Newspaper Page Text
Bv C. M. STOXE & CO.
JOllNslll HV, VT., FKI1UY, AI'KIL It 1".
jVt' Caledonian Enlaryed.
"V prCi-ent TlIF. C.M.K30XIAX to itF
l 'iiders tbis' vecJ:, enlarged, nnil we
Jn tnking lliis fctep we believo wc do
but anticipatc eventF. Tlie future of
tlii section of Vermont is big with
romi-e. A trtink linc of railway is to
w our statc, rumiing tlirough Caledo
i ui county, and not only opening new
1 .aikets for tlie buycr and prodirccr, but
I'-vi'loping tho country, by s'imulating
j inmifncturcs, tradc and ngrieulturc. Jn
i-i r to keep paco with the time-, we
liave addcd ono cohnnii to oacli pagc,
and inatcrially lengtliened tlie columns,
so tliat the apcr cnlargcd conlains about
v Cottittnf mi r malkr of the old sizc
tliaii fbrmerly. "Wc feel this to be a
v.iluable iucrcusc ; and we hope by re-
t-uicting our ndvcrtisiug to letjitimute busi
n . to keep a fair shurc of tlie paper for
The enlargenient involves an annu
ai t peii-e of about $ 100 in the addi
tiuiial cost of papcr and composition, be
'i the cxpense incident to the chnnge,
wl.ich i; not incousidcrable. To mect
thN outlay we must liave new subicrib
( and more patronage in the job and
.nKciti.-ing linc. There arc probably
hv- huiidml fainilies in Caledonia and
1. ex countics who do not now have thi.
pnper. Wc do not nsk two dullars a
i..rof eaeh of them as a gratuity, but
l liovo wc do not ovcr-cslimatc thc value
t! Tni: Cai.kdoxiax as coinpared with
tU-r locnl papcr.-, whcn we proniisc
llicm a full equivalent for their moncy.
As wc cannot personally prcsent the
matter to thoie who arc not now ?ub-j-
I'ibcrs, we nni.-t rely mainly upon the
od otlices of the niany fricnds of thU
j ,iu-r to feo that wc fcustuin no peuuiiary
In the attempt to give them a larger
and bettcr newspapcr. The tenns will
r main unehanged S2.50 pcr ycar ; or
M'.UO il'paid in advance.
t. Johnabury Pledgts $400,000 to the En
terprise. 'i hc more wc bavo investigated the
nents and fea-iibility of the p'ropo.-ed
triink linc of railroad froni l'ortland to
Odi n.-ltirg tlirough tlil plaee, thc more
: pjuirent has bccoinc its desirableness and
importance to thc bcction of country
ihrough whieh it will pasi'.
AVhen responsiblc parties, thoroughly
.HMpiainted with tbo country tlirough
uhiehit pasiea, and thc bu.-iuess it will
iuitably coininand, makc a slanding
i Ih'i-, as they have dnnc, to lease thc road
j'ciuiancntly, thoroughly cquip and keep
it in gnod repair, and pay six per cent.
iiiti iv.-t annually on thc cntirc co;t of its
oiii.-trudion, it would seein that no one
necd heiitatc in lcnding aid to it con
Mruetiun. If ihia otlcr is a lona Jidc of
u r, as we arc assured it is by thc direc
tor of thc Montpelier and St. .lohnsbury
and l'X-ex County roads, thcrc ought to
le tock cnougli takcn by indiviiluals and
the towiH along tho line of thc.-e two
loa.Is within the ncxt month to secure
their s-pecdy coinpletion.
Jf this is not done, and ilonc at oncf, wc
1 -ar in a fhort tiinc thcse individuals and
fM.iiiunities may learn to their Borrow
that thc jv,id ojiportunitj fjr oponing a
liiglnvay tlirough their inidst. ibr thc
coniincivc of the nation and the world,
has been kut lo lnm forcver. Other in
dividuals and other comuiunitics, not fa
uit d by nature with so feasible a routc,
wilt have .seizcd the goldcn opportunity
tbu-. f-iightcd, and will bavc opened a
Lighway from the watcrs of the grcat
r.ake to the nearest tide waters of the
Atluntie, and the bu-iness, of whieh this
routc is thc natural outlet. will have be
v 'i.ie lixed in soinc olbcr channel3 nevcr
to be diverted from it.
As Kx-Gov. AVashburn said in Tort
lai.d, thc other day, in referenee to this
suac ruuto, 'Therc is a tidc in thc af-J.iir-i
of inen, wbieh, takcn "iit the llood,
lcads on to fortune." We fecl that that
tidc in thc al'.airs of coimnunity, so
far as this road is concerncd. is now.
We are glad lo lcarn that Ibc cominit
tt of twcnty of our biisinc?s mcn, who
wao appointed by a niceting of thc citi
zcif. to eon-ider this subjeet, have becn
iuipressed with the importance of iinmc
diate norton in thc mattcr. and have pro-po-.
d a plan whieh is now being rapidly
carricd out. and whieb, if assented to bv
a majority of the tax payers in nuinber
and amount of grand liat, (as we believe
jt will be beforc this meets thc rcadei
eyt ), will secure thc construction of thcsc
ro idsj bo 1'ar as this town is concerncd.
T!..- plan is for the town, undcr the latc
m, to b nd its cralit to aid in thc oon
rtruction of tho Montpelier and St.
.lolnibbury road to thc amount of $lu0,
000, and to thc Essex County road to thc
nmoimtof ST3.000; whieh, with indi
viijal fcubicriptions alrcady takcn in
town, will makc the whole amount sub
ses iljed by thc town and individuals in
t'-;vn, rL-iiig $375,000.
Tli.i aid is propo.-ed to be givcn by the
town i-suing ii; bcnds, payablc after fivc
y and vvitliin twcnty ycars, and giv
iii' them in cxehange for an etjual
amount of the etock or bonds of these
loads. AU stock is to be taken in ex-
ohan"o for thcsc bonds, if the roads are
built by subsoriptions to stock cntirely,
but if either road is under thc neccssity
of issuing bonds for its completion, thc
town is to receive its proportionate sharc
of suoh bonds in lieu of stock, but not to
cxcecd one lialf of its subscription. If
this stock is a six per cent paying stock,
as it can be inade to be, by acoepting the
ofl'er to lease, (of thc desirabilityof whieh
wc say nothing now) it would secm to be
(juitc cerlain that &ometime in thc iifteen
ycars, during whicb the town has thc
ri'dit at any time to pay these bonds, the
.-tock can be disposcd of at par, and thc
funds thus received used to pay off tbe
bonds of thc town fo as to leavc the
town ti'ith the lcncjil of the road sccurcd,
lathout the Iom of a sinyle dollar. For in
the meantime thc interest upon thc stock
will nicet and liquidate the interest upon
the bonds of the town. Thc stock of
thu Vt. &. Canada road leased in a siuii
lar manncr, since the validity of the lease
was cstablislied, has, wc are informcd,
reniaincd at par tlirough all .hc fluctua
tions of the stock market.
Wc have heard runiors of some of our
citizens being ojiposed to the town's aid-
ing in this manner. AVe are gratiiicd to
lcarn that the oareful, prudent business
men of the placc have, almost vvithout a
.-inglc cxcopuon, when niade aware of
thc facts, rcadily and chcerfully Eubsorib
cd their a-?ent lo the plan propoicd. We
believo, that when the facts and plan arc
fully known, no one who has his own,
and the wclfarc of the community at
heart, will withhold his assent.
.Soinc peojile, we have heard, have
talked of this plan, as a niortgagc of thc
town property ; but we think no one will
so talk whcn he underslands thc plan.
AVe think no fanner, "whose own farm
was thurcby to be greatly enhanced in
value, would he.-itatcto iend hisneighbor
his oredit bysigning that neighbor's notcs
for the purchase of an adjoiuing fanu
whieh wa; alrcady, or couid be perma
nently rented lor six per cent on thc pur
chase money. cspecially when thc titlc to
thc farm purclKbod Avas to be taken di
rcctly to that farmcr. Xor would this
be oalled bad iinancicring for that farmcr.
What more thau this is the proposcd aid
givcn by the town to the construction of
Wc wUi to ay a word to thc other
towns intcrestcd in thcse road-. We aic
informcd by the dircctors of thc roads
that they have the best assurances that
l'ortland will build tho road to thc east
line of ?Iaine. if not to the White Moun
tain Xoteh. .New llamp;hirc, so hap
pily provided by i'rovidence with a most
fea-ible roule tlirough the White 3Ioun
tains. has citizens and friends who as
sure the dircctors of the construction of
thc road tlirough that statc. Shall the
towns and citizens alonir the linc in this
statc provide ibr its construction hcre
St. Johnsbury has answcred '- AYhat
.-ay the other towns l Wc cxpcct from
them an immcdiatc ainwcr iil the ailirm
ative, and thc work is accomplishcd.
Eacajtc and lic-captuvc of Mills.
Sam. IMills, thc Franconia murdercr,
cscapcd from the Ilaverhill jail Saturday
night, by sawing oif his shaokles and two
bars of thc window to thc oell in whieh
he was eonlined. Fivc hundrcd dollars
was oifered for his approlicHsion, and the
oiliccrs wcrc on thc alert for his capture.
llewas retakcn at Dalton 'J'ucsday
tlirough the cilbrts of a woman, Mrs.
lames Ilubbard, of thc abovo place, who
was on thc train when hc was carricd to
Ilaverhill jail, saw him and rccognizcd
hiin as he passed her bouse. She went
ahead of him to the Messrs. liugglcs'
storc and gave information to some men
there, who arrestcd him as he came
along. IJe inade no resistancc. ?Iill?
bad about his person the knife with
whioh hc cut thc iron bars at thc jail,
and also a boilcd chicken.
It is a settlcd principle that judicious,
perscvcring advertiaing pays. There is
no better niethod of gctting facts beforc
the public than by advcrtiing in thc
newspapcr that goes into the familics you
wbh to reach. Wc thall cudcavor, with
new and plain type, and tastc in ar
ranging the same, to proscnt thc favors
of our advcrtising patrons in an attract
ivc form. We shall adherc strictly to
our praoliee of lvjecting anything wliicb
in our judgment is of an objectionable
character, and we solicit advcrtising of
legitimate buiness only.
Tnr. rosTAor. Stajip Fevi-.u. It is
gcnerally believcd that thc blind girl, for
wboni all the world of small boys and
jrirla arc collccting old postage Stauips, ia
a noncntity. A i'ew ycars ago it was said
that a young girl somewhere, was oifered
$100 it she would oollect a raillion de
faocd letter stamps. Tho people of Bos
ton, evcr foremost in every work of phi
lanthropy, at oncc cnlisted in the cause,
and ladies and childrcn to the nuinber oi
a tbousand or more have becn at work
rummaging wasle baskets and drawers
for envelopea from whicb to take the
stamps. Thc story became current in
some way that theso stamps werc going
to pay for thc cducation of a blind girl,
and the work sprcad. Thc childrcn of
this village have becn engagcd as stamp
gatherers, and as the pile has rapidly in
crcased, the (piestion is beginuing to be
askcd : Who and whcre is thc object on
whieh this charity is to be bestowed, and
who is thc pcrson that is to pay the mo
ney As no one has as yct answcrcd
this qucstion, the belief is rapidly gain
mg ground that thc whole thing is a
hoaxj and that all this Jabor may not
bc lot, it is now proposed to- have a
postal stamp fair, and donate thc pro
ceeds to the cducation of some jioor girl.
Out of thc Fryhiff Pan into thc
Some of our ncighbors, who keep a
sort of gpnernl ovcrsight over St. Johns
bury, and who think thc tiraes arc out ot
joint unless they go according to their es
pecial supervisiug, are a good deal alarm
cd becausc there is to be a railroad built
aeross our state whieh is to pass tlirough
this town. Iloping to trig thc whccls
of progrcss, and defeat that whicb is of
vital importance to the prosperity nnd
convenience of all this part of the state,
at least, they use that all-potent argu
ment, ''TAXES!" In short, according
to their rcprcscntation, the tax payers of
St. Johnsbury are about to leavc town in
view of thc heavy burden whieh they are
now carrying, and will be compelled to
bcar, if this town loans it3 credit in aid
of the oontcmplatcd railroad from IIout
pelier to l'ortland.
3ow we don't belicve for a moment
that there is a pcrson in town who will
leave on that account. But if there is
sucb an one, it might bc wcll for him to
enquirc beforc leaving, bow the taxes of
this town compare with those of other
towns. St. Johnsbury has raised for thc
past six ycars for town cxpenscs, 3,20
on thc dollar on the grand lis-t- The
debt of the town is now S10,6"00. A
tax of $1,18 on the dollar on the grand
list would raise sufiicient to liquidate thc
debt. Add this $1,18 to thc $3,20,
and wc have a tax of S'l.-M, with thc
town frec from debt.
llow docs this compare with the towns
about us ? Take for example Lyndon :
The taxes in that town ibr the abovc
time have bcen $9,03 on thc dollar on
the grand list. or more thau double what
they would be in this town with the debt
paid. Our citizens who are afraid of
taxes will ocrtainly not rcmove to Lyn
But we cannot pursue this mattcr of
taxation further at this time we may
allude toit again. Meanwhilc, if any of
our readers are frightened by the ory
from envious neighbors of "taxes," let
them bcware how they "jump from the
frying pan into the iire" for nolwith-
standing all tho'nioney St. Johnsbury has
quandercd upon churches, twcnty tbou
sand dollar graded school houses, soldiers
monuments, railroads, and other im
provcmcnts, hcr taxes are less to-day
tlian those orfuiu-llfthj of llif tmvn? i
Tm: ni:xt (JovrnxoK. The aspi-
rants ibr C!ov. Dillingham's plaoe cannot
hold in any longcr. Their feeiers again
qipear in the newspapers. Walton's
Daily has a column coinmunication, in
whicb John B. l'age of Butland oomes
in ibr any amount of adulation. Wc
presumc it is all deserved but whcre are
Mv. Stewart's friends l and those oi
Mr. L'ndcrwood and whcre oh
whcre. arc the friends of 3Ir. Baxtcr .'
iJJrOn the lirst pagc will be found
Carleton's account of the opening of the
gi'eat Exhibition : an intcresting state
ment eoncerning thc great fuel depot of
this country at Fhiladelphia : a very
bcautiful little pootn : Na?by"s hit at tho
avidity of thc ohivalry to secure tbe ne
gro votc; and several short articlcs. On
tbe fourth jiage is a column for i'annci.s
md housekeepers, and another especially
ibr parents to road.
taTThe I'aris Exi)Osilion is not draw-
ing so juany from this country as antioi-
pated. Some stcamcrs advcrtiscd for
Paris are alrcady backing oilj while the
Orcat Eastern sailed with a small nuin
ber to what was anticipatcd. The Jour
nal of Commcrce says her owners did
not advertisc hcr sullicientlv.
eg"Thc announcemcnt in thc papers
that a oertain tcaoher who went from
those paris, is now ongaged teaohing in
thcwcctona salary of 1200 a year,
brings fresh to mind an incident connect
cd with this same man whcn he iirst bc-
gan to tcacb high school in Orleans Co.
IIo scut to this oilioe for some handbills
advcrtising his school. It was all plain
to rcad and undorstand cxccpt one word
in the directions. Ilcre was a poscr.
Finally it was solvcd. It scems he want
ed a border aronnd his bill, and he wrote
it thus : " I'leaae put a ncat wfmj about
it !" The -aging" went aronnd, while
the ollice boys wondcrcd if the author
taught spelling in his high school.
LmiXTOx. Wc lcarn from the Ga
zetic that Littlcton was visitcd by a fire
on Saturday afternoon, April 13, by
whioh the house, sheds and barn of Dr.
Wm. Burns were consumed, togethcr
with some of their contcnts. Loss ovcr
$1000 insurcd for $1S00. It secms
strange that they have no fire engiiie or
ajiparatus for iighting the devouring ele
inent in that large village. Ilad there
been one cilicient iire company with
a good machinc, thc entire property
might liave becn saved. The loss by
this iire alone was enoutih to onranizo
and equip a good company.
C3" If this papcr falls into the hands
of any who are not now subscribcrSj and
they are plcased with it, they can enclose
;2 in a letter to this oflice, or hand it
to one of our agents, (a list of whom is
given on lirst column of third pagc.) and
the papcr will be scnt regularly to
tlieir address for one ycar.
A Shokt Temi'eilvxcc Lecture.
Xh'a ty-onc ycars ago a young lawyer of
Indiana bought a pint of whiskey, and
gctting drunk wandercd out on the prai
rie on a cold winter night, and was so
bzidly frozen that lie lost his reason and
tbe use of his limbs, and has been evcr
since until his death, two wecks ago, an
inniate of a cojnty poor house, an insane
cripple, and his keepiug has cost the
county no less than $8,000.
Fvom the " XoteJi" Survey.
Ckawfoud House, April 15, '07.
Mr. Editor: Away up among the
mountains is the deepcst peace. Theair
is so keen and bracing that one need not
be an invalid. If people don't believe
this statement let them join the parfy
now survcying the route for a Railroad
tlirough the White Mountains. Thefe
are in tho party a number who aro ac
customed to the rouglx of such surveys ;
but many of us unaccustomed lo the
scorching rays of a mountain sun have
been the unwelcome recipients of unusu
ally red noses. Wc never mind it how
ever so long as our appctites are gAd.
The survey is progressing quite rapidly
undcr thc charge of Mr. Grant, who la
bors assiduously to carry out thc ordcrs
of Mr. D. C. Liuslcy, Chicf Enginecr.
Thc line of levels has been run some dis-
tancebclow tbe famous old Willey House,
and I think the figures arc pcrfcctly sat
isfactory. Indced the elevation of this
house above the Saco valley is loss than
many practical surveyors used to suppose.
If the road can reach the valley of thc
Saco Itivcr thc gradc will be ca?y to
Porlland. The snow on theso old moun
tains is fully four fcct deep, and it is far
from an casy task to wallow in the slosh
up to onc's waist. On Thursday there
was quite a Uurry of snow. In the mor
ning 11 Jack Frosl" shows his face on the
One can hardly realize the fact that in
'ye merry oldeu time" so manj' teams
with their loads of pork and salt went
wcnding up and dovvn thc mountains.
Let the old gentlemen who used to makc
their regular trips from Northcastern Ver
mont to l'ortland take noticc. The road
tlirough the mountains has not been opcn
cd this winter. Surely the old turnpike
is left to die. Prctty soon the valleys
and woods of thcse grand old mountain
will eoho with the shrill screcch of thc
locomotive. The iron horse will be cat
ing thc forest and drinking the rills and
brooks that come thundoriii': down ovcr
their granite beds. So goes the world
What yesterday was reokoncd an absurd
impossibility, to-day is a oomparatively
casy task. All Udnys are Ecemingly pos
sible with the prcsent agc : and no one
necd feel disoouraged as regards the cn
torpriscs of building a Kailroad from
Montj)clior to l'ortland and thus jiininj
Inuid In liaml the Atlantic and I'aeilie.
The I'eoi-le's Maoazixe is an illus-
u-ated weekly published in London by th
" Society for promoting Christian Know
lcdge," and re-issued in New York, in
Monthly numbcrs, with colored wrap-
pers and frequent colored cngravings.
It contains illustrated skotohcs of the
halls, castles, oathedrals. churches and
. ll i r t , i t . i i
viuane nomcs oi r.ii'Manu. ii aiso na
llistorioal and Biographical 1'apers, Or
iginal stories and Educational infornia-
tion ibr adults and young people. Sub
scription prioe $3.00. Aldrcss l'ott fc
Aincry, 5 & 13 Coopcr l.'nion. N. Y.
"Ni:d Nevixs, tmeNi.wsuoy." This
is the tit'.c of a new book on street life in
Bortun, wriltcn by JJev. Ilonry .Morgan.
It gives a vivid picture of rcal life (Ncd
is no iictitious character) among ihepuor
and down trodden of our great cities.
Ned's motto was one whioh ovcry boy in
thc land might adopt with safetv. Jf
I do no wrong something good will come
to mc.'' This was what hc said when
greatly tcmpted ; and it was this firni
principle that inade l.im triuinph ovcr
trials and sullcrings such as only a few
have lo eneountcr. " Xcl Xeviiia" is a
good book for the young to read.
Some of thc evidcnce taken by thc
house judiciary committce in rclation to
John II. Surratt is published. The tes-
timony of Dr. MoMillan, who was fcur-
gcon on the steamer 1'cruvian, in whioh
Surrntt went to Europo, is the most in-
tcrcsting. Ile bccame quite oonfulonlial
with Dr. McMillan, confessing his idcn
tity, and among other things said :
That he and Booth had planncd, at
lirat, thc abduction of l'rcsidcnt Lincoln :
that, howevcr, they thought they could
not feuccced in that way, and they thcn
thought it was ncccssary to ohange their
plan. Aftcr this, and beforc thc siseas
sination, Surratt was in Montreal, when
he received a letter from Booth, ordcrin"
him linmediately to Washington that
it was ncccssary to act promptlf , -and
he (Surratt) was to leave Montreal
immediately for Washington. Hc did
not tcll mo he came to Washington, but
he told mc he came as far as Elmira, K
Y., and from that place tolcgraphed to
tiie city ot iNcw lork toiind out whcth-
er Booth had alrcady left ior Washing-
i . 1 .i . I , i i
iuii, hiiu was answeieu inai nc naci. ile
did not tell mc whether he had nonc any
further than Elmira. The next place he
spoke to me ot was St. Albans, Vt.,
wherc, hc said, he arrivcd in the morn-
ing about breakiast time, and went to a
botel there for breakfast. V'hile he was
sitting there he heard several talkinir
about an assassination, and he inquircd
"What was up V They asked him if
he did not know Piesulent Lincoln had
becn assassinatcd. Ile replied that he
did not believe it, because the story was
too good to be true. On that a gcntle
man pulled out a newspapcr and handed
it to him. He opened it and saw his
own name as one of thc assassins. He
said this unnervcd him so that the paper
fell out of his hands, and he immediately
left the room and walked out. As he
was going out through the hotel he
heard another party say that Surratt
must have been or was at the time in St.
Albans, becausc such a pcrson, (men tion
ing the person's name) liad found a pock
ct handkerchief on thc strcet with Sur
ratt's name on it. He told me he actu
ally looked in his pockct and found he
had lost his pocket handkerchief. From
that place hc went to Canada and was
concealed there from April to Septem
ber. Surratt avowed his intenrton of
returniug to the Uuited States and as
sassinatingPreaident Johnson forcausing
hi3 mothcr to bc hung. Dr. McMillan,
on arriving in Liverpool, inade affidayit
to the facts beforc the Unitcd States con-sul.
The Kciv Xational Ice House.
It would scem that the secretary of
state and the United States senate might
have consulted the people of the country
in the usual way beforc enlarging the
national domain by an arctic territory
and the population by some scores of
thousands of Esqunnaux and nondc
scripts. It is surely a subjeet in whieh
the people are all intcrested, and upon
whicb they have a right to be heard, and
the manner in whieh this Russian treaty
has been hurried through the senate be
fore there was fair opportunity for its in
telligent discussion by the cOuntry is
simply discreditable. The project was
h'rst rcvealed to thc country on Sunday,
March 31, and on Tuesday, April 9, the
treaty was ratilied. It can not be said
to have been heartily approved anywhere
oxcept, as is reported, in California.
There was no conceivablc reason for se
crecy, but the whole matter was as care
fully hushed up as if nothing but the im
mcdiatc possessfon of Kussian America
could savc us from immincnt peril, and
the ratilication is receivetl in entire igno
rance and bcwildcnnent, and witliout a
spark of sinccre enthusiasm or pleasure.
It is vain to attempt to compare the
Kussian treaty with the Ixniisiana pur
chase. A glance at the map scttles the
essential diilercnce bctween thc two. It
was impossible to allow tho mouth of
our grcatcst rivcr to be controllcd by a
forcign powcr. But liussian Amerioa is
not contiguous to our territory. Under
thc auspices oi Mr. Seward the United
States are about to cntcr upon a coloni
al systcm. At a time when we arc heav
ily loaded with debt wc are to pay more
than seven millions of dollars in gold for
a remote and barbarous region, whioh,
under ordinary human conditions, will
nevcr be largely peoplcd exccpt by sav
ages, and for the aunual govornment of
whieh thc cxpenscs will be cnormous.
The advantages are evidcntly so few
that only two reasons can be suggested
for the project. It is either a huge job
or it is a political device.
Seliator Sumncr is reported to have
spokcn for thrce hours and a half in fa
vor of the ratilication of the treaty. Why
is his sj)ccoh not allowcd to bc publish
ed ? Why aro we not permittcd to know
anything whatevcr of this transaction 1
The general opinion of tho country is,
that it is an ellbrt of Mr. Scward's to re
gain some of that public consideration
whieh he has eo rocklessly s(pjandered.
No man evcr so wantonly thrcw away
so fair a famu as the secretary of statc :
nnd it is not incredible that thc engmeer
.f tiu- last suminef s awiuging around the
oirole to the tomb of Douglas rclics for
rcncwed reputaticn upon an appeal to
the love of territorial expansion, whioh is
supposed to be inextinguishable in the
Dr. Bushnell, of Hartford, whose
word is nlways ontitlod to rcspect, favors
thc project because of thc whale iishcry,
and of the shortcst passagc to Asia, and
of the coal in Briti5h Amerioa. But the
whale iishcry can bc fully protectod by
tre.nty : the ooal in thc Saskatohowan
valley does not belong to the Bu.-sian
territory ; and thc value of thc shortest
actnal ia-sigo to Asia is not apparent in
v iew of the olimatc, and of tbe character
oi the eountrv, and of the fact that u
forcign territory intcrvenes.
In the pivsent situation of this coun
try, with an unbroken line upon both
oooans and aeross the contment, tcrnto
nal exjiaiiiion is wholly undesirable. It
i- n source ot wcakness and not of
strength, aml whoever advocatos it must
diow the advantage with irresistiblo forcc.
i ncre mav uc iminense avivantasas m
the acquisition of this liussian dcsert
but they aro not suspected bv the coun
try. and they are thus far carelully con
cealed by the government. Ilarper's
War Bctween Fmnce and l'russia
Tbe newsby thc eable this wcck is de
oidedly warlikc. The oontinuancc of
pcaee ImjIwocii Fnmce and Prusia is al
most despaired of. Thc Prussians are
qiuetly arming and proiaring for the
opening of hostilitics, and it is said that
the Emperor Xapoleon is engagcd in an
attempt to purchao arms from the Uni
teil States. The prcsent indications of
things all favor a spoetly deolaration of
vvar. on account of the Luxemburg diili
culty. The nciilral irreat powcrs have
attcui)tcd a comproniise or mediation of
the diiicrencc, but Pru?sia dcclincs their
offcr?. Thc warlike aspcct of affairs
causod coiiMdeniblc conuuotion on the
London stock exohangc, and the tendcn
oy of atlairs there is towards a financial
panic. Marshal McMahon, Dukc of
Magenta, has arrivcd in Paris from Al
geria, baving been recalled by the empe
ror. llie trenoh furloughs have all
becn cndcd, and the ofiieers have been
ordcrcd lo drill thc rescrvcs.
Flood.t West and Xorth.
Tho ice in thc St. Lawrcnce at Tlirce
Rivers, C. E., commcnccd moving Mon
day night, but on Tuesday it rcmained
stationary, causing thc watcr to rise to a
grcat hcight. Thc lowcr portion of thc
town was coniplctely inundated, and
muoh distrcss and alarm prcvails. Thc
poor people, whose houscs are undcr
watcr, are tcri'porari'y cared for in the
town hall. The village of Bcrthier is al
so overflowcd, and the watcr was still
risingon Tucslay aftcnioon. The ice
bridge opposite Qnebcc continucs still
firm, and if it remains much longer an
attempt will be made to blow it up with
A freshet in the Mississippi rivcr at
St. Paul, Minn., on Monday, overilow
ed the upper levce. A portion of West
St. Paul is submerged, and the Minneso
ta Valley railroad badly damaged, so
that its trains will have "to stop running
for several da)-s. The Minnesota river
Ls ovcrilowed at Mankato, and lowcr Le
Seur is under water.
The latest accounts from thc Platte
river say that the freshet had reachcd its
height, and the waters had begun to re
cede. No fear of any damage to the Pa
cific railroad is entcrtained, and that
whicb has been sustained will bespeedily
rcpaired. At Elk Ilorn station is the
worst break, where 400 yards of the
track had been swept awny. Bctween
Omaha and Chicago more serious dam
age has been done to the track, and the
water continued still rising.
A government train was recently de
stroyed on the Colorado desert, and two
mcn drowncd, by a suddcn rain storm
whieh scnt a terrible flood down the nar-
row dyko in whieh they were encamped.
Improvement among the Freed-
Gen. IIovard, coramissioncr of the
freedmen's bureau, has received reports
from the assistant commissionera giving
an account of the operations of thc bu
reau in the several states during the
month of March. They rcprcsent that
great destitution exists among both tho
white and colored people in the southern
states, though in some districts partial
relief has been afforded by the distribu
tion of the provisions received from the
southern relief association and the gov
Keports show a decided improvement
in tho feeling of the whites towards the
freed people, and an incrcasing disposi
tion to do thein juslice. But few out
rages are reported, and those arc mostly
of a trivial nature, and mainly arise
from the violation of contracts. The
courts are more disposed to act impar
tially and do justice between thc white
and colored suitors. Schools for frecd
mcn are generally unmolested, and arc
increasing in number. Many of the
planters are manifesting a disposition lo
aid in their eslablishment On the whole
the cohdition and prospecls of the freed
people arc decidedly improviug, and the
labors of the bureau beimj rniduallv
lightened, and the occasions for its inter
lerence between the whites and colored
people arc gradually decreasing.
A negro insisted on riding upon thc
strcet car at liiclimond, on Tuesday, but
the conductor put him offj whcn several
hundrcd negrocs gatheml and insisled
that the man should ride. A strong
force of police came up and the man was
arrestcd, amid much excitemcnL
A Fuxxy Story. An incident in the
history of the rebel congress, suppressefl
at the time, has latcly come to light A
short time beforc the fall of liichmond,
while the rebel congress was decply con
cerned about tho cruelty and barbarity
of the north, a woinan of that city walk
ed into the house of reprceentativcs and
nttacked thieo mcmbers with a cow bidc,
castigating them lnercilessly. At last the
speaker caught the virago in his arms,
and hcld her therc until she went into
hysterics. She said her intcnlion was
to chastise the entire body becausa of ils
abuse of the north. The house passeda
resolution to keep thc matter seeret, and
the Richmond papers never mentioned it.
The Vermont Central railrond has dis
continued its connection with the Grand
Trunk for the west, and now scnds pas-
scngcrs from Ogdensburg by Watcrtown.
Roinc, the New York Central and the
Great Westeni roads, making surc con-
ncctiuns through lo Chicago.
The railway up Mount Washington is
being constructed with great activity.
Thc track iron is being tmnsported to
thc base of the mountain. and tcauis and
laborers are hard at work. A large and
magniliccnt hotel will be built this sum
nier, and will be readv for the travol of
j '1 homas Doherity, nn Irishnian, is un
jder arrest in Glouocstor, Mass., Ibr kill
ing his own son, a ohild thrce ycars old.
Doherity is of ungovernablc tcmpcr. and
while bcating the child its brothcr inter
.fered, whioh so cnraged him that he
aasiied tlie child's head against the bed
stcad, killing it in?tantly.
Several Portland erchants rccovercd
bylaw $2,010 from thc Grand Trunk
railway, last weck, for unreaHmable do
tentton in the shipmont of a quantity of
flour from thc west.
Hirani Orcutt, principal of thc young
ladies seminary at Brattleboro nnd West
Lcbanon, has also taken thc mnnngemcnt
of a third institution of the kind at Gor
ham, Mc. Mr Orcutt is not likoly to
rust out for want of cmploymcnt.
The MonxixG Star. This new mis-
sior.ary ship, whieh recently sailed from
Boston, under the command of Rcv.
Iliram Binghaui, Jr., nrrived at llono
lulu, S. L, on the 15th of March, after
a speedy passage of one hundrcd and
twcnty days. This fact is a happy
proof of the nautical coinpetency of the
young missionary master and his trust
The prcsidcnt tclls a Bostonian that
he has almost delormined to spcnd a
week in New England, passing thc 17th
of Juneat Charlestown, thcn going to
New Hampshire for two or thrce days,
and rcturning to attend thc dedication of
the masonie temple in Boston.
Lookout Station, 270 miles east of thc
Smoky Ilill route, was dcstroyed by the
Cheyonnc Indians on monday "of last
week, nnd three employes of thc Unitcd
States cxpress company killed and scalp
ed. Tlie marauders also stolc cight of
thc company's horses, and suceeeded in
making their cscape.
The strikers for hiaher wa'ics in dif
ferent paris of the counlry are gcnerally
backiug down and returning to their old
rales. The carpcnters in New York
have ncarly all abandoned thc movemcnt.
Thc iron strikers in Morris county, New
Jerscy, have gone lo work again at the
old prices. And similar intelligenoe
comes from other parts of thc Middle
In New York a Jew butchcr has been
arrestcd and bouud over under $500 bail
for cruelty to miimals, by cutting the
throat of a bullock instcad of lirst knock-
ing him on the head. The rites of thc
Jcws forbid them to kill auimals in any
other way, and they will strenuously op-
pose this new order of thing;, whieh
they claim is nn infringement on their
SllOCKIKG ACCIDENT AT WniTEHELD.
-A son of Jacob McDuffee, about 13
years of agc, while putting a belt on to
a shaft in Libbey's Mill in Vhitefield,
on tho 17 th inst., wa3 caught by thc
shaft and torn almost into threds his
limbs being completcly smashed and torn
up in a shooking manner. IIo binthed
but a few times aftcr beins found.
Ex-Gov. Joseph A. Gilmore, of New
Hampshire, died on the 17th inst. He
was born at Weston, Vt., June 10, 1811.
Destjil'Ctio:; of Suixr r.v Dona.
Thc March rcport of the commisaoner
of ayiculture dwclls ujon the ravages
committed by dogs among thesheepin
the United States, In lSGG,five hundrcd
tbousand shccp were killed by dogs, and
their value was .$2,000,000. Tlie num- j
ber injured was three hundrcd tbousand.
and tho loi is estimatcil at $000,000-
Tlie nnmber of dogs in the country is
computed at five millions, and the suin
tolsil of their subsisleuce fifty millions of
dollars an immcnse sum to bestow upon
a dass of animals the most of whieh are
worthlcss, and many of them causing
ercat miscliief to the farmcr.
Two-story cars are growing in favor
on the European railways. Thc lowcr
story has compartmcnts in the Englisli
style, and the uper is of the American
plan. Tlio whole height of tho car is
about fourteen feet.
A western man spcaking of tlie la-
cific railroad, says it is one of thc "fun
uiest coincidences in the world, that al
most cvcry alternale section of land, on
either tidc of thc road bclongs to eciuc
mcaibcr of consress."
Thc Salt Lake Uuiou Vedette urges
conjrrcss to aulhorizc thc Pacific railroad
to bcgin work at that poiut at ouce.
alike to facilitatc the completion of the
great enterprise and swcll tlie auti-Mor-
mon strcneth in that tenitorv.
Commissioner Ncwton's rcport, just
issued, uoticcs the condition of f:irm
stock throughout the country, and tbe
disposition to give mcreased attcntiou to
thc brecding of animals. The indica'
tious of a wheat crop are gcnerally favor
ablc There is a geucral impression among
New England fanners that iliey can raic
their whe:it much eaicr than they can
buj it, and there will be a considcrable
breadth of it sown this season.
Hie largest Prcsbyterian church in tlie
country is that of Rcv. T. L. Cuyler in
Brooklyn, N. Y. During the ycar 1SC".
three hundrctl and thirty-iive iiicihUts
were received into thc church. Tlie
whole number ot mcmbers is 1,030. and
thore are 1,320 scholars and lcachers in
the Sabbatlu schools.
Tlie Loraia (Ohio) News says tliat
"tho young ladies of thi place iralk on
their tip-tocs, and cant help i:, ; thc
wator-falls on tha top of their heads draw
up their back hair so tightly that they
tn"t put their hccls down juaroly with
out great tain."'
A Mobilian being inlormed that hi
tickel in a lottcry had drawn a irizc.
consisting of no less than twenty-eigbt
articlcs, wrote to his New Orleans cor
rcspondcnt for the particulars of hisgootl
fortune In reply, he leansed that ;he
nuinber of artioles wr.s thirty a pint ot
bittcrs contaiuing tv.-enty-eight iugredi
ents. and the bottle and cork.
'Daughler, why do you not wear
your rings f" uBocau?c, pa, they
hurt mc when r.nybotly jueczos my
hand." " What business have you. 1
ivould like to know, to have your hand
sqncezed V "Corminly non.-; but stiil
you know, papa, uue would likc to keep
in 5ijueczo:ible ordcr."'
In lGb'O two Dutch travcllers virited
llarvai-d College, and cilling at a house
they wrote : "We found there cight or
ten young fellows, sitting rouud. imoking
tobacco, with the sinokc of Avhich the
room was so full that you could hardly
scc 5 and thc whole liousesiaelt .sjstroiii
of it that when 1 was goin up stairs 1
said, this is certaiuly a tavorn. Therc
has becn vcry little change since tlton.
New Style. Thc hdics of Alabama
have adoptcd a new style of waterf-til,
consisting ofn cocoanut fastcncii to thc
region of the ccrebcHum by ribbon. It
is a bcautiful arranicmcut, thc nut beiiur
itself covercd with hair, whioh makes
artiiioial coverinir unnecessarv. Tlie size
is exactly right, and by having a little
door in thc nut, brushcs.. combs, tcont
bottles, and other little necessaries of the
toilet can bc convcnicutly carricd.
Falsc cars of llcsh colored India rub-
ber are thc latest invcntion of Ci.-3iioa in
Englaud. The- are ibr ladies with large
oars, and arc used in front of the n.al
cars, whioh aro drawn down back and
concealed under the hair.
It is cstimated that therc are about
30,000 commercial travcllers or "drum
mcrs" now employcd in this country,
(.000 by New York houscs. 3000 bv
Bosion, and 2000 by Chicago.
Two boys were on the hill back of Mr.
Gillet's near Camcrs llunip last Friday.
gctting some sprucc gum, when one of
them, Bucll Andrcws, a I:td 1 1 ycars old.
shot and killed an auimal in a tTec,
whieh is described to tis as larger than a
common house cat, with head, car? and
tail like one, eo'oretl white with rcd
spots on its sides ; his lcgs wcrc as large
as an ordinary dog, and his claws some
what like a coon's. It w:is prokibly a
wild cat, of the kind whieh is known to
spring from thc common cat. Jlurhny
(on Frcc Frcss.
Thc strike of thc Lawrcnce mill hands
is at an eud, and all who could obtain
cmploymcnt htive gonc back to work.
An Oxfonl, Mc, toldicr named SamT
Wing, about 30 ycars old, in tho bnttlc
of Spotlsylvania was struck by a ball
near the clbow, whieh passcd up thearm
and entcrcd thc right lung, whcre it j
IodgeiL Ten montlis afterwards he
coughed up a piece of his blouse 1 inch
by i in sizc and a piece of thc lining 1
by inches, and nearly thrce ycars later
a piece of bonc by of an inch, a j.icce
of shirt 1 1-1 by :iud another piece of
blouse 1 inch by 1 1-S. He can some
times fecl the ball in his lung, butis now
fhst regaining his health.
' Jn r. IXvi- Ix is now siated ihai
, there is no truth ivhntcvcr m the report
currently inatlu a icTr 3aj-s npo, tlcit a
high ofTicial authority had said ihe ciso
of Jcfi. Davis must lc settlcd vo.me
or other dcfinitcly in May. 1 Ie will 2.,jt
be tried for some time to coixie.
C3-New York held lr vlcoion ,.
Tueshiv for the choiee oi loj lci
to thc convcntion wludi -WiU ,,1,.
at Albany on she 4th of Janc, for tlj,;
purnosc of rcviting the state conattmi01.
Thc votc being vcry ht only 11
retunis have becn rcceivi-d, but suiTiti-
to show that therepubhcar.? have carr.
the statc ut large Not one-third of it:
total vote of the statc was pollod, aud I j
New York city less than -10.000 i.jt-
werc east, of whieh thc inajority wcrc.
as usual, domocratic Among llic lvcii-
tv dclegatcs clccted in that city are Jit
aud Erastus Brooks, .ludccs Momil.
RobertHm and Daly, Edvvard lierj)oitil
andivmiuol Tilden. In Brooklvn the
cntirc Iemocratic ticket was successful
:iud Hcnrv "Ward Beecher badly defeaieil
fho reiinblican list of delecates at lar'".
whieh Avas undoubtcdly elected, inclnJ-
ihc luimcs of "William M. Evarls, Ge.
France can brinsinto tlteiield, to-dar,
550,000 mcn for military servicc, and Jms
hitely ordcred -1SO,000 muskcts of tl
Chassepot pattern, to be delivcred by
Marcli 1, 18GS- Thcl'russian arsenals
are all Lard at -work, and 1100 breth
loadiiiir steel cannon have been wderoil
AGAIN 1NTHE F1ELDI
New ClotMng Storeil
IX rXllX IH.OCE, ST. JOirXSBlllY, XLSX'S7.
B . B . G Ti A TL K .
ST0RE ! 2Ev7 G00DS !
GENT.S' FUltNTSlIING GOODS,
xai 1t Uh w OI rl'. aiil it -wa to csH acd ta. ...
Look and see.for Yourself.
NOW YOU HAVE 1T-
On aad liicr tMs d?v e U1 U
AYatchca aud all other GoihK,
At pric that
DEFY ALL COMPETLTluN!
Wltiai WaJti, (Wa. 13rrr) SHver Ear:-
in . i-r. ' il
WaliLau '.V, i,Uci. tVaaliTtrlls-- -
Tiw v. rr jitil lcnr, f J! V ilki, 53
erIImiisCer, a-amrlrf ia xt3j
Warranied to be just whai it is Repriti
ixj:.t ncuEvn asy oxe if they
AT TUEY AVE XOT.
CO?li: AAD SEE POH YOUKSELI.
BLVT TIIE MViUvET AFFOKD
CIIILDS V ADAJIS.
St Jctafita-. Ar-1 - .
,Horton & Gf.
Mercliant Tailoring Business.
KEABY MADE CLOTH1NO.
Genls' Furnishing Goods,
IT A T i A X L C A P S .
Trmil-s and Yallscs, Travcllln Bajs,
F1.-I11NG TACHLE OF ALL lOXD.
Walkbg- Canes, TJshrijllas, &c
n A hair cf ihcjwi! l"c rrearc 5- oSdtei
, EaOrcsa Sirctt, S. Jiin-lcrr. Vt.
W. II. IIOItTO.V. J. CALE.
t.o: tnatj- Gaii OScc, -cil PtL, ISX.
TlHJ c vca tir thr iivraca of thc CtmjTtr c'
l- x. ia iiw ir r-jwtirt trnu nntiapj iu March Uri
fij enrr caiairlcT. lisnrc ia dalrrKcmeil iu--othifdSce,
rnd tti dr ccraMed ioe.l' rpr
fcv ruH racvjf? Jha! Satuu.l 1. Iklif.0 tf ISrichtoa,
jai ratr, ha ..-c:vrt3 a j.'.Brahty jf 1 Ttt
llrrrfcrc ia patynance nfifce ttstnle ii sach cajftJa
idJ ;Tv$4ti 1 1" tiwiOfrnt xiulc jrmclanj
ti -. tli &I&.UC1 1'. 11 ria i Ouly .3rtcJoocaty orn
aii?fsicrfinlir caai-. "Lrxf.irtte rcr raralap.
It CHAIILES 1- HESTuN, Coactr Orat.
List of Lcitcrs raaalniagta the yoft cfcee at
-t. 4?a-ljar, Ajirn ifs l-fil.
ISAcp il A GiUraia ruJjOi
llsaaid W W HciTi? Geo
K Jiajt 11 aWh V i TV S
J V r 1 iciham Aldca
rl'jirti C2,'jnc fcr thc abor lttter? SiH liiW
civy:h-dcf:lrfSst 11. W. i LEErv'Ol, V V..
R tkoTMish wHfinbiel llrncFr. No c!xa
htlf Je irorl. eiU a.'. ot oj. Hc -nliscrlicr w -Zi
anno nce ts tijv itjiJ' f 1 dl-Nradi c vx.tx, that ir l a
ta Liad a stArtru' a' of Caniac jjJ T-am il
rj-of. wMch h Ttin ftll at t vcry lo jirice. Al-o
Ha; aiid ivra-jiag biracci 4mh- ia fic ?."" ihipe
piK D'l at a lwn-pdcc 1 alo hrvc on hxai
11 olhvf artitlt coaiH'CtiJ ith thr Larticrt line, aa'
trtwU icvite cl) iocall si-.d iimiac my soj.15. lf Lty
tri.h ts psirchajc 1 caa icit tlia. TEitMS A11.
5hp csr tiie It li. Stm-t, S .1ohrlmrv.
toe.3 A. U. KEXisCA.
iS.ToBreeders of Trotting'Hories
lc nad faiaans trcttias StslHoa OW
Ai:EICA,lx llaag:tca Gr y Mcsrcxr, dia ty
( il At diilih, txiU flid fer thc sciisa 21 tho V."Jii
hjm Ceorty 1'ari, IlrutUtliaro, Vr.
Yol"t; AlIEmt Al-'aljaiiseaic, potvdfal Iictmt,
fi'A- rcirsll, f: j hin3 thrre lrrV lurfi, aail
wriii lW jKscdf. He i irn prsy, tvith lixi iwin
a ?4co!kl trcttor, atd thc fire f muh cf the nott
iOMiiiaugoalti Ia thc trhtilc csoBtry. Hcirtttcd-svlnJi
tiro jc .i? ld, ttri racf stbc CnitTtTaie Cociw-t- r
l-l-ad, iilnt I l.-xl v lT5a and l:orky llill, trlsiiu-
i-ve r htat nitb ea.c, and mstinp hu nJl la thrce
c.J for a two-ysar dd. He taa new thoc a pJt
Uwfii iIy drir-n for mf M. His progcny cinn l
ie cic. Ikd, a Ajtxzl y tbef3 thst, t the fair of tl
Xctv tislasd Stitas hcli Utt iall, Ms colte at (3) t jtco
ytars old, t t:- firr: aad e.ttod jfftnixjaE. ia "
jjj ftt :. ot tLc rst prraima fer tsro ytar-eld fUl
-ioitf.snilalltboLroodiuarciefuvUl&gUood tht r-
ceired Jirtuiirms hd fcals at tluar sldc got Iit V V"
invin-d 10 thi hwtsu 15s projBctT ' trtra
Nc Vork, after the ictirij -j , xna ;ixt to ic-
tnn, jtsyaUe March 1, lef. p jdcsts at th- -
ofotvixTi. W. 11. ".VALKE1L Arrat.
YrNC Asrunju W Mtiiiiod iht ia 1 '
yui.ch(CM:hclirc-dcrof New hJiclinJ havra tlw
liea of titj great val-ic ta jhtir M.'Ctiuu vf tuc ouuu -
Ile ouurt oa l,lh riiit frOTa jtareaaturaltroiunslinul
ii, lth.f nliich rt3aartblt;for thiir .vUn-i
s fcc:l . j the r''! w th' ir iOc
riNiiaad Yota A Jitrirx are ncarly ide.tiui'di
I ljoi, at.d xre think if t'je KalUoa had Itra tr Ia i t.J
aox hc vcnl hare Xhx'S s f t at hc ii. V tJ.r(
crpcdhjjoTrnertolinnshiai luck to the id&sd, sd
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