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title: 'The Middlebury galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1848-1850, February 15, 1848, Image 2',
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' - - - n- ii 1 i r i m y i i i ii -i I' iii ri,-,rii
i ' ' 7 I I
now the war will operate ox
The Xcw York Sun says :
ii t : irt wTtlnlr-iwnl nf moeia frfirm tKis
I 4a Mnvifn fnr fhp Tmrpliafi nf nrmv
Iruunii iu i.....v., -w. . i
rupplics therc, lliat wc have most to fear. e
may spend twenty lnillions, nnnually among
Ioursclvcs for war supplics, as in thc lart war
with England, without intcrrupting the intfus-
tnat pursiurs oi ine couniry. .uui ujc uiuuitm
i W.Tn (n cpnil monov out of the couniry lo
snpport a foreign war, wcsacrifice cvcrything.
Ilencc tne ntcessity oi inaKingiu.Mcu"ii'u'i
tbe-army, and in doing eo now, ber tnxcs will
' lielcss tban undcr her former rulcrs."
But Gcn. Scott Iias requircd but 83,000,000
from Mcxico, whereas thc very last appropria
tlon bill of thc prcscnt Congress votcs away
S33,000,000 for the army. Herc then arc
thirty millions to be "scnt out of the country."
Asthc Sunsays: wo must 'sacrificc cverything'
Monev will be titrht the ratc of intcrest
high and CTCry branch of business inust uf-
XO DIUECT TAXATIOX.
"Ve noticetl a few days since, the proposi'
tiori of Mr. Wilniot in thc llousc of Represcn
tatives for a Dircct TaxoffivcmilHons per nn-
xiura, to continuc until the WarDcbt remains
unpaid. This proposition has bcen voted down
in thc llousc by a largo inajority. This prob
ably scttlcs the question for the sessiun against
a Dircct Tax. On this point thc Tribunc re
" That will be wcll enough piovidcd the War
is speedily tcnninatcd; if not; wc vcnturc to as
surc Congress that it vri 1 not bc wcll. Bor
rowing is a process that comcs to an cnd; bor
rowing and makiug no provisionto pay ishard
ly honcst at least. We tnist thosc Whigs who
-voted agiiinst Mr. "Wilmot's propoition did so
liccausc the sum hc proposefl to niisc is insuflic
isnt or for somc such rcnon; and that no Whig
will voto to run tbo Country farlhcr in dcbt,
vct TOtc au'iiinst providing for the pai mcnt of
i i i .V t?.'.i . ,...:u i .:,.....
MICU UCU15. OUCII CHCr3 lil UUL utul uias-u;?-
Iowa. On the 1 1th of Jan. thc hottsc of
Beprcscntativcs laid on thc tablo a rcsolution
to go into thc choke of V. S. Scuator; so it is
tloubtful whcthcr thcy will bc choscn.
LOUISIANA U. S. SEXATOR Lost !
Ficrrc Sonlc, (loco) of Xcw Orleans was on
JMondav, mh nlt. by Whig votcs, clcclcda U.
S. S'--n.-.tor froni Ix)uisiaua, froni thc -1th of
IMarch nest in placo of llon. Ilcnry John
son (Texas whig) whose tciiu will thcn expirc
Thc votc stoou :
D. F. Kecncr, W.
John Slidull, L,
R. CXicholus, do
ricrrc Soulo, do
Tlms a Whig LegMatnro hasclcctcd a Loco
Foco Scuator. Jlr. Iialdwm, N Ing.ot tjabmc,
votcil Iico Foco on thelirst t wo ballots; on thc
third for Kcnnci-; but then Messrs. F. Gcrcia,
rarham, (Scnators,) AVatkins and Bicnvenuu
four Whigs iotod for Soule Vr.Parnham
raid, to prcvcnt thc clcction of Slidcll !
Tn: Stoum ani tjii: Tki.ugrapii. Tt
coniui'-iiccd snowiiighcrc alraut six o'clock Ixst I
cvcniii", ainl this inormiigtlie snow was scvcr- uicin a nai rciusai, nu: lonvaruca tlicir prop
al inches ili-cn. T!iepni"rcss of thc up sccn ! ositions to Washing.oii, fortlic considcration of
o'clo.-k train from this citv on the Worcester I ' '? 1le''t "d, J';c Senatc. It was doulitlcss
IWb.ad this moniing was a sito ,?rth secing. SSSStfS i sY
licrl, thc train passcit aiong m imcstyic, su uic j 1Ilc xteMct in3 doultlcss rcccivwl thc dcs
ra!c of at lcast tv.enty lie milcs an hour, tch w hich Mr. Trist says hc forwardcd, but ihc
t'arowing thc pnow inlo the air toa grcat hcight J'rciiiih'nt has taken no lfoticc of it, and probably
au:lIoaing thc path clcar bchind. t'M r.ot so thc matler cannot bc bronglit bcfore
But thc Vorat suircrcrsby this stonn arc thc thc Ktnatc. The quctinn then arriscs, What
proprictors of tho Magnctic Tclegi-aph. A j oaglit Congress to do ? Has it no powcr but to
force oi onc Imnarcu mcn couiu noi m iwcniy- " ".. i """"
four honrs so clTcctuallv disarnmgcd and bro- reJt asks for t icm .' J.o. CoijSrcss has also
kcn the linc, as did thcice and .now ofl-t SfM? JS3 ISkTSS
nmht. Ihc wircs werc covorctl with a boily , rrh -. - . . . ,
of'ice and snow'to tlic dcpth ofoninchorpiorc,
and the wci!rht of this, tojrether with thc strong
wind, has brokcn in an hundrcd places, prosUi
tcil quitu a numbcr of the posts, and forccd
othcrs into such an inclining position as will
rcquirc considcrable lalior to replaco thcm.
A whccl of a downward train, this moniing,
was caught in thc wire, a placc about fifty fcct
lonij scvcrcd, and for a milo or two it swcpt
lioth sidcs of the road. This causcd sundry
pedestrians to dogo nimbly oT thc track, to
prevcnt a Wow from it, which would prOTC sc
rious in its irv statc. Bos. Trav.
TIIE WHIG XATIOXAL COXVENTIOX
SPEECII OF iMPv. BELL.
Corrcsjioiuhiice of the Tribune.
Washington, Fcb. 3, 1S47.
. l i r -f ii
Tliehig caucusadjonrned from JMonday
last; lnctagain this cyning, facnator Mangum,
ih thc cliair, Mr. Smith of Iudiana, Secrctary ,
aid agrccil upon thc ilacc of holding thc
Jationai (vnig uonvcnnon as wen as tnc nj'jHiinicu, iuai jicacc inipiitiicoiitauicU lrom.Mcx
timc Thcy retounncnd that it bc holdcn on ' 'to instautly, ainl upon tlic mot favorablc tcnns.
firt Wedneolav of June, in Iudepcndcncc '. 1!llt "'hcr thc Prcsidcnt or liis friends at hcart
llallin thc City of riiiladclphia. A motion 'cnre pcacc. Thc wholc of Mcxico is what thcy
was madc to have it inect in Cincinnati. This . a,m at-a .I,e?cc ,thci' ,"" lakc no 40 a"-
ivas ..nt n-roml to. nnd then ri.Jh.dp.lnl.i.1 w.-, !)Cacc '.c iluiy of Congress, thcrcforc, to
adoptcd with grcat unnnimity. Thc timc is
, r-., . '. - .... m, 1 .-
only a fortnisht and two days later than the
Loco Fm-o Couvcntion in Italtiinorc If thcy
quar -el tlierc as niuch as thcy did Iat timc,
tney may not gct throiigh bcibrc we do.
The spcech of Mr. Bcll, (onlay, was of the
Iiighcs! ordcr. Your n-idcrs would couut me
cxtravagant if I should cxprcss what I think
of it. Thc dangcrs that surround our coursc,
tho inllucnce at work to lurc us on in thc path
of ru'.n, the wildncss f thc schcmcs of "Pro
grcsjivc Dcna)cracy," thc infamous principlcs
avowcd as thosc by whkh wc houid bc gui
ded, were all so cloqucntly sct forth and j.ic
turcd beforc us thatthe c'rowdcd lobbies and
gallcncs wcre almost brcathlcsi. Tho old
Contitutiou was in a dangprous sca, without
a chart or couipass or tkilful pilot
ivere tloating around, nor werc thcir ilaucr 1
madc to appear lcsi startling bv the brillianrv
of thecolors which the rcllectcd from thc cirul-
gence of his descnption.
Whcn Mr. Bcll cami' on to take his spat in
the Scnate. tha Loco-Foco organs told us that
Iie was about to 'coincout for his country.' IIc ',
Jias come out lor his country against the partv
ivho are hurrying it to clestrurtion. The coun
try may fcel'proud of John Bcll of Tenncsscc.
Would that every man, woinan and cbild in
the country had becn penniltcd to hear his
spcech to-day. Let the Pix'ss spread it.
TIIE WHIG XATIOXAL COXVEX
TION. From thc Xcw York Exprcss.
Washington, Fcb. 4.
I mentioned, in a note last cvcniii'r, thc rc-
Ealt of the dcliberations among the Whig mcm
i r i . iit.. tt. . . .i .
uizin, ju ruguui iu a n mg iyiiMiiion lor uic
nomination of Presidcnt and Vicc Pres,idcnt.
All now concur heartily in tho ncccssity ofa
Xational Convention:, and all will support its
action with pcrfect unanimity. Uifferenccs of
opinion there are as 4o the most availablc
candidates to bc presentcd bcfore thc Convcn
tion. Jtlr. Clay and his friends, and such
true friends as no man ecr had or ever can
Laye. Their vcry cnthusiasm is a prccursor
of strcngth in his behaU", for wherc. there U thc
rightkind of zcal, for the right kind of man,
it is uot cay to overawa it, or overmaster it.
x-,,,it,o1c Mv friends. if notnu-
merieally thc strongest, villfcnow howto make
may bo tBccandldate of thc Con enUon. Jhcy
ask qnly tfiat hc bc clcarly and uncquhocally a
Whig, and a Wlng vonvennon m nuuuuuiu
none bnt a Whig m truth and in heart.
Tf. Frr.,uU nf fien. Tavlor. in the "WTiic
ranks, are yet many in numbcr, arc carnest
and einccre in his support.
Thcrcarc also many in favor of Gcn. Scott,
and the Congrcssional Districti in Peiinsylva
nia vill probably Bcnd Scott dclcgatcs tb the
In the mean timc, the Whigs, with the imle-
pcndcnce of character which thcy are accus-
tomcdto wih spcaK as ireemcn oi mtu
things, only desiring, in their own succcss, the
bcst intcrests of the country. K B-
STThc third party organs are rejoicing
rfX.'lI.. fiirlHmtr of Ohio and ralfrcy of
Mass. AVill thc vbc so just as rcmind thcir
rcaders that neit'hcr of these pentlcmcn could
have had scats in Congress without thc support
of the Whig party?
. DEATII OF COM. RIDGELY.
Baltimore, Fcb. 5.
Com. Charlcs O. Rtdgcly died last cvcning
at Uanium's Jlotcl ofgoutin thestomacL Thc
Commwlore stood thc sisth or scventh in the
lif t of Captains. Hc cntercd thc scrvicc in
1 790, and his Captaiu's comiiiission dalcd Fcb.
TIIE IIOPE OF PEACE.
Private Corrcspondence of the Editor.
Wasiiingtox, Fcb. C.
Iobscrve thatyou cntcrtain strong hopcs of
an cariv leacc, but in this vou will uiscorcr
that vou arc mistakcn. I ain convinced that
thc Adinini.-tititioii ncithor dcsiro nor intcnd
to makea Pcacc at prcseut. Thcj- think the
War U gaining in popularity, and that thcir
schciucs of concjucst, if prosccuted, will carrj
tlicm safclvthroiih the ncxt Preidcntial con-
tcst. It is "ivcn out bv the Jlcmliers dr thc
Cahinct thatScott and Tritt have bccn trca-
ling 'on tlicir own hook,' and that thc Gov
crtinicut will not rccognizc thir doings.
The Loco-Foi-o Icaders are beconiing niorc
oi)cn and bold in thc avowal of thcir design to
siibjngntc and tlicn incorjiorate tbe wholc of
Washington, Fcb. 7.
A Inrgc as.emlilage appcarcd in thc Suprcmc
Court to-day, e.xpec ting to hear Ilcnry C'lay.
Thcy wcre diaj)oiiitcd. Danicl AVebstcrdc
livcred a brilliant arguincnt
Mr. Trist. Thc Washington corrcspou
dent ol thc Baltimore Sun says: "Imidcr
stand froui a rcliable sourcctliat a spceial ines
sengcr has bcen dcspalchcd to bring him Alr.
TristJ hoinc by force, or, at any ratc, to cxpcl
him lrom . exico, city aud countrj-."
Thc intcllicncc from Jlexico which wc puh-li.-lieil
ycstenlay, is important in onc particular,
tlmt liii-h rclatcs to thcoffcrcf pcacc havin becn
madc Uv Jlcxican Commissioncrs lo Jlr. Trist.
Tliat fimclionnry havin-; becn dcspoilcd of his of
Ikial tharactcr, bv thc l'rcsiilcnt, had no liowcr to
trcat nith thc Jlcxicar.s,
ue ua not, nowcvcr,
proposcd, what lliat naticn is willing to do thcy
will rcfusc to votc niorc f upplics.
Itappcars to us that wc have rcachcd thc point
now in which tlic liciircsentativcs of tlic pcojilo
should stand upon thcir ronstiiutional richts. and
.-ivc thc Exccutivc to know that they have othcr
powcrs 10 cxm anu autics to pcrlorm tlian the
mercrccistration ofhis cdk-ts and thccarninir on
ofliis war. Thc l'rcsident doubtless bclivcs that
this waris so popular in thc countiy.thc lhirst for
blooil 60 kccn, thnt hc will Ihs sustaincd, howcver
hih'handcd and tyraiinical his coursc mav bc.
Wc say, lct thc iiic.tliiii lic tricd. Lct us know
nhethcr the jk-0i1c of this U'puhlic have so soon
lorgoucn tnc ics-.ons ot thcr rcvolutionarv prccc-
dcnts, thcir trutli-lovnif; and truth-acting tcarlicrs.
Accordiii; to all arroints wc have now a chance
to mnkc pcaic, "an lionorablc licacc," Lut theKx
crutivc n-mams dormant audrcfuscs toact. Then
wc say, lct Congress aet, and not plav scronil to
i.r t i . . , . ' . .
I .i u i:...: .., ii.. A. .
i.nu. ii u ii.li u nu uuuui mucccwc wcrcinionii
"J " "i'"ii;uiM"ci .ticxican omccr, wno was
takcn ,)risoncrl.v Gcncral S.ott, and Vho i, on
),;s j,aloie f 10I10ri nt Wahin5.'toii that if a
Comniisfioii t-omjxiscd of tuch mcn as Clav, Yan
Uurcn, Wchstcr, Ciittcnden and Callioun, wcre
lonc tnc admnnstratain to acrcut or oller tcnns.
' i llut with a mcrc noniinal inajority in thc llousc,
and with a clcar majoriiy iu thc Scnatc amiinst
n. tlic higs ran iiardlv cciicrt to oarrv anv af-
tinnativc proiosition still wc hopc thi'V will trv
lt. 1 1ns waris mch a scvcrc bliQlitunon the liest
luiti ui uii; iiauun,umiiocul II is wortlimurli
l.itorand scvciv trial. Ict thcWhis of Congress
do vhat cood thcy c-an and ahovc all, lct thc
Wlnjp. of thc wholc Union, from this day fonranl
jicrscvere and inrrcasc thcir strength fur'thc jrrcat
rrcfidcnlial stni""lc. in whirh ic lirmlr Ix-licrp
j is involvcd cvcry lliin that is worth pfcscrvin'r
in our Lonstitution and Govcnimcnt. D. Atlas.
Citv or Jlcxico. Jan. 13, 1848.
On Monduy last thc comiiiniider-in-rhief was
inronncd of a inorcnicnt dc.-iiic-d hcrp tn ntinrl-
tl,c 'luilrters of ,llc olficcrs of thc army, and, il
lfS5,,,,e-," ,ak? lI,cra pnsoiicrs orkill thcm. Thc
i j'vi4i.inwu, ui inucii oi ic as
could bc induccd to tnkc jiart in tlic conspirarv,
slimild ritc, nnd, assistcd by a I.odv of gucrillas'
which ncrc to cntcr thc city ata'ccrtain hour,
mnkc tl.c attack. During tfic dav tho comman-dcr-in-chicf
informcd all ihc chicf oflicers of thc
iiitcndcd atlack, dcsignatcd rallying pointsforthc
uiucii-iu lugiiui'ius, ana mauc cvvrx disposition
ncccssury to dcfcat thc insurrcction. Ai ni-ht
scarccly a Jlcxican was to Lcsccn in thc strccts
showiiig that thc whole )opiilniion had a knowl
ctlgc of what was to lc atlvmpic!. Thc prccau
tion adojitcd, it is supposcd, prcvcnted an attcmpt
to cxccutc thc plan.
Thc projcctors of thc insnrrcction werc cithcr
Wmd to thc cfTectsof thcir pkin.or forcsccing thcm
must have len uttcrlv rccklcts as to tlic consc-qucm-cs
whicl, would resull to thcir own country
mcn; forif the nttcnq.t had liccn madc, thcre is
not an olTiccr ,n thc army, not cxccpting thecom-mander-in-ch.cf
himsef, who could have rcstrain-
w . . f-, "tu V i l .
tnrht I.i.Mif l.ii-l n- ,.r .v ' i r.
uiuwiB. sacfcin;; tlic citv. Durin- lhe
commandmga iwtrol came in sight of ttvp i
ncar tlic I'laza dc Torre in thc south cnstpm
lit of two carts
SOlllll mitfnrn v.r.
ofthc city, onc of which, containing ono hundrcd
stand of anns hc capturcd; thc other hc was un
ablc to come np with bcfore it was placcd in con
ccalmcnt. Whcthcr Gcn. Srott has tho namcs of
thc parties who originated the plot, or not. 1 do
not know : but it is prcttv wcll undcrstond tht
thc chiel conspirators are among the soldicrs of
tnc Jicxican army, who assnmed citizen s dress
when our army cntercd thc city, and havcremain
cd hcrc siucc. A fcw days may rcveal more in
rclation to thc mattcr.
You will, pcrhaps, lcarn bcfore this reachcs you,
. ' -j .iiv- .HLAIl.r . UllltUlf?IUI LI3 jiuti:
ofa similar attcmptat rucbla, which the prompt
itnde and detcrmiaation of Col. Childs niftpca m
thcbud. Encloscil you will find Col. Childss
proclamation in the Spanish. -O.
CiiEAr TostageA mcetini: to considcr thc
mattcr of cheap postape, was held at tiie 1 remont
Saloon, in Boston, on Thnrsdav cvemnff, npon the
call ofa committccappointed by a pubhc mcctmg
sercral months sincc. Dr. llowc ca Icd the mcct
insr to ordcr and Mr. Edward Brooks was callcd
to thc Chair. Mr. J. W. Jamcs, onc of thc com
mittee appointcd at the former mceting, madc a
spccch of somc lcngth, not intcndcd as a forrnal
rcport from that coinmittee, and oflercd rcsoln
tions which wcre sukscqucntly adoptcd, recom
mcnding inthc abolition of thc frankingpnvilcgc,
thc rcduction of thc rates of postage to "two ccnts
oncachhalfouncclcttcr.if pro-paid, and doublc
postage if not prc-paid; one cent on all newspa
pcrs, and a likc ratc of postage on all printed
mattcr;'' thc abolition ofcxisting restrictions np
on the transmisrion of ncwspapcrs by mail, and
the adoption of a systcm of "frce dehvery of lct
tcrs." tgg" llon. Mr. Stephcns, ofGa., one ofthc
ablest Whig niembcrs of Congress,haviitg bcen
attackcd for yoting for Mr. jihmun's amend
mcnt, dcclaring thc war to have becn wrong
fully and unconstitutionallycommcnced bythe
Presidcnt, has writtcn a most capital lettcrin
reply thereto, which concludes as follows : "I
rcjoiccd at tho opportunity oflercd, by the a
mendmcnt of Alr. Ashniun, I rccord in the
most golemn manner the opinion wliich I have
uniformly cxjircsted, both publicly and pri
vately, sincc the cxistcnco ol the prcscnt war,
that it 'was unneccssarily and unconstitution
ally' bcgun by thc Presidcnt of the United
For 15 icords or tm
der, cxclusivc of ad
drcss or signatvrc.
' 25 cknts
, Each additional wortl
' two cents.
' i Each additional word
I T1YO CENTS.
'Each additional wonl
) I TWO CENTS.
A rcduction of onc third is madc for all
words over onc hundrcd in a singlc coninnmi
cation. Communications to bc mailcd ortobc trans-
fcrred to other Tclcgraphic lincs, will bo faith-
luiiv nnu promptii- attcnleu to; hutthc compa'
nies owningthe linc will not be in anv wav re-
soiisiblo for inaccuracy or remissness which
docs not occur on thcir own linc.
All comniunicntions must be prcpaid.
Mcsscngcr's fce, hco ccnts, for any distancc
not al-ovc onc uvile; bcyond that distancc what
All Cojnmvnicatiom striclly confidenlial.
LONDON IN 1742, 10C YEARS ACO. Ex
tract from Smollct's history of the reign of
George II A law had bccn cnactcd laying
hcavy duticson spirituous liquors, and like-
wisc for the salc of thcm.
" When thosc scverc dutics, nmounling al
mo:t to a prohibition, werc iinposcd, tho pop
nlacc of Lyndon wcresunk into tho most bru
tal dcgencracy, by drinking to exccss the per
nicious spirit callcd gin, which was sold so
cheap, that the lowcst class of thcpcople could
nfibrd to indulgc thcmsclvcs in one continucd
statc of intoxication, to the dcslrurtion of all
niorals, industrv, and onlcr. Such a shamcful
dpgrcc of profligaey prevailcd, that the rctail
crs of this poisonous compound sct up aiutcd
lioanls in public, inviting peoplc to be drunk
for thc fraall cxpcnse of onc pcnny; assuring
thcm that thcy might be dcad drunk for two
jicncc; and have straw for nothing. Tliey ac
cordingly providcd ccllars and placcs strcwcd
with straw, to which thcy t onveycd thosc
wrctchcs who wcre ovcrwhclmcd with intoxi
cation. In thcsc dismal cavcnis they laj- until
they rccovcrcd somc uscof thcir facultics, and
then thcy had rcconrsc to thcsamc mischivcous
potionj tLus consuming thcir hcalth, and ruin-
ing incir lanuiicsin nmcous rcccptacics ot tlie
most filthv yice, rcsoundins with riot, cxecrca-
tion, and blasphcmy. Such beastly practiccs
but too plainly dcnotrd a total want of all po
lice and civil regulation, and would have rc
llccted disgracc upon thc most barbarous com
munity. In onler to rcstrain this cvil, which
was bccomc intolcralc, the lcgislaturo enactcd
tnat taw wmcu wc navc alrcady mcntioncd.
LOUISIANA-TIIE WAY THEY DID IT.
Corrcspondence of Thc Tribune.
Kew-Ohleans, Jan 23, 1848.
With Pnrrow I cncloc vou thc with stntcmrnt
ofthc rcsult of our clcction of a U. S. Scnator.
This was cfTcctcd by brilicry most unpoubtcdlv
so all say. Jlr. Mylcs (the abscntec) dcclarcd
that hc had bcen ollcrcd ,bur negroeso ifhe woidd
stny away and not votc. Hc did stay away. Thc
llouse invcstigatc thc matterto day." 1 hopc there
i honcty cnongh and courage cnough to prolic
uiv iiiiiquuy to tnc ooitom, imt i lcarnot. Boulc
is no Amcriccn nnd no statcsman, but a gcntlc
man and man of talcnt I can hardly bclicve tlmt
hc will allow himscif toftc made the instrumcnt
and licnefiriary of coniption,cvcn though his par
tv rcqnire it. AVc slmll scc. Thc Statc, thc
poumry and thc Amcrican cha'racter are involvcd
in thc i sue. Yours, B.
It i said I.icnt. Col Fhejiost has bcen cash
icrcd by a vcrdict of thc Court Murtial. Thc scn
tcncc is harsh; but,acconling toarmvrcgnlatioiis,
may bc jnstiliahlc. Still, thc univcrsal hopc is,
that cvcn sliould such bc thc stcrn vcnlict ofthc
Court Martial. thc l'rcsident will intcrfere with
his siipcrvisory jurisdiction.and rcmit aU that is
pcnal in the dccision. Lieut. Col. Fremoxt is a
incritorions officcr has dcscrvcd wcll ofthc 15c
piiblic and it srcms to untecmical pcrsocs hard
tliat hc should sufler from acts which. if imnroner
or impnidcntly committcd, sccm rathcrthcconsc
qucnec ofhis obcdicnce to than rcsistancc of su
pcnorolliccrs. The l'rcsident will ncvcr confinn
it is confidcntly announced, such a (indingas this
by tlic Court Martial. Hc will rather consider
Mr. rr.r..MOXT!s prcvious nrduous and succcss
ful scrviccs than his latc and secmingly casual
neglcct of dutics.
From thc Bosion Daily Advertiscr.
Tiie Colt.t or Isqdiet. The following gen
eral ordcr, which wc copy from thc Xcw Orleans
Dclta of thc 25th inst. shows the nature of the
Court of inquiry. which is to consider the, difficul
tics bctween our Gencrals. lt shows tliat Gcncr
al Scott has prcfcrcd chargcs against Gen. l'il
low and Col. Duncan, aud that Gcn. Worth has
prcfcrcd chargcs acainst Gcncral Scott.
War DEr-AitTMEXT, Jan. 13,2848.
Bydircction ofthc l'rcsident ofthc United
Statcs a Court of Inquiry, to consist ofBrevct
llrig. Gcn. X. Towson, 1'aTinastcr Gcncral ;Bri".
Gcn. Calcb Cushing, and Col. E. G. W. Butlers,
3d Dragoons, members, will ossemblc in Mcxico,
to inquirc and cxamine into the chargcs and allc
gations prcfercd by Maj. Gcncral Winfield Scott
against Maj. Gen. fiideon J. lhllow, and Brcvct
Lieuf. Col. Jamcs Duncan, Captain ofthc 2dllcg
imcnt ofArtillery, and the chargcs or mattcrs of
complaint presentcd by way of appcal by Brcvct
Maj. Gcn. V. J. Wonh, Colonel of the Sth Bcg
jmcnt of Infantry, against Maj. Gcn, "Winfield
Scott; and also. into any mattcrs connected with
tlie sameas wcll as such othcr transactions as
may bc submittcd to tlic considcration ofthc
Court ; and after investigating thc same, thc Court
will rcport the facts in each casc, topether with
the opinion thcreon, for the information ofthc
PAt.n, ;n mktnt tnorhitic ofthc
Ma-Tietic Tclcgraph has bccn Aiadc, which will
. - . - . - : MnMinfl tn rti f irnl v
it lt is as cnccinc u itlK..v- j
. . f T I . A . KIama nnfl
superseac tne patenis oi rnu""' "j""
Mr. House. Itis thc invention of Dr,lloe, and
thc Cincinnati Chroniclc describcs it ns follows:
By this, dcspatchcs, mcssagcs, or lrgc docu-
mcnts, arc set up in ercnca( i "
chaie similar to printing tvpcs, and thc form placed
.i v : ie snniime m
Upon Iliucilllll xrutiui nuv o
Uie lich'cf Uiat hc can bv this machinc, transmit to
.ii : ..nn.i ..-:t"i. fhi. irirp. n3 much mat-
tcr as would make one cntirc pagc of the Uironi-
clc, in ticauv minuus. .ine Jiaiiiyu' .V
rcsented as bcing rcmarkably simple.and notbke-i-
, t fmi.r Ami tn secnre correctncs.
as well as spccd, a proof is takcn from thc typcs
m luc on.iiiaij ituv,
WELVT -VILL 1TC0ST?
It sccms tbe administration is bcnt upon hav
: nflrvtnnn mn -hnt will it COSt to
kcepthemaycarl They are to be transportcd
thousanas oi mucs in smps anu skuuiu.-, uuu iu
be clothcd, fed, paid ard supplicd with arms.amu
nitions of war, camp cquipagc, horscs, mulcs, &c
&c At a gucsswc should saySSpcrdayforcach
man would be cheap nobody could trarel the
worldovcrfor less tlian that, saying nothing a
bout stopping to fight, and occasionally lying by
in hospitals undcr thc surgeon's chargc. But at
this ratc the cxpenses of thc army will be ?2C0,
000 pcr day two million CTcry tcn daj s six mil
lions cvcry mondi ssyEXTT two milhioxs i-kk
il ihcn rcmcmbcr that
govcrnment crcdit is cvcn now shakcn treasury
notcs at a discount tnc cxpons ui rerei-i-ni-ing
thc imports moncy hard in the citics and
banks failing. We say to cvcry man, rcmcmbcr
that this is thc state offacts in spite of which thc
govcrnment is pressing on this war. cvcn nftcr
Mcxico has ofTcrcd it 130,000 squarc milcs of tcr
nlnrr l?PTTlPmlllr lt SO that if in a twelvc month
thc peoplc shall suffcr calamitics at homc. you
may nolu tnc party in powcr respuuaium iui n.
Hon. J. M'.Bott's has writcnalcttcrtothc'Rich
ard Whig, dcfining his position in regard to thc
Prcsidential canuidate. ihclctier is cuaractcr
iscd with that dircetncss nnd boldncss of thought
which is pcculiar to that gcntlcman.
5Ir. Botts cocs for a National Convcntion and
for Honry Clay. He bclicvcs Mr. Clay to bc not
nnlv the bcst cmbodimcnt of Whi-rnrinciplcs.but
he considcrs him thc most availablc. Hc thinks
that if nominatcd by the Convcntnon he will bc
clcctcd, and suggests that with cithcr Scott or
Clavton for Vicc l'rcsident, the tickct would suc
cccd bcyond pcradventurc. Gcncral Taylor hc
cannot 'support unlcss hc dcclares himsclf a Whig
and will coinmit himsclf to Whig mcasurcs. Uc
has no faith in no-party professions. Vs for him
sclf, he is a Whig, and not no-party man. He h
n partv man. If, howcver, General Taylorshould
avow liimself n Whig, and should bc nominatcd
by thc Convcntion, hc will do what lics in him to
givc lnm Uic cicctorai yoic or virguua.
Yiiiginia. The Whigs of Fauqnicr County,
v lrgmia.wtio mct tne otnci iay to aiipoint iJclc
catcs to thc Whijr Statc Convcntion, proposcd
Hon. Andrcw Stcwart, of 1'cnnsylvauia, for Vicc
Thc Whigs of Grceubrier County rccommcnd
Alr. t.tav lor 1'rcsiucut.
ARRIVAL OF TIIE ROYAL MAIL
14 DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
The news is not yery great lmportancc, al-
tliotieh thc liberal moremcnt in Austnan Italy
contains a ccrm which may lead to important
cvcnts Wc vannot discovcr that our conimcr-
cial afTairs have matcrially changed in Eng
laud, since the departurc of thc prcvious stca-
mcr. Cotton remains dull, and brcadstutl's
can hardly bcsaid to have nnproved. ihcre
arcsymtoms,thougli slight oncs,ot improycment
in soinc of the manufacturing distncts. Fail-
urcs still continuc to occur, and among the rcst
are some houses of ver- extcnsive rciiutation.
The tioublcs in Ircland do not appear to be
greatly diminishcd. The new Cocrcial bill,
which has bccn proclaimed in somc of the
counties. has as vct had very little bciicficial
cflcct. Thcagrarian outragcs wliich so frc-
qucntly occur m that unhappy country, are
cvils ofgigantic niairoittiilc, and will renuirc
thc titniost yigilancc and caulion on thc part of
the (jovcrnmcnt and tlic inenuj ot 'law and
ordcr,' not only to put thcm down, but to prc
ycnt the infection froni sprcading. Ilitherto
tney liave ucen cniellv conuncd to lippcrarv
and othcr rountics touth of Dublin, but indi-
cations ot similar outbrcaks are now to bc sccn
as far north as the county of Tyronc.
Thc Acadia arrivcd at Boston on Tucsday
last, with Livorpool datcs to Jan. 15.
Indian corn, corn mcal, andbrcadstuflsgcn-
crany as wen as cotton, nad slightly Ucclincd ;
uut tiicre was an niipronng feehng jn cotton.
Dr. IlAMrnnN. Dr.' Ilampden was con-
finncd in thc Bow strcet church, London, on
thc 11th, in thc presence of a yast asscmbl-.
The new Bishop was londly checrcd by thc
pcople as hc cntercd Iits carriage.
Ireland. Thc authoritit's arc cnforcing
thc new coercion bill with great vigor. Sjiec-
lai commissions liavc Ucen cstalilislicu m scy
cral of the most disorderly counties. Thrcat
cnmg lettcrs are thc ordcr of thu day. Tlic
famincin thc South and West is cvcry day bc-
Italy. Tlie Pope prosrcsscs with his con
stitutional rcfonns, to tlic creat satisfaction of
t lus subjccts. A Ministry, on a most compre-
i iicnsivc pian, nas occn lormcd.
SURRENDER OF AllD-EL-IvADER. Al.GE-
kia. Satunlay's Paris papcrs show that Alxl-
ei-iaueriiau not only stirrendcrcd to thc Dukc
d'Aumalc, but had alrcady arrivcd, a prisoner,
at Toulon. The arraiiremcnt undcr which
Abd.cl-Kadcr was acccptcd by thcDukcd'Au-
maic is tnc supject ot ammatcU altacks in all
thc opjiosition organs. Thc dcspatch of the
Duke announcing his surrcndcr, dcclares that,
after bcing tlcfeatcd by the army of Morocco,
nc cnucavorca to gain tlic soutli, bat found
himsclf so surroundcd by thc troonn of Gcn.
Lamoricicre that cscapc licing itnpossible hc
"u i-unipciicu io surrciiucr. uut, u is lmmc
diatcly addcd, that on arriving in Francc he
is to bc scnt by thc eovcrnuicht cithcr to St.
Jean d'Acre or Alcxandria. If this bc a con-
dition granted as the tcnns of the surrcndcr
of the cmir, why, asks thc opposition, was it
granted, secing that thc chicf had no means of
cscapc hy was any condition grantctl un-
aer sucu circumstanccs t or, it a condition
wcre given from a gcnerous impulsc, why a
condition so infinitcly objcctionablc and dan
gcrous, it is said, too, that thc govcrnment will
disregard thc condition agrccd to by the Gov-
crnor Ucneral of Algcna, and that ALd-el-Kader
will bc brought to Paris. In thc mcan
time hc is dctaincd in Fort Lamalquc, Toulon.
GEXS SCOTT AXD PD3RCE.
Busy Rumor. aycrybuisv-body. by thc wav
and more intcnt on minding othcr peoplcs bu
siness than her own, has tricd to make it ap
pear that the rccall and court-martialing of
bqn. Scott wasameasuro adoptcd on the rcc
ommcndation of Gen. Piercc. This thclattcr,
in a commuuication Jto the Boston Post, unc
nuivocally denies. IIc says, the rumor has not
the slightest foundation in truth, and that he
has riever bcen consultcd by the Xational Ex
ccutivc on thc subject. Hc also says, that
ncvcr for a pomcnt has any but tho kindest
relations cxisted betwccn himsclf and Gcncral
Vcrily, this Madam Rumor ha; acquircd so
bad a character for vcracity, that it is the,
Etrangest thing in the world "that people wjll1
Corrcspondence of the Galaxy.
Washington, Fcb. 1, 184S.
Thc approaching Prcsidential Campaign is
abrcady bccoming the chief topic of conversa-
tion in the intclligent circles of this city, and
ncxt to qucstions rclating to the war in point
of intcrest. Mr. Clay is at thc Xational, and
is to speak bcfore the Supremc Court in a few
days. IIc has changed but little sincc his visit
to Burlington, a fcw ycars since. IIc is tho
same firra, uncompromising supportcr of Whig
principlcs he cver was, and in the Whig cir
cles hcrc, is the firstin thcir hcarts for Presi
dcnt. But while hc occupics this placo in tho
hcarts ofthc Whigs, I find some who donbt
the cxpediency of making him a candidate.
Thcy rcason that thcrc is a certain part of our
population which hasso yery strong party pre
dclictions and that would not voto for Mr. C.
but might be brought to sustain somc othcr
Wiig nomince. Mr. Clay bcing in the field
and loosing thc clcction, thc fatc ofthc Xation
is scaled irrcvcrsably for all coniing timc. While
thcy desirc Mr. Clay for thc President, they
love their country too wcll to allow their devo-
tion to an individual to prcvcnt thcir co-opera-
ting for thc highcst good of their country and
nniting upon a candidate whosc succcss would
bc more certain.
But, sir, I have as yct failcd to find the indi-
vidual who could namc a pcrson so gencrally
acccptable to tho Whigs of my native State,
as Ilcnry Clay. His political yicws on alj
subjccts of national intcrest, aro perfcctly
known to thc Amcncan pcople, wliilc on the
other hand an impcnctrable mist appcars to
ycil thc positious of many ofthc othcr aspirants
for this high oflicc. It is said by thoso who
profess to know, and have bccn with im fol
months past, that Gen. Taylor is a Whig. I
hope, sir, that he is a true and patriotic Whig.
But I have assured our Whig fricndshcrc that
Gcn. Taylor or any othcr man will fail to ob
tain the support of thc Ycrmontcrs unlcss hc
plants himsclf on sound Whig grounds and
comes np to that "rack foddcr or no foddcr."
Thc trcachcry of Tylcr is too frcsh in thc mcm
ories of thc frccmcn of Vermont, to pcrmit
thcm to adopt a no-party man, and a Southcrn
man, too, and thercby cspect to carry out thc
Gcn. Taylor is niorc popular lierc than in
Xcw England, owing, I prcsumc in part, to
the fact that many hcrc have becn connected
with him in thc military scrvicc.
Judgo McLcan's lcttcr, the anticipated re
turn of Scott and the silcnce of Beuton arc
just now cxciting topics, in thc city of cxcitc-
mcnts. It is faintly rumored that Mr. Clay
will have suport fiom "Bullion Benton." Mr.
Benton will not probably dcfine his nosition
nntil thc Frcuiont casc has judgement. He
is howcver slcadily at his post and listcncd
with apparcnt intcrest to thc rcinarks of Judgc
Phclps in the Scnatc a few days sincc. I no-
ticc thc llon Mcssrs. Clay, R. M. Johnson &
Webstcr in thc Suprcmc Court to-day, Messrs.
Goggin of Va. and Collaincr of our State,
liavc addrcssed tho llousc to day, in a Tcry a
blc, candid, and happy manner.
Weinesday, 4, F.M.
This has bccn a very intcrcsting day in thu
Scnate. Thc Hon. John Bcll having the floor
occupicd thc cntirc time cxccpting while Mr.
Cass mado a few cxplanatory rcmarks. The
gallcrics wcre denscly erowdcd nnd had it not
bccn for thc kind attcntion ofiMr. Upham in
giving me a seat on the lowcr floor, I should
liavc l'ailed ofhearing tho spccch. His scnti
mcnts werc cvidenlly reccived with approba-
tion by Mr. Calhoun and many othcrs not of
his party. Mr. Cass seatcd himsclf within
thrcefeet of Mr. Bcll, nnd asthc speaker dealt
out his rebukes npon tho Admmistration, Mr.
C. scenicd to writhc considcrably undcr the
lash. Mr. Wcbster is to bc hcard bcforo thc
Suprcmc Court to niorrow, at 11 o'clook, on
a Mississippi Bank casc. IIo is, indccd, tho
"admired of all atlmircrs," and will draw a
crowd to thc Court.
Xow, sir, as it rcgards tho romorcd trcaty,
the impression hcrc is that none has bcen sub
mittcd. Thc Hcrald, Sun, Moon and Stars, all
fail to throw any light upon thc subject. At
thc rcception last cvening at thc White Homc
thc Prcsidcnt assured an honorable Scnator of
our' State, tnat thcrc was no foundation for thc
romors in thc papcrs in rcfurcnco to a trcaty
having bccn submittcd to the Executn c in any
The impression scemS to bc that thcrc is no
cxisting govcrnment in Mcxico which is poa
scssed of sufiicicnt inllucnce and authorily to
givc "sccurity for thc futuro" pcrmanen'cy of
Truly Yours, E. M. II.
Corrcspondence of thc Boston Atlas.
Washington, Fcbruary2, 1S48.
In the Housc, today, wc had a couple of spcecli
cs in favor of Exccutivc prcrogativc, and onc on
thc sidc of the peoplc. Mr. Cobb. of Gcorria. &.
Mr. Brown of l'cunsylvania, supjiortcd thc Excc
utivc Thc opposite vicw was takcn by Mr. Stc
phcns, of Georgia. Mr. Stephcns is a pcculiar
looKing man. Hc is quitc Iioyish m persoual ap-
pcarancc. Jlis voicc is slinll, and hi fcaturcs dcl
icatc. Bnt his mind is vigorous and activc. He
took hold of thc l'rcsident today, and "handled
him withont glovcs." It was one of the ahlcst ef
forts of his powerful intcllcct; and hc has mado
numcrous alile and cloqucnt spe eclics bcfore this
onc, on other topics, in Congress.
Arp linvp npw tod:iv nf f lip plpptinn nf n Tjrrt
Foco Scnator by thc Whig Lcgislaturo cf Lonis-1
iana. Mr. l'icrrc Soule, who scrved hcre a few
wccks of thc last scssion, is clectcd in placc of
Mr. Johnson. We gain a loss in this casc. Givc I
mc a clcar Loco Eoco in prcferencc to a Whig I
iiKC Jir. Johnson, iiis support ot thc Adminis
tration was stron? cnou"li for anv Tco 'Kopo- 1
should rather, thcrcforc, have a Loco Foco do !
snch business, if it is to bc donc. Mr. Soule. I '
ucncvc, ooasts ot nis personai rcscmblanceto2a-
poicon, il not tliat be is lus sou. IIc is a native
1'hcre has bccu quitc a flnttcr raiscd amomr the '
puuuoans ncrc, ny mc manner m wmcu tne AU
miuUtration interl'cred widi the clcction of aSon-
.t - .....
ator from Mainc. ftn otbor cases Mr. Buchanan
had rcfuscd (o intcrfere, particularly in the clcc
tion of Mr. Camcron, of 1'cnnsylvania, bccansc,
it was said, it would lic intcrfcriDg with State
rights for a mcmbcr of thc cahinct to interfere
with s State Lczisjiture in tbe clcction of a Sena-
ftior. Kow, it is said that thcrc is no objection
iiinuc io inicncnng m me appomtment oi anotn
er, and that, too, a mcmber of the cabinet himsclf
But thcrc is another vcrsion of this stonr. It
is said that the Administration were ansjjnsiogct '
rid of Mr. Clifford, and that thcy took this plan, 1
hoping tha; it would enccced. They prctended to
belieyc tliat he tt&s the' onfy man whbf conld" Icad
thc party frt the Scnafe against such nten as Ciit
tcnden, in their attacks upon thc Administration.
It is saiddsoioW that this schcmc is discovered,
and is not looked Bpon as yery complemcntary to
Mr. Attorncy General Clifford.
I hcard a Wcstcrn Loco Foco say today that ho
was afraid hc would bc compcllcd to voto for the
Tcn Kegimcnt Bill ; for, said he, there are so ma
ny of my constituents on hcre looking for officc
undcr it, thal thcy must eitber get thcm or 1 nrast
pay their cxpenses homc 1 Ought not such a man
tobe cxcused for roting with thc Administration ?
Mr. Wehstcj speaks again tomorrow, bcfore thc
c n . lT.VMniiTn
By Telegraph to the Tribune.
Washington, Feb. 7, 1848.
Senate. On motion of Mr. Johnson of
La. thc rostmaster General was directcdtore-
port to the Senatc thc causes of the rcpeatcd
lailure of the mail to and from Xcw Orleans.
Also, what lcgislation ii neccssarj" to prevent
the mails bcing beatcn by private expresscs.
The rcsolution to purchase Disturnell's map
of Mexico was rcferred to the Librarv Com
mittec. M r. Benton's rcsolution instrncting tho Pres
ident to inform the Scnatc why tho articlc re
lating to the promotion of cadets was insertcd
into thc Army Rcgister, was adoptcd.
Mr. Douglass from the Committce on Terri
tories reported a bill to establish a Torritoiiul
govcrnment in Orcgon.
The bill cxteuding thc provisions of the act
grantin" halt pay to thc "vidows of volunteer
militia uying of wounds rcceivcd in battle, to
wiuows oi soiuicrs oi tuc regular armv, was
taken up and passed.
Thc considcration of thc ten rcgiment bill
Mr. Huntcr addressed tho Scnatc in oppo
sition to the policy of the Administration. He
advocated Calhoun's projcct of a dcfensivc liue.
Housk. The Joint rcsolutions of the Lcg
islaturo of Xcw "1 ork, voting thanks to Gcn
Scott and tho Army in Mcxieo.andunnnL'thc
preseutation of a gold 'medal to tho former,
Mr. Ilouston of Alabama movod to amcnd,
so as to include all othcr Gencrals cngagcd in
activc scrvicc from thc comiuencemcnt of the
Joint resolntions wcre presentcd hyMr. Ste-
pucns oi ua. coniplemcntmg tien. Taylor, &
thc army undcr him, for thc victory of Bucna
Vista, and dircctin" thc preseutation of n gold
medal to Gen. Tsivlor, which was read tbrec
tmies and passed. The voto on tlicir passage
was Ycas 1S1, Xays 1.
Mr. Wilmot made a' pcrsonal cxplanatiou
relativo to an articlc which had ainieared in
the Union newspnper, accusing him of having
thrown nuothcr fnc-brand into Congras; be
cause liu had recommcnded dircct taxntion; &
ucMgiiiunig iuui s a imscnievous nny oi tnc
Administration that hc had abandoncd Frce
Tradc principlcs, &c. &c.
IIc dcnicd the accusntion indignantly, and
castigatcd the Editor of thc Union with" grcat
cncrgy. HesaidMr. Ritchic had arrivcd at
sccond childhocd, and rcpudiatcd the ideathat
thc Union was authorizcd to make a jilatfonii
upon which Dcmocratic Rcprcsculativcs were
IIo (Wilmot) recognizcd thcdoctrinc of the
Administration that thc war must bc proaecu
tcd, and thcrcforc hc was in favor of tho poli
cy of dircct taxalion, for the support of the
war; and if thc reenuo produced a urplus,
hc would rcduce thc tariiT nnd tax rcal proj
crty to mcct thc expcnses of thc Govcrnment.
lic spokc against tlic noniiiiution of Bucha
nan for thc Presidcncv, and charL'cd that the
l'ciiiisylvania papcn which opjioscd the l'ro
viso, did so for the purpose ot obtaining Gov-
Tho rcason why he was nssailedhc supposcd
was, bccause cf his opposition to the tax on
Tea and Coflce. IIo would support the countrj-
in carrying on thc war and in acquiring
territory, but he was ojiposcd to tho cst.-.blish-mcnt
and introduction of Slavcry ujion soil
Mr. Thompton, of Pcnnsylvania, rejilicd, &
dcfcndcd Mr. Buchanan from the chargcs madc
by Mr. Wilmot.
Mr. Giddings, of Ohio, read and oflercd rcs
olutions, thaiiking Hon. Albcrt Gallatin forhi
rcasons against thc war. On motion, they
werc laid on the table by a large niajority.
Wkpxesdat, Feb. 8.
Senatr. A mcssafrc from thc Housc commn-
nicatcd tho vote of thanks passed to Gcr.crals
Taylor and Scott. Scnator Yulce snggcsted that
thc oflicers of thc Navv should he included.and
jhuycu iuai 111c rcsuiuiion uc rcicrrcu lor iuai jiur
pose. Thc motion to rcfer thcm to thc committco, to
rcport ci.mplcte, was auopted.
Thc Tcn Kecimcnt 1'iil was then takcn up.
Mr. Miller addrcssed thc Scnate in opposiiion
to thc bill. Mr.Xilp sitolce in sumiort of the bill.
Mr. Cass iutimatcd that bo would, to-morrow,
lntrcmicc a rcsolntion providlng for cYcning scs
sions until thc bill is disposcd of.
Mr. Berricn was stronglv oiijioscd to the rourse
suggcstcd by Mr. Cs?. Thc measure was too
important, r.i'id involvcd so many qucstions con
nected with thc wclfare of this country and Mcxi
co, that he must olject to pressing it tbrough
without mature dclibcraiion. IIc could not scc
the propricty cf pressing this important mcasurc.
ItoLSC. Thc Loan bill, autl.oriiing tho gOT
crnmcnt to borrow Sl 3,500,000 to inect the cx
penses of thc wcr, was taken up.The qnestion
bcfore thc Housc was an ameudincnt tosubstitute
S 1 G.OOO.OOO for S 1 8.500.00O.
Mr. Vinton of Ohio spokc at lengjh on tlio fi-
cai rcgulations ot tlie govcrnment.
Mr. Ligon of Maryland in support of tlie bill
CORRESPOXDEXCE OFTIIE BOSTOX
Washington, Fcb. Sth.
The spccch of Mr. Xilcs in the Senatc, today
was rather a curious aflair, and yet it contain
od somc good hits. IIo thoroughly condemn-
cd tlint growingspirit ot rapacity, wliich, upon
the trround ot "Jlanilcst JJcstiny, advocatin:
thc ausorption of Mexico and thc dcstruction
of our Southern ncighljor, as our barbariau
anccstors ovcrrun tlicir SouthWn ncighbors.
AVe had not cvcn thc cxcuso which wc had in
the.Qregon controversv. Thcrc our title w.n
'clearand unquestionablc.' Hcie our title is
very questionablc and doubtful. IIc warned
thc higs not to commit thcmsclvcs to strong-
ly against tlie War. ont tlic countrj- should
unfortunatcly fail into thcir hands at the next
Prcsidential clccticn as he hadrcasontofcar,
and ii peacc was not then rcachcd, as hc iear
cd it might not, thcy mi"ht find their rash no-
sitions would givc thcm troublc. IIc read cx
tracts from Washington, Adam?, Jcllcrson,
Madison, and othcrs of the carly lights ofour
systcm, which showed that they entcrtaincd
tb'fferont scntimcnts from thosc expresscd now,
by gentlemcn who claim to bc the organs of
the Dcmocratic party. Thcy wcnt for peacc
and justice, and wc plunge into a war at the
"dictatcs of destiny," ife said he was in favor
of making one more oflcr. Hc thought thc
prospcct of peacc was bettcr now than it had
bccn, or would bo againf wc let' this opportu
nity pass. We should make it now and try to
close thc war at onee.
IIc contcndcd that wc had now. cvcry thing
wc wantcd from Mcxico. We hcld thc Rio
Grandc;tbat's all wc claimcd in tliat quarter.
Wc hold now California andXew Mexico, and
that our own Government acknowlcdges is
more than mdcmnity, and actually bnngs us in j
delit to Mcxico. As tosccurity for the future
it is ridiculot-.s nonscnsc. Why even Texas, a I
mere scttlcment of 150,000 persons, nevor both
ered thcmselvcs abcut security. They defcn-l
ded tficmselvcs; and hc helieved that CTcii
California would be able to defcnd hersclf
Viithoutany military. aid from the govcrnment!
Wo h.1ve alrcady dorio aU that war can do. If
we take tho nicasures of indemnity into cxir
own hands, wo can have it, and our army msy
be rcduccd to 15,000 mcn.
Strango as it may apncar, almost in thesame
brcath in which he declarcd with such empha
ris that we could rcduce our aainy to 15,000
men, hc dcclarcd his intention to vote for tha
prcscnt bill, wliich, in addition to tbe forty or
fifty tbousand men alrcady in the field, and
authorizing toraiso somc 20,000 more, givej
the Prcsidcnt power toraisc tcn thousand men
lnoro What mav not thc Exccutive do, with
such views of public duty as this? What cares
Mr. Polk for picturcs ot peacc, and what may
be donc with the means at his disposal? Ho
wauts ten regiments more tosubjugate Mexico
and five hundrcd and forty oflicers as election
ecrs, to subjugate our own peoplc in tho next
In regard to tho designs of tho Executiia
touching Mexico, Mr. Seiver, Chairman of tbo
Committee on Foreign Relations, madc certain
declaintions in tho Scnatc on Friday that aro
looked upon by many herc as cxprcssing tho
views of the Prcsidcnt, who was dcsircous cf
notbina, hc saifl, in trcating with Mcxico, but
fair and adequate indemnity. He never, Mr.
Scvier afGrmcd, went for thc whole of Mexico,
he dischiimcd it, and wishcd to preservc tho
nationality of Mexico. He dcclarcd that tha
Presidcnt wishcd, indccd, "sccurity for the fu
ture,' and that hc would be satisfi'cd with ma
king pcacc with such a stable govcrnment as
cxisted undcr Pnrcdes;and tliat he would mako
trcaty with such a govcrnment as the pres
ent, with Anaya as Prcsidcnt, and with tbe
Congrcssat Qiieretnro. As for Mr. Trist, his
mission tothc "Hallj of tho Montezumvs," has
won him no goldcn opinions. Xothing abso
Iutcly certain in rcgai'tl to him secnis to ba
known, but one thing u admittcd on all de,
and that is, that ho has cxcccdcd his instruc
tions. Touching the doings of Congrcj3, I hav
nolhing of general intcrest to communicato.
O. P. Q.
CoL.Lr.CK Riot. There was quite an oxcito
ment in Hanorcr lost wcck, in consequence of
outragcous and most digraccful proccc-dings of
somc of the studcnts ot the Cniversity. They toro
the blinds from the rhurch, brokc openthevcstnr,
inlo which thcy entcrcd, and coinmitted wanton
injuries upon thc ilpit,ciiIiions,&r.,to thevaloc
of more than a hundrcd dollars, shhcred the
lamp, spilling the oil ovcr the floor and carpcti.
&cn &c It was apparnntly a druukcn fio'.icl and
it would have been no mora than juaticc if thoc
cngagcd in it had btcn tunicd ovcrto thccvcrity
of the law, instcad of bcing subject to accadeniicij
stricturcs aud nouiinal iiiics. Juurnal.
Tuesday, Feb. 15, 1848.
Tho calinnsss ofthc nation in yiew of tfcs fior
rors of thi war botli in rcganl to its enonnouj
cspense, oud its tremcndous nnd dcadly cousc
qucnces opcrating upou the future dcttinies of tlic
country is truly aitonbhing. Wherc fj now tlmt
hithcrto most lcudcd of all Ti'rtucs in this rcpul
lic, public ccononiy ! Aliere that nohlc senae cf
honor, justice and huinanity which in all former
coutots with foreign nations has hitherto Lcn
most rcb'giously adhcrcd to by the govcrnment of
tlic Amcrican pcople ? f.ud then compare tbe base.
Icss prctexts of the l'rcsident, tho hollow pro
fessions which bc torcreiitlymcde in hij mcjaare,
that thc ronquest of Mcxfr-o was not tho objet t of
this war,-with tho now openly arowcd purpoae of
snljitgating the whole country & tlienray wbctlicr
a frce peopls Avcrc ever more groi icly deccired &
insulicd by arulcrof their own rhoirethau thii
naliun by Jamcs K. l'olk. And who ii to funiijb
the lncans of grntifying thii diabolical purpoec if
l'olk and thosc who uphold his aU grospingaiali
tiou? THK COST OF THE WAIl.
Tlia Washington corrcspondcnt of the Ccurier
fumishei thnt papcr with tbc army approprialiun
bill for the ensuing fiscal yer ns reported br the
comuiittcc of waya and means, and roakci tho
total 33 millions of dollars. Senalor l'hcljis a
mcmbcr of the fintncial committee who it unri
ralled in rtatistirs, cstiinatcs the rtal expinse of
another flscal ycar at not less than $75 milliuo.
Tliis sum tlie country would be callcd upon to
rabc in thc ncxt sorcnteen months, and b assrrU
that ncithor a loan or'JYcajury notcs could relier
the treasury. Xor in cny way could the moncy
be obtnined. Therc aru lays thc senator not SO
millions iu all the banki oflho country, froni
l'ortleud to Charleston.
Thc venerablc Albcrt Gallatin has wtitteu an
other pamphlct on thc cxpcnse of the war. ils
cstiinatcs the loss of public trcasnrc for the ;r
cnding tho 30th of Juuo lut tt 35 millions. If
thc war contiancs thrco ycari hc estiraatcs a deaJ
loss to thc capital of tbo country of more thsu out
Huudrcd Millions of Dollars. Should tha ex
tavagant projcct of conqucring all Mciico nj Ef.
gcsted by the unboundcd ambition of Polk bo f
complishcd Mr. G. asscrts 'that it woald bretk
down our own union into scpcrate comtanaitiM.
and destroy our nationality."
And novr to carry out tho new Tolk lnne of
nnivcrsal conqucst, let ns eslimats the nnmber ot
troops which thc monster 1'rcridciit propoiei to
employ. According to oOicial relurui there aro
in Mcxico and on the war there 45,100 mcn. To
thcsc are to bc added 5000 marinej and feamen
employcd in thesame senice. In addiuon to
this force thc cxecndvo has authoritj by cxistin
Iaws to raise a further force of 7000 enlisted sol
dicrs and 12.500 Tolnntccrs. With this force of
70,000 effecllvc mcn thc Prcsidtnt is not satiSrf,
butcalls for tcn regiments more for thc swndioif
army and 20 thousand yolunteers.
Xow is it not a most cxtraordinary circnnistsnci
in the history of this pcoccful chrittian and cid
lizcd nation, in thc midst of a war whoso avol
objcct ii slavcry wliich is imporcrishiDg the po-
plc at therate of 5100,000,000 per annuni,
spilling thc bcst blood of tbe nation, and when i
is known that at any momcnt honorable tcrnu o!
pcacc might put nn cnd to it, it ihonid bo i&d'
cd with so little scnsation,by the great bodrcfoc1
people t Will thcy or thcir rcprcsentativcs ia
Congress longcr slcep upon their violated nnjt1
tyl Will they longcr sanction this wholei
robbcry of onc nation for thc sake of iuljiiff'13
another, and gratifying thc unboundcd amM-0B
of a third ratc Tcnnessce Lawyer 1
l?ni c wT1 ,ml litT,nnl,;pftl as onr peoI'W
have bccn therc are signs of a powcrfol rcviv!"'
a iust and nroocr fcclin? npon a subject wcv
consequcncci strikc at the very root of our nation
al prospcrity. The indications in Congrcs'
among mcn of all parties are, that the admiai
.ration will at last be hcaded in its cnfitnatcd rt-
rccr. Whatcver may be thc-fateof biUs fr311
plies ofmcn and moncy in thesenatcwc troitI
whig Hoasc of Representatives will take a no '