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title: 'Vermont farmer. (Newport, Orleans County, Vt.) 1870-1877, December 09, 1870, Image 1',
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x. ii. iiosj
NEWPORT, SATURDAY, DEC. 9, 1870.
( VOL. I, No. 1.
Tttni, $1.00 pr Aunum.
rUUMSHED EVElir 8.iTUHI)AY
AT HJWPOWP . ,??
ROYU CUJ'N'JS, PROPRICTOR,
T. H. HOSKINS, M. D., EDITOR,
TKRMS i On,doUaf pcr innum, ptjrible In adranca. AU
jiajieni dbconttuueil when the time ptlil for explret.
Adrertlxmrati luerted for 60 ctnU per tiich, flnt luKrUoni
24 ctsti pcr loch, each labMtjucnt inMrtloa. Twelre Uaa of
thb tii type nukt m iach.
For the Vermont FarnJ
amTwitnesscd tho mauy changes in the con-
j lon oi we lunu ana peopio. in nis youugcr
day&,mqnoy was vcryiscarce, and obtainedby
gqjng to Moqtroal wU prpduce, or, to.,Bos
ton. Tho mcrchanta at Montpelier dcajt in,
grain largely, and at a small pri'ce would
tako buttcr, cggs and poultry. Salt uscd to
bo rafteo. jp tho Connecticut ltivor to Bel
lows t"J'j, ,or to White ltiver, and thcn
Ifrought with.tcaraa to Montpelier and eold
at four dollars per bushcl. Mr. Dowoyjjircssions that guidcd tho streain hardly
A J'ATOT SOUTH FEOli ItONTPELIIlf.
N such a hilly stato as Vermont, the
JL roads aro geuerally in tho rivcr val-'
leysl SoitisfromMontpnVorto North
field. Ovter Berlin bridgc, up tho hill. on
ita Bummit, a, farm of two hundred apres lias
iustbccn purchased by G. 0 ChamPr for
twctve thousand dollars, and uppcars to bo
woll worth ,the nioney. Sixty acrcs of fieldi
aro quito freo froin stono and appear of such
Ctcut jc fcoll tWit Winio wbpii ppplied av11
givo good rcsults. Thirty cows can bo kept.
Montpelier givcs a good market for milk.
Cows can be made more profitable by sclling
milk than by making buttcr and cliecsc.
Mr. Chaudlcr haa nix heatl of hcrd book
bhorthorns, and inteinls to try that brccd for
dairy as well as fashion. Tho sirc of the
calves is Earl of Oxford. A pair of Ches
hirc pigs from 0. S. Bliss, aro in ono pen, and
soveral nico Chester Whites attract aUeution
in othcrs. A pair of wild gecse crop tho
grass ncar by, and scveral promising colts
rauge the postures, making altogetqer a, good
gtock to bcgin with on so good a farm, and
wo trust Mr. C. will pennanently join the
ranksot larmers and lllustrato the best mqth
ods of tillago, brccding and fbeding. Tho
next farm is fairly in the valley of Sog fiiyer,
is owncd by .Qalvin Alcxander, and cost
$10,000 thrco years aeo. Hero is spmc
good nicadovf, Tvhcro all tho opcrations can bo
most.economically carried, on. Di)iry;ng is
the chfcf eourco of profit. $omo sheep are
kept, and fine crops pf corn arfl raised. The
end of the oorn crib is decprated HQdcjr tho
gable jct Trjtb thirty traccs of cprnj sokh
contftfoiflg about Beventyrfiyo c?rs. Ths
Bccma a Civprito way tp s.toro scd porn In
this valley,, qa. seyeral otcr cpru hpusea, aro
decorated in tho aame way.
Tho valley in ploccs is quito narrov, yet
tqckod iu on each bank a.re mqadpws that
are b,ighly priied by tho Qvrpers. "Vo pass
alopg tp muea and come to. tho larm ot Alr,
Jarnswprth, that cost 810,000. Here,
Btrotching off to tlio east, to a qeep bluff, are
perhaps fifty acrcs qf good smopth an(l,
Westward tho Iand is vcry broken, stcep
and undcsirable cxoont for nasture. If a
propcr discount is made for tho poorcr quality
of the hills tho fields 'must bo very-valuable,
certainly ovtr $100 per acre.
Tho woxt farm is owned by Mr. William
Dewoy, whrhs Hved hero sixty-two, years
has hadifaith in farming, and.has improvcd
farm, buildings, stocke, tcam, and furming
Ilis farm is valuod at $10,000 though. it
contains lcss than two hundred acrcs. The
tillacotland near tho river is about thirty-
.Ivc acrcs in cxtcnt. Most of it is flowcd
wheu the watcr.is vory high, yet is.excpllent
plow land, and produccs. creat crops of corn.
.oatsandhay. A hundred baskets of eara,,a
hundred buBheltf.of oats, or threo tons of hay
have bccu takcn from an acre, and all this
mcadow Iand is m bo good a statc that a good
iiui uus iu; uu lurncu m wncn a new. piecp, is
selcuted Ctfcultivation. Corn cround rei
ceives a liunal drcssicg of manurc, plowed in
and in tho hill, followed by oats with grasi;
xho bixtcen cows that erazo therall llino, he had thirty-twoBolid cords of dry block
feoi, shriTiplajnly the jJDpvolh'blood. .Wljiod aheody eold at sevcn dnllara per cord,
grades ot this breed givo satisfactiou on ac-Tlwenty-Uvo cords of Ibuf Ibol, w'oou'w'ortltft
elares the brook is of more bcnefit to him
than. fivq huqdrqd dollara at intergst. I
think; he.scta thgvouo lpyf enough. I know
of but.ono othcr cxbcrimcnt in lrricalion in
yennpnt' as exten'siVo as this. Whcn 1
Visitcd this field it Vas in tho dry harvcst
timc. J. could not account for tho luxurianco
of the grass, till my 'feet Bplashcd the watcr,
and as 1 Btcpped in diifercnt dircctions to
avoid it it was'sttll tho sumo. Tho little dc-
eljo.iv to tho carclcss obscryer.
All along sputh. of, Montpelier tho farniers
value their"woodland, and with cord wood at
from thrcc to four dollars pcr cord, bark at
Lfievcn or eight, ties at thirty cents each,
they mako a good thmg of it ; but as they
doliypr much.ut.tho tracljof tho Ccntral ltail
road, it docs. not mako as much bIiow as at
the north of the town, up Worcester 13rauch,
.where some farmcrs dcclaro they could not
hve by iarming alone, but mako thcir wintcr
work, with wood, as vuluablc as the suinmcr
labor upon tho farm. Iu a fino day iu wiuter
fifty tcams have becn mct, driving out of
Montpelier six milcs, all loadcd with wood,
Tho dpwn tcams novcr turn out, so two tracks
are kept. As I dined with one farmcr ho told
LIBEBALITT IN PABUIN0.
Iu this art, and almost in this art alqnc,
" it is tho liberal hand which maketh ricli."
Libcrality in providing utcnsiis is tho sav
ing both of tiino and labor. The more pdr
fect.hia instrumcnts, tho moro profitable uro
So also it is with his working cattlo and
his stock. Tho more perfcct iu thcir kinds
are over the most profitable.
Libcrality in good barns nnd wann sheN
tcrs is tho nourco of hcalth, strcugth uud
comfort to auiiuals ; cuuscs thein to tlirivo ou
lcs3 food, and. sccurcs from damago all sorts
Liberality also in tho provision of food
for domcstic animals is the sourcc of flcsli,
uiuscle uud manure.
Libcrality to tho carth, in sccd, culture
and compost, is the sourco of its bouuty.
Tlius I'rovidcnco has inscparably conncctcd
our duty and our huppincHs.
In raising animals, tho condition of his
Hucccaa is kiudncss nnd bcncvolcnce to thein.
In cultivatiug tho carth, tho condition of
niau's succcss is his industry upon it.
count of hardincss, thriftiucss and cood
dairy qualities, that fill the tubs with buttcr,
although the quarts of milk may not bc re-
markaDlc. jLlien the goou color ot tho cattle,
the cherry red that shows to so good advan
tage wheu thoplump animals aro satisfactory
in other respects ! A noble span of horscs do
tho larm work.
Still further south in this valley, a Mr.
Braman raised corn on one pieco fifty-ttro
years in succcssion with uniform good crops.
Still further along, R. W. Strong still tills
the acrcs his lather clcarcd in loIU, and the
years following. IIo has boucht land adr
joining bo that ho. owns. nvo homQs.tcQds ancj
thrco or tour empty houses. Tho school is
quito small in thia dktrict, quito different
Irom tho gooo ojd, timcs wheu eycry hquse
this year, and in 1871 wul have twentv-flTO
undcr cultivation. His praciicefs tonia'nuto
J 11.- 1 Ml 1 TT , i
iu iuu niii ior coru nuu poiauies. xiu la jusij
chansini; lrom an extonsive. Bhopkerd to
dairyman and.Btock raiser. Fpurteen calves
and MWtoen. yepngs a,ro grwp, to, bo
soiu ai vwo yeare oi age,
Across tno vanoy 10 t&o soutneast, vea.
Daniel Chandlcr practices tho part of a
successful fanner. 'The benefits ho has ?e
ceived fronT irfigatibn should bo noticed,
East of his hou&e," dowq thp hfll, flpws quito
a urooiL mav ionneny was as useiess as ipou
sands of other. brooks in Vermont', but with
a few days works it was turned upon land
naturally quito dry, yielding pnly moderatcly.
By smal) channpls leadfag 1-om t)0 mnipono,
tho water was distnputea pyer soyqral acres
with great advantago to the grass crop. "At
plcasuroMr.O. could dircct the whole stream
down to his buildings, where upon an ovcr-
snot wheoj, it woulflipropet o cpurn, grma'
stono, feed pntter,, or corn sholler. Mr,
Chandlor is satisfied with tho result, ond do
in market uvo dollars pcr cord,
cords of bark worth eight dollars per
cord, and tlirec or four hundred logs worth,
board measurc, ata mill ncar by, tcu dollars
Such mcn will live as long as the wood lasts,
but some of tho farms along hero do lack
tillago land, nnd the lcdgcs are too promi
0ET LEATHEB BITS.
One of the cruelest things dono to dumb
beasta is. puUing ha.rd frozen iron bits into, a
hpjsc's nj9uth. it, is not only a painiul but a
dangerous act. For evcry limo living flesh
tbuchcs a metal much bclow the freezing
point, the latter extracts tho heat from tho
iormer and ircezes it. lhus a horso s mouth
hecgme frpi.en by hp cold ifpr Bevpral tmcs
a dav nut into it : each time causini? thcso
frcczings to go decpcr, to end at last lq ex
lensive uiceraiion. y un aucn a sore uiouiu
the poor horso refuses to eat and pincs away
which calls tho horso doctor in. Thoy cal
it bots, glandcrs, bprsc-ail, &c, and go to
cramming dpwn pqisonqus drugs, in doses
and the next you know of tho poor abuscd
crcaturo. ho is trottod off to be food for fish
or crows. Majyr a, Y,ajuabo hprse has
been " mysteriQusJy " Iost in just that way.
Thinking,and hinnano pcopio avoid this by
urst warnunir me diis : oui xnis is mucn iruuu-
le, and riometim3 impossiblc, ns in night
WPck liko staging and pbyeician's work.
Nqw nll tljjs.trpuljlo is entftejy aypided, 03
re haye found 011 largo tnal, by oipg thp
harness-niakers t'o get leathcr bits for wintcr
uso, so made that no metal substance can
touch the flesh. They arp durablo and cost
only balf a dollar. Wo wpuldnlt qxshango
qurs for a gold onp, if it cpu',dn't,bo rpplaced.
Don't fail to try it. Rurdt Vfwf.
RULES TO UAKE A FAUMEE POOS.
2. Kccping no u'ccount of homo opern-
tions. Paymg no nttentiou to tho maxiiii :
" A stitch iu time savcs niue," in rcgard to
the sowing of grain and planting of sced at
tho propcr scasoii.
6. Lcaviug tho rcapcrs, plows, cultiya-
tors, &c, uncovcrcd from tho rain and heat
of tho sun. Moro money is lost in this way
than most pcople are willing to belicvc.
4. Pcrmitting broken lmplcnicnts to bo
scqttcrcd over tho farm unlil thoy aro irre
parable. Ono of the seyen wjso men of
Grrecce said only tliis to provo his scuso :
The time to tncnd tho plow is wheu the
0. Attonding auction sales and purchasing
all kinds of trumpery, because iu thp words
of tho vcnder, tho articlcs are " vcry cbcap."
6. Allowing fcnces to remainunrcpaired
until strango 'cattlo- aro foundvgraztng in
your fields and bruising tho fr'uit trees.
7. Hlanting truit trees with the cxpccta
tion of hayiqg fruit, withqut giving the trees
half the attention requircd to mako them
Tho Bantror TWiff learnsthat Mr. Samuel
Kimball of Patten, was out in thp woods bnc
day last wpc, )jhen ho fgund an o(d pino
ipg wpicn no cuitiniq yp bcu 11 ii was buuuu.
Ho found" thatlt was not soiind, but bo Kcard
a eound insido, and had Tiardly time to get
to the end of tho log bofbre ho saw an old
aho bear just coming out. Ho gavp hpr a
bjaw. on thft head jyjth his axe, andwas about
pul)jng her out wjien he was surprisca tp sce
two largo chbs just ba'ck of Ytneir 'mother.
Ho pulfed thb old one out, and was disp'atch
ing tho cubs, whcn out jumpcd anothcr old V
bear which, beforo Mr, KiropaU could; finish
tho cubs, ma.40 good.his cfcape. Mr. Kim
ball jjots fif(een dollars bpunty bcsid.es tho
skina and meai of tto .bcars. '