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title: 'The Middlebury galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1848-1850, February 01, 1848, Image 2',
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1 Lnw Yeah. Thc Brattleboro' i-igiesiaies
l..i; nf Vernon. Vt.. nvailmg them-
.clves ofthc timehonored pcrogative oflcap
Ll...ir. made arrancements for a dance. on lues-
tjiay evenmc: last, invncu wu -Uuiii. fa.
11 t TTnn.
itl A ftlEMIJDi: O UOAUUtos
'T1. W TTnrnlinnl-. n -1lir nienlbcr of COD-
IIUUU 1 1 . iw , ,
Jtcss from Pcnnsylvania, dicd at his rcsideiicc
m Sunday cvening, the lOthiust. He was
fat his post at the conimcnccment of thc tenn,
. tn rfiiini liome. where lic
lUUb 1 1 (l-J vu.,.-.
irapidlv dcclincd. Ile is spokcn ot as a man oi
?great moral courage, unben'lmg lnti'gnt, anu
At a reat mccting of the craft at Piltsburgh,
thc following wc find aniong thc toasts drank
i'on thc occasion:
By W. G. BitontY. Our departcd Brctli-
ren inthcArmn. Their onns liao bccn tlm
Gtributed in Xature's casc for the Great Compos-
i ttor lo scl vp anctc.
By A. M. Swaney. Ourfelloic Craflrmen
it niake a jroou tiprciru, uoiu iiuuii saviii;
, ixmn K finK frnntm SpnnnMS vlnv lhpir7l-
( i 1 . 1 - ,.. t tw . f., ... - nAw.rlipntPn
11! or.t, aml their rcnUters always perfcct.
ft By A. B. Russee. 77,e Prmlers. Though
jr thcy oftcn pull thc "deah-tail," may thcy nev
jj cr bc caught in hisclutihi'S.
MRS. GAIXE'S LIBERAL1TY.
Thc Washington Gorrespondcnt of thc Xcw
York Post, givcs thc followiiig account of Mrs.
"Mrs. fiainc's good forlunc i3 quiteatopic
herc. She has addcd fuel to thc cxcitcment
amcng the gossips, by presenting two very cs-
timable young lailics lierc, mc thousnnd oo
lars cach. Thc decision of thc Suprcme Court
siSips manr a cliain of title hcrctoforc relicd
on bv thc rironcrtv lioldcrs in Louyana, and
tho demand of "nienfe profibs" allowcd to hor
by lavr, wdl be niinoiis to inanr. 11 is wiiu
vorv- rrcjt ilcasurc, thcn, that I am ab'.e to
Rtatc on srood authoritr, that the succcjsful Iit
i".mt will -waive this losil cb.im, and is -vil-
lin"- to "ivc onit claim dccds to innooent and
honcst purchasers, ivithont cxtorting an unrea-
Bonable consiucratioii. Juis is jio.ioraiuc ana
must silcncc cnT. Indced, from manr of Iiit
pnVatc acts of benc'olenoc wliifh harc coino
to mr knowlodge from thnc to tinic, I rojoii.-c
in thc pro;perity of thc ladr."
PERsnvcnr.. Scnator Camcron, ofPcnn
sylrania, tiscs a lcttcr stamp on ivhich is cn
grarcd a printing prcss, and ovcr Jiich is the
"Twontr-live rears ago, and this samc Scn
ator of thc Unitcd Statt-s Congrcss vras sccn
to cntcr a printing oflicc at llarrisburg, Pa.,
with a small bunillc of c'otliing flimg accros?
liis shoulders on astirk, and linmblr a-kingfor
labor, whcrclir hc niiglit carn suflicicnt to f np
port himself and his imligcnt parcnls. IIc
vas takcn as an apprcnticc to the busines
scrrcd his cmplorurs faithfnlly. aid now twen-ty-fivo
year-i aflerwanl, wc fmil that he has
firaduatcd from an obscurc printing oflice to
the S-natc chambcr of thc Unitcd Statcs !
Then he was but a jKor boy now hc is thc
distinitushcd Scnator from one of thc largcH
aa.l njblest Statcs in the fudcral union! So
much for the repablican orijjin of our states
mun, and so miicli for the fo-.tcring and conge
nial iiillncni'c of that liumble but cxcellont in
Flitution of lcarning a printing tijjice. Jlr.
Cameron may fecljustly proud of his lettef
stamp, ivith its c'mracteristic cncravins and
still nioru proud of that noblc motto Punsi:-
MEETIXG OF TIIE COLOXIZATIOX
AVapiiixgtox, Jan. 13.
TIic annual nn-cting of thc Colonization So
ciety attra 'teil all thc world of Washington to
the cnpital this cvcning. At i o'tlock cvcry
avcnuo to thu building was throngcd, and at G
o'clo:'k many thonsanil persons hail asscmblcd,
cxcccling any prcvious crowd witncsscd hcrc.
Soon nfterward the lowcr door was opencd for
the admission of ladies, and a fcw squcezed
thcir way through thcnutss of peoplc and en
tcrcd. Wlien thc dxrs ivcre opcncd for tho crowd
thc nr-h was trcn:cndou, and scvcral ladies
fainted from afTright. A voicc from tho ladies'
galletr, callinj; 'ordor' created nmch niprri-
mcnt. At half past six oVIoik thc intcrior of
thc hall was onc mnss the erowd was so tjrcat
that anundior of the wimlows wcrc brokcn by
At a nuartcr of 7 oclo.-k Mr. Clar cntcred
and took his scar, amid thc jrcncml ac-clama-
tions of the mnltituilc. At 7 o'clock thc mcc
ting was rallcil fo onlcr aml listencd toa prar
cr from Rcr. Jlr. McCIain. Thc Secrctarj
then proposed to reail the annual report. It
expressed gratitu.lc to thc Divine favors whieh
had contnbuteil to incrc:isc the bonpfits r&sul
ting from the Assot-iation. After alluding to
thc earlr menibers of the Sovii'tv, manr ot'
whom had gone, it was rcmarked that thc most
(listinsuisiicd were now liri'seiit, whcn thc
readcr was intcrrupted by renswcd applau-
iMr.Payton spokc at 'onMderable lcn"th. in
an aldress toJIr. Clay, on introducing himto
Gex. Scott axd Ttin CornT of Ixqui-
by. Thc Xational rntrlligi'ncer,after quotin:
the lctters ofthc Washington Corrcspondcnt of
the'rinladelplnaLedgcranirming thc rccall
of licn. bott and thc ordenng of a Court of
Inquiryat Washington, says:
"Asyou eue!- Lato lat cvcning, af
tcrtheabovc wasin tjK., wc K.arn nuthcnti-
cauy in ronnrmandn ui tlie mimieal movc
mcnt ofthc Adniinistrntion !raint Gcneral
Scott, but in contradiction of tlu T.edger Tel
cgraphicdespatch,) that Ueiu'ndTnwson.Pav
mastcr Gcneral, did M?t nut on Monday niiiht
last for Mcxico.where hc is, in conjunciTon
with Gen. Cushing and GVn. Butlcr, of thc
Yoluntecr forces, to fonn a Court of Inqturr,
ordercd by the Prefiilent of the Unitcd StatJs'
onjGcneral Scott a vrry singular Court, bv
the war, to sit in iiitlwuipnt on thc Gencraf-
ln-Chipf cf thc Anny. Tntly, "the counsels
orthc wise arc plain, but tha counscis of the
vaiu ballleth scnse."
KIIODE ISLAXD FOIlillEXUY CLAY.
Tlie Wliics of Rhoilc Island held thcir State
Convcntion, at Providoncc, lastTIiursdar cvc
ning, and nommatcd the prctent Siate Offi-ce:-s,
for rc-clection as follows : For Gover
nor, Elisha Ilarris, of Coventry; For LieuL
Go crnor, Edwanl W. Iawtonl of Xcwnort:
For Sccrctiry of State, Henry Bowen, of
Providcnce; For Attorner Gcneral, Jocph
M. Blakc, of Bristol; For Gcneral Trcasurcr,
Stephen Cahoonev of Xewport.
jLnc,iouoxinKgenticmpn wercclioscn Lele-
bt S TZt 'p t c A i o t
TTV W H V V
Tiie Conrcntioti also passcil the following
Vto,1 That Ilcnrr Cla5-, of K-., 13 the
thoicc of tho ofRhode Lland as a can-
didate for thc Xext Prcsidcncr, subjcct to
the decision ol a uenerai xanuuai wawu
tion. Heavy Losses by the Flood. Thc Al
bany Exprces estimaies that the damage by
thc lale flood, belween Ihc Mississippi nver
and thc Allci!hany tanges, will amount lo
ten millions of dollars. At half cost. says n
writcr in oneol ihepapcrs.S.'l.LUUUUUwouiu
nut replnee lonces alone. At least Jjteen
viillions bushels oj com and oiher grain arc
whlly lost ; atuipOO.OOO bales ol cotton, most
ly inipkrkcd in the Oehle. io wliolly dcstroycd ;
besidcs sunie S3UO.O0O worth ol wood pre
n.ired lor steamboat lucl. The Ciimbcrlaod
rivcr rose sixty one lect abovo low
HE STANDS MUTE
PresidentPoLK rcfuscs loiurorm Congrcss
whut induced liim to IW &a.nta Ahta
itito Mexico. This was to have bccn cxpec
led. That transaction ivould nol bear tlie
lii'ht. It has cost Ihis llepublic ten tbousand
lives and an hundred millions of treasurc.
Tne refusal to disclose thc facts iu this casc.
confirmsaad justifies.lhe public cuspicious
of its stupidity or its baseness or, most pro
baably,bi.tii. Postace. Kesolutions have been intro
duced into the J'cw-York Huuse ol Asscni
bly, protesting against thc Post-office law
of'the lust ECstion of Congress, whiih cn
hirged tho irankiiiff privilcge ofthc incm
bcrs, iniposcd postageupon uewspaperevvhen
couveyed wilhin thirty miles of the placo
ofpublicalion, and prohibited the scndin ol
letlers io iwo pcrsons in oneenvclopc. t-en-alorsand
Kcpresentatives from thestatcare
requested to procure a rcpcal of thcse parls
ol the law.
. The "Tbibune" is discussinj wiih
nnuiicr"' the nosition ol Gcn. Taylor
"Wc have bcen inclined to belicvo that
Gen. Taylor is af:cr some sort, a VVhts.
thouh less cssentially ond unequivorally so
tliHti Jolm Tyler was in 1839-10. What ve
object lo is the nccessity furced npon us by
those who aro jocltiing himfor the Prcs:den
liulr.ice ofialiing the vat'ncst genernl asaur
anccs that he is a Whi;;. thathe opposed the
Amiexiitii.riol'Tcxasand ivouh! have votcd
lnrMr. Cluyin lSU.in place ol dcfinite and
uneqnivocal statemcnts ol his views with rc
gan! to the great Economic atid Legislalive
queslions which have divided and must con
linue to dividc thc connlry. e do not nsk
nor expcct that any candtdate for thePrcsi
dcney shall hold precisely our own views on
all oontroverled points. Wc r.ould hcarlily
vote lorJohn C. Calhoun, for cvample, for
I'rcsidcnt. in preference tomany meancrand
lidser tncn wiih whom we do not difler in
sentimcnt so widely as with thc great Coro
linian. But let M"r. C. underlnko to cover
up and conccal his opinions order to catch
votes (rom bothsidcs ofa publio queslion, and
wc shuuld be repelled and disjnislrd. .We
ihought atn! said all thie whcn the Conricr &
Co. wcro tolling in votes for GcneralJackson
by asserting that he was in fav'or of "u judi
c.inus Tarill'." So ol PolK's swindling Kane
leltcr to Pennrylvania. Let us have fair and
iniuily avotvals ofsemimcnt. without expcc
tingany catididales views will accord in all
points with our own."
Wasiiingtos Rumors or Peace. The
Xew-York Tribune caulious tbe public to
bcware of rumors, originating as they ofien
do wiih the administrationstock jobbers and
spcciilntors. to raisc and depress the public
siorks. Evcry onc nay rcmcmbcr how rifo
sucli rumors werc about the tinie ofthc tak
ingofthc last loan. Another loan is soon to
hc takcn. and more millions to be madc and
shared by admiuistration lavoritrs.
lioth Gcneral Taylorand Mr. Calhoun arc wliol
ly at varhincc witl I'rcsidcnt l'olk in rcgard to
tho tnic policy of c-arrying on tlie war with Mcxi
io. Thc lattcr is cviclently for thc conqucst aml
ultimatclr fortheanncxationof Jlcxico.and hence
his h'tntctivc )ropostiion to strikc at tlie vitals of
that country. Uencral laj-Ior nnd Jlr. Uaitioun
on the rontrary nre opposed to the ngfircssive pol
icy, and thc lattcr is tinnly percuadcd that thc dc
struction of Jlcxico will pfovc niiuous to this coun
try. I'oth tliese distinguishcd individnals rcc
onimcnd Uiat our goTcniracnt assumc tlie bounda
ry linc nhirh Coiigro shall markoat astheprop
ct onc, and lioM it, actin only on thc dcfcnsivc.
To siuh n coursc thc l'rciilcnt objrct?, bccauc it
dcfcats his chi'ris hcd S'-Iicmc of thc n.'iicml suliju
gntion of Mexiro, and its anncxation to this coun
try. 15ut hc loes not ntlmit that snih is his ptir
poso, and hc is roinpctlcd to givc somc rcason foi
his letructive policy. IIc therrforc nrgues in his
mcafrc at great Ien!;th against the conrse fiuored
by .Mr. Calhoun and Gcneral Taylor, maintaining
that to a.,umc a bonnilarr Iino anu hohl it Iy ur-fcu-ivc
opcrjtions would requirc as manr troops
anJ rost as much taoncy. as to carry on thc war
iu the licart of tlie cnciny's ronntrv. To all of
this Mr. Cnlhoun rcplics most tatbractorily in his
latc spccch, as follows :
"Have thc avoivcd olyccts ofthc war bccn cf
fectcd? llare wc romjucrcd a pcacc ? llavcwe
sticcccdcd in cfrcctinpt trcaty 1 Arc wc oilcrcd
inilctnnity? Xo, sir, not a singlc ohjcct avowcd
by thc i'rpMrttnr, bas bccn acionipli.-l.cd. Co,
Mr. l'rcsiilcnt, thc oly'cct is fnrthcr off than cver.
Xow I ak, what luis c-auscd thc complcte dii-com-liturc
ofour incasnre? Wc c-aunot chargc thc
f.iilurc ujion our troops. It is not charpHl to this;
lmt to thc fact that thc placc of campaign was faut
in rrror titnl fvunilal in a mishitr. Wc aimed at
imlcmnity. If wantcd wc shouM Iiavc cnforccd
it whcn c had thc powcr in onr hands. Wc,
howcvcr. cndeavorcil to arrivc at it hv a trcatr
whiih hail thc Jlcxicans rcfu.-cd to sign, would
have roinplctcly upsct thc arranircmcnt. Thcr
did rcfusc, and notwithstanding all our brilliant
viciorics, thc war is still ui on our hands. Aftcr
an outhiy of S 10,000,000. we arc worsc off -rthan
cvcr. 1 am not looking at thc conqncst I throw
that asilc. AVc have lost 7000 or SOCO mcn be
sidcs, and aH this for r.othing at all. But Mr. I'rcs
idcnt, it is said that a dcfensivc linc would have
bccn as roMly as thc prosccution of the war Thc
Prciidcnt and Serrctary have said it ; lmt I must
say, to my mind, it is uttcrly impi kiUc. TIic
line which 1 proposed would have bccn rovcrcd
wiih hotilc lndians, and would have rcipiired ou
Iy n singlc rrginicnt and a shiji of war to to guanl
itscoast. 1'or scvenycars, Tcxas rcmaincd un
conciucrcd hy Mcxico, and that too. whcn thc Mcx
iran rconrccs and poircr, wcrc prcatcr and mcrc
powcrful than thcy nre now: nnd ran any man
Mievc it would cost us morc to ilcfcnd that line
than to i-arry on thc prcscnt war ? Wc now comc
Mr. 1'rcMilent, to the con.-idcration of auother
cnmpaign. Sir, the same mcasurcs arc liroposcd
ns werc at thc last scssion. Wc arc to'd it is not
for conqucst ;tliat is cxplicitlv difavowed. It is
r.ot m onler to hlot out the nationality of Mcxi
co, for thc rrcsHlcut :nows dktinrtlr he wishcs to
rctain its nationality. Xow sir w5 romc to thc
practK-aIqucsnoii:l,all wccarr on ,,. ,rar,
Ihavcinqmrc carcfully into thc mattcr, aud J
mast say tlicrc arc many reasons now cxitin- a
gainst it, stronger than nt thc last scssion." "
Thus spcaks Mr. Calbonn, who but la'tclr m'
I an adnunistration man, ifhcisnot now H i
oppocd to the po'icy of tl.c Prcsidcnt onposcd
to Tonqucring a pcacc," hy striking at tlie" vitals
of Mcxico, and destroying its nationality. If tliis
bc trcason it is a vcry patriotic kind of trcason.
We tnist that therc will bc erc loncr toanv more
i sucli twitors.
ITic I cnnrylvania Wiis, at a mceting nt
have voted thntGcn. Scott is the
ARRIVAL 01 TIIE CALEDOXIA.
Wc clip the following from tho American
TraveHer, and the Boston Courier:
The stcamship Cambria, Capt Ilarrison, ar
rivcd at the wharf at Jcrsey City on Tucsday
evening at 9 o'clock, in a little over 1 7 days
pasagc from Liverpool, which "port she left on
the lst iustant. arrivcd at Halifax on tho lCth
inst, at -1 A. M., and left a few hours aftcr
ward. The news is considercd favorablc, in a mo
mcntary character. The price of moncy at
the Bank was reduccd ' to fivc per cent. and
moncy at call sold at four per cent. Thc list
of failurcs was cut down to a small numbcr
siuce the report ofthc last stcamer.
Mr. Bancroft, tho American ministcr had
left England, on a Aisit to Paris.
Thc state of affairs of this hclplcss land is
rcpresentcd to be ratlier worse than bettcr,
than at the last accounts. Murdcrs, robberics,
and other outragcs arc said to bc thc oader of
SPAIX AXD PORTUGAL.
It appearsalmrst ccrtain that MM. Mon and
and Pidal have rcfused to cnter the Ministry,
and that Gcn. iNarvaez will conunuc to pre
sidc at the Council of Miiiislcrs.
Tho Cortes of Fortu;al would bc opencd on
thc 2d Januarj-. fc.arthquakes hau bccn prcv-
alcnt in Lisbon: faniilics werc lcaving and
slccpiug in tcnts and gardcns.
The only impcdiment to thc jrcncral pacifi-
cation of thc country has been the diflicultr of
arranging tlie paymcnt ot thc hnc ot 300,000
franrs iniposcd upon Xeufchascl. Tho cxpcn
scs of the war in Switzcrland arc at prcsent
cstimatccl at 5,000,000 trancs, or about 5100,
000. 1 E VTII OF DUCIIESS OF PARMA.
The Archduchcss 3Iaria Louisia, widow of
thc Lmperor ivapoleon. andBuchess of Parma
anu Placcntia, cxpireu at l arma, on thc l ui
ult., at thc asc of5C. Bv hcr death thc Du-
chics of Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla dc
volvcd upon thc abdicated Duke of Lucca,who
has thus speedily rcstored to soverign powcr.
Thc suddcn death of the Archduchcss Jlaria
Louisia, mayproduce ancwcomplicationinthc
IXDIA AXD CIIIXA.
By thc overland Ahul, dates from Bombay,
to the 15th Xovemhcr, and from Ilong Kong
to the 30th of Octobcr have bccn rcccived.
Sir John Davis had just rcturned to Ilong
Kong from a niission to Cochin China, which
was wholly unsuccessiul so lar as to the opcn
ing of commercial associations was conccrncd.
IIc could not evcn procure audicncc to the
King; though in all other respccts hc was trca-
tctl with the most punculious conrtesy by the
Texas a I'ki:u State. V corrcspondcnt of
thc Chiistian Wachman, TOting from Wasliing
ton, thus spcaks of the prospcct of Texas soon
becoming a frcc state. It is to be hopcd that his
spcculations have somc foundation in fact :
I have good rcason to bclicvc that Texas is to
bccome a frcc state at no distant dayl This
comcs to mo from a gentlcman of Texas, in
whose mcans ofknowiug, and ability to form just
opinions, 1 have great coutidcncc. IIc says The
(icrmans now corains by ship Ioads, and scttliug
undcr the supcrvision of tho agcnts of their prin
ccs and nobles, who iLarc obtaincd large traets of
land,are to a man opposed to slavery, & this has
alrcady been manitcstcd in their Iocal elcctions,
and indccd, that Gov. Ilouston Avas compcUcd bv
the forcc of jHjpuIar opiniou to divest himself of
his slavcs in order to sccure his re-clcction to the
Scnnte. If on this I am not niUinformcd, how
completcly all tlie acts of Southcrn politicians will
be ovcrthrown lt was the fcar that Great Brit
ain nas about to abolish slavery in Tcxas,that in
diucdMr. Upshur, thcn Sccrctaryof State, in
IS-19, to takc thc initiativc of anncxation, and to
spcak ofthc plau on thc part of Great Britian "as
a movcmcnt not to bc contcmplated in silcnce, .
uor to bc successful without the most strcnuos cf
fons on our part to arrcst a calamiti so scrious to
evtry jxirl of our country." uXo two calamities,"
hc says, -souId lx:fall the country more to bc dc
ploreil that thc nrcdominauce of'Britisli inflncnrn
and the nUJition of stanry? And now the honest
Gcnnans arc becomin prcdownnnt, and the aio
lition of shviry mustfollow; for cvcry Gcnnan
cmigrant cotintsonc at thoballot box, nndas one,
cquals thc plantcr, thc owncr of a thousand nc
grocs. It is only in thc House of Rcprcscntativcs
of the Unitcd Statcs that fivc slavcs count as
much as tlirce cilucns of cw England. Shaks
'For 't is tho sport, to have thc cnginccr
Iloist with his own pctar
and iu looking into tlie corrcspondcncc of thc
State Departnicnt wc scc how tnily this will come
to pass, whcn thc Gcnnan cmigrnnts mcn who
Iovc libcrty, und thcir own well-bcing, and thc
prospcrity of thcir adoptcd land shall cnablc
iiiLiu iu i-Aiirpaic siavcn" out of 1 cxas.
WAsm.vr.Tox Xew;s. A postscript to a lcttcr
011 balurdliv Mr. VpIitcr (rnvn n dmnn. rt
ucu. ivcarncy aml Jlaj. lihss, and that Mr Speak-
. ' - - uimii.1 iu
. iiiiuiuji pica uiiincr to somc sixtccn
gutlemiu. Co!on:I Taylor, hrothcr of the
Gcneral, of thc army, and Ex-Govcrnor Scward
and Dudlcy Scldcu of Xcw York, were of the
Laege IIoo. Tlie Bennington Banncr ofthc
17th says: -Ficcman Stratton, Eq, of this town
killcd a hog a few days ago weighing seren hun
ilml and Uh jminils. This is, hv far, the most
Iortly nHtr that lms bccn killcd in this scction
past past scason.
The Xew Loax Bii.e. Thc loan hill, rcport
cd into thc IIousc of Bcpresentativcs on tlie 19th
insta'nt, authorizc thc IVcsidcnt within a vcar
from itspassage toborrowtho sum of 318,000000
at six per cent. intcrcst, payablc qnarterly orscmi
annunlly, nnd the loan to Iks rcimbursablc in
twenty ycars. Xo part o( thc stock is to I sold
belowpar, atcnth part of one per eent. ($18,000)
is allowed to agents who ncgotiate the loan, and
for printing and other cxpcnses, and thc Sccrcta
rr of thc Treasury is dircctcl in his ncxt report
to Cougrcss to state thc amount borrowcd, of
whom, on what tcrms. and what proposals have
bccn rcjectcd. Thc moncy rcccived for custom
duties is jilclgcd for thc paymcnt of thc intcrest,
and thc redeinption of thc s'tock.
Gex. Cass and the War axd Wilsiot
PnovisoGen. Cass has writtcn a lcttcr toa
gentlcman in Tenncssec, defining his position
on the War and the Wilmot Proviso. IIc oc
cupics administration ground on thc war ques
tion, and opposcs thc ndoption of tuc ProvLso.
IIc is opposed to Congress prevcnting thc in
troduction of Slavery into new tcrritory, and
is for lctting the peoplc who settle it dctcrmine
whethor they will have slavery or not
Xow ilr. Cass must know tliat Mr.Polk has
alrcady an armr of slovcholders in Xcw 3Iex
ico, who would immcdiatcly cstablish slaverj
thcrc if annexed. He knows, too, situated as
tbis omnrry is. slavcholdcrs would prcss on to
it with thcir slavcs, and thus sccure thcdomin
ion of slaverj- in the wholc of it. But hc is
playing for thc Presidency, and of conrse Lib
crty must be crushcd undcr tho wheels of his
asccndcncy. True Dcmocrat.
TI Caxadiax Pauliamext. Thc Montical
ilcrald of thc llth has thc rcturn of fiftv-two
membera, and classcs thcm thus: 20 ministc
rial, 20 onpoMtion and 2 doubtful. Thc Ga
zcttc of the12thicontains thc return of fiftr
three mcmbers, 25 conscrvatives, 24 opposi
tion, and i .doubtful. Tho Gazctte of the 1 1th
25 conserrativcs, 22 opposition, anu aouuuui.
Thc Pilot of thc 21th rcports the election ot
17 ministcrial, 35 opposition, and 6 doubtful.
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDEXCE OF
TIIE BOSTOX AibAa.
Washington-, Jan. 19, 1848.
T wrofp. this brtef lcf ter this aftc'rnoon, gir-
ingyou an account of tho pcrsons who occu
pied thc attcntion of the Scnatcand IIousc up
on thc gravc qucstions which now agitate the
nation. Mr. ioote, ot.Miss., mauc a unVi
in thc Scnatc, which I rrust, for thc good namc
and character of thatdignificdbody,will ncver
bcrcpeatcd. He is, to uscahomcly phrasc,
"thc smallest of small potatoes," and how in
the world he cvcr attaincd tho clcvatcd posi
t?nn which he now holds. of Scnator ofthc U-
nited Statcs, is beyond my comprchcnsion.
Duringthc two monthslhavc bccn in .tho
capitaf city of the Union, I have hcard many
sDccchcs in thc lowcr IIousc, which both in
m.inncr and mattcr wcrc sufficicnt to east a
shadc of rcgret ovcr my mind that peoplc
should be so led astrar as' to votc for uch a
man; but the efl'ort of thc Mississippi Scnator
was much less calculateU to crcatc rcspcct anu
command attcntion than anvthingl cver heard
in tho IIousc, and I fccl tliatl owc an apology
to Mr. Dickensou, f X. Y., for thc asscrtion
T made the other dar. that hc was thc smallest
mind in thc Senate, for in coniparison to the
Scnator of Mississippi hc assumcs quite arc
Whilc this cxhibition was going on in the
Scnatc, a sccnc of vcry dilTcrent character was
hp iiir enactcd in thc "IIousc. I rcfer to thc
spccch madc to-dayby Pa!rick AV. Tompkins,
ol'Miss., the solc Whig member from that
State Mr. Tompkins madc onc of thc best
snccchcs that have been madc in thc Housc
thc prcsent scssion.
Thc IIousc was in Committccs ofthc Wholc
Mr. Tompkins de votcd his hour to a review of
the Prcsidcnt's message rcfusing to communi-
catc to thc IIousc mformation in rcgard to the
admission of Santa Anna into Mcxico, and thc
instructions given to Mr. Slidell, our Ministcr
Plcninotentiarr to that country. He was elo-
qucnt, trnthfnl and scathing. Heshowed that
Mr. Polk, while a Rcpresontative in Congress,
liobl in 1R9.1. nnininns the ven reverso he
, , " - . .
now held, that he was loud in his denuncia-
ttons of the Prcsidcnt lor withholdmg lnlorma
tion from thc IIousc, although the resolution
asking for it, and thc information sought to be
obtaincd, werc widely Uillcrcnt lrom that now
askcd for; thc difTcrence, liowevcr, was ajto
gcthcr against himself. In this conncction,
Sir. Tompkins delivcrcd a highly wrought and
bcantiful culogy upon Mr. Adauis, thc then
Prcsidcnt. Mr. Adams sits very ncar Mr.
Tompkins, andappcarcd tobe dccply alfectcd
oy tnc cioqucnt tnuute oi tuenigu souieu anu
Whcnhc sat down hc was congratulatcd on
all sidcs for thc ability he had displaycd. Mr.
Tompkins is about 42 ycars ofagc, bf middlc
sizc, has a plcasant exprcssion ol countcnancc,
high forehead, and, as thcy say in the West,
"hc's onc of 'cm,""alwaysin town, withapock
ctfullofrocks." Havins devotcd so much spacc to the two
mcmbers from Mississippi, I have hardly timc
left to tcll you of thc spccch madc by Mr.
Tuck. of Xcw Hampshirc, It was not calcu-
latcd to arrcst so intenscly thc attcntion of the
Housc as the great spccch of Mr. Tompkins
but it was, nevcrthcless, a sound and manly
specch, imbucd with truc Xcw England scnti-
mcnt, anu calculateU to commanu tnc rcspcct
and attcntion not only of his own immcdiate
constitucnts, but ol retlcctiug men cverywhcre.
I undcrstand tlat thc spccch will appcar in a
few days in full, whcn I hopc it will find a
placc in the columns of the Atlas.
m i f . 1 . i " .1
liir. O.UCK1S onc oi luc uium niuuMnuua auu
gcntlcmanlr mcmbers of thc IIousc, and is u
niversally rcspcctcd. IIc js ayoung man, and
will, I have no doubt, attain, if he has not al
rcady, a position which will give hiiu jjrcat iu-
flucncc. Tho Whigs of Xew Hampsbirc have
cvcry rcason to fcclproudof thcir representa-
tivc; and thc position which hc holds, thc scn
t' . , t. -it- i j :
iimcius wincii no uiiere, uuu iue uic& iiugives,
show tliat thcrc is no rcason undcr Hcavcn
why thc Indcpcndent Democrats and the
Whigs of tho Old Granitc Stato should not go
shoulder to shoulder, and work harmoniously
together to rcdccm that gallant State from thc
thraldom of uttcr radicalism. W. S.
WAsnixcTOX, Jan. 20th, 1848.
Therc was no busincss transactcd in cither
IIousc of Congress to-day. Thc two branchcs
came together at thc usual liour; and in thc
IIousc, immcdiatcly aftcr thc journal was rcad;
Mr. lirouhcail, i'ennsylvania, announccd the
death of onc of his collcagucs, Mr. Hornbcck
after which thc usual resolution was adopt
cd, and the IIousc adjounicd. A like scrvicc
was pcrfonncd m thc Scnate. Mr. Webstcr
was cngagcd m thc Suprcme Court, and drew
a largc numbers of ladies and gcntlcmcn to
hcar lum. The caso was in relation to a co
partnership. Thpro i vnrv little nnw mntfpr if frnnpr-il
conccrn about which to writc. Mr. 6lay at
tracts many visitors to the Uuited Statcs Hotcl,
whcrc hc has rooms; and his prescncc hcrc at
this timc, of coursc, causcs much specula-
tion m rcgaru to the hig candiuatc for thc
Presidency. It is gcncrally eoncedcd hcrc
that Mr. Cass will bc thc Loco Foco nomincc.
Hc is ultra and unprincipled, and will carry
out any mcasurc his partv may proposc. His
election would, in mr opiniou, bc more disas-
terous to this country than crcn tho election of
Mr. Polk lias been ; and thcscfore it should bc
the aim of cvcry true friend of the Union, of
i'eaee, anu ot pohticul morality, to dcleat him,
or any of his stamp.
Mr. Clay has many influential friends, who
prcss with all thcir zeal and ability his nomi-
nation. JLliey protcss to bclicvc him thc
strongcst man that can bc madc a candidatc.
That he has many warm siipportcrs in the
country, no onc can or will denr, and that hc
would makc a modcl of an Executi vc, no Whig
at Icast will qucstion. Yet tliat hc at thc
prcscnt timc thc most available man is the
point on which thc party difler. Therc seems
to bc a strong disposition evinccd to makc thc
nextcaiup.iign a victoriou3 onc Thc prcscnt
position of altairs hcrc and in Mexico rcndcrs
this dcsirablc almost bej-ond calculation. If
the higs arc dcfcated this fall, and such a
man as Cass clected, I have, and so have oth
crs pldcr and ablcr than mysclf, gloomy forc
bodings of the futurc dcstiny of this country.
Mr. Clay's friends arc numcrous and inilucn-
tial, but tlicrc u a vcrj- large class of artlcnt
and cnthusiastic Whigs who doubt thc policy
of rnnning him again,and think that witli him
dcfcat would be incvitablc. This class gencr
ablyprcfcr Taylor as a candidatc, though thcrc
aro many who namc McLean, and Scott, and
Webstcr, but at thc present timo in thc city
of AVashington tho two moin currents of opin
ion go for Clay and Taylor.
I have hcard somo Taylor men sny that thcy
would run him, Convcntion or no Convcntion;
and I havo hcard somc Clay men say that
thcy wonld votc for "no one but narry Clav
ns long as he livcd, and that aftcr his death
they would go for his Executors." Isow all
this is mcrc vcrbiagc, and is nd indication of
what either party will evcntually do. Among
tho wise anu discrot men, a Xatiohal Convcn
tion is advocatcd, and by thc decision of that
body they will abide. It is gcncrally conccdcd
hcJc that Taylor "s n Whig,' but this noivocal
poJtioa hejnow hohlsof ccunug."ianrt thfi.
supportofbothparties, displcascs many, and
unlcss he comcs out boldly npon tho n hig
platform, and tellsthe country in languagc un
cquivocal what arc his views concerning this
war, and the policy hc would pursue in regard
to Alexico, and other mattcrs morc or less uu
portant, he can calculatc upon but a fceble
support from thc Whjg party, and upon none
nt all from the Loco Focos. Those who know
Taylor say he is as sound as Mr. Clay or any
othcr Whig upon theso issues ; if so, why thcn
not say so publicly, anu cnu all aoubt.
You will havo noticed thc rcnort of a bill
from the Committce of Ways and Mcans, fora
loan of 1 8 millions fice Jtundred thousand dollars.
This immensc sum has alrcady bccn expenucu,
and it is demandcd to pay for obligations al
rcady incurrcd; and bcfore thc cnd of the scs
sion, another loan will bc requircd, of twcnty
millions morc. to carrv this bcautiful war into
the "vital parts ot iMexico. 1 have not reau
the bill, as it has not bccn rcturned from thc
printcrs, but I prcsume that it fixcs the inter
cst at six pcr cent.. and provides that it must
bc negotiatcd at or above par. Treasurj-
notes. bcarincr six Der cent intcrcst, are now
scllins at a discount of two pcr cent., and with
thc prcsent scarcity ot moncy, ttic uovcrn
ment, I think, will find it difficult to ncgotiate
a loan. It is gcncrally undcrstood herc that
thc Loco Focos will cndeavor to changc thc
character of tho bill, so as to have thc amount
reouircd raised by an issue of Treasury notcs,
or in other words, dcprcciatcd Government
papcr, and flooding thc country with thc worst
kind of jiaper curreucy: AVill it not bc an
intcresting spccticlc to have the Loco Foco
side of tlie IIousc takc up the cudgcls for this
dcprcciatcd Government papei, after all they
have saiu in Ucnunciation ot uanc notcs anu in
fuvor ofthe hard moncr, subtrcasurv' systcm.
Again, a great intcrcst is felt herc to scc
what course thc House will takc, in relation
to the rcfusal of the Prcsidcnt to comniunicate
to Connss and the country thc rcioe of the
corrcspondcncc which led to tho return of San
ta Anna to Mcxico, an the instructions given
to John Slidell, whcn hc was scnt Minister to
Mex-.eo. Thcrc are certam tacts iu relation
to this mattcr which honorablc mcmbers here
bclicvc ; it is by many bclicved, and therc
are good grounds for the bclief, that Slidell
was instructcd to demand ofMcxico a consider
able nortion of California, and to demand tho
Rio Grande as thc wcstcrn boundary of Texas;
and it is belicvcd that Santa Anna had agrccd,
when in Cuba, tliat hc would, if again in pow-
er, acccdc to our uemanus, whatcvcr thcy
micht bc and as an equivalent, wc werc to
givc up our claims against Mcxico, and in ad
dition, as adouceur to himself, wc were to givc
him thrcc millions of dollars. As part, therc-
forc, of thc schcme, bhilell was mstructcU to
tln-catcn the Mcxican government, in the c-
vcnt of its rciusal to accedo toour uemanus,
witli a return of Santa Anna from banishment
and as a nart ofthc nlan, tocoerce thc3Icx-
ican government, our sliips of war were order
cd to"cruife in thc Gulf, and thc army undcr
Gcneral Taylor to advancc to the Rio Uranae.
It sohanncned taat Mr. Slidell was not rccciv
ed consequcutly thopurportof his inst ruction
is not Kuown. n . u.
Xew Yohk, Tucsdar, Jan. 25, 7
8 o'clock," P. M. j
Senate. Mr. Bagby submitted a rcsolu
tion for consideration, ilecJanng tnai y,on
rcss has no nowcr to cstablish or prolubit
slavery in any State in this Union, allirming
thc nght to acquire tcrntory uy conqucs-, anu
, . i i.t.i: ... :.
ucnymg tne ngm lopromuu numnij; iuumj
On motion. thc Senate laid aside the morn-
intr busincss and procecded to thc considera
tion ofthc order ofthe day, viz: thc ten rcgi-
.Mr. Clarko spoko m strong tenns of oppo
sition to the war policy of tho Administra
Mr. Crittcndon asked Mr. Cass whcthcr
Gen. Scott had been snspcnded from com
mand, and whcthcr Gen. orth, was relencu
Mr. Cass rcnlicd that both wcro true, and
that tho command now deiolvcd on Gen. But-
ler. as scnior oflicer.
Mr. Cnttcndcn csprcsscd his astonihmcnt
in relation to tho coursc pcrsucd in this mat
Hotjse. Tlie Spcakcr announccd as thc
first thing in order, thc busincss on the table,
viz: thc Rcnorts of Committccs.
Bv unanimous conscnt sevcral rcsolutions
were olicreu anu auoptcu.
Many bills, both pnvate aml public, were
rcad twicc and refcrred.
Thc Democratic Caucus in Washington a
donteda resolution to hold a Xational Con-
veation m xsaltimoru on tuc itii jtonuay oi
. . . . ... .., , , &
Thc first nortion of Col. Fremont's defencc
OCCUpiCS sevcn coiumns in mu iiauurai iiuui'
ligcnccr. It charges Gen. Kcarncr with bcar
iiiL' falsc witncss.
Thc Intclliircnccr discrcdiU thc rumors of
Alr. waiKcr, nia icitcr io mc mis-issqipi
Convcntion, cxprcsses his intcntion ct resign
in-r aftcr March, 1819.
Thc aiipcal of Mrs. Connor, who claims to
be thc wife of Gcn. an Aes, has been dis-
misscd br thc Suprcme Court.
Mr. Clay is to have a public dinncr given to
him m Washington.
Washington, Jan. 27, 1S48.
Mr. Undcrwood prcsentcd a memorial from
thc lsoanlot Alanagcrsot thcrcmalc.uission
ary Society, praying that lands west of thc
Itocky iUountains may bc sct apart lor thc ln-
Mr. Baslcy prescnted a resolution, to be ad-
ueu to those otlcrcu by him a tew days ago, in
sisting that thc peoplc of the Torritories of the
Umteu btatts havcanght toregulatc the ques
tion of Slavery in thcir respectivc Territorics.
Mr. Yulce, from the Xaval Committee, rc-
ported a bill lor the lehcf of the olhcers, sca
mcn and marincs of the brig Somers.
Mr. Bcnton Introduced a bill to amcnd thc
Goth and 51st rdlcs of thc articlcs of war, rcl
ativc to thc practiccof Court martial & courts
ot mquiry in thc army. lt was rcad twicc.
Mr. licnton prcsentcd a petitionMrom Uol.
Fremont, pra-ing thc Senate toappoint a com
mittce to examinc pcrsons now in this city, as
to liabtlitics incurrcd by him in California, for
which hc considers the Government respousi-
resolution prcsentcd by Mr. Ashlcy, cn-
quiring the manner in which thc public print
ing was cxccuted, was adoptcd.
Ihc len ItC2imcnt Bill ivas then takcn up.
Mr. Phelps having the iloor, wcnt into a cal
culation to show the eirect ot thcWarujion
thc financial and commercial afiiiirs of thc
country. Hc cstimatcd that un to thc lst Ju-
ly last, tho Treasury had fallcn in arrears, from
the commenccmcnt of the war, $68,000,000.
At thc close of the prcscnt ycar this arrcarase
would bc incrcascd to not less than S80.000,-
ooo. Ue thcn cxammcd thc cstimatcs of the
Sccrctarv of thc Treasury for futurc revcnues.
all of which were too hish. Havinsmadc dc-
ductipns from cach itcra in tho Secrctary's cal
culations, and having shown how thc cstimatcs
of expenditups for the ncxt .two ycars, may
uc cxpccteu to tatl Deiow tho actual nmounts
requircd, hc concludcd that thc Secrctarj-had
over-estimatod tho reccipts for the next ycar
abont S 17,000,000, and undcrrated the expen
ditnres 522,000,000. Hc did not bch'cve tbat
the moncv askcd lbr could bc obtamcu by loan
or Treasury notcs. Tho amount of spccicnow
5n tbe XTcw York banks did not excccd 55,000,-
000. Thc Boston banks hc'-l r"jri '
.vi. T.i.:,. l,.nl- S2.000.000. It 1
would bo impossible for Government to find
820,000,000, lfi specie, arid nothing ejsewouia
be rcccived for the proposed loan. Thc vcry
, . . , T.I.. ,ln Jn IJnvern-
large Juesiuiciii3 iwtuin uwm , i... i.
mcnt stock, railroad manufactorieshadabsorb-
ed most of the active capitalot tnecouuuj.
Thc moncymarkct is now unusually stringent,
and specie is leaving the country in large a
mount i by cvcry packct. This state of things
is likely to conUnuo as long as thc war contin
ucs. Ourstocksarc rapiuly deprcciating m
valuc. Government cannotget moncy ironi
abroad, because other nations have no moncy
to spare, and if thcy had they have nosyrnpa
thy with us in this war, and would not aid in
.. .r v.. .. .1 intr mnnfiv for that
lis prosccuiiuu ujr . - - - 1
purtwsc. In cvcry point of vicw m which the
subject prcsents jtself, he could scc only an
cmbarrassed treasury and a distrcsscd cornmu
nity. HOUSE OF REPRESEXTATIVES.
The StandingCommittcs bcingcallcd upon for
rcports, a numbcr of private bills were rcportcd,
rcad twice and refcrred. .
Mr. Rockwcll, from the Committee on Claims,
rcportcd, with amcndments, a resolution provid
ing for the preparation and publication, alphabct
ically, of all private claims from thc commence
mcnt of the XlVth to close ofthe XXIXth Con
gcss, with thc action of tho House and Scnatc on
each particular case. Ono amcndment jmrposes
to cmploy Jamcs Yonng, at a compensation not
excceding thntpaid to thccngrossingclcrks ofthe
IIousc, thc other clerks to render such arsishuice
as may not be inconistcnt with their ordinaiy
An animatcd debato followcd betwccn Mr.
Rockwell of Ct. Mr. Bockwcll of Mass Mr. Evans
ofMd.Mr. Pollock, Mr. Cobb of Ga. Mr.IIenley,
Mr. Ilouston of Dcl. Mr. Sniith of 111. und cthcrs,
ns to thc chcapcst and best plan.
Thc Ycas and Xays wcrc called sevcral times
on varions motious and nntcndmcuts, nnd finally
tlie report was agrccd to,and tlie resolution adopt
cd Ycas 92, Xays S9.
The House wcnt into Committc of the Whole,
Mr. J.K.Ingcrsoll in thc Chair,on thc Prcsidcnt's
Mr. Thompson of Indiana, nddrcsscd the com
mittee. IIc said hc had bccn rcpresentcd to tho
JCew York papcrs somc wecks siuce, as having
mailc a spccch on this noor m tavor oi tne suiyu
gation of Mcxico. And iu thc Union of Tuesday
he was again rcported as having madc n spccch
infavor ofthc war and thc Adniinistration. Ile
had made ncithcr. Ile would takc this opportu
nitr to state liis scntimcnts, and procecded to dis
cuss the uncstion. He inisted that thc Xucces,
and not tho Rio Grandc, was the trno line of
boumLrj- hctwccn the Unitcd btatcs and Jlcxico.
He asscrtcd that Gcn. Taylor hhd never adviscd
thc march ofthc army to thc Rio Grandc, cxccpt
hypothctically. Thc Prcsidcnt was dctcrmined
to make war.'and had dcceivcd thc pcojilc. Hc
had iriven Gcn. Tavlor onlcrs to march thc army
bcvond thc Xucces, ten days before ho kncw of
Shdell s rcjection by the Mcxican uovcrnment.
And the Presidcnt knew that Slidell would bo
rejected before hc scnt him to Mexico. Mj.
Thompson waseloqucnt and scvcro iu his dcnun:
ciation ofthc Govcmmcnt.
XOMIXATIOX OP GESER.VI. T.vTton. Both
houcs of thc Tcnncssce Ix;gi.slature bavc passcd
n resolution nominating Gcn. Taylor to thc l'rcs
idency. In thc Scnatc it passed by a strict party
vot. In thc Housc, onc Whig votcd ngainst and
one Locoforo for it.
DEATH OF GEX. GEO. P. BARKER.
A Telegrnphic dcspatch from Bcnj. J. Wclch,
Jr, ofthc Buffalo Rci.uclic. inorms us of the
death of Gcn. Gco. Barkcr, late Attomcy Gcner
al. Mr. Barkcr ilicd at Butfalo ou 1 hur.-.day
moming, at 11 o'clock. Hc was 40 ycars of age.
Utica Morning Ilavkl,
FEOM THE ARMY.
Rcportcil for thc Alb Knickcrliockcr.
IMPORTAXT FROM MEXICO.
Tlie Cucrilla FiihtOen. Scott Atseses ffirce
M'dlhus on Jfcxican States Three ifonths
Xnw YonK Scx Office, 7
Wednesday night. )
Wc have furthcr ncwsby Poney Expros,
Xew Orleans dates to thc 50th.
The steamer Orleans had arrivcd from Ycra
Cmz with dates to Ihc llth.
The loss br thc attack on Col . Mills' tnjin
falls priiK'ipallr on nierchants. Onc English
house looscs 554,000.
Tlie French and Spanisli pcoplo rcccived
goods br paying smartly.
Gen. Scott has tisscssed the Mcxican Statcs
53,000,000, as an annual contribution to sui
port thc armv.
Parcdc Jarautn, thc Icadcr of the pucriUas
had advanced within cight miles ofthc Capiial,
whcn hc was pursucu by thc uragoons.
Thc nimor that Colouel Withcrs' ccmmand
for Rio del Xortc had bccn cut olf was not
Aquonim ofthe Xcw Mcxican Congre.-s
wxs cxpcctcd at Qucrctaro in Januarj-.
Tliere had been less talk about a pronunci
aracnto. Tlie .Mcxicans preferrcd arbitration.
An annisticc of thrce months was talkcd of.
LATEST FROM THE SOUTH.
Another Steamboat Disaster Fvrtylives lost.
Wc have dates from Xew Orleaus to thc
20th, by Poney Express.
Thc stcamer Taflahusha, with a cargo of
Cotton, on the Red Kner, was dcstroycd by
firc on Tuesday a week ago. Forty lives wcrc
Tho cotton markct was animated, and thcre
was a fair demand for sugar. Flour continucs
Thcrc was a large firc to-day at Washington,
Six houscs were destroycd.
llcportcd for tlie Albany Eve. Journal.
Xew- Yock, Jan. 27 3 p. m.
Thc Courier and Enquirer of this niorning
has a lcttcr lrom iSew Urlcans, in wlncli it pla
ccs creat confidencc, stating thatMr. Trist nas
postively negotiatcd and signed a trcaty of
pcacc with the Mcxican Commissioners.
Thc Union says'that nodispatches have bccn
rcceivcd atthc State Department in regard to
The Southcrn Tclcgraph is out of ordcr,and
thc report of-ycsterday's Cougrcss proceedingj
In thc Scnatc, Mr. Dix made a spccch up
on the tcn rcgimcnt bilL
In thc House, the resolution closing tho de-
batc on tho Prcsidcnt s message was rcconsid'
crcd and thcn laid on thc table.
Xumcrous communications from thc Excctt-
tivc Department were tikcn from thc Spcaker"s
table, rcad, and ordercd printed.
A joint resolution ofthc Senate authorizing
tho crection ofa uionumcnt to Washington on
thc public grounds, was passed. j
The llouso Uien went into commmtu w. .".
wholc, on the Prcsidcnt's annual mcssagc
Mr. Palfrey addresseil tho comau. .
TT,p TT S SfPnmcr Ann Chasc, has bccn
lost ncar Tampico. XoUvesIost.
T.i-rrn From Mexico. Thc Pony Ex-
nresi froin Xew Orleans, brings dates to thc
20th ult. .
Thc stcamer Orleans had arnvcdatcw;
Orleans, bringing dates from Vera Cruzto the tion, anu ssm oi comui..auUi., -Hthult.
portions ofthe work. 2vo pubhsher is w
Chihuahus S4 9,000, ChoahuilaoOOO, Lhia-,
:i,uuu, urangoijj.wuu, Uu.M-n Qnlev. Hc is amcnj bc hrst wi,
JaliscoS23G,000,MexicoCG3,000,Mi ho- Mr uottcj . nc o ,era(ar
an 277,000. Xuca I.con 30Aif. PiieM." mwMipcn miis uJit.fe- , f
. 1 . II... . - T .:tl fl1 0 H- .. - . - ll. 1
naloa 33',00tf, Sonora 5000, Tabasco 5J 09o
Tamaulipas 7f,0W, Vera Cruz 249,000 Zae'
atecas 32e,0dfr. '
Thcre u nothing comeJtohand indicathc
Padre Jaranta has' advahced -ifitlfha r.n.
illas within eight miles 6f the Capital. A dd
tachment of Dragoons pursued him.
Tt i rnmored that CoL Wthers' cnm..i
for Real del Monto has bccn cut off. Thern-
mor is not conhrmcd Iimes, Tel.
BY HTAGNETIC TELEGRAPE
REFORTED FOR THE GALAXT
Tho Washington Correspondent ofthe Xcw
York Express, givcs the following acconat of
tho Whig Congrcssional Caucus'.
WASniNGTON, Jaa. ;g.
The Whig Congressional Caucus was we.
attended, ono hundred pcrsons being present
Mr.Mangmnpresided. The qncstion to i,,
considered was: shall tho Whig party go iBto
a Xational Convcntion. Some of the Tatfor
men argned a postponement of tho qncstion
and Mr. Gentry, of Tenn., spoke for an honr
and a half against any decision now in favorof
a Convcntion. Ho argued the claims of Gen.
Taylor with great force, upon thc meetin" and
tho advantages of running him, independcnt
of any Convcntion, and by tho simple prinisrr
organization ofthc peoplc. The Whigs gcncr
ally, howcvcr, have evcr been fora convcntion
and nothing short ofa convention and would
in no cvcnt unite on Gen. Taylor, unlesj he.
comcs out as a Whig. The rcsult ofthe Cau
cus was a vote in favor ofa convention.
The Commercial Advertizer of Sat. cvcn
ing, makes tho following- nnnounccmcnt in rc
gard to the Treatr of Peaco:
We are enabled to say, thcre aro lettorj ia
tho city from Membera of Congress ofbcth
parties, which declare in the most unequivo:al
tcrms, that thc form ofa trcaty orarrangcmenr
has bccn rcccived at AVashington, corropon
ding gcncrally, with thc propositions originally
madc by Mr. Trfc-t to tho Mcxican Commi
sioncrs, and that it wonld bo ngreed to by tli
Tuesday, Feb.l, 1848.
Aftcr rumors havo beon multiplied to nlmos!
nny cxtcnt in relation to thc rccall of Gcn. Scott
from the command of thc unnr in Mexiro, tlie
fact has nt leiigth bccn confirnicd, nnthenticallr
by thc declaration of Gcneral Cnss in thc Scnarn
It is also certain that a conrt martial has been
ordercd comoscd of Gcn. Towson Paynisti-r
Gtn in conjunction with Gcneral CusMii!; sn.l
n Gcn. Butlcr ofthc voluntccr forces, tocnquirj
into the chanrcs prcftrrecVnKninsthini by (icnrrtt
Worlh. Thc charges preferrcd by Gcn. Scott
gainst Gcn. Worth in tho mcantiino haro I;eii
disniissol wtthont a hcarin?, Snch inomiuioui
trcatmcnt of a Gcncnd whosa hrillLint victorics
in Mexico havo chnost fdlcil tho mcasure of liij
country's Rlory, nnd plnccd his own nanie upon
thc most splendid pngc of our nations Iii.norr
must arousc mcn evcn of the mojt cool aml plu
losophic tcmpcrments to a rcfloctiun npon tl.o
character of rnlen wlio could thus rcnture tootit.
rnge every pnilciple of justiro to carry out
thc ETOvcIing objccts of a proflit'ato amhi.ion.
ho could Iiavc conccived it possible cren in
thcso days of moral and political degcnerarT,
that Polk rankling witli cnvy and hntc ns lic ii -gainst
cvcry man whccsuperioriitcrt'!s milit cn
able him to cross thc path of his unliallowcd m
bition.woald thus harcattcinptcdtodipir.igeuai
ofthegrcatestromninndcrs tfthii orBtiyoti.cmttt
in thc inidst ofa noblo cnrcerof illujtrioai ter
viccs to his couutry' Is an anicricrn liiurrel
thus frcsh from thc fields of his coumry's fiutj
to be made gaine of nnd hnnteil dowu by thoicr
nel of hungry ollicc holuers who new fill the scaw
of powcr at thc cupital! And can tlie cob
thcniselvcs cxpcct any more syiiqmtlir 111 t!n
prescrvau'on of their lives nud lurtunes froin a
J cliquc of nmliitious aspinu.ts v.liosc crcry tepi
tlie prosccution of tliis c,iant luujuity i markcU
wi.h thfj rohlicry nndbluod of twoijterrcpuIIic?,
than thcir favoritu Ucncral ? Homc hcrsclf re
r.owucd nhovc all other nations rccordcd on the
pages of history for tho worst of deJpots, ncrer
was aluictcd with a moro rccklcss and unfccllng
rulcr than the american unioa at tho prcscut mo
mcnt. Thb Weathkb. A fcw wccks slnce, old J.l
Frost tnmcd upon us a morc churlish aspect than
that intelligent gentleman "the olJtstinhubitiaC
cvcr witncssed evcn in this hyperborcan rcgion.
But cvcr sincc, hU scvcrity has bcenrelaxins "'
for scvcral wccks he lias bccn bcstoning upon ni
hisblnndcst smiles.Asexprcsscdby thc poet "Glod
mnidcd May sccms to Wow hcr warm brcath into
thc grim facc of Febnmry." Al! nature Iuu bccn
gnulually cxhibiting thc appcaraace ot an carly
opcningspring. In Vermont we aic participat
inginall the soft tcmpered aiwof a Carohna
wintcr. Bntwc cannot Ion? dcpcud uponthis
mclting mood of onr prcscnt wintcr. Ho w.U
soon bc mantling all nature in his whitcst robcs.
So say ourm ost sagacious wcather wiiacres w-
have discovcrcd hugc banks of snow m tl.c non
zon down south.
. . .- i i.w no
AHE iilGGEST. O .
placc in this country whcrc fattor rork"
madcthan in Addison Connty. Col-Smiih,
of Bristol, a few days sinco killcd a lio-c,
months old, which wcighcd 637 lbs. ItniW
uredl4 inchcsin thickness over tho point c
GODEYS LADIE'S BOOK.
Tho Fcbruary numbcr of this truly popu"Jf
work is now upon our table. It appcars cnv
bcllishcd with no less than 1 2 of thc fincst -pw
imensof art, which we havo rcccntly hadtlw
fortunc to meet with. Thc typography of ti
work can hardly bc surpasscd by any Ictter
prcss in tho country. Tho contributors art
among thc most distinguishcd and agrecaw"
femalc writcrs in tho country. and their
fonnanccs in this number are pccuh'arly &
fr-ttrR in nnritv ofstvlc. beauty of
r ' - ,i, ,rratirt
cniitled to thcpatronage of the pnwic, ' -