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-A-isT a-K,iatJXiTXJit.Xj jnsrr jxxrsr newspaper dpok. teB rxjralists o:f tub a-RBBiN" 3vcoTJ3srT.i3sr state.
ST. JOIINSBUKY, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1872.
.T .V5T. .rOH.YSItUIH', '.,
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If paid strictly In advaiico '-i.00
Fur Special terms to Clubs teo second pngo.
Hates of Advertising.
Short advertisements, 74 ccnta por Inch for flrstlnrer
tlon. Eachsubsoiuentlnscrtlon,21contsporlnch. N
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Favorable rates for oilenslro and yearly advertiser! i
may be had upon application to the publishers.
"ONL.Y A rAUMKR'S DAVCIIITEH."
"She Is only a farmer', daughter."
A stylish laity said,
With a scornful glanco of hrr handsomo eye,
And a tow of her haughty head.
Stio was frilled and ftouncod and furbolowod
In the rcry latest stylo i
Her head was a Wunder Of crimps and carls,
And hor train somothtng less than a mllo.
Her hands, that sparkled it 1th many a ling,
Were shapely, and fair to vlow,
As Uiey well might ho, fur no useful work
Wero they orcr allowed to do.
To hear her talk of tho "lower class,"
Of tholr sins against propriety,
01 "her family,' and ot "country girls,"
And tho horror of "inUod society,"
Ono would think that among her ancestry,
Sho numbered, at loast, an Karl,
(Her lather was onco a uirpcntor,
And hor mother a factory Kill.)
They say sho Is brilliant and beautiful.
I will not their wards deny,
Hut all I the firmer' daughter
Is f.ilrcr by far, to my eye,
bin! Is not In tho height of fashion,
Hut Is very becomingly dressed,
With flounces enough for comfort,
And they look ns If mado of tho best.
Tho rosos and lilies upon her cheeks
By nature aro warranted pure
She ncTcr brought them at Randall's,
Neither at Dow's, Inmsnro.
Mirth and Innocent happiness
Out of hor bluo eyes shine
Hor hair Is uti tortured by crimps or curls,
And sho wears It by right divine.
Though hor Angers can skillfully touch tho
They can wash tho dishes as well i
And her voice, that sings blithely, at work or at
Doth charm us with musical spell.
No mother tolls In the kitchen for her,
While she on the sofa lolls,
Novel In hand, drosacd In her best,
Receiving hor morning calls.
A sharo In tho heat and the burden of life
Sho willingly, cherfully takes,
And duty, and lore, In that happy homo,
A pleasure of labor makes.
Of that wisdom and knowledgo whoso gift Is
Sho has tnoro than an arcrago share,
And dally, some lessons from natnre sho learns
At her school in tho open air.
And though you may smllo at this curious fact,
I hare seen her with hoo In her hand,
Whllo she planted the corn, or waged war on tho
When man's help was scarco In the land.
And tho flowers well, next Simmer you'll sco
Aa you ride past tho farm on tho Plain,
And mark the homo, covcrod with roses and
Tho work of this Martha or Jano 1
And I'm sure you will say, splto tho Tcrdlct of
Who lire but In fashion's gray whirl,
That "Only a farmer's daughter" means
Only a itniible yirl
SKi.VS OP VI.TUIl.
Tho winter-tuno draws near,
Tho air Is cold and keen,
Tho chestnut burrs are dropping, dropping
On grass no longer green.
Tho leaves haro turned to brown,
The skies haro turned t n gray,
And tho flerco north win I U '.lowing, Mowing
Tho autumn days away
Upon tho open hearth
Tiio wood-firo sings and soars,
Tho children nro gajly mmplnif, romping
In tho cold air out of doors.
Wo opeu tho camphor-trunk
And bring tho mittens down,
And tie tho mufflers closely, closely
Over tho curls ofbrown.
Up on the hlllsldo now,
And down as fast again !
That Is tho way hurrah ! hurrah I
To incut Jack Frost and his men.
Now Lack they como with a rush,
And stamping of llttlo fect,
Aud cheeks as rod as tho apples, apples
That make tho autumn sweet.
Thoso are tho signs that show
Winter is creeping near
Koch day wo think that surely, surely
Tho next will sco him here.
For whonwo awako somo mom,
Tho world will bo whlto and still,
Then wo will know for certain, certain
Winter has como with a will I ,
Mary S. Doullldny.
"In press," Apples.
Hoard of cdiK-.ition Tho black-board.
A matrimonial pair Poro Hyaclntho.
Fear follows crime run! Is its punishment
Defeat is a school In which truth always
Tho man who was filled with emotion
hadn't room for his dinner.
Never havo a wooden leg mado of oak,
hecnuso oak is apt to produce a corn.
Why don't hens lay at night? Hecauso they
Good intentions nro like fainting ladles
nil thoy want is currying out.
Ho has not learned tho lesson of lift) who
tloos not every day surmount a four.
Tho bulk ov mnuklnil aro mem Imitators
ov poor originals.
If you want to know whether a tree is
hollow or not, nx it.
A Hrookltild woman was completely un
manned by tho loss of her husband.
Ten mon havo failed from defect in morals,
where ono has failed from defect iu Intellect.
Thero Isa transemident power in example.
Wo roform others unconsciously when wo
To worship rightly Is to lovo o.ieh other,
each million hymn, each kindly deed a pray
er. I don't bet on prokoshtis children, tho
huckleberry that ripens the sooncs.1 . always
tho fust tow dekay.
When yu strike llu stoji hot-ring; mcnuy n
man lias bored kloan tlinuind let tho He rnn
out at the bottom.
Thodinoroncc between Oeloher and Novein
.her Is, that whllo with October leaves fall,
with November the fall leaves.
How untral it h for man, when ho makes
n mistake, tow korrckt it by kusslng somo
Miody olso for It.
Prudes hoard their vlllmvs.J tlio samo uz
ml.ors do their money, moro for tho sake
ov recounting them than for use.
Your worm Is your only emperor for diet ;
wo fat all creatures else t fat us, and wo fat
oursolvos lor maggot.
Ho, who lolls a Ho Is not bunslblo how
groat a'laik Im undurtakos, for tlioimust.bo
forced to invent twenty moro to uminitain
For the Vihimost Finuim
QHAPE FESTIVAL-GRAPE CUL
TURE IN VERMONT.
In response to a general invitation a largo
number of Ilia citizens of Grafton nsscmblcd
nt (lid resilience or Francis Daniels, Esq., on
tlio evening of Oct. l!4th, for tlio purposo of
attending it grapo festival. Mr. Daniels had
previously given a similar entertainment to
tlio children and young people of tho town,
and tins evening va designed moro especial
ly for tlio older folks, Tho band was In at
tciidanco discoursing good music. All en
joyed a good social time, and each did full
justice to thoo Concords and Delaware),
and when at an early hour tho crowd Juitly
:!incrscd, each ono doubtless hoped that luo
gcilerous hunt. might, raiso soveuty-fivo bush
els of grapes yearly for many years to como.
In this connection a few thoughts suggest
themselves in regard to grape growing. Mr.
Daniels has shown by tho experience of sev
eral years that grapes pan bo successfully
grown in this town. lib possesses no natur
al advantago ovor his fellow townsmen as
regards, coll unit location. The secret of-his
success consists in faith in the thing, a lie
termination to succeed, a plenty of viucs and
good culture and in view of the success of
the present 'year It may1 bo safely affirmed
that 'every mau in Grafton who owns a
garden may, if ho chooses, raiso a sufficient
ninou'ut of grapes for family use. Asfar as
tho growing and training of tho vino ii con
cerned, thcro is no difficulty. Tho study of
some good treatise upon the subject, or a
little instructiou from some ouo that knows,
with a little practice, is all that is needed to
render any ono competent to cultivate and
train' the grape.
Tho ouly real obstaclo is tho danger of
early autunm frosts, which will sometimes
destroy the fruit before it is well ripened,
but by due attention to tho selection of vari
eties; cultivating only thoso which aro the
earliest, this danger may be almost entirely
obviated, and tho grapo rendered as suro as
any other crop of fruit. J. II. P.
Graf Ion, Vt Oct. 29, 1872.
FOR THE EPIZOOTIC.
To the Editor of the Vermont Farmer :
I send you a rccipo for thojiow prevailing
horse disease, which my sou wnds mo from
Portland, Me., as laving been used there
with' good results :
Powdered fox glove, (digitalis,) ono ounce;
Jamaica ginger, thrco ounces; saltpeter,
four ounces; sulphur, eight ounces. Mix
well together. A table spoonful at night
will soon cause the catarrhal symptoms to
West Burke, Oct. 31.
Mako a pailful of whitewash of unslaked
limo and water, adding two ounces of cam
phor gum and ono pint of alcohol, aud apply
to the stalls aud surrounding. Hub tliu
throat and mouth with camphor onco or
twice a day. This recipe is said to havo
been used in Kngland with very good effect.
Sf. Johnslury, Nov. 1.
For tho VkiWokt 1'ahukr
PROGRESSIVE FARMING IN RAN
DOLPH--THE FARM OF COL.
Heccntly in onr travel" wo have had occa,
sion to stop with Col. J. II. Mead, of Kan
dolpli, and while there were more than fvrr
improved with the idea that in order for
farming to bo successful, it must be of the
Col. Mead was iu tho
returned found his farm
" worso for wear." I lis
iucrcaso his capital stock-
war, iiiid uIili, he
of 1 'lO ncn the
fir.it move was to
m.iiurc by put
ting his cattlo in tho barn every night sum
mer aud winter, and keeping them well lit
tered with straw, leaves and loam to absorb
tho urine, which he thinks is worth as much
as the solids if utilized. Ho determined to
keep his land light by plowing often, and
have every pieco richer when stocked down
than when plowed. Ilo plants but little,
and sows only as much as can bo well ma
nured. Where his grass was light ho broko
it up just before or immediately after haying,
with a Holbrook plow, turning every inch
and following with a roller to press tho turf
down evenly. After this ho spreads on a
light coat of manure, which has been mado
during tho summer. Wbcro his grass was
light and ha had not manure to dress it, ho
plows iu a crop of Indian wheat. Ho then
stocks his ground about tho last of August
or first of September, sometimes with aud
sometimes without grain, but usually with
winter wheat or ryo, and novcr fails of get.
ting a largo crop of hay tho next season
By this courso ho has moro than doubled his
crop of hay within a few yoars.
Two years ago, finding his barn too small,
ho built ono 15x75, two stories high besides
basement, on a sido hill, and has arranged it
with two floors ono over tho other, so when
his first (dory is filled ho can drivo over an
archway into tho upper loft. Tho Col.
thinks it would pay even on level land to
build iu this manner, as it saves so much
timo in unloading and so much moro room is
mado under one roof,
All tho maunro is kept under cover, aud
his method of applying is to spread on tho
top and thoroughly mix and pulverize witli
tho soil, which gives tho quickest returns in
crops. Ho has lately added 60 moro acres,
making 200 in all, to his farm.
Ho goes the " wholo hog " on swino, and
keeps them busy, and says it pays with pork
nt thrco cents per pound, livo weight.
Ills cattlo aro tho full blood Shorthorn
Durha.ns, and tho calves soil for from 850
to 8150 each, Ho thinks no man can afford
to keep inferior etoclc or any kind.
Tho ebcop nro Spapisb morino,
Ho has just commenced to improve his
Ilo believes in " taking tho papers," and
his tahlo is filled with useful reading, novels
being excluded, and after tho toil of tho day
is over, his family with tho hired help find
something to mnko homo attractive, and
there is no Tear that his sons will want to
visit tho "club room," or lounge around tho
groceries to pays nway tho time, as they aro
taught to improve instead of killing time.
Tho wifo and children aro mado to feel that
they havo an interest In tho affairs at homo,
and not feel that they nro mcro drudges to
minister to his comfort alone.
If farming in Vermont was all conducted
in this manner, wo should hear lesi complaint
Unit there is no profit in farming, and our
young men would not all want to "go West"
aaoon an they can get away from these
green hills and most beautiful scenery on
earth. J. K. D.
THE FARM AND FARMING OF CUR
TIS WHEELER OF FAIRFAX.
UY E. K. TOWLB.
In our recent trip among tho farmers of
Fairfax and vicinity, wo wcro muoh Indebt
ed to Mr. Wheeler, for his kindnoss in going
around among his enterprising neighbors, and
a good fund of information from which many
Interesting facts wcro derived. Mr.Whcclcr
is an enterprising farmer, fully alivo to tho
importance of his occupation and deeply in
His idea is not to seo ho'v much monoy
can, by any possibility, bo taken from his
farm in the present, with littlo or no regard
for tho future, but knowing that continued
success depends upon a well defined and ex
ecuted plau for progress and improvement,
particular reference is had to this idea, and,
wo wcro not surprised, therefore, to find tho
leading agricultural journals upon his table,
improved implements iu his barns, abuudaut
crops in tho fields, or safely housed.
Mr. Wheeler commenced, himself, on his
present furin some twclvo years ago. It is
located six miles cast of the depot in Ucoigia,
and contains 00 acres besides a pasture of. "SO
acres. It is composed of a soil peculiar to
that vicinity, a strong, dry loam, und is a
dapted to the growth of grass and grain
At the first this place was capable of tun
tabling only ton cows und a team ; cow 17
cows, one pair of oxen, three horses, 1 2 sheep
and 12 head of young cattle are kept, besides
pasturing some stock for others iu summer.
Perhaps somo may ask how ho has been ablo
to mako such an improvement. Wo answer,
it is in great part by making a large quanti
ty of manure, applying it liberally to tho
land, working it thoroughly into tho coil, and
by good cultivation.
He stables his cows nights for the most
part of tho season, aud his lioracs, co think
aro kept up the year rotlud. Sawdust is
freely used for bedding, and this keeps the
animals clean, absorbs tho liquid portion of
tho manure aud makes it much moro agreea
ble to handle. The larger part of this ma
nure is kept under shelter until wanted in tho
field, and is thoroughly worked over. Tho
sawdust is found to decay quito readily and
proves of much servico iu tho manner used.
Last year Mr. Wheeler mado 100 two
horse loads of manuro from his Btock, from
July 12 to Nov. 1, by keeping up nights.
Ilo usually puts -JO loads upon an aero,
on tho surface, and harrows in deeply.
Practices turning under green sward, ma
nuring and heeding directly to grass, with an
outcrop. Sows 10 quarts of timothy and 5
lbs. of ctovcr to tho acre.
1.1 careful to lay down tho land to grass
in good condition, and thereafter gets largo
crops of hay. His meadows overago 2 1-2
i tous to tho acre. Wo saw ono pieco from
i which this quantity had been taken, and thcro
was, it was judged, 11-2 tons of second crop
lauding on tho ground. Stock is not allow
ed to run ou tho meadow at any timo of tho
year, and a largo part of this second crop is
allowed to rot on tho around. Will not
farmers get an idea from this?
To keep up tho flow of milk when tho
grass gets short o; dry iu tho pastures, soil
ing corn is raised aud freely fed twice a day.
This involves a good deal of labor, but it
gives good results as wo found at milking
liaises roots somewhat, principally Lane's
sugar beets. Uses, in common with about
fifty other farmers in Fairfax, a long, nar
row and deep pan for setting milk. Finds
it saves one-half tho labor in taking caro of
tho milk, When not set in a vat of water,
puts a tin bucket containing ice into tho pan
to cool tho milk. This stylo of pan is liked
Sells butter directly to a commission house
iu lioston, and realizes an advance ot sever
al cents a pound over that obtained at homo,
Hero is another idea lor larmcrs. Mr,
Wheeler has a few Ayrshircs. 5 in number,
His cow "Uipscy" will bo hard to boat. Sho
took the "swecpstako prizo " over all cows,ot
whatever hrccu, aud also too urst premium
iu the class of Ayrshircs at tho Stato Fair.
Ilu yearling bull also took tlio urst promt
uiii, Hesidcs theso ho has another cow of
much promiso, and two calves, wo believe
That tho cow "Oipsoy" is good for milk and
butter, may ho mlerrod lrom tlio lollowing
In Juue, 1871, sho mado 14 pounds of hut
tor a week for two weeks, ou grass alone
This year sho has averaged 47 lbs of milk a
day through tho Ijcst of tho season.
Wo huvo u statement beforo us of tho dui
ly products of milk and tho amount of but'
tcr mado from ono week's trial, cuding June
10, 1B7U !
Smallest amount of mill; In a ihy, 40 lbs
Total for tho wcok. 335 lbs
Averago per day, 81, nearly.
Amount of butter mado, IS Mis
founds oi nitiKlor one oi imitur- Jl
Wo havo also tho result of another ex
pcrimcnt, of ono week, ending September
Smallest amount or milk In a day, SO lbs
(rontest amount, 33 lbs
Total for tho week, 810 lbs
Averago nor day. 31
Amount of butter mado. 12 lbs 10 oz
Pounds of milk for ono of butter, 18
This Is a good result without extra feed
vnd wo aro glad Mr. Whcolcrhas takcu tho
troublo to conduct tho experiments, as they
aro of tho breed and will hdlp to answer ono
question, at least, so often uxked by Intorcstcd
persons, or otherwise, m relation to what
theso cows will do in milk and butter.
Wo bono that Mr. Wheeler and others will
conduct theso experiments under different
circumstances, and tlicy will not only satisfy
themselves in this matter but tho result thus
obtained will be of great value to others.
there aro other tliinirs connected Willi Mr.
Wheeler's I'urminii of which wo niiirht speak,
but the abovo is sufficient to givo an insight
into tlio way ho manages his nlluirs, ciuitu
successfully, and wo trust our farmer fricuds
Will gather some hints from these statements
that will bo of interest and profit to them.
ihcro aro many good farmers in thiseoun
, of which wo havo, as vet, llttlo or no idea
and wo aro glad to ruu across them occasion
ally in our rambles, and gather useful ideas
1 I .1 fl ..1 !....'
unu Buggusiionn irom nieir varicu cxpcncncu.
Ana it larmcrs themselves would visit
each other moro frequently, they would find
tho timo so cmployod well compensated for
in tho new iutcrgdt that would bo thus awak
ened iu their, by far, too isolated occupation.
Farmers, try it. St. Albans Messenncr.
ADVANTAGE OF BREEDING LARGE
Mr. J. J. Parker, who has made ono or
two importations of Pcrclierons to this coun
try, in tho courso of a recent letter to tho
Practical Farmer, alludes to this subjcot, as
Whilst It mav lie admitted that a Wunt ex
ists for fast trotters and fi r tho brecdlns of
Kimllsh thorouelibrcds. there, is ovidcutlv a
greater want for this horse (tho Perehcron)
"tho liorsu for alt work," which combines
In moro essential points tho wants renulred
for Rcncrnl purioses, than most stock yet In
troduced for breeding purposes. Tho fine stylo
aud action, together with tho disposition this
stock possesses, renders it very valuable fur
crossing. Having tried crossing with blood
ed niaros I have found tho result satisfactory,
particularly in giving size to stock without a
diminution of tlio speed generally sought for
from blooded stock.
lho oxoenso of breeding fust stock is mi
considerable, that it Is beyond tho reach of
most farmers; their Interest Is thero foro
in tho raising of an animal that will pay.
I-argo horses nro always saleable.
General fanners appear to havo progress
ed far enough to understand that there is no
money for them iu raising fast or faucy
horses. Very few of them Indeed havo tli o
marcs necessary to go iuto this sort of busi
ness, or the capital to obtain them and
await results. Aud if they once in a whilo
draw a prizo from the wheel which contains
so many blanks, they lack both tho time aud
experience necessary to train and develop
the valuable qualities of a liuo uuimal, aud
for this reason would bo very littlj better
off if they had them. Thoy havo como to
understand this very well, and very few in
deed nro makini' further efforts to breed
trotters in opposition to thoso whose tastes,
experience, aud capital enable them to mako
it a profession. Hut this is no reason why
they Miould fall back ou tho "Scrubs." Tak
ing scrubs or common horses as they run,
aud their quality is so poor, tho supply so largo,
and tho prico so low, that thcro is absolutely
no chance, as a general thing, of making ex
penses in breeding aud raising this descrip
tion of stock. Hut thcro nro other kinds of
horses which can bo bred with obvious ad
vantage. If they havo good mares of fair
size, they can by breeding to horses of good
breeding keourc oolts of proper sizo, action
and stylo to moot with prompt sale at
remunerative prices as carriage-horses, etc.
Or if they employ stallions of almost any of
tho heavy draft breeds, they will obtain those
solid heavy animals which aro iu such de
mand for express wagons and heavy teaming
all over tho country. No ouo who has not
investigated tho subject can form an intelli
gent estimate of tho number of such animals
which tho country can absorb. The demand
is everywhere greater than tho supply, and is
steadily and rapidly increasing. And it is a
demand which, for a great many years at
least, cannot bo met. For, asido from the
natural iucrcaso in tho demand for them,
those already in use aro placed at suijh sovcro
labor, that thoy are soon used ip ; henco tho
old purchasers aro soon back in tho market
in search of fresh supplies. There is nothing
of tho lottery iu this sort ofVli(isiucn.i, every
horsoof this description which tho fanner
can send to market will meet with ready salo,
and bring good round prices, Asidu from the
stallion service, the cost ol raising such nni
inals is not a particlo gi cater than tho cost of
raising a scrub which will not bring onu-quar
tor tho prico wheu brought to market; and
tneir disposition is sucii, mat tiioy aro less
liablo to strain and iujuro themselves whilo
developing in the pasture and aro mora read!
ly broken aud trained to harness. Am. Stock
MERINOS IN CALIFORNIA.
Dr. it. M. Jewett informs us that Mr.
SamuolJowctt, who went from Iiideiiendcnco.
Mo., to California with a car load of choice
Merinos, sold twenty on tho day of his arri
val, at an averago of ono hundred dollars in
gold, and that ho expects to rcalizo that
prico for his whole lot. Western Planter.
REMEDY FOR RINGBONE.
First, tho best treatment for ringbone of
either kind is, after tho inflammation has
beeu in a great measure removed by cooling
applications, to Dro tho part, or, in other
words, well rub in tho iodino of mercury
ointment, washing off the parts of tho follow
ing day, and then repeat It again ond again.
By such means you will succeed in removing
tho lameness, diminishing tho enlargement
nnd restoring tho animal in many cases to a
stato of usefulness. Sccoud, foment tho
parts doily for a week, or koop them cov
ered with a damp bandago in caso thcro is
much Inflammation and local tenderness.
Then rub in tho followiug energetically for
flvo minutes ; Powdered canthurides, ono
drachm; rod iodide of mercury, one-half
drachm ; camphor, ono scruple ; spirit ot
wine, ono drachm ; lard, six drachms. Add
tho spirits of wino to tho camphor, and then
rub up all into tho olntmout. At tho cud
of twenty-four hours apply fresh lard over
tho blistered surfaco, rcpoating It daily until
tho scurf comos off ; then if It bo necessary a
sceonri application, and after tbat oven a
third may bo mado. A proper adjustment
phould bo given fo lho wearing Burfaco of tho
ho'd it tid shoe, as falluro sometimes results
lroiii in-glcct of this precaution. Should
lameness persist it may be advisablo to pro
ceed to the oxtrcOio tncasuro of using thfi
hot iron ; for this, however, you would need
HOW ENGLISH GROOMS CARE FOR
A (orrcspoiidcnt of tho New York Com-
mcrctal Advertiser tells how somo Knglish
grooms at Saratoga aro teaching Yankees
tho caro of horses :
To-day I asked ono of theso grooms, who
has spent twenty years in tho stables of roy
alty, what ho had to say about our Ameri
can way 'of taking caro Of a horeo. ''
-Wiry: ifi," sd'ht'o'Vtik'o'rVo&l
caro ofyour horses ; you think you do, but
'Why 7" I asked.
'Hecauso, when a liorso comes in all wet
with perspiration, you let lii.n stand in tho
stable and dry with nil tho dirt on. In Kng
land, we take the horse as ho comes in lrom
n drivo, and sprinkle blood-warm water all
over him, from his head to his fect. Then
wo scrapo him down aud blanket him, rubbing
his legs und faco dry. Thus, in an hour ho
is clean and dry, and ready to tako a good
feed, while, with your way, ho will stand and
swelter for hours, and finally dry, sticky aud
dirty. Our horses never founder, and novcr
take cold. We novcr use a curry-comb.
You scratch your horses too hard. Tho only
caro necessary is to have tho water not too
cold ; then batho them quick, and blanket
them iustautly, whilo you are' rubbing their
WHITE APPLE TOMATO.
In the Rural Southland wo find a tomato
mentioned as new, with this name. This is
its first year of fruitiug, and it is declared
promising. Dr. Swasoy says of it : ."Tho
plant is a hardy, vigorous, drouth-defying
grower, aud n proliGo and continuous bearer
equaling in all these respects the com
mon red and yellow plum tomato. Tho
fruit is of a beautiful creamy-whito color,
medium in size, of a regular, slightly oblate,
apple shape, with a smooth, tender skin
aud a flesh at onco so malting iu texture, so
dcliciously fruity in flavor, so devoid of that
rank tomato twang that most pcoplo aro not
partial to, so solid and so rich, that one will
have to look long and wide beforo Gliding
another variety that will so completely como
up to tho highest standard of a first-class ta
The best imported raisins, the Malaga
are dried upon the vine, tho stem or branch
on which tho bunch grows being partially scV'
crcd, and tho grapes fully exposed to the
nun. As thojuieo is evaporated it becomes
sweeter by concentration. Tho Jlalagi
raisin is made from tho White Muscat of
Alexandria variety. When dried tho bunch'
os arc taken oil' and packed iu boxes with
sheets of paper separating tho layers.
The best aleucia raisins aro hung on
Hues to dry in the sun, aud as they begin to
shrivel aro dipped into tho lyo onco or twice,
nnd hung up again. The Turkish raisins
arc nrcnarcd much iu tho samo way. The
lyo corrects tho acidity of the skin and caus
es an exudatiou of the saccharine to tako
place which forms concretions and coats them
with a thiu varnish,
FALL PLANTING OFZSEEDS.
Those who havo uo hot-beds will find it
advantageous to sow many vegetable seeds
in Autumn. Lctluco, if sown now, and thou
given a slight protection by covering with
hay or straw, will como forward very rapid
ly in Spring, -and bo in a condition for tho
table weeks before that sown next spring.
Kvery person who has a garden must havo
noticed that self-sown tomatoes como forward
much earlier than those sown in tho usual
way in the open ground ; and wo luvo known
them to givo ripo fruit as early as plants
started iu a hot-bed. Few persons, however,
seem to think that tomato cccds can bo sown
advantageously in Autumn, nut tho plau is
perfectly practicable and should bo tried by
thoso who havo no other way of obtaining
early plants. Tho seeds should not bo sown
until tho soil has becomo so cool that no
growth will occur beforo Winter ; then cover
' tho entire surface of tho seed-bed with coarso
manuro to tho depth of ouo or two inches
P"01 mwh Hy no removed iu spring.
warm, protected situation should bo selected
for tho purposo.
THE JONATHAN APPLE.
Tho first tree that wo over plantod of this
variety was procurod. about foj(y years ago
lrom Judge Duel, wheu ho was a uurscryman
and although u slender aud rather a focbl
grower, yet by good cultivation it produced
over n bushel of beautiful specimens tho
fifth year. Its fine quality, handsome up
poarance and pioductivcncss were fully shown,
Thcro aro two objections to it tho fruit is
not qulto largo enough, aud the trco has not
tho rapid straight growth which enables imr
scrymcn to supply fiuo trees to purchasers,
Tho last named characteristic bus kept it
from cxtcnslvo planting, for dealers havo
learned that purchasers judge very much by
tho external appcaranco of tho young trco,
I'lio Jonathan, when well grown aud care
fully packed for market, will bring moro
than douhlo pnoo in thoso cities where qua!
ity und fiuo appcaraco aro fully appreciated
It is therefore worthy of mora extended out
turo. It grows aud succeeds best when
worked standard height, iuto vigorous trees
several years of ago, Wo Inyo seen very
fine trees on the grounds of J, Morso, of
Cayuga, which had been grafted Into unpro
fitabld sorts of sixteen years old, otily a fuw
years before, ond which wero bearing abund
antly. This opplo appears to suoccod noil
verywhero. It requires good soil and good
cultivation to dovclop its excellent quality to
tho best advantage. Country Gentleman.
Tho Jonathan Is n wintcf- apple. Wo
should bo clad to hear from anv ono who
has tested it in Vormont. Kd. Vt. Fahm-
THE WEEDS OF VERMONT.
A Tn-pir rd lit fort tlio Vermont llnnrri of
A ((ric ll It life nt Its Meeting Iu Newport,
August r, 18TSI, hy C. O. PrliiRlr, Esq., of
Into tho discussions on good husbandry
which engage our Hoard of Agriculture I
bring this subject of weeds. It is just like
actual farm experienco that among so much
good'gl-aln as vo havo hero, thcro should
spring up something weedy. May not lho
fact that this has not sooner been tho caso
nflord evidenco that our Hoard had fanned
well 7 Hut weeds may not bo ignored, not
In a weedy season like tho present ono, when
tho heavens have daily dropped fatness, and
tho sun has uot long withheld its most gener
ous blessing, and all (you might think) from
special favor of tho weeds, so wonderfully
havo thev luxuriated under theso influences :
-not wheu through all tho weeks of sum-
mer thoy havo eugaged full half our activi
ties, as wo havo struggled with them early
and late, rising up early to fiud them chok
ing our choicest plauts, aud retiring lato
with but tho consciousness that they wero
still lurking, seen or unseen, everywhere
around. So whilo others may dwell upon
nobler thomcs, it scorns to fall unou mo. if
tho wholo truth about farming must bo told,
to mako confession of weeds.
In the rudest stato of naturo, when man
is a savage and all plants aro wild, thcro aro
no weeds in an agricultural sense. Then, if
not of equal might, all plants havo equal
right. In tho struggle which then goes on
amongst them for lifo and place, they tako
prcccdcnco according to uo scale of value,
nor nro their capabilities recoguized. Thoy
seek their own habitats, and arrango them
selves in tho various conditions of climato,
soil, exposure, &c, according to their pecu
liar adaptations ; and when tho wild fruit or
grain, from which tho savage gathers a mean
support, finds itscll crowded upon by plauts
that can contribute nothing to his support, it
must hold its own unaided. Hut when man
has como to tho goodly estato of husband-
man, and has brought along with him a se
lection of plauts greatly improved liko him-
self, he seeks out a choico soil, fences it
against intrusion, renders it mellow aud pro
ductive by tillage, and plants each sort of
seed by itself. All useless intruders upon
this cultivation the farmer calls weeds. So
tho old definition of a weed, "a plant out
of place," is with him a correct ono. Ac
cording to this definition, not only aro those
plants possessing little or no iraluo, which in
trudo upon cultivated crops, properly called
wccd.s, (they aro always and everywhero
weeds,) but the scattering wheat or ryo that
appears amongst tho corn which follows
thoso crops, tho buckwheat, self-sown tho
fall before, that whitens tho oat-field iu J unc,
tho choicest grasses that spring up in tho
vegctablo or flower garden, all such plants
out of tho placo assigned them, assumo tho
character of troublesome weeds. Hut tho
botanist, except in defereueo to agriculture,
acknowledges uo weeds. To linn every
plant, whether it possesses any economic val
uo or not, is in its peculiar aud marvellous
construction an object of interest,
Now, from what a host doos tho partiality
of tho farmer for his few improvod plants
iuvito attack ! Ten weeds press upou ono
infant plant, thronging upon it on all sides.
To subduo them or hold them iu check re
quires u largo sharo of tho labors of culti
votion. They infest pasturo and meadow
with their bitter and noxious qualities. Our
sown grain they rob of a considerable part of
tho fertility of tho soil in ordinary farming,
and amongour hoed crops 'tis tho same, uulcss
they aro faithfully extirpated at much cost,
it i. , i . ...
now uiversiucu in cnarucicr ana nanus aro
theso foes of tho farmer ! Tho tiny mouse
car blooms beneath tho snows of spring.
Tho pigweed attains tho hight of a man in a
fuw weeks, aud sheds its seeds in tl)o autumn
frosts. Hetwceu theso cx.trem.es what varia.
tions ot size, and form and season ! There
aro weeds for tho meadow and weeds for tho
pasturo, weeds for tho graiu field and corn
field, for lho door-yard and tho barnyard,
and weeds which most affect tho garden.
Thcro aro weeds for dry ground and weeds
for wet ground. Weeds for every mouth of
tlio summer, aud weeds for tho wholo sum
mer ; Annuals aud perennials. How abun
dantly endowed with resources for maintain
ing tho contest I What powers of rcproduo
lion ! Tho wild mustard has been known to
ripen 8000 seeds, and tho corn cockle 2500.
And what ability to adapt themselves to dif
ferent conditions of soil or season. Tho
green amaranth, or red root, whouit springs
up after cultivation is over, near tho end of
summer, will in tho (bw wocks that remain
boforo frost, fully perfect its seods, Hut in
doing so it understands what it is about, aud
docs not undertake a growth of fivo fect, as
it would haro douo early in tho season or in
a fat soil. It puts forth a few tiny leaves,
aud its staturo may uot exceed a single inch,
Thcro aro many weeds (hat nocointnodato
t!icmclvM to circumstances us readily as
this one docs. Hut this pliability of consti
tution is uot shared In any considerable do
greo by our cultivated plants. Thoy ro
quiro for their full development a definito
period of timo and certain fixed amounts of
heat aud food, It is but rcecutly that tho
important part in tho remarkable pcrpctua.
tlon of plauts in tho soil which Is boruo by
tho insignificant growth maintained by
plants in adverse circumstances, as in sod
aud grain fields, and often csoaping notice
has been fully observed, Nevertheless it re
mains truo that dormant socds as much ot
any other resource of weeds defeat (ho iUrm
cr h endeavor toward clean, tillago. Hurled
deep In tho oarth by tho plow, they may
prcscrvo their vitality for many years, ami
when tho soil is deeply stirred again, and
thoy aro brought under tho influenco of tho
warmth and air of tho surface, thoy cover
tho ground with a motley herbage, to tho
astonishment of tho farmer, who may havo
accounted his soil clear of weeds.
Happily, in our war with weeds wo may
employ woll approved tactics, and head off
tho cuomy by certain short cuts. Wo should
movo upon their ranks in an early campaign,
and beforo thoy havo becomo firmly estab
lished in their position. Shortly after plant
ing has been done, tho seeds of weeds lying
near tho surfaco for tho most part germinate
Thoso of a fow species wait for tho heat of
summer to bring them out, and such, min
gling with thoso of tho early-growing plants
which Ho too deep to crow, will oivo us
trouble later in tho season,' sometimes even
after cultivation can no longer bo carried on
without injury to tho crops. Hut tho main
crop of 'weeds starts with tho corn, and nn
early stirring of tho surfaco will destroy
them. If this bo done beforo they appear
abovo ground, all tho better, for their tiny
and tender btcms aro then most easily broken
by a movement of tho soil. Tho difficulties
of tho operation aro increased but little dur
ing tho first week or ten days of their lifo ;
they aro still easily torn from their roots or
buried with a littlo earth. Hut as tho sea
son advances their hold upon tho soil grows
rapidly moro firm, and, if hoeing is delayed
too long, it requires much power to drivo tho
hoo or tho cultivator through tho soil.
Their tenacity of lifo is increased, so that to
bo destroyed their roots must bo cleared of
earth, and thoy must bo left, on the surfaco
with care. Yet thcro aro hardly more weeds
then than at first, only thoy arc stromjer.
Judgo French, of Massachusetts, and J. J.
Thomas, of New York, most excellent farm
ers, have each constructed implements calcu
lated to tako advantago of tho weakness of
young weeds. Tbat of Judgo French is a
cultivator with fiuo harrow-liko teeth. It
passes between tho rows and closo to tho
plauts, easily stirring tho surfaco soil whilo
it is yet mellow, thereby playing fiuo havoc
with tho small weeds.
If tho operation is often repeated, and
the weeds in tho rows or hills arc removed
in season by tho hoe or hand, the real labor
of hoeing and weeding, and tho tearing out of
largo, strongly rooted weeds, is not expend
ed. This is taking the timely stitch in hoe-
iug, and making light work of it. Mr,
Thomas' invention is a largo harrow abun
dantly furnished with fine teeth. It is used
broadcast over corn, potatoes, and somo other
hoed crops, soon alter thoy como up. Tho
backward inclination of tbo teeth enables
them to pass 6vcr tho moro firmly rooted
plants of corn, &c, whilo tho weeds aro
thoroughly torn up or buried iu tho soil.
Other implements do their work with moro
or less efficiency, and whichovcr is used, let
hoeing bo dono early. It will then bo easily
aud thoroughly dono.
Summer fallowing, as u means of subdu
ing foul land, aud benefiting it iu other im
portant respects is too littlo practiced in
Vermont farming. The first growth of
weeds being plowed uudcr before there is
any danger of its dropping seed, another
crop will spring up from tho fresh soil
brought from below. Repeated plowing
will exhaust the reserve forces of tho weeds,
and render tho task of subsequent cultiva
tion less onerous, will leave the soil in a
light and friable condition, will enrich it by
tho woods returned to it, nnd will greatly
promote tho wcatheiing process whereby tho
mineral elements of tho boil are dissolved
and rendered available food for plauts.
Whoever adopts the practico of an occasion
al summer fallow will not bo likely to
A light harrowiug of weedy grouuds, par
ticularly grain stubble, just as tho fall rains
begin, will causo tho gormiuation of many
weeds which tho autumn frosts or fall plow
iug will destroy. A largo number of per
ennials establish their young plauts during
tho latter part of summer, and they aro de
stroyed much moro effectually by fall plow
ing than they aro if not turned over until
spring. Tho scythe may play an Important
part iu tho destruction of woods. It uot
uufreqtieutly happens that for somo unavoid
able cause there aro patches of weeds on the
farm that have becomo full grown, but for
neglecting to mow theso down ocforo their
seeds ripen thcro can seldom bo any oxcuso.
Hut iu clcariug up tho wasto places of tho
farm, tho barnyard, fcuco-rows, fto,, a well
as in subduiug the perennial weeds which
giyo an unkempt look to tho pasturo grounds,
tho soytho Is our chief reliance Tho prop
er timo for this work is somo timo iu August.
Speaking precisely, it is tho moment wheu
tho full strength of tho particular plant is
abovo ground wheu tho growth is about
completed, With pcrcnuial herbs it is nhort
ly alter their blooming; with briars and
shrubs it is tho end of August.
(Concluded next week.)
A ouo legged Welsh orator, named Jones,
was pretty successful In bantering nn Irish
man, when thu hitter r.sked him, "How did
you como to loso your logP" "Well," snhl
Jpnes, "on oxamlniujj my podlgrco, and
looking up my descent, I found thcro wns
somo Irish blood iu mo, nnd becoming con
vinced Hint it was settled in that loft log,
hail It out off nt onco." "Ho tho powers,
said Tat, "It would havo boon n duceil good
lliliig 11 It Had only settled In your head."
A chap advertised a liorso for salo, "sim
ply lifcnuso ho wanted to leave town." Tho
horso proved to bo Incumbly balky, which
oxplaincil his owner's dllllculty In leaving
It Is astonishing how very sickly many of
lho quack lnoilleines advertised nro, Wo
hnvu rhciimatlo liniments, ueiimlglo com
ixjuihIh, nstlinmtio remedies, nervous
nutlilotpi, &a. Can't something bo
ioiio for Uieinf Vo suggekt n, mild courso
of Mndley Murray No chnrgo for tho proscription,
A COLUMN FOR MOTHERS.
Wo givo up tho ladles' column this week
to a collection of verses interesting to moth
ers. Somo aro tad, somo humorous, but nil
will touch tho chords of tho maternal hoojt.
nv MI1S. ALBEaT SlllTlt.
A llttlo elbow leans upon your kneo,
Your tired knee, that lias so much to hotrt
A child's dear eyes aro looking lorlngly
From underneath a thatch of tangled hair.'
rcrhsps you do not heed tho veWct toueh
Of warm, moist llngors, folding Jrouts to tl jht i
You do not prlio this blessing over-much,
You almost aro too tired to pray to-atghi.
But It Ii blessedness I A year ago
I did not ceo It as I do to-day,
Wo are so dull and thankless i and too slow
To catch the sunshine till It slips away.
And now It seems surpassing strange to me,
That, nhlle I woro tho ladgo of motherhood,
I did not kiss moro oft and tenderly,
The llttlo child that brought mo only good.
' And If, some night when yon sit down to rest.
You miss this elbow from your tired knoo i
This restless, curling head from on your broast,
Tills lisping tonguo that chatters constantly i
If from your own the dimpled hands had slipped,
And no'or would ncstlo in your palm again i
If the whlto foet Into their gravo had tripped,
I could not blamo you for your heart-ache tlicn.
1 wonder so that mothers over frot
At llttlo children clinging to their gown i
Or that tho foot-prints, when tho days aro wet,
Are ever black enough to mako them frown.
If I could And a llttlo muddy boot,
Or cap, or Jacket, on my chamber floor i
If I could kiss a rosy, restless foot,
And hoar Its patter In my homo onco moro,
If I could mend a broken cart to-day,
To-morrow mako a kite, to reach tho sky
Thcro Is no woman In Ood's world could say
She was moro blissfully content than I.
But ah I tho dainty pillow noxt my own
Is novcr rumpled by a shining head i
My singing blrdllng from Its nest Is flown i
Tho llttlo boy I used to kiss Is dead I
" liHAN'MA AI.'AS MOKS."
DV A, II. I'OE.
I wants to mend my wagon,
And has to have somo nails
Jus' two, froo will bo plenty,
W'o'ro going to haul our rails.
Tho splendldcstcob fences
We'ro makln' ever was I
I wis' you'd help us And 'cm,
My horse's namo Is Betsey i
ttho Jumpod and broked her head,
I put her in tho stable,
And fed her milk and bread.
Tho stablo's In the parlor i
Wo dtd'nt mako no muss.
I wis' you'd let It stay thcro,
Gran'ma al'as docs.
I's goln' to tho cornfield,
To rldo on Charlto's plow -,
I spect ho'd Uko toliavo mo
I wants to go right now.
Oh, won't I gco up awful.
And who liko Charlio whoas 1
I wis' you wouldn't boner i
Gran'ma never docs.
1 wants somo bread and butter j
I's hungry worstcst kind i
But Taddlo rausn't havo none,
Causo sho wouldn't mlntl.
Put plenty sugar on It)
I tell you what, I knows
It's right to put on sugar i
Oran'ma al'as does.
HKVKIV YKAItS OI,I.
BV A. II. I'OE.
Seven years old,
Maggie, my pearl I
Bluo-oycd girl !
It docs seem strango t
And, pet, do you know
What a snowdrop you woro
Sovcn years ago 1
Sovcn years old,
Maggie, my pcl I
Orandnia U keeping
Your first baby curl.
Your cheeks woro as soft
As a pink applo blow,
Or tho heart of a pansy,
Sovcn ears ago 1
Bovon years of gladness,
Blossom and song
Near to tho angels
All her lifo long.
Tho years nro so bright
To our dear llttlo girl i
May they never bo darker,
.11 V 1HI,1N(1'S SIIOI'.S.
Ood bless tlio llttlo fect that novcr go astray,
For tho llttlo shoes nro empty In my closet laid away.
Sometimes I Uko ono In my hand, forgetting, till I soo
It Is a half-worn shoe, not largo enough for mo i
And all at onco I feel a sense- of bitter loss and pain,
As sharp as when, two jears ago, It cntmy heart Iu
Oh I llttlo feet that wearied not, I wait for them no
For I nm drifting on tlio tide, whllo they havo roachod
tlio shore i
And whllo tho blinding tear drops wet these little
shoes so old,
I try to think my darling's feet nro treading the streets
And so I lay them down again, but always turn to say
uou oiess mo llttlo feet that now so surely cannot
Aud whllo I thus am standing, I almost seem to seo
Two llttlo forms besldo mo just as they used to be I
Two llttlo faoes lifted, with tholr sweet and tender
Ahmet I mljri'tliavo known that look was bora for
I reach my a.ms out fondly, but they clasp the empty
There Is nothing cf my darlings' but tho shoes thoy
usea to woai.
Oty tho blttorneiu or parting cannot bo dono away,
Till I can meet my darlings walking whero their foet
can never stray i
When I no moro am drifted upon lho surging tide,
But with thcmsafely landed upon tho river side i
Bo patient heart i whllo waiting to seo their shlnln"
For Ul llttlo feet In tho golden street can novcr go
Busy llttlo lingers,
Kvorywhcro thoy go i
Rosy llttlo Angers,
The sweotcst that I know !
Now Into my work-box,
All tho buttons finding.
Tangling up tin) knitting,
Every spool unwinding.
Now into tho basket
Wbcro tho keys aro hidden,
Bo mischievous looking,
Knowing It forbidden.
Then In mother's trtscs,
Now her neck enfolding,
With such snoct caresses,
Keeping orTu scolding.
Burling llttlo Angers,
Never, never still,
Mako them, Heavenly Father,
Ono day ta do thy will.
I.1TTJ.K I.I PH.
Llttlo lips, so gently pressing,
IJttlo fingers, soft caressing i
Oh, tho bosom of a mother
Knows moro Joy than any other,
Llttlo feet, so early straying,
Llttlo wills soon disobeying
Oh, tho bosom of a mother
Knows moro caro than any other I
Llttlo knees, our MluT knees shaming,
Little lips, tho Father naming
Oh this Father's heart a mother
Knows moro truly than another I
Oh, tho lovo links of a mother,
Stronger far than any ether i
Ood has welded every chain -(a
tho Infant's heart and brain '.