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your liberties are in clangor, reform prny and
rail to your n'ul men of rectitude, nirn of elfiin
hinds, w liust counsels God may lnj expected to
" B it it is diuVult to know, in all cases, who
are sro id mrui." True; an I will yon,
vo'e f.ir tit hp who'ii von kui.w to be
had men i
It tfher discard th we who n von know to I
nod seriititi'zi' critically the characters of iIiom1
who profess to no goo'l, and afer your utmost
cn e, you would be u;iicicti;h' exposed to decep
tion. I may ad I, I hut no other description of ciimiii
nls, if they (scap( with imi'iriity, may publish
their crime--, rl irv in their sb line, mid still be re
Warded wi'li til'- ennfi letiep and hum's of their
country, i lie cris's is an awiiii one: anil tins np-
nthv to a crime of tlui
npproachimr death. Dm r ' i ; . i
liar reason lor nt'CMntiu'r to ;.--.io-ie tl
tention of the public to th's s.n, t'i"c
o'jdC'inni to the appointment to oilier
" listless at-;
1 re n'eCiSI Ki '
of i'.nv tin - .
moral man. I he prodig I, the drunkard, the pro
fane, the Sabbath breaker, the adullerer, the gam
bler, are all IUtu ilified t art as legislators; and
no nun, with an enlightened conscience, can vote
tin' tle;i'. jut a sulis'-qiient perioil ol excitement, when it was
And now let me ask you, solemnly, with these feared the college would sufl'er from the nholilion
considerations in view, will you persist in your ism of Professors Mtinsill and Buchanan, he ofl'er
nttachnieiii to ihee "iiihv men? Will you any : ed to pa v filly dollars each, to ten vouii'' men of
longer, either del bcrately or thoiiLditlessly, vote j
for theni? Will you remitt'ico allegiance to vnur
Maker, and cast the Bible behind your back ? Will
you eouhde in men void of the lear ol God ami
destitute of moiid principle? Will you intrust ,
life la murderers, ami liberty in despot
patriots, and will von constitute those
r re vnll
who despise you, ami despise equal laws, and wain-
war with tin.' eternal principles of justice? A rr
you utirisiians, and, uy upnoiding itiiclists, will i
you deluge the land in blood, and fill it with wid
ows and with orphiui- r V ill you aid in the pros
tration of justice in the escape of criminals in
the extinction of liberty ? Will ynu place in the
chair of state, in the senate, or on the bench of jus
tice, men who, if' able, w ould inurd' r yon for
upcaking the truth ? Shall your elections turn on
expert shooting, and your deliberative bodies be
come it host of armed men? Will you destroy
public morality by tolerating, yea, by rewarding,
the, most infamous crimes? Will you teach vonr
children that there is no guilt in .murder? Vill
you instruct iliem to think lightly of dueling, ;intl
train them up to destroy or be destroyed in the
bloivly field? Will you bestow oursuirragp.whoii
you know that, by w ilhllo ding it, you may arrest i
this deadly evil when this, too, is' the only way in !
Wlucii it c;;;i ;n. clone, ami when the present is, i
perhaps, the only period m which resistance can
avail when the remedy is so easy, so entirely in
youi pow er; and w hen God, if yon do not punish
these guilty men, will most inevitably punish you.
If the widows and the orphans which this wast
ing evil hascreated, might stand before you, could
yon witness their tears, or listen to the details of
anguish. Should they point to the nmrdere.-s of
their fathers, their husbands ami their children,
find lift up their voice and implore your aid to ar
rest an evil which had made them desolate, could
you disregard theii cry
-? Hel'iir.) their eves colili!
you approach the p
and patronize by your vote
the (le.lroyer ol tlieir peace.' liail you neheld a
dying father conveyed, bleeding and agonizing, to
his distracted family; had you Inard their piercing
shrieks and witnessed their frantic agony; would
you reward the savage man who plunged them in
distress? II id the duelist destroyed your neigh
bor had your own father been killed by the man
who solicits your suffrage bad your son, laid low
by his hand, been brought to your door pale in
death, and weltering in blood would you then
think the crime a small one? Would you honor
with your confidence, and elevate to power by
your vote, the guilly monster? And what would
you think of your neighbors, if regardless of your
agony, thi'y should reward him? And yet such
eeeues of unutterable anguish are multiplied every
You are patronising by your votes, the men w ho
commit thest; crimes, nnd looking with cold indif
ference upon, and even mocking the sorrows of
your neighbor. Beware I admonish you to be
ware, and especially such of you as have promis
ing sons preparing fur active life, lest, having no
feeling fir the sorrows of another, you be called to
ypcp lor your own soi row; lest your sons fill by
the hind of the very murderer fir w hum you vote,
or by the hand of some one w hom his example has
trained to the w ork of blood.
With such considerations before you, why do
veil wish to vote for such men? WhaJ have they
done for you, what can ihey do, that he'tcr men
cannot as happily accomplish ? And will you incur
nil this guilt, and hazard all these consequences,
for nothing? Have you no religion, no conscience,
no Live to your country, no attachment to liberty,
no limn luity, ll ) syuip ithy, ii: regard to your ow n
welfare in tins life, ami no fear of consequences in
the life to come ? Oh! my countn men, awake!
Awake to the crimes which are x mir disgrace to
miseries which know no limit id judgments, which
will Ill'.ike vou desolate.
From the Emancipator,
WHO IS BIRNEY?
James Gillespie B rney, the L'berty Cnntidate
f.ir ihe presidency, is a n if ve of Keniui'ki. lie
was boi-ii Fchi'ii i' 4. 1792, an. I is now ti.'lv-one
vears of ago. II s f iilier, the late Junes Dmiey.
3E'. of D riville, was u it itive ot Irel 1 1 I , but em
igrated to lC"titu ,k uea.l I le, where he became
n weal by planter, and the 'holler of a large num
ber of slaves.
College, N. J
believe w ;
turning to ,.
worth, the w
and a belt me
Tlie son was educated
in ! -to lie I law in Ph. I
'Iplua, w e
t ii -k ' . In' i 1 1 ' i ' : 1 1 1 1 1 a I i il v of great
tiiy pai i:;c- b' eventful fortune-,
t of his useful life, and then devot
ed himself to his profession, sharing largely in the
(expect of his fellow-citizen until 1813, when be
removed to Alabima and enga red in pi mting, in
the neighborhood of llutitsville. He afterwards
re.-irne'd his I ibai's in lluntsville, and, hi addition
to a I u ge and lucrative practice, hell for several
years the otlii f solcitor-gciiei al, of North Ala
bama, and was looked to tt one of the most rising
men of his age in the State, lie was 'elected by
the Icgi.-litUTe one of the Trustees of the Stale
University, and by the B n.rd was conuniss' oned
to visit the North and procure officers and teach
ers for the college, lie was also candidate for
presidential elector, in 1823, nbmg with the Hon.
Mr. Delict, now nnuiber of Congress from Ala
bama. He served, also, one war in the Legisla
ture of Alabama, and aided in electing Col. King
to the United States Senate, lie had before been
a member of the Legislatttie of bis native Stafe.
In 1826 a great change took place tit his reli
gious views,"aud he united with the Presley tcriati
.church, of which he has ever since been an exeni
jdarr member. In humility, placableness, benev
.oleii'co and eunsciontiou uprightness, he ha emi
nently adorned his profession. His religious feel
ings soon directed his thoughts lo the evil of slave
ry" and he embraced the colonization scheme,
.looking, on it as " a germ of effort capable of ex
pmisioTi adenuate to our largest necessities in ihc
extermination of slavery." In 1?32 his zeal in the
Qause led him to give u: his profession nnd be
come ai agent for the American Colonization So
cae.ty, and great expectations were formed by the
intt)a;;ei'!, from his talents and fidelity. But his
hope of enlisting the philanthropy of slaveholders
in favor of the slaves was. token nwny by bitter
experience, nnd after a year's labor, with little suc
cess, lie left the. work, anil removed his family
back to Kentucky, with a deliberate resolution
there t make n stand against slavery. In Deeetn-
l.m- T-ni In, with e'nrlit iohnrs nil slaveholders.
finned a society at Lexington f.r the relief of the
Stale from slavery by adontiii'' the post nn!i priu-
eiie, i. p., to free the children of slaves as soon as
they were of aire. Of tins scheme he became the
ardent and active advocate, until experience taught
him its inelhVacy. Ill J'.nuaiy 1334 he was chos
en one of the vice presidents of l lie Kentucky Col
onization S icicty. His mind was in"es:iuily oc
cupied with the 'subject of slavery, rendu. - every
work Ik: could lay 'his hands on. and talking of it
ill all circles. About this time, be was elected one
ot the trustees of the Presbyterian college tit Dan-
is a prelude of ville, mid an arrangement was made tor his per
icre is a pecu- nianent ensajroineiit in the college as a professor:
but some t;in il Iriemts iiecoinmpr alarmed lest his
opinions nil .-l.tvery eli.inl.l injure the institution,
heat nnre, with ell i '":. r ' I M iC disinterestedness
submitted the in liter to ibe discretion of the facul
ty. Their decision that it was not expedient for
him to bold the ollii'e, made no alteration in his
friendly feelings towards them or the college; fur,
good character who desired an education and were
unable to meet the expense.
We now come to the commencement of his new
.career, which has made him, in the sight of this
nation nnd of the world, the foremost practical la
In ire r in I lie pilule iiI'immpiiiitp ntivriDiTinu
Early in the suiimicXof 1 334, his mind became ful-
y settled on the great truths of the sinfulness of
slavery, nnd the duty of immediate emancipation.
JJe forth with emancipated all Ins o-vti slaves, and
on the lath of July addressed a long letter to the
Rev. Thornton J. Mills, secretary of the Kentucky
Colonization Society, resigning his oflice in that
Society, n ud giving the reasons of bis new position.
This letter had a very widecirciilation, and pro
duced a powerful impression. The HiinUville,
(Ala,) Advocate, Aug. 14, says of it: " Mr. Bir
ney w as for a long lime a citizen of our town, and
his talents, his attainments, as a scholar, his happy
ami fluent pen, bis pure and unexceptionable mor
als, had won a high degree of respect and esteem
from nil classes of society. Mr. Garrison, in the
Liberator, spoke of it as "one of the most impor
tant documents that the nnti slavery cause hitfl.yet
produced in this country; it contains nothing su
perfluous, nothing tame; as a composition, it is
chaste, vigorous and cloipient; its logic in clear,
compact, invincible." From the eloquent conclu
sion we may copy a sentence adiriirnbly expressing
the two great classes of considerations by which
he was movei
, .... . i .'.it
" When 1 recur to my own observation, through
of more than forty years, of the nnti-repub-
licau tendency of slavery, and take up our most
solemn State paper; anil there see that "all men
are created equal, and liave right that is inalien
able, to life, liberty, ami tlft; pursuit ol happiness,'
I feel a settled conviction of mind that slavery, as
it exists among us, is opposed to the very essence
of our government, and that, by prolonging il, we
are living down the foundation principle of our
happy institutions. When I t.ike up the book of
God's love, and there read, " Whatsoever ye
would that men should do ua'o you, do ye even so
to theni," my conviction is not less thorough that
slavety now is sinful in his siiiht."
The Rev. Dr. Cox, of New York, said of the
transaction: "A Bin ey has shaken the continent
by putting down his fool; and his fame will be en
vied before his arguments me answered or their
force forgotten." The Rev. Thomas; Braiuard,
now ol Philadelphia, then of Cincinnati, said,
'Mr. Birney is a man of superior talents and ed
ucation, nnd enjoys, to tin uuii.-ii d extent, the con
fidence and affections of his fellow citizens; his
piety we have never heard questioned."
Iii April following, a Kentucky otislavery So
ciety was formed, an I measures were t ikeit to os-tabl'i-h
a paper in Kentucky, called the Philan
thropist, with Mr. Birney as editor. The paper
was dcleiilcd by the timidity and treachery of its
printer, who sold the materials to the slavehold
ers, and refused to fulfil his contract. Mr. B.
tiieicupon removed to Cincinnali, but before he
hail settled his family there, he was waited on by
an official gentleman, w ho assured him that his
paper " would produce an explosion of mobocrat
ic. elements, more violent than was ever known
before," and that " respectable and influential
gentlemen would encourage it bv their silence and
r . . - . .i
acquiescence." au.moiIs to avoid tne imputation
of a willingness to ttitle with the public peace,
Mr. Birney concluded to have the paper issued at
New Richmond, about twenty miles from Cincin
nati, but he himself remained itf the cilj. The
first paper was issued on the 1st id' January, 1336.
On the 23 I, the mob spirit came to a head, and a
great meeting was summoned to take into consid
eration w hat should be done with the Philanthro
pist, but Mr. Birney calmly met the storm, attend
ed the meeting, ami amid threats to take his life,
addressed thni with. such power ol pei suasion and
such cogency of argument, that no violence was
attempted. The mayor of the city presided til this
ineeiiug, assisted by Judge Burnet, and other dis
tinguished citizens. In April, he removed his press
lo the city. In July, when the place was filled
with the n-u .i summer influx of slavi holders, the
printing oflice was btirgliiiou-ly broken men in
the night, and the press and t pes damaged. On
the 231, a'nieeting was calld in the niaikel hnu-c,
headed by Judge Burke, llie postitiiNter, nnd a
initn .ter of llie gospel, where it was resolved to in
sist on the immediate discontinuance of the Pliilan
lluopisi. The committee to take cliarce of the
business was composed of JACOB BURNl'l',
Robkut Buchanan, );'iltiam Great, D. T. Dis
ney, N. L mgworih, and other men of standing, a
mai.iritv of iheiii members of difl'crcnt churches.
Tin' daily 'ii'-s (except Hammond's Gazette) was
filled wii'li iuflamatory articles. For weeks, Mr.
Birney's life was considered in danger, yet. he
inner left his post, unless to encounter new dan
gers in lecturing about the State. The publish
ers firmly but temperately told the committee from
the market liouse that the paper could not stop.
In the evening a large body of people assembled
and demolished the types ami press, tore down
some houses occupied by unoffending persons of
color, visited the houses of Mr. Birney, anil seve
ral abolitionists, and then proceeded dow n Main
street, where they wer complimented by the
mayor for their good intentions " to punish the
guilty and leave the innocent," and then advised
to go home, as they had done enough for one
night." On the 27tii of September the paper re
appeared, its editorials breathing the same calm
and tiuawed determination as ever. In the first
editorial article on resuming, he s.iys: " Shall it be
said that Life, and Fortune and Honor, should
not he hazarded that the Constitution and Law,
and Liberty, may be restored to their lost thrones,
and sway their mild sceptre without a rival! No!
this must be done by those who would rather
themselves die freemen than live slaves; or our
country, glorious us has been her hope, is gone
Thi conscientious, prayerful, calm, self-sacrificing
and undaunted spirit, buoyed up with the
justice of his cause and the warm hopes of yet be
ing instrumental in the salvation of his country,
carried him through all the persecutions which
servile nnd slaveholding malice could devise, and
gradually won his way to the confidence and res
pect of the wise and good; so that he entered upon
the second year of the publication of his paper in
comparative peace. Before the close of 1337, he
removed his family to New York, where he en
tered upon the oflice of Secretary of the American
His labors in that oflice, during three years that
he occupied the station, are extensively known.
Coining as he did. from the midst of .slavery, him
self a refiriuc I slaveholder, a philanthropic ob
server of things, hi.s cautious statements, manifest
sincerity, candid method of arguing, and persua
sive earnestness of manner, give a peculiar charm
and power to his public addresses, and ilid much to
give stability and dignity to the anti-slavery enter
prise. The exigencies of the cause during those years
called for the consideration of many great ques
tions of municipal, constitutional and ihtci national
law, in their hearings upon slavery; and in the dis-
i (Mission ol these iioints. Mr. Unney showed him
self truly great (is a jurist and a statesman. His
coriespondence with Col. Elmore, of Smith Caro
lina, solicited by the latter, his essay on Extradi
tion, on the Ordinance of '37, on the guaranty of
Slavery, &., published in the New oik Ameri
can and the Cincinnati Gazette, generally over the
signature of B., have developed the principles on
which the Government of this country ought to be
administered, for the siippoi t of Liberty and
protection id the rights of individuals principles
which must prevail unless we are prepared for a
general substitution of lorce for law, and to aban
don the weak to the oppressions of the powerful.
In the year 339, Mr. Birney visited his aged fa
ther, from u hoin he has been sevnral years sepa
rated by the excitements of the times. His recep
tion was very cordial from all his friends, includ-
mg tlie late Uov. UlaiKe ami many other leading : trample on justice, the onlv Wue foundation of Govern
men of Kentucky. Mis lather was anxious to ! ment. Governments exist," not fin ihc desiruction of lih-
nuiKe arrangements 1 -r ins omy son to return and .
live with him in bis old age, but all calculations of.
. i.: . i. . . i - : .. . ... i i . . i. . i .i i.
mis kiii i were ie: iiiin oeo oy iiie neatii ol jur.
Birney, Senior, so orVl'ter lie had enjoyed this grat
ifying visit of his son.
His father having died without n w ill, he nnd a
brothei -in-law were the only persons legally inter
ested in thi! estate. At his request, in division of
the estate, the slaves, twenty-one in number, were
all set oil' to hi in ; and as soon as the necessary
documents could lie executed, be set them till free.
He was thus enabled to execute a purpose formed
long before, of freeing all his father's si ives at his
own expense. The deed of em incipation is as
Know am. men r.y tufSe presents,
T:cJ I. Jltmex G. Birney, late of Ken'ucky, lmle.a
n'ltc li'ieiivr my i-vsideme in theeihj of New York,
believing lli.it iaveholiling is incon-isteiit w ith nat
ural justice, with the precepts and spirit of the
Christian religion, ait j with the declaration of A
mericafi independence, and 'w ishing to testify in
id, oi fii 1 1 j , -1 1 1 tin, no Mini " I'oiioi I hill , tiiiu joi-
, . ,. , . , ! '
i" c .1 ii -i.. i i i c...
ever set tree, the following liaiuei
have come into my possession, as one of the heirs
of my father, the late James Birney, of Jefferson
county, Kentucky, they being all the slaves held
by said James Birnev, deceased, at the time of his
Then follow their names and descriptions, and
the deed concludes: "In testimony of the above 1
have hereunto set my name and affixed my seal,
this thud day of September, in J lies year of our
Lord one thousand eiuht hundred and thirty-nine.
James G. Biiiney." (Seal.)
An I this, Christian reader, is the man for whom,
as candidate for the presidency of the United
States, the slave solicits your support. Shall he
have it ?
dn 1340, Mr. Birney attended the first "World's
Convention." in L'ftidon, and was one of the vice
presidents of that tin gust body. Hit spent some
months in .n tI :i in I . t rn eel I n r iiiul iittenilinir tin!
lie meetings, "lie also visiteifthe green i.sland,and ' LAMENT if il were true. "-Clay's Speech in the Sen
the place of his father's utility, but found, we j alCl f eb- 7) 183!K
believc,otilv one member remaining of It's father's
family in aged mini, who was garrulous in re
counting the good qualities ;md boyish adventures
of "Jamie," before he went to America. At Dub
I ti he was introduced by Mr. O'Conm ll upon the
platform of the CiiruFvhaiigc, as his distinguish
ed friend from Anierici, and a m ill worthy of the
llighest honors his Colllitiy Could bestow. Since
his return, he has retired upon the shattered rein-Gen. Jackson.
mint "'' ''"" which en cipatiou and surety-1 The convention which nominated Mr. Polk resolved
ship and seven J ears' devotion to the labors nf; .t ,,at enbrtg (,f the aboliii .nits or others, made to in
philanthropy have left,roiisisting ot a tract ot new duce Cong. ess to interfere with questions ofslaven, or
laud on the Saginaw river in Michigan, where he ;(o ia'.e incipient steps in relation thereto, are calcu
has hardened his bands by literal tod, such as his lateil to lead lo the most alarming and daneerous conse
ilistinguished slave-holding competitors would think quene.es, and that all such efforts have aa inviiah!e ten
only belonged to slaves, either white or black. dency to diminish the happiness of the people and endan
Mr. Birney abandoned the pursuit of political ger the stability and permanencv ol the Union, and oueht
distinction when he y ielded to w hat he believed to not to be countenanced by any friend of our political insti
be the dictates of religion, in withdrawing from ! unions."
all oher labors lo devote his life to the deliverance
of his country from the curse, of slavery. But
when, in 1339, sound philosophy and' bitter expe
rience had together taught the wisest of the Abo
litionists the folly of hoping for tiny great good
from parties, always and necessarily subject to the
dictation of slaveholders, their minds were at once
'turned upon 11, rney, as the proper representative
of their principles nnd objects, and worthy to be
the first man elevated to the presidency, for the
glorious purpose of overthrowing the political
power of slavery.
The great iualificatioii fir a candidate for the
Presidency now is, that he be a slaveholder, ami
therefore, we have three candidates arguing their
claims upon that score Ty ler. Clay, anil Polk.
Oi'llie three, Mr. Polk is la st qualified, for he has
about one hundred slaves, while Clay has fifty, and
Tj ler about twenty. Tyler is on too low a scale
lo he of much account. The contest, therefore,
will be between Clay and Polk, the former has fif
ty reasons, and the latter one hundred, why he
should be elected our next President. Ve" pre
sent it to the serious consideration of the Whigs,
who are so anxious f-K-a slaveholder, if it is not
their duty to go for polk. We are not sure how
ever, that Polk w ill be elected, because Mr. Clay
has other merits which Polk has not. Mr. Clay
is a duelist, anil in this particular has the advan
tage over the Democratic nominee. The double
merit of slaveholder and duelist is sure to win.
Party Questions. The follow ing is the remark
of llie Illinois Statesman on L. 1M. May's letter.
We are glad that I here is one editor, at least, that
understands the nature ot party nuestiotls.
"The idea of electing Mr. Clay, or any other
man to settle the question ol finance nnd revenue,
in the present condition of parties, is sufficiently
preposterous', to snv the least. We might as well
commission Henry Clay to stop the profession of
I he politicians ot the tlay have cv ilcntlv no
idea of ever settling those questions. They want
to keen up the distinctions of "tweedle duin and
twcdle dee," as n kind of periodical "see-saw"
to ride into office on. 1 he "teeter" is about on a
level now, and the party that can blow off the most
wind is sure to rise. Henry Clay and Martin Van
B tire n may as well srve ns ballast-holders as uny-
Printing Office Destroyed. The office of
the Nhii von Expositor was established atNuuvoo,
week before hist, issued one paper, and was, on
the 10th hist, declared hv the city authorities of
that city a nuisance, and the city inarsh.nl, at the
head of the police, in the evening took the press,
materials and paper into the street and burnt
theni, So says the Cincinnati Commercial.
" Pliant as reeds where Freedom's walers glide
Fir.Ti as tlie lulls to stem Oppression's tide!"
MOMPELIER, VERMONT, FRIDAY, jFTmStT
Nominated by Ihe National Conuentton, JlJni, 1343
J AUKS ti. Ill lift EY,
" Our own slave ilates, and especially the more south
ern of tliein, in which the number of slaves is greater,
anil in which, of course, the sentiment of injustice is
stronger tnan the more northern ones, are to be placed on
llie list of decay ing communities.
"Tlie question now for the North finally to decide is
shall the slave stntes draw us down with them, and both
perish, or shall we, by a decided conjunct exeriion of vir
tuous enerfTV. save nurRplvpa unit tlipin from ilstrn.tinn '
James G. Sirneu.
I " I allow not to human laws, be llipy primary or secon
dary, no matter by what numbers, or with what sutenini-
tier ordained, the least scinb'anre of right to establish Sla
very, to make propeity of my fellnw, crcaled equally with
myself, in llie image of God. Individually, or as political
communities, men have no more right lo enact Slavery,
than they have lo enact murder, or blasphemy, or incest,
or adulterv. To esla'ilisli slaverv is to i'eih.one right, to
erly, but. for its defence not fur the annihilation of men's
rights, bultheir preservation." Birntu on Annexalun.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
" I rejoice, that the abolition of slavery throughout the
civilized world i no longer f roblemalical ; il seems to be
almost universally conceded that this stupendous fraud
upon a rorlion of (lie nunian race is fast drawing lo a
close, and ihe great question with us is truly, what meas
ures are best suited to accomplish this desirable end in
the United Stales.
" Political action is necessary to produce
,)nv ,e effectually exercised thronoh the ballot box
reiormauon in a nnnon : ana that aclini. Willi us
And surely the ballot box i an never be used for a mure
noble purpose, than to re.-anre and secure to every man
his inalienable risjhts." Thomas Alnrris.
Whig Cand dale fur President,
" I know there is a visionary dopnia which hobls that
negro slaves cannot be Ihe subjects of properly. I shall
not dwell Ions upon this speculative abstraction. 'J hat
is property which the luiv declares lo be property.
Two hundred years of lojiislalii n have sanctioned und
sanctified negro slaves as properly."
" If I had been a citizen of Pennsvlvania when (Vanil
lin's plan (of gradual emancipation) was adopted, f should
have voted frr it; because, by no possibility cnu'd llie
b'acA race ever g iin llie ascendancy in that ritate. lint
if 1 had been then, or weie now a cilix?n of any of lhe
plaining States the southern or soalh-western Slates
I should have ojiposid, and would continue to oppose,
any schrme whatever of emancipation, gradual or im
mediate.' " It '13 not true, and I I1F.JOICE that it is not true,
that either nf the two great parlies in this country has
anv design or aim at abolition. 1 should DI'.l.Pl.Y
Democratic Candidate for President.
JAMES K. POLK.
A slaveholder of Tennessee.
As Sjiea'ter in Consrcss, he gave great license to rowdy
ism and insubordination.
His ereatest claims are. that he is in favor of the imme-
diate annexation of Tcias. at all baards. and is a net nf
LIBERTY S T.1 TE TICKE T.
WILLI All 58. SIL1FTER,
OF TO WNSEND.
FOR LtF.UT. GOVERNOR,
For I rprcsrntntivcs to Congress:
OSCAR I. SIJAFTER,
WILLIAM II. FRENCH,
of Alba ii v.
For State Senators:
Ctlivt r (lcas n,
Sumner A. Webber.
George II. Tage.
PAPERS FOR THE CAMPAIGN !
Spread the LIGHT and TRUTH! !
Deeply impressed with the conviction, that the (trenu
oiis effort of tin wi Lm I ing parties to bring t freemen
of Vermont into the support of men and piinciples utterly
at variance with ur Dee'aration of Independence, th
dearest rights of man , and Ihe positive courttiands of God,
should he met with corresponding c.Torts on the part of the
friends of freedom and humanity the publisher of this pa.
per proposes lo funish the Fh g em an for twen'y weeks,
commencing the first wee'; in July, and ending the second
wee'i in November, (being one number after the Presi
dential election) at the following low rales:
Five copies, sent to one address, $2 5
Ten do do do 4 00
Twenty do do do 6 00
Smaller or larger numbers at the same rate,
ICP" No papeis will be sent on these term unless the
money is forwarded in advance; and in no case shall w
incur expense in liansporiaiion.
Now, friends, whal say you shall Vermont send up
her voice to strengihcn the foundations of that giant Ini
quity, which drinks its daily cup of human blood, and
sends poverty and moral death throughout Ihe whole land?
Or will you, by a little effort in your towns and school
distri Is, procure a bundle of these papers, and also a
supply of tracts, and thus scatter Ihe living coals of truth
upoi. the heart of every voter, until, on the approaching
Sahball) of the freeman,
" Load as a summer thunderbolt shall wa' en
A People's Voice!
Oh, let lliat voice go firth! The bondman, sighing,.
liy Santee's wave, in .Mississippi's cane,
Shall feel the hope, w i. bin his bosom dying,
Let it go forth! The millions who are gazing.
Sadly upon us from afar, shall smile,
And, unto Gud devout than' saiving raising,
Bless us the while."
Orders for bundles of our extra Freemen are
beginning to come in pretty freely, but as few of
them were received until we had gone to press
with the " first side" of this week's edition, we
shall be unable to answer most of them until an
other w eek; and to complete the 20 numbers, we
will send one number more after the election,
w hich w ill probably contain full returns' from our
presidential election. Now, friends,. send in your
orders immediately, so that we may know how
large an edition to strike off another week.
One word more. Our terms are positive.. They
barely cover the cost of the papers, as any one
must know by a moment's reflection; nnd our
friends must not ask too much of us. Five, ten,
or twenty copies, sent to one address, mind ye,
and not to jive, len, or twen'y different addresses.
The expense of writing individual subscriber's!
names upon all these papers for tw enty weeks, in.
adiliiiou to our regular papers, which we tire obli
ged to direct in that way, would be no inconsider
able sunt, and we cannot do it without notne com
pensation. J. p.
Work for Repentance.
" What, is thy servant a dog that ho should dr
this great thittj,'?" Such was the language of sur
prise and repudiation which involuntarily burst'.
from the lips of Hazicl, when informed by the man
of God tluit in after life he w ould be guilty of very
wicked conduct. And yi't the history of this matv
proves the prophet's warnings true. How many
like him are guilty of conduct which under other
circumstances they would have contemplated with
surprise and "horror?
It is several years since the great body of the
Whigs in tliisst.ite claimed to be abolitionists,
and a prediction that they would do anything to.
support slavery, would have been repelled with
indignity. They did not think it was best to set
tip a separate candidate or organize a party on the
ground of opposition to slavery, because it was so
well known tluy would not vote for a slaveholder,
that the leaders dare not set up one. These threats
seem to have been in .some measure regarded by
the paiiy leaders four years ago, and a man resi
ding in the free states was put on to. the head of
the Presidential ticket, w ith a slave holder for his,
second. It is true that his former acts in congres&
strongly iudirated his ftipudidiip to slavery, but we.
nttlie North were assured lit; had repen'ed of his
pro-slavery conduct was in heart an abolitionist,
and only waited an election to come out and net
decidedly in favor of libet ty; nnd as to the candid
ate for Vice President, it was no matter who he
was, its the oflice was of no importance. Thou
sands voted that ticket on this very ground. BlU
how were they disappointed when a fev weeks af
ter his election, General Harrison boasted in X
public speech in Richmond, that he was a Virgin
ian, and had done more to sustain Southern insti
tutions, (meaning shivery,) than any man living
North ot Mason's and Dixon's line. Many are
ignorant of this fact to this day, because the Nor
thern papers were careful not to publish this
speech, though it was Lundied about with great
acclamation in all the Southern states. The great
est proportion did not like the ticket exactly, he-
ciuse ir couiainid he name of a slaveholder for an.
unimportant oflice; but under the peculiar circum
stances, stimulated by n tornado of excitement,
they were induced to go the figure this once, to
prevent the election of what? a sleveholder? No:
but a man almost as bad, "a Northern man with
Well, by these means and others none too hon
orable, the whig ticket prevailed by a triumphant
majority: and what the consequences? Just what
what might have been expected when men tram
ple principle under foot lor the sake of party.
God sent confusion into their ranks, and the pas
four years administration has been a continued
scene of change, discord, contention, strife, and dis-r
grace. That administration which we were assu
red was going to be so favorablo to abolitionism,
has not even secured to us tbe right of petition,
but has sunk deeper and deeper in its disgraceful