War Department, to witness the proceedings
attendant on inspection.
A new military department, formed of Mary
land and tho District of Columbia, is to be
established, with Col. Smith as Commandant
and Cart. Talbot us Adjutant. Major Slier-
man's Artillery iromFort Ilidgeley, which was
ordered to Newport, been ordered here, and
two companies of cavalry are expected to arrive
to morrow., the 1 itter e ning without horses,
which will be purchased here.
New York, April ll. Steamer Coatzaeoal
cos arrived here to day, left two companies of
infantry at Key West, and brought 400 here.
One thousand troops arc still in Texas, and
some of them will have to march 700 miles to
reach the coast. They were in excelhmt health,
and had abundant supplies and means for trans
portation. Two companies of troops, arrived per steamer
Coatzacoaleos, have been ordered to Washing
ton, four to Carlisle Barracks, and one to Fort
Hamilton, in this harbor.
Nkw York, April 12. The Jfrrald Washing
ton correspondent says that the men of West
Point and the tying Artillery nave received
orders to keep their revolvers consiantly loaded,
so as to he ready for immediate action.
Pari of tho volunteers are to bo stationed at
the bridge across the P.Komac, hj as to defend
it from any invading force.
Nearly a thousand men are now enrolled in
thf r:!ar service from tho District -Militia.
Those who refused to bike the oath of allegiance
were marched hack to the armories, disarmed,
and their nam s stricken from the roll. Hisses
from the spectators accompanied their disap
pearance frum the parade ground.
General Cadwall.ider of the first Brigade of
the Pennsylvania Militia has been ordered home
immediately by the (iovernor. The movement
is suppos d to'bein connection with the occupa
tion of the volunteer.
Fort Kf.abxkv, April 11. Orders were re
ceived jesterday lor two companies of the Sec
ond Infantry to march immediately to Fort
Leavenworth, leaving only one company of drag
Later fiom California.
Fort Kearney, April 9. The Pony Express
from San Fraucisco has arrived.
Arrived at San Francisco 24th, Electra, Syd
ney ; Galveston, New York ; '25th, steamer St.
Louis, Panama. Sailed 25th, C. E. Foote,
The barque Delaware was lost on Ballena's
Bar, Lower California, Dec. 25.
The question of tho legality of McDougal's
election as Senator remains as at last advices.
He professes a willingness to stand another elec
tion it' tho committee's report is against him.
A bill has been introduced in tho Legislature
offering a premium of $10,000 to the first per
son growing in California, and completing for
market, 100 bales of cotton of 500 pounds each.
The formation of a Territorial Government
f'er Nevada, by Congress, gives great satisfaction
in the Washoe district.
Coal Oil Springs aro reported to havo been
found in Humboldt county. The Asphaltum
Springs near Los Angelos, aro said to yield in
exhaustible supplies of oil.
The amount of coal shipped to San Francis
co last year from California mines, was about
800 tons, and 80,000 tons were consumodin the
State. It is thought the yield of coal from the
California mines the present year will be over
$20 000 tons
Miners were leaving for the Frasar River
mines, and three steamers had left Now West
minster for FrasJr River with good freights.
A French company of miners, wirh sluices,
a1: K inaka Bar. were making $10 a day each.
Foiit Kearney, April 1 1 The Pony Express,
with S;in Francisco dates of the 30th ult., has
Tho weather during the week has been inclem
ent and rainy, tho roads will be impassable for
several days. The rivers in Sacramento and San
Joaquin valleys are higher thaw over before.
Many bridges have been carried away, thousands
f acres of cultivated land submerged, fences
lost, and stock drowned. Two expensive bridg
es across the American river were destroyed,
and another inundation at Sacramento is appre
hended. Several lives havo been lost. The
damage to property is estimated by hundreds of
thousanls. Ihe weather is now clear and no
further damage is anticipated.
Receipts of dust show a fair average for tho
Political Tumult in the British North
American Colonies. While the United States
are rocked by a tremenduous political convul
sion, their neighbors of the British Colonies are
not exempt from exciting political difficulties,
although of a less serious nature. In Canada
the Parliamentary hosts aro being marshaled on
ihe great question of representation by popula
tion, the Orange difficulty, and the affairs of
the Grand Trunk Railway, all of which matters
will call out bitter partisan warfare. In Nova
Scotia an unpopular administration, railroad
frauds, and an alledged embezzlement of public
moneys by a member of the Assembly, are the
fruitful causes of a fierce conflict which ban for
some timo been raging among tho legislative so
Ions, liil'rioce Edward Island a difficulty be
tween tho land owners and the tenantry has en
gendered a serious political strife and led to a
change in the system of government. In New
foundland there has been a change in tho rulers
and after the formation of a provisional gov
ernment, the Queen's representative was com
pelled to dissolve the House of Aosembly in con
sequence of the violence of a mob. In New
Brunswick gross official speculation in tho pub
lic lands has created great public excitement,
which finds vent in tho press and the legislative
assembly. Verily commotion is tho order of the
day all over the world. Boston Journal.
Tho Cabinet at Montgomery has called upon
each of the Confederate States for 3000 troops,
except Florida, who furnishes 1500. The Com
misionors at Washington have announced their
intention to return immediately. Recruiting is
rapidly going on here.
Montgomery, April 9 President Davis
to day made a requisition on the Governor of
Alabama for 3000 iroops.
The Mississippi brigade, 1800 strong, arrived
at I'ensaco-ia on the 7th.
Three hundred and seveniy Georgia troops for
l'ensacohi passed through hero yesterday.
There aro reported to bo 214 organized mili
tary companies ia. Georgia, estimated to coin
rise 10,700 men ;. all armed.
TO THE FREEMAN
Washington, April 11.
The late muster of the volunteer militia of
, the District of Columbia, in the federal service
for defence of tho city still occasions considers
ble excitement. Of the force ihe Germans were
loyal to the Government not one refusing to
swuar his allegiance. The traitors hero are nil
One of tho commissioners of tho Southern Con
federacy remains hero to day to receive expected
dispatches from Jidii'i-son Davis The city is
alive with ti e movements of troops. A Penn
sylvania!! volunteer regiment is expected
1 o'clock P. M. A dispatch just received
from Charleston says that everything is quiet,
no signal o: the exp cted fleet.
Washington, April 11.
The Times Washington correspondent says
it is understood by good aut'.iority, that tho
Government and Major Anderson will demand
a n explanation from Gov. Pickens, of the re
fusal to a low Genir.il 'Jtlbjt to return to Foit
Sum'er South ''ariilina will bo held responsi
ble, as ic is imt the intention of tho President
to treat wit!: J. tier-ton Davis ur the Confedera
Tho Trihuu dispatch says there are 4000 men
known to he enrolled in Baltimore, ready for
any desperate design which may promise re
ward. Means are being taken to break up this
The Herald s dispatch says the President told
a visitor to night (Wednesday) that decisive
events could not be looked for "h-fore the last
day of this week lie remarked ; " We will
then see whether they dare lire upon an unarm
ed vessel sent with provisions for our starving
soldiers?'' He expressed little hope of the
preset va lion of peace, but evinced a decided de
termination to relieve Major Anderson, and the
other Southern posts, at all hazards.
Dispatches from Montgomery say that Davis
is considering the propriety of going to Charles
ton. Mr. Lincoln says he has positive knowl
edge of a contemplated uttaek upon Washing
ton. He has communicated this information to
several Governors of the Northern and Western
States. It is understood that he desires them
to call out the militia, and hold them in readi
ness to mareh at a moment's warning.
A leading Ohio Democrat has sent a dispatch
to the President, as follows :
" We are for you to tho death, if you will
hold Fort Sumter. The- necessity of holding it
Charleston', April 10.
The floating battr i3 in a position command
ing the barbette guns of Fort Sumter. She
carries two 32 pounders, two 42 pounders, and
sixty five men. The Federal Steamers are ex
pected to-night. The city is filled with tro !ps.
Washington, April 11.
The general excitement occasioned yesterday
by calling out the volunteer militia, has abated
to-day. Four or five companies marched to the
War Department, and took the army oath to
serve the United States faithfully against all en
emies and opposers. The obligation is for three
weeks, unless sooner discharged.
Charleston, April 12.
War is inaugurated. The batteries on Sulli
van's and Morris' Islands, and at other points,
oponed on Dor.t bumter at 4 o clock this morn
ing. Fort Sumter has returned the fire, and a
brisk cannonading has been kept up. No infor
mation has been received from the seaboard yet.
Lter The firing has continued all day un
interruptedly. Two of Fort Sumter's guns have
become silenced, and it is reported that a breach
has been made in the Southeast wall. The
answer to Gen. Beauregard's demand by Major
Anderson was, that ho would surrender when
his supplies were exhausted, if ho was not re
inforced. Still Later. The firing has ceased lor the
night, to be resumed at daylight in the morn
ing, unless an attempt is made to reinforce Fort
Sumter, to repel which ample arrangements have
been made. Only two men were wounded to
day. The Pawnee, Harriet Lane and another
Steamer are reported off the bar.
A run. 13th. 12, 30 A. M It is utterly im
possible to re inforce Fort Sumter to-night, as a
storm is raging.
New York, April 13th -The
Herald despatch says the President re
ceived the news from Charleston calmly, and
with confident feeling that he had done his whole
duty. Despatches from Col. Waite, commander
of the Texas forces, states that a strong Union
feeling is growing there. Gov. Houston pre
dicts the return of the secessionists to allegi
ance. They are terribly taxed. Gov. Houston
has been offered armed support by the Germans
in every part of the State, but refused to accept
Senator Sherman, arrived at Washington
from Ohio, reports that the Republicans of that
istato are ready to stand by the Administration
to the last.
The opinion prevailed that an attempt would
be made beforo sunrise to run light draft vessels
of the fleet up to Fort Sumter, and reinforce
and provision it.
Washington, April 13. 2 P. M.
The news frjm Charleston created intensj cx
cstcment in this city. The Cabinet was in sea
sion most of tho night. Lieut. Talbot gave
tho Cabinet a distinct idea of the condition of
tho Fort when he left. The report received last
night in regard to the attack, is not believed to
be correct i uil particulars, lie says it would
be impossible for Major Anderson to fire all day
without more injury and loss of life. The Pres
ident declared thin morning that Muj r A::oei
son should be sustained at any cost. A messen
ger is expected to arrive fram Charleston this
evening. A proclamation convening Congress
and calling out State forces to the aid of the
General Government, is expected forthwith from
Tho following despatch is taken from our Ex
tra of Saturday Evening. It should be remem
bered that this news is from Charleston, and is
doubtless greatly exaggerated. Ed.
Charleston, April, 13th.,
Two of Anderson's magazines havo explod
ed. It is thought the magazines which have ex
ploded are small ones. The walls, steeples and
every available place is packed with people.
The ships ars now in the offing too lato to como
over the bar at. this tide us tho tide is now eb
bing. Charleston, April 13.
The ships arc in the offing, mostly at anchor,
and have not fired a gun. Anderson's barracks
are in a sheet of flames. Shells from Cum
mings Point battery and Fort Moultrie re
continually bursting in and over Fort Sum
ter in quick succession. The flag is still waving
over the Fort. Anderson's force seems to be
occupied in cxtinguihing fire. Every shot
seems to toll. The striking of Anderson's flag
is anxiously looked for.
Montgomery, April 13.
Gen. Beauregard telegraphed to ihe Secretary
of War of the Confederacy late last night as
follows : " Thero was heavy firing all day Fri
day. Four guns dismantled. The Confederate
Batteries ato safe, and no one hurt. Four
steamers aro off the bar. The sea is rough."
The following despatch has just been received
but believed to be false : Fort Stimpter has been
surrendered, ".nd the Confederate flag now waves
over its walls. None of tho Government or
Confederate troops are injured.
New York, Apiil 13.
A special dispatch from Montgomery to the
Herald, says that Secretary Walker said in his
speech last night, ' let them try the Southern
Confederacy, and test the strength of the South
ern resources and the Confederate (lag might
eventually wave over Fanuel Hall itself. This
is the latest published, but we received later ad
vices saying tnat Maj. Anderson had hauled
down the Stars and Stripes, and hoisted a white
flag, it was answered from the city, and a boat
left immediately for the Fort.
Fort Sumter Surrendered!
ifSajor Anderson a Prisoner!
Charleston, April 13.
Fort Sumter has unconditionally surrendered.
The news bus just come. Ex Senator Chesnut,
Ex-Gov. Manning and W. P. Miles have just
landed and inarched to Gov. Pickens's residence,
followed by a dense crowd, wild with jy. It
is reported that ten men of Fort Sumter are
killed, and that the Fedeial flag was shot away
by tho Palmetto Guard at Morris Island. In
all, two thousand shots havo been tired. No
Maj. Anderson and his men under guard were
conveyed to Morris Island. The bells are ring
ing out a merry peal, and our people are engag
ed in every demonstration of joy. It is estimat
ed that there are 0000 men under arms in the
Island and in the neighborhood. 1 have seen W.
P. Miles, who has just returned fiom a visit to
Fort Sumter, and he assured me that no one was
ki led at the Fort. This is reliable, and puts to
rest all previous reports about Sumter. Maj.
Anderson has reached the city, and is the guest
of Gen. Beauregard. Our people sympathize
with Maj. Anderson, but abhor ihose who were
in the stream off' our bar, in sight of our peo
ple, and did not even attempt to reinforce him.
The Fairfield regiment 1000 stiong have jufct
passed the Courier office, on their way to Mcrris
Island. Thore are now 10,000 men under arms
in the harbor and on the coast. Judge McGrath,
who has just returned, reports that the wood
work and officers' quarters, at Fort Sumter, are
all burned. None of the officers were wounded.
The Fort will Le taken possession of to night
by the Confederate troojs.
Tho fol owing dispatches were received prior
to the above :
Charleston, April 13.
The Federal flag was again hoisted over For
Sumter, when V. P. Miles, with a white flag,
went to the Fort. In a few minutes the Federal
flag was again hauled down by Maj Anderson,
and a white one unfurled. Gen. Beauregard,
with two aids, has left for Fort Sumter. Three
fire companies from Charleston are on their way
to Sumter to quell tho fire beforo it reaches
New York. April 13.
The Government has chartered the Steamers
Philadelphia and Erieseou. The former is rap
idly filling with provisions, army stores, muni
tions, Ac. The latter is to be held in reserve
for any emergency.
Montgomery, April 13.
Lieut. Reed, warden of the Federal Navy has
been taken prisoner of war and has despatches
from Lieut. Slommer to the Government at
Washington. He is alleged to have violated his
promise. Fort Pickens was reinforced last night.
Great rejoicings in this City about Fort Sumter.
President Lincoln's P.eply to the Virginians.
Washington, April 13.
The following is the reply of PresiJont Lin
coln to the Virginia Commissioners :
To Messrs. Preston, Stark and Randolph :
Gentlemen : As a Committee of the Virginia
Convention now in session, you prtsent me a
preamble and resolution as follows :
Whereas, in the opinion of this Convention,
the uncertainty which prevails in tho public
mind - s to the policy which the Federal Exec
utive intends to pursue towards the seceded
States is extremely injuiious to the industrial
and commercial interests of the country, and
tends to keep up aa excitement which is unfivora
ble to the adjustment of trio pending difficulties.
Resolved, That a Committee of three delegates
be appointed to wait on the President of tho
United States and present to him this preamblo
and respectfully ask him to communicate to this
Convention the policy which the Federal Exec
utive intends to pursue in regard to the Confed
In answeiv I have to say, that having at the
beginning of my official term expressed my in
tended policy as plainly as 1 was able, it is with
deep regret and mortification I now learn thero
is great and injurious uncertainty in tho publio
mind as to what that policy is, and what course
I intend to pursue. Not having as yet occasion
to change it, it is my purpose to pursuo tho
course marked out in the Inaugural Address. I
commend a careful consideration of tho whole
document us the best expression I can give to
my purposes. As I then and therein said 1 now
repeat : The power confided to me will be used to
hold, ocmpy and possess property and places be
longing to the Government, and to collect the du
ties on imports; but beyond ichal it necessary for
these, objects there will be no invasion, wo using
of force aya'nst the people anywhere. By tho
words 'property and places belonging to the Gov
ernment,' 1 chiefly allude to the military posts
and propoi ty which wcro in possession or tho
Government when it canio into my hands.
But if, as now appears, to be true, in pur
suit of a purpose to drive the United States
Authority from their places an unprovoked as
sault has been made upon Fort Sumter, I shall
hold myself at liberty to reposses$, if I can, tike
places which had been seized before the Govern
ment was ocvolved upon me, and in any event I
shall to Ihe bet of my ability repel force by force.
I shall perhaps cause tho U. S. mails to bo
withdrawn from all tho States which claim to
have seceded, believing that actual war against
the government justifies and possibly demands
Iscaicely need say that I consider the military
forts and prope! ty, situated within the States
which claim to have seceeded, as yet belonging
to the U. S. Government, as much as they did
beforo the supposed secession. Whatever else
I may do for the purpose, I shall not attempt to
collect the duties and revenues by any armed in
vasion of any part of the country, not mean
ing by this, however, that I may not land a
force deemed necessary to relieve a Fort up
on tho borders of tho country. From the
fact that 1 have quoted a part of the Inaugural
address, it must not bo inferred that I repudiate
any other part, the whole of which I reaffirm,
exeept so far as what I now say of the mails
may be regarded as a m.dification.''
Lancaster, Pa . April 13.
The war news created intense excitement here
and the Stars and Stripes were displayed in
honor of Major Anderson. A call for a militay
force to sustain the Government was numerously
signed. Volunteers are being enrolled.
Providence, April 13th.
The news of the battle at Charleston has pro
duced a general sensation here this morning.
The war spirit is almost universal.
Governor Sprague has officially tendered to
the President the services of the Marine Artil
lery, and a thousand men, and declares himself
willing to march at tho head of the Rhode
Official Covresdondence Preceding Hostili
ties. Charleston-, April 12. The following is
the telegraphic correspondence between the War
Department at Montgomery and General Beau
regard, immediately preceding hostilities. The
correspondence grew out of the formal notifiea
tlon by tho Washington Government, disclosed
in hea u regard's first dispatch.
Charlkston. April 8. To L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War at Montgomery ; An author
ized messenger from Mr. Lincoln has just in
formed Governor Pickens and myself that pro
visions will be sent to Fort Sumter peaceably,
if possible, otherwise by force.
(Signed) G. S. BEAUREGARD.
Montgomery-, April 10. To Gen. G. S.
Beauregard, Charleston : If you have no doubt
of the authorized character of the agent who
communicated to you the intentions of tho
Washington government to supply Fort Sumter
by force, you will at once demand its evacuation;
and if this is refused proceed in such a manner
as you may determine to reduce it Answer.
(Signed) L. P. WALKER, Sec. War.
Charleston, April 10. To L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War : The demand will be made
to morrow, at 12.
Montgomery. April 10. Gen. Beauregard,
Charleston : Unless there are especial reasons
connected with your condition, it is considered
proper that you should make the demand at an
"(Signed) L P. WALKER, Sec. War.
Charleston-, April 10. To L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War : The reasons are special for
Charleston, April 1 f. To L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War : The demand was sent fit
two : allowed till six to answer.
pril ll. To Gen. Beaure
; Telegraph reply of Anderson.
L. P. 'WALKER,
Charleston, April 11. L. P. Walker, Sec
retary of War: Major Anderson replies I
have the honor to ackuowlcde the receipt of
vour communication demanding the evacuation
;of this fort, and say in reply thereto that it is
a demand which 1 regret to say that my
sense of honor and my obligations to my Gov
ernment prevent my complying with." He
also adds : "Probably 1 will await the first
shot, and if you do not batter us to pieces, we
will be starved out in a few days." Answer.
(Signed) . BEAUREGARD.
Montgomery, April 11. To General Beau
regard, Charleston : Do not desiro needlessly
to bombard Sumter. If Major Anderson will
state the tiific at which, as indicated by him,
he will evacuate, and agree that in the mean
timo he will not use his guns against us, unless
ours should bo employed against Sumter, you
arc authorized thus to avoid the effusion of
blood. If this or its equivalent be refused,
reduce the fort as your judgment decides to bo
the most practicable.
(Signed) L. P. WALKER, Sec. War.
Charleston, April 12. To L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War. Ho would not consent. I
Note. Intercepted dispatches disclose tho
fact that Lieut. Fox, who Imd been allowed to
visit Major Anderson, on tho pledge that his.
purpose was pacific, employed his opportunity
to devise a plan for supplying the Foit iy
force, and that this plan has been adopted by
tho Washington Government, and was in pro
gress of execution.
A Montgomery letter of April 1, says the
Southern government is actively concentrating
men and munition of war at the most important
poin's, for the purpose of being prepared for a
systematic defense of Indian frontier.
The Southern Tariff. A New Orleans dis
patch says the tariff of the Confederate States
on Northern manufactures is already four.d
to be inconveniently high by Southern mer
chants, and it will be reduced' by tho next Con
gress. Election at Tr rnton Tren ton, N. J. , April
9. William R. McKcan. Republican, was elect
ed Mayor to-Uay. On the city and ward tickets
tho Democrats were generally successful.
Montpelier, Ap:il 15th, 4 o'clock. P. H.
Vfirv LatfiRt. TVWranh T
EXCITEMENT AT WASHINGTON.
7,1, Oi)t) Soldier Called For!
EXTrfA SESSION- OF COIJGrtEBS.
VERMONT TO RAISE ONE REGIMENT.
GEN. BEAUREGARD ORDERED TO
Attack Apprehended cn Fort Pickens.
Washington, April 15.
The city is excite! by rumors that the South
Carolina troops have been ordered Nor:b. Gen.
Scott has had the Stars and Stripes hoisted at
the War Department. Massachusetts has been
called upon to furnish two regiments of infantry,
New Hampshire one, and Vermont one, for im
Wapuingt; n, April lo.
The part of the President's message announc
ing an extra session of Congress, and calling
tor 75,OoO volunteers, is received here with
great favor, especially in view of the large num
ber of men demanded. The Government wanr
all the available militia to defend the Capital
against the armies of the South, which are ex
pected to march upon it, but a much greater
force will be needed, as the secessionists have
many friends. The proclamation of the Presi
dent dispirits the secessionists.
The Cabinet is a unit upon the policy of the
Government, as indicated in tho proclamation.
Mr. Seward is as firm as Mr. Chase.
A dispatch just received at the White Ilou.ee
says that Gen. Beauregard has been ordered to
Pensacola. An attack upon Fort Pickens is
Washington, April 14th.
Tho President's proclamation will be issued
to-day, as follows :
Whereas, the laws of the United States
have been for some time past, and now are, op
posed, and tho execution thereof, in the States
through judicial proceedings, or by the power
vested in Marshals under the (present!) law
Now therefore, I, Abraham Linoln. Presi
dent of the United States, in virtue of the pow
er vested in me by tho Constitution and the
Laws, have though tilt to call forth, and hereby
do call forth the Militia in the several States of
the Union, to the aggregate number of 75,000.
in order to suppress said combinations, and
to cause the laws to he duly executed. The de
tails of this object will be immediately commu
nicated to the State authorities through the
War Department. I appeal to all loyal citizens
to facilitate and aid this effort to maintain the
honor, tho integrity and tke existence of our
national Union and the perpetuity of popular
government, and to redress the wrong alreaJv
1 hereby command tho persons composing the
combinations aforpsaia, to disperse and retire
peacefully Irom this date.
Deeming that the present condition of public
affairs presents an extraordinary occasion I do
hereby, by the power in me vested
by the Constitution, convene both Douses of
Congress. Senators and Representatives are
therefore summoned to assemble at their respect
ive chambers at twelve o'clock, noon, Thursday,
the -ith day of July next.
Wm. II. Seward, ike. of State.
The Cabinet was in session all day in the War
Department. Offers of volunteers have beers
received from nearly every Northern State.
The President is acting with Jacksonian firm
ness. The coming Proclamation is but the
uithil step of what will follow :
Washington County Court-March. Term.
Hoy. ASAIIEL PECK, Clile' Jml-e,
Hox. I). P. CARPENTER, ( Assistant
Ho.1. S. KELTO.V, I Judges.
List of Jury Causes Tried.
Ltmas W. Wbioiit vs. Mosei E. Hou Aitn. Breach of
Covenant. Verdicifor Plaintiff for $13'),62 il imaaes and
eost9. Joyce, mllmifhuin ami Durar.t for Plaintiff ; Win
and Vail for Defendant.
(,'yp.cs S. Hadlet k Wife vs. Timothy Cross Case
against Livery Stable keeper for injury caused by defect
in harness. Verdict tL.it defendant was not guilty, and
ttiat he recover of plaintiff bis costs. Heat ii, Keed and
Bnpzs fK Plaintiff ; Moith, KedHeld and Uleason for De
Samuel Swift, has been appointed Postmaster-
J. L C. Cook, Esq., editor of the Bennington
Banner, has received the appointment of Post
msster at Bennington.
Philip C. Tucker, a well known lawyer of
Vergennes, died on Wednesday afternoon, of
dropsy in the chest.
M. O. Heath, Esq., has been appointed Post
master ut JefTersouville, Vt.
Accident. Col. Asa Wentwurth, Jr., was
quite severely injured on Monday afterm. on last.
. .The Tribune says that Mr. Barrett of the Cin
cinnati Gazette, has bsen appointed Commission-
Cotton from ths South. Within three days
last week eighteen thousand bales of cotton
have passed through Buffalo en route for Boston.
The cost for transportation per bale from Mem
phis to Boston is $1 40. This is cheaper than it
can be shipped via New Orleans, and the differ
ence in time is abont thirty days in favor of the
Grasshoppers in March. Capt Win. C. Ar
nold of this place showed us on Saturday, a
great curiosity at this season. It was nothing
short of three or four live grasshoppers which
he caught at his place hopping a I. out upon the
snow. They were 4is lively as crickets and he
says there are plenty more of them where these
came from. Q'ieiy : Will not the grasshop
pers be a burden to the farming oomra unity this
season ? Caledonian.
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