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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN,
alee lo the Drlck Block. Head of We Street.
U Id Advance; othenrlw, $3.00.
Paymeut may t iu(e by mall or otherwise to
H R. WHEELOCK,
EJitor aod Proprietor.
The Fkekmax, under the recent law of Oonfrreia
nn ulates irfp in Waabiiiirton County. On all paira
cut uti-ide WiuliiUKtuDCoanty.tbe pottage it paid
hy the pnhltBbcr at t be office Id Mont pel ter.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 13, 1879.
LETTERS OS .NATURAL HISTORY.
llT Ph. HlH.lM A.Cl'TTINO.
Fungi and Animalcules.
THE CMOS SMUT.
This fungus, called by Prof. C. C.
Frost of Brat'.lcboro, Urocy4ia Ccpu'ce,
since its lirst appearance in New England
in 1S70. has caused mucli damage to that
crop. It is thought to bo allied to tho rust
on Indian cum, but not exactly the same.
Tho damage, canned to single towns In
Massachusetts from this smut alono is
estimated at thousands of dollars. There
is as yet very little known about the devel
opment of this fungus. It has never been
known in Europe, and is supposed to
originate from some of our wild species ol
onions, and of course is as yet but imper
fect'y Known here. It changes tho onion
to tlie peculiar dark sooty powder so well
known as smut, and the infested onions al
mice cease to grow, and though the black
may oficn be peeled off apparently with
one or two layers of the onion, they are
not considered heallhy, mid great loss is
entailed to those taising them. As the
spores doubtless remain in tho ground,
and nothing put on tho ground would b -likely
to eradicate them, the only known
help is lo change the locality, giving the
onions ground on which they have not
been previously raised, and using tin
onion bed foro'ln r purposes, or for site!
crops as the spores would not injnro.
Af e a lino, p rliaps four or five years,
tli ! old I eds might probably be again
planted, as doubtless tho spores would
have los' their v.tality.
As this smut at iho present time is priii
cip illy conlino.l to Masi achusetts and Con
necticut, with a little care on our part, li
wili be a long time before Vermont will
materially sulibr from this fungi.
Should i. appear among us it should be
at once stamped out by burning over the
land, and not trying to raiso onions on it
for at least four years, as a trial would not
only be usolo-s, but would endanger whole
townbips by the increaso of the spores.
It should as much bo tho law to stamp
out by legal procee lings such posts, as to
keep small pox out of our towns, as the
diseases resulting to the human family are
none thi less to b ) drealed because slo.v
and inidious in fioir workings.
Tho-e who desire to know more of this
disc-ISO wo will refer to the Massachusetts
agricultural report for l-Srij-7, where it is
The idea wo have thus far of rust and
smut is that it is dark colored, or like the
rust of iron, but as I speak of white rust
that opinion must bo overthrown, as the
white rust of tho cabbage, turnip, and all
similar plants is one that the gr.idener litis
often to conten 1 with. I bring it in to
show that fungi must be looked for in
every place and under all colors. This
white rust is called Cyslnpm Candidas. It
is represented in Figure 0 as it occurs on
shepherd's purse, a, showing the fruit
with the rust upon it; b, portions of the
cabbage leaf with the same species upon
it : nnil c, conidia of the same. (See Cook's
treatise on fungi.)
L. fit- '
R-r i s f ' i
Upon tho 1 af of tho c ibbago it appears
as engraved, in white patches; tho loaves
become deformed an i swollen or blistered.
e?cn before wo can make out fully the
cause of the mischief outside. These
blistered pustules havo a minute system of
branching threads, which traverse the
pulpy parts of the leaves, and which
threads, insinuating themselvos between
tho culls that constitute tho pulp, takt)
their nutriment at tho expono of the
It is after tho pustules assume tho white
color and are visible oa the skin or cutielo
thai tho reproductive pans termed conidia
can bo dete it&l.. Sec Figure 6. From tho
multitudes of theso beads or spores form
ing tho whito powdery dust, the lerni
i-.oiivliii is applied, which moans dustliko.
Oilier plants, besiduj, are often ufloeted as
the watercress, peppergrnss, mustard,
radish and even tho weed purslane does
not esc ipo its ravages. Its mode of vege
tation is one of p .cnliar intorest, in line,
one of the m.ist curious phenomena of
plant life, and indicates in this low order
of vegetation a rehtion to higher struct
ural forms, not only in plants but even in
.animals. Thus, if a few particles of the
white dust be immersed in a drop of water,
and examined under the microscope they
will bo soon to rapidly absorb water, and
swelling, a large and obtuso papilla re
sembling tho nock of a bottlo is produced,
antl a seeming empty space is formed in
tho contents of each spore. As these dis
appear the whole granular substance be
comes sep ir.iled by line lines into five to
eight portions each, with a small, faintly
colored, empty space in tho center. Theso
portions are so many zoospores. These
are so in expelled ono by one, nnd soon
afterwards b-igin to move, boing provided
with seeming lins or fringes by which
thoy are enalflcl to s -vim about like an
animalcule ;hut they are only buds endow
ed with motion, same as many other plants
have. Those of coiirso are capable of in
fecting plan s, as wo have seen.
Tbe prodigil provisions of naturo is
here, as ovrjwliero, especially in its low
er orders signally manifested, when we
are told that the immense numbers of
zoospores capable of being produced from
a singlo infested, plant is nlmost beyond
calculation. It is easy for a million of
conidia to be developed from one such
plant, each producing five to eight zoo
spores. It can scarcely be considered
marvelous that tho white rust should bo
so common on plants favorable to its de
velopment, the marvel boing rather that
To PuniFr the Blood. Strictly diet
on oat meal porridge, lean beef, plain
vegei.tiiie8. It nit anil Graham bread. Eat
no wheat bread or pastry or puddings; no
butter or crease whatever. liutter anil
cheeso secretly poison many systems.
Drink weak lemonade. Ett reirularlv.
and the dryer the food the better. Food
floating in grease refuses to digest. Sub
stitute clear water, not ice water, for tea
or cofiVe. On retiring apply cold cream
or beef fat to the complexion take tho oils
externally instead of internally.
Bad Habits. Understand clearly the
reasons why the habit is injurious: stndv
the sutlject. Avoitl the places, the persons
anil the thoughts that lead to the temnta
-.i-'ii. j. i .-vj.tt -lit mo iiuutT, ii.iucintt witn
persons, indulge tho thoughts leading
away from temptation. Keep busy; bile
ne.-s is tho strength of bad habits. Do not
jive up the struggle whin you have
broken your resolution once, twice, Un
times. That only shows how much need
there is for you to sirivo. Do not suppose!
it is a little or easy thing you have under-'
taken. But p rsevere until you have
overcome them all. This is tho only sure
Physicians and dentists who nso small
mirrors to explore the throat nnd teeth,
astronomers employing largo mirrors out
of doors, all who have occasion to use
siijrglasses in fogL'V weather, antl espe
cially those near signted persons who can
not shave themselves without bringing
iheir noses almost in contact with the
'nuking glass, are doubtless aware that
tho lustre ol mirrors becomes soon dim
med by the breath, by dew, antl generally
by water in a vaporous stale. The way
to prevent this troublesome fo2 is shindy
to wipe the surface of the mirror before
using with a rag moistened with glycerine.
ISy this Bubstttncc watery vapor is com
pletely taken up.
A man eannct afford to bo unfaithful
under any circumstances, cannot afford to
Ire mean at any time; cannot afford to do
le-s than his best at all times and under
til circumstances. No matter bow wrong
f.iUy you arc placed, nnd no nottter how
unjustly you are treated, you cannot, for
your own sake, all'ord to use anything but
your betl'-r self, nor to render anything
but your better service; you cannot afford
o lie ton liar; yon cannot afford to do
odier Than ileal uprightly with any ninn,
no matter what exigencies may exist be
tweeu him ami you. No man can afford
to be anything but a true man, living in
his higher nature, and acting from tho
A singular remedy for indigestion,
recommended by an English magazine, is
chewing different kinds of green leaves,
w hen out of doors, and swallowing the
juico. Any leaves, not nauseous or pois-
inous, are recommended. Ihe benefit is
lerivcd lrirtly from the increased flow of
salivary fluid, and partly from tho tonic
anil stimulating action of the leaf chewed.
Iiefore meals is a belter timo to try the
remedy than after. Tho writer gave a list
if the leaves most likely to bo beneficial,
imong them being those of pine, spruce
or blackthorn trees, currant nnd rose
bushes, mint, the petals of flowers, the
stalks of mountain daisies and the tender
pur. ions of the stalks of grain or grasses.
If this rcni' tly isn't very powerful it is
More than eight years ago the city au-
ihorities of London offered a prizo for any
invention which would enable them to get
ritl of snow in the streets. Seventcon
schemes were submitted. Tho successful
ippara'us was at once erected ami has
In en in operation every year since. It
consists ?imply of an inclined pinto of
iron, fixed below a main hole leatling to
the main sewer. Under this plate are
ranged gas burners. The snow carted
Irom the adjoining thoroughfares is shov
eled down the manhole grating, fills on
the heated plate, is reduced to water and
I asses away down the sewer. The con
sumption of gas is ve ry moderate, antl the
cost is said to be much less than that in
curred by carting away tho snow on the
old system. The apparatus says the
Enfinccr, has proved extremely successful
antl the invent ion deserves to" be widely
Fnt'ir Saves Doctous' Bills. An
experienced doctor in the west says his
bills are cut down in families in propor
tion as they eat fresh fruit. Strawberries,
currants and tomatoes aro belter medi
cine than calomel itr jalap, and rather
better to take. Apples freely eaten do the
work of vermifuge or lozenges. Every
fruit or lurry has its mii-sion to man
hiililcn-away within it. 'therefore, sot
out a strawberry bed, if you haven't one.
If there is no other place, border your
garden walks, ami with a sharp hoe and
straight line keep the edges cut clearly,
leaving a rich mat of vines two feet wide.
I'lant currants A fresh ciilttng will grow
if you but siiek it in tint ground, lit rder
the fence with raspberries Walk around
your place during the early spring days
and mako a mental inventory of every
spot where you can slick in a fruit tree or
a berry bush. Plant something.
Eat Onions. Few people dream of the
many virtues of onions, and those few are
enthusiastic for the beneficent bulb, and
hclit ve it a panacea for every ill. Lung
nnd liver complaints are certainly benefit
ed, often cured, by a free consumption of
onions cither cooked or raw. Colds vield
to them like jmagie. Don't be afraid of
them especially if you are married.
Taken at night all effenco will ho wanting
by morning, anil tho good effects will
amply compensate for the trifling annoy
ance. Taken regularly they greatly pro
mote tho health of the lungs nnd the
digestive organs. An extract niado by
boiling down tho juico ot ouions to a
syrup, and taken as a medicine, answers
lint purpose very well, but fried, roasted
or boiled onions are belter. Onions are a
very cheap mediclno within everybody's
reach, and they are not by any means as
"bad to tako" as the costly nostrums a
neglect of their uso will necessitate.
Keeitno Meat Fkf.sh. Tho system of
protecting iintmal substances hy securing
the coagulation of their albumen and ex
elusion of air, is attracting in England
just now, uooordingto tho London Couwry
Gentleman, a good ileal of attention. The
process known as the Japanese method,
consists in placing raw flesh in porcelain
vessels anil pouring on it boiling water,
whirehy the albumen on the surface is
quickly coagulated and forms a protection
against tho further action of the water.
Oil is then poured on the surface of the
water, so as to prevent tho access of air
antl consequent putrefaction of the moat.
The journal alluded to, in commentinrr on
tills method, says it is undoubtedly prof -
crahle to that practiced in tho process of
preserving tinned meats, which appears
to consist in honing llinm lor such a
length of timo that almost all their flavor
is destroyed, and Hie ultimate result is a
mnss of tasteless shreds of muscular fibre.
THE TREE GOD PLANT.
The wind that blowa can never kill
The tree O-xl planta;
It bloweth salt, it bloweth weet.
The tender learea hare little reat.
But any wind that blowa ia beat;
The tree Olid planta
Strikea deeper root.trrJwa hurher attll,
Spreude wider bouif ha, for Ood'a good will
MeeU all iU wanta.
There la no frost hith power to blixht
Tue tree Uod shields;
The roots are warm b.iniutu soft snowa,
And when Bprinir cornea it surely knows,
And every bud to blossom irrows.
The tree Ond shields
Grows on apace by day and nhrht.
Till, sweet to taste aud fair to eiKht,
Its fruit it yields.
There is no storm hath power to blast
The treeOod knows;
No thunderbolt, nor beitiuir rain.
Nor linhtniuir flisli, nor burricane
When they are speut tt d ah remain.
The tree G id knows
Through evory tempest staudetb fast,
Aud from its nrst day to it last
Still fairer k rows.
If in the soul's still Karden.ptace
A seed God sows
A little sned-lt soon will irrow.
Anil far aud near all men will know,
For heavenly lauds He bids it blow;
A seed Und sows,
An! up it spriuis by day aud ulKht;
Through life, thrauirh death it Krowetb rlifbt.
A True Oil Story.
Unromantio as is the name of the oil
regions unpleasant as they must be lo
thoso not interested in boring, yet some of
the most romantic events on record have
been enacted at tho wells, and true stories
aro told of them which put imagination to
shame. One which 1 heanl the other
day haunts me so that I must wrilo it
A certain man, who had been moderate
ly comfortable tim ing his life, having been
inoculated ' wiih tho oil fevor, examined1
his farm nnd fancied that ho discovered
tokens of "oil." He at once engaged the
proper men, wilh their machinery, ami
set to work al great expense to bore, lie
spent all his ready money first. Win n it
was gone, oil had nut been found. How
ever, this was only because he hail not
yet touched the right spot. More boring
must be done. The oil, he felt sure, was
Scarcely less hopeful than before, the
oil seeker led from his stiblo his lino
horses, took his caitle from tjieir sheds
and sold them, and the work went on still
fruitlessly, but he could not slop now.
Men were making fortunes about him
every day; be felt sure of ultimate suc
cess. The few fields ho possessed went
next. Then his house-his old homestead.
His wifo not one whit behind him in
enthusiasm, was the first to propose selling
the furniture, and with her own hinds
took from their case her ear-rings the
only valuable jewels she possessed.
The great machine prodding away
amongst tlie rocks swallowed all Iho
family who onco lived comfortably and
even elegantly, now lodged and fetl us day
laborers might; tho wife earned bread
for them by washing or sowing for her
neighbors;: but sbo took a long journey
on loot, sought out her father, a very old
man.and begged him on her knees to give
her, then and there, tho portion which she
knew ho hail left her in bis will. The
father yielded. Tho money it was not
much was brought back to her husband
by the faithful wife, ami went as tho rest
hail gone. Ono afternoon, the once com
fortable farmer slo id penniless. Ho had
neither house nor lands, nor cattle; no
other clothes than tho shabby trousers and
hickory shirt upon his back lie was
almost barefoot, and had not credit for a
loaf of bread.
lie looked at Ills wife, courageous and
uncomplaining, but with starvation in her
eyes, and felt a remorse too bitter to
endure. H would be better he felt that ho
should die; then indeed, peoplo would
pity her. Her family would take her
homo. Shu would suffer privation no
Walking about tho place in a listless
manner he picked up a long strong cord,
anil his eye fell upon a strong hook in the
empty barn, from whenco bo saw in
imagination, his own form swinging cold
and stiff ami horrible to look upon.
" I hope some of tho uen will find mo
anil keep tho sight from her," ho said.
"Poor wife! poor wife! she did not de
servo this, if I did."
Then he went slowly down towards
tho spot where the man ho had hired to
Dore for oil was hard at work amongst his
"Stop them," he said, in a despairing,
voice. "Stop them. I owe vou money
now that I shall never pay you. I've
been a fool, but I don't want to be more
of a rascal than I can help. Slop your
For a moment tho throbbing and clink
ing ceased. All was silent. Then looking
al his broken tlown employer the heart of
the ereat, rough fello mulled.
"Go to work sgain. (Jivo him the rest
of tho day," ho cried to his men. " It's
only an ii-nir. There may be luck for
"Luck for mo!" sighed the ruined
lie thing himself tlown upon a rock
hard by antl buried bis face ill bis hands.
The word of sympathy, the act of kind
ness, had (plite unmanned him. Ho had
gro vn so used to sneers. For len minutes
he lay there weeping.lhough no one knew
Tln n what was it? Had he gone mad?
A sudden shrew a yell a shout. In
that brief space of time the hard hearted
rock that had stood between him and
fortune had been drilled through, oil had
been reached. Tho well had spurlcd.
That little act of kindness had saved bim.
In an hour's time tho farm was packed
with people. Tlie well w;is pronounced
the finest yet discovered in that region,
and the man who at siinriso had been a
beggar was offered a million for his pos
session. It is s aid he sold it for more, after hav
ing made six hundred thousand dollars by
the well itlself, Rnd is now one of the
most solidly wealthy men in his locality.
Tho man of business foils early and late,
ami tries tn vain lo figure out a profit
from a profitless account. He is discour
aged; want stares him in the face; he
turns from the unwelcome scene and looks
up, in hopes to see a ray of light; bnt no,
tbe clouds have gathered, the sky is dark,
and the storm which is injurious to his
business, his prospects nnd hopes, is surely
coming. It comes, and with il he is, as
far as business hi concerned, loft a ruined
man. Such a man in such a condition
throws up his hands nnd exclaims, what
am I to do? There is but one course left.
You must buckle on the armor and go into
the battle again and deposit for yonr capi
tal, Instead of dollars and cents, a large
stock of pluck and persovernnce. Sun
shine is sure to come after a severe storm,
and Iho longer the storm lasts.the brighter
the sun when it shines. So it will be in
your case. The longer your trouble lasts,
the more prosperous yon will be when
prosperity comes, for your trouble has
taught you a good lesson, and you will
be more careful in the future. Business
1 is such at the present time, that men are
i reduced to their own valuo.oredit is beine
done away with, and in such a state of
tilings tlie ouuoot is improving each day,
as men nre doing business on not what
iney expect kj nave lo-mnrrow, nut what
they have to day.
MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 13,
Dyspepsia is cured by muscular exer
cise, voluntary or involuntary, and in no
other way can it be cured, because nothing
can create or collect the gastrio juice
except exercise; it is a product of the
human machine. Nature only can make it.
O man or woman, whosoever thou art,
yomg or old. what will thou do that thou
inayest inherit eternal life? Not simply
life somewhere when thy mortal days are
ended, but tbe eternal life which may
begin within thee now hy following the
spirit of tho Ktnrnal. If thou livest fur
nothing for only such a nothing as thyself
I will not say that thou wilt die, for thou
art dead already; but if thou wilt live as a
true child of the Eternal, if thou wilt keep
Uis commandments, if thou wilt strive to
bo perfect by doing what thou canst thy
divine parentage will make itself felt
more nnd more, nnd thou shall have eter
nal life indeed. 2'AomtM Satller.
Think Fikst. Do you really need the
article? It is probably a pretty trifle in
dress, in furniture but what soiid benefit
will it be to vou? Or is it some luxury
for the table, tliat you can do as well with
out? Think, therefore, before you spend
your money. Or you need a new carpet,
new sofa, new chairs, or new dress; you
are tempted to buy something a hole
handsomer than yon at first intended, and
while you hesitate the dealer says to you,
' It is only a trille more, and see ho far
prettier it is." Hut before you purchase,
slop to think. Will you be better off a
year hence, much less in old age, for hav
ing squandered your money? Is it not
wiser lo "lay by mtnething for a rainy
day?" All theso luxuries gratify you only
for the moment; yon soon tiro of them,
and their only permanent effect is to con
sume your means. It is hy such little
extravagances, not much separately, but
ruinous in the aggregate, that tho great
majority of f imilies are kept comparative
ly jmor. The lirst lesson to be learned is
to deny yourself useless expenses ; and the
lirst step towards learning this lesson is to
think before you spend. Selected.
Education kou the Kitchen. The
next great step must be to do something
for the art of cookery ; ami tho friends of
genuine social improvement may congrat
ulate themselves that the progress of
education is boginning to take eff tot on
this important department of domestic
life. Cooking schools are springing up
in many places in this country anil Eng
land, and the English are taking the lead
in organizing them as a part of their
national and common school system. Of
the importance, tho imperative necessity,
of this movomont there can not be iho
slightest question. Our kitchens, as is
perfectly notorious, are tho fortified in
trenchments of ignorance, prejudice, irra
tional habits, rulu-of thumb, and mental
vacuity; anil the result is that the Ameri
cans aro liable to the reproach of suffering
beyond tiny other people from wasteful,
unpalatable, unhealthful and monotonous
cookery. Considering our resources anil
the vaunted education and intelligence
of Amei ican women, this reproach is just.
Our kitchens are in fact almost abandoned
to the control of raw servile monials that
pour in upon us from various foreign
countries. Wo profess to believe in the
potency of education, and are applying il
lo nil other interests and industries, ex
cepting only that fundamental art of the
preparation antl the use of footl to sustain
life, which involves more of economy,
enjoyment, ileal th, spirits, nnd tho power
of effectivo labor than any other subject
that is formally studied in tho suhools.
Wo abound in femalo seminaries antl
female colleges, high schools and normal
schools, supported by burdensome taxes,
in which everything under Heaven is
stntlied except that practical art which is
a daily anil vital necessity in all the
households of tho land. I'rof. i'oum in's
in i'opular iSt-.icmc Monthly.
"I Can Swim, Sir." During a terrible
naval battle between the English and the
Dutch, the English flagship, commanded
by Admiral Narborough, was drawn into
tile thickest of the fight. Two masts were
soon .-hot away, and the main mast foil
with a fearful crash upon the deck. Ad
miral N -u borough saw that all was lost,
unless he could bring up his ships from
the right. II istily scrawling an order, he
called for volunteers to swim across the
boiling water, under tho hail of shot and
shell. A dozen sailors at once offered
their services, and among them a cabin
" Why, said tho Admiral, " what can
you do, my fearless lad?"
" I ran swim, sir," tho boy replied ; " If
I be shot, 1 can bo easier spared than any
one else "
Narborough hesitated, his men were
few, and his position was desperate. The
boy plunged into the sea amid the cheers
of the sailors, antl was soon lost to sight.
Tho battle raged fiercer, and as tho timo
went on, defeat seemed Inevitable, llul
just as hope was fading, a thundering oan-
nouaile was Ileum irom tlie rignt, antl tne
reserve were seen bearing tlown upon the
enemy. By sunset, the Dutch fleet were
scattered far and wide, and the cabin boy,
tho hero of tho hour, was called to receive
the honor due him His modesty anil
bearing so won the heart of the old Ad
miral, that he exclaimed:
I shall live to see you have a flagship
of yonr own."
The benediction was fulfilled when the
cabin boy.having bt come Admiral Clouds
ley Shovel, was knighted by tho king.
The Dukss of Children in Summeii
This subject is practically anil sensibly
discussed hy a contributor to tho Chicago
Jntcr-Oeean. She considers that children
dressed wholly in cotton are not sufficient
ly protectetl against sudden changes of
tern perat tiro. Chills and fevers result, and
lurking seeds of disease are developed.
On the other hand, swathing in flannel, in
which the children seethe nnd swelter,
impairs tho vitality and the ability to
repel disoase. The writer further sayB:
" Following the .advieo of a friend who
had given much attention lo the subject
in her own family. I did not discard the
flannel swathe across the bowels till lifter
two summers hail passed. This oan be
made with shoulder straps, and, if prefer
red, can bo cotton across tho back. I also
provided a shirt and undershirt of summer
flannel. At night every article worn
during the day was removed anil a long,
looso night dies- of summer flannel put
on. This sometimes seemed too warm at
night I tit never in the morning. No
injury resulted from throwing the bod
clothes off during the night, mid the
summer complaints nnd troubles incident
to teething were unknown. Of course,
many other precautions are requisite to
secure good health. Damp feet and ex
treme heat and excitement of any kind
should he avoided. Pure air, pure waler,
simple food well cooked, nnd fed at regu
lar hours are the chief essentials. If fed
artificially too much care cannot he given
to the articles containing them to koep
them all sweet and clean, nnd in any case
be sure and give the child onough to eat.
Nature can relieve an over-burdened
stomach though tho extreme should be
guarded against but has no appeal from
an empty one, ana loo little looa lor n
child is seed for future disease, being like
a weak spot In tbo foundation of a build-
"If the angels had wings, what did they
want a ladder for to climb into Heaven?"
This was a puzzler for the htshop. He
cleared bis throat several times, grew red
in the face and hesitated; but at last a
bright thought struck him. Turning
toward the school, he said : "As one little
child has asked this question, perhaps
some other little child can answer it. Now
can anv one tell me whv the antrels want
ed the ladder?" Back came the answer
from a remote corner of the room, " Be-
onuse they were moulting, sir!" The good
bisbop sat down.
The more cultivated the audience the
more surely do they love to hear the gos
pel in its directness and simplicity. A
wise preacher will not carry his scientific
sermons to a learned congregation. If he
should chance to do so, he would find that
be failed to meet their wants. Educated
men havo enough of argument and science
during the week, and they are hungry for
tho bread of life. One of tho most culti
vated and refined congregations in Ameri
ca is presided over by a pastor who em
ploys Ins rich experience and Ins varied
learning to present in tlie plainest wav
Iho gloriom gospel of the blessed God.
The young man who, under the pressure
ol tbe least real or fancied adversity takes
tourinK, is a grown-up haliy, hut hois
nuking the wrong hotilo. The young
man who is ashamed of his mother, be
cause she doesn't put on style, nnd of his
lather because lie doesn t use elegant lan
guage, is a baby that had no business to
have grown up. An overiloso of sooth
ing syrnp would have been a blessing to
him. The eighteen-years-old girl who is
sentimental nnd sighs for his early comins
at tho gate well, she is a grown-up baby
mat HKes to sit in laps as won us ever.
beta Uaveii lieyisUr.
The Human Face a Mask. So inscru
table may tho human face become, that
frequently it is but a mask winch conceals
the real character. The men nnd women
uost famous for heartless cruelty have
often beeu celebrated for their handsome1
faces ; writers of fiction h ive not been un
mindful of tho fac, and Faust is represent
ed as being a handsome man; while the
German fishermen sing of the sirens who
Irag men's souls down to perdition with
their faithful dower ol beauty. Some faces
are unreadable and tell nothing of tho
owner's character. Tho merriest men now
itml then have sober faces, and the most
serious frequently have cheerful ones.
Frequently tho most heartless coquette has
all tho shy graces of a girl of sixteen.
while llio heart ot somo women who look
you through with cold, steady eyes, may
bo filed with love and tenderness that you
are too blintl to discover. So wo go on,
wearing guises of different doviee, never
quite concealing, never rovoaling, the life
Honesty Befoue Etiquette. There
are those who nurse their tastes up to so
lino a point that moral worth may be at
any time eclipsed by a badly lilting gar
ment or shoe, or a violation of grammar,
spelling, or etiquette. This is sheer folly,
as ono must needs to take leave of the
world if ho would avoid these little un
pleasantnesses. If the perpetrator have
been an upright soul and an honest heart,
wo would rather take bim or her by the
hand, than thousands whose dress, con
versation nnd manners aro oracularly
styled faultless. Of course, one prefers
gicatheartednoss anil refinement com
bined ; but if to gain tho latter the former
must bo dlspensetl with, it is, in our opin
ion, too great a sacrifice. Wo havo seen
people wnose leelli were quite set on
uge by Ihe chance mispronunciation of a
word, to whom an act of downright im
morality would bo far less distasteful. It
is unnecessary to pronounce a verdict on
such surface people. Let them keep on
skimming life till it be thinned to their
Scientific Reliance on Soap. Dr.
Richardson lectured recently, in this city.
on the germ theory of disease. He ac
knowledged bis obligation to Jyndall for
his microscopic investigation on air dust,
spores nnd other comforting and salutary
topics. It is worth while lor common
people to learn that 50,000 typhus germs
will thrive in the circumference of a pin
head or a visible globule. It is worlh
while for them to nolo that those germs
may be dosicatcd and bo borne, like thistle
seeds, everywhere, and, like demonical
iossessions, may jump noiselessly down
any throat. But there are certain things
spores cannot stand, according to the
latest ascertained results ol science. A
water temperature of 120" boils them to
death and soap chemically poisons them.
Here sanitary and microscopic science
come together. spores thrive in low
ground and under low conditions ot lifo.
For redemption fly to hot water and soap,
ye who live in danger of malarial poison
ing. Hot water is sanitary. Soap is more
sanitary, right typhus.sumll pox, yellow
fever ami ague wnlisoap. boap is a board
of health. l'hiladclphin Press.
A College Education. The Now
York AViiioH briefly discusses tho value of
a liberal education witli much intelligence.
showing that tho professional man in
whatever branch of his general calling is
always more successful than tho purely
business mini. It remarks that the statis
tics of trade, so far ns they show the
percentage of failures or the part of those
who try to acquire wealth, or even 11
decent competency for their later vears
form tho most melancholy reading imagin
able. The great mass of poor boys who
begin in a store never mako a lortune, or
fail lo keep ono if they mako it, but simply
mako a poor subsistenco for themselves
ami their families, and die in obscurity
There are n smaller proportion of success
ful business men to the number than of
professional men who are successful. In
a profession a man sueccods by his own
capacity alone, ol wnicti possession notti
ing but his own negligence or misconduct
can deprive him. Evon in adversity ho
is ant to have mental resources and conso
lations whicli are but rarely within reach
ol tlie untorttinnte business man.
Glazed 1'ots. Glazed pots aro con
detuned by most writers. The majority
of these writers aro greenhouse men, or
those with but little experience with
growing plants in the dry air of our par
lors nnd living rooms; and in watering,
those in glazed pots would naturally re
ceive the same supply ns those in com
mon porous pots alongsitlo. Tho evapora
tion from tho porus pots would take place
much more rapidly than from tho glazed,
ami tho ono would bo comparatively dry
while the othor would bo still wet. Tlie
next watering repeats this process, and
tho result is quickly seen, the plant in
the glazed pot perishes at once, or drags
out a sickly, miserable oxisteneo. Glazed
pots can be used with good results in the
parlor or living room. If the drainage is
good, so that the surplus waler can pass
off, there are many plants that will grow
wen in tnem. To tnis it may be atitieu
that many peoplo are very irregular in
watering house plants. They forgot to
attend to it until the dry and parched ap
pearance of tlie earth admonishes tberu of
their neglect. Of course tho plant in the
unglnzed pot suffers worst under this
treatment, for the earth gets dry from top
to bottom, while in Ihe gin Zed pot Ihe
great bulk of the earth, being proteoted
! from rapid evaporation, mv remain cum
plirHtively moist, though the top Is dry.
journal of 0w.irV,
Would 1 woretylns; tn a field of clover.
or clover cool and soft, and sort and sweet.
With dmky cloud in deep skies hautr inir over.
And aoented aileuee at my head and feet.
Just for one hour to sltp the hush of W trry,
In eaa-er haate, from Thoutrht's Impatient neck.
And watch it o.mrinf-ta its njeiless hurry
Disda'ntnir Wisd-ira's whistloj-Ddty's beck !
Ah I it were sweat, where clover clumps are meeting
Aud daises biding, so to hide and rest;
No sound except my own heart's sturdy beaUny
Hocking- itself to Bleep within my breast.
Just to lie thore fllled with the deeper breathing
That comes or Usteotna; to a free bird's sons; 1
Our souls require at times this full unsheathing
All souls will rust if scabbard-kept too lontr.
Aud I am tired ! so tired of rUld duty I
Ho Ured of all my tired bands find to do 1
I yearn. I faint, for some of life's free beauty.
Its loose beads with no straight string running
Aye, lauirh, if latt.h you will, at my erude apeech
But women sometimes die of suuh a greed;
Die for tbe email Joys held beyond their reach,
Aud the assurance they have all they need I
Mary Anhlev Tuvmhend.
TOO LIT n,E.
Johnny aud M ay and Dicky and BeU
Were going down to the Daisy Dell;
"1 know you're going, know very well;
Take me too 1" said dear Uttle Nell.
' Too much bother 1" eays lasy John,
May, " Who wanta irau tavgiug alongf "
" Too ll'.tle I" aaldBMl. " Oourae I " aald Dick;
" Hurry, now, Nellie aud grow up quick."
Two sweet lips to quivering fell;
" Too little for icAntf" said d-r little Nell
" Too littte !" cried m ither," too little to bear
Our poruou in life a burden of care,
" Too littte a heart for trouble to weigh,
Too little for teare a moment to atav ;
Of wtougs aud rebuffs too little to ttnow;
From m3thers own side too Uttle to go.
" Let Johnny and Mary and Dicky and Bell
Go frolicking down to the Daisy Dell ;
But mother and Nell aud pussy-cat-mew
Will have the merriest picnic too."
Tbe quivering broke In showers of smiles
When mother went on to tell of the piles
Of struwbrrry-cakea, aud candies, too.
With bread and milk for pussy-cat-mew.
The four round faces visibly fell
Looked sob it nnouifh ac neither and Nell;
Rho nestled aud said, ' I'd much rathor stay ;
1 aiut tao littte for leu, auy way."
Patience with the Older Children.
BY MAIIGABET E. SANGSTEK.
A mother told mo, not long since, that
sho had unbounded patience with her
children so long as they were babies, but,
said she, " ns they grow older, I begin to
feel that I must pray constantly, lest I
show irritation nnd fretfulness toward
Thinking of my friend's experience, it
lias scorned to me that it is one to which
many mothers might confess. We all
know how easy it is lo bear with the help
lessness of infancy. The babe's pitiful
cry at night, arouses us at once, no matter
how tired wo may be; its wail of pain
awakens our desire to alleviate the trouble,
and even its fractiousness or its ill-temper,
stirs in us only pity. We take the great
est comfort in learning its little face by
heart. Every day that face becomes dearer
and sweeter. Its softness, its roundness,
its flower-like tinting, tho look of intelli
gence dawning in the eyes, the first smile,
the first decisive turning motherward, how
utterly happy we are in them all. Every
mother is in some sense, a Madonna. As
she sits brooding over her babe, she pon
ders many things in her heart, nnd what
ever mny be her oares, her trials, or her
anxieties, the blessedness ot watching this
little nnfolding life, still allied so closely
to her own, makes up her lack, and car
ries her through weary days triumphantly.
I have seen this proved repeatedly, dur
ing theso times of prolonged financial
pressure. Clouds and darkness had gath
ered around the horizon of the household ;
there were losses and crosses; the mort
gage was the last thought at night, nnd
the first in the morning, the carpets were
growing threadbare, the pictures were
sold, and the family fortunes were appar
ently about to bo totally wrecked. Then
camo a now baby. Very likely during the
prosperous years, when thero was plenty
wilh which to take care of babies.thoy had
been denied, and now, people who looked
on tbo surface only, exclaimed, " What a
pity. As if those folks had not enough to
struggle with, but must have another
mouth to feed, another child to bring up!"
Yet, if you have known such a case, you
have discovered that God could have sent
nothing so precious, nothing so consolatory
as that new treasure. It has helped father
antl mother and the brothers and sisters,
is nobody else could. It has kept free antl
flowing the fountain of domestic affection,
and has beguiled, by its unconscious win
someness, many a heavy and despondent
hour. The mother, in her inmost heart,
thinks they never could have got through
the storm and stress of the period, if thoy
had not had tho baby.
" Anither batru cam hame,
flame to mither and mo ,
An' its never may ye nnd leas o' luve,
Than the luve ye brought wl' ye."
As the little one leaves infancy behind
it, and emcrgos into boy or girlhood, dev
eloping character, showing individuality,
and assuming some share of personal re
sponsibility, its position in tbe household
is decidedly changed. A little while ago
it was the pet nnd plaything of everybody.
It had such privileges as are not accorded
to ago nnd rank. As Emerson says, it
could pull the hair of laureled heads. Now,
it is quite otherwise. The child of ten is
always supposetl to be at leisure. No
matter how employed, no one has any
hesitation in interrupting its pursuits. It
is: "Johnny, run to the uost office."
" Jennie, go to my room after my slip
pers, or my pencil, or my watoh." The
little girl is treated with more courtesy,
and regarded wilh more consideration
than the little boy, who is often addressed
as " Sir!" reproved roughly In ihe pres
ence ol others, and spoken ot as thouirh he
were necessarily a trying and aggravating
member of the family, a person to be
borne with, but from whom nothing very
charming is to be expected. Tbe wonder
is that.treated as boy s are in many house
holds, thoy do grow up, on the whole, so
courtoous, so generous, and so manly as
1 plead for patience witli children of
either sox.wnen tney;arrive at the awkward
age, the age when feet and hands begin
to look out for proportion, when angulari
ties of disposition are pronounced, and
opinions are proclaimed with sharpness
..n.l nmnl.Bl. TU. tt.ll tl ,
nun uiiiimai:. x uu unto giri,yesteruay bo
yielding and so amiable, seems to have
changed her nature. She is exacting,
cross, inharmonious, apt to be overtaken
by sunden storms of passion, or perhaps
is sullen and obstinate. Now, more than
at any previous time since her birth, she
is in need of the gentlest and tho wisest
guardianship. Encourage her confidence.
Be tender toward her. Do not let her
strength of brain or body bo unduly taxed.
All will come out right after awhile, and
your daughter will be your heart's de
light; but she will be the sooner so, if you
exercise patience towards her at this crisis
of her lifo. We aro too foreotful. as well
as too Ignorant, of the processes by whloh
children nre led onward to maturity, and
sometimes we rebuke with bitterness
where we should instead fold our arms
about the waywaril ono, and win penitence
The big clumsy lad, who upsetl his tea
cup, and steps on his sister's dress, and
knocks his head against the door, whon
nnotner person would have opened it
gruceiuiiy, needs mother s pelting and
caressing far more than ha needed it whan
be was a babe. Then, he received kisses
witnout stmt, and was the sovereign of the
circle. The fondness which hallowed the
cradle, the soft compassion which was so
ready in those days, is still in the soul of
the mother, but she is often afraid to give
it expression. T he reserve w hich gradually
builds itself, till it becomes a wall.bctween
parents and children, is always to be de
plored. It is frequently ono of tho intan
gible causes, which keep child red1 from
coming to tho divine love. A young
man or woman shall lie willing to speak
lo anyone rather than to mother, of tlie
things which concern tbe spiritual lifo.
Somewhere away back in the earlier years
there was an hour when the first stone of
separation was laid, and the first chill of
misunderstanding crept between the two,
who were mutually so near nnd dear.
Baby ways are beautiful. The baby bud
is very fair. But you would not want the
baby to slay in this world, without growth
or development. What sort of a man or
woman shall this little ono be in tlie
future? Strong or weak, full or empty,
large and liberal, or small and churlish,
a Iriend or an alien? Under God, the an
swer to this, rests mainly with fathers nnd
mothers. There cannot bo too much love
and p itience, blent with authority, in the
training of the elder children. (lowjrcga
tionalid. Smiles. A smile costs the giver noth
ing, yet it is beyond all price to the erring
antl repentant, tho sad and cheerless, the
lost and forsaken. It disarms malice,
subdues temper, turns enmity to lovo, re
venge to kindness, ami paves the darkest
paths with gems of sunlight.
If you are not well educated nnd can
find " nothing to do," improve your oppor
tunity by studying. A wise use of this
hard time may make it memorable as the
turning-point for good in many a life
Think of it, young friends, and make the
most of your enforced leisure.
James Larrabee, of Stark, N. II.. a
veteran woodsman of eighty-eight years,
has furnished spars ami masts for five
hundred vessels; he has not been ill for
fifty years, and can still remain up day
and night for two days at a lime while
engaged in his work in the forest.
Occasional storms and tempests may
strengthen nnd make us hardy and healthy
if we are properly prepared to endure
them; but sunshino and calm are our
daily need. A little necessary leaven of
evil mny be fell enough, bnt we do not
want an overdose of it. Hills and moun
tains beautify ami diversify the landscape,
but there must be henutiful meadows,
broad prairies and fertile fields, and green,
sunny acres of lowland to make the hills
even tolerable. So tho philosopher oalmly
takes life as he finds it, and makes the
most antl the best of all that is, knowing
that it is but iho result of all that has
been, and thai we must work out our own
good and our own salvation from misery,
amid tho environments thnt surround us,
by our own individual efforts. Elmim D.
Tho Into General Shields was fond of
telling the following story:
" I remember particularly well that on
tho 13ih day of September, 1817, tho
American army found iisulf before the
ram parts of tho city of Mexico. Tho city
contained two Hundred thousand inhabit
ants and was defended by thirty thousand
disciplined soldiers, yet six thousand six
hundred American soldiers crossed the
ramparts and captured that city. Can
you show mo any other instance of the
kind in history? I recollect an old
English militaire who was there, and
after he looked at the little bind lm said:
Is this iho army?' 'Yes.' ' Well,' said
he, "all I have to say is this you Ameri
cans are not only the brave-t people I ever
hoard ol, but the most audacious people
on!earth to come here with such an army
as that.' "
Effect of Flowf.iis on Health.
"Contrary to a popular belief," says a
writer in Cusselt's Magazine, " it has been
recently found by an Italian professor (
that hne vegetable perfumes exercise a
positively beneficial influence on tho at
uosphero, by converting tho oxygen of
the air into that powerful and, therefore,
purifying agent, ozone. The essences
found by him to produce the most ozone
are precisely thoso which usage has se
lected as the most invigorating, such ns
cherry, laurel, cloves, lavender, mint,
juniper, lemon, lennel and hergamot, sev
eral ot wuicn are ingredients in the re
freshing eau de cologne. Aniso, nutmeg,
thyme, narcissus and hyacinth flowers,
mignonotte, heliotrope and lilies of the
valley also develop ozone; in fact, all
flowers possossing a perfume appear to do
so, whereas thoso having none do not.
This interesting intelligence will be grati
fying to all lovers of flowers, anil the
cultivation of those lovely disinfectants of
nature should be promoted in all marshy
or foul places."
How the Nutmegs Gkow. Nutmegs
grow on litllo trees which look like little
pear trees, antl are generally over twenty
feet high. Tho flowers aro very much
liko the lily of the valley. They are pale
and very fragrant. The nutmeg is seed
of the fruit, and mace is the thin oovering
over this seed. The fruit is about as
large as a poach. When ripe it breaks
open and shows the little nut inside. The
trees grow on the islands of Asia and in
tropical America. They bear fruit for
seventy or eighty years, having ripe fruit
upon them at nil seasons. A fine tree in
Jamaica has over four thousand nutmegs
on it yearly. The Dutch used to have all
this nutmeg trade, as they owned the
Banda Islands, and conquered nil the
other traders and destroyed the trees. To
koep the price up, they once burned three
piles of nutmegs, each of which was as
largo as a church. Nature did not sym
pathize with such meanness. The nut
meg pigeon, found in all the Indian
islands, did for the world what the Dutch
had determined Bhould not be done car
ried those nuts, which aro their food, into
all the surrounding countries, and trees
erew again, and tho world had the bene
fit. Button Journal of Commerce.
The Value of Muck. For a soil de
in vegetable matter muck is valua
ble, ns it gives increased warmth of soil
and capacity to withstand drouth.
Muck is of great value in composting.as
it doubles tho manure without much dimi
nution of its value.
Muck furnishes some nitrogen , a most
valuable manurial agent.
Muck is a valuable deodorizer ana will
preserve tho manurial matter derived
From night soil, doad animals, eto.
Muck is valuable because of its power
t ratlin and absorb ammonia.
Clay lands are improved by a dose or
muck ; llgni sanus are nnproveu oy niuun.
It renders clay laads friable and open ; it
improves sandy soils by moistening them
and preventing exoessive drying of the
soil. It absorbs and retains manurial
The proper way to handle mack is to
compost it; haul it into yonr barnyards
and spread it on your fields with youi
Their are "millions" in muck when it il
bandied as tn nbsorbont or a deodorizer,
and as a compost, Maok is ripened by
exposure to the T.&xcnange.
I TERMS FOR ADVERTISING.
' For one rqmre of tl Uop or of Airit typ, od
li.h.rti(D. ti m;: for ea.-b .ulitiufut lrirtiii. cu.
' I'ulrMitbe number of lotertl-.u. ui.rke.lno the id.
i vurtlfiiient It will b1 nutiua-tl until orrler.d nut
' Ltlxral tllw-ouut oo&le tu merclMnU ud otUtr.lv.r
! tlHimf lv tli. ..r.
Probetrand Commleeioner.' Notics. 93.0V each.
For Notice of Liheratiou. E-tray.. tbeKormttlnn
no I'ltuoiiiiiim 01 ix-i.rTDer.iii(.H, sr.. t p. u i,,r
tlirw tuwrtion.. If aeut by mail tlia uiuuey uut at:.
comiauy tbe letter.
Tfotioes In new. rolumna. lorentarr llnearh lu
aeruou, but Do ubaryea luade of leea Uiau ixuu.
Notlreaof Death and Mariiavea Inserted irratla. but
eiteuded Obituary Nntit-efl ol foulTy will be charged
at tbe rate of Ave eeuu iter line.
"Mamma,'' snid an nfloeted young lady,
" here is a grammatical error in tho
Bible," ' Kill il!" said the old lady. ' it's
what's been a eatin' of the leaves and
A. A. de Seria Pinto, a young Portu
guese traveler, has just completed the
crossing of Africa on tho line of Dr.
Livingstone's first expedition, going, how
ever, from the west coast inland and thus
reversing tho great explorer's course,
lie reports tho discovery of a race with
features like the Hottentots, but white.
and, as the collegian said, covered all
over with no hair. This is "important, if
true;" but the great ancestral Pinto has
passed into history as the facile princeps
On Yes. Mabel Knew It. It was a
warm afternoon, antl young Mr. Cum ma-
gen did not go into the house, but sat
tlown in tho pleasant porch, as was his
custom, after ringing the bell. Her little
sister came to tho door aud looked at
him with some curiosity. " Does your
sister Maliel know I am here, Nellie?" ho
asked. ' Oh yes," replied the innocent
prattler, " I guess she docs ; she told mo
to come out and see how shady it made
the front yard whon you put your feet up
on tho. porch railing." He took them
down and sat on them. Burlinrilon
Reoulatino tub Small Bov. Satur
days are red-letter days in the lives of
schoolboys, nnd ihe amount of live ex
perience that can be crowded into a spring
Saturday is something to think of. I
know a boy whose infant feet havo pressed
tbe blossoms of something like fourteen
summers, or thereabouts, who made four
kites ami flew tlieni with his mother's
patent thread, tore his pants zigzag trying
lo nail a pigeon box to tho woodshed,
played trapeze on tho clothesline, anil
came tlown iu the slop barrel. Theso
were only casual incidents of an hour.
He coaxed a strango rooster into the yard
anil raised a revoit in the hennery, upset
a pail ot whitewash on the clean porch,
and caused the hired girl to leave with a
big ironing on hand ; dropped tbo shears
into tho cistern, and broke the small blade
of his knife, besides othor and minor
things beyond number. It is ono of tho
impossibilities to regulate tho leisure
hours of a boy. Cincinnati Saturday
Altogether too Quick. Ono morning
an enraged countryman camo into Mr. M s
store, with very angry looks. Ho had left
a team in the street, and had a good-sized
stick in his hand.
" Mr. M." said tho countryman, " I
bought a paper of nutmegs hero in your
store, and when I got home they were
more than half walnuts; and that's tho
young villain I bought them of," pointing
" John," said Mr. M., "did you sell the
man walnuts for nutmegs?''
" No, sir," was the ready answer.
" You lie, you little villain," said the
countryman, still moro enraged at his
' Now look here, you old goose." said
John, " if you hail taken the trouble to
weigh your nutmegs, you would have
fount! that I put in the walnuts gratis."
"O. you gavo them to me, did you?"
' Yes, sir. I throw in a handful for
the children to crack," said John laughing
at the same time.
Well, now, if that ain't a young
scamp," said the countryman, his features
relaxing into a grin, as lie saw through
Much hard talk and bad blood would bo
saved if people would always stop to
weigh before they blame others.
He Staved Mesmeui.ed Bocently a
York street family entertained a number
of friends, ami among the guests was a
Nicholas street young man with mischief
in his eye, nnd who has a penchant for
practical joking. There was also in tlie
party a Sussex street merchant, who
boasted during the evening of being able
to put tho strongest mind in the room un
der tho influence of mesmerism. It oc
curred to the Nicholas street young man
at that moment that he could have a jolly
time, and his eyes twinkled, and a smile
beamed over his face as ho announced
himself ready for the sacrifice. The mer
chant commenced the operation, nnd in
less than two minutes concluded that he
had the Nicholas street man under control.
He was allowed to think so, for his sub
ject performad all manner of odd tricks at
bis suggestion, much to the amusement of
the company. Half nn hour later tho
merchant considered that it was time to
restore tlie young man to his senses, hut
be soon discovered that ho was powerless
to perforin the act, and, to all appearances,
had lost control of bis subject. When he
had been under the influence an hour th"
merchant began to get seared, ami so did
the company, who' looked upon tho affair
as a genuine transaction. Finally, a doc
tor was sent for, but before he arrived the
young man had kissed all the young la
dies in tho room and scattered tlie compa
ny about in every direction. When the
doctor reached the house ho hat) fully re
covered, and it was not until a fevr days
ago that the cat was let out of tho bag.
Competition not the Life of Tkade.
"Eleht sweet Flo id i oranges for a
dims here, fifteen con s a dozjn!" bawled
nn orange peddler, ns ho stopped his
wagon close to the curbstone on Fifth
street, Cincinnati, the othor day, where a
small crowd congregated.
Another peddler of oranges drew up lo
the same spot and went ono better, ns
'Eight Bwect oranges for nine cents;
the only oranges in the state of Ohio that
are fit to eat."
' Eight sweet oranges for eight cents,"
yeliod No. 1 : "rioh and juicy, nnd not
picked Dy yellow lever patienis.HKe some
oranges that I know of."
"Eight large, fine oranges for seven
cents," retorted No 2, and the crowd
began to manifest an interest in the pro
ceedings. " Eight delicious oranges for six cents..
yelled No. 1, and he looked black as tho
iloor ol Venice at his oompottlor.
" tight overgrown oranges for hve
cents, and they're tho only oranges in this
city that are not stuffed with sawdust."
tight lor lour cents! '
" Eight for three cents!"
" Eight for two cents!"
"Eight for one cent!"
" Eight for nuthin', by graoious!" yel
led the desperate dealer.
" Nuf sed!" exclaimed his rival, leaping
to tbe ground and boginning to transfer
tbe eigbt-for-nothing fruit into his own
wagon ; " Nuf sed, yer oranges ain't worth
no more lhan that, nohow, but soein' it's
yon, I'll tako the whole lot at that price,"
and an me wuue ne was scooping tnem
out in handfuls of a dozen.
" I'll take a handful at them figures,"
yeliod a newsboy, as he climbed upon the
" So'll I!" screamed another.
" Here, too!"
" Make room on that wheel for your
Tbe unfortunate man whose stock was
being reduoed at such unprofitable figures,
whipped up his horse and escaped, with a
few oranges under the seat, and ns he
whirled around a corner he stopped swear
ing: long enough tossy that he could lick
the man that said competition was the lifo