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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
!. In tbe Brick Block. Hcd of KuteStrttl
l.Atf il pftlvl in Kdvancc; otUervla, S2.wi.
I ..rmtut mtr be nude bjr null or otbaroiw to
H R. WHEELOCK.
Editor tad Proprietor.
1'lie t RLi u as. uudcr the recent lew -at Conyrex
rir.-Ille iree ill nMuiavum uoantr. On til peperf
nt (.uuiile WeehlnKton County, the poeutre it pela
l- lue l-uoirancr me umce in Montpeller.
WEDNESDAY. APRIL 9.
LEITERS OS S ATI" HAL HISTORY.
Itiidimei'.tary Forms of Life.
Hy Db.Uibax A. Outtixo.
CEKUS OF CONTAlilON.
We have spoken of the gornis of oonla
g.n known as bacteria, vibrioncs, etc.
yet the special organism that is able to
produce contagious disease is still in its
form -rind appearance, in most eases, un
known, una putrciaclion comes a
swariuW bacteria which, if tho living
tissues t man are contaminated with
theoi, by. inoculation, produco sickness
and oftenleath. A physician in Lowell,
Mass., dissolved some virus of tho kine
pox for viicoination, in water, so 113 to
vaccinate by a bit of thread satnrated by
this solution. The particles of animal
matter attracted tho bacteria, doubtless
from atmospheric germs, and the solution
imparted deathly sickness to all thus vao
ciliated, and the courts acquitted tho phy
sician of any evil intent, though many
lives were sacrificed through ignorance of
a well known principle. Physicians are
educated in their dissoctions not to cut
their fingers or to nso their dissecting
knives even on living flesh, thus guardin
against the inoculation of the living tissues
with the virus imparted by the living or
g.tnisms from tho dead. Here wo have a
direct connection of microscopic life with
disease, and from this some reason a do"
bito is often diflicult to heal, and some
times fatal, as the dog feasts upon putres
cent matter. In the contagious diseases,
as measles, suiall pox, scarlatina, diptho
ria, etc., various forms of bacteria or fun
goid growth are always present in the
secretions of the mouth, nose, etc.', yet the
principle of contagion is not well under
stood. It is very evident from what is
known that all diseases of this ch tractor
are frequently conveyed by persons that
have been about tho sick, or by articles of
clothing which have been in the room,
nave about mem germs of infection. This
would seem 10 show positively that there
were in some way genus of disease ema
nating from the sick, ready to take root or
produce disease under proper and favora
ble circumstances. Remember that con
tagious disease do not require the touch
to communicate; and, in fact, that touch is
Then again, as wo examine the plant
growth upon tho tongue of the infant, and
know lhat all infants through the wide
world are subject to that growth known
as thrush, we tan only snpposo that the
little seeds of ihis plant lloat in the atmos
phere, ready, like the thisile or dandelion
seed, to lake rojt and grow whera they
And a favorablo place for vegetation. The
diphtheria also is of kindred character,
being caused, without doubt, in the same
manner, yet only vegetating in person.-,
who from som predisposing cause are
susceptible to the ontagion. Thus it hap
pens that so ne members of a family
escape while others are stricken down in
a fatal manner. It is not, by far, every
head of grain that is infected with smut,
and yet wj can but believe that every
plant his been exposed to contagion.
When the imt first visits a field of grain
it is only a straw here and there that is
affected, yot tho entire crop m ly soon be
so; so it is with diphtheria and other con
The typhoid fever has been quite well
established to bo a ground contagion, or,
in other words, that the gorms of that
disease may work themselves in some
way through the ground into our wells
and springs, and that the use of such con
taminated water is likely to produce the
fever. It is true the germ of contagion
has never been seen. We seldom sco the
mitlnighL robber, yet he does his work,
and we do n t d ubt that both the typhoid
germ and the rjb'.er exist.
All this teac'ioi m that we must use
care where we have no: positivo knowl
edge. The inicrosc ipe fails to detect
many things that wo have knowledge of
as facts. A grain of musk will highly
scent a room for hundreds of years; yet
no microscope can detect tho particles
that reason tells us must float in the at
mosphere of that room, and more, the
musk will woigu as much at the end as
when fi'St (laced in tho roim. Senses
even more acute than the eye, aided by
the micro icopo, show divisions as In this
case. Again, we are in the woods with
the nr imtoftlie spruce and fir, inter
mingled with the sweet spring violets and
other wild flowers of tho forest. We are
sensiblo of their existence, yet the micro
scope cannot reveal the particles which
reason tells us are ttirown oil to give us
through the organs of smell knowledgo of
their ex stonce, though we might be blind.
With such examples before us, should
not every dwelling, not only in our cities
and villages, but in the country nlso, be
protected, as far as in human power, from
germs of disease? How many country
cellars 111 springtime are pits of contagion,
as 11 were, senuing tlieir noxious vapors
loaded with disease all through the house;
and how often the close proximity of out
houses and stagnant pools from sink
spouts render tho atmosphere about those
homes nlm st un ndurable to those not
accustomed by long familiarity to r.oxions
vapors. Who wonders when with our
pleasant homes ihus contaminated that we
have a class of diseases unknown to thoso
that lived in open houses, thus assuring
them good ventilation.
Let as take heed, remembering that
what we can sec is but a small portion of
what really is. That while the human
mind is ever grasping for the wild, the
picturesque nnd wonderful, often gratify
ing a moibid curiosity with imaginary
visions of ghosts, fairies, and . demons,
worlds of joy, and bits of pain, or more
rationally seeking mountain scenery, with
enchanting landscapes, or beautiful water
falls, grottoes, caves, and complicated
works of art; there lies before 11s a more
pro ific field of startling wonder in a
thimble full of dust or a teaspoonful of
any decomposing matter, than in far
famed Niagara, M tm moth Cave, burning
esuviu?. or tho red wood forests of tho
..iiiu. 1111 juuiti ui uiusu wuiiucrs 1U
Letter from Minnesota.
Fukekouv, Mink., March 24, 1879.
Dkak Fkeeman : It is a habit of pretty
long standing that I have formed of send
ing my common-place observation to you,
and you have doubtless come to the con-
elusion long ago that the habit is too invet
erate to admit of any hopes of cure, and I
suppose you have concluded it was best to
submit and let it run its course.
I have lately returned from a trip to my
old home in Kansas, from which I have
now been absent four years, and possibly
i note or two by tho way may be worth
reading. I left here February 2Gih. It
was a bitter cold day. Minnesota was her
self that time in earnest. The mercury
stood twenly-eight degrees below zero
that morning. Jack Frost was having
things hie own way just then. He was
re-enforced by a fierce north-west wind,
which more than doubly intensified the
cold, and which penetrated every crack
and cranny of ono's house, and pierced
hrough any amount of clothing one
might put on. It hardly seemed possible
then that but one day should intorvene bo
fore we should see farmers with their
oats oft plowing, but such was the fact.
We passed through Iowa in a zio-zio- di
rection, going first to Burlington on the
eastern side nnd then ninety miles direct
ly west to Creston. We had told the ticket
agent to put us over the quickest rout, and
he sent us around hero. I used to hear it
said when I was boy " that the farthest
way round was tho quickest way home,"
but I never dreamed that railroad compa
nies would adopt that plan. But we made
close connections and ought not to com
We ran through a severe snow storm in
central Iowa. At Kansas City there was
no vestige of snow. The streets were dry
and dusty. All tho westward bound trains
wero loaded with passengers and cmi
grants going to try the vicissitudes of
frontier life. Whole families, and I should
judge, whole neighborhoods, for they all
seemed to be acquainted with each oilier,
were on the train. Fathers and mothers
with an almost endless number of children
wero there. Young America was well
represented. One woman, who was evi
dently short of money, passed a ten-year-old
girl off for an infant. Slio took her
up in her lap, covered up her feet with
her big cloak and nestled her down to her
oreast so mat tne conductor might not
mistrust her ago. She handed the con
ductor one ticket for herself and her
"baby." The passengers coughed nnd
the conductor himself couldn't help but
smile. lie evidently thousrht it was loo
good a joke to spoil, and so he good
naturedly said nothing and let the " baby"
Southward from Kansas City the fields
of winter wheat were looking green and
fresh; cattle wero grazing ii tho fields
with a vim that showed that they found
somo reward for their work, though we
could hardly say that tho meadows indi
cated much jjreen vegetable life as Been
from the car window. Near Garnet on
the L. L. I. G. road, less than a hundred
miles from Kansas City, I saw some small
patches of wheat on the rich cotton lands
under tile bluffs that looked as bl ight and
growing us if it was in the middle of
summer. I could almost imagine that a
section of J une had suddenly appeared.
Although tho mercury stood at minus
twenty-eight when we left, it was only a
few days after I saw it above eighty in the
shade. It seemed like going from the
Arctic regions to the torrid zone, lint it
would be hardly fair to leave the impres
sion that this was all accomplished by the
simple transition from Minnesota to Kan
sas. There was a change in Minnesota too.
As when a violent tempered man suddenly
becomes ashamed of his outbursts and
puts on an unusually good-natured counte
nance, so here the weather was unusually
line, and some commenced to sow their
wheat. By comparing notes according to
the best data we had, we found that there
was, as a general thing, from fifteen to
twenty degrees diffurenco in the tempera
ture between southern Minnesota and
southern Kansas, in any given " spoil " of
weather in the winter. The cold weather
of the first of January spoiled the pros
pect for peaches throughout all that local-
ity I passed through. The blossom buds
ire all killed, and some are afraid the
trees are ruined also.
One of tho blessed privileges vouchsafed
us by the dispenser of all things in this lifo
is to be permitted once more to grasp the
hands 01 familiar friends from whom you
have been a long time absent. Four years
seemed a long lime when we were away,
but once more in the midst of familiar
scenes and we could hardly realize that
four years had fl iwn since last wo were
there. Tho little boys had grown to be
big boys, and big boys had become young
men, in that little brief space of time.
Girls, too, had blossomed into woman
hood, and some into wife and motherhood,
and little new faces could be seen here
and there all through the whole range of
our acquaintance. The old homestead on
which wo hail spent yours of hard toil to
improve had not lost a particle of its
homelike look, though it is home to us no
longer. Tho orchard and shade trees we
had planted, though they had grown
measurably since we last saw them, so jm
ed like old friends ready to greet, us, and
tell us in their own mute language of the
past. And how natural it would have
been to have taken up work there where
we left it off. When wo saw a panel of
fence that was broken down there was an
instinctive impulse to go and repair it, or
a fruit tree that, needed pruning, we could
hardly evade the sense of duty to put it in
Tho old church, too, where prayer is
wont to be made, how sacred it looked. It
is not a very imposing structure, but there
aro associations connected with it that can
never bo forgotten. The heart-touching
pleadings of penitence and confession of
sin have been heard there, arid sometimes
the joyful tostimony of the young convert,
and often the voice of prayer and the
song of praise. There were ihe seats
, which our own hands had helped to f ish-
ion, and which we bad oecnnied Sund.iv
after Sunday, while from the desk was
expounded to us the way of life. And
i aeaT the church was tho graveyard where
some of the same flesh and blood with
ourselves lie buried, and where we had
just deposited the remains of a belovej
father. But my lime and your patience
would fail if I were to tell of all tho scenes
I witnessed nnd the impressions fell.
Returning homo I made a flying visit
through a corner of Illinois. At Wyanet,
Bureau county, I was pleasantly enter
tained by the family of a friend who lias
grown gray in the good work of dispens
ing the bread of life to the spiritually
hungry. May God bless him and his good
wife in their old nge. Ho has a son, too,
following in his footsteps. I found him a
genial, whole-souled preacher of the gos
pelone that loves his work and believes
he has a divine call to it. Would that the
good Maker of all would raise up more
such men.. We got into his buggy nnd he
drove out Into tho country, visiting the
place where he spent his boyhood days,
and other scenes of interest. I found iho
country more rolling than I expected.
Evidences of thrift were every where. It
seemed almost impossible to believe that
in the memory of men, and lliose not very
old either, that whole country was a
desolate prairie. But the soil was rich
and men have got rich tilling it.
I found in Mercer county some school
mates of Vermont whom I had not seen
for nearly twenty years. Their father had
taken him a farm there when the country
was new, but dying when thev wire
young, they returned to Vermont till tliey
wero of age, whon they moved back on to
the old or rather the new place. Now
they consider their land worth $45.00 per
acre. They have good buildings, orchards,
schools and churches. A railroad runs
near by, and a town is built plenty close
enough. Coal and wood are plenty there,
and one can have his choice and defy (lie
winter's wind. We visited n coal iniBe
near by. A vein not quite three feet thick,
imbedded between two rock formations
and running under a hill, was being
worked. Wo descended the shaft about
forly feet and took a survey of the sub
terranean cavern they had excavated. Not
very pleasant work crawling around in a
room less than three feet high, with a floor
sometimes wet, and always black and
grimmy with the coal dust. I think the
miners earn their money. They get six
cents a bushel for their coal at the mouth
of the pit.
Corn nnd hogs aro the principal staple
in that part of Illinois Hogs are every
where. Corn is selling now for twenty
five cents per bushel. At the new railroad
station at Reynolds they had just put up
three long cribs a hundred feet long
each and they wero already filled. The
farmers alternate between corn and tamo
grass. Not much of tho original prairie
grass is to be seen. The wild grass has to
recede before the civilized timothy and
clover, just as the Indian must give way
to the superior civilization of the whlto
man. I saw a fe v tufts in one place
skirting the edge of a field that lay along a
ravine, but that was all.
I reached home just as Jack Frost with
tho forces of the air had succeeded in in
augurating another blizzard. It was sling
ing cold the m ining I stepped off the
train at the station nearest home. My
friends begged of mo not to think it had
been that way during all the time I was
gone, ior tneir sake I concluded to be
lieve it, and for tho credit of Minnesota I
put it on record. yy, j.-.
A good colorod man once said in a class
meeting: brethren, when I was a boy I
took a hatchet and went into de woods.
When I found a tree tint was straight, hi"
ami so! lo, 1 didn t loueh dat tree; but
when I found one leaning a little and
hollow inside, I sonn had him down. So
when do debliil goes after Christians he
don't touch dem dat stand straight and
true, but dem dat lean a little and are
Ihe lluiltler states that M. Lostal.a
lrrncli railway contractor, recomencls
quicklime ns a preservative for timber.
He puts the sleeper into pits and covers
them with quicklime, which is slowly
slaked with water. Timber for mines
must be left for eight days before it is
completely impregnared. It becomes
extremely hard and tough, and is said
never to rot. Beech wood, prepared in
the same raanner.has been used in several
iron -works for hammers and other tools,
and is reputed to bo as hard as iron, with
out the loss of the elasticity peculiar to it.
According to the Kurze lieru-hle, lime
slaked in a solution of chloride of calcium
is used at Slrasbiirg as a tire proof and
weather proof coating for wood.
During the past year, without the occur,
rence of any remarkable fires, it has cost
the United States about $200,000 a day to
furnish employment to our town and city
lire departments. What the fire depart
ments cost we do not know it is a sood
round sum at tho least, calculation. Arch
itects say that ten or fifteen per cent of the
cost of any building, properly expended,
will make it practically fireproof. Our
daily fire losses would therefore fireproof
from 1,000,000 to $2,000,000 wonh of
new structures a day, or upwards of
$300,000,000 worth a year. At this rate it
would not take many years to reduce the
daily lire losses to comparative insiglicance,
It would be interesting, if the faeis could
be had, to know just what proportion of
these fires were the work of incendiarism.
The Keely Motou. So long a time
has elapsed since anything was heard from
Koely and his mother that most people
had forgotten him, or concluded that he
had given up in desparo his attempis to
bribe" tho new and powerful foreo which
he claims to have discovered. Tho Phila
delphia Times, however, says that durhio
all these weeks and months Keely has
been diligently at work building what he
calls his ' vibratory engine," which is to
utilize the now motor power. This engine
was completed some days afo, andthe
directors and stockholders of the company,
who had said that one revolution of it
would demonstrate the practicability of
his invention and insure their fortune?,
claim that they are fully repaid for their
long and anxious waiting by seeing it run
for seven consoeutivo hours. Teli-horse
power was developed, and Keely is now
engagod in "graduating" tho cngino,
which peculiar process he says will enable
him to intensify the action or the vapor
and obtain almost any desired power.
Upon tho strength of the development,
stockholder says that the stock has already
advanced in prlco considerably.
TUB .H in: UN P. It' VISION.
1 stand on Ihe brink of a rirer,
Tbe river of Life to me,
Wliere the billow of Memory quiver,
Aod rise and fall like tbe sea.
I read in their tremulous motion
Tbe records of many a year,
And liite voices that come from tbe ocean
Are tbo miiillcd words I bear.
Down under tbe waters gleaming-
Are visions of long a?o;
There arc forms of beauty beaming
There are shadows dark and low.
These are scenes from life's fair morning
That comes like tho break of dsy,
Or a beautiful landscape's dawning
When tbe mists have passed away.
J gaze on the sight elysian
Witb earnest aod longing eyes.
Till my soul is stirred by the vision,
With raplures from t'aradise.
I see the chain of a friendship
licath never had power to part;
One link is under the waters,
The other is round my heart.
1 hear that Ihe depths of the river
Sweet words that my spirit thrill,
We are parted, but not forever!
Wo are living and loving still I
And my soul is no moro lonely,
Nor throbs with a sense of pain,
for tbe loved who were once mine ely,
I know will bo mine again.
Dark waves may close o'ertbe vision,
Siorms drive me away Irom Uie shore.
But Hope, like the lamp of a vestal,
Dies out in my soul no more.
Flow on, mysteifous riverl
Flow on to Eternity's sea,
By faith and a holy endeaver
The future hath bliss for me,
A . M . A(1,W.
A child ran laughing along tho beach,
Tho sun shone warm and bright
Upon her waving golden bair,
tier tiny form so slii:li,
" I wonder why tho world so fair,
So full of sun nnd song;
I wonder why big folks don't lough
And play tho whole day long."
A maid was walking on the strand,
she gazed far out to see
Wlioro o'er the sunlit waters rode
A bark so gallantly,
" Ah, love is com ng o'er Ihe waves,
Is coining soon to me;
1 wonder bow, in this sweet world,
Old folk9 such Bhadows soe."
A woman stood upon the shore,
tier eyes with weeping red,
Looking sadly on the cruel sea
That ne'er nives up tho dead.
' Wonder why the world was made
So dark and fuHof care;
No wonder that life's burden seems
Too great for one to bear."
Near by the window's leilgo there sal
A graml-dame old and gray
Tho window looking out to sea
Where ships at anchor lav,
11 1 wonder when mine eyes shall see
Life's ship at anchor lie
Within nod's harbor peacefully,
For all eleinity.
How Kilty (Jot Lost.
BY EDWAIID EGGI.ESTOX.
It doesn't do men good to live apart
from women ami children. I never knew
a boy's school in which there was not a
tendency to rowdyism ; and lumbermen,
sailors, fishermen and other men that livo
alone with men, are proverbially a half
near son oi people, frontiersmen soften
down when women and children come
but I forgot myself, it is the stor you
Burton and Jones lived in a shanty by
themselves. Jones was a married man,
and finding it haul to support a wife in a
"down east" village, liad emigrated to
northern Minnesota, leaving his wife
under her father s roof, until he should bo
able to "make a start." He and Burton
had " pre-empted" a town site of three
nundred anil twenty acres.
There were perhaps twenty families
scattered sparsely over this town site at
the time when my siorv besrins and ends.
for it ends in the same week in which it
The parlies had disagreed quarreled,
auu oiviiico tneir interest, ine ian-J was
also shared between them except one
valuable forty aero peice. Each of them
claimed that piece ot land, and the quarrel
had grown so high between them that
the neighbors expected them to "shoot at
sight." Jn tact it w.is understood that
mirton, who was on the fortv acre nlm-n.
determined to shoot Jones if he came, and
Jones hud sworn to go out thero and shoot
liurton, wlion tile tight was posponed bv
the unexpected arrival of Jones' wife and
Jones' shanly was not finished, and he
was forced to forego the luxury of lighting
inn uiu jiuLiii;r, iii ins exertions to maKe
bis wife and babe comfortable for the
night, for the winter sun was surrounded
ty "sun dogs." instead ol one sun there
were four, an occurrence not unfrequcnt
in iii.il miiuiuu, uiil one which oodes a
In his endeavor lo care for his wife nnd
child, Jones was mortified it little, and
half regretted that he had been so violent
about the piece of land. But he was deter
mined not to be backed down, and would
certainly have to shoot Burton or be shot
When he thought of tho chance of being
killed by his old partner, the prospect was
not pleasant. He looked wistfully nt Kitty,
his two year old child and dreaded that
she would be fatherless. Nevertheless, he
would not bo backed down. IIu would
shoot or bu shot.
While the father was busy cutting wood,
and the mother was busy otherwise, little
Kitty managed to get the shanty door
open. There was no laich yet, and her
prying little lingers easily swung it back.
A gust of wind almost look her breath
away, but she caught sight of the grass
without, and the new world seemed so big
that the little feet were fain to try and
She pushed out through the door, caught
her breath again, and started away down
the path bordered by s-ro grass and the
dead stalks of the wild flowers.
How often slio had longed to escape
from restraint, and paddle out into Ihe
world alone. So out into the world she
went, rejoicing in her liborty, in the blue
sky above, and the rustv limine hnn.-iih
She would find out where the pith went
and what was the end of the world. What
did she cure if her nose wns blue with cold,
and imr chubby hands red as beets! Now
and then bho paused to turn ber heal
away from a rude blast, a forerunner of a
storm, but having gasped a moment, she
quickly renewed her brave man in search
of the great unknown.
The mother missed her, but supposed
that Jones, who could not get enough of
the child's society, had taken the little pet
out with him. Jones, poir fellow, think
ing that the darling was safu wiihin chop
ped away till the awful storm broke upon
him, and at last drove him half smothered
by snow, and half frozen with cold, into,
the house. When thero was nothing left
hut retreat ho soi.nd an armful of wood
anil carried it into the house to make sure
of having enough to keep Kitty and hi
wife from freezing in tbo coming awlul
ness of ihe night, which now settled down
upon the storm beaten and snmv blinding
world. It was tho beginning of Uiat
horrible storm In which so many people
wero frozeq to death, ami Joons fled not
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9,
! " "Cn once tho wood was stacked by the
iub, joncs looked lor Kitly. Ho had no
I more than inniiirpil f,.r i,ac whon ii,
father nnd mother read In each other's
faces the fact that she was lost in the
wild, dashing storm of snow.
So fist did tbe snow fall, nnd so hnnl
was the night that Jones could not see
tnree teet a bead of him. He endeavored
to lollow the path which he thought Kitty
might have taken, but it was hurried in
snow drifts, and ho soon lost himself. It
stumbled nloug, not knowing whiiher he
went. After an hour of despairing, wan
dering and shouting, he came upon a house
ami naving rapped upon the door he found
iiiiuscii lace to lace wiin hi wire. II
Had returned to his own house iu his
When we remember that Jones had not
slept for two nights prececdins; this one,
on account of his quarrel with Burton,
and had been beating against the arctic
hurricane, and tramoinir ihrouo-h the
treacherous billows of snow for an hour,
we cannot wonder that he fell over his
own threshold In a state of extreme ex
As it was. his wife must needs rnvn on
mo uin oeaicu sue nau neon malting in
the neighborhood of the haniv.
a sick husband, with froznn hands and feet
and face to OH re for..' Kvnrv minnta thu
rtliermometer full tower and lower, and
all the heat the little cook stove. in .ones'
shanty eonld give would hardly keep them
Burton had staved unon the fortv ire
tut mi any, walling lor a chance to shoot
his old partner, Jones. He had not heard
r the arrival of Jones' wife, and he con
cluded his enemy was a coward and had
lelt him in possession or else meant to
play some treacherous trick on his wav
home. So Burton resolved to keen h
sharp lookout, but he soon found that
impossible, for the storm was upon him
in its blinding fury. He tried to follow
the path but he could not find it.
ll-td he been less a frontiersman he
must have perished there, within a furlnno-
of his own hut. But endeavoring to keep
the direction of the path he beard a smoth
ered cry, and then something rose up
covered with snow nnd fell down again.
Ho raised his gun to shoot it, when the
creature uttered another wailins cry. so
human that he put down his gun and
went cautiously forward. It was a child.
He did not remember that there was
such a chilil anion? all the settlers at
Newton. But be did not stop to ask
questions, he must without delav tret
linnselt and tho child, too, to a place of
saieiv, or ooin would no frozen, so he
took tbe little thing in his arms and started
through the drifts. And the child put its
nngers on Burton s rough cheek, muttering
papa!" And Barton held her closelv and
lotight tne snow more courageously than
He found the shanty at last, and rolled
the child in a buffalo robe while he made
a fire. Then when ho got the room a
little warm, he took the little thing upon
his knees, dipping her aching hands in
cold water, and asked her what her name
"Kitty," said she.
"Kitty," said he, "what else?"
'Kitly," she answered, nor could he
find out any more.
"Whose Kitty are you?"
"Your Kitty," she said. For sho had
known her father but that one dav, and
now she believed that Burton was her
father. lluilon sat up all night and
stuffed wood inlo his little impotent stove
to keep the baby from freezing to death.
Never having had anything to do with
children, he hrmly believed that Kitly,
sleeping snugly under blankets and buffalo
robes, would freeze if ho should let tbe tire
subside in the least.
As tho storm prevailed with unabated
lury the next day, and as he dared neither
to take Kitty out or leave her alone, he
stayed by her all day and stuffed the stove,
and laughed at her droll babv talk, and led
her on biscuit, fried bacon nnd coffee.
On the morning of the second dav the
storm subsided. It was cold, hut knowino-
somebody must be mourning for Kitly as
dead he wrapped her in skins, nnd with
much diiheuliy reached ihe nearest neigh
hor s house, suffering only fioin a frost
bitten nose by the way.
that child," said the woman to wlio-e
house he had gone, "is Jones'; I seed 'em
take her outen tuo wagon day before yes
Burton looked a moment at Kittv in
perplexity. Then he rolled her up again
tnd started out, "traveling like mad, the
woman said, as she watched bim.
When he had reached Jones', he found
Jones and his wife silting in utter wretch
edness by the fire. They were both sick
(roiu griel, and unable to move out of the
house, Kitty they bad given up for buried
under some snow mound. They would
find her when spring should come and
melt the snow cover off.
When the exhausted Burton camo in
in with his buffalo skins, they looked at
him in amazement. But he opened them
and let out little Kilty and said:
"Here, Jones, is Ibis your pet kitten P
And Jones got up and took his old part
ners hand and said : " Burton old, fellow !"
and then sat down and cried helplessly.
And Burton said: "Jones, old fellow,
you may have that forty aero patch. It
came mighty near making me the mur
derer of that little Kitty's father.
No! you shall take it to yourself,"
cried Jones, " if I have to go to law to
make you." And Jones actually deeded
the forty ncres to Burton. But Burton
transferred it all to Kilty.
1 his is why this part of .New Ion is called
Sekenitv in Death. Perfect serenity
in regard to death is not to be attained by
any reasoning; it is rather the result of a
happy combination of bodily and mental
conditions. The chief of these conditions.
tho assured hope of future beyond the
grave, in comparison with which the
brightvst earthly visions fade like a candle
before the dawn, is not given to all; and
in these days especially, it is for many
overshadowed, if not altogether blotted
out, by doubts and questionings which can
no longer he niddon Irom the multitude.
Even to those who most earnestly oling to
the hope of immortality, it would seem
that our troublous inheritance of sympathy
iuu-i cast manv a distressing side light
upon prospects in which of old the faithful
were nolo 10 take undisturbed delight.
However this may be, tbe mere prospect
ol prolonged existence beyond tbe grave,
apart from other reasons for joyful confl-
icnce, must no taken rather as enlarging
no scope ol our hopes and of our Icars
than as necessarily altering the balance
octween them. Habitual bopeltilness may
color the prospcot beyond tlie grave with
me same glowing tints which it throws
over Ibis world, so that in some cases the
same cause which makes life delightful
makes death not unwelcome. Such a
slate of mind, though rare, is not un
known. But perhaps a perfect balance of
feeling is more readily found at a lower
level of expectation Cornhill Magazine.
The saino thing Is a different thing
under different circumstances. If you
begin with tho Irishman, who has a hob
oail to travel, it is called "pay;" on the
next step higher.it Is regarded as "wages;"
dgner still, we have well dressed clerks
wlio receive "salaries'' and above tliem are
gentlemen who own largo property nnd
.niov a largo " income " or "revenue."
The word becomes more dignified and awe
nspiring as tbe bank account increases.
When you get down to uncertain dollars
of the burglar it Is called "swag."
Till! PORT UKNl-ONDS.
Tho children of Camliridn presented to Mr.
Longfellow on Ins 721 birthdny a beautiful arm
chair, made from the wood of the Village Black
smith's chestnut tree. This approp riate tribute has
drawn irom the venerable poet Ihe lollowing ox
quisite responso :
FKOH NT ARK-CIIA1B.
Am I a king, that I should call my own
This splendid ebon throne?
Or by what reason, or what right divine,
Can I proclaim it mine?
Only, perhaps, by divine right of song
It may to me belong ;
Only because Ihe spreading chestnut tree
Of o Id was sung by me.
Well I remember It in all iu prime,
When in the euramer.ttme
The affluent foliage or its branches made
A cavern ol coot shade.
There by tho blacksmith's forge beside Ihe street
Its blossoms wh ite and sweet
Enticed tho bees until it seemed alive.
And murmured like a hire,
And when the winds of autuoin,with a shout.
Tossed its great arms about,
The shining cliestnuts.bursling from the sheath
Dropped to the ground beneath.
And now some fragment i of its branchos bare,
Shaped as a stately ohair ,
Have by my hearthstone found a homo at last,
And whisper of the Past.
The Danish king ooul I not in all his pride
ltcpcl the ocean tide,
But scaled In this, I can in rhyme
'toll back the tide of Time.
I see again, as one in vision sees.
The blossoms nnd the bees,
And bear the children's voices shout and call,
And the brown chestnuts full,
I see the smithy with its fires aglow,
I hoar the bellows blow,
And the shrill hammers on iho anvil beat
The iron whlto with heal I
And thus, dear children have ye made for me
This day a jubilee,
And to my more than threescore years and ten,
Brought back my youth again.
The heart hath its own memory, like the mind ,
And in it are enshrined
The precious keepsakes, into which are Wrought,
The givei's loving thought.
Only your love and your remembrance could
Uive life to this dead wood.
And make these branches, leafless now so long,
Blossom again in song.
Name Ihe Authors.
An ingenious correspondent of the Her
ald of Health gives ihe following lifiy
questions, each to be answered by tbe
name of n well known author. The
guessing of these questions will form a
pleasant evening entertainment:
1. What a rough man said to his son
when he wished him to eat properly.
i. is a lion s House dug in the side of a
hill where there is no water?
3. Pilgrims and flatterers have knell
low to kis him.
4. Makes and mends for first-class cus
5. Represents the dwelling of civilized
6. Is a kind of linen.
7. Is worn on Ihe head.
8. A name that means such fiery things
I can't describe their pains and stings.
j. neiongs lo a monastery.
10. Not one of the four points of the
compass, but inclining towards one of
11. Is what an oyster heap is like to be.
12. A chain of hills containing a dark
13. Alwajs youthful, us you see; but
belween vou and me ho was never much
of a chicken.
14. An American manufacturing town
15. Humpbacked but not deformed,
lli. An internal pain.
17. Value of a word.
18. A ten-footer whose name begins
19. A brighter and smarter than the
20. A worker in precious metals.
21. A very vital part of the body.
22. A lady's garment.
23. A small talk and a heavy weight.
21. A prefix and a disease.
25. Comes Irom a pig.
2C. A disagreen bio fellow to have on
27. A sick place of worship.
28. A mean dog 'tis.
29. An official dreaded by the students
oi tingiisn universities.
30. His middle name is suggestive of an
Indian or a Hottentot.
31. A manufactured metal.
32. A game and a male of the human
33. An answer lo ' Which is the greater
poet, William Shakespeare or Martin F.
34. Meat! What are you doing?
35. Is very fast indeed.
30. A barrier built by an edible.
37. To agitate a weapon.
38. Ked as an apple, black as night, a
heavenly sight or a perfect fright.
6'J. A domestic worker.
40. A slang exclamation.
41. Pack away closelv. never scatter.
and doing so vou'll soon got at her.
42. A young domestic animal.
43. One that is more than a sandv
44. A fraction in currency and the ore-
45. Mamma is in perfect health, mv
child ; and thus he named a poet mild.
in. A girl s and male relation.
47. Take heavy field niece, nothino-
48 Put an edible grain 'tivixt an ant
and a bee, and a much-loved poet you'll
49. A common domestic animal and
what it can never do.
50. Kaeh living bead in time. Ms snid.
will turn lo him though he be dead.
Josephine's Sanctuakv. At Malmai-
son, Josephine consecrated one room to
the memories of happy days passed there
by Napoleon before his divorce from her.
It Wits a room then used by him as a studv
whenever the cares of war and nolitiea
permitted him to seek a temporary rest in
her society in that charming retreat; and
when she was left thero alone to mourn
their separation, she would allow nobody
to occupy Ihe room but herself. In it lay
tho pen last used bv the Emnernr. whieh
the ink had long since corroded ;on a table
lay tho map he had last studied ;over there
the line of march tracked out which had
long since taught Eurone to feol the nower
of his tactics; on tho wall hung a glass
case in which some of his hair was arrang
ed in ornamental or symbolic form. 7t
was long since that hair bad grown on his
head, that tho sight of it must have carried
back Josephine's memory to the time
when sho, tbe widowed Vicomtesso de
ucauuarnnis, determined on marryino- hs
owner, tho young soldier of fortune, with
nothing but " his love and his sword and
his cloak to offer her " Such a snntuary
indeed was the chamber at Malinaison to
tho ex-Empress, that sho would not nllow
any hand but her own to dust or move the
objects in it which had been consecrated,
as she deemed, by tho touch of tho husband
who had saerurioed her to his ambition,
and in so doing ha I lost his guidin" star
the guardian angol of his lifo.
The name of I.ent is derived from a
Saxon word signifying spring, the soason
of Ihe year when it occurs. The length
of time of the observance has varied, first
having been forty hours and then thirty
six days. Four days were added in the
ninth century, making as nt present fortv
Life becomes useless and insipid when
wh have no longer ehher friends or ene
mies. Dignity is expensive, and without
other good qualities, is not particularly
Men usually follow their wishes till
suffering compels them to follow their
Bo always at leisure to do good; never
make business an excuse to decline offices
The sleep of memory is not its death ;
forgotten studies aro certain aptitudes
gone to sleep.
"An' why is an Irishman like a ship?''
aked Mike. "Beilad, it's because nieh one
ot em is loilowed by a wake.'
A tack points upward when it means
inn most inisciiiei : n has many human
mutators." UmcmtmU Breakfast Table.
V..t. i. 1 . .
muii-i; uim evening- ralsy; It's a
nn moonlight night.' l'atsy: "It is your
uuiiiiuss, uut it is not LO-ni?ht we want
the moon out it s dark nights we want
Times of general calamity and confusion
have ever been productive of the greatest
minds. Tho purest ore comes from the
holiest furnace: the briehlest flash frnm
I tie darkest cloud.
He who spends his life in nccuiuulatin"
knowledge which is never adapted lo the
warns ol society is a liierarv miser. Hi,
gainings near no interest, and he defraud:
mankind of their just dues.
A f V. ...!.. 1 - ,
j luuiu wilier n.-ia 3 11(1 llinr In flronm
gloriously you must act gloriously while
you me .iwaae; anu lo oring angels down
to converse with you in your sleep, you
must labor in Ihe cause of virtue durio"
,u.ttv n LI uu iiuili l III It W011 il Mivnnnm.
f..n . I . .L . ...
back like tbo dove to tho ark. after the first
iiansgiession, has been frightened beyond
irciuijy mi! angry iook and nicnacinc
taunt, mo savage chanty of an unforgiv
Ihe man who lives right, and is rio-lif.
nas more power DV his silence than unnih.
I . . . . -"n
cr has by his words. Character is like
bells which ring out sweet music, and
which, wnen touched, accidentally even,
A far seeing manao-ino- o.llinr
" Young men sending spring poetry to
...- uiulb win pieaso inclose names and
addresses, not lor publication, but, as an
evidence of their insanity in case they are
wci uiiuaicu iur lUUlllCl.
A little girl was asked bv bei- mml,Dr
on her return from church how she liked
the preacher. Didn't like him at all was
no repiy. niiyr asked her mother.
cause He preached til he made mnsleoiw
and then hollered so loud he wouldn't let
jjunng tue war a woman went to a
grocer's shop, and found she was paying
nearly doublo for candles, so sho asked
wnat was tne reason candles were so dear,
The grocer replied, -Oh, it is Iho war."
ll.ar me! said the woman, ' lmve they
rrnl 1., ti..t,,i... 1... lt . ... -
b1" "ouu,,o UJ caiiuitj-iigm
There are in the United States nhnnt nno
, iiunured lepers; they are found mostly
tne soum, in j,ouis!atia and in a small
colony in South Carolina. There area
. few inuong the Scandinavians of Minnesota
""d the Chineso in California. The
miiinder are in New York. Pennsvlv.min
and Maryland. One case was lately dis-
i;uvciuii in llicago
Don't. Don't think yoursolf immacu
late and set yourself up as a pattern for
your wile. II sho wants lo go to church
ami you turn i, remcmuer that it may not
do you any harm to go to church. Don't
scold your wile, and don't beat your chil
then, if you have any. Teach your chil
dren by example. Be a copy for them,
Excuse them for such faults as they inher
it. Don t bequeath a hasty temper and
wuip mem ior it. uon t gossip before
them and punish them for gossiping.
Don't prevent ihem from romping or hav
ing minds of their own. Don't frighten
them with ghost stories. Don't lie to itieni.
Don t neglect to give them anything you
promise them even punishment. Don'i
loi get that you were a child once, nnd do
as yon would have others do to you.
For a cheap electric battery, this uioilifi
calion of tho Daniell cell is recommended:
Take a thin flower-pot, close the hole in
the bottom with a plug, and placo in a
stone in- of about the same height and
twice the width. Place a sheet of copper
in the flower-pot and a sheet of zinc around
it. The cell is then complete. To change
the battery; cover the bottom of the flow
er-pot with crystals of sulphate of copper,
uiiiiiK it wiui a solution ol tho same: H
the jar outside the pot with a solution of
sulphate ol zinc or sulphate of magnesia.
any numocr oi tnese cells may he con
nected by means of copper wires. If a
large quanity of electricity is desired, con-
nect the zincs together and all the coppers.
If a great intensity is wished, connect the
zinc of the first cell to the copper of the
second, the zinc of the second lo tho cou-
1 .1. . .!.!., 1 . C
pei oi me iiiuu, ami so on.
Motheb Whatever you do, do not
make a " tine lady '" of your daughter, or
she will grow up puny, delicate, listless
and miserable. A girl, let her station be
what it may, ought, as soon as she is old
enough, to make her own bed. Thero is
no exercise to expand the figure and bean.
tify iho shape better than bod-miikin".
Let her tidy her own room. Let her use
her hands and arms. Let her. to everv
possible and reasonable extent, bo self.
reliant, nnd let her wait noon herself.
Theie is nothing vulgar in her beino-nso.
ful. A useless girl otnnot bo hannv. fur
want tf employment, that is. bodilvem.
ployment, household work, Bhe is misera
ble. Too many girls, now-a-days, nnfor
funately are taught to look upon a pretty
face, dress accomplishments, and so-called
; society," as ihe only things needed, nnd
if ever they do become women and wives,
what miserable, lackadaisical wives, what
senseless, useless mothers they make!
Touching Stout. A pretty storv is
told in St. Petersburg. A government
functionary living in tho outskirts of the
capital died a few days ago in utter desti
tution, leaving behind him motherless,
and without friends or relations, two little
children, one a boy of seven, nnd the
other a girl ol three. Left in tho house
alone, wiihont money or food, the boy did
noi Know wnat, 10 no to gel oread for his
sister. At last, urged by the little one's
tears, lie wrote on a piece of paper, Pieaso,
God, send mo three copecks (a penny) to
buy my liitle sister a roll, and went to the
nearest church lo slip it into the alms box,
believing in his simplicity lhat the prayer
would reach Heaven through this medi
um. A priest passing by observed the
child on tiptoe trying lo thrust the paper
in, and Inking the paper from him, read
the message. Returning home with ih
child, he took the little ones to his house
and gave them the food and clothing they
so much needed. The following Sunday
he preached a sermon on oharity, in which
ho referred to the incident, nnd afterwards
went rotiud the church with a plate.
When tho offerings were counted it was
found that tho congregation had given 150
roubles, or nearly 1200,
TERMS FOR ADVERTISING.
Por one amurr of 1! Iron or Irsi of Atratttri. one
"'er,,on-' ':'re-li.tit.iiie-ititiitT!i..ti, si eta
1'olf-Me the ntimber of lu.ert 11,11. : e inttrkt-tlon -be ml.
Tertiwinpnt it will bw roDtiuui-d until iritt-r-d out
J.ihrrel diecuuul UMUe tuluercbwute aud ollitii.
ti.iUK by the jr.r.
Probate aiidCommisfttonere' Xotlree.lt J uneara.
For Notir-a of Migration. Rati-ay. th Forniitton
and UiHHolulMij t,f v-panherahiim. .fl imparl, i,,p
tbrei- iiieertioua. Il aeut by mail the uiouey mu.t -iHiupauy
Notices itl newa column, lucent p-r litieeac-b in.
eertiou, but uo cbarKee matte of Icr than -J ituu.
Notice of l)eat!l and Marrlaa-cincrtfdifrt'- but
at me rato of flvu cenu per line.
The ancient Egyptians did not use tobac
co, and. mark Jou, the ancient Egyptian?
A little girl asked an old g-inlemm
who hitUnl conundrums: 'A'lut is the
difference between a potato nnd a lemon?'
"I don't know?" snarled ih- old man.
" Don't know!' exclaimed the child ;-tlien
I don't want you to buy any lemons for
In a Vermont village, a tall and awk
ward beau called to see bis young l uly,
and found her engaged with o' her com
pany. To set matters right, he g ave tb.-m
a riddle. " There were two b-ivs ulavin"
on tho sidowalk, and a man asked theni if
they were any relation. The boy replied,
Sir, that there boy's mother and mine
wcie twin sisters, anu yet we a::. I cous
ins.' " The gii 's guessed at it for b ill' an
hour and gave il up " Is there any solu
tion to it Mr. Brown? " one of ihe gii-is
asked. " Oh. yes," he replied. ' it's easy
explained. That there boy lied "
"Done Quit. "Hon. A. II Stephens,
of Georgia, has many stories to tell of
negroes, and one of ihem is of a famous
cotton and chicken depredator, who, since
ihe war, met tho ex-vice president in the
"Well, Thomas," was the kindly saluta
tion, "I was sorry to hear lhat you had
been in trouble about Mrs. Tripp's chick
ens.'' "Yes. Mars Alec, but I done quit all dat
now," said the negro, very penitently.
" How many had you taken before vou
stopped?" asked Mr. Stephens.
" I tuck all she had," was the perfectly
This is ihe way in which a Louisville
girl di.-poseil of a young man, according
to tho Courier journal : " You have
asked ins pointedly if I can marry you,
and I Have answered you pointedly that I
can. I can marry a man who makes love
to a different girl every month. I can
marry a man whoso main occupation
seems to bo to join in gantlet in front of
churches nnd theatres and comment aud
ibly on the people who are compelled to
pass through it. I can marry a man
whose only means of support is an nged
father. I can marry a man who boasts
that any girl can bo won witli Iho help of
a good tailor and an expert tongue. 1 can
marry such a man, but I w o-n-t!'
A Question of Damai.es. Some law
yers take very practical views of cases in
which they are retained. In a certain
town in Missouri Squire U was de
fending a charge of malpractice. A col
ored man was suing lor damages, his
wife having died shortly after an opera
tion for tbe removal of cancer. When it
came Squire G 'slum to cross-examine
the plaintiff, he asked: Mr. Wilson, how
old was vour wife when she died?
About forty-five, sir.
Been in feeble health a long time, had
she not, Mr. Wilson, and cost you a great
oeni ior medicine nnd help.J
You have married again, have
How old is your present wife?
About thirty-five, sir.
Is she stout and healthy, Mr. Wilson?
Then, Mr. Wilson, will you pler.se state
to this jury how you are damaged in this
Mr Wilson hail cvidcntlv never taken
this view of the matter, au I could make
no answer. The good and true men
thought he had made rather a good tiling
by his bereavement, and brongla in a ver
dict for the defendant. Editor's J)rawcr
in Harper's Magatinc jor April.
A Pocket Edition of Hkix Fire. A
young parson ol the Lniversalist faith.
many years since, when the .Simon Pure
UnivcrsalUiu was preached, started west
ward to attend a convention of tho breth
ren in the faiih. lie took tho precaution
to carry a vial of cayenne in his pocket to
sprinkle his food with, as a preventive of
fever and ague. The convention met, and
it dinner a tall lloosler observed the par
son as he seasoned his meat, and address
ed him thus:
Stranger, I'll thank you for a little of
that 'ere red salt for I'm kind o' curious to
Certainly," returned Ihe parson; "lint
you will find it rather powerful; be care
ful how you use it "
I he Hoosier took the protlered vial, anil
feeling himself proof against anv quantity
of raw whiskey, thought that he could
stand the "red salt' with impunilv, and
accordingly sprinkled a junk of beef rather
hounlilully with it, and loituiviih uitro-
Udnced it into his capacious mouth. Ii toon
begun to take hold, lie shut his eyes, and
his features began to writhe, denoting a
very inharmonious condition physically.
Finally he could stand it no longer. He
opened his mouth and screamed lire.
lake a drink ol cold water Irom tne
jug.' said the parson.
" Will that put it out.-" asked the mar
tyr, suiting tne action to the word.
in a short time the unlortunate man be
gan to recover, and turning to the parson,
his eyes yet swimming n-iih water,
Stranger, you call yourself a 'Versal-
ist, I believe."
" I do," mildly replied the parson.
" Well, I want lo know if voa think it
consistent with your belief to go about
with hell nre in your breeches pockets
Givek Away on His Dodue. The old
man Bendigo keeps a pretty sharp eyo on
his daughter Mary, and many a would be
lover has t aken a walk after a few min
utes' conversation with the bard hearted
parent. Tho old chap is stuck Ibis time,
however, and cards aro out for a wedding.
After the lucky young man had been
sparking Mary for six mouths tho old
gentleman stepped in nnd requested a
private conlab and led oil with :
iou seem a nice young man, and
perhaps you are in lovo with Mary?"
" Xes, l am, ' was the honest reply.
" Haven't said anything to ber yet.
" vy ell, no; hut 1 think sue reciprocates
Does, eh? Well. let mo toll you
something. IIiT mother died a lunatic
and there's no doubt that Mary has inher
ited her insanity."
" Im willing to take tho chauecs," re
plied the lover.
ICS, out you soe Alarv has a terrible
temper. She has twice drawn a knife on
me with intent lo commit murder.
" I'm used to that -got a sister just like
her," was the answer.
And you should know that rvo sworn
a solemn oath not to give Mary a cent of
my property," continued the father.
well, i n miner siart in poor and
build up. There is more romance in it.''
Perhaps 1 ought to tell you that Alarv s
mothor ran away from my homo with a
butcher, and that all her relations died in
the poor-house. These things might
come up in after years, and I now warn
yu- : .. ..
Air. Bendigo," replied the lover. ' I ve
heard all this beforo, and also lhat you
were on trial ior lorgerv. am had to lmun
Chicago for bigamy, and had lo servo a
year in state prison for catllo stealing. 1
am going to marry inlo your family lo
give you a decent reputation! Thero no
Air. liendigo looked alter the young
man with his month wido open, and when
he could get his jaws together he said :
"Some infernal hyena has went and
given mo away on my dodge'" IHroit