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" Pliant as reoda where Freedom's waters glide
Firm is the hills to stem Oppression's tidal"
MONTPELIER, VERMONT, FRIDAY, AIT...9, 1814.
Nominated by the National Convention, May, 1843
JAMES G. BIRjVEYj
For Vice President,
LIBERTY STATE TICKET.
WILLIAM R. SIIAFTER,
FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR,
' 1 :. j .
For Representatives lo Congrcsst
- OSCAR L. SHAFTEK,
WILLIAM H. FRENCH,
For State Srimlors:
Austin 1. Chase,
Oliver J lea son,
Sumner A. Webber.
Pliny Bay, '
BENNINGTON COUNTY !
John II. Campbell,
John C. Willson.
Benjamin F. Haskell.
I) list in Grow.
Josiah W. Hale,
Lyman Hachellcr. v
William E. Sheriuau,
George H. Page.
Clay's Anti" Annexation,
The amazing amount of capital which the Nor
thern Whigs hoped to reulize out of Mr. Clay's
anti-Texas notions, bids fair to suffer some dimi
nution before cloction. It may turn out liko the
poor milk-woman's anticipations of a new gown!
At a recent Whig District contention, holden
at Richmond, Va., Mr. Rives, one of the leading
Whig Senators, made a speech, which was receiv
ed with great enthusiasm, in which he avowed
himself in favor of tho annexation of Texa3, and
"avowed his utmost confidence in the willingness
of Mr. Clay to annex Texas at the proper time,
and in his ability to do it successfully and honora
bly. His whole life showed this." There it is!
The whole of Mr. Clay's public acts upon the sub
ject of slavery, have been to extend and perpet
uate it; and this, to the South, is a sufficient guar
anty for the future. When will the friends of
Libeity open their eyes to tho folly of voting
for a man to guide the helm of State, who is pledg
ed, both by precept and example, to do all in his
power lor the perpetuation of slavery?
But we are not left to glean Mr. Clay's views
upon this subject from tho opinions of his friends.
He has recently given a new and revised edition
of his views to an editor in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Thus, while it takes Northerners from December
till April to get an expression upon this question,
tho Slaveholders can draw him out in a twinkling.
The letter is dated July 1, 1841 one month ago.
Mr. Clay snys:
"As to the idea of my courting the abolitionists,
it is perfectly absurd. No man in the United
States has been half so much abused by them as I
have been. I consider the Union a great political
partnership, and that now members ought, not to
lie admitted into the concern nt the imminent buz
zard of its dissolution. PERSONALLY I COULD
HAVE NO OBJECTION TO THE ANNEX
ATION OF TEXAS: but I would be unwilling
to see the Union dissolved, or seriously jeoparded,
for the sake of acquiring Texas."
So, personally, Mr. Clay has no objection to
the admission of Texas, with all its slavery and
iniquity ! Oh, no! We presume not! Still, Im
would not wish to have it done nt tho imminent
hazard of the Union! If he can't have but one,
the Union i a little preferable! It is, then, tho'an-
lislavery men of the North, who protest against
For the Freeman.
Mr. Editor Tho State Committee of tho Lib
erty Party of Vermont, through tho medium of
your paper, desire to express, for themselves and
the friends of tho cause of Liberty throughout the
State, their thanks to the Rev. Kiah Bailey, of
Hardwick, for the liberal donation of $30,00, for
warded by him for tho purpose of furnishing tracts
for gratuitous circulation among tho people.
In behalf of the Committee,
Charles Carpenter, Chairman.
Wc shall forward next week, with bundles
of Extras, tho necessary quantity of VOTES for
the approaching election, to the following County
Committees, unless wc learn immediately that they
ore otherwise supplied: Windham, Windsor, Or
ange, Caledonia, Orleans, Franklin, Chittenden
and Lamoille. If tho remaining Counties wish to
ho supplied in tho same Way, they will inform us
without any delay. '
Letter from Gen. Fletcher.
Proctortvillc, July 31, 1844.
Tho FrerJman dated tho 26th was not received
until to-day. I have this moment discovered an
article in which tho writer says that it is reported
in Chester, that I renounced atlloyallon my polit
cal abolitionism, and pledged myself for Clay. I
am well aware that tho pursuit of such a mean
adversary as ho who can fabricate and circulate
a downright falsehood, can add no laurels to tho
assailant; yet it is sometimes necessary to silenco
the croaking of tho most insignificant insects. I
conceive it to be a duty 1 owe to myself, and to
the Liberty Pafty wliose principles I most heartily
adopt, and wftoso" interests I uniformly labor to
promote, to' say Unit tho above report is wholly
ami entirely unfounded and false. If any one of
my neighbors has any thing to allege in relation to
my political course, let him plane himself in the
position of an honest man and give the communi
ty the facts or charges in detail, and not aid in
propagating slander in such a dastardly manner.
Allow me to say, Mr. Editor, that I was slow in
throwing oil the shackles of party, and breaking
aw.iy from the ranks in which I had long acted.
Ny opinions had been schooled and trained to run
in a particular channel for years, and I had often
attempted to support and defend them. It was
hard to retract. I wns under the influence- of that
blinding, excited party feeling, which is controll
ing the multitude around me. In such a state of
mind sober judgment is laid aside, conscience is
dismissed, moral principle gets leave of absence
bringing more slavery into tho Union, that keep (till alter this once) and nil that was noble and
Mr. Clay in check upon this, subject. And will worthy in the man seems burnt up in the heat ot
tho Whigs longer insult us, by urging us to break
up our anti-slavery organization, abandon our can
didate, who is pledged 'through,hick and thin'
against annexation, and vote for a man who has
" personally no objection to annexation," and
w hoso "whole life is a guarantee that he will fa
vor it?" . P.
According to previous notice, a meeting was
held at tho Centro meeting-houso in this town for
tho nomination of a candidato to rcprcsenl tho
town in tho next legislature.
After the fleeting was called to order, II. Y.
Barnes in tho chair and F. A. Mc'Dowcll Secre
tary, on motion, tho following gentlemen woro ap
pointed to constitute a town committee for tho en
suing political year, viz., Capt. J. Somerby, Eras
tus S. Camp, and Sidney P. Redfield, which com
mittee were authorized to add others to their num
ber if necessary.
Tho ballot for representative resulted in a unan
imous choice of S. K. Collins as the Liberty can
didate, and he was declared duly nominated.
Moved and adopted, that it is incumbent upon
the friends of tho cause in this and all other towns
in the State to employ, with zealous energy, every
honorable means to elect Liberty Party Men to the
After spirited remarks by several gentlemen
present, tho meeting adjourned.
II. Y. BARNES, President.
F. A. Mc'Dowell, Secretary.
Pirates. Four of the crew of tho ship Saluda
Win. Hazleton, George Jones, Travasgurs, alias
Johnson, and Anderson, recently arrested at Hali
fax, were convicted of piracy, and on the 20th ult.
they wero sentenced to bo hung time not mentioned.
X ho whig papers have lately manilestcd 'great
horror, at the idea of having tho private moral
character of candidates for office mado public.
Nearly all the Whig papers on our exchange
list have published slaveholder Tilford's charges
against Hon. James G. Birney, but none of them
have been honorable enough to publish Mr. Bir
ney's lottcr in explanation of the affair. Among
others we see that our neighbor, the Vermont
Watchman has done so. We had supposed he
would leave suchlfirty work fortho Protector and
other such dirty publications, but we were mista
ken. Whenever the Liberty Party papers treat
Mr. Clay r. Mr. Polk in this way, we shall not
hesitate to denounce them as guilty of consum
Gen. McCalla, of Lexington, for twelve years
U. S. Marshal for Kentucky, and a member in
good standing in the Presbyterian church, certifies,
over his own signature in the Ky. Gazette, that
the frequent statements respecting Mr. Cluy's a-
baudonment ot gambling are wholly false. He
charges, aud pledges himself, on a denial by Mr.
Clay, to turnisn proof, that as late as the 4th ot
July, 1843, Mr. Clay gambled for and won more
than one hundred dollars at a single sitting. 14e
states, besides, that the assertions ot " Junius"
and other northern partizan whigs, that Mr, Clay
has not been in the habit ot gaming, are known to
be'erroncous by those who live in tho neighbor
hood of Ashland. What will the moral and reli
gious portion of the whig party do now? -Cincin
party. I saw that while we were surrounded with
the elements of national prosperity and happiness,
distress and embarrassment pervaded the land. I
heard these calamities imputed by each of the po
litical parties to the policy and measures of the op
posite. I saw the power transferred from one
party to the other, but tho same embarrassment
remained. I attempted to search candidly for tho
source of our difficulties, and I was constrained to
belicvo that there was something radically wrong
in tho policy and measures of our general govern
ment as administered by either of the parties. I
was led to regard both of the prominent parties as
negligent, regardless, or hostilo to tho great inter
ests of human freedom, whatever good they may
proposo to accomplish, they fail to support the fun
damental principlesof liberty upon which nlone the
general good is" based whatever abuses they
promise to remove, they stand pledged to the sup
port of tho greatest abuse with which tho nation
was ever disgraced and cursed. 'I thus came to
tho conclusion, that connection with these parties
was wrong in principle, and disastrous in practice.
I then joined tha Liberty party, and I challenge
any man to prove that I have swerved from the
principles of that party. My convictions that I
have espoused a cause just, righteous, and honor
able; and that our measures arc consistent, ration
al, and feasible have been growing stronger du
ring the last threo years; and I remain firm and
unshaken, notwithstanding the plausible sophistry
of Burchard and his colleagues. To me, sir, it is
perfectly manifest, that tho question of American
slavery, or this slave power and influence, is Ike
great politicul question of the day, more deeply
affecting tho vital interests and permanent welfare
of tho nation, than all other party questions. Be
lioving this, I did not "pledge myself for Clay."
I trust, sir, that tho time is coining when merit
shalliio graduated by a scale which is now too sel
dom applied when tho qualities which now raise
a man to the highest stations, and secure him the
hosannas of a giddy, capricious multitude, will
:oaso to bo regarded as praise worthy when mor-
al worth shall command the plaudits of universal
esteem, and socure the confidence and affection of
Christian people. When that happy time ar
rives, the virtues of James G. Birney will bo a
sure passport to the highest station.
, Ryland Fletcher.
Tho party that are laboring to elect him, know all
this. Tho professors of religion and ministers of
tho gospel,' who go for Clay, know this. The ve
ry men that cried out against Jackson, and scat
tered to tho four wind their hand-bills of coffins,
know that Clay, as well as Jackson, is a duellist;
and yet they stifle conscience and push him for
ward to rule tho nation. Here is their consisten
cy, their honesty. Fifty years ago Burr was con
demned, at least by Now England, for fighting a
duel; now a large portion of the same peoplo are
resolved to have a duelist to reign over them, and
over all the good citizens who abhor such bloody
men. How is this? Has murder and oppression
changed their nature and ceased to bo crimes a-
gainst God and man ? Or has the public conscience
becomo seared, and the whole mass become con
taminated with vice? If such a change has taken
place in fifty years, what will be our state fifty
years hence? If public sentiment be so changed
by tho example and influence of one duellist, what
will it be by the example and influence of another?
Will not evil communications corrupt the morals
of tho nation, until tho whole mass is corrupted,
and the Bowie-knife, tho pistol, and tho rifle, be
come as familiar companions at the North, us they
now aro at tho South? Ye parents, that have
children, do you wish to have your sons ornamen
ted with daggers and pistols, and to see them wel
tering in blood ? Then heap jour public honors
on duellists: select all your officers of state from
tho code of honor, and never think of giving your
votes to a man tor me i resiliency, wno lias not o
nough of tho savage in him to light a duel, when
ever revenge or pride require. Do this no mut
ter what your laws arc the law of honor will ride
over them, and your sons will imitate your Presi
dent, and assassinations, and murders, and crime,
will lie as common at the North as at the South.
Like causes will produce liko effects. And those
that sow the wind, must roup the whirlwind. Are
tho descendants of the old Puritans prepared for
such results, such a state of society ? If not, what
madness to join hands with the wicked, and heap
honors upon bloody men, whom Gud abhorreth!
If they are, then let them repudiate tho institutions
of their fathers, burn their bibles, and equip their
sons with pistols and sealping-knivcs. They will
soon become as expert in using them as !tro the
Southern Blades. Thus educated, they may do as
well for the Presidency as Southern duellists. Un
til then, those good, moral, christian people, that
will have duellists for rulers, must consent to se
lect some honorable slaveholder from the South.
Ho will help to educate your sons. B. K.
QQ The Mexican government is now engaged
in good earnest in making preparations to bring
Texas into subjection. Tho President requested
to be supplied with thirty thousand -troops, and
(four millions dollars for that purpose, which, af-
'ter some discussion and delay in congress, has
The story that Bishop Morris had become a
slaveholder proves to be incorrect.
Stealing themselves. Slave-trading has been
carried on busily in Maryland this season. It is
supposed that no Ies3 than 3000 have been sent
south since January. A great many slaves in con
sequence of this, have run awnv. One man. in
ma iiigni, inn mmseii tor six weeKs, in a hollow
tree, near wiestertown, Maryland. He is now
Twenty-one slaves recently disnnneared from
one neighborhood, in Maryland, in one week, and
no traces of them have been found. Their mas
ters did not advertise them. So manv of the slave
have recently learned to read, that it is found in
expedient to advertise. Apropos of advertisiusr
slaves the masters never advertise runaways, un
til an suspected places nave been searched. isptr,
Tho Philadelphia papers state that the Record
er has 37 warrants for persons engaged in the late
riots: of these, 8 aro in prison;! dead of wounds
received by his fellow rioters before his arrest; 16 oppression
aro under bail for triul, and 11 liuvo not yet been
For the Freeman.
Why is it so?
When Burr murdered Hamilton, the whole com
munity was shocked, and a burst of indignation
wns heard through the land. The Pulpit and tho
Press spake in language that could not he misun
derstood, and few, if any, presumed to excuse the
wretch who had slain his brother". He was mark
ed, as Cain, abhorred, condemned. And the pub
lic felt insulted when such a wretch presumed to
take his seat in the Senate of the United States.
His character was gone, his influence destroyed,
his honors withcrercd; he sunk in contempt, lived
an outcast from society, and died a wretch unla-
When Jackson was proposed for tho Prcsidcn
cy, his opponents charged him with cruelty and
murder, were loud and long in their complaints
and condemod his brutal, bloody conduct in no
measured tones. Many con yet remember the
sheet, covered over with coffins, which was prin
ted and scattered broad-cast through the land, to
excite the feelings and turn tho indignation of the
multitude against such a bloody man
Now Henry Clay is nominated with acclamation
by the Whigs, though charged with murder and
Tho charge is fully substantiated.
Some may try to palliate; but no honest mail will
prctcud that he is not a slaveholder and a duellist.
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
Don't throw away your Vote.
W ill honest men think of tho influence which
their vote may have upon tho great question of
Liberty, before they yield to the entreaties of
partizans to go 'just this onco' for a slave-holder.
Suppose for instance, that all the advantages which
the whigs claim over the democrats should bo real
ized, if Mr. Clay's election can be secured, what
will bo the gain, and what, let mo ask, will bo the
loss to Liberty in securing this gain? Will can
did men psusc, and count the loss and gain before
they act? If all tho Liberty mfli should go for
Clay, and thereby secure his election, what is
gained? Say if you please wo have thereby got n
protective tariff; wc have kept out Texas for the
present, wc have got the distribution of the public
money among the stales in fine wc have secured
every ud vantage, and avoided every disadvantage,
in all the questions between the Clay and Polk
parties; but wc have all turned in for a slavehold
er: have wc saved, or thrown away our votes?
This question is to be solved by considering the
gain and loss in the matter. Well, let us gain all
that whigs claim by Clay's election and put it in
one scale, and then sec what wc lose by giving
up our posts and deserting the cause of humanity,
and strike tho balance. What then will bo the
effect upon tho great questions of Liberty and
slavery, if ut a man is found in nil the land who
will not vote for one of the slave holders now nom-
iuatcd for President? Why, slavery will say most
surely, when she meets in tho next National Con
vention, wc must have another slave holder for
President. We have seen all your Northern abo-
itionists swallow their heads once, and walk into
the traces at the bidding of their leaders, and you
can make them do it again. We care nothing for
your squcaniishucss about slavery wc will not go
for a northern man, and that is enough. We arc
emboldened by your submission in 134-1, wo care
nothing for your northern cries; a slave holder, or
ruin. Take your choice, gentlemen whigs and
democrats. You havo whipped your dough faces
in once on the cry of Tariff and Bank, and you
con do it again. What can wc expect but slave
But if 150,000 men will stand by their principles
this fall, and thus say to whigs and democrats, to
all slave holders, and to tho world, wc will never
go for a slaveholder, what will bo tho influence of
that vote upon the cause of freedom in all com
ing time? Who docs not see that every liberty
vote will be counted by whigs and democrats, and
all slave holders, and will go like a barbed arrow
to the hearts of our opposers? What party then
four years hence will presume to nominate a slave
holder for President? The army of freemen will
have to be regarded in the next nomination, and
thercforo neither party will ever think of nom
inating other than abolitionists for President. Re
momber, that if we never begin in a good cause
we shall never succeed. No man ever cut down
tho Liberty forest tree with a single stroke. But
tho one blow makes place for tho next, and so on,
till the heart is at last secured. So with this Bo
hon Upas of Slavery. Let us begin. Every vote
will tell. What we might gain by a tariff we will
loso on liberty, by going like tho sow to her wal
lowing, back to slavery, "yet this once." Let
freemen remember, then, that as liberty and jus
tice, and a free, prosperous country, for all time
to come, is of inoro importance than the price of
wool next year, so shall we be the gainers by
standing like men to our posts in the coming elec
tion, rather than chasing the second idea, in a tan
gent for dollars and cents. Don't throw away
your vote. B. H. F.
For the Freeman.
Proposals for Discussion.
To Hon. Harvey Bell of Middlebury:
Sir, in your paper of July 31st, I notice four ar
ticles, intended to operate against the Liberty Par
ty, bestowed upon the undersigned, of a very ob
jectionable, ungenerous character. I cannot de
scend to reply to them in the spirit in which they
are conceived and put forth. You and I profess
to be christian gcntleifien. Let us leave misrepre
sentation and falsehood, abuse and unkind epithets
to blackguards and blacklegs. They may become
demagogues, and slaveholders; but are unworthy
of civilized men. I could never respect myself,
after I had published a tirade of vituperation and
slang disgraceful to any decent man; besides, you
and I are too old to get angry and call each other
hard names like children in the street, because we
do not think alike about a slaveholding duelist.
Though I may think you lamentably blind to right
and wrong, if you support such a man for office
and endeavor to put tho whole nation under his.
control, I will not on that account call you vile
names, nor think to convince you or to aid my own
cause, by charging you with relations and inten
tions you disavow, or by stating things about yor '
which I know or believe to be untrue.
Do not suppose, sir, that I object to your, defend
ing your party or its policy. Only, when you at
tack mo on this subject, I desire you to uso tha
weapons of a gentleman and a christian. I.Hirr
told you ato very tenacious of your standing, so
much so as often to prefix your honorable title to
your name in signing it. I too, sir, have io capi
tal but my character; and I will show thfs rnmo
respect for yours which I ask in return. Give us
facts and arguments, sir; in these I will neither;
show nor nsc favor: but I will not so write your
name as to show a haughty, overbearing contempt
for your poison call you a "brazen faced deceiv
er," charging you with "knowing very well" thai
is false which you believe to be true, nor endeav
or to pervert your words, license you of saying
the very reverse of what I know you did say, and
so misreprseiit all your acts to others, that they
shall appear to bo different from what they were,
and to arise from motives entirely different from
those I have reason to know prompted them.
Were I to do so, 1 should givo candid peoplo good
reason to suspect that I regarded my cause a des
perate one, which could not be maintained by
honorublc means. It is an axiom with men, thai
one never resorts to unjustifiable means for auy
purpose, if good ever will effect it. With the
knowledge of this fact, I should never da"o to fol
low your example.
Your articles havo little in them deserving a re
ply but lest I should be suspected of doing you
injustice, I shall hero publish them, so far ns thny
relate to me.
MR. CLAY'S ANNEXATION LETTER A.
One of the most bare faced perversions of truth
made by St. Clair in his lectures in this region, is
an attempt to make out that there is as much dan
ger of annexation from Clay as president as
from Polk, and asserting that about the whole ob
jection of Mr. Clay to annexation springs from
the results incidental to tho connection of Texan
with Mexico, the danger of war, of debts &.c. and
opposition of public opinion. Now thi; orazen
faced deceiver knows m well tt;t Polk was nom
inated by the power of the slaveholding influence
of the South as an immediate annexationist, which
he has openly and a hundred times avowed in the
most emphatic and unqualified terms. While Mr
Clay in his letter up. in this subject has as openry
and frankly expressed his disapprobation of annex
ation, not only in view of the reasons assumed for
him by St. Clair (2) but for others so, numerous
and momentous, that scarcely any combination of
circumstances could bo conceived, w hich in the es
timation of Mr. Clay would justify tho base schema
of the milliners of the South, hut in our estimation
the still baser schemes of the lcadei'3 of northern
third-purtyism. many of whom seem prepared to
. ..II i -.!... . Ml r.l. . r ...
pun uowu me pillars i;i inu oonsututlun, aim UU
ry this great confederacy under its rums.
Tho religioso politico, locofoco, third party, it
inerant lecturer, in his dialogues Saturday night in
dulged in an insolent strain of reproof to n whig
for using the term loco foco, which ho considered
slang (5) We presume this prince of slang-whang-eis
never informed himself that every whig editor
mid orator (4) in the United States has adopted
this appellation to designate a party who have as
sumed tho name democracy, to which neither their
principles nor the haughty and aristocratic bear-,
ing of the party entitles them.
HOW HE WORKS IT.
To slrow what reliance is to be placed on St.
Clair, since he has come to town he has declared
that in Vt. he is a loco foco, and when in N. H.r
a Whig. (5) Such is the wire in and wire out
policy of a man who is constantly urging upou tho
people the maxim, that you must do no evil that
good may come, a saying true in itself, but so
grossly perverted by such men as St Clair as to lead
people to do evil continually. Our maxim ia to.
choose the least between two evils, (6) and vote
for Henry Clay although a slaveholder, if we can
thereby prevent slaveholding, avert the horriili
evils of free trade, annexation, the extension and?
perpetuation of slavery, the dissolution of the Un
ion, and a prostration of all the great interests of
St. Clair held his Loco Foco (7) Third Party
meeting at tho Town Room on Saturday evening.
E. VV. Drury, that Pink of Democracy, in the
Chair. Among other attempts at hoodwinking
tho people, he undertook to place Polk and Clay
on the same grounds in relation to the Tariff, (8)
Barber and Drury have several times in the Loco
Club tried the samo experiment. A grosser insult
to the understandings of the intelligent people of
Vermont never was attempted. But the way
James M. Slade Esq. used up St. Clair upon this
subject was a caution. (9) To make his decep
tions more palatable this man claims to be a min
ister of Christ, and a true disciple of John Wes
ley, but as different from that eminent divine as
Alexander tho coppersmith was from Alexander
tho Great. Ho preaches political Abolition on tho
Sabbath and retails tho Loco-Foco slanders against
Mr. Clay on week days. Whether ho carries a
certificate of enlistment from the Loco-Foco Stato
Committee we know not. A fitter tool of tho par
ty cannot be found in Vermont.
1. Mr. Bell may think the assorsions in this aud