Newspaper Page Text
GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN,
Once In (he Brick Block, Head 0J State street
If paid in advance; otherwise, jso.
Panne bt raw bo made by mall or otherwise to
J. W. WHEEUlCK.
Editor and Proprietor.
The FnFEiiAM, under the. recent law of Couareaa
circulates tree in Waahitik-ton County. On ail (.aucra
aont outside Washington County, the nostaite ia paid
by the eulilisher at the omsa in Montpelier
WEDNESDAY. DEC. 25. 1878.
The State (irange.
Tlio Vermont Suite Grango met in sev
enth annual session at Vitiligo Hall, Mont.
poller, Wednesday, December lltli, 1878,
and was opened in duo form by the Wor
thy Master, Col. A. IS. Franklin of New
fano, assisted by llio following ollieers:
Overseer, J. 11. Walker of Springfield;
Lecturer, '.. E. Jameson of Irasbiugh;
Steward, L. 15. Sherwin of Hydepark;
Assistant Steward, 11. C. Waller of Iras-
burgh; Chaplain, pro ton., E. E. Andrews
Berlin; Treasurer, J. C. Hull, East Hard-
wicK; Secretary, J. K. Tobey, Calais;
G itc-kecpers, II. A. Adams, Rockingham,
aud W. B. Doolin of Franklin; Ceres, pro
tern.. Mis. J. 11. Walker, Springfield; Po
mona, pro toil., Mrs. II. A. Adams ; Flora,
Mrs. J. K. Tobey ; Lady Assistant Stew
ard, Mrs. II. C. Waller.
TU. ..n r ....
j.uu tun ui granges was called an.l a
list of those claiming seats obtained and
referred to a committee upon credentials.
One hundred and sixteen delegates
answered to the roll-call.
Worthy Master Franklin presented his
annual address, which was a very well
written and encouraging document.
His faith in the linal success and per
manency of tho order was unabated. The
social and educational features were of
paramount importance. Tho financial
feature no longer demanded the attention
of tho order, as prices were low and com
petition sharp. Ho made several recom
mendations in regard to the work to be
done to arouse those granges that are
sleeping in different parts of the stato.
Tho secretary and lecturer made their
reports, which were referred to the com
mittee on distribution.
The following committees were appoint
ed: Committee upon Credentials, Mr. and
Mrs. J. W. Kendall, Mr. and Mrs. II. K.
Chamberlain, and Mr. and Mrs. J. K.
Tobey ; Rules and By-Laws, Mr. and Mrs
C. Z. Joslyn, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Scott and
Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Andrews; Resolutions
and Questions, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Gil
more, D. E. Hoyden and liro. Mudgett,
Mis. C. I). Parker and Mrs. E. M. Pierce;
Good of tho Order, Mr. and Mrs. G. W.
Whitney, A. L. Galtisha. Mrs. A. B,
Franklin, and Mr. and Mrs. E. 1'. Allen;
Distribution, Mr. and Mis. C. C. Whit
ney, Woodruff, Mrs. A. I), L. Her-
rick, and Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Barnard ;
Finanee, A. B. Carpenter, L, L. Fairbanks
and Bro. Williamson, Mrs. E.W. Goddard,
Mis. L. B. Sherwin and Mrs. E. II. Stone;
Milcago and Debentures, one from each
county in the state ; Standing Committees,
Committeo upon Appeals and Grievances,
Alpha Musser, A. Cook, E. E. Andrews,
Mrs. J. R. Walker and Mrs. II. C. Waller.
After a general discussion for the good
of the order, at 12:30 tho grange took a
recess for dinner.
At 2 o'clock the worthy master called
to order, and reports of Pomona granges
were made. Chittenden County, No. 1,
Bro. Smith of Sontli Burlington mado the
renort. The Pomona grange was doing a
good work, and reviving tho granges
whero they meet. They had had a busi
ness agent to act with llio state agent, and
were well satislied with the plan. Several
of tho best speakers that could be procur
ed had addressed tho meetings. Their
next meeting was to be addressed by Col.
Mead, superintendent of agriculture. Bro.
E. II. Slono of St. Johnsbury reported
Caledonia County grange very prosperous
They held monthly meetings in different
parts of the county, and their regular
quarterly meetings at Lyndonville. At
those meetings they had basket picnics,
discussious by those previously appointed
upon questions, and a general discussion
upon the question. Tho Pomona grange
created much interest among the subor
dinate granges. Grange fairs had been
hold for tho past Uo years in the county
by Pomona grange, and they had been
very successful. No cash prizes were
-riven, but oertilicatcs of merit, and no
horse trotting for gambling purposes was
allowed. Ihey had obtained land anil
mado preparations for a fair next year.
Tbcv had a financial agent who consoli
dated the orders of subordinate granges,
and purchased goods lor thorn. No tees
or dues were paid by members to join the
A D. L. Herrick of Andover made the
report for Allen District Pomona grange.
Their meetings had been hold with the
different granges composing tho council,
and had been vcrj profitable. They had
125,000 already pledged toward starting
a Fire Insurance Company, and when
S-'00,000 was pledged the company would
be started. They had a chai ter from the
state. They held basket picnics at their
Pomona grange meetings.
E W. Stoddard of South Reading re
ported that nine granges in 1877 formed a
nitrons' agricultural society, and held a
......it Biircesslul lair at oprui"uciu, auu 111
1H78 twenty granges united in holding a
fur at Ludlow, and it was ono of the best
fairs ever held in Windsor county. Col.
j. B. Mead gave' the address. No cash
p'rcniiums were given.
Oilcans County Pomona grange was
verv successful. The meetings were lnter
,,,lin'r and held quarterly in different
nruof the county. They had formed an
..nicultural society and hold two fans. In
1877 the day was very stormy. In 188
Col J B. Mead gave ihe address. The
first day of the fair several farmors spoke.
It Wiis tho best fair ever held in the county.
The state "range then considered tho
proposed amendment to the constitution
,f the national grange, that tho minimum
of monthly dues ho live, cents per month
instead of ten, as the law now stands. Af
ter a very spirited discussion it was laid
upon the table. .,.,,. ,
Worthv Master A. B. Franklin made
the report of Windham County Pomona
.'in"o. ll:lJ l)uun 1"it0 sllccessml;
t-ach mem'ier of the grango had an equal
voice and veto in the Pomona grango in
'''unreport of tho executive committee
was then aado and accepted and adopted
A resolu.ion endorsing Col. J. B. Mead
s tupcrint'indeit of agriculture was then
P: WllEtiEAS, the state legislature did abol
ish the State Boatd of Agriculture, which
action wo deprecate und regret; and
whereas, His Excellency Hi" Governor,
bv and with the advice and coiisont of the
Senate has, in the appointment of Bro. J.
)i Mead as superiitendont of agricultural
li'iira placed that department in a worthy
V Itcsokcd, That wo, the Vermont state
c-mo-o, tender Bro. Mead our host wishes
and most earnest help in the very arduous
,lM, responsible position ho lias assumed.
Voted that a copy ol tho above rosolu-
I cr 11 ill. by liTo worthy master, tho grange
took a recess till 7 1VM.
, bv the choir, the committee upon
. rmwrtod favorably upon a res-
r.iiit" i invitinn Mini
l( 11(1 IIIIU liili'1
l.cra !'-",'."', ' ,.nmm;iteo with
SiSuth Uocd of bhclbum read, by
hisici iuii" r.aner she
In... . "W
I wun,7 Clerk
had prepared, entitled, " Life Uiion tho
tarm, and a vote of thanks was offered
ami passed by a rising vote for the essay.
As tile hour had arrived for tho special
order of business, viz., conferring tho fifth
degree, a committee consisting of G. W
Whitney, C. C. Whitney nnd"G. II. Gil
moro was appointed: to report those who
were eligible to that degree. After their
report was made the fifth degreo was con
ferred, and the committee upon mileage
and debentures reported, and their report
was adopted. The committee upon ap
peals and grievances reported that not a
ease had In en refin ed to them during the
year. Tho committeo upon credentials
made a report, and on motion a recess was
declared until 9 o'clock Thursday morn
ing, December 12lh, 187.8.
The grange opened in form at 9 A. M.,
with the worthy master presiding.
The secretary's report was read and ai
proved. Tile roll of granges was called,
and one hundred and forty-four delegates
responded to their names.
Tlio stato grange then proceeded to the
election of ollieers for tho ensuing two
years, when the following were elected:
Master, A. 15. Franklin, Newfane, P.O.,
Towushend; Overseer, Z. B. Jameson,
Irasuurgh; Lecturer, Alpha Mcsser, Roch
ester; Steward, E. W. Stoddard, South
Roaiiing; Assistant Steward, W. L. Park,
i-ymion; Chaplain, 1.. K Andrews, Ber
lin; Treasurer C. J. Bell, East Hardwick ;
Secretary, J. K. Tobey, Calais; Galo.
keeper, 11. A. Adams, Rockingham; Ce
res, Mrs. A. H. Franklin, Newfane; Po
mona, Mrs. C. 1). Parker, Proctorsville;
Flora, Mrs. J. K. Tobey, Calais ; Ladv As
sistant Steward, Mrs. W. L. Park, "Lyn
don; Members ot Executive Committee,
E. II. Stone, St. Johnsbury and CD. Par
ker, Proctorsville. Tho other members
of the executive committee are the master
and secrcta.iy ex-ollicio, and G. W. Whit
ney, Willi.-ton, aud A. D. L. Herrick,
While the votes were being counted
much other business was transacted bv
unanimous consent, and tho grango took
a recess for dinner after the election of
steward. Bro. George Bancroft of Shel
don read a poem and received a vote of
tliMiks, and road it by request again in the
A large number of resolutions were in
troduced and passed during the afternoon,
winch wcro not ot interest to tho public.
The committee upon procuring a charter
for a lire insurance com puny mado their
report, and it was discussed aud a.loptod
by the state grange, and a resolution
passed to con lino tho benefits of tho Hus
bandman s lire Insurance Company to
members of the order.
Tho committee upon tlio good of the
order made a very lengthy report. They
commended highly the social and educa
tional features of the order, and recom
mended that the sisters take a more active
part in tho work of the order. They rec
ommend lectures and discussions in the
grange meetings, and that more attention
be given to chemistry and tho analysis of
the soil and different crops raised upon
the farm. Tho report was discussed at
length, and the delegates mado reports
from granges in many parts of tho state.
Most of the reports were quito favorable.
Somo had lost members, while others had
double the number they had at organiza
tion. Much revival work was planned
Ato o'clock a recess was taken till 7:30
After recess the report was again dis
cussed and adopted.
llio committee upon linanco reported
that they had examined tho books of the
secretary and treasurer and their orders
and vouchers, and they were correct ; re
J lie resolution irom committee upon
resolutions and questions, reported back to
state grange same as recommitted to them,
WllKKKAS, The unequal taxation of real
estate and other properly is detrimental
to the advancement nf agriculture; and
thai it is unjust thai any property should
be twice taxed, therefore.
Jlc.vitval, That wo u?.o our influence
toward changing tho statute law which
levies a lax on a mortgage and the real
estate which it covers.
G. 11. Gilmore, 1. E. Hoyden,
Mudgott, Mrs. (i. II. Gilmore, Mrs. C. 1).
Parker and Mrs. K. M. Pierce, committee
This resolution evoked much discussion,
bill finally passed us reported by the com
mittee. I he same committee reported a
resolution that the master and lecturer be
requested to visit the weak and dormant
"ranges of tlio statu and revive tlicin, and
that they be paid for this service by tho
state grange, and it was adopted.
Bro. Mcsser offered the following reso
lution: Wlll.ltHAS, Pomona granges are a con
necting link between stale and subordinate
granges, and do have a beneficial influence
upon the granges in the counties in which
they are pealed,
Jiutolrul. i tint tlio state graiigu recom
mend that they be established in every
county so far as practicable.
Discussed and adopted.
The committee upon lire insurance an
nounced the company oigani.cd and ready
I for work. The following are the officers:
Alpha Mcsser, Rochester, President; E.
K. Andrews, lierlin, J reasurcr; u. v.
Whitney, Willi.-ton, Secretary, who read
and explained tile charter and by-laws of
After a general discussion for the good
of the order the officers were installed and
a vote taken to print live hundred lists of
tho officers of the subordinate granges by
February, 1879; and alter some general
discussion of various resolutions and ques
tions, (lie stato grange adjourned at il:o0
Ihe session was one in wlucli mucli
work was done by the delegates, and well
done, too, and a great revival in interest
in the order may. bo expected this winter.
Granges wishing lecturers should cor
respond immediately wilh the state master
or locturer, and they will attend to the
Tho financial feature has nearly disap
peared in Vermont grangerisin, and the
educational now seems to bo tho central
thought of Vermont pations. Wo believe
the order to bo bonelited by tho change,
and expect to see tlio day when tho finan
cial feature will bo eliminated from tho
work of Ihe grange, and tho grango more
successful than it' has been in any time
No man, having plenty of wood, refuses
lo build hiiii a house because ho would
prefer stone or marble j no woman, with
duo provision of muslin and merino, goes
unclothed because she cannot afford silk
and satin ; each wisely makes tho best of
ihe materials within reach.
Tito principle applies lo far higher and
subtler tilings. Have you a gift for music?
Do not bury it in a napkin because you
cannot have a piano and u teacher; play a
melodeon, a flute, an nccordcon,-cither is
belter limn nothing, either will servo lor
a slepping stono to a moro perfect instru
ment. Do yon feel tho soul of an artist
siii-t inir within von? W'aslo no timo in
pining for colors, palette, brushes, and
instruction, but lake pencil and paper and
draw iho slono ienco at tlio iront ot tin:
garden, the shanly ovw tho way, the beg
gar girl nt tho crossing, iho trees strug
gling painluliy up 10 llio sunsumo ooiween
close city walls; anything will answer for
present training of eye ami band, and pre
pare you to make good use of belter ad
vantages whin you can get them.,
Would you liko to bo an author? Aocustotu
Dr73a.' - - -
yourself to describo the places you see,
the people you meet, tho events yuii wit-:
ness, in carefully chosen words and pa-1
liently remodelled sentences not to send j
to tho magazines for many a long day yet
but for practice, tho steady, resolute'
practice which alone makes perfect. That
is to say, spend no time in lamenting!
what you have not, but go to work and do
your best with what you have, the cheap!
and simple materials that aro always tit I
hand. Your training may bo slow, but it j
nni oe sure; anti every step will lilt you a
little higher, make the" way a little clearer,
and bring the things for which you long a
little nearer to you.
Above all, apply the principle to your
happiness, that, too, must bo made from
the materials that you have, you cannot
possibly make it from those which you
have not. No use in wishing for wealth
or beauty, or genius, in dreaming of
a freer path and a wider sphere, in setting
up a fair and stately ideal by tho side of a
commonplace husband or wife, in pictur
ing a home without cares, friends without
faults, light without shulow ; if von are
to have any real happiness in life, you
must make it out of your actual surround
ings and relations. Only bv taking such
things as you have, and making the best
of them, can you reasonably hope and ex
pect to work your way to something
sweeter and higher. A watch-spring is a
marvel of fineness anil finish, yet it was
once only a bit of coarse, crude ore.
Slowly and surely, patience and labor, out
of the commonest materials, build up Ihe
finest and fairest results.
The Poweu oi- Gesti.esess. There is
a little girl six years of age, a daughter of
Air. JJavm lliomas, who lives on the hol
ders of a pond which supplies water for
the furnace works at Weare River, who
has a most wonderful control over a class
of animals hitherto thought to be untama
ble. For a year or two past the little girl
has been in "the habit of playing about the
pond, and throwing crumbs into the water
for tho fishes. By degrees these timid
creatures have become so tamo as lo come
at her call, follow her about the pond, ami
cat from her hand. A gentleman went
down there a few days since with his
daughter, to see the little creatures and
their mistress. At lirst tho fishes were de
ceived, and came up to the surface of Ihe
water as the gentleman's daughter ap
proached; but in n moment they discover
ed their mistake, and whisked away from
the stranger in high dudgeon.
Their own mistress came up and called,
and they crowded up, clustering about her
hands to receive the crumbs. She has, be
sides, a turtle or tortoise, which has been
maimed in the leg. Tliiscreattiro lives in
the pond, and seems lo bo entirely under
the control of tho little girl, obeying her
voico and feeding from her hand. Wo
have just returned from a visit to the pond
and have seen tlio little bright-eyed girl
sporting with l;er obedient swarms of
pickerel, pout, and shiners, patting them
on tho head, stroking their sides, and let
ting them slip through her hands. She
hasher favorites among them. A pout
which has been marked on the head in
some way, and the turtlo wo spoke of, arc
remarkably intelligent. A more beautiful
instance of the influence of kindness and
gentleness can hardly bo found. Ex.
CiiuiST.MAS. The sweetest, tenderost
season in the whole year is the Christmas
Tho spirit of tho blessed Savior who,
when on this earth, went about doing anil
spending His life for others, seems especi
ally to pervade these days, commenuira
tivo of the time when we received from
Heaven our best and most precious gift.
Surely wo may take it as an evidence of
His favor and presence, that at this season
tho very atmosphere seems redolent with
" peace " and " good-will," and I hat our
hearts seem instinctively to overflow with
kindliness towards all our fellow creatures.
Wo wish all our readers a merry Christ
inas. .May it bo a happy and auspicious
day for you all. Happy those o'f you who
will gather about you an unbroken family.
To some hearts, these days will bring sor
rowful remembrances. The vacant chair,
whether mado S'i by death, or by the
absence of some prodigal, stands out in
mournful distinctness, against the general
happiness. We cannot help feeling that
the tender sympathy and love which
Christ ever showed for His disciples will
be extended in a peculiar degree at this
time towards these who are in u miction,
that Ho will have special comfort for those
who mourn tho loss of their loved ones by
death, and will bo more easily entreated
in behalf of the weak and erring.
Dear friends, whether you aro in advers
ity or prosicrity, may you have a truly
happy i:y.--Chriti:tii Jiikliitjciuxr.
TilK HiiiiiKST Hoc. Deacon Thompson,
who lived in Ohio, owned a snug little
farm, and was a pretty good sort of a man
as the world goes, lie was awful close
fisted, though. A venerable and much
loved divine came to his house once lo
hold a meeting. After meeting was over
the deacon look the minister over his
farm, which is prelty tidy, I tell you;
and he showed him a great ox he had, and
a swingeing big pig, that weighed some
six or seven hundred weight, that lie was
plaguy proud of; but be never offered the
minister anything to cat or drink. The
preacher was pretty tired of all this, and
seeing no prospect of being asked lo par
take with the family, and tolerably sharp
set, ho asked one of the boys lo fetch him
his horse out of tho barn. When ho was
taking leave of tho deacon (there were
several folks by at the time), says he,
" Deacon Thompson, you bavo a line farm
here, a very lino farm indeed; you have a
large ox too, a very largo ox; and 1
think," says he, " I've seen to day " (turn
ing and looking him full in tho lace, for
he intended to hit him pretty hard), " I
think I have seen to-day the biggo.-t hog
I ever saw in my lite." llio neighbors
snickered a good deal, and tho deacon felt
prelty streaked. Ho would have given
his great pig, or his groat ox either, if that
story hadn't got wind.
Bowaro of the women or the men who
aro always borrowing. The polico aiea
protection Irom highway robbers; tlio
locksmith can furnish protection against
the common pilferer, but there is no safety
in the presence of the steady borrowers.
If they nro not shunned, our umbrellas go
oil in a storm just as ancient Elijah disap
peared in a cloud of fire, and tho quest is
as fruitless as the search of the young
prophets for tho body ol their duel. 1 hoy
wheedle us out of books, and gloves, and
knives, they rob us of our small coin, they
add largely to o.ir expenses for car tick
ets, and not in tho least in tho cataloguo
of the evils they inflict, they cause us tho
loss of timo and temper. They are a lit
tle less oll'ensivo affliction than llieir con
sins tho bores, but Ihey havo an audacity
and a persistencjLlhat indicate their near
relationship to that most aggravating
Tub AuiriiMnricAi. Fiknd's Latkst.
No, my dear, there aro not many people
in llio world, nicro aro only i.'iio.iwu,
000, including us. Ibis is not a great
many. There aro 1 -.',800,000.000 smiari'
feet of land on Long Island.aiid each man,
woman and child would have nine squan
feet of land without any other occupant.
If they lived on Long Island in that way,
tho human family would live scarcely
near enough together to shako hands.
MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1878.
sriitiT ok Tin; ntkea.h.
0;cr tlit; mosses nnl glasses
The white el-JU.l pisses,
S.tent nni aoft us a ilrcer ;
Au.t the oarltt. in li-jr ftliy embraces.
Conceals the Irarcs
Ol Hie secret both of the Elrenni ;
Till my thiOiut.s aro braulcil anil wuven
An. I hjivc i.l tln-oiuli the cl oven
Clioeicl-, and g.itliur, ami sink,
A i:l win. I, an I Fnttk.u.aml ilalty
With song in llic valley,
Ami -bout IVotn tlio terrible brink 1
Tlien the whirl ol' the wiii'l ilrivcs me,
Au.1 the rainbow hiles inc.
As I ini Iway scatter in air;
Ati.t I bailie in cnilless bhowurs
'i lie feet or ihe flowcre,
An.l the locks of the loicil's hair
Ti 1 ui'ou.lry wilh waters wc.ldcj
My slicnitlh is beil.leil
lly nicu.low, nn.t'&loiic. anil lea,
An.l the lamls al laet deliver
Their tubule llvcr
To the un versa! Si a !
fVnui llasanl y'.iif.n1'.! " t',-inc hjukuli-m "
The Habits of Vnts.
Sir Joint Lubbock slated at tho meeting
of the British Association that ho had
been for somo years watching the habits
ot ants; ami had kept under observation
about thirty species. Though liviug in
captivity they were in good health, and ho
had in one nest a queen which had lived
wilh hiiu since 1871. Ho could confirm
the statements which had been mado with
respect to tho architectural .skill of ants,
their attention to .iheir young, their re
markable organization, their possession of
domestic animals, and even ihe institution
of slavery. Ho had also watched several
other insects which lived in association
with them, of which M. Andre calculated
that there were live hundred and eighty
three species. In sonic cases the associa
tion was accidental, in others it wis be
cause tho nests afforded shelter lo other
insects, and there were also some uncom
fortable companions which attached them
selves to ants and could not bo got rid of.
The common house nut was lo bo found
sometimes in association with other ants,
but the cases were exceptional, and he hat!
never seen any instance. A nearly allied
species, however, tho sanguiuea, was
found in association wilh other's, geuerally
the fusca. In such cases the nest belonged
to the sanguiuea. The queen and the
young were of that species, and tho fuscas
were slaves, though free to como and go,
as there was no fugitive slave law, ind
they seemed quito reconciled to their posi
tion. They assisted in tho household
duties, and in foraging for provisions.
They kept tho aphides in corn, and derived
a considerable share of their sustenance
from them. In the winter, when they
were ot no use, they were sti 1 tended
wilh great care until ihe spring, when
tin y became again useful, an instance of
prudence and forethought unexampled in
the animal kingdom.
There was ono species which took no
part whatever in the duties of tlio house-;
hold, und would even starve in tho midst
of plenty if the food were not put into
their mouths. He bad confirmed Ruber's
remarkable experiments on this point, and
had kept somo alivo and in health for
months by allowing them a slave, for an
hour a day, to feed and clean them. To
test their intelligence, he suspended some
honey about half an inch over tho nest,
which could only bo reached by a paper
bridge ten feet long. He then made a
small heap of earth by which tliey could
reach it. They soon swarmed over ihe
earth and began lo cat, but when ho re
moved some of tho earth it never occurred
to ihem to heap it up again, though they
tried to stretch up to tho honey. He made
a similar experiment by placing honey
which could only bo reached by crossing a
chasm, over which he had laid as a bridge
a bit of straw. He slightly moved the
bridge, and they tried in vain to stretch
over, but never thought of putting the
straw back, which they could easily have
done. Every one knew that if an ant or
bee found a store of honey others would
soon collect about it; but very little intel
ligence was implied if iho ants and bees
only accompanied their friends.
The ease was different if they could
describe the locality and send their friends
to it. They did not, however, appear to
bo able lo communicate as much as that to
their friends. If a fuscas' nest were dis
im bed and one of I hem found a place of
concealment she was anxious that her
friends should como to it. She went up to
one of them and took it by ihe mandible.
1 he second ant rolled lierselt up mlo a
ball, and was carried over her shoulder to
tho place. Tho second ant then went to a
third, and the process was repented. Ho
put an ant which had been without food
lor sonic days to honey, and saw that after
feeding she was on iter way to the nest
when she met some friends, whom sho
fed, and thill returned alone lo the honey.
On her way back again sho met some
other friends, whom she fed, and then live
of them went hack with her to the honey.
In due course they, i.o doubt, brought
others, j lo believed they were able lo
distinguish between a large and a small
quantity, lo test tins, bu put some of Ihe
Laesius -Niger specus into a small store,
and others into a largo one, and, having
watched for lilty hours, found that the
ants with the small quanlitv brought
oightv-two fiieiids to share it, and the ants
with the l .rge store brought two hundred
and lifiy-seven. To try whether thev
could send their friendo to a store, ho put
an ant (Niger) to some honey, which he
placed near her nest, hue led, returned
to the nest, and came out with ten friends,
lie took her up, however, and put hei
into the honey, and her friends then wan
dered about, "and then returned to tho nest.
It was hard to say whether theru wero
differences of character in ants of Ihe
sumo species, as ihey behaved differently
under different conditions; but there were
great differences of character and habits
between those of different species, putting
asi lo tho slave-making species, winch-he
thought would find it impossible to com
pote with iho scll'-dependeiit and freer spe
cies. Theso communities even showed curious
analogies to the earlier stages of human
progress. There were the bunting, the
pastoral, and even tho agricultural ants.
The lirst lived chiefly by the chase and
hunted alone. Their battles wero single
combats, liko tlioso described by the an
cient poels. The second were a higher
typo of social life. Ihey demonstrated
certain species of aphides, like flocks and
herds. 'I hey were immense and acted in
concert, llo thought they would probably
exterminate the first type, just as the white
man exterminates iho savages. Of the
agricultural class, the harvest ants, he
would not speali, as there wore none in
this country. When ho first began lo
keep tints, he isolated ihe nesls by water,
but it Was necessary lo change that often,
and observing lliat tho hairs on Iho steins
of flowers prevented llio tints from climb
ing them, ho had since used ferns. Ono of
the most surprising points connected with
ants was, that while ihero was ono nest
they never appeared to quarrel, all others,
oven of the samo species, being treated as
strangers and enemies. There was no
mistaking tho treatment. If an ant (Vi.so)
wanted to carry away a friend to a place
of security, she took her by Ihe mandible
and her friend rolled herself into a ball,
but an enemy is seized by the leg or an
antenna, llo confirmed the experiments
of Huber us to their being aide to recog
nize their friends, even after a long ab
sence, or rather their acquaintances, for,
although ho saw that they attacked an.l
killed their enemies, ho could not find any
trace of warm affection for their friends.
He tested this by taking soui'i out of a
nest and suspending them in a bottle cov
ered with muslin. Those in tho nest took
no notice of them, but when strangers
were put in they wore indignant and never
stopped until tliey cut through tho muslin
and attacked them. Ho marked some ants
in a nest with p tint and found that their
friends removed it, but a stranger going
Into tho nest was restless and got out us
quickly as possible. It would 1)6 interest
ing to know how they recognized their
friends. It might bo by smell or some
sign, or tiy actual recognition.
In order to try whether they could roc
ognizo them when insensible, he lirst used
chloroform; but that practically killed
them, and he then made them intoxicated.
He tlid so by putting them into whiskey,
not whiskey into them, for thoy were too
sensible to tako it even on week days. He
tried an experiment with twenty-live
friends and thirty strangers. Tho sober
ants coming out of their nests and finding
the intoxicated ants lying helpless on their
hacks in ludicrous attitudes, proceeded to
lake them up and carry Ilium off. Of
tlio twenty-five they brought twenty iuto
the nest, where, probably, they soon slept
off' the effects. The other five they drop
ped into the moat of water which then
surrounded the nest. Why they did so he
could not tell. Perhaps they foil into tho
bauds of stern teetotalers. As to the thirty
strangers, twenty-eight wcro thrown into
the moat and the other two wcro taken no
notice of. Ho look somo pupa) out of a
nest, and on putting them back after some
months, found that they wero received as
friends, while somo that wero put into a
different nest were attacked. It was gen
erally stated that all tho eggs in a nest of
ants or bees wero laid by queens. That
was not strictly so, for somo were laid by
workers, though tho cases wcro exception
al. Ho had somo nests in which there
wero no queens, and yet there wore eggs
in them, but the eggs laid by workers al
ways produced males. Ho had made some
experiments to test the senses of ants. Ho
found that they were capable of distin
guishing between different colors, and
avoided violet. Their sense of smell was
also delicate, but ho had seen no proof that
tney were capable ot bearing, and no Had
proved bv nn experiment, which he de
scribed, that they wore not capablo Of
communicating with each other by sound.
There were thirty species of ants in these
countries, and seven hundred in other
countries, and there wero many interest
ing problems to bo solved in relation to
Sir Walter Elliott asked how ants com
municated wilh each other, and mentioned
that on one occasion in India, when mak
ing a preparation of a spider, an ant ap
proached and attempted to carry off' tho
specimen, lie drove it away, and then
live others came, and Having occasion to
leave the room ho found on his return that
iho specimen was gone. The president
observed that perhaps in tropical regions
the ants wero more civilized, and possess
ed a power of communicating with each
other which was not enjoyed by ants elso
where. Oui! Littlk Sisriiit. Such to us she
has always been, though years had come
and gone.iinlil she had reached tbo merid
ian of life. Tho childhood voico had
been lost in youthful tones womanhood,
wifehood and motherhood had been hers ;
hut to us she had always seemed our little
sister. Though wo turned to her for judg
rient and counsel, silo had kept in our
hearts iho warm nestling place of early
days. Wilh active) mind ard deepened
thought her life was touching ours, on
many aides for joy and happiness. Her
ear was ever ready to listen, and her heart
to sympathize with all our plans in life.
And to the needs and wants of all, her
generous nature gavo a quick response
and helping hand.
Hut just as bird, flower, insect nnd all
nature was chanting " Summer is almost
gone," the angel of death bore her away.
Her voice was hushed so suddenly her
hands folded so quickly, wo could not be
lieve it was death. But the deep shadow
of sorrow, hovering over the desolate
homo the anguished heart of the stricken
husband the circle of mourning friends
made it all too real. Yes, our little sister
was dead. Tho room was filled with
shaded sunbeams choicest llowers wcro
on her casket, with bud and bloom on
every side. There she lay, with her babe
upon her arm, cacti lohieti in llio urapery
of death. It was a sadly beautiful pic
ture; but helped to soothe our hearts,
when we thought of her deep yearnings
for motherhood, and tho happy realiza
tions which now must ho hers. Then we
bore her away to tho spot, cherished and
tended by her own hands. Tho day was
wrapped in sunshine nature, seemed put
ting her pictures into a framework of mas
sive beauty, as we committed to tho earth
her remains that had left on our hearts
tho impress of a mournfully beautifully
picture tho sleeping mother nnd her
Thus we left her, and the sunshine of
summer's latter days, wilh lengthening
shadows stretching the sacred spot. We
knew she had gone whore sickness and sor
row, pain and death aro felt and feared no
more; but we should belio our own na
tures, and human nature, if wo did not
' sorrow that we should see her fuco no
more" on earth.
From some lines on "Resignation" pen
ned in her little book of Bible texts, read
day by day, and placed behind her last
reading on that beautiful Sabbath day,
August 18lh, we tako the words :
,( .el nothing make lliec too I'crcMii, be still."
What Uo.l balti onl.'i'e.l must be lilit.''
Deeply impressive aro theso words now,
as time's invisible linger has turned a leaf
in the book of Providence, and wo read
" she sleeps in death.''
Precious sister, as wo watched theo
sleeping in thy childhood days, so now
our thoughts turn to ihy resting place on
thy grave is placed by loving hands the
flowers thou cherished but a few days
since. We know thou aro not there, but
gone to realms of poaco and joy, whero
bloom eternal now is thine, with " pleas
more." M. B. 1)., in Rural
Economy Is ono of the least-understood
words in our language It is not
economy to starve tho mind and stuff the
stomach. It is not cconomv to " scrimp "
and pinch nnd save to keep up the style of
dross or living to deceive otnor people s
eves. It is not economy to put half the
cost of women's and cliiuiren s garments
I into " stylo " and trimming at tho sacri
! lice of good, honest, lasting material. It
is not economy to go without flannels to
j wear laces, nor give up comforts and pos
; sible hoalth for the sake of fashion. It is
! not cconomv to save money on necessities
;lo spend on " tom-foolcry ;" always rorr.
:c inhering that necessities, to a soul that
, lives over six foot above tho earth in Us
j aspirations, means a good many things bo-
sules what wo oat, tirniK ana wear.
The game of chess, it lias been decided,
is of purely Oriental origin. The Hindoos
claim to have originated it or rather, say
thai Siva, the third person of their trinity
(Siva, the destroyer alas! of time), gavo it
to Ihem. Professor Forbes has shown that
it has been among them live thousand
years; but words tell no myths, and the
ll'ingaleo nanio for chess, shathorunch,
easts its ballot for Persia nnd Shatreuschar
though India may almost claim that, on
account of the greater perfection to which
it has brought tho game, nnd the lead it
has always taken in cheas-cnlture. India
rejoices in a nourishing chess-school. Tho
India problem as known as the perfection
of enigmatical chess.
A (jood Tiling In the House.
Among all house-furnishing articles
nothing is more satisfactory than a colleo
lion of Ixioks. These may till a single
shelf a small case or the sides of a fair-
size! room, according to the means of the
house-holder. Hut. after tho absolute
necessaries of housekeeping and wardrobe
are proruleil, the book-shell a case -or
library comes next in order. Hooks fur
nish company always ' at home,'' and
answer inquiries on all subjects, which is
more than men and women are prepared
How to fill tho book-case is the question.
The best answer is to " lot it grow." The
person who undertakes to buy a library,
and has tho pecuniary wherewithal, can
find no difficulty. lie can take advice or
find printed works of direction. But these
romarks are intended for persons who are
not looking for an investment," but con
sulting their pockets, their'tastes nnd their
needs, and who wish to provide a collec
tion for use as well as for reception ; who
are, as was said just now. disposed to
let the library "grow." Ihe collec
tion need not and should not bo a thing of
haste. And, least of all, should it bo an
affair of bIiow, or an effort to set off the
house. In the latter case " duniuiios"
would servo us as well as genuine vol
umes, and cost less. Indeed, blocks have
been made to fill the shelves of persons
with moro vanity than disposition or taste
to read. Such books have a kindred char
acter to tho heads ol their owners.
First in handiucss comes books of refer
ence, dictionaries, encyclopedias, with a
special viow to tho pursuits and occupa
tion of tho owner; and next, a careful
selection of works on history, beginning
with that of one's own country, and in
cluding local history and memoirs. Then
biography and travel, well selected woi ks
of fiction, religion and morals, of course
and scienco according to the laste of the
individual. The Bible ami Shakspeare
are understood without telling, as well as
other classics in poetry and polite litera
ture, rrobably every young man or
woman has somo of theso already. The
schoolbooks which havo done duty in ed
ucation, deserve a corner somewhere.
Pliey aro not only pleasant memorials, but
may be excellent for reference.
lue right kinds of books " books that
aro books" aro thoso which you can tako
up and enjoy at any time, as at any timo
you can enter into conversation with a
friend. And such books, new and old, can
be found in every department of literature.
Tho reader soon learns to appreciate them.
lint tne volume Irom which you turn awy
with a dissatisfied "Oh, I havo road eitat .'"
is no book for the family library. Oneo
road, it becomes mere lumber. The gradu
al process of lillinrr the shelf is liko form
ing a good connection in business or in
society. Like old Inends, good old books
como "up to you withja welcomeand famil
iar look. And tliey nave this advantage
that you can find them when you wish,
and have done with them at any moment.
J hey entertain without demanding to be
cutertaiued. In the family where reading
is an occupation and nn amusement, the
highest idea of homo is realized. Phila
DiscoiuAGiiNG Cim.DiiliN. It is some
where related that a poor soldier, having
had his skull fractured, was told by the
doctor that nis brains wero visible. " Do
write and tell father of it," said he, " for
he always said I had no brains."
How many tattlers and motnerstcll their
children this, and how often docs such a
remark contribute not a little to prevent
any development of tho brain? A grown
person tells a child ho is brainless.foolish,
or a blockhead, or that he is deficient in
some menial or moral faculty, and in nine
cases out of ten the statement is believed ;
the thought that it may bo partially so acts
liko an incubus lo repress tho confidence
tnd energies oi the child. Let any person
look to childhood's days, and ho can
loubtless recall many words and expres
sions which had such a discouraging in
fluence over him as to tell upon his whole
course of future life. We knew an ambi
tious boy.who, at the age of ten years.had
become so depressed wilh fault finding and
reproof, not duly mingled with encourag
ing words, that at an early agj ho longed
for death to tako him out of the world, in
in which he conceived ho had no ability lo
e. But while all this appeared so dark
around him, ho had been so often told of
his faults and deficiencies that he seemed
the dullest of boys, and while none of his
good qualities and capabilities had been
mentioned, anil he believed lie had none, a
single word of praise and appreciation,
carelessly dropped in his hearing, altered
his whole course ot thought, ivo have
often heard him say, " that word saved
mo." The moment bo thought ho could
do well he resolved that ho would and he
has done well. Parents, these are import
Law i tub IIomk. Without law in
the household there will be no law in the
state. livery anarchic household contri
butes to anarchy in tho community; every
disobedient boy is being educated lo bo a
breeder of riots when a man. Wo want
in America schools, churches, books, news
papersof which last thero is no dearth
but we want just now, if not more at least
uot less than either, law. Wo want n
voice with the deep thunder of authority
in it to say to Hathaway and Chase at Fall
Kiver, to Iweod nnd Ins coparceners in
New York, to be the would-be purchasers
of electoral voles in Florida and South
Carolina, to tho robbers of savings banks,
the disturbers of the dead, the marauding
tramps on the highways, Iho flooders of
mines in Pennsylvania and the incendiaries
of Pittsburgh, Thou shalt not. We want an
cud of this miserable dickering wilh em
bezzlers and thieves and " no questions
asked." Our sword is no terror to evil
doors It rusts in its scabbard, or is occa
sionally drawn only to extort from the
ovil doer a half restitution of his booty.
Pity has emasculated justice. Juries aro
slovr to convict and governors are quick to
pardon. The sentiment of retributive
justice would havo almost died out from
the community DU mat iaiso education
can never quito eradicato a genuine in
stinct. Three things tho community
needs: cducatian to leach men that crime
is a folly, religion to teach them that it is
a sin, nnd law to teach them that it is dan
gerous. And both education and religion
need tho sanction of law.
RULES FOK.Sl'OIUNO A Child. I. Ho.
gin young by giving him whatover he
S. Talk freely before the child about his
smartness as Incomparable.
3. Tell him that ho is too much for you;
that you can do nothing with him.
4. Havo divided counsels as between
father and mother.
5. Let him learn to regard his father as
a creature of unlimited power, capricious
and tyrannical, or as a inero whipping
li. Let him learn (from his father's ex
ample) to despise his mother.
7. Do not know or 'care who bis com
panions may be.
8. Lot him read whotever ho likes.
9. Lot tho child, whether boy or girl
rovo llio streets in Ihe evenings a good
school for both sexes.
' 10. Devote yourself to making money,
remembering always that wealth is a bet
ter legacy for your child than principles in
tho heart and habits In Iho life: and let
him have plenty of money to spend.
II. Ho not with him in hours of recreation.
12. Strain at a gnat and swallow a
camel ; chastise severely for a foible, nnd
laugh nt a vice.
1.1. Let him run about from i Lurch to
church. Electicism in religion is Ihe or
der of the day.
H. Whatever burdens of virtuous re
quirements yon lay on his shoulders touch
not with your lingers.
ThoFO rules are not untried. Many par
ents have proved Ihem, with substantial
uniformity of results. If a faithful ob
servance of them does not spoil your child,
you will at least have the comfortable re
flection that you have done what yon
The Match Lincoln Maim-:. It was
about a year before tho fall of Richmond,
when both north and south seemed totter
ing to ruin, that a young lady who had
known Mr. and Mrs Lincoln for ye ns
visited Washington She was an excep
tionally sensible, warni-hearte.l, refined
woman, gifted with a marvellous voice
and a graceful liguro, but sho was very
homely. She called at tho White House,
and whan s le had gone with his wifu into
a private room, Mr. Lincoln expm-sed
his surpriso to a friend that " some go-id
man had not boon luokty enough to niarrv
her." Adding: '
' L herself would bo much hannier if
sho were a wife and mother."
A few months later Major C . a vol-
unteer officer, thoroughly resp-cted by the
president, and a bachelor, came into the
study Mr. Lincoln looked at him thought-
IV bat are you going to do when the
war is over, C-?" he asked suddenly.
' Seek my fortune. I suppose." was the
more it is in that room." A frank.
girlish laugh was hoard at that moment.
"No, you can't go to seek it now : business
first. Hut thero it is."
That evening there was a re.-enti.m .!
tho Whito House. Tho urcsid ent beckon
ed to Major C .
Listen! ho said.
lady whom thev could not see on ac
count of the crowd, was singing, in a voice
of groat beauty and sweetness, soaio gay
aun. x ui! nia or wouiu lave moved lor-
ward, but Mr. Lincoln detained him. his
eyes twinkling with shrewd fun.
' Wait a bit," ho said. " Don't look at
her face yet."
Presently she sung a ballad with such
pathos that the major's eyes grew dim.
iow go. bho is as good and true as
The good word of Mr. I.inn.l,, ,,..,,i,..i,n-
ifilluencod both parties. In a few months
they wero married, and tho union has
proved a most happy one.
1 tint ono wise t nnc in 'f,i." Mi- I .in.
coin said, rubbing his chin, as was his
wont when pleased. "I made that match."
There aro several things that in iure a
man more than to cut his throat. An hon.
orablo daughter dean is mourned less than
a daughter dishonored. I know a school
of superb culture, a temple of sanctity,
wnere o00 young woman aro gathered
uniler tho very best roligious'influenoes
tnd tho loftiest educational inciteninnls. I
have wandered up and down the halls of
tho . palatial building in which their in
struction is given; havo admired the
works of art thero: and had occasion to
study minutely the enthusiasm for art and
social improvement and religious useful
ness which fill that school, and vivify its
lofty regard for intellectual culture. But
this institution publishes no eatalotnn.
Why? Go to tho New York socielvfor
the suppression of vice, to tho Boston so
ciety, or lo tho committeo which have
been organized to suppress vice at I'rovi-
lenco and New Haven and Cincinnati and
St. Louis nnd Chicago, and you will find
that school catalogues aro made the lattice
work through which moral lepers and as
sassins, secretly at night, under the cover
of the mails, throw their pcison into sem
inaries of all grades. It is a terrific sign of
the times when shrewd men of all.iirs
onductiiig a great school, dare not pub
lish a catalogue. I show you the caution
in actual exercise. Within twenty miles
of Boston the resplendent school I have
described stands in its stately park.
Woman and the Home. Dangers to
society thicken in these days. Life is even
threatened. Propertv at limes is imperill
ed by tho torch of the communist. Trade
has lose its ancient integrity, nnd patriot
ism and statesmanship bavo parted wilh
much of their former puritv and spirit of
self-sacrifice. Crime abounds, and justice
has soiled its ermine. Widely wo fuel
tho throes of upheaval. Where shall we
look for permanent cure? Some would
nnd it in military iorco. Hut the sword
only represses the evil ; it docs not heal
it. It only delays the trouble ; it cannot
remove it. I he character of society must
be reached and changed by moral influ
ences at tho centre. Ignorance, perversi
ty, error, false theories, wrong motives
tnd corrupt habits of life, all these things
which bring forth bitter fruit, must be
Jostroved in tho seed. Tho gospel alone
has this silent, gentle, leavening power.
wrongs may be. best righted and souls
made better by Iho light of Christian sym
pathy and love, and through the exercise
of righteousness and justice and truth, in
tho fountain head of society tho Chris
tian homo. It is, in a largo sense, the
work of woman. llev. C. A. (ioodscll,
1). J)., . 7,0H!.
A Skiu'ENT Amonh the Books. Ono
lay a gentlemen in India went into his
library and look down a book from the
shelves. As he did so ho felt a slight pain
in tho finger like a prick of a pin. Ho
thought that a pin had been stuck by
somo careless pcison in tho cover of the
book. Hut soon his linger began to swell,
then his arm, and then his whole body,
and in a few days ho died. It was not a
pin among tho books, but a small and
Ihoro aro many sorpents among tho
books now-a-days; they nestle in tho foli
age of some of our most fascinating litera
ture; they coil around tho flowers, whose
perfume intoxicates tho senses. People
read, nnd aro oharmod by the plot of the
story.bytho skill with which Iho characters
are sculptured or grouped, by the gorgeous-
ness ot tlio wonl-pamting, and Hardly tcel
tho pin-prick of Iho evil that is insinuated.
Hut it stings and poisons. When tho rec
ord of ruined souls is mado up, on what
multitudes will be inscribed, " Poisoned
bv serpents among tho books! ''
"Every Christian should discountenance
tlio circulation ot unprofitable books, and
promote tho dissemination ot Healthy, in
structive Christian litorature. Anon.
PitAiSE. A true man will not tako kind
ly to tbo overbearing praise of a well
moaning but Ignorant patron. This sort
of culogv affords litllo encouragement,
although thero may be linios when it is
printout to accept it for lack of better. But,
if the condescending approval of tho igno
rant patron be unwelcome, that of the
parasite is. or ought to bo, very much
moro so. That man must havo a gross
craving fir bad food who can accept tho
fulsome flatteries of tho sycophant and
porsuado himself that ho is taking whole
some nourishment. To abstain from
indignant protest at tho-first offer of such
stuff argues either weakness of character
or dullness of perception; but to swallow
it and then ovinco a rcadincs to accept more
is to confess to utter depravity of tasto.
J TERMS FOR ADVERTISING.
ItStlm. I!'!,ir? 15 1,l"r,,r "" 0f " ! 0n
i I ,?f , ! ' Ul'"r '' auliwinent liiarrtinu. Hi eta.
i vi'rim i'i' ' '"""''I""" are marked .in the ad.
I., I.. -. .-. ".uuniiru uuui nr'iereo out.
tl,lii -by tl.e'y.'J.r" i,er
I'reaaie aud CmimiaKtonera' KcUct-e,:t:!.uii each.
,i',.N",i:'7", '"T""""- Kftraja. the FonuaHnn
aim l-..lim..iiot ( o pirtnemlniia. ft..., 41 as Pa, b Mr
y'tiii'ieuer11 Kul -J
; iie' columns. 10 eentaper line earh In
sertion, but uu cnarires made ol ieaa than hi eeuta.
.. ","ri '.'!, )'"i'' VarrlaireainaertenKratla.hiit
't.-ii.l.-. ol.noaryViticeai.rl'iietry will be chareed
t Hie rate .r live routs .er line. K
"My tlear boy, never defer until to-morrow
what can be done to-day." " Then,
mother.'' replied the urchin, " let's cat
that plum-pudding to-night."
When a man and his wife are out walk
ing, and see 'a lovo of a bonnet' in a show
window, they are both of one mind. She
wanls to buy it, and he wants to r0 by it,
It took a letter 11 days to go from one
Florida town to another, a distance of 28
miles, and the people of both, with a reck
hss disregard of expense, are now clam
oring for a railroad.
A fashionably-dressed woman entered
a drug store the other day, and informed
tbo clerk lliat her husband"liad overloaded
his stomach, and tlmfsho desired to get an
epidemic to relieve him.
A divine passing a fashionable clmrch.on
which a new spire was being erected, was
asked bow much higher it was to he."
" Not much: that congregation don't own
very far in that direction."
A wag, who thought to have a joke at
the expense of an Irish provision dealer
said: Can you supply me With a yard oi
pork? Pat, said the dealer to his assistant,
give the gentleman throe pig's feet.
A little girl who was spending a few
days with a farmer uncle, visited the
barnyard, and whilo looking at tho well
fed cows, remarked, " Why, uncle, just
see! all the co s are chewing gum. aren't
No Hooks Necessakv. " My son, vou
should riso with tho sun," said the old
gentleman, knocking at tho door. " Gov
ernor, ' mumbled a youthful voice from
under the bed clothes, " I fear you never
studied the Coperniean theory tho sun
does not riso or otherwise move." "Well,
it don't need books to tell mo that is true
of my son!" replied the blunt paternal,
turning away. And the voting co egian
concluded that possibly " tho old man"
was natuilly ptst about as smart as his
The lark never sings in his nest. A
single impulse of song is so slrorg in hint
that it seems to act like a spring, and ho
lifts himself into the air, and rises in cir
cuits clear out of sight toward God. But
suppose a sparrow should say, ' I am not
i singing bird, for I never cut the air till 1
im hidden in excess of celestial li"ht."
It would bo very foolish; for the sparrow
was made to sing near the ground, while
the lark was mndo to sing near the sky.
Each sings in his own way. And so men
should do that which they aro mado to do.
tt is looiisn lor a man to compare himself
with, and judge himself bv. another.
Tho stairways of temptation aro very
numerous. Fashion carpets some of them
rorgeously and claims lhat thev aro safe.
Hut we pa-tors know how often young con
verts venture on tho slippery places onlv
to catch wounding falls. The moment
that a Christian goes, whero ho cannot tako
Christ with him ho is in danger. The
Master will not keen His hand under our
arms when we go on forbidden ground.
l resumptions l etor needed a sharp lesson.
inn lie got it. lliat bitter cry nt tho foot
of the stairs bespoke an awful fall. How
man v sueli aro rising daily into Christ's
toning ears! Dr. Cuylcr
Dr. L. Ch aso of Portland, Me., a musi
cal genius, claims to have discovered tho
reason why several notes in tho lower
scale of a musical instrument's octavo are
of better quality than the others, and he
has patented "llio specially responsive
harmonic scale," composed of a group of
sounding-boards or surfaces, by which nil
the notes in an instrument may be mado
perfect. Ho also claims that the existence
of perfect notes in a piano, organ, violin
or guitar, tin-nigh accidental, is an In
fringement on his discovery, and he pro
poses to claim a royalty of on every
instrument of tho kind in the country,
which will bring him quito a comfortable
sum of money, if ho succeeds.
A correspondent ill the Ecening Post
gives the billowing recipe for a paste for
use in making scrap books : " I dissolve
i piece of alum the size of a walnut in
i pint of boiling water; to this I add a
.ample of tablospoonfuls of flour, mado
mioolh in a little cold water, and a few
drops of oil of cloves, letting tho whole
come to a boil. Ibis paste will keep
months. I put it in glass jars used for
canning, or well cleaned blacking bottles.
I use a half inch bristle brush which costs
but a few pennies. This paste is handy,
too, for domestic purposes. My children
bavo many toys that como in wooden
boxes, but these will break at llio corners
Hid soon como to pieces. Whon a box
begins to give out, I take a piece of cam
bric or calico, and with tho brush and
pasto cover Iho box so that it will bear
constant usage fur months. Then if tho
cover gives lint 1 pull it off and put on
another one. Again, a doll's arm or leg
will como oil'; put a piece of muslin and
a bit ot paste restores the article, so that
il is as good as it was before."
The ministers who aro expecting and
rather hoping for martyrdom on account
of their " views," deserve to havo a little
good natiired fun poked at them ; and ono
of tbo neatest hits is that reported by tlio
lacancc: uuring a discussion ot predes
tination at the ministers' meeting in that
city, nearly all Iho speakers expressed tho
orthodox or Calvinistic views. One broth
er, however, announced himself as a de
cided " Arniiniiin,'' doing so with somo
ado of moral courage as if bravely pro
pared for any predestinated obloquy that
might como lo him tor opinion s sake;
whereupon Secretary Humphrey promptly
" moved " that " Brother B. be burned nt
tho stake to-morrow morning!" Tho timo
is gone by whcji men are entitled to spec
ial admiration or even attention for think
ing in a particular way about any subject
whatever ; and to seem to invite proscrip
tion for having the courage of one's con
victions, is as silly as to claim credit for
tolerating free thinking in other men. It
isn't proof positive of what the cxpresivo
slang styles " a hefty intellect," to indulge
in a Heterodox opinion, nor evidence of
superior moral courage to join a miuoritv
when there is nobody who wishes to pre
vent you from thinking as you please.
A Minkkai-oihst's Lahou Lost. There
is one science the value of which it is voi r
difficult to make a Highlander comprehend
ana inai is mineralogy, lie connects
botany with tho art of healing; astronomy
with guidance from tho stars, or naviga
tion ; chemistry with dyeing, brewing cfe.,
but chopping " off bits of rocks!" "as he
calls it this lias always been a mystery.
A shepherd, while smoking his cutty at
a small Highland inn, was communicating
to another in Gaolic his experiences of
" mad Englishmen," ns ho called thorn.
" Thero was one," said the narrator, "who
oneo gavo mo his bag to carry to the inn
by a short cut across the hills, whilo ho
walked by another road. I was wonder
ing to myself why it was so dreadfully
heavy, and when 1 got out of his sight I
was determined to see what was in it. I
opened it, and what do you think it was?
lint, i neeu not nsK you to guess, for you
would novcr find out. " It was stones."
" Stones!" exclaimed his companion,
opening his eyes, " stones!" Well, woll
that beats all I ever knew or heard of,
" And did you carry it?"
' Carry it! Do you think I was as mad
as himself! No. I emptied them all out,
but I filled tho bag again from tho cairn
near tho house, and gave hiui good meas
ure for tho money.
. t nf t 10 SiaiOf,i""ev' " I r
ICIIW-Oi. - r-