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MONTPELIKIi VERMONT, F 13.1 DAY, DFCEMBER 6, 1844-
NUMB Ell 49-
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For AGENTS see las' pae.
heaven. 13ut is it u day to bo dospised ? Glory,
honor and immortality succeed it. The victims
of sin tire; rescued. The desires of'Satan arc toil
ed. The counsels of Eternal love are uceomplish
od. The Alleluias of heaver, rise to tt louder note.
Aivels rejoice over sinners saved.
The Duty of Mothers.
BV MRS C. I. F.AKNES.
The sphere occupied by a mother, is one of
transcendent importance the influence she is cap
able of exerting over her children extends beyond
time it reaches, in its blessed or baneful effects,
through eternity. From her they receive the first
ntul strongest impressions. She directs their
thoughts, forms their habits, and often fixes their
destiny forever. She sits as a sun in the domestic
system, and from her are to emanate all those in
fluences which nrc to enliven, invigorate, mid bless
for two worlds, the children of her love. If there
is a law by which children inherit the looks and
features of their parentis much more, as by an in
visible daguerreotype is their moral image fixed
upon their soul. Youth has been justly styled the
seed time of life; then ate deposited tin; seeds
which will spring up, and produce the precious
fruits of immortality, or the grapes of Sodom and
the clusters of Gomorrah; then is the proper sea
son for cultivating the benevolent affections, for ex
panding the intellect and impressing the heart. It
will be seen from this view that the responsibilities
of a mother are solemn and overwhelmingly
great. And to rj u ;i I i f y her for the appropriate ami
successful discharge ofher high duty, she needs
virtue, intelligence and religion. And yet bow
many a young la'ly thoughtlessly rushes 'into I he
domestic relations, and renders herself liable to
those weighty responsibilities, without any ade
quate preparation, without evei counting the cost.
And when it is too into, she regrets her rashness
and folly. It is painful to look into domestic e
conomy, ami see the wreck and ruin bruught on
many a lovely daughter by the ignorance or im
providence of mothers. They have been more so
licitous to have daughters dress well, sing well,
and dance well, than to shine its lights in the mor
al firnianent, sl edding a living liisturo over nil the
relations oflife. Daughters' ilius trained, will e
mcrgo from under the parental roof ignorant of
the practical duties oflife, incapable of sustaining
wU!i!M3cr t" thc-iK.-lves r;r wi:l: comfort Mirer:
that relation on which Heaven has placed -its own
signet, and if they ever become mothers, they will
raise up an intellectually feeble and oiTcniiiiate
race, and thus prove a curse, instead of a blessing
to the world.
What is the duty of mothers? Let thorn first be
properly educated themselves; and then train their
laughters to habits of industry and economy, to
habits of reading, to habits of thoughts, vigorous
and intense, to habits of pure and spiritual devo
tion. Let them be taught before entering the mar
riage relation, the important, lesson that virtuous
and well educated woman is the joy and crown of
her husband. Lot them be impressed with the
thought, that while mere personal beauty may fas
cinate the inconsiderate for a day, it will not per
manently captivate and charm. It is like the beau
tiful flower that opens its leaflets to dazzle the eye
but soon fades, and leaves no lasting impressions
of its former freshness and fragrance. The adorn
ments of the mind, on the contrary, will increase
as age declines, and shine brighter and brighter
when the attractions of face ami form shall fade
and be remembered no more. 0, could mothers
be impressed with this subject, could they but be
awakened to a sense of their duty, we should not
see so many broken hearts, so many desolate tlwell
iugs, so many abandoned females, w ho wander,
in the night season, like fallen stais, a grief to their
parents, a curse to themselves, and a disgrace to
m 2,i snon: mv child!1' were tnc .words
affectionate and almost idolizing mother, as she
bent over the side of her dying child. The little
sufferer, unconscious of its situation, was in a
bnrniii" fever. The sands of life were fast run
,,j .r out, and the darling pains seemed well nigh
to rend the spffrit- from the body. The piteous
moan pie'reeiUh.c heart of the loud mother, and
drove her, attltf hist resort, to the throne of grace
where ijlie poy,Ye'd out her soul in prayer that her
il 1 1 1 ii miuhtHie snared.
- Nr wi.,';,.';:"i-..-7 um.c'.bV.. ' ' " ;'v,,"'1
saying, "Child of earth ! since thou art unwilling
to'trust thine offspring's destiny in the bauds of
thy heavenly Father, thy prayer is answered. His
fate is in thy hands. Whether ho live or die, is
for thee to decide."
A momentary thrill ofjoy rushed through the
mother's heart, at these words; but it was only mo
mentary. She felt the reproof. 'Alas!' she ex
claimed, 'how shall I decide the fate ol my child ?
Should he recover, perhaps he will prove a bitter
curse to me hereafter, and he may bring down my
gray hairs to the grave. Hut bow can I sec linn
die, when it is in iny power to save his life.' O,
that 1 had left his fate with him who gave him to
me!' Filled with remorse for her unwise and un
dutiful conduct, she again betook herself to pray
er, beseeching her heavenly Father to remove
from her so fearful a responsibility.
Again her prayer was beard and answered. "O,
rash child ! why didst thou repine at thy lot?
Coultlst thou look into futurity, anil behold thy
child in the years of manhood ? Or couldst thine
eve pierce the vale of eternity, and behold the
scenes that await him there? Why, then, didst
thou not, like a confiding child, submit to tiie will
of i h v Father, knowing that be will h only that
which is for tiiy good? Thou hast prayed lobe
delivered from" this responsibility; thy prayer is
answered. Go and learn from this never to re
pine at the allotments of Providence."
The child died; and as the mother took her last
look, and then resigned him to the grave, she
meekly adopted the language of one wlmhad drank
deep of the bitter nip of nlHiction, "The Lord
gave, and the Lord hath taken away ; blessed be
the name of the Lord."
' M. W.
Y a n k j e s .
Siippo.se a farmer in Vermont has six sons: one
perhaps will remain to be a May and staff to the
good old mail, when he tottfrs down towards the
sunset of life, but another first gets to be school
master, then studies law, f iiirishes awhile before
Mfrut"f- finally Gov-
Ps a stage for
r a while, and
be gains the
J -one is ndmit-
ruchant of es-
",iho first goes
kee is still in
d, ho becomes
of fifty Is a
pon a oom
i !rg tin ware
The Grave Yard.
I love to steal away from the busy scenes oflife
and pay a visit to the dark abode of tho departed
defd; the thoughtful melancholy w hich it. is so well
calculated tcj inspire, is grat ful rather than disa
greeable to my heart. It sends no thrilling dart
through my soul to tread upon the green roof of
flmr l!i.-l "and lonely mansion down to whose
chambers I must soon go, to return no more.
From choice do I often wander to the place where
there is neither solitude nor society. Although
the tolly, the bustle, the vanity, the pretensions,
the pride of humanity art. all gone, it is no place
of solitude. Men are there, but their pu.-sions are
all hushed into everlasting silence, nud their spir
its are still; malevolence with all its kindred vi
ces, have lost all their power of harming; ambi
tion, the cause id' many a lall, lies low and at la
the "ourts, goes to Col''!
enior of the State.
A third pushes off fv
a time, then tends bur I
at Inst, is a clerk in a !
confidence of his euiplo
ted into partnership, and
tablisiied reputation. "
The fourth is a w ild
to sea before the mast; Jt
him, mid his wild a .u h
nptaii! fjf r. pack , , , f
weather beaten seamen i
forta'ble income. '
The fifth is a pcdler
for n half a dozi n j e i
States. He then lines o"
the Rocky mountains; aiterws rcnnri ho officiates
as a steward on hoard a Mississippi steumhoat.
lining of a musical turn, he joins a earavmi and
plays the Clarionet through all the principal cities
of the United States. He then shoots off for Ken
lucky, where he. keeps school for a short time; he
next removes for Alabama, where, with n ?api
tai of two or three thousand dollars, which he
has saved, be sets up a store in a new town, still
covered with stumps. The, town increases; and
our young merchant flourishes. In due time he
has extensive cotton lands. These he cultivates
with care, and year by year, adding acre to acre,
ho becomes a wealthy planter, find respected ami
beloved by all around him.
The sixth is a favorite son, and like most fa
vorites, comes very near ticing spoiled. lie is
sent to college, and acquires some knowledge and
a good estimation ot himself. 15ut lie chances to
he sent to one of those colleges, where there is but
little intercourse nctueen the pupil and the in
structor, and where a parcel ot voting men are left
without a rudder or compass, at this most stormy
and dangerous period of life. He catches there
fore the infection of bad principles, and goes forth
with a diseased and very impure spirit to the
world. lie commences his life with a fair pros
pect, but still witii the idea that fortune is to be
obtained without effort. He is disappointed, and
becomes dissipated; he loses his friends, and is on
the point of being lot to society but thp Yankee
isstillin him. His father's honorable example,
and his mother's religious counsels come to his
aid. Thi! good and evil are at strife, but the for
mer prevails: he shakes off his indolence, and he
tramples his vices'beneath his feet, lie makes a
hold effort, and be removes to fbe valley of the
Mississippi; he establishes himself as a lawyer in
the vicinity of some court house, still surrounded
wall the relics of the forest. He devotes himself
carefully to bis profession, and at the age of forty,
he is honored and respected as the Chief Justice of
tile DUUU. LKIco, Ol' ." UiCt;jJUj ll-.ii ttliS, iliO
history of many a New England farmer's family.
Geese Exempt from Attachment.
AN AMUSING INCIDENT.
Miser Skinflint was a shrewd rnoncv-lendina
Yankee. He was one of those men who are their
own lawyers, and as soon as a debt arrived at ma
turity, if not paid, he would fill a writ and have it
served forthwith, with orders to attach anything
the officer could get hold of. Yet, though bold in
his movements, lie might be readily frightened.
Mr. Williams was sitting in his office, smoking
a cigar, when a client entered looking like the
shadow of starvation.
' 'Squire,' said he, 'I'm a ruined man. Miser
Skinflint has taken all I am worth in the world.
The darned cut-throat has got all my geese.'
Now tho attorney was a fat, jolly son of mirth,
and with twinkling eye, he promised to get them
back again. He sat down anil wrote the following
"IV' r. Skin ft ifi : . ....
Sir If you would avoid consequences of the
most terrible character, you will call at my office
without an hour's delay. Yours, See,
The note had been written but about half an
hour when Mr. Skinflint called.
'How d'ye do, 'Squire?'
'Mr. Skinflint, your servant, sir,' responded the
attorney, looking very sedate.
'I've just got this letter 'Squire. What's the
'Matter enough, Mr. Skinflint, You have attach
ed Mr. Jones' geese hav'nt you?'
'Sartain; but that ai'nt agin the law, is it?'
'Against the law! why sir, you have subjected
yourself to heavy damages for the false imprison
ment of those geese. Are you aware, sir, that
they are exempted from attachment?'
'Dew tell ! now you're jokin, 'Squire I've read
the Statute Book putty snug, and haint found that
'Statute Book, Mr. Skinflint! Why sir, it's
'Wall, now, you know of course, 'Squire, and
i u just semi the critters back, uut just tell me
how long it's been common law.''
'Why, ever since the cackling of geese saved
Home. The Romans then passed an act that they
should be sacred from legal process, and they cal
led it common law to distinguish it from their oth
er statutes, which were very u?t-conimnn ones.'
'I am satisfied, 'Squire, you'll never catch me in
that scrape again. As I said before, the critters
shall go back.'
And so they did.
This is no fiction, hut a fact with the exception
of names. Portland Jldv.
THE F II M M AN-
is forgotten; auger has
putes have ended, and
ed over by the thickly
vice, that monster ol Hie I
and nowei less, anil vii tuo
regions, is dumb
in innocence, is
Keep thy Heart.
W hy ? Because no duty is so important to
thine own well being. The man whose heart is
not kept, is like a garden w ithout walls. Why
wilt thou lock thy doors so firmly, close thy shut
ters so securely, deposite notes and bills in the
safe so carefully, and leave thy heart open to every
intruder? Keep thy heart with all dilligence, is
the inspired command. Neglect business, neglect
recreation, neglect study, yea, neglect even domes
tic concerns, and bodily comforts; but do not
neglect to keep thine heart. Let the chief invade
the field, the cellar, the granary, the wardrobe,
rather than suffi-i the heal t to be led astray. What
is the loss of silver, or gold, and bank stock, to
the loss of the heart of its peace, its purity, its
contentment, its joys, its heavenly aspirations?
Reader, hadst thou kept thy heart diligently,
and with all watchfulness, would that temptation
have overcome thee? Would that fretful word
have escape) thy lips? Had thy heart been staid
on God by morning prayer, would a slight disap
pointment live broken its peace? Why is it that
so many kqep all their possessions with so much
care, and yet neglect to k -ep the heart?
If any one has thus far made the keeping of the
heart a secondary object if the care of the body
if attention to the. most necessary domestic duties,
even to brothers, sisters, husband, w ife or children
have prevented the right keeping- of tho heart, let
this most important of all duties have its first, ils
appropriate place. Keep the heart first, last, in
sickness, in health, in prosperity, at home and a
broad keep the heart with all dilligence; for out
of it are tho issues ol life !
done its last work;
the darkest sills art
piled (dods of the v
waiting in silent relief fort no voice ot uauriet aim
the trump of God; when these shall utter their
voices like the sound of the far distant thunder,
then she will mount up on wings of the eagle, and
wing her way up to the throne of (bid.
Summer and Winter.
Man should learn to accommodate himself to the
winter, as well as the summer oflife, for the sum
mer passss away the trees lose their verdure
the earth is deprived of its greeness and the sky
of ils brightness. The streamlet bubbles no more
but rushes with impetuous flood to the ocean.
The melody of the grove' is lui-died am! the busy
hum ofinsect life is stilled. Nature approaches
the grave of winter. Ah! if we could awaken to
the moral of which these signs admonish us ifwe
could hut read the lesson which kind providence
has written on the face of nature, for our hem-fit
and improvement il w e would study the alphabet
of fate, and remember that each loaf which falls
. t I t II. i 1 .
each flower that dies, is mu an enmiein oi man s
kindred doom, how much of the selfishness, the
discontent, the coldness, the vieioiMiess of life
would he swept away, and earth would be but a
proof sheet of Heaven's fairer volume, with errors
and imperfections, il is true, but still susceptible
anil easy of correction nud amendment, ere its
pages wore unfolded before the high chancery of
Whkhb am I fioixr;? Many evils might be
avoided, if this question were often put. If the
young thought more of what they do or where
they go, they would escape much sin and remorse.
A Beautiful incident.
The follow ing incident occurred a few weeks
since in a village of one of die southern counties
of our state. It was a ivarei Sabbath afternoon,
and the doors of the village church were thrown
open to lei in the balmy air f om the fields without.
The congregation had assembled, and while the
minister was reading the fir.;t hymn, a beautiful
dove entered tho door and came walking up' tlie
Such a visitor drew of course universal atten
tion. But as the choir urns'; to sing, he seemed
startled, nnd lil'tiing himself on his wings, alight
ed on the stove pipe above him, where he sat bend
ing his glossy neck and turning his head so as to
catch the harmony as it swelled through the tem
ple ol God. Whether it was the chorus of voices,
or the full-toned notes of tin organ that captivated
him, I cannot tell; but he s it the perfect picture
of earnest attention till the anisic ceased.
Waiting a moment as if t hear the strain com
mence again, he started fiou his perch and sailed
'Ponder the path ol thy feet,' says the wise
Am I going where I ouht to
Beautiful Extract, from a Manuscript
Sermon of Dr. Storrs.
It may be a day of small things, when some
humble female enters the abode of squalid poverty
and loathsome vice, to pick up from the rubish and
polish a single gem, as an ornament of her Re
deemer's future crown. It may be a day of small
things when a Sabbath school teacher threads the
lanes and alleys of tho city, and penetrates the
haunts of iniquity, to find out the neglected child
nnd plar him undr the found of glad tiding from
where I have been forbidden to go? Am I
into temptation ? Am I going into bad company
Had 1 better stay than go? Whoever will hon
estly think of these questions, will not be sorry
that he stopped to think, before they determined lo
go. i here is an old rule, ' J limit twice before
you speak once.' It may also he said, 'Think
twice bcloie you take one step.'
Dryburgh Abbey, where the body of Walter
Scott lies buried, is tho property of the Enrl of
buchati. Over die lodge gate, at the entrance to
the Abbey grounds, is a sign on which is printed
in large letters, placed there in all seriousness, In
order of the Countess of Buelian, which runs
thus: "SLAVEHOLDERS FROM AMER
ICA NOT ADMI TTED ! ya
Don't be in a hurry 'to pop the question,' young
gentlemen. A friend of ours courted a young la
dy for twenty eight years, and then married her.
She turned out to be a perfect virago, and died in
less than two years after her wedding. 'Now,'
said our friend, in a si If-coiigratiilating tone, 'I see
what I have esrnped by long courtship." Noah's
to the top ol the organ, where lie furled Ins pin
ions and sat quietly looking down on the audi
ence. Tho young clergyman arose lo pray. He
is distinguished for his earnestness and fervor of
his invocation, and as he stood with his hands
around the Bible which lay clasped before him,
humbly beseeching the Father of all good to send
his Holy Spirit down, that beautiful bird pitched
from bis resting place on tho organ, and sailing
down on level wing the whole length of the church
perched on the Bible, diicctly between the hands
of the clergyman.
It was merely a natural occurrence, but how
beautiful the picture. . There stood the mesiienger
of Cod with face toward heaven pleading for
heaven's blessings the Bible before him, around
which his bauds were rtverently clasped, while on
it stood that beautiful and innocent . dove. The
three thus together formed a group full of interest
and symbolizing all that is dear to man. The word
of (bid was before the people with God's chosen
emblem upon it, and God'a herald Hasping them
both as he prayed.
What wonder is it if a superstitious feeling ran
through (lie house as the people watched that dove
the emblem of innocence ami purify and the divine
Spirit itself standing on the Bible and looking
gently down on them. Beautiful bird, it centered
for a time the affections of all on it; and he who
could have injured it there, would have injured
hundreds of hearts al the same time. The press
ure of its tiny feet w as no sacrilege there, for the
expression ol its soft eye was innocence and love.
The clergyman feeling the presence of the bird,
and fearing it might distract the attention of his
hearers, gently passed his hand over the Bible.
The dove, unstartled, merely hopped over .it on
the cushion, where it sat till prayer was ended.
It then rose and sailed away. In former times the
love would have been regarded ns a spiritual vis
New Way of Settling Disputes.
Take the Oregon case. A few would havs us
fight about it; most would prefer an amicable ad
justment by negotiation between the parties; and
should this fail, many would have each partyurgc
its claims before an umpire mutually chosen, and
then adidc by his decision. These hist methods I
like very well ! but such is my confidence in the
iiiu-i'i.ta of i-iieii mulon riiiluiy rriNtei!. that I De-
lieve it might be safely referred to the generosity
and justice of cither. 1 doubt whether they could
at present be made to trust each other; but if
lh; y could, 1 should have no fears of the result.
Let me quote a fact in point, for the substantial
truth -of whi;h I have sufficient vouchers. Two
neighbors call them Jones and Chandler got in
to a dispute about the boundary between' their
farms. One said it should of right run here, while
the other insisted that it should run there; and
months of warm hut friendly discussion, so far
from making them think alike, left them no alter
native but a lawsuit or a reference. Thcv were
wise enough to resolve on the latter, and selected j
for the umpire a good justice of the peace living at j
some distance from ihem.
Still, the matter remained for a long time unset
tled. Busy each with his ow n affairs, they could
not find a time for attending to it that would be
convenient for them both, yet the approach of har
vest, when the avails of the land were to be secur
ed by one or the other, made them perceive the ne
cessity of a final decision without delay.
'Come,' said Chandler, now grown a little im
patient, 'come, neighbor Jones, we must have this
'1 know,' replied Jones, 'it has been put off too
long; but 1 can't attend to it just now.'
'But you must,' retorted Chandler with warmth;
'it will never do to let it lie along so; and 1 am re
solved on pushing if to a conclusion.'
'Well then,' calmly replied Jones, "if vou must.
fricndChandler, you must; but I can't go with you
now to the squ ire's, its so far, and I have so much
work on hand."
'Pray then, what shall be done?"
'Why,' said June?, 'I don't see but you can do it
all yourself. You certainly understand your own
side of the question, and I believe you are pretty
well acquainted by this time with mir.e. Why
can't you play the lawyer for us both! Just go
and stale both sides to the Squire, and I'll abide
by his decision.
'Aiiieed,' said Chandler, and away he went to
the Squire, and he plead both sides so fairly, that
hu soon came back in high spirits, saying, 'Well,
neighbor Jones, you've got the case; and 1 believe
after all, the 'Squire has decided about right.
From the Cincinnati Herald.
An Important View.
In the various discussions of Constitutional (aw
in relation lo Slavery, I do not remember to hav
seen one view presented, which, nevertheless seems
to me both important and sound. It is admitted,
on all bands, that the right of one man to another,
as his slave, depends w holly, for its existence, 'ex
tent and continuance, upon the law of the State or
country in which it is exercised. It is admitted,
also, that no person can be held as a slave, of nat
ural right, but that all such holding is against tho
natural right, and in virtue, exclusively, of posi
tive law. It follows, necessarily, that the mo
ment an individual, held as a slave in ono State or
country, under the law thereof, passrs beyond it
territorial liniits,hc becomes free," not in virtue, or
by operation of any law f the State or country in
to which he comes, but because he leaves the con
dition of the slave behind him, when ho leaves tha
territory by the law of which the. condition wag
Nilw the Constitution of the Unit
ed States provides that 'no'-person held to service
or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, es
caping into another shall, in consequence of any
law or regulation therein, be dischaVgetl from such
service or labor; but shall be delivered up on claim
of the party to whom such service or labor may be
Admitting that the provision was intended to
embrace fugitive slaves, and what is more doubt
ful, that it does in fact embrace them, the ques
tion still remains, 'does this provision prevent the
emancipation of such fugitives." I deliberately
avow the opinion that it does not. It merely de
clares that the fugitive servant shall not be discharg
ed from service in consequence of any law or reg
ulation of tho State int which he may escape.
Now a slave is not discharged from slavery by
leaving the State by the law of which he is held as
a slave and coming into another, by virtue of any
law of that other.' He has left the law which
made him a slave behind him. He is free- by na
ture and the endowment of the Creator. He is
made a slave by law. The law, which makes htn
a slave, cannot follow him beyond the limits 6f his
own Territory. When he passes beyond thos
limits be resumes his freedom; simply because he
has got beyond the reach of the force which sup
This constitutional provision, therefore, doea
not prevent the emancipation of slaves escaped
from one State into another, because it only re
strains the laws of tho States into w hich slaves may
escape from having that effect; but does not pre
tend to give the law, which attaches to men tho
condition of property, any extra territorial effect.
iot having done so, it does not operate at all up
on the condition of escaping slaves. They become
fi ee, w henever and however they get out of a
slavcholding State, simply because they are out,
just as they would, had this provision never found
a place in the Constitution.
u ll.lliilunl can t.ikfc norhirtr: -to ititmr--
His claim, as the late Charles Hammond
well said, belongs to the rl
and must be enforced bv
ass of 'Shylock demands,'
the letter,' if at all.
S. P. c.
What is Education?
Io be educated is to know how to reason, com-
narc. and decide accurately. By the process of
education this faculty is acquired, nnd this is term
ed, in this 'practical age,' a practical education, in
connection with real labor it makes a practical
man, and is more fully carried on, and illustrated
by manual labor, which gives title to to the proud
cognomen of every true hearted American, who
bears it, of the 'working man.'
Somo suppo;..o every learned man was an educat
ed man. No such tiling. That man is educated
who knows himself, and who takes accurate com
mon sense views of men and things around him.
Some very learned men are the greatest fools in
the world; tho reason is, they arc not educated
hunt from the unseen world, sent on a special niis- men. Learning is only the' means, not the end;
sion in answer to prayer, nnd awakened feelings ol
awe and reverence.
To us it was only a natural but unusual occur
rence, awakening simply Hie sen.iment of beauty.
It was a new and accidental figure introduced sud
denly into a beautiful picture, giving greater har
mony and perfection to what we deemed perfect
before. There was no religion in it, but it was
full of beautv. New York Observer.
An Irish woman ha been found who raised $17
to pay her rent by 'letting' her deceased husband's
nntui alization papers to 17 individuals in succession.
its value consists of giving the means of acquiring
in tho discipline, w hich, when properly managed,
it gives the niinu. Some ot the greatest men in
the world were not overstocked with learning, but
their actions prove that they were thoroughly ed
ucated. Washington, Franklin and Sherman were
of this class; and similar, though less striking in
stances may be found in all countries. A man may
study metaphysics till heJs gray, and languages till
he is a walking polyglot, and if he is nothing more
lit is an uneducated man.
An example animated by an ardent and sincere
leva shines like ths suu it warms K- invigorate
tha (London) Anti-Slavery Reporter.
To the Christians and wf.i.i.-disposed Citi
zens OF THE NoRTIIKRN STATUS OF AmEKICA:
Dear Friends : Though I live across the At
lantic, from you, I believe my name is not un
known to you. I have heard w ith almost indes
cribable delight of ths great progress winch tha
Anti-slavery cause has made in your part of the
world. Permit, then, an old man, almost worn
out by sixty years' hard labor in that sacred cause,
to express Ins joy to you on this occasion, and to
take advantage of this new and favorable turn of
filings, to give his opinion as to what ought to
bo your present aim, or as to what you ought al
ways to keep in view, in your attempts to promote
the extinction of slavery.
Slavery is the greatest evil which has ever af
flicted your country. It has heaped incalculable
sufferings upon the heads of a people who have
never given you any cause of offence; and you
have done this without any rig-lit to do it but your
ow n will and tho law of force. It has corrupted
the morals of your population to a frightful extent,
by familiarizing theni with cruelty nnd injustice, by
hardening their hearts, and by giving birth to erro
neous opinions, which lead to infidelity.; and,
moreover, it has injured your national character
in tho eyes of the world. These, then, are
some of the evils of slavery. But we can apply
no remedy to them till we find out their source.
It has been a great misfortune to America, that the
people of tho south should have ever attempted to
obtain a political preponderance over the people
of the north; and still more strange that they
should have succeeded in their attempt. I repeat,
still more strange; for it is strange indeed, that a
people like those of the south, a people of no rep
utation but for their tyranny and vices, and a peo
ple despicable in the eyes cf all good m:n, should
have obtained lordship over tho virtuous people of
the north a people known to have been of reli
gious character from the time of their first settle
ment in America, and to have kept up the samo
character (till slavery made inroad upon their
morals) to tho present day. And why did the peo
ple of the South make this attempt? 'it was that
they might rule over tho w hole Jar.d, both North
and South; that they might become, in fact, the
legislators or makers of the laws, and thus pro
led and establish slavery forever, as an institution
of the United States. This preponderance, th'in,
there can be no doubt, is tho source of the evils
1 will now ask you, my friends of the North,
what you have profited by the preponderance, or
ascendency? I will tell 'you. You have got a
slavcholding President, a slaveholding Senate, a
slaveholdiug Congress, and a slaveholding Cabi
net. You have got the very sort of men in these
high offices, the most detrimental to your inter
ests. But perhaps the men filling these offices may
have been more servicable to you than you are
aware of, as legislators. I vviil ask you, then, what
good they have done. In the common routine of
business in congress they may have done, perhaps,
as well ns any other men could have done; but
whenever shivery has been brought before them as
a matter of business, the most malignant of wha t
we call demons, could not have done worse. TliQ
Jaws against their slaves stand on record as trie
most bloody of the most sb vnge nations upon earth
so shnekinj as to produce horror and indignation