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MOXTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1S79.
WEDNESDAY. MAY 28. 1879.
ings, promulgated everywhere, though so-, nnco of their dutv. to lio In-ouo-lit mi.l,.r
cretly in Uussia, had the tendency to cn- the power of tho military courts'and son
courage the formation of new (societies un- tcnceil according to military order No.279,
der various names, such as " loung uus-, issued in m.i. This oritur nimcrtiins to
Letter From .Minnesota.
J m:svii.i.f Waseca Co., Minn., )
May 18, 1879. J
Plai: Fkbkman: A wise philosopher
h:is said that " rrocrastination was the
thief of time," ami the wily pilferer has
been busy with our timo for the past few
months, so that wo have neglecteil to cor
respond with you; but we will now jot a
few items from this portion of tho ' far
west," where, for tho present, wo arc lo
cated. THE WEATHER
i- now propitious anil favorable, ami all
aru hopeful ami expectant, though for tho
pant months, previous to last week, things
looked rather dubious and gloomy ir. pros
pect of an oxteniled ilrouth; lmlei'il, we
have had scarcely any rain-fall since last
October and, according to our prophecy
of last January, we had no snow during
tho winter and consequently tho soil re
ceived verv little moisture from that
source. But the abundant rains of the
past ten days have dispelled our fears for
the present and gave us encouragement
for tho future. Tho season is somewhat
lator than that of last year but tho small
grain is all up and doing finely tho wheal
stooling and spreading so us to moct the
most sanguine expectations of our farm
ors. Corn-planting will bo completed
during this week.
Your readers in llio eastern slates can
form but little idea of the tide of emigra
lion that is flowing into and through our
stale. Being on one of the many routes of
travel, wo will givo you a few figures
from actual count, During tho last sixty
days the number ol wagons or " prairie
schooners " has averaged twenty-live per
day, and four times that number of horses,
mules and oxen. It would bo safe to say
that each wagon contained five persons,
making a total of seven thousand, live
hundred people that havo passed this point
by teams, and probably as many mure
h ive gone by rail and it must be remem
bered that this is but one of a dozen thor
oughfares to tho west and north-west.
came oil' a few days ago, and resulted iu
the completo triumph of tho temperance
ticket. The issue was squarely made
license or no license and no license won
by lifty-one majority. Tho school board
was elected at tho sumo time, and we had
the privilege of going to tho polls in com
pany with a score of women, a thing
that had never happened to us before in
our forty years of voting.
We were visited by tho lire-liend a few
days ago, and a largo lumbering mill,
barrel and stave factory were entirely
consumed - No ineuronoo; loi;6 between
live and six thousand dollars. Two small
burns were also burned contents mostly
saved. The wind was favorable, other
wise we should have to chronicle a more
The forest is in full foliage, and the
season has arrived when tho average
youngster indulges iu the luxury of slono
hruisfs, and we think there is a prolific
crop, judging from tho amount of tip
toeing we see on tho streets. The young
men pi ly base ball, and tho more aged
and sedate speculate ou presidential can
didates, but no sympathizing words for
our foreign traveler. Tho Illinois D. I),
may be the " coming man.
L. 1). C.
SECRETS OK TIIE NIHILIST ORDER.
sia (Molodaia Kossia), " Land and rrec-. all cases which aro not left to tho nrdinarr
lom," and others, all bavins a common ; courts."
sympathy and purposo with Ilerlzen.
leaving in the background many ol Ins
opinions, these societies advanced and I the great Kussian secret society is ad-
uloptod new ideas more in accordance Willi , ministered under the following mien Six
the new era which they believed they saw j members can form a separate body, or
me ilawn. 1 hese ideas were lust expressed circle, with full power to act anil receive
through two popular journals, Soverm-j new members, but only with tho greatest
tennik and P.uskoio Slowo, which were precautions. A candidate for admission
suppressed about 10 years ago by the Uus- j must be recomiueded as a trustworthy
sian govermenl, and soino of their writers i man, upon whom reliance can bo placed
sentenced to hard labor for lifo in the j under any circumstances. After saiisfac-
mincs of Siberia. Among these werojtory investigation the circle, in full mect
Czernyshcvski, who wrote the celehrated i ing, votes on tho new member. Two votes
uussian romance, t nai to un, mihuaii- against nun are siiiiicient to cause re eel on
Nihilism in Russia,
HISTORY 01' THE ORIIHN, KISE AND I'ROG
ISKSS Ol'' THE (SECRET SOCIETY- ITS TER
RORS AND ITS RESOLUTION rili;SKNT
SIZE Or THE OUO, ANIMATION ITS OATH
AND ITS riiOl'LAMATIONS.
The attempt on the life of the czar of
Knssiu, taken in connection with the re
cent assassination of Prince Krapotkine
and the attempted killing of Gen. von
Krcnteiin, attracts renewed attention to
the secret order which now keeps the peo
ple of Uussia in a stale of terrorism. A
brief sketch of the rise and progress of this
dreadful society, will, therefore, be read
wilh interest. The birth of free ideas in
Uussia dates from a few years previous to
the accession of Emperor Nicholas I , in
lK.'D, at which time a secret society was
formed under the name of " Deeabristy"
(Ueceiuberists), called after the month in
which a revolution occurred at St. Peters
burg. Citizens of St. Petersburg remem
ber that terrible day, December 19, IS:
as one of dreadful carnage. All the prin
cipal streets of the capital were red with
the blood of the victims. The principal
leaders of the secret society were Pestel,
liylicf, Piestrizuff, Koumin, Movravicff,
Anoslol. (all of whom were hanged,) Oga-
rill', Hakonnin Ilerlzen Iskander, Satin
and ToutcbkolV. Though many members
of the society were hanged and thousands
sent to Siberia by Nicholas I., many es
caped or were unsuspected, and continued
their work. Tho object of the secret or
ganization was to dethrone Nicholas I. in
order to form a constitutional government,
with Constantino Paulovitch (an elder
brother of Nicholas I.), at its head. Fol
lowers and members of the secret society
established a journal in London, called
the Kolokol (the Bell), whoso proprietor
and editor was the famous revoluionist.
Ilerlzen (Iskander), who died in Switzer
land a few years ago, an exile and under
the death sentence of his native country.
Hertzen's ideas were exalted, although he
Honielimcs carried them to extremes. Pos
sessing proud power of languago ho ac
quired much popularity and a powerful
influence over Russian youth, who received,
sect el ly read and hid his journal as some
sacred relic, believing ill Ilerlzen as in
God. Tlie most remarkable of his produc
tions published in the Kolokol were " Let
ters from This Side." They contain min
ute accounts of llio most secrctnfi'airs of the
imperial government, as well as tho czar
and his family, together with the editor's
iews and hones of the future of Uussia.
His sympathizers and agents penetrated
I in see usion ol tno liousenoius oi iiienigii
i s: circles of Kussian society as well as the
private chambers of officials. Hertzen's
chief oliieets were to bring about a repre
sentation of llio people, to sweep from the
face of mo earth every member of the
czar's family, the lillod aristocracy and
the priest, and to make an equal division
of Hie lands. Those letters contain iiiueri
vnHiahlo historical material, from the fact
that these statements are trim to the small
est details. His influence continued strong
in Uussia until 18.58.
off (a poet) and others. Tho principal
leaders of nihilism at that timo were
Czernyshevski, Mikhailoff, Anlonovitch.
DobrolubolV, Pissureff and Nietchaicff.
Switzerland gave up the last named per
son in 1870, on the demand of tho Russian
government, under accusation of being
one of the assassins of Ivanholl', a mem
ber of the nihilists, who attempted to be
tray their secrets. They had had oppor
tunity to spread their nihilistic ideas
through these journals under most favor
able circumstance as during the interval
between 18o8 and 1872 comparative free
dom of the press existed, which had never
been the ease previous to that time. On
June 7, 1872, an order was issued from the
czar giving power to tho minister of the
interior lo punish any undue freedom of
the press. Since then there has been
nothing but persecution. Tho above men
(except Xietchaicfl) were well known and
distinguished writers, exercising a power
ful iiitlueneo in the conversion of the opin
ion of the Kussian youth.
REVOLT OK THE WOMEN.
Tho sympathies of the women were so
far engaged that they became willing to
make great sacrifices to show their total
disregard of the existing customs of society.
They cut off their long hair, and many en
lered professions. Many studied successful'-,
and became doctors of medicine.
As such stand prominent llin names of
Sousleva, Taganlzuva and Pavlova. Fol
lowing recklessly the examples of men,
they affected contempt for the mero cere
mony of marriage, and entered into the re
lation of wife without tho performance of
the legal lormalities, declaring their inten
tion of renouncing every timeworn custom
as a trammel upon tho freedom of thought
and action. They ridiculed the old notions
of their parents, pronouncing them
" Ol.itnloi.n They declared that they were
no longer satisfied to be only well dressed
dolls, wilh painted faces, but demanded
rights which men enjoyed, and tho same
opportunities of knowledge; to have posi
tion every where, and to be useful members
of society. " We shall resist our oppress
ors as enemies to tho improvement and
progro-s of women." Tourganicff, in his
novel of" Fathers ami Sons," attempted a
contrast of the old and new generations,
struggling for the defence of their respec
tive opinions, ilut this story does not by
any means afford a comprehension of the
subject. It required a more powerful hand
to represent faithfully the shadows and
lights of the past and the present of the
social and political lifo of tho Kussian
Following this work appeared a series of
letters liy Uknerouzam, (Autovitch), pub
lished in the journal (Huchctki (18(il)under
the title " Confessions of a New Genera
tion in Uussia," seemingly prepared for
llio pnrjioEo .if kIioivmij lioir little Tom-
ganleff really understood and how poorly
he had portrayed the true picture of the
direction and progress among the liberal
men of this country, lie applied to these
rcpiesentatives of new ideas tho name
nihilists (from tho Latin word nihil, noth
ing), conveying the idea that they believe
in nothing, and from that timo the name
has been retained and applied. There ex
isted, and still exisls, even in private life
a terrible struggle between the old anil
new representatives. Children adopting
the new ideas go lo the extreiuo!and disre
gard all respect or regard for tho old order
of things. They hold in contempt their
parents, who retain cherished beliefs, and
consequently the most bitter enmity often
exists among those of the closest lies of re
lationship. Czeneyshevski, in " What to
Do, presents with great cleverness his
opinion of the young generation of Uussia.
Irom 18,0 the nihilists began to take de
cided and important action. The young
men spread themselves through the differ
ent provinces, propagating tho new ideas
inioiig the peasantry, presenting them
with books and instigating them to revolu
lion. 1 oung ladies, even of the highest
ranks of society, dressed themselves as
peasants and sought menial employments
that they might Instruct others in their pe
culiar views. Toinhovskole, a wealthy
princess, ami moving iu court circles, was
liscovered among peasant wasner-women,
with a like object. In tho schools the
young girls nearly all pecamo converts,
and no restrictions, no persecutions have
been able to arrest the rapid growth of
uuo may oe, u ine opposing mcmiier can
support his opposition by undoubted evi
dences of disqualification. A newly cho
sen member is iuvilcd to a meeting of the
circle, where ho must take tho following
solemn obligation or oath:
" I. A. B., do solemnly, before the altar
of my mother country, promi-o and swear
that I will never disclose, under penalty of
ucatii, any ol i no secrets i it the Kussian
national secret society ' before any agent of
tno tyrannical Kussian government, hav
ing the cz-ir at its head, or any one whom
I do not actually know to be a member of
this society j that I will sacrifice iny lift
anil all that is sacred to me in the slrng
gle agaiust the bloodthirsty tyrants and
oppressors of the Kussian people; that I
will obey and execute every unanimous de
cision of llio circle without hesitation, lur
ing ready to sacrifice my life anil regard
less of any personal danger I may encoiin
ter in so doing. 1 know ill it I must be
ready to light in the name of the liberty of
the Russian peoplo whi n tho moment of
rising shall arrive and tho grand sign be
given railing all to anus. I do solemnly
swear that I will resist, in cane of an at
tempt to arrest me or any other member of
the society by the government ug. nts.wilh
whatever weapon is at my disposal at the
moment, without fear or regard for per
sonal consequences, that 1 will not recom
mend any new member without the knowl
edge that he is a true friend of the op
pressed Russian piople; that from the
moment I become a member of this ' Se
cret Russian Society' 1 regard myself as a
sworn enemy of the Russian despotical
government and begin to nut against it by
every means I can command."
HOW THEV MLLTIl'I.V.
W hen a circle reaches tho number of
(10 it is subdivided into ten circles of six
each, so that if discovered by the police
only six persons will sillier arrest. Into
theso circles, which meet ostensibly only
for social purposes, gathering about the
somaiwor as in the enjoyment of friendly
hospitality, it is sought to draw members
lrom every class ol society military of
ficers of every rank, common soldiers, the
middle classes and peasantry. Very few
priests find favor enough to bo admitted.
1 lie system is similar to that which existed
among the Italians before they gained
their freedom. It is the passion of the day
and tho dreadful mystery which envelops
the order adds to the fascination. Every
member according to his means, makes
weekly or monthly payments to the treas
urer. Money is used lor llio purchase of
arms, tne propagation ot treo ideas among
tho peasants each circle sending an
armed agent on this errand. Many wo
men belong to theso circles, In every
town and large village of Uussia there are
so many circles, that had the government
a true conception ol the extent of their
number it woiil.l lo ovun. i.iovo Riioitsly
Harmed man it is.
Besides this there are 1 1,000,000 of the
so-called old faith men (Starovier.) They
arc divided into various sects, amongst
whom exists most dangerous elements.
1 hey employ agents who go from village
to village spreading their failh and declar
ing that the czar and his family aro agent:
of the devil. They endure every form of
persecution, and in the event of a general
uprising of the people could be counted
on as firm friends of the nihili-ls. They
are scattered from Astrakhan to the w lute
sea. but aro more numerous about the
Volga river. Tho Starovier arc all able
to read and write and are liberal in their
ideas, having iiiucti sympathy with peas
ants, lhero are multitudes of Poles
among theso circles wailing for the prom
ised uprising to recognize their opportu
nity for freedom. No oppression, no
knouts or chains in Siberia can stay ihe
progress of events which hastens the
fierce death struggle which w ill bo made
for freedom of press and opinion in Uus
I'ui-U.nireil amid a world of change.
It stand, with atubborn kinilneM faat,
Whi-u uatnrlit from memory cah estrange
A landmark of the precloua iasti
Where shade was KiUKht, and timewaa lost.
And noshes met tochat awhile.
And many a step, now silent, crouod
The ancient grass-grown stile.
Tliinnod in the rraad old wood endeared.
Trimmed the low hotUe that ramrej irre
The brook' wild luuks precisely sheafed.
And ev,m the bridge th-U spans it newt
A newer path winds in and out
ThruiiKh luauy a reeu and leafy mile.
And in ikt-s a s.udied swerve to Auut
The p xir old grass-grown stile.
Uut still the shadows come and go,
Ami forest-scents are softly blown.
Aud flowering creepers to and fro
Swing, pendulous, o'er the steps of stone;
Tn the brook's briuk. with thirsty baste.
The lou white-throated sunbeams file.
Yet falter ere the wavelthoy taste
llolow tho grass-grown stile.
Hero pl-ms folk ou Sabbaths mot,
A-loiierluir on their way from church;
The schoolboy here his satchel set,
Mindless aLike of book or birch;
Am', here the swa'U forgot to sing,
And rhymes forsook for Jest and smile.
An ths blithe milkmaid, caroling.
Tripp'd o'or the grass-grown stile.
And h;ire fond lovers made their tryst,
To lint the tale, forever new.
And mingled sighs, the while they kissed.
And blessed the sweet stolen interview;
Until, as minutes lapsed to hours.
And rosier grew tho impasiioued smile.
It B-.-eiUed so altar, strewn with flowers.
The dear old grass-growu stile.
All silent now, and lorn aud gray.
No more is heard tho rustic's rhyme,'
Nor lover's souud.nor roundelay,
Nor any step save that of Time,
Whose haunting foot no prayer could stay.
Nor any taloot love beguile,
As, hour by hour, and day by day.
He, too, passed o'er the stilo.
WHAT IS I.IFEf
BY MIIS. A. M. MUNSTER.
" What is Life?"-Fond Youth replied,
" 'Tis u suutit sea, with a flowing tide,
Win-re tho waves are bright as the skies above.
And the bark is guided by Hope aud Love;
While the soug of birds, and the breath of flowers.
Make glad the flight of tho golden holirB."
" What is Life?"-Stern Manhood said,
" '1'is a grave where early hopes He dead,
A tomb with fuded garlands deck'd,
While the sad deep kuell of bygone time
Peals on the soul like a funeral chime."
" What is LifeV"01d Age drew noar,
Willi tottering limbs, and snow-white hair,
And said, " ' 1'is a Journey drear aud cold.
Where death full oft doth spare the old,
To wander iilouo from day to day,
When all they loved havo passed away."
" What is Llfo?"-A small, still voice,
replying, mado my heart rejoice:
" 'Tis tho night before that glorious day
When doubts and fears shall pass away,
Aud the tears of tho mouruers shall fall no moro,
Iu the culm reposo of the heavouly shore."
, Am Engineer's Need ok Nerve. Un- Various Mooes or Bleaching Cot-
' ....... ..... ... .. i r, : - n noni.i;ai....l r.,f l,n
questionably tno bravest men in America ioj-i. it owuiiiicu i
are those who stand upon tho foot-boards cotton cloth that is bleached by chemical
of the locomotives which draw the fast processes before it goes into tho market
express trains. But few persons aro does not wear as well as that which is un
aware ot it, but on the leailing railways, nieaeneu, ami is very uaoiu in nun to
where connections must bo mado if possi- turn yollow ; also it is very much harder
I hie, only engineers known to be bravo and to sew upon. I have for sonio years used
i daring arc given engines on express trains, j llio unbleached in preference. Sheets and
and as soon as an engineer shows tin pillow eases can no maue up lar quicker
least timidity about running fast he is ; before cotton has been wet. and allowance
j taken from his engine and given ono on a can lie made for shrinking; indeed, any
frienlit train to run. To such cases have garment, can oo maue u tins item h oorne
orcurred recently on Indianapolis roads, j in mind. Make a good suds of soft water
Railroad officers state that the first sign and lye soap, if you havo it; put the cot-
that an engineer is becoming timid is that ton cloth in cold sails ana Dt'ing it to a
ho will be livo toten minutes late, possibly
a half hour for some days and nights in
succession. He is then called to an ac
count, and unless his reasons are convinc
ing, another engineer is given his engine
to run for a few limes, and should he
bring iho train in promptly on time, the
first named engineer gets a fioight train
to run until he braces up. It is stated,
however, that after an engineer allows his
timidity lo get a fair hold he seldom so far
ovorcomes it as to have the bravery to
step on to an express train engino and run
it at the speed necessary to make tho lime.
Quite recently, an engineer on one of the
roads running west from hero got an im
pression that some accident was to happen
to him, and one night when running a fast
express, ho constantly lost time. At the
first station where tho train stopped the
conductor berated him for running so
slow. The engineer actually shed tears,
and owned that fears had overcome him,
and that lie dare not run fast, and at his
own request an engineer of a freight
train which stood at this meeting point
was given the train to run through that
nioht. tho conductor telegraphing ihe
train-master, asking that the request be
granted. Tho timid engineer has since
run a freight on tho road.
Poor Richard's Sayings.
ANNOTATIONS II V
THE LORD DUN-
STRENGTH Of THE MOVEMENT.
The result must finally bo terrible
bloodshed, such as has never been sur
passed iu Ihe history of mankind. Such a
sacrifice of the educated portion of the
Uiis-ian youth will have its effect for all
future time on the history and progress of
the nation. Already there is organized a
secret government by the society for gen
eral freedom. The present strength of the
movement may be judged from the follow
ing facts: From Si. Petersburg, it was
announced, under dato of September 14,
that, in consequence of an attempt to as
sassinate Gens. Mazenlzoff and Markaog,
the local police are iu search of the secret
government, which calls itself " The So
ciety for the i reeilom of Russians,' and
has branches in every province of llio em
pire. Tho funds of the Geneva committee
for the aid of political criminals are already
wholly transferred to Moscow. Iu the
city of Rostov, recently, a spy named Ni-
konoll was assassinated lor revealing a lew
of the nihilists or socialists lo tho police.
The " society " issued a proclamotion in
which it openly avowed its armed organ
ization, and that tho sentence of death had
been passed on all spies. These declara
tions caused a panic in St. Petersburg
iinong the agents of the police. The fol
lowing order of the czar was issued under
date of August 21, 1878:
In tho frequency of late of political
crimes, having llio character oi clear uis-
obedience to the powers of the government,
his imperial majesty recognizes a ring of
secret criminals, who under tho influence
of social. revolutionary and other theories,
would destroy the whole constitution of
the stale. These criminals, refusing to
recognize tho necessity of social order, tho
rights of property, the saercilnoss oi mat
rimonial ties, or even faitli in God, do not
hesitate to employ any means, however in
famous, in carrying out their plots. They
boldly attempt the most hoinous crimes,
thev destroy the public pcaco and endanger
the power of the stale tho sacred duty of
which is to defend society and counteract
criminal purposes. The constant repeti
tion of lliese unhoard-of crimes demands
the immediate institution of such measures
as will inflict the most severe punishment.
For I hat reason we order that all above
mentioned criminal cases bo tried under
tho jurisdiction of tho military courts, and
punishment be enforced according to the
criminal code. We order all such above,
mentioned persons, charged with armed
resistance to iho powers of government or
THE LAST ASSASSINATION.
Tho recent assassination of Prince
Krapotkine, governor of KharkolV, by the
Nihilists, is loo well remembered to re
quire extended notice. Prince Krapot
kine attended " Ihe ball of tho daughters
of tho nobility," in Kharkol)'. Ho was
returning from the festivity at about 11
o'clock, and had almost reached tho gov
ernment house in his e image, when in
rounding a street corner, he was shot
with a revolver by some person who ap
parently, had stepped up on tho step of
Iho carriage in order to take deliberate
aim. The prince died from tho wound
in a few hours. The remarkable feature
about the murder was the proclamation
posted throughout the empire a few days
after. It read as follows: " The Rus
sian socialist revolutionary party has dis
posed of ono of its deadliest enemies
one of Ihe most inhuman jailers of iis con
demned and imprisoned brethren. On
the 9th of February, Prince Krapotkine,
the governor ot Ivuai koll was killed with
revolver. 1 his execution was carried out
by the Russian socialist reuolutionary or
ganization, which is also responsible for
all the executions in 1878. As on the last
occasion, that organization begs to lay bo
fore the public frankly and sincerely the
reasons that havo compelled it to have
further recourso to the revolver. Krapot
kine had committed the following crimes:
"1. At the end of last year he sanc
tioned ami ordered tho barbarous treat
ment to which political prisoners were sub
iected in tho prison of Kharkofl.
2. He falsely reported to tho minister
of the interior, on tho subject of tho
last distrrbanees at tho universii v of Khar
koff, that the polico had been attacked by
the students, whereas in reality it was the
latter who, by Ins own orders, had hrst
been Hogged with Cossock whips.
3 He is directly responsible for the
atrocious and barbarous treatment of po
litical prisoners at llorisogiobsk, and lib
name is intimately connected with Ihe
history of Iho Central prison in that town
where ho was guilty of tho following
acts: iho barbanous treatment of the
Russian prisoners is then specified at, great
length. Such are the crimes committed
" Such are tho causes and considerations
that havo compelled the Russian socialists
party to sentence one of its enemies to
death. Death for death, execution for ex
ecution, terror for terror. This is our
answer to the threats tho persecutions and
the oppression of tho government. Should
the latter persevere in its old course, the
bodies of Heyking and Mesentzoff will not
have turned lo dust before the government
will hear from us again." Seio York
" Mv dear," said a gentleman to Ids
wife, ' our olub is going to havo all the
home comforts." " Indoed," replied tho
chaf'ed with atleinpting to resist military wife, " and when, pray, is our homo lo
Tho boldness nnd fascination of his writ-J or polico agents during the the perform-' havo all the club comforts?"
A fellah once lold mo that nuother fel
lah wrote a book be lore ho was born I
mean before tho first fellah was born (of
course the fellah who woto it must have
been born, else, how could he havo written
it?) that is a long timo ago to pwove
that a whole lot of pwoverbs and things
that fellahs aro in tho habit of quoting
wero all nonsense.
I should vewy much like to get that
book. I I think if I could got it at one of
thoso spherical no globular no, thats
not tlin word circle circular yes, that's
it rrrrtlttrino liliwawies f I knew It was
mnuiluiKj that went wound) I think if I
could just bowow that book from a circu
lating libwawy, I'd yes, upon my word,
now I'd twy and wead it. A doothed
good sort of a book that, I'm sure. I I
always (ii'iihato pwoverbs. In tho first
place, they they're so howwibly confus
ing I always mix 'em up together,
somehow, when I twy to weniember them.
And, besides, if evewy fellah was to wcg
ulate his life by a lot of pwoverbs, what
what a bealhly sort of a life ho would
lead! a more uncomfortable set of mak
thims you never wead. For instance,
there was ' Early to bed and early to rise
makes a fellah healthy, and wealthy, and
wisu." I don't believe a word of that,
11 tell you why. To begin with
healthy." When Sam anil I wero chil-
Ircn wo were all packed off to bod about
eight or nine o'clock just when a fellah
lit to be dining and had to get up at
six or seven quite the middle of the night,
yon know and pway, did mat keep us
iieallhy. On the conlwawy, we were al
ways getting meathles, or whooping
cough, or vaccinathion, or some bowwid
complaint or other. As for mental im-
pwoveiiient, U s not tho slightest use in
Iml way, for I Iwied it at Oxford, when
ill the men of my time were sitting up
treading for modewations, with wet towels
wound their heads, and dwinking gween
lea I I went to bed I did and what
was tho consequence? I don't mind telling
yon now hut I 1 was plucked.
And then anout " wealthy." J.ook at
my liwottier Sam. lie useu to oo out
shooting vaoy early, Pin sure, when he
was home and you know lie s not over
ich just now. That weminds me ho
he bowwowed a couple of ponies of mo
just before he loll Lngland, anil stwango
lo say ,'ius lorgotlen all aoout it sinco.
But.I never could niako Sam out. He s
such a doolhid ineonthequcntial fellah
But there's ono vewy nothcntliical pwov-
crb which says, " A bird in the hand is
worth two in llio misn. iti-ttio man who
invented that pwoverb must have been a
b-born idiot. How tho doolh can he t-tell
tho wclalive v-valuo of poultry in that
pwomithciious manner? Suppothe I've got
a wobbin-wed-hwest in my band (I nearly
had the other morning but ho Hew away,
confound him!) well, suppotho the two
birds in tho bush are a b-hwaee of part
widges you you don't mean to tell me
that that wobbin-wed-bwest would fetch
as much as a bwaee of partwidgos? Ab
Ihurd! P-poor Wiehard can't gammon me
in thai sort of way.
This eccentric old party then goes on to
say, that "Thoso who live in glass houses
shouldn't throw stones." Now, consider
ing what a very small pwoportion of peo
plo occupy tenements of this descwiption,
I should have thought the best thing to say
would havo been, " Thoso who d don't
live in glass houses shouldn't throw
stones." I-I'm sure it would have em
bwaeed a gweater n-numher of the com
munity p-partioulnrly th-thoso little
b-blackcuards in the stwoots, who can
never even havo boon in a glass liouso in
their lives, and yet are always saying
things about, b-boathly balls that hit you
mil then webound back in a mystewious
sort of way into their hands playing at
l lip-cat a liowwul kind ol game, in
which a fellah strikes a bit of wood on
tho ground that flies up into tho air, and
and and il it doesn t hit you, he wins
that is he gots it back again and if if it
doct hit you, you lose that is, you lose
your temper at least I know i'do.
Let mo see th-thcre's something about
money that Poor Wiehard says oh, I we
niember: " If you would know tho value
of money, twy lo bowwoy some." By
Jove! yes ho-he's wite there he's wito at
last. Poor Wiehard is. (If he'd been Wich
Wiehard he wouldn't have hit that off so
well.) Yes: if you would know the value
of money, twy to bowwow some. Vowy
twuo and I'll toll you another thing:
when you've found out how valuable it is,
ha! ha! never lend il. Th-that'srny mak
thini. You soo I'm th-thiuking of bwother
Sam and th-those unfortunate ponies."
I d-don't suppothe I shall see them, or
S-Sam, again for a long time,
Reuaisle Weather Proi'HET. One
Adobe Martin, son of Asa Martin the old
time weather prophet of Remsen, predicts
strange things fir our coiintiy. lie fore
told tho weather over a year ago with
great accuracy, and this week agreed
perfeotly with" his prophecies so'Jar. He
belongs 10 no CUUICII, uui oencvca uiiino
itly iii the direct working of the hand of
God in tho affairs of men. lie says the
mild winter, following the abundant har
vests of 1877, was intended to leacli
mankind that God wished them to enjoy
happiness, and that His good gifts were
always bestowed with a bounteous hand,
if they only chooso to accept; that the
continued abundant harvests of the past
summer were to show a continued mind
fulness for our wants. Ihe terrible storms
which we now endure are to show us that
continued prosperity is not the lot of man.
We are to experienco next summer tne
most unprecedented largo crops for har
vests which wero ever known in the United
Slates. This is lo be followed by a winter
even more severe than this. A late, cold
spring follows in 1880, crops are to bo cut
off by frost, destroyed by drought; grass
hoppers, bugs and injects will Devastate
the west, and the prices of grain and
nroduco of all kinds will bo enormous.
Wars in Europe will nrevent aid from that
quarter. Men with small capitals will
accumulate millions by speculation in tho
necessities of the times, while starvation
and bread riots will be of daily occurrence.
This is to last for two years, when pros-
nnritv will once more dawn upon us. In
tho mist Mr. Martin has prophesied many
things correctly. What ibis will amount
to remains to bo developed. fii'ca Ilcjiitb
boil : then lake tho cloth or garment out
and when cool spread it on the grass.
Have a tub of suds close by, so as to dip
the goods in each day. In three days they
will be bleached to a snow whiteness, and
keep white till worn out. This is the way
our grandmothers bleached their marvel
ous webs of linen damask, and it is too
good a praciice to bo forgotten or go out
of use. When the apple trees are in bloom
spread out garments that have turned yel
low, after boiling in suds, an 1 they will be
cleansed white as snow.
2. Tho cause of cotton goods turning
yellow is darkness. If you exposo them
often to sunlight they will not turn yellow.
When they become yellow you may
bleach them by exposure in a room tilled
with chlorine vapor, or what may be bet
ter and safer, with ozone. The best thing,
parhaps, is not to keep your cotton goo !s
loo long in confined, dark places, but to
ventilate them often, and let sun or at least
daylight act on them.
3. To take yellow out of old cotton,
scald sour milk until tho curd and whey
separate; then strain, and soak cloth in
the whey. A week will bo long enough,
un ess verv bad. t urn every nay, so me
mould will not settle on tho cloth, and
wash and boll as usual.
1. For thirty yards of yard-wide mus
lin, allow one and one-half pounds ol
limo. Put the lime in a bag, and dissolve
it in water sufficient to cover the muslin.
Boil the muslin well before putting it in
this solution. After the muslin has become
white enough, remove it from tho lime
water and rinso thoroughly.
" I am going home." a schoolboy said.
As he left his tasks at school,
' To the cottage white on yonder street.
Where homo's bright circle is still ccmplete.
With love for its golden rule."
' I am going home." a captain said.
As his ship sped o'er the sea,
" To the lone farm-hou-ie ou the old hill. side:
To the village belle, my promised bride.
Now watching and waiting for me."
" I am going home," a merchant said.
Whose carriage rolled up the street.
" To the ' marble front ' on yonder square;
To my lovely wife, so proud aud fair.
And my daughters fair and sweet."
" I am going home," a woodman said.
As he left his fallen tree,
" To the humble c it on yonder hill.
Where life flows on like a gentle rill.
With those who are dear to me."
" I am going home." a sold itr said,
As he left the battle plain,
" To a peaceful farm in a northern stale,
Where loving ones my coming awail.
To welcome ine bark ayatu."
" I am going home," a Christian s.ii-1.
Ashislifowas well-uiL-h o'er.
" To my Father's housj by tho crystal svi,
For the crown and tho robe there wattia-f f;r
And shall wear them forever more."
- IC'icto ,'t y M'tti K'
An Ohio tramp left a lady a lock of his
hair. Il was pulled out by the servant as
the fellow was climbing out of a window.
How a Toad Undresses A gentleman
sends to an agricultural paper an amusing
description ol "How a load lakes tilt
His Coat and Pants." He says he has seen
ono do it, and a Iriend has seen another do
Iho same thing in the same way:
" About the middle of July I found
toad on a hill of melons, and not wanting
him to leave. I hoed around lum. lie ap
peared sluggish and ni t inclined to move.
Presently I observed him pressing his el
bows against his sides and rubbing down
ward. He appeared so singular that 1
watched to see what ho was up to. After
a few smart rubs his skin began to burst
mien st.rai"-lit alons' his luck. Now, sa'ni
I, u1 fellow, you have done it; but he
appeared lo be unconcerned, and kept on
rubbing until he had worked all his rkin
into folds on his sides and hips; then
grasping one hind leg with both his hands,
ho hauled oil ono leg 01 ins pants um
same as anybody would, then stripped tile
other hind leg in the same way. lie then
took his cast-off cuticlo forward between
his forelegs into his mouth and swallowed
it; then by raising and lowering his head,
swallowing as his head came duivn, he
stripped off the skiu underneath until il
came to his forelegs, and then grasping
ono of these with the opposite hand, by
considerable pulling, stripped off the skin ;
changing hands, he stripped the other,
and by "a slight motion of thu head,
and all the while swallowing, he drew it
from the neck and swallowed the whole.
Tho operation seemed an agreeable one
and occupied but a slurt time."
An Extraordinary Story. An extra
ordinary slory comes from a Russian cor
respondent at Odessa, lie says: There
exists under tho authority of Russia a
funeral island, situated in the neighbor
hood of Archangel, on tho Volga. The
Kalmucks convey their sick there, and as
soon as a member of a family becomes ill
be is shipped to llio island, so great is the
dread lesl his disease may be communicat
ed to the other members of tho household.
If. in an exceptional instance, the poor
fellow gels well again he is none the less
loomed, for he is fated to die of starvation
on this dismal island. On reaching the
shores ono is overpowered by tho offensive
smell. Myriads of flies are seen rising in
swarms from this charnal place, and
thousands of birds take to flight. Ihe
ground is strewn with corpses and skele
tons. In March, when the river throws
off its icy fetters, its waters rise and Hood
the island, carrying away into the waves
of the Caspian "all those human remains.
-,M C....... lid. n.l in n l'onnlotrict
XUCSU lacis Ills lauiiauiiu i" uni..,..,v
, 1 ... U I .1
ot'ian Ly a naruy corresoonueui, wuo iiu.ii
the courage to visit this Kalmuck necrop
olis, lie asked if no authority or law
existed in the place. "The law," he was
told "was tho naqaika, or knout, with
which fifteen or twenty strokes are given
on tho backs of the Kalmucks when they
rebel against the will of the men in
power," and as theso peoplo are, in sum
mer, ll..Uod to tho -waist, tUo tnak is no
difficult one. If it so happens that some
high functionary wanders so far as Astra
khan, vou may bo quite sure that if he has
ever heard of tho island he will not ask to
bo taken there.
Don't he Proud. It will never do to
think too highly of yourself, or to imagine
that you havo some special claim on the
respect of man because of your ancestry.
The world, which loved your father be
cause it had good reason to, will instinc
tively, for a while at least, lift its hat to
your father's son, too; but unless you are
tho worthy son of your father it will soon
learn to stand in jour presence covered,
and oven defiant. Therefore do not look
down on people as though Ihey were
nothing, and wilh tho feeling that you
were made from a different kind of clay.
For centuries a moreeau has been lliating
on the surface of Hebrew literal lire to the
following effect : A copper penny and a
gold com were once lying side by side on
a shelf in a mint. The gold col" 'aid
scornfully, " Liule penny, get out of my
way. You are intended for poor nc".
while I am the coin that kings use. 1 he
penny moved away to the other end of the
shel , simply murmuring, "Yon cannot
always tell what desliny may have in
After a while a stingy miser came,
bought the gold coin and buried it in the
earth for safe keeping. The penny was
o-ivon lo a Door man whose brother had
hist been sold as a slave. He went to the
J .. iti.i -,i. i.:... r... 1.:
sultan and pieaueu wan nun mi m
brother's liberty, promising to give his life
and all ho had. if only his brother could
be saved. " Your life and all that you
have?" said tho sultan. Then the poor
man drew llio penny, tno origin, new
penny forth, and answered, "this is all I
have in tho world. I will willingly Rive
you that and my life, and my gratitude
beside." Tho sultan's heart was touched,
he took tho little coin, nnd said, "Your
brother shall bo saved, and I will wear
this penny on a golden chain upon my
breast in token of tho great love which
hinds a brother to a brother." So the
nroiiil cold coin, was hidden in earth and
lost, while the copper penny adorned the
breast of a sultan. It is better not to be
overbearing and proud of your birth, for
you can never predict tho circumstances
by which you may bo surrounueu.
Some one overheard David Davis pray
the other night. The burden of his prayer
was: "OLord, derrick ine back on the
fence. Burlinylm Ifimkeije."
A story is lold of two Englishmen
who started from Denver, Col., for a walk
to the mountains, before breakfast, an ap
parently easy task, as the mountains did
not appear more than a mile or so away.
After walking for an hour tvi'hout set EV-g
to have made any progress toward the de
sired goal, one of them beanie uis
couraged, and concluded to return for his
breakfast; afiern.tr-, be took a carriage
and went hi search of bis friend, w hom
he found on the haul; of a small ditch, en
gaged in removing his boots. His friend
inquif 1 " hat h" iv'."ndeil to do.-" if re
' 'o wade the ditch. His iVic ! said
there was no necessity for that, as it was
less ''.an thr.' fet acros-, ,.,el he could
e isily j.imp it. " You can't tell anything
about h :n this country, -: uled Ihe
othi . " it may be three hnndi'i 'i luci
across M'ght I know." i':' morning
to extend about tu'teen miio
before he reached the foot !!'!
A Toledo Lawyer's Adven ruiir.. -A
prominent and dignified tt'tornoy who
iives on a certain avenue a short distant
from Adams street, while eating hi: break-fa-l
a few mornings since, saw a cow pass
in front r.f un; house which Very much
reset-.-.V.cii tin; animal that, supplied th"
milk for his own Undo. He thought it
was his cow, am! as old bnnule has a
habit of fiirgelMng to come home when she
escapes lo iho green pastures wiucn sur
round the city, the a'.tornci left his half
lit"' :''"'l broaf.f.'.r.t and without hat and
in slippers gave chase to tiie auiniai. It
was a close race between lim dignified
attorney liw u..i cow, an 1 it is hard lo
tell which retained the most dignity. She
made good time ami so did the attorney.
At last, however, after a but chase of thr'ai
blocks be caught !:. and led her back in
triumph lo the barn. Wh" was 'u'h ''is-o-ust
lo discover lhero his own cow quietly
feeding from the trough. He returned l i
the house, and when the small boy, cull a
twinkle in his eye, asked if he "caughted
her," he was savagely ordered lo .i and
get his father's boots and not ask questions.
lh:w as a Weather Skin. Dew is
sicnofline weather, and is never seen
except under a cloudless sky. Wind and
clouds are sure preventive of dew, from
llio simple reason that clouds are able to
retain sonio of tho solar heat; and, as they
can irive forth warmth, tho raidiation from
the earth is checked, nnd a warmer tem
perature preserved. Wind evaporates the
moisture as fat as it appears; and if the
wind is westerly, lhero is little new or
cloud to be seen. Iho contrary is ob
served with easterly wind, but a west
wind blows over a vast expanse ot land,
and having lost its vapor, dries up any
moisture it mav come across ; whereas an
east wind, crossiug the Atlantic, is full of
vapor, and sheds dew on all sides. These
remarks, of course apply chiefly to par
ticular localities, but tho influence of a
west wind may bo seen In tho spring.
Dew is more copiously deposited in spring
and aulumn than in summer, as thero is
usually a great difference in thoso seasons
between thotem)craturo of day and night;
in tho spring, however, thero is a small
deposit of dew when a wost wind prevails ;
but in autumn, during tho soft influence
of south and east winds, tho earth is cov
ered with moisture. It has also been
observod that there is a greater formation
of dew between sunset and midnight.
Intelligence of a Bullock. An
Australian paper relates tho following
striking instance of brulo intelligence,
which occurred not long ago near Nairue
township, in South Australia. A very
largo bullock injured his eye. whon un
yoked from the dray, by a chain, tho hook
of which lacerated tho eye. After a few
days had passed, the eye became seriously
inflamed, and it was thought advisable to
get him into tho stockyard and cast him
fin- the purpose of dressing the wound.
This was dune by ropes being attached to
his legs, but it was found of no avail,
from file strength of the animal, for as
soon as they attempted to throw him he
lifted his leg and pulled tho men to the
ground. As a last resource they put his
head in the bail, a contrivance frequently
used in that country for securing animals,
by getting llieir nocks between two up
right liars of wood, one of which is move
able at pleasure. Having thus succeeded
in sei'iirino- him. thev dressed his eye with
blue stone. The men then unbailed the
bullock and immediately rushed out of tho
slnekvard. thinking the animal would be
infuriated with pain and expecting to be
attacked, instead of which tho poor suffer
er walked off quietly to tho shade of a
largo gum tree, and on tho following
morning, much to tho astonishment of its
owner and all who witnessed it, the
bullock walked up to the stockyard of his
, , 1 1 Ll . 1 1 1 llin
own accord, anil piaceu uis nuau m mo
bail to havo ihe eye dressed ; and this ho
repeated every day until the eye was quite
A Curiosity of the Revolution.
Lord Cornwallis, whoso " Corn," the old
negro said, " Massa Washington shelled
ofiind made him Cobwallis," was given
leave to go homo after his great surrender
subject to recall, on his bond of honor, at
anv timo Washington wanted him. In
stead of wauling auy thing mote, however,
of the beaten British commander, wasn-ino-ton
was very glad to get lid of him.
Tho following is a copy of tho parole of
Lord Cornwallis, which was given mm
after ho surrendered at Yorktown, on the
19th of October, 1781. Ihe original copy
was Durchaseil, not long sinco, by tho
state of Massachusetts, from sonio one in
New York, and has been placed in the
state library, for exhibition.
" I. Charles Earl Cornwallis, Lieulen-
nnt-Gononil and Commander of his Brit
tanic Majesty's forces.do acknowledge my
self a prisoner of war to the United Slates
of America, and, Having permission n oui
his Excellency, General Washington,
agreeable to capitulation, to proceed to
New York nnd Charleston, or euner, aim
to Europe, do pledge my faith and word
of honor, that I will not do or say any
thing injurious to the said United States
or armies thereof or their allies, until duly
exchanged; I do further promiso that
whenever required by tho Commander-in-Chief
of tho American Army, or the
Commissary of tho prisoners for thu same,
I will repair to such place or places as
they or either of them may require.
Given under my band at Yorktown, the
28th day of October, 1781.
Old-Time Anecdote. Hallo, you man
with the pail and frock, can you inform
me whether .his honor tho governor of
Vermont lives herci' said a liritijU omccr,
as he brought his fiery horse to a stand in
front of Governor Chittenden's dwelling.
Ho does, was tho response of tho man,
still wending his way to tho pig-sty.
Is his honor at home? continued tho
man of tho spurs.
Most certainly, replied the frock.
Take my horse by the bit, then, said tho
officer. I have business to transact with
Without a second bidding, tho man did
as requested, and tho olliccr alighted and
made his wav to the door, and gavo tho
panel several hearty raps witli the butt of
his whip for he knew that in those days
of republican simplicity, knockers and
bolls, like servants, wero in but little use.
Tho good dame answered tho summons in
person ; and having seated the officer and
ascertained his desire to see the governor,
departed to inform her husband of tho
guest's arrival; but on ascertaining that
the officer had made a hitching-post of her
husband, she immediately informed him
that her husband was engaged in tho
yard, and could not very well wait upon
him and his horse at the same time. Tho
predicament of the ollioer can be better
imagined than described.
On. Vint tmk Past!" Au aged cler
gyman writes: " Tho pulpit is not what
it was when I was a boy. Sermons weie
I linn lirnaelllid which I WOllld give half the
little I mvsanna to hoar again. Oh! It is
sad to witness tho degeneracy of these
later days!" Much more follows in tho
mimn strain: but all this is not criticism.
More complaining and scolding, railing at
the age, tlo no good. Such writors would
spond thoir timo to much moro profit, were
il.ey to nnalyzo some representative ser
mons of tho past and others of to-day. and
show wherein this superiority consists.
Thero Is a lilmy exaggeration in years
which plays tricks with our judgment.
lit. hut that close analysis
will provo that never in the history of tho
church has Iho average pulpit or dory
been highor than it is to day. Tho world
is smir mil tn enmnhlin ot UlO preSOIlt, linil
look biekward for its golden age. A
fti-peem nuns nvni-heill'd the remark, " I his
age is degenerate." "Yos." said ho,"lhat
must lie true, for my grandfather told mo
thst when he was a boy he often heard his
grandfather say the same thing." Ilomi
Iliiiil Heeled Shoes. I once saw a
vouno; man who was hopelessly lame
from the effects of wearing tight boots
Unsaid: " I would wear tight boots ; a
tumor came upon my foot, I had the best
medical attention, but it proved to bo
incurable. At length, to save my lifo,
when mortification showed itself my phy
sician said tho foot must bo amputated
above llio heel. Think of my sorrow at
tho very thought of losing my loot but I
had to submit, anil now l am wnar, you
see me, a poor cripple all from pride.
,V few words must oo auueu upan ine
injurious effects of high heeled shoes. The
remarks I am about to make deserve to
bo seriously considered. Tho present
fashion is to have tho lieel ol tno oooc not
only high, but narrow and inclined for
ward, so mat tne instance oeiween inn
heel and point of the foot appears to bo
smaller than it really is. Tho effect of
ibis is to remove the weight of the
body from its natural support, tho toes
instead of the heel first touch the ground,
heneo often aeuto pain in tho sole of tho
foot, and injuries to the anterior joints.
Grave constitutional troubles are not un
frequently tho result of persistence in this
ridiculous fashion. A word to tho wise is
Exercise. A great deal depends upon
tho time chosen for needtul exercise.
When it is properly conducted, tho etiect
on tne uigestive system is veij iw;u-
The appelito is increased, and more lood
is taken in order to supply force necessary
for the maintenance ol tho nieciianieai
force. This increase of appelito is espec
ially noted when the exercise is taken iu
the open air. When exercise i undertaken,
however, without duo preparation, or iLe
bodily powers are exhausted by fatigue,
tho power of being able to take food is
diminished. This condition, if the exer
cise is continued and tho power of taking
food remains impared, is one of ""v.sidor
.,i ,i ,n,roi- and the health is often great; .
affected, tho force of the heat Doing mucu
reduced. It is of great importance, more
over, when great fatigue has been under
oono, to see that the bodily powers an
thoroughly recruited by rest before an
attempt is mado to take food, otherwise
there will be no inclination to tako it, and
if forced down it will not digest. An
hour's rest, with a cup of warm tea, will
do much toward restoring appelito in
thoso cases. Indeed it should be a rule in
all cases that a period of rest should in
tervene between work and food.
How She Sewed on His Buttons.
Old Bluminer is light listed. Several days
ago ho said to his wife; Maria, I want you
to look over that broadcloth vest of mine
and put new buttons on it, 'cause I'm going
to a card partv to-night. " But, Ely,"
answerc 1 Mrs Blummer. " I haven't any
buttons to match that vest ; and "
"Thunder!" broke in Blummer, " the
idea of a woman keeping house as long as
have, an pretendin to D; out oi but
tons. By Ueorge: I o neve jou ii as uiu
for money to bay em with next.
Tint evening liiunuuer hurrie.l through
his supper and began arraying u'iiii-m'" for
the card party. Presently lie caiieil lor
the b.o.'t '..'loth vest, and jlrs. i.iue"vei,
with marvelous promptitude, handed it 1 1
him. 'le tool; it, hastily miio'ele ' it, and
then, as his eye took in tho complete ap
pearanee, he stood as ono true :';-;cd. It
was a :' but.tonnd vest, and there w.k..':.
buttons on and thu dazed op,1 of Blum
mer obsi.i . that the firs', or top one.wa.-.
a tiny pearl shirt button, a'bl next one
was a bras-' r.nny overcoat button wilh I. -S.
gleaming upon il. and that nambcr
three was an oxydized silver atl'iir. uui
that number four iv.i- ' boiii button, evi
dently from the back of on.: of the Puritan
fathers' coals, and then came a s'lspjuder
hinton. and then, as the dazzled eyes of onl
Blummer readied the bo Win nuf.on a
poker chip (found in Blummer' s pecke!)
wilh two holes punched in it he gave a
snort that made tne e.u.iiiuuiiui- .pui.-.
There is after all, a line scuse of humor
ibout Blummer, and lie laugie'd tin lie
cried, and there won't be any more button
uiom.j grudged in It' '.t tioilscuoid Hereafter.
Stons Pi.ainino Machine. A machine
for planing granito and other hard stones
has been brought out that promises to
provo uf value in reducing the cost of
preparing minding sconos. ii consists oi
an oblong frame of iron, supported at tho
corners, and carrying a movablo platen,
somewhat after the manner of iron plan-
imr machines. On this is placed a strong
head-piece or tool holder, and by means of
a system of long pulleys and correspond
ing belts, power may be brought to the
tool whatever its position during the work.
The block of granito to be planed is placed
on a hand truck nnd rolled under the
machine and raised by means of jaok
serows lo llio proper level for the work.
The revolution of the cutting tool planes
down the stone at about the pace ot the
iron nlaner. and performs the work in a
manner fully equal lo hand labor. The
tool is fed lo the work by nana, one man
The treasurer of Frederick tho Great ap
proached him and said : " That philoso
pher nf vnnrs has drawn on you for forty-
live thousand dollars." Who was this
nhilnannliBr? He was a man prosecuting
his labors in the kingdom, and the king
being pleased with him, told mm to maw
uporThim for any amount that he might
wlcli In ntirrvino- forward bis work. Tho
elainiilid not offend tho king,
hut rotlinr nnordod him pleasure, ior ii
was evidenco that tho philosopher had con
fidonoo in his word and ability. And
when God lolls us to ask largely of Ilini
..licntiitoW untiino' no limits to Uis promis
oa tie is nle.isod to soo us crave liberal
gifts, because it exhibits our faitli in Uis
word and resources. It is beoause we are
airniohtnned in ourselves that our bless
ings are not moro abundant. God is wait-ino-
to be gracious, and His grace is as
bouudless as Himself. United Prcsbxjtcri-
A yotino- John Chinaman at Phillips
Aomlnmr n Andovor finds bis heart in
danger. John had been rather backward
in Ida studies, so that tho faculty consider
ed it their duty to make tne same Known
to the Chinese government, at whose ex
nama the vnnmr man is educate4. This
they did, and one may imagine the disgust
that was manilestea upon reauing me re
nlv which was as follows: " Send him
nnmn nnd we will behead him." John
being sufficient for all the work. Scrib- will stay with the Melican man and keep
I Vila hnnrl.
"BaiiV Mine." Tho b-'iy carriage
made its appearaneo stjrday for the sea
son. It was occupied by usual baby,
and it was propelled by the woman uo
innka Into all iho store windows as sho
goes along. A reporter who followed ihe
carriage for an hour found that i: collid-
il with five women, ten men, six enro-
blocks, four boxes and a street car, and
every collision only made the woman
more fleiermineu iu uucupy hyu-i.iiiii.ijii.
the sidewalk if it took all summer.
She succeeded, ihey all succeed, a
woman pushing a baby carriage in front of
her on tho sidewalk is as dangerous as
seven roller skaters and four velocipede
riders combined. She can't kill a full-
grown man quite as promptly as a runa
way team, but she can knock his shins to
pieces, tumble nun over, upset u ins
good resolutions and leave him flint-hearted
Ynu nan't dodso a babv cab. lour only
safe wav is to make a jump from tho curb-
- l ..I. - iA.l.lM 'Pl,w rrr.
Stone Or CIUUU muuci. mtj fi
on wheels. They aro supposed to be a
convenience which no respectable baby can
do without No matter wuo lust got
tho idea that jolting a baby around town,
bobbing him ovorerosswaiKs woum sweet
en his disposition the idea is correct. Put
a man in a vehicle of tho sort and his back
would bo brokon in an Hour, out Daoios
havo no backs. Thoy are Bimply great
huncks of sweotnoss. ine only reason
why all the Union regiments in the late
war were not armed with baby carriages
was because tho factories could not supply
them. They would have endod the war
in one year. Tho woman with tne baby
carnao-o necus no auvice. aao Knows
enough to head the vehicle toward every
crowd she can see. Tho thicker the
crowd tho more business sue nas tuero.
It is her duty to run to all tiros with it, to
select the busiest cross-walks, and to got
in front of all runaway teams, and she
perfectly understands it. If thore is any
country on earth where these vehicles are
not in use, it is no country to live in.-t
Detroit Free Press,