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New York Anniversaries. ,
American Education Society.
' The twenty-eighth anniversary was held on
Thursday evening in Broome street. Rev. Dr.
Dale m the chair. The object of this Society is
to eduea-te youths for the ministry, and is in the
management of the friends of Yale College, nnd
the Seminary of Andover, and other institutions
of the same persuasion. Three hundred and
eighty-eight young men received assistance (luring
the year, of which, 132 have been, received during
the same period. The whole number on the list
from the commencement,' is, 3,532. Receipts for
the year $34,886 96, being an increase over last
yjfiar of 1,097 63. Expenditures $34,792 24.
The debt (luring the year has been reduced from
$34,905 99 to $27,998 55.
American Protestant Society Meeting,
At the Reformed Dutch Church, Washington
Square, on Thursday evening, Dr. De Witt, Vice
President, in the chair. Receipts (luring the year,
6,502 55. Expenditures less bv this sum $27,
which is now in the treasury. It is the object of
the Society to employ tracts, which will be distrib
uted among the Roman Catholics. During the
pastyear 160,000 pages of tracts have been issued,
besides bibles and other books. To Illinois alone
the Society have sent 60,000 pages of tracts, and
they have thirty or forty young men there employ
ed in distribution. The Society have twelve a
gents among the Indians, and they would have
more but for the limitation or their means. Rev.
Mr. Beecher offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the progress of Romanism in the
western country demands the solemn attention of
Protestants. Another resolution was Resolved,
That the progress of Romanism in the United
States is deserving the serious attention of all
The American Board of Foreign Missions met
yesterday 'morning at the Tabernacle. Hon. The
odore Frelinghuysen, President of the Board, in
the chair. Dr. Armstrong read a brief statement
of the operations of the Board. There are, under
the Board 25 Missions, connected with which there
are 138 missionaries and 224 assistant missiona
ries, and 130 native helpers, and 492 laborers, be
sides some hundred native helpers, who derive no
assistance from the Board. There are 62 mission,
containing more than 25,000 members, exclusive
of a large number of native converts in Western
Asia. There are connected with the mission 7
seminaries, 23 boarding schools, and more than
600 free schools, containing in all upwards of 32,
000 pupils. The receipts for the last 9 months
have been $163,689, and the appropriations $198,
750. The appeal made a year ago to the public
was successful, and $20,000 collected. This was
not the annual meeting of the Board, which is held
in September. Allusion was made to the decline
in attendance on these meetings, and the want of
interest in them. It was suggested as a remedy
that better speakers be engaged.
The American Home Missionary Society
Anniversary was held In the Tabernacle Tues
day evening, Henry Dwight, Esq. in the chair.
The receipts for the past year were $101,904 99,
which was expended, together with a balance on
hand at the commencement of the year of $2,589,
02. The Society is indebted to its missionaries
$11,864 05. The receipts of the past year have
not increased in the ratio of former years, being
only $2,092 05 over those of the previous year.
The Society has had in its service during the past
year 907 ministers of the gospel, of whom 670
were in commission at the date of the last report,
and 237 have been since appointed. The fields of
their labor are in 26 different States and territo
ries of the Union, in Canada and Texas, and the
number of congregations und missionaries' dis
tricts supplied in whole or part with the preach
ed gospel is 1,245. The aggregate of ministerial
labor performed was computed at six hundred and
sixty-six years. By comparing these results with
those of the preceeding year, it will be seen that
the Society has been enabled not only to retain the
ground which it occupied at the date of the last
report, but to make important advances this year,
in the work which God has given them to do.
The number of missionaries in commission is
greater by 59 than that of any preceding year, and
the number of congregations and districts suppli
ed, shows an increase of 198. In Ohio, Michigan,
Illinois and Iowa alone there had bn an increase
of 68 missionaries, and thus is the Society extend
ing its operations westward. In the West, Infidel
ity is congregating its hosts and calls forth all our
efforts to oppose it. The hopes entertained with
respect to the company of youthful heralds who
went out la6t Autumn into the Territory of Iowa
had not been disappointed, as they had effected
It was further stated that about 60,300 pupils are
receiving instruction in the great truths of revela
tion in the Sabbath Schools, under the supervision
of the missionaries. The position of the Society
is encouraging. Renewed vigor among its friends
is all that is wanting to spread its salutary influ
ence throughout the length and breadth of our
American Bible Society.
The twenty-eighth anniversary of this Society
was held yesterday morning, at the Tabernacle.
The Hon. John Cotton Smith, of Ct. the Presi
dent of the Society, in the chair. The Rev. Bish
op Soule opened the meeting by reading a passage
of Scripture. The President then read his annual
Address, in which he gave a sketch of the opera
tions of the Society during the past year. The
following is a brief abstract of the Treasurer's and
The number of new auxiliaries added in the
course of the year is forty six. The receipts from
all sources are $154,450 05, being nn increase of
$27,991 05 over those of the year proceeding.
. The number of Bibles and Testaments printed is
284,009, and the number issued 315,504. The in
crease of the issue over those of the previous year
is 97,800 copies, and making an aggregate, since
the organization of the Society of 3,584,683 copies.
Two of the Vice Presidents have died the past
year. Judge Thompson of New York, and Judge
Masrruder of Maryland. The number of agents
employed through the year has been ten, and a
, few others a part of the year. Five hundred bi
. Lies and fifteen hundred testament have been
granted to the American J. ract society, aim as
. many to the American Sunday School Union, to
supply the destitute places where the Bible Socie
ty has no auxiliaries.
The meeting was addressed by the Rev. Messrs
. Robbing, G. W. Warren of Ohio, G. F. Pierce of
Ga. and G. W. Blagden of Boston, and the Hon
Theodore Frelinghuysen and Hiram Ketohum,
Esq., of this city.
Exhibition for the Deaf and Dumb.
The annual exhibition of the N. Y. Institution
for the Deaf and Dumb, took place at the Taber
nacle yesterday at four o'clock P. ni. As usual, not
all could gain admission who desired: so great is
the desire to witness this exhibition. This institu
tion is located at the coi ner of 50th street and 4th
avenue, and has been in existence 26 years; 14
years at the present place. The Principal is H.
P. Peet. The number of pupils is 173, of those
present at the exhibition yesterday, about 160.
The girls were dressed in white and made a very
fine display. The exercises were very interesting.
' The pupils answered various questions in the
-branches of study in which they had been taught
at the School, with promptitude and anctiracy.
Several of them were given a task to write what
they pleased, both as to matter and language.
One of them jfave the life of Thomas Jefferson;
another, that of Putnam; another, that of Madison;
nnother,thfttof Joseph. The language was accu
rate and tfie style of composition very good. One
pupil gave recitations from the New Testament.
The beautiful and accomplished Miss Budd re
peated the Lord's prayer in a very solemn and
impressive manner, when the exercises were
closed with a benediction from the Rev. Dr. Mil
nor. American Temperance Union.
The anniversary of this Society was held last
evening at the Tabernacle. In the absence of the
President, Chancellor Walworth, the Vice Presi
dent, Prof. Durhin of Pa. took the chair. The
Rev. Dr. Marsh rend the annual report. He di
vides the Temperance reformation into three sta
ges of progress; first, the original movement when
wine was not prohibited; second, in 1835, when
wine was proscribed and the total abstinence
pledge adopted; third, when, in 1840, the Wash
ingtonian movement began. 1 he report gave a
very flattering account of the temperance move
ment throughout the country, and recommended
the legislative action to prohibit the traffic in in
toxicating drinks. The Rev. Dr. Bacon of New
Haven, then addressed the meeting. The temper
ance idea he had heard for the first only twenty
years since, and now it had encircled the globe.
1 wenty years are but a point in the progress or
mankind, what may we expect, then from the fu
ture. The meeting was subsequently addressed
by Dea. Grant of Boston, and Mr. J. B. Gough.
T HE PRE IB MAN .
" Pliant as reeds where Freedom' waters glide
Firm as the hills to stem Oppression's tide!"
M0NTPEL1ER, VERMONT, FRIDAY, MAY U, ISM.
Nominated by the National Convention, May, 1843
JAMES G. BIIINEY,
" Our own slave states, and especially the more south
ern of them, in which the number of slaves is greater,
and in which, of course, the sentiment of injustice is
stronger than the more northern ones, are to be placed on
the list of decaying communities.
" The question now for the North finally to decide is
shall the slave states draw us down with them, and both
perish, or shall we, by a decided conjunct exertion of vir
tuous energy, save ourselves aad them from destruction
James G. Birney.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
" I rejoice, that the abolition of slavery throughout the
civilized world is no longer problematical; it seems to be
almost universally conceded that this stupendous fraud
upon a portion of the human race is fast drawing to a
close, and the great question with us is truly, what meas
ures are best suited lo accomplish this desirable end in
the United States.
" Political action is necessary to produce
moral reformation in a nation : and that action with us
can only be effectually exercised through the ballot box
And surelv the ballot box can never be used lor a more
nohle purpose, than to restore and secure to every man
his inalienable rights." Thomas Morris.
Democratic Candidate for President.
MARTIN VAN BUREN.
" I must go into the Presidential chair the inflexible and
uncompromising opponent of every attempt on the part
of Congiess, to abolish slavery in the District of Colum
bia, against the wishes of the slaveholding States, and al
so with a determination equally decided, to resist the
slightest interference with it in the states where it exists.
"It now only remains to add, that no bill conflicting
with these views can ever receive my constitu
tional sanction," Mr. Van Buren's Inaugural,
March 4, 1837.
Whig Candidate for President,
" I know there is a visionary dogma which holds that
negro slaves cannot be the subjects of property ." 1 shall
not dwell lone upon this speculative abstraction. Thai
is property which the law declares to be properly.
Two hundred years of legislation have sanctioned and
sanctified negro slaves as property.
" If I had been a citizen of Pennsylvania when Frank
lin's plan (of gradual emancipation) was adopted, Ishould
have voted frr it; because, by no possibility could the
black race ever gain the ascendancy in that State. But
if I had been then, or were now a citizen of any of the
planting States the southern or south-western States
Ishould have opposed, and would continue to oppose,
any scheme whatever of emancipation, gradual or im
mediate. " "
" It is not true, and I REJOICE that it is not true,
that either of the two great parlies in this country lias
any design or aim at abolition. Ishould DLbrLV
LAMENT if it were true." Clay's Speech in the Sen.
ate, I'eb. 7, 1839.
LIBERTY STATE TWICE T.
WILLIAM R. SIIAFTI3R,
FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR,
FOR SENATOR ORLEANS COUNTY '.
George II. Fasre.
DC" We have received several very valuable
communications which will appear next week.
We have also on hand a large number of commu
nications, which have been crowded out week af
ter week by more important matters, until they are
quite out of date.
We are obliged to our correspondents for theit
favors, and shall do the best we can towards giving
them all a hearing, but cannot furnish such a va
riety as is desirable, if we attempt to publish all
that are sent. Let your thoughts be condensed in
to short, pithy articles, and send them on. In this
way, the Freeman will we trust, increase in inter
est. The last Watchman's ridicule of our personal
and domestic afflictions, to which we alluded as a
reason for not reading Messrs. Clay's nnd Von Bu-
ren's letters through sooner, is too mean and bru
tal to deserve any reply. We hope the editor of
that paper may be spared the affliction, which in
the providence of God we have been called to ex
perience; but should he ever be placed in such cir
cumstances, we hope his neighbors will have too
much humanity and decency to wound hid feelings
by making a public mockery of his troubles.
CX3"A subscriber" in Orleans County, finds
some fault with the piece in the last week's Free
man, headed "Great Meeting of the Coonics." Its
style is, perhaps, somewhat objectionable. This
friend's remarks nre very candid, but he should
bear in mind, that the best miss it sometimes.
CO" David Lee Child has resigned his place as
Editor of the Anti-Slavery Standard. It is here
after to be under the direction of Sidney Howard
Gray. Mnriah W. Chapman and Edmund Quin
cy, assistant editors.
Correction. S. Farnsworth of Walden, has
sent 50 cts. for the Vunsandt case; and it appears
that $1 should be credited to N. Farrington in
stead of 50 cts. D. 'Wooster should be credited
25 cts. instead of STufs. fc Gould should be cred
ited 25 cts. instead of J. Goodell. Also D. Fuller
should be credited 87 1-2 instead of 82. Also, K.
Bniley should have been credited $1, by Judge
Hutchinson, for the Vansandt case.
Cp-The federal papers are making a great clam-
or because the Freeman, the third party paper here
has breathed something againstdiiy, and insist that
that print is playing into the hands ot the democrats.
Very likely, since both the editor and publisher
were but recently Whigs. Vermont Patriot.
The editor of the Freeman has never acted with
either the Whig or Democratic parties, and ardent
ly hopes, never to have any of their sins to answer
C3 The last Watchman thinks we "must be
sick" because we complained of Mr. Clay, that he
did not even allude to Texian slavery in enumer
ating his objections to annexation. We assert,
however, emphatically, (and it is what every hon
est, common-sense man would understand our pre
vious remark to express) that Mr. Clay does not
even allude lo Texian slavery as an objection lo
annexation and we challenge all the satellites of
that vile man from Maine to Georgia, desperate as
they are, to show the opposite. To be sure he al
ludes, most probably, in a round-about, Van Burcn
like manner, to slaverj, when lie, says that " some
espouse and some oppose annexation on the ground
of the influence it would exert in the balance of
political power between the two great sections of
the Union;" but he does not denounce slavery, or
deprecate its extension in our country, any more
than he does liberty. Indeed, he places them up
on a level for, he says in substance to the South,
if you ask for Texas J or the sake of strengthening
the interests of slave-labor, the North will want
Canada to build up free labor and the reasoning
will be as good in onocase us the other, we are
left to infer! Mr. Clay condemns alike the mo
tive of getting territory to strengthen the interests
of slavery or liberty : can you make anything out
of that, Mr. Watchman ? r.
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
The Dccd!--The Fearful Deed is Done!
The whole multitude with one voice, have said,
away with Jesus. Let him be crucified ! He shall
not reign over us. Release unto us Barrabbas,
who was a robber, and for murder, had been, not
put under bonds, but put into prison. The appeal
is made to a Uhristian nation the church must
decide the awful question, whether we shall have
n bloody man, who lives by oppression, to rule over
us, or the Lord Jesus, the God of our fathers.
Are the children ot the rilgrnns prepared to give
their votes for the oppressor, nnd bloody duellist
Will they select a man to rule them, whose soul
is polluted with all the abominations of Masonry?
Have they so degenerated so apostatized? Can
they believe, that any man, who lives by oppres
sion, can respect the rights of others, or will guard
the temple of Liberty? Can the same fountain
send forth both sweet water and bitter? Can a
man love Liberty and Slavery love abolition and
give his vote for a slaveholder? What doth it
profit, to talk of abolition and vote for slavery?
Will such talk help the slave break his chain, 'or
deliver him from the hand of the oppressor? What
hypocrisy; Hate slavery as much as any body,
and do all you can o strengthen the slave power?
What an enviable position must such occupy?
Their honor and their honesty are well understood
and well appreciated; and the historic page will
preserve the record. Hollow hearts and dough
faces ! I respect the Southerner, who boldly vindi
cates slavery, and acts consistently, much more
than the Northern Fence Rider, somotimes on one
side and then on the other.
To the Polls, to the Polls! ho, all yn ministers of
Christ, and members of his churches ! Your votes
are needed to elect a man of blood, who lives by
oppression, and is a grand member of a Free Ma
sonsLodge. He can't be elected without your votes.
His friends have such an opinion of your religion
and honesty, that they boldly call upon you to sup
port him, all bloody as he is ! Come forward from
your closets and your altars.and cast in your votes
for the man, who denies your Lord. Will you
come, and then go to meet the Lord Jesus at his
table? We shall see! B.
Our " Locofocoism."
We are charged with Locofocoism for firing
"pop-guns at Martin Van Buren, and 74's at Hen
ry Clay." Well, others may judge as they please
of our "guns," but we beg the privilege of econo
mising our ammunition. We can see no great
utility or skill in the science of war, in firing '74's'
at a dead man. Martin Van Buren is politically
dead, and all the 'Magic' of the 'Democracy' can
not give him a resurrection. Martin has commit
ted political suicide at the North by his base bow
ing to the Slave Power; and the fact that he is a
Northern man with Southern principles, spoils
him for the South. " Ilnhit is second nature."
The South is not in the habit of giving the Presi
dency to Northern men, more than one term, and
those one term-men, to be few and tar between.
Martin Van Buren is not yet. nominated, and the
talk is that he will have to stand one side for a
Southern man, sny Richard M. Johnson, or Com
modore Stewart; while the Whigs afliirm that
Henry Clay is nominated by the people, nnd that
the great convention soon to be held in Baltimore
is only to confirm his nomination nnd ngree upon
a candidate for the Vice Presidency.
Whigs should be reasonable, and not ask us to
aim our " guns" at such small game or no game
at all, while the great 'eiiibodyment' is in the field,
a fair murk and within shooting distance. Liber-
ficiienil Conference of the M. E. Church.
Tuesday, Man 7. The appeal of Francis A.
Harding was presented. It appeared that prior to
the sitting of the Baltimore Conference, of which
he was a member, he married a woman who own
ed 5 slaves that he was objected to as having be
come connected with slavery, and he was suspen
ded from the office of the ministry until he should
emancipate his slaves; but he refused to comply
with this decision, and appealed to the General
Conference. His case was argued with much a
bility and at great length by William A. Smith, of
Virginia. He argued that the laws of Maryland
rendered it inexpedient, if not impossible, for Mr.
Harding to emancipate his slaves, or rather, as he
contended, his wife's slaves; and, 2d, that the dis
cipline did not require hi rn to emancipate - under
such circumstances. Mr. Smith admitted that sla
very was a great evil, but contended that some cir
cumslancosjustified it. This is very different from
the ground taken by him four and eight year ago,
if he was correctly reported. He was then consid
ered the greatest champion of slavery from all the
John A. Coll ins, from the Baltimore Conference,
replied, and defended the action of his Conf. in
suspending Mr. Harding in a speech of nearly the
same length. It contains many eloquent passages,
and some views of pure anti-slavery sentiment.
Rev. Mr. Matlack, reporter for the True Wes
ley an, gives the following description of the scene
before Mr. Smith made his closing plea of the
two speakers, and the results which followed:
Every indication now gave evidence of the ap
proach of a great struggle on the subject of slave
iTi as connected with the appeal case. The sol
emn dignity that sat enthroned upon the counte
nances ol the Southern men and tlie Baltimore del
egation, the lively expression every where seen
in the faces of New-England men and abolitionists
and the half and half mingled expression of hope
and tear as to the issue ot this great question,
which the northern men nnd not abolitionists man
ifested, all conspired to give an imposing aspect
to the scene, that failed not sensibly to impress the
audience that filled the seats upon the lower floor
and crowded the galleries among whom were
found, as of course you'll find them every where,
those with cheerful smiles and pleasant looks, to
throw around the arena of strife itself the soothing
and checking influence of angel's guardianship.
At this juncture, the combatants were seen, as
persons in such relative positions often are, before
the deadly strife begins, in closest intercourse. Mr
Smith walked up to Mr. Collins and shook him
cordially by the hand. 'Ah!' thought I, 'Mr. Col
lins, you've got to take it now. There are break
ers ahead ! Look out!'
Allow mo at this time to present before the eyes
of your readers the two men, whose remarks to
some extent thev have heard. John A. Lollins is
a person of middle stature, with black hair, small,
sharp features, and rapid in in his movements and
style of speaking. He is full of energy when spea
king, has a clear voice, but fails in the management
of it, and soon becomes hoarse. He is rather dis
cursive in his style, and lacks in logical acumen.
But his remarks are pointed, and Ins rebukes with
eriug. The excitable temperament of his nature,
while it prevents that clearness and concentration
of thought, so desirable in securing the conviction
of till his hearers, nt the same time prompts to the
utterance of many, opposite thoughts, and led him
to a range of feeling and expression, on the sub
ject of slavery and slave-holding ministers, that
few expected to -hear. He evidently forgot the
caution that many would have observed, in his ref
erence to slaveholding ministers in view of their
presence, t tliougnt tie would "waKe up some
sleeping lions,' as Smith afterwards said and it
proved true. But of the other. Wm. A. Smith is
above the middle stature. His frame is large, well
formed. He is somewhat bald. His expression
of countenance is commanding, and his voice hea
vy. He is a master spirit. The South could not
have chosen a man who would more truly repre
sent their character, or more ably plead their cause.
He is truly an eloquent speaker, and nlthough my
prejudices as an abolitionist sided with Mr. Col
lins, my judgment decides that Mr. Smith is alto
gether his superior, in his power of eloquence and
ability for argument.
For a few moments before the pleadings on this
ease were resumed, Messrs. Smith and Collins
were seen in close consultation. Mr. Collins then
rose, and in a very courteous manner, announced
his sense of the magnanimity of Mr. Smith in al
lowing him to occupy the time of the conference in
some further remarks, though he could have no
claim or right to any such privilege. It was re
ported that the Baltimore conference had on its list
of members several slaveholders. He declared it
to be untrue. All preachers holding any connec
tion with slavery had been brought to the bur and
required to execute deeds of emancipation. Sev
eral cases of this sort were mentioned. If the laws
against emancipation had been ten-fold stronger
than they were, the conference would have taken
the same course in relation to brother Harding.
They could not alter their course in this respect at
the demand of the Legislature. He reiterated in
the strongest terms what he had said on the previ
ous day, that the obstacles in the way of emanci
pation were not insurmountable. Slaves were of
ten set free, and were not molested. He did not
know a single member of the Methodist church in
Baltimore, who was a slaveholder, and public sen
timent was strong in favor of freedom. He con
tended that the pretence now set up that Mr Har
ding was not a slaveholder, because the slaves in
his possession belonged to his wife, was an after
thought, no such defence having been made before
the BultitfToro conference. The laws of the State
were produced, to show that he was a joint owner
with his wife, and Mr. Collins contended that the
arguments which had been urged to show that Mr
IL was not a slaveholder, were equally valid to
prove that his wife was not, and that the slaves
were consequently free. In conclusion, Mr. C.
reminded the conference that this wag not a local
question, but one of lifo and death to the whole
church. If the decision of the Baltimore confer
ence were reversed, it would be impossible to keep
the church together. Would the General Confer
ence, for the sake of enabling Mr Harding to keep
in his possession five negroes, shake tho very foun
dations of the church ? He begged his southern
brethren to pause before taking such a step.
Mr. Smith, in his closing remarks, charged Mr.
Collins with being the symbol of modern abolition
ism, and says;
He talked of the "dark subject," and the "foul
stain!" Here the speaker became furious. His
eyes flashed fire. With flushed cheek, and a voice
ot thunder, he looked at Collins and exclaimed,
What dark subject do you know of, sir, connected
with my conference? What 'foul stain' is found
upon the page of its history ! Yes, sir, and he be
sought tins body for God's sake not to drive the
Baltimore conference to take rank with a slave
holding conference ! 1 Take rank'.V My dear sir,
what do you mean? What do you mean, sir, by
this insinuation? Will bretheren never wake up
from their dreams of security? Is there to be no
compromise among us on this question? Will
they sleep on always, insensible to their danger, till
the magazine shall burn beneath their feet, and
strife, dismemberment and dissolution inevitably
follow ? Let them beware ! Let them beware, sir.
how they outrage our feelings!
' Take rank' with Virginia ! The Virginia Con
ference is a noble body of men none more so.
What do you mean by taking rank with Virginia?
Who are you, sir, to hold such language towards
me! What is the noble, elevation to which you
have attained, to come from which you must needs
stoop to reach Virginia ! Sir. I excuse it with all
my heart, for those expressions were only the pour
ing out of the scum and filth that has come float
ing down upon them from the upper and nether
streams of abolitionism. For I was not an uuob
serving spectator of the expressions and emotions
that responded to those exclamations from a cer
tain quarter of the house. But they cut harshly
across the tenderest cords of many a heart, and it
is only at his peril that such language can be used
towards those of his brethren who have been afflic
ted by them. He spoke of his conference as being
the bade water ot his connection, and spoke truly;
for his speech proves that they have received into
their bosom the drift wood, saw dust and mud (!)
that has come floating down from the upper and
nether streams of ultra abolitionism!
This is a specimen of Smith's style.
J.Early moved that the decision of the Balti
more conference, by which Francis A. Harding
was suspended from the ministry, be and hereby is
A. D. Peck moved the yeas and nays, without
I. Sovereign asked if it was in order to luy the
motion on the table?
Bishop Morris replied nothing is in order but
to vote. So at it thev went.
The result was as follows Yeas 56, nays 117.
Pacification Bill. On Tuesday last, a com
mittee was appointed by the Bishop to take into
consideration the subject of harmonizing the
church on the slave question. This appointment
was preceded bv a somewhat lengthy discussion.
We publish the following from our reporter in ad
vance of our dates. The church is on the verge
of a volcano! If the abolitionists maintain their
ground, there must be a split; if they do not, there
must he secession. Tho following brethren con
stitute the committee Capers, Olin, Winans, Ear
ly, Hamlin and Crandall.
The present is the moment of crisis. In the lan
guage of Dr. Durhin, it is "an era in tho history
of Methodism." True: and what will be its rec
ord in future days? Answer. It will be refered
to, as the "era" when a mutual and honorable di
vision transpired, or when a sacrafice of principle
and right was consumatcd, to the utter dishonor
of truth and righteousness. For the plain point
at issue is this, as stated by the South to the North
ern abolitionists: You must compromise vour
principles, or we will divide the Church. Tbero
is no middle ground, and these are the two sides
of the question. How the issue can be avoided, I
cannot conceive; and of the integrity of the East
ern aholitiontsts on the General Conference floor
I have a high opinion. They will stand by tho peo
ple, by whom they are "pushed and driven up to
After transacting some business of minor im
portance, the conference adjourned. From 12 to
1 o'clock to-morrow will be devoted to prayer, in
view of the present state of the church on the ques
tion of slavery.
Wednesday, May 15.
General Conference Prayer Meeting.
Bishop Andrew vacated the chair to Bishop
Soule, who was to conduct the services. The
Bishop read the hymn commencing
" Giver of concord, Prince of Peace,"
and said " brother Ritchie and brother Early will
be so good as to lead in prayer, after we have
sung. Juetore singing, he made some ahectinir re
marks about visiting the tombs of the Wesleys,
and the probable interest their departed spirits
n w have in what was transpiring with the con
nection they founded. With deep and unaffect
ed emotion he observed, " O ! if spirits glorified
around the throne may be supposed to weep, sure
ly their tears would fall upon us at this hour."
And then, with an effort to speak, though almost
choking with emotion, he said, or rather sobbed,
" My desire long has been, that I might sleep with
my fathers, ere the time arrived, if come it must,
when this body of Christian men and Christian
ministers should consent to sever the bonds of
their ecclesiastical union."
They then sung, and Mr. Ritchie of the Wes
leyan connection, and Mr. Early of Virginia,
prayed with feeling and with fervor. This was
succeeded by singing part of the hymn, the fourth
vyse of which is,
" Even now we think and speak the same,
And cordially agree,
United all through Jesus' name,
In perfect harmony."
Prayer was offered by P. Crandall of New Eng
land, and W. Winans of Mississippi. Tbea.
Bishop Hedding gave out the hymn beginning ,
" God moves in a mysterious way."
He requested Dr. Capers of South Carolina,
and G. Fillmore of the Gennessee Conference, to
pray. Before singing, the venerable man in n
very moving manner observed, " This is the tenth
General Conference that we have witnessed. Ma
ny dark clouds have hung over us. But I never
saw so dark a cloud as that which spreads above
us now. On other occasions we have trembled
with fear, for the unity of our connection. But
the occasion of difference then has been mainly
among the preachers. Ho referred especially
to 1808, when Asbury succeeded in getting the'
preachers together in groups, and by weeping and
praying together with them, affected a reconcilia
tion. But now the people more than the preach
ers, are engaged against each other. The north,
demanding of us the adoption of measures to pre
vent their ruin, while the south declare, by the
brethren who represent them here, that these mea
sures, if adopted, would prove their certain ruin.
And now brethren," said the old man, with tears
in his eyes, " What shall we do? The matter is
at such an issue that man cannot control it. Our
hope is in God alone." The services were then
concluded by prayer.
I looked upon this meeting with deep interest.
I sympathized with them. It was indeed a solemn
south will yield. If so, the north will gain a tri'
umph for tho slave. I would it might bo so. , 'My
feelings as a man, a minister of Jesus ChrVtj in
duce this wish.