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Green-Mountain freeman. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, June 07, 1844, Image 2

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From the Eesex Transcript.
Henry Clay.
Mv friend, E. W. Goodwin, Esq., of Albany,
i... E,.nt mp n rrrnv of the Geneva. N. Y. Con
rier, having for the standing motto of its editorial
department tin extract from an article eulogistic of
k Wh;t Presidential candidate, written by my
self some twelve or fourteen years ago, an effu
alon, which of course, docs not express the matur
ed opinions of the man whose name is attached to
it. I have received letters and papers from other
individual in reference to it, but have hitherto
the. matter altogether too trifling for
any serious notice on my part. And I am induced
to speak of it now only on account of some of my
anti-slavery friends, who seem to think nn explana
tion due to myself and the cause of freedom,
I have certainly no right or disposition to com
plain of the publication of the article in question,
provided it is not given ns a recent production,
and as expressive of present opinion. I am willing
to admit the fact of a radical change of opinion
since the piece was written; hut 1 must protest
against the charge of hypocrasy implied by its pre
sentation under my name, unaccompanied by ei
ther date, or explanation, in warm partizan pa-
... 1 . f thnir olnftinneerins material.
The truth is, I must say, I think my Whig friends
have made quite too much of it. The piece in it
self has certainly no Rpecial claims upon public
consideration, and as for the author, what impor
fnnr-P n.nn he attached to the opinions of an aboli
tinnist. whose verv name is cast out as evil? Men
who have nssi tiled me with all approbioua epithets
nnil mnihed me nut ns a fittinof object for the exer
cise nf irinh-cnnservntism. and BS a candidate for
ilio ,.f f.vn.l, lour. I. no- T'loooJ "f nnnlB in
their newspapers as the endorser of their presiden
tial candidate, and quoted my ill-considered rnymes
ns Ins most fitting eulogy ! Slaveholders nave
sung them ntbarbacues slavcholdingeditors have
garnished their columns with them they have
floated over Whig gatherings, as the motto of ban
ners bearing the verv respectable and appropriate
device of "thai same old coon!" Nothing ago 1
saw them in the Richmond Whig, interlarding the
editorials of in' chivalrous Virginia editor. 1 bey
have headed, for months together, advertisements
in slaveholding prints of Henry Clay's speeches,
including his famous slavery speech in the Senate.
Thev have served to eke out the stump speeches
of southern orato's. They were gravely recited
by that frothy Whig declaimer, S. S. Prentiss, in
the hearing of Henry Clay himself, when in be
half of its scoundrel community of gamblers, du
elists, strcct-fighters and negro-traders, the Ken
tucky statesman was welcomed to Vicksburg
amidst the obstreperous applause of men who
would have hanged its author on the first tree, and
the sweet smiles and soft clapping of ladies who
would have twisted their mantillas Jnto ropes to
Rtrnntrio iiim. Nav. more. The democrats, judg
ing liv this verv nenp.ral use which WHS made of
my boyish folly, concluding that it must be a pow
erful electioneering auxiliary, and sagely resolved
that the Whigs should not have the entire benefit
of it. beiiiL' in principle opposed to all monopolies.
According it was transferred to (ktr papers with
the name of Thomas II. Benton, substituted for
that of Henry Clay. And as General Joseph
Smith from the latest accounts, is about to run as
the presidential candidate of the Latter day Saints,
I confess I should not be surprised to see this un
lucky bit of rhyme appear in the Times and Sea
sons, addressed to the great prophet dimself !
I respectfully put it to the more considerate por
tion of the Whig editors and speech-makers,
whether my poor doggrel rhyme has not done sufi
sient service to their cause to be allowed to retire
and fiud its appropriate place in
VThc wallet which time hath ever at his back,
Wherein he puts alms to oblivion."
In the dearth and famine ot Whig literature
which followed upon the abounding plenty of 1840,
the era of "Tippecanoe and Tyler ton," there
might be some some show of reason in hunting up
the school-day rhymes of a fanatical abolitionist
even, for necessity has no law: but now, when un
der the inspiration of the Baltimore convention,
the very flood-gates of rhyme are again opened,
and the universal Whig throat is wearing raw
with the Dutch-syllabled chorus of "Clay and Fre
liiis'huyscn," can tliey not let my old worn out
stanzas pass qulctiy )" forgetful ness? Why place
themselves under obligations to nil flPomiomst,'
Whv invoke the name of a "fanatic" in behalf of
their candidate? Does he stand in need of my
boyish endorsement? For shame, gentlemen!
Patronise your own poets. Such songsters ns are
dail v clainiinsr the ear of vour "Clay clubs,"should
not scribble in vain. Songs inspired by visions of
clerkships, consulates, and post offices, seen thro'
the dim portals of 1845, should not "waste their
sweetness on the desert air." If you will but con
sider of it, mine is not adapted to the times it is
deficient in one important particular at least for,
if I recollect rightly, it contains no allusion what
ever to "that same old" mischievous animal which,
like the ape in the temples of Egyptian idolatry,
has been setup in tlie high places of Whig politics,
the titular divinity of the party.
Seriously, however, it is scarcely necessary for
me to say that the piece in question was written
with au imperfect knowledge of the character and
position of Henry Clay, und under circumstances
calculated to awaken that youthful enthusiasm,
which is too prone to overlook moral considera
tions, in its admiration of exalted genius. Even
nq,v, I would not qualify, or detract from, my esti
mate of the brilliant anil fascinating powers and
noble intellectual qualities of the Western states
man I can admire, as heartily ns ever those glo
rious episodes in his political history, when the
feelings of the man rose above the sordid and sel
fish calculation and prudent reserve of the slave
holder; when forgetting what was consistent and
proper on such occasions, for a man living upon
the fruits of the unpaid toil of slaves, lie stood up
in the Senate of the United States as the champi
on of South America and Greece. His speeches
on these occasions show, that under other circum
stances, and disconnected from the baleful infiu
encea of slavery, be might have been an ardent
and heroic advocate of human freedom and prog
ress the O'Connell ot the Western hemisphere
As it is, thev are brilliant and eloquent produc
tions,. but utterly shorn of moral power faith
without works Satan rebuking sin. Vague and
treneral declamation about freedom and equality,
and against tyranny and oppression, falls pointless
and powerless trom me nps oi a man ime nenry
Clay. the SLAVE-liULDER and SLAVJS
BREEDER the man who in 1837 offered his
resolutions to the Senate, that "THE INSTITU
TION SF DOMES TIC SLAVERY OUGHT
NOT TO BE ABOLISHED IN THE DIS
TRICT OF COLUMBIA:" that Floridny slave
ry should lie permitted, to nourish under the foster
ing care of government that the horrible internal
slave trade should not be molested; and who at
the same time declared that his object was to sep
arate the friends ol the right ol petition irom the
abolitionists, that the latter might "stand alone,
unmixed with the rest ot the community, and ex
posed to the overwhelming force of public opinion"
who, in 1838, by the force of his influence in
Kentucky, rolled back and arrested the tide of anti-slavery
feeling in thnt State, nnd prevented the
calling of a convention to remove ,the stain from
its constitution who has declared himself the
open enemy of emancipation in (my form who
has insulted God and humanity by pronouncing
"that to be property whichthe law makes proper
ty," and that "two hundred years of legislation
has sanctioned and sanctified negro slavery."
I write thus far "more in sorrow than in anger."
I would not detract one tittle from the character of
Henry Clay as a mnn of genius; I would not deny
his high capacities for the public service. When
I see such a man debasing his noble intellect to the
service of slavery. I am more than ever disposed
to do battle with the infamous system, which has
thus perverted a spirit which might otherwise have
been a blessing to humanity.
"If wns Mint fatal, thnt nerfidioUS bark.
Built i' the eclipse and rigged with curses dark,
Which sunk so low that honored head of thine.'
Would that he could imitate his noble-hearted
relative, Cassius M. Clay, and break away from
iIip r,.nl pmliraces of the system. What is the
nnor nrize of the presidency, compared with the
true and lasting glory of such a deed : He is no
longer a young man. Hearts which would once
have swelled with affectionate joy and pride at his
levation, are now cold in ihe grave, liis own
beats with a feebler impulse. Yet a little time,
and the places which have known him shall know
hun no more forever. Will his recollections ot
his pro-slavery speeches and influence make softer
the pillow of his declining life? Will the inserp-
tion on his tomb-stone, " Here lies the defender oj
negro slavery," render more peaceful bis last sleep
beneath the oaks ot his own Astilanu r uod grant
thai his conscience may be awaked that, lie may
repent of his life-long sin, and do justice to himself
and his enslaved brother, and hrst and heartiest
amidst the congratulations of the humane and gen
erous,and liberal of all Christendom, which wot;!
THE FREEMAN-
" Pliant as reeds where Freedom' waier glide
Firm as the bills to stem Oppression's tide!"
H0NTPEL1ER, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JUKE 7, 1844.
follow such an act on his part, would be he
voices of those whom henowepur
the abolitionists of the Unite )
, Jon
Jlmesbury, 20th hth mo., 1841
WmxTrfctt".
LIBERTY TICKET,
Nominated by the National Convention, May, 1843
FOR PRESIDENT,
JAMES O. BIRNEY,
of Michigan.
" Our own slave "tales, and especially the more south
em of them, in which the numuer oi slaves is greater,
and in which, of course, the sentiment of injustice is
stronger than the more northern ones, are to be placed on
.. f . l I ! .. nil laa
Hie lisioi oecayiug sui""u""""
The nueation now for the North finally to decide is
shall the slave state! draw us down with them, and both
perish, or shall we, by a decided conjunct exertion ol vir
tuous energy, save ourselves and them from destruction "
James G. Birney.
" I allow not to bunan laws, be they primary or secon
dary, no matter by what numbers, or with what enlemni
tier ordained, the least semblanceof right to establish Sla
very, to make propert of my fellow, created equally with
myself, in the image cf God. Individually, or as political
communities, men life no more right to enact Slavery,
ihati they have to entcl murder, or blasphemy, or incest,
or adulterv. To establish slavery is to delhione right, to
trample on justice, fre only true foundation oi uovern-
..... e i. ,i. .iIai, r
m.nl lnvrniliin .I CXlSt. noi IUI lB ucsuuvnwii w
but for its defence not for the annihilation ol men 8
Great Fire at New Orleans.
A most destructive fire occurred at New Orleans
on the 18th, by which 290 buildings were destroy
ed. The following particulars are from the Picayune:
between 12 and 1 o'clock yesterday alternoon
the flames burst forth in the carpenter's shop of
It. Gott, corner of Franklin and Jackson streets,
and spread to the adjoining tenements.
To save their furniture was all that the unfortu
nate residents of this section could hope to achieve
and even in this they were often disappointed.
The fire raged for three hours, during which it
kept down Jackson street burning out to Canal
on the right, and to Common on the left, nnd cros
sing Trcmc, Villere, and .Robinson to Clairborne
streets in all ten squares. Not one building is
left on this area, save the Maison de Sante.
To attempt to picture the scene while the fierce
element was raging in its wildness, were impos
sible. Houseless unfortunates were seen rushing
through smoke and flame, and seeking a shelter
which only proved temporary, for the flames
were again upon them. Beds and bedding,
furniture, groceries in short every thing that
could be removed in the hurry, were seen piled
and thrown in Canal and Common streets, the own
ers siting upon the little-wreck that was left to them
of nil their household store.
Many of the inmates of the houses were labor
in;? under sickness and infirmity, anil their eyes
rolled wildly as they were borne from their homes:
mothers, half frantic, were screaming for lost
children: children, were rushing with loud screams,
amidst the fierce crackling ot the flames, and seek-
inir their parents in every lace. All was contusion
and despair; but the most distressing sight of all
perhaps, was the removal of the sick from the
Maison de Sanle.
A little past four o'clock the fire had subsided
spent itself for want of farther food to consume.
To attempt to give a list of the sufferers, or the
umuuiu r iiiMicity destroyed, would be impos
sible. Hundreds of citizens have been without
shelter, and the loss has untortinatelv (alien most
ly upon poor but industrious families, many of
whom owned the small but comfortable dwellings
in which they resided.
Along Canal street, between Trenie and Rob
ertston streets, stood a number of large, elegant,
and costly brick residences, all of wh ch are des
troyed. Their blackened walls are some of them
still standing; but as on the other parts of the burnt
district, the houses were mostly of wood, nothing
now greets the eye of the beholder save an im
inensc forest of chimneys all else being burnt
smooth with the ground.
The Maison de S ante was saved, but not until
its inmates had been removed. At this point,
which is near the comer of Canal nnd Claiborne
streets, the firemen directed their strongest ener
ilies, and fortunately were successful. The only
water they could obtain from the first, was drawn
from the cutters, the plugs at the different hydrants
being permitted to run from the breaking out of
the fire.
FOB VICE PRESIDENT,
THOMAS MORRIS,
of Ohio.
" I rejoice, that the abolition of slavery throughout the
civilized world is no longer problematical; it seems to be
almost universally conceded that this stupendous fraud
upon a portion of the human race is fast drawing to a
close, and the great question with us ii truly, what meas
ures are best suited to accomplish this desirable end in
the United States.
" Political action is necessary to produce
moral reformation in a nation : and that action w ith us
can only be effectually exercised through the ballot box.
And surely the ballot box can never be used for a more
noble purpose, than to restore and secure to every man
his inalienable rights." Thomas Morris.
Democratic Candidate for President.
MARTIN VAN BUREN.
" I must go into the Presidential chair the inflexible and
uncompromising opponent of every attempt on the part
Con in ess, to abolish slavery in the District of Colum
bia, against the wishes of the slaveholding States , and al
so with a determination equally decided, to resist the
slightest interference with it in the states where it exists.
" It now only remains to add, that no bill conflicting
with these views can ever receive my constitu
tional sanction'." Mr. Van Buren's Inaugural,
March 4, 1837.
The Tyler Nomination.
The nomination of Mr Tyler was brought about
on this wise:
The National Convention, pursuant to a call, as
sembled at Baltimore on the 27th ult., (same day
of the Democratic Convention.) Mr. Mayo, ot
Virginia, observed that as the proceedings of the
convention should be marked with due solemnity
he moved that the Rev. Dr. Cryder, one of the V
Presidents, be requested to address the Throne of
Grace, which was done, JJut Dr. Uryder thougnt
so sood an opportunity to carry a point was not to
be thrown awnv. and so, after of addressing the
throne ot jrrace, he rose and addressed the conven
lion as to the object ot their assembling, and alter
audintr the ciuahhcations ot Mr. 1 yler, concluded
by ottering a resolution to that enect. some aeuate
follow ed, on" the point of time, as a few wished to
wait and drive a bargain with the old side, but in
the end 1 yler was carried, rtxm, con. 1 hey then
appointed a committee o slleci ti e niosi avusiniilH
man lor Vice rresident. " -f
The convention re-assembled on Tuesday, when
the committee appointed to nominate a candidate
for the Vice Presidency, reported in favor of the
selection of a committee of seven from their body
to make such nomination and report through the
public press at an early day. The object of this
is to retard action on this subject until the other
convention makes their nomination. After the
adoption of this report, the convention adjourned
sine ate. Mor. Uhron.
A Washingtonian tells that ho had no idea he
was a drunkard, until onenight he had been drink
ing freely, and on entering his house and findin
no light, he inquired of his wife who was in bed
wneiner mere was any nre, and on receiving an
answer in the affirmative, he grouped around until
ne lound the nellows, and then went to blowing
Alter exnausung muen time and wind, and not
producing either light or heat, he called upon his
wife for assistane, who when she arrived, found
him laboring away at the key hole of the door,
through which the moon shone, and which he had
mistaken for a large coal of fire.
rty
ghls, but their preservation." Birney on Annexation.
made in the conditions for admission of candidates
for aid, by which those only who shall have, by
their own resources prepared themselves to enter
college, will be assisted from its funds. The prin
cipal speakers were, Rev. Mr. Stearns of Newbu
ryport, Dr. Stowe of Lane Seminary, and Rev.
S. L. Pomeroy of Bangor.
The N. E. Sabbath School Union Society
met at the Bowdoin square Baptist church. The
report showed that the affairs of the Society are
in a prosperous state. The number of bound vol
umes published and distributed by the association
during the year were 85,000. In addition to these,
a large number of tracts and pamphlets were cir
culated. The receipts of the treasury were $10,-
696, being an increase over the previous year of
$3,000. The juvenile. choir performed reinarka
bly well, and the meeting was considered the most
interesting ever yet held.
Boston Seaman's Jjriend Society met at
Park street church. The congregation was large
and manifested much interest for " those whose
home is on the deep." The society has distribut
ed 450 bibles among seamen, besides a large quan
tity of tracts and pamphlets. It is in contempla
tion to establish a " Sailor's Home" in Boston,
during the coming year, like the one at New York.
American Baptist Board for Foreign Mis
sions met in the Bowdoin Square church on Wed
nesday at 3 P. m. The report represented that
the operations of the Board were greatly cramped,
in "consequence of pecuniary embarrassment.
Strong appeals were made to the churches to re-
Whig Candidate for President,
HENRY CLAY.
I know there is a visionary dogma which holds that
negro slaves cannot be the subjects of properly. I shall
not dwell lone upon this speculative abstraction. That
is property which the law declares to be property.
I wo hundred years of legislation have sanctioned and
sanctified negro slaves as property."
" Ifl had been a citizen of Pennsylvania when Frank
lin's plan (of gradual emancipation) was adopted, I should
have voted frr it; because, by no possibility could the
black race ever gjin the ascendancy in that State. But
f I had been then, nr were now a citizen nf any of the
planting States the southern or south-western States
I should have opposed, and would continue to oppose,
any scheme whatever of emancipation, gradual or im
mediate.'
" It is not true , and I REJOICE that it is not true,
that either nf the two great parties in this country has
any design or aim at abolition. I should DEEPLY
LAMENT if it were true." Clay's Speech in the Sen
ate, Feb. 7, 1839.
licve their distress, and a proposal was made for
pastors to pledge $25 each, to be raised in their
several societies.
Massachusetts Temperance Union which
claims to be the first organized on total abstinence
principles, met at Centre Church in Winter street
Dr. Jewett, agent of the society, read the report,
and Rev. John Pierpont delivered a very able Ad
dress. His proposition was, that "legal action,
when directed by moral sentiment, for the accom
nlishment of a moral object or purpose, is moral
action." It is said that he fully sustained his for
iner high reputation as a speaker.
American Unitarian Association met at the
Federal street church on Tuesday evening. The
report represented tne society in a prosperous
condition. There are between five and six thou
sand members, and over $10,000 have been paid
for missionary and charitable purposes during the
year. Addresses were made by Messrs. Stetson,
Clarke nnd Thompson.
Massachusetts Home Misionary Society
hiet at the Park street church. The receipts of the
society during the year have been $22,680; being
$6,793 more than the previous year. The whole
amount paid to this and the parent society, is 32,-
060 dollars. Eloquent remarks were made by
Prof. Stowe of Cincinnati, Rev. Mr. Langworthy
of Chelsea, and Rev. Mr. Rogers of Boston.
all others, was Mr. Van Buren set aside to give
place for Mr. Polk. Such, then, is the democrat
ic candidate for president. It now remains to be
seen whether the democrats of Vermont, with all
their boasted love of liberty and equal rights, and
with their pious horror of duelling, with which
their presses have groaned so fearfully since Mr.
Clay's nomination, will turn right square round,
give their professions the lie, and vote for a tyrant
and a duelist, fluey do this, their consummnN
hypocrisy is not a whit loss manifest and despisa
ble than that of the whigs, who profess to be so
much opposed to slavery, and vote for Henry Clny,
the prince of slaveholders, as their irsf choice."!
The question of Liberty or Slavery is now fuirly
before the freemen of Vermont, and they must
answer it at the polls. Which will you do, vote
for slavery in the person of Henry Clay or James
K. Polk; or vote for liberty in the person of James.
G. Birney that intelligent, high-minded, liberty
loving patriot, who has despised the gain of op
pression and made himself poor in the cause of e
mancipation? Let whigs and democrats throw
dust, and try to keep the true issue out of sig-ht as
much ns they will, this is the great question to be
decided. Every vote that is cast for either of the
pro-slavery candidates is virtually a vote for slave
ry. Every man that votes for either of these can
didates, virtually says that he will help to crush.
and brutalize to a level with brutes thousands and'
tens of thousands of his innocent fellow-men in
the district of Columbia, and in the territory of
Florida. He will do what he can by his vote to
protect and encourage inhuman monsters in the
business of tearing from each other's embrace lhou-
sands of husbands and wives, parents and children!
in Virginia, Maryland, and Kentucky, immuoing:
them in the loathesomo slave prisons at Washing
ton, to be sent in chains to the ric swamps of
Mississippi, that they may sweat anil bleed and
grieve and die under the driver's hissing, gory
lash.
Such a vote not only sustains the accursed sys
tem of slavery, but it also encourages one of ths
vilest systems of murder. It invokes, the wrath of
an insulted God upon our devoted heads.
commend themselves to
power, it does seem that
LIBERTY STATE TICKET.
FOR GOVERNOR,
WILLIAM II. SIIAFTER,
OF TOWNSEND.
FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR,
AARON ANGIER,
OF M1DDLEBURY.
FOR TREASURER,
HARRY HALE,
OF CHELSEA.
FOR SENATOR ORLEANS COUNTY!
George II. Vase.
fXJ" Meeting of the Liberty Association in the
vestry of the Free church, in this village, next
Tuesday evening.
Damages by Lightning. During the present
month we have noticed the death of four persons,
the loss of nine cnttlo, moretir less damage to fif
teen buildings. To our record we yesterday added
the name of Mr. Seaman, of Elizabethtown, New
Jersey, who was killed instantly while sitting at
his window on Sunday afternoon. iTbis is the fifth
person killed this month in the U. States, as far
s yet heard from. Weekly Sun.
Anniversaries.
The anniversaries of the several New England
Benevolent Societies Were held at Boston last
week, and appear to have been remarkably inter
estmg.
"Tuesday, May 29th, The Prison Discipline
Society held its nineteenth anniversary in Park
Street church. The Report shows that there
are in the United States about 17,000 insane per
sons, a large proportion of whom are now confin
ed in alms-houses, jails and penitentiaries. Thir
teen States are furnished with asylums. The
principal causes of insanity noticed, are, inlemper
mice, religious excitement, ill-health, anxiety a
bout property, and solitary vice. The number
made by intemperance has fallen off from the pre
vions year from 24 to 3 per cent.; while the num
berfiom religious excitement had increased. The
property mania had sustained its full number of
victims; but those arising from the solitary vice
had decreased one half. By the reports of differ
ent jailors in N. E. it appears that there has been
a general diminution of crime, as compared with
former years, which is credited mainly to the pro
gress of the temperance reformation.
The American Education Society met in
Park street meeting-house, on Monday evening.
The report showed that the receipts for the year
had been $34,811, being an increase of $1000 over
last year. Refunded by persons formerly assisted,
$3514. Disbursements, $34,732. The debt,
which in 1843 was 34,005, has been reduced during
the year to $37,098. Some alterations have been
General Conference,
This body of ministers have been occupied a
large part of the time for ten or twelve days in
discussing the case of Bishop Andrews, who ha
recently become the owner of several slaves, by
rringe. On Saturday last he was requested to
resign the office of Bishop, by n vote of 110 to 68.
There is now no way for the south to fulfil their
threats but to secede. Still it is doubtful whether
they will do it. They had probably rather be de
graded than left to their own destruction. The
idea of setting up nn independent church, founded
upon the hearts nnd skulls of slaves, and enduring
the scorn of both the civilizad and savage part of
the world, is not very flattering.
Democratic Nomination.
II any man or party of men, could possibly re-
the favor of the slave
Martin Van Buren, and
those who have acted with him for the last ten
years, might have done it. While he was in the
chair of state, he was as completely the tool of
slaveholders, as those unfortunate beings who
raise their cotton and black their boots. But alas
for him his State does not permit him to be a
practical tyrant, and no other can be President of
either the whiff or democratic parties. His north
ern friends have flattered, and coaxed, and threat
encd to secure his nomination; but when they
came into the presence of their southern masters
they cowered down like whipped spaniels. What!
a man who is neither a duelist, a slave-breeder, or
a woman-whipper, think of being president of this
free republic? It is time for such fanatics to learn
better than to indulge in such strange notions, and
we presume that no northern man will ever here
after expect to receive the support of these slave
ridden parties.
The course pursued at the Baltimore Convention
shows most conclusively that the support of slave
ry is the great question with that party, and that
the questions of tariff, free trade, &,c. are all in
subserviency to it. Mr. Vaii Buren has been glo
rified by almost all the northern presses of his par
ty, his views of the tariff approved, and the dele
gates from sixteen states, if we mistake not, were
instructed to support him. Accordingly, at the
first balloting he received 146 votes, and the other
six'candidates received 123 votes. But how did
the votes stand at the eighth trial ? Why, Mr.
van uuren received a votes, and Mr. Uass, an
open and decided advocate of the tariff, received
123 votes. What has become of free trade now?
But even Mr. Cass, that " lickspittle of the ulave-
power," as he has been very properly called, did
not satisfy the slave-holders; and nothing can be
done without their approval. James K. Polk now
comes forward with all the authority of a slave
holder, and the Van Buren men, the Cass men, the
Buchanan men, the Woodbury men, and all, throw
up their caps and say, thankee massa, and whoo-l
rah for massa Polk. But who is James K. Polk,
and what has he done to entitle him to the votes
of honest freemen?
He is a Tennessee slaveholder.
He id a duelist, who deliberately shot at and
killed one of his fellow men.
When speaker in congress he gave great license
to rowdyism and insubordination.
When speaker of the House, he decided that
the gag rule against the reception of abolition pe
titions prohibited all allusion to slavery even in de
bate. After being Governor of his own State for one
term, he was rejected by the people at the next
election, and that rejection has since been repeat
ed. Finnlly, his greatest claim is, that he is in favor
of the immediate annexation of Texas to this Un
ion, with the understanding that it is, in fuct, a
declaration of war with Mexico, unless her claims
upon Texas can be bought up with the money of
northern freemen. On this very point, more than
DO" We shall look with some interest to see
whether the democrats of Vermont will join in
sacrificing Mr. Van Buren, the chosen candidate
of n Inrge majority of their party, to pacify the
south, merely because he expressed his opinion in
favor of observing the law of right in our behav
ior towards a weaker nation.
We hope our friends will remember the conven
tion at Rochester, N. Y. on the 12th, 13th and
Hth i n st. It will doubtless be a great nnd inter
esting time. 1 be big lent trom Oberlin is to be
spread for the occasion, and many of the most dis
tinguislied friends of humanity from the east, west,,
north and south, have agreed to be there. Noth
ing could afford us more pleasure than to- comply
with friend Jackson's invitation to attend ourself,
but sickness in our family will prevent it.
"Off with his head, Buckingham."
The last Watchman has a number of character
istic flings at liberty party men, who were once
whigs. If the Lieutenant intends to dispense his
anathemas upon every man of whig politics who
refuses to follow him, at the tap of the drum, in.
the support of a blood-stained duelist, gambler
and slaveholder, he may make up his mind to be
quite busy in his way between this and next No
vember. Mr. Walton seems to be quite unable to
account for any man's refusal to support slavehold
ers upon any other than mercenary principles.
Wonder if he thought so when the select men of
his party proffered the office of Secretary of State
to a neighbor of ours upon the condition of a
pledge to support Henry Clay for president? We
would like to know, also, if be has any knowledge
of the fact that this proffer was promptly rejected
and that thus the individual referred to turned his
back upon office, and stood firmly, ns ha now
stands, on his principles always and every where
refusing to support any slaveholder for office?
The last Watchman contains a letter from L.
D. Herrick, by which it appears that the said gen
tleman was silly enough to vote with the Liberty
Party last year, supposing they were in league
with the whigs. We are glad the gentleman hat
found out his mistake, and hope he will hereafter
keep where he belongs. His bombastic charge
against the Freeman and Liberty Party, as being,
the auxiliaries to Calhoun and McDuft democra
cy, are too manifestly false to require any notice,
Mr. Herrick seems to be extremely anxious that
the Watchman should publish certain articles
from the Freeman, but friend Walton has wit
enough to see that it will not do to trust bis rea
ders with those communications. He vory well
knows that should be publish these, his. readers
would see that his own allegations.as well as those
of his correspondents, about our sympathy with, the,
democrats, and alike destitute of truth.
A report is in circulation that the patriots in
Canada have risen and are now In possession of
Toronto. It is stated that some forty of thetn.
were killed at the first outbreak.
It is rumoured that Col. R. M. Johnson in to.
play second fiddle to Mr. Tyler, for the Vic
Presidency r

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