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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN.
efflce 10 tlie Brlck Block. Head of 8Ute Street.
1190 if i-aiil f advance: otlienrUe. 1M.
l'j -pieiit may l' wad W niil or othfilM to
II It. WUEELOCK.
Editor and Proprietor.
Hi.- r'ui.i mas. under the recent law of ConirrcH
I.'iiU's lriT in Wa&hinirton County. On all alera
"' ..nt.uli' Waalilwrtun County, tlie poataa-e ia raid
.', the ,i,ii1iit at the uffli-e In Uontpelier.
LETTER ON .VITUK.IL HISTORY.
T.v PH.HtB.lJi A. CUTTiau.
Fungi and Animalcules.
5III.DEW OB UUST.
Peculiar hot anj dump days will be
Jivailed ly nearly all on account of " mil
.l.av,'' hut " mildew " is one of those
loose terms tliiit represents no definite
j,,-a, or a very different one to various iti
Talk of mildew of grain to a farmer,
uinl lie tells you of the rust which appears
in lines or irregular spois upon the wheal
-talk, indicating Puccinia graminii, which
is known to hitu and generations butore
him in many suctions as mildew.
Talk lo a New England housewife of
uiiMcw.and she will describe a minute spe
oies of fungus which attacks damp linen.
:i true mildew, and will ask if you know
wli.it will rumovo the spots occasioned by
A-k the hop grower of New York about
mildew, and he will point out a species ol
mould th it infests the hop vine, but whicn
dill'jrs as mu ill from the mildew of tin
south as does the mil lew of linen. Tile
librarian will tell you of mil lewud books
and papers, all I the housemaid of mil
dewed cellars, all meaning a fungu
growlb, but as wide in their significance
as the poison hemlock and hemlock tree.
Mildew in England me ins in literature
but one thing, and that is the rust up. i.
wheat and other grain, known scieniilioul
ly as Vaccinia gramiais.
Hut let us look into the history of thi
pest. In view of a clearer understands,
of this peculiar pest, so long supposed to
le several sep irate species, anil which
under the present light of science sccm
f.t-t merging into one. Wo will suppot
a line day in Juno dawns upon our re
solve to learn of mildew, or rust, nud w.
strny away from the villago to gain the
chance to examine a wheat field. Having
reached the field, there is no appearand
of anything but a healthy crop ; we walk
into ii perhaps fifteen or twenty yards be
fore wo find a single fungus of which we
ate in finest. Hut let us look closely down
at the green leaves at the very bottom of
the wheat plant, and wo are soon reward
cd, as we shall find one or two that look
rusty. The surface seems powdered with
red ochre, and to have grown sickly unde
the operation Pluck It carefully, and ex
amine it with a low magnifying power
p ieket Ions will do. Already the cuticle
of the loaf is traversed with numorou
longitudinal cracks or fissures, within
which and around which you discern an
orange powder, lo which the rusty appu tr
ance on the leaf is due. Funh er ex uui
nation reveals also portions in which the
cuticle is distended into yellowish elongt
led pastilles, not yet ruptured, and which
is an earlier stage of this same disoasc.
This is the ru-t of the New Engluug agri
culturist, the Trichobasii rubigo-vtnt of
the botanist, or the iiist phase of mildew.
To know more of this parasite we musi
take it to our micro-cope, and by careful
inanipuU ion we sh ill find that the vege
tative system of th s, as well as of all
similar lungi, consists of a number ol
delicate simple or branched threads, often
intertwining and even uniting one to the
other by little branch ets. These threads
as wc have before explained are called the
mveulium; they penetrate the intercellular
spaces and insinuate th msclves in a com
plete network am ing the cells of which
the leaf or ot ier deceased portion of the
plant is composed. We m iy regard the
whole mycelium of one pustule, or pure
spot, as the vegetative system of one fun
gal plant. At lirst it might have originated
as several individuals, which afterward
become combined as one, for the prodiie
tion of Iruit, and by their combined ell'uri
a cluster of fruit, or spore spot, is pro
duced. In the first instance it number of minute.
transparent, co'orless cellules are devel
oped from the lnycleuni ; these enlarge
and are filled with un orange colored
.mloehrome, and appear beneath the leaf
as yellowish spots. As a eonsequohce ol
this increase of bulk, tho cuticle becomes
d. -tended in the form of a pustule over the
yellow cellules, and at length, unable lo
withstand the pressure from beneath,
ruptures in irregular, but more or less
elongated fissures, and the yellow bodies,
which I will call spores, break from their
short pedicels and escape; lo the naked
eye presenting tuo appearance oi an
On the lirst of August we will again
visit our wheat field. Ru-ty leaves are
more common than before. A little care
ful examination, and here and there we
shall find a leaf with decidedly brown
pustules intermixed with tho ru-ty ones.
If wo remove from the browner spots a
little f the powder by means of a sharp
pointed knife and place it in a drop of wa
ter, and cover it with a thin glass, anil
place it uuder our microscopo, a different
seric3 of forms will bo observed. There
will still bo a p irtion of one-celled yellow
spores, but the m ijority will bo elongated,
mostly with short stalks, and either de
cidedly two-celled or a tendency to be so
These two-celled spores aro another
form of tho mildew called Puccinia gram-
inis. which may be produced in tho same
pustules and from tho same mycelium as
the rust previously described, and Is gen
erally considered at the present time to be
the same fungus. Other grain and vari
ous other plants are likewise affected.
fig. 3 represents al
, wheat straw infest
ed with this rust; b.
cluster of spores mag
nified ; c, singlo sport
magnified 300 illume-
This rust is so com
mon and so much alike
oil all plants that this
plate will answer to
represent the fungus
Iut us now for the
third time visit our
wheat field. Ii is ripe,
or else mi ch damaged,
pos'lbly destroyed by
I'uleM Hit uuuitwr of lurwrtioiiB are niaik! u the i.d
rertia, -nt It Mill bo .-..t.tiiiio-d until orilrr4 out.
i.iixthi U1R.-..UUT luaar to merclialul and ututr advtr-
lamic tj in., j tar.
. . TERMS FOR ADVERTISING.
AJfmw I K r ono miaBi-fti'f IS Hut- or )fMOf Atratetyp.
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- ' ' 1 - .
MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, JULY 1G, 1879.
On the straw we shall fiud black lines
or bhu-kish spots, from tho size of a pin -head
to an inch in length; this is tho mil
dew, rust, or I'uccinia it matters no
what name it is called, in full maturity
and when it is once seen it is never for
t;o'lcn. liotanists may dispute about lit
intermediate stages; may give it differ
ent names when found on other plants,
but it still remains the great pest of tlv
husbandman. Thero aro no lingering
doubts in the minds of the agriculturalists
Ixjtanists, savans of science, or laborers,
ihat tho rust is not injurious, because th.
most casual observation shows it in tin
sickly condition of all plants nffecte.
through the season.
The manner of impregnation is un
known, or if known is in dispute. Sonii'
lielieve ns the stomata or breathing spore
of tho plant aro open in damp weather.
ihat tho infinitesimal germs enter these
pores and gain a foothold, and push their
rootlets into the cellular tissue of the
plant. Others think that they enter from
the ground through the roots, and others
-till do not believe that they enter the
plant at all, but that the seeds are poison
ed by the touch of their spores. Be it as
it may, wo well know that it exists, and oi
ioni se ih sire to have as little damage from
it as possible. Observation lias shown thai
rich land, or that manured by old manure.
s much more likely lo have the grain crop
njuied than land not so rich, or manured
by green manure, or some of our ferlili
. u s. This should teach care in tho prep-
tratioii of our l.tn l. Some claim that an
idmixture of sulphur in sowing, nnd
itheis that if it is sifted on the leaves is
i preventative Careful experiments have
hown all such remedies useless. Ashes
,re good to produce a healthy oon lition of
(hecnu) while thev have no effect upon
i he fungi.
The statu of the atmosphere conducive
o very rapi I growth is usually liable to
levelop the post. We believe that all
-traw infested to a largo extent should be
burned, and all grasses and weeds stand
ing around such fields, should shaie the
siinio fate. In this way tho principal
langer might bo avoided.
Another instance of the two-formed
condition of thii smaller fungi can bo
traced in the delicate condition of mouldi
ness which frequently covers the loaves of
the lilac, tho grape, tho fruit of the goose
berry, and various other plants. It looks
like strings of beads made of colorless
cells. In this condition it is known and
lescribed as " O Inim. '
Fig. 4. , tufts
f conida of the
idea ; b, portion
of grass leaf with
same species of
blight, the spores
being tho self
same heads and
ies, whence the
iien. ric n un.-, out careiul observation will
show us that this is not its porfeet condi
tion: an I when later in autumn these
throads become more compact, and are
tiriiiotinted on their horizontal surfaces
by shining black capsules, or perithccia,
Are titer looklnv down npoi tin.
Lovetl ouea wuo have irunc boloro7
In a worm of UVlit and Klory
Do tney love lie aa of yore?
Are the brbrhteyea elueed in alnniber
Ope'J and tfaziuY from nn hi?u,
Beamiuir with a clearer vi.lon.
Wutuhin o'er ua, y ea, fur eye?
Do they know our thmufbtii and feelinirs.
Kuow our iuiu-JAt heart, to rca.l?
D.) they mourn vhon we are tempted?
Wuen we fail to sow nw& eed !
Are they watehlnir, are they waiting
For the coming of onr feet?
Will the aatne fond heart, receive tie?
Will the aaiuo aweet voice, irroet?
Who .hall .ay they are not with n.?
Men of acleuce and of lore.
Can you tell ua with your wiHd.ini,
Aa you o'er rour volmnca pire,
If the heaveu. are far bivond un
If those reHlms are hurh above?
Or a rciriou all aronn.l 11.,
Where Clod'e ineaaeuprerB ol lore
Are npllftiusr humnn creature.,
Uelptnir them each day and hour.
Bettor to au.tain their burden..
Butter yet to know Hi. powor?
Or i. It a world of trior,
Ail divl led from ourown.
Where noluQannce can niinirle
With the trial, earth hath known.
Oh, for hope that come, to irladden.
Oh, for faith that doth asnuro.
That our loved ones have not left ub,
Thouirh immortal now. aud pure.
They are .till beside ub watkluit,
Thouirh unseen by mortal eye;
They are terkiuw tn his vlueyard.
They art with tho Fther, unrh.
e Patient Willi Your Boys.
liV MRS. IIENItV WAUD liEKCIIEIt.
' f ilt
ich of which is filled with elliptical and
elongated cells, and each in turn contain-
insr several spores, we shall find in Erysi.
phi: licit we have arrived at the conclusion
of the dimorphism of this fungus, so inju
rious in its effects.
The famous gr ipe mildew so destructive
to the graons of K nope, and known as
Odium Tuckeri, is also only an imperfect
form of somo common Erinyplte; so of
the grape fungi of New England, as well
as of various other fungal plants.
Even tho cluster cup first described is
quite likely to turn out but one form of
the rust, on somo other plant. Some, as I
havo before said, even now suppose it
identical with the pucciuia, nnd with good
(7b be continued.)
A Man l'ltoposr.s to Jttiii i uom the
NiAfJMiA Snsi-i:nsion Biuimie and Gets
too Duunk to Do IT. Five thousand
persons asM inbled tit Niagara Falls Friday
afternoon to witness the feat of II. I'.
Peer, of jumping from ihenew snsjiension
bridge into the Niagara river. At half
oast he niado his apiiearanco dressed in
tights, hut in such an intoxicated condition
that he w is not permitted to make the
attempt. At 5 o'clock ho was sniugulivl
nwav, amid the complaints of the crowd.
A large number of people came from
distant places in Canada, and excursion
ruins liail oeen ' un irom various places.
It will bo remembered that a few months
ago Peer made the jump successfully.
While desiring that mothers should
keen fast hold of their girls as long as
ibey 1 an, what shall we do with the boys?
It rests will! t ho mothers usually, lar
more than with I ho fathers, to decide. If
ho mother is tender, but firm and rquifa
hie, overlooking misdeeds thai do not
sprina from natural depravitv. but from
1 lie tlioughilessness ot youtn, wan us irol
icsome, bubbling, etiervesoing spirits 11
he is prompt and ever watching to know
whereunto this boisterousness may tend.
always ready with loving but restraining
hand to check their wild play whenever it
approaches real wrong or evil then, we
. l .1 ...in i ,u..:
may 00 sure, sut-11 motuers win kccii iueii
boys, lis well ns their girls, where
their influence will always be strong
er and more holy 1 nan any oilier.
But with the mothers who are constantly
restraining and thwarting every childish
pleasure, giving words of unmerited re
proof for every tnis'ake oi wayward act,
ihero is danger that I heir children will
become peevish, selfish and deceitful.
Particularly is this the danger with boys.
who. when out of doors, are beset by the
very evils that ns-ail them through the
unecjtnin, nnd often unnatural, discipline
of boarding schools.
Ah! if some of the mothers who most
conscientiously endeavor lo do their duty
bv their children, giving elipcrfully their
own ease, strength and comfort to tikis
work, could, while iho Hi tin ones are
urowina up, act with the Same insight and
judgment which comes to them alter this
formative work is done, what precious ro
stills would follow! How many of our
most scrupulous nnd conscientious moth
ers err by over-governing over watchful
ness! Their children, after a hltle while,
learn to look upon tln-m ns " keepers," or
spies, and do not dream ihat this irritating
supervision comes from imperfect judg
ment not lack of afleclion in the moth
ers, who would gladly give tlitir own lives
to bo able to make their cuildren always
happy while trying 10 lead them in the
straight and narrow path. Yet the sense
of responsibility which they feel, nnd
which, is supposed to rest upm parents
always, makes tho little ones shrink from
Conscientiousness is so largely devel
oped in sonic minds as to make their lives
a perpetual torture to themselves and all
who come under their infl icnceor cuitrol
So 6troti2 is the hold that ibis peculiar
trait of character has over their whole
lives, a trait expressed in so many different
forms of action, that llley are not able to
di-tinguish the follies and Ireaks of joyous
childhood from the flagrant sins and vices
of riper and more responsible ago. ho
ihev mete out the same reproof or punish
ment lo tho " toddling wee things " that
may be merited by a child ju-t on the
borders of mature Ii lo.
Then, sickness, in many cases, is too
mighty for some mothers, and they indulge
in reproof aud irritability liccause their
nerves aro unstrung, and not because the
child is deserving of rebuke. Particularly
is this the case with llie b.ys in a family.
Boys must be boys. They must run and
whisllo, burst into the house whooping
like young Indians, forgetful not regard
less that their mother s aching head is
not benefitted by such a mode of entrance.
Who more soi ry than these young thtin
den rs when thev see Ihat they have in
creased the sufl'oring? Yet how soon is it
all forgotten wheu the door closes after
them, and they once more feel the invig
orating air which sets their young blood
But the ixior mother forgets her own
young life, or what is so natural to boy
I The Indian Trappera or Hudson Bay.
I About the first of November, when lh
j animals havo got their winter coalt, am
I fur is ' in season," the Indian trappei
I lays out his trapping walk for the winter,
i along which he places n line of traps fron
ti n 10 fifteen miles in lengto. unce 01
twieo a week ho makes the round ol wis
walk, and gathers such furs as may b
c-inght. Most of the liner furs are taken
bv means of the wooden dead fall am
steel trans of various sizes, the larger lir
bearing animals being either shot, eaiigti
in snares, or killed by the poisioned ball
Toward I he latter end of March thi
Indian trappers leave theirhuniing groun
and make a journey to the forts with tin
products of 1 heir winter S toil. Here thm
couio. moving through the forest, motley
throng. I ho braves uiarcn in ironi, to
pr.iud and 1 izy to carry anuhiug but their
puns, and not always doing even that.
After them come the squaws, bending
under loads, drivins doss or hauling hand
sleds laden wilh meat, furv, tanned deer
skins and infants. The DUPPV dog and
inevitable baby never fail in Indian lodge
or procession. The cheerful speeiacleof
the two packed together upon the back of
a woman is not of infreq ient occurrence
Day after day the mongrel purty Journeys
..n, until the fort is reached. Then comes
The trader separates the furs into lots
placing the standard valuation upon each..
Then he adds the sums together, and in
foims the trapper that he has got sixty or
seventy " skins " At tho same time he
hands' his customer sixly or seventy small
hits of wood, so that the lattor may know
by returning these in payment for the
goods for which he really barters his furs,
ju-t how fast his funds have decreased.
The lirst act of the Indian is to cancel
the debt eont ractcd for in advance at the be
oinningof tho season; then he looks round
upon the bales of cloth, blankets, &c and
after a long while concludes to have a
white capote for his toddling boy. The
nriee is told lii 111. and he hands back ten
ot his small pieces of wood, then looks
about l im for somettimg else, f.very
thing is carefully examined, and with each
purchase thore is a contest over the ap
parent Inequality between the iimount re
ceived and that given. In the Indian's
opinion, one skin should pay for ono arti
cle of merchandize, no matter what tho
value of the later may be.
And he insists upon selecting the skin.
The steelyard and weighing balance are
his especial objects of dislike. Ho does
not know wdiat medicine that is. That
both his tea and sugar should be balanced
against a bit of iron, conveys no idea of
llie relative values of peltries and mer
chandise to him. He insists upon making
the balance swing even between the
trader's troods and his own fur, until a
new liirlit is thrown upon tho question ol
steelyards and scales by the acceptance of
ns proposition. 1 nen, wni-n ne nuns uw
line furs balanced against heavy blankets,
he concludes to abide bv tho old method
..f nllowinsr the white trader to decide the
weirdit his own wif: for it is plain that
steelyard is a very great medicine, which
no bravo understands.
When the trapper has spent all his small
pieces of wood, and asks for further ad
vancs. ho is allowed to draw nnv tensona-
ble amount ; for, contrary to tho rule in
civilized life, a debt is seldom losisavo by
the death of the Indian. He may change
his place of abode hundreds of tunes, but
he still has only a company's post at
which to traded The company has always
been a "Mod friend to him and his. an I lie
uavs when he can; he knows that, when
he pays his old debt, he makes a Dew one
iust as big. When ho is ill he goes to tho
nearest tort, ami is cared 101 unui 10-
covers. When ho does his duty well he
g.-ts a present, and he never performs any
labor without receiving fair compensation
Such humane treatment strongly binds the
Indian and half breed to the compiny.
. .1. Uobinmn, in II irper's Migazinc.
Weston's Peculiarities. Weston's '
peculiarities as a pedestrian are marked.
nd mere can be no doutit mat oy over
Minting them he won iu the present con
test, for which he put himself in thorough
raining, and praci iced a running gait lor
he first time. Before this occasion ho
vould not train at all. His health was
I ways good, and he had no superfluous
lesh. A long sleep just before starting
vas all the physical preparation he would
nake, and nervousness often interfered
veil vith that preliminary. He would
t permit a trainer lo oome near him
lurinz the walk, but kept several servants
iciivelv ensrarred nitrht and day, his wants
icing numerous. Pettisuness is his chief
h aracteristio as soon as the strain begins
so affect his system, and at time he
noears to be all but ins ine. He imagines
hat persons around him aro plotting
iliainst him, and frequently de-charges all
lis attendants. His caprices are some
During the walk in the American Insti-
lure building, for example, be kept the
hand playing a single lune over and over
ill one afternoon and evening; sent an
order to the door to admit no sporting
men; hired a woman to band Inm bou
quets on the track, and a little girl to
lodge Uider the railing and kiss him;
sent a proposition to Mr. Hepworth to
preach on athletics on the following Sun
day While he sat on the platform ; invited
tcoupany of the 7th regiment to osoort
him to a hotel at the close of the walk ;
and did many other ridiculous things In
the way of grotesque costumes and antics.
Before the walk commenced he wrote
out directions as to his treatment by his
attendants, and lectured to them on the
subject. They were to speak to him
senilv at first when asleep and the time
came logo on the track; then lender if
he did not respond, and finally if ho
remained on his couch, argue wilh him on
the folly oi his course. His meals were to
be served at regular hours, and in exact
quality nnd quantity. In point of fact,
however, he would subject hinself to no
rules or restraints. Nobody could influ
ence him in the least. Ho would eat
whatever and whenever he pleased. He
walked at whatever gait suited him at the
moment, nt one time being despondent
sauntering, and nt another boyishly elated
and nimble. That.he was a walker with
wonderful powers was well known to
those who knew the man tho'oughly; but
his policy of holding aloof from sporting
men antagonized them, and they did all
they could to injure him. That he was
trickster was anuntiantiy proved, ana
his faculty of borrowing simply astonish
ing, while ho never repaid the smallest
loan. He got $6UU out of the evor trustlui
Horace Greeley. These frailties wore
made the most of by his many enemies.
and he came to lie regarded as a " beat."
His achievements as a walker were set
lown as fraudulent, and the man became
a martyr to his own faults. It was wilh
difficulty that he embarked for England
some of his creditors threatened to have
him arrested as an absconding debtor;
hut Col. 1). a. 1 nomas, wbo went along
is his business manager, was shrewd
enough to get linn safely away. New
York hitler to Boston Herald.
TEACH MK TO 1.1 VK.
Teach me to live ! 'tia easier far to die;
Gently and alien tly lo paa. away.
On earth. Iouk nurut to close the heavy eye.
And waken In the realm, of irloriuu. day.
Teach me that harder lesson, hew to live.
To serve Tnae In the darkest patha of life;
Arm me for connici now; fresh vhror irive.
And make me more than cou'iueror in the strife.
Teach me to live ! my daily cross to bear,
Nor murmur thotM b I bend beneath ItB load ,
Ouly be with me; let me feel Thee near;
i Thy ainile spreads irladiieaa on the darkest road.
: Teach me to live, aud And my life in Thee;
Lookiutr from earth and earthly thinira away;
Let me not falter but uutlriUKly
Press on. aud irain new strength and power each
I Teacta me to live 1 with kindly words for all;
! Wearing no cold repulsive brow of g-looni;
' Waiting, with cheerful patience, till Thy call
Summons my auirlt to her heavenly home.
Incomi-etent Doctoks. With the
exeep in ol ono co.lcge in iSew lork
wmmmmi J n
I -. i
Little Harry S., of five summers, who
had been exalted from girl 8 to boy s ha
biliments, recently appeared at school
arrayed again in tho former, when his
teaciier kindly remarked: "Children, I
hnpelhat none of you will tease Harry,
nor speak ot his dress, as his mother has
nt him in it lo punish him for being
naughty lino lie leets moi tineii anu sorry.
'hereupon Ma Ier Harry quickly mounted
his seat and repu liatini: his teacher s kind
protection, extended his clenched fist and
inrrnmrt-d his class thus: "II any eiri says
anything about ii. III say nothing; but if
tnv hoy docs, I u Kiiocr uis ueau ou, anu
the lire of his eyes bespoke his self-reliance,
Boston I ransci i;.
A Stiiange Statement. Nearly all
iho medical autlioi'ilcs, and those who
have been fortunate enough to recover
from a stroke of lightning, agree that the
electricity acts with such extreme rapidi
iv as to be absolutely painless. Prof
i'vndall relates that while standing in the
presence of ail audience, nnd about to
lecture, ho accidentally touched a wire
leading from a charged battery of fifteen
large Leyden jars. Life was absolutely
blotted out for a very sensible interval
without a trace of pain. In another sec
ond or so consciousness relumed Ho saw
himself in the presence of tho audience
and in contact with the apparatus, anil
realized that he had received the discharge
The intellectual consciousness of his rxwi
tion was restored with exceeding rapidi
ty, but not so the optical consciousness,
to prevent tho audience being alarmed,
ho stated that it had often been his desire
to receive accidentally such a shock, and
thatjiis wish had at length been gratified
Hut while making this explanation llie
appearance which his body presented to
himself was that of being in separate
pieces. His arms, for example, seemed
to be detached Irom his body nnd sus
pended in tho air. Memory aud the power
of reasoning and speech were complete
long before the optic ncryo recovered from
the electric shock.
The ruoi'Eit Way to Get kid ok Com
pF.TiriVE Convict Laiiok. Mr. E. Ii
llewes. warden of tho Connecticut Suite
Pi ison at Westfield. writes as follows to
the Hartford Vouranl:
" Permit mo to submit so the public a
few thoughts, throuih jour vlulile paper,
on the sut j ct of pi ison labor. The gov
erning piincile of this management is
that the prisoner must earn his living.
We have too much sympathy with the
honest mechanic oniside, who has never
transgressed the laws of his country, to
ask him to divide llie hard-earned profits
of his daily toil to support in idleness his
incun-Hlerato l. tiow mortal wno, oy me
commission of crime, lias lorieuea nis
liberty and fallen into prison, and yet this
prisoner must live. We may take his
freedom but may not take his life. If he
is to live he must be fed and clothed. Who,
is to provide this food and these clothes?
They must come from the outside of the
prison walis, if they are not earned within.
We say our convicts must be producers as
well as - consumers; and why should they
not? Thev have healih.strcngth.sinew and
muscle, and all the faculties of sound men,
and, more than all are willing to work.
And vet there is no work ihoy can do
which does not come directly or Indirectly,
more or less, in contact with outside labor.
But our country is so largo and elastic
ood's health and buovant spirits, and
hereloro is not eas ly appeased, or ready t,.,i jn contrast, prison labor.all told
is scarcely felt In competition, occasion
ally some one may seem to suffer individ
ually in this direction, but this cannot be
avoided, aud no one has a right to com
plain when the larger number are benefit-
The nnlv lniritimate and successful way
to get rid of competitive prison labor is to
begin with boys in the family and touch
th.-i.i in n-row un virtuous, honest, temper
ate und industrious.and then we shall have
no need of prisons, because we shall Have
no prisoners to put in them."
to forego tho reprimand wlncn sucll
thoughtlessness seems iu her estimation to
deserve. She forgets that these wild,
noisy Iwiys w ill ere long shoot up into men
" and learn lo do without her."
We have known and Ich it all, nnd just
now, while tossed on the resiles ocean, as
we draw near to home, we are looking
backward over many years, rcuiembering
the few litile frets and annoyances, tlie
many perplexities and great mistakes of j
r fife in iho years that will never come
back to us again. When we tluuk that tho
liitie girls have now grown beyond our
guidance or gono to tho better land ; when
we remember that from tins titno
" None but tall and deep-voiced men
Will.irravely call us Mother,'
Or we be stretching; empty bauds
From this world to the other,"
how we wisli we had Ireen more patient,
more gentle. More loving we could not
have been. But we see, as no doubt all
mothers do where we made mistakes,
whore we conld have done moie and belter quickly frayed out along the paving
for our children, and think " If we could i stones, is really a eown. and not a ' proin-
Lbut take them back to the time when they entitle costume;' ihat it- need not bring a
had not learned lo do without us!" j blush to the cheek of even Mr. Podsnap s
The mother's overtaxed strength orYung Person lo say leg, instead of
falling health is often made llie reason for ; limb,' when leg is meant; that the sup
sending iho troop of noisy boys to sch(ol; I per at an evening party is not 'tbeen
and they grow up to manhood with a I tertainment;' and that there are well
ceititin love for home and parents, but are founded objections to the use of ' nicely '
not much distressed if they lin.l ihat llley hs an adjective describing tbo state of
must do without it ror a lew years a ones neahu." " lo clotne low-crocping
homo lovo is kept alive by the quarterly j matter with high-flown language," said
visits during vacation but mothers, be-, old Fuller, "Is not tine fancy, but flat
ware! The pleasure nnd exhilaration of , foolery. It rather loads than raises a
cowing home will soon subside if they wren to fasten tho feathers of an ostrich
chance, occasionally, to see symptom of j to her wings."
impatience wilh their spons and uoiso, on ,
weariness al any disturbance as vacation T p,.0bablo that, at no distant day.
draws to a close. If they have the least fa BlurcsHof , 1)imd 8ea will become
occasion to think that their presence be- . . f . ;n,.,ort.,n. industries.
gins to c isturo the quiet, the comfort ot Th(j WMon of tlm ..j , olloa,ica
lliusu ni uuiue, paieuis iijuv uu tui y ouiu
and two in otner stales, says names .a
ucalwnal Monthly, any one may become
a medical student without preliminary
examinations in anything, moral character
not excepted. Students are always grad
ated with two years study, and in some
institutions the course of study is even
more superficial and imperfect. Exami
nations for diplomas are not at all rigid.
a knowledge of chemical analysis not
he i ii!? red uired. 1 here is not a single
diiclor in one of the western counties of
New York who can conduct a decent
chemical analysis, or even tell whether
his nitrate of bismuth does or does not
contain arsenic. A doctor recently stated
on examination that the proper dose of
piussic acid lor a child two jcarsold was
from two to six drops! As a general
thing, doctors in rural places, and in some
of our cities as well. slick to the antiquated
remedies and outrageous doses. We ibinx
our educational journals ought to stir up
the young doctors to more diligent habits
as students. Each one of them should
have his chemical laboratory, where he
daily sluai'd conduct such chemical analy
sis as sickness demands, ii doctor s were
little more enterprising and pushing.
we should know someibing more about
such diseases as typhoid fever and measles.
Call two doctors in succession lo a child
Hacked with these diseases, and the
probabilities are that they will give you
contradictory explanations and totally
different remedies. This is no recom
mendation to tlie medical profession.
Because doctors are not scientific, the
practice of medicine is not conducted on
scientific principles, and medicine to-day
is not a science. Jt is a practice we
admit, much lo the honor of sensitive
tastes. The day will be hailed with joy
by a diseased world when this practice is
conducted on scientific principles. We
laymen would like to Know many things
our medical advisers will not tell us
simply because they cannot. Let us have
some light on these diseases lurking
unsubdued in all parts of our land. It is
your duty to enlighten the world, and ii
yon are the students you snould be, some
of you will bless this humanity of ours by
telling exactly what will care certain
diseases, and why it will do so. You
should be paid to prevent as well as cure.
We would rather give you twenty-five
dollars to keep ns well, than ten lo cure
us whtn sick.
. Pnbllshln? and Reading Immoralities.
It is the habit of the great newspapers
of the world, to set afloat news in all its
gradations, from the top to the bottom of
human nature. Society obliges mon to
we ir clothes ; newspapers do not allow
them to wear a rag. No man c m walk
(he streets irftlccenily ;but that part of con
duct which U Indecent newspapers are
permitted to send down through all the
Ii reels and highways and byways of the
( Newspapers are nnblo channels of learn
ing; they carry intelligence and a thous
and inspirations to virluo and to patriot
ism; they are invaluable; nevertheless,
they have their common sower at tho bot
tom, and out of that comes the mephitic
aras that invades our dwellings. D iy by
day the representation of that side of man
which it lowest and most animal goes on
wilh a continuity and a minuteness that is
most repugnant to Christian morality, to
honor and to delicacy. When a word of
this kind is uttered, the reply constantly
Such news is marketable. We pub
lish a paper, not for preaching; we are
not schoolmasters, nor ministers; wc are
venders; we publish a paper to sell. We
of course would not indulge in that which
was absolutely oriminal for the sake of
selling our papers; but who shall mark
out to us that which is and that which is
not criminal? What the people want, nnd
will have, we undertake to supply to them.
Our rivals will do it if we do not."
: Many, say: " We ourselves do not
relish doing it; we wish there was a pub
lic sentiment that prevented its being done
but as tilings are, we are obliged to do it
if we would maintain our position." And
thero is a great deal of reason in Unit ;
thero is no excuse in it; but it does open
a clearer idea of tho pressure which is
brought to bear on newspapers in that
direction ; and, after all, it rolls on you
tho readers the burden. If you would
not read such things they would not have
to print them. They expose this carrion
in market becaufe you are the purchaser
of it. You do like it.
' Of courso there aro persons that stand
high that will not have anything to do
with it. Then there aro persons that
stand low, and would not have anything
to do with a paper that was without it.
The great intermediate class, that do not
approve of this or that p iper, and do not
take it, buy it now and then just to see
what it has lo say! So it has the market.
Thero is a morbid curiosity to know
who has been shut to-day; what hideous
FW Noti.-N of Liberation F.trTK. tl..-Formation
Hid liinaolution of Co-partnership. &c.,l ea h tor
Hire- iua.-rt.-ju. II sent by uiaii the money luunt ac
N. .tire in HrWl ,-nl.i...nB In ta nnv Km. na.-h in.
aerlion.but nocharua fc nude of lLan au.a-uljt.
Notices of Deaths and Mama Inderteo- e ills hi.t
STtcndt d obituary Notices of Poetry will be charifea
i no. ...r oi ii,.- .-eiui, .,-r (me.
letpjction nas been disclosed lo-day ; what
fouling of a hitherto noble name has
Oaken place to day 'who is at tho whipping
post to day ; who hangs dangling on the
gallows to-tl ay; and all those items of
news that appeal to the animal below the
eats, or to tho bottom of the brain the
animal part of tho brain, that is are sent
abroad every day, and come into onr
bouses, and are read by our children, by
our servants, and even by ourselves. .
I do hate such things, I would sooner
sit down to a mud banquet than sit down
and rend ol catastrophes. If 1 were
obliged to do it, I could take a man's leg
off; if it were needful, I could look at
blood, tlioUL'h if it wore not needful I
should faint at the sight of it; if it were
necessary to save a man s life, I could use
the lancet; hut ( bate and abhor it; and to
sit down to this as a repast, as an inspira
tion of tlie day it is cannibalism such as
actual historical cannibalism never equal
ed; for cannibals eat men before llley are
rotten, ine euect upon the mind every
day. as a mere matter of excitement, or
judgment, or indulgence, dwelling upon
coarse nnd brutal acts, upon nagrant im
moralities, and upon shocking crimes.can
not but le bad it keeps alive that conceit
of human nature which is too strong in
men, and needs to be repressed and cor
rected. Rome had her gladiators; Spain
had her bull-fights; England had her bear
baiting; and America has her newspapers.
) Is litis an assault upon the newspaper?
No more than it is an assault npon Lbns
tian families. Tho whole community, in
churches and out of churches, love evil.
They love faults in men. They love to
talk about them. They love to have pa
pers bring them in at their door. They
are particeps criminis. And, with all their
defects, our newspapers are less at fanlt
than men who read them and demand
them. I take it that there is scarcely a
newspaper whose proprietor would not be
glad lo instruct their editors and reporters
to leave out all the basilar news; but the
people would not tolerato them ; and if
they do wrong they do it because you de
ntand that wrong. II. W. Baeckcr, in
Locusts in llie East.
A resident of Smvrna furnishes some
', interesting facts e meerning tho locust
I pest in the East. Ho says: -In the month
i of May. 187ri. I wvnt by rail to a village
situated about five miles from tho town of
j Smvrna. On one part of tho line there 11
an Incline, wlucn 1 noticed wo were
nseending at an unusually low rate of
speed, anu the cngino was puiung ano
Inborin" in a most unaccountable manner.
On look'1112 out of tho window to ascertain
tho cause, I perceivcVl that tlie ground
was literally covered with locusts, and
scarcely a minute had elapsed ere the
tram ceased to move, owing to tuo wuceis
having become wet and slippery from the
number of these insects that had beec
crushed on tho line. Sand was thrown on
the rails, and brooms were placed in front
ol the locomotive, by which moans the
train was again set in motion; and we
finally reached our destination in thirly
fi'o instead of fifteen minutes, the usual
leneth of the journey. On entering the
village, I called al a friend's house, and
found the inmates assembled in the garden,
drawn up in battle array, armed with
brooms, branches of trees, nnd other
implements of destrnction, waging war
against their unwelcome visitors, llie
locusts, which it appears, had scaled the
outer walls of tho premises, taking the
place by assault, and were committing sad
havoc on every green thing to be lound in
the garden. Tho united efforts of the
household, howevor, were Kworless
against their cmemies, which were mo
mentarily increasing in number; so they
were compelled lo beat an ignoniuiotis
retrent, and seek refuge in tho house.
Locusts are lirst seen toward the end
of April on the slopes of Iho hills, where
the eggs ot tuo Ii males nan nccn ticposiieti
the previous -autumn. When born they
are about tuo size ol ants, out develop in a
wonderfully short time tn their full size.
Early in May they are sufficiently strung to
travel all day ou foot collecting, together
at mzht in dense masses. At sunrise tney
re-commence their march their head:
invariably turned to the south devouring
every green herb that comes in their way
grass especially being their favorite food
In the rear ot these advancing armies
others are followins.whieh subsist on what
is left by their more fortunate companions
ot the advanced euard. inward tuo cnu
of May locusts arc aullicicntly developed to
take short fliehts on the wing, and wher
ever thoy alight woe betide the unfortunate
owners of the property ! In June and J uly
theyjrisc to a consiilerahleheight in the air
darkenm" tho sun. As at tms season oi
tho vear there is no more grass in the
plains, and the corn has been harvested
ihe.vincyards are unmercifully attacked as
well as tho leaves ot Ihe trees; and wnen
hard pressed for food, even the bark of
trees is not spared by ineso voracious
insects, lxmsts die off in August; but
before this occurs tho females boro holes
in tho ground on tho slopes of the hills
sufficiently largo to insert their bodies
then the males I nm assured by eye
witnesses cut off their wives' heads and
thus the errns which are contained in tlie
female's bodies averaging about seventy
in number aro preserved against the
inclemcnces of the wintor season.
" It occasionally happens that locusts
disappear for a number ol years in su.
cession : it is therefore presumed that in
seasons of scarcity they arc compelled
hefore the breeding season lo taKe long
flights in search of food ; and when litis
occurs millions of thoir dead are found on
the shores of the sea, and the effluvia from
their bodies often occasions great sickness.
In the year 1S-12 locusts lay two feet deep
in tho ilay of Smyrna. Ship and typhus
and other fevers beenmo so prevalent in
the town that many families in a position
10 leave took refuge in the country villages.
Wiih a proper government, this eastern
plague could by degrees bo done away
with : but tho Turks leavo everything to
fate; nnd although occasional orders are
given by the governors in tho interior for
"heir destruction when they lirst appear
in Iho stirinr. only half measures are
taken, and little is gained by these futile
nitempis to destroy them. In former
times Cyprus was annuany uevasiaieti oy
locusts; but of late years this great inflic
tion has almost ceased to bo a source of
anxiety lo its agricultural population,
owing to tho intelligence of a European
who holds property on the island, anu
who inveuted ihe followingsimplo method
of destroyinz them in thoir infancy, which
has been already alluded lo in the public
Tyocusts, as mentioned before, aro born
on the slopes of tho hills, and when they
aro siilliuiuntly developed to comiucneo
their work of destruction, descend into tlie
plains in long and regular columns, never
deviating from their path. Anticipating
this method of progression, trenches are
dug at tho baso of these hills; aud when
tho locusts are within a few yards of the
nits, thev are inclosed between two long
strips of canvas placed perpendicularly in
parallel lines leading to mo moutns oi me
oits. A piece of oil-cloth is then spread
on the ground, extending a few inches
over these trenches in a slanting position
over which the locusts continue to advance
and are precipitated into these traps in
innumerable quantities, and immediately
destroyed. If tho Turkish government
followed tho example set them by the
inhabitants of Cyprus, Asia Minor would
soon be froo of locusts ; but as thei o is
little chanco of this beinz the case, we
most, expect a vearlv increase of these
insects, and trust to natural causes for
The amount of piu money required bv
the married woman depends on whether
she uses diamond pins or rolling pins.
The name of a New Hampshire school
teacher is May I. Conch. Tlie Attn-
California remarks Hint it is much more
common to hear school teachers addressed
as May I Uwout.
A man out west has eiylit children, and
every last one of them has the mumps, in
ooi ii enet-KS, in unnroken chorus. And
tho family looks like a convention of book
agents. ' Why?" Why? Oh, because.
When Washington learned of Arnold's
treachery, he exclaimed: ' Whom 'can
we trust nr.w? ' The next evening he
received a postal card from a retail grocer
tclliug him ihat he would havo to trust
everybody, if he wanted to get any trade.
Clouds, in heavy weather, are seldom
above half a mile higb;but in clear weather
from two to five miles, and they can rise
from five to seven. Clouds are often of
enormous size. ten miles each way and two
thick, containing 2X) etibio miles of vapor.
A minister once told Wendell Phillips
that if his business in life was to save the
negroes, be ought to go south where they
were and do it. " that is worth thioking
of," replied Phillips; "and what is your
business in liter " lo save men irom
Hell," replied tho minister. "Then go
here and attend to your business: said
A now comet is coming sit down, sit
down; wha 's the uso of getting excited?
It. is only visible Irom tlie second peak of
Mount Aytchimhopuandalahasta in central
Asia, nnd only there with a three story
telescope. and then it is only visible twenty
minutes at midnigh', and not then unless
tho atnio-pl.ere is exactly right; and
when it is visible it looks like a ster ab tit
half the size of tho little one in Job's
coffin. By all tho slurry worlds that
swing in space, when "we" were a boy
the comets used to come around every
summer, wilh heads on them like fire
halloons, and tails stretched from the big
lipper to Ihe southern cross, and wagged
back and forth like a bewildered torchlight
proces-ion, and came so (dose to the earth
that they put '.he moon out. Out on theso
single barii lhd coincLs.lhree for a quarter
that they get up for us in these degenerate
modern (lavs! Wo wouldn t walk from
here to Aia to seo a hundred of 'em.
A Xalt.htv Man and a Nice Gim..
A friend if mine coming from New York
lately, was a fellow passenger wilh a
Yankee wl.o never by any chance, except
when he was eating or sleeping, hud a
cigar out of tiis mouth. " I havo seen a
god many smokers." said my friend to
this individual, " hut I never saw such nn
incurable chimney us jou aro." " Yes,"
was the reply: "1 am fond of my Havana,
and I have leit instructions that one is to
he put in my coffin when I die." " And."
interrupted another Yankee of tlie paity,
" I guess you won't have far to go for a
light anyhow!" This anecdote being re
peated in the presence of two specimens
of the rising female generation, one evi
dently enjoyed it, but the other looked
very solemn indeed. When they got to
gether out ot the room, she ot llie hi-riotis
turn of mind said to her companion : "That
was a very naughty title that your uncle
told. I know that there are all sorts of
nice things in Heaven, but I am sure there
are no cigar lights there." A right minded
child that. Whitehall Review.
"I wish young women could be taught,"
says Mrs. Calhoun ltunkle, "that it does
not add one cubit to the stature of a house
to call it a ' residence ;' that a church or
even a meeting house is as venerablo as
1 the sacied edifice;' that it is no more
genteel to 'retire' than to go to bed;
that the garmeut so fondly anil slowly
covered with side planing, so ooiuiy and
that from that lime all the beauty of home
coming Will pass out ol their lives lornver.
l'hcy will, of course, be happy to see homo
friends for a little while, and will feel the
salt ol great variety they are seven
eight times more salt than those of the
ocean. These salts Bre chlorides of sodium.
mairnesium. calcium and potassium. All
of them much used in tho arts and some of
, . , Ul IUI
necessity o: running into port mr repairs j fa bnv- ,a, VH,U VVitn ,ho
but it will be under a feeling of restraint. liva 0K.uin2 0p of the east, con-
Iheswcotness, the excitement, trie love j ' upon'the Berlin treaty, we may
element will have passed out of sight;, ra,'.onHiiy oxpoo,, multiplication of faci
and to recall it by any extra attentions or ,:., , oTJtmi ana transportation. With
lliuuijieui:w iu i-uu iu."u "l.
impossible Christian Union.
True courage is unassuming; true piety,
serious and humble. Hubert Ball.
theso facilities established, that wonderful
region of which the Dead Sea is the centre,
oilers opportunities for profitable invest
ment of capital that are already attracting
The Grasshoppeu Pest in the West.
Grasshoppers are hatching in innumer
able myriads on the prairies west of the
Missouri river now, nnd unnumbered
myriads have been batching out for quite
a while. The ground is black with them.
They hang upon tho grass like bees after
a swarm. But this is not surprising, for
they hatch out in the same way here every
year. I have been familiar with them for
llie past ten years and see no change in
litem at all ; possibly they are a little big
ger, for under ihe iaws of evolution they
ultimate in the kangaroo. On the plains
they are at home, they are vigorons and
grass is their natural food and as long as
Ihey food upon grass they ' thrive, but let
tnein give up tnoir natural food and ior
sake iheir native land, the arid plains and
go upon our wheat farms nnd lnxuriate
upon the rich, highly concentrated food of
cultivated grain, and disease sots In, gan
grene of the vitals is the result, and the
grasshopiier perishes! Three crops of
wheat will destroy any one invasion.
After passing three summers In cultivated
fields, an epidemic (worse than dyspepsia)
produced by high living, will carry them
oil' entirely and no more will be heard of
tliem until some one situated like myself
on me irontier will report from their re
criming camps Unit they are preparing
fur another raid.
It is my opinion that the frontier farms
will always be suhiect to these dosolatory
incursions from grasshoppers, but as the
tide of empire rolls westward the grass-
nopper will go with It and finally be will
disappear, and like the locust of Egypt
ne win oniy oe terrible to read about, in
the meantime be will continue to make
disastrous raids to the east, but the dis
tance be will or oan go will be limited, and
the fear often expressed that some day he
win continue his flitrht to the lar east and
become a scourge to tbo middlo stales is
altogether groundlesa. -Dakota , UlUr lo
the tit. Paul Pioneer Prat. a 1 :
The following iocideut took place in
Washington, Texas: The jury of a circuit
court, beforo whom a miserable wretch
had been tried, returned a verdict of
guilty, and suggested the "whipping
post-" The court then adjourned for din
ner. Immediately after dinner the de
fendant's counsel, without consulting his
unfortunate client, moved for a new trial,
and commenced reading the motion.
Hold on!" whispered the client, pull
ing at the counsel s co.it tail. " Don t
Let me alone," muttered the lawyer,
irritably; "I'll attend to you when I've
read the motion."
1 1 don't want you to read the motion,'
whined the agitated culprit.
Don t want me to read? Why notr
What's the matter? I'm going to get a
But I don't want anew trial!" ex
claimed iho wretch.
' Don't want one? Why not?" returned
the other heatedly, frowning from under
" Cause it s too late, ttred the client.
While you were out to dinner the
sheriff took me out and whipped the very
hide oil me.
The motion was summarily withdrawn .
Tue Charm of Tkue Markiaoe. Our
advanced theories of divorce and freo lovo
making tho matrimonial relation merely a
partnership to bo dissolved at pleasure,
whatever else may be said in their favor,
Strike a deadly blow at an clement in it
which was meant perhaps to be supromo
above all others. What is the sweetest
charm of all true marriage, what the
greatest advantage, what the most price
less happiness, take life through, which it
brings lo the human heart? Not the flush
and splendor of its early lovo: not the
richer development which it brings to the
character; not even the children who are
gathered around it shrine. No, but the
intimacy and reliability of its companion
ship; tho fact that it gives those who enter
It, eacn In the other nnd through all scenes
and changes, n near and blessed stand-by.
Biarriaga in some oi its aspects is doubt
less tbo source of an immense amount of
onbappiness, crime, Injuslico, blight nnd
down-dragging, one of the most perplex
ing institutions society has to deal with.
only the blindest sentimentalist will deny
that, un tno other hand, however, and
this is not more sentiment but sober fact
of all the evidences of God's goodness
to be found in this lower world, nil the
proofs that he cares for us not only with
the wisdom of n Creator, but with the
interost and love of a Fattier, thore Is none
quite equal to his sending human boings
iuto the arena of life, not to fight it-t
battlos, win its victories and endure its
sorrows alone, but giving thorn, ns they
go forth out of their childhood's homo, a
relation in which each two of them aro
bound together with the closest of nil ties.
live together undor the same root, have
their labors, theirproperty, their interests.
tneir parental affections all In common,
and nre moved to stand bv each other.
band to hand and heart to heart, in every
sorrow, misfortune, trial ami stormv day
tlim em ui enn oung. it is an irieni, ii not
always realized in mil, which is lastod
even now, amid all that is said about mar
riage miseries, more -widely perhaps than
any other happiness. Bundau Afternoon
'.for July. ' .
Thn e.od is one of tho most fecund of
fish, and more widely used tor lood tnan
any other fish, except, perhaps, mo ner
ring. It is not confined, as some persons
seeni to think, to the waters of this conti
nent, extensive fisheries of this kind being
on tho coasts of Sweden, .Norway, irolanu
and the north of Scotland. The Nether-
landers were engaged in them ns early as
the fourteenth century the English went
to tho coasts of Ireland about the samu
timo for the same purpose, and the French
have been similarly employed. llie cou
U always caught bv line: the bultow
method, introduced by the French, being
adopted both on the coast and at sea.
Tho bultow is a line of sometimes 3,000
fathoms, ith hooks fastened on it oy
snoods fi feet lomr. about 12 foot apari.
Runva and anchors are altacnea to eacu
end of the line, which is stretched across
the tide to prevent entanglement of the
hooks. The next morning the lino is set
at Jevoning the hooks aro loaded with
large fish several hundred usually dead
from drowning, more man u.uw juiu
nean vessels, independent of boats along
shore.nre said to bo engaged iu the fishery,
and ono man has been known to catch
500 or 600 fish in 10 or 12 hours on tho
banks of Newfoundland, which excel all
other regions in productiveness. It is
estimated that the roe of tho female con
tains from I'lO.UOO to 900,000 nnd tnat no
who caU it eats what if allowed to arrive
at maturity, would equal some 200,000,000
pounds of food. Thore are 2.500 vessels,
tonnage PJ5.0U0 tons, and 12.000 to 13,000
men oniployed in the cod fishery of the
United Suites. Tho fishery has been
carried on for nearly live centuries without
interruption; nnd yet thoro has been no
diminution of tho supply, which is prodi
gious, equal to any apparently possible
fnerenfln of demand. Almost the whole
civilized globe oaU cod nowadays, and
nature Beams determined to contribute far
more than enough, even should the entire
world become a voracious consumer.
A BitiGiir Boy's Haphv Tnouciir.
The Hartford correspondent of the Spring-
held Ikpublican says: "ihat was a prefy
bright thought ot ono ot the Battersons,
who, when employed somo years since as
a lad in an office in New York, was sent
to present a bill to a shaky concern, with
orders to collect it at all hazards. After
much urging the head of the debtor house
gave him a check for $100, the amount of
the bill. Hurrying to the bank at which
it was payable, the lad presented tho
check, only to be told 'not enough funds
to meet it' -How much is the nci ount
short?' was tho boy's quick retort. "Seven
dollars,' said the toller. It lacked but a
minute or two of 3 o'clock, and tho teller
was about to close the door on ihe boy,
when tho latter suddenly pulled seven
dollars from his own pocket, and pushing
it over, with a deposit cheok, said: Put
that to the credit of & Co.,' the
parties who bad given the check. The
teller did so. when ihe lad at once present
ed the check for $100, and drawing the
amount thereof want back to his employ
ers in triumph. But, as he puts it,'
& Co.' who failed the very next dav.'wore
hopping mad when they found they had
no funds iu their bank.t "
No Money to Waste. A Detroiter
who has the reputation of being hard pay
was waited on the other day by a man
who began :
"Mr. Blank, I hold your note for $75.
It is long past due, and I wanted to seo
what you would do about it."
"My note? Ah.yes, yos, this is my note.
For value received I promise to pay, and
so forth. Have you been to tho note
shavers wiih this?
" I have, but none of them would havo
"Wouldn't eh? And have you tried tho
"Yes, sir, but they wouldn't look at it."
"Wouldn't eh? And I surrjose von
went to a justice to see about suing it?"
" l did, but no satd a judgment Wuuldn t
be worth a dollar."
Did eh? And now what proposition
do vou wish to makeP"
' This is your note for $75.
$5 and yon can have it P"
"Five dollars! No, sir I I
money to throw awav. sir!"
But It is your own note."
" True, sir, very true, but Vxa not such
an Idiot as to throw away money on
worthless securities nn matter who signs
them. I deal only inflrst class paper, sir,
nnd when that note has a negotiable value
I will be Pleased to discount it Good day.
: Death is tho foreshadowing of life. We sir, looks like settled weather again I "
dio that wo may die no more. Hooker. Ddroit Free Pest,