Newspaper Page Text
For the Freeman.
For September 3rd,
Tune Saints' Home.
0 Goo of tho Pilgrims, whose children wo nro,
We now come before thee, with trembling St fear,
For tho blood of our brothe.- doth cry from the
That we arc all guilty, full proof can be found.
Home, Home, sweet, sweet Home,
We have severed our brother from kindred
Like tho brethren of Joseph, our brother wo sold,
And fastened in bondage, for silver ami gold;
By deception and strength we accomplished the
Then claimed it a virtue, by Heaven decreed.
Homo, Home; sweet, sweet Home;
Our brother lies bleeding in anguish from
Half dead by the way-side our brother has lain,
All bleeding in anguish, and tortured with pain;
The IViest and the Levite have both prist him by,
Or loaded with fetters and left him to die.
Home, Home; sweet, sweet Home;
Shall wc ever restore to our brother his home !
We meet in remembrance and honor of those
Who dared to be free, amid torics and foes;
We'll proclaim to our brother his chains shall be
And the cords that now bind him shall vanish like
Home, Home; sweet, sweet Home,
We are pledged to restore to our brother his
In the name of high Heaven our banner we wave,
UnfurlM to the tempest, the tyrant's mad gaze,
Not regarding his fury, his threat or his power;
All Heaven is with us wo ask nothing more!
Home, Home; sweet, sweet Home;
The lash and the fetter exchang'd for sweet
home! N. F.
Thermopylae, and Waterloo, as if deeds of cour
age and danger were exhibited only there, without
reflecting that n, single ranger of Kentucky has
eclipsed them all.
A little fort, or rather block-house, having been
erected about twenty miles from Vandalia, late
tho cnpitol of Illinois, and about eight miles south
of the present vdlago of Greenville, to protect the
frontier settlements from tho Indians, Lieut. Jour
nay and twelve men were assigned as its garrison.
Of tho latter, Higg'ms was one. The surround
ing country was at that time a continued forest;
and the little hamlet of Greenville a frontier town.
On the 30th of August, 1812. strong indications
of savages being in the neighborhood were appa
rent, ami at night a party of Indians were seen
prowling about the fort. On the morning of the
31st, before daylight, Lieut. Journay with the
whole force under his command, sallied forth in
pursuit of them; they had not proceeded far, be
fore a large party of savages seventy or eighty
in number rose from their ambush, and at tho
first fire the Lieutenant and three of his men were
killed, and another wounded. Six returned in
safety to the fort, and one, (Thomas lliggins) lin
gered behind, in order to have 'one pull more at
The niornintr was sultrv. Tho dav had not vet
dawned; a heavy dew had fallen during the night, been engaged, was looking for his rifle, his friends
ed on both sides. Higgins, fatigued and exhaust
ed by the loss of blood, was no longer a match for
the savage. The latter succeeded in throwing his
adversary from him, and went immediately in
pursuit of his rifle. Higgins at the same time rose
and sought for the gun of the other Indian.
Both, therefore, bleeding and out of breath, were
in search of arms to renew the combat.
"Tho srnoko had now passed away, and a large
number of Indians were in view. Nothing it would
seem, could now save the gallant ranger. There
was, however, an eye to pi ty and an arm to save:
and that arm was a woman's!
"The little garrison had witnessed the whole
combat. It consisted of but six men and one wo
man; that woman was of herself a host a Mrs.
Purslcy. When she saw Higgins contending, single-handed,
with a whole tribe of savages, she
urged the rangers to attempt his rescue. The
rangers objected, as the Indians were ten to one.
Mrs Pursley, therefore, snatched a rifle from her
husband's hand, and declaring that "so fine a fel
low as Tom Higgins should not be lost for want of
help," mounted a horse, and sallied lortli to nis
rescue. The men, unwilling to be outdone by a
woman, followed at full gallop reached the spot
where Higg'ms fainted and fell, before the Indians
came up; and when tne savage wuu vvnom lie nati
For the Freeman.
The Sighs and Groans of the Slave.
From the sweet sunny South there comes a low
Of sorrow and wretchedness deep;
Its echos arc ringing thro' mountain and dale,
To waken a nation from sleep.
It speaks as it passes, in wild notes of grief;
It murmurs one boon I would crave:
0 now, from the fountain of hope, let relief
Be sent to the down-trodden slave!
It speaks to the thousands on thousands who knee!
At the shrine of Jehovah in prayer;
It asks them, in language befitting, to feel
For the toil-worn, the suffering, while there.
It seems to direct us to Jesus our guide,
And points us to precepts He gave,
Which if but observed, thro' the land far &, wide,
Would Liberty bring to the slave.
Columbia's fair daughters, oh! weep at the sound,
Your sympathies let it engage;
At misery's call ne'er blush to be found
Inscribed on humanity's page.
Oh, then, let a mother's wild shriek of distress,
From the land which is Liberty's grave,
With the shackle, the chain, and the whip, now
Thy mind with the wrongs of the slave.
Ve Freemen arouse, and no longer be mute,
Tho groan of thy fellow is hoard;
The monster, with all itsdiro evils, uproot;
To feeling to action be stirred.
To tho ballol-box hie, and resolve, even now,
Thy country from ruin to save.
No longer theu cringe, no longer then bow
But vote for the Friend of the Slave.
Already America's grandeur is stain'd,
Our nation a bye-word become,
The mercy of Heaven we soon must have drain'd,
And fust is declining our sun;
But hope, as a beacon-light, fresh from on high,
Its banners around us shall wave;
To rescue our country from ruin we'll try,
Oi.r motto 'Let free the poor slave !'
Tho' tho proud may disdain, and tho tyrant may
And sycophants scornfully grin,
With heaven as our shield wc have nothing to
The conquest we surely shall win:
Already the ranks are filling so fast,
With the just, and the wise, and the brave,
We believe that ere long will be thought of as
The sighs and the groans of the slave !
and the air being still and humid, the smoke from
their guns hung like a cloud over the awful scene.
By the aid of this cloud the companions of Hig
gins escaped to the fort. Higgins' hoise having
been shot in tho neck, fell upon his knees; he rose
however, again. Higgies supposing him to be
mortally wounded, dismounted, and was about to
leave him. Perceiving soon thereafter his error,
and that the wound was not dnngerous, he deter
mined to make good his retreat, but resolved be
fore doing so, to avenge the death of some of his
He sought, therefore, a tree, from behind which
he could shoot with safety. A small elm, scarcely
sufficient to protect h'i3 "body, was near. It was
t ho only one in sight, and bc'fore he could reach it,
tho smoke partly arose and discovered to him a
number of Indians aproaching.
One of them was in the act of loading his gun.
Higgins haviny taken deliberate aim, fired at the
foremost savage and he fell. Concealed still by
the smoke, Higgins reloaded, mounted his horse,
and turned to fly, when a voice apparently from
the grass, hailed him with 'Tom, you won't leave
mo, will you ?'
Higgins turned immediately around, and seeing
a fellow-soldier, by tho name of Burgess, lying on
the ground, wounded and gasping tor breath, re
plied: iNo. I'll not leave you come along.'
'1 can't come,' said Burgess; 'my leg is all smash
ed to nieces.'
Higgins dismounted, and taking up his friend,
whose ancle had been broken, was about to lift
him on his horse, when tho latter taking fright
darted ofFin an instant, and left Higgins and his
wounded friend behind.
'This is too bad, 'said Higgins; 'but don't fear;
you hop off on your three legs, and I'll stay behind,
between you anil the Indians, and keep them oti.
Get into the tallest grass, and crawl as near the
ground as possible.' Burgess did so, and escaped.
1 he smoke which had hitherto concealed 11
gins, now cleared away, and he resolved, it possi-
blo to retreat. To follow the track of Burgess was
mcst expedient. It would, hawever endanger his
friend. He determined, therefore, to venture
boldly forward, and, if discovered, to secure his
retreat by tho rapidity of his flight. On leaving n
small thicket, in which he had sought refuge, ho
discovered a tall portly savage near by, and two
others in a direction between him and tho fort.
He paused for a moment, and thought if ho could
separate and fight them singly, his case was not
Ho started therefore for a little run of water
hard by, but found one of his limbs failing him it
having been struck by a ball in tho first encoun
ter, of which till now he was scarcely conscious.
The largest Indian pressed close upon him and
Higgins turned round two or three times in order
to fire. The Indian halted and danced about to
prevent his taking aim. Iliirgins saw it was un
safe to fire at random; and peicciving two others
approaching, knew he must bo overpowered in a
moment, unless he could dispose of the forward
Indian. Ho resolved, therefore, to halt, and re
ceive his fire. The Indian raised his rifle, and
Higgins, watching his eye, turned suddenly as his
finger pressed tho trigger, and received the ball in
bis thigh, which otherwise would have pierced his
Higgins fell, but immediately rose and run.
Tho foremost Indian, certain of his prey, now
loaded again, and with tho other two pressed on.
They overtook him Higgins fell again, and as he
rose tho whole three fired, and he received all
their balls. He now fell and rose again; and tho
Indians, throwing away their guns, advanced up
on him with spears and knives. As he presented
his gun at one or the other, each fell back.
At last, the largest Indian, supposing Higgins'
gun to bo empty from his fire having been thus re
served, advanced boldly to the charge. Higgins
fired, and the savage fell.
He had now (bur bullets in his body an cinntv
gun, two Indians unharmed, as yet, before him
and a whole tribe a few yards distant. Any other
man but Higgins would have despaired. Napole
on would have acknowledged himself defeated;
lifted the wounded ranger up, and throwing him
across a horse before one of the party, reached the
lort in safety.
"Higgins was insensible for several days, and
his lifo was preserved by continual care. His
friends extracted two of the balls from his thigh;
two, however, yet remained one of which gave
him a great ileal ot pain. Hearing afterward that
house, and all she has to livo upon is what kind
neighbors bring in.
"0, I know who you mean. Old widow Brown.
Mother has sent me there a great many times."
Well do you take your loaf of nice bread, and
get your mother to put a white napkin around it,
and then carrv it down to her house and say
"Here, Mrs. Brown, is a present from a little boy,
will you please accept of it?''
"Well, I'll do it' I know just what she will
say. She will cry, and then put her hands upon
my head, ond say God bless you my little boy!
And I shall feel so happy! I wish I had tho mon
eyNow. But I won't spend a cent until I get it."
Then indeed you will enjoy your money. "It
is indeed more blessed," Jesus says, "to give than
Who Bore the Burden. We have noticed
lately, that some of the slaveholdins members of
Congress in discussing the gag-rule, are in the
habit of glorifying tho south, particularly South
Carolina and Georgia, as if the fate of the Revo
lutionary struggle had depended on their efforts.
These mushroom politicians do not know tho his
tory of their country, or they would be silent. De
cember, 1782, a tax of 8,000,000 was laid by Con
gress, and apportioned according to the whole
nnmher of free white persons and three-fifths
of the slaves. The share of
the seven Northern and Middle states (free) was,
$4, 525, 144; that of the five Southern, or slave
States, 3, 374,854. All the States were at the
same timo well nish exhausted, specially the
Middle and Northern, which had bt'en most lavish
of their treasures, so that on the 28th of January,
.imiiii nun , ii, ... ."
a physician had settled within a day's ride of him, V03' uut ' progress nnu neen made in raising
1 i . . i. .. i i.- . n,i, i ' the amount tho ciisr then, stnni lina-
no ere n inn ro so ano seu mm. i d nnvs c an . . . .. .
(whose name is spared) asked him fifty dollars for
the operation. 1 his Higgins flatly refused, say
ing it was more tnan a nait a year's pension, nn
reaching home, he found the exercise of riding
had made the ball discernable; he requested his
wife, thercfoie to hand him his razor. With her
assistance he deliberately laid open his thigh, un
til the edge of the razor touched the bullet; then
inserting his two thumbs into the gash, ho "flirted
it out," as he used to say, "without costing him a
cent." The other ball yet remained; it gave him,
however, but little pain, and liccarrietl it with him
to his grave.
"Higgins died in Fayette county, Illinois, a few
years since. He was the most perfect specimen
of a frontier man in his day, and was once door
keeper of the house of Representatives in Illinois.
"The above account is taken principally from a
newspaper. Its author is unknown. The facts,
however, therein stated, are familiar to many, and
were first communicated to me by one of the judg
es of the Supreme Court of this State. They have
since been confirmed by others, and there is no
doubt of their correctness.
liaised from the free States, 342,201
" slave " 77,828
And this last amount was naid bv Maryland and
Virginia nlonc, not another Southern State having
yielded a copper. I ho little State of Rhode Is
land paid about 20,000 more than the great State
ofV irginia, and 12,000 more than Maryland; and
Massachusetts paid more than twice as much as
both of these put togethei I Philanthropist.
Compare the MEN and their
. .TOR PRESIDENTYi ,.
JAMES (i. IlIRNEY,
of Michigan. , .
Our own bUvo 'tales, and especially' the mote south
ern of them, in which the number of slaves is greater,
and in which, of course, the sentiment of injustice
stronger than the more northern ones, are to be placed (D
the list of decaying communities.
"The question now for the North finally to decide is
shall the slave states draw us down with them, and bclh
perish, or shall we, by a decided conjunct exertion of vir
tuous energy, save ourselves and them from destruction "
James G. Birney..
" I allow not to human laws, be they primary or Secon
dary, no matter by what numbers, or with what solemii;
ties ordained, the least semblance of right to establish Sla
very, to make property of my fellow, created equally with
myself, in the image of God. Individually, or as political
communities, men have no more right to enact Slavery,
than they have to enact murder, or blasphemy, or incest,
or adultery. To establish slavery is to dethrone right, to
trample on justice, the only true foundation of Govern
ment. Governments exist, not for the destruction of libw
erty, but for its defence not for the annihilation of meMl
rights, but their preservation." Birney on Annexation.'
Whilst the South is crying out for the Union, and char
ging the Abolitionists with aiming to destroy it, the Union
it wants !a ono in which the North is tamely to submit to '
ihfl 1 mlliynit ipa tin A itniyrnilalinn u; hIMi . T n nnn
free labor to the destruction of the press and the slaugh
ter of its defenders the subversion of the right of petition
in fine, to the handing over of the government to the
South, to be administered solely by slaveholding politi
cians for the perpetuhy of the system of slavery. Bri-
ney's Letter, Feb. 15, 1839.
The Faithful Dos,
Good Farming. It may bo luid down as a stand
ing rule, and as a guide to all direct exertions,
that nil good farming, the whole process by which
bad land is converted into good, or land naturally
good and productive is to be continued in that
state, is comprised in the three following opera
tions of husbandry. 1. To carry oft' all stagnant
and supurfluous water by means of judicious
draining. 2. To return through the medium of
manure, the strength and fertility which has been
extracted from the land by cropping. 8. To
eradicate all noxious weeds, that the strength of
tho manure may be thrown into the crops and not
into the weeds. Ilawslrone on Farming.
A Remarkable Adventure,
The following historical incident, though pos
sessing all the interest of romance, is extracted
irom the "History ot Illinois" now in course of
publication at the New World office. The work
to which we have already called tha attention of
our renders, is from the pen of Henry Brown,
Esq., of Chicago.
"The pioneer who dwells in the vicinity of In
dian hunting-grounds, forming a barrier between
savage and civilized man, learns to hato the In
dian because he hears him spoken of always as an
enemy. Havinjr listened from h eniilln tr tnlou
of savage violence, and perused with interest the
narrative of aboriginal cunning and ferocity, and
numbering also, among the victims of soino mid
night massacre, his nearest and dearest relations,
it is not to be wondered at that he should fear and
(htest tho savage. While the war-whoop is sound
ing in his car, tho rifle is kept in readiness, and
the cabin door secured with the return of evening.
Among those thus born and reared, one Thom
as Higgins of Kentucky stands pre-eminent. Du
ri iff the war of 1812. he enlisted nt fho enrlv mm
of nineteen in a company of rangers, and came to
iinnois. une oi tno most extraordinary events
during that war, occurred near Vandalia, in which
Higgins participated. Men talk of Marathon, and
Wellington, with all his obstinacy, would have
considered tho case doubtful and Charlesof Swe
den have regarded it as one of peril. Not so with
Higgins. lie had no notion of surrendering yet.
Ho had slain the most dangerous of the three; and
having little to foar from the others, ho begun to
load his rifle. They raised a savage whoop, and
rushed to tho encounter; but kept a respectful dis
tance who Higgins' rifle was loaded, but when
they knew it was empty, they were better soldiers.
"A bloody conflict now ensued. The Indians
now stabbed him in several places. 1 ho spears,
however were but thin poles, hastily prepared for
the occasion, and bent whenever they struck a rib
or muscle. The wounds they made were not there
fore deep, but numerous, as his scars sufficiently
'At last one of them threw his tomahawk. It
struck him upon tho cheek, passed through his
ear, which it severed, laid bare his skull to the
back of his head, and stretched him upon the prai
rie. The Indians again rushed on; but Higgins,
recovering his self-possession, kept them off with
his hands; crasping at length one of their spears,
the Indian in attempting to pull it from him, rais
ed Higgins, who, taking up his rifle, smote the
nearest savago and dashed out his brains. In so
doing, however, his rifle broke, the barrel only re
maining in his hand.
"The other Indian, who had hitherto fought
with caution, came now manfully into the battle.
His character as a warrior was in jeopardy. To
havo fled from a man thus wounded and disarmed,
or to have suffered his victim to escape, would
have tarnished his fame forever.
"Uttering, therefore, a terrific yell, ho rushed
on, an I attempting to stab tho exhausted ranger;
but the latter warded off his blow with olio hand,
and brandash'mg his rifle with the other.
"Tho Indian was yet unharmed, and under ex
isting circumstances, by far the most powerful
man. Higgins' courage however was inexhausti
ble. The savago at last began to retreat from the
glare of his untamed eve. to the snot whero he
dropped his rifle. Higgins knew if the Indian re
covered his riflo his own casn was desperate;
throwing therefore his rifle-barrel aside, ami draw
ing his hunting-knife, he rushed upon his foe. A
desperate strife ensued; deep gashes were inllict-
A REVOLUTIONARY REMINISCENCE.
"Died at Victory, Cayuga county, N. Y, June
24, 1844, Mrs. Mary Gregg, aged 8 2 years, 11
months and 23 days. The deceased was a mem
ber of the Presbyterian Church for more than six
ty years, and always adorned her profession by a
life devoted to the commands of the Savior She
was deprived of her natural sight for the last fif
teen years of her life, which was a great affliction;
yet it seemed to make her more devoted, and her
spiritual sight grew brighter and brighter, until
she fell asleep in Jesus, without a struggle or a
Mary Gregg, was the widow of Captain James
Gregg, of ho Revolution, of whom I will give a
short account tuken from her own words. Being
a professional man in the city of Albany, and hav
ing impaired his health by close attention to study
his physician advised him to join the army, in or
der to regain his health. He accordingly took a
Captain's commission, and with a heart full of pa
triotism and love of his country, he served with
honor to himself and usefulness to his country.
In 1778, while at Fort Stanwick, on the Mohawk
river, he was shot, tomahawked and scalped, all
of which ho survived, and again resuming his
sword, fought for liberty until peace was proclaim
ed. A short account of his being scalped was
published in the American Preceptor, under the
title of 'The Faithful Dog.' The circumstances
areas follows: Leaving the Fort one morning with
his servant, whoso name was Madison, they fol
lowed tho Indian trail for some three quarters of
n mile, for tho purpose of shooting pigeons; they
started on their return. In an instant the report
of a riflo and the fall of tho servant announced an
enemy. Casting his eye to the left, Gregg saw the
savage start from behind a tree, with his unload
ed rifle in one hand and an uplifted tomahawk in
tho other, bounding towards him with the agility
and fierceness of a tiger. Knowtng that, if taken
alive he would be tortured, he prepared to sell his
lifo as dearly as possible. Having his shot gun in
Ins hand, he waited until the Indian was near
enough to take effect. When in the act of raising
his piece to his face, the keen, eye of the Indian
anticipated him.the latter threw his tomahawk and
struck the silver plate of Gregg's cap, gashing
from that to the left side of his head in a shocking
manner.. At the same instant that tho tomahawk
struck his head, a ball from another Indian's rifle
passed through tho center of his body, forward of
tho Kidneys, and took. oft the top ot the left hip
none, nu ten to tho ground but was perfectly
sensible while the bloody knifo was passed around
and taking his scalp from his head; after which
through loss ot hlood, he tainted, and after some
three hours, was revived by his dog licking his
head. Ho then perceived he had the uso of his
hands, and crawled some three rods to his servant
found him entirely dead, and, again fainting, he
lay with his head on his servant ubout three hours
longer, his dog still licking his wounds till ho re
vived. He then scut his dog for help. About
half a mile from there I ho dog found three men
fishing, and, with his piteous moans and en
treaties, enticed them into the woods und hurried
them to his master's relief as soon as possible.
The men formed a litter of sticks, lifted the Cap
tain upon it, and carried him to the Fort; thence
he was token to the Hospital at Albany, whereaf
ter long suffering from his wounds, which were
distressing, ho so far recovered in one year, that
he resumed his sword and took command of his
company, und did not again lay down his arms un
til peace was secured. N. Y. Tribune.
Ripe Fruit and Dysentery. There is a per
nicious prejudice with which people are too gen
erally imbued: it is that fruits arc injurious in the
dysentery that they produce and increase it.
There is not, perhaps, a more false prejudice.
Bad fruit, and that which is imperfectly ripened,
may occasion colics, and sometimes diarrhoea but
never epidemic dysentery. Ripe fruits of all kinds,
especially in tho summer, are the true preserva
tives against this nialadv. I he greatest iniury
they can do.is in dissolving the humors, and particu
larly the Pile, ot which they arc true solvents, and
occasion uiarrncen. jtsut even tnis uiarhoca is a
protection against the dysentery. Wherever the
dysentery has prevailed, I have eaten less animal
food anil more fruit, and have never had the slight
est attack. I have seen eleven patients In the same
house; nine were obedient to the direction given,
and ate fruit: they recovered. The grandmother.
and a child she was most partial to, died. She pre
scribed for the chiid burnt brandy and oil, power
ful aromatics, and torbade the use ot fruit. She
followed the same course herself, and met the like
rate, a minister attacked with dvsenterv. ate
three pounds of red currents, between seven o'clock
in the morning and nine in the evening: next day
ne was entirely cured. Tissol.
TOR VICE PRESIDENT,
TIIOTI AS JVIOKRIS,
of Ohio. , ,
" I rejoice, that the abolition of slavery throughout the'
civilized world is no longer problematical; it seems to be
almost universally conteded that this stupendous fraud
upon a portion of the human race is fast drawing to a
close, and ihe great question with us it truly, what meas
ures are nest suited to accomplish this desirable end in
the United States.
" Political action is necessary to produce
moral reformation in a nation : and that action with us
can only be effectually exercised through the ballot box.
And surely the ballot box can never be used for a more
noble purpose, than to restore and secure to every man
his inalienable rights." Thomas Morris.
I am not disposed to submit to the dictation of slavehol
ding power, or to abridge the freedom of speech or of tbe
press, or the right of petition, as constitutionally secured
to the citizens of this country; and if the slaveholding
power, by attempting to do so, shall dig its own grare,
and inhume its own victims, it will not be the fault of the
free States. Morris' Letter to A. Campbell, 1837.
As life is a day's journey, and as wo are all trav
clers, it would be well for us to examine whether
wo have rnado any endeavors to secure a comfor
table lodging at night.
It is awful to think that there is one sin which
ad inits of no forgiveness; but it is for our comfort
to know, that it cannot he the sin of him who great
ly reors ue nas commuted it.
ii is only a cent. Now my little lad don't
spend that cent for candy.
"Why, didn't my father give it to me?"
Certainly ho did, but that is no reason why you
should snend it. If you run over to the candy
shop ami buy a roll, in five minutes you will bono
betterN)fffor having tho money; now save your
money (and your health) and put it in a box.
"But it is only a cent!"
A hundred of them will make a dollar and if
you never save the cents you will never bo worth
: "But papa gavo me this to enjoy it. I don't
want to lay it up."
Well, I will tell you how to enjoy it. Not by
throwing it away for unwholesome sweetmeats:
but Jtecp it until you have six, and then go to the
bakers and buy a nice loaf of bread r .
"Why, wbat'do I wont to do with bread? Moth
er gives mo all I need."
Stop a moment, and I will tell you. . poor
old widow lady lives down the alley below your
Waitsfield, O Skinnor
Worcester, Rov. 5L Eolsom
Bradford, J D Clark
Brokfleld D Kngsbury
Do S M Bigelow
Chelsea, Ilarrv Hale
Corinth, Rev A U Smith
do J Follows
Fairlee, G May
JVewbury, Rev S Si as
Randolph, E Eastman
Strafford, A Warner
Post Mills, L Hinkley
Thetford, Rev A C Smith
W Topsham, Rev S Leavitt
Timbridge, W 15 Scott
Vershire, B O Tyler
Oange, P L Lord
Burlington, D Fish
Charlotte, C Grant
Hinesburgh, A Beecher
Williston, VV1I French
Essex, Col. S Page
A DDISON CO.
N Ferrisbur" Rv C Prindle
Cornwall, Rev Mr Wright
V ergennes, A Sprague
Enosburg, I Fuller
Montgomery, J Martin
St Albans, L Brainard
Bakersfield, C C Stone
Hardwick, W Wheatley
Lyndon, Mr Skinner
Peacham, Rev 1 D Rust
Walden, S Farnsworth.
Albany, Rev G Putnam
Barton, w Seaver
Coventty, J Hard
Craftsbury, A Slimpson
Glover, Rev R Mason
Greensboro', G II Page
Irasburgh, Rev J Clark
Lowell, J D Harding
Morgan, Rev D Packer
. LAMOILLE CO.
Cambridge, M Safford
Eden, C Fisk
Elmore, Dea Camp
Hydepark, E P Fitch
Johnson, A w Caldwell
Morrislown, I West
Stow, B H Fuller
Watervitle, II A Fisk
do O D Page
V'jcoU, J Smith
btlhcl, Rev D Field
Cavendish, Rv w F Evans
Chister, O Hutchinson
Rothester Rev Wm Scales
Royalton, D Woodward
Sharon, P Metcalf
Woodstock, T Hutchinson
Brandon, J VV Hale
Rutland, RK Thrall
Wallingford, Rev MrCon
stantine & D E Nichlson
Rockingham, Rev Mr Bar
ber. Townshend, VV R Shafler
Wilmington, O L Shafior
Wardtboro'. Dr. D Hyde
Hammonds Mills, Dr. S
Jamaica, Rev. M Spencei
Fayettville, E Alwood
Dover, P P Perry
Manchester, D Roberts ji
I Malteson, No. Benningto
Lemuel Boltum, Shaftsbur
John Landon, Factory Poir
Sherman Parris, Dorset
E3 Shonnan.w. Rupert
Dea. Hurd, Sandgttte
Dr. McKey, Arlington
Whig Candidate for President,
" I know there is a visionary dogma which holds that
negro slaves cannot be the subjects of property. I shall
not dwell lone upon this speculative abstraction. J hat
is properly which the law declares to be properly.
two hundred years of legislation have Sanctioned and
sanctified negro slaves as property."
" If I had been acilizen of Pennsylvania when Frank
lin's plan (of gradual emancipation) was adopted, I should
have voted frr it; because, by no possibility could the
black race ever g-iin the ascendancy in that State. But
if I had been then, or were now a citizen of any of the
planting States the southern or south-western Slates
I should have opposed, and would cont inue to oppose,
any scheme whatever of emancipation, gradual or im
" It is not true, and I REJOICE that it is not true,
that either of the two great parties in this country haa
any design or aim at abolition. I should DEEPLY
LAMLiNT if it were true." Clay s Speech in the Sen
ate, Feb. 7, 1839.
I would suffer the tortures of the inquisition before I
would sign a bill having for its object the abulition of sla
very in the District of Columbia, or in any manner give
countenance to the project. Clay'sremark to Wise, '41.
Discussion implies deliberation; deliberation is prelim
inary to action. The people of the North have no right
to act upon the subject of Southern slavery, and therefore
they have no right to deliberate no right to dis
cuss! Clay's Speech, 1837. J
It was in this very chamber, Senatei Holmes, of Maine,
presiding in a committee of the Senate, and lina commit
tee of 24 of the House of Representatives, on a Sabbath
day, that the terms were adjusted by which the Missouri
compromise was effected! Clay's Tariff Speech, Feb.
The most convenient route from Washington City to
the slave regions bordering on tho Ohio and upper Missis
sippi rivers is through Washington, Pennsylvania. If
Pennsylvania, on the pretext that she is a free State, and
cannot tolerate slavery on her soil, should obstruct tha
free transit of slaves over the national road, and undertake
to set them all free on their journey is it not rami im
portant to the slaveholding Otates, and tn the Union, itself)
thai Cnnarpan ahnillil hava t.hft nnWAr In nrnvidn ihfli slavM
0 I I r "
may be held and pass in transitu through Pennsylvania,
in spite of any local regulation against it? Such a. power
in Congress is essential to the welfare of the Northern,
slaveholding States. '
Surely the power of the general government over tha.
slave trade within the limits I have staled, between the,
States, and the coasting trade is complete, and univer
sally conceded, and this Government is bound to,
PROTECT IT! And no doubt the time will come when,
every slaveholding State will wish and invoke the aulhpr-
itU anil nnWBI nf ill fiilll.pal ntarnm.Bl f" - llii. mi -
pote. And he who would limit the power beyond this.
..I.. . ..
is iiimseu uoing wnai ne can to suDserve tne purposes ofj
ihe agitators! abohtionists.1 Clay's Speech before,
ihe Sup. Court, 1841, and endorsed in the U. S. Senate.)
He urged the importance of keeping the abolitionist
separate and distinct from all other classss, unmixed with
the rest of community, without the general sympathy, and
exposed to the overwhelming power of the united opinion
of all who desire the peace, harmony, and union, of -our
confederacy. Clay's Speech on Calhoun's Resolutions,
Holland, C Robinson
Miron Owen, Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y.
The following gentlemen are authorized by the Stat
Committee of the Liberty Party, to act as their Agents in
this Slate, in Lecturing, collecting funds for the cause,
and obtaining subscribers for the Freeman,
ChaunceyL. KNAPP.Esq., Montpelier.
Rev. John Gleed, Wolcott.
Rev. C. C. Briggs, Montpelier.
D. Nicholson, Esq. Wallingford,
Rev. A. St. Clair.
Rev. Orren Shii'man, Hartford, N. Y.
Democratic Candidate for President.
JAMES K. POLK.
A slaveholder of Tennessee. ,
As Speaker in Congress, he gave great license to rowdy
ism and insubordination.
His greatest claims are, that he is in favor of the imme
diate annexation of Texas, at all hazards, and is a pet tf
Gen. Jackson. , , , , 0,
The convention which nominated Mr. Polk resolved
" that all efforts of the abolitionists or others, made to in
duce Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or
to take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calcu
lated to lead to the most alarming and dangerous conse
quences, and that all such efforts have an inevitable ten
dency to diminish the happiness of the people and endan
ger the stability and permanency of the Union, and ought
not to be countenanced by any friend of our political insti
tutiona." i u4 i.i..i iui .. ii'i ..-
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