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MONTPELIKR, VERMONT, SATURDAY, MARCH 23, 1844- .
1 JL 1 iLJLl 1
THE GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
P VBLISUED E VER Y SA TURD A Y,
1 Lyman's building, Main st. near the Union Howie,
J. C. ASPFNWALL, Editor.
J. POLAND, Publisher,
T E It M S !
Single copies $1,511 in advaiicc.or $2,00 after the ex
piration of three months from tlio time of subscribing.
All papers sent at the expense of the subscribers.
C3" Advertisements inserted at the usual charges.
ECJ Book and J.-ib Work of every description thank
fully received and executed with neatness and dispatch.
Washington couN ry. I Greensboro', G H l'aae
Vaitsfield, O Skinner
Worcester, Rev M Flsom
. ORANGE CO.
Bradford, J I) Clark
Brookjield, D Kinsrsb'iry
!) 5) M Bielow
'Chelsfff, Harry Male
'Corinth, Rev A D Smith
do J Fellows
Fair lee, G May
Newbury, Rev S Sias
Randolph, V. Eastman
Strafford, A Warner
Post Mills, h Hinklev
Thetford, Rev A C Smith
W Topsham, Rev S Leavitt
Tunbridge, W B bcolt
Vershire, U O Tyler
Burlington, D Fish
Charlotte, C Grant
Hinesburgh, A Beeclier
Williston, W II French'
NFcrrisburg Rv C Prindle
Cornwall, Rev Mr Wright
V trgennes, A Sprague
Enosburg, .' Fuller
Montgomery, J Martin
St Albans, L Brainard
Hardwick, W Wheatlcy
Lyndon, Mr Skinner
I'eacham, Rev 1 D Rust
XValden, S Farnsworth
Albany, Rev G Putnam
Barton, w Seaver
Cabot, Rev. II Kendall
Craftsbury, A Stimpson
do E Conk
Glover, Rev R Mason
Holland, C Robinson
Irasburgh, Revl Clark
do R Skinner
Lowell, i I) Harding
Morgan, Rev 1) Packer
TVoi, A J Rowell
Cambridge, M SafTord
Elmore, Dea Camp
Hidipurk, E P Fitch
Johnson, A W Caldwell
Morrislown, J West
Stow, B 11 Fuller
Watcmille, 11 A Fisk '
do O D Page
V'jeoit, J Smith .
WINDSOR CO. '
it'.if, Rev I) Field
Cavendish, Rv W F Evans
Ch'.stcr, O Hutchinson
Rt'.hester, Rev Wm Scales
Royalton, D Woodward
Sharon, P Mctcalf
Woodstock, T Hutchinson
Brandon, J W Hale
Rutland, RR Thrall
V allingford, Rev Mr Con
stantine & 1) E Nicholson
Rockingham, Rev Mr Bar
ber., Tawnshend, W R Shafter
Wimingfon, 0 L Shafter
Manchester,!) Roberts jr
JFVrrfsJiH-o'. Dr. D Hyde
Hammonds Mills, Dr. S R
Jamaica, Rev. M Spencer
Fdycttville, E Atwood
Dover, P P Perry
and distressed, asked me if I would walk with him
to see a very old woman. We went into n re
mote part of the city, and I followed him into an
upper chamber where I was struck with tho sight
of an old hidy lying on a pullet of straw; there
was no bed, no chair, no table in the room! The
moment my father entered she appeared to receive
him with joy. I said to my father, ''tis strange;
she nppcarsto be quite happy.' I inquired, 'dear
mother, you are very old; what makes you so hap
py? You appear to bo very poor, and have no
one to attend you. What have you to eat?' 'I
have, saiil she, this crust, which has been lying by
mid these two days, and I am very happy; for, my
child, I love Jesus. I have religion : my Jesus is
with me here, lonely and forsaken as I appear.
Hejnakcs my crust pleasant, and my (Jrop of wa
ter delightful; nnd I wits that moment thinking of
this text, "1 will be a Father to the fatherless, nnd
a Husband to the widow." And God has sent
your father to my relief.' Here my heart was
touched; i was affected. Here was this poor wo
man without an earthly friend, and rrftught but re
ligion to comfort her; reliirion, the daughter of
Paradise, that supports suffering humanity in this
vale of tours; religion made her rioh; it was her
Pkacticai. Religion. We were lately toltl
the folio ng anecdote. Some years ago a swag
gering sailor was making his way along one of the
streets of Ncv-Y ork, in a mood of merry mischief,
when he chanced to meet an elderly colored wo
man on the sidewalk, who was very sedately smo
king her pipe. Our tar, none too sober, thought
he would give the old woman a touch of his pol
iteness. So he turned aside, gave her a hunch,
and knocked her pine out of her mouth. He
waited with evident oWiscnient to see the poor
woman gather up the pees. But what was his
astonishment to hear hef meekly say 'God for
give you, mv son, as luji" His generous heart was
iii.-iiiii uj vviiii iiiiiiiuu Kiiiuuoiia ui Milium
and admonition. He rushed towards her, exclaim
ing 'God bless you, good mother! I am svrry!
Here, take my arm; let me walk with you. I
would not be ashamed to walk with you through
the whole city!' Then recollecting that this token
of respect would be useless to her, he suddenly
drew out of his pockets an extravagant handful of
'change,' which h compelled her to receive, and
walked on with a repeated 'God bless you, good
mother!' Tims this despised negress, with n heart
full of benevolence and self-control, overcame evil
with good. With a meek look, and a single for
giving sentence, she subdued the spirit ol mis
chievous insolence, touched the finer chords of a
weather-beaten sou I secured a willing repentance,
and drew forth an artless response of benevolence.
Mirnn Owen, Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y.
The following gentlemen are authorized by the State
Committee of the Liberty Party, to act as their Agents in
this Slite, in Lecturing, collecting funds for the cause,
.and obtaining subscribers fur I lie Freeman,
Rkv. George Putnam, Albany.
Chauncey L. Kn afp, Esq., Montpelier.
Rev. John Gleed, Wolcoll.
Rev. II. II. Garnet, Troy, N. Y.
Rev. C. C. BaiGGs, Randolph.
D. Nicholson, Esq. Wallingford,
Rev. A. St. Clair.
Joseph Poland, Montpelier.
Our friend, who wish to obtain the services of Mr.
Putnam, are desired to correspond with the Editor of the
Freeman, at Montpelier, on the subject.
T II E F it 33 Si M A N .
n u Hi i a i a i s .
White field. It was remarked by Whiteficltl
of a man on his way to the gallows "There goes
Whitefield left to himself!" Few men ever think
of their indebtedness to the grace of God.
The common expression on seeing the errors of
our neighbors, is, "well, I should not have done it,"
as if we had strength in ourselves to stay the wave
of temptation, and to say to our soul, thus far sbalt
thou go, and no farther! Vain boasting. Let God
but withdraw, and we should soon find ourselves
adrift from the moorings of virtue, and gliding
swiftly down the current of ungovernablo passion
to destruction. 'He that trusteth in his own strength
is a fool,' saith Holy Writ; but my strength, inti
mates the same authority, is sufficient for thee.
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
Orleans County Liberty Convention.
back upon the alternative of dissolving all politi
cal connexion with them, and rallying under the
broad and glorious banner of freedom, unci uniting
our destinies with the libcrry'party.
Ltesolution presented by Col. A Stimson.
Resolved, That our females are equally interest
ed in tho cause of Liberty w ith us, and we there
fore invite their influence in its support.
Resolution presented by A. C. Church.
Resolved, That the catisi? of abolition is the
cause of Truth mighty Truth brilliant as tho
diamond of the first water, nnd will, ere long,
prove to be that key wli'1i shall unlock the
prison door of oppression, and set at liberty the
poor, down-trodden, Outraged, chattelized, groan
ing and dying slave. ' ,
Resolutions presented by the Committee.
Resolved, Xhat the LilnMt Party has arisen in
0-onsequcncc ofa conVictioi VSKirly gaining ground
among th people, that m; if:rpnrty in the coun
try reprfffifnts the princij.Ks of American Liberty,
or the true principles of. the Constitution of the
Resolved, That the Liberty Party, placing itself
upon the pure principles of Democracy, will de
mand the absolute and unquallified divorce of the
general government from slavery, and also the
restoration of equal rights among men, irrespect
ive of color or circumstances.
Resolved, That the Liberty Party regard the
questions involved iu slavery, and its abolition as
paramount to all other political questions, for the
obvious reason that the former relate to the inal
ienable rights of man the latter, to mere pecun
iary considerations, which can never be perma
nently established while slavery exists.
Resolved, That the colonization society is the
legitimate offspring of slavery, and was neither
designed for the abolition of shivery or the good
Resolved, That inasmuch as Henry Clay, (irre
spective ot moral character) has declared himsclt
opposed to all schemes of emancipation, whether
gradual or immediate; and inasmuch as Van Bu
ren has pledged himself to go with the slavehold
i tig States on the question of slavery, we cannot
consistently aid in elevating either to the Presiden
Resolved, That the character of James G. Bir
ney of Michigan, Thomas Morris of Ohio, W:
R. Shafter of Townshend, Aaron Ainger of Mid
dlebury, and Harry Hale of Chelsea, in all the es
sential requisites of the offices to which they are
respectively nominated, challenge the severest
scrutiny of the people, and entitle them to our
The foregoing resolutions were discussed with
much ability and interest and passed.
un motion, adjourned without dav.
A. C. CHURCH, Secretary.
Being present at the above Convention, which
was decidedly the most spirited and well regulated
lOttnty convention we have ever attended, it has
occurred to us thnt tlvo order of. business niicht
serve as a good specjmen for our friends in other
souiities.' . ......... ! l'7ri?KnLEM.K
doctrine. The great principle, for the maintain
ance of which the Whigs of the revolution pledg
ed their " lives, their fortunes nnd their sacred
honor," is openly repudiated by the Whigs of
1843-4, through their organ "Junius." Who,
then, we ask, are the tories?
The second great Whig doctrine, in the days of
the revolution, was the right of the people to sub
vert the existing political authorities, whenever
those authorities became oppresive. This, the.
tories denied. " Junius" takes the tory side here,
too for, though he refers to the subject only in
cidentally, he is still sufficiently explicit to be un
derstood. In his 40th section he lays down the
proposition, " that political society, as it exists at
any time, in any place, is the ordinance of God,
requiring our submission." Our revolutionary fa
thers when, with one strong hand they broke the
fetters that bound them, nnd with the other threw
the gauntlet at the feot of the Ocean Queen, prac
tically denied this doctrine. So far from submit
ting to the existing political societies, they sought
to break up its very foundations and change its
whole structure. But it was the " ordinance of
God," says "Junius" and "they that resist
shall receive to themselves damnation," says the
apostle Paul. So the tories of '76 quoted Scrip
ture to our Whig fathers. " Junius," though he
does not quote the whole text, takes tho old tory
position, and his reasoning inevitably consigns our
VVashingtons, and Franklins and Hancocks, and
Adamses, to " damnation." So 'much for the
tender mercies of toryism.
uur object, we reneat. has not been to contro
vert the doctrine of the tories of the revolution,
but simply to show that "Junius" and the Whig
party, (so far us that party endorses his work, and
this it has emphatically done,) and not with the
Whigs ol '70, but on the contrary, have embraced
and are promulgating the most odious tory doc
trines ot that clay. We wish this matter to be
clearly understood. Tho liberty party maintains
the principles ot the wings ot '76 and every man,
therefore, who would be acpnsistcnt whig, should
repudiate tho toryism ot "Junius" nnd his clique
and vote with the old party of 76 revived tho lib
erty party, based upon the great political truth,
practically denied by whig and democrat, that all
men arc created EQUAL, and endowed by their
Creator with the inalienable right to LIBERTY!
. Hardening the Heart. It cannot harden the
beart to preach to the conscience. The more
constantly and faithfully we prench the eternal
principles of justice, the more deeply will those
(principles be felt. The more faithfully we urge
:the claims of God uooti men, the less power will
tthey have to resist them. Preaching about the
final punishment of the wicked, may - harden the
Iheart, when that subject is commended to the
(hopes, and the fears, and the interests of the shi
nier, but not when commended to his conscience.
'Show him that he is punished, not because God
delights in the death of the wicked, but because
9iis sins doom him to death; but he dies in conse
quence of his voluntary transgression of the law
.-and rejection of the gospel; dies, not tin unfootu
'imte. but a guilty sinneri-iiot only condemned by
God and all holy beings; but self-condemned.
Such preaching will not harden the heart. It can
net be too constantly and faithltilly pressed upon
it he hearer. Rev. B. Minor's Discourse.
JWayto Heaven. To candid, reasonable men,
1 am not afraid to lay open what have been the in
most thoughts of my heart.
I have thought, 1 am the creature of a day, pas
sing through life rts an arrow through the air. I
am a 6pirit come Jrom God, and returning to God.
Just hovering over the great gulf till, a few mo
ments hence, I am no more seen. I drop to an un
changeable eternity. 1 want to know one thing
the way to heaven. He hath written it down in a
book; O! give me that book. At any price, give
me the book of God. I have it; here is knowledge
enough for me. Let me be himo unis libri here
hn 'I miii fur' from the busy ways of men. I sit
down nlone, only God is here. In his presence
. .i i i- i. .u:- i
ope.n, 1 read tins oook, ioi inn vuw
way to liesven. Rev. J. Wesley.
-to find the
Comfort of Religion. 'I recollect, when I
was a very smnlJ boy, but s"ix years old, my father
who loved true religion, and who used every Sab
bath afternoon, from five to 8 o'clock, to travel
round the suburbs of Dublin, jind visit the sick
At the cull of the County Convention, a gootl
delegation of Liberty men, from different parts of
tho county, met at Irasburgh, on the 21st of Feb
ruary. The Convention was called to order by
Col. Stimson. After a temporary organization,
and prayer by Rev. J. Gleetl, G. H. Page, Esq.
was appointed President, Rtilus Guild, Esq., and
Warren Seaver, Esq., Vice Presidents, and A. C.
All the friends of the Liberty Party, present,
were invited to take part in the doings of the Con
vention. A business committee -ol six were ap
pointed, and a Committee ot lour to prepare and
present resolutions. Also, a Committee of one
from each town represented, for the purpose of
presenting the name of some gentleman to be sup
ported as candidate tor County benntor; and also
to nominate n County Committee.
The following gentlemen were appointed to act
as Committees for their respective towns during
the year, or until others are appointed.
Troy G Manuel, A Currier, J Deboyce. Jay
W Walker, J Young, J Haddock, jr. "Morgan
D Packer, G I, Varnum. Brownington P Rem
mick.. Derby D Brown, I Fish, E G Cobb
Bai ton II P Hovt, S Cross, A M Kimball. Hol
land Mr. Pettis, S Robinson. Craftsbury A
Stimson, E. Cook, H. L. Brown. Lowell M
Reynolds," L Sprague, J P Sartle. GWover S
Wheeler, D E Woods, G Joy. Greensboro' B
Cummings, A C Babbitt, ET Conant. Irasburgh
V V Little, T Persons, E C Kimball. West
field J Smith, M S Wells, S Miller. Newport
C Lowe, L Knowlton, a Triest. Albany J
P Blnrkloll, J. Paine, S. Hovey.
The remainder of the forenoon session was oc
cupied in hearing a brief relation of the state and
prospects ot the Liberty rarty in the uiflerent
Met nt one o'clock.
Tho committee on nominations presented the
name ot Oeorge 11. rage as candidate. lor senator
and Jesse Cooper of Irasburgh, Warren Seaver
of Barton, and A. J. Rowell of Troy, for County
Committee, which nominations were separately
and unanimously confirmed. The candidate for
senator accepted the nomination in a short, but
appropriate and beautiful speech; stating distinct
ly that lie did not wish any man to give in his
vote on any 6ther ground than that of his being a
whole-hearted liberty party man.
J. Cornier, Est., presented the following reso
Resolved, 1 hat this Convention, in presenting
to the treemen ot Urleans County the name ol
George II. Page, as candidate for Senator, believe
that they are placing lielore the freemen the man
of their own choice, who will bo most Acceptable
to tneir leeiings, ami wnose nnnractcr will grow
brighter and 'brighter by all the vituperation and
slang that may come Irom any ot our political op
Tho claims of the Green Mountain Freemen
were then presented to the Convention by its edi
tor, nnd pledges for over forty new subscriber
were given from different towns.
Resolution presented by A. J. Rowell, Esq.
, Resolved, That we have seen enough of the ser
vility of tho two great political turtles of the conn
try to the slave power of the nation, in their tram
pling upon tho riglit of petition, continuing the in
famous law of '98, and appropriating millions up
on millions of the public treasure. to fortify and
entrench the monster slavery, and in the thousand
of other ways m whic'h they have 8 u fibred, nay
helped it to drain the life-blood and resources of
the country, to convince us that we have nothin
to hope from either of them to advanco the cause
of impartial freedom; and we are truly forced
chair UNCOMMITTED in this business? It
cannot be disguised that there is a determination
in the candidates to keep dark on this vital sub
ject. J hey can be very voluble, and protest that
they are " incapable of concealment" in respect
to the pennies paid on iron pots, but they cannot
find tongue to. utter a syllable upon a question in
volving the fate of an empire the preservation of
peace, or the opening of War. They dare not
speak because they apprehend that a word either
way will loose them the half of the Union!
Will the people allow this game to go on ? If
they do, they are undone will deserve to be un
We have endeavored to acquit ourselves of the
duty of an American citizen in this behalf. At the
request of several friends and associates in the ab
olition cause, and in obedience to our individual
sense of duty, we addressed a respectful oPrl;
tion to Mr. Clay, Mr. Van Buren, and Mr. Cal
houn; and although three months have elapsed, no
answer has been received. We regard Mr. Clay
"the great compromiser," betwixt liberty and
slavery, as infinitely the most powerful and dan
gerous in this matter. Moreover, we were his
early, constant and ardent friend nnd supporter,
having by the steadiness and singleness of our at
ta'chmeut, carried among those most devoted to
him, the cognomen of " Old Kent," at the time
his star, like the flickering life of Lear, seemed
ready to go out forever. Moreover, we had often
communicated with Mr. Clay on public affairs;
and we expected the courtesy of a reply. It would
seem that silence was found mors Convenient.
VVc shall see whether the people will permit that
silence to continue, ami like the simple stork, put
their heads into the wolf's mouth to find out what
his sentiments arc upon the subject of biting them
From the Christian Freeman.
Who arc the Tories?
At the time of the revolution, the friends of A
merican Independence were denounced as Whigs
their opponents as tories. 1 he VVhigs'contend
cd for the natural equality of men, and for the
ight ot the people to throw oil oppressive govern
ments, and substitute in their stead such as should
recognize and protect, rather than deny ami de
stroy, the rights ot the citizen. I he tories, on the
other hand, contended as earnestly for kmglv pre
ogatives, branded the patriots of '76 as traitors
affirmed that the civil authority vested in the king
was ordained of God, and denounced all who re
sisted it as resisting the ordinance of God, and
hould therefore receive unto themselves damna
tion. 1 litis the questions at issue between the
Whigs and tories nre -mainly two
1st. Arc all men created equal, as is asserted in.
the Declaration of Independence ? and.
SJnd. Have a people a right to resist the existing
political society, by force, as tho Whigs of '76 did
resist, in their attempt to throw off the joke of
King George, and establish an - independent sovereignty?
Upon both of these questions, the. Wings main
tained the affirmative tho tories, the negative.
Time passed on the independence of tho colonies
was achieved the troubled elements became calm
and in tho new order of things old party lines
were of necessity, dearly or quite obliterated.
We heard no more ot VVIiigs and tones demo
crat and federalist became the rallying words of
political clanship and subsequently, democrat and
Whig. It becomes a question ot some interest,
then, is the Whiggery of the present day the
Whiggery of '76? In answering this question, let
us bear in mind the principles maintained by the
Whigs of '76 tho equality of all men before the
government, anil the right of the people, to sub
vert, by force, existing political institutions, and
to throw off their allegiance to " the powers that
be." Now look at the positions maintained by
the Whigs of the present day, upon these very
principles. We summon their pet writer,' " Juni
us," to give testimony and for his sentiments we
justly hold the party responsible, inasmuch as his
work, to which we refer, was pumislieq at the in
stigation of tho party, and has been endorsed by
its presses, and circulated by its committees.
Concerning equality of rights, ' Junius" writes
in a manner that cannot be misunderstood. In
section 25 of his pamphlet on "Political Aboli
tion," speaking of the competition which would
be created by emancipation between white 'and
colored laborers, he says: "It would certainly
seem hard to bring such a suggestion to operate
against the colored race, if indeed they are entit
led to the same rights in the same sociey with white
laborers of this country." Here it is broadly inti
mated that one class of men are not entitled to the
samo rights that another class is entitled to. But
in his 31st section, " Junius" is still more explicit.
Says he, " While it is claimed for them that we
are bound to admit them to a full equality with us,
when every feeling of nature revolts at the propo
sal, and when the grant woultl threaten injury to
the country, it is suitable to enquire whether they
have a right to demand it at our hands? Candidly
toe do not think thev have." This is explicit. Let
it be borne in mind that " J.'iiius" is here speak
ing of equality of right, the only claim which the
mends ot the colored man ever made on his behalf,
and that it is this equality of right, which " Juni
us" denies to them. We stop not now to argue
the point whether all men are "crnited equal"
it is sufficient for our purpose to remark that this
is the doctrine affirmed by the Whigs and denied
by the tories of '76 and ' here is presented the
'Trenching politics on the Sahhlh,"
A great cry has been raised against the wealthy,
celebrated philanthropist, Gerrit Smith, for 'prea
ching politics on tho Sabbath.' Several ministers,
some of whom profess to be abolitionists, publish
ed a protest against his course, as a violation ot
the sacred duties ot the sabbath. He, being a
devoted Christian, of course had not pursued this
course without reflection, and a full decision that
the kind of politics which he preached, was suita
ble to the duties of this holy day; so he proposed
to meet the protesters, that they might prove to
htm his sin. An immense concourse assembled at
Syracuse to hear the discussion, and the parties
appeared -u thtigruuud. But what was the result?
Those ministers' who hail entered thi? protest
found, on examination, that it was undeniable Bi
ble politics, ihut Mr. Smith preached on the Sab
bath such as the following: "The God of Is
rael, said, He that ruleth over men must be just,
ruling in the tear ot the Lorn." un examining
the strong holds in God's word, in which the ac
cused would find an asylum, it seems that his ac
cusers dare not venture to engage in the discussion.
They saw that his position was invulnerable; and
that the whole bible is directly or indirectly against
wicked politics and in favor ot a righteous kind
a kind which acknowledges God and bows to his
authority. Says Mr. Smith, "And now, sir, I
ask, with all the earnestness of my heart is it not
time to m-each i-iirhteous nolities in this cniinti-v ?
Is it not time tor ministers ot the Gospel to preach
them? until their guilty hearers until their own
most guilty selves shall cease from so voting as
to uphold that most abominable of all earth's
abominations, American slavery? I ask, too, is it
not tune, since all our ministers forbear to preach
themselves, for laymen to go to preaching them?
I ask, too, whether, if both ministers and laymen
forbear to preach them, the very stones in the
The Washington correspondent of the Mercan
tile Journal says: " There will be a powerfut
struggle to annex Texas to thb Union. It is
determined on by very many." There is no doubt
that he tells the truth when he ndds, "It is time
an alarm was sounded, which should echo on the
hills of New England, and rouse all the North to
see their danger." In addition, we see it rumour
ed iu the papers that the Siena tors of 19 States are
prepared to go for annexation, and the votes of
one of our Massachusetts Senators to confer on
of the brightcstjlionors of tho nation on Henry A.
Wise, the champion of annexation, and, so far as
we can see, for no stronger reason than this, in-,
dines us partly to fear the rumour is true. We
have also the best authority for saying, that within
a few weeks, very large sums of money have been
invested in Texian bonds, in ibis city, on specula
tion, based on the belief that the assumption of
the debts of Texas will be the first points of an
nexation. Whetherthis movement hero is ground
ed on secret information from Messrs Bates and
Choate, we are not. informed; but we lung since
warned the people of the free States of the danger
that their Senators would be corrupted by tlio
prospects of wealth by buying Texas bonds.
The New Orleans papers of the 10th have Gal
veston dates to the 8th. The Texan Congress
adjourned on the 5th without having transacted
any important business. The following comes as
an extra of the Houston Telegraph.
Glorious News Annexation.
streets will not cry out, and preach them? d. m.
There is a different tone in the public journals
in reference to the annexation of Texas than for
merly. Many of the papers which never before
expressed any interest in the matter, have come
out against annexation. The leading journals of
the south on this subject spculi m despondency.
They are far, however, from giving up the-effort.
They have only changed their manner of uction.
They hope to do now by a little moderation, what
a short time ago they could do by stratagem, or a
bold attempt. In the opinion of many who are
opposed to annexation, the danger is past. The
New York Tribune says, " there is no more pros
pect of Texas being annexed than of the sky full
ing." But such is not the case. The project is
far from being abandoned. The increased influ
ence of the liberty party in Congress, as well as in
the country at large, is a serious and to many an
unlooked for obstacle in the way. They hope to
crush this influence, when they can move with
more safety in annexation. One great reason for
the different course of action in reference to anti
slavery petitions, is the hope that anti-slavery in
fluence will be crushed at the North by a respect
ful treatment of their petitions.- " Restpre the
right of petition," say they, " and the anti-slavery
excitement will loose 'its aliment, and it will die
away. Let abolition die away, and we can annex
Texas, or do what we will." These abolitionists
are a continual thorn in the flesh of slavery. The
slaveholders have tried in vain to kill this excite
ment by violence, nnd they would now kill it with
kindness. Bu( abolition, like every other reform,
will thrive in prosperity, adversity, or persecu-
A I i .i it . r, i i ii" ... . i-
lion. Ann oy me messing ot uou on me enorisoi
abolitionists, Texas will not bo annexed. But e
ternal vigilance is the price of liberty. Christian
' Henry Clay and Texas.
Mr. Clay has been questioned relative to his
views on the annexation of Texas by a public
meeting in Pittsburgh, but he, will not answer. A
Convention in Kentucky has also questioned him,
but no answer has appeared.
The following are the remarks of Mr. Child
relative to his unanswered letter of Nov. 1, 1843.
He says : , "
" Shall northern men, whether Whigs or dem
ocrats, bo guilty of the ineffable assininity of per
mitting any man to come into the presidential
Wo have received intelligence from sources of
unquestionable aufhority, that the senate of the
United States has almost unanimously ratified a
treaty for the annexation of Texas to the United
The ' Vindicator,' almost tho only paper in
Texas which has leaned against annexation, con
tains the following telling sentence :
On the annexation of Texas there is but one o-
pmion in lexus: we will not resist the public
Other papers say that, in anticipation of such an
event, the Congress of Texas had, in secret sess
ion, fully authorised the president of that Repub
lic immediately to ratify a treaty for this object.
So far us this country is concerned, these rejoic
ings ore of course premature, as the National In
telligencer of the 24th declares positively that no
such treaty can have received the sanction of the
American Senate. Emancipator.
Texas! Look Out!
Texan House of Representatives has passed it
resolve requesting admission into our Union, by a
No-.v mark the reason of this movement of the
Texian slaveholders. 03" A writer of a pmnphv
let addressed to members of our Congress affirm
that if Texas is not admitted into the Union with
in six months the British scheme of emancipation
will prevail, and the people of Texas, who have
not more than 25,000 slaves will embrace that
method of restoring their prosperity.
Probably there is some humhugin this, meant
to frighten our slaveholders into demanding the
instant annexation of Texas. But there is doubt
less much real truth at the bottom of it. Texas,
without revenue, credit, diminishing in population,
having already repudiated its heavy public debt;
with a large and increasing abolition party among
its citizens, must either become a slavcholding
member of the Union, or a freo labor Republic,
and that very soon. Meantime, the slave holders
at Washington are straining every nerve to bring
up their troops to the work. The unexpected po
sition of the northern democracy consequent on
the rapid increase of the Liberty Party vote has
defeated all their previous calculations.
Negotiations are now on foot for n union of tho
Clay forces with the pro Texian democrats; so as
to get a small majority in favor of annexation.
The hope of success in this scheme is based on
the fact that Henry Clay is known to all the south
to be an advocate of the annexation of Texas.
The south has not forgotten that he is father and
author of tho whole scheme; that he first set up
the impudent claim that Louisiana extended to
the Rio del Norte: that he, while Sec'y of State
set on foot tho negotiations with Mexico to acquire
Texas: that he, as a high freemason, authorised
Mr. Poinsett to establish tho masonic societies ill
Mexico, by which the revolution of 1S29 was ef
fected, in order to acquire Texas; and finally, that'
the leaders in that schemo have, with few excep
tions, always been the warm personal anil political
friends of tho saveholiler of Ashland.. The pro
Texian party all ovur the South are' rallying for
Mr. Clay's support. Let northern democrats,
who are not willing to see their country enslaved,
notice the facts. And let the friends of liberty
every where, without uny more- delay, pour it),
their petitions to Congress. C,