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Vi ft I
Ji IL HJJLJJt-J-L M lLVJLW.
"Give me Ij i b e r ty-or ,g i v c me Death!"
MONTPEIilER, VERMONT, FRIHAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1844-
THE GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY,
in Lyman's building. Main st. near the Union House
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For AGENTS see last page.
The Prairie Country.
Charles W. Denisou, Editor of the Shoot
chor, has been writing a series of interesting
tors to the editor of the Boston Chronicle, from
the West. We give one below in relation to the
"On arriving at Milwaukie, mid stoppinir for a
nieht at. thft excellent American Temperance
Ilonsp, I passed directly by stage to the lioi k Riv
er Valley. This route led me through EiL'le, Du
Lack, llo'.k and other prair'es through IVnirie
ville, Milton, Janesville, ami Beloit comprising
one of the best sections of Wiskonsan. I have
ro jtn and tune to draw but a few of the features
of win-1 I saw of the prairies.
1. Their extent. Imagine to yourselves, penile
men, all the city of B wlnn one entire space like
the mall, and the adjoining country around, fir
sixty mi Il.-s in circumference, of the same charac
ter, destitute of a tree, or shrub, or stone of the
smallest size skirted, on the whole inner edge
with large oaks, ami mounds rising on mounds
along the sky covered in every jmrt by a groat
variety of flowers, embracing many unknown in
any other part of the earth, the shooting star, the
moccasin plant, the blue-hell, presenting in rich
relief her colors id' crimson, purple and gold the
deep green foliage of the oak openings fringing
this vast garden as with a natural hedge, tree from
tangled bushes, and smooth in the shade as ti car
pet fields of grain, unbroken by a stump or soli
tary rock, waving with hundreds of acres of the
golden crop and you will begin to have some
faint idea of these prairies in the spring and sum
mer of the year.
2. Their richness. It is impossible to give an
adequate description on this point. The richness
of the prairies run only be judged of by its effects.
I have two vials of the soil with me, which I in
tend to analyze one, taken from the surface of
nn unplou'ihed, unmuuured opening; the other,
from an adjoining prairie, out of a hole some foot
and a half deep. My first impressions are that the
specimens contain magnesia, sulphur and lime, in
large quantities. I saw one field on Raids prairie
of 530 acres, that will a vera .'( thirty bushels to
the acre equal Pi 1 5,000 hu-h'ds. The town of
Milton, in Hock county, bus produced 100,000
bushels of wheal the present year. It is estimat
ed that the arrival of wheal in Milwaukie will
average 1530 bushels a day, and that the crop of
the territory will be from nip' to two million bush
els. A great steamer is at this moment freight
ed for the east with 10,000 bushels equal to three
hundred tons of bread stuffs! Corn, potatoes, and
other grains and roots, grow in equal abundance.
The potatoes arc, without exception, the largest
ond fines; I have ever seen. The beets, and other
excellent vegetables are enormous. Many of the
potatoes are so white and mealy that, when well
boiled, they have the appearance of the finest flour.
It is no uncommon thing to see n potato now "be
not faithless, but believing" a quarter of a yard
long, and weighing three pounds! This will do
to begin with; but in mv opinion the most rapidly
profitable business of VViskonsau will be raising
sheep and fruit.
3. Game. The prairies, small lakes and rivers,
abound with fowl and fish such as geso, ducks,
chickens, trout and pickerel. A gentleman took
me through an opening in the rear of a plantation
of one of my relatives, to a lake, having on it at
the time at least 2000 wild fowl of different kinds.
The deer, singularly enough, ure passing away
with the Indians. They would probably be less
hunted, and find myre in eat, if they remained in
the vicinage of civilization. The prairie hens re
main, attracted by the cultivated fields, and are
increasing. Their meat is more compact and ten
der than that of the domestic lien. The cattle are
the fattest, although of common breed at present.
. The Mesmeric Influence.
The wonders of mesmerism are not altogether
unknown to the people of Leicester, but a case has
occurred this week which has eclipsed all previous
facts, either hero or at a distance. We allude to
that of the amputation of a limb on Thursday last.
The patient is a young woman of the name of Ma
ry Ann Larkin, 19 Fleet street; in this town, who
have been afflicted with a disease of the knee-joint,
for four years. The precise nature of the disease
we do not know, but it was attended with enor
mous swelling of the limb, and with such excrucia
ting pain as lo prevent any thing like consecutive
rest for a long period. By these pains and want of
Bleep, she had become reduced to a mere skeleton,
and there was evry probability that her life must
be sacrificed, or the limb amputated. In this crit
ical state, about a month ago, it was. suggested
that mesmerism should he tried on the patient, &.
it was found that its influence was of the most be
neficial and soothing nature. Under its influence
pain would cease, and the patient would sink into
perfect and refreshing repose. As amputation of
me diseased joint was deemed essential by her
medical attendant, it was decided that the opera
tion should be performed while in the mesmeric
state. Accordingly, 12 o'clock on Thursday morn
ing was tixed upon tor the operation to Hike place.
Mr Hollings was the mesmerizer. and Mr Toss-
will the operator, besides whom there were pres
ent, Dr. Shaw mid Messrs Paget, Selden ir. Dow-
mng. iur iionmgs navmg mesmerized the pa
tient, which was accomplished in about nine min
utee, Mr Toswill proceeded to perform the opera-
The limb was taken off within about five inches
of the hip joint, the spot measuring 33 inches in
circumference where the amputation took place,
and which was effected in two minutes and a half. I
During the operation, an all but inaudible moan
ing was heard, and a slight moveinont of the body
was perceptible ; but as far as could be judged,
there was entire absence of pain. This was e
vineed by the countenance preserving . throughout
the greatest placidity, not a single motion of a
muscle indicating such sensation. On being de
mesmerized, the patient was not aware of what
had taken place till informed by those in attend
ance. In the afternoon, great pains were felt in
the loins, attended with considerable writhing of
the body from the contraction of the muscle.-, but
on resorting to the mesmeric, influence these grad
ually ceased, the patient falling into a sobnd sleep,
which lasted an hour and forty minutes, and
when aroused, all pain had entirely left her , and
has not been felt since. When' facts like these
have occurred at a distance, some decree of di.s-
credit has been attached to them from h au-iioi.
tliattiiey were not well authenticated. In this case
we do not pretend to decide aboul the nature of
mesmerism, but the the proceedings are altogether
so astonishing, and at the same time so well at
tested by the presence ef several distinguished
members of the medical profession, that no reas
onable mind can reject them. One thing seems
established by this ease, that whatever the mesmer
ic state may arise from, it is capable ol being
made available for important tnedicul and surgical
purposes. London Times.
From the Liberty Herald.
LIBERTY SONG FOR 1344.
Tune "luce them on their winding way."
The glorious cause is moving on,
The cause once led by Washington
The cause which made our fathers free,
The righteous cause of liberty,
Our ranks now swell, our votes now tell
On freedom's cause we love so well,
While slavery's power, now waning fast,
In midnight shades shall soon be cast.
Then labor, labor, labor still,
Each vote declares a freeman's will;
Soon Heaven's own gift the slave's shall be
The boom of glorious liberty.
Tell us no more of slavery's powers,
'Tis, weakness when compared with ours
'Tis Satan's power, condemned to die
Freedom is sireugthei.ed from on high;
Tyrants must fail, their courage quails;
But ours, inspired by Heaven, prevails;
Thrice armed are we in righteousness,
And this our foes themselves confess.
Then onward, nnivanl, onward suii,
See how our ranks with freemen fill;
Soon o're our land the world shall see
Triumphant, glorious liberty.
Four years the freemen now have' stood
And breasted persecution's Hood;
Begirt witu truth they kept the field..
Nor threats nor fiattrry made them yield.
Their flag so fair still floats in air,
And mark, this year, "twill still be there,"
Inscribed with letters bold and free,
This"one great idea," liberty !
Then sound it, sound, sound it strong,
That freedom's right, that slavery's wrong
And soon this truth shall all men sec,
And vote with us for liberty.
We worship at no human shrine,
We worship only tiuth divine;
This truth, that God made all men free,
nd never sanctioned slavery
His will, we say, is such to-day,
That fifty slaves may truly say,
"We own ourselves, and Henry Clay
Dolh but the roller's right display,
In stealing these our rights away;
O, may he live to see the day
When unto God he'll bow his knee,
And give us back our liberty."
When he'll do this, and only then,
Can he expect of honest men
The executive to be
In this, the land of liberty.
If still the lust of wealth and might
Shall cloud, and mar, and blind his sight
Of justice, equity, and right,
Then down to dark oblivion's night
He'll go with curses on his head,
Who might have hosts of freemen led;
His name deep sunk in infamy,
While Birney's shines with liberty.
The Unity and greatness of our Object-
We have not seen a more forcible presentation
of the paramount magnitude of our object present
ed more compactly than in the following resolu
tions, which were passed at a large and enthusias
tic Liberty meeting in Philadelphia. Give us a
tariff that will protect the body, a bank on which
we can draw for liberty, acuriency that will pass
human beings free, a sub-treasury that will receive
no coin less than a man, internal improvements
that will elevate till tue people, and an equitable
distribution of the human rule; and die minor ques
tions can easily bo setl?d. Morning Chronicle.
THE RIGHT SPIUIT.
Kesolved, That we are in lavnr of a tixriff that n-nn -r in" oi igiuai siaiute law nor the emiMitu
will be sufficient in its magnitude to pi o:ect the l:(ll "' Mn-ylaud gi ve slavery any ?ia right to
body of every human beimr in the United States: 1 !'v "'i the state, and that it exists merely by force
and that after establishing such a tariff, it will noli
be difficult to adjust that minor and insignificant
larm wincn protects the garments.
Resolved, That we are in favor of a United
States Bank that will honor n drnlt drawn by the
poorest citizen for "life, liberty, and the pursuit of
happiness;" and that after establishing such an
institution,. it will not be difficult to regulate an in
stitution for the benefit of those sordid minds that
deal in nothing but dollars and cents.
Resolved, That we go for a law establishing a
ound national currency, which shall rnnkn vry
human being pnssree and current throughout the
United States. After this, the petty consideration
of cents and mills. can easily be skilled.
Resolved, That we are in favor of a stib-treasu-rv
filled with jewels composed of every human be
ing within the United States, anilso curiously con
structed as not to admit u coin lejs than a whole
man. After this, a box can easily be constructed
that will hold the revenue. j
Resolved, That we are in favqr of internal im
provements, such as shall iniprote the moral, in
tellectual and political condition1 jl' man, and open
a "highway of holiness," thnt pvfry human being
may walk therein; iinu breathe-the pure uir of free
dom. After this great national Iwork shall have
been accomplished, we shall find'leislire to consid
er such trifles us Cumberland', roads, railroads
and canals. i
Resolved, That our first olaV'j - ti make a dis
tribution of itie proceeds of tin- human race in
such a manner as shall establish and protect the
i elation of husband and w.fe, parent aad child,
anil brother and sister. After that .-hall Imve been
done, we can attend to the petty consideration of
the proceeds of ib: puiilic lands.
From the Middlesex Standard.
Letter from Ik Prison!
V,re give below a letter we htrvo received from
our suffering but heroic friend, Charles T. Toit
rey. The hand-writing indicates physical debil
ity, but it will be seen that his spirit is strong and
energetic as ever.
Are there any who profess to he nbolitionists
who, in church or state, are giving their moral or
political influence on the side of slavery? Let all
such read this letter frtnn the prison, ami remem
ber that every Liberty vote, prayer or petition will
be an additional weight upon the hver which is
already shaking the great Bastile of slavery.--Throw
them on, then in God's tnnne, do it.
l'liink of 1 orrey, wearing out his li,e in a dun
geongiving his l i he it t y a sacrifice to the cuir-e
of tin.' slave. Shall ice refuse our totes and our
influence to I hat cause? Are our old parly and
sectarian prejudices dearer to us than life was to
Lovejoy, or liberty is- to Torrey? Liberty men
when the advocates of slaveholders, in church or
state, seek your votes, your money, or your influ
ence, remember Torrey and Walker, and stand
Baltimore Jail, Oct. 23, 1844.
John G. Whillier, Esq:
My Dear Brother, Your affectionate and chee
ring note was handed me by our friend Crosby,
last week; and 1 promised him I would write you
in season for your meeting of yesterday: at least,
to answer the question, " Walchinau ! what of tin'
night?" Gut, though his cheerful face and friend
ly greeting made me feel well, almost, for the mo
ment, increasing illness and dchihiv b . hinder
ed n.e fro"' - " oiern necessity compelled
,.. yeslerday and to-day to take up my pen, and
now, while my excited nervous .-1m enable tnu
to use my pen, I will try to say enot.gd, at least.-,
to acknowledge vour kindnes?. For more than
six weeks past 1 have been confined to my hetl-,
tillable, most of the time, to read or write, nod,
sometimes, even to converse without pain. I have
had six nights only of tolerable leep during the
lime. With my rather feeble frame, and nervous
sanguine temperament, you can judge that I have
not very much mental ami physical vigor left e
nongh, however, I lope, to give slavery some
blows yet under the 'fifth-rib;' and enough I (rust,
to await the movements of our friends to make the
proper use of my case, both here and elsewhere,
for the good of the cause of liberty. If that is
done, 1 shall not grieve, for a month, or a year,
more or less, of imprisonment. Albeit, a prison
to a sick man is no trifle! even if he has no guilt
on his conscience, ns in my cie. I have little to
regret, in my last eight years of service, but that
I have not fell more, done more, and dared more
lor tne slave, uoti gave me one talent not com
mitted to every one, a courage that seldom falters
or shrinks, come what may. I am ashamed that I
have omitted to tin good, in the slave's behalf,
sometimes, when others, far more richly endowed
in other respects, charged me with rashness. I
ivnulit he deemed 'wise' and 'prudent,' when I was
made lor decisive action in the paths that wiser
men feared to tread. So it was not boldness that
put me in piison, but eifoi ts to Uu prudent, to act
'out of character!' in prison, so far as my weak
body ahaws, I leel my own proper nature, such a
Goil gave me, resuming its power. With Hi
help, I will not spare one blow at slavery, while I
live, cost what it may, approve who niav. It was
my wish, in settling in this Stale, to have tested
all the moral and legal questions involved in mv
case; thouirh I was far enough from thinking of
such means of doing it. I knew that cases enough
would be. likely to occur. But it is well, as it is
Abolitionists, ami the people generally, must
now decide whether christian men shall pay niiv
regard to laws in favor of slavery a .system be
gun uy ucis oi piracy, completed iy acts ot pira
cy, and continued by enacting the pirate's feloni
ous principles of action into a code nf Statute's, with
t he forms of law. It must soon come to he regar
ded as the common duty of humane, upright and
. in i.-i urn iiii-ii, iii iiiiji every siave out Ol l)(lll(;i"e
that they can; just as if their own wife, sou
daughter, and mother, were the victims, and were
slaves in lripolt instead -jf Biltimore, Charleston
or New Orb-ms. I have long seen that the ideas
prevalent, even among nbolitionists, on this sub
ject, were erroneous, were cowardly, were the
Iruit ot that subservient spirit bv which this Amer
ican piracy has so long been supported through
the agency of Northern pulpits, Northern presses
I M i .. m
ami n minion voters. r,veu now. but tew are
fully prepared to receive the truth, on this point.
Five years hence it will be as undoubted luw n
moiig northern men as a man's ri.dn to his own
earnings. Let them now receive ii that are able.
For the great legal issues involved in my case, the
public, and, what is especially important, the legal
public, are in a good degree prepared, even south
of the Dark Line. Many in this State will be
lieve when a (dear headed lawyer declares that
o( vicioui custom, to which no length of time can
impart ihe force ot law ; and that no number of
regulating and restraining statutes can create
rights, where the thing is naturally and inherently
No sane lawyer doubt these doctrines, in their
applicability to badwy houses, gaming tables and
lotteries.- All of w hich have been more widelv,
and for a longer period, sanctioned by express stat
utes than slavery has. To day it is- u "cnizv nris-
unci a ui emu m itiitv nu oi Oiaveiu. Ill 'IS ill I. nn
rational man north of South Carolina, capable of
forming an opinion, shall think otherwise. Strange
that yve are just now, in 1811, learning the A. 13.
C. of lawful liberty ! Strange that we have yet
to compel the Supreme Court to apply against
slavery, their own (true) doctrine, in the Mississ
ippi case, that no part of the Constitution recog
nized the idea of properly in human beings. That
will strike down the Virginia charge against me,
if they can be held to it, and not cat their own
words, as the majority did in the Priggcase. Two
of that majority, including the worst foe of Liber
ty on the Bench, Baldwin, have since gone to their
How I wonder on! While 1 write, I feel as if
I were sitting by your side, talking over the prog-
ess ot opinion and legal relorm, as in old time,
and tellniL' you lo put it all in rhyme, in you words
of fire. Have vou no sunn for the prisoner? Tell
these slavcoorats, in good, wholesome Satou Eng
lish, what it is to send men to n felon's pi isou for
acts of humanity and Christian charity. Tell
them in the tones of your noble ballad, Cassandra
Soul h wick.
While you shake the prison walls of old slavery
from the outside.. I will try to do the same from
within. And, if these timid folks in Maryland can
be roused, it will ho done most effectually, with
God's help. There! you have :ny sick bed follies
and my blessing too, for you kindness. God help
your work for the slave. When he is free, it will
rejoice me to sing my 'nunc dimittis.'
Yours with affection,
Charles T. Torrey.
From the Morning Chronicle.
A Vermont Lady in Prison.
Vergennes, Nov. 4, 1844.
Leavitt. A fair damihter of the Green
Mountain State, is in prison! Where? In the
Chivalrous State ol Kentucky, city of Lexington,
almost in sight of the shades ot Ashland. For
what ? On the charge of stealing slaves, t wo :iimi
lar charges and indictments havn been found, and
she held to bail in the moderate sum of '5,000,
and for want of which, is now incarcerated in a
loathsome prison, to await her trial next March.
The following is n statement of facts, and can be
relied on, as coming from good authority.
Miss Delia A. Webster, who has been arrested
and is now confined in jail at Lexington, Kv.,
harmed with breaking the slave laws of that State,
I I. l . ,lTfl. T-l
is a (lauL'liter oi jvir. uena an vveoster, ot rerris-
iiirgh, Vt. Sh:i was engaged as a teacher in n
Seminary. The Rev. Calvin Fairbanks, who is
now in orison, and in irons, in the same jail with
Miss W., and upon the same charges, is a Meth-
ulist minister, who, while visiting Lexington,
iiiarded in the same house with her. Mr. F.
ii .1.. r I -1 .1.
preached once in mo ioui egauouai ciiui cii m
Lexington, while there to the acceptance of his
audience'; and soon after three slaves were mis
simr. A rewiird was offered, and every effort
made to find them, without success; and upon thU
failure, suspicion rested upon Mr. F., who was
followed into an adjoining county, arrested, bro't
Imck and imprisoned. Shortly after, Miss Web
ster was waited upon by the authorities at one o'
clock at night and the inspection of her trunk de
manded, which she acceded to without ob ectmn;
and on the following day, (the 27th of Sept..) she
was arrested and imprisoned, ami has since had
ihree indictments found against her, has been held
to bail in the sum of $5, 000, ami now awaits her
trial, which takes place in March.
We understand the main cause of suspicion
ngaihst, her, consists of a letter, alleged to have
been found among her papers, speaking of her ac
quaintance with Mr. F. while boarding at the
same house with her, and of general remarks
about slavery ; and last, though perhaps not least,
that she happens to he a northern lady.
Miss Web-teris a respectable young lady, of a
worthy family, well educated, and of fair talents.
and denies ever having uttered an abolition senti
ment in Kentucky, excepting one time, when im
pertinently heiu:; questioned on that subject, she
said she wished the slaves were all back in Africa,
and she would be willing to spend her days in
leaching them, tor they had souls. Her father is
well known by the citizens of Vergennes and Fcr-
risburgh, to have been always hostile to abolition
in any form; indeed, has been noted for hi? ultra
opinions on this subject. The following certifi
cate, connected with this subject, appeared in a
late number of the Ohio Statesman, and undoubt
edly is correct :
"State op Kentucky, Fayette county.
Jailor's Office, Lexington Ki.
I, I nomas U. Megownn, tailor for the county
aforesaid, do certify, that n man calling himsels
ILey. Calvin Fairbanks, and a woman who calls
herself Delia A. Webster, are confined in this jail
awaithi-r trial on indictment found by the Grand
Jury for the Fayette County Court, for nearo
slealins, and cnuvevinii the same to Ohio; and
further, I certify, that for good cause, I have had
the said Fairbanks ironed.
Given under my hand, this the 9th day of Octo
ber, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and forty-four,aud of the Commonwealth
the 52 I. I homas B. Megowan,
Jailor of Fayette Co., State of Kentucky."
Miss Webster was poor, dependent wholly on
her own exertions for support. Should she be
t,cfund innocent, as we doubt not sne will be upon
trial, she is w holly ruined in her circumstances, bv
the heavy expense which her defence will entail
upon her, as we understand the attorney's fees of
her lawyers amount to between seven hundred and
a thousand dollars ! Surely this is southern chiv
alrv.with a vengeance.
The charge of 'negro-stealing, ' as it is termed by
the Kentucky pulor, amounts to nothing more
than a suimnsiiion of being an abolitionist. A
young lady, poor, and teaching n seminary lor
liyina, could have no money to spare, to by ne
groes or hire others to steal; and ns she had nev
er left her 'employment before her ttrrest,sho could
not, of course, have been personally concerned in
iiticing or helping away slaves. But even ii Miss
W. were an abolitionist, how does her arrest up
on such a charge appear, vt hen plpced m contrns
with the picscnt position ol Henry Clay's friend-
at (he north at this lime. For the elevation of th
great embodiment, Kentucky's favorite son, they
are billing and cooing lor abolition votes, upon th
alleged mound that he is no enemy to the cause
while, nt the same lime, a fair daughter of the
Green Mountains tenants nKentucky prison, almost
l. - . a .i.i i . .. Au c i. ..:.. .1
in sight or ivsoiauo, upon n uuuio ui urio n nniu-
ly to tho cause. This is the sympathy of Henry
Clay's friend's at home lor abolitionists
Let every true abolitionist remember this fact
when he is intreated to trifle with bis vote bv cast
ing it for the Whig candidate far the Piesidency
And 1 should think it worth while for even tin
Whizs themselves to pause, when they see ihe
daughter of a strong Whig ine.Hrcerated in a pris-
on, so near the shades of Ashland, before they be
come brazen-faced enough to even solicit an abo
lition vote. G. D, Jkwett,
There is nn awful phrase, (n familiar ano trrr
questioned use, and unquestioned because it is de
scriptive of a fact; it is the phrase "Slavebreeding'
States !" And it is coolly calculated, if Texas is
annexed, that their number will be increased:
Yes, as familial ly as we speak ot the cotton plant
ing States, or of wool-growing, or cattle-breeding
States. And Virginia, the "Ancient Dominion"
of honor; and Maryland, chivalrous old Maryland,
are willing to be called slave-breeding States !
And Kentucky and Tennessee and North Caroli
na, if Texas is annexed, aie to como under tha
same horrible description! Why, are the defend
ers ot slavery so blind as to suppose that the world
can tolerate such a thing: that the organs oft) u man
speech can utter such a phrase without shudder
ing ; that they will not spit it out in loathing and
scorn ! States that call themselves free, that boast
of their freedom, and their characteristic business
is to breed men for the slave market! Yes, tha
business is breeding. They do not marry; they
breed. Their dwellings are not homes, but stalls
ami styes. They are torn asunder husband and
wife, parent anil child, and sent to far distant
plantations, in as utter disregard of their groans
and tears, as if they were Heating sheep, or low
ing cattle. And these God pity them these
are men ! And this is called the virgintial crop'.
The slave trade that we abhor so much! Why,
this is slave trade ! It is not so bad, I grant, as
seizing and selling men who are free; and yet, in
some respects it is worse. It is not seizing upon
wild barbarians wlnin we never saw belore; but
it is taking men and women and children who have
grown up with ns, who have breathed the same
air and walked in the same fields,; whose faces
have become as familiar as household thirftrs; and
it is sidling and scattering them away into' home
less and hopeless bondage, Nay, and there are
not wanting instances for the sake of humanity
let us hope they are few where parents thus sell
their own children !
And all this mass of horrors in the domestic
slave-trade, is certain to be extended and piolong
ed by the annexation of Texas. Let me not be
told that is a rich country, a great acquisition; all
this weighs nothing with me against the insupera
ble moral objection. If its plains were paved with
gold, and its. mountains were studded all over with
diamond rocks, I would not take it on the terms
proposed. If it were the paradise of Heaven I
would not take it on these terms !
Nay, and if I thought it probable, ns some be-
ieve, that the annexation of Texas would shorten
ie lerm of lavery, I would uot take it. To ex
tend the system over new territories, is certainly a
ery strange way ot shortening its reign; and tins
ir enough, we know, from the purpose of its
mding- projectors and advocates. The Texans de
clared in their constitution that slavery there shall
never lie abolished ! 1 here is such a thuiir doubt-
as weakening a thing by diffusion: but I can
not see in slavery any such tendency. Let it alone,
it must die out of itself; its only chance of living
is to lake root in new and richer lands. Is not
that the very argument of ninny of the advocates
of annexation. ? "Our prosperity is failing us; it
must have another field." -But even if I thought
it might sooner die in that richer field, I would not
onsent to take it. 1 cannot espouse the system of
human bondage, in order to gain relief from it.
cannot do wrom; in order to destroy wrong. Or-
ville Dewey's Discourse on Slavery and the Annex
ation of Texas.
llunaway Slaves. The St. Louis Era says:
Officer Couzzius, of this city, returned last eve
ning from a trip to the Canadian line. Some two
weeks since, five or six negro men, beloncinsr to
ifferent citizens of this place were missed, and it
was thought they had run away with the intention
of reaching the Camillas. Mr Couzzius, and some
two or three other persons started in pursuit.
When a short distance on the usual route taken bv
runaway slaves, they struck their trail, and follow-
d in hot pursuit until the negroes crossed the line
which they did some twelve hours ahead of tha
officei s. From every circumstance connected with
their suing off, their is the best grounds to believe
at they weie assisted and persuaded to do so bv
abolitionists, and it is stated that white men ac
companied the in along the whole route."
JEoli an Attachment. Mr George Coleman" the
young man who invented the Aeolian Attachment
which combines the tones of the piano and organ,
has sold the patent to Reynolds & Clark, of New
York city, for the handsome sum of $100,000, be
sides a certain amount on nil the instruments of
this kind manufactured. He has now cone to
England where it is expected he will realize 100,
000 more for his invention. Recorder.
We happen to know, and we are haimv to sav.
that this "young Yankee" deserves all the success
he is likely to receive, abundant and overwhelm-
g as it is. His improvement on the niano. for
which he is now receiving shch high reward and
distinction, is of a most striking character, and can
not lad to be universally adopted. It consists in
what he calls the "JEolian attachment." und con
verts the piano instantly, and at will, into the soft
est and sweetest toned organ we ever heard. The
principle of the invention is in the introduction of
air to the string of the piano, so that the sound is
prolonged indefinitely. It makes two instruments
out of one the piano remaining sinsle until the
performer chooses to convert it into an organ,
which is done by touching a pedal.
Unc ot it.ese instruments was exhibited at the
Scientific Convention, held at Washington, some
months since, under the patronage of ihe Nation
al Institute; and it excited the keenest curiosity,
and the most maikcd delight of all who heard it.
It has never been publicly exhibited in this city,
(hough a few have been put in private parlors.
The "iEulean attachment" may be applied to ony
piano, at a cost of $100 new ones made w ith ref
erence to this improvement, will cost about $50
Mr. Coleman is a native of Nantuckpt, a genu
ine Yankee and "full to the brim" of mechanic
al and musical genius. When n mere child, he
was perpetually astonishing his townsmen with
some new "contrivance. " This great invention,
which will give hinifame and fortune to his heart's
ontent, was the amusement of a sick chainhpr tr
ivhich ho was confined for some months. He ha
l hers in petto w hich, we predict, will give the--vorld
cause for new astonishment. His parents
esido at Saratoga. He is now in England. V
heartily rejoice at his u?ees. N. Y, Ctqrter