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Green-Mountain freeman. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, December 20, 1844, Image 1

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J. POLAAI) & C. C. URICGS,
VOLUME !
" dive me Liberty or g c mc Death!"
Editors & Proprietors.
NUMBER 51.
MOXTPEMEU, VERMONT, FRIDAY, DPCEMBER 20, 1844- '
THE GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
PUBL IS HE D E VER V FR IDA Y,
in Lyman's building, Main st. near the Union House
TERMS!
Single copies $1,50 in advance, or $2,00 after the ex
piration of three months from the time of subscribing.
All papers sent at the expense of the subscribers.
JrCT Advertisements inserted at the usual charges.
SCF Transportation of papers will in no case be paid
by the publisher, unless a special agreement to tha con
trary is made. -3!
fCPBook and J:ib Work of every description thank
fully received and executed with neatness and dispatch.
For AGENTS see last pane.
T- H EF 12 E M -A-N-
For the Freeman.
Messrs.Editors: It has been the fate of aboli
tionists whether laboring politically or religiously
(using the common distinction) to meet at every
stage of their progress, the most bitter censure and
reproach. When in accordance with the spirit
and letter of the Constitution, they have freely anil
faithfully discussed the highest practical interests
of human life; the most important of all practical
subjects within the scope ol religion or politics;
when they have ventured to revive the well nigh ex
ploded doctrines of the declaration, they have incur
red the sore displeasure ol the minions of slavery,
and for their presumption thoy have been fero
ciously assaulted, stoned, beaten, dragged through
the streets, nnd threatened with death. The bare
suspicion of abolitionism was a sufficient pretext
for rushing over the guaranties of the Constitution
and committing brutal outrages upon unoffending
citizens. When by using the freedom of the press,
the people were aroused from their long slumber,
and the spell of political chicanery was broken
through, and the theory and practice of slavery
laid open, then the accusation on thousands of
tongues, from the sage of the surplice to the bab
bler of the grogshops was recklessness, madness
At length the friends of human rights were con
vinced that to act elleetually, they must act politi
cally :hen they honestly inquired how shall we
best employ our political activities? Shall we co
operate with the two great parties of the day?
They knew that slavery had grown and flourished
under the control of both those parties. It had
long been the ruling question in their national
'conventions thoy had fostered and cherished the
institution until some of our dearest rights had
been surrendered; the very pillars of liberty they
have violently assaulted; the old basis of equal
right. which our fathers laid beneath the republic
they would remove, that domestic slavery might
be substituted.
The question returned, can we act with those
parties who have thrown our country into such an
attitude, and brought distressing pecuniary embar
rassments upon us by continuing the odious sys
tem of American slavery. Shall we take a course
in which we must reproach ourselves for our dis
honesty, for our adherence to wrong? Has earth
any prizes that we would buy at so dear n rate?
No, the case is plain, the necessity unavoidable
both parties are radically and essentially wrong,
and wc must forsake them. The inquiry then was,
shall we withdraw from the field of political ac
tion, and live in our private pursuits regardless of
the interests of our country ? Doweowe no du
ties to society ? Way we receive its numerous
benefits without making any return ? Shall we en
joy the blessings of its institutions, and refuse to
rally round these institutions when in jeopardy?
No, this would be base ingratitude, ignoble selfish
ness. He who retires into inactive solitude is
chargeable, so far as his religious obligations to
others are concerned, with moral suicide. There
remained then, but one course permitted by in-
tegrity, honor and religion, and that was, ad the
Christian eihzen. Such were the steps which led
to the organization of the Liberty party; and tho'
it was the result of moral principle .and a pure
love of country, it occasioned the same wrath and
reviling whivh hmi bevn io,i,,c,i ,,,! aliuliuon
ists ut every step in their former history. The
newspaper presses poured out their torrents of a
buse and falsehoods, representing the party as
faint and hopeless; abolitionism as dying away
just gasping for breath. But these true Liberty
men were conscious that they had "taken the
groud first occupied by Washington himself, that
slavery was the creature of law, and should be
abolished by law; they appealed to the ballot-box,
not the bayonet; having faith in the power of rea
son, truth and virtue, they expect to achieve a
bloodless revolution, more glorious than any yet
arising from from force and arms.'' They have
pursued their course undismaymed by the clamor
and forgery of surrounding partiznns, facing all
manner of obloquy and violence up to the
present period. And now for breaking away from
the pro-slavery parties and keeping clear of the
laise and treacherous lights of their blind leaders,
and following the polestar of their holy princi
ples and doing their duty faithfully as Chrutbm
freemen, they are held lesponsible for all the evils
which may result to the country from the election
of James K. Polk. The whigs urrive at this con
clusion by the same process of logical irivsitable
reasoning as that of the man, who said Moses was
the meekest man, Job was the most patient man,
thereforeDavid killed Goliah.
We are told, that if Texas is udmittcd tho res
ponsibility falls wholly upon the Liberty party.
This we utterly deny. They had no moral right
to make such terms as they proposed to us, terms
which demand a flagrant violation of fundamental
principles. If they had no right to fix such tcrrnJ
no responsibility attaches to us, for refusing those
terms. If one man proposes to steal a bushel of
grain, if his neighbor will carry it to a destitute
family, anil the man refuses to take any part in
such a transaction, shall he be charged with guilt
for preventing a donation to the poor? TheLiberty
party would most gladly cooperate with the whigs
in opposing annexation on right principles; they
have long been anxious and active in this work:
but w hen the whigs require conditions of coopera
tion, which are in themselves sinful, and in our
view, subversive of human rights, an,d which' can
Hie complied withTomv bv sacrificing vital princi
ples, which are the basis of our organization, then
it is duty to decline such conditions, and the res
ponsibility and reproach falls on those who frame
such conditions. Let the whiffs first establish their
right in the sight of Heaven, and in view of the
doctrines of the declaration to set up a slaveholder
before they attempt to throw the responsibility on
us. W ho are the sinners above other men we
for declining the conditions, or the whigs for in
sisting on them provided, that decison is made on
the principles of the bible and the declaration. Go
on, Liberty men, unawed and unchecked by this
last vial of wrath. R. F.
For the Freeman.
Temperance Convention.
The friends of Temperance in Orleans County
assembled at the Court House in Irnsburgh on the
6th instant for the purpose of nominating candid
ates for licencing Commissioners for said county.
The convention appointing Hon. Jacob Bates
Chairman, and Hubbard Hastings secretary.
Prayer by Rev. Win. A. Chapin.
On motion of Mr. Cooper, a committee of one
from each town represented was unpointed by the
chair to make a nomination of license committee.
On motion of Mr. Cooper, a committoe of three
were .Appointed by the chair to present resolutions
expressing the sense of this convention in regard
to the present license law. The committee con
sisted of Rev. S. K. Hall, Rev. N. Denison, and
Hon. George Nye.
A resolution was offered by Mr. Cooper, in
structing the committee on nominations to present
the names of three persons as candidates for com
missioners who will absolutely refuse nil licenses
to sell ardent spirits or wines as a beverage. A-
dopted. .. r .., .
Adjourned one hour.
Afternoon. Convention opened with prayer by
Rev. Mr. Wells.
The committee on nominations presented the
names of William S. Flint, of Lowell, Geo. H.
Page of Greensboro' and Oren Ne-vcomb of Der
by, as candidates for county commissioners, which
were severally confirmed by the convention.
The committee on resolutions reported the fol
lowing, which were discussed and adopted:
Resolved, That the cause of temperance is a
cause calculated to benefit all, nnd to enlist the
sympathies am! united action of all good men of
whatever political party or religious denomination.
Resolved, That we rejoice that our legislature
has opened the way for the settlement of the ques
tion w hether the many shall be taxed for the bene
fit of the few, by a license traffic the rich man's
curse and the poor man's woe.
Resolved, That if the real friends of temper
ance will not now unite in the exercise of the free
man's rights to prevent the granting of licenses in
the county, they will deserve to bear the evils of
intemperance.
Resolved, That we will use every honorable
exertion in our power to induce the liiends of
temperance to exercise their lean! and constitution
al rights, by a prompt and efficient organization,
and punctual attendance at the polls for the elec
tion of the commissioners now put in nomination.
Resolution by Rev. Mr. Denison:
That it is the duty of the friends of temperance
in every town to hold meetings fur the purpose of
arousing the friends of temperance to the impor
tance of thorough and eflicient action in view of
the-coming election. Adopted.
Resolution by a gentleman present.
That as the sale of intoxicating liquor to be used
as a common drink, is morally wrong contrary to
the known will of God, then to license men to do
whac the law of God forbids, is an act of treason
against his government, and rebellion against the
Kiiiif of lini. Aill.pti.'il.
otoil, that the piooeodings of this convention
lie published in the several uanets that circulate
in this county.
Adjourned sine die.
H. Hastings, Secretary.
Prejudice Yielding. -
'I'Ko Tl,:,. I D I .
ot rsew York clergy, has appointed a black man to
' : ,"'"" y
;k us moderator, tor tho next six months. "Here
is no fauatitism no little band of ultras outraging
public opinion for the very fun of it but a staid
and popular and powerful band of men swim
ming in the mam current of society, deliberately
making up their minds to do that in 1844 which the
Idle band of abolitionists were mobbed for do' "V
in 1884. Glory to God. This is victory. Soui
the timbrel. 1 here js an open breach through its
thickest wall.
The Mack minister we refer to is Rev. Theodore
i. Wright, a man every way worthv to preside
over any presbytery, but whose color" would have
put it as far out of the question a few years a'o
as Saturn is from the sun. He was nominatedl.v
Rev. L. Masou, D. D. , and elected unanimously.
By this act the third presbytery has done more "to
honor their religion than they could have done by
years of preaching charity and practising caste.
Chronicle
Illinois. The Western Citizen gives returns
nearly complete, from three of the six districts of
the State. The vole thus far amounts to 2106.
in tne same counties in August.it was 2080. Gain
26.
my Liberty voters, in one county, were kept
y from the polls by the Garland forgery.
away
Massachusetts atid South Carolina,
DO"Tho following are the ollicift Acumen ts re
lative to the Massachusetts agency at Charles
ton. Mr. Hoar to Gov. Hammond.
Charleston, 28thV0v., 1844.
Sir:
Your Excellency is already informed of remon
strances made by the commonweal'!' (Massachu
setts against the arrest and i in prise ", ment of her
citizens in South Carolina, against '' horn the com
mission of no crime is alledgcd. 'Ije legislature
of Massachusetts has recently passed a lesolve,
authorizing the governor of that Stn e. to appoint
an agent "for the purpose of collecting an. trans
mitting accurate information re--pec-1 the num
ber and the names of citizens of Ma? :usetts who
have heretofore been, or may bcLlig the pe
riod or l(c fxirn;se:ric.n o! jr:iiTTjk
without the allegation of un y crime."
ri.-.ivv ,
The agent
is also authorized to bring and prosecute one or
more suits in behalf of any citizen that inaj be so
imprisoned, at the expense of Massachusetts, for
the purpose of having the legality of such impris
onment tried and determined in the Supreme Court
of the United States.
The Governor of Massachusetts 1ms appointed
me ageni of that State, to execute the purposes a
bove mentioned ; and I arrived in this city this
morning for that purpose. I do not k.iow that
your Excellency will consider it proper in any
way to notice this subject, yet propriety seemed
to require this communication.
With great respect, your Excellency's
obedient servant,
SAMUEL HO.YR.
To his Excellency, J. H. HAMMOND,
Governoi of Suuth Carolina.
W hereupon the
Gtl Inor
sent the following!
message to the Legis
iture;
Governor's Message, No. IJI.
Executive Department,
Columbia, Nov. 30, 1844.
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Hepre
sentatives: The acconipaning communication was
received by the last mail, and I deem it proper that
it should be laid before you for your information.
It will be seen that the State of Massachusetts has
appointed a special agent to reside in this State,
for tho purpose of contesting, by a series of law
suits; a long standing law of peculiar chancier,
which js deemed of vital importance to the securi
ty of our property, and the pence of citizens. She
has also appropriated a fund for the purpose ofde
fraying the expense of the litigation. The facts 1
gather only from the communication of her nrent,
which is tiansmitted to you. I havs receive! no
notification from the authorities of the State. It is
for you to determine whether any and what meas
ures should be taken to maintain the poliece regu
lations of this State within her limits.
J. H. Hammond.
Whereupon the following resolutions passed the
House of Representatives with but one dissenting
voice.
Resoved, 1st, That the right to exclude from
their territories, seditious persons, nroi!iers whose
presence may be dangerous to their peace, is es
sential to every independent State.
Resoived, 2d, That free negroes and persons of
color are not citizens of the United States, with
in the meaning of the constitution, which confers
upon the citizens of the several states.
Resolved, 3d, Tlyit the emmissary sent by the
State of Massachusetts to the State of South Car
olina, with the avowed purpose of interfering with
her institutions and disturbing her peace, is to be
regarded in the character he has assumed, and to
he treated accordingly. ;
Resolved, 4th, That his Excellency the Govern
or, be reque.-ted to expel from our territory the
said agent, after due notice to depart, and that the
legislature will sustain the executive authority, in
any measure it may adopt for the purpese afore
said. Mr. Northrop proposed the following amend
ment to the last resolution:
Resolved. That the Governor be requested to
have die said agent immediately arrested, and with
the advice of the attorney general, to take such
measures as mav be effectual to protect our insti
tutions, and punish the individual according to the
laws of this State; and in case it shall appear that
he has not yet committed any overt net against our
laws, "to expel from our territory." ecc.
Resolved, That the whole subject be referred to
the Com. on Federal Relations, with instiuctious
to report a bill providing adequate enactments and
penalties tor the further protection or our nisiiiu
tions, as this or similar exigencies may require.
It was at once objected to this amendment, that
it would expose the state to the troulile ot the old
wtit of habeas corpus, nnd might thus bring the le
gislative and nidicial authorities into cnnniet i ne
hot impatience of the House could noi lie icMrum
ed, iiiid tin: rc.-.il minus, unmitigated, were passed
WUll llllt Ollli (lirtttMII III;. Volt,, itutl Ol' 01 lilll III ill -
ger of Charleston. He did not lack zeal tor the pe
culiar institution, out was not willing to let down
the "dignity of the state" nor to violate the consti
tution so openly as the rest were determined to do.
Thus was the venerable representative of Mas
sachusetts, with contumelv and scorn, expelled
I 1 1 U I ii un; Mini; in ooillll VUI'OIIIIU. ini vimiira-
r . !(- n. i it.. I..f, r i.,J
noil according to tho paners of that cit , on the 6th
in the Wilmington boat."
The South Carolinian, the Calhoun organ at the
seat of government, thus comments on the above
documents:
Arrogant and insulting Interference1. t will be
seen by reference to the Governor's message, No,
3, and the letter accompanying it, which wo pub
lish to-day, that the State' of Massachusetts has
undertaken to interfere with the slave laws of our
Slate in the most Impertinent and arrogant man
ner. That Slate, after taking the lead in official
action against the domestic institution of the South
has now actually appointed a special agent to re
side within our state, with instructions to contest
theaction of a law absolutely necessary to the peace
and security of our people, and appropriated mo
ney for that purpose! Thus, on the one hand, she
stimulate her citizens to incendiary Aggressions
on our property nnd peace, and on tho other seeks
to annul the very law made to exclude the colored
incendiaries she would thrust upon our shores, and
Yviin.li uer own persevering aggressions nave made
absolutely necessary for our protection ! She open-
ly violates the
and the constitution of our country all laws, hu
man or divine to thrust the deadliest of nil possi
ble weapons at our very vitals; and then seeks, un
der the shallow pretence of law and humanity, to
sti ike from our arm the shield extended to ward
"AT that weapon ! God of justice and humanity f
Has it indeed come to this? Is South Carolina
fallen so low, that she may not pass laws solely for
her own safety, and absolutely necessary to it, ex
cept at the will of Massachusetts, or any power on
earth? Or, if she does so, shall Massachusetts
thrust upon her soil her hireling myrmidons, to
brave her sovereignty, and seek to trample it
under foot, with the safety of her sons, and the
honor and purity of her daughters, through the aid
of her own courts? If so, then
"Age, thou art ashamed !
Rome, thou hast lost the breed of noble bloods f"
She pretends to be governed by regard for the
rights and safety of her citizens. Does she 'sup
pose South, Carolina has none at all for-ber's? Shall
she sedulously teach her negroes doctrines destruc
tive of our very existence, nnd tbeir'thrust them
upon our shores at will to consumnitrte the! Ae(.
pu-ises( Let -ur reouluswer! Let
their legislature, now in session. artswaZ? Ann?uK
ed to the letter of tho impertirnjiit abolitioufjfcwi.-
impertinent abolition
lllissai'V of Massachusetts, will hi conn tha Sio,.I.XTu -
nous it has called forth in tht SSmate
..... wv... .. .hi
As a mere
expression of opinion, these niajHie very well; but
we trust something niav be done' in this case be
yond mere words some course of defensive action
adopted, which will firmly maintain the sovereign-
... C.L.. O... . .!.' ... "
ij vi me oiaie, trie supremacy ot her necessary
laws, and the safety of her citizens, in anv emer.
gency. Be the law of self preservation constiHc;
imuiii or not, ir. inustne sustained. H in J.otJi' imwi
deadly and dangerous enemies force upon us the
necessity of passing laws for our protection, & then
themselves annul those laws on the plea of uncon
stituttionality, or any plea on earth? God forbid.
Can southern men look upon this monstrous
outrage and not see that the great crisis is nigh at
hand ? Can thev doubt, that to nuietlv tnlnr :tri hpr
lad libitum, this bold, insolent, and officious aboli-
Jtfon oniimssary, and his continua . onen. nnd ner-
severing warfare on our necessary laws, will hum
ble Mie spirit of our people, and gradually prepare
them for suinbission? If so, then surely some ter
rible fatuity is upon us, and we shall become our
own worst euomies.
Ah! perhaps no lawyer of our gallant State will
take ajee from this abolition minion, and strike at
the bosom that feeds him, and on which he pillows
his head, "for so much trash as may be grasped
thus." Surely it must be so, and that the' unani
mous love ami patriotism of her sons will still be,
under Providence, her best protection. H
send it may be so. Rut if it be otherwise if there
be any one that, like the viper, would sting the bo
som that warmed him into life, let undying hate
and shame pursue him, till his person, his name,
and his memory shall be for ever "a markjor scorn
iu jiumi ner stow unmovmg Jinger at."
" Vile and Infamous Incendaries. "
In a late number of the " Georgia Flag of the
Union," a democratic paper published at Milledg-
eville, we find the following, which shows tha chiv
alrous spirit or ;;e slave power.'The heart of that
man must, indeed have become lost to every sense
of virtue and goodness, who could commit a brut
al assault like the following upon an unoffending
delenceless brother, lor no other offence than that
of human nature those rights which are in per-
n;i-i ileum iiiincu wuu me laws ot una aiiu Human
ity, and then boast ot such an assault as a very
patriotic service. No man deserving the privi
leges of a freeman will regard the patriotism ol
Mr Benjamin B. Smith who figures so con-micin-
ously in the scene below, with any other feelings
. i i' -i i i . . . . . P
mail muse ui simme unu ueiestatlOli. It IS the
same kind ot patriotism that characterises
slavery spirit wherever that spirit is found
pro'
Abolition in Georgia.
Macon, Oct. 25, 1844.
Dear Sir:
Having heard of a recent difficulty that occurred
between yourself and an abolitionist in Twin's
county, 1 should be glad to know whether I have
been rightly informed in regard to the facts. Is it
true that there are men bold enough to avow such
do.urines under the full blaze of a southern sun.
By replying at an early day you will oblige
your friend, 4tc.
S. M. strong.
Hon. Benjamin B. Smith,
Macon, Oct. 25, 1844.
Dear Sir:
It is iruo'thnt there are open and avowed aboli
tionists in this country ! On Monday the 16th of
October, the day that our Congressional election
took place, a man by the name of Henry Holmes,
a citizen of this county, and a Slaveholdtr, pub
licly stated that he was an abolitionist, in the pres
ence of at least seventy five or eighty men. Upon
his making the avowal, fearing that I might have
misunderstood him, I asked him to state what he
said again. He then said that he was an aboli
tionistupon which Orj-I GAVE HIM SEVER
AL BLOIFS !
I should be glad to stop here, but there are two
oilier men of the same principles in our country;
one of whom George W. Bost wick, announce him
self an abolitionist in MY (bah ! ) presence ; and
the other James Adams. Jr. is notorimislv n. nnd
has so declared himself in the presence of some of
oui musMespectanie citizens. It is necessary to
udd that they are all Clay men.
Trusting that there is yet sufficient strength and
patriotism left nmong us to protect the South from
those vile and infamous incendaries, 1 remain,
Youis respectfully,
0we I1ENJ- B- SMITH,
S. M. Strong, Esq.
Encouragement to American Christ
ians. God seems to have selected the continent of
North America as the theatre on which he will
display his greatest triumphs. The genious of the
government, the genious of the people, the spirit
of the age, all combined, appear admirably adapt
ed tu.tlie spread of the gospel. Untrammelled by
a corrupting and deadening union with the state,
she is free to uiarch on to the consummation of
her glorious purposes in her own simple and sub
lime manner. Every where she is welcome, eve
ry where she is courted, by the rich and the poor,
the high and the low; the sympathies of the age
nre with her and bid her God speed, in her great
and glorious enterprise of saving the world. Kings
nnd queens have become her nursing fathers nnd
mothers; foreign ambassadors are instructed to in
tercede lor her a respectful hearing in the ears of
the oppressed nnd down trodden millions of the
earth; the civilized world feel that thty have an
interest in the success of her heaven born message.
The Bible is printed in nil languages, the tracts,
containing its elementary principles, are shower-
u u, , m neamen iiko the leaves of the forest.
1 he old systems of religion, save onn.under which
the earth has been kept in spiritual subjection, are
in their dotage, in the act of giving up the ghost,
brahmimsm, Mahommedism, Boodhism, where
are they? Gasping. They have failed to satisfy
men, they have not roached the dent lis of hissoul:
he craves a holier, a purer, a sublimer faith, and
ho shall have if. The cry of help conies waited
to us from the three remaining mighty dominions
of the earth. The millions of India and Chinaare
stretching out their hands to American Christians
wiCOlne dl"' save tliern- What more do we "flntf
What more can we have? Untrammelled, the
way open, millions stretching out their hands im
ploringly to come and save them, the best of all,
as Wesley would say, God being withus, why do
we not march to the salvation of the world? Oh
ijve understood our position and felt its clorious
IPMW" vvllml'd be'up aim doing, up to Hie"
nun; lor which tioil hath cm l..d mi ..,i ri,:.
h:is riilni.,n,i n
.f:'...l., .. f .1 ' i .i
that
it is reserv-
edonly tor U id and the angels to be
in the contest ! Chr. lJoliliciai.
lookers-on'
Light Wo
r d s.
This is often said to be a world of cold neglect
and sepuh-Jiuid so it is. But reader, while you
liiiycclled it so, have you ever thought that you
afc oncjof such a world? that from vour mouth,
a? ojjeli heard words so cold an I unkind, that,
likeu torpedo, they benumb all within their reachr
leiuaps you uid not moan to wound a friend,
or
n.iivr mi,-, me id nun more lonely. Then
should have withheld that last iight word,
"'Tis over soon the cause: not soon.
The sad effects pass by."
you
Haveyou ever seen
ov-w., a yay, nveiy spirit ana
ight heart, turned to sadness & deep melancholy?
It might have been the effect of a word. Have
you seen the tear of the mourner start'ni" afresh?
It was a light word that vividly recalled the past.
Ha ve you never seen the poor of this world made
to feel more keenly than ever (and heaven knows
that it is sharp enough at any time) the sense of
destitution ? It was ouly a light word. Be mind
ful then,
"Ye little know what misery
From idle words may spring."
But what are idle wnnl) Wo ,vt,.i, r:-
ol the young and aged, of the wise and ijnorant,
of the thoughtful and giddy, and we hear the au
dible expression of careless hearts, but certainly
these cannot be light words, for all have their ef
fects, deep, serious and lasting? Light words! tha
very name is a mockery a burden to the heart.
h or however lightly they fall from the lips, heav
ily do they rest on the spirit.
An Inhospitable Jailor. Recently at Apa
lachicola, three rogues broke from the jail in
which they had been confined, and took to lh
woods. After wandering avui ftr somo. davs
und heing unable to procure lite ready means "of
subsistence, they returned to their old quarters
nnd solicited the jailor to re-admit them into his
custody. This was declined. ' Vou thought fit to
kreak oui,' said the turnkey, 'and now you may
stay out; you do'nt get in here again, I tell you!'
Fortune. In Paris, a poor dealer in old furni
ture recently met with one of those pieces of good
fortune which we occasionally hear of as coming
to the relief of the destitute. " In the old narrow
street called St. Pepin resided, and immediately
opposite where his palace stood, is the shop of a
petty broker. Amoung his articles for sail was an
old arm chair, so worn with age that no one would
give him forty sous, all he asked, for it. Tired of
seing it so long a useless cumbrance, he resolved
to break it up, and convert the horse-hair to some
more profitable use, and burn the fragments. In
this operation, he found concealed in the seat a roll
of paper, in which were wrapped notes of the Bank
of France to the amount of 11,500 francs, all (of
which were of the form adopted when this establish
ment was first founded. .Should think he could
afford to pay Russell for parodising and singing
"That old arm chair, I love it," &,c, for his own
benefit.
A bailiff, calling at the residence of a distressed
(junker to sprve a writ, wna refused admittance.
He said to tho servant, 'your master is at home,
but will not see me ' He has seen thee,' friend,
replied Abigail, 'but does not like thy appearance.'
Hope. To the dying Christian she whispers
" Tho bosom of God is the home of the soul,"
where he shall meet the loved ones of eunh. nnd
sorrow and death shall never come. As the other
faculties desert him, she presses the closer, and
folds him in her embrace: and thn
the look of holy trust that rests upon the pallid fea-J
mien ui ujc uyiiig one, assure us that the faithful
triend through life, was the last to forsake him in '
the hour ot death.
More Deplorable Effects. h ii efnrx.l In tL.
Evening Post, Ihat since the defeat nf Mr ri 1
Mr cJTnore the g-eai playing-card maaufacture'r
in N. ork, has discharged forty workmen.
C. ...... m ... .
ouMiiHisu run the j.Ypos. ot my exist
ence, give me an in--," said the printer to his
sweetheart. She immediately made a at him,
and planted her 0X3" between his ii's. "Such an
outrage," said Faust, looking ft at her, is with
out a ."
The State Department has announced the pay
ment by Mexico on the 30th of Auff. of the intnl-
ments due on the 30th of Anril. nnd thp smh f 1
j my. f-
0O"A packet recently arrived at New York
from Liverpool, which brought over one hundred
tons of nntnrnprf. uml otliun diin. .... .1... i.
,. 1 . .' ".' ctiiij..-, ui. mo nay itlltll
loaning win niuig large quantities.
"Black Population." A n nrtiflp ivhiM
find in a paper of Charleston, S. C, says the black
population of this country is now over three mil
lions, and the great mass of this people are march
ing along the great thoroughfare of hamuli exist
ence, and the light of the gospel lully blazing
around; but their own path is dark their pros
pects darker. Scarcely any sympathy is felt for
them in bosoms which are" keenly concerned for
the condition of foreign heathens. Zion's Advo
cate.
Vast Size oe London. The city of London
contains over 10,000 streets, courts and nlliv.
160,000 houses and public edifices; and nearly
two millions of inhabitants: it covers a snnce of
eighteen square miles, and is over thirty miles in
circumference. In other words, it is mora than
swan times as large as the city of New York.
.SV.'

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