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MONTPELIER, VT WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1882.
WEDNESDAY, AUG. 3, 1882.
Sunday School Lesson Notes.
by Rev. J. o. snERnoBN.
Aim. Ith: The Fruitless Tree-Mark 11 -.15 S3.
The leading eVont of this day's lesson
stands alone among the works of Christ.
His life was one of blessing and bonedio
tion everywhere, but in this single instance
he pronounces a curse and destroys life.
It is an interesting inquiry bow it was
that Jesus was suffering from hunger so
early in tho day. Had the thoughtful oar
of Martha failed and thus was the Master
obliged to begin his walk to the city with
out a morning meal? Or were Martha
and Iter sistr now so much interested in
the movements and teachings of Jesu
that both sought a place near him and thus
failed to provide for his human needs P
We have no real answer to bring from
Scripture to these inquiries. It is doubtles
true tbat the hospitality of the people ii
and near Jerusalem was taxed at th
great leasts to the utmost. And m-tn
without doubt wore so eager at this tea
to see ami hear what should transpiro llm
tliev paid littlo regard to regular m..
or even to a sufflciont supply of food fo
their actual needs Some have suppose,
that on ibis occasion Jesus started ver
oarly with his disoiplcs, that he miglit b
in the city as soon as the solemnities o
the day began.
It may ba true that he wont from Beth
any to relieve those who had lodged them
of any further care, and thus make it oasj
for them also to spend tho day in Jernsa
Be this mattor as it may the fact ap
pears to be this: after a short walk Jesu
was suffering from hunger, and turne
aside to seek fruit on a fig tree growing
by, or as It may be rendered, ovor, lh'
the highway. It is also a enrions episode
that Jesus should have sought figs out 01
their season. Various explanations havi
been euggestod to this fact. Some writers
claim tbat two crops of figs sometime
matured in Palestine; occasionally a tree
riponing its second crop in tho spring
time. Others hold that the fig tree of th
cast puts forth its loaves after the figs are
mature, and only then, and the fact tha
Je&ns saw loaves was sufficient ground
for expectation that there might be fruit.
It is evident that Jesus came looking foi
fruit ; as a hungry man he did not exercise
his divine prcsonco or he would havt
known that no fruit was on tho treo ever
before reaching it. It is also dear tbat he
had somo reasonable ground of oxpecta-
ion that thero might be fruit upon the
tree. Such a thing was not a natural
impossibility, as I think, in that region
Not finding the food he sought, Jesus
uttered the words, " let no man eat fruit
of theo horeafler forever." The meaning
of this peculiar incident is not easy to
fathom. Christ made it serve a purpose
as wc seo further on, by teaching his
disciples tho power of faith. He shows
that greater wonders than that could be
wrought by those who doubted not the
power of God in those matters. But why
a curse upon a fig tree which furnished no
fruit, though it gave promise of providing
it? Christ made no mere wanton displays
of power. Uis miracles uniformly took i
very practical turn. He wrought thorn it
the interests of sufloring humanity. W
this nn exception to tho general ruleP
Most likely not. Some Scripture writer
have held that in this one caso Jesu
curse J and destroys that it might be for
ever settled that he has such power, an
will at tho Stung timn exercise it agains
tliosu who fail to meet the obligations tha
are upon them and thus become like th
truitlcss tree. IUis explanation is sug
gestivo and brings out an important trull
but can hardly bo said to meet the ca
fully. The muro recent commentators a
disposed to look upon this translation a
symbolical. Christ taught by parabl
and they would understand this event
an acted parable. They were doubtless i
sight of Jerusalem. An awful doom bun.
over the city j Jesus him-elf uttered wor
of agony as he foresaw that doom. Th
class of writers last mentioned would
have us believe that the cursing of the tig
tree foreshadowed this terrible fato which
overhung the Holy City.
The people of Jerusalem had the ap.
pearance of religious life; oertainly c
this great feast week, but it was little
more than appearance. The real frui'
which Christ sooks of all was not there
They drew near to God in form and cere
mony but their hoarts and lives wore noi
filled with the fruits of the spirit. From
this fict destruction awaited tho city.
After a little time Jerusalem became
indeed like the tree dried up from the
roots. Tho symbol and prophecy of those
sad events is said to be contained In the
cursing of tho fig tree. None of these
exposition" appear to meet every point of
the case fully, and we can well afford to
give protraoted study to this incident
bofore we acoept, in lolo, any explanation
which has yet appeared.
When Jesus, with his company, came
to tho temple they find that the activities
of tho busy day have begun. The temple
resounds with the lowing of bullocks and
the bleating of sheep and the discordant
cries of the money changers, as they
announce in the various tongues spoken at
the time their readiness to exchange the
coins of the various countries represented
for tho ourrent coin of Judoa.
The spirit and manner of conducting
all this business was contrary to tho dosign
which allowed such provision to be made
for those who came from far, or for
whom tho way was too long, as Deut.
14:21 has it. So Josus, asserting, as in
his early ministry, his right over his
Father's bouse, drovo out those men serv
ing for gain, and greody to secure tbo
most possible from this feast He doclaros
that instead of a house of prayor the torn
plo has beoomo a don of thieves. But this
bold and well merited rebuke only stirred
afresh tbe hatred of the Scribes and Jew
ish leaders. Henceforth It Is only a quos
lion of means and opportunity for they arc
determined, as soon as they can, to com
past his death. Hereafter we shall witness
the craft and malignity by which Christ
was brought to condemnat ion and doatb.
Let us beware lest any of the sarua spirit
bo in us.
Our Book Table.
The study of biography is valuable in
preserving the traditions and spirit of tbe
past. It gives the reader a vivid picture
of tbe men who made history, tbe motives
which controlled them, the times in which
they lived, and the work which they ac
complished. Whatever there is of virtue,
patriotism and devotion in the characters
represented begets in tho reader a desire
to emulate similar qualities. As Long
fellow says :
Lives of groat djsd all remind ua.
We can make our Uvea eublline.
And such lives can only inspire in us a
determination to be worthy of the legacy
which our fathers bequeathed ns. Tbe
perpetuation of tbe noble deeds of tho great
men of a nation is beyond all value. Tbo
youth of a nation well versed in the heroic
legends of the past are sure to be patriotic,
while a disregard for the life and work of
he founders and preservers of a country
- suro lo breed selfishness and to be tbo
precursor of a disregard for tbe highest
moresta of the present. "Toll ye your
hildren of it, let your children tell their
hildri-n, and their children another gene
atiun, was the divine command to Israel.
d it is a onmra md which we will do
veil to follow.
This being true, Houghton, Mifflin &
Co., of Boston, have done tbe country a
real service in giving to tbe reading public
the "American Statesmen" series. This
series embraces biographical studies of
folin Quincy Adams, Alexander Hamilton.
John C. Calhoun, Andrew Jackson, John
Randolph, Henry Clay, etc. The sories is
under the general editorship of John T
vlorse, which is a sufficient guarantee that
be separate books will each be accurate
lomprehensivo and intorestlng. Tho aim
i3 been, not so much to give in exhaus
live detail every net in the life of caoh
charactor, as to present an outline of the
ife and publio services, an insight into the
listory of the times, and a view of the
notives aotuating tho various characters.
fbo end sought has bocn secured, tbo his-
orios are impartial, the faults as woll as
virtues of the heroos being shown up and
ach being assigned bis true place In bis-
ory. Tho opening volume of the series
is on John Quincy Adams, and is written
by the editor of the scries, John T, Morso,
Jr. To writo a biography of Mr. Adams
after the style of Abbott's Napoleon would
oe somewhat difficult, as ho was hardly a
character to incite intense enthusiasm in
either writer or reader. Indeed, in all his
political campaigns he exoited vory little
enthusiasm and never had a devoted fal
lowing. His antipathies were too strong,
ais speech was too blunt, and be had too
little pliability to secure for himself tbo
levotion which some political loaders have
inspired. To a great extent he was inde
pendent in politics, being first a federalist,
.bough frequently upholding measures
advocated by the other party. Ho finally
left the ranks of tbe federalists about the
time that the republicans o.imo into power.
For this act he has been severely criticised,
self interest being urged as the motive.
But Mr. Morso shows conclusively, we
hink, thai it was only his intense devotion
o the right which led him to ohange his
iews. Indeed, it was the conviction that
ie was a man of sterling integrity, who
ould not bo swerved from the right, unit
to his pre-eminent abilities rather than
ny large following which ho possessed
vhicb led tbe country to seleot bitn as their
niof executive. His dury, of which Mr.
dorse lias made free use, reveals tbe char
cter of the man. He w.ii cynical, sooner
r later every public m in came uudir his
ondeninalion; indeed it seems that ilie
ury fact that a man did not agree with
dr Adams was enough to convince huu
il bis dishonesty. Mr Ad ims also ps-ti-ssed
a combative nature. H i was niton
or taking rxtreuie measures in our rela-
ion to European governments, and carried
he Munroe doctrine to its utmost limit
Indeed, Mr. Morse claims for him tbe
uthorship of that doctrine, while Mr.
Lodge, in tho lifo of Hamilton giv03 bis
ero tho credit of its origination. The
ruth probably is that Mr. Adams elaborat
ed what had nlroady been given to tbe
world in brief. But whilo Mr. Adams
possessed some unlovable characteristics
he was a patriot of the highest type. He
was willing to be made the butt of ridicule ;
he was willing to be made a target for tbe
shafts of friend and oneiuy alike; ho was
willing to stand beforo the people as an
enthusiast or a fanatic if ho could thereby
advanoe the fortunes of his country. To
his country the services of his cntiro life
were given, and upon her altars he was
willing to sacrifice everything but prin
ciple; and it may bo said of the political
leaders of his day, "He was the noblest
Roman of tbem all.'.' Born in 17C7 of dis
tinguished parentage, brought np amid
the stirring scenes of tho Revolution, wit
nessing the battle of Bunkor Hill and
burning ofCharlestown, a traveler In Paris
and elsewbero in Europe when 11 yoars of
age as oompanion to his father, who was
a diplomatic representative of our govern
mcnt at various European courts; private
secretary lo Mr. Dana, U. S. minister to
Russia, when only 11 years of age; a pri
vate socrotary of the embassy whicb nego
tiated the final treaty of peace with Eng
land, returning homo and graduating from
Harvard college wbon 20 years of age;
admitted to the bar of Boston when 23,
woiking faithfully in tho profession whiob
to him was irksomo and achieving some
degree of success; contributing to the
literature of tbe day over the signatures of
"Publicolo," and "Marcellus,'' and "Col
ombus," papors whicb had an immense
influence in combatting dangerous doct
rines and forming publio opinion; U. S
minister at the Hayne when 27, later at
the court of Portugal, and at Berlin in
1797; a member of the Massachusetts sen
ate when 35, a member of tbe U. S. when
36; deserting and doserted by the federal
ist party when 41; a minister to Russia
under President Madison when 42; a
member of the celebrated commission
which signed the articles of peace at Ghent
after tho war of 1812 at 47; a minister at
the court of St. James, having reached
the highest rank in the diplomntio service
of the United States at 48; secretary ol
state under Presidont Munroo when 50;
president of the Uoited States when 58; a
private citizen at Quincy when G2; elected
by the anti-Masons to congress when 64
where he served until death; when 71
years of ago tbo career of Mr. Adams is
In the searching glare of public life for
nearly CO years tho sober judgement of
history declares him to have constantly
been an Incorruptible patriot and a devoted
publio servant. Could somotbing of tbe
sterling integrity which Mr. Adams dis
played be seen in a few of the prominent
office bearers of to-day, the heart of the
people might rest more securely. This is
a book which ought to be in every library
Mr. Morse has done his work impartially;
the character of John Quincy Adams stands
before ns in its true light.
Central Vermont Vamp Meeting.
The above meeting will be held on the
grounds of the association at Northfield
August 21-28, beginning Monday evening
arid closing the following Monday morn
ing The usual favor of half fare will he
given by the Central Vermont and Well;
River railroads; and all trains, except ex
press trains, will stop at tbe eamp ground
when there are passcnge s to get oQ or on
It is hoped that every charge on the di
trict will bo repre-ion'ed by an efficien
corps of workers, who will do a grand
work for the Master, and that unconverte
persons will bo cordially invited to attend.
so that the meeting may prove to be a
marked success in the "awakening of sin
ncrs and the sanctification of believers."
Men of Israel, help!
II. A. Spencf.r, Pres.
Ira 1'eabd, Sec'y.
The district stewards1 meeting for Mont
pelicr district will be held on the camp
ground at Northfield, Tuesday, Aug. 22
at 1 o'olock p m Will every pastor be
kind enough to soo tbat his district steward
has knowledge of tho meeting? We hope
all the district stewards will be presont.
The annual meeting of tbe Central Ver
mont camp meeting association will be
held on tho camp ground on Wednesday,
Aug. 23, nt 1 o'clock r. m.
II. A. Si'ENCKi:.
TO TUB EDITOR OF THE VERMONT CHRIS
Most heartily do I thank you for the
the copy of your interesting paper of July
Oth, which you wore so thoughful and kind
as to send me. You can hardly imagine
how vividly it brought to my recolleotion
the surroundings of 48 years ago, when 1
was pastor of tho Methodist Episoopal
church in Montpelier village. Nor did it
interest me alouo ; it also arrested the at
tention and socured the notioe of Ilev. Dr.
Buckley, of the Christian Aivtcate.
On removing the wrapper in the post
office the first words that mot my eye after
the name of tho paper wore "Methodism
In Montpelior.' I sat down to read a
paragraph or so, and became so interested
that I read on, and on, till tho last word
was reached. It then ooenrred to me that
I owed you a grateful acknowledgment,
and that perhaps some of my early friends
and associates in tho confereness and in
the ohurchos where I spent the firsttwelve
years of my ministry might bo still living,
and would like to bear a word from one
through the Ciikistin Messenger, who
disappeared from among thorn so long
ago. Six years of the twelve spent in
Vermont were passed at Barro, Williams-
town and Montpelier, two in each charge.
I began to think that if I belonged to the
itinerant connection I should go beyond a
radius of half a dozen miles, old Barre,
my first circuit being the centre, or I cer
tainly should never roach the outer limits
of my parish the world In nn ordinary
life-hue! When I left B irre for the con
ference in 1837, it wis with the universa
expectation that I would roturn for the
second year; but lo! a sudden turn of the
iron wheel took mo up. and without say
ing so much as by your leave, sot me down
at Great Falls, "Now H-impshire! This
was itinerancy with a witnosss. The dis
tanoe, right across the castorn part of Ver
mont and the whole width of New Hamp
shire was, say about 150 miles, with no
railroad accommodations or any direct
public conveyance whatever. My own
team took the family four in all; but it
was a rough, hilly, hard road to travel in
beat of summer. My household stuffs
for In those d ts we found either no par
sonages at all or those nnfurnishod went
by heavy freight wagon without springs,
ovor the roughest of roads.to their destina
tion. This was accomplished in two weeks
in this wise: A team started from Grand
Falls, want to Newbury, Vt , and took
tbe preacher's goods who was to take my
placo to B irre, then to jk mine aboard for
Great Falls. In about two weoks the
goods arrived safe, but not sound by any
moans. The constant friction for such a
distance sogallod and bruise ! the furni
ture that not an article was fit for use till
taken to a shop and dressed over. My
part of the moving expensos was $37.50.
Such was my exparlonca in leaving my
native state. 13 it the appointment when
reached was one of tho very best in tho
conference. How would "young America"
in the ministry rolish such experiences?
A few years later tbe conference w is di
vided, and as I was then in New Hamp
shire and found work enongh to do I have
remained bore to this day. But I have
never lost my interest in the Vermont
conference. I would delight to grasp the
band of the older brethren in that confer
ence, and to visit and spend a Sabbath tn
every placo wbero I have formerly preach
ed tbe word of life. It will be still better
to meet in "tbe sweet by and by",boyond
tbe liability of farther separation.
Let me assure all who remember and
care for me, that in all those years I have
had but one object in view; comprehen
sively stated It has boen to glorify God
and enjoy him for ever; more particularly
expressed it has boen to maintain a truly
Christian character, to bo a faithful and
useful minister of tho gospel, aud thus,
both by procopt and oximple, to lead as
many as possible in ways of wisdom and
piety to a better world. Though lo looking '
over tba past, I am conscious of short
comings to deplore, yot by the grace of
God I have boen onabled to see " stead
fast, have never switched off " into any
of the new-fangled ideas in theology, or
now departures in practical methods. I
still cling to tbe religion into which I was
converted nearly sixty two years ago,
when a lad of fifteen, wbioh made me a
new creature,'' and changed the whole
tenor and object ot my life. It saved me
then and made me happy; it does so still.
and will continue to do sn, I believe, to
When I hail reached fifty years from tbe
date of my entrance into the traveling
connection, at the request of the conference,
preached my half century sermon, and
voluntarily retired from tbe regular work
to make way for younger and more vigor
ous and efficient men. I was led to this
step, not by any bint from bishop or
presiding elder tbat my "resignation would
oo accepted 11 tendered, but my own
leliberate conviction that it was Wrs.-i and
oest to do so. Trun, I have ofion been
reminded of a rem irk onco made to me
by my very dear Brother E. J.Scott:
long sinoe gone to his reward after the
ailure of his health, that " tho hardest
ippointinent ho evor bad Was no appoint
uent nt all.'' I did not then intend to
wholly cease to preach ; nor Imvo I up lo
bis lima. I have olten said that for liny
ears I preached mainly from a sense of
luty ; since that time more from a sense of
privilege. With the cordial consent of tho
oastor I preached a sermon prepared for the
anniversary of my seventy fifth birtnday :
Subject " True pietv the chief consolation
fold ago;" text Psalms 71: 17, 18 Of
t family of twelve childrou only two are
now living Rev. N W. Scott, of your
conference and my sol f.
Strangely, Indeed, have I run on in this
rambling talk. When I commenced I
Intended to say something of Montpelicr
in the olden time; but this I cannot now
do without oxtending this communication
to an undue length. With your const nt
perhaps I would do so at another time. A
hearty greeting to all my former acquaint
ances among the readers of the Christian
Messenger. Tbe Lord bless and prosper
you in your responsible work.
Hampton, N. II.
Tbe truly great man is ho who (loos not
lose his child-heart. He does not think
beforehand that his words shall be sincere,
nor that his actions shall bo resolute; he
simply always abides in tho right. Men
It was a quaint saying of a dying man
who exclaimed, "1 have no fear of going
home. God's finger is on tho latch, and 1
am ready for him to open the door. It is
but tbe entrance of my fatbor's house."
Caution the young that their work is not
in tbo furture, but lying at their door now.
The only royal pathway to progross is to do
the duty of the hour in the best manner
possible: neclect it, and all is mist nr.ri
darkness ; for wo riso step by step.
Cotowavo, the captive Zulu chief, is ex
pected to arrive in England August 18th,
accompanied by threo native chiefs and
escorted by Mr. Sbepstone, son of Sir Tbe-
ophilus bhepstone. He will visit Usborne
and probably bave an audience with Queen
Victoria, tie will remain in England un
til! September, and the direct result of his
visit may possibly be nis restoration ,
Fashion now and then does a scusiblc
thinz, and its edict abolishing tbo "travel
ing dress" is one of thom. Tbe New York
Tribune thus sums up tbo latest stylos for
feminine travelers: lhe most uselul cos
tumes for mountain travel aro tbe familiar
otieviots, light flannol, beige-fuulard, bal
ermas, a basket-work fabric in monoch
rouie, or Bengaline, which is a soft, lustrous
species of mohair. For an extensive tour
there is nothing so serviceable as a cloth
finished flannel or soft cheviot, made very
simple into a short walking skirt, having
two plaited draperies in front and live
large hollow plaits behind. The experi
enced traveler who comprehends human
nature on the road knows that to be qniotly
and fashionably dressed in fabrics of the
finest is tbe way to command respect and
attention. A useful and elegant costume
Is made of silvery gray or drab pongee,
that sheds the dust and is not injured
by water. The traveling ulstei-, dust
cloak or pelisse is made flora the same
material. These should roach tbo edge
of the dress. Jewelry, fringes or l ice
ruin tbe harmony which must oxist, and
are an offense against good taste.
Tub Horrors of War. Au Alexan
drm correspondent says that during the
massacre tbe soldiers set firo to the house o'
a lumber dealer. A maid sorvant escaped
to the garden, whero she found hersell
surrounded by firo. Tbe soldiers laughed
at her agony and fired at her, but pur
posly avoided the infleotion of fatal injury
preferring to seo her burn to death. Fi
nally she rushed through the (limes, and
though wounded by bayonot thrusts, sue
ceeded in securing refuge in the ruins,
whore she discovered tho marines and
was handed over to the Americans.
An English correspondent says : Sev
eral Arabs were killed Sunday night for
incendiarism and three ol the knedive's
grooms were killed by tbe English guard
at tbe Has el-tin palaoe by mistake I
have just seen an Arab soldier tied to
a tree In the square of Mehemet Ali and
shot before the Arabs and Europeans
Despite tho severe examples pillaging
A strong band of Arabs entered Alex
andria and killed a number of loyal Eypt-
llan soldiers Saturday nignt.
An Alexandria correspondent of the
London Daily Telegraph says : There will
be pnblio exeoutions to day or to morrow.
I am asked to point out that all the cul-
rits have been oonvlcted of murdering
Europeans under circumstances of excep
tional barbarity during the bombiirdman
of tbe city. The murderers will probably
be shot by .Egyptian Troops. It is quite
possiblo trial suon executions will continue
tor sometime, asavory d ty b-lnjs to libt
Respectable inhabitants of Alexandria
oom plain that English soldiers have pilla
ged tbclr bouses.
Correspondent of the Daily Telegraph
at Alexandria says: "I drove yesterday 0
miles along tbe line of Arab! Pasha's
retreat, and aassed several villngos, the
people in which are starving. The sol
diers robbed tbem of everything. Tho
route is lined with dead horses and carria
ges. It is reported that the Bedouas bar
raased the seldiers during their retreat,
killing 200 of them.
Omar Pacha, lieutenant-governor of
Alexandria, has returned from Cairo via
Port Said. He makes the following re
port to the khedive: On the way to Cairo
1 saw Europeans Doing massacred and
their homes pillaged. At Damanbon and
Mebella, wbere the Alexandria rabble
had arrived, they out oft' tbo hands of
Berberlns because they served Christians.
I am rutting- pspers today, mother.
tH.uera to cover a ahelf .)
Ami Bavin out bits for mf acrap Look;
Hut unlike nir formor eelf,
IV ith the tnouirnta tbtt are itrand and noble.
Aud the lines the poet sina-a,
I am Ravin eome very elmple
And decidedly childlike things.
l' r thronired In her chair beside me,
M-.ta a wee one dainty and aweet,
And 1 tniet m the dare that are coming
Mia will care theae Unee to repeat,
I tbiuk that in planning- her lite work,
Tbe aame fair future I eee
Which you aaw In the kmjr ago, mother,
Wliwu you planned and prayed about me.
1 lonir to come home at the twilight,
And Bitting down by your feet,
Listen again to the Bible talce
You used long ago to repeat
or Adam, and Eve, aud Abel;
or Noah, who heard and oboyed;
of Abraham. Iaaac and Jacob,
With the faith and love tboy dii played.
There was Joseph aold lute Egypt,
And Moses before the king,
And David, who slow Oollatu,
VVith a little atone in hla eling;
There was Hatnuol, called at night-time,
Aud Jonah cast tu the deep,
Vnd many a dream and visions
Of prophets and kluga asleep.
Then there was the wonderful story
Of tho child In the mangor hud.
Who marked tbe pathway to glory
With teara and blood that He abed.
Uenr mother, that "old, old story"
ts the life of my life to me,
And 1 want to train up my chlldreu
1"j be all lie would have thorn bo.
Oil, a motbor'a mission Is holy,
Aud she must be holy, too,
Or sadly fall in performing-
Tbe work God gives her to do.
Hj while t am sweeping and scrubbing,
Aud cleaning dust from the paint,
In my heart 1 am earuestly praying
To be clean of aln aud lta taint.
While the farmer goes to his planting,
The mother, by look and toue.
Is sowiug in soil Just as certain
To yield or the seed she hs sown.
The work tbat she does may be lowly,
nut tha angels are watching her lite;
The love ot tbe Saviour sustaiueth
Each faithful mothorsud wifo.
The New Sort h west.
Far away in the nnrthwost, as far Ih.--yond
St. Paul as St. Paul is beyond Chi
cago, stands Winnipeg, the capitol of
Manitoba,, mid the gateway of a new
realm about to jump from its present stnto
of trackless prairies, as yet almost devoid
of settlement, to tho condition of our
most prosperous westorn states. Here,
bounded on tbo south by Dakota and Mon
tana, west by tho Kocky mountains, north
nnd cast by the groat Peace river and the
chain of lakc3 and rivers that stretch from
from lake Athabaska to V innipeg, lies a
vast extent of country, estimated to con
tain 300,000,000 acres, or enough to niako
eight such states as Iowa or Illinois. Aot
all of it is fertilo, it is true, yet it may be
safely said that two-thirds of it are avail
able for settlement nnd cultivation.
In fact, the oxtont of the availablo land
in these new countries is apt to bo under
estimated, for if the traveler does not soo
prairies waist doep m tho richest gross,
he is apt to set thenidown as. barren lands;
and if bo crosses a marsh he at once
9tamps it as land too wet for cultivation.
those, however, wno remember the early
days of Illinois and Iowa have seen lands
then passed by as worthless swamps now
held at high prices as the bost of meadow
land. This is a land of rolling prairies
and table lands, watered by navigable
rivers, and not devoid of timber.
Its climate is hardly such as one would
solect for n lazy man's paradise, for tho
winters aro long and cold, and the sum
mers short and fiercely hot, though this
shortuess is in some measure compensated
for by the great length of the midsummer
days. Nevertheless, it is a land where
wheat and many other grains and root
crops attain there fullest perfection, and is
well lilted lo bo the homo of a vigorous
and healthy race. Manitoba, ol which we
hear so much now, is but tbo merest frac
tion of this territory, and, lying on tbe
southeast corner, is as yet the only part
accessible by rail.
Over this vast region, and indeed all
that lies between it and the Arctic ocean,
for two hundred years the Hudson bay
company exercised territorial rights. Till
within a few years it was praetioally tin
known except as a preserve of fur-bearing
animals; and prior to 1870 it was nard to
tind any information as to its material re
sources or its value. The company dis-
couraged every attempt that threatened to
interfere with the fur-bearing animals or
tbe Indians who trapped them; still it be
came known tbat some of this vast region
was not uuerly worthless for other pur
poses; the soil looked deep and rich in
many places, nnd in the western part the
buffalo Jound a winter subsistence, lor tbe
snows weru seldom deep, and in the pure
drv air and hot autumnal sun tne grasses.
inste ad of withering, dried into natural
nav. Thoearly explorers, too, had brought
back reports of noble rivers, of fertile
prai- ies, ol great beds of coal, of belu of
tine limner, liiu wnat care me company
for these':' Tne rivers, it Is truo, were the
homes of tho oltor, lhe mink, nnd other
fur tearing animals, and turnisQed fish
for their employes and highways for their
canoes. For the rost they had no use. At
last, in 1870, seeing that they could no
longer exclude lhe world from theso fer
tile regions, tho Hudson bay compauy
sold their territorial rights to Canada,
which now began to soo its way to a rail
road across tho continent, to link the colo
nies from Nova Scotia to British Colum
Now it is cvidont that the growth of this
rcL'ion will be rapid, probably more rapid
indeed, than that of our western states tbat
lie beyond the lakes; for in thorn there
had bocn n slow but stonily increase of
population from a comparatively early
dav. and when tho railroads began to
gridiron tho country from the great lakes
to tho Rocky mountains, tbo states of the
Missouri already possessod a considerable
In the northwest, however, we sco
land that has remained isolated from the
rest of the world, untrodden except by the
Indian or the trapper, suddenly thrown
onen for settlement, and on terms as uuor
al as those offered by our government or
land erant railroads.
Tho Canadian Pacific railway is already
completed loO miles west ot Winnipeg,
which is already connected with our north
western railroads, nnd it is hoped, not
without reason, that another 500 milea
will be completed towards tbe mountains
the present year, lo Dtiiiil two or cvon
threo miles a day across such a country
ss this division traverses would be no ex
trnordiuarv feat in modern railroading
Branches, too, north and south, will be
ranidlv constructed, not to accomodate ex-
istinz traffic, but to oreate it. Now it
seems as if nothing short of some linan
cial panic, some gross blundering or stu
pidity, could delay tne construction oi tno
railroad, or cliecx tne nooa oi emigration
that must surolv pour In. Can It bo that.
with tbe government Canada enjoys, one
as free aud fully as democratic as our own
the shadow of monarchy will delay the oc
cupation of this land by other races than
that of tbo Britain?
Hero we shall have u chance'to see how
Canadian enterprise compares with our
own. Tbo northern Paoifio railway has
its agents far and wide trying to induce
settlers to purchase its lands and furnish
traffic for its lines. The two railroads
are not far apart, and tbo Canadians have
quite as good, if not bolter, lands to ofior.
Will they be as onergelic, as successful,
as their cousins across tho line?
The climate of this region is far from
what one would expect from its northern
latitude. While It cannot bo said to bo
cn'irely safe from early frostaas fir north
as Dunvegan, In latitude M , there is
seldom any from the middle of May till
September, and even the tender cucumber
attains maturity. Wheat, barley and veg
etables ripen every season at the various
posts along tho Pearl river. Wheat ripons
even as far north as Fort Simpson, in lat
itude G2 , while wheat and barley from
the lake Athabasca district took a medal
at tho centennial. These crops, it is true,
have been raised on tha bottom-lands
along the river ;and though the table-lands
on each side are several luindre 1 feet
hieher. thev are nrotoctad hv that vnrt
'elevation, from those late ami early frosts
everywhere prevalent on low-lying bot
tom lanns. l. a. J'rcuaeryiat, m Har
pers Magazine for August.
The Boston Journal in an edi orial on
"tbe fighting stteng'h of E igland, ' sats '
"lor a power with such vast nod wid.-iv
scattered interest at stake, and with a nt
cor I of so many brilliant millitary aebiev
ments, England's actual fighting strena"
is singularly weak, according to tint Un
ited Servioo Gazette, which is certainly nn
excellent authority, the sum total of the
forces nt the command of England to
operations abroad in an emurgency is
about 16.500 men, which number cannot
be increased without calling out the re
serve. On pnpBr England lias a military
force of 603,818 of every service, but tin
militia, eomanry and volunteers cannm
betaken into account, an the rrquisitinii
upon tuflir services on the d r-ger of inv i
sion or the declaration ot a huxipcan w-ti
The regular forces number li9,000 nnd o
Ills number about on ' Half is n quire t f;,r
ndia and he colonies Thus t:iein a
left nbout 9a,n00 men of all arms avail ah .
for attack un I -u f -nee. But i-ut of lh s
number the v irioos garrisons have tn In
provided for and the schools of instruc
tions and a cnnsiileralilo allow 'nee mil
be made for non-t ffeciivi s Of the n
mainder tne li-m'ssiiaro i-, t iken by Irlan
There are t n lliousand more tro ps in
reland than there wero three years nan.
he total force now standing at eight cav
airy regiments, four ba tenes royal horst
artillery, fourteen b it'eiies and companies
it Held artillery ami royal engineers, and
twenty seven regiments ui infantry. In
the event of foreign complications the
force in Ireland could notlio reduced, but
would rnthcr have to bo increased, ns
there are many restless spirits there who
would be prompt to avail themselves of
any opportunity lo embarrass England by
a fire in the rear,"
Alexandria. There is no city of the
world that attracts tbe public attontion
to-day so much as does Alexandria, the
center of tho Egyptian war troubles, the
lamous Egyptian metropolis lounded by
Alexandria tbo Ureatlin the year bo 11. C
lue ancient city was on a low nnd
narrow tract separating Lake Mareotois
from tho Mediterranean, near the western
mouth of tho Nilo. Cairo is 117 miles
distant. From its position Alexandria
rapidly becomes one of the most populous
and magnificent oities ot the ancient world.
Other foatures wero tho muioun, and the
serapeion, or tomplo of Terapis, In front
of tbe city stood the island of Pharos, with
its celebrated lighthouse At one time the
population was put as high as 600,000, the
majority of whom were Greeks and Jews;
but alter the city s capture by Saracen
Caliph Omar, in 010 it began to decline,
and a contury ago it had only 6,000 people.
There came another turn of fortune,
however, owing to the splendid commer
cial situation, and a new Alexandria rose
near the site and ruins of Alexandria the
ancient. Tho modern city, which had
now attained a population of nearly 300
000, is built on the isthmus connecting the
main land with the island of Pharos, and
on tho island itself. The new streets pre
sent the aspect of a European city, but in
tbe Turkish quarters the streets are narrow
and dirty. The new embankment along
the eastern harbor, and new buildings on
tbe groat square of Mehemot Ali have
added greatly to tho attractiveness of the
city, j lhe palace of the Pacha and th'
loliy harem first strike the stranger s at
tention on entering the city. Among tbe
other large buildings are tbo custom
house, tho arsenal, the medical, naval,
ml other schools.
The city has a fine and new artificial bar
bor, formed by a breakwater, mole, and
quays. It could hardly be more exposud
to bombardment, and a vigoruus naval at
tack, as has been seen, easily and totally
testroyed it. On aocount ol its large for
eign population and character, the Egyp
tian people and army care much less about
its destruction than they would that of
Cairo. The latter has a strongly fort i lied
cittidol built on a steep, rocky bluff above
the city r. place calculated admirably to
withstand assault and siege.
Suddenly Tukninu Ghat. Stafl'-sur
geon Parry, whilo serving in India during
the mutiny, saw a strange sight. One of
tne prisoners taken in a skirmish al Cham
da was a sepoy of the Bengal army, who
was brought hcloro mo authorities and
questioned. Fully alive to his position,
the Bengalee stood almost stupefied with
fear, trembling greatly, with despair plain
ly depicted on his countenance. While
the examination was proceeding, tho ser
geant in charge of tho prisoner suddenly
exclaimed: "Ho is turning gray!" All
eyes wero turnod on the unfortunato man,
watcuine wilu wondering interest tne
change cominrr upon his glossy, jot-black
locks. In halt nu Hour tltey wero ot a
uniform grayish huo. Soiuo years ago a
young lady, who was anxiously awaiting
tho coming of her husband olect, receivod
a letter containing tho sad news of his
shipwreck and death. She Instantly
became insensible, and remainod so for
five hours. The next morning her hair,
which had previously been of a rich brown
color, had bcoome white as snow, her
eyebrows and oyolashes retaining their
natural color. After a while tho whitened
hair foil off, nnd was succeeded by a now
growth of gray. This caso, coming tindor
tho obsovatiou of Dr. Erasmus Wilson,
shattered his unbelief in tho possibility of
tho sudden conversion ol tho hair Iroiu n
dark color lo snow-white. No mau knows j
tl,a liotn limn li 7ilo.n l.t'
iuvjiu biiuuv iuq uan ,,u.u nouu, uw
he cannot explain this phenomenon quite
to his own satisfaction. "If," ho says,
"it bo established that tlio hair is suseop-
tiblo of permeation by fluids derived from
the blood a transmission of fluids from
tbe blood-vi ssels of the skin into tho sub-
stance of tlio hair roally occurs, tho it'ian-
tity nnd niituro being modilicd by tho
peculiarity of constitution or state of health
of tho individual it follows that such
tluids. being altered in their chomlcal
qualitios, may possess the powor of Im-
now conditions on tno structure
into which they enter, lbus, if
contain an excess of salts of lime, tboy
may doposit it in the tissuo tf tho hair,
and ohango it rrom dark to gray. Or the ,
phenomenon may be the result of electric
al action, tho oonsequonco of a chemical 1
alteration in the very blood Itself, or a
conversion for wbioh tho tissuo of the hair
is chiefly responsible." So many "may
bes" from such an authority rovo that
the mystery of tl.o sudden whitening of
hair is still unsolved. And it is likoly to
remain unsolved, since the doctor more
modest than many of bis brethren owns
that "the mysteries of vital chemistry aro
unknown to man." I'opulnr Science
Monthly for August.
It is a great blessing to hive a well in
formed conscience; and even a sore con
science is belter than none.
It is astonishing how soan llm whole
conscience begins to unravel if a sipgle
stitch drops; one single sin indulg.id in
makes a bole you could pur your lu-a I
through. Charles Buxlon.
A ladv whowasi)iep.irinr bitbincr nnita
for a trip east for tho summer wrote to in
eastern fashion paper to know what tho
style of bathing suits would be for children,
iay from five to six vears old. Slin rn.
ceived a reply that this year the bathing
suits lor boys wero vory simple, con-iist , g
of a wad of cotton in each ear. The 1
will add to this suit a red varn stiin i
around ber boy's neck and let him gi.
looso. Milwaukee Sun.
A statement just completed by the pi
fllce department shows that no tn A...
2i 1882. thre were 45,000 post ofli t s
IT . t- . . - . 1 .
uiiiiim t-cs. inn ineiiicl'-s ,.,
.-a-e within tlie pas: in nthof2o0 fli
ul'y 50 p.-r cent of which is exliib.i. o
vtng courred in southern states 1 1.
ivi-rage incieaso in the numlx-i .f r.
fll-tes in the country, for several ti
iriceeilina 1882 has b. en abom 1 0nO p
,ear; bui it is believed by the pos . Hi
1eutm-nt to he not unlikely that i'
reach fully 2,000 i his ye ar.
Tho enormous power of modern gn
runs is well indieaied in the stKimn
uiat lhe largfxt on board of the ves..
of the ilriti-di flcoi now in Ahr.nd.
harbor is i-aptble of throwin" a or denii
-iiiui i.iuu pouiioi at a velocity r "V
mile in lour se,-..n Is "qui to 27,213
wis of metal lailing a dis imoh of i-o-
on an objoet It takes 370 pound-
'd-r to fli-.- ilii shot a this ve
any one versed in ih piiei-s of s'e
an I saltpetre can eaicti am lhe u,.st .
w-ry sli'it that these guns wi l throw. .
ti l be folin I till' evurv I'POori will e.i
not very far from $1000.
G-orgo William Curtis in I8jj hream
-ilent pinner in the hninvg il.m .
D X, Edwards & Co. Ibn nnhlishoru ...
Putnam's Monthly. He invested 10.(X'0
m the concern, bu' had no part in 1 1,
luanngement. Two venri Inter Hip flr ,
laiied, and Mr. Curtis tln-oujjb some infir
mality in drawing up the articles of par
n-rship was declared to be lo.r.-illy res
pon-tbto for a portion of its deb's Mnv
ol his friends held lint lie was in no w n
bound beyond the 810,000. nnd urged hiri.
to test the question in the courts. Mr
Curtis refused although his decision in
volved the assumption by him of a debt ot
$100,000 He surrendered all his property
In sixteen years, by most arduous labor
writing and lecturing, bo paid the last
dollar of the debt. As Mr. Curtis is so
foolish as to carry thesamo ideas of high
honor into politics it is no wonder ho has
the contompt of tho "practical" spoilsmen
The construction of the Suez canal was
commenced in 1800. Tho work was pros-
ecuted steadily until 18G2, when there was
a disagreement among the authorities, and
nad it not been for tho lato ommrnr.
I)uis Napoleon, of France, who ftdvnnppd
$19,000,000 to the viceroy to be paid to
the company, it is doubtful whether the
gigantic undertaking ever would have
been linished. Tho water began to How
from the Mediterranean in February, 18G9,
and from the Rod sea in July, and by the
middle of October of the same year, navi
gation was a settled thing. The whole
length of the navigation is 88 miles; of
this 6G miles aro actual canal, formed bv
cuttings, 14 miles are dredged through
the lakes, and 8 miles required no work,
the natural depth boing equal to that ol
the canal. The depth of the canal through
out is 26 feet, for a width of 72 feet at The
bottom. Tho width at tho surface is 325
toot, lhe largest vessel that evor passed
through the canal measured 4) foot in
length, with a draft of 25 feet 9 inches
The cost of lhe whole undertakes was
17,518,729. Nearly 30,000 laborers were
employed, and during tho work about 80.
000,000 cubic yards of material wero ex
cavated and at one time sixty dredging
machines were at work.
Mr. A. W. Cheever, the experienced
editor of the Now England Farmer, say
mat ii toe farmer sees mat merchants
hi inufacturcrs, professional men and poll
'icians are nil educated and trained fin
heir life work, ho should realize thai ;
similar education and training are need
r him who would bo successful as
tarmer. If the farmer at iho present lim
is not taking his truo position in soeieiv
it is not because of his occupation, bii
from a lacking in ihoso qualities which n
suit largoly from education and training
at home, in school, in tho collego and i
the world at large.
Dr James R Nichols, the solf-appointe-1
scientist of tbe Massachusetts state board
of agriculture, is weakening in bis opposi
tion to the new system of onsilage. He
now proclaims that be does uo oppose the
silo; be questions rather its economy than
its usefulness. This distinguished essayis'
even announces his willingness that some
of his well-to-do neighbors may construe
silos, though ho fears thoy will derive nt
profit therefrom. As fcr himself, science
teaches bim to avoid experimenting with
ensilngc, since practical results are no
essential to tho formation of his laboratory
theories. It is easier to demolish a silo
with a quill pon than to construct such a
pit with tho tools of tho mechanic .-l);i
Cl.EANLlNT.SS IX IHE DaiRT TllO sidt'S
and utldor of ivory cow should, bofore
milking, be thoroughly brushed and cleans
ed of everything that can fall into the milk
pan. Tho farmor should place over the
can which is to convey his milk, two cloth
strainers, of unequal thickness, the thicker
ono being below the other. The lower
ono is best mado of thick woolen flannel.
A woolen strainer will often take out a
good deal of foreign matter that a linen or
cotton one would lot through. As often
as mattor accumulates upon them, they
should bo turned over and rinsod till thoy
are clean. This would bo but a small
item for each dairyman to do, and it would
make a material difl'eroneo in tho quality
of the butter or cheese that is to be made
from it. This little attontion hi cloanlinoss
would, like ovory other tidy net connected
!.U . I . - .1 II ! 1. I
, wiiu iu uairj, pay WUll 1U LUtJ lUUg IUU,
because it would make the goods so niuoh
more satisfactory and dosirablo. It would
not removo entirely the necessity for
I straining at the factory, because flios and
i other objects which it is hn possiblo to
avoid aro always liable to drop into milk
i while boing handled, that must be got out,
: but il would kocp out so much soluble
matter that now coos in, as to make a
material improvement in tho products of
the factories Chicago Live Stock Journal.
From our Superintendent,
Deab. Yoi.no Ladies: For many
weeks tho angel of tomperance has been
saying unto me, "write,'' nnd added to
tbat lie pcforo me a doxon or more Bilent,
but eloquent, appeals in the Bhapo of let
tors from you. Those of you who live in
oitics(unless tboy are situated in Maine or
Kansas) know, if one is at all interested
in tomneranco work, how sho is kept nt it.
and constantly goaded on by tho Impelling
forces of intemperance visible on every
band, ann tne lasntoname inditterence
almost scorn, for self denial and abwlute
abstinence in connection with what we
should eat or drink. To do all, nnd stand a
amid snch surroundings, can but absorb
onc'sjtinie, strength and energy.
This is my explanation for not lieing
able to carry on a more vigorous corre
spondence with stale superintendents and
local Y. W. C. T. unions, nor to write
you more Ireqnont personal le-'prn. It
seems to me, Now York City will bo the
last to yield lo temperance influence, nnd
when prohibitory law prevails in Gotham,
tho temperance millennium will havo
Not loug since I was gettinsr ready to
go to our Friday afternoon lempi"
meeting, prep -ring my mind for the -x
rcises, and my toilet I r the rain, i --m-sed
by thp d .rk cloods th.v had rnVf u,
mirely shut ing out hniven's bin-. -:th
"I t ven n li'nt of a iivi-r linino. W '
I sad, "this s -Ii p ti .i i';l ! i. i -eady
a BibN v ' . . i i ..,
nil an appr i ' .
iic-ibahly nut h .if fi doz -,-, e n .. r I. .
oreaj-nt. Il i were a ina:,n--.- or 1',. p'i
lid Judy Sho ttlele vou'd 'I Hi: in '. n(
. -.'tendance, it. spite . ,f win,! n d .veitn, '
'id ns Hip u ray of induce m.-nt- he -.
(furs to allure from virtue and teiH r ioce,
with the pronene-s of humviny to
vieltl thereto, arose before me. I felt tho
e' ods nt diseouragemont were shutting
out nil the light from my mental vision.
Knowins how wholly such thoughts unlit
no for service, I turned eagerly fur my
Sword of the Spirit," and found it in
hese words: "Be of good cheer. I have
vpreomo lhe world." I didn.t feel a bit
ko being of good cheer; but how could
i lelptt aferrealing "I hive overcome
world." and with a great. setio of re-
f I wogniz-d who Hip was the One
.h m bad hi-Hu given all power, oth
i heaven and earh. As the clouds from
'ip April aky literally rolled awiy, I did
t I'von need mv umbrella. I found a
idly number of y- nnir ladies had assem
" I, including two who had been absent
i weoks nn ipei-un' nl illness
D ir girls, will you nn- with mi anpro
ri ate this lesson : Never take discourage-iv-nts
to vour meetings; but always insist
i ie in Ink ing the "eoo I cheer." Yon will find
it .with the added '! have overcome,"
i power to make your meetings alive, and
i bring success to all our labors
When tho boys oame trooping in, I rem
embered that we had promised to have
i.eir badges, a little four-leaf clover of
silver with the monogram L. L. T. S.
(Loyal Legion Temperance Societv) en
graved in the centre, ready that afternoon.
There were only seven of the badges on
Hand ; surely we oould not expoot a'mirac
ulous supply for the remaining two do.,
n lads. But another plan worked as
well; six of tho boys had brought the
money for their badgos at a previous
meeting, so they were entitled to be first
served; the seventh badge we cast lots
for, both to tho amusement and satisfac
i ion of the boys, all of whom bave since
received their fortunate four leaf clovers.
I believe the children nro the sliver
lining to tho cloud of intemperance. Tlio
chief work of our Now York Y. W. C.
T. u . has boen among tbem. Our young
ladies have taught in two temporanco
schools, besides the Boy's Loyal legion.
wmcn is auxiliary to our iooicty. We hold
parlor meetings together, in which all
take part by either reading or having
something to say on the subject before the
meeting. Theso have been truly happy
afternoons, and we feel justly proud of
our boys, whoso first work has been to
donate to the city a water fountain for man
and beast, to be placed in a densely popu
lated quarter. We have many other plans
on hand for another season, and our chief
work for the summer will be to obtain
funds to put them in operation as soon as
we return to the city in the fall.
Leaving now the interests of our local
society, I must tell you of what comes to
me from Y. W. C. T. unions throughout
tho country. Nevor before have so many
schools and colleges given the subject of
temperance so muoh attention. You havo
read of Mrs. Hunt's grand work in ibn
west in getting text books adopted by
state boards as well as private institutions.
.Miss Willard and Mis? Gordon in the
south, besides Mrs. Chapin nnd Mrs.
MeCleod.have given this in itter .it'eprimi.
-iling the cooperation of mnnv yum";
i 'ies. Mrs. Woodhri go presented the
-objeot of temperance at Vassar college,
ilbgc; at the Friend's seminary. Pre -si-
' noe; at Seymour Smith institute. Pino
tins. At a young ladies' sohool. Mount
lii-co N. Y.. tho students have given
luughtful consideration to temnoraneo.
'"be largest Y. W. C. T. U. is at Welles-
v collogp. Mass , whero they have re
cently h id a temperance evening. Ono
it the membeis writes:
I think tno rcsu't has boen to interest
very many in the subject. I oan assure
vou those of ns who had some work to do
n connection with the meotiog feel our
hearts in tbo grand temperance work a
A young lady teacher from another
school writes :
We are so busy preparing for com
mencement, I hardly know whore to
crowd temperance in: vet we are plan
ning for an evening euterlainment to be
given at Rod Ribbon hall, and I aiu going
to try to beg off a day next week to go to
the Dutchess county convention.
How we wish all tho teachers m the
land could attend a temperance couven
lion of the W. C. T. U. onco in a while;
and we wish all the schools and colleges
that have papers and writ" compositions
would adopt tho plan of tho collego at
Leamington, England, whose journal has
added a temjieranco department.
As we open a letter from tho south,
written in l-'ehrnary, some pansies ami a
rose-bud fall out, and wo read of a brave
young lady in Mississippi ,who, in spite of
the disapproval of her pastor, continues to
invite children and young ladies to conio
to her tomperance gatherings, and also
sonds information of our ruoibod of work
to this same clergyman that he may be
come enlightened. From anotlior lettor, I
quote tho following:
Uur Y. W. C. T. U. is a grand success.
Our monthly sociablo is our stronghold.
Wo bave a large attendance, and all tho
exercises enforce tomperance. Our pledge
book occupies a prominent place at those
gatherings. We are gradually getting on
our roll those who, before our work com
menced, have scorned tbo idea of signing
a pledge. We can truly say tbe prevailing
sentiment in our community is on tho sido
of temperance; almost every man of
influence is with ns, lion it and hand, for
Beside tho good news that comes to us
from tho young women of tho south, wo
bear liko tidings from Dakota territory
and Maino; from Chicago and Boston;
from Ballimoro and Brooklyn; from
Wilmington and Philadelphia, so that onr
young sisterhood is beginning to clnsp
lianas irom state to stale and city to citv.
The character of our efforts may chango
with tho changes of the season ; but let us
not lay aside our armor, for tbe enemy
continues his work in warm weather and
oold, in city or country. Whether vse seek
the mountain sido or the aoa iboro, wo
shall find a necessity for exerting a
temperanco inlluenoe. So, dear girls,
while you are planning wbere you shall
go, and what you shall wear, do not forget
to make preparation also for strengthening
your principles and extending you
influence, which will prove more potent
charms than those of more outward
ornament. A good Induonoe, though more
invisible than gossamer lace, is far more
fascinating and enduring, tours, hope
fully. Fannie J. Bakkes.