Newspaper Page Text
Non Talia Auxilio.
We hnve been mortified, grieved and disgusted,
at the attempt of the organs of the old Jackson
party to participate' in, or rather to turn to their
Vartv account, the risings of correct sentiment in
the community towards Henry Clay, as a duelist.
It is a subject which does not belong to them, ami
ti,u;.- .MPa.'Hin.r with it does no good but hurt.
Mr. Kendall has recently put forth two tracts on
.!. .,!.; ,i,...,.ir.n.r utrnnsrlv on the immorality
of duellinir, and the consequent unfitness ol a duel
ist to receive the suffrages of a virtuous communi
a,i i Mr Kptwliill was always a support
er of Gen. Jackson, who was not only a duelist
, hn,l killed a man. which Mr. Clay never did;
to be sure, he tried and could not. And he is now
publishing a life of Gen. Jackson, in which he
dwells, with vast complacency upon the General s
success and firmness in that deed of blood, by
which the wife of Dickinson was made a widow
and his children orphans.
The democratic papers of the North are circu
lating these things, and trying to gain by "enoun
cing Mr. Clay, although it is in evidence that their
i... i i r;n., fnr the due I. ill lull CX-
leaueis nun iic.muu vm-j - , ,
pectatation that lie would kill Graves, instead of
Graves killing him. And the whole party are out
in full cry against Mr. Clay for his duelling, when
it is well known that the democrats will gife their
votes for Vice president either to Polk or King or
Now, this is like Daniel Webster's preaching
before the Supreme Court in defence of the Chris
f;., ,.,.iin-;.innn nft'Miicn asainst decency as well
s good faith as disgusting to taste as it is shock
ing to morality., It does hurt. They ought to
lpt ihi .rumor idone. The public sense revolts at
nroduce a re-
action in favor of Clay. If Clay gets the vote of
a single New England State, it will be in conse
quence of this impertinence of that party, in med
dling with what does not belong to them.
Procul! (J procul! This is our question. Du
elling is at once the support of slavery, and sup
ported by slavery. The moral influence that has
driven duelling clear out of the free States has not
made the slightest impression upon it in the slave
States. The law of duelling is just as absolute
there now, as it was when Simons fell, and Mc
T-...a: I,;.. ,, 1,1ml silk e oak to fiuht Col-
CutiimhVs. Why? Because slaveholdmg, ltselt
a svstemof violence, sustains the spirit of violence,
and because the readiness to take life is an essen
tial element of slaveliolding society.
Even the Whigs have sense enough to see that
this is our question. And hence, in all their pa
pers, they make controversy on this subject on y
with the democrats. They cannot meet the Lib
tfiia nnint. And if the democratic
nnners will let it alone, and thus compel the V nig-
,,n wr5 tn meet the Liberty Party in a clear held,
wn r.nn. I.v God's blcssinsr, do something to recov-
f thA North to the old stan
dard of Becehcr's and Humphry's sermons, but
wc cannot consent to recognize as fellow laborera
a man like Amos Kendall, wlio nas just puunsm; .
hi mlniimtinii of Gen. Jackson for 1ns duel with
Dickenson, nor any others , who adhere to a party
fhnt Biietnin and designs to elevate a whole roster
Non tali auxilio. We shall have no
such help. The Liberty Party, having men as
pure from duelling as they are from slavery, the
cause of duelling is alone called and alone fitted to
this warfare. Morning Chronicle.
Pliant as reeds where Freedom' waters glide
Firm as the hills to stem Oppression's tide!"
ISSUER, TEBM5T, SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1844.
The American Protector,
ill nmbablv rec-' nnd intestine strife. Whose, ut sueli a moment,
X Hw ICttUi-io v mv - J ,
Nominated by the National Convention, May, 1843.
JAMES O. BIRNEY,
" Our own slave "tles and especially the more south
ern of them, in which the number of slaves is greater,
and in which, of course, the sentiment of .njust.ee is
stronger than the more northern ones, are to be placed on
die list of decaying communities.
The question now for (he North finally to decide .a
i,,ii .l, .lave states draw us down with them, and both
nerish. or shall we, by a deeded conjunct exertion m v. -
tuous energy, save ou;
James G. Birney.
)y auei;iiio wi.jUHv.
urselves and them from destruction
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
' I reioice. that the abolition of slavery throughout the
civilized world is no longer problematical; it seems to be
almost universally conteded that this stupendous fraud
nn of the human race is fast drawing to a
The r.nMir spns revolts at I .' ' ......linn with us ih trulv. what meas-
j. iiv, uw..w --- close, ana me b'c" - --- . -
ures are best suited to accomplish
the United States.
. Political action is necessary to produce
moral reformation in a nation : and that actio., with us
can only be elTectually exercised through the ballot box.
And surely the ballot box can never be used for a more
noble purpose, than to restore and secure to every man
his inalienable rights."-Thoma, Morns.
this desirable end in
Democratic Candidate for President.
MARTIN VAN BUREN.
.. I into the Presidential chair thS Inflexible and
! , r.r ... nttiht :on the nart
uncompromising oppuiicui. Tf;:" ri.m
f f n i,hn mh a nverv in iuc w
bia, against the wishes of the slavehold.ng States, and aX
go with a determination equally decided, 19 les.st the
slightest interference with it in the states w
It now onlv remains to add, lha't'ny conflicting
ith these views can ever RECEitft t,CWiTlW
lou 8ANCTioif."-Jlr. Van Mf,fflsf
. . j I. ....I,
ollect an article from the rrotector, wine. vc Vuu
lished about two months since, purporting to be
written by the editor. We have since been in
formed that it was the production of a New York
editor, which Mr. Hildreth pilfered, as it is said
he does most of his editorials; but the following,
which is found in the editorial department of his
last week's paper, we presume is original. Still
wo may be mistaken, as it is difficult to decide up
on the style of a writer who, so often uses the pro
ductions of others, aritis own. Language about
I i ...:..,! .nmotlinpa heard in bar-rooms and
brothels. This gentleman seems to nine me .eau
in the " decency" party in this State, in arguments
like the following, to put down me imeny puny
We have often been surprised at the virulence ot
the language of respectable men, and especially
editors, in denouncing those who are conscientious
ly opposed to voting for a murderer, a slavehold
er, a sabbath-breaker, and a profane swearer. But
to the extract from Mr. Hildreth, that is, we tup
nose he is the author of it.
.... i.i 'PI on !..
" lJoor uclutlea souisi jmih
scure individual one of inferior abilities and who
never madcanything his study but abolitionism,
as a President I HeVtdeemed mad on this point-
it's enough! such is Jc enect 01 mauncss: sum. is
"Fiddlesticks! ! Wonder if thel reeman is aware
that there is such a thing as the General Govern
ment? Does the stupid little silly nincompoop
ever reflect that we have important interests
anions the nations of the earth, to be protected by
those whom we select to preside at tne neau or,
and administer our Government? What does the
fly-eater think would become of our country, un
der the management of Birney and his tinkerbob
satellites? Fudge ! it's enough for the freeman
to wheeze out its groans about slavery, and spew
fi.-rh it- Una nhnnt Mr. C av. 1 he only reasons
of any force which it attempts to show against Mr.
Clay's election are He is a duelist, and he trav
eled on the Sabbath. He don't say much about
Mi- f'.lnv's hf'inw a nro-slaverv man, as he knows
well, thai Mr. Clay is a greater friend of liberty,
and has done more in its cause, than all the third
party moles who are undermining tnccountiy.
each nnd all of them are questions which carry
in thrjir bosom the learlul elements oi civuoiscon.
. i : .. .i..'i(n VVViwn ut uiir-li n mnmint.
is the master spirit that may have power to still
the rising tempest .'"
His answer is, that Henry Clay is the man.
Again, Mr. Rives says:
instrument, established forWh purposes, as binding up
on us to turn blood-hounda and howl upon the track, and
hunt down the poor, panting, quivering fugitive that is
fleeing for his life to escape the clutches of his inhuman
master, we are called nullifivrs.' aye, worse than those
of South Carolina, whose treason, if stern justice had been
:..n:-i,i ,.,..i,l lmvo -nniirned them to the eibbet! What
.. . i :..:...,.. n ri.:..i,i """"",u """"" '
It is a j 'p co.m-.um-c "... ... w. J I , L.b t , ire not en mas9e, under an in-
tariffs of which the south have complained, have mercy Ule iBriy PanJ ... ,
originated with Mr. Van Buren or his party, and jdictment for high treason, awaiting all the pains ana pen-
been opposed by Mr. Llaij.
Gen Hamilton, of South Carolina, who lias been
a prominent man before the country, has recently
come out in favor of Mr. Clay, and gives the rea
March 4, 1837.
Whig Candidate fof tteMfyZ-l'pZ
" I know there is a visionary (logrlW
negro slaves cannot be the subjects t$?AWW
not dwell lone tipon this speculative, .rtittMbVW.
is property Which the law aeciarv 'Tf" Vifr
Two handred years of legislation hae Sa.notwnwa
sanctified negro slaves as property " 'tf.
$ 12,693 25
From the Countryman.
The Way the Money Goes.
Look ye, who cry hard times, and expatiate up
on the benefit of economy; see the extravagance
nfvour Renrcsentatives in Congress, as exhibited
in the table below, taken from J. Lcavitt's corres
pondence with the Emancipator. Account pi l
seiited by Mr. More, of Louisiana. Cost of the
3,079 reams envelope paper,
3,610 quarto post
6,100 exclusive of envelope,
483 gross steel pens,
infi npii knives.
This gives to each member 24 reams of paper,
23 doz. steel pens, 38 doz. quills, and 5 pen knives
r in Klmt-t.s naner. 1 steel pen, 2 goose quills
per day, and a new pen knife every month."
ivr, ..i.i nnva thu fxtravaffaiice. as well as tne
l.utl nil" l"v" o ' . . .
,!,.. ovr.r.iwn nf unverniiient. Why, it is tne
r,v,h ' Mow so. savsonc; does not the burdens
11 the States? No; for
nnunrnmon i Bunnorted bv tariffs duties on tor
o-,,, nnn,U- nnd 2 1-2 millions of southern labor
crs never use foreign products except what comes
in duty free. Consequently, but a small portion
nf .,.atnms are collected at the south. At the
north they are used by all classes. The customs at
the wort of N. Y. alone, in one month amounted
to over 2 millions of dollars. This money comes
from northern pockets, and goes to support llic
rpnresenta'ives of the nation; so that in this way
we see that the expenses of Congress are borne by
the people of the north, and tne just mea u mi
es and rnpieprcseuiaiioi. suuu.u f , Vi
entirely frustrated. M. L. II
.... ' .
in i, -j i.non -'iiiTn at Pennsvlvania'WHenTran.t
Ull.il.""...- .- ......il.l.ll
lin's plan (of gradual emanc.patt,on; wasaopieu,.. m..
have voted irr it; necause, y , nu. Ym""""'
Li-i. - .., iKo aernndnncv in that fetate.' UUt
niacn into 6---- " - '---j - t ,
t I i.ri hn then, or were now a citizen oi any oi u.o
planting States the southern or south-western States
Ishouul have opposeu, ami wowu. cvihc .
any scheme whatever of emancipation, gradual or im
I, : .at TuiiF-and I REJOICE that it is not true,
that either of the two great parties in this country has
omt nrifiN nr a m at .iduuiiiui-. .
LAMENT if it were true,
ate, Feb. 7, 1839.
' Clay's Speech in the Sen-
LIBERTY STATE TICKET.
WILLIAM K. SMAFTER,
FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR,
hit . r.
It's work enough lor the Ureen mountain r ree-
i I 1. i!.n n lit In drlllll-tl (
ITlilll jellU! wnat a .me iu. mnu
blab about Mr. Clay's being a duelist, and about
bis riumg down tne uaio nivei u ..
;-Td travel upon the Sabbath, is wrong. But
t;boe'.tnjt such thick-pated asses as the Freeman
WW ohiect to a man's traveling upon the Sabbath,
:t)rflrided.he can't help himself."
v ; " as Burc viji loLiuuo uo ni - " -
! i i- i-i i e ....it.
vii!irv, mav ne ioi iu auoiuu ui sicoiuuuma
.r''""rr- .... .. . o...i... n'i,
j-rrthRll no and lviississipni, eveiy ouu.k.v. i ..
LW?tt VpOA which Mr. Clay traveled, it is no more
.thftHLtlkely, Had agoou many misuuus ujju.. il
herhaps preacners oi me uospei.
t''TH people rushed out to meet him says the
freirian:.-The G. M. F. Green Mountain Fool
'hasjust sense and honesty enough to charge
what the people of New Orleans did, upon Mr.
- There reader, did you ever see anytnmg so
beautiful ? What a sublime, dignified, chaste, and
beautiful writer that Protector man is! Wonder
if he intends to publish the above specimen of sub
lime literature in his " Green Mountain Gem" for
the benefit oif the Liulies ?
.We seriously pity nriy man who' is obliged to
sustain himself or his party, by such low, vulgar
means. Is it possible that any Christian ; nay, any
gentleman who wishes to promote the respectabil-
ty of his family, can pay his money tor a papei
whose editor is familiar with such language?
son why the slaveholding nullifies ot the south
give him their preference. Why do not our Whig
papers Copy it?
Speaking of Mr. Clay's compromise, Gen. Ham
"I feel, sir, that the country owes him a large
debt of gratitude for his exertions at that conjunc
ture, and that the south has never done him jus
' Can wo then regard with indifference the ser
vices such a man rendered at such a tuner'
' I believe that Mr. Clay's election is about as
probable as any human event, in futurity, can well
be. A vista of renown will be opened to him,
which has attended the administration of no pre
vious president since the Father of our country.
... t n i
It he is able, ly his commanding iniuience, to ar
rest in Congress the portentous agitation of the
slave question, and to fix the tariff firmly on the
basis nj the principles oj ms own compromise, iuie
ruinous rate of 20 per cent. he will, in saving his
country, have reaped his own harvest, abundant
and fructifvmir. now and forever. I know no man
who has more of the instrumental means to perform
this high function than himself.''
' I cannot but feel and express my strong regard
for the Whins of Gcoria ( the General is not a
Whig he is a South Carolina philosopher, who,
at a tinio when ftoutli Carolina neecieu lricnus
were nearly all milliners to a man, and pre
pared to back us to the death. 1 theretore am lit
tie disposed to quarrel with them now, if they
happen to have made up their minds to support an
individual for the presidency who was mainly in
strumental in obtaining the only tubsta?itial reduc
tion of the tariff ever effected on any recognized
nrincinles of public security who has stood forth,
on two occasions as the great and successful me
diator of the perilous striles ot this conlcileracy
and who, to brilliant courage and surpassing gen
crosity, unites the most attractive social qualities.
FOR SENATOR ORLEANS COUNTY i
Georse II. Page.
Good. The Slaveholders who talk so positive
ly about the slave-code of Moses, do not relish all
.J . t-u Tirtrt ("IfMirlor rplntes the
ItS prOVISIOUS. J. HO JJUSIU1I vyu...
following amusing circumstance:
In the Senate, on Friday, Mr. Buchanan pre
aented a memorial of a number of citizens of 1 enn
...i nrnnnsinT an amendment to the Consti-
- wul-. f tho TTnited Siates, embracing within its
provisions the 15U. and lbtn verses ... n.o bi map
nf thn Book of Deuteronomy. This (says the
correspondent of the Commercial Ad vertiscr)seem
,1 tnstn.'ffcr the Senate a little. Mr. Buchanan
was desired to repeat the contents of the paper.
Mr. Buchanan did so, with a lurking smile, which
showed that there was something more m tne pro
position than met the eye. Wr. aevier anu wr,
King objected to the reception of the paper. The
Chair said he did not know what there was in the
n..,o,i 'rim rp.adinir of the verses in ques-
tion, was about to bo called for, when Mr. King
stated from memory, that one of the verses com
manded that slaves escaping from their masters
should not be given up. This being a proposition
which was lately denounced in the Senate as trea
sonable, the question of reception was laid on the
tftThe verses referred to arc as follows: "Thou
shall not deliver unto his master the servant wnicn
is escaped from his master unto thee: He shall
dwell with thee, even among you, in that place
which he shall choose, in one of thy gates, where
it likcth hiin best: thou shalt not oppress him.
i .,i cuv the China Trade. Mann
factured cotton cloth is one ot the lew articles
which can be sent from this country to . China. The
Wl ... ... ri,..t una onened to the world, the
Newi IZi nufceturcVs availed themselves of
ixcw(ii0iani , 0500.OOO pieces of
K - to :China. In addition to
ffii m n thousand bales of raw cotton were
exported It s mpossible to estimate the mngni
t,X which this trade is yet destined to reach.-
No party w'.H break the bonds of the slaves mi
les, brought ir.to power for thal vcry purpose.
What arc you doing, friends, to supply your
nml nritrlihnrs with Liberty Tracts? Now
is the time to pour a flood of light upon the com
munity by these effectual messengers of truth.
nlished bv a speedy and
faithful circulation of them. Said one of the most
judicious and valued friends of the cause in the
State, in a letter lately received; " I am of opin
ion, if proper attention is paid to the abolition
cause, we may be ablo to carry the State for Bir
ney. The Trad System will do it if well alienaea
- - ...in..
to." If all the professed abolitionists in tne Dtate
would pay as much for the circulation ot good
Liberty Tracts as they nre now obliged to pay
i-nm-iv m minnnrt slaverv. this would be done.
What friend of liberty is not willing to pay a few
dollars to save the Green Mountain State from
disgracing itself by bowing down to slavery ? More
. . t ..:.. l..t n foitliflll f-ll-Pllln-
can tie done to prevent una "j '"''
tion of Tracts than 'many other way with the same
expense. We have now on hand fifteen different
kinds of Tracts and of the best numbers yet puo
lished. no less than eighty thousond pages. Such
other numbers will be published as the wants of
the cause may demand.
Those now on hand are 1. The Slave Power,
4 pages. 2. The Missouri Compromise; by Gen.
James Appleton, 4 pages. 3. The War of Slave-
.T .i ... n nnA A iri-'iMilt nrw hv fT
ry on iortnern (juuiiiiu.ou s..v. -j .
T Torrev, 8 pages. 4. Longfellow's Poems, 8
twos. 4. Daniel O'Connell's Heply to the Oin-
ciniiali Repealers, 13 pages. 6. One more Ap
peal to Professors of Religion, Ministers and
Churches, who are not enlisted in the Struggle a
gainst Slavery; by Wm. Goodell, Esq., 8 pages.
7. Duties and Dignities of American Freemen;
bv James C. Jackson, 12 pages. 8. What can I
do for the Abolition'of Slavery, by R. Hildcrth, 4
Be not Deceived.
Many Whig papers and politicians among us
are either foolish or knavish enough to advocate
thn e.laims of Henrv Clav, on the ground that he is
an abolitionist has done much to secure the abo
lition of slavery iu his own State, and throughout
the nation, and if elected to the presidency, will
use his official influence in favor of universal lib
erty ! and this in spite of overwhelming facts that
he has used the whole of his influence against the
abolition of slavery in his own State that he has
done more than any other man to extend slavery
over this nation and now boldly avows himself
opposed to its abolition, either immediate or pros
pective! Some, however, (the N. Y. Tribune, for
instance,) admit that they "do not ask support
for Mr. Clay on the ground that he is an abolition
ist, or friendly to abolition;" but his superior la
vor for a "'protective tariff," and the "other
great interests" of the nation, greatly preponder
ate when thrown into the scale with his defects on
the score of slaver. So, the idea of human liber
ty must be overlooked, and slavery, with its clank-
ins chains, its broken hearts, its tears, its groans,
and its blood, must be rife in our land, while poli
ticians wrangle about banks, distribution, tariffs,
and the spoils of office!
We propose to show what Henry Clay's opin
ions on the tartfpiiTj'd slavery are considered to be
SCP An exchange paper gives a copy of the
linrul I.v which Henrv Clav is now held, in the
" j "
sum of five thousand Dollars, to keep the peace
on account of accepting Mr. King's Challenge to
fight a Duel, about three years since. If he is
elected President, wonder if he will pardon him
CO-The Watchman of last week complains of
our quotation from the New York Tribune about
Mr. Clay's traveling on the Sabbath, and pretends
that it was an early and exploded version of the
affair. Now, friend VV alton is mistaken iu that
matter, as we quoted from a number of the Tri
bune dated only a day or two before our paper
went to press. Upon the above mistake of his
own, tlicV Watchman founds the following sen
tence : " This is a bad specimen of manliness, not
to say morality:" and he talks about our reiterat
ing a " lie," nnd being " libellers," &c. We con
fess that wc have not "manliness" enough to call
our neighbors " liars," and " libellers," when we
arc not able to show a particle of evidence that
they were mistaken'm a single point, as has been
the case with him in this affair. Neither have wc
" manliness" enough, to vote to make a man Pres
ident, who has to be kept under heavy bonds to
pievcnt his breaking the peace; and if he were an
inhabitant of this State, would be incapable of
holding any civil office, or even, ot exercising tne
Elective Franchise. It is no wonder that neighbor
Walton and his brother Hildreth, resort to despe
rate measures, for they have a desperate task to
by proniirtentTntf Jof the South, where he is now
deceived with open arms. Will
pages. 9- The Tyrant Paupers; or, Where the
Money Goes, 4 pages. W. lhe compact; or,
What has our State Politics to do with Slavery,
4rmffcs. .11. Causes of the Hard Times; by Al-
- r - a
van Stewart, Esq., 4 pages., i:; uigni ou... v.
Politics, 4 pages. 13. Tho Influence of tho Slave
travelling, and is
not the people of the north open their eyes to the
true principles of 'Mr. Clay, and understand that
he, or his friends for him, are playing the old
same of one set of principles for the South, and
another for the North; and that the South, making
as they do, the interests of slavery paramount to
every thing else, would never mamicst tne iavor
for Mr. Clay that they are now bestowing upon
him, without the strongest guaranty, which is fur
nished in his past life and present position, that in
the event of his clection.the interests of the peculiar
institution of the South shall be his rule of conduct,
and the cherished principles nnd interests of the
free North shall be the sacrifice.
Mr. Rives, of Viigmi'i in his late letter in favor
of Mr. Clay, and which tho Tribune has published
in tract foim, for the Southern market, probably,
has the following:
u -.j imnnssiblo for any reflecting mail to con
template the actual and prospective condition of
.u .,n. without seeing in it already the irerm
r n,, difficulties ami troubles, which inuy, in
their approaching (levclopcment, agitate our glo
rious Union to its centre. Tho Oregon and 1 ex-
as questions in our foreign relations;, at home, a
deficient revenue; a tariff controversy re-opened,
with, all the conflicting interests and passions
which never fail to be awakened by it; and added
to these the re-kindle,d fires of abolition excitement
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
Mr. Editor: The Veimonl Watchman, and some
other whig papers, have of latn manifested great alarm at
some of the resolutions passed at the Buffalo Convention
last August. Now it is not my province to attempt a de
fence of those resolutions, for the very best of reasons,
that they need none: but I wish to show the ridiculous
position which those assume who appear to bn so horror
stricken at them.' The chief resolution at which umbrage
is taker, is the following: " Resolved, That wo hereby
give it to be distinctly understood by this nation and the
world, that as abolitionists, considering that the strengll.
of our cause lies in its righteousness, and our hope for it in
our conl"-nity to the laws of God, and our respect for the
r'mhts of man, we owe il to the Sovreign Ruler of the Uni
verse, as a proof of our allegiance to Him, in all our civil
relations and offices, whether as private citizens or public
functionaries, sworn to support the Constitution of the U
nited Stales, to regard and to treat the 3d clause of 2d sec
tion of lite 4th article of that instrument, wherever appli
ed to the case of a fugitive slave, as utterly null and void,
and consequently forming no part of the Constitution of
the United States, whenever we are called upon or sworn
to support it." Now the Watchman gravely asserts that
thif contains Nullification worse than that of Sfluth Caro
lina. There is no doubt, that if it could be fuHy carried
out, it would nullify one of the most outrageous, cruel, bar
baric customs thai ever cursed and disgraced any civilized
nation, and essentially lessen the chances of Henry Clay
to recapture his human chattels, if haply they should pre
fer freedom to slavery, and avail themselves of an oppor
tunity so secure it; but to declare that it contains any
thing like the doctrine of Southern Nullification, is a gross
libel an insult to the common sense of an intelligent
community. Because we declare that when we are called
upon to carry out tho principles of the Constitution of a
freu government, and exercise official functions under it,
we will not construe it as imposing an obligation upon us
to violate every fundamental principle upon which it is ba
sed, and confront all the avowed objects of its creation
we are to be called Nullifiers! For what purpose was the
Constitution framed? Tho preamble, letting forth its ob
jects, declares that it was ordained to " establish justice,
and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our
posterity." Now, because we refuse to construe this very
.- i- -...1. ,,lo ami nrnvulet'! " But the 3d
allies Ml HUVJl i-Bad n.u ...
cluuse of the 2d sec. 4th art. of the Constitution provides
for the recovery of fugitive slaves." Ah! indeed! who
says so? E. P. Walton jr. says so Henry Clay says so
the Supreme Court say so the article itself aays no such
thing. Here it comes read it, and see. " No terson
held to service or labor in one State under thelawt there- .
of, escaping into another, shall in consequence of any law ,
or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or
labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to
whom such service or labor may be due." Now I ask,
who but a slaveholder, who would make us believe that
the garments of Satan were the livery of Heaven, or a nor
thern dough-face, taught in slavery's school, would ever
suppose that this clause had reference to any species of
Inrouertv. whether bipeds or quadrupeds? "Persons,"
not property, "shall be delivered up." there is a vast
distinction between persons and property, for the lowest
state of humanity is an infinite distance above the highest
tateof chattelisrp. A person cannot be property, for there
. .. ..... I. : nn,1 .liidao K1nnfTirir:
are certain atiriouies, rciauuuBiupa " uum., ...B s
to persons, that cannot possibly be applied to property;
and on the other hand, there are certain laws, restrictions
and usages, established in reference to property, that can
not be applied to persons. The moment a person becomes
property, he loses, in a legal sense, his humanity, and can
not longer be called a person. If the word 'person .8
used in the constitution to designate a slave, why then the"
5th article of the amendment utterly annihilates slavery in1
the District of Columbia and all the territories, for it ex--pressly
declares that " No person shall be deprived of life,-
liberty or ptoperty without due process Qf law. o bang
which horn of the dilemma you please, Mr. WatcU-
If an obligation to deliver up 'persons means to
deliver up slaves, then the prohibition to deprive 'persons
of life, liberty or property extends to slaves also. Really,
our treason is not so fully proven, after all. Again, they
"shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such,
service or labor may be due." Now this implies the ob
ligation of a contract, for nothing is legally 'due' from one
person to another, except by virtue of a contract. Can a
chattel, a thing, make a contract? Can any thing be 'due
from a piece of property? Slaveholding laws have settled
this question , for they declare that a slave cannot contract
or be contracted with thai he cannot owe any thing, or
have any thing due to him, but is subject to all the laws
and usages of property, to all intents and purposes what
soever. How can "service or labor be due" from a slave
who has toiled unrequited all his life long for his master?
The 3d clause 2d sec. 1st art. of the constitution establish
es lhe basis of representation apportions representatives
ameng the States " according to their respective numbers,
which shall be determined by adding to the whole number
of free persons, including those bound to service for a term
of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of
all other persons." Now who are meant by those 'bound
to service for a term of years?' Slaves cannot be meant
for 'three fifths of all other persons,' it is admitted by all,,
was intended to include tham. It certainly is a rational
construction to say that the same persons are retired iu in
this article that are spoken of in the fourth article, as being
'held to service or labor,' and whom we are bound to de
liver up on claim of the party to whom it 'may be due,' as
in the case of apprentices, and others who bird themselves
to service or labor.
But forsooth, says the Watchman, the Supreme Court
of the United Slates have decided that the fourth article
obliges us to deliver up fugitive slaves. Well, what is the
Supreme Court? Why, true it is tno niguesi juu.c.a.
bunal of the nation, made up of slaveholders and pro-slavery
men, who are willing to construe the constitution in
any way that shall best protect tho patriarchal institution
But what is the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court? The
Constitution says its !'powei shall extend to all cases of
law and equity arising under the Constitution," &c. Now
unless the Watchman can maKeoui me r'-soiuuoim. hum-
tion a case of law and equity, arising in lhe manner afore
said, we shall plead an abatement of the charge, for want
of jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in our case, and con
sider their opinion of no more importance than that of any
othr individual equally qualified to judge in the premises.
If the Liberty Party should declare opposition to any law
of the land, and maintain it by forcible resistance, that
would be altogether another case. They would then be
bound by the decision of the Supreme Court. But in this
case, they have only declared that when elected to office,
and are sworn to support the constitution, they will be
guided by their own construction of it and where is the
man that would not? Has not Henry Clay invariably done,
the same, and every President, from Washington down to,
John Tyler? What is their oath of office? I solemnly
swear thai I will to the best of my ability preserve, pro
tect and defend the Constitution of the United States."
Who ever heard of an officer swearing to support the de
cisions of the Supreme Court? True, they are important,
and entitled to all the consideration ihey desetve, but ev-.
ery officer is bound to support the Constitution according
to his own judgment, after all.
Now let us compare 'Abolition' with South Carolina
Nullification. The former consists in the passage of abs
olution by a Liberty Convention, that when elected to of
fice under the constitution, and sworn to support it, they
will construe it according to its letter and spirit, violating
no law, resisting no power, but simply discharging the
duties of office to the best of their ability and judgment.
The latter consists in the assembling of a convention in
South Carolina, for the purpose of effecting an organized
resistance to cortain laws of Congress, which convention
put forth an ordinance deolaiing " That the several acts,
and parts of acts of the eongress of the United States, pur
porting to be laws for the imposing of duties, &c, are un
authorized by tho constitution and violative of the true
meaning and intent thereof, and are null and void thai
this Slate will maintain said ordinsnce- at every hazard
that the people of this State will henceforth hold themselves
absolved from alt further obligation to roaintaia their po
litical connection with the people- ef the United. States,
and will forthwith proceed to organize a sepeialo govern
ment, and do all other acts and things which sovreign and
independent Stales may of right do." Now where can be
the honesty of men who will proclaim that the&e two po
sitions are alike, or the former worse than the latter, and
for the purpose of deceiving and misleading Vho lest in
formed of his party devoteos, will brand a. party founded
upon the principles of truths justice and equality, witlv