Newspaper Page Text
Digest of the Reports of the Heads of
'rui3nn,lff nf Mr. Wilkin. Secretary of War,
has necessarily n wide range in order to cove i tne
extensive field of the Department. Ho gives a
very favorable account of the situation of the ar
ray, recommending some minor changes as neces
Bary to render the small force n loot equal to
their manifold duties over a vast frontier. 1 he
Secretary very propnrly recommends measures
tending to the increased comfort ot tne ranit ana
file in garrison, and urges the creation of schools
to promote the mental culture of the men and
their families, as the surest mode of increasing
their comfort and efficiency. The Secretary rec
ommends that after twenty-five years of service,
t.n nllinvi(l n furlough of tw3 years on full
pay; at the expiration of which they can retire il
they choose, having a section ot mo pumu; lunus
allotted them. The Academy nt West Point, Mr.
Wilkin very properly commends to the attention
and protection of government, as essential to the
maintainaiice of the army ami the diffusion of a
conservative military knowledge through the Un-
ion. lie urges me I'siaui :ni in ci .it... .......
foundry as a measure demanded by every conside
ration of real economy and safety .
The Secretary recommends additional fortifica
tions, and the immediate completion of those in a
course ol erection ni various punn, cn.t...u,ij
those at the south and south-west. Regarding the
Gulf of Mexico " as our own sea," he urges the
crriimericeinpnt ofu line rf fortifications on the
Florida reef, as the first step towards the command
of the outlets of the Gulf.
Like the rest of M. Tyler's cabinet, Mr. Wil
kin is smitten with the charms of the Oregon, and
dilates on the rich acquisitions awaiting and in
vitin; the claims of the government. He urges an
immediate military occupation and an organization
of tilt) "Nebraska" territory , emiiracing uie val
leys and the head waters of the Arkansas, Platte,
Yellowstone, kc. and contends that no vallid rea
son exists why this should not be done, no other
power having a claim on this portion of the far
west, and we would thus ensure a passage to the
Oregon, ami a like opening to the fertile prairies
of the south west.
The state of the Indian tribes, who are under
charge of this Department, appears to be favora
Mo. 'Thnwhnle number of Indians removed to
the lands west of the Mississippi is 89,288. The
! total census of the tribes adjacent to the borders,
not including thw vast wandering tribes of the far
west, is 254,09.1. The appropriations for the In
ilinns this vear amount to fc'l. 193,029. Of this
Sum, $77,115 is disbursed for purposes of educa
tion. The Choctaws are to be removed from
Mississippi, and the Miamies from Indiana, during
the coming year. The differences in the Cherokee
nation have received tho attention of the Depart
ment, and order will be enforced.
The repoit throughout is well written, clear and
forcible, and docs credit to tho head of the De
POST OFFICE DEPA IITMENT.
The report of tho Post Master General gives a
flattering view of the condition of the Department
committed to his charge, in a very important, tho'
wc take it, not the most important particular, viz.
that this branch of public service very nearly pays
its own way, up to July 1844, the receipts fur the
year proceeding m'e reported at $4,237,285 83.
The expenditures for the same space are put down
. nt 94.293,867 70. The receipts are divided as
ftllows: Letter postage, $3,676,161 53; Nevvspa-
$549,743 83; Miscellaneous, 11,380 47.
none of the magnificent but wild views of his pre
decessor. He appears anxious to make the most
out of the means iu hand, and starts very few pro
jects for a neophyte in statesmanship. Though
ntSt na well written ns the document from the war
department, it is more practical and shows indus
try and zeal for the service.
" Pliant as reeds where Freedom' waters glide
Firm as the hills to stem Oppression's tide!"
M0NTPEL1ER, VERMONT, FRIDAY, DEC 20, 1814.
For Representative to Congress,
RF'ASSflSJ III 1
"The Georgia S'aveholdcr and his
Some time last summer, it will be recollected, a
correspondent of the Freeman gave an account of
an infamous kidnapping affair in Windsor county,
in this State, in which one Bailey.a Georgia slave
bolder, assisted by -Col. Samuel Nutt, of Hartford,
in this State, retook a female slave and returned
her to the dungeons of Soufliern slavery. The
slaveholder and his accomplice were both arrested,
hut pan.nr.Pil rim netialities of our laws against kid-
- i - i
napping for want of proof to show that Jorce was
used in retakinz the slave.
A friend mVew York has just sent us a copy of
the'GcoHTia Pioneer,' containing tne following tet-
jthe worst school. The Democrats retain all their '
ancient hatred of British arroganca and agression,
and therefore when the British slander the South
ern people or tigress upon their rights, they feel it
an maun to tnemseives as Americans, wr.ile the
federalists side with England and joip in her
slanders of the southern people.
I trust, gentlemen, I have sufficiently answered
your questions. It is with reluctance that I have
answered you nothing but the rules of politeness
has drawn forth this answer a civil question de
mands a reply. I do not desire to be drawn into
the disturbing current of polities, all I ask, is to
be permitted, as heretofore, to glide along in an
humble station, while others worry each other
like dogs on the political arena, and while 1 shall
neither seek othce nor set myself up as a teacher
of political science, I shall claim tho privilege of
voting with whatever party I may honestly believe
ww best secure the interests anil safetv of the
ter coneorimrtlie affair, written by Bailey himself, JSouth. But gentlemen, allow rue in conclusion, to
p i - . r,.,,,-... Olnrrve he savs hepi I"' tle l)(;C(,h f the Hon. Rnfus Choate,
after his retHin to Geoigia. Obscnt, nt says tie g f Mass., delivered before tho Clay
LIBERTY STATE CONVENTION,
A State Liberty Convention will bo holden at
West Randolph, on Wednesday the 15th of Jan
uary next, commencing at 9 o'clock A. M., and
pnrtiniie ihroiiL'h that and'the following day. The
(il.iect of the convention is to nominate men to he
supported by the Liberty pat ty at tho next State
Election, and adopt measnres to promote the more
rapid advancement of its principles. As this will
bo h meeting of unparalleled importance, we ear
nestly desire that every town in the State may bo
well represented, and every friend of Liberty bo
found at his post with a brave and courageous
heart. It is expected that Gcirit Smith, H. B.
Stanton, one of the Clarks from Kentucky, and a
host of kindred spirits in our own State, will be
present and make it one of the most interesting
meetings ever held in our State. The friends at
West Randolph have kindly offered to open their
doors gratuitously to all who will come. Let
their houses bo filled, and forget not to bring your
wives and daughters with you.
By order of the State Committee.
Randolph, Dec. 11, 1844.
The Cincinnati Herald, of December 9, announc
es the death of our honored candidate tor the vice
presidency. He was one of nature's noblemen. r
The only man who, for twenty years, has shod er
ect in the United States Senate. For defending
freedom in that body against the insidious attacks
of Henry Clay, the false-hearted democratic party
dropped him to find a tool sufficiently supple to
suit the tvrant South.
A great man has fallen in his armor! We had
honed to see him preside over that body from which
sycophants removed him. O that his spirit may re
visit that disgraced hall, and re-animate the dying
flame of liberty. Tho announcement is as follows:
Dp.iTH of Thomas Morris. With melancholy
feelings we announce the decease of Thomas Mor
ris. He died suddenly, last Saturday morning, at
his residence, near Bethel. We had the pleasure
of seeing him in Cinc'mati, a day or two before, in
apparent vigorous health.
..,, i..T,inrf unci retook t ne slave, out es
caped conviction as it could not be PROVEN that
he used force in recapturing her!' Thus the
charge is virtually admitted, and the damning tact
stands out before the world, that our own wild
glens and Green Mountains have been pressed by
the feet of slaveholditig blood hounds as they
sought and clutched their prey, and that there are
those among us so nearly allied to the demons of
the bottom nit, as to turn 'catchpole' for south
ern tyranVlTwM in returning ,an , innocejit
and helple.-uiae to the tortures of theslavehold
nt rt irt m i i t t it 1 1 I U this tho land of ETHAN AL
LEN, and Juilgo HARRINGTON?
"Are IK the sons by whom are borne
The mantles which tho dead have worn?"
The high compliment paid by Mr. Bailey to the
Demociiits (!) of New Hampshire and elsewhere,
thev are welcome tn: but we think his denuncia
tions of the Whigs of the free Slates ought to be
retracted, as they have recently shown themselves
friendly to tho institutions of the south by voting
for Henry Clay a man whom Mr. Bailey himself,
in another letter in the same paper, admits to
have shown his friendship for slavery by his uni
form public acts.and especially by his great speech
From the Macon Telegraph Extra.
Col. S. T. Bailey's Letter.
ry i i" Tl . .. A .1 .
uiunoi uosion, iii ivugusiiast:
"Does he recollect how vast a change the senti
ments of civilization have undergone on that whole
subject (slavery) since 1820. Does he remember1
that in that learning, the world is hvc hundred
. i . . i . . .
years (dcicr tiniii it was incur van ne not reaa
the feathering signs oj ine nmes! Uoes he not
mark the blazing character traced by the bodiless
hand as in the unfinished picture? Does he not
remember what the nations have done, and more
especially what England has done within twenty
years? Does he not see and feel that in that in
terval a public opinion has been generated, has
been organ iaed wholly ne,w, agarresnive, intolerant
of the sight, intolerant of t'e cry of man i
Then, gentlemen, you have the embodied, the
printed sentiments of the Whig party of the North
and some of the Democrats of the North. And he
must be blind indeed w ho can travel, & tarry any
considerable length of time at the North, and 'not
read the gathering signs of times, nor see 'the bodi
less hand on the walO And if I might be permitted
without arrogance, I would beseech the whole
South to lay aside their party warfare, and squab
ble for office, and unite their best counsels and
their best energies to provide for their future safe
ty before 'the bodiless hand' writes their irrevoke
able doom. The time is surely coming, when
they cannot rely on either Whigs or Democrats at
the north, and when that day conies, happy it will
be for them, if they have provided means of self
reliance. I remain, gentlemen,
Respectfully yours, &c,
S. T. BAILEY.
Messrs. Hunter, and others.
The total distHic of tiniu.nl transportation to July
1944", was 35,409, GH miles, at a cor f of $2,938,551".
The number of post offices in the Union is 14,103.
Mr. Wickliffe bears testimony of the fidelity of
his deputies in pecuniary matters, anil states that
ho loss is likely to accrue through them to the
government. The cases of mail depredations re
mitted in three years, up to October 1844, were
1934 in number, and the sums alledcd to be lost
amounting to $462,135. The sums recovered and
amounts actually ascertained, make a total of $304,
242. One hundred depredators have, in the same
period been arrested and tried. Mr. Wickliffe
argues that the Department was never in better
condition as to safety in the ti ansinission of money
and contends that much of this may be ascribed to
the employment of special agents.
The post master General argues at length a
gainst the proposed reduction of the rates of post
age established in Great Britain, and we think
phows conclusively that if the intention is that the
Department shall pay its own expenditures, the
plan is absurd. He, "however, is prepared to re
commend the reduction to five and ten cents, as
heretofore. He asks the especial attention of
Congress to the private mail abuse, and hopes ad
equate measures will tie taken to protect tne de
partment. Mr. Wickliffe is of opinion that the establish
ment of Government mail steamers, especially be
tween New Orleans, Mobile, Charleston and Wil
mington, is desirable; and also that such line be
established between this country and Cuba. He
thinks that tht granting of power to the Depart
ment to contract for the carrying of mailsto for
eign ports, would be a source of revenue to the
government and great saving to individuals. We
believe these are all the points of general interest
in this report, which is written with care and well
According to the report of the Secretary of the
Navy, our force now afloat is composed of the
line, one razee, fourteen frigates, twenty one
sloops, sixteen brigs and schooners, three store
ships and eight steamers. There are on the stocks
four ship of the line, three frigates, one store
fcli'rn and one iron steamer.
The usual force is maintained on the Mediterra
nenn. Pacific, and other stations. The foice row
r,n the coast of Africa to suppress the slave trade
consists of a single frigate, two sloops and a br ig,
mounting, in all, ninety three guns. 1 tie trigate
is to be relieved by two war sloops ; this latter
class of vessels being found most effective. The
station is found to be as healthy as any other, the
proverbial insalubrity being coupled only ji-itn
bhnri. miei'iir nils.
Mr. Mason deems the act limiting the number
of men in the navy to 7500 injurious to the service,
us it precludes the putting in commission our line
of battle ships. He asks that the maximum may
be increased to 9000. Tho Secretary also asks
that tho number of pursers and surgeons be in
creased. Appropriations are asked to rebuild the
frigate Guerrierre aqd to complete tne iron steam
ship constructing under tho care of R. L. Stevens.
The Dock Yard at Pensacolu, the new depot at
Memphis, and the Dry Docks at Brooklyn, need
special attention. The Secretary suggests that
provisions should bo made in the contemplated
Lunatic Asylum in the District of Columbia, for
the reception of the insane of the army and navy.
The navy hospital fund is now 93.) ,434 I he
of the Asylum navo nucn unim..
tile home to aged anil uisauieu
Election in District No. 4,
It will be seen by a notice in another column,
that the election of a member of Congress from
this district is just at hand. The other parties are
making a desperate effort to rally their forces and
secure the election of their favorite candidate by
seducing and drawing off the Liberty friends.
However unimportant this election may appear at
first view, there are principles of vital importance
at stake, which ought to arouse every Liberty man
to energetic, persevering action. Now is, the time
for the friends of the slave to stand up erect and
show their opponents that their lies and forger
ies have only increased the strength, confidence
and hope of the firm and fearless friends of liber
ty. Both parties are looking on with intense anx
iety to see what course will be pursued by the
Liberty party. Let its friends now abandon their
post, forsake their candidate, and trample on their
own principles, and great will be the rejoicings of
the other parties, but it will be a sad day fur free
dom. If either of the other parties, in attempting
to baffle and injure us, destroy themselves, it is
their concern, not ours. They have assumed a
position which forbids our assisting them in any
way, without the sacrifice of every valuable prin
ciple. They are wedded to slaveholders, and con
sequently to slavery: so long as this is the case we
have nothing to expect from them: they are join
ed to their idols, let them alone. If Mr. Dilling
ham is elected, he has given us no proof, from the
course he has taken in Congress, that ho will do
any thing for the slave, or even vote against reso
lutions, should they be again introduced, condemn
ing abolitionists for taking 'incipient steps' for the
abolition of slavery. Should Mr. Chandler be
electad we have quite as little to expect from him.
Let Libertv men stand firm in the support of thclf
principles. By assisting either party we forfeit all
respect from tho opposite party, and even tho par
ty that we might assist would regard us as tiauois,
dispise us for our want of principle, and even turn
iiml rend us. Let it bo seen that our ranks aro in
vulnerable, ami ourprinciplcs to sacred to be sac
rificed for mere parly purposes. Now 'is the time
for action. Let Liberty men be a wajie. Remem
ber that it is the influence of LIBERTY VO TES
that has removed the gag, and which will ultimate
ly destroy slavery.
Tho Whiirs can have but a faint hope of elect-
ing their candidate, and if Mr. Putnam is not elect
ed, let everlasting infamy rest upon them on
account of their coalition with tho 'Locos.'
We cull attention to the following corres
pondence between Messrs. Hunter and oth
ers, and Col. S. T. Bailey. We trust the whigs
of Georgia who congratulated themselves on the
victory obtained in Vermont, will peruse it with
Col. Bailey is well known iu the District and
Circuit, as a prominent and talented lawyer of tho
Bar, and bus hitherto been a member of the whig
Macon, 30th Sept.; 1844.
We learn that vou have recently returned from
a protracted visit to the North, and while there
i i... :.. . P..
met wirn some uiiucmiy in i ui:iuiiiiiiig lugmirc
slave! M;iy wc trespass upon your attention for
a brief statement of the embarrassments under
which you labored , and a history of the personal
peril you encountered in the reclaimation of your
property. You will readily perceive that our ob-
4,f.ci iq undenting ypU this -note, is i toi ascertain,
trom a runtime somen, tne iruu position 01 ine
Whig and Democratic parties at tho north, in re
gard to thegrcat and absorbing question of abolition.
A Georgian by adoption, and identified as you
are with tho South, in all the interests ot a perma
nent citiwn. and so extensively known through
out our limits, your statement cannot fail to carry
with it a most salutary inlluence.
Respectfully vur friends,
SAMUEL B. HUNTER,
A. P. POWERS,
II. K. GREEN.
1). C. CAMPBELL,
Col. S. T. Bailey, Vineville.
Vineville, 1st Oct. 1844
Gentlemen: Your note reached me last night
requiring a statement of the trials and perils which
I eiH-minipi-ed this slimmer tit the north, and the
nositiou of the two sreat uolilitical parties, touch
ing abolition. It would require loo much time and
snnce to detail half tho strikiti" incidents which
occurred iu the affair to which you allude. Brief
lymy servant was seduced away from my sick
family during my absence in Canada; I having
left them iu Vermont. I ascertained on my return
in what part of the country she was cencealed 1
went with a Iriend, retook tier, and conveyed ner
to Baltimore. I was pursued though Massachu
setts, Rhode Island and Connecticut, by the Abo
litionists, with the energy of bloodhounds, but was
saved by a corresponding- energy and vigilance of
a few faithful friends. On my return to my fami
ly in Vermont, myself and friend were arrested on
a charge of kidnapping, punishable in that State,
with ten years imprisonment in the Penitentiary.
Demons from Hell could not have manifested
more ferocious malice than the gang who arrested
us, and yet the majority of those who aided and
took a part in the prosecution, did not profess to
be abolitionists. After a tedious trial, we were
discharged on the ground that it was not proven
that irv "iTvant was forced awnv against her will
unit ttiiftu'rB nur HUtfnnppmir' -' fTn tuw i.tj-
.iwr,.,.,.,,,.,. in the conduct of the WhiL's and Dem
ocrats was most striking. The latter came in trom
a distance, even from New Hampshire, although
most of them strangers to me. and gave utterance,
loud and deep, to their abhorrence and detesta
rir.,, ..f ,i. tnfiininiis iiroceediiii's. Those from
New H tmp-hire, swore that no souinem Kcnuc
nian could be treated thus in their state, while the
Wlii..s with a few honorable exceptions, stood
coldly1 aloof, or. directly aided in the prosecution
one ofmv relatives, a member of the Presbyterian
Church informed me that whenever he attempted
to v in lirato me to tho members of his church, they
i ..iiirnil I'n'ipe f condemnation, and
, well as they, were
In addition to the names of distinguished indi
viduals who will probably be nt the Convention,
we are happy to state that President Green of N.
Y. will lie there. We shall have a glorious Con
vention. Let there be a grand turn out from eve
ry part of the State.
Let Petitions be immediately circulated in eve
ry town in the State, against the annexation of
Texas, and slavery in- the District of Columbia.
No matter how simple the form. It must be done
soon, t ne following :s suincienr.
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United Slates oj America, in vongrcss assem-
The undersigned, inhabitants of in
the commonwealth of Vermont, earnestly request
you to reject all propositions for the annexation ot
lexas to the United btates, as a slave-holding ter
0C?-The Cincinnati Herald estimntes the tax
the North pays on Southern sugar at three millions
of dollar; which will give an average of $3,000,
nut into the pockets of each planter in Louisiana
and Florida which is taken out of the pockets of
the poor northern laborer. What say friends?
Washington County. Two sets of Commis
sioners have been nominated for this County.
The first will be found in the proceedings in ano
ther column, and the second nominated on Wed
nesday of this week, by a convention in favor of
granting as many licenses to rum sellers as the
" public good" requires, (the proceedings of which
were handed in too late for insertion this week),
is as follows: Hon. Pliny Curtis, Hon. Azel Spal
ding, and Hon. Charles Sampson.
Lamoille County. Two tickets are in the
field. The " liberal," or licensing ticket, is as fol
lows: Hon. John Warner, John Miles, Esq., An
drew Dow, Esq. Hon Joseph Watermau was
nominated, but declined, and the secretary of the
convention substituted the name of Andrew Dow
The Hiiti-licensing nominations are Judge
Thomas of Stowe, Hon. Calvin Burnett of Morris-
town, and Henry Stowell, Esq. of Cambridge. At
the aiiti-licciisiiiL' convention there were over two
For the Green Mountain Freeman.
Messrs. Editors: There is danger, that the
Liberty party should suffer from the whirlwind
and earthquake, which have swept through our
land. The tempest seems to be subsiding, and we
had better try our soundings, and see that we have
not dragged our anchor. We must ever remem
ber that we are the one idea parly, that our prin
ciples are proclaimed in our National Bill of
Rights, that our object is to defend the inalienable
rights of man, and effect the destruction of slave
ry, that our measures are political, and that our ,
hope for suci.css is in the rectitude of our course
and the blessing of the God of heaven. Hitherto
the Lord hath helped us, hath greatly increased
us, and confounded our enemies. And we may
humbly hope for his blessing, while we plead the
cause of the oppressed, and seek guidance and di
rection from him. Others may trust in a golden
calf; or a filthy coon, but let us trust in the name
of the Lord, acknowledge him in all our ways, and
then he will guide us by his counsel. The em
bodiment ot modern Whiggery has fallen, never
to rise again: but his suppoiters, grown desperate
by disappointment, may yet struggle in death; and
honest men should withdraw from them at once.
How the Democratic slaveholder will wear his
honors, or how far fits Deingvratic CrimHm win by
low him towards Texas we know not; but even'
satan cannot go beyond the length of his chain. -Should
the south choose to connect herself to Tex
as, & form a new confederacy, they must abide the
consequences. The North had better be free fron
the slave power, than to be any longer controlled
by it. Honest Democrats will hardly go for Tex
as and perpetual slavery. They may be deceived
for a season, but they mean to support the great
principles of human rights, and we may reasona
bly hope, that they will spurn the idea of being
used as the allies of the slave power, and enlist un
djr the Liberty Standard. We invite them, and
all other honest men, wTio love Liberty more than
slavery, to join our ranks, and help us to extermi
nate the blighting sin of slavery from our land.
The hour is coming, when those, who join against
slavery will review their conduct with very differ
ent feelings, from those which will agitate the
minds of those, who bow to the slave power, and
unite their interests with ungodly oppressors. Wo
unto the wicked. It shall be ill with him; for tho
reward of his hands shall be given him.
While the two great political parties are compo
sed, 'as they now are, anil governed by slavehold
ers, they cannot anil they will not do any thing
against slavery. They may in certain localities
make speeches and give pledges to effect a pur
pose, but who believes, that they will attempt to
redeem those pledge, or dare to repeat those
speeches, when they meet their southern masters
in Congress? Who believes that northern whigg
will dare to say, that new slave states, even Tex
as, shall not be admitted into the Union, whene ver
the South shall so require? Let Southern Whigs
say, you must consent to the annexation or Texas,
or we will leave you, and what leader in the Whig
ranks would dare to peep or mutter? Alas! I fear
they would yield to southern dictation as readily
as have the Democrats. They must dosoforgive
up their party organization, and take an honorable1
stand against their old masters. Will they do it.?
We shall see. Happy should I be to see them
take an honorable stand, and dare to act in Con
gress, as they have talked in their mass meetings,
while trying to secure votes for Clay. Let them
do this, and set their faces against Southern slave
ry, and Texas, and exert their influence to repeal
these slave laws, by which slavery is maintained
in Florida, and Washington, and then I shall re
spect them as honest men; but until they will so
do, I can give them no such respect. A northern
man cowering before slavehalders, dodging ques
tions which involve human rights lest they should
oflend their masters. Shame on such men, uu wor
thy to represent freemen: they had better go soutb
and learn to black their master' boots, and show
that they deserve the honorable name of White
Slaves. AN OLD MAN.
afford a comtorta
seamen. , . .
Mr Mason Hso recommends a national rope
walk at Memphis, and is extremely anxious to en
tourage hemp growing in the south west, and
throw every obstacle in the way of the foreign ar
tirlft an incidental protection more formidable
.u t. .!,;OJhiit then the hencht is to ac-
i, I uiiut i western crowers, and
CrUV IU BUUIIIGI II ill... r,
not to northern and eastern matiulacturers.
We ee in tliu teport of the present Secretary
w1( i vn I in thnv. were v niss,
.'.I III.. il H VI. - I . , ..!'
. . .. M Is ii .l .i i.i I .mil llilitn
lottiul throughout tne new i....... . ... - - r
liaiieil I'l Minnnmiia
Wc would inquire of tho Watchman whether it
is consistent to denounce rum selling and rum
drinking on one page, and on another, keep a stan
ding advertisement for these body and soul de
stroyers, under the head of "NOW FOR THE
GOOD THINGS," such as Brandy, Hum, Um,
i$-c? Here is consistency with n vengeance. It
is Jike what we have seen before, of professing
to be abolitionists and then voting for slavchold-
Goon so FAti. Henry Clay has just emancipa
ted his slave Charley. So much for abolition.
......a nf the whole whie party.
IIIVMISl lu' ni"J . 11 . - i , '.I
cled tlirou"lioiit all those States and watched w tl;
an anxious lesire to learn the truth, I traveled
incoz, as far as practicable, that they might not
know 1 was a southerner, and thus give them Iree
scope t,i speak their minds withouth infringing on
the rules of politeness, and I came to a settled con
viction in my own miml thl,t a maj0l i,y of t,,e
n nni-tv at the North aro the warm
friends of the South, and that a majority of the
Wk; ..murAour enemies tnal a large ma
jority of the abolitionists are from the Whig ranks
nni,. .nnn at the North pretends to den.
But tint there many Abolitionists from the Dem
ocratic ranks, and many good friends among the
Whigs is just as cerium.
Tins state of things is easily accounted for; tho
Democratic party at the North, is with few ex
ceptions the saino that sustained tho country dur
ing iLt war, while nearly all the leaders of the
whigs in New England aro tho old Federalists ol
tnuml.i, it MOoiiw, persist in consilrin nun ncienu
man, and aro resolved to have a monument erect
ed to him, while their eyes are still streaming.
They are afraid to trust their giicf to get dry, lest
it might become close-listed. (Ex. paper.
" Christian Politician," is the title of a new
paper at Cincinnati, by Rev. W. II. Brisbane, M.
D.. who is from S. C, and has emancipated his
slaves. Motto" Only'let your Politics be as be-
cometh the Gospel ot Christ."
The triumphant presidential candidate will have
a thorny seat and a barren sceptre, the Seriate be
ing whig, the House democratic. The parties for
two years will stand like an untamed pair of steers
that "have turned their voke and anchored them
selves astride an appletree. Bost. Chronicle.
The Ladie's Book says tht some body once rob
bed the poet Montgomery, of an inkstand, present
ed to him by the ladies of Sheffield. The public
execration was so loud, that the thief restored the
booty with the following uote.
Birmingham, March, 1812.
"Honored Sir, When wo robbed your house,
we did not know that you wrote such beatiful po
etry as vou do. I remember my mother told some
of them to mo when I was a hoy. I found out
what bouse we robbed by tho writing on the
inkstand. Honored Sir, I send it back: it was my
sharo of the boolv. and I hope you and God will
Two tca-snoonfulls of finely powdered charcoal
savs the N. Y. Herald, drank in a half-tumbler
of water, will, in less than fifteen minutes, give re
lief to the sick head-ache, when caused, asm most
cases it is, by supcrnbiimlaiicc of ncjr! on tho stom
, JFor the Freeman.
Black Code of Illinois.
Messrs. Editors: In this nominally free Stater
the following laws are in force. 1. If any citizen
employs a black or mulatto person, not having a
certificate of freedom, he is liable one dollar and
fifty cents a day one-third to the informer, the
rest to the county.
. Every magistrate, on proof ol the laziness of
any person held to service, is bound to issue an
ordain of cor faction hy ilsipet. eamppWins uur.
S. Any slave being found teu miles from his
master's house, without a pass, may bo takei up
by any individual, brought before a magistrate and
punished by stripes not exceeding 85.
4. It is the duty of magistrates to deliver to lh&
sheriff of the county all black or mulatto person
brought before them, not having certificates of
freedom, to be lodged in jail advertised, that the
oppressor may find them, and if he cannot, olct
for one year to pay jail fees and costs of prosecu-.
5. A negro, mulatto or Indian, is prohibited giv
ing testimony iu any case where a wnite man is
a party. Of course, by this law, (passed Feb. 2,
1827,) Hot only property and freedom, but chaiac-
ter and life even, may be wrested from him who
chance to have a 'skin not colored like our own.'
These laws (the last excepted) may be found in
sees. 5, 12 and 21 of the act relating to the persons
above described, arid the 2d act Jan. 17, 1829.
Without further specifications, I may remark,
that, in Illinois, every person is legally bound tq
recapture fugitive slaves, forbidden to assist them,,
and it is almost impossible for a man to emanci
pate his own heavy bonds being required for
their good behaviour, Sic, &.C Make your own
comments. ' Ete-Witkess.
What facts can be advanced to prove that
public good" requires beveraging on rum?