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question was to bo reserved for loss troubleous
times.. The project of the anuexiitioii of Texas,
commending itself at onco to ilie apparent inter
ests of a part of our community, ami furnishing so
commanding a watchword for political effect, is
one which must, sooner or later, be met by this
enuntry. Emphatically, this is not the time.
With no executive who Ins the confidence of no
important party of the country ; with political par
ties so balanced that each claiim the majority, and
on the eve of an important national election; with
a majority of 0:10 of the leading parties in one
branch of Congress-, and of the oth"r in the other
branch at a-tiins when responsibility is tins divid
ed, we arc in no situation to meet a question, the
dTscussimi of which goes to the very root of our
' political system. Wo cannot yet believe that it
will bo demanded that it be settled now.
But if this question is to bo pressed upon us; if
.'it is true that Mr. Tyler has linked himself with
this measure a3 one to make himself remembered
by a fatal, memento; if for this reason a southern
man has been called to the cabinet to supply the
"place of those taken by sudden death from his ex
ecutive councils, wo cannot too much rejoice that
the opinion of the North has been decidedly ex
pressed on this topic.
It is said that this is proposed to be effected by
the treaty making power. The North, which has
protested against the annexation, will feel still
more indignant at this arbitrary moans of accom-
If President Tyler has committed himself to this
"measure, the Senate of the United States may be
depended upon to defend the integrity of the Un-
1 1 -r. f, .1.. ...I.- .... T T - V. 1Q
.ion it represents." uauy mveruser, w
W( nut it to the people of Massachusetts that
'tifire is proof complete of the incompetency or
-tmf!iirh . of ,Iioir present guides, and espe
cially of their present representatives in the State
legislature, and in the United States Senate. The
boasted Whig Senate have just ratified, unani
mously mid by acclamation, the nomination of Mr.
Calhoun, who was appointed Secretary of State
because ho was in favor of the annexation of Tex-
.ni ... 1. . I 1. ("..,. .wn.l n( Mp 1 TikIiIII' f ", !
ns. l ncv nao ui-iiiiciimiiu.ui ui " vjj. ...... ...
" Pliant as reecU where Freedom's waters glide
Firm us the hills to stem Oppression's tide!'.'
JLOSWEMER, VERMONT, SATURDAY, MARCH 30,1811.
electioneering purposes; but what reason they
have for doing so, we hove yet to learn.
Nominated by the National Convention, May, 1348
JAMES ii. BIKNEY,
" Our own slave states, and especially the more south
ern of them, in wlncli tne numucr 01 biavi .a
and in which, of course, ine sentiment, cu mju..w, .
stronger than the more northern ones, are to be placed on
tholistnf decaying communities.
Thi- nueslion now for Ihe North finally to decide is
shall tlm slave states draw us down with them, and both
perish, or shall we, by a decided conjunct exertion ol vir
tuous energy, save ourselves and them from destruction "
Jamci G. Bimcy.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
r of Ohio.
" I rejoice", that the abolition of slavery throughout the
civilized world h,no (.oncer problematical ; it seems to be
afmost universally conceded that this stupendous fraud
upon a portion ofthe human race is fast drawing to a
close, and the great-question with us is truly, what meas
ures are best suited to accomplish this desirable end in
the United States.
" Political action is necessary to produce
morut reformation in a notion : and that action with us
can only be effectually exercised through the ballot box.
And surely the ballot box can never be used for a more
noble purpose, than to restore and secure to every an
his inalienable rights." Thomas Mnrris.
' Trouble in the Camp ! No Mistake!
During the last few weeks we have been favor
ed with an unusual amount of attention from our
neighbors. The ,Galaxy' is absolutely certain
that we are in league with the 'locos' for the pur
pose of injuring the whigs; and the 'Patriot' is c
qually certain that our labors will only tend to
build up the '.federalists.' The 'Watchman' char
ges us with the worst kind of nullification; undine
'Lamoille" Banner,' a scurrilous little sheet, edited
by a young Methodist minister! who lias hoisted
the bloody flag of a duelist, calls us an "Ephesian
rabble," "Isbiuaelites," fee, while the 'Cale'doni-
an' seems to leci quite as uau s ""j ''
Now these are very grievous charges; but we have
been graciously supported under them, both by a
consciousness that they were alike destitute of
truth, nnd also by a noble increase to our subscrip
tion list, and a good amount of advance payments.
Much as we sympathize with these gentlemcu
in view of the dangers which now threaten their
craft, we cannot avoid the impression, that this is
only the beginning of sorrow with both the pro
ey,ttf publishers under their frank; and if they are
so 'swinish as to refuse to do it, or but half do it,
(which is the same thing to us,) then subscribers
must pay their own postage, or it will be deducted
from the money sent. j. p.
Democratic Candidate for President.
MARTIN, VAN BUREN.
" I must go into the Presidential chair the indexible and
' I must go into the rresioeniia, cna .... - - ; ;lfomlati(m this su,joct, it is said, .s noV,
uncompromising opponent of every at.e mp P j , f t, S,nato, which we hope will he publish
of Congiess, to abolish slavery in the U.Mr of Co I, , aw ct, ellforcC( ngaist the ollcn
hia, uainst the wishes of the slaveholding butes, and v J
i so with a determination equally decided, to resist the , del . A. X. &U.I.
. I .i:.i.i. ;niirrrnin with it in the states where it exists. m ,i.,.,i., n mat .liiin,hniff nf anrli enses liavi
.ho sune oflice.' Thev have approved of the nom
ination of Mr. Mason of Virginia, as secretary of
the navy, on the same grounds as they had before
n t.rt I'll VIM 1 dint of Mr. Gilmer. Our own senators
no known to have approved of the latter, after
thev had voted to reject a Massachusetts man
nf the same nolitios, thouirh far more competent.
The Legislature of Massachusetts, only last week,
TJ&Sln down ;rB'hit interference with it in the states where it exists
abjectly to slavery our senators did not fully me,ct
the wishes and expectations of the party they rep
resent. We ask particular attention toivhat was
Baid by Mr. C. F. Adams on the subject:
"An impression had got abroad in Washington
that the resolutions of this State were made to
subserve a certain political purpose tit home.
That, as the third party held the balance of power,
it was the object of the two others to pass Irgh-
toned resolutions, in order to court their votes
Slave Tiiade. The British Government we
regret to hear has made .strong complaints that
"rent facilities have fiecj-jnled to the trade in
slaves, and that AmericZtTi.ippitig is employed in
trniisporiing to the const of Africa, merchandize,
equipments, and other articles necessary for slave
trade operations. That fast sailing vessels arrive
ut Biihiu, and are there sold; the mastery engaging
to take llieni to the coast under American colors
that a cargo of rum mid tobacco is put on board
and sent to some well known depot on the coast,
where it is exchanged for slaves; that the Ameri
can master then gi ves up tho command the slaves
arc put on hoard ami Brazillian colors hoisted, anil
the vessel sails on her return voyage. Considera-
" It now only remains to add, that no bill conflicting
with these views can ever hkceive my constitu
tional sanction." .Mr. Van Buren's Inaugural,
March 4, 1S37. .
Whig Candidate for President,
I know there is a visionary dogma whichholds that
n,.n d.ives cmnot be the subjects of property. I shall
but that there was no wish or intention that they not dwell lone upon this speculative abstraction, lhat
should ever have any meaning out of the limits of i properly which the. law declares to be property.
the Sratc. Hence that, whether tlie Senators (tut Two hundred years ot legislation nave sancooneu am.
No doubt a great abundance of such cases have
been presented to the Senate, or at least to the
President and Secretary of State, such as those
mentioned by Rev. J. Spatiltling in the ' Freeman
of the 9th inst., but what notice has been taken of
them? Why is such a vail of secrecy kept over
these things by both whigs and democrats?
nr rli,l not exert themselves at Washington in sup
port of them, was not dreamed of as a matter of
anv consequence here. Now, it must bo confess
ed that the course of the Senators
sanctified negro slaves as properly.
" If I had been acitizen of Pennsvlvania when Frank
lin's nl.m (of erudual emancipation) was adopted, I should
i I . ! ...... 1 , . . - . . I . U-.l . .. .1 I l.n
countenance to tuis story, ami mo ihumhu i have voted irr ii; necause, oy no uishmmmiv ci.uju mo
In.i-d -it nrc to nass this resolution unamended : ,a(,i.- rai;e ever gain the ascendancy in that Stale. But
if I had been then, or weie now a citiz .-n 01 any 01 ine
planting Mates tne souniern or suui-n rein .1 uiaius
Iihoii d have opvostu, ami vowa comunte 10 oppose,
any stlume whatever of emancipation, gradual or im
mediate.' , . . - -
" It is not true, and I REJOICE lhat it is not (rue,
that either of the two great parties in this country has
anv design or AIM at adolitio.n. I should DKl'.PI.Y
LAMENT if it were true." Clay s Speech in the sen
ate. Feb. 7, 183i).
would go far to confirm the belief in it.
Better, far better, would it be for them to re
trace their steps at once, and disavow the doctrines
they had twice unanimously voted, than thus to
plead guilty to that very charge of cheating aboli
tionists wit'h professions which the leading men in
that party have been in the habit of bringing a-gamstthem.
.-i. h issue , was now ourpiuiciy uwi'-. -'
Adams regretted that it had been so broadly made
before the people as by this amendment, but it
could not now be helped."
Well, the issue beintr joined, the Legislature, at
the bidding of their Whig leaders, struck out the
whole resolution abandoned the case, gave up
the defence by an express ?ioo contendere. It is
confessed, and entered 011 record, that their legis
lative resolutions are all passed " to subserve a
political .purpose at home" " to court the votes"
of abolitionists, but with " no wish or intention
that lb 'V shunM ever have any moaning out of the
limits of the State." They did thus "plead guilty
to the very charges of cheating the abolitionist:
with professions." And now, ns soon as this
news has time to get to Washington and return,
it conies out that the slaveholders no longer think
it necessary to put a veil over their schemes, these
sanacious and patriotic editors lift up their heads
iu amazement and cry, " who would have thought
it? Well, Massachusetts has passed sonic resolu
tions, and now let them do it if thev dare!" Out
upon such reckless fatuity.
The naivete ol tlio Mercantile Journal, in tlie
remark that " Mr. Calhoun, the new Secretarv of
State, is understood to be in favor of annexation,
and a niaioritv of the cabinet," is quite touching
Prav. sir. whv not co to the bottom of it, and tell
at once that "Isaac C Bates and Rufus Choate,
TEXAS. Our latest information from Wash
ington confirms our belief that the Whigs of the
Senate will, with one or two exceptions of South
ern memoes, vote nay on me Jt-A.m ipicmmn.
while the locofocos with hurdly an exception, will
"o for it, including some three loco members sent
there by the aid of the 3d party. Caledonian.
Will the editor of the Caledonian give the name,
we will not say of three, but of one single "loco
foco" U. S. Senator, who has been elected by
either the direct or indirect influence of the "3.1
party," or acknowledge that he has been guilty of
a falsehood ?
LIBERTY STATE TICKET. .
WIIiL-aAM R. SIIAFTER,
FOR I.1EUT. GOVERNOR,
. OF M1DDLEDURY.
Xj" Wc learn that tho articlo headed "The
Last Day of School," should have '.seen credited
to the Universalis! Watchman. As it was not in
the editorial departmei'Ui or directed to the edito.-,
we supposed it was selected from some other pap
er. We also notice that through carelessness we
have neglected to give credit to the Morning Star
for one or two short articles, Several articles
from tho Freeman have appeared in some 01 oui
exchanges without proper credit, but we think the
affair too trifling to require any complaint.
Incidents iiu "Land of Liberty,"
A year or two since, a Virginia slave imbibed
the notion, which was somewhat prevalent in this
country about, the year 177C, that " all men were
created equal," and that they "possessed an inal
ienable right to the pursuit of happiness:" but as
neither equality or happiness were secured to him
under the Patriarchal system of slavery, he follow
ed the example of many others, and 'pursued' them
in the direction of the North star. He wns over
taken, however, by his benevolent owner, who
probably thought him unqualified to be turned off
upon the cold charities of the world. lut he hail
learned more of tho doctrines of the Revolution
than merely the Declaration of Independence: he
knew something of the sentiment, "Give me Lib
erty or give 111c Death!" and with a blow laid one
of his kidnappers lifeless at his feet ! Of course
he must be hung. When led forth to the gajlows
his step was firm, his form erect, and with a dis
tinct, sweet voice, commenced the hymn, " When
I can rend my title clear," &c. He was swung off:
but the rope broke, and he was only overcome by
the shock for the time being. When sensibility
returned, he commenced his hymn where he left
oft; but soon a second trial launched him into
eternity into the presence of bis Judge, to answer
for the crime of what? Of haying emulated
the example of George Washington, and 011 Rev
olutionary Fathers, in the exercise of those rights
which GndTiad iriven him. and which our whole
nution declares tire inalienable !
These facts we have from an acquaintance,
whose son was an eye witness of the heart-rending
Another. The last Christian Advocate and
Journal brings us an appeal to the American pub
lic from Mr. M'Lain, of Washington, D. C. agent
of the Am. Colonization Society, for the means of
sending a company of ten or more to Liberia. It
I t-v . I.
appears t lint a stavenoiat'ig siihistek ij; 111 me
state of Virginia, has expressed a willingness to
the Colonization Society to emancipate about ten
slaves, provided they can be sent to Liberia but
not otherwise, for, he adds, " I am sure they can
not enjoy- real freedom in this country." The
reason he gives for emancipation, is, that "ho is
charged with the duties of the holy 7ninisliy, and
therefore is not a suitable master." Whether
there is something in the nature of his calling that
renders him crud, or whether his necessary ab
sence prevents his administering tho "Law" as
often as is needful among eye-servants, he does
not explain. Mr. M'Lain, in his appeal, addresses
himself to nil classes, and says, "as citizens of a
free and happy country" you are bound to contrib
ute to this work of humanity. "Citizens ot a free
and happy country" and yet obliged to send peo
ple to Pagan Africa, before they can possess their
11 I- .t : 1 l,:l. ..
own souls ami imiuc:-, men in.-s mm iuhuhu,
and enjoy their inalienable rights!
the white slaves of the North; and how instantly
did he strike the balance in favor of the former?
If such opinions nnd expressions, even in the ar
dor of debate, can fall from that honorable gentle
man, what ideas do you suppose ure entertained
of labor by the majority of slaveholders?"
Speech of Mr. Rich, of Vermont, Feb. 18,1820.
" I have by the successful influence of mybx
ainple, taught my sons to cultivate the earth, while
my daughter have been instructed in the tnanu
ihcturiii" of dothiut' for themselves and brothers,
extending even to those I have now the honor to
wear, and Til the uselul labors ot the kitchen."
" CO" We observe quite a stir in tho third par
ty against the members of Congress who did not
voteon one of the pro-slavery resolutions of Mr.
Campbell, of S. C. This is to be expected from
those who, as party men, are anxious to jump at
any conclusion against these members, however
unjust; but toothers we will suggest that ns the
resolution was pressed under the gag, ro explana
tion was allowable a broad aye, or a broad no,
unexplained and unqualified, was required, or
nothing. An opportunity will probably occur
when the members from Vermont can 'define their
position' on this subject, and represent the voice
of the State. We arc disposed to hear before we
Tho above is from the hist Watchman, and is
certainly very cool. A tolerable stretch of charity
that, which would apologise for our Representa
tives in turning their backs directly upon the Re
solves of the sovereign State of Vermi.nl for the
last eight years! But the Watchman's mantle of
charity is exceedingly broad especially when its
friends are concerned. Why did it not cxclnimy
- TkT . 1
"hear before you strike," when some 10 iwmern
democrats changed their votes and re-enacted the
gag? Supremely infamous as was the net, we
ire sure they could give quite as good a reason for
sustaining the gag, as did many of the whigs for
opposing it Mr. Schenk, of Ohio, for instance
who publicly declared it was to "kill Mohtion!"
We think the Watchman is wrong in saying no
one was anoweu tne privilege oi eApmuuuuu. ju
one of the resolutions, we know, a South Carolina
member asked to be excused from voting, and
went on at length to give his reasons. This priv
ilege, we think, was open to all; though the man
ner in which the last vote was taken is not distinct
ly remembered. But what if they were required
to give an " unqualliied yea or nay ." Could not
the representatives of Vermont, w ho not only pro
claimed themselves abolitionists before they could
be elected, but who are under instructions from
our legislature to go for ihe immediate abolition of
slavery in the District and territories, and use all
constitutional means to bring slavery to an end
throughout ihe land, give an "UNQUALIFIED
NAY" to n proposition denouncing as highly dan
gerous and reprehensible any attempt to induce
Congiess to interfere with questions of slavery
any where even in tho District of Columbia?
But no: the interests of the overseer of Ashland,
and of the great Whig party, required them to
" make their bow," preparatory to the next presi
dential election; which being done with a good
"race, we think that the freemen of Vermont at
the next Congressional election ought to " LET
THEM GO OUT!" p-
" I. 4kia ll. 1I ,m f:lthei'S loved.
TlieWcio))i which they toiled to win?" j.
FOR SENATOR ORLEANS COUNTY !
George Bl. H'lgc.
" If the gentlemen will not allow us to have
bhcli slaves they must let us have while ones, for
we cannot cut our fire-wood nnd black our shoes,
and have our wives and daughtets work in the
The above fabrication is going the rouuds of
the locofocn papers of the more reckless character,
..,l 1j .,tt,.'il,iiiprl tn TTi'iirv Clav. as having been
DO" The Christian Citizen has not been rccciv-i ' , . in Congress. It' is too gross to be
ed for several weeks, and on looking at our dircc-j helievccl by any body not disposed to swallow all
tion book wc find that the Freeman has not been j the slander now cuncni upon mis g. cai su.iua.i......
sent to lhat oflice. If Mr. Burritt can send us the
back numbers containing his "Letters to an Ap
prentice," wc shall be much obliged.
and is of a like character with many others made
iiobv the same men who called den. Harrison a
1 J ... , i - i it, ...i i
There has been no positive information respect
ing the annexation of Texas since last week.
That a treaty for this purpose has been signed by
the President, there seems to be but little doubt;
ii wu , ... . -r. , , ... t! :
who made these men members of the cabinet, and to us oen.g ,ilulll.-,. j -Leverett
Saltonstall and John C. Park, who sup- tures very much vary. It would seem almost im
possible that men could bo found in the lree states
ported them in so doing, are " in favor of annex-'
ation" aye, and of any thing else that will help
their party schemes and' make Henry Clay presi
dent? The Intelligencer, in giving some shallow
reasons why Texas should not bo annexed, is con
strained to make a humble apology for daring, thus
openly to oppose the views of its own " political
friends" the Whig party. The wonted judg
ment of the old Advertiser fails, too, or it would
never have imagined that the present condition of
" irresponsibility" in the government is a reason
why the friends of annexation should not press the
matter just at this juncture. Why, man, that is
the verv reason for driving it.
The exnectRtinn that the Senate will reject the
, treatv, after the course pursued by the legislatures
' of Massachusetts and New York, seems to us
wholly gratuitous. We do not know that the sen
ators of these two states will oto in favor of the
treaty. Probably it will not be necessary. If, by
one accident and another, some ten or a dozen
northern senators should happen to be out of their
seats at the moment of taking the question, the
treaty will be carried by "two thirds of all the
senators present," which is all the Constitution
requires. If it is necessary to givo a color of de
cency, five or six slaveholding Whigs may even
be allowed to vote against it, while the unscrupu
lous democrats of New Hampshire, and Pennsyl
vania, and Ohio, and Illinois, would jump at the
chance of filling their places and securing to their
party so much extra merit by the deed.
But suppose the pint succeeds what next?
Why, nothing. Whim it is done, it is done, and
cannot be undone. No reneal. no amendment, no
reform, no change of parties, no denunciation of
those who did it, no political sacrifice of the men
who have betrayed liberty, can dissolve that bond.
" Sink or swim, survive or perish," the Union and
Texas are committed unalterably to a common
Should the- success of the conspiracy at length
satisfy the people of the North that they have no
thing to hope for at the hands of the present race
of politicians, ami should such an onward impulse
be given to the Liberty Party ns will enable us to
extend our operations at once into all the border
slave States, and thus speedily move. Mason's and
. Dixon's line to tho South of Virginia, great jj;ood
will be wrought out of this terrible evil.
so reckless as to give countenance to this infernal,
suicidal scheme. Of what possible advantage can
it be to the United States to receive that "valley of
rascals," with their national debt of nearly a hun
dred millions with their slavery, and as J. Q.
Adams said several years since, "with a war with
Mexico, and in all probability a war with Great
Britain?" But many of the late acts of the Sen
ate certainly give great occasion for alarm. The
almost unanimous confirmation of Henry A. Wise,
the notorious advocate of this scheme, as minister
to Brazil, after his nomination for another foreign
station had been twice rejected; and the unanim
ous confirmation of John C. Calhoun as Secretary
of State, who is known to be in favor of it, and
who has accepted the appointment only for the
purpose of settling this very question, together
with that of the Oregon territory, looks as though
that body was ready to commit tho fatal deed.
The "special correspondent" of the N. Y. Trib
une, estimates that there are thirty-eight Senators
for it, and only thirteen against it; but it seems
hardly possible that the Northern members should
have suffered such a foul plot to be almost consu
mateJ, for they could not be ignorant of it, with
out giving one note of alarm. NayJ that they
should encourage the papers of both the great par
ties to ridicule the idea of danger on this point,
until the plan was matured noses' counted anil
everything ready for its completion. Reckless as
these men evidently are to everything but their
. , i .. . I t
own personal aggrandizement, wo can nanny ue
lieve them guilty of this. If they have received
"pieces of silver" for such conduct, they had bet
ter go away and hang themselves like Judas, than
ever return to their constituents
As might be expected the whig papers are cn-
The first number of this daily, a prospectus of
which will be found in another column, has been
received, and a noble thing it is. Everything
about it seems to be riffht.
cause is conducted by a good editor ami print
ed by good cold water hands in the very best mod
ern style. We wish it might go into every town
in New England.
Well Done New Hampshire. By the demo
cratic papers of N. II., wc learn that the Liberty
party vote for Governor, amounted to 5,829; and
some twenty towns to be heard from. No doubt
when full returns ore made, it will overgo six
thousand. The Liberty vote in that State in 1840,
was 111; in 1841, 2,353; in 1842, 3,110; in 1843,
3,594. This is the first state election for 1844, and
shows how wo arc "dying away."
What will those Whig papers in our State who
are now. making so great a bluster about the an
nexation of Texas, say of the course of our sena
tors who, but a few days since, voted to place John
C. Calhoun, the champion of annexation, virtual
ly at the head of the government and who has
accepted the post only on the ground that he may
retire as soon as Texas shall be admitted and the
Oregon queslion settled? Consistency is a jewel!
We wish to remind post piasters of what they
ought already to know, and practice,, that unless
their frank is complete, with their own name, and
that of the town, thoir letters are subjected to the
regular postage. Several postmastors havo re
cently written us, enclosing money, and either
through design or carelessness, omitted to give ei-
iher their own name, or that of their town, or hoth
by which means we have been obliged to pay
from 10 to 40 cents on each letter. In such cases
the postuge has been deducted from the money en
closed, and the balance credited to the subscriber.
deavoring to make capital out of the affair for 1 Postmasters are authorized by law to forward tnon-
i .. i i u,..,ii;.i,.
"cowaril, "iiotarn," aim an unvo";iue ui iuini5
white men into slavery."
It is published in a late number of the "Green
Mountain Freeman" in tho absence of the llev.
editor, we hope, and so judge, from the menda
cious character of certain other articles in the
same paper. Caledonian.
Not quite so fast, Mr. Caledonian. Facts are
ii .i 1 .... t 1 . I i ii r cAiunTltilPJ
It advocates a good stubborn tilings, aim vm, u u,-..,
especially before election. 1 lie more laige
words and hard names you use in denying the ex-
ilm morn work for repentance; for if
you are an honest man, willing to rest your cause
unon its merits and give your readers the truth
with regard to this matter, you will be obliged to
l-nri'iint flirt wtiriJi (i film nlinve denial. We assure
tho Caledonian, and the public, that tholibove ex
tract, "gross" ns it is, is literally true, and we can
point to the chapter and verse. Read it, Working
Men of Vermont! and then judge of Henry Clay's
sympathy for Northern labor!
It was in the fust debate on the Missouri Bill,
Feb. 15, 1319, in Committee of the Whole, where
he used these words:
" If gentlemen will not allow us to have black
slaves, they must I i us have ichite ones; for we
cannot cut our fire wood and Hack our shoes, and
HAVE OUR 'WIVES AND UAUU1111.KS
WORK IN THE KITCHEN."
That the above is not a "fabrication," Is evident
not only from the record which states the fact, but
also from the following replies to Mr. Clay's re
marks. Mr Taylor's was made immediately after
tho close of Clay's speech, and Mr. Rich's at the
next session. In a note to Mr. Rich's speech, the
above disputed extract is given verbatim. See In
telligencer of that date
ariPdch of Mr. Tavlor, of New
- ... Kt.
York, Feb. 15, 1819, on the Missouri uui. na
tional Intelligencer, March 20lh, 1819:
" You cannot degrade it labor more effectual
ly than by establishing a system whereby it shall
be performed principally by slaves. 1 he business
in which they are generally engaged, be it what it
may,- soon becomes debased in public estimation.
It U considered low and unfit for freemen. I can
not better illustrate this truth than by referring to
a remark of the honorable gentleman from Ken
tucky, (Mr. Clay.) I have often admired the lib
erality of his sentiments. Hois governed by no
vulgar prejudices; yet with what abhorrence did
he speak of the performance by our wives and
daughters, of those domestic offices which he was
pleased to call servile! What comparison did he
make between the black slaves of Kentucky and
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
Annexation of Texas. '
At a political gathering in Potnfret, in the Co.
of Windsor and State of Vermont, on the 23J day
of March, A. D. 1844, agreeably to previous no
tice The meeting was organized by the appoint
ment of John A. Chandler, Chairman, and
Leonard Ware, Secretary.
The following resolutions came under consider
ation and were adop'ed:
1. Resolved lhat the annexation of Texas to tho
United States; as is now sought and urged by the
supporters off slavery, would be a calamity not to
be end u red, "and tat no proposition for such an
nexation ougfitlo be made or adopted by our gov
ernment. 2. Resolved, That the annexation of Texas to
the Union would entitle her to the protection of
the United States against invasion, as stipulated
in the fourth article of the Constitution.
3. Resolved, That, in view of the political re
lations between Texas and Mexico, such annexa
tion would place the United States in a state of
war with Mexico, and would be virtually a decla
ration of war against Mexico.
4. Resolved, That the people of Vermont and.
of tho other free States, ought to speak out boldly
upon this subject, that their Senators and Repre
sentatives in Congress may know and realize that
their constituents expect them to resist such a
measure with all their powers, nnd that as long as.
resistance can even delay the calamity.
5. Resolved, That these resolutions be signed
by the chairman and secretary and published in
some gazette, hoping that the same will be copied
into other gazettes.
JOHN A. CHANDLER, Chairman.
Leonard Ware, Secretary.
For the Freeman.
Is there not a crisis at Hand ?
Shall Texas be admitted to our Union, and the
united voice of the Freemen of Vermont not be
uttered forbidding the banns?
Probably no son of the Green Mountains will
pretend to say that tho national government is in
vested with power to accomplish such an object.
The subject is of infinite importance. Too large,
for tho powers of eloquence or oratory to trifle
with. It requires calm, dispassionate considera
tion and decision; what shall be clone? In few
words, I will express my opinion; to wit: '
As soon as it is fully ascertained that the propo
sition is seriously entertained by the general gov
ernment, let a town meeting be legally warned in
each and every town in tho State for the especial
purpose of giving the people an opportunity to ex
press their views on the subject. Let Whigs and
democrats and Liberty men, nnd all men, who are
legal voters come to the Polls and place an em
phatic VETO upon the measure; and let this vote
"go up to the throne" at Washington with th