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u & ive ni e , ib er t y n r f? iv c me Death!"
aiOaTTPEIiIE3U, VERMONT, SATITR DAY, MARCO 9, 1844-
THE GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
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Delivered before Hie Melhadisl Preachers' .?. .?.
Convention hoi den at Randolph, Jan. 25t 1811,
by Rev. Justin Spatlding,
Ladies and Gentlemen:
I rise to address yon on an important, antl I
may add, exciting subject. It is that of Slavery
American Slavery ! 1 . You may have hoard it said,
that vc of the free. Stairs have no right to mod
die with this subject." Do such remember that
we are the legitimate sons' and daughters of the
patriot fathers and of the pilgrims? AVlion they
fled from the mother country, it was in search of
the liherfy of speech and of the press. And did
they find it? Yes; and henucatlied it to ns and to
our children. And so long as one sptirk of grati
tnde lives on the altar of our hearts, or one drop
of original Mood flows in our veins, wo shall claim
the rijrht of sponkinjr freely, solemnly and right
eously on all subjects, connected with fit; interests
of the commonwealth, the happiness of man, and
the glory of God. We claim we ask no more.
The same thing was said in l'lnidand , long he
fore the J5ritisl) Emancipation Bill was passed.
And many helieved it. Whim do you think the
British colonies in the West Indies would have
been freed from the withering curse of slavery, if
the Christians and patriots of England had never
spoken, written, petitioned Parliament, or done
jsnytjiiug to enlighten all classes of the community
fn the subject, and bail left, the whole business to
be managed by the slaveholders themselves? I
ftfisvw'r never; no, never.
2. It is said, "Nothing should lie done at the
North on this subject, because it. would injure and
destroy the Sunt!) their plantations would be ren
dered useless and the people made beggars." So
it was said, in reference to British Emancipation.
But subsequent facts prove the contrary. Their
lands ha've risen 50 per cent, in value, and the
people were never so prosperous and happy as
now. And why may not the same pleasing eil'ects
he realized here? Admit, for the sake of the ar
gument, that grout losses and inconveniences
would follow entire emancipation in the United
States. Had we not till better become honest beg
gars, than to have, the null-stone of shivery hung
to the neck of this great and growing Republic,
to founder and sink it forever. The very thing
which that wise nnd powerful statesman, Thomas
Jefferson, feared, w hen he uttered that terrific and
almost oronhetic admonition enough to shock
and chill the blood of any pure republican" If
ever the union of these states is parted, it will be
on the rock of slavery."
3. It is also said, that " it would endanger the
lives of their masters and the security of the country-
that they would be idle, malicious, and pest
to society." Just so it was said of the slaves in
the West Indies. But the contrary is the fact.
No body ban been killed or hurt. Industry, order
and peace every where prevailed. One free black
does the work of four slaves, writhing under the
whip. They now do their work cheerfully,
promptly, and, ns it should be, encouraged by the
hope of a reasonable recompense for their labor.
Traveler! in the West Indies tell us, every thing
there wears a new aspect, badness, of all kinds,
is better all are comfortable and happy till mast
now have a house to live in, furniture, clothes,
ami the conveniences of life like all other civilized
and free people. Many of the prisons and houses
of correction are quite empty in many instances
tlitr national guards an: dismissed, which, before,
were necessary to prevent in-urreciioiis, Ste.
Peace and harmony every where prevails work
is done quicker, better and cheaper; in a word,
all is better. And so, most undoubtedly, it would
'I. It is further said, its an objection to Ameri
can emancipation, that " they would all rush to
th:; North and overwhelm us w ilh a black pop
ulation." Not so. Should universal emancipa
tion take place tit the South, so fat" from their
coming to this cold climate to freeze, the free
blacks now among us would go there. Yes, just
as surely us birds of passage. Hot climates are
as congenial to the constitution of the black race,
as cold ones are uncongenial. They naturally
choose mid seokwa'iii latitudes. Besides, they
would In; as much needed to work and cultivate
the plantations after emancipation us they are
now. And I know of no reason whv thev would
not do as their brelliren do in the West indies
stay with their oh! masters and receive a reward
f.ir their labors, as, in justice, every man should.
5. Again, it is said, " The. slaves find I not pro
vide for, and take care of, them'dves, were tlcy
emancipated." But. why not? Tiiey support
themselves now, and their :?;.V.-j Ir.n, with all
their laziness and cMrava",' nice. Why not sup
port themselves alone? Is tin;;' any f i: I lire union g
the enivneipnted slaves of the Briti-h West India
colonies? Is there any lack anion,' the 110,000 run
away slaves in the Canada the land of freedom ?
I believe not. That S.d, who has created ail
men cjual w
and Iced the v
G. it is nrg.
tliis nutter, bei
ii:i:; ra en
y cry, would
;l that "we ought to desist from
nu-e l!i'. fi null will became exas
perated and so'.'eile from the rest of the States.
From this source 1 apprehend no danger. You
will recollect that South Carolina, a few years
since made a m ive. LSii! old General Jackson
shook his fists at them, grinning vengeance, and
they cooled down like frightened children, and
have ever since been as quiet, its a nest of puppies.
The slavehohliug State:; dare not secede from the
fee, for they well know, the moment they are
alone, the slaves would declare their indepen
dence and butcher every one of them. But for a
universal expectation among the slaves, that the
North, like Vandal hordes, would come down up
on them, universal insurrection would long ago
have taken place in the South. No, the South
dare not secede. And if they darc,ho opinion is
fast obtaining, that the North would he far better
7. Some tell us, that " the slaves are eomfoita
hb; and happy, and would not accept of freedom
were it olfered them." There may be, here and
there, one who would not; but thes.i r.nwjiro ex
ceptions to the general rule, If ih"V are o ninr
fortablo and happy, and would not take their lib
erty were it offered them, what mean, I ask, the
thousands who are annually flying from this land
of chains, and whip;, and oppression, to the land
of liberty and freedom ? What mean the hordes
of maudiuntcrs, or hunters of runaway slaves,
armed, as they are, with guns, and knives, an I
hounds, who make n fat living get rich by the
towards given for seizing ami bringing them hack
to their masters! What mean the advertisements
with whi'di lite daily journals of the South un
loaded, offering large rewards for runaway .-laves!
Ah! 1 will tell you. It is u mistake a gre:it mis
take. Slaves are neither comfortable or happy,
nor ran they be. It is contrary to nature, it is op
posed to God. I do not say, they do not general
ly have enough to eat, for probably they do, such
as it is. They are fed for the same reason that
you feed your horses and your oxen. But this
does not, cannot make them either comfortable or
happy. Only enslave a foul, a beast, a fish, or a
fly, and you immediately see signs of discontent
and woe. I insure you the slave is not happy,
nor can he he, until bis spirit is utterly broken
down by ignorance, whip, chains and despair
until his whole nature is trained nnd completely
metamorphosed. He hungers, ami thirsts, nd
pants for the pure waters of freedom, lie watch
es muht and day for an opportunity to obtain it.
And 1 would to God the way was now open for
8. But it is furthermore said, "we are violat
ing the Federal Compact to say or do anvthing
about this mailer." What! is it violating ihs
liational compact to ask to petition Congress to
take measures to abolish slavery in the District of
Columbia and in the Territories, and not to admit
any more slave holding States into the Union? I
believe not. If it did thus gag the nation, I would
say, treat it as Congress has indignantly treated
the memorials id' thousands and hundreds id' thou
sands of the best and most patriotic citizens of this
laud of freedom throw it under the table wipe
your feet on it !
0. One thinu' is quite certain, slavery can nev
er be reconciled with liberty. It has a paralyzing
and withering influence on personal, domestic,
anil national happiness. For more than fifty
years our country has suli'ered and labored to re
concile them; but still to no purpose. When it
goes well with the North it goes ill with the South,
and vice versa. All must see, that our national
sun of prosperity, integrity, honor and glory is fast
setting yes, in the dense clouds of Egyptian,
Babylonish, Grecian and Roman darkness. And
unless something is soon done to arrest the threat
ening storm, our American ship must .be lost in
the Dead Son of anarchy and infamy, and shivery
is the principal rock on which she goes to pieces.
10. Is it not notorious that, to a great extent,
the North has been always governed by the South
in all our popular elections and in the legislation
of Congress? Is it not true, that a large majority
of our Presidents have been southerners? And is
it not true, that a President cannot be elected from
the North until he has sworn allegiance to the
monstrous institution of southern slavery? So it
was with Martin Van lluieii and the so-called
sainted Harrison! A V ill any man deny that a
large proportion of the members of the Cabinet
and ministers to foreign courts are, and ever have
been, from the Souib. Will any deny that the
irreatest number, by far, of the officers in the army
and in the navy are, and ever have been, from the
South. And do thry not boast that southerners
make good generals, good commodores and good
commanders? And northerners, irood sobliersand
good sailors?. Yes, they do. " Northerners are
only white slaves"" dough-faces." Yes, we are
good to carry the inusEet, catridge-box and pack,
and southerners, gold epauletts, glittering swords,
plumed hats, and take charge of the loaves and
the fishes, Northerner may do the drudgery,
pay their money and fight the battles of the cotin
iry; and southerners give the word of command,
fill their pockets nnd wear away the crown of
And must this state of things, I ask, goon
after generation, be thus degraded? Most we
wear this yoke without end? If I mistake not,
tne naiiot nox, in less man twenty vears, will an
swer these interrogatories in a tone of more than
sevenfold thunders, NO.
11. Already the rights and liberties of the free
States have been ouirag'-d to favor and support
slavery in high places. Already (lie Republican
chart, containing the bill of national rights has
been sundered. Does any one doubt this? 1 ap
peal to facts let them testify. And, I ask, have
not the citizens of the North it right, according to
the greiH Charter, to petition or irialize Con
gress on any subject they pb-a.-laVe they not.
ii right to speak, write and print what thev please?
Have thev not a right to forward bv (lie U.S.
mail, letters and periodicals when and where thev
please? and especially since the North pay n't
least live-eighths of all the expenses of the estah-li-liiuont.
H ive they not ti right to protection in
till parts of the nation? Have (hoy not a right to
trial by jury? Why, (hen, I ask, are the petitions
and niemorials of the North refused even a read
ing ill Congress? Why are our letters and papers
toi-n from ,(. mails and burned in open day?
Why are our citizens condemned, shot, or hunger
lynched without judge or jury? The fact"1 is,
there is neither right, liberty nor security for nor
therners, any further than couqiort.-s with the n
bominable institution of slavery!
12. Shivery is as ruinous to morals and religion
to as the liberties and rights of the people. It has a
hardening lendeney and produc iie oin.-t unnat
ural elieets upon the master, the driver and the
-lave. Slaves make the most severe and cruel
musters. Sometimes slaves obtain their freedom
.Hid become owners of slaves. In Brazil, if a
church, a hospital, or any public, eililice is to be
built or repaired, a grant is obtained from the
General Assembly lor a lottery, of from 8(30,000
to 8100,000. Slaves IVe.pienily -'ai'lier together
money enough to purchase a ticket, who are as
likely to draw a prize as tiny body. And as slaves
in this country are not liable to be pressed into the
army or navy, they prefer to remain in the relation
of slaves. So, instead of buying their own free
dom, they buy slaves, and the cruelly of such is
proverbial. Slavery has no redeeming qualities.
13. It may here be proper to glance for a mo
ment at what our country is doing to stop foreign
slave trade. Though I confess I cannot see the
great distinction between the sin of the domestic
and foreign traffic in human beings, which many
pretend to see. I believe it is all an unutterable
abomination in the sight of holy heaven!
But what is our government doing to end either
the one or the other? I must express to you my
honest convictions. It may astonish you: but if
you will give me your attention, I will give you
facts. I fear our government is doing i;.Tihi:ig to
stop it! I fe,,r it -H eonnivibg at itt !' I ."nr it is
I'biodostinely helping it on! Has M. Trist, bite
Consul in one of the Spanish W. I. islands, ever
been brought to justice and punished for the part
lie took, while there, in the slave trade? Did he
not make his boast, that the olliecrs of the Govern
ment were so deeply implicated in the business
that they dare not punish him? So I was inform
ed by one of our most respected Consuls. On the
Brazil station, we have constantly from one to
six men of war, each ship carrying from 100 to
700 men. But, for the whole six years 1 was there,
1 never knew them to take or molest a single slav
er, though cargoes of slaves were landed within
sight, and within reach of their gnus! I some
times asked the officers " Why do you not capture
slavers and bring (hem in prizes as the Englh
do?" And the only answer I ever received,. was,
" We are not authorised by government to do it."
So far from doing any thing to stop it, they re
proached, and cursed, and damned the .English for
taking and bringing into port these pirates of the
high seas! It is estimated that more than 100,000
slaves arc transported from the coast of Africa to
the coast of Brazil every year. And it is a notori
ous fact, that a large proportion arc brought in A
mericau ships navigated by American captains
and American crews, and all covered and protect
ed by the American flag those once beautiful and
glorious stripes and stars !
Not only do our people use ntir nation's escutch
eon to cover and protect this disgraceful traffic,
but other nations use if, especially !pain and Por
tugal. On our homeward passage, not two years
since, off the West Indies, one morniutr we w ere
saluted with the cry, iialtn, n ship, as she rose and
stood on the mighty wave, heaved in sight. Soon
the strong breeze biought her in full view, as we
galloped over tin: rolling element. And as we sur
veyed her, with 'he help of our telescopes, the
Captain remarked, " Hue is a Spaniard .-ho is'
Spanish built .-he is Spanish rig.'ed--she looks
ugly every thing about her is Spanish; and,"
said be, "(here is no doubt but .-he is a slaver.
Let us try her. If she suspects us to be an Eng
lish cruiser, she will hail an American signal, and
afterwards, when she finds we are only a mer
chantman, she will hail a Spanish signal." The
Captain accordingly ordered his flag run up: and
instantly it was answered by an American flag.
Soo-i our captain ordered his signals hauled down,
anil as soon, tney naiileil theirs down, ami m a tew
minutes, up went the Spanish flag, just as the
captain had predicted. The secret i-, all mara
liuie nations know that the right of search is uoi
1 spoke to him and found he was a sailor and a
brothor American. He gave niethc following ac
count, A few months previous, ho shipped with
Captain Hale for a voyage to the coast of Africa.
There were some twelve in the crew. The ship
was to return immediately, with a lawful cargo
out and in. They sailed, and arrived safely on
the coast, and soon the ship was discharged.
The captain coming on hoard, one afternoon, call
ed all hands on deck and informed them that he
had sold the ship to a Portiiguce Captain, who
would lake command of her, take in a cargo of
slaves and sail for Brazil. But if they wished to
do so, they could go in her, either as sailors or as
passengers. They were, of course, thunderstruck
at so flagrant a violation of the articles of agree
ment under which they shipped, They held a
council among themselves and determined to insist
upon tiie fulfilment of the terms of agreement, and
reported accordingly to (he captain. The heart
less creature replied, " To talk, is of no use the
ship is sold you can go in her as sailors or pas
sengers, or you can go ashore and take your
chance; and you must decide immediately." They
finally determined to go ashore, and did so.
In the course of two or three days they all fell
victims to the African fever. After the greatest
suli'eriugs under an African sun, without houses,
without physicians, and without friends, they all
died except this solitary one. Ho was found by a
Portugtiee captain, who had also come for a cargo
of human beings, upon the beach, almost in a dy
ing state, lie offered to take him on board and
bring him to Brazil, ami did so putting him a
shoro some 200 miles below Rio. A coaster being
there, he obtained a passage to Rio; and here I
found him in the street, without money, without
friends, and almost without clothes, and reduced
almost to a skellelon. I obtained a place for him
for the night, and eaily the next morning I report
ed his case to t lie Consul. He thanked me and
desired me. to find him a boarding-house and call
a physician, if he needed one. In a few days he
was able to give his affidavit, which was taken
and forwarded to Mr. Webster. But did our
Government take any notice of it? Why not?
Can .n 113' one answer? But you will like to know
what became of Cant. Halo. He sailed as a pas
senger in the same ship, for Brazil, with the cap
tain to whom he sold it. The Portiiguce captain
died on the passage, when captain Hale was forc
ed to taKe the command and brought her m and
discharged the cargo, some 150 lodes below Rio
de Janeiro. As he was getting up anchor he spied
an English cruiser, making towards him. Ho let
all drop seized his trunks, set fire to the ship
and rowed away. The cruiser came up, extin
guished the fire and took the ship into Rio, where
I oiien saw her. In a lew days captain H. arriv
ed in the city with a trunk which required two
stout man to carry, lie was in the citv when the
poor follow above described arrived. Ever after,
he manifested the greatest anxiety. Ho sought,
and obtained, at the earliest opportunity, a pas
sage to the States. Con.-ml Sloeuui learned where
he was and that he was in sad ihe next morning.
In the dead of the niirht he arose, took his boat
and rowed some four or live miles to the frigate
Potomac and desired Comodore llidgely to order
one of the men of war, the schooner Enterprise to
go nnd take him and bring him a prisoner to his
nllice, that he might be sent home in chains for
trial. And willvou believe it, comodore llidgely,
though entreated in the name of our nation's hon
or, in the name of our common humanity, and in
the name of God, utterly refused to let the Enter
prise be moved one inch from her moorings !
These facts were sent also to Washington. But
wlio has beard a word from them since ? I have
not. Probably (hey have gone under the table, as
unworthy tho'ntte ntion of great men and philan
thropists. The last 1 beard of captain Hale he
was in New London, Conn, and for aught 1 know
he is now living like a nabob upon the 10,000
Spanish dollars, it was said ho received for his in
iquitous voyage to Africa!
This, tuv Iriends, is the way in which our gov
ernment is' trying to stop the slave trade! But, it , deemed from the vilest state of
allowed on board American vessels, tleuco any
vessel of any nation feels quite safe from the search
of English cruizers, by running up the American
flag. In this manner, there is no doubt, the Amer
ican flag protects more slavers and pirates than all
other flags in the world ! And now, under these
glaring circumstances, as every body knows, our
Government, our patriotic government, is w hining
and making a great noise about the right of search!
Whatever might have been the object of the Eng
lish in searching our vessels in times past, it is
obvious to every man, who will open his eyes to
see, that their object n to is to ferret out and put a
stop to the infamous tratlic in human flesh, and
blood, and souls. But no: our people tit Wash
ington had rather see, our flag prostituted and dis
graced in the face of nil the nations than to do one
ell'ectual act to prevent it. So it really appears to
me. Nor is our government ignorant of these
facts. Our consul at Rio de Janeiro, communi
cated, repeatedly, facts of the above character to
our Secretary of State, Mr. Webster. But what
notice was ever taken of them? Can any one tell
us? One fact more, among many others, to the
circumstances of which I became acquainted in
the following manner. About a year before I left
South America, ns I was returning one afternoon
from the Misericordia, and from their boarding
houses, I saw a sickly and emaciated looking man
sitting at the corner of a street. As I was passing,
is said, the government has recently sent a sipiiu
run upon the coast of Africa on purpose to put it
down. Yes, they have. But who has heard of a
single capture by them? 1 have not, and I do not
expect to soon." The Engli-h ships of war are
taking slaveis and bringing them prizes, weekly,
into the various ports of Brazil, the West Indies,
Sieve Leonr, &.c, &c.; but ours have not taken
one! Why is it? Are the English better seamen
than Americans? For the sake of our nation's
character 1 wish it was so. The fact is, people
who think colored men were made to serve w hite
men all their lives for nothing that it is right to
take them from their native hind and, as they say,
civilize and christianize them, and pay them for it
by enslaving them and their children, generation
after generation as long as the world stands, will
not, I apprehend, do much to stop the slave trade.
At least, 1 do notexpect much from them;doyou?
15. The slave-trade, so far as money is con
cerned, is a very profitable business. Slave-merchants
can a fiord to give our captains from 5 to
10 thousand Spanish dollars per voyage, which
can be made in from 6 to D weeks. The captives
cost, in Africa, from 10 to 25 or 00 dolhusper
head. Ships will carry from 300 to 900. When
landed in Brazil they are worth from 200 to 500
dollars per head. So, you see, it is n smacking
business. Five or ten thousand Spanish dollars is
go to war about? , I answer, it is said, there ar
agents, white men, constantly employed to go from
tribe to tribe to instigate jealously, hatred nnd re.
i venge. Thus they me throwing'tlic apple of dis
cord, and kindling, like incendiaries; the fires of
war all over the country for the sake of plunder.
17. I have been asked, if I thought the colored
race possessed by nature as strong intellects as the
white? It is my opinion, they appear to great dis
advantage. Had the while race from time imme
morial been considered law ful prey to nil other na
tions as the black has been and had they always
been kept down in ignorance, nnd under the basest
servitude, they would now appear to much great
or disadvantage. I have had (he pleasure of know
ing several colored gentlemen of flue talents and
good education, who when tc.ey spoke secured the
profoundest attention of the largest audiences.
One uf the surgeons of the Imperial family of the
Empire of Brazil, is a mulatto and the ablest and
most respected of the corps. He studied in France
and has traveled in the U. S. It is to this gentle
man that I am indebted for a formal introduction
to several of the ministers of Slate, and other;peiN
sonal favors, done me while (hero.
17. I have been asked if I would advocate the
doctrine of amalgamation? I answer, no. I ab
hor the idea. If I had a sister or a daughter. I
could follow them to the tomb ten times; but I
could never see them joined in marriasrn to a black
man. 1 believe it would be wrong. The Creator
has, for reasons unknown to me, drawn (he lines
of distinction between the white nnd black pian,
loo plainly to he misunderstood. And I believe it
would be wrong to annihilate those lines.
13. It has been often asked, and it is certainly
grave question What shall we do? What can wo
do to abolish slavery in these United States? Shall
wo begin by denouncing and cimdcinning the. w hole
South indiscriminately and absolutely? No, by
no means. That would be both injudicious nnd
unjust. For (here lire doubtless some gvet anil
food men, patriots and christians in the S uuh. .
They mourn and groan under the load nnd cursa
of slavery. They wish it abolished, hut they
know not which way to turn or what to do. Thev
are praying and doing what they can under exist
ing circumstances. Now it would bo wrong to
denounce such men. It would produce reaction.
It would be a species of ultraism, which an en
lightened and impartial public would not sustain.
Such, in my humble ci ioion, are more (he sub-,
jeers of pity end pra.w.rlhan of absolute eondem-i
nation. Well, shall we induce insurrection and
anarchy? No, by no means. We will encourage
patience, forbearance and long-sultering on tho
part of the slave, until the day of his redemption
comes and come it wis, soon or hie. We will
labor to bring about universal emancipation with
out the loss of a single life or a single drop of hu
man blood. And tills we may and ought to do by
diffusing light on this subject. Let the people
;d! the people both at (he North and tho South,
be instructed into its true merits and hoarin"s.
Thoro are thousands who do not understand' this
malt.;: . A... I : , !,,. rc ,,, It-nude,
who are afraid to have it understood, nnd are de
termined it shall not. be understood. But thank
God, the (iod of mercy and the God of the poiu'
and the oppressed, the tide is already so far turn,
ed and it is setting in. stronger anifstrnnger eve-,
ry day, that all created power cannot stop it. -The
nation the w hole nation must be enlightened.
Already the press, the. pulpit and the forum arc
flashing light, and it is in vain for the people tq
refuse to see.
As christians we can pray to the Infinite Sove
reign of the world, the Almighty Father of our
race to interpose by His wisdom and power. We
expect much through the agency of enlightened,
ardent, believing and persevering prayer." It wan
in answer to prayer that the slaves of Egypt, in
the time of Moses w ere emancipated. Anil it was
in answer to prayer that slavery in the West Jih
dies was abolished in our own day. And i it not
in answer to prayer that near 3,000,000, about
one-sixth of our w hole population, are to be r-
avery the sun
icvc it is. But means must he
ised to work by means nuion?
ox. And it is here, aa
used, (roil i
men. The Almighty has done
the means of the ballot-box. And
freemen and patriots we must do our dutv. It Is
here we are to be heard and felt and acknowledged.
It is here that slavery is to receive its death blow,
to b;: abolish, 'd at the very seat of our government,
from the territories and finally from the land. It
is not enough that we pray as christians against
slavery, we must vole ns patriots against it.
And let no one say, he did not introduce shivery
into the couniry, and therefore he is not responsi
Ide. It is not certain we are not responsible for
its continuance because we had no hand in its in
troduction. Suppose some heartless wretch should
throw a child into the water to drown, or into the
lire to burn up alive, and 1 should be passing1 at
the time, and .should say, I have no duly to do, I
had no hand in throwing into the water or fire..
Should I not be responsible? to be blamed? and
punished too? Certainly I should, and the voice
of tho wh ile world wouid bo lifted to heaven in
tones of everlasting condemnation against me. nnd
justly too. The fact is, it is r lie duhi of every
man to relieve human misery so far as in him lies.
Behold ! brethren, fellow citizens, here is one of
the greatest, most cruel and intolerable evils that
ever oppressed man! Sav. shall w f,,ld mir
i great temptation lo a poor American captain, j hands, wipe our lips, sleep "and dream our lives
which he can ear six or eight wce.is; and 1 am
sorry to say, we have many who have neither vir
tue, principle, fear or shame, to resist it. They
can sunder the strongest, tenderest and most sa
cred ties of nature, kindred, couniry and home, I
was deeply affected to hear the result of a conver
sation which took place between a black man who
then lived with me, and my little boy. The boy
was inquiring respecting his country if he had
yet living parents, brothers, sisters what they
i.te. wore" &c. To w hich he readied in a inelau-
rhnlv nnd desoairiii'r tone, ("to use the words of
his adopted language, the Portugueo,) Jl minha
terra he boa, Urn muitas fcuctas, Coma as bananas,
as loranjas, as batatas docas, o milhn, a leita das
Cabras, as tratinhas, etc. Todos nns eramos Ji U
zes ale opooo branco do inferno Cheg-arao la e wis
Icvarlo Ualivos para ts'a terra. Jgnra ounno
eonhe, co nem o men pai, ncm a neuirha mai nem os
mens irmaos ncm as minima irmus, ncm os meos
amigos mais. The English of which is, "My coun
try is good, it gives many fruits, as bananas, or-aii"-es,'sweet
potatoes, corn, milk of goats, fouls,
kn. Wc were all happy until tho white people
of hell came there and took U captives for llns
country. And now I know my father and mother
and brothers and sisters and friends no more."
16. It has been asked, bow such vast numhe-s
arc obtained to supply the slave market. The an
swer is, the chiefs make war one upon another,
conquer, make prisoners, and drive them to mar
ket as wc drivo sheep, But what do they find to
irnitwr it ?
done generation after
less millions bevoni
er it and do nothing, nothing, nothing to
ii? No, not so much as cast one vote a.
I ask, shall we suffer this sea of human
tyranny and ruin to roll on, as it hai
generation, crushim hone-
ledemption! Shall we. chris
tian brethren, the philanthropic sons and daugh
ters of the Patriot Fathers, shall we, through
criminal siipineness si-ATav the noble and gnlhwit
ship of Ameiican .Liberty, Independence and Glo
ry, with till her cargo of literary, religious and
republican institutions go to pieces oi )e infam
ous rock of slavery ! Oh ! may suffering humani
ty forbid it! May divine Christianity forbid it!.
Oh, may the holy and eternal Trinity forbid it) I
SABBATH POLITICS AND the PURITANS.
How conies it to pass that (hose among us who
affect to be the exclusive conservators of Puritan
regard for the Sabbath, should so far forget them
selves ns to denounce the well known Puritan
practice of preaching polities on the Sabbath? Dm
they mean to charge upon the Puritans of Old and
New England, in the days of their most rigid reV
erence for tho Sabbath, the sin of Sabbath deso
cration, in this matter? Do they need to be ro-,
minded that by preaching politics on the Sabbath,'
the Puritans run the Sabbath breaking Church
and Monarchy of England under' water, and clc
vated Puritanism nnd the Commonwealth to th