Newspaper Page Text
For the Freemttn.
Something about Texas,-No. 1.
I fin J in the President's message to the Senate,
Anril 22, IS 14, the following remarks, which tend
to show that much greater, and more lasting nnd
mischievous results hang upon annexation, than
our politicians seem willing to admit.
"In ihe inaffuitude of its productiveness, it will
equal in a short time, under the protecting care of
this government, ifu does not surpass, the confi
ned production of many of the states of this con
federacy. Texas being adapted .to the culture of
cotton, sugar, and rice, and devoting most of her
energies to the raising these productions, will open
nn extensive-market to the Western states, in the
important articles of beef, pork, horses, mules, Sic
11 t, cinfT At the same time, the
as. nun us in wn uu
'Southern and Southeastern Biases will find in the
fact of annexation, protection to their peace and
tranquility, (slavery) as well as aga.nst all domes
tic or foreign efforts to disturb them." Senator
Chonte says the territory of Texas' is forty times
ns large as Massachusetts. The President's mes
sage says it will surpass in productions the com
i, l .,1-rwl ni't'mii nf manv of the states; and these
productions will be sugar, cotton, and rice. Mr.
Clay's' notion of three free states nnd two slave
Btufcjtmade out of Texas was probably forced up
on him by his peculiar position.
The agents of Texas to negotiate the treaty
with Mr.nCallioun for annexation, in a letter dated
April 15, 1344, claim as public lands belonging to
-Texas 203,520,000 acres, and admit their public
debt to have been on the 12th of January, 1S44
Benton and others
For ihe Freeman.
Mr. Dillingham on Texas.
Amonsr the objections, which Mr. D. named in
his Stowe speech, that had been made against the
annexation of Texas, was that of slavery. But
he was unable to see the force of that, inasmuch
as the annexation would make no more slaves
than are now slaves in Texas. The negroes were
slaves there without annexation, nnd they would
Ip no more than slaves with it. It did not change
their number or condition. It would only be ex
tendin-i over them the wing of our Eagle, and ad-
din- another star to the glory of America, without
in the least extending or sustaining slavery.
Such was, in substance, Mr. D.'s argument up
on that point, and the Texans who had collected
from nearly all parts of the county to witness the
overthrow of the libeity party, were highly de
lighted to see it done with such unanswerable ar
gument. Tho objection to Texas, on account of
its slavery was to be completely swept away by
this master stroke of congressional ingenuity.
But as the election in this town has shown, the
liberty party was neither overthrown, nor the ab
olitionists converted to Texas by this argument.
We could not see what objection Mr. D. might
have, upon this mode of reasoning, to bring the
10,000 slaves from the district ot Uoiumoia lino
the Stale of Vermont, and establishing slavery
here among our Green Mountains, provided u uni
not change the number or condition of American
slaves. What objection! Theso 10,000 negroes
are slaves where they now arc, and why not here,
then, in Vt. as well as the proud capital of this re
public? And further, what objection, pray, mi
Mr. D. have that the slaves of Cuba, of Brazil, of
That debt is now estimated by Mr. tho world, should just come um.u. iu v.,.6
Iip over S20.000.000. It is shadows of our eagle's wing, and we Dear tne sin,
also claimed by Mr. Benton, C. M. Clay, and oth
ers, that every foot of this public land is now ap
propriated. I also find in the official correspondence of our
Qri,in,-i; nf State, to Mr. Murphy, our Minister
lr j wim j ' j i
inTexas, the folio-wing, which tends to show that
the whole project of annexation has been started
and thus far conducted by slaveholders, for the
stretpnheninir and support of slavery. Hence I
infer that every interest of the country, but that of
slavery, is opposed to the scheme. The Secretary
says, speaking of the possibility that Texas may
abolish slavery if not annexed to our government,
'The establishment in the very midst of our slave
states, of an independent govermient, forbidding
the existence of slavery, could not fail to 'produce
the most unhappy effects. Her territory would
afford a ready refuge for the fugitive slaves of
Louisiana and Arkansas, and would hold out to
theiM.'nn encouragement to run away, which no
regulations could counteract. Our Constitution
.Tiini-niitpcs all the ri slits of the slaveholder, and
there is an act of Congress which provides the
means of enforcing them. The slaveholder ofthe
United States has not yet lost the hope that all the
embarrassments which individuals or states have
thrown in the way of that properly may be remo
ved by the quiet action of our own systems. I a in
very desirous to impress this subject upon your
attention. Few calamities could befall this coun
ts more to bedepbrcd than the abolition of do-
mcstic slavery in Texas."
Mr. Secretary of State enquires in this letter ul-
BO of our Minister in Texas, about a Mr. Andrews,
an abolitionist in Texas. The same Andrews I
suppose who is engaged as counsel in Mr. Tor
rey's case. In Mr. Minister's answer to Mr. Sec
retary, he says of Mrv Andrews, "this Andrews
has resided at Houston some lour or five years-
was a lawyer in good, practice, ami a man ot some
property in and about Houston. On his return,
the citizens having found out he had been making
expositions for tho abolition of slavery in Texas,
drove himjiy force, from the state, denying linn
the privilege of return. Such is the temper and
mir.d of tho people, on the subject of abolition."
Will there be three free states carved out of that
Pritnrv whose people have such a temper and
:.,.i .,n ihr subioct of abolition? This Minis-
luimi u'u" j ,
" ter says in another letter to the Secretary, for
innny years i have looked with anxious solicitude
to this growing fanaticism, and the evils it was
likely to bring upon my country. When I look
at the prospect of abolition in Texas, 1 feel a whirl
wind of emotion in my bosom which I will not at
.,t tn describe. .Our whole southern interests
are involved in this negotiation. The great blow
to our civil' institutions is to be struck here. The
constitution of Texas secures to the master, in the
most nervous and clear language, his rights to his
elave. ' Now nil the United States has to do is, to
aid the people of Texas in sustaining their consli-
curse and responsibility of enslaving fifteen instead
of two and a half millions of our fellow beings.
This would make no more slaves in the world
than there now are, and how could such an act
. . 1 3
look like encouragement, on our part, to siaveiyr
Thus might we reason in relation to every other
evil in the world, and say it might exist under our
government as under any other, if it must exist.
If we can take all tho evils that exist in one for
eign state into our government, and guarantee
their perpetuity, why not, also, as consistently
those of another? If Texas wants slavery guar
anteed, and we are prepared to do it, under the
plea that it is just as well for the slaves to be held
by American as Texas law, then we may annex
Mexico next, if she desires it, and guarantee the
privileges ofthe priesthood, the Catholic religion,
and the despotism exercised by her grandees over
But I think Mr. D. will not be willing to apply
his logic to other matters than Texas; and not e
ven there, if the position in which his party had
. ....... I ... .... .i Wtn
placed nun did not urive mm iu mai mu-u. nj
not give a charter to the nest of gamblers who in
fest Hamburgh, to carry on their business in Bos
ton? It would make no more gamblers in the
world, and since the evil exists, why not as well
under the fostering care of the sons of the pilgrims,
as in a foreign state ?
Our Republic has doubtless a higher and holier
mission to perform tlian drawing to ner emoratu
the crimes of foreign States ! What if our refusal
to annex Texas on account of her slavery, does
not liberate a slave? Is the objection thereby rc
mvul) Tim ninchinerv of our Government is
not adapted to the work of despotism. When,
therefore, it is made subservient to snch nn end, it
becomes destructive of the objects for which it
was established, and is thereby brought into dis-
repute in the eyes of the world. The good it
'rnitrht otherwise accomplish is prevented. And
althou"h the extending our republican jurisdiction
over a slave territory as large as thirty states like
Vermont, would not increase the number of slaves,
it would prove that a representative republic,
based upon the principle of inalienable human
rights, can as readily do the work of despotism as
any ofthe monarchies ofthe old world.
B. H. F.
Stowe, Sept. 24.
Oi'ib Inference. If according to
Tv; cannot much longer maintain her slavery
...:.i..,t nid from the United States, it would seem
'that annexation will directly affect the question of,
Blavery one wnv or the other. The Fifteen thou
and slaves now in Texas are to remain slaves
with annexation, and to become free without. It
;. tl.n same ouestion ns to establish slavery where
it does not exist. It is whether we win miene.e
in support of slavery in a foreign state, or leave it
to meet a speedy death by the result of causes now
i nnnrntion. This view of the question stops the
mouth of that pretended abolitionist who goes lor
Texas under Uio plea that it will not alter the con
dition ofthe Slaves. The slaves are about break-in-
loose from Texan despotism. Annexation is a
new chain the slaveholders of Texas and the Uni
States now cull for to bind tlicm down again.
Mr. Clay says he should be glad to see it Mr.
Polk and his friends say they are in favor of it im
mediately. But I think Uncle Sam has now got
'ns much slave territory ns he can well manage,
and as many slaves as he can take care of. Our
constitution does not design to cover what slavery
wft have now. nnd to attempt to stretch its protect
ion over 'he curse in a foreign state, would car-
tainly break it to atoms..
For the Freeman.
Freewill Baptists' Yearly Meeting.
At the last session of tho Vermont Yearly Meet
ing of Freewill Baptists,' a society was organized,
(in the conference of business) having for its ob
ject, the Abolition of Slavery, in theso United
States, with the following Declaration oj i rwc
1. We regard American Slavery as u suumi,
moral and political evil.
2 We believe the best interests of our country
require its immediate abolition.
3. We view slavery as the creature or law.
and whereas the Freeman's oath requires, that in
the exercise ofthe elective franchise, we should
sustain the natural rights all -men, therefore
4. We believe it to be wrong to vote for slave
holders or apologists for slavery, to serve as legis
lators or executioners of law
The society was organized with a Constitution,
the 5th article of which, provides that any person
cf good moral character, may become a member
by signing their Constitution.
Tho following is a list ofthe officers ns appoint
STEPHEN LEAV1TT, West Topsham,
Eli Clark, Strafford,
Gilman Sanborn, Corinth,
D. M. Laod, Enosburg,
Moses Folsom, Worcester,
Eld. Z. Young, Stanstead, C. E., I
Dea. J. F. Lampson, Watcrbury. j
Eld. Stedman Cummings, Corinth, Secretary and
Voted that a notice ofthe organization of this so
ciety, be forwarded to the Green Mountain Free
man for publication.
Stedman Cummings, Secretary.
Severe but True, An English paper of recent
gouri will be a total failure, on
weathf r and inundations.
j grace a nation of savages.'
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
IS HENRY CLAY A DUELIST?
The noise and smoke of the last conflict have
nearly passed away, nnd whilst we are preparing
for another still more desperate encounter, it may
bo well to stop and look at a few simple facts. I
write not for the aspiring politician, or tor the
insane partizan, who stops not to reason, but mail
rushes on it. the course ho has been pursuing,
whether it be right or wrong. Such men cannot
be reasoned with. Truths, however pungent,
make no impression on their consciences; and
facts, however well authenticated, find no loug-
ment in their bosoms. But I write tor those who
are governed by religious principle and are seek
ing after truth and right.
A great effort has been made by both parties to
conceal the bad traits in the character of their
i i t
leaders. The whigs have been desperate whenev
er an attempt has been made to exhibit Mr. Clay's
real position as a duelist, tacts are stubborn
things; and in reviewing Mr. Clay's life on this
point, I shall deal with facts which no honest man
will attempt to gainsay.
In the vear 1808, Mr. Clay and Humphrey Mar
shall were rnenjfiefcs of the legislature of Kentucky.
They were personal and political opponents, ex
ceedingly embittered; and during a debate on the
duty of wearing home-made clothes, the personal
abuse between them arose so high that, at length,
Mr. Clay determined to seek his revenge in blood.
He challenged his opponent the challenge was
accepted, and the following rules were agreed on
as tho terms ofthe combat. They are a good il
lustration ofthe blood-thirsty spirit that actuated
iiRnlfls in be observed bv Mr. ClaV and Mr.
Marshall, on the ground, in settling the af
fair now pending between them:
1. " Each gentleman will take his station at ten
paces distant from each other, and will stand as
mav suit his choice, with his arms hanging down;
ami after the words Attention I Fire ! being given,
both may fire at their leisure.
2. A snap or flash shall be equivalent to a fire.
3. " If one should fire before the other, he who
fires first shall stand in the position in which he
was when he fired, except that he may let his arms
f.ill xj iiiu idp.
4. " A violation ofthe above rules by either of
the parties, (accidents excepted,) shall subjf.ct
THE OFFENDER TO INSTANT DEATH.
" J. B. CAMPBELL.
" JAMES F. MOORE."
The duel was fought a little below the mouth of
silver Creek, in Indiana, after an interval of four
teen d:ivfi. The seconds, Messrs. Campbell and
. .. - . . . .
Moore, gave the,-following official description oi
"Ten steps, the distance agreed npon, was mea
sured off, and each gentleman took his stand. The
word being given, both gentlemen fired. Mr.
Marshall's fire did not take effect. Mr. Clay suc
ceeded so far as to give Mr. Marshall a slight
wound in the belly. Preparations were then made
for a second fire. .Mr. Marshall again fired with
out effect.' Mr. Clay snapped, which, agreeably
to the rules agreed upon, was equivalent to a fire.
A third preparation was made, when each gentle
man stood at his station waiting for the word.
Mr. Marshall fired first and gave Mr. Clay n flesh
wound in the thigh. Mr. Clay filed without ef
fect. MR. C. INSISTED ON ANOTHER I'lllEVEnT
ardently, but his situation, resulting from the
wound, placing him on unequal ground, his im-nni-.rv
tp nrotiFST was not eo in id ied w i th . We
deem it justice to both the gentlemen to pronounce
their conduct on the occasion cool, determined and
brave in the highest degree."
Thus it appears that Mr. Clay aimed three
times at a fellow citizen with the intent to kill, and
then insisted " very ardently'' on another fire, and
it was only on account of his wound that his " im
portunate request" was not granted.
Mr. Clay's duelling propensities did not exhibit
themselves very fully again until January 31st,
1825, when a member of Congress wrote an arti
cle for the Columbian Observer, published in Penn
sylvania, charging Mr. Clay with having made a
bargain with Mr. Adams to use his influence to e
lect him president on condition that Mr. C. should
be appointed secretary; whereupon Mr. Liay puu
lished a card concluding thus:
" I Dronounce the member, whoever he may be,
a base and infamous calumniator a dastard and a
liar; and if he dare unveil himself and owu his
name, I will hold him responsible, as I admit my
self to be, to all the laws which govern and regu
late the conduct of men of honor."
This general charge did not result in a duel, but
in April 1826, John Randolph, on the floor of
Congress ngnin referred to this in such a manner
as to call forth a challenge from Mr. Clay, which
resulted in a duel. Two shots were exchanged
and it was only by a stratagem that Randolph sav
ed his life.
We .now come to a deed In which Mr. Cloy
took a more conspicuous pnrt than is generally
known, or he willing to acknowledge. In the
month of February 1839, Hon. W. J. Graves, a
whig member of Congress from Kentucky, was
the bearer cf a challenge from J. W. Webb to the
Hon. J. Cillcy, democratic member of Congress
from Maine for words spoken in debate. Mr.
Cilley wholly declined accepting the challenge, for
easona which were entirely satisfactory to Mr.
Grnves: hut. on consultation with Mr. Clay, it
was determined to require Mr. Cilley to put his
reasons in writing, and to stnte, among other
things, that he considered Mi'.' Webb a gentleman.
l'his he refused to do; and for not admitting that
to be true which he Knew to be laise, jyjr.
Graves, by t lip advice of Mr. Clay, challenged and
killed Ci ev. Mr. Slav's connexion witn tins
deed was not generally known until four years af
terwards, when it was disclosed by Mr. Wise.
In a letter dated February 28'h, 1842, addressed
to Mr. Wise, Mr. Clay says:
" I did not know Mr. Graves bore a nolo from
Col. Webb to Mr. Cilley until after the delivery of
the note and Mr. Graves received from him a ver
hal answer. In this stage of the transaction, for
the first time, Mr. Graves communicated, the
transaction to me, nnd I congratulated him on Ihe
fact of that being perleotly satisfactory, and such
as to absolve him from all obligation to pursue the
On (nnvpra'mcf toirptlier we both aureed thatlnnt. and havinsr retired, the Doctor commenced
to cuard against further misunderstanding and something like a speech. "I wan't to hear nothing
. 1, ., .
mUi-enresentation. it was desiranie mat umey
should put in writing what he had verbally an
swered. That, Graves said, he had no doubt
would readily be done. But an unfortunate mis
understanding arose between the parties as to the
terms or nature ot the verDai answer, wmcn ter-
tpd in the challenge.
"When, on the dav preceding the duel, Graves,
in company with you, came to my room, I was in
that ho was determined to challenge Cilley,
t,o ulmwPil rrm the challenge which he had
drawn. Upon reading it, I thought it closed the
door to all accommodation; staled that objection
mid sketched a draft in my oion hand writing,
which would admit of an amicable adjustment."
This draft in Clay's own ha'id writing, was
copied by Graves ami sent to Cilley. It was in the
Washington City, Feb 23, 1839.
Hon. J. Cilley: As you have declined accept
ing a communication which I bore to you from
Col. Webb, and as, by your note of yesterday,
you nave reiuseu to oeciine on grounua ma. ........
exhoiiorate me from all responsibility growing out
of thi.i affair. I am left no other alternative but to
..cli thnt satisfaction which is recognized among
gentlemen. My friend, Col. Henry A. Wise, is
authorised by me to make the arrangements suita
ble to the occasion.
Your obedient bervnnt.
W. J. GRAVES.
From a statement published by Messrs Wise
and Jones (the seconds) after the duel, it appears
that Jones stated to Wise, when Cilley accepted
the challenge, that he " was authorised by Cilley
to sav, that in declining to receive the note from
Col. Webb, he meant no disrespect to Graves, be
cause he entertained for nim then, as he does now,
the highest respect and the most kind feelings;
but that he declined to receive the note because he
chose not to be drawn into any controversy with
If there had tieen a door open in the challenge,
why was not the matter settled without a duel: for
surely no one could justly have asked a greater
concession than that made by Cilley?
The terms were settled to fight with rifles, at
the distance of eighty paces. Wise, Graves sec
ond, in a published note, says: I opposed but Clay
approved of the adoption ofthe terms.
That Mr. Clay might have altered the arrange
ments or prevented the duel by a single word, is
evident from the whole aspect of the evidence, and
is expr?ssly so declared by Wise, who says:
" In defence of tho course pursued by Graves
I never failed to quote the authority of the advice
of his friend Clay." ,.,,..
I hnvH said that Graves sousht his (Cluy's) ad
vice at the very beginning of his correspondence
-,tl. r.illpv. ihfit his (Clav's'i advice was given,
and that it was the controlling advice with Graves
Mr.'Clav himself says, in his letter to W:
"I admit, without any reservation whatever,
that on all points of the controversy respecting
which he, (Graves,) asked my opinion, I gave it
to him freely, according to my best judgment."
That he felt a great responsibility arising from
personal participation in the arrangements, is ap
parent from his reply to Johnson and King, who
called on him to interfere or call on the police to
prevent the meeting. He replied that " Graves
j had consulted him. He ought not to have been
! consulted; but having been, the honor of his friend,
I ... . . II...
who was the challenger, might lie compromiseu uy
any advance on his (Clay's) part to arrest the pro
gress ofthe affair.
It is also deserving of notice that VV ise was re
jected by the whig senate, by an overwhelming
majority when nominated as minister to r ranee in
1843, hut in 1844, when nominated as minister to ,
Brazil, he was confirmed by the same senate, by a
vote of 30 to 10; and Mr. Leavitt, who was at
Washington about that time, affirms " that it was
the prevailing impression there at the time, that
Wise received his appointment as a sop, to put
him out of the way and keep him still about the
I am aware that Clay has labored hard to show
that he made an attempt to stop the duel; but, ac
cording to the testimony of Johnson and King, he
informed them at the time that, being " the friend
of Graves, I could not invoke the authority
of the police to prevent the duel."
There was evidently guilt resting upon the head
of some one; and judging from these facts, hc-
lievc Henry Clay had no small share of it.
In 1840, Senator Walker on the floor of Con
gress, made some remarks that offended Clay nnd
aroused his dueling propensities somewhat. The
following is his reply to him:
" I have oulv a single word to say to the senator
,., MWirfiimi.i. and it is probably the last notice
I If III 1' II . 1 w " .
he will ever receive from me. L,et me ten mat
senator and all those who back him, that old,
young, or dying, I shall never tail to repel inso
lence and impertinence, or answer any calls which
honor might demand, Here or eisewnere. i meieiy
rose to rebuke insolence and impertinence, ami to
let that senator, and those who prompt him, know,
that as long as one single pulsation thronued in
this heart, I shall never fail to do so."
Here the matter ended, without any challenge
on either side
We now come to his last fracus, for which ho is
now under bonds to keep the peace. During the
special session of the Senate in March 1341, called
for the purpose of acting on Gen. Harrison's first
nominations, Blair & Rives were removed after a
long debate, from the office of printers to the Sen
ate. Mr. Clay took a leading part in the debate,
and spoke in very strong terms against the charac
ter of Blair. Mr. King, of Alabama, in reply, said
that he was acquainted with Blair's conduct in the
social and private relations of life, and "he felt
bound to say that for kindness of heart, humanity
and exemplary deportment, ns a private citizen,
he would proudly compare with the Senator from
Kentucky." Mr. Clay replied that "for tho Sen
ator from Alabama to undertake to put him on an
equality with Blair, constrained him to say it was
false, untrue, and cowardly. v Mr. King arose
and said, "Mr. President, I have no remarks to
make, none whatever." He thensat down and
wrote a challenge, which was at onco put into the
hands of Dr. Lynn, and he went to Mr. Clay.
The Washington correspondent of the N. York
Commercial Advertiser, a Whig paper, says,
'Mr. C spoke not hastily; every word was mea
sured, and uttered with an evident intention to
abide the ewstquenees. Dr. Lynn calUd Mr. Cley
ofthe kind, said Mr. Clay. J presume you have
challenge, I accept it." Dr. Lynn replied, be
had no challenge, tnai it was true one iiau ueeu
written, but it had been torn up. r arther conver
sation was attempted, but Mr. Clay had no pa
tience to listen, and was evidently aeterminea nei
ther to explain nor to retract, and referred Dr. 1j.
to his friend Mr. Archer."
The correspondence of the Philadelphia Nation
al Gazette, a Whig paper, says:
"The challenge was handed to Mr. Clay while
he was speaking to a gentleman; and after reading
it. he calmly turned round, and said: 'yes, at any
time' finished his conversation, and then made
his arrangement through Mr. vV ise.
The new Sergeant at-arms, conceiving it to be
his duty to arrest the proceedings, immediately
made the requisite oath before a magistrate, on
on which warrants were granted."
And here is a copy of the bonds, under which
Mr. Clay was placed, and which are still in force.
United States of America.
District of Columbia, to wit:
Be it remembered that on the Tenth day of
M inch, in the vear of our Lord one Thousand
eight hundred and forty-one, before us, two of the
Justices ofthe Peace for the County of Washing
ton, of the District of Columbia, personally ap
Hen Clan and Willis Green, and sever
ally acknowledged themselves to owe the United
States of America, that is to say, the said HEN
RY CLAY Five Thousand Dollars, and the said
Willis Green Five Thousand Dollars, each to be
respectively levied on the bodies, goods, and chat
tels, lands and tenements, to and for the use of the
-..wi United States, if the said HENRY CLAY
shall make default in the performance ofthe con
The condition ofthe above recognizance is such)
that if the above named HENRY CLAY shall
keep the peace of the United States towards all
persons, and particularly towards Villiam R
King, then this Recognizance shall be void, other
wise of full force and virtue in Law.
Acknowledged before us.
B. It. MORSEL, J. P.
W. THOMPSON, J. F.
A true copy.
Attest: W. BRENT Cl'k.
Things remained in this position five days, the
Senate prolonged its session after all the public
business was disposed of, in order to keep the two
veteran duelists under restraint. At the end of
that time, a reconciliation took place. Mr. King
stated that he did not intend any disrespect to Mr.
Clay in the remarks he made. Mr. Clay remark
ed thnt, "it was under the impression that his ob-'
ieci was a personal offence, that. I addressed some
remarks to the Ullair, wmcn i niieuueu ns u ucnu
erate offence to that Senator. Ready therefore at
all times, promptly to repair an injury, as I hope I
EVER SHALL BE TO REPEL AN INDIGNITY, I wish.
to withdraw any epithet that is derogatory to the
character of Mr. King."
And what is Mr. Clay's present position in re
gard to dueling? Has he or. has he not repented
of his duels, and pledged himself to fight no more?"
Let him speak for himself. Alex. Plummer and &
few others, addressed a letter to Mr. Clay, on this
point. The following is an extract from his an
swer, dated Ashland, Aug. 1st, '44.
" But you ask me whether, if I were ever chal
lenged to fight a duel I would reject the invitation.
Considering my age, which is now T7, I feel that
I should expose myself to ridicule, if I were to
proclaim whether I would or would not fight, a
duel. It is certainly one of the iimst unlikely e
vents that can be possibly imagined; and I cannot
conceive a case in which I should be provoked or
i il r I... D..T
tempted to go to the neiu oi coinuai. jjuv as .
cannot foresee all the contingencies which may
possibly occur in the short remnant of my life, and
for the reasons which I have already stated, of a
voiding any exposure of myself to ridicule, I can
not reconcile it to my sense of propriety to make
declaration one way or the other."
With these facts I leave the subject without:
any comments none are necessary, for one would
suppose that no understanding Christian, who has
ever made one prayer for righteous rulers, or ha
any regard for the welfare of posterity and the
prosperity of our moral and religious institutions,
pun vntp. for the duelist Henry Clay. C. C. B.
From the Middlesex Standard.
The Philadelphia Gazette and other journals
concur in pronouncing the extract to which the
annexed note refers, a sheer forgery. The body
of the extract, according to the Bay State Demo
crat, was taken from Featherstonhaugh's Excur
sion through the Slave States, Harpers' edition,
pa 36, with the fraudulent addition of the brand
ing story. We take the earliest opportunity our
columns afford to put the matter right with our
readers, by republishing the following note:
T the FAilnr of Ike Advertiser:
In the Middlesex Standard of last week, I cop-i-d,
with such indignant comments as the atrocity .,
related, naturally called forth, an article from -the
lthica, N. Y., Chronicle, in which was given what
purported to bo an extract from the journal of a
Irpnilemau traveller in -the U. S., charging the
Hon. James K. Polk with branding his slaves with
the initials of his name, and I have just learned
that the whole matter is a forgery. Unwilling to
do injustice to any man and believing that as a
Y. 1 1 ... t " v p,.ik in pomninn with Hen--
siavcuoiuei , juiuus iv. i"m - - ,
rv Clav, has already, sins enough to answer tor,,
.vhl.nnt rharirinff him falsely I wish to avail my
self of the early issue of thy paper, to make
prompt correction ofthe error into which I lai
been led oy me auiuors "i u s-'j- ,
As a Liberty man, I have no motive to misrep
resent either the whis or democratic candidates.
Both are slaveholders both are nosuio to eniau
cipation in any form, and as such they are on a
perfect equality with each other, and have no.
claim to abolition support.
Kespectluliy, tny irienu,
' JOHN G. WHITTIER.
50 Merrimack St., 23d, 9th mo., 1944.
Despatches to Mexico. Gen. Duff Green
pas-ed through Charleston on the 17th on his way
to Pensacola; where he will be furnished with a
Government steamer to proceed forthwith to Vera
Cruz with important dispatches for the American
ivi :;!... t Mpxico. We have reason to believ
that the nature of this remonstrance to the Mexi
can Government may induce Santa Anna to hest-.
tate in marching his troops to the frontier of Mex
ico. In the meantime the Texians are quietly but
efficiently taking measures to keep them in check
until Congress meets. We are apprehensive how
ever that they are fully prepared for resistance
hut if the movements of Mexico are tardy and net-,
itating, all will be right yet in Texas. JV. F,