Newspaper Page Text
County ClcrJt Iji79
0 ttl U tL
COMMEjSTCED ATJGTJST 8, 1837.
ST. JOHNSBHRT, YT., EBXDAY, NOY. 5, 1880.
VOLUME 44 NTJMBER 2258.
gi. JoItnshtriJ pMommt.
C. M. STONE & CO.,
Oppaslte the Athenseum, St. Johnsbury, Vt.
nnus or tuk caledonia:
Alter Jannary 1, 1830, in Advauce.l
Oneyear ln Caledonia Co. 81JfS
Sixmonths, do do
One year out of this connty
Sixmonths do do 1,00
i'or conventence in remltting, snbscriuers o
ln thls connty will be credited 59 weeks for .ou
Twenty-nine weeks for ,
S ubscribers out of tbis connty will crea-
Ited 55 weeks for Voo
Clergymen ln service, per year. n
Kemltbyrost office order. otherwise at snuscri-
, a x iit- will flnd on his paper ln con
nJtCAft M. "hodate to wh?ch hehas
paid. No other receipt is nccess.rj.
. nf all felnds done at llvinz nrices.
Jir and modern machinery and akillfat work
oearlyallklndsof JobPrinting can be done
SiU and aa cbeap as ln ttae cities.
Legal nianks, Card and Paper Btock conatantly
on nana. , .
Jtates of Advertlslng.
One square (12 llnes, one lnch space) one week, tl.po
Kach contlnnance 25
llalf aqnare (6 linea) one week J5
Tarh rnntlnnance. ............... -13
One square (one lnch of space) per year 8.00
Bntlnau Cards per year (eacb line) 1.00
-Llbaratiann. Katravs. etc. 1.35
Special Xotlces, per aqnare, one -week 1.25
Each continnance 30
Special ratea to buslneis adTertisera by the year.
I&'AdoertisemcnU illustrated viith Cuts' 'tuenty
ble, adcerlisements received, and nothing but legitimate
businets advertitxna sohcited.
ORCUTT & PINARD,
Uardwood Famiture and Packing Boxes,
Paddock Vlllage, St.. Johnsbnry.
E. E. SARGENT,
Gen. Agent -rlitna Llfe Ini, Co.,
Bank Block, Eallroad St, St. Johnsbnry, Vt.
P. D. BLODGETT 4c CO.,
Flre and Llfe Insurance Aents,
llank Block, Maln St., St. Johnsbnry.
D. A. CLIFFORD,
Caledonian Bl'k, Maln St., St. Johnsbnry.
H. E. &. D. Q. WOODRUFF,
Stoves and Tlmvare,
Eallroad Street, St. Johnsbury.
C. M. STONE & CO.,
Agcnts for Claremont IJook Bindery,
Oppoaite the AthensBum, St. Johnsbnry.
Proprletor of Paddock Iron Works,
St. Johnsbnry. Jobbing done to order.
O. P. BENNETT,
Dealer ln Slarble Work of A1I Klnds.
Xear Passenger Depot, St. Johnsbnry.
CHAS. A. AIKEN,
Plano-forte Tnner, St. Johnsbury Ctr.
Orders left at Howard Sc Rowell's, at the Plain.
S. T. BROOKS.M. O.,
Practlclns: Physlclan and Surgeon,
Office at residence, opp: the Bakery, St. Johnsbnry
MATTHEWS & PETTINGILL,
Dlninp Kooms, Frult and Ice Cream,
Eattern Avenne, St. Johnsbnry.
W. H. NELSON, Agt.,
Sheet Music, Ilooks, Sluslcal Mercliandlse,
Eastern Avenne, St. Johnsbury.
ST. JOHNSBURY CLOTHING CO.,
E. X.. TUATrKU, Proprletor,
FUED T. PAKKKK, Manager,
Cor. Maln and Central Streets, St. Johnsbury.
S. H. SPARHAWK, M. D.,
lluuaoeopathlc Physlclan and Surjreon.
r"uir to Dr. Outhing.)
OAlce residence in Athenamm nonse Maln St.
MILLER &. RYAN,
Manufacturers asd Dealers ln
Carrlaes and Carrlage Stock,
Opp. Passenger Depot, St. Johnsbnry.
SEVERANCE & AYER,
Paddock Vlllage, St. Johnsbnry.
All klnds of Jobblng done to order.
E. & T. FAIRBANKS & CO.,
Dry Goods, Clothinc, Carpetlnes, Paper
llanglngs, Crockery, and Groceries,
Falrbanks Village, St. Johnsbnry, Vt.
C. C. BINGHAM,
Drugclst and Pharxnaclst,
5 Bank Bl'k, Main Street, St. Johnsbnry, Vt.
BELDEN & IDE,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law,
No. 2, Caledonian Block, np stalrs. St. Johnsbnry
HOWARD & ROWELL,
IVatches, Jewelry,.I3ookB and Statlonery,
Cor. Main St. and Eastern Avenne., St Johnsbnry
CROSS & BRADLEY,
JJakers and Confectioners,
Main Street, St. Johnsbnry, Vt.
JOSEPH L. PERKINS,
Caledonian Block, np stalra.St. Johnsbnry, Vt.
O. H. HALE & CO.,
Dry Goods and Fancy Goods,
Avenne Block- Tt. Tt- t st. Johnsbnry, Vt.
MRS. L. J. FLEETWOOD,
Eastern Avenne, St. Johnsbnry.
A. J. & CHARLES A. WILLARD,
Over Fletcher & Co.'s Store, St. Johnsbnry.
C. A. CALDERWOOD,
Furnltore, Cotflns and Caskets,
Odd Fellows' Block, R. R. St., St. Johnsbnry.
J. P. OTIS, Attorney at Law,
West Burke, Vermont.
Flne Jewelry, Dlamonds, Ladlej' and Gents
Watches and Sllver Ware,
341 Westminister St, Providence, R. I.
r Orders from the coantry promptly execnted
ST. JOHNSBURY IIOUSE,
Mais Stkiet, St. Johxsbubt, V
JEERT DREW, Propiietor.
Railboao Stbeet, .... St. Joiinsbubt, Vt
B. G. HOWE, Proprietor.
Stbeet; .... St. Johxsbubt, Vt
wat?ti b. FLINT, Proprietor.
TT r0- CALTFOE.VIA.
JIT. JtANSFIEl.D B(rEl
A flrst-class Hotel, wlth all the modern imi.
m.nts. Ac'commodationsior300gnests. Te
eiftii avenue hotel,
Beoadwat, New Yobc
A fint-claas honse ln every particnlar.
HITCHCOCK. DARLING & CO., Proprietors.
THE GRAND rACIFIC HOTEL,
A arat-clsii hotel in every respectwith 500 rooms.
Charges moderate. JNO.B.DBAKE 1CO., Pro
prietors. Sam'lM. Tceseb. Ttleb B. Gasceix.
UNITED STATES HOTEL.
tdJI,, the verT centre of the City. The best
leeated Honse for bnsiness men. Heatsd by
stsam. Tableset wlth the best the marktt
TBAIXS MOV1NO EAST.
MATI I.eaves Swanton 6.00 a. m.. Cambridge
Jnnction 7.H, Hardwick 8.24, East Hardwick 8.36
Greensboro 8.46, Walden 9.12, Danville 9.35 St.
Johnsbnry arrive 10.10 leave 10.40, East St. Johns-
bnry io.m, v esi uoncora n.in, Aiues 'ona li.'-M,
East Concord 11.33. arrives at Lunenburg 11.45.
Portland at 5.57 p. m.
EXPRESS leaves Swanton 5.35 r. m.. Cm.
bridge Jnnction 7.02, Hardwick 8.25, East Hard
wick 8 .33, Greensboro 8.46, Walden 9.10, Danville
9.29, arrive St. Johnsbury 10.00 p. m.
IITXED St. Johnsbury to Lunenburg Leaves
St. Johnsbnrv 4.46 tj. m.. E. St. Johnsbnrv 5.05. "W.
Concord 5.25, ililes Pond 6.05, E. Concord 6.22, ar
rive Lunenburg 6.(5 p. m.
TaArss MOVI.VO west.
11A1L Leaves Portland 8.25 a. m. Lunenburg
1.35, p. m., East Concord 1.47, ililes Pond 1.56,
West Concord 2.17, East St. Jobnsburv 2.28, arrive
St. Johnsbnrv 2.40, leaves 4.45, Danville 5.20, Wal
den 5.44, Greensboro 6.08, East Hardwick 6.16,
Hardwick 6.23. Cambridge Jnnction 7.48, arrives
at Swanton at 9.10 p. m.
EXPRESS Leaves St. Johnsbnry 6.50 a. m..
Danville 7.21, Walden 7.42, Greensboro 8.05, fc.
Hardwick 8.13, Hardwick e.25. Cambridge
Junction 9.34, llaquam Bay 11.15 a. m.
illXED Lunenburg to St. Johnsbury Leaves
Lunenburg 6.30 a.m., E. Concord 6.50, Miles Pond
i.ua, west uoncord 7.45, JS. st. Johnsbnry 8.05, ar
rive St. Johnsbnry 8.30 a. m.
Fassumpalc Railroad. Octobcr 4, 1880.
TltAINS SODTB LEAVK 8T. JOHXSBURT.
MailTraln, 10:15 a.m.
Dav Einreaa. 3:05 p. m.
Accommodatlon. 9:00 p.m.
Aigui -xram, i:44 a. m.
TRAIK3 KOBTU LEAVE ST. JOHNSBCBT.
Accommodation, 12:05 p. m,
Day Ezpress, 3.05 n. m.
MailTrain, . 4:43 p.m.
nigui. xxain -:IJ a. m
St. Johnstiury Church Direotory.
Adtent Paddock Tiliara. Sabbatb Services at
10:30 a.m. 1:45 and 6:30p.m. Sabbath School 12
m. Prayer Meetings at 7:30 p. m. Snnday, Tnesday
auu x naay evenings.
JSavtilt Itailroad Rtrent floTner ilftnle. Rav.
E. T. Sandford, Pastor. Preaching 10:30 A. H. S.
School 12 M. Prayer meetlng 6:30. Prayer meet
ing Wednesday evening at 7:30.
Free Bavtitt Main Street. Corner ProsDect.
Rev. C. S. JTrost, Pastor. Residence at ilrs. John
G. Chnbb's SDrinir St. Sabbath services. 10:30 a.
u., and 6:30 p. ll. Sabbath School at 12 M. Praver
meeung weanesaay evening auuu.
Church of the Altxsiah (Universalist.) Eastern
avenue. corner Cherrv street. Rev. B. 21. Tillot
Sabbath School at 12 u. Wednesday evening meet
ing at 7:3U.
Methodist Central street. Rev. E. S. Locke.
Pastor. Residence head of Summer street. Sab
bath services at 10:30 A. M.. and 6:30 F. M. Sabbath
School at 12 M. Wednesday evening meeting at
North Conareaational Main street. corner of
unnrcn. Kev. iienry w. Jones, 1'astor. aaDDatn
services at 10:30 A. II., and 6:30 F. M. Sabbath
School at 1:45 p. M. Wedneady evening meeting
South Conareaational Main street. Rev. Ed-
ward T. Eairbanks. Pastor. Sabbath services at
10:30 A. H.. and 6:30 r. M. Sabbath School at 12 M.
Wednesday evening meeting at 7:30.
Presbyterian Church Rev. W. R. Lalrd. pas
tor. Services at Presbyterian Hall, every Sab
bath at 10:30 a. m.. 3:00 u. m. Sabbatb school 2:00.
Prayer meeting 6:30. ilible reading Wednesday
Andrew't (EDiscoDal.) Main street. Rev.
K. F. X'utnam, Rector. Services on Snndays at
10:30 a. m., and 5 p. m. Holy days and Fndays at
a. m. w eanesaays at 7:su p. m. bunaay bcnooi,
at 3:30 p. m.
Iloman Oatholic Cherrv Street. Rev. J. A,
Boissonnanlt. Pariah Priest. Mass 8 and 10 a. m ;
Vespcrs and Benediction at 3 p. m. On the
second Snnday of the month, servlce at 8:30 a. m.,
ana 4 p. m. At .Lyndonville same aay at iu:Ji a.
T. M. O. A. Meetines at the rooms of the X. M.
C. A., Brown's Bnilding, Main Street, Snnday
xnornings at 9:30, Aionaay evenings at 7:ju.
ast St. Johnsbury.
Conareaational. Rev. P. B. PhelDS. Pastor.
Sundav services at 10.45 a. m. and 6.30 n. m. Sab
bath school at 12.00. Wednesday evening meeting
at 6.30 ; Expenence ana .nquiry meeting at par-
souage, Tiaay evening ai o.ju.
Methodist Rev. J. Morae. Pastor. Snnday
services at 1.30 p. m
St. Johnsbury Athenseuui
Itibrarv and Readina.Room. Free to all. Onen
from 9 A. M.to 12 u. ; from 2 to 6 P. M., and from
7 lo a l-a baturaay evenings.
TTg,Um TTntnn anA Vt. Tntjtmatinnal in Post
Uthce, Jlaln Bt. Open from 8 a. m.. to 9 p. m. Snn
days, 9 to 10 a. m., 5 to a p. m. Night messages at
St. Joh.na'bury Post Offlco.
ARR1VAL ASD DEPAETUEK OF UAILS.
Boston and intermediate offices. Arrive 4:40 p
m. Close 9:30 a m.
Boston thronch mail.
Anive 2:17 a m. Close
New Vork and the West. Arrive 2:17 a m and
12:06 and 4:40 pm. Close 9:30 a m and 8.00 p m.
Newport and the North. Arrive 10:15 a
Close 4:00 d m.
Portland and the East Arrive 3:00 p m. Close
9:30 a m.
Swanton and intermediate ofhces. Arrive 10:15
a m. Close 4:00 p m.
North Danville. Arrive 9.30 a m. Close 10:30
w atenora. Arrive er-nj a m. uiose :uu p m,
West Concord and East St J ohnsbnry. Arrive
10:15 a m. Clcse 4: p m.
The Summer Campalgn
isjnstopenedandl have just recelved a car load
of Carnages gtraight from the mannfactnrers.
evervthine in the Top and Open line. I have the
finest assortment of Phaetons ever before ofiered,
.nnatatlnirnf twn nnd thrp( Rnrinfs trimmed in
Cloth anrV T.iather- Brewster Sido Bars. a flner
iarnago man can De lonna ln vermont, xnese
Carriages have steel's Patent Axles, also Ives &
Millera Axles. Topstrtmmed with Holsev & Sons'
Best Enameled Leather, insiue trimmed with best
Uerman uroacl uiotn, warrantea not to fade. Col
ors, blue, brown and green. Now is a chance to
pnrcnase a Carriage twenty per cent cheaper than
can be bought of any concern ln Vermont. I can
convince any man tbat this statement ls true by
i. " liJ6 -txiso a new stocE oi
Danble andSingle, Nickloand Rnbberithelargest
assortment in the state, and a better Harness by
Five Dollars than can be sold by any Manufactur
erin Vermont. Everv Harness warranted hand
made and Oak Leather. I will here aay that it haB
been said by Carriago Bmlders in this section and
snrronndings, that my warrant is not good; that I
amnota mannfacturer. Every Carriage sold is
represented jnst what it is. and every Carriage
sold and warranted will be backed to the letter, and
I HaVe G0T THE M0NEY To Do It
I bny oi flrat claas flnns. and bay with cash at
Stlll at the Old Stand,
Second Block Sonth ot Conrt Honse, Main Street.
H. C. 3100RE.
P. S. A New Haven Phaeton, which has been
used a little, which cost f350 vrlll te coiu at
St Johnsbnry, Jnl 14. U
No. 76 State Street, opposite Eilby Street Boston
Secnres patents in the United States; also in
fircat. Pi-itain. France and other foreinn conntries.
Copies of the claims of any Patent fnrnished by-
remitung one uoiiar. oaiKiiiucuu iu
w.ahlnvtnn. Xo aacncv in the Umted States vos-
tessei ruperior faeuities for obtaining Patents or
acertaimng the paUntabuiiy of inventions. E. H.
i , tsouciwr oi x-aienis.
IMffart v. t- j j
'S.'V1 lutioners wlth whom I havehad
., . . Commisioner of JPatents.
"Tnvpntnrn nnTinf pmnlm. .
worthvormore canable of ipmHnv fn
early and favorable conslderatlon at the Patent Of
flce." EDMTJND BURKE, late Commissioner ot
Boston, October 19, 1876.
B. H. EDDV, Esq. Dear Sir : yon procured for
me, in IB40, my firat patent. Since then yon have
actedfor and advisea me in hnndreds of cases, and
procnredmany patents, reissnes and extensions.
I have occasionally employed the best agencies ln
New Tork, Philadelphla and Washington, bnt 1
stlll give yon almost the wholeof my ousiness, ln
your line and advise others to employ yon.
Tonratrnly, GEOEGE DBAPER.
Bolton. Jan. 1, 18. ly
VHmt Shall Be.
Now I lay me down to sleep,
And shonld I never wake what then f
The priest will say, "Friends, do not weep,
In heaven yonll meet yonr own again."
The world will stlll move on apaco,
Nor for a moment cease ita din,
Some other one will flll my placei' ' '
And soon forget that I have been.' -
The snn wiU shine, the birds will sing;
The yellow dandellons will grow
TJpon the hlll-side in the spring,
Just as they did so long ago.
Bnt I shall drift ont far away
Upon the ahoreless, silent aea,
To meet, perchance, a better day
Somewhere ln God'a eternity.
Iietter from the West.
Santa Fe, New Mexico, OcU 15, '80.
Dear Friend Stone:I do not pro
pose to take up much of valuable spaco
in tbe Caledonian, aa I bave but little
to say aud tbat of not very great inter
est. I Dresume. to vour readers. Bnt I
tbought tbat perhaps a few words in re
gard to tbia very ancient city and some
other poiuts along our route migbt be
interesting to some. This city of San
ta Fe whichjwe used to study about m
our geograpby years ago, was old wben
Columbus discoverd America. Itissit
uated on a vast plain between twolofty
ranges of tbe Eocky Mountains, which
are covered with eternal snow wbile
the climato and pure air and brigbt
sunshine in and aroand tbe city cannot
be surpassed for healtb and comfort,
anywhere in this country. The city is
built, witb the exception of tho great
catbedral and two very large Catbolic
institations, of mud or adobe brick,
8x16 inches, made of mud and straw as
in ancient Biblo times and dricd in tbe
sun anywhere along the road side.
These soou become very bard and dry
n tbe clear sun and air of this cliinate.
Tho bouses are only one story higb,
built aronnd an open court in which the
family, including childreu, dogs, goats
and many burros or sniall donkeys,
tbeir beasta of burdcn, all live and
sleep togetber in the open air, and
sonietimcs on tbe top of tbeir bouses
which are always flat as in ancient Pal-
estine 2000 years ago. Tliese Mexicans
have not cbanged tbeir manncrs and
customs of living at all for the last 300
years. Here is the oldeat cbuich on the
continent, builtin 1630. Wesawmany
very ancient pictures here belonging of
course to tbe Catbolic church. The
Sunday we were here was a great day
tbroughout tbe city celebrating their
great patroneaint.Sau Francisco. The
great catbedral and all tbe city was il-
luminated most biilliautly, while fire
works aud caunou did tbeir part in the
great display. The next day, Monday,
was their great feast day, all of which
would bave been a very strange sight
to havo witnessed in quiet St. Johns
At the millitary post here we fouud
our friend Capt. Cbas. A. Woodruff,
son of the late Erastns Woodruff of
Burke, in coiumand, and a very gentle
manlv and efficient officer be is. You
will remember bim as a student of St,
Johnsbury Acadeiny who went from
there to West Point, and afterwards did
valiant service in the field, especially
among tue lndians on our trontier.
Success to bim.
One word about the Atcbison, Tope
ka and Santa Fe Bailroad, tho longest
road already, in the United States
running from Kansas City to tbe city of
Mexico iu Old Mexico, and on to Guay
mas on the Pacific coast, tbence to San
Francisco. We rode 1200 milos from
Kansas City on this road. Tbe road
is built and being built to completion
by New England brains and capital
The very able and efficient Chief Civil
Engineer of the eutire road being Mr,
Albert A. Eobinson, a young Vermonter
from Reading, Windsor couuty, who
has shown bis great ability in very
many places, as tbe road passe3 through
the awful canons and cbasms and tun
nellines of tbe Eockv Mountains. This
road is being pusbed forward very ra
pidly and is expected to reacb the Pa
cific bv tho flrst of February, 1881
So much for New England enterprise
We visited the famous bot miueral
springs in Mexico, 5 miles from tbe city
of Lios Yagus. Very many wondorful
cures are performed here, people com
ing here from all parts of tbe world
the two large hotels wiU not accoinruo
date all the crowds that conie.
company of monied men in Massacbu
setts, of whom Hon. Alden Speare of
Newton is presldent, are now building
a very large and elegant hotel which
think will cost some $150,000. There
are bere tbe finest and most exteusive
batb bouses including hot mud baths for
rbeumatic patients especially, tbat I ev
er saw. It is a most charming country
and climate for poor invalids to visit
and be cured.
We also visited Pueblo, Col., which
city lies at tbe bases of Pike's Peak an
"01dBaldy"of tbe Eocky Mountains,
wbose suinmits are covered now with
everlasting snows. Tbis is a strange
looking city, so very unlike any town
we see north or east. There are very
large smelting works of metal brongli
down from tbe mountains via Lead
ville & Denver Eailroad. Many east
ern people troubled with lang diseases
come bere to be belped or cured in tbis
wonderful, clear and health giving di
mate. Among tbose here I saw Mr,
Geo. Olcott and wife of St. Johnsbury
Mr. O. is much improved iu health
We stopped a day at Ellenwood, Kan
sas. witb Lewis S. Clark, formerly of
St. Johnsbury, who is station agent and
telegraphic operator here. We found
many Vermonters in our long journey
west, and I can say of a trnth in regard
o them all, that they are occnpying
places pf influence and trust, in every
lty, m every large hotel, on every
railroad, as conductors and directors.
In the great mercantile bouses and the
immense flouring mills, we fonnd true
and noble men from Vermont, many of
whom cauie west, with no capital ex-
cept a good character, and a strong
bealtby body, to seek their fortune;
and many of them to my knowledge
have already acquired a fortune. Such
yonug men will alicays succeed, espe
cially out west. I cannot if I sbould
atlempt it, give you any idea of tbe
vnstness of the wheat and corn fields
of the great state of Kansas, or tbe
tens of tbousands of cattle and sbeep we
saw as we passed over the vast plains
of Mexico, Colorado and Kansas. Please
let sorue one else have tbat job, which
is altogether too much for my capacity.
At Kansas City, a very smart and
growing city of the west a second Chi-
cago we fonnd several busiuess men
we knew, among them Geo. K. Hallett.l
son of Mr. Kusseli Hallett, wbo is doing
flrst-rate busiuess in merchandise,
Iu City of Leavenworth, Kansas, we
found Geo. Vaugban, formerly druggist
on Railroad street, doing a good busi
ness. Having had before leaving home
a most cordial invitation from our old
and most bighly esteemed friend and
former well known citizen of St. Johns
bury', Gen. Asa P. Blunt, to visit bim
and family at bis headquarters as gov-
ernor of the military prison at Fort
Leavenworth, we decided.to avail our
selves of that pleasure. The Geneal
came down fiom tbe Fort, tbree miles
to the city, and received us in bis bcarty
and friendly way, of which so many
friends of bis in St. Johnsbury know so
well, and took us to tbe Fort iu state,
iding in afour-mule United States am-
bulauce, which we enjoyed ever so
mucb as it was very novel to us. We
found tho Gcneral and family in their
delightful and pleasant Irome, amid
very lovely surroundings. There are
nearly 400 military prisoncrs there at
the present tiiue, wbose terms of im-
prisonment vary from 2 to 10 years,
Gov. Blunt keeps tbem all employed,
many on tho land of which the Govern
ment has many thousand acres in this
U. S. reservation. Some two or tbree
hundred are employed in the large me
chanical shops, all of which, togetber
with the latest improved machinery,
bave been added to this institution
since it came under'tho very efficient
and able managemeut and control of
Goneral Blunt. I will only men-
tion that among the various industries
here there was mauufactured moro than
50,000 pairs of army boots and slioes of
the very best quality the past year,
After attending the State Fair at
Leavenworth and bidding good-bye to
Gen. Blunt and family, and Andrew
West and family, lately of St. Johns
bury and Danville, we left for Wiscon
sin to visit our oldest brotber, wbo was
among the very first white men that
settled in the town of Oconomowoc, 30
miles west of Milwaukee. It is now a
most delightful city of about 15,000 in
babitants. It is called "the city of the
lakes," and is a great summer resort for
tbousands of people. We visited LaW'
reuce and Topeka, botb cities celebrat-
ed in history for tbose bloody sceries
tbrougb which Kansas was called to
pass in her struggle for freedora from
the oppression of slavery, for which
that heroic soul, John Brown, witb bun
dreds of others gavo tbeir lives. At
Topeka wehad a pleasant callfrom Mr,
Cbarles Parks and wife, son of Judge
Parks, who has a good positiou on tbat
long railroad of which I have spoken.
In closing this mucb longer letter
than I intended, I will simply say that
in regard to tbe general moral and re
ligious elementof society in tbat far ofi
land of Colorado and New Mexico, I
fonnd it about as anotherbad expressed
it, ''Tbat beyond tbe Missiasippi there
was no Sunday, and that beyond the
Rio Grande there was no God ;" and in
my judgment some parts of the country
I have visited would be found full as
good missionary ground as tbe Sand
wicb Islands or tbe Chinese Empne
Yet there is bope for America. God
bless our native land. E. F. B.
Where Shall Consumptives GoP
BT A. M. CUSHING, M. D.
Mr. Editor : The season has come
wben many a persou with consumptive
tendenclcs is asking, where can I go
to escape tbe rigors and.dangers of a
New England winter;? I propose to
give tbe dark as well as the brigbt side
of tbe moro prominent resorts in this
country. I shall omit all foreign places,
such as Italy, tbe Burmuda and West
India Islands, etc, for tbe reason that
they are probably but little if any bet
ter tban tbose I shall name ; and tbe
infreqncncy of communication, tbe ex
tra expcnse of travel, and the deleteri
ous consequences soraetimes ansing
from ocean travel, ruore than couuter
balance all extra beneflta received.
I shall mention first tbe farthest from
bome, Soutbern California, This has
no doubt tbe most delightful cliinate to
be found in tbis country, but being low
land is not suited to consumptives ex
cept in tbe very early stages of the dis
ease as a preventive; or in tbe last
stages, when all hope of recovery is
gone, If one is detertpined to leave
home at this time, this is the place to
go to, for it is said to be tbe happiest
place on eartb for a consumptive todie.
San Diego, Santa Barbara, San Bernan
dino, Los Angeles and San Jose, are
thronged in winter witb tbose of con-
snmptive tendency; yet notonelocal
physician recommends it as a resort for
consumptives, eending their own pa
tients tbreatened witb the disease to
tbe Sierra Nevada mountains. They do j
this knowing it is an established fact,
that an elevation of 1800 feet or more
above the ocean level is necessary as a
prevention or cure for consumption.
Also what is necessary is an even tem-
perature, no debilitating heat, nor ex
treme cold, and as dry an atmosphere
as can anywhere be found. (Then what
a pernicious habit of evaporating sev
eral gallons of water daily in a common
In the more Northern California there
is a narrow belt between the ocean and
the mountains that is quite bealthful,
but one raust be back from the ocean so
as to escape the sea breezes, and so far
from the mountains as to be free from
the sudden cbanges met near their
The rainy season sbould also be
avoided, and no person inclined to be
nervous ehouldfgo there, as in no place
in this country, an.d probably in the
world, is the mortality so great from
nervous diseases as in California. This
bas been attributed to miuing excite-
ment, but invcstigation proves tbis uot
to be tbe cause.
Nortbern Texas bas been considered
by some, and perhaps justly, a snperior
place for a consumptive's resort. There
are some things, especially the cliraate,
to recommend it, but at;jpreseuLtbe
railroad and hotel accommodations are
poor, and the prevalence of fever aud
ague make itan undesirableresort. Ar-
kansas has a climate wellj'.suited to ie-
lievo bronchial troubles, but here, too,
railroad and botel accommodations are
poor, and fever and aguejprevails.
Colorado no doubt stands at the bead
so far as tbe numberbenefitted or cured
is concerned, but one great reason for
this is such large numbers have gone
there in search of healtb. No place bas
received such an influxof consumptives
as this, and probably nowhere so many
benefitted ; but when we come to tbe
percentage of tbose cured or belped,
the result is ndt so very much in its
favor comparcd with other places. Still
no doubt bundreds and perhaps tbou
sands owe their lives at the present
time to the climate of Colorado. Not-
withstanding all that can beor bas been
said in favor, thcro are some serious ob-
jections to this place. One is tho fre
queut prevalence of strong winds,heav-
ily laden witb dust, irritating to seusi
tive lungs. Also the great tendency to
Thcumatism, catairhand dysentery. Of
lato it has been said tbat porsons going
to Colorado loso flesb rapidly at Den
ver and at Leadville, from one-fifth to
an eishth of their former weicht. This
howevcr lacks connrmation.
Minnesota at one time stood at the
head of consumptive resorts, and at tbe
present is a desirable one; still tbe ex
tremo beat of summer and cold of win
ter antidote much of the benefit receiv
ed. Besides the extrenies in tempera'
ture, cases of pneumouia are frequent,
and catarrh is prevalent.
Florida is now and bas beeu for sev
eral yeara, a great winter resort for
consumptives and invalids of all kinds,
and the large number wbo bave been
cured or improved warrants others in
going. Here too we flnd objections.
Although some have de&cribed it as the
"gateway of Paradise," others proclaim
it as "tbe most God-forsaken place on
eartb." One escapes the extreuie cold
of winter, sometimes even frost; yet
pneumonia is vcryjcommon,also fevers
and dysentery; and fever and ague is
iudiginous to the soil, The atmosphere
raay be warm aud balmy, yet it is very
liable to bo danip, aud the cbanges are
sudden and soraetime3 extreme. There
is notbing exhilerating in the air ; noth
ing to keep brain and hcart in unison
People become lazy and restless, and
wandor from one place to another.
Some in the first stages of the disease
rapidly recover, white others do not
improyp audreturndiscouraged and
die ; and others fartber advanced in tbe
disease rapidly decline and die there.
Some parts of Virginia, Tenneseoand
Kentucky have been and are now re
sorts for consumptives; but tbose parts
sufficiently elevated to be beneflcial
bave such a large amount of rainfall
during the year they are quite objec
Western'North Carolina now bids fair
to riyal, possibly cxcel, all the former
places as a resort for invalids, more es
pecially consumptives. In tbe soutbern
portion of the state is a plateau of many
thousand acres of ricb land lying four
thousand feet above the ocean level. It
is now being settled by people from
tho North and South, and bids fair to
be one of the best fruit-raising districts
in the United States. The climate is
delightful, neither hot in summer or
cold in winter. At present one bas to
leave the cars at Seneca City, South
Carolina, and ride in a private convey
ance forty miles, stopping over nigbt at
a farm bouse. This no one seriously in
disposed qould do, I
Tbe last place we shall mention is
Asheville, North Carolina. This place
Iias many things to recommend it, and
Iess objections tban most others. It lies
among tbe Iron Mountains 2500 feet
above tbe ocean level. It is surround
ed by lofty mountains, some of them
quite higb, even higher than Mount
Washington. Before tbe late war it
was a summer resort for wealtby South
erners, but tbe war ruined tbem and the
place. Of late it has taken a new start,
and several hotels have been built, a
bank opened, aud it is quite a floarisb
ing town, with a delightful climate,
Tbose who breatb the air say it is im-
possible to describe it. Tbe summers
are cooler than purs, tbe tbermometer
averaging 669, and the wintera are
warmer, tbe thermometer averaging 35
degrees. Every winter they have frosts,
and once in about sevon years snow.
One thing is reraarkable, the almost en
tire absence of strong winds. Consump
tion among tbe natives is unknown.
Fever and ague they do not have, and
bay fever disappears in twenty-fonr
hours after the patient arrives there.
Rheumatism is rarely felt, neither do
they have dysentery or diarrhcea. A
physician living in the low lands (Wil
mington, N. C.) told me that nursing or
teething childreu scarce ever had. diar
rhcea, andnever cholera infantum. At
first it waa only a summer resort, but
now the winter has its share of visitors.
I bave had several cases brought to my
uotice of persons inclined to consump
tion going to Florida, spending the
winter there, constantly growing wprse,
leaving tbere in the spring for bome ex-
pecting soon to die, but stopped at
Asheville and entirely recovered.
One finds the same objections bere
as in all the South, poor beds and poor
cooking, but this being a rich farming
country, witb nice cold water for but
ter making, and well adapted to fruit
raising (being the place where the ca-
tawba grape originated) it seenis as
thongb one migbt procure good food. ,
Formerly one had to ride twenty-five
miles in' stages, but the past season a
-ailroad has been completed to the
town, connecting at Sailsbury witb tbe
Piedinont Air Line Railroad. It is the
ne.arest and most accessible of all con
sumptive resorts. Patients can if nec
essary stop'at Washington, Richmond,
Danville, or other places ; and espe
cially at Higb Point can they flnd con-
venient hotel accommodations and a
good bed. There are many things that
niight be said in regard to the excellent
fruit raised, the pure cold water, the
rich soil,and great varieties of timber,
but this is not important to tbe sick,
(except the water) unless'they go there
to stay. One thing is certain, there is
no place suited to all patients, and no
one sbould go from home without first
coulting their Jamily physician as to
where to go.
Lastly, no one far gone witb this dis
ease sbould be allowed to loave kind
frends, and tbe coniforts of bome, to die
We were not rich, but we were very
happy my Elsie and I. We had two
rooms ou a second noor, wnicu, it tney
were not large, still answereu our pur-
pose quite as well as a wbole house
would uave uone. 1 was getting a goou
salary ; so if we had few of tbe luxuries
of life, we lacked none of tbe necessa-
nes. Wbat more could a man ask 7 My
Elsie used to argue in tbis way, "You
sav, George, we are not ncu : uut tnere
we caauot agrce. If you mean by riclies
that illusive commodity ot excunnge,
termed money wbicb to-day you have
and to-morrow you flnd it has taken to
ltself wings and yon see it no more
then we are not rich : but wbat do we
need that we do not have ? We have
enoueh to eat, enough to wear: I havo
you, what is tbere in the world to com-
Dare witb vou i Ana," loouing up arcn-
ly into my face, "you have me. Wha't
would you take for me T Ueorge, we
Yes. we were rich ; for we were very
happy and contented. There was but
one thing denied us, bnt one shadow
that would sometimes tlirust ltself in
and cause a sigb. We had beeu mar-
ried for fivo years, and yet wo were
I came from the office ono evening,
and found mv wife oreatly excited
Uu, Ueorge," sue said, "tnere is ttie
sweetest, sweetest little child up stairs,
with such a cruel raotuer."
My Elsie believcd that if an adjec-
tive qualified a word, to repeatit inust
necessaniy oe douhly strong; and tue
little woman. as was ner custora wnen
greatly excited, buried her head in my
bosoin and sobbed. I soothed her as
best I could, aud after a wbile she told
me wuat uad excited ner so niucu.
"Tbere are new lodcers in the room
iust above us. An old woman such a
barsh, cruel looking old woman and a
little child, witb the sweetest face tbat
vou ever saw.
"So wo are to have now neighbors V
"They came to-day, and sue was so
barsh aud cruel the old woman,
mean it made my blood boil. She
made tbe little thing carry bundle after
bundle up stairs, and spoke so sharp
aud aavage to her, it almost made me
cry ; and wben tbe little thing, ex-
hausted, sat down to rest, she slapped
her aud made tier move on.
"She must be very bard hearted," I
said. "I dou't see how she could do
Every evening my wife poured into
my ears the story of outrage.
"Tbe motber is a brute,". she would
say ; a cruel, wicked and inbuman wo-
I would, expostnlating, say : "My
dear, you are prejudiced ; you perhaps
misundcrstand ber and judgelierharsli
"Judge her liarsuly, indeed! 1 can
uot flnd language strong enough to ex
press' her wicked and unnatural con
But I was brought to her way of
tliiuking m regard to tbe third-iloor
lodgers. I was just leaving the house
ior tue omce one inuimng, wuen uau .
dozen stcps off I saw the little one com
ing with a small pitcber of milk. It
was the first time I bad eeen her. and
was struck with her at once. She was
uot more than six years old, and had
the sweetest face I ever saw ; but so
sad it made one's beart ache to look at
Just as she reached the door a small
dog came galloping along the street
and tripped ner teot trom under her
She fell, and tbe pitcher was smashed
to atoms. I belped ber np and brushcd
the milk from ber dress. Stie smiled a
sad smile, and tbanked mo so prettily
it won my heart. I saw tbe tears srath-
erin her eyes in spite of berefforts to
dnve tiiem back. so I said :
'Never mind ; you could not belp it
it was not vonr fault."
"Nosir; I could not help it, bnt that
wiu uiii&e uu uiuerence.
The door was pnlled violeutly open
and the monster. as mv wife delifrhted
to call ber,:ame out with a rnsh, and
seizing tue cnua oy ine arrn, said:
"I will teach VOU to be bo pnrAlpaa
"Indeed, I could not help it, mam
"Hush ! not a word."
"Madanie," I said, "I assure you it
was the result of an accident that your
little girl was entirely unable to avoid.
doz trinped her feet from under her.
and the result was inevitable."
Sir," she replied, "I must request
that you will not interfere with busiuess
that does not concern you. Come;"
and she dragged the little thing into
No man likes to be snubbed : so tbere
ere two causes at work in my miud
tbat day, either one of which, with a
reasonable amount of cucouragement,
as capable of developmg into an an-
tipatby for this old woman quite as
fierce as that of my wife. Tbe sigbt of
oppression invariably creates in us a
feeling of resentment, a desire to set
things rignt, and to cbastise the op-
pressor. ln addition to thls, I was ag
grieved on my own personal account.
he manner iu which my intertereuce
had been received wouuded my digni
ty to such a dcgree that I proceeded to
the office with a feeling nearer akin to
rage iu my heart tban I had experienc
ed for a lonrr time. By the time I
reached home in tho evening I was ful-
ly prepared to endorse any and every
anatbcma my wife migbt heap on the
wretcbed woman's head.
I met the little ono every morniug af
ter that, carrying her pitcber of milk. I
topped her one morning and asked ber
name. The blue eyes looked at me m
surprise, but she replied :
Elsie! Why, tbat is my wife's
"Tho pretty woman on tho second
"Yes ; that is my wife."
"I am glad."
"Glad !" little one why are you
X am glad her name is Elsie, for it
seems as if she must be near to me if
er name and mine are the same : and
she is so sweet and pretty aud good,
and I have never had nnything sweet
pretty or good near me."
Tbe up-stairs wiudow was raised,
and a barsh voice shouted :
Elsie, come bere at once. What are
you loitering forf"
"Good-bye, she said, and uisannear-
ed within the doorway, leaving me
Wben 1 told my wife that evening of
our couversation, and what a sweet,
pretty and good woniau the little one
thought she was, I was a little afraidvof
the effect apou her' vanity : but she
seemed to bear up under it. It pleased
her, certaiuly a sincere compliment
never fails to please, but she only said :
"Well, I can return the compliment.
think sbe is the sweetest, prettiest.
dearest little girl I ever saw."
My wile did not say much for the
eat of the evening. I saw some miclily
problem was being solved iu ber brain,
and I knew by experience tbat the
quickest way to discover it was to let
er alone until it was solved. aud then
she would discloso it to me. Tbe next
morning she said :
"George, I love tbat little girl."
"You do 1 Why, you havo scarcely
seen her yet."
"bcarcely seen her! I have seeu ber
hundred times a day. I meet bei verv
often in tbe passage, aud her cbildisli
prattle is so sweet until she bears that
woman's voice, aud then sbe seems to
shrink withiu betself."
I began to see through the problem
tbat had absorbed her mind tbe even
ing before, althougb sbe said no more
about it at tbis time.
Outside tbe door I met little Elsie as
sual, and I stopped ber with a qnes-
"Would you not liko to hear about
the pretty lady on tho second noorf"
1 would liko to very much, but
mamma told me I must not stop to
tulk," and even now I heard a sharp
voice cry out :
"liisie, come here ! What are you
Ihat eveninjz my wife unbosomcd
"George, dear, dou't you think we
migbt adopt that little girl t Sbe can
not be happy as she is. We could make
her bappy. I have been tbinking about
thc matter, and I would like to adopt
"I know you have been tbinking
about it, and I have also been tbinking
about it. I am quite of your opiniou.
But the cousent of tbe motber mnst be
obtained, aud that I think we will have
some trouble In getting. Howevei, we
My wife did not believo m procrasti-
nation, and it was not many eveuiugs
atter tbis until, urged bv her, I found
myself on the way to the old woman's
room. I did not relish tho busiuess
mncb, and I was not sanguine of suc
My knock at tho door was answered
by a surly "Come in !"
bo in I went, and found the propne-
tress iu the center of tho room, evi
dently in a passiou, with a cowhide in
her hand. From tbe next room came a
wailing and sobb'mg sound. The old
woman closed tho door between the
rooms, and turning to me said:
She did not look invitintr. and I con-
cluded uot to waste any words, and
plunged right into the subject:
u can tell you my imsion in a very
few words. My "
"Tbe fewer tbe better. sir."
"My wife has taken a great fancv to
your little girl, whetber under any cir-
cumstances you could bo mduced to
part witb ber to allow my wife to
adopt her. I can assure you "
v&nougn, sir. It is not nccessarv to
proceed any lurther. Let me tell you,
once for all, tbat under no circumstan-
ces can I be iuduced to part with mv
child ; and more, sir, I consider the
proposai an lnsult. Good evening, sir."
As I did not move off with much
alacrity, sbe said : "Good oveninjr. sir.
I understand you, and decline; aud.
wuiiuiiig wuu iue suujecr, "x must re
quest that yon will not interfere furtber
with my busiuess tbat vou will uot
hereafter speak or take any notice of
When I.told my wife of the interview
she exclainied: "Tho horrid old
wretch! Soshe insulted you, as well
as abused uer child 1 l- bate that
woman, George. I cannot helD it
hate ber. I hate her for abusinsr her
child, and I bate her for insultingyon."
Our well-meant iuterterence did not
nave any beneflcial result for little
Elsie. A scries of persecutions beean
which was far uioie severe on the child
than anytbiug tbat bad pieceeded it
uuns and nara words, which baq bee
irequonr, enougn ueiore, were even
more plentiful now. Tbe nonr cbilil
led a miserable life. I no longer met
ber in tbe mornings as I went to mv
office. The smile I always gave her
was a ray of sunsbuie to tbe little beart
which the old woman detcrmincd eho
sbould receive no more. My wife was
in terrible trouble, and I believe Ioved
the little thing moio thoroughly overy
day. But the climax came soon after. One
evening as wo sat before our brigbt fire,
we beaid the sound of ancry words.
and the screams of tbe child in the
room just above us. My wife was iu
ngony, and exclaimed, wildly:
"Uh, can't you do something, George T
Can't you stop that outtage 1 I cannot
I knew I could do nothing, so could
give her but little consolation. Pres
ently there was a sound of feetdescend-
mg tbe stairs. Our door was thrown
open, and little Elsie rusbed in, aiid
throwmg herself into mv wifo's arms.
clasped her around the ucck aud beg
ged her to save her.
baverue! save me! She will kill
me ! she said she would ! Oh. savo mo !
do save me !"
My wife, nressiuc ber to her bosom.
began to cry quite as beartily as tbe
child did. A nice situation I was iu !
Again feet were heard on the stairs.
The angry face of tho old woman ap-
pearcd at our door. Sbe iookeu uerce
ly at my wife a moment, and tbeu said :
"tiivo me my child ! Elsie, como
bere tbis mouiont. How daro you in
terfere between mothor and child 1 I
will teach her a lessou. I will kill ber!"
and sbe made a grasp at tbe cbild.
Tbe woman was very mucb tbe worse
for liquor. All this time the little ono
was clingiug to my wife as if her life
depended on her, and mv wife was
clasping her tight to her breasr, as if
she had no intcntion of lettitig ber go.
1 ndvanced to the old woman and said :
"Madame, you will please to leavo
my room imniediately."
"Give'nio my child, then."
"When you are sober. aud bave al
lowed your passiou to cool. vou can
have your cbild ; not now."
"1 will bavo her! 1 wiU have ber!"
and sbe made an effort to seize her.
Sbe had a cowhide in her hand, and
made a stroke with it wbich fell partly
on the child's back and partly ou my
wite's tace, leaving a broad red mark.
Tbis was carrying it too far. Striko a
man, uut never striko his wite; be can
do that, if necessary. I took her by
the arm, and assisted bcr from the room
as fast as was consisteut with politeness.
I am a strong man, but it was all I
could do to get her out; she stormed
and swore outside tue door awlnle, but
finally went np stairs to ber own room.
Wuat would be the consenucnce to
Elsie when she did return 1 Tbat was
tbo question wbicb agitaled us now.
We had no doubt tbac they would be
very severe. We examiued the child's
back, and found great lines as largo as
a man's hand. After some discussion.
it was decided that I sbould co to the
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Ubiidren. Providence, bowever, dis--posed
of tbe matter in his own way.
We beard the old woman again on the
stairs. Sbe opened our door wido
enough to thrust her head in, and said
fiercely, "Take her then, and keep her,
and curse you nll !"
A moment after wo heard the front
'door slnm, I uoticed the landlady, who
went at once to the old woman's room,
aud found sbe had gone, bag and bug
gave, leaving a month'a rent due. I
paid the rent, glad to get tbe little El
sie on such cbeap terms ; and the land-,
lady handed me an open letter she had
fouud on the floor in one of the vacated
rooms. It tbrew sorue .light, though
not much, on little Elsie :
"Madame ; You ask for niore
money ; I havo no moro money. Your
insatiable greod for money has ruined
me. I have spent tho last, and paid
you all my money; all Elsie's money;
nll tue money 1 could lay my bands on,
and now I lcavb tho country forover.
You can get no moro money from me.
You can do wbat you like witb tbo
child. I shall do nothing more for her
or yon. I would to bcavon I had never
beeu appointed, had never committed
her to you. If you aan flnd any one to
adopt the cbild, you cah tell them tbat
she is well descouded, but of a secret
marriage; it was afterwards, bowever,
opeuly acknowledgcd before her parents
died. Perhaps you had better give
tbeir names. "James Hammond."
Tbis accounted for the old woman
leaviug tbe child, which I was thank
ful to learn was not ber child; she
could make notbing more out of ber.
Now, if you could ouly see these two
Elsies, you would imagiue that peifect
contentmcut did exist. They are de
voted to eacb otber, and are two of the
happiest souls in tho city. I would bo
jcalous, but for tbe life of me I cannot.
My wife winds mo around ber fiueer as
sbe used to do; aud as we tbree sit of
an evening, and my wite says in ber
old affectionate way, "George, we are
the happiest family In the world; wo
lack notbing tbat could add to our
bappiness," 1 vetily believo that such
is the case; and wben little Elsie says,
fapa, you and mamma and 1 are all
tbe world to eacb otber," I cannot de-
y it, and kissinrr ber. I renlv. "Mv two
Elsies are all the world to me. anvhow."
Tho noxt nuestion Are vou n.itnral-
ized, or meiely cross-eyed. Hawkeyo.
An Amencan lawyer iB now attornev
general of the Sandwicb Islands. If in
two years be doesn't own tbe entire
country and bold the kiug'a note for a
large suin be is no crcdit to tho Ameri
cau bar. rPhiladelphia Chrouicle.
Yes, Philip. If the vounsr ladv be
good lempered wbile suffering from
what ber father callH cpizootic, it is
safe to say tbat she will endure all the
small ills of life in a graceful way.
Do fish siiic ?" asks an exchanfe.
Certaiuly, aud many of tbem bave been
known to veach the bigh sea. Phila
delphia Sunday Transcript. It takes
ine picueret to see sharp and floundera
to be flat. ryawcob Strauss. Yp.a.
but it's nierely "accidental" when a fel-
low catches either. Boston globe.
An Ohio girl sued a man for bread
of promise and proved bim such a meau
scoundrel tbat tbe jury decided that
she ougbt to pay bim something for
uub uiurrying uer.
When you say that a girl's liair is
black ns coal, it is just as well to speci
fy that you do not mean a red-hot coal.
"Anty, vat makes the little baby cry
so? Doitvant its mudderT "Yes,
dear, and its fodder, too."
An Omaha paper having spoken of
"compiessed women," the Central City
(Neb.) Item says : "It looks very niuch
us though we should soon have them iu
all tbe latest styles dessicated women,
condensed women, and perhaps 60mo
mgenious Yankee will go to pntiing
them up in cans to supply the weston