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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN,
in the Brick Block. HoU of 8uUBtrt,
fl ID If pld In ftdYuce: otbcnriM,
l'aymeut mj be made by mall or otntrwiae to
. H R. WHEELOCK,
Editor and Proprietor.
T!ic Freemak, Hotter the recant Uw of OontrreM
rinuUiMtreoin Wwhinrtoa County. On all papers
..ut .-aUidc WMhintrton County. the poetave la paid
by the inibltotiPT at th ofttce In Moatplir.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20. 1879.
J.ETTEBS OS NATURAL HISTORY.
Bt Da. H IB-AM A. CUTTIKtt.
Fungi and Animalcules.
THE POTATO DISEASE.
Moltl is a word in oommon use, and all
will ti ll yon what mold is, yet each will
p rliajts tell you of a different kind. This
very numerous family are called Hyp
homyclcs, that is. fungi that grow by
throwing out delicate threads.
Of course there are several distinct
To the common eye, unaidod by the mi
croscope or observation, mildews, moldi
ness, and similar microscopic, plants,
would be readily confounded. But the
mildew is a much more highly developed
fundus, and though apparently as danger
ous, is not so to the same extent. The
egg mold (Oiilium) which covers and
suffocates Iho young gooseberry, or the
grape, readily yields to agents which will
di'slrov it, and set free from its threads
the swelling fruit; but the potato mold.
for instance, is the inception of the potato
rot, which is so dreaded. The " molds,"
then, as Russell says, "are fearful para
sitic plants which riot on the tender tis
sues of other plants, and eventually cause
their death. There is in this country as
many as ten known fungi infesting the
potato. It is on this aceount that those
attempting to desoribo the potato disease
have differed so widely from each other
while all have brought up some facts
Tlio true potato mold, causing so much
mischief, is now generally admitted to be
the Ptronnspora infislans. and were it not
for its t fleets it would bo regarded as a
thing of beauty. Were the flies or insects.
which are are so liberally endowed with
ye?, and quite unconcerned about crops
to investigate; tlie leaves of the potato
would be quite a pretty set of objects U
examine, presenting white, many branch
ed, and beaded twigged plants, with egg
shaped seed bodies on the tips of tht
branches. These vegetable growths issue
from the stomatn(hrenthing spores)of the
leaves, choko up the internal and external
passages, and prevent a healthy action
from being maintained. Soon the leaves
become paler, or yellow, then discolorei
spots appear, and the stems are covered
with dsi'-k patches; even the stocks are
tilled with clotted substances, and soonei
or later putrefy, and lastly the tuber suf
fers, and the rot rapidly increases.
It was toward iho close of the summer
of 1815 that tho world awakened to what
they supiwsed a new disease in the potato
crop; and ono which threatened its entire
destruction. E irly in September its rava
ges in Ireland threatened starvation to the
people. It extended to Scotland, England
a id the continent, and rewards were offer
ed for detection of the cause and a host of
observations were made with no valuable
It is only by long yoars of patient study
that nature's works are found out, and it
will bu longer still before any sure pre
ventative will bo reached. Thero are,
however, some things that tempt this fun
gus growth that is so destructive ; as close
planting, damp land, weeds that shade the
As there are some differences of opinion
in relation to the actual condition of the
potato, favorable or otherwise, to the rot,
I copy from the observations of others.
' Some eminent chemists, such as Dr.
Lyon Playfair, behove that the potato
plant, when healthy, is not subject to at
tacks from fungi. In a lecture delivered
by the doetor before the royal agrioulturul
society of England, Deo. 9, 1815, he re
marked that ' much had been said and
written with regard to the source of the
disease, and since minute fungi had been
assigned as its cause, potatoes, apples and
other fruits had been inoculated with fun
gus spores, anil had become diseased ; but
if there was not some previous disease in
tho iotato itself, how was It that some va
rieties of potatoes escaped while growing
in the immediate vicinity, while others
were attacked?' " The disease, ho believ
ed, arose fiom .structural or chemical
When a decayed potato was examined
it was found that the diseased soots were
always in the region of the spiral vessels,
whoso function it is to carry air into the
tissue of tho plants. He believed the dis
ease originated in the oxidation of the
tissue. The Rov. M. J. Berkeley, the
leading myoologist of England, on the
other hand, contends that fungus Bolrytis
infcsUms, or, as now classed under the
new genus, Peronospora infestans, will
attack the healthy tubers; but the question
arises at this point, what means have we
of ascertaining the perfectly healthy
structure, and chemical state of tubors?
Every farmer plants what he deems sound
tubers, yet in the majority of cases, since
1815, the crop during very moist seasons
has been more generally affected than it
was prior to that date.
The severity of attacks of fungi on
plants will depend in somo cases on the
density of their organic structure and the
solubility of their nitrogenous matter. The
nitrogenous principle of potatoes, for ex
ample, is soluble in wator, that of turnips
nearly insoluble. The former, therefore,
ferments more readily than tho latter. The
leaves of a healthy poach tree, when
placed in a moist atmosphere at about 75
F., resist fermentation for months, while
those of a peach troo affected with the
" yellows," placed undor the same goneral
conditions, will quickly ferment and be
come covered with tho fruit of tho fungus
muuor. The first possess an antiseptical
property, the second are deficient in it. If
two blocks of wood, one of boxwood and
tho other of soft pino, are placed in a fun
goid solution, the first will resist the
action of the mycelium for a long time
because of its donsity, while the second
will quickly decay. The first absorbs
very little water, the second a great deal.
A certain amount of moisture is always
necessary to the growth of fungi. The
presence of an excess of water Is highly
favorable to the growth of the common 1
molds and some other forms of fungoid
In years previous to the noted potato roi
of 1815, the average amount of watei
found In healthy potatoes, according to
Professor Playfair, was seventy-two per
cent; that of unhealthy tubers since that
date, eighty per cent. The tendency to
ferment i therefore inoreased. It was ob
served by Professor Playfair in bis lecture
alluded to, that a peculiar state of the
weather had been observed all over the
north of Europe where Ihe disease had
been seen, as well as In America. The
wide-spread use of tho potato as an article
of diet, especially among the laboring
classes throughout Europe, mu9t have led
to the extensive planting of diseased pota
toes in 1816, because healthy seed could
not be found. Indeed. Professor Playfair, in
his second lecture of the 10th of Decem
ber, 1845, recommends " the planting of
diseased potatoes as seed rather than
none." He further states that there was
no prospect of obtaining healthy seed from
abroad, and that be had permission of the
late government authorities for stating
that this was the result of their consular
returns. The unavoidable adoption of
this advice tended to establish hereditary
tlisease in after years, whether it arose
from chemical, structural or fungoid con
If a healthy potato is so dug out on its
opposite enus inai u will resemble a
double egg-cup, and placed erect on one
end for about six days In an atmosphere
at the temperature of 709 F., its. undor
cavity will become covered with mildew,
and its fruit will appear in tho form of blue
mold, Pinicillium glaucum. In this case
the inverted cavity will retain the moisture,
and as a consequence slight fermentation
will ensue, the fungus deriving its nutri
ment fiotu tho potato; but Iho upper sur
face, although fully exposed to the floating
germs in the atmosphere, will not sustain
a fungus growth, in consequence of the
free evaporation of the moisture from it.
This form of fermontation should not be
confounded with that produced by the
'ungus of the pottto rot, Perono pora in
Icstnns. The chemical actiou of the blue
mould fungus is slow, and its odor is sim-,
ply that of sour paste, while the destruct
ive action of the potato rot is very rapid,
producing a higher state of decomposition
ind very offensive odors. The mycelium
and fruit of each fungus also differ essen
tially from each other. Both forms of
fungus produce oxidation of the celluloso
structure, but with different results. Con
sequently potato rot consists of more than
the " mere decay of the tissue by its ab
sorption of oxygen." The purely fungoid
theory, on the other. hand, will not ac
count for tho many exceptions pointed out
by those who favor tho chemical theory ;
since it may bo shown that as the chem
ical constitution and density of any vege
tables vary, so will the genus and species
of fungi be found to vary with the proxi
iute principles of tho plants on which
i hey subsist.
If there is truth in these remarks, the
value of sound, hearty seed is one great
preventative. Farmers should therefore
exercise great care in their selection, and
never plant a diseased tuber. Yet to my
mind the fungus is the chief mischief, and
so plenty of room, good care, and I might
add, early planting, should go hand in
hand with the selection of seed. Russell
says entiro destruction by fire of all dis
eased tops should be imperative.
Echoes From Massachusetts.
Standing at the junction of two railroads
two in tho long and heavy expense of
building and cquiping and developing,
but now one in the yielding to the grasp
ing and monopolizing spirit of great cor
Derations one as merged into the rich
and popular Old Colony railroad line
standing in such a place tho sound of the
steam whistles tell much of pleasure and
Tho first one in the morning speaks of
a route from .Mew lork to Iho White
Mountains and to Vermont, perhaps but
little known by Vermonters. Passengors:
after a night's ride and rest on one of the
New York and Fall River steamers, take
an early morning start by ono of the Old
Colony roads from tho latter places, joined
by trains over other lines, keop to tho
westward of Boston, passing through
Fitehburg, over the Boston, Clinton &
Fitchburg railroad, (now Old Colony)
thence to Lowell, Concord, Plymouth and
Wells River, and then continue to the
mountains or to Montpolier, arriving at
either place about the middle of the
afternoon. It must mako a very desirable
route between Montpelier and New York
A second whistle sounds, and following
it comes a dozen ears fllled with passes
gers for Oak Bluffs and Martha's Vino,
yard, by way of New Bedford. And to
our ears comes the noiso of a train over
another branoh of the Old Colony for tho
same famous summer resort. By tho repoti
tion of these trains Boston is freeing itself
of a large, restless population during the
hot season. People are also hastening to
the famous seaside resort for pleasure
Nantucket.lhat New York people are also
availing tltemsolves of the advantages of
these places is indicated by a fast train
passing hero daily to and from them, con.
necting with the arrival and departure of
tho New York boats run for their special
FarmOuth camp ground is also situated
on ono of those hues, and though not as
noted for its attractions to pleasure-seekers
as the Vineyard, a goodly number of peo
pie from Boston and elsewhere are sensi
ble enough to choose this more quiet but
pleasant grove (or their summer home
From a fine little lake a few miles .(lis
tant comes the sound of a little steamer
gliding over tho beautiful waters, making
its circuitous trip for the enjoyment of the
passengers. Surrounded by forests, and
an occasional grove nicely fitted np lor
picnics nnd clam-bakes, it is almost daily
visited by Sabb.tlh schools and private
parties, who wish to enjoy the shade of
the trees, thefoastlng upon clams, corn,
fish and sweet potatoes, and the water,
either by boating or sailing, or by the
pretty steamer. . ,
Gen, Tom Thumb has a little cottage
here and a little yacht with which he
?oes a-saillng. He spends a good deal of
the warm season here, and bis permanent
iiouie is but three miles distant in Middle
boro. He Is not the small, nice-looking
boy he nsod to seem to be to the Vermont
hildren when he traveled with the exhi
bition of P. T. Barnum. Probably now
more than fifty years of age, coarse in
his dress and coarser still in his bloated
face, with his habits of dissipation, swear
ing and oruelty. even to the pretty little
wife which has been the admiration of so
many little folks, nnd big folks too, he is
no longer an object of interest to. the
observer. Large nor small girls would
not be likely to court a kiss from his beast
ly lips as they once did.
Taunton river, wending its way toward
the ocean, occasionally sends a whistle
sound this way, from a barge for pleasure
or a boat for freight. And we are so near
its mouth that we have to go but a short
distance to meet the salt sea breezes, and
dip our faces into the briny water. Here
schools and families are accomodated on
the banks with parks for games, and
swings, and feasts from lunch baskets or
from stylishly arranged bibles; and upon
the waters with bathing and boating.
But nearer homo are we more frequent
ly reminded of our excursions to Owl's
Head, Wells River, Essex nnd Queen City
Park. Within a stone's throw of the depot
the railroad company own one of the pret
tiest pine groves we ever saw. With a build
ing accomodating nearly a thousand peo
ple, a small one furnished with a stove
and dishes for cooking and eating, a brook
of water running through the place, as
level a surface as a Winooski meadow, as
green a lawn as Montpolier can bo tat of,
no dust, no scorching sun in getting to it,
seats, swings, public stand, and everything
that could be desired, it is not a wonder
that every week, and some of tho time
every day brings excursion parties by
rail, and smaller companies by teams;
and that they call it a good day's pleasure.
Centrally located in a section of the
state, crossed in every direction with
railroads owned by a company operating
more miles than any other railroad in
New England (475 miles), with trains
running hourly, nnd nlmost the farthest
points on 'these roads within two hours'
ride, numerous and Varied indeed be the
echoes that come to one's ears if he only
" whirled around on these fast convey,
ances and kept his ears opeo.
c. it. F.
Debts of the Southern Slates.
The Nashville American preseuts the
following exhibits of the debts of southern
The debt of Alabama in 1878 was 89.-
452,669; real and personal estate, lax
basis. $117,486,081; lax, 70 cents; amount
raised by tax, $827,399.
Arkansas, debt, $l.lo3,U3S; unlimited
debt, S13.967.012: tax basis, $94,000,000;
tux, GO cems, amount raised by tax, $157,-
Florida, debt, $1,848,272; tax basis,
1,000.000; lax. 90 rents; amount raised
by taxation, 8225,000.
lieorgia. debt, glU.im.oUU; tax hasis.
$235,659,630: lax, 50 cents; amount raised
by tax, 81,129,990. In 1872 Ueorgia an
nulled $10,477,000 clearly fraudulent
bonds, leaving the debt nt that time $10,-
550,500, recognizing $5,798,000 of the
Kentmikv's debt is onlv Sl.852.841 : hnr
tax basis, $357,326,013 ; tax, 40 cents.
Louisiana s debt in 1878 amounted to
$12,660,443; tax basis, 174,500,000; lux
$1.45. The amount raised by taxation in
1878 was $2,473,629.
Mississippi's debt, 82,954,4.j8; tax 50
cents; tax basis, 8127,000,000; amount
raised bv taxation, $04-1,701.
Missouri s debt in IS18 was $lb,7o8,UUu-
tax basis, real and personal, a littlo over
$6,000,000; tax, 40 cents; amount raised
by taxation, $2,843,953.
jNortb Carolina debt in 188 was w-
120,228: tax, 38 cents; amount raisod by
taxation in 188, $o;w,ooo.
south Carolina s debt in 188 was
$6,739,696; tax basis a little over $125,
000,000; tax, 45 cents; amount raised by
taxation, $715,982. the debt statement in
1874 was 17,017,551, of which $9,540.7i0
was bond debt, $2,G09,293 floating debt
and 44,797,608 contingent liability, and
this statement did not include $5,095,000
bonds issued for conversion of state secu
rities under act of 1869, which even a re
publican legislature declared issued with
out authority. 1 be amount given ns the
debt in 1878 is that left after a fair judicial
investigation by u court created lor that
Texas' debt In 1878 was $5,073,861 ; tax
basis, $257,632,009; tax, 50 cents; amount
raised by tax, $1,356,170.
Virginia's debt in 1878 was $29,350,82'"
her tax basis, real and personal, $322,569,
631; tax 50 cents; amount raised by tax,
$2,500,000 per annum. Since that time a
settlement has been proposed.
Tennessee's debt arid interest Is $24,
857,115; the debt as stated having been
scaled down 50 per cent will amount to
little over $12,000,000, the interest to
about $500,000; requiring a tax of less
than 35 cents on the $100 in the addition
to the amounts from other sources, such
as privileges and the $100,000 from rail
roads to pay this and ordinary expenses.
The tax banis in 1878 was $223,212,153,
and the amount raised in 1878 was $626,
529. It will be seen at once from this that
Tennessee will bear, after this settlement,
lighter burdens than any southern state,
oven after Louisiana secures her reduction
of interest to 3 per centum for fifteen
years, leaving the principal intact.
Mr. Wesley's Consecration. " Lo,
I come; if this soul and body may useful
to do anything, to do Thy will. O God:
nnd if it please Thee to use tho the power
Thou hast over dust and ashes, over flesh
and blood, over a little vessel oi clay.
over the works of Thine own hands, lo!
here they are, to suffer also Thy good
pleasure. If thou pleasest to visit me
with pain and dishonor, I will humble my
self under it, and through tby grace be obe
dient unto death, even tbe death upon ihe
cross. Whatever may befall mo, either
from neighbors or strangers, since thou
employest them, though they know it not
unless tnou ueip me to some lawtul
means of redressing the wronsr I will
not " open my mouth before the Lord "
who smiteih me, except to bles the Lord.
Ana uereaitor no man can take away a
tiling from me, no life, no honor, no
estate, since I am ready to lav them
down, as soon as I perceive thou roquirost
them at my hand. Nevertheless, O Father,
if thou bu willing, remove this cup from
mo; but if not, thy will be done. What
soever suffering; hereafter mav trouble mv
flesh and spirit, O Father, unto thy hands
will I commend my life and all that con
cerneth It. And ii thou be pleased either
(hat I live yet for awhile or not, I will
vi ith my Saviour bow down my head. I will
bumblo myself under thy hand; I will
f;ive all thou art pleased to ask, until at
st I give up tho ghost." .
MONTPELIEIl, VT., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20,
MKNTMIKNT OP TI1K SA.ND4.
We wandered away from the crowd,
Tho blare of tbe notay band.
By tbe lovioir lipa of tbe ocean ,
Over tbe froldeu aand;
Talkinir ridleuloua nonsense ,
Inspecting preposterous shells.
Flotsam and jetsam , various.
With elnjfular maratime smells.
A bottle, a barrel, some seaweed.
Home muscular btvalvns air ape,
Tbe remains of their edible persons
shrivelled aud dried out of shape;
Past children iutcrrlnir each other
In Jocular tableta of ssnd,
DiKiriux, and delvluir. aud laughing-.
A merry sepulchral band.
Miif bt I smoke?" M As a matter of eounie."
Kbe liked tbe smell of tbe woed.
A light from a son of the soil.
And back with Impetuous speed.
She was poised In a pensive pose
As ruoisslesaly neared her stand,
And I saw that she wrote, with her parasol.
Lines on tiie .-olden aand.
My heart It patted my ribs:
The name that pleases her beat
" My own. I'll be bound," th )U i h
Over her shouMer I peeped
Over her ruflliopr collars.
On the g ildeo aand sho'd scrawled
loo.ooj. Uarptr't Baar.
Reading to Children.
HINTS TO THOSE CALLED UPON TO EN-
TKHTAIK AND INSTRUCT LITTLE FOLK.
Many persons suppose that it is useless
to attempt to read anything to children
under twelve years oi ago but books writ
ten expressly for them. They think that
child can only appreciate stories that
are short and easily comprehended, and
written in the simplest language, but
experience has convinced us that this is a
.Juvenile works ore necessary when
children begin to read themselves, and
until they become so familiar with the ap
pearance ot a majority of words that they
recognize them ut a glance, and have
ceased to be conscious of the effort of
forming letters into words nnd sentences.
lieoro they know the simplest monosyl
lables bv siirht, they have an extensive
stock of long words, which they recognizo
by the sound, and whose meaning they fully
comprehend, ns soon as they hear them
uttered. And you can read passages Irani
the most famous works of genius to a
young child, without changing tho lan
guage in the least, or explaining the au
thor s meaning. Its smiles and tears and
its appreciative remarks (not its questions
lor a demand tor Irequcnt elucidation
and elaboration is usually a proof tbat the
work is not suitable for youthful readers)
will convince you that it thoroughly un-
stands and enjoys the book.
Jl you are on tlie lookout tor lacts and
fancies that will interest children, you will
find something that will please them in
nearly every magazine, or biography, or
book of travels, or scientific work, or
novel, or volume of poems, that you read.
And before your boy or girl has entered
i he high school, they will be familiar with
tho names of many of the best writers,
mil will know their heroes and heroines
ind lovo them dearly.
When you find nothing in a book that is
unable to read aloud, there is often some
hing intereing that you cun relate.
Children love lo bear about, Mis. Brown
ing's dog Flush, and James Wilson's
birds, Shilly and Robbie, and the rest of
bis pels, described in the fourth chapter of
his life, by Dr. Hamilton; and about Sir
Walter Scott's nnd Dr. Brown's numerous
dogs. They take great pleasure in Bos
well's charming picture of Dr. Johnson
and bis cat Hodge, and in tho story of the
nightingale and tbe jealous robin in
Miuhelut's " Bird." And Uiuy aro never
weary of tho adventures of Fenella and of
Sir Geoffrey Hudson, the dwarf, as related
in revcril ot tlie l'eak.
All children lovo ani mals nnd so, it
would seem, do most distinguished men
and women. In their biographies you will
nearly always find somo pretty story about
a pet cat, or dog, or bird. In stern old
John Brown's autobiography, it is a favor
ite lamu that is introduced, and in Muss
Cushman's life thero is a delightful ac
count of her horses and dogs. Stories
about Montaigne's cat, and of Thoreau's
fondness for animals and power over them,
will make these writers' names at least
familiar and interesting to the children.
I might give a great many other illustra
tions of what I mean, but these are suffi
cient. The stories of Eva and Topsy, in "Undo
Tom's Cabin," and of Harry and Tina, in
' Old Town Folks," and of Dickens' Little
Nell, will bo enjoyed best, read in tho au
thor's own words. Browning's Pied Piper
of Ilamelin, and tlie Goose, by Tennyson,
and his May Queen aroalso great favorites.
Tho mere enumeration of Cowper's pets
is amusing to children; the five rabbits,
three hares and two guinea pigs; the
magpie, tho jay and the starling; tho two
canary birds, the two gold finches, and
two dogs, the squirrel and the cat, the pig
eons and the pigs! And they will never
tire of hearing you read his paper on the
treatment of bis hares Tiny, Puss and
Bess, his letter to tho Rev. John Newton,
on the escape and capture of Puss, whose
portrait wrs painted on tho snuff box Lady
Hesbeth gavo this poet, nnd his poems on
the " Retired Cat," and on his " Dog
Beau and tho Water Lily." Charles and
Mary Lamb's " Tales from Shakespeare,''
is also a fascinating book to children. If
you read the story of the Tempest onco to
a cnud, It will be called lor again and
again, until you cease to enjoy it all your
Little things not five years old will lis
ten eagerly lo the reading of the story of
the translocations ot tne companions oi
Ulvsses into Swino by Circe m Bryant s
translation of tho tenth book of the Odys
sey, and to tho account of the connnement
of the winds in a bag by iEolus, and their
release by the sailors, while Ulysses slept.
And they will like to be told about the
Sirens, and about the Lotus Eaters, and to
hear tbe story of bow blind Homer wan
tiered through Grecian lands, chanting
these poems to enraptured listeners. No
book do these little folk love better than
Mrs. Kirkland s Selections from Spencer s
Fairy Queen, especially the advemures of
Una and the tied Cross Knight. 1 hoy are
delighted with the lazy dwarf who carries
the lovely lady's bag of needments at his
back; with her palfrey more white than
snow, and her milk-white lamb. But next
to Una herself, the lion is tho greatest at
traction and it is necessary to skip the
lines describing the brave animal's death
as too liarrowiug to the child's feelings,
in fact, one great secret of success in
reading to children books intended prima
rily for mature minds, eonsists in knowing
wo it to omit; and how to do it so quickly
and skillfully as to mako no perceptible
An inventive genius in Bushnell. 111.
named Hamilton, has discovered a process
for making hard wood lumber out of
common wheat straw, and produces upon
it all the effects of polish nnd finish that
can be obtained on the hardest of black
walnut nnd mahogany, and at its little cost
as in manufacturing clear pine lumber.
The straw is soaked in a chemical solution
until ils filters are completely saturated
and softened, and is then run through a
succession of rollers, coming out of the
end of tbe mnchine ns hard, dry lumber.
ready for use. " Lumber" thus produoed
is impervious to water, and only a very
hot lira will burn it. - It is susceptible of
very high polish, and even in sawing It is
difficult to distinguish it from the wood
which it imitates. .
Tut "Nobtheb" at Vera Cruz. A i . " Tobacco if a fragrant, soothing and, a Good Stott Well Told. The fol
correspondent of the New York Times ' delicious drug not equalled as a luxury ! lowing story is told by the Rev. J. Hyatt
I writes from Vera Cruz as follows : by airy other plant thai grows. It is po- Smith :
The barhor mav be as smooth as glass, '
as it very often "is, the guards asleep j
!.ini ti, ,,. ....ii.iknmi
up under the sun. In considerable less
-.... ... . ....... (
than ten minutes everything is changed.
A whiff of cool air strikes the soldiers and
wakes them tip, and they see the storm
coming a little black cloud, growing
larger every minute. Almost before they
have time to slam the custom house gales
the wind is blowing furiously and the air
is full of sand, most of which goes into
people's eyes. Tho harbor is full of big
waves, and tbe ships are tossing around
around as if they wero in mid ocean.
Every steamer gets up a full head of
stea u so that she can put to sea In case of
her cables breaking, as they sometimes
do. Small fishing vessels within sight of
land do not dare Icy to get in, but put out
into the gulf.
The water becomes almost ns white as
milk, from the stirring of the coral sand
on the bottom, and in a few minutes the
waves are beating over the top of tlie
custom house, fifty feet high, washing its
roof. Sometimes they eomo with such
force that when they strike the solid wall
of the custom house, they shoot up into
the air a hundred feet or more; and the
Vera Crusaus, instead of getting into tho
strangest draught they can find and enjoy
ing Ui good breeze from our northern
country, like sensible people, wring their
hands and say,"What wretched weather,"
(or Spanish words to that effect). The
northers often last three or four days, and
cool off the whole oeuntry, even upon the
table lands and all the way over to the
Pacific coast. While they last business in
Mexico is suspended not only along the
coast, whero tho natives seem to think
themselves in great danger of froezing to
death, but in the mountain side cities and
upon the high table lands.
The Secrf.t oir I'keachino. In the
differentiation going on in society, it seems
to me ns though the ministry failed to see
their opportunity and what it demands.
Preachers are no longer the solo or even
the chief instructors of the people. We
no longer depend on the "long prayer"
for the village news ; we get it from the
village newspaper. As teacher, tho dajly
and weekly and monthly press have many
advantages over the preacher. He cannot
compete with them. But there is one
thing he can do which 'hey cannot he
can speak directly to that which every
man knows to be highest in him the
spiritual nature, that which is of kin to
i God. To do this should bo the preacher's
study. His work is not to amuse tbe
imagination, to excite ihe sensibilities or
to convince the reason, but to arouse tho
spiritual nature. He is a specialist, nnd
his specialty is, not to demonstrate a doc
trine, but to develop character; not to de
velop all the character, but that which is
I supreme, or should he faith, hope, love,
! the divine life. We do not, Messrs. Cler
gymen, go to church to be amused, or
on lo be instructed, but to be revived.
Cathedral magnificence, social enjoyment
nd advantage, choice music, pulpit py
rotechnics and pulpit logic are a poor sub
stitute for words that, like Christ's, have
in them life. Lucius, in Christian Union.
A Word from Longstreet. Gener-
all Longstreet has been interviewed by a
correspondent of the riiiladelplna l imes,
and has something to say concerning the
late war. He was one of the tew who
was sensible enough to accept tho sittia
tion, nt the close of the war, and ho makes
some interesting declarations. Ho admit
ted that tho chief fault among tho confed
erate authorities was the failure to con
centrate tho troops. He thinks there was
too much inefficiency at Richmond. He
regarded Joe Johnston as the ablest gen
eral on the southern side, and Grant the
best on the northern. In this connection
he said :
Grant was incomparably the greatest.
Ho posseesed an individuality that im
pressed itself upon all that ho did. Mc-
Clell.m was a skilful engineer, but never
rose above the average conclusions of his
council. Sherman never fought a great
battle, and displayed no extraordinary
power. But Grant was great. Ho under
stood the terrible power of concentration
and persistency. How stubbornly he stuck
to Vicksburg and mclimonu. ue concen
trated all his strength, trained his energies
to a singlo purpose, nnd then delivered
terrible sledge hammer blows against
which strategy nnd tactics nnd valor could
avail nothing, lie knew that minorities
properly handled must triumph in war as
m politics, and ne niways gatucrcd nis
resources together before striking.
Printers and Printino. Many who
condescend to illummato this dark world
with the fire of their genius through tho
columns of a newspaper, little think of the
printer, who sits up at midnight to correct
their false grammar and orthography, and
worse punctuation. We nave seen tho ar
guments of lawyers, in high reputo as
scholars, sent to the printer in their own
handwriting many words.especially tech
nical and foreign terms, abbreviated
words misspelled, and few or no points,
and these few, if anv, certainly in the
wrong places. We have Been tho sermons
of eminent divines sent to tho press with
out points or capitals to designate the di
visions ot tne sentences; also tne letters
of the political and scientific correspon
dents. Suppose all these had been so print-
ed the printer would have been treated with
scorn and contempt. No one would have
believed that such gross and palpablo
faults wero owing to tne Ignorance or
carelessness of tho author; and no one
but tbo practical printer knows how many
hours the compositor, and after him the
proof reader is compelled to spend in re
dnoing to readable condition, manuscript
tbat often writers themselves would bo
puzzled to read.
To Transffr Engravings on Glass.
Take your engrnvlngs, and outting away
all tho margin, lay them between damp
towels until soft nnd rather moist, but not
so that they will break. Beforehand var
nish your glass with fine Dcmar varnish
and allow it to dry until just tacky; place
the engraving on its face down, and with
a cloth or pad pat it gently over and over
until every part adheres. Then take the
finger and commence rolling off all the
white paper. As you approach the thin
coat of engraving use groat oare. Allow
to dry, and if you soe any white spots,
wet tho finger and remove them carefully.
Your transparency will be before you in
all tho perfection of the engraving. If
you wish to color it. tako powder colors
and rub them smoothly on a glass with
Demar or copal varnish. Use a brush
for each color. The engraved shades will
be all sufficient. Then give a coat of
Demar, and, if you desire a ground glnss
ground, cover the bare space with babbinet
pressed on the varnish. ,
In building a ohimney, put a quantity
of salt into the mortar with which the in
ner course of brick are to be laid. The
effect will be that thero will never be an
accumulation of soot in the chimney. The
philosophy Is thus stated: the salt in the
portion ol mortar which is exposed, ab
sorbs moisture from the atmosphere every
damp day. The soot, thus becoming
damp, falls down in the fire-place. This
Is an English discovery and is used with
success In Canada.
culiarly welcome to one who is away from
home or, lonely as some of the soldier
boys and several millions more can testi-
1 J JL aw fwva iuiiii a lUAUIJiOUU UiCU
are few kind hearts that would rob the
laborer of his evenins nine. Many ner-
sons have used tobacco from youth to old
age without any appreciable injury to
It is a pity that this one-sided statement
cannot stand alone, but there are other
facts which we should ponder. It is
probably safe to say that not one man in
ten can use tobacco temperately: and
that, of students that is, editors, minis
ters, lnwyers and all sedontary people
there is no oxample on reoord of any one
of them using it moderately. Tbe result
is, that we have no doubt the number of
years of human life lost by the use of to
bacco is greater than tlie years ot lite lost
by the drinking of alcoholic liquors. It
is a great misfortune, every way, for
a young man to contract the habit. He
stands nine chances out of ten to have his
life shortened by it, and ten cbancos in ten
to have his usefulness impaired. Tbe
tobacco user is often subjected to great
annoyance, inconvenience and sometimes
to shame ; and he can hardly hope lo be as
agreeablo or useful to others as be would
be without It. The effort to break the
habit, when once it is fully settled, in
volves so much pain that few persons
buve sumcient endurance and will-power
to persevere in it and yet the alternative
is liable to come, to tbe student stop! be
insane! or die! And one may wake up
to tho alternative when it is too late to
choose. Boys, take the advice of one who
is no fjtnatic, and never touch the weed.
It may be said just as truly of it, as of
another drug, though it moves more slow
ly, " At the last it biteth like a serpent,
and stingeth like an adder." Interior.
Mysteries. If there Bie mysteries In
the word of God, there are just ns many
in tho works of God. You cannot put
your foot upon a single spot of earth with
out crusmug a mystery, mere are mys
teries rolled up in every flower-cup.
What gleams of light, what blazing light,
in dull, black coal. How much light is
there, how much heat is there, if you can
but evoke it? And ignorance stands as
tonished to be told that there is in every
glnss of water as much deadly lightuing
that, if evoked in the flash and form of the
thunder storm, would kill half a dozen
men. And in yon path of science, where
the philosopher plies his instruments, thero
is a curtain he cannot Hit, and irotu be
hind there comes a voice, which says:
Hitherto shult thou come, but no further."
Then consider, for a little, tbe case of
iho lowor animals. Why do we call thorn
the lower animals? Because we believe
they belong to an inferior creation, and
to have no reasonable soul. Yet although
believing that, what do we see 7 Why.
we see tbe very lower animals, that have
no reasonable soul accomplishing work
which done by man, would be pronounced
the Highest ellort of genius, there is a
man beneath tbe deck, and lie sees nolh
Ing but the four walls and the abyss be
fore him. And there are no stars in the
firmament and no headlands on earth to
guide bim. Ibat man steers his way
across the broad Atlantio right into tbe
mouth of a harbor in your far distant old
What an effort of science and reason.
you say. Uut above the vessel s topmasts
a night ot birds is on the wing, nnd below
that vessel's keel a shoal of fish is cutting
the deep with their tins. 1 bey have no
compass or chart. Yet through the very
depths of ocean, tho birds above and the
fish below, steer on their course back to
the very place where they wero born.
There is an instinct in these animals that
man's boasted knowledge of navigalion
can offer no match to. It is no explana
tion to call it instinct, mat is merely a
namo given to this mystery to conoealour
ignorance ot it. We only know the fact
that that is an inferior animal, but al-
tnougn intorior in nature, superior in ac
tion. We behove, but we eannot explain ;
we receive, but we cannot understand.
activity not Energy. The Christian
Union thus defines the difference between
activity and energy, and suggests wherein
a largo class of indnstrious people lack
Ibat element wnicQ produces success.
There nro some men whoso failure to
succeed in life is a problem to others as
well as to themselves. Tbey are indus
trious, prudent and economical ; yet, after
a long iile ol striving, old oge nnds them
still poor, lney complain ot HI luck
They say tbat fate is niways against them.
But the fact is that they miscarry, because
tbey nave mistaken mere activity for en
ergy. Confounding two things essentially
different, they have supposed tbat if they
were always busy they would be certain
lo be advancing their fortunes. They
have forgotten that misdirected labor is
the waste of activity. Tho person who
would succeed is like a marksman firing
at a target; if bis shots miss the mark
they are a wasto of powder. So in the
great game of life, what a man does must
be made to count, or might almost as well
have been left undone. Everybody knows
some one m his circle of Iriends who.
though always active, has this want of
enorgy. The" distemper, if wo may call
it sucli, exnibits itsen in various ways
In some cases the man has merely an ex
ecutive capacity when he should have a
directive ono in other language, he
makes a capital clerk of himself when lie
ought to do the thinking of tbe business
In other oases, what is done is not done
either at tbe right time or in tho right
way. energy, oorreciy understood, is
activity proportioned to the end.
The late excellent judge. Justice Cress
well, had the failing of addessing bis
brother judges in a somewhat consequen
tial and authoritative manner.which much
annoyed Maule. Leaving the court of
common pleas one day in disgnst, whilst
one ol the periormanecs was going on, he
met Lord Campbell, and remarked,
" There s that fellow, Cresswell, talking
to the other judges like a magistrate talk
ing to throe black beetles !" Any one who
Knows tne appearance oi tne learned
judges during a winter term, in their black
cloth robes and nnrrow erimine trimming.
will better soe the full force of the remark J
!ie wouiu never auow tne court to be
cleared of females even during tho most
disgusting trials. " Decent women didn't
come into oourts ot justice,' ho would re
mark. " Speak out, my poor eirl !' we
once nearti nun say, it must be verv
painful for you to go into all this bad lan
guage and disgusting detail, but it is in
the ends of justice; and besides, all these
finely-dressed ladies here pointing to the
high sheriffs lady and othors who sat on
the lienoh beside him have come miles to
hoar what it shocks a poor innocent girl to
repeat!" We were present and heard this,
and record that five minutes afterwards
there were few " fine ladies," indeed, be
side the sarcastic little judge upon the
benoh. Leisure llours.
' It is said tbat the Chinese have a meth
od of preserving grapes during tbe entire
year by cutting a circular piece out of a
ripe pumpkin or gourd, making an aper
ture large enough lo admit the hand. The
interior is then completely cleaned out,
the ripe grapes are placed inside and the
cover replaced and pressed in firmly. Tho
pumpkins are then kept in a cool place,
and the crapes will be found to retain
j their freshness for a very long time.
" We stopped at Syracuse, New York,
for dinner. You remember the railroad
depot, centrally located, with its easiern
and western entrances, which are exactly
alike as much as the two ends of a car.
After we had dined the depot master in
formed me that we had fifteen minutes to
spare before the departure of the next
train. This, thought I, will give me an
opportunity to see the city, and a glorious
chance for a smoke, provided a clergyman
could be tempted into such a wasteful and
worldly amusement. 1 sauntered forth,
and, after an absence of exactly thirteen
minules, having enjoyed a delightful and
soothing stroll, I was leisurely returning,
waicli in band, when, to my astonishment.
I beheld the train slowly moving out of
the other end of the depot, aud increasing
in speed at every puff of the gigantic
Here indeed was a call which admitted
neither correspondence nor delay; there
was no time for taking it into considera
tion. So, without conferring with flesh
and blood, I put like a sky-rocket with n
double fuse. For a moment I thought I
was gaining ground, alibougli 1 knew 1
was losing wind. I was encouraged in
the race by sundry helpful fellows, who
cried out as I passed : ' Go it, gaiters !'
Plucky boy!' 'Ho ain't left oh, no!'
and other well meauing and benignant
exnortations. i nougu mey intended, per
haps, to help me over the oourse, I found
tbat tho more they shouted tbe less I was
inclined to run, and the more decidedly
did the locomotive maKu its terrible way
logive up the chase, to submit to the
chagrin of being left, to lose my party,
and my passage, meet with disappoint
ment, not to meet wilh my friends all
this was bad enough, but the thought of
encountering all the way back to the depot
mat line oi interested individuals who,
wilh their cheering exclamations, had so
feelingly encouraged me on my onward
journey this was the bitterest pill in this
But it must be done, so, tapering oil
gradually I gave up the contest, nnd
concluded to find the depot master, whose
blundering statements were the cause ol
all my trouble. Without search that indi
vidual advanced to meet me with the
bland recognition of a fact that nobody
could well deny :
Well, you got lelt, did youi"
l replied witn mo resentment oi a
silencing eye. If I looked as I tried to
look, my photograph at that instant would
hardly be chosen to grace an album gal
lery of ' eminent divines.'
Several by-standers seeking information
tsked, with a show of confidential intorest.
in wnat wise the tiling happened; and
others, wishing to point a mural, advised
me to be on band a mile earlier next
With returning breath, relief and words
came together, and I squarely charged
ihe railway official with all blame. I
spoke of his incompetency in no meas
urable terms, recalling how, after I had
placed my party in the car, he had assured
me that ihere were full seventeen minutes
to spare before tho train went out, ' while
here,, said 1 with a triumpnant exnmilion
of my watch, ' the seventeen minutes are
even now barely up, and yet tbe train had
gone clear out of sight.'
After no little hot talk had shot back
and forth, with the usual variations and
final perorations of ' you did,' and ' you
didn't, ' you're another,' etc., I asked him
if I would be risking another chance of
being left if I depended upon him to give
me the exact hour of the next eastern
Eastern?' exclaimed he.
Yes, eastern, I replied, with a decided
ly upward and rising inflection.
' Why,' quoth he, ' tho train you have
been chasiug with such good luck wasn't
the eastern, but the western express.'
With much interesting confusion and
excitement, I stammered out: 'then
where in Joppa is the eastern train?
Whv, thero it is,' replied he, ' just
getting under way at the other end of the
depot: leg it or you'll lose that.'
if ever 1 made quick tune 1 made it
then. I felt as if I was all legs. Ono
glance, however, at tho rear door of the
last car as I was nearing it, came near
being too much for me. I discovered the
group of my lost friends, whose forms
and faces seemed bursting with poorly
suppressed nnd ill-timed mirth.
Life Saving Huthed. We entered a
barber's shop one morning in Lime house,
London. A sailor was being prepared for
the razor. His snowy whito lathered chin
and rubicund face suggested the idea of a
red carrot on the top of a caulillower.
What is most remarkable, ne persisted in
whistling during the operation of shaving.
The professor of the tonsorial art evident
ly bad his hands full, it requiring the most
careful dexterity to escape slicing the
whistling phenomenon s puckered cheeks.
The tune be essayed was "The Campbells
are coming." When the little cockney
barber got through, rejoiced at his success,
he exclaimed: " Veil, now, hive sbaved a
man dead, a man mad nnd a man drunk,
but hi'm blowed if I av'e bevor shaved
one whistling before." The sailor having
got through bis ablutions at the washstand,
in full tune, voluntarily informed us of the
cause of his musical fervor. " I'm a Mao-
Gregor, you must understand," he com
menced, "and exactly twelve month I
was in death's grip in the hospital in Sierra
Leone, brain mad with the coast of Africa
fever. Ths doctors an' all had given me
up, and they were only waiting for the
hist breath to bo out of my body for decen
oy's sake before they buried it. But, of a
God's mercy, I thought I heard the bag
pipes playing 'The Campbells are comin','
an' the devil himsel' could not hold me.
Up I got, and away out of the hospital I
went, like a hunted deer, boiling with rage
agen the Campbells. Tbe rain was pouring
in torrents, nnd it was a good hour before
they secured me and brought me back.
But, feth, it broke up the fever and saved
my life, though the leeches (the doctors)
all say it was a miracle. That's why 1
whistle the tune to-day." Donald depart
ed whistling. San Francisco Call Cor
responded. Life Time of a Locomotive. The
iron horse does not last much longer than
a horse of flesh and bones. The ordinary
life of a locomotive is thirteen years.
Some of the smaller parts require renewal
every six months; the boiler tubes last
five years, and the orank axles six years;
boilers and fire boxos, from six to seven
years; the side frames, axles and other
parts, thirty years. An important advant
age is that a broken part can be repaired,
and does not condemn the whole locomo
tive to the junk shop; while, when a
horse breaks a leg. the whole animal is
only worth the flesh, fat and bones, which
amount to a very sman sum iu mis coun
try, where horse uesn uoes not una its
way to tbe butcher's shambles.
Dr, J. M. Buzzell, one of the veterans
of the Maine legislature of 1851 who
voted for the original Maine law, at a late
commemorative reunion closed nis ad
dress bv savimr.
" When the rebellion was about to close
it went into petticoats. That is just where
we have cot the liquor trafflo in our
larger places, where it is concealed nnder
tne petucoats oi women, a woman in
Portland bad pettiooat with pockets,
keeping brandy on one side and gin on
TERMS FOR ADVERTISING.
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vtTti'iiiMit It be continued until urUt-rf-d out.
Lilwr.l (Itw-iutit made to luerclianla ai.d other. ader.
li.lb b) lueytar.
Probate aud Commissioners' Nutiees. tlcoeath.
For Nntires f Litieratinn.FatrsyH, th Formation
and Pnw-lunon of 'o-i.rttirhi.. Ac , lit :, It ttr
turee UiftcTtiottM. If stut by mail the mouey taunt ac
Notices in Dfiw. columns, lucent per Ifneesrh in
aeruou, but bo cliarirt-s u.ade of lee than &v cents.
NrrtWsof Destbeand Marrlszeslnsprtril.-ratla.but
exlt-nilt-d obit nary Si.tkeaul Poetry i.lbt) vuare"v(l
at ttiit rat. of dvm rent er line.
Beaten at His Own (.'amp.
Among tbo baggage coming down on a
Flint and Pere Marqueite train the other
day was a full grown black bear. Bruin
had been in captivity for two or three
years, and was uow on his way east for a
zoological garden. His owner was al
lowed to ride with him in the baggage
car, and he seemed to think the bear was
tbe greatest animal on earth. Ho was
ready to bet that bruin could out-hug and
out-bile an human, and was rather dis
appointed when the railroad men refused
to disputo that jwint with him. Ho was
indulging in his brag when an old
man came into the car to see about his
trunk. Ho saw the liear, of course, but
the glance of contempt he bestowed on the
animal iustantly kindled the indignation
of the owner' who called out:
" Mebhe you think i'm toting an old
hyena around tho country!"
" I guess it's a boar," slowly replied
the other, "but I see nothing remarkable
" You don't, ih? Well, I do! Mebhe
you'd like to sco him hug that trunk of
yours? What be can't sliver when ho
gets his paws around it has got to hare
roots forty feet under the ground."
" I've got a son back in the car," reflec
tively observed the old man, and then he
slopped aud looked at the hear.
"Your son? Egad! Will you match
your son agin my bear?" chuckled tbe
owner as he danced with delight.
" I guess so."
" You do? Bring him in! Trot him out!
I'll give bim all tho show he wants and
bet five to one on the boar !' '
The old man slowly took in a chew of
tobacco, left the car, and when he return
ed he had bis son Martin with him. Mar
tin seemed lo be about twenty-seven years
of age and a little taller than a hitehing-
post. Ho was built on tho ground with a
back like a writing-desk nnd arms which
scorned to have been sawed from railroad
"Martin, this 'ore man wants to hot five
to one that ibis bear can out-hug you,"
quietly explained tho father as tho son sat
down on a trunk.
"Yes, that's it that's just it!" cackled
" I'll muzzle him so ho can't bito and
I'll bet five to ono he'll make you holler
in two minutes."
"Muzzle your b'ar," was all that Mar
tin Baid as' ho pulled out u live dollar bill
and handed it to the baggage man. The
bear-man put twenty-five dollars with it,
grinning like a boy in a cherry tree, and
in a miuute ho hail the bear ready. Mar
tin removed his coat and paper collar and
"Is this to be a squar' hug, with no
"Jess so jess!" roplied tho bear man.
' You hug tho bear and he will hug you,
and iho one who squeals first looses his
cash. Now, then, all ready."
As Martin approached tho bear rose up
with a sinful glare iu liis eye and tho two
embraced. It was a sort of a hack-hold,
wilh no sell out on the crowd.
"Go for him, Hunyado!'- yelled tho
bear man as they closed and tho bear
responded. One could see by tho set of
his eyes that be meant to mako jelly of
that young man in a York minute, but he
failed to do it. Somo littlo trifles stood in
his way. For instance it wasn't ten
seconds befoio ho realized that two could
play at hugging. Martin's hand sank
down into the boar's coat, the shoulder
muscles were called on for duty and at
the first hug the hear rolled his eyes in
"Go in, Hunyado go in go in!"
screamed the bear man and bruin laid
himself out as if he meant to pull a rail
road water tank down.
"You might squeeze a littlo bit harder
my son," carelessly suggested the father,
as ho spit from tho open door and Martin
called out his reserve muscle.
Each had his best grip. There was no
tumbling round to waste breath, but it
was a stand up stand-still hugging match.
Little by little the bear's eyes began to
bulgo and his mouth to open, and Martin's
face slowly grew to the color of red paint.
" Hang to him, Hunyado I've got my
last dollar on your head!'' shrieked the
.bear man, as he saw a further bulgo lo his
But it was no uso. All of a sudden the
bear began loyell and cough aud strangle.
He was a goner. Martin know it, but ho
wanted no dispute, so he gave Hunyado a
lift from the floor, a hug which rollej his
eyes around like a piu wheel, and then
dropped him in a heap on the floor.
"Well may 1 be shot, gasped the bear
man, ns he stood over the halt lileless
heap of hair nnd claws.
' Martin, " said tlie lather, ns be handed
him the thirty dollars, "you'd better go
back thar and watch our sachols!"
"Yes, I guess so." replied the son, as he
shoved tho bills into his vest pocket, and
retucd without another word or a look at
Thnt was tho bear they were feeding
gruel in a saloon on Randolph street two
evenings ago one man was feeding him
gruel and another feeling along bis spine
to find the fracture.
Another Failure. Out on Michigan
avenue, a man nearly seventy years of age
started a small confectionery store somo
months since, and the other day sent word
to his three creditors up town that ho had
failed and desired to compromise. The
trio went down to the store, which they
found in full blast, and tho four sat down
for a talk.
" Yon see, shentlemons, I do no pecs-
ness, and ray family eats up all do profits,"
explained the tradesman by way of ex
cuse. " Yon owe me twelve dollars," replied
one of the creditors, " and each of these
others fifteen dollars npiece. That makes
" fihust lorty-two, signed the old man.
' Now, then, how much money have
you on hand?"
' btiust sixty toliar and no more. '
" Very well, as you havo had bad luck
we will settle with you for ono hundred
and twenty cents ou the dollar, and you
can go on as before."
" Yaw, 1 will do dot, shentlomens, nnd
am obliged for such kind treatment."
Ue got out his money, the twenty Per
oent, was added to tho claims and paid,
and before the creditors retired he insisted
on treating them to ice cream. They had
not been gone an hour before the old man
rushed out and hailed a policeman, and
" If I falls in pcesness and pays one
hundred and twenty cents on ter toliar.
vbat does It mean?
" It means that you don't understand
how to fail," was the reply.
'Is dot bos8ible" whispered the old
AN Infantile View. This is the view
taken of it by an infant of St Joseph,
Little Freddie was undergoing the disa
greeable operation of having his hair
oombed by bis mother, and he grumbled
at the manoeuvre.
"Why, Freddie," said mania, " you
ought not to make such a fuss. I don't
fuss and cry when my hair is combed."
' Yes," replied tbe youthful party, "but
your hair ain't hitched to your head.',
Editor's Drawer, in
i for July. .
Two darkies wero vaunting their cour
age. . " I isn't 'foard o' nothing, it isn't,"
said one. "Den, Sam, I reckon you isn't
'feared to loan me a dollar?)' "No,.
Julius, I isn't 'feared to loan yon a dollar,
but I does hate to part wid an old fres1