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ailij nm Jtt u 11 lit a i n jfumw.
Freedom: its Interests, its Rights, and its Honor.
BY C. W. WILLARD.
IflONTPELIEK, TT., APRIL 17, 1801.
PRICE, TWO CEKT8.
CARRIAGES AND SS.E1IIS
BY THE J1EST WORKMEN I.N THE COUNTRY.
Carriage and Sleigh Manufacturing will be carried on
by the subscriber opposite the
Court House juai-e, Montpeller, "Vt.
Those in want of wirmnt'd Carriage nn-l bhigh,
will pe bar s ilo well to call and see what is being done at
the old stand of Gi lman & Camp.
All orders promptly attended to.
JOHN W. CLARKE.
GEO. W. SCOTT,
Having purchased the
Will continue the business at their ola stand.
HEAB 02P STATE STXJLDB3BT
where the business will be conducted On tbc principle of
Small Profils for Ready Pay !
In the name of
SCOTT & CO.
Montpelier, March 15, 1861.
SPRING STYLE ! SPRING STYLE !
CARPETS! CARPETS ! !
ajphiij g, iogi.
We have now the Largest, and
BEST SELECTED STOCK
Super, Superfine and Extra-Fine,
COTTOST AND STAIR CARPETS,
Oil Carpels, nil widths, Rugs & lints.
Which we offer at prices that defy competition.
Corpd Made and put down in the best Manner,
J. W. ELLIS a Co.
The Alexandre Organ !
Patented in the United States, May od, 18G0.
Adapted to the use of Drawing Roma, Churches, Chap-
tis ana scnonis. mis instrument is superior to any oth
er reed instrument ever invented.
GEO. W. WILDER
has just received one of these Organs containing 13 stops
and will be pleased to exhibit the Instrument at his Mu
sic Kt;re to iill desirous of hearing it
THE Subscriber respectfully informs his friends and
patrons that he has removed to Montpelier, Vt., where
he has opened an Oillce in the Freeman Building, and wfll
give his individual attention to Ihe practice of the l.awin
Washing-ton and the surrounding counties. All business
entrusted to his care will receive prompt and efficient at
tentin. F. V. RANDALL.
Montpemkr, Oct. ISOO. f250rm
i X W. GILBERT.
'.SUSS E I I E NTIST
AO. 13 P.ILYE'S BLOCK,
Hflyl NOPTHF1ELD. VT.
Sash, Doors and Blinds.
The pine- to purchase the
BEST QUALITY of
Sash, Doors and Blinds
made of the best
and in a good
is at the Factory of
J TV f.T.OftSTWJ.
Opposite V. II Wildrv'a Mill, Montjiclier,
Where may be found at all tlmss a good assortment of
bash, Doors and liiinds ; also, Tubes for Chain rumps,
Kave Sp'Jnts, 4:c.
Planing, Jointing, Grooving,
and Tenoning done in the best workmanlike manner
While thankf illy ncknowledging a constant increase ot
custom for tiie past four years, I would earnestly solici
persons who reside in towns adjacent to Montpelicr, in
want of the above articles, not to fail to consult me, in
person, or by letter, before purchasing elsewhere. It
ehallbe my purpose to furnish good work at low priees.
J. D. CL0GST0N.
Montpelier. March lSiil- 272
STYLES, DAVIS & STYLES,
(Successors to S. 0. ITersey,)
Ellis' Block, Monfpclici.
TUB sntacribers are prepraed to execute any kind
Picture made by the
WELL FURNISHED GALLERIES,
they offer their services with confidence that they, can
please all who may favor thorn with their patronage.
O. B. DAVIS, Montpoler.
A. i. utilbh. ttur niton.
A.J. STYLES, St. Albani.
The Celestial Army.
Tin following little poem in the London Critic, from
the pen of Mr. Read, possesses exceeding vividness of
fancy, set off and balanced by simplicity of expression :J
I STOOD by the open casement,
And looked npon the night,
And saw the westward going stars
Pass slowly out of sight.
Slowly the bright procession
Went down the gleaming arch,
And my soul discerned the music
Of the long triumphal march ;
Till the great celestial army,
Stretching far beyond the poles,
Became the eternal symbol
Of the mighty march of souls.
Onward, forever onward,
Red Mars led down his clan ;
And the Moon, like a mailed maiden,
Was riding to the van.
And some were bright in beauty,
And some were faint and small.
But these might be in their great hights
The noblest of them all.
Downward, forever downward,
Behind earth's dusky shore,
They passed into the unknown night,
They pissed and were no more.
No more ! oh ! say not so !
And downward is not just;
For the sight is weak and the sense Is dim
That looks through heated dust.
The stars and the mailed moon,
Though they seem to fall and die,
Still sweep with their embattled lines
An endless reach of sky.
And though the hills of Death
May hide the bright array,
The marshaled brotherhood of souls
Still keeps its onward way.
Upward, forever upward,
I tee their march sublime,
And here the glorious music
Of the conquerors of Time.
Aud long let me remember,
That the palest fainting o:ie
May to diviner vision be
A bright and blazing sun.
A Biography as is a Biography.
Ceorge 11. Crown, the editor of tho Liroton
Mercury has tried his hand at his own biogra
phy. Here is tho result :
"Brown was the son of the first man who pe
titioned the Massachusetts Legislature in rela
tion to the Jlowage of the meadows on Concord
and Sudbury rivers, who emigrated to this coun
try for that purpose from New Zealand in 1775.
Brown's mother was a Smith (J. Smith's
daughter), who was a near relative of tho
bravest and boldest soldiers in Sumter's army
in tho Revolution, who were intimately acquain
ted with Mrs. Pocahontas, and belonged to some
of the first families in Virginia.
Brown hub a cousin on the Smith side, with
red hair, who recently married in a fit of pass
ion, while engaged with Pareons of Lawrence,
in an argument on tho origin of tho Back Bay
Lands, lie is a connection, wo think oi Brown
the Apothecary, who so ably translated 7000
newspaper, notices into eleven different languages
The lirst thing Brown did after weeing day
light was to run a darning needle info tho left
eye of his curse, while the old lady was singing
to him one cf Dr. Watts Hymns. To our
knowledge during his schoolboy days, he never
robbed a hen-roost, but ho had a habit of throw
ing paper balls at the heads of his schoolmas
ters. On arriving at years of discretion, ho wont
through Harvard College, where ' lie met
with the President, who told him that lie was
destined for something, and Heaven only knows
what. He afterward pursued the study of (he
technicalities of law, and defended his first ease
with a sagacious washerwoman, who tuod him
for two, years washing. He got his case, which
added materially to his fame. On tho strength
of this he went into tho sausago business, and
was quite successful till the dog law was en
Brown is between twenty-five and fifty 3'ears
of age unobtrusive in manners walks erect
and carries a blue umbrella. Is rather flashy,
and of fair complexion. Has twice refused the
Consulship at llayli, fearful that tho climate
might change tho color of his complexion. Ilo
is often taken for Stone of Dedham(one of those
kind of men who will never be forgotten as
long as lho generation lasts) whom he much re
sembles. Brown is benevolent and true hearted, though
he has nothing to give. When he puts on spec
tacles he looks precisely liko Rogers of the Glou
cester Tdegiaph. He has recently mislaid one
of his glasses, which is attended with inconven
ience, rendering him liable to bo deceived by
those members who get on tho blind sidoof him.
lie is an inoffensive man in favor of buck
wheat cakes, and drinks green tea, strong.
Brown, as an editor, is well known was first
brought into notice by writing an article in fa
vor of Barnuin's Musaim and tho Fitchburrr
Railroad. At this moment he is emra-'od in
defending gas companies, quack medicines,
horso railroads and Walker & Johnson's Dic
tionaries, and haa a froo pass to tho Museum
and Menagerie, and the Fitchburg depot.'.'
A brothor lawyer onco told John G, Saxe,
that a board was unprofessional. " Right,"
said Saxe, " a lawyer cannot be too bare faced.'
A Substantial Compliment.
Our readers will remjmher that a few weeks
since, Rev. Mr. Beecher, in replying to certain
strictures upon his ministerial course, stated
" that regardless of opinions, threats or scowls,
he should apply the doctrines of tho Gospel,
Hissing hoi, to all affairs.'' As an agreeable
sequence to that the reverend, and lortunato or
ator received from a friend, on New Year's day,
a superb an.l exquisite silver goblet, lined with
gold, on a massive and appropriately engraved
salvor, accompanied by tho following poetica
Tawncy as tli Roman river,
Ancient 'liber's classic tide.
Tawney as the Alric lion's
Shaggy mine and creeping hide ;
Tawney as the doonimj col r
Of t) e Southern bondsman's skin.
Be the coffee hot and creamy,
Thiit is poured ill s cup with.'n.
Long may lie who quaffs the coSTes
Lion liearle 1 be and strong,
Like the orntors and heroes
Honored in old Roman song :
Still may he ' apply tho Gospel
hisfing hot to all affaiis."
1 loRtiing or the csufo cf Freedom
In lira lermons and his prnyers
New burg, Jan. 1,1861.
Ancient Schools. Luther used to say that
he was once whipped lourteen times in one
forenoon at school. The old German schools
were frightf ul dens of barbarism. An obituary
in one of their school journals, as late as 1785,
contains tho following singular statement of ed
ucational exertions :
" Died, Uauberle, assistant teacher in a vil
lago in Suabia. During ti e 51 years 7 months
of his official life he had by a moderate com
pulation, inflicted 911,527 blows with a cane,
124,010 blows with a rod, 20,989 blows and
raps with a ruler, 13G.715 blows wsth tho hand
10,235 blows over the mouth 7905 boxes on
the car, 1 15,800 raps on tho head and 22,703
noLnbenes i.e., knooks) with the Bible cate
chism, singing-book and grammar, lie had 7
77 times made boys kneel on peas, and G13
times on a three cornered pieco of wood had
made 5001 'wear the jackass,' and 1707 hold
tho rod up ; not to enumerate various more un
usti il punishments which he c intrived on the
bpur of tho moment. lie had about 3000 ex
pressions Co scold with of which he had found
about two-thirds ready made in his native lan
guage, and the rest he had invented himself."
A student being absent Irom recitation was
marked by tho Professor, who was pompous and
unpopular. Tho student called and requested
the mark to be removed, as he was necessarily
detained. The Professor replied to his request,
" What I have written, I have written ' " So
said Pontius Pilate," replied tl.e student, and
submitted to tin sentence.
Macau my and Mrs. Beeches Stowjj. Not
withstanding Macaulay's reputation for conver
sational power, he appears t) have uttjrod lew
bon mots, to have made few conversational points
which are repeated and remembered. Ono of
the very lew stories current of him is tho fol
lowing : It is said that he met Mrs. Beecher
Stowe at Sir Charles Trevclyan's, and rallied
her on hor admiration of Shakespeare. "Which
of his characters do you likebest ? '' said lie.
" Desdemona," said tho lady. " Ah of course,''
was the reply, " for she was tho only ono who
ran after a black man."
Coal Gas. Peoplo who use furnaces, of
stoves made tight by dampers should be careful
not to throw the gas into their rooms, especially
into their sleeping apartments. Many have
been the cases where death has been caused in
this way, and many more where it has resulted
in ill health. Probably the chief reason of tho
unhtalthiness of coal so often complained of
is from the exhalation of gas. A few days since
three persons in the family of Mr. Georgo Man
ning in Ward 1, sleeping in a room where coal
was burning in a stove with tho gas thrown
into tho room by dampers in the funnel, camo
near dying. Not answering to a call in tho
morning their room was opened and all three
found insensible, and probably in one half
hour more would have been dead. It was some
time before they could walk or speak. New
The Atlantic Telkokai'ii Company. Tho
annual report of this company states thai the
only liability outstanding against it is tho sum
of $875 advanced by tho directors at their own
risk to meet current expenses of the company
the past year. About five miles of cable were
recovered when tho attempt was made to repair
it, which has been stripped and carefully exam
ined without finding the slightest symptom of
deterioration or decay in any part of the gutta
percha. A severe electrical test showed that an
actual improvement had taken place in its con
dit'rri s5s)n it was laid down. As the company
is possessed oi valuable privileges nnd con
tracts, it is deemed best to con tin uo tho or
ganization for somo time to come on an econom
ical footing. Tho report slates that a cable
could bo constructed without difficult', and
worked between Ireland and Newfoundland at
the rate of fifteen to twenty words per minute.
The balance sheet shows that 471,840 had
been expended, including 303. 082 for the ca
ble, leaving a balance of JL'903 in hand.
Lord Campbell said ho himself heard a Judge
at Stafford thus sentenco a prisoner to death for
forgery : " And I trust through tho merits
and mediation of our blessed Redeemer, you
may experience that mercy in another world
which a due regard to the credit of. tho- paper
currency oi the county forbidi you to hopo for
There was a little boy who always had a
naughty phrase in his mouth. I will give
you a lew specimens of tho way ho used it.
"Oh Chariie ! you broke a pane ol g'ass
when you threw that snow ball."
" I don't care," said Charlie: " there is
plenty more where that carnie from."
" You must not cat any more cake, my
dear," said Charlie's mother.
" Rut I want more," paid Charlie.
" But it wiil make you poorly."
" I don't care if it does is Charlie's reply.
" Please tshow me where my lesson is," he
said to his sister : " 1 cau't find it,"
" No I won't. 1 don't care it you can't
find it she said to (Jhariie one day.
" Here get up out of my seat I had it
"I don't care if you had, I fchant get up,'"
said Charlie one day to his sister.
" Little brother cried this morning be
cause I ran away from ; but I don't care
said Charlie to his schoolmates one morning.
" Mother said it was wicked for me to
frighten liitlo sister so but J don't care said
Charlie after pretending to be a ghost.
" My cousin beat me running down hiil j
but Idon t care."
' Father wouldn't (ako me riding with him
yesterday, because I staid out too long at my
piay ; but I don't care : there's more ways
than ono to get a ride.
" My sister always knows her lessons bel
ter than I do ; but 2 don't care."
" I missed my lesson this morning and got
down lo the foot of tho class for talking ; but
Idon t care."
" Dou't care, Charlie ?" sail I to him one
Jay. " Don't care, did you say ? You
surely did not stop to think of tho impor
tance of these little words. When you go
to your father, and tell him you arc hungry,
does he say, ' I do?i't care ?" When you go
to your mother, and tell her you arc 6i'ck,
does she 6ay, " J don't care ?" If she did
yo i would open your eyes in astonishment to
find her turning you off in that manner; but
if it would s-iund strangely for your parents
iO talk so, it certainly does for a child, and
especially not to care when you forget to say
I hope none of my little readers will have
iccnsion to point to any of Charlie's sayings,
That belongs to mc." I won't even sup
pose that one nf our little Sunday-school
scholars would say, " I don't care." It must
be ihoso little children who like Charlie, don't
go to Sabbath school, who make use of such
words , but you may, de:tr reader, be tempt
ed to ; aud if you are at any lime, just keep
your lips shut, and pray in your heart until
the temptation has passed away.
Yes ! gone ! A long wagon, draped with
black, and a rider, ouo solitary rider, clad in
somber colors, came, unbidden by you, before
your door, and the tread of hurried feet told
you that they placed something you once
clasped to your bosom within that sable cov
ering. Then it drove away, and you could
count the revolutions ol its wheels by your
own hcart-tbro'os, and everything around you
whispered one word yona Gone ! 'tis but
a little word, yet how much sorrow and des
olation are comprised in its four letters !
Grone ! the sunny hours enjoyed with one
beloved ; gone ! the touch ot the gentle hand
upon your bowed head; gone! tbo tender
soothing tones of tho loving voice. All gone !
save a voice, whispering low to our bruised
heart : " Weep uot, I am with my Father
onrl tho l?!tlinr until vnv find nnd t.hrr find' "
the scenes of earth, and list to the song of
the angels and Ihy sainted ono. Soon the
vail will be rent, and thy imprisoned soul
will sing the sons of tho Now Jerusalem.
When this little word is inscribed on anoth
er's home and heart, deal kindly and tender
ly with the bending reed ! None can tell
how soon a ncw-mude grave may bour above
its fresh sod a marble slab, and carved upon
its surface a name like thine own, and you
find written on every step in life that single
wnrd rrnnrt t
But list ! a soft voice, ringing clear
Above the tempest's wail,
Speaks peace surpassing earthly weal,
When lifted is the vuil ;
The vail that hides from mortal sight,
The" Lity pared with gold,"
And pearly gates are lifted high,
Its glory to unfold
A glory that th' enraptured soul
Will find forever new,
When loosened from its prison-house,
It bids the world adieu.
There aro many who say more thau tho
truth on somo occasions, and balance tho ac
count with their consciences by saying less
than tho truth on others.
Ohio. Tho population of this State, accor
ding to tho recent consus, is 2,344,000, in round
numbers , being an increase ol 364,000 over
1850, or nearly nineteen per cent. Cincinnati
ans aro dissatisfied with the result of the canvass
in that city and are having the census retaken,
bat tho national count cannot be changed. It
is thought Ohio will lose two Congressmen un
der a new apportionment.
Large or Small Corn
Mr. Editoh : I noticed in reading the
Fanner, an article headed, Which to plant,
large or small corn ? " The writer goes on
to show that the 12 rowed is the most profit,
able, and yields 30 bushels to the acre ; he
takes nothing into consideration but the corn
1 am a fanner, and a miller also. I have
had a chance to sco 8 and 12 rowed corn
brought to mill in the car, and I can say
that not more than one grist in ten comes to
mill of tho 12 rowed but what gets mouldy
before the cob is seasoned. Another consid
eration is the fodder. Ihe 12 rowed stalks
grow so large, the cattle will not eat more
than two thirds of them, while on tho other
hand they will cat every ono ol the 8 rowed
stalks, which is quite an item. The 8 rowed
will bear planting nearer together, with more
stalks in a hill, and requires from 2 to 3
weeks less time to bring it to maturity than
tho 12 rowed, on the same kind of soil. I
venture to say that I can raise as many bush
els on an acre of perfectly sound corn, that
is, shelled corn, as Mr 4 Matsapoag' can of
tho 12 rowed variety, and the fodder worth
one-third more. It is not half tho trouble
to cover it, and it is better corn when shelled,
for market. p, d. p.
Shelburne, Vt., Jan , 1861.
Farmers, Attend !
All improvements whose end is to facili
tate the business of farming, aro real and
positive benefits. Mr. Myron R. Ilubbell,
of Wolcott, has invented and patented a ma
chine for cuttin? potatoes, turnips, or any
other roots which are intended to be fed to
stock, which is indeed a labor-saving ma
chine. With this machine, v.hich will cost
not more than six or eight dollars, a farmer
can cut a bushel ol potatoes or turnips into
thin slices in ten minutes. Tho machine
works easy, and tho operator baa nothing to
do but to put his potatoes into a hopper, and
with an easily motion prepare them to feed
out, taking them, from a box underneath.
All farmers should be provided with this
machine, for it is no humbug. The want of
such a machine has been long felt, and now
that want is amply supplied. Potatoes or
any roots may be fed without the danger so
often incurred, or choking, ant'
losing valuable stock.
n. rt i i
Thk Potato Disease. A correspondent
of the Bristol (English) Times draws atten
tion to a method emplyoed in Russia to pre
vent tho disease. Prof. Rollmon, of St.
Petersburg!!, planted somo potatoes which
had been accidentally dried near a stove fill
it was thought they would bo quite useless
for seed. They grew, however, and while
all tho other potatoes in the neighborhood
were very much distressed, these remained
sound. The Professor afterwards adopted
the principle of drying his seed potatoes at a
high temperature, and the plan has never
failed. IJis example was followed by various
other persons with the same success ; and on
many estates drying houses have now been
built to carry ou tho process. It is said that
tho progress of tho disease on potatoes par
tially attacked is completely checked by tbc
heat. Tho experiment is very simple, and
it has this advantage it may be tested
without any serious amount of trouble or
What is Lawful Soundness of a Horse?
In reply to this question by a correspon
dent, the American Stock Journal publishes
tho following :
On consulting Oliphant,' on the law of
horses, you will sco that ho defines ' sound
ness as follows : We may define a horse
to be sound when ho is free from hereditary
disease, is in the possession of his natural
and constituiional healt i,and has as much
bodily perfection as is consistent with his
Another definition of soimdness ' That
horse is sound in which there is no defect nor
disease, that shall impair his present or fu
A thhd definition of 'soundness.' That
horso is sound that is perfect in structure
Acco ding to the above definitions of
' soundness,' it would bo a matter of impos
sibility to find a sound horso ; therefore I
adviso you not to warrant an animal which
you supposo has a corn.
Trimming) Fruit Trees. Some people are
now trimming their trees, not because this is
the best time, but because they have more
loisuro. Young and thrifty trees should not
bo trimmed till planting is over. When the
leaves appear they will take up tho sap that
circulates in the trco, and tho wounds
trimming will not bleed. Ploughman