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"Give me JLibcrty or give me He at hi"
M01TTPEIiIS3U, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JULY 5, 18 U-
THE GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN,
PUBLISHED EVER? FRIDAY,
In Lyman's building, Main st. near the Union House
J. C. ASPENWALL, Editor.
J. POLAND, Publisher,
Single copies $1,50 in advance, or $2,00 after the ex
piration of three months from the time of subscribing.
All papers sent at the expense of the subscribers.
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trary is made. tt3j
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fully received and executed with neatness and dispatch.
For AGENTS see last page.
Written for the Green Mountain Freeman.
To Young Ladies.
BY MRS. SorHIA ASPENWALL.
" The remembrance of Youth is a sigh." Worrf of J1U.
How true, in a majority of instances, is the a
bove sentiment. And how much blest the wife
and mother who may regard the past with com
placency and thankfulness, and, almost as a natur
al consequence, the future with confidence and
hope. V lint an amount of influence do a few
years of childhood and youth hold over tin; whole
term of after life. And yet, tile very reiteration
of this truth, which we hear again and again from
th' pulpit and press shows how little it is regard
ed by the young. True, a majority treat it not as
an idle tale. They hear it with credence and, we
are happy to say it of our sex, especially, they
think of it. But, judging from the general aspect
of society, from the standard of attainment and el
evation generally aimed at by young females, we
are led to doubt the correctness of their conclu
sions upon this subject. In the circle of our ac
quantance, while there are happy exceptions, how
many do we see who seem to regard the cultiva
tion of the heart and intellect as belonging only to
thn m-nsv student, or the staid and prudish ones of
... r , - .
the earth. By an out-docr appearance, an obse
quious attention to fashion, an elevation of the
head instead of the heart, they court dame Fortune;
seeming to expect thar, having once crossed the
Rubicon of a young lady's life, the necessary qual
ifications, with nil their et ceteras, will certainly
follow. Alas! alas! to thorn, if reflection ever
comes " the remembrance of youth will be but a
sigh!" The bright visions, romantic hopes, and
sickly fancies of the past, bring no'gleam of sun
shine to enliven the dull routine of actual existence.
Faithful memory, our friend and teacher, instructs,
but with a rod. But we turn. And, as the con
trasted image rises to our niin Is eye, in all its no-
i.'.r.tu virtiiP nnrl loveliness. vc rejoice in the rc-
1 " - - '
flection of its beauty, and thank God for the pros
nect of tho redemption of our sex. 1 lie re are
those and it gladens our hearts to know it who
feel as they should, the responsibilities attendant
upon the holy duties of woman, in whatever sphere
she may move. And who can contemplate these
living examples without feeling a kindling desiie
to become such ourselves.' Who, that sees the
power a thoroughly educated and we may well
add, Christian woman, wields, but feels the ambi
tion of her nature stirred up, to be able to exercise
such a sway herself? A sway which, though si
lent and gentle in itself, as the refreshing breeze of
a sultry summer's day, plays around the hearts ot
the lords of creation, and guides in the path of
virtue, and to impel idiable honor the future pro
tectors of our rights and rulers of our land. May
we not hope that there is a spirit of emulation a
ivakened by the example and appeals of some of
the gifted writers of the present day which, like
leaven, is accomplishing an overthrow of the deep
rooted and long established prejudices and habits
of our sex? Moral reform, in its slow but deter
mined advance, is aiming a blow at the false sys
tem of female education hitherto prevalent among
us; and we seem, in imagination, almost towel-
pome the day when the genial influence of woman
as she should be, not as she is, shall be felt, not
only around her own blissful fireside, but in the
field, the shop, the councils of the wise and the
halls of legislation. Men judge, it has been truly
said, of the gem by the casket. Woman, on this
very principle alone, has been wronged. From
her physical weakness, hor mental inferiority has
been considered fairly dodneible. Her sphere of
duty has been contracted, and she has been taught
that to please the eye and administer to the out
ward comfort and tastes of her superiors, was the
sumtnum bonun of her existence. Ihis she has!
believed; and, supinely neglecting to inquire into
the subject, ha3 made herself incapable of com
manding the real respect of the other sex. And
shall we sit still, young ladies, clinging to our own
degradation, and wait for man selfish man to
raise us to his well-earned height? No! Let us
6hake off the lassitude which our habitual inert
ness of mind has given us, exercise the native
powers of our souls, and become competitors of
man himself in the enobling pursuits which have
given him such a pre-eminence. Let us begin to
be what our Maker designed us to be a helpmate
a companion u counsellor a beacon to him,
pn whose arm, as the weaker vessel, we lean.
Let us morally compel him to regard us, not only
as the necessary contribntors to his wants, hut a
his equal his likeness in a finer mould. But we
must have strength above our own, to enable us to
occupy a position so truly belonging to woman.
Without the aid of that grace which imparts nddi-l
tional lustre to every virtue, we attempt it in vain.
The mind over which religion holds no sway, how
ever much it may have explored the pathway of
science however deeply it may have drank at the
fountain of earthly knowledge, lacks a charm
which no accomplishment can supply. On the
other hand, Christianity invests the female charac
ter with a sacred loveliness nu inward beauty
that, ever and anon, shining out about her path,
finds her a place in every heart. On this point,
how many err. While they seek by personal, and
. . t. i
sometimes mental attractions, an cxaiioii ram,
they neglect the bidden principle of the heart, for
getting that earth has no abiding joy, and earthly
spirits no enduring hope. Selfishness that ele
mental of depraved nature, reigns predominant
over the youthful mind, and is the chief incentive
. rut i
to every practiced virtue, i ne soui, in us unsat
isfied longings, is left to feed on husks, and loses,
in its communion with earth, its heaven-born as-
pinngs alter trutn. l tie angei oi love cannot,
dwell with such. They have leaned on the world,
and lo! it is a broken teed. The remembrance of
youth shall be to them but a sigh. If we would
not he second in the scale of created beings it we
would arise above the stigma too deservedly at
tached to our name, of mental imbecility and fash
ionable folly, and occupy our own intended places,
let us seek first the purity of purpose and strength
nf determination derived alone from the grace of
God. Let love of admiration and display give
way, not to a listless disregard of the popular us
ages of the day, but to an active desire to correct
them, by perverting no longer our own nature and
gifts. Individually, we exert a responsible influ
ence how responsible, eternity will tell. If
wrongfully exercised, bitter will be the remem
brance of youth !
Poetry, in its dreannngs, has given us a picture
of youth, as a blissful succession of blight hopes,
lovely visions, and careless, thoughtless, happy
hours, not to' be clouded by a knowledge of reality,
or troubled by anxiety for the future. Cloudless
and careless, truly, is, comparatively, the spring
tide of life. The flowers which bloom in its path-
t .! .t r. l i :
way are tingeti wnu tne iiesiiuess ui ieiuducmui;
and love, and the callous touch of time has not
blunted the sensibility of the young and joyous
ln.:ut Rut there is a future. Time pauses not
to frolic with youth. The diauia of life must be
acted, prepared or unprepared; and, consequent
upon this action, eternal happiness gained or lost.
Are the sweets ot the gilded cup ol pleasure sutli-
cieut to induce the immortal mind to forget these
important truths? Shall we live ns if unconscious
of the great end of our being, till, tired of vanity,
we find we are provided with no other support,
and to augment our unavailing regret, conscience
whimpers, "ye knew your duty, but ye did it not?"
Intelligent and virtuous females! suffer no such
snare to entangle you in your straightforward
course. Let the discipline of mind and heart be a
pleasure, not a task. Then shall mature age bring
satisfaction and peace, and the remembrance ol
oulh shall not be a sigh.
Monlpelier, Jan. 1844.
to every free white male citizen of the age of 21
A beautiful piece of nonsense, is'nt it? Equal
nolitic.nl rights to all men. and the elective fran
chise ("which is a nolitical right) to while citizens
. . . i . . i n- .
wh in vp v So much tor sham democracy . oir-
nal of Liberty.
From the Emancipator of April 1836.
Danger of Amalgamation,
OR A FACT WITHOUT COMMENT.
Dunne the rein of "abolition riots" in this
city, the writer of this was passing through the
villa-re of P . in one of the western counties
pilot boat Lafayette, after breaking open a store
and supplying themselves with six months piovis
ions. The U. S. brig Somers has gono in pursuit
of the fugitives."
Pretty business, truly, for the vessels of the U.
S. Navy, to be engaged in hunting runnaway
aves! Is it for this that the free laborers of the
tree States, are keeping up that navy pouring-
their earnings into the lap of the General Govern
ment.' Will the people submit to these abuses
much longer? If they do, they ure slaves indeed!
DR. BEECJIER'S SERMON.
THE REMEDY for DUELLING.
of this State, just after intelligence arrived of the xiracls from a Sermon by the Rev. Lyman Beech
cnmmouoii ueic. -inis himc iiiwj'
awake to the dangers of abolitionism: and not a
little were the trood ciiize:1.' troubled about the
'wonderful' and 'monstrous' doctrine, amalgam
lion. . . ' " '
A learned judge, whose conicience responded to
the public meeting, was nino the most active,
and the boldest voci del ators against the 'toleration
o( amalgamaiive abolitionists.' He was doubtless
apprehensive thet some dark crime might at some
future day demand the judicial investigation of
his noble mind. He thought 'philanthropy and
natriotism' called upon nun to no soiitcinmg to
avert the fearful consequences which be foresaw
1 met this judge in the store ot a Iriend, laboring
hsinl tn nmeuro his name to n paper f tie Hail a
D. text isaiah lxix: 14.
A regard to the public safety, as well as respect
to the authority of God, and an abhorrence of mur
der, should withhold the suffrage of the communi
ty from the duelist.
When we intrust lite, anil liberty, ana property
in the hands of men, we desiro some pledge of
their fidelity. But what pledge can the duelist
give? His religious principle is nothing his mor
al principle is nothing. His honor is our only security.
But the honor ot a duelling legislator does not
restrain turn in tne least irom innumcratiie crimes,
which allect the peace ol society. He may con-
venge or hatred. 1 heir only plea is necessity
and the only necessity is the imperious inandata
ot public opinion. They even lament that such a
state of things should exist; but, while it docs ex
ist, they must tight, or encounter disgrace. Is it
not our duty, then, to undeceive these deluded
men, and to rescue from death these reluctant
martyrs of honor? Must they be haunted all their
days, and be driven to desperation, by a mere
spectre of the imagination by a public opinion
which has no being? Are we not bound lo teach,
them their mistake, if it be such, and to wrest from
their hands this mere pretence, if it bo no more?
There is a relationship in crimes, which renders
familiarity with one a harbinger to familiarity
with another, the wretch who has destroyed
two or three fellow-creature in n duel will feel Tit
tle compunction at any crime. Nor can the moral
sensibilities of a people familiarized to 'murder in
duels, and accustomed to look upon criminals of
this description w ith confidence and respect, be
preserved in full strength in reference to other
number of signatures already) by which the sign- t(.n the savior of men, and hate and oppose the
ers mutually agreed, 'not to employ, do business religion of his country. He may be a Julian in
with, or trive colored person any means ot subsist- bitteMtess. and bv swearing cause the earth to
ence.' but to do all in their power to expel them mourn: in passion a whirlwind: in cruelty to ten
from the place. The philanthropy of our judge Units, to servants, and to his family, a tiger. He
was not of a superficial character. He said ho 'had n, ay he n gambler, a prodigal, a fornicator, an
in his hou-e a colored servant girl, who had been adulterer, a drunkard, a murderer, and n.ot violate
the best servant he ever had, and it would Rost 1 tle aU!S (,f honor. Nay, honor not only tolerates
him we don't doubt it! and his family, uo small crimes, but in many instances it is the direct and
sacrilice to give Her up, nut lie ueueveii me ciisis 0My temptation to crime.
of the times demanded it.1 The judge did not sue- What has torn yonder wretches from the em
ceed with mv friend, for he was an abolitionist braces of their wives and their children, and driv
neither did he succeed in expelling the blacks from t.n them to the field of iilood.to the confines of hell?
I passed through this same village of P
about four numths from this time, and to my
tonishment I found this usually quiet place in an
eoua v hi;? h state ot excitement as when 1 leu it.
Reader What do you think was the cause of
it? Why amalgamation was yet the exciting top
ic. 1 lie judge nau necn more man piupiieu.:
about the dangers of amalgamation; for that val
ued servant of his, with whom to part would cost
him such a sacrifice, was now a mother, and our
redoubtable j .dge an honored father. Rentier!
Can you guess why he saw the dangers of amalga
mation so clearlv ! !
To the honor of the village of P , be it spo
ken, public sentiment made the place too warm
for him. His respectable family abandoned Inm
at once, and he was obliged to avail himself of the
darknpss of niarht to make good his retreat from
the place and from jus!t ',; I am told the judge
figures now extensively and successlully in one ol
the southern states. C.
N0TE The names of the parties are at the
Antislavery Office. Editor Emahcipalor.
WHAT MORE REVOLTING !
Dr. Brisbane, in his lecture on Wednesday ev.
remarked that "shivery destroyed the brotherhood
of man," and in evidence of it stated that, after
having given freedom to his slaves, although he
had "baptized CO converts" in a church at the
south, yet thut church would not hear him preach
to then'), nor allow him to remain in the communi-
And, more horrible, savage anil heathen than all
the rest, he could not " visit the graves of his
children!" And when he went to effect the eman
cipation of those to whom he gave liberty, he was
I ... .1.. C 1. .,;.. . Kn..ii.il rrrnw tn Mil
1 UlPr I IHi L IV Ul H.lllll Ilia lv.lll " -
unusual length, in order to disguise himself, lest
his brothers in the church, and others, should de
stroy him !
A Minister for Sale !
The following is tin extract of a letter from Rev.
M. D. Miller, of Wilmington, Vt., to the editor
of the Vermont Observer, dated May 23, 1841:
And then, as though enough was not done to
outrage humanity, in this great convention, a min
ister of Christ is ojjcreii Jor sale! les, brotnren
of Vermont, ye who are weary ot paying a salary
tn mmnn the srosnel. if vou had been at rhiladel
phia at the Baptist Triennial Convention you
could have purchased one recommended to bo a
good minister of Christ one of that class, howev
er, who, if you make them free, "cannot take care
of themselves !"
But you are ready to ask, how is this? do they
sell mei: in Philadelphia? Late reports say they
kill men there that they have, sines the conven
tion was holden, killed 14 men and iiirued 200 fa
milies into the streets houseless. Well, how is it
about the man offered for sale? Why, when the
report on American missions was read, it stated,
that experience bad shown that the mission could
. i i . t . . r. . .. ..C
ii, .t in sot:illl('(l ll'OUir l me si u IOUI1UU 1 1 v ui
A correspondent from Milwaukie writes as fol
Our town clecti m came off on Tuesday in Mil
...miiw. tlin nverai'o Liberty vote was about 100
out of C50 polled." Last fall the Liberty vote here
was II an increase of nine-fold in six months.
We shall unquestionably double our strength by
thenextf.il! election. In Prairievillc the W hig
and democratic parties united against the Liberty
Party the result is, the defeat of the Liberty
Ticket, by a majority of only three or four, in an
aggregate vote of 200! As illegal votes were ad
mitted by the pro slavery party, it is probable the
election will be set aside. If so, we shall without
doubt curry the town. Mb. Pat.
ADJOURNMENT OF CONGRESS.
The first session of the 23th Congress closed its
angry deliberations at 20 minutes to 3 o'clock on
Sunday morniivs. Sneaking of the scenes that
transpired in the Housoduring the night, the cor
" I would
l . i T" . . .
white missionaries, and recommended that colored ( "l T.i ,,Yn,irV to
. , i . ..... ii. i i ,.c i:ivh ipen one ot t he minority, to
men tie prepared ami sent our. x, - " .. 7 Kn,u ,cy: tion such scenes of
V irgmia, arose mm sum no was immo. -. -"- t . " , , au lvili, ..,. i,v some
on. min ihp nii'in- Ul u uisiJiui.1 , i Hi""" ; . ..
td church of 2000 member:
hers, a minister and a slave, was anxious to go a
minister to Africa; a good man, well qualified for
the work, had partly paid for himself, and if the
Convention would pay 200 dollars, they could have
him free and send him to Africa. "Now," said
bro. Ryland, "bore is a chance for you who are so
anxious for the slave, to try your liberality."
Look at it Southern brethren say shivery is not
a sin, and yet they say, here is a man whom Christ
has called to preach liis gospel; he cannot go be
cause he is a slave! And this same brother who
offered for sale a member ot his church, and actu
ally brought this article of property with him to
Philadelphia, that the purchasers might examine
for themselves, told me in private conversation,
that if the abolitionists did not pay over the $'200,
he should uso it ns an argument against them. O,
my heart sickened when I applied the words of
Christ, "Whatsoever ye have done to the least of
these my brethren, ye have done it unto me."
How tnus'. the Savior feel, to hear one of his pro
fessed friends say slavery is not sin, when it holds
his ministers ns bad as to hold himself as slaves.
and with passions by others, for all the combined
honors of the tw o houses ot congieM. oim...0 u,,-
i ...... .lnt.-titirr tihtimM 1 1 1 1 f ) II
on sucti legislation, mm uc. .& . -
such legislators. Surely, not one ot the guilty
will escape the rebuke and condemnation oi wieir
The democratic party, so called, have some
oueer notions. Thev have a democratic associa
tion at Marshfield, which recently put forth a creed
of some twenty articles, which begins thus:
"1. Equal, civil, political and religious lights
1 tr, a'l men."
I " 2. The maintenance of the elective franchise
GRAPHIC AND GOOD.
Mr. Benton, in one of his recent speeches on
Texas, makes the following hit:
Mr. Tyler wanls to be president; and ditlorent
from the profound fop in Shakespeare, to whom
the smell of gun-powder was so oflensive, he not
only wants to smell that compound, but also to
taste of it. He wants the odor o that vdlanous
compound" upon him. Ho has become infected
.' i .. ' irnniKMV'der poiiulari-
witn tne modern uouou tn." h--i , -
tv is the pasport to the presidency ; and ho wan s
that pasport He wants to piny Jackson; but let
h ' LL i,nr. From the sublime to the rid.cu-
. : i mid in heroic imitations
IOUS IIIKIC IB .mi II dvi-I') . , ,
,ua..., ;, middln rrrouml. The hero missed the
harlequin appears; and hissing
which were itching for applause
salutes the ears
THE USES OF OUR NAVY.
We clip the following paragraph from the Spir
it of the Age ot Wednesday last.
" Riirht slaved, belone'nig to the Pilot's Associa
tion, below New Orleans, have rnn away with the
What nerves those arms, rising to sport with lile
and heaven? It is honor the pledge of patriot
ism the evidence of rectitude ! Ah, it is done!
The blood streams, and the victim welters on the
ground. And see the victor coward running from
ihe'field, and for a few days, like cain, a fugitive
and vagabond, until the first burst of indignation
has pased, and the hand of time has southed the
outraged sensibility of the community; then pub
licly, and as it to add insult to injustice, rcttiriiing
to offer his services, and to pledge his honor, that
your lives and your rights shall be safe in his
But education, it is said, has inspired these men
with sensibilities peculiar to themselves, for which
the cold process of law has made no provision.
So has the education of the savage given him pe
culiar feelings, for the gratification of which the
dilatory forms of law are equally inadequate.
But will you let the savage loose with tomahawk'
and scalping-knife, because educational feelings
can find no consolation in the regular administra
tion of justice?
1 he feelings, lor which the law makes no provis
ion are feelings for which it ought not to provide
ungodly feelings the haughtiness ot prule and re
lentless revenge, and which, instead of a dispensa
tion for indulgence, deserve the chastisment of
scorpions, lo reduce sucti unruly spirits, mo law
hould brandish its glittering sword, and utter all
its thunders. Nothing is needful to make legal re-
Iress as adcnutitc to duelists an lo us, but habits o
self-irovernment. And are they not under t he
same obligation that we are to acquiie these hub
its? And it they will not take the trouble to gov
ern their temper it they will not encounter mat
self-denial which the laws of God and'man incul
cate if they will be savages in u civilize tl land,
let them be treated as savages. And w hen they
murder, elevate them to the gallows, and not to
posts of honor. '
We should not endure it a moment; if Con
gress were to sanction by a law the maxims of du
eling, it would produce a revolution, And will
you bear encroachments upon liberty from law
less individuals, which you would not bear a mo
ment from the Government itself? Would you
spurn from your confidence legislators who should
make, such laws, and will you by your votes clothe
with legislative power individuals who, in contempt
of law,lo thesame thing?
Nor let any imagine that the influence of this
engine of despotism is small; it is powerful already,
and is every year becoming more so, as dueling in
creases; and God only knows where its influence
will end. 1 lie actual encroachments ot JJntain,
when we first began to resist them, were not one
half so alarming as the encroachments of duelists.
To have been parallel, she must have exccutcil
wantonly, without judge or jury, as many as have
fallen in'duels. What sensations would such con
duct have excited? Had it depended on our votes
merely, would England have continued to legis
late? And shall lawless despots at this day per
form what all the fleets and armies of England
The contempt with which duelists treat the opin
ions and leebngs ot the community, is a reason
why we should cense to confide in them.
The feelings of the great body of the people are
decidedly opposed to dueling. Blind we, tnen,
vote for "men who treat with contempt our opin
ions and our feelings, who basely prostrate our
laws, when we have nothing to bestow; and who
again creep through all the dirty windings of hy-
pocricy, when ttieir promotion uepenus on our
will? What are till their professions of patriot
ism, contradicted by their conduct? And shall
ihrv deceive us still? Let them plead for liberty
with the tongue ot men and angels, mid adore tier
cause with the fervor of seraphs; ihey are hypo
crites mere sounding brass and tinkling cymbals.
Withholding the public suffrage from the duel-
. . . ii. ,i i . ...tn .i: I ..
ist, and tne practice oi ngiiung uueis win Bpeuuuy
We might ns reasonably expect horse-jockeys,
"amblers, ami tmeves, ii muusieu won fuiuu
merit, to execut the laws against themselves, a
that duelists in office will give efficacy to the laws
But let men who in this respect betray the con
fidence reposed in them who not only fight duels
themselves, but have pleasure in those that do the
same, be driven from their stations, and their pia
ces supplied with men of firmness and principle
anil tho end is accomplished.
The withholding our suffrage from duelists w
tend to annihilate the practice, hy arraying the
public opinion against it in such a manner, that
the real, unavoidable disgrace of fighting will be
greater than that of refusing to fight.
These honorable men admit the sin and the folly
nf ihp.p iWrU. Thp.v disclaim all uritives OT re
crimes. Dueling, therefore, while it destroys di
rectly its thousands, destroys, hy its depraving in
fluence, its tens of thousands.
The present may be the only time in which it
shall be practicable to suppress this great evil.
If the effect of dueling upon the public mind i
great, why is it that murder can be committed in
open day, the crime be made notorious, nay, pro
claimed in the newspapers and the murderer re
main unmolested in his dwelling? Why does he
not flee? Why are not rewards offered by those
authorized by the laws, and expresses hastened in
till directions to arrest and bring to justice the guil
ty fugitive? Because no one is enough shocked
at his crime to make these exertions. Because, if
such measures were taken, the public mind would
awake from its torpor; dueling would become a
disgraceful crime and the criminal would be lost to
himself and to his country. Ho could not be goo
ernor nor senator, nor juds-e. He would be exiled
from public favor, immured in a dungeon, trans
ported to the gallows, and launched into eternity.
If the prevalence of dueling has not, and to an aw
fill degree, affected the public mind, why such
number of half apologists for the crime; and how
can we so patiently hear, and candidly weigh, and '
almost admit, their arguments.' Could you near
with equal patience assassination justified, though
(as it well might be) by arguments equally con
clusive? Wliy is it, if this deadly evil has not al
ready palsied the feelings of the community, that
even the members of our churches have heretofore
with so little hesitation, voted for meti nf blood j
Is Christianity compatible with murder? Can you
patronize the murderer by granting him your suf
frage, and not become a partaker in his sin?
The facility with which, in the way proposed,
this evil may lie suppressed, will render us torev
er inexcusable will constitute us partakers in the
sin, if wc do not make the attempt.
There are, indeed, many duelists in our land,
afid many half apologists for the crime, from whom
no aid is to be expected. 1 here tire many too
unprincipled, and others too indolent, to be engngi
ed bv considerations ol duty; and there are some,
and even professors ot religion, whose strong party
1 . i i ... i . . i .. .. it .
prejudices, and political auaciimeui to iiueiisia,
will be name to sie'.i tiiem uguiiiNi euiiv n.uun, u.
impel them to make shipwreck of 1'aiih and a good
conscience. JJut alter tin nicse uciiucnous, uieio
are yet remaining multitudes, thousands and thou
sands, whose abhorrence of dueling, though di
minished by the frequency of the crime, is still
sufficient to overwhelm its abettors with infamy.
But it will he said, especially in cases of con
tested elections, if you refuse to vote for this man
because he is a duelist, his opponent, a worse man,
will come in.
A worse man cannot come in. The duelist is n
murderer; and is a man's difference from you in
political opinion more criminal than murder? And
will vou vote for a murderer, a despot, proud,
haughty, and revengeful, to keep out another man,
perhaps equally qualified, & of a fair fame, merely
because he thinks not in politics exactly as you do?
To what will such bigotry lead? There will b
no crime too gross to be overlooked by party men;
and no criminal too loathsome and desperate to.
float into office on the tide of party. VV hen tho
violence of competition rises so high m our coun
try ns to lead parties, in their struggles for victory,
to tread down the law s of God, disregarding en
tirely the moral character of candidates for office;
if their being on our side will sanctify their crimes
and push them, reeking with blood, into office; the.
time is not distant when we shall have no liberties
to protect. Such a people are too wicked to ba
free, and God will curse thctn by leaving them to,
eat of the fruit of their way.
But suppose the opponent ot the duelist, besido
his political heresy, to be a bad man also, and guil
ty of the same crime. If I do not vote for the man
on my side in politics, will not this be helping his
antagonist, and will not this be as bud as if I voted
directly? No. You are accountable for your own
conduct, only. If other peoplo put into office a.
had man, whom you could not keep out, but by
votnvg (or one equally bad, lor their conduct you
are not accountable, it is certainly a uuiereni
thing w hether a vile man comes into power by
your agency directly, or in spite of it. But sup
pose the duelist, in all respects excepting this
rune, is a better man than Ins opponent, i two
vils may we not choose the least? Yes, of two
itural evils vou may, if vou must lose a linger or
an arm, cut off the finger; but of two sinful things
you may choose neither; and therefore you may
not vote for one bad man, a murderer, to keep out
another bad man, though even a worse one. It is
to do evil that good may come; and of all who do
this the apostle declares, ' their damnation is just.
What must wc do, then, in those eases where tho
character of the candidates are such ns that it
would be sinful to vote for either ot them? Vota
for neither, and in future vou will not bo lusultea)
by such candidates for suffrage.
But perhaps the liberties ol our country are at
take might we not for once, and on such an e-
" , i i . nil I
mergency, vote lor a (iiteiisir i ue same sunjj mis
been sung at every election these twenty years,
and by each party. It is an electioneering trick to
excite your tears, to awauen your picjuiiigcs, i
inflame your passions, lo overpower yum w
sciences, and to get your vote, whether right or
But suppose your liberties nrn in danger; if they
are so far gone as to depend on the election of one
man, and that man a tyrant a inurueier nicy
are gone irretrievably. Beside the absurdity of
appointing a vmraerer to proieci inc, .. a
' .11 t. :. . . I... Pn..,o..,l,n.'orl tV,i,t fififl
to protect iineny, n is iu uu .oui.. ...i.. .
is our only efficient protector, Men are merely
instruments; hut will God bless such instruments,
selected in contempt of his authority, and rescued
from the sword of justice? All attempts to avert
perdition, by means at war with the precepts of
Heaven, will prove abortive; you hatch the cocka
trice egg, snd weave the wb of the spider. If