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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN,
mbBrtck Block. HMdoJ SI j
I w If in ulwn: otherwise, t! m.
l.rmmt may br made by natl or otherwise Ui
11 R. WHEELUOK.
Kditof sod Froiirietoi .
The riA."l tlx recent law of Corner. s
-iroulatesfw In Wasbinon County. On all Mmm
,,t outside Washlnirton County. tM postage li ps d
by the publisher at the office Id Montrelier.
WEDNESDAY. APRIL 23. 1879.
LETTERS ON SATCRAL HISTORY.
Forms of Lire.
Bl PH.HIBAM A. CCTTlMI.
At the present time, every ono
I , f .,.. mrnn tl
possesses any love of nature, or even a i
love simnlv for marvelous things, desires
6ome knowledge of the minute mysteries
of nature. To follow out the peculiar
character of animal or plant when loo
small singly for the human eye to study
requires a microscope. At the prices they
are now sold they are within reach of al
most every person. With our microscope
complete wherever we search.be it onrown
dwellings, the meadow or theupland, the
grasses or the forest, the ruin crumbling
into dust or the sands of the seashore, even
in the waters of our marshes, rivers. 1 kes
or ocean, thore may be discovered plants
nnd animals which are unknown to our
unaided vision, yet endowed with organs
perfectly adapted to their respective neces
sities; nnd with regard to the latter, often
if not always for their enjoyment. Even
in the hcj leous vapor and dust of the at
mosphere are germs of living beings, both
nnim il and vegetable, though the latter
much predominate, that the microscope
nine enables us to contemplate with any
It is true that when near sundown a
In am of sunlight struggles through the
thick foliage of a forest, or enters our
room by means of some small aperture,
we can see floating in that beam of light,
rum' rous pir.ielesol apparent dust, yet
what its form, or its ultimate destination,
our uniided eye could never inform us.
It is the niicioseope alone that gives us
aid. and that shovs us countless spores, or
seeds, t, reproduce minimi vegetation, as
well as plants actually flourishing in the
atmosphere. AWo the germs of animal
life aie often, yes, very often there; and,
judging Irom analogy, we find thus an
e t-j method to propagate by germs vari
ous diseases in the human family ; and
lti.il such is often true is bejood reasona
ble doubt, ns I have before shown.
In our limited survey of those wonders
of life and organization, which aro thus,
levelled to us, it is natural to first turn
our attention to the vegetable kingdom.
And the largest number, as well as the
must interesting, of the peculiar plants
thus revealed in all their beauty j yet per
haps the most difficult to understand, on
account of their appearance, and interme
diate forms, are the various fungi.
Their sudden appearance and growth,
their ephemeral nature, and the multi
plicity of their forms, have always been a
source of trouble to investigators, and
even the most indefatigable of modern
mycologists have been able to lift but par
tially the veil wiiich hangs over the life
and development of these organisms. Al
most every one, however, supposes that
there can be no doubt as to what a toad
stool, a mildew, or a mould is; and some
may even correctly call them fungi, but
many others are entirely unacquainted
with that Latin word which denotes them.
Itust on grain, and smut on Indian corn
and other cereals, are also familiar to
farmers; but a vast multitude of other nil
too numerous fungi, are know n only to the
lot. mist by name, anil only to the mycolo
gist in their habits and su uctures, and to
him only after long and patient study. In
fact, it is to the researches of many emi
nent men and women, in Europe, Great
Britain, and in this country, both among
the dead as well as among the living, that
the structure, habits and mode of growth,
relation to the various dep.titmentsj of in
dustry, injurious effects and general utili
ty of these smaller fungi iu nature, are
collected nnd known. As plants, though
of a low orJer of organization, they are
of great interest as objects of beauty ; but
to attain a full comprehension of this tact
we must have recourse to the microscope,
as the peculiar pinions of these structures
are beyond the reach of unaided vision.
No one that has not had his eye npon
them, aided by magnifying power, could
possibly conceive that the little specks of
brown or black, seen on the brilliant ripen
ing foliage of the maple in September
acd October, or on the dry stalks of plants
or straw, on old decaying matter, on the
bodies of diseased insects, like bees and
house flies; in fine, on almost everything,
are receptacles of exquisitely sculptured
and carved seed vessels, called spores;
often beaded threadlike strings of pearls;
again, consisting of myriads of the most
fantastic shapes that the genius of man
could imagine, but could never imitate.
A subject so broad and so varied: one
which can be investigated at any season of
the year, inviting the naturalist, more es
pecially the onanist forth, from earliest
spring to latest autumn, to search for
forms of beauty on every living or ripe.i
ing leaf and fruit, and in winter, render
ing the evening lamp more attractive in
studying the collected treasures of the
su mmer's gleanings; even if such collec
tions have not been made, the barn with
its harvested treasures is at hand and from
that may bo taken specimens which can
never fail to interest as well as instiuct
every thoughtful person in some way or
other; and would ever be of the greatest
interest if presented in an agreeable man
ner, and shown with regard to their refer
ence, or connection, with the industrial
pursuits of society. It is therefore my
intention to present descriptions of such
fungi In a series of sketches to appear in
A marine insurance case came beforo a
distinguished jtidjje during the recent sit
tings, the scene of the disaster which lad
to tito litigation being Tub Harbor, Lib
rulor. Lamentable to relate, his lordship
was reduced to inquire of the learned
counsel, " Where is Labrador?" To whioh
that gentleman replied, " Labrador is the
place where Tub Harbor is.''
You are more sure of success in the end
if you regard yourself as a man of ordin
ary talent, with plenty of hard work be
fore you, than if yon think yourself a man
of genius, and spend too muob time in
watching your hair grow long, that you
my convince people that yon are not like
The History of the Beard.
Not many years ago, it was h:irlly re
spectable to wear a beard ; but 10a bean
movement, resisted and ridiculed ut firsi
has conquered, and it grows more an
more the fashion tu grow on llie face a
full a covering of hair as can be coaxe
out. " Tile beard, the natural clothing
the chin, ' says a very old English writei
" was in ancient times looked upon, not a
a troublesome burden, but as a dignilie
ornament of riie manhood nnd old ago '
Our present generation, however, care
nothing for "dignified ornament" ii
UUI V IlilieU 1UI CDIIVl'l UUUU ail'
ulilil:tl.i;lnismf . , ,ho , . Bn
above all, in the moustache, a natural tie
fence for the throat and face against lb.
cold, ami equally, in warm climates, :
protection of ihosu parts against exeessiv.
beat. Persons w ho wear moustaches in
said, on good authority, to be less liabi
to toothache than others, and it is also s ii
'.hat the teeth are less apt to decay. Tli
beard and moustache equalize the temper
ature to the parts tbey cover with tliei
protection. The sappers and miners o
the French tinny, chosen in part lor tb
size and beauty of their beards, enjoy a.
especial Imiuuuity against bronchitis an
similar evils, li is related that Walio
Savage Landor was a great sufferer fmu
sore throat for many years of his life, bu
was cured by the surgeou of the gram,
duke of Tuscany, who advised him to le
b:s beard glow. " Yu shall not round lb.
corners ot your heads; neither sbalt thoi
mar the corners of thy beard," s ays tie
scriptures in Leviticus. Iu ancient lime
all men and gods wore beards. The glon
and beamy ot Jupiter's beard are dwei
upon by Homer, when the father of goib
and men is first brought snto the Iliad
Alexander the Uieat lirsl introduced shav
ing. saying that in his Asiatic wars tli
beards of his warriors " might offer i,
handle to the enemy." It oecame tb
mai k of a tine gentleman to wear in
beard in Greece, and dandies even remov
ed them by "sharp pitch-plasters," a
well as razors. Home began to shav.
alioiit one huudred and fifty years befoi i
the christian era. Scipio Airicaiius, tin
younger, it is said was the first Hutu an
gentleman of note who shaved every day
In Ctesar's time, young gentlemen of fash
ion wore a Slight goatee, tint the f ill bear,
was only worn in mourning or in days i t
great public calamity. Ctesar Angustu
anil Nero wei e close-shaved, but the bean
revived again under later euitier.irs. Th'
ancient Unions cut oft their beards upm
the chin, nut wore long, shaggy Hair an.
enormous tangled moustaches. A younv.
barbarian in some German tribes nevei
reaped his chin " till he had slain in
neinv- Tile Saxons wore the moustache
ihe Normans shaved. Peter the Great.
lesirous of du-Russianizing bis subjects
imposed a graduated lax on beards. Moi
of the upper cla-ses paid one hundred
roubles (seventy dollars) yearly fur the
privilege of not shaving their beards, and
and poor people a kopec (about one cent)
ipiece. dose-shaven laces caiuo back
among our ancestors with Charles II., be
ing another of tho things for which Eng
land h id no reason to thank the Kcstorti
Lion. During the reigns of the fmu
Georges cropped chins were universal.
and though our grandfathers still sneered
it " beardless buys " as a figure of speech.
they daily labored to be beardless them
selves. Afloat and ashore, whatever tin
difficulties of the operation, officers, sol
diers and seamen shaved every day. Dur
ing tile past titty years beards Have been
lu st tolerated as eccentric, then accepted
as optional, and at last I ave been restored
to fashion and honor. We now hold, with
one of the old bards who celebrpted Henry
V Jlt.'s beard, that:
A we'l-thalehed lace is a comely grace,
An t a fcheller front the cold.
Concussing Tea. The addition of a
few drops of lemon juice or any othei
vegetable acid, renders tea more exciting;
ami this custom prevails among poor
Chinese and many Russians. The addi
tion of an alkali, on the contrary, m ikes
tea less stimulating, and in some mea-uie
naicotical. In the cast some dings arc
put into tea to give it aphroilisi.teal quali
ties. Tea excites the movements of the
heart lens than coffee, is less hostile to
sleep, and is less til to sustain intellectual
labor; but more than coffee it increases
the eliminative activity of the skin and
respiration. In many persons tea pro
duces an astringent effect on the intestines
and a ti mblesoinu constipation. The
atldition i f a few drops of generous wine
can prevent the wakefulness which tea
causes. More than everything experi
ence availeth to indicate to imy one
whether, from the state of his nerves, his
brain or his digestion he ought to prefci
tea or coffee. Iu every fashion it seems
to be proved that, after dinner, the Chinese
leaf ought to bn preferred to the Abyssin
ian berry. In very cold countries, and
on very cold days and consequently with
supreme reason in the Arctic zone tea is
the best ot ilnnks, as all travelers have
demonstrated Dr. Kane did not hesitate
to call lei the "great panacea of Arctic
travel." The excessive use of tea, espec
ially of green tea prodti- es obstinate wake
fullness, nervous tremblings, convulsions.
cramps of the stomach, palpitations of the
heart, and so on .
Wakiuors of the Sea. -Tho life of all
fishes is one of peietiial warfare. The
carnage of the sea exceeds that which is
allowed to perplex our reasons on dry
land. The herring satisfies many stoni
achs (a broiled fresh herring is a iuxury ).
and it is an unfortunate fish with il. An
old whaler has known of a hug-head of
herring being in the belly of a whale; and
fifteen good sized herring have been found
in the siomach of a cod. Proceeding into
mathematics for a moment, if we allow a
codlish only two herring per day for bis
existence and suppose him 10 feed on her
ring for one year, we have I'M) herring a
bis allowance for twelve months, and fifty
codhsh equal one fisherman in destructive
power. Com oared with the ennruiou
consuinption of li-h by each other, the
draughts made npon the population of the
sea by man seems to dwindle into insig
nificance. The Solanil goose can swallow
and digest six full-sized herring per day.
It has been calculated that in the Island of
St. Kilda, assuming it to be inhabited by
2,000 of these birds, feeding for seven
months in the j vir, and with tho allow
ance of five licrrinx each per day the
number of fish fur the summer subsistence
of a sinuln Sciesof bird cannot be less
To Stain Flooiis a Beautiful
Bkowh. Get from the paint store a can
of burnt umber (iwo and a half ounds in
the can it comes nil ready) Add to this
quantity a quarter of a pound of burnt
sienna, which brightens tho color. Add
half a teaoiipfnl of Japan driers to each
kettle of the paint, or can of paints. To
thin the ptint, tako a gallon of linseed oil
and spirits of turpentine, half and half
When put on the floor it should be as thin
as water. Put on with a paintbrush. The
day after painting the floor varnish it. Get
two pounds of No. 2 gum shellac; dis
solve this in three pints of alcohol in an
iron or tin vessel closely covered. Stir ii
well and let it rem itn a night; then strain
It through a o ar-e cloth. It will require
at leas' gall n and a half of alcohol to
thin this varn'sh enough for use. While
painting the flo r do not lot your brush go
to the bottom of the can or stir yom
paint; bnt when neir the bottom of the
can thin it again, and then use it.
HE VINITINU THE H1MIBOF tlltl.llllooi,
l waltib m . Boaisa.
Back to my chiUboo 1'. Home once more,
My wanaoring loouitpg airay,
Wbile memory, busy with her iloro,
ltocalli mat happier day.
The tcene which bimla niy vision here,
Was once my circling world.
This spot.ol all the eaiih moat dear,
These halls, wboae echoing eounda were ailed
With love's full, generous store.
And where ray nearl wan rapture thrilled,
Alas I is now no more.
October's crimson uauners wave
The s.iroe o'er hill and glen;
The river's peaceful waters lave
The shores I wandere 1 then.
The murmuring brook.through grove and bower,
Pursues its winding way,
Uuclianed as when in boyhood's hour
I loved its banks to stray.
But sadly changed my heart appears,
As now tins scene recalls,
Each look and tone of bygone years,
Eicii nook wiiliia these walls.
St mil still, my steeds, for, thronging fust.
File alter tile Ihey come,
Tu noiseless spectres of the pasl,
Whose voices now are dumb;
And whispering breezes call the roll
Of food ones, good and Hue,
As mii-i-oted Id my inmost soul
Tbey pa in aad review.
Through yonder sash I seem to see
My raottiei's face again.
And hear once more withecslacy,
Her rap upon the pine;
Thai chamber's sacied memories stand
Engraven on ray soul.
And will, unlil. at Uud's command,
The heavens together roll.
Then fiist her gentle voice of prayer,
Itrol&eon my childish ear.
And now, ihrou-ii years of sin and care,
It echoes rouud me here.
Aiasl my heart, of what avail
Were all those prayers and tears,
If, in their el iquence. they f lit
To guide my passing years ?
Life's spring has flown ; Its summer sun
Onautuinu's lints is shed.
The saads of life more swiftly run,
And youth's briKhl hopes have Oed;
Out lingering stilt in memory's cell,
Sweet dreams of childhood's day,
Come, like the sunshine, to dispel
The shadows round my way.
And even thus, where'er I roain,
Let memory's vestal Ure,
Burn brighter, round mv childhood home,
And gild my luneral pyre;
For uever from toy inmost heart,
Can time ils image blot;
Let memories of ull el-ie depart
Ere home, sweet home's lorgot.
Farewell, thou scenes of youthful Joy,
Where tile's first dream began ;
Oh. that the hopes which charmed tho boy
Mibl still console the man I
Farewell again, oh homo of youth ,
Once more my sail unlurled;
Adieu ye shades of love and truth ,
I seek Ihe heartless world.
" It seems to me," remarked a gentle
nan tho other day, ' that about every
bing wo have now, except what we eat,
is made out of celluloid.'' An investiga
tion of the subject almost tends to per
suade one that this statement is scarcely
exaggerated. Although celluloid was
i n vented nine or ten years ago (by two
untliers named Hyatt), its perfected nian
uf icttiro has been regularly in progress
tor only about live years, and is consider
ed to be still in its infancy, yet immense j
quantities of the substance tire produced,
it is converted into a wonderful variety of
lorms, and new modes of applying it are
discovered .almost daily.
Celluloid is a composition of line tissue
paper and camphor, treated with chem
icals by a patented process. A rather
common impression that it contains gun
cotton is a mistake which arises from con
lounding it with collodion. Celluloid, it
is said, is entirely non-explosive, and
burns only when in direct contact with
flams. When crude it looks like a trans
parent gum, and ils color is a light brown.
It can be made as bard as ivory, but is
always flaslic, and can be readily modeled
into every conceivable form. With equal
ease it can be colored in any tiul desired,
the dye running through ihe entire sub
stance, and being, therefore, incli'ieeable.
All the celluloid made is produced by a
single company, with factories in New
ark, N. J. l itis company makes only the
raw material, which it sells to various
manufacturing companies for so much per
x)Uiid and a royalty on their net sales.
No one can buy it unless the producing
company decides to give him a license,
which is granted only for the purpose of
making some new article that will not in
terfere with thj trade of the companies
already licensed. A number of large cor
porations are nw engaged in the various
ir niches of manufacture fur which eel Iu
loid c m be employed. Most of these have
their factories in Newark, but there is one
large establishment iu Center street, this
The cost of the crutlo article to the buy
ers is regulated by the producing compa
ny according to the use to be made of il
and the competition met with in other
materials f or instauce, $4 or $5 per
pound are charged for celluloid which is
to be made into jewelry, while only Si
are charged if it is designed for umbrella
handles, though there is no difference in
the quality of the substance, in eonse
quence of this system there is a similar
wide variation in the cost of the manufac
As a close ituitation of ivory, celluloid
has made inroads in the business of the
ivory nianufaoi urers. Its makers assert
lhat in durability it is much superior to
ivory, as it sustains bard knocks without
i jury, and is not discolored by age or use
Ureal quantities of it arc usetl for piano
and organ keys, to the manufacture ol
which one company is devoted. So ex
tensive is its use for this purpose that the
ivory manufacturers have reduced their
price for keys below that of celluloid, in
the hope of checking the competition. "Il
is only a question ot who can bold out the
longest," saul a celluloid nuiniifaeiiiter ;
" but we can make our own elephants,
and the ivory men have got to catch
Billiard balls aro made of celluloid at
half price of ivory, and are said to be
equally elastic, while more durable,
barge amounts are useil for combs of every
variety, for the backs of brushes and
hand-mirrors, and for all kinds of toilet
articles which ivory is employed for. Kven
a tine-tooth comb made of celluloid is 2o
per cent cheaper than ivory, while in
large pieces, such as the backs of hand
glasses, the difference in price is enormous.
Among many other articles in which cel
luloid takes tho place of ivory or India
rubber, are whip, cane and umbrella
handles, every kintl of harness trimmings,
foot-rules, chess-men and the handles of
knives and forks. Its use in cutlery is
saitl to bo especially durable, as it is not
cracked or discolored by hot water.
India rubber, as a general rule, holds
its ground against celluloid, as the latter
can not be sold so cheaply. The celluloid
is said to be much more durable, howovor,
and it is superior for pencil cases, jewelry,
etc, where gold mountings are used, as
il does not tarnish the metal, whereas the
sulphur in the India rubber tarnishes gold
which is less than eighteen carats tine.
The freedom of celluloid from sulphur,
and the natural flesh-color which can be
imparted to it, have caused it to bu cxlen
bively substituted for India rubber in the
manufacture of dental blanks, or the gums
and other attachments uf artificial teeth.
MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23,
Celluloid can be mottled so as to imitate
the finest tortoise-shell, and its elasticiu
renders it less liable to breakage. In this
form it is used, liko the ituitation ivory,
for combs, card cases, cig ir cases, match
boxes, pocket books, napkin rings, jewel
ry ami all other sorts of fancy articles
The sulistance is employed for similai
purposes as a good imitation of malachit'
and also of amber. It is made into luouih
pieces for pipes, cigar hoi. lei's and musical
instruments, and is used as the material
of flutes, fl igeolets and drumsticks. For
drumheads il is said to be superior to
parchment, as it is not affected by moisture
in the atmosphere.
As a substitute for porcelain, celluloid is
used for heads of dolls, which can be
hammered against a hard floor witbou'
danger of fraeiure. Beautiful jeweliy is
m ule of it in imitation of the most elab
orately carved coral, reproducing all t ll
shades of the genuine article. Most of the
coral tints are bright or dark retl. how
ever, as the makers, strange to say, have
found that excellent Copies of the costly
pink coral arc not in popular demand.
Une of the large manufacturing com
panies is employed exclusively in the
making of optical goods, using celluloid in
place of tortoise-shell, jet, etc., for the
frames af sjiectaeles, eye glasses, and op
era glasses. The material is extensively
Used for shoo lips, protecting the too as
well as metal tips, and having the appear
ance of patent leather. By shoemakers it
is also used for insoles. Large quantities
of thimhles ate made of il, and li is said
to be the best material known for emery
wheels and knife sharpeneis. As a ground
for paintings, celluloid lias all the advant
ages ot ivory, and photographs can be
taken on it which are alleged to be superi
or lo ivory types.
Within the last year and a half another
branch of celluloid manufacture h is been
developed which promises to reach enor
mous proportions. This is the use of cel
luloid as a substitute for liuen or paper
in ihe making of shirt cuffs, collars, etc.
it has the appearance of well starched
linen, is sufficiently light and liexible, does
not wrinkle, is not a fleeted by pers pi ration
and can be woin for months without inju
ry. Ii becomes soiled much less readily
mien, .inn woeii uniy is uuiCKiy
cleaned by the application of a little soap
and water with a sponge or rag. For
travelers and for wear in hot weather Ihe
celluloid linen is especially convenient. It
lias lately been much improved by the
introiiuciion ot real linen between two
Uiieknesscs of celluloid. Shirt-hunts have
been made of it, as well as cutis and col
lars, and it is believed that these will
prove rquu I ly desirable
When asked if this branch of tho busi
ness was not likely to cause serious injury
lo ihe trade iu piper collars, a celluloid
manufacturer replied: " No, not nearly so
much as you think. Celluloid collars and
culls are cheaper ill the long run lhaii Du
ller, they last so much longer, hut their
tii st cosi is equal to that ol linen. The
collars are sold at retail for 25 cents a
piece, and the cuffs tor 60 cents a pair.
Vben I was in Boston some time ago, I
happened to be in a barber's shop, and I
showed to the- barber a celluloid comb
which he examined anil praised Very high
ly, tie inquired the price of such combs,
and when informed that il was 40 cents
exclaimed, ' Why, wo can buy rubber
combs for Id cents.' 'But,' said I, "tins
comb, as vou sec, is elastic, the teeth will
not break, and it will outwear a dozen
cheap combs made of rubber,1 ' Thai
makes no ilillereiice,' said lliu man, ' I tell
you a barber has 15 cents to buy a comb
with a long sight oltener than he ha! 4U
ccnis.' Now, Hint s the wav it will work
with these collirs and citls. There are
a great many men who have the money lo
pay lor p iper collars a good deal oftencr
than they have it to pay for celluloid.
Still, this celluloid-linen business is going
to be immense. It has only fairly begun.
From (i.000 to 12 0UU dozen collars and
cutis ure made weekly already, and orders
are coining in from all over llie country."
Celluloid has been experimented with as
t material for neckties, and, although Ihe
trials have not yet been satisfactory, it is
thought that they will eventually be sttc-
cesslul For hit-bauds and hat-sweat-
bands it is a trifle more exiensive than
the materials commonly used, but it is
said to be better, as il does not become
rusty or greasy. It has also been used
lately for wall 11 cases.
There is a largo expoit trade in cellu
loid articles to Cuba and South America,
and this is constantly increasing. They
are not sent to Kurope, as the right lo
manufacture and sell them there has been
sold lo a foreign company, which has a
factory in France. New Yo'k Ecining
The Faithrul Guest.
There was something I forgot what
to lake grandfather and grandmother
away from home one day in October of
the year 1 lived with ihcm in Burn's
Hollow. It might have been a funeral or
some religious lueeiing, for they both
drove off in their best in the gig with old
Ajax harnessed to it, and alter I had
lucked in grandma's iron giay silk skirt
and ran back lo the hou-o for grandpa's
spectacles, and had seen the gig vanish in
the distance, I fell lonely. Burn's Hollow
us a handsome, ramblii g mansion,
which might have sheltered a regiment,
and bad a ghostly air about it when one
wandered through the upiier rooms alone.
There were but two servants in the
kitchen, Hannah Oakcs and the Irish lad,
Anthony. I heard iheui laughing merrily
together, lor though iianuau was an oi l
woman, she was full of fun, and Hannah
came in with the tray.
P.ease, Miss, said she, as she set It down,
may I run over lo Maplelon's to-night?
My sister's daughter had a boy last night,
ihey say, and 1 want to see il, naturally ;
it's the lirsl 1 ve ever had of grand niece
Who brought tho news? I asked.
Anthony, .diss, saitl Hannah. He met
George lhat is my niece's husband
when be was out ulier the eow. straying
as she always is, ami told him to tell
Hannah she's a grand aunt.
You may go, I saitl, but don't remain
late. Grandpa and grandma may he
away all night, and 1 feel nervous. To bo
sure there's Anthony, but I never rely on
him. Be sure not lo stay late.
I repealed this injunction with a kind of
fright stealing over me a foreboding of
evil, I might say, ami something induced
me tu add: Bo back by nine. Why I
cannot say ; but I fell as if by nine I should
be in some peculiar danger.
Hannah promised, itntl afler doing all I
required, went away, and I heard her
heavy shoes on the garden walk outside.
Early as it was, I had dropcd tho
curtain ami lighted the wax candles on
tho mantel, and I sat long after my tea,
finding a certain companionship in it, as
women of all ages will.
I s it thus a long time, and was roused
from my reverie by a rap, at the door a
timid kind of rap, so that I knew at once
that it was not a member of the house nor
a well known friond. I waited, expecting
Anthony to open tho door, but as he did
not. I went to it myself.
It had grown quite dark, Bnd the moon
rose very lato lhat night. At first I could
only make out a crouching figure at the
bottom of the porch, but when I spoke it
advanced, and by tho light of the hall
lamp I saw a black man. I had always
bad a sort of fear of a negro, and at once
shrunk away, but as I did so ho Soke in a
This is Massa .Morton's, isn't?
Yes, I replied, but grandfalber is out.
I retreated as he advanced.
Please, Miss, he s lid. Judge B sent
me here. Ho said nima u l help me
sorao. Lit mo stay here 'a night. Mi-s.
I've trabhled five days since I left him,
lidin' like; I'm awful hungry. 'Pear
ike I'd drop, and ole massa nrter me
For do lull of bcaben. Miss, let me hide
somewhere and giv me jes' a crust.
Itidge B said Massa Morton 'lid help
me, and it's kept 1110 up. Missus will 1
I knew grandftither hid given succor
to some of these poor wretches before, but
I felt that I might bo doing wrong by
admitting a stranger to the bouso in his
Caution and pity struggled with me.
At last I said. You have a in. to from the
Judge, I suppose, sir?
I bad some writin' on a p iper, said the
man, but I lost it tho night it r tiued so.
Ah! Miss. l'.-e lellin do irnft' Judge sent
me as sure as I'se a sinner. I'se been
helped along so far, an 1 'pears like I can
get to Canailj . Can't go hack noways;
wile's dare and tho young uns; got clear
a year ago. Miss, I pray for you eb ry
day ob my life ef you'll be so good lo me.
Thank you. Miss.
For s iniehow when he spoke of wife
and children I had stepped back and let
II was the hall back door lo which the
rap bad come, and the kitchen was close
at hand I led him there. When I saw
how won he was, how wretched, bow hi
eyes glistened and how under bis rough
blue shirt his heart beat so that you could
Count the pulses, I forgot mv caution. I
brought out cold meat and bread, drew a
mug of eider. The negro ale, and I h it
him to find Anthony, to whom I designid
to give orders about bis lodging! for the
To my surprise Anthony was nowhere
to be found.
Ilannnab must have taken him with
her across the lonely road leading to M.t
pleton's. It was natural, but 1 was angry.
Yret I longed for Hannah's return, and
waited very anxiously till the clo,-k struck 1
'pi : . " ..r p........ i i i e
mm-. ft lieu, iii.sif.iii ui looisa.- n ft 1101111
the falling of raindrops and the rumbling
thunder, and looking out saw that a heavy
storm was coming on.
Now certainly grandpa and grandma'
could not come; and Hannah wailing foi
the s orui to pass, would not be hero for
hours. However my fear of the negro
was (jtiite gone, and 1 fell a certain pride
in coiiduc, ing mysell bravely under these
trying eireu nst uaes.
Accordingly, I went up stairs, found in
the chamt'cr sundry pillows and bolsters
and carried them kitchenwai il.
Here, I said, make your-elf a bed on
that lounge yonder, and, be easy for ihe
night. No one will follow you in such a
terrible storm as ibis, nnd no iionlit
grandpa will assist you when be returns
home. So good night.
Good nignt, and G ul bless you Miss,
still speaking in a btisky whisper. And
so I left him.
But I did not go up stairs lo my bed
room. I designed for that night to lemain
dressed, and sit up in grandpa's arm ch di
willi lamps and a book lor company.
Therefore I locked tint door, look the
most couifortatilo position, mid opening a
volume, composed myself to rest.
Beading, 1 fell asleep. How long I
slepi I e tunot loll. I t aw teii'i I oy a
low sound, like the prying of a chisel
At first il mixed with my dream so com
plelely that I look no heed of il, bill at
last I understood that some one was af
work upon the lock of the door.
I sat perfectly motionless, the blood
curdling in my veins, and still chip, cbi ,
chip, went the terrible liille chisel, until
at last I knew whence the sound eune.
Back of the sitting room was grandpi's
study. There, in an old fashioned chest
were stoied the fam ly plate, grandpa's
jewelry, and sundry sums of money and
valuable papers. i he sale itselt was in
a closet recess, anil at the closet the thcif
was now at work.
Tho thief ah! without a duibt, the
negro I had fed and sheltered.
Perhaps the next act would bu lo mur
der me if I listened. Tho s orm was still
raging, and the road was lonely, bciiei
that, than this bouso with such horrible
company. 1 couldn't save my grandfath
er's property, but I could save my own
I crept across the room and into the
hall nnd lo the door. There, safely as I
could, I unfastened the bars and bolts, b it
alas! one was above my reach. I wailed
and listened. Then I moved a hall cbaii
lo the spot and climbed upon il. In doing
so I struck my shoulder against the door
It was a slight noise, but at that mo
ment the chip of the chisel stopped. I
heard a gliding foot, and horrors, a man
came in from the study, sprang towards
mo and clutched me with both hands as in
a vise, while lie hissed in my ear:
You'd tell, would you? You'd call help?
you might bolter have slept, you had;
I'd rather hev let a chick like you off;
but you know me now, and I can't let yon
I stared in his face with horror, mingled
with an awltil surprise; lor now that it
was close to me, I saw not the negro, but
my own hired man, Anthony Anthony,
whom 1 bad supposed to be miles away
with Hannah, lie was little more than a
youth, and I had given him many a pres
ent, and had always treated him well.
I pleaded with him kindly.
Anthony I never did you any harm ; I
am young; I am a girl; don't kill nie.
Anthony ; tako tne money ; Hon i kiii me
for grandma's sake.
You'll tell on me, said Anthony, dogged
ly; likely I'd be caught. No, I have got
to kill you.
As ho spoke he took his hands from
my shoulders and clutched my throat
I had time to give one suffocating
shriek, then 1 was struggling, dying, with
sparks iu my eyes, antl the sound of roar
ing water in "my ears, and then w hat
had sprung upon my terrible assassin
wiih the swift silence of a leopard? What
bad clutched mo from behind and stood
over him with something glittering above
bis heart? The mist cleared away the
blurred mist that gathered over my eyes;
as sight returned 1 saw the negro with his
foot on Anthony's breast.
Tho fugitive whom I had housed and
fed had saved tay life.
Then, ten minutes later ten minutes in
which, but for that poor slave's presence,
I would have been hurried out of life Ihe
raitleof wheels nnd the taidy feel of old
Ajax were hoard without, and my grand
parents were with mo.
It is needless to say that wo were grate
ful to our preserver; needless, also, lo tell
It came out during the trial lhat lie had
long contemplated the robbery; that, the
absence of my grandparents appearing to
afford an opportunity, ho had decoyed
Hannah away with a lie, nnd hid in the
study. Ho knew nothing of tho negro's
presence in the bouse, and being naturally
superstitious had actually fancied my pro
tector a creature Irom tho other world, and
he submitted without a struggle
r ... .. ii.o iUVb u
slave ho lono-er. met his wife and children
beyond danger; and now that the bonds
are broken for all in this free land, doubt-
less hi, fears are over, and he sits beside
bis humble Canadian hearth when the
The loud tones in which some people
appeal to reason imply that reason is a
great distance from them.
FAI.HE AMI Tift K.
UT I. a. HOIL4MD.
The fat-e is fairer ihau the true. Itchol I
Yon clou-iy giant on the hills supine I
The flieuie of a falsehood that doth shine,
Ainored and hehneted, in such a gold
As In the marls was never bought or sold,
Uiant and armor the exalted sign
(If shapes less glorious ami lints less One
or forms of truth outmatched a thousand fold I
Ah t'oesiel I'liou charmer and thou cheat I
Painting lor eyes that till wilh happy leais.
In lints delusive, pictures that repeat
tull, earthly forms in heavenly atmospheres 1
How das' t'liiu shame the truth. Mil a apicara
Lea lovely far ttiau thy divine dtoeit!
' Bless him, honey, bress him! Don't
do nuftin wrong as yer kuows of. 1) ,n'l
yer icll a lie. I)..n'i yer run if ver git
' Xo, thir."'
S un was Sambo's child. The two faced
one another with expanded optics, their,
mutually delighted souls sliming out ol
their ebony surroundings, and responsive
ly grinning like two pumpkin lanterns out
of the shadows of the night.
S un seized tho roe of his sled and
pulled it down Pearl Street. It was a
yellow piece of handiwork, each of ils
two riinneis gay and frightful also with
an immense red drag-m. it is needless lo
say tit t it was Ihe effort of that celestial
ai list, Chung Foo, sometimes laundry
man, Pearl street. The work had been
lone to square up Chung's candy account
at Sambo s shop.
"Dai inn a lub'y boy," said Sambo,
gazing afier Sam-.
Nature had given Sam a head and a
body suggestive of a big drum mounted
on another drum a goo. I ileal bigger, and
his legs were short, stout, and drum like
also. If he had laid down upon the side
walk, he could have rolled down bill
much faster than he could have walked.
A Itiblv boy, ' Sun persisted in think
ing, and then turned into his snug quar
ters. These quarters consisted of three rooms
in a wooden tenement abutting on Pearl
street, close as a tender on a locomotive.
Chung Koo squeezed bis drowsy little
eyes together as he grinned one day, a'ld,
leelarmg bis love for the " Melicaii flag."
proposed that these rooms should be call
ed Bed, While, olid Blue. SllubowaS
intensely patriotic, ha 'ing belonged to a
black regiment and shown the while of
bis eyes iu battle, and a-sculcd lo Chung's
ideas ('liung d ittbeil the hack room blue,
uiil n Served as a chamber. The middle
apartment was white, and was a nice col
or to catch the smoke of the kitchen fire
The outer room, red enough to set the
slccpic-t old bull crazy, was the " ,-loie."
Sambo did not keep shop. This charge
he indignantly repelled. lie was "store
keeper.'' On his business cards Sambo
was advertised as "merchant." Ho had
die dignity of an Abysinnian potentate.
Sambo s ld three articles -be morning
and evening pipers, lemonade in summer,
and niol isses candy ill winter. Stnnnicr
and wilder were not more positively
m irked olf by the tlisti net ions of licit and
cold than by the lemonade glasses iu Sam
ho's window when June appeared, and the
candy tray as September sunshine disap
peared. Sambo was proud of his lemonade. It
was first class. Ho was ptoud of his
candy This, if pos-ible, was " fu-t-classer''
Of all bis pos-cssions, Sambo
was proudest of S im. the n y earthly
being he could claim as relative. As he
was sitting i iv the stove one day, the q'lery
came to hitn what should he do if the
" dippertherv " should come and snatch
his beloved S-tni out of the world. At the
very thought lie wept profusely. When
fairly put to it Sambo could " weep a
It was Ibis child of Sambo now going
down ihe street, close. y resembling the
duck tribe in his gait. The coasting
ground was a litile risky. It was in the
immediate neighborhood of a boy enemy
Kiddy O'Tooles. She bad been so much
annoyed by the boys as their sleds banged
against her fence, and had received so
many snow-balls from their careless
hands when hanging out her clothes (she
ran a laumln), that she only waited a
favorable opportunity to let an explosion
drive along under tbo whole lino of the
boys. Murderous Guy Fawkes was in
i he plump face of Biddy U' I'oolcs.
Biddy OT'ooles's galo was open the
morning of our story, a fact noticed by
her iirch-cncuiy, Pompey Jones. He was
spry tis a cot, sly as a fox, and slippery as
an eel. In bis moral perceptions, he was
almost as obtuse as those animals. Pomp
was a great marksman. No boy at a roll
could pop off more birds from the street
telegraph wire. No boy could send a
stone more neatly through Biddy O'Tooles'
attic window. Like a beo to his bole, or
a bullet to the bull's eye. went the mis
siles of Puinpey Jones. He now made a
proposition to Sam, at the same time giv
ing a sly wink to the other boy-coasters.
"Sammy, how are ye? Want to earn
two cents jest holdin' on to yer sled and
bavin' a ride? There, you turn round
and sit so, back to the front of ver sled,"
he added, dropping on the backs of the
two reu dragons. " lou sit so, and 111
give ye a push. It won't hurt."
" 1 wo cents, you know, chile."
I'onip held up two old-fashioned cop
pers about as big as the shields the Greek
carried at Troy. Ono would cxhausi a
" Big ones, you know, Sammy. Make
a soul happy ! Look !"
Sam wavered badly.
" Big ones, and all yer own, lniy! '
Sam yielded. Willi a grin he seated
himself for the fatal ride. Pomp pointed
the sled skilfully so lhat it would be likely
lo shoot through the open gate into Biddy
O I'ooles's yard, and likely also lo knock
into confusion a basket of linen that had
just been brought out.
Away went Sam, innocently grinning,
aeruss the street, over tho sidewalk,
ihrotigh the gale, plump into Biddy's has
ket. Such a yell of delight as went up
from Pomp and his corp of spectators!
Sum began to pick himself up from the
nia.-s of linen, sn uggling out of ils snowy
wealth, possibly suggesting bill hardly
resembling Aphrodite rising out of the
loam of the sea.
"Hun, boys! She's comin' !" shouted
Pomp, spying his old enemy, Biddy, at a
Nobody, though, ran verv far, but the
guilty one. The rest stayed and looked
on from a safe distance.
"Run, Sammy!'' cried a spectator in
sympathy with Pomp's victim.
" No, thir!" shouted brave little Sam.
He found be was in a trap, but he meant
to stand by and look after the damages.
" Arrab"! nrrali! villain! I'll catch ye!"
came the stormy salute from an upper
window, and down camo Biddy as fast as
two hundred pounds weight of flesh
would permit her.
Sam didn't budge an inch.
" I'm thorn," he said. " I didn't thee
! it "mi uci o u ii inn money ior it.
.'!" lleM 01,1 ,h" bl" 1c",.p , ,8 llke a Greek
K'V'ng up two beloved shields
Inree things astonished Biddy. Sam
-"I "ol.run, VMrJ-offB""l
, PJ llH damage-. Had Ovid s Golden
' Age' dawned in the history of tho race of
" Twa'n't him, muni! Twas another
feller steered him, and ho couldn't help
hisself," called out tho voice of a juvenile
spectator at the gate,
Biddy was still more surprised.
It was an interes'iug sight. Sa u was
manfully holding his ground, his eyes
lighiinL' up with a miniature exhibition of
tire-wotks, anil m Ins n tnl was the repa
ration money. Bid ly O Tooles's two bun
died weight of hum m'ny was planted
opiiosite bun, like a big coluiubiad before
i fat little poodle.
Biddy quickly came to a conclusion.
"All right, Sammy. It won't murther
my clothes. Keep yer cints," said the
" llm rah for Biddy O'Tooles!" came up
a shout fiom the gate. " Hiiriab for
Sammy!" urd his juvenile admirers plant
ed him on his sled, and pulled him to
Sambo's "store," presenting him s the
hoy that did not run. The generous and
opulent proprietor in his delight rewarded
each crowing urchin with a long slick of
molasses candy. Off t hev went, gay as a
line of knights armed with golden lancets.
Biddv and the boys were all good friends
As for Pomp, his mother executed a
lively tune upon him wilh a small rattan,
until he wished, wilh all bis heart, il
might be another boy catching it or else
another woman laying it on. 'Jotden
Hours ior ilirtih.
Let Emigrants Westward Look Out.
The Ciueinn ili Enquirer says: An aw
ful trap is being set for credulous emi
grants. Tbousitidsof these emigrants are
settling west of the rain belt, and they
don't know it. They ale going out too far
on the Atchison, T. p.-ka and Santa Fe, the
Kansas Pacific, the Union Pacific, and the
Northern Prcilic railroads.
" Where is the drought line?" a-ks the
" Draw a line from Austin, Texas, to
Bi-iuaik, Minn., on the Noilhern Pacific,
and all west ol lhat line is the drought
country. Five years out of i ighl crop,
will entirely fail west of this line. Last
year was tin exception lo the rule, and
this is why so many emigrants are ventur
ing loo far west this year. The laud
sharks are deceiving them, anil are push
ing a vast army ol emigrants into a fam
" What makes this region west of the
hundredth parallel a desert region."
" Because it rains jiist as much water
as there is water evaporated each year. Il
it rained more water than is evaporated il
would run down imo the ocean, ami the
land would soon be covered with water
K iins run lo the? ocean in rivers, and the
air evaporates i lie water of the ocean and
curies h inland. Clouds form rainfalls,
and hack goes Ihe water on to the caith,
tin n into the ocean again. Now, before
the air from iho gulf or ocean reaches
liismark, or the middle of Nebraska or
Kansas, this Wet air which stalled from
the ocean, bcC"iiies dry. There is no wa
ter in it ; the wa'er II is all fallen out ot
il in rain, and it has run b ick to the sea.'
" But why is San Antonio subject to
drought when it is so close to the gulf."
" Because the air of Sin Antonio, on
the slaked plains in Texas and in Arizona,
conies up through Mexico. It is dry be
fore it stills It does not come from the
gulf. Mexico is hot. A perpetual current
of ho , dry air blows over Mexico and
fails Arizona, New Mexico. L't ah. and Col
orado with altnospheie as day as wind
from the Desert of Sihara. This diy air.
etiiicnl, blowing up from Mexico and
Arizona, strikes the high mountains in
Colorado, lleie is the centre of the
continent, within seventy-live miles ol
l'ike's Peak, are the source of the
lied, Colorado, Rio Grande, Arkansas,
and Missouri Rivers. This is the backbone
of North America. The high, cold peaks
condense any moisture that there may be
in die air c, lining up from the south, and
makes it into snow. Then Ibis cold, dry
air passes on up the centre of the conti
nent, making it perpetual desert. It pre
vents any damp air from coming east of
the one hundredth parallel. When we
reach the Northern Pacific and Manitoba
another current of wind, a damp current,
blows from the Pacific Ocean. There is
no de-cn there, where the Pacific wind
heads oil' the wind hum Mexico."
" Now, 1 say, thousands of innocent
emigrants have taken up farms during the
last year west of the rain parallel. Ol
course, they will be ruined, and you will
see them coming back broken-hearted and
" Will it always be a desert west of the
one hundredth parallel?"
" Yes, until the Almighty changes the
course of ihe winds, takes down tile mount
ain peaks, and stops the ciouds from rain
ing all their water out in the east before
they get to the desert."
Not at all Docile. A stolid obstinacy
is the camel's usual disposition. Mr. Pal
grave, criticising the reputation that the
animal has lor docility, remarks:
" If docile moans stupid, well antl good ;
in such a case the camel is the very model
of docility. But if the epithet is intended
to designate an animal lhat takes an inter
est in its rider so far as a beast can; that
in some way understands his intentions, or
shares them in a subordinate fashion, that
obeys from a half-submissive or hali-fellow
feeling with his master, like the horse or
elephant; then I say that the camel is by
no means docile very much the contrary.
He takes no heed of bis rider, pays no at
tention whether he be on his back or not.
walks straight on when once set a-going,
merely because tie is too stupid lo turn
aside; and then, should some tempting
thoru or green branch allure him out of
the hath, continues to walk on in the new
U i recti n simply because bo is too dull to
tin n back into the right road again. In a
word, lie is, from first to last, an undomes
ticateil and savage animal, rendered ser-
vi. cable by stupidity alone, without mucn
skill on his master's part, and any co opera
tion on bjs ow n. save lhat of an extreme
p-issiveness. Neb her attachment nor even
habit impress biin;ncver lame, though not
wide awake enough to be exactly wild."
Nevertheless the animal gives indica
tions of intelligence when badly treatetl, if
we may judge from its revengeful nature,
well illustrated in the following account:
"A valuable camel, working in an oil
mill was severely beaten by its driver.
Perceiving that the camel had treasuied
up tho injury, and was only waiting a fav
untitle opportunity for revenge, he kept a
strict watch upon the animal Time pass
ed away ; the camel, peio iving that it was
watched, was quiet and obedient, and the
d'ivcr begun to think Uat ihe beating was
forgotten, when one night, afler the lapse
of several months, the man was sleeping
on a raised platform in the mill, while, as
is customary, the camel was stabled in a
corner. Happening to awake, the driver
observed by the bright moonlight that,
when all was quict.the animal looked cau
tiously around, rose softly, nnd stealing
toward a siot where a bundle of dollies
and a burnous, thrown carelessly on the
ground, resembled a sleeping figure, cast
iLself with violence upon them, rolling
with all its weight, and tearing them most
viciously wilh its teeth. Satisfied that ils
revenge was complete, tho camel was re
turning to its corner, when the driver sat
up and spoke. A t tho Bound of his voioe,
and perceiving the mistake it had made.
ihe animal was so morinea at ine lauure
nnd discovery of its scheme that it dashed
its head against the wall and diej on the
A littlo girl who had boen on a railroad
train whon an accident occurred, was told
by her mother that she ought to thank
Gotl for her escape from injury, when she
made her evening prayer. She ditl it in
this way" Thank you, God, for not let
ting mo ho hurt to-day; but the next tiiuo
1 go to the city I'll go in a wagon."
TERMS FOK ADVERTISING.
For nns sonarr of II lini or 1ms oi Arste 'jr on
iTiMrtion. SI wi: fir es. L uo-.uriil lt.s riioii. i6 , u.
L u!iw the uiitut-r n jufterti.'U- art- n.srk! n ! e !
vt-ru.rii.eut it wil. be. c.tutiuu. d uijiu ..rd r.e ,,ut
Lilx-rjJ diMC.'Uul made lo Uier.-h4Uts aud otti istdverl
luiu b llie tr.
Probate and Coin Diissiosers' Notices, ti Oueacfa.
For Noticfs of Liberation. rtraj-m. tbf- Formation
and IHiMolutiuu of Co-irtijeriilii.. ttt- .el -jS-m. L lor
nirriiisrrtiuij-. li seutbj mail tbe uiouey must ac
cuuipiuiy lueleltf r.
Notir-nii iu news rolumns. lorrntft PT lineeai-u in
sertiuu.bui uocliar-, u.de vt lt-,s thauauteitls.
Nnttrrsof Death? atot Marrisircs mscrtrrl irratis but
'-xiet.dcd uuiniari Y .tires ol K,etr will bo cLai-ed
it tin-rale of tiir ernlp i.r line.
Flunituhe Polish. Take of nlcohol,21
ounces; gum shellac, 2 ounces; bn-e.-d
oil. 14 ounces; gum l nzoin. a ounces:
oxalic acid, 1 ounce; white resin, 2
ounces. Dissolve the gums and aeid in
the alcohol, let It remain twenty four
hours and then add the oil. This polish
has lieen in Use in mv family for fully fif
ty years In a damp climale, and has been
found to keep the furniture in perfect con
dition. . V- H.
To Kkki- Beds fiiom H.tvisu Bugs.
I see no end of receipls for cleansing beds,
and, as a hotel-keeper have. jerh.ps, paid
over three hundred dollars for various nos
trums. My plan is. driring the month of
March to have all my beds taken lo
pieces, lo scrub all the j ants and ends
with water ami s nip, and then to use any
hard varnish for the ends, slats, etc. I
know of no other method as easv or as
thorough. I have used this in Georgia
and Florida where vermin abound. A'.
lNDF.STRTCTlm.F. WutTISG IXK An
ink that cannot be erased, even with acids,
is obtained by the following process: To
good gall ink, add a strong solu io i of fine
soluble Prussian blue in distilled water.
This addition makes the ink which was
previously proof against alkalies equally
proof against acids, and forms a writing
fluid which cannot be erased without
destruction to the paper. The ink writes
a greenish blue, out afterwards turns
Black-axd-Bllk. A black and-blue
Sxit is neither pretty nor pleasant, and
there is no reason why any small boy
should be disfigured with one. unless he
likes it as nn evidence of his warlike pro
pensities. As soon as he comes in crying,
because " Tommy hit him," cover the
mark with moistentd starch, and il will
Foil A Lighten Colou. Get a can of
burnt sienna, and tako one and a half
pounds of il to the same ipt antity of raw
ienna. .Mix these together, and add half
a teaeupful of Jap m driers to each can
of the paint, and thin exactly as you do in
the brown paint, and put on in the s huh
wiv. One plank ptonted with tills nnd
one wilh the dark in ikes a very pretty
fioor lor a parlor or Iront hall, but lor
common passages and stair steps the datk
However big fools women in iy be, to
bang their hair, pinch their waists, drag
or hold up their dresses, etc., are they not
at least lit helpmates I f the yet bigger
fools of men, w ho suck cigars or pip'-s,
slobber tob-iceo.ilrink rum, gamble, etc.?
Oatmeal. Oatmeal, now imn 1 on al
most every gentleman's lahle, was a f, w
years ago used exclusively by ihe Soo'oh
and the Irish Dr. Johnson, who, in his
hatred of the Scotch, lost no opportunity
of saying a hitter word against hem. de
fined oats as in Scotland food for .Scotch
men, but in Kngland food for horses.
" Yes," answered tin indignant Scotch
man, " where can you find such men as in
Scotland, or such horses as in Kngland?"
We have beard of a shrewd old Sc tie h
mother, win used to m ik'j her family eat
their oatmeal lirsi.s .tying." The bairn who
eats the most porrileh, will get the most
meat after it." But the bairn who g lined
the prize always found himself too lull lo
enjoy the meal.
It is mentioned in a most charming
book. " The Life mid Letter of L ftl
Mieiuhiy." tb u Carlylo, catching sight of
Man-inlay 's face in repo-e remarked,
" Well, any one c in see th tl you are an
honest, goo 1 sor. of fellow, male out of
If oatmeal can make such men as Wal
ter Scott. Dr. Chalmers, an I Lord Ma--inlay,
we may well heap high the M.rritch
dish, nnd bribe tur children to eat of it.
One thing we do know, th it it is far be -er
for the blood and brain than c ike, eon ,-t-ions,
and the scores of delicacies on which
many pale little pets arc fed by their fool
ishly fond mothers.
" The Queen's Own." a regiment of
almost giants, recruited from the Scottish
Highlands, are, as Cirlvle said of M ici.i
lay, " made ol oatmeal." So boys who
want height, and breadth antl muscle, .and
girls who want rosy checks and physical
vigor, should turn from hot breul and
other indigestihlcs.to this "food for Seo cli
men and horses.' Youth's Companion.
Cuitioi S Ammal Aveksions. Sonic
time ago, in company with some of my
relatives nnd friends, I paid a visit to tbo
zoological gardens at Chiton.
One lady of the party, Mrs. M ,
had traveled with her husband in foreign
countries, and expressed herself very
fearless about wild beasts. Before enter
ing the monkey bouse, she informed us
there was one monkey who bad taken a
great dislike to her, and however long a
period elapsed between her visits, Ils rec
ognition of her was almost instantaneous.
The house in which tbo monkeys were
confined, had cages round the wall, and a
huge one in the centre, in which were a
large number of all sizes and shades We
entered on the tiptoe of expectation to see
if this lime it would recognize her. Wo
were not long in determining which was
the enemy. One of the monkeys jitniicd
from its porch and clung to the bars near
est to us.whining and grinning in a fright
ful manner. Whichever side ef the cage
we stood tho monkey billowed, till the
time closely w itching Mrs. M , who
bad with her ginger snaps and nuts, with
which she proceeded lo feed the other
monkeys. Seeing this. Mrs. M 's
enemy sprang upon them seized tbo fi oil,
and threw it back angrily in her face.
chattering and screaming in great fury;
and I am not sure if it was not the same
monkey that succeeded in tearing oil' some
deep lace Mrs. M wore round her
mantle, and climbing on lo the uppe r
perch, commenced tearing it in pieces. I
was net sorry when we left the ugly ,gi in
ning face aud sci eeclling Voice behind us
antl paid a visit to the lion and tiger
Here Mrs. M informed us, was a
tiger which would show its displeasure as
much as the monkey had done. On see
ing her, it began to urowl fiercely, nnd
turning, walked slow ly lo the other end of
the cage; ihen facing us iiL'tiin, lie threw
himself with much force against ihe heavy
bars, which, bail tbey yielded to the sin ck
would have involved sure death lo Mrs.
M ,who, fixing her eyes on the enor
mous beast, anil slinking her umbrella at
ii, exclaimed," I should liko to tamo you."
A gentleman standing near watching the
proceedings soil, " li is your eye il docs
not like." And here 1 sh ultl mention.
Mrs M has very dark and proniiiieLt
Afler visiting other parts of the gar
dens, we returned to have a final farewell
of the tiger. It was agreed that Mrs.
M , was to remain outside, w hile
some of our party entered, myself among
ihe number. We stood before it nnd
commenced to make remaiks ahout it;
but beyond gazing at us very quietly, no
further notice was taken. On the entrance
of Mrs. M , nearly the same scene
ensued as at the first visit; at length tho
huge animal gave a loud roar in w hich all
the other tigers joined. Nearly all rushed
from the place hut Mrs. M , who
remained before the cage while tho roar
ing continued, while the keepers ran in
baste to learn the oause of the disturb
ance. We then left the gardons, commenting
on the strange conduct and knowledge of
the monkey and tiger, which after so long
a period had recognized and so unmistak
ably expressed their great dislike to M rs.
31. Chambers' Journal.