il and before his admission, lint it was bona j requirements as to lho evidence 111 case of "eckly express mill b-Uween St. Loui and .'n 0l'r.1'' w f
per liiines. at v ersmro. avas bv )r. Ii. W ' mora couraso : otherwise ntm.M.. ml lute his intention lo become a citizen of lie ....o
n few others, about thoycar ISIII who lost ' hu'rellglous iK-velupineiil is 011 11 p.n. It is
their investment, and gave up the enterprise , a mistake to suppose that ho 1 the descend
in despair. ant sd' ihc ancient Greek. The modern
A company had then been organized at ' Greeks uru or a mixed Slavonian and Anne
Strafford, by Messrs. Tyson, from Haiti-1 man origin. If, by iho restoration of Tur
inorc, and lliiiney, from lloslon, for tho 1 key, 1 meant the restoration of lho system
purpose of digging and working the Copper I of tlie cimetar ond the bowstring- the le
mine 1.1 Ihat town, rolling, smelling tic.--
vi nen Messrs Mioncrr 0. lo 1 et . tho
Strafford Company purchased the ore on
"I'miui, 11 t .-ii'iniiu, oiiu ineru 1
"umwii't 10 tito onuooro vuinpiuy
neiat a foav hand to the Vcrshiro mine, who
worked Ihero through the summer season , such a system, confided to lho guidance or
with tolerable success. Tho business at nstivo rulers, Turkey would llotirish much
Slrafl'ord wa. finally wound up, and the more than by being mado an appendage to
work at Verslnre wa again suspended. ! any ol' iho union- -l,ioli now contend lor
rSottllng lurlher was dono at Verslnre, till ' her. Tho material aspect or Constantino
August, ltj.VI, when Mr. Hernard, of Morris-1 pic, and life in that city, wa presented in
town, New York, examined tho mine, and much detail ; the following features being
procured n uona ror uci 11 01 tno property lor
SlCOV, to bo granted in one year, liiconso-
quenco of unexpected success, in tho mining '
operations, Mr. Ilcn.ard took his deed of ll.e
property the J litri day of Si pteuiber. Ho
iheii sold out shares of the mino In different
iiiuniuuiii, 111 i.cir 1 uin v,ii, aim vicmiiy, ouiaiueii. rue private uuilding aru gener
who made application to Hon. Stephen ally of wood. Tlie ancient silo of tho roy
Thomas, of . Fairlce. to petition tho legis-' al palace ha been deserted since the slaucfi
lalure for a charter, and on iho Klili of Nov. ter of tho Jaaissane; and the present Sul
the act of incorp 'ration passed. Tho first tan ha expended millions in tho construe
meeting of tlie corporator avas held 011 lho Hon of a imlaco on lho shore or the llos
y.lth of November, when they chose their phorous, in a far less eligible posit'ou. The
President, Clerk, Treasurer and Director, 1'urkiah Sabbath 1 Friday, and a iho Jew.
and they aro now exporting about 0110 huii-'ish and Christian aro also observed, thus
d red Ion per mouth, of tho dressed ore, to there aro only four busines day. Tlie
lho Hmnphreyvillo Copper Company, New , writing of the Turk i read from right to
Haven, Ct., which 1 yielding a rich reward 1 left, but the vlem of numerical rutaimn.
for all Isbor and expense. The mine could 1
not now bo purchasid for tho sum of one .
..uiiuu uiuu.an 1 uouar.
. e .v,,"Bd the mine, a few day. since,'
ana nnd Ihey are now working a ' crushing
niftrlttiu. " i.r,.n,.l.a !. .. : r .
r i""i"-"t"t "j ciijjiuo in ineuiy
linrun i..u. ll. . t.: . ... . . '
win m.K ,i,;.. .1... , i
1 . no ioit;iiniu is ui cast iron,
,,, iun. ,cr uuy, anu is no 1
small wonder to native Americans." in the
town and vicinity. After tha
vicinity. After the crushing!
come, the washing, by what the miner. caR ; explain orally what it means. Letter, aro
ho 'Jigging machine," When washed it seldom signed ; Iho author' name is geuer
meZ T Y ,"n,Porl,li0" ''d '"X uPPl'ed by his e.l, to affix whicfi, ey.
nil... , v., .i ,uv' uui even ery genueman carne auout nini a signet
hi ,",u,nP-c IUilr""1' b"t The minaret ,ndro.cent mainly distinguish
TI.J Tt-ein , wi Zi ? .' sl T,,e"0"1- '"",er me me purpose a. the cowpume
ed ft"h8"il Pnfc'i"? woik- or bclfrey, v.x s to.unmion believer. wo !
en, rsngis mm a to lu feet m thickncs. h p : but the sound emnloved i. dilTerpnt
bonJte and n.iii-o e. UI,J" C'w f'0 Krankuh cburche. and one or two fa
n2S'.lV u .iT1"-''-.!. '"i 1C0Ur i' "0'i'enio.que.; the congregation i called
ne.rly due ,,nh ami south, with ., lip or. together by a Imman vnl?e, viz: that " he
underlay to the east of about three feel to
the fathom when near tho surface ; but on
descending, it rapidly becomes more verti
cal, and tho probability is that it wilt
eventually bo found to run at right tingles to
the banc ot the mountain In which the mine
Tho wokinr, wll, fir,t commenc(,,t nt tl,0
, . 0f ,in lnollnti. but Irom tunc to time
nt,Cf npcniIlgs llave t,CCI, made with good
mcentl Tho orB , n0 lici(,hl fioo fcet
,g M nch M M ,,)c ,U8e or,ho hu 0)r.
,n , favorblo situ.-ation orthia mino,
u - cxpcnlM of orKin(, it aro below the
s cn f mni
h ucen tttteJ lmtl0 ,,
f iircmeni by . volcanic r.uptions, as
pnrlv a the vear InUlL Hut we wprn una-
M, - lf) finj By Bl1c, rppmt verified, even by i
,.i.., ,'i.i. .,, It n.,, ,i i
finable, and that tho working of it
... . ' . "
; b(J pnr!uj W1,, proflt o
longer bo doubted.
There is. alvi, a copper mine in Corinwi,
called the -Pike Hill." It is now being
worked, and bid fair to yield gooo oro in
"rich abundance." Wo ehill visit this
mino soon, m hen wo will furnish our readers
with a full account of It.
We aro of the opinion that Vermont is as
lic, , Inlncrt,9 as any stale in tho union
California, ami we believe th-tmaiiy
w, ' , ,M ( , J
, . , to , ,,, t , ,
f , , treasures which a
1 k . . , ,. I
opening some ol tne ricn treasures which a j
nmro (dofpngi, geological ;uricy will yet t
develop. Wo verily believe that a few
years will servo to yiold us proof of this pro- I
Wm (101VS but that Vermont is
. . . ... .;. Unltcd ,... ,,
California now is to tho Soulliern and West
crn ? Star of 1 1.
Golil .Mining in llridgeicaler. Wo learn
from the Spirit of the .Jge thai arrangements
a Hi nr... naartt. .nnithml Cn . .1. 1 1, it nil '
mM ,,,, 0pe,ttf,n, in HtiJgewaler, ond that '
,h, ........ cru,iIItlT will soon commence.-
A slom cn ,,., ll0r,e goy.
,he )0W (.nmeei t cru-liers, and
other machinery necessary for pulverizing
ani separating tho gold ; and tint there is
.nfficcnt of the latter article to r.chly ro-
munernto the owners tor tho onorirous out
lay necPry , nU tlu works in operation, 1
wo ,lnk ,hero la 11( n Joubt s,fani ,fiH
nppl1,j ,,, ,hl) n).c,ilU!r.. for tho Irst tunc '
mi Tuesday, and every thing imved in a
lnallner wlich ,lu,v() lhal ,, ke(;ll put
t1irether under tin. direction of a thorough
r . " """r. "i".""" "-" " ."-
n.,.l .nii..liflj , .-...!. I l... I.
looks r.iiorablo and promises well
" ' .
TURKEY AND THE EA.ST
IIV HON. OKOaUK I'. MHSII.
l"e "ceru iii.inry Mini 1n1r.1l11.1e prov-
tho boundary between the Oriont and West
ern Ibiroio, and which, as a consequence,
h ive been the lliealro ef so in ny contests,
all of winch n,vo left indelible mirk, ol'.he
various Mages of civ.li mun or birbarism
which produced them Th" present stale of
l urkey wjs next eonsidured ; and the only
hope tor it, Willi its effete luim of civl.zi
tion, was stated to be a conversion to Chris
tianity. The picture of Turkoy, as preiiuil
cd to tho Christian world, lias been dnavn
only by Iheir enemies ; nl.en Iho p"iicil is
1 lakc" "I'M native artists, tho duplic.ir and
cruelty ot tho C liriti.in. avho hive pieyed
upon '1 urkey, may be round equal to thoso
or lho Musiulmcn. The Jamssines wero a
cruel soh'iery, as all unenlightened bodies
or soldiers are, but the Turk, in himself, is
calm, and not ciuol ; there is no moro iaco-
auio cuy 111 tne world than tho Turkish por-
tion of Ma.eboul, nor any moro tuibiileit!
ono than lho Chmtiin quarter of Coiutanu
noplo 1 ho lecturer proceeded to shoir that
s aro not juslly to bo nccuicd of
111 llio destruction of Christian
ny moru than llie various Christian
I'ho charge of indolence more iusl-
' "raguiiH -m icu 10 lnuoswy, 1.1 any 01 us
branches, by (he system of free trade mum
-r i. 1 r. .. idtiy mr iivr
decadence from her ancient skill n id Indus-
try 111 tho arts, Ono thing 11..1U always be 1
reuieiubcred 'o the credit of Turkey, she
r.as ever ueen a cuy 01 relugu to tho
pressed of Ihsier'i Knrnp... Thu Turk is
physically and morally brave, vonerative, and
P"'iueu in a purer 101m tu tho luliahitants
1 read the llihlo; and llus is 1 10 mini nnenur.
aging iiisiiiuch ns reliemn at ith lho Tn -It
lu s"b slruclllro f H civil orgamzitioii
",e. ff''8"-'"1 Sultan, although himself but
hall-eiliicated.ua warm eucou -ager of the
' cm1, aml I'ol'lical Imprnvenient or his
people, und urges Iho cause forward m fast
M 'hey aro prepired for it. Tim first iuipe-
tus toward reform was given by Franco; the
P""' Hrilish Ministry has long been the
1"0llJ "'' tlllJ '''utkili rtforui ; but. strango
. ""lJ melancholy lo tell, the great obstaclu is
not found in the obstinacy of the Turkish
ligent. The (Jreelt was next described.
I lie reverse of the l urk in all tho Turk'
good qualities liko the Russian 111 1 II the
Russian' bad quilitios and aiming at an
Imitation ol' thu Russian, under vv ham ho
likely to exjienence 11 worse bondigo ihtn
that of Ins Turkish master. Applause. lie
is a liar, n )cophant ; deatiiuts or all lii"li
fltialitiu filling film t j cicel in civilization 1
succe llio attempt has the better lor tho
' weuarc 01 the nor 1 . tut a e or mm no,
I happy futuro avould await Turkey, were'
un vtoiotviieo cuosinuiioini svsieni 01 jrov-
viooiciii sL-curcu in jier uv the consent und
guaranty of tha Luruocan Powers. Under
presciuctl among many other : In tin
vaults of tho Royal Library, there 1 a 111 iss
or Greek manuscript, which thu Franks have
never had a full opportunity to ciamms :
but It 1 fumed ihat several ,lncnmiia.i .,,'
much interest and imporiance may yet buJ
which proceed by decimal, though different
figure, from ours are used, is read from Jeft
10 right, i he rurkisli yslein or writing i
very compendious, frequently a nugle neri.
d containing as much as several pa.ae of
.. "... . . r.. .
uor writing, ami mo last wortt 1 olien the
I ... ., . .. . . . ....
... ... ... . . . .
suy 10 ine meaiiuifj 01 lite wiiolo. Tha on
iy urawuacK is. that the document i nnf e
silv underainn.l nn.l not iinfrommmL. !,..
a letter is .ent, an envoy i. tent wnh it to
nuettm. The minaret is often beautifully being at any timo during tho taid five year
shaped, and sometimes ISO feet high. Most out of the territory of the United Stales."
moqiies have only ono minaret; but that of r This amendment is now in force, except
Mecca has 7, and Sultan Achmcd's has (I. the words " without being at any time dur
The origin of the Crescent, as tho symb ,1 j inf tho said five years out of tho territory of
of the Turkish faith, furnishes a curious tho United States." Theso words were, in
subject of investigation j it is found as a j I P 18, repealed in " an act for the regulation
symbol both in Christianity, Paganism and ' of seamen on board tho public and privato
Islamism; as Toiler said! "Tho inquiry vessels ol tho UnitoJ Slatei," ami thus in
would troublo n wise man, hut that a wise! their buincss wero nccesiarily beyond tho
man would not be troubled thereat." Tho limits of our territory, to avail themselves of
niofque f Sulyman the magnificent, though the naturalization hwsj but tho person
less in exteut than some Kurojiean churches, ! drawing the repealing clause niadoit general
can ie witb any of them In external mag. j instead of an exception in their favor.
nificcnec. There aro about U,0 great Whether Congress should not restore this
mosques in Constantinople, and 700 smaller provision, miking an exception in fivor of
places ni worship. I ho general (.licet ol
the niinarcts is mora striking than that of
enirei and when lighted at night, they pre
.' ... . i.,.n.ri .r...v ,n
preac'ied In the mosques on Fridays ; Ihey , I rom the parts ortho Hws ot Congress to
ate open for prayer daily. The day com which I have referred, I think there can be
mencs at the going down of the sun; thus no doubt of too correctness of the position t
the sunc hour falls at a different llineof tno , have taken on this subject, and that tho
consecutive days ; but tho inconvenience is practice of the clerks in issuing cettificates
rcmclied by Iho hour of prayer being called of citizenship without any application to tho
by the muezzin. These officers are goner 1 Court and on proof of leaidenco only, is an
ally chosen from among the blind partly abuso which needs to be corrected. It was
from charily, but still more that ilicy may never intended by those who enacted tho
not, from the elevation of tho minaret, stir- act for the naturalization of aliens, that
vey what is doing in the huuses beneath persons who had been transported fur crime
them. Tho whirling and howling dervishes that those who came overbore merely be
were described, whose fanaticism has been cnticIiurope was too full tor them but who
a great cause of the antipathy of Turks to , retained liicir loyalty of feeling fur the
uhrwuans ; out nils, as wen as an oiucr
walls of separation, is rapidly crumbling a
nay; and Ihero is soma hopo of a result i
wh'ioh furnishes tho best hope fur tho future
Chrwiians ; but this, as well as all otucr
ol turkey, namely, her establishment as n
free and independent Turco-Chrisluii Slate. '
Tho lecturer was heard with much nttcn-
tion, and frequent expression ol approba
tion and amusement.
Opinion Of Judge Dean
ON TIHJ ADMINISTRATION OF
,,' ' ' r, '
N. . bmtiiR Coukt.-Duci , ss Co.
In Iht matltr nj tlie application of John Clark
to bteome a titizen of Hit United .Stairs.
Tho petitioner,! nitive of Scotland,np,iIied ,
lo .he Clerk of this Court for admission as a
Ql this Uourt tor auinxsion as a
ciiizvii A number of other aliens made a
like application. 'I he clerk was procooling
to administer the formal oath to the witness
ot the rssieclivo applicants when the subject
was brougnt to mv notice, anil on enquiry I
learned that th practice had. fur many
vnnrs. been fur the Clerk to receive Bnd
nasi noon all annlicatluns for N itumliation
anti grant certificates without consulting the
i loutt, and that tho proof on wlncli aliens
I were ud.intted tu citizenship die! iiiituMiuar
ily meet any one of llie requirements or the
statute. On this state of lucts I deemed it our present, or or any naturalization laws, it
my duty to forbid the clerk from (.'Uteris in-1 is not my business at tins tune to Kpeak ; my
nig any applications of this nature, directing ' duty now is to aduiini-.ter the laavs as Ihey
lliat all should bo made to llie Court. 'I he, arc. I am compelled lor tho re isons I have
application avas then made to the Court, anil staled, to reject tho prayer or the applicant,
on ex iniin.ilioa 1 found that neither Clark, f and also to forbid the clerk from. 111 any 111111
nor any 0110 uf the other candidates fiir 1 nor, exercising the powers conferred by Con
citizenship, could furnish proof uf continuous gress upon the Courts,
residence within the United States, lo ex-1 This is all that it is necessary for me to
ceed tavo or three years, and that each of the say in deciding tho case i.ow before thu
applicants avas unprepared with any proof as Court; but there arc other provisions of the
lo Ins conduct or character, during even naturalization laws which arc loosely
that brief period. As this decision must interpreted, or wholly misunderstood. Hy
ctnnge the practice in Naturalization esses the octol May 'J.i, tii',i, the per. oil bota-een
in this Court and all Vet it ill others, It is due tin declaration ol inteniion and granting the
lo llie unportanre of the subject, tint the c rtificale uf citizenship is reduced from
rea--ons 011 which it is founded sh mid be three to two years ; but tins 111 11 1 manner
given affects llio requirement of five yeais
There arc probably n laws uf a public , cuntimioiis residence,
character so imperlVc.ly understoo 1 ond so The first section of the fame net pre
badly administered as those for the 1 scribes a different rule lor the nituralizatmn
naturalization of foreigners Among the of aliens avho arrived in this country prior to
powers winch were by llie States delegated attaining lho ago 01 eighteen ; it w :
to Congress was the " one lo estab'iah a "Any alien being a free wlu'o person, and
uniform rule of nalurulizatinn." This power a minor, under tho ago or twenty -one years,
was exercised the ) car after tho formation at ho shall have resided in the United Status
or tho government hy an act approved by . threo years next preceding his arrival at lho
U nshiuclon, jalarch "0, liVV. Ai!ain in
17ll." and I7SI3 1.1 an act approved by Prest
dent Aciams. All these acts were repealed
' ici, uuring nie rresiuency 01 jeiierson,
when the act was passed, which, though it
has been.nttcn moiiihod 111 unimportant
pirticulars, uud in but few instances
materially changed, is the one now in force.
and under which tlio courts derive
jnrisdii'lion lo net in tho premises.
reason "hy these lis aro so iinpcrfoctlv
understood and so badlv administered, is
lhal the statutes of the United Stales havo
Utile application to lho affairs of the States.
and the best laaa-ycrs or Iho scleral Stales
are usually ignorant of their provisions. Hy
u- it, wrtUiisii n uuioiroi rule ot
liatiirali3ition any court in the State posses-im-
common law jurisdiction, a seal and a
clerk, can exorasu the powers of these
State Co irts, ordinarily familiar only wnh
1 lho laws of their own Slate, have their time
i occupied by attending to what ihey regard
as their iiidioial duties, and permit, ff they
do not order, applicit.ons fiir naturalization
lo ho made lo the clerk, whoso knowledge
oftho laws is derived from lho printed
blanks which he fills up and signs, on
i --" " ii. it. uce, tvmco,
on enquiry, Mind is general, universally
11: citizenship are
, complnnco on the pwt of the alien with any
of the requirements of the statutes, except
taking the oath of allegiance
The first section or the act of leW, to
, winch I Invo referred, contains die following
' Any alien, being a frco white per.011,
may bo admitted to becomo a citizen of the
Umlod Stiles or any of them, on lho follow,
provisions, and not otherwise :
1st. That he should Invo declared, on
Uniletl States, and lo reimnne,, tnr..., ll
allegiance and fidehty loany fi.reig
potentate, stale, nr sovereit'otv uIiloviI'1,.!,,, i,,... i. ...,......' ,.' S'.
suui nuuo may at 1110 iimo ue a cilizeu or
h".,'!'c"' ,, , , , ,
.d. lint ho shall at lho timo ol his
application to be admitted, declare, on oalh
or sllimvilion, belore some ono of the courts
aforestid. lint he willsupport the constiiulion
.0.. uoiteu nines, ouu lust i,u tlolh
absolutely anu entirely renounce and abiure
all ttPegianco and fidelity to every foreign
prince, wlcntite, eia'c, or sovereignty
atliitcvor, and particul irly, by name, the
""nee, iioteiitate, b'.ate, or sovereignty
mereoi no was ueiore a citizen nr su 1 eel :
M,ich pioceeding shall be recorded by tho
1 w v.unn.
.10. mat IHC court ailm.tlinrp sneh ahen
I, I ... 1 , , , M
flail bo lishetl that he has resided within 1
lho United States fivo
years at least, and
within the Stale or Territory avhero such
court 1 al the timo held olio year at least ;
and it rlxll funl.ur appear to their
aaturaetinn. ihat during that lime he ha
behaved as a mill or nood moral elmmrter.
attached to tho principle 0r the contitutlun
or the United States, a,,,) well disposed to)
the good order and happiness or tho ame:,
l-mvilled. I ial Hie 03. 1. ..,' . I
hall. 111 110 case, be allowed lo prove 2im
., 00 scL-nioauiio Uourt, and not the
bicm ut tou touu, la in admit tho alien
And Ihat. as the couri er, re ,
him, i lo be satisfied of certain fact, it ori' r last ,e88in foad by llie Secretary,
follow that the powers conferred upon the Hon I). M. Camp, or committee, reported
rtXti Ye1j"d":,;,1 ani! """lB"l o'1 a bill providing for a Stale Hoard or Kduca
clerical, and consequent v that these oowers .- t - i ,.
cannot be designated XlhAta ' T wh,.?h w" J"J Messr.. Camp,
bo exercised by the Court and require an ! 1 arkeri u"le' Sargeant and Graham, and
examination Into each caso sufficiently lo
I. tivoyearicontinijou resitlencoof the I
-rff-..w..t .Mint hid neu oiaivii. oiiu one ' pn,iii,, -.ii i ... i .
year or like residence within the United ; 'e0'1 """ c,IleJ "P. nJ ably discussed
States, and ono year or like residence ' 1 ",'c,iSrs. Camp, Hates, Green, Parker,
within iho Slate or Territory where lho ' Johnson, Spaulding and Graham, and again
Conn to which tho application is made i laid on the tablo :
'V That the applicant duri.g the five l , Il"letJ 'H.at the methods or instruction
year, has conducted himself as a person or ln our common schools can be, ought to be,
good moral character. and must be esentially improved before they
That the applicant is in principlo ' can answer the expectations or intelligent
attached to and wcl duposed towards tho l oJuc.tnn, .,i i , ," V
Constitution orthe United States. "uucator. and meet the demaud or the
The "continuous" residence would not ., ' ,
perhaps be necessary from the language or wwiia Hessio.m. Lecture by Mr. J. S.
the section I have quoted, but an amendment I Spaulding, or Barre Academy, on common
approved March a, 1351, by President schools.
MidSP7Son who.h....rrivei-,hel , Aajourned ,o meet at W.iUfield. on Fri
United State, from and after the time when the ,Clh dyor "ebruary.at 10 o'clock,
thi. act shall take effect .hall be admitted to A. M. J. II. GRAHAM, Sec'y.
become a citizen of tho United State, who
hall not for the continued term office years , Cincinnati, Jan. 17. Private de.pttche.
neil preceding hit admission as aforesaid j report the failure of three more banking
hare resided inrJnn the I'nited Slates, wilhn.it house at Sl. Iaui, I
the seamen anil mc soldier, u is noi lor me
now tu say, as I am enquiring only wlnt the
law is, that it may be administered cor.cctly
i, ii... om.r,
monarchies they had let r, should. hecano
they remained here for five years, bo entitled
ssion to citizenship. I he intention
permit Ihojn who camo hero from
abroad seeking a permanent Home who, by
fivo years continuous residence, manifested
lint intention and by good behavior during
all that tune and an attachment to repubh
j can principles which could be proved to llio
' satisfaction of a Court, had shown themselves
worthy recipients of tho benefits to be i
derived from citizenship and safe depositor- ,
les of the powers it confers, to bo admitted i
to theso ri 'hts and tho eveieise of theso,
, poworJi by-nn ori)or 1(Mll,j in open Cumt !
alter an examination into the facta of suc-h j
lease and a judicial decision upon the!
application an examination which should 1
ne conducted wun me samo rare, aim a
decision which hiouM be made with th
i simo deliberation and solemnity as that
, which thojld accompany every other
.judicial set. Those Courts, which instead
ol administering tins law, have bv their
1111; una 1.1.., ii.iu uv 1111-11
and inattention prictically
lui.ttingthousands to Iho ruins'
t.n want .!l ihn ,...,. ..
rep.-alcd it, adimtti
of citizenshin who want all the truuisites to
entitle them to such iidinissiun, Inve been
guilty ol a gross violation orduty and tuivo
nude the law lUeil chIhius in public
estimation. Oftho wisdom or propriety of
a?o oriwer.tv-one years, and atlin snail iisvo
continued to reside therein to lho time he
may make application to bo admitted a
citizen thereof, may, after ho arrives at the
ago of twenty-one years within lho United
States, including the three years of his
minority, bo admitted a ciL.vn of the V.
S. without having ma Ic tho declaration
required 111 lho first condition of the first
section ot Iho act to which llus is an
addition, threo years previous to Ins
. admission Provided, Such Alien shall
I make tho declaration required therein at the
tuno of his or her admission ; and shall
further declare, 011 ojtli, and prove to lho !
satisfactionof the court, tint fir three years 1
next preceding lt,his been the bona fido 1
intention of such alien to become a citizen I
of tho United State.-., and sti til in all other !
respects comply with U13 laws 111 regard to
Tho nraciicnl ennstroeimn oftl,;. .,r,vu
ion I am informed is tor the chirks lo admit
aliens who will make oath they arrived
during their minority 0:1 proof of three!
' years residence. Tho true construction is I
that it intirely docs away with tho necessity 1
of a nreuous declaration of intention tn )
. uecouao a ciiizeu, oil mi part ol lliose who
. arrive in lho country prior to attaining the
see of eighteen vears. but renuiros ins. nnd
of such previous declaration, llm oith of the
piriv, und also proof tint for tho ihreo years
next preceding, it Ins been the intention
1 of the alien to become a citizen, but in all
other respect the act of lelW, and lis
amendment, aro lo be complied with by llie
persin who applies under this section,
1 Th oct of l.-( p-ovides tint no person
arrivng after the pasige or thai act should
become a citizen unless ho had Ins name,
birth place, age, nalion, Ate, registered 111
' lho clerk's olliee. whern ho nrm-ad mnl
I ,.i ,
I .-. , Ji ...i . .,. ' . .. .. . "
1 r. TlX,
(tersons lo whom they can bo applied. The
' "mi "'I'" avould coiled and embody in a
1 singhi act the operative portions of the
' various statute or. this subject, with siidi
lamendmeni as cxoenei.ee has shown aru
"ssiwie uis 111.VIIHU UOauiLIC 1111 (lilllL III
necessary In iheir due and faiiliful exc-u
1 lion, would be a public benefactor. While
ihev nr (111 n.liV i.r"tttorn.t llirsiit.rti I tin
or Congress rrom ISO j dow n lo lr3H.it
cannot bo expected that the Judge of iho
various CoorlK Will liml..r(ntu Ihd Oil- i.r
ascertaining exactly which section and lino
... r,.r.. ..,.1 Tii, , ,i...i
quently the administration of llies'o laws
wm ,e jooso and ilefeclive. until such an
.H m n.,.l A. ..I .1,.. ...I 1
- " (' . .,1,M ..111.1. .ll.li l UUIIL' nun
tho law aro adnu uslered 111 their nuritv. it
will bo apparent lhal the foulta have been
far more 111 the administration than 111 tho
I'ol ihs VVVcloaiB,
Al.,.n,n,... . ,
" -o- " ""-'"""B iiitctoi'' was neia
pct BUJ0Ufnment, in lho High School at
Waterbury, ou Tuesday, lliu lliih inst., the
President, Hon. I). M.Cump. in the chair I
i, , - ... .
l'y-'-Kev.J. Sargent, of Ba,re.
ordered to lie for consideration at th io-v.
Aktkr.voon SKi5io.v,-.Tho following
Wtnjiriiiar, Jan. 17.
Sr.KiTr. Mr. Fesscnden, of Maine, pre
sentcd a memorial from certain citizens of
Maine, praying for tho repeal of tho Kngi.
live Slavo Law.
The hill of Mr. thyard, of Delaware, ap.
propriating iW)0.000 for the extension of tho
General Post Office, was passed.
The Judicial Uelorm bill wnJ taken up
After considerable discussion upon the
various amendments offered, the further con
sideration of the bill was postponed until to
morrow, and tho Senate adjourned.
IIol'sk. The Speaker laid before tho
House a letter from It u I'm Choatc, contain
ing his resignation as a Regent of the
Miriitlisonian institute, ins resignation is i
based upon the personal inconvenience to
which ho is put i . atlcnding tu tho business ,
of .he situation, and particularly, ini.mi eh ,
a, ho dissents Irom the ccf.it acl.on of the ,
Hoard in the minagement of the in....tut,;.n,
considering that the, li.vo deputed from tho ,
Mr. Meaclmm, of Vermont, moved thai
the letter be referred to a select Committee,
with instructions to inquire whether the Ill-
simile has been managou Becoming . ic ,
law estahluluni '-t, and whether ad litional i
legislation upon the subject is necessary.
. .... - , , - 1 . 1 . .1 .
Mr r.nnti. 1. nf Indiani. moved to av the
. ;s ; . '. . ;T
letter and resolution upon the table.
The motion was rejected, and tl.p resold-
Mr. Cobb, of Alabama, made a pcrsnnil
explanation in relation to his position 0.1 tho
Ilo.nesicad bill, and the privileges of for-
eigncrs under th .t system.
Mr. Hall, of Ohio, asked if he was afraid
Sam" would bo after him
Mr. Cobb said ho hid no fear of Sam,
he was not known in his di-lrict.
Thollouso went into .orn'mtteo of tho
Whole on tho Pac.l.c Railroad bill.
ftumiry amcnuinsnts were n . ...
pending n motion by Mr. Wheeler, of Now
York, to strike out the enacting c'ause, lho
Committee rose, and the llonso adjournol.
'l i.L'Huir, Jan. It?.
SEMTr. A message was receded friHn
tho President, enclosing a communication
from the Secretary of U ar, reUt.vo lo a re
newal of hostilities bv the Indians. The
, - ,. ,
Secretary recommend an increase or lorco
to bold llie Indians in eh-ck, and repiesen Is
H'e subject as ono r-nu inng iinmrd.ate at-
ihject as ono requiring
The President propue to call into rtqui
,,tm .emce n. inreo , ,. ,,oa ,
oers in prelect lho ove laud travolle o ,he
Pacific Imui the ass ,nlt of no Indians.
Mr. (I wnin of I. '.1 1 norma, hoped tint the
suggestions of the President would be car
Mr. Wellcr. of ('aliform 1, gave notice
lint he would introduce a resolution "f en
luiry, regarding the management or the
The Senile instructed its Judionry Com
niiltee lo inqu.ro whether further legtsl iitnn
is necessary in regard to lho Smithsonian
The consideration o; :he Judicial Uefiirm
bill was postponed lo the first .Monday m
The It.iunly l.io.l In. I w n ttin tiken up.
Mr llrollu-al. ot
his t'r'ellds leu! so li
IV.msvlvH.M. suil Ihat
l-d tin- bill tint ioH.r
row he sliou'd off-r a snhs'iiole lint avojlj
rf-!iii-'' it t 1 its orig.o il mm-.
Hi 1 sr. Messrs 1'pha.n of Massachu
setls, Wa'.s of Pennsylvania, Taylor of Ten
nessee. Wells of Missouri ami Pnryear or
North Carolina, were appointed a specnl
t'omiuiltee to inquire into the affnrJ of the
Tho Speaker laid before the House a com
nmmcaUun from the Stcretary or War. rel
ative to a renewal of Indian hoilililies, ask
ill" for an additional ft rce to hold the sava-
.... 1 l -.i ......,.,,.. a.., ,1.. .t
OICIIIl, 1..1II9 1.11 l.,llf,.. WW....... MCVIIkll
to the Committee on Military Allairs.
The Iloii-o went into Caiimu'ee ortho
Whote on tho Pacific lUdronl bill
The iiKiltiu of Mr. Wlieeler, of New
York, undo yesterday, lo striko out lho en
acting clause of tho bill, was nut agreed to.
ilr. AlcUougal, ut Lalitorrua, iniuo a mo
, to slnkeoVtho enacting clause or tho
originol bill, which was agreed tu. ami the
Mr. IIl-iiI.h, of Missouri, madoan ineflVc
toil ofTirt to oftl-r a nWmion referring tho
whole subject to a select Coinmittc of thir
teen, to rc;iort a plan for a railroid and tele
graph lino 10 the Pacific, to be constructed
by privatB means.
1 he inotmn ol .nr. i.ticner, 01 Virginia
to Uy Uu bill on the ubse, was lost, yeas .11,
"jys I'JU. Adj.
I niiiav, Jan. 111.
Sin rr.. - Mr. Houston, of I'exss. pre-
""nted a memorial ftoin Soldiers or the
War or 131'.', relauve to the appjiiitnent or V '"7 m' uepr.ve loreigncr 01 a singie
pension agents. r.ght which they now ptwsess 1 he privde-
A bill for the relief of Thomas Ap Cat. K they now enjoy 1 a mere question of
by Jones, was taken up. 'I ho bill provides ttcnerosily. The know Nothing have a
for tho payment or the sum or which he wa-"8"' 10 oxted the term or naturalization,
deprived by the decision of a Court Martial . T iTV-,. 0, ' ,
in ld.il. The President has restored Com- .''""" Emigration Sclieme. c havo
modoreJoiws. but c.nnot interfere with the "''""natioii from a quarter whence the truth
matter or the amount claimed. m,' lo Pcted to proceed, that it ,,,
Tho bill a advocated by Mcfsrs.Sewnid ' ","e'plaiin to establish emigration sm.c
or New York, Owmii of California, ond oth- " a ." vuniii al. "' tho large
cra cities and towns in this (;nmonwcalh, -
After some debato Mr. Soward siid 10 ' In0 the foreign population, for lho puroe
.I.....M ... a.i i-i. .i. k.n ... of mutually atdiiii each other lo eniipratB I o
Committee, to be altered to something in tho
i aan 1 raucisco. lleierre.t to Ilia Uom.intlee
I on Post Offices and Post Rosds.
! , ""!
llocsi:. Mr. Faulkner, or Virginia, ask-
cd leave to'intro.liiee a bill for the suppres
sion of Indian lio.lilitieo. Ho had made '
,. .1. ...... .ik 1 , ..-14 1111, iu
unity ul action lintl been agreed noon by lho
friends or lho bill. Some want three road;
others one grand trunk road with two bran
ches. Mr. Denton's resolution lo commit the bill
to a select Committee of ihirly-oue, was re
jected Saturday, Jan. 30. Senate not in session.
In the House the Pacific Railroad bill wa
ordered to a 'Id reading, 101 to V7.
Mooar, Jan. 2'J.
Senate. John S. Wells, Senator from
New Hampshire, appeared, was qualified,
ana iook ms seat.
Mr. Soward, of Now York, presented tho
concurrent resolutions of tke Now York
Legislature against extending the patent for
l'ie reaping and threshing machines of Mc-
rmic, uusay, .nooro aim uoxaii.
Mvli. . ... tll.. l(in nml Cuta.l a .net
.. ' .. I. . .1 n'.e .
.7 i n ni- . c ,
.Mcsar Monro and llaxall being put in such
company, lie desired the Senate to know
that such opposition primarily camo from the
manufacturers, who wanted lo make money
out of the genius or inventor.
Mr. Shield, or Illinois, from the Commit
tee on Millitary Affair, reported in favor of
placing at thu disposal oflhe Executive an
adequate force for the suppression of Indian
House Tho Pacific Railroad bill was
taken up, tho question being upon its pass
age. Mr. Campbell, or Ohio, moved a reconsid
eration or the vote by which the main ques
viuuuii i, ihc fuiu Ut tiiniH inn iiriu iiutrii
lion wa. ordered, hi object being to reach
. . a
the point where he could niovo to .end the
subject to a select Committee.
Mr. Tweed, or New York, moved to Uy
.Mr, Campbell', motion on the table. Ro
ftiaed. Mr. Campbell', motion was then agreed
to -1 05 to ua.
Mr. McDougal, or California, asked Mr.
Campbell to namo Thursday as the time for
the Committee to report
Mr. Campbell refused, for the reason that
it would be utterly impossible, in thai abort
time, to examine all lho document in tha
The motion was then rejected -101 lo 103.
After lome further proceeding, tlie que.,
tion wa. again takon on recommitting the
bill to a select Committee. Much interest
was maiiifeiled to learn the result, and on I fin
the motion in response lo the message of the , " ,c""0'y 14 inamiesteu m l.egwlattve
President, asking for three thousand velun- "i"1, JlP'ouutte c"c'e'. 'e alive to tho facts
teer, to st-iyo for eighteen months, 10 check ul "' "llori,ml ol'f mediation or the gov
tho apprehended outrage of the Indians. eminent between tho parties Kiltie existing
Mr. Faulkner wanted the bill printed and '"'P0'" war, of which General llayley gave
recommitted to the Committeo on .Military ,be """"'"O' n inkling in his fate short
Affair. , ppceh, by way of clearing up the mystery,
Many speeche were made upon lho Paci-' H0 0 ' ,from circumstance, within
(ic Uailroid bill, and it avas apparent that no 1 "r own knowledge, are are satisfied that it
vote being counted, it wos found that iho
Homo was equally divided -10U on each
Tho Speaker then voted in the ncgalivo,
and afterwards said llmt hy llus decision ho
did not intend to commit himself lo tho bill,
as ho was opposed to it.
The bill was then put upon its passage,
and carried by a vnto of 10U loH7.
A motion was mido to reconsider tho vole,
which was succcuful, and the bill was re.
committed to a select Committee, by 100 t0
Pending a motion lo reconsider the above
vote, tho House adjourned.
TuEsnar, Jan. UU.
Sr.xaTr.. Mr. Seward, of Now Vorl,
presented a petition from .Messrs. Halstead
and Krochel, submarino engineers, for a per
ccnlage of duties, for tumoving tho rod.
I from llurlGalc. Referred to the Committeo
j, of ,M , , , , j ,
bm , , j
d ,. ufc j ' f s'tl,rjny.
Mr ,. ' f ,,onn4y,anin prc,enci,
rc.Buliun , l0 .,ent be equea ted
d , Secretaries of Stnto and th.
Treasury to report from their DoputmenN
the statistics in relation to the transporta
tion of foreign criminals and paupers lo this
country; also in relation to tho voluntary
,,(, l0 ,his cuulltry wil!lln le '
,,,.. ' ' lsl
j two year
luriwmiiuii ni, III l'uilli-11, llfSIIUCIinr,
.1. ,.. 1 .. ..' . !..... .
, iho juuic.arv oommiueo io inquire whether
any legislation is necessary to prevent the
ll,l,rx(l(.,ioI1 nf fott!gn ctilltna, an, pfM..
oers, ond to control the voluntary emigration
jo cmlnlry ' b
Tl0 .to",,, p,c,i ,0 ,10 conslJ(,ri.
,on f ,w ioun,y '. bill,
, A t mmT ( ,endmenm were of.
BnJ ,. 0 oi,CUMoni lho s 1
' ate adjourned.
, !.. T,10 vf)0 wa, taIlcn
m,)tjoll nfll,0 yeserila). t0 rorer tJ,e Psse.nr
j R , d , select t 'oiumittee, and to
, t(nt ,ab!o Th ; u ln
lleJ the .fflrmattvc bv a maioritv of one
The lliritc went into Committee of the
Whole on the French Spoliation bill.
Mr llayly. of Virginia, made a speech in
favor of the bill. 'The subject had often
been brought before Congress, and had al
ways been reported upon favorably. He
was anxious tint some definite action should
be taken in relation to the subiect. lie
iv ,in.jii 111 iciituuif iu inn cruiiri;. jp
mu ,i( m.e wmmf of ,,, BmJ,j
o, the provisions of
.. . , 1
Annie Kn'thing Delate in Cmgresi. In
nM of Representatives, at Wash.ng
Thursday I the Hon. J It. Chan
,, . ., '.,.,., .
dler, iho able and respectable representative
of n.tevf the Philadelphia districts, ami who
is a res-ent convert Id the Church or Rome,
imde an olaboratc speech in defctico of that
1 liurch from tho imputation of Mr. Hanks
and the Know Nothings, Ihat it Ins interfer.
cd witli the ewiilar affiirs or nations, or that
it has any political aim. Tho Washington
correspondent or the ,ip York Commtitict
' lie maintained his position by a review
or the act of the Pontiffs which have been
c msulvred as pa-laking or this objectionable
character, beginning wnh the excommunica
tion of Henry the Kiehih, winch lie renre-
V "'" ""I! " a
'Jr'Tu'"", """i ,""Cr; .Accorduiff ...
,iir. v.on.n..-r, urn Btneiin ni llie uav, aaQli'Fl
aeco.nplishes us obj. ct by dividing the
Christian church, and which, after it shad
have subdued the Papacy, will turn its hos
tdity to the rival seen nan denominations.
L'vidence of the non-propagandizing spirit
of the head of llie Romish Church, derived
fiom tho speaker's investigations in the r
ctueves ol his Holiness, was further addu
ced, the aa bole being listened to with mirked
attention. Mr. Chandler's remarks will doubt
less bo replied to by eume ono of the south
ern Whig brethren, who aro to a man infec
1" w" 1
ted anlli Know Nnthingum, most of tncio
1 members or Know Noilung lodges."
Mr. Chandler avas followed by .Mr. Cox
(Whig) or Keutucky, who denied that the
great Wing party is dissolved, and cdioneil
that I he majority or the coitnlry is in oppo
sition to tho administration. In relation to
the Know Nothings, he said he couid not
submit lo Iho docinne or proscribini? Trte-
' '"c" w'' ooo " act politically .., their
own way. If ihey only intended to vote for
I'rulesUnts, instead ur Komsii Catholics,
there is ludhiug lo prevent them; lor lho
two great political parties Inve always ad
vocated the election or their own friends,
respectively. If ihey do intend to exclude
Roman Catholics, it is become! they con
ceive the lalter entertain a political and re
ligious railh incompatible with republican
sentiment. This may be arrong, and tho
Protestants in error. Il o, lho unly Hung
for the Roman Catholics to do is lo convince
them of the untruthfulness of the charge.--
no (lid not iimiersliml that the Know Notli-
UaMi or ihc groat West, as the parties may
... . ..kwi... .11 Mils ujaiiiicr 11 IS
to reduce the number or Ilo
residunts at least one-half.
space of tune ; and the design,
move the most usefnl among
imp nntiiiti.fl.ii VV'a 1... A
, --i "
"Irccl miorniaiion ol any public Heps having
p.'p sn'" h"h ''ciT.l
' uu pe""u.- ""'C" ouniat.
The Informil Tender 0 Mediation. As
, . . ' .
, ""'i'""i- uecuneu 10 recognize
Iho good otlices ir tho United Slates in tho
malter, which doubtless would have been
cordially tendered had a willingness to ac
cept them been intimated.
As yet, avo do not know which or the al
lies it was, who, through their minister here,
promptly to gave our government to under
stand thai they wanted no American advice
on the subject. Such being tho meaning or
the virtual repulse a we understand it.
Emigrants. Tho bill introduced bv Mr.
Wenlworth.or Massachusetts, in tlie House,
throw upon American Consul, abroad Iho
1 examination of all person who wish to emi
grate, and tho transhipment of any iiernun,
without a Consul' certificate, that ho has
not been for fivo years afllicted by lu iscy,
tllM, 111 ia ni, ,.M,,i. n. m .nn.i.t .1...
ui u vuu, ii.,, auu tun
' he comes or his own accord, and not sent by
j any corporation i mado puniahablo by fine
Postponed. " Inspector" or the Courier
and Enquirer, write, from Washington, that
the Democrats havo postponed the intended
party movement against secret bocitlies.
The Washington Union of the 17th inst.,
stales that Minister Sculo wa. recalled from
Spain at his own request.
I'uj.'iiiyfoii, Jan. Ul. Tux TaRii r lliu
The Secretary or the Treasury ha. amended
hi project for a new tariff, and .Mr. Houston,
- r , . ,1
ofU'8 Lwiimitleo 0r ay and Means, will
run.,., lull a,. n.u. .1 n 1 1 1. n I. .1... it Ultll
report a bill so nearly like it. that it will
probably be acceptable to both Houses, and
to the Northern section oftho country.
Diplomatic Humort, It Is confidently pre
dicted that Secretary Maroy may go to
Europe. The Cabinet i. and ha. been ami
cable. Mr. Seymour prefer, to day at home.
The Democratic Senators met tbia morning
to express the sentiments of their party upon
Know Nothingism, but Ihey adjourned with
out coming to any conclusion.
Jlarritbur&, Jan. 18. Penmyhanin Lt'
gislaturt. In the Stato Senate today, a res
olution wa. introduced requesting the Cum.
niiltee on the Militia to inquire into the ex
pediency of requiring the Militia, to the ex
lent of two third, or it. uuuiber, to be
composed or Americans. It wa. agreed to
yeas 17, nay. IS."