Newspaper Page Text
pie of tho "General Welfare," or of "Strict con
struction." N, The fact that the Speaker is n first-rate
Democrat, and a zealous stickler fur the true
Virginia Doctrine, don't shed a particle of lijht
on this case, because it inheres in the nature of a
Virginia politician to he on the side opposite to
his principles about hull' the time, and go it is im
possible to tell under which sign he acts in any
There are 3-2 desks for reporters, nnd 1 suppose
under this very democratic dynasty, 3'i reporters
are to have a ninnolopy of the business of news
paper correspondence at Washington, If the
people of the free states arc iu favor of that mon
opoly, they had better get it extended to the mails,
so that only S2 newspapers shall be carried thro'
the country. At anv rate, it will be well tor tne
citizens to require of trrdrr candidates for Con
gress at tl)e next election, a distinct pledge that
thev will vote for no slaveholder as Sneaker. Or
perhaps a still more effectual way will be, to vote
for men so well known that they won't need a
pledge. I venture to say, that if there are a doz
en true Liberty men sent to the next Congress,
fro:n Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Vt.
New York, Ohio, Illinois and Michigan, I shall
be able to resume my scat as reporter, let who
will be Speaker.
By the leave of Providence, my next week's
communication will be prepared in my editorial
chair at home. "Sweet sweet home" never was
more welcome than it will be now.
" Pliant as reeds where Freedom's waters glide
Firn as the hills to stem Oppression's tide!"
MONTPELIER, VERMONT, SATURDAY, FEBUARY 3, 1811,
Nominated by the National Convention, May, 1843.
JAMES fi. BIRNEY,
" Our own slave- "lutes, and especially the more soulh
arn of them, in which the number of slaves is greater,
and in which, of course, the sentiment of injustice is
stronger than the more northern ones, are to be placed on
the list of decaying communilies.
" The question now for Ihe North finally to decide is
shall the slave states draw us down with them, and both
perish, or shall we, by a decided conjunct exertion of vir
tuous energy, save ourselves and them from destruction
James G. Birney.
TOR VICE PRESIDENT,
" I rejoice, that the abolition of slavery throughout the
mhzed world is no longer problematical; it seems to be
almost universally conceded that this stupendous fraud
upon a portion of the human race is fast drawing to a
close, and the great question with us i truly, what meas
ures are nesi sunea to accomplish tins desirable end m
tb United States.
C' Pitlitii:i notlnn 'ia npcfa,flrv In nrnijiia
moral reformation in a rial ion : anil that action with us
can only he effectually exercised through the ballot box.
And surely the ballot box can never be used for a more
noble purpose, than to restore and secure to every man
hit inalienable rights." Thomas Morris.
Democratic Candidate for President.
MARTIN VAN BUREN.
" I must go into the Presidential chair the inflexible and
ntompromising opponent of every attempt on the part
of Congie.'-s, to abolish slavery in the District of Colum
bia, against the wishes of the slaveholding States, and al
io with a determination equally decided, to resist the
lightest interference with it in the states where it exists.
" It now only remains to add, that no bill conflicting
with these views can ever receive my constitu
tional sanction." Mr, Van Bur en's Inaugural,
March 4, 1837.
Whig Candidate for President,
I know there is a visionary dogma which holds that
Segro slaves cannot be the subjects of property. I shall
Dot dwell long upon this speculative abstraction. That
is property which the law declares to be property.
Two hundred years of legislation have Sanctioned and
sanctified negro slaves as property."
" If I had been a citizen of Pennsylvania when Frank-,
lin's plan (of gradual emancipation) was adopted, I should
have voted fcr it; because, by no possibility could the
Mack race ever gj'm the ascendancy in that State. But
if I had been then, or were now a citizen of any of the
planting States the southern or south-western States
I should have opposed, and would continue to oppose,
any scheme whatever of emancipation, gradual orftn
mediate.' " It is not true, and I REJOICE that it is not true,
that either of the two great parties in this country has
any design or aim at abolition. I should DEEPLY
LAMENT if it were true." Clay's Speech in the Sen
ate, Feb. 7, 1839.
LIBERTY STATE TICKET.
WILLIAM R. SHATTER,
FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR,
The following gentlemen are authorized by the State
Committee of the Liberty Party, to act as their Agents in
this Slate, in Lecturing, collooting funds for the cause,
and obtaining subscribers for the Freeman,
Rev. George Putnam, Albany.
Chauncey L. Kn afp, Esq., Montpelier,
Rev. John Gleed, Wolcott.
Rev. H. II. Garnet, Troy, N. Y.
Rev. C. C. Briggs, Randolph,
D. Nicholson, Esq. Wallingford,
Joseph Poland, Montpelier.
Our friends who wish to obtain the services of Mr.
Putnam, are desired to correspond wiih the Editor of the
Freeman, at Montpelier, on the subject.
The friends of the slave are requested to meet
in convention at Chelsea on Friday, Feb. 9th at
10 o'clock, A. M. The eloquout II. If. Garnet,
once a Slave, now a Ma"j will be present.
Let there be a general rally. We hope there
will be a good delegation from every town in the
Co. Come one and all, bringing your wives and
daughters with you, and let us have onof the
best Conventions we have ever had in the County.
Probably there is no way, by which bo much
light can be conveyed to the public mind on the
subject of slavery, with so little expense, as by
well written Tracts. Several of the States have
established Depositories, and at the urgent re
quest of many friends of the good , cause, and by
the sanction ot the State Convention, the Editor
of the Freeman, has undertaken to keep a supply
for this State. When large editions of from fifty,
to a hundred thousand have been struck off on
stereotype plates, they have been sold at the rate
of twelve paces per cent; but it is believed that
the small editions which will be published here
and the expense of transportation on those obtain
ed from Massachusetts, together with the risk of
having a quantity left on his hands, will oblige
the publisher to sell them at the rate of ten pages
percent. A large supply of those advertised on
the fourth page, are now ready for delivery at this
office. It must be borne in mind that orders should
be post-paid, and accompanied with the money.
The publisher has on hand excellent matter for
several other tracts, which will be published as
soon as they arc wunted.
DC- The Methodist Preachers' A. S. Conven
tioujat uauuoipn on tne S4tn ult., was an occasion
of much interest, and we trust of profit. A strong
sense of the insufferable abomination of slavery
in the church, seemed to pervade the minds of
present, anil a disposition was niaiiitestcd to use
the most efficient means to rid the church and na
tion of this loathsome curse. We shall not be
able to publish the resolutions until next week, but
our readers may see a specimen of the spirit which
prevailed by Rev. B. M. Hall's letter on the firs
page. Three excellent addresses were deliverei
one by Kev. JI. 11. unmet, one uv Kev. Justin
Spnulding of Winchester, N. H., and one by
Rev. G. Putnam. Wc hope to publish the sub
stance of Br. Spaulding's address in the course of
a few weeks.
It will be seen by the communication from
Mr. Leavitt, that Mr. Jones, the Democratic spea
ker of the present very democratic House of Rc
resentatives, has decided that he, the only aboli
tion reporter at Washington, cannot be allowed
a seat in the Hall. Thirty or forty pro-slavery
reporters can be accommodated without any dif
ficulty, fur there is 'but little fear of their telling
tales out of school. The course of Speaker Jones
which we consider decidedly more mean than the
gag rule, is in perfect kecpiug with the general
course ol Ins party on tnat subject. 1 heir great
object and labor seems to be, to keep their doings
frtit of sight of the people as much as possible.
Our readers must of course be deprived of Mr,
Leavitt's interesting correspondence hereafter
This must also be our apology for furnishing so
little Congressional news this week, though there
seems to be but little doing at Washington worth
telling of, if we cannot tell of their pro-slavery
CM. CLAY'S LETTER ON SLAVERY.
This week we give this admirable letter
II i t .
every paragnipn nc iiiukcs a point, anil ever
point is a strong blow. That in every point th
letter will meet with universal concurrence at the
North, we do not expect; but in the main it
right, anil is all the better becauso it conies from
the midst of slavery. It issuch men, who, infin
itely more than others, will contribute to the caus
of Emancipation; and such men should bo listen
ed to, encouraged, cherished, sustained; but th
are under the ban of political abolition at the North
wnue at me ooutn, ineir enorts are thwarted an
their influence weakened by the ultraismof a por
tion of our people, with whom the advocates
slavery arc always ready to represent them as be
ing connected Wc can only add, that Cassius M
Clay is no less fearless in defence of Whig print:
pies than of Freedom in both causes he has per
illed his life. Vt. Watchman.
Where the Watchman gets its evidence that C
M. Clay is " under the ban of political abolition
i - i- . i. . . ..
we no not kiiow : pernaps ic can point to somr
such censure as the " Political Abolition Conven
tion atUtica, passed upon J. Q. Adams!" But to
show that the Political Abolitionists are not under
the ban of Mr. Clay tiiwself, we givo the follow
ing extract from a speech against the annexation
of Texas, made at a mass meeting at the White
Sulpher Springs on the Oth of Dee. last. The
meeting was called to favor that project, Will the
Watchman copy ?
" Then come the Liberty party, embracing a
large 'portion of the virtue, intelligence and legal
knowledge, the Christianity and patriotism of the
North. Taking the ground first occupied by
Washington himself, that slavery was the creature
of the law and should be abolished by law, they
appeal to the ballot-box, not the bayonet; like the
great Irish Reformer, having faith in the power of
reason, truth and virtue, they expect to achieve a
bloodless revolution, more glorious than any yet
arising from force and arms. This party, a
few years ago, numbered but seven thousand vot
ers, now in 1843, they poll sixty-five thousand
men at the ballot-box; having doubled themselves
every year from the time of their organization.
At such a continued rate of increase, I leave it to
the reflecting to determine how long it will bo bc
foce they absorb the whole political power of the
THE GREAT LOG CABIN.
Our Whig brethren in Richmond, Va. are erect
ing a log cabin of sufficient dimensions to seat two
thousand persons, und leave room for five hundred
more. We presume it will be "filled to overflow
ing" more than oiigo during the campaign.
We find the above in tho Vermont Phoenix. So
it appears, that the Whigs have already commenc
ed addressing the lowest passions of the commu
nity with ''Log Cabin" and "Hard Cider" argu
ments, We have expected this course would be
pursued, but were not looking for the same old
instruments exactly. Perhaps the Vermont Whigs
ill be able to suggest some improvements at the
eat Baltimore Convention. What fine business
for sensible men, and especially Christian!
CO" Our thanks arc due the editor of the Ver
mont Watchman for the early reception of their
paper via Nuneich, since the commencement of
the Freeman especially as they have seen fit to
bestow a notice on some of our correspondents.
K3 On our first pag-e will be found a few hints,
by which the claims of Henry Clay tit special hon
or from men who hate oppression, may be estimat
ed. The following scrap from the Liberty Stand
ard, shows to some extent, what regard Mr. Van
Buren has to the equal rights of man. Indeed,
there is no man in the United States who has
trampled more recklessly upon tho rights of the
colored man, or been more ready to sell his birth
right, and fawn, and crouch more meanly, to sc
cure the lavor ot the slave power, than this same
Mr. Van Buren. In choosing between two such
evils, it must be difficult to decide which is the
Can any one decide what those christians' con
sciences are made of, who pray God to give us
good rulers, who work righteousness and rule in
his feairfnTiLv1c for such men as Martin Van
Buren, mid Henry Clay?
From the Liberty Standard.
CLAIMS OF MARTIN VAN BUREN.
I. During the session of Congress, 1335-6, he
gave Ins casting vote in the United states Senate
in favor a Bill prohibiting postmasters from deliv
ermg -any panipuiet, newspaper, nandhill, or
other printed paper or pictoral representation
touching tin; sinuect oi slavery in any state, in
which their circulation is prohibited by law."
" l he oiiject ot this inn," says Judge Jay, "was
to build around the slave states, a rampart against
the assaults of truth." It involved a surrender by
the General Government, of the freedom of the
press; as a precedent, prepared the way for the
lcstruction of civil and religious liberty, and con
stituted every postmaster in Slave States a mail
2. March 1836, he declared in a letter to polit
ical Inenns in North Carolina, that should he be
elected President, he would veto any bill passed by
both Houses oj Congress for the abolition of slave
ry in the District of Columbia, " against the wish
es of the slaveholding States."
3. March 1837, in bis inaugural he refers to the
above declaration, and says, " It now remains for
mo to add, that no bill conflicting with these views
can ever receive my constitutional sanction."
4. March 27, 1840 he wrote to Walter Leake
of North Carolina, " these sentiments are not on
ly still entertained by me, but have been greatly
strengthened by subsequent experience and rejlec
During the summer following he wrote to oth
ers in the same State, denying the constitutional
right of Congress to abolish slavery in the tcrrito
5. July 1839. Fifty-three kidnapped native
Africans, while on board the Amistad, rose upon
their Cuban purchasers, took command of the ves
sel,,wcre deluded on to the coast of Connecticut
seized by officers of the General Government and
imprisoned. They were demanded by the Span
ish authorities " in order to their being tried
Spanish laws, which they have violated," (i
hung.) These persons, clearly free by the laws
and treaty stipulations, both of the United State
and of Spain, Mr. Van Buren sought to deliver up
for trial " beyond the high seas," by attempting
over awe the courts, by ording a public vessel
lie oil" the coast, that they might be hurried
board without delay or appeal, and by the follow
ing Order, by which, says John Q. Adams, "he
became the catclipole of foreign slaveholders
The Marshal of the United States for the Dis
trict of Connecticut, will deliver over to Lieut
John J. Payne, of the United States Navy, and aid
in conveying on board tho schooner Grampus, un
der his command, all the negroes, late of the Span
ish schooner Ainislad, in his custody, under pro
cess now pending before tho circuit Court of the
United Status fur the District of Connecticut. F
so doing this order will be his warraut.
" Given under my hand, at the city of Washin
ton, this 7th day of January, A. D. J840.
" M. VAN BUREN
" By the President:
" John Forsyth, Secretary of Stats."
See Doc. 185, 26th Congress. Also, Speech
J. Q. Adams before the Supreme Court of the U
VERMONT STATE TEMPERANCE SO
The annual meeting of this Society was held
Rutland on the 10th ultimo. The attendance w
said to be good. Spirited resolutions were offered
by Mr. Adams of Burlington, Mr. Slade of Mid
dlebury, and Mr. Marsh of Brandon, The Socie
ty recommended the American Temperance U
ion, as a suitable paper to be patronized in this
State. The officers of the Society are President
Erastus Fairbanks of St. Johnshury. Vice Presi
dents, Wm. Slade, Charles Adams; George T
Hodges, Myron Clarke, Erastus A. Hoi ton, J
Danfwrth, Jason Steel, C. W. Storrs, Alvah Sabin
Central Corresponding Secretary, Erastus W.
Rocording Secretary, Ambrose L, Brown, Rut
land, Central Committee, A. C. Twinning, Thos. A.
Merrill, Ayres, -r Lunt, Horatio Seymour,
S. Stoddard, all of Middlebury, nnd Wm. Nash of
The next annual meeting is to be held at Chelsea
on the 2nd Wednesday of January 1845.
Fruit of Sluvery. Judge O'Neal sentenced
John L. Brown on the 31st ult., at Columbus, Ga.
to be hung on the 26th of April next, for aiding a
slave to run away. Such nre the fruits of slavery,
and yet many professed, philanthropists and Chris
tians regard it as u patriarchal institution, and
Gov, Mc'Duffie says it is the corner stone of our
for the Green Mountain Freeman.
A MEDITATION IN THE NIGHT
"Unto Him that loved us. and washed us from
our sins in his own blood, and hath made us kings
and priests unto God and His rather."
Phis is the language of the whole church rc-
leemed from among men; for they all join in say-
..w.i .1 ..I -I 11 1, I
ing, 1 hou art wormy to iukc ine udok, iinu to
open the seals thereof; for thou wast slain, and
hast redeemed us unto God by thy blood, out ot
every kindred, tongue and nation, and hast made
us unto our God kings and priests, and we shall
reign on the earth."
"There's no distinction hoi e, come spread their
And near me scat my fav'ritcs and my sons.
Nothing here like master and slave. Some had
been redeemed from Asia, some from Africa, and
omc from Europe. Some had been beggars, and
others princes; some learned, and others ignorant;
some slaves, and others masters; but now all were
kings and priests.
By nature nil were polluted by sin, defiled and
loathsome as moral pollution could make them,
but they had been washed, not by their own hands,
nor by the hands of man. Jesus by his Spirit
had done the work, do had washed them from
their sins; not with nitre and soap, not in any fa
mous river, or even in tho ocean, but in his own
blood. This was the fountain set open for sin and
uticteanness. The blood of Christ cleanseth from
all sin In this Jesus had washed them from their
sins; and had made them kings and priests unto
God; had advanced them to great dignity, had
crowned them with glory and honor. And all this
he did because he loved them with an everlasting
love. He loved them when their names were
written in His book of life; when he snvv them
cast out to the loathing of their persons- when he
bare their sins in his own body on the cross; when
he ascended upon high and received gifts for men;
and when he sat down upon his throne, being
made Head over all things to the church. And
having thus loved them, he did, in his great mer-
. . I It I il . . .
cy, draw them unto uimscir, wasu tucrn irom
their sins, and exalt them to be kings and priests
unto God. The black man is a king and a priest
as well as the white man. Here are no Negro-
pews. No one says to the poor saint, "sit here
under my footstool." The slave is as royal a per
sonage as his master. No distinction of nations,
conditions, or circumstances. All nations, all con
ditions are amalgamated in one blessed sooiety.
All are kings and priests unto God.
Slavery will constitute no part of heavon. Then
nil arc dignitaries of an exalted order. Royal
priests. And they will reign on the earth.
The work of amalgamation will be perfected
in heaven. The inhabitants of heaven will be
redeemed from every nation, and tongue and peo
ple. Bond and free, rich and poor, black and
white, all will then be associated together, and
enjoy equal honors; all lickings and priests. All
sing together, and all have one common, interest,
and recognise each other as brethren. This will
bn nmnlimmation completed. As saith the Son of
God, " And the glory which thou gavest me I have
given them, that they may be one, even as we are
one." What will those highly respectable ladie.-
and gentlemen, and even clergyman, who are hor
rified at the thought of amalgamation, do, should
any of them ever enter heaven? The safer course
for them is to keep at a proper distance from that
holy and happy place.
How little do those very good christians think
of the state of society in heaven, who are so te
nacious of caste that thev would feel themselves
degraded should they have to ride with a black
person, or to sit by him even at the Lord's table?
They now feel an importance, and assume airs
which they must discard and lay aside before they
can enter heaven, where a beggar, or an African
slave, may stand at their right hand and sing ns
loud and as sweetly as they. Surely Christians
should be ashamed to cherish feelings and persist
in actions which all heaven condemn, nnd which
they must abhor, if they ever join the ransomed
of the Lord.
That state of civil society which most resembles
heaven, must be desirable. Those gentlemen may
then dismiss their fears who arc alarmed to think
of allowing to Africans their inalienable rights
and of associating them with other citizens
There is no danger in doing right. 1 he sooner
earth resembles heaven the better. In heaven
men of every nation are united by love, the bond
of nerfectness. And such will be the state of
things on earth, when the kingdoms of this world
become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his
How will those masters feel, who soe their poor
slaves made kings and priests unto God, but find
themselves excluded from such society and such
honors? Lazarus in heaven! The rich man tor
I am ashamed to ask how much some ot our
christian churches resemble heaven. He who
walks in the midst of them, and whose eyes are as
a flame of fire, knows their works, and will fight
against them with the sword of his mouth, except
thev reoent. He that hath an car, let him hear
what the spirit saith unto the churches.
REPEAL AND ABOLITION.
A writer in the Bay State Democrat, a Boston
paper, speaks of Repeal and Abolition
'HeripnP means that the millions
shall bo relieved of oppression. m
'Abolition' means that tho millions of America
shall be delivered from oppression. Both arc holy
enterprises; but let no A,ne"icnn citiacn do more
for the former, than ho is willing to do for the lat
ter, Slaveholders stultify thom.selves when they treat
O'Conncll's abolition opinions as of recent origin.
But even more obtuse must their intellects have
been, not to have discovered that the principles of
Irish Repeal were those of American Abolition.
The South has exhibited a singular fatuity on this
subject. The Vieksburg (Miss.) Sentinel ha
the following comments on Repeal 'From every
section of the country we read of Repeal meeting
numerous and enthusiastic. breathing forth the
entiinents and feelings of freemen toward the suf
fering and oppressed millions of unhappy Ireland.
Now is the time for the friends of Ireland, the
friends of human rights everywhere, to give ex
pression to their sentiments.' Change but a word
or two, and the article becomes 'incendiary.'
'From evory section of the country we read of
abolition meetings, numerous and enthusiastic,
breathing forth the sentiments and feelings of free
men towards the suffering and oppressed millions
of unhappy America. Now is the time
for the friends of America, the friends of human
rights every where, to give expression to their
sentiments,' Not less incendiary was the Taber
nacle speech of Robert Tyler at Boston. By
changing a few proper names, it might have UceDj
taken for Iteniond's or Garrison's,
REV. J. GLEED'S JOURNAL.
Stowe, Jan, 2, 184. f
Commenced a course of tmnpernur e r 1 jinii- V
slaverv lectures this evncnjr, throuen all. the dig- J
trii-.ts of this townTctnpxsra.
clock and anti-slave- ' 6 nMC2i2
tendance this evening. ,iicvt.-i ;ii,.boiU , males -arid
females, signed the fdedge." The Lord is moving
on the understandings and the hearts of the people-
in this town most powerfully in favor of his suf i
fcring poor in chains, ignorance and poverty.
Told my audience that our movement was not a
Whig nor a democratic trick, but a reality that
we sympathised with the slaveholder and the
slave, for both were in bonds that emancipation
was our business, and that through our sympathy,
prayers and the ballot-box we could nnd we would
get at it. Thus I met some local objections.
Jan. 3. The snow storm thinned my meeting-
to-night, still a select few were present. West
India Emancipation was the subject. Dwelt on
its perfect safety to person and property its local
advantages, moral, personal and political, and its
vast good to the British Empire : then mentioned
some of its most prominent causes, especially the
long, almost uniform sympathy of serious Chris
tians of all denominations in England, the fidelity
of the faithful and pious missionaries of Christ,
Baptists, Moravians, Methodists, Congregatiun-
nlists. Sec in the said Islands, who made no terms
of friendship with the monster slavery. Here I
applied the subject by arguing, that what proved
so good for the gander, (begging Uncle Sum's.
pardon fer calling him a gander,) perhaps for per
petuating a system so impious, odious, and abom
inable, he ought to be called a goose, nnd n great
JiN. 4. A very full house to-night, and sever
al new signers. Subject discussed, that it is our
duty as men, as Christians, as patriots, as buisuess
men, to have all our moral and political influence
and at the ballot-box tell how wc have kmckl
out the brains of the' monster, slavery, and given
his body to rot on the earth. Some smart sharp
shooting after the lecture, but all told well on the,
Jan 5. Another well filled school house and"
several new signers nsainst our great national
evil. General slavery was charged to-night with
being a bloody tyrant; a cruel monster; a notorious
thief; the mother of ignorance, superstition and
vice; a creature without pity, without shames
without one redeeming quality injurious., odious,,
abominable; and the charge was clearly and satis-,
factorily sustained. Not one friend, Whig or Lo--co
stood forth to say a word in his defence. Poor
wretch, thy days are numbered, and the fewer and
shorter the better for the honor nnd welfare of thy
country. Jan. 6. Shivery is a gross infringement on hu-..
tnan rights; a violation of the great principle of"
justice; destructive of the well-being of society,
and a most sinful interference with the authority,
institutions and requirements of the Almighty;
therefore does it demand all our sympathy as men,
and all our influence as Christians and as citizens,,
at the throne of grace and at the ballot box, to rid
the country and the world of it. This was the.
substance of this evening's address.
From the True Sun.
A clergyman who was recently travelling at the.
South, and a passenger on board of a steamboat on..
Cape Fear Rivor, observed some of the conse
quences of slavery, which he has communicatee!
to the public. We are no abolitionists, in the re
ceived sense of the word we believe the Consti
tution must be kept inviolate; yet we cannot con-i
ceul our horror at scenes like those described in,
the following extract from the Christian Journal
The writer says:
As I went on board the steamboat, 1 noticed
eight colored men, handcuffed, and chained togeth
er in pairs, four women, nnd eight or ten children,,
of the apparent ages of from four to ten years, all,
standing together in the bow of the boat, in charge
of a man standing near them. Of the men, one.
was sixty, one fifjy-two, three of them about thir
ty, two of them twenty-five, and one about twenty
years of age, as I subsequently learned from thcmt
The two first had children, the next three had
wives and children, and the other three were sin
gle, but had parents living from them. Coming
near them, I perceived that they wore all greatly
agitated; and on inquiry, I found that they were
all slaves, who had been born and raised in North
Carolina, and had just been sold to a speculator
who was now taking them to the Charleston mar
ket. Upon tho shore, there were a number of colors
ed persons, men, women, and children waiting
the departure of the boat; and my attention was.
particularly attracted by two colored females, of
uncommon respectable appearance, tieatly attired
who stood together, a little distance from the crowd
anc) gpou vvhose countenances was depicted the
keenest sorrow. As the Jqat bell was tolling, I saw