Newspaper Page Text
GREEN-MOUNTAIN FREEMAN, . .
liCive me Liber ty or give me Death!"
MONTPELIKRi VERMONT, FRIDAY, JVOVEMBR 1, 1844-
THE GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY,
in Lyman's building, Main at. near the Union House
J. C. ASPENWALL, Editor.
J. POLAND, Publisher.
T E It M S :
Single copies $1,50 in advance, or $2,00 after the ex
piration of three months from the time of subscribing.
All papers sent at the expense of the subscribers.
iny Advertisements inserted at the usual charges.
ICJ" Transportation of papers will in no case he paid
by the publisher, unless a special agreement to the con
trary is made. 3i
?CJ Book an 1 J ib Work of every description thank
fully received and executed with neatness and dispatch.
For JIOENTS see last pane.
I wish ynti to understand, as my feelings, (hat the ques
tion o( slavery, and, most particularly, tlie queslion about
the domination of the slave representation, which over
burdens us all, is the great question on which your in
terests are concerned in the government of the United
States. . Q. Adams, at Dedliam, 1843.
There is only onf proper and effectual mode by which
the abolition of slavery can be accomplished, and that is
by legislative authority, and this, so far as my suffrage
will go, shall not he wanting. Washington.
Then come the Liberty Party , embracing a large portion
of the virtue, intelligence, and legirl knowledge, the Chris
tianity and Patriotism, of the North. Td'iing the ground
first occupied by VVashin'on himself, that slavery was
the Creature of the law, and should be abolished by law,
llieV appeal to the ballot-box, not the buyonet; like the
great Irish reformer, having faith in the power of reason,
truth, and virtue, they expect to achieve a bloodless revo
lution more glorious than any et arising from force and
irms. This party, a few years ago, numbered but seven
thousand voters; now, in 1843, they poll sixty-five thou
sand men at the ballot-box, having doubled themselves
every year from the lime "f their organization. A', such a
continued rale of increase, I leave ir to the reflecting to
determine how long il will be befrre they absorb the whole
political power of the North, Cassius M. Clay.
And cin the liberties of a nation be thought secure,
when we have removed their. only firm basis, a convic
tion in the minds of th ) people that, these liberties are the
gitt of God? Indeed, I tremble for my country, when I
reflect tlipt God is just ; that His justice cannot sleep for
ever; that, considering numbers, nature, and natural
means only, a revolution of the wheel of fortune, an ex
change of situation is among possible everrls: it may be
come probable by supernalural interference! The Al
mighty has no attribute which can take side with us in
such a contest. Jefferson's Notes on Virginia.
T li E Fill! 12 M A N .
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
Deas Brother: What urn the duties of it
gospel minister with reference to politics? is it
question which has often presented itself to my
mind. No consistent answer can he given, unless
we have a distinct perception of the meaning of
the word Politics. Webster's definition is, " The
essence of government : that part of ethics which
consists in the regulation and government of a na
tion or state, for the preservation of its safety,
peace and prosperity." By "ethics" he means
" The doctrines of morality, the science of moral
According to these definitions, the man who en
gages in politics is advocating the doctrines of
moral philosophy, and applying them to matters of
political fait h and action. Here, then, I take my
stand, and record my most solemn conviction, that
every minister of the gospel should take part in
politics! I am aware of the disadvantage of hav
ing the unpopular side of the question: and an
equally aware that the popular side of most ques
tions is the wrong side. The course of this world
has been generally wrong, touching those subjects
which relate to the "peace, safety and prosperity"
of nations or individuals. On the subject of poli
tic the country and the world have gone astray.
The doctrines of moral philosophy are designedly
forgotten, and means are useil generally by politi
cians (to secure iheir.ends) which would "disgrace
the meanest pettifogger who ever lied before a ju
ry!" Men who are a disgrace to humanity and
curse to their country, have succeeded in getting
into their hands the control of the national affairs
and are giving character to what they call the pol
itics of the nation! They have, bv handling, pol
luted the suhjee', until many good men arc afraid
to come in contact with it; and it is the settler
purpose of the lenders in political movements to
perpetuate this abuse of politics, until none less
vile than themselves shall be found to put h
hand to the affairs of State! Anil such are the
men who are most boisterous in the demand that
ministers shall have nothing to do with politics!
But what part ought the minister to take in pol
itics? He should not be a "party man," in the modern
political sense of the phrase. Nor should any
other one bo such a man. In the modern practi
cal sense of the phrase, ho will go to all lengths
with the party. He will stand by it in honor and
dishonor, through evil report anil good report in
doing good anil in doing evil. He will advocate
any principles, and carry out any measures, which
may be sanctioned by the party. We have notable
examples in abundance of such party men in the
so called democratic ranks. This is seen in the
sudden conversion of their northern men to the
same side of the Texas question occupied by their
leader. They were ns ready us any others to de
nounce the annexation scheme, until one in its fa
vor was made the candidate of the party for the
presidency. But no maker of somersets ever more
suddenly changed sides on that question! The
whigs, too, have exhibited equally strong party at
tachments. They will support their man, not
withstanding they ure obliged to submit to the mor
tification of having '.heir most confident assertions
on the same question flatly contradicted by him,
and although they find it exceedingly difficult to
keep on his devious track !
As ministers should be free from such a spirit
and practice, so they should refrain from ertering,
as stump orators, or otherwise, into the noisy anil
heated debates of a campaign, on subjects of a fi
nancial or commercial character.
The minister should not be a political disputant
in his private intercourse with his parishioners.
He has other work to perform, which should be at
tended to with diligence and ptayer. Nor is it
judged proper that he should take an active part
in the primary meetings of any political party for
the nomination of candidates for office. Let him
do his duty, as will soon be pointed out, and there,
will be no call for his services at such place-, oth
er than to address them on the grand subject of
duty and responsibility.
I do not think the minister ought to be a candid
ate for, or holder of, any civil office; especially if
he is a pastor, having charge of a churrh and con
gregation, It is his chief, his whole business, to
preach the pure divinity and sound morality of the
Bible; and, being an officer in the church of God,
il is not fitting that he should hold office under the
civil government, which is another department in
the Lord's administration.
The minister should exercise the elective fran
chise. Ho is a citizen, and owes to the govern
ment which protects hitn the duty of casting his
vote for the " preservation of the safety, peace
and prosperity of the nation." He owes this duty
to each member of the commonwealth, ami to him
self: and lie is chargeable with a want of friend
ship for his country and countrymen, or with a
want of consistency, if he will not express that
friendship in a way which, of all others, is best
calculated to secure their well being. We are
aware that an argument is attempted to be drawn
against ministers voting for rulers, from the si
lence of the New Testament upon the subject.
We are told that it is no where enjoined in the
Gospel. We reply, Neither is it forbidden. But
if silence proves any thing for the objector, it
proves that no Christian should vote; and, as all
men ought to be Christians, so, no man ought to
vote; anil if no man ought to vote; then man ought
to be voted for; and having reached the end of the
logic, we find ourselves " no government men"
with a witness.
It is the minister's duty to inculcate the princi
ples of morality in connection with political faith
He should prcw.h and write on the relative du
ties of the governors and the governed, as did the
Great Apostle to the Gentiles: reminding rulers to
rule in the fear of God, being just: and the people,
that the powers that ire, are ordained of God.
And, consequently, that U resist the ordinance is
to resist God. He should inculcate the duty of
making voting, as well as every other act, a reli
gious act. "Do all to the glory of God." He
should enforce the duty of selecting such men for
rulers as will observe the ordinances of the Lord,
and enact laws which will be just and equal. On
all these subjects God has given us directions.
He neither regarded it as out of his appropriate
work, nor ns polluting himself to teach and enforce
these political duties. Inspired men have taken
up these subjects as those that were neither above
nor below them, but as coming within their proper
sphere as servants of the Most High God. It ap
pears to me that the minister who will not reform
political sins, nor inculcate political duties, has
strangely forgotten his work! Will he see the
Lord about to visit for national sins and avenge
himself of a people who forget Him, and not warn
the guilty of impending wrath? VV ill ho seethe
people, by their political action, trampling on all
the principles of Bible molality, and yet hold his
peace? Will he listen to the assembled, mass who
in their noisy shouts " call the proud happy," and
" set up those who work wickedness," and " deliv
er those who tempt God," and not meddle with
politics enough to warn them, at proper times,
that thev will be "cursed with a curse?" I lear
that ministers at least some of them hi) ve but a
partial view of the great designs of our holy reli
gion. They preach well on the great subjects of
repentance, faith and holiness, and labor abun
dantly to get men converted to God, and may
Godspeed them in thi work. But do they not for
get that the people are to be instructed to carry
principles and practices of holiness into all the
walks of active life?
1 despair of ever seeing the offices and control of
the country placed in proper hands, and politics
divorced from adulterous connection with all that
is vile and false ami hateful, until the minister of a
pure morality and a holy religion shall "arise up
for God against the evil doers, and stand up for
him against the workers of iniquity." I know
that this will subject them to the reproach of the
wicked, who are quite willing we should have our
religion, so long as it does not disturb them in their
possess on of the reigns nf government and the
destiny of the nation, involving the moral state of
millions, and placing the nation, as it does, in an
attitude of hostility to the Universal Sovereign!
Such men are ready to reail us a homily on the
sacredness of rour calling and the holiness of our
work, and are in tremors for fear the sacred office
will be degraded and religion heroins contempti-
ble! Out upon such glaring absurdity and cant
ing hypocrisy !
How much has the world und the Church suf
fered for the want of correct moral principle in
connection with political action ! As lor the world,
that, long since, derdared thatall was fair in poli
tics. But the church, which ought to be in till
things a pattern of purity, how has she sinned a
gainst the clearest light, and alien from her high
position to a level with the lowest! She yet pays
tithes of " mint, minis' and cummin, but neglects
the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy
and the love of God!" She loks, or pretends to
look, t0 ,n,! dollars and cents jwhich she thinks
are involved in a bank or sub-;reasury ; but where
is her carefulness to secure vd approbation of
God upon her political action? She yet looks, or
pretends to look to the protection of the sheep with
theiryieeces, and of the ox and the liog, with their
hortis and hoofs but where is her policy for the
protection of men w ho are chattelized and bought
ami sold, anil roliin-rl anil whipped, ami let t halt
dead, for her to gaze upon as she passed by in her
pursuit of the toys which engross the mention of
politicul babiesl I speak not of the cht.rch in her
collective capacity, but of her members those
which the church is made of; and it is a notori
ous truth that these generally have no moral prin
ciples to guide them in their political course.
They may pray for good rulers and grind laws,
but they vole for anything rather than these. Alas,
professors of religion are too much like theswoar-
ing bishop, who, when reproved by the peasant,
said, he did not swear us a bishop, bin only as a
man. " But," said his reprover, " when God
sends the man to hell for swearing, where will the
bishop be?" Church members pray like Chris
tians but vote like men. Let the ministers of the
sanctuary do their duty, by calling back the people
to the great science of moral philosophy, as appli
cable to politics. Then may we expect to see our
holy religion casting off the filthy garments of po
litical corruption in which its professors have
clothed it, audit will arise and shine in the gar
ments of salvation. Politics may yet become what
the name imports, anil the safety, peace and pros
perity of the nation may be secured and preserved.
Safely from internal riots and insurrection, for a
pure morality will rule. Peace, for God, who can
build or plant, pluck up ordestroy, will defend us.
Prosperity will be secured, for safety and peace
will both lead to it. Then would literature and
science shed their lights, in nil their brightness,
upon the minds of the nation. Arts and manufac
tures would flourish under the reign of a pure mo
rality, holding in its hand the political compass:
and the religion of Jesus, instead of being choked
by the rank weeds of a poisonous political growth,
would find a genial and ready prepared soil in
which to flourish, under the shunshine and showers
of a propitious heaven.
B. M. HALL.
St. Albans, Oct. 1844.
A Political Expedient. Mr. Walsh, in his
last letter to the National Intelligencer, after
speaking of the riot and violence that attended the
recent election in Greece, says that 'in a church,
where the ballot was held, a general exchange of
blows was stopped by a rustic, who emptied a hive
of bees in the midst of the combatants. '
To the Editor of the Green Mountain Freem.m:
Sir: You will see by the subjoined articles,
that the Rutland Herald with its characteristic
want of candor, came out not long since with an
unfair, if not with an abusive and slanderous at
tack, upon the Liberty party and what it was
pleased to call its leaders. The editor of thct
print condescended (an unusual thing with him)
to publish my first short note with its accompany
ing comments. The two communications which
followed that, he not only refused or neglected to
publish, but even to acknowledge their receipt. I
request their insertion in your next Freemen, so
that the reader may discern the reasons, if nny,
why they were refused a place in the Herald.
For the Rutland Herald.
Ma. Bsaman, Si r: You have committed in the
opinion of the writer, a slight, mistake in your pa
per of the 22d of August, in describing who and
what the leaders of the leaders of the Liberty par
ty were, and an equal mistake in the list of names
you there gave of those who have given 'tone anil
spirit to the subject of abolition.' It was also, I
apprehend, a great oversight in not completing the
picture by neglecting to give, in contrast, the names
and characters ol the leaders of the whig party."
If you will oblidge me by publishing this note in
your this weeks paper, and give mo a reasonable
space in your next, I will endeavor to make the
necessary corrections, anil do strict justice to the
Our correspondent " Watclnowcr," will per
ceive that his first notice is now published but
whether his second one will be, depends entirely
upon circumstances. It strikes us as "decidedly
cool" that our unknown correspondent should ex
pect us to promise tho insertion of an unseen com
munication, although we did fail ol completing the
picture by "neglecting to gie," Src.
In our article to which reference is made, we
intended to present the matter fairly and if we
failed to do full justice to Watchtower if we
placed him in the wrong box, or if we neglected
to taks lu notice of th part which he plays in the
"Tom foolery" of 'third party' abolitionism, we
of course, feel repentent, arid should hope to see
that full justice is clone to him, if injustice should
not thereby be due to others.
For the Rutland Herald.
Mr. Beaman :
Circumstances not within my knowledge at the
time of writing my last note must be my excuse for
not sooner forwarding you the following, promis
ed for your last number. That we may the better
understand each other, I would remark, that I
have never yet 'played any part' in the "Tom
foolery of third party abolitionism," but have fre-!
quently taken an active part in Whig abolitionism
but as you had, perhaps, no certain means of
knowledge on this point, I do not think theie is a
n y thing specially calling for 'repentance' on your
part or forgiveness on mine.
It certainly can never advance the cause of the
whigs, or any other, to misrepresent the charac
ters of the men, or the distinctive principles em
braced by opposite political parties. Dear bought
experience ought long ago, to have taught us all
especially during the old anti-masonic excitement
of 1830, that abuse, ridicule, or even persecution
of a new and growing party, or their leaders, is
one of the surest means by which such a party
succeeds and triumps, at the expense, if not by
the destruction of old existing organizations. Be
liveing your remarks of the 22il of August, espe
cially the epithets you indulge, anil your charge,
that the IcaiUrs of the Liberty party are 'devoid of
religious principle not only, but of all the elements
of common morality or decency,' had this tenden
cy, was the occasion of my brief note already pub
lished. You inquire 'who are the men who have plied
the laboring oar in this cause and given to the
spirit of abolitionism its present tone & character?'
Now the man who had no local ami personal feel
ings, 'or party interests to subserve, would unhes
itatingly have given such names as Theodore D.
Weld, Wm. E Channing, Gerrit Smith, James
G. Birney, Henry B. Stanton, Mvan Stewart,
Thomas Morris, Leicester King, Judge Jay, J. G.
Wlillier, Joshua Leavitl, Beriah Green, J. Pier
pont, J. C. Jackson, and others. You have given
none of these names except one, but in their pla
ces substituted the names of Adams,Seward,Slade.
C. M. Clay, Everett and Giddings. Now, while
full credit should be given to these last named gen
tlemen, for their efforts in the cause of ahull
tion, yet it could only injure them, and the politi
cal party to which they belong, to place them in
a false position. The question w hich we must all
be ptepared to meet, nnrl which will speedily, in
spite of your or my efforts bo stripped of its soph
istry is, can the people be made to believe that any
man is an emancipationist who votes for candid
ates who are 'opposed to any scheme of emancipa
tion. gradual or immediate!' who votes for the
man who still says that slaveay is sanctified by
legislation who now says that 'neither of the two
great political parties have any design or aim at
abolition,' and who yet maintains that 'the white J
race in America must govern the black, or the
black the white?'
Can the people be made to believe that any man
favors abolitionism by voting the very man who
is now, and always has been, opposed to abolish
ing slavery and the slave-trade in the District of
Columbia and tho Territories? who does now, and
nl ways has, denied the constitutional right of Con
gress to prohibit the inter-State slave .trade and
who was the great champion for the admission of
Missouri into the Union, with the right to hold
slaves? Can the people much longer be made to
believe that the surest way to prevent the ndmis
sion of Texas is to vote for the man who 'would
be glad to see it,' although he does couple with
that willingness, certain conditions which, if elect
ed might easily be fulfilled during his administra
The truth is, sir, and the sooner we admit it the
better for the whig party for no party can long
sustain itself on a false issue that neither whigs
or democrats can, as abolitionists, vote for their
Presidential candidates. Neither party has any
claims for the votes of the people w ho favors Lib
erty and the principles of the Declaration of Inde
pendence. This is substantially the ground taken
by the editor of the New York Tribune, and sho'd
be taken by eveiy honest democratic anil whig ed
itor throughout the country. If any mnasures of
whig policy are preferable to tho.it of their oppo
nents and give better promise of promoting the in
terests of finance or labor, then the success of the
whig party should be placed entirely on the ground
of that preference, ami tho question of slavery un
der existing circumstances should be let entirely
alone. The least said on this point the better.
How then can such men as Sewarrl.Giddings,Slade,
Birboror Dillingham, 'give tons or character to
the spirit of abolition' by supporting the candid
ates of either party ? Better, far better, drop th ;
disguise they have assumed, and in their tiU"
character, fight manfully, if they can, on the
ground of preference to some pecuniary measure
to which one party lays claim over the other.
Truth, and that only, will sustain the whig or
any other party, and a resort to any other weapon
will inevitably cause their downfall. One other
error seems to bejmplied in your question of 'who
ore the leading abolitionists of this country?' 4f I
am rightfully i nformed in relation to that party
they have no leader. In the language of Wh ittit i
they strike a dead level in their ranks' that is,
they stand on the same platform of equal rights on
which their party is founded. But as men differ
in intellect and capacity, eacb is considered under
obi igation to use the talent they possess for the ad
vancement of the cause.
Rather than occupy further space in your pres
ent number, I will reserve for your next, what I
intended to say in relation to the names and char
acter of the leaders of the whig party.
Yours for the truth,
Thursday, Oct. 84.
Bill reported. -From the select committea nr
licens-es, a bill vesting the sole Dower of irrantina-
licenses in a board of Commissioners, to be elect
ed annually on the first Monday in January in ev
ery county, by a plurality of votes eiven. affixin?
certain penalties to the sale of spirituous liquors
wmioui a license, aim empowering justices ol the
peace to put the offender under bonds for trial at
the County Court: reail twice, and in order to give
opportunity for examination, upon the motion of
j. uarrett laiu on the tuhle.
En grossed Bills. To alter the name of Lewi
Rylea; passed. To incorporate Londonderry
North Village Cotton and Woolen Manufacturing
Company; laid on the table.
Election ot Judges of Supreme Court Dostnoned
I he joint assembly proceeded to the election of
senator, with the following result: Whole num
ber of votes, 228. Necessary to a choice. 115; of
which oamuei a. rneips nau iau; Stephen brown,
72; Geo. P. Marsh, 21; Chs. K. Williams, 9; Wm.
Slade, 3; scattering, 2. Whereupon Hen. S. S.
Phelps was declared duly elected. Senate with
drew. Mr. Whittemore of M. moved an adjournment on
Wednesday morning next, passed.
Resolution. By Mr. Mixham, directing the
committee of ways ami means to inquire into the
expediency of reducing salary of superinUmleiit of
State prison, passed.
The following appointments were made for Or
leans County. E G Strong, Brownington, Sher
iff; Hubbard Hastings, high Bailiff.
Orange County. Aaron Kinsman, jail com'mr.
After some debate, Levi B. Vilas and John Colby
were nominated as Judges of the probate district
Friday, Oct. 25.
Mr. Camp called up the bill for geological
survey of the State Passed without debate.
The bill relative to tiic city of Vergennes passed.
Bill relative to the insane poor, ordured to a third
The committer on claims reported in favor of
the bill granting relief to Amos Wilkius, read a 3J
time and passed.
Reports. By members of Washington co. bill
assessing a tax of 10 cents on the dollar of the list
of the county, to pay for the court house, and the
bill was ordered to a third reading. By committee
of claims, bill to pay J. J. Crane, ordered to a 3.1
rending. To pay Lewis Tucker $78 annually
during life for injuries sustained while at work on
the state house by which he lost his sinht; this bill
was opposed on the ground that it was setting a
bad precedent, it being, ns they argued, a bill tor
the relief of the town of Elmore rather than of
Mr. Tucker. Bill dismissed.
Licenses. Mr. Murston, from the select com
mittee on licenses reported a bill relative to deal
ers in spirituous liquors, wines, beer, &c. This
bill provides for a board of county commissioners,
to consist of one from each town, to be elected on
the first Tuesday in January, by the Votes oflegal
voters in town meetings, which board s to have
exclusive power to grant licenses to dealers. The
civil authority of each town to license mkeepers,
grocers, Sic. who do not sell liquors. Laid on
the table, and 300 copies ordered to be printed.
The committee of ways and means on the ac
counts of the serrje ant-nt arms, reported that he
hail performed his duty faithfully.
The select committee on the subject of the in
sane made a report which was highly favorable to
the asvliim, with a bill appropriating $4000 annu
ally for the support of the insane poor of the State
at the asylum. The bill was ordered to a third
Mr. Briggs called up the bill relating to licenses
anil moved that 300 copies be printed for the use
of the senate. Carried.
Mr. T. T. Barrett called up the bill providing
that no director of the State prison be appointed
keeper or assistant. Ordered to a third reading.
Wm. T. Burnham was appointed serjeant-at-arm;
Chipman Swain, Superintendent State pris
on; Rev. Thomas Kidder, Chaplain of State pris
on. Bill in relation to the militia called up. Mr.
Neal moved to dismiss if, but the motion to dis
miss was withdrawn mid the bill laid on the table
and ordered to be printed.
Saturday, Oct. 2G.
Engrossed bills Appropriating from the treasu
ry a sum not exceeding 3000 dollars for the
insane poor; providing that no director of the
state prison, shall hereafter be keeper or assistant;
in relation to the assessment of personal estnre hl.i
in trust, passed. Providing for the auditing ami
equalizing of the accounts of county clerks; puss-
The Senate bill for a geological survey, was
made the order id" the day for Monday.
Engrossed billsIn amendment of section 63,
chap 23, R S, passed. For tin- relief of the insane
poor; the lull was opposed by Mr Sanborn of S,
and supported by Messrs Hibbard, Rice, and oth
ers; passed, 174 to 15. By judiciary committee,
bill relating to divorce, which was ordered to a 3d
The Senate came in and the following appoint
ments were made:
C-j Horace VVardsworth, General 4th Brigade
Mr VVinslow called up the resolution for even
ing session, and it was amended so as to com
mence the sessions on Monday evening next, aad