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title: 'The Middlebury galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1848-1850, September 05, 1848, Image 2',
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ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP
7 DAYS LATER from EUROPE.
Liverpool, Aug. 19.
On the I4(h the Manchester Maghtratcs
struck a blow against Club organizations
bv arresting 14 of the cliief Ieadersftlie
Tarious chibs. At Hyde, Dukenfield and
Gtvon, Chartists have appeared in consid
era'lc numbers, parading through the dis
At Liverpool onthe lGth, strongbodies
of policc made a sndden nttack on the
Chartist Clubs in Webbcr street, Black
Friar's, and capturcd 14 men who were
found to be anned with pislols loaded to
the muzzle, pikes.three-cornered daggers,
short swords, spears head and ample sup
ply of gunpowder, shot, tow and balls.
At Ashton. Under-Lyiie, and othcr dis
tricts around Manchester, mobs have pa
raded the slreets armed with pikes and
Messrs. Meagher, O'Donohue and
Leynp, liave been arrested, and the people
aud police are engaged in hot pursuit af
ter Mr. O'Gormon and thnse of the coni
fedfration who are still at large. Arrests
continue to be made, and active proceed
ings are on foot to bring Mr. O'Brien to
The British Governtnent had made sev
eral arrests of Irishmen and Chartists in
Ensland for using seditious language.
The south of Ireland is tranquil. Ap
plication has been made for the postpnne
ineut of Mr.Duffy's trial. as a Ictter found
among O'Brien's papers implicates him in
the charge of higli treasoiw OGorman
has not escaped to America, but is con
cealed iu the neigbboroood of Keeper
Mr. George Jones of Safford has failed
fur 300,000 pounds.
The potato disease has njade its appear
ancc in England, Ireland and Scotland.
The CathoHc clergy of Ireland are dc
iag all thcy can tc. kcep the peace. Five
pcrsons have been seized in Armagh.
These persons had crossed over from Ar
drosam, in Scotland, and took the Ulster
railroad in Armagh. They are said to
have conststed of three imericans and
Oue Journal mcntioning the fact says,
they had 17,000 pounds. Another tays,
only 1750 pounds.
The state of siege still continues in
Parts. About 1700 persons more have
been found guiliy of baving taken part in
the insurrection,2DU0 have been set atlib
erty. Two new Frigates have been ordered
fitteil up at Bresf for the reception of the
The committee on tlic Constitution lias
commenced its Iabnrs.
The preatnble, declaringthat every one
has a right to demand employment from
tlie State is rctaincd, without material al
teratinn. Tlie greatest anxiety continues to pre-
vail respecting the disclosurcs which the
printed cvidence of the lale insurrections
is expectcd to unfold.
Tlie debate on the question will lake
place on Monday next, but the arrange
inenis of Gen. Cavaignac will prevcnl vio-bloiid-shed.
The latest news
from Paris represcnts thingi as unsettled.
The iu n-intervenlioii policy of Gen.
Cnvaignao is expccted to ctcate a vast
ntimber of enemies. Numerous arrests
continue to lake placc.
There has been a serious riot at Lyons.
Arrests continue to take place.
TI1E SIERUA MADKE PROJECT.
We are sI.ul lo Kce that at lasl ilio puDlio
nllcnuon is becnmmjr jiencraliy awaiici'cu ,
In pnnoniraCV nrralllet llie JHlbllC Jieace.
,n. . ' , V r, ,.,,.. , Tl.urs'IflV
Tlic Jouriial of Commcrro ol iuursjay
Epcnks of il :
"'I'nr T5l!FFtLO Hust. Wtlicll is forCBhad-
, uutr.ii." ,,,,,,Q
OWUil III nn iirlicle JillullsllfU lll our COIUHllls
t'l-i.iV froill ihc Nilll Hial IlJlelligCIlCKr, if,
i .i . ... nun nf tlni tnnQl rp-
uadcr tlie circumslaiires, one ol tlio rnost rs
IMllv' eiltCrpritCb that CVCr Uas tlCVISCll by
nm i Aller nurcliasin" lieace by llia ces-
s.or, orn.orc.IiaMl.alfher o"iri..al tcrr lor.v,
incla.lin 1 CXU?, iMeXICO mini inir'y
pCitt to le Ifft lininoledtt'd hy the plUUUCrcrs,
at Icast lor a (cw yeara. Tlicre is honor, U
is said, evcn afnof? thieves; but what horior
there U in ihn rcturnin for new booty be-
t .t ti nl'lnrhpnr-
jorc inu "iu v.m.h.ii nn. fi.w
anctt) is ftllly taken poSSCfSIOU Ol, WC canilOl
inn"ine We knotV it Will be eaitlj and
. 1 , . i . .1 n.Inni !n
douhtless correctly, that the Amcrican
CniUlllt has nOlhitl'T to (lo with thlS Uu!lllo
,!..; ir. ,.7t ! Ir n rrnntr nf :u!ven-
lurers Wllhont the kllowlciIC Ol tC UOcril-
nusnt; and, therefore. that tlie (jovernnicni
is i'l nnivisrt rssnonsiMe for il. We are not
so suro that this inlereiicc is just. Thc Gov
ernnienl h;splighted its solcmii faiili loiMex
ic.o, and cannot redeem it hy mere apathy
by nor kiuntittg what cvcry lioily else knons,
is oing forward. ivith a'view 10 a furlher
dixmeir.bermcnt of hcr terriiory. We hold
that the Amcrican Goveriitiicnt ia bound in
Imnor and duty to exerciss thc utmosi vigi
lani'e to prcvcnt any movement "1 the kind
on the part of our ciiizeii?, r olher persons
wii'.nn our bordcrs ; und, uioinover, ihat ev
ery Amcrican is bound in Imnor and duty to
'r.ivn upon ihc attcmpt, nnd to discourage
hy every means in his puvver."
A word in ihe enr of ihc Jciurnal of Com
merce. The Phesident (m is intended,
we prcsumc, by thc word Governir.etil")
hai knowledge, and has had it for wccks if
nol for roonihs. of the dcsijn oflh'u " BnfTu
h Hnnt." When consulli'd un the suhj.-cl.
he dcclared, in stibslnnce, t'.iotigh thc Gov--crnnn'nt
could notnid ihe,fheme. it wouhl
do nothing to oppose it. Auiicmu Intelli
gcnccr. lCg Theopponents of Gen. Taylor have
tlwslt mnch upnn ttie fact tlnt he never hvJld
n civil oflice. By wny of rcply his frienits
have asked what rivil oilicc Gen. Washington
ever held before his clecuon 10 tlie Presiden-
anair of trinmpii ihat Gcn. Washington
ri. 1 o inis an lr.uiana ciiuor teioins
" held the ojfict of coun'.y und ilhtrlcl survey
or in t irgima!
Burlington Dail'J Free Press.
CnAnACTERtsTic While the Whigs or
Wnyne county. New York. wcro formitig a
Tavlor Ciub, the Van Buren Locofocos as
Muihled and inolc out the linch-pins from the
wa'-'ons tif the Whi8. This is consistent,
rorVa!i Buren, in his inaugural message,
look ground in lavur orLyuch l.nv.and spokc
npprovingly ofthose who had been loremost
111 pro ilavery ruohs, aud ui shobting Love
j j Alton.
Tuesday, September 5, 1848.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
OF NEW YOHK.
For Lieutenant Governor,
GEORGE II O W E S ,
FOR SENATORS Addison Couxty.
IRA STEWART, of Middlebury,
ZTJRIEL WALKER, of Ferriaburgh.
FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS,
Eraslus Fairbanks, 7 ..
Tiinothy Follctt, j AtlaT3e'
George T. Uodges, 1st Ditrict.
Andrew Tracy, 2d
Albort L. Catlin, 3d "
EHjah Cleveland, 4th "
1st District, "William IIenet.
Geo. P. Marsii.
JOHN L. BUCK.
OPJMONS OF GEN. TAYLOR.
Batoo Roujc, April 22, 1S49.
Dr An Sia : My opinicDi haie recrntly been o oAcn
mi&concch et and niurcpressntrd, Ihat I decra it duc to
intclf, ifoot to iny friends, to makr a brief eiposition uf
tbera upon tbc topici toBliicbyou baie callcd my attcu
I Lave consrDtcil to tbe uie of ray name as a candiJate
for the Preeidcocy. I hae fraukly arowed roy own dii
truit of my iitnes for that hifh ttttion ; but haiing, at tbe
soticitaUon of many of iuy countrmeu, taken my poiition
ss a candMate, I do not fcel at liberty to turrendar that ro
ition untilmyfrieuds manifc&t a wish tbtt I sbould retire
from iU I will tlien most j;ladly do to. I bate no prirate ,
purpoic to acconipliib 110 party projcct to Luild up no
tnfraica to puuisb nolbinj to ttert o but my country.
I bae been lery oftcu addrrstedby Irtter, atid my o
pinions have bren nVei upon aliuost ctry quc&tion tbat
ini;ltt occur lo tbc ritcrs as affcctinj tbe interevU of tbcir
country or tbcir party. I hac r.ot alwayi rrrponded to
thoo inquirics, for arioua reasonr.
1 coufcsn, wlnUt I hae grcat cardinal principlcs wbicb
villrcgulatc my poliiital hfe, I nui not cutSciently familiar
' with aiitho mmuie UPtruis oi pouiicai iruiauon 10 giTe
j lolcteu plcdgca to exert wy inll uenre, if I ere rreidnt,to
carry out thu or defeat tbat meaure. 1 have no ronceal-
ment. I bold no opiuion uhich I nould not rcadily pro
1 claiiu to my asscndIed countrymcn ; but crude impressions
j upon tnatters of policy, wbicb roay be risbt to-day aud
wron? to-morrowt arc, periiaps, not tuc Ucat tcstoi utness
fur ofSer- One uho laniiot bc trusted nitbout pledcs,
cannot be confidcd iu mcrrly on accountof thcm.
Fikst. I rcitrratewbatlhaveofloneaid I am aWhij,
but not an ultra Whig. If clected, I wouldnotbethe mere
Tresidrnt of a party. I oubl endeavor to act inde pendent
of party domination. I kbouldfecl boundtoadminiitertbc
GotcrnniciH uutrarumelled by party schfnics.
Second. Tberto powcr. Tbc power pven by tbc
Constitution to thc Expcuthe to inlvrpoa bii eto, U
high con&crvative pouer; but in my opitiion, should utcr
b rej,tJ CICCD, iac:l,eJor c)cir,ioiatlnof ,h,coo
nilution, ormouiltst liastr and wanlof cuntiucratlon by
Confren. InJccd, I he thourht that, ror maoy yeare
lhekn0WI1 BVlaion, hUcsoftbe Exum-c ha.e
excrcised undue and iujurioui tuflueuce upon the Irjikla-
tivjdcpartnieutorihc Goternmeiit; and lor thii caiiM I
bac Ihouslit our tvjteai a in tiaujcr of uudcrgoin; a
p-cjtc'iani-frromiutruc thcory. The ptrnoiial opiuions
ofthnndindual nhomar happen tooccupy tlic Excculhe
chair.oagLt not to o.utrol the aclioaof CuD-rf 5s upon qun-
j tiout'of ,fom(.Ili(. . ll0r hi, obj?ci.on- to be in-
ic,posptl ubrrequeslionaof conililutioimlpowerhaic lccn
wulcd I.y tlic various dcpartiacntj of Goiernmeut, and ac-
impiornicnt of our greathighway, ritcri.Iakec, and bar-
j bors, thenill of tbe pcoplc, as eipreccd tbrou;b their rei-
1 rrenUtiiM in Coarcs, oughtto be repected and carncd
I' out by tbe Executhc.
rocaTii. Tbc Mexicin war. I i-inccrely rejoicc at tbe
. pros'ect of peace. Jlylife ha been detoted to arica:
yct t look unon waratall tirnr. and undrr all circumttun-
6 fessS-. .
cpj( a9aIjatlonai calamity, to be aoidod, if compat!b!
ftitanjt'oualhonor. Tho principlea of our Gocrnnicut,
oflr-jcoolJurjt iutbelinSua;eoftheFrc Wwbincton, Vhy
j shouIdequitouroHntostaiidon Koreifn rround? In
tbc 3Iexicnn war, our nntional hocur has bcea vindicated,
cllaflbrdtobe I'orbcarin', anJ cvcn majnammoiu to our
i ncc arc my opinions upon tue suu;cci rcierrea 10 oy
you ; and ai:y rrjxirls or pulilicationF. tvrittcn or Tcrbal,
from any eourc, tllnciin in auy CKcntiat particular from
what is bcre writtru, are uuautborizcd aud untrue.
I do not koon- that I shall aain write upon the subjcct of
natioual polltics. I liall cnpzn in no t chemn, uo combi
natioira, nomtriues. If the Amcrican pcople have uot con
fideucc in mr, tliey ought not to rjre me thcir sufTcs.
If tlipy do uot, you know mc wrll enough to beliee me
w hen I dcclarc 1 shall be content. 1 ani too old a soldier to
munnur aaiust snch hish authority.
ToCapt.J. S. ALtisojf.
lEl'The New Havei Courier publiehes,
the following extracl of a privale letter to the
ediiars, "from an eminent gentleman nnd
persoual friend ol General Taylor:"
, August22nd, 1848.
Gext: Thc confidence expresscd hy you
in thc lending article ol your paper yester
day, in regard to Gcn. Tavlor, iu rcfeience
to thc Free Soil question, is, I can assure
you, well foundcd. A friend ol mine, in
wlio'n 1 rcpose- implicit confidence. had a
r.onverfation wiih the General on this sub
jcct, lasl May: and in a letter 10 me, dated
the 10th of thai mor.th, he reporls thal con
vcrsation in iull. The ground taken by him
is, that the ordinance of '87 having been
passcd by Congres, approved by Washing
ton, and upheld by thc Judiciary, the consti
tulicinaliiy d! thc mcasure has been settled
by all departments ofthc Governmenl and,
J consequemly, there is no ground 1,-ft for the
interposition oflhe veto. Hetold my friend
thathe icould neither veto the Wilmot Pro
tiso, nor would he inirigue again&t it, or do
anything to embnrrass its passuge through
the two Ilouses of Congress.
irThe gentleman rcferred to above, we
have svjpcienl reason for presurning. is none
other ihan the Ho.v. Trcman Smith, ol
Litchfield, Conn. "Wc are as fully satisfied
that tho above is a correct represcntation of
thc views of Gen. Taylor, as we could be,
M wc ourself sten thc letter in question, or
heard lhese exprescions inourown person.
II will be bornejn roind that we have al
ways coofidenlly nfiirmed our belief tliat
such was Gen. Taylor's grouod. Every
thlns we hear from him, authentically, goes
lo confirm it. The Allieon letter, it is plain,
poeitivcly commits him lo thie very positiou.
Now what reasonable man.under thcsun,
will demand ofGen. Tajlor to cxpress him
self more explicitly? Whocanaek bira to
plcdge himeelf lo sectional opinions, made o
dious in the eycs ofso many Southern men,
by the acts of rabid abolitionists, after dis
tinctly aasenins that he will notuse hisinflu
ence against those opinions as President
of tbe Nation? Nobody makes so absurd a
requisition, except Gen. Taylor's bitterest
enemies enemies that would not votefor
him, even if pledged to all they demand.
The Fnrmcrs of Addison Ccunly, unlcss
we are much mistaken, haye already experi
enced iheeffeclsofSirRobert Walker'eTar
iff, very nearly as predicled by the Whigs,
at the time ofits passage, two years ogo.
ManufacturcrE allovcrthe country arc sas
pending Lusinesrf. The price ol Wool has
gonc down down almost to zero. What
are we coming to ? The Agricultural inter
est invariably sufTers, v.hencvcr Mnnufac
lures are dcprcsscd. An iramense nuuiber
of laborers are thrown nut of employ, to reek
their livelihood bycultivating thesoil althe
West or clsewhere. The Market is materi
nlly afTccled by this change. Wool is no
longcrln demand orif purchaied at all, ii
must be at greatly reduced rates. Bread
stufls will inevitably decline, in thc t-ame
proporlion. The numbcr of consumers being
greatly diminished, the demand for provi
sions by uhich their price is regulaled
will also be diminished to the samc extent.
In fact, tho principle was longago establish
cd, and will doubiicsa bc admiticd by p.vcry
one, tliat when Alanufactures prosper, Agri
culture prospcrs also, and when the Manu
facturer sufTers, the Farmer sufTers equally.
Accounts from every part of the Union indicatc
a corresponding depression of the Manufacturing
inlcrcst with that wliich is so scriously felt in onr
own midst. ThcTarifF of M6 is responsible for
lliis changc. TJie Statistics of the Trcasury Dc
partment thow an immcnselyincreased amount
of importations, nndcr its influcnce. Of coursc,
if thc importations arc doublcd, the demand rc
maining tlic tamc, tbc amount of llome Manu
facturcs must be diminished inthc samc ratio.
The bnsincss of the country 13 crippled and de
stroyed. Enytish laborers, snbsisting on thc pro
duce in Er.glish markets, pcrform tbc labor wbich
shonld have bccn prformcd in our own country,
increasing tbe demand for provisions in foreign
n.arkets, and to the samc extcnt diminishing tho
demand in our own.
To all, therefore, who hava any intercst in the
Frotection of llome Industry, it is 'important to
undcrstand what effcct their rotes will have on
this question, at the coming clection. To whom
shall the interests of Protcction be trustcd ? To
Jlartin Van Buren ? Sce what this Champion of
'Free Soil and Free Mail Bagi thinks of thc Pro
"I have at no time nor anywhcrc hcsitated to
cxpress my decided disappeobatios of the
Tarifl" Act of the last Scssion, as well in respect
to thc rnisciri-E rros wnicn it is fou.nded,
as to its details." Lettcr ofFtbruary 28, 1843.
Mr. van Buren has alwajs been set down as an
advocate of Fkee Teade. Ile declares his pref
erencc for dircct taxalion, as a mcans of raising a
llctcnve evcn, to dutics on imports.
How stands Lewis Cass ? The followingisa
part of the Baltimore Platform, of wbich Gen.
Cass has slgnified his aitire approval :
"Iiisdred, That the fruits of thc grcat political
triumph of 1844, wbich electcd Jamcs K. l'olk
and George M. Dallas, Prcsident andjVice Presi
dent of thc Unitcd States, have fulfilled tbc hopes
of the Dcmocracy of thc Union : . . . . in thc
noblcimpulsc givcnlo ihe cause ofFjtEi: Tiude
hij Ihc repial of thelarifof82, and thecrealion of
the morecqual, honest, and productive Tariffof 18
4C." Free Tradt, again.
And now for the position of Gen. Taylor.
"Upon the subjcct of thc Tarin", . . . thc will
of thc pcoplc.as cxprcsscd through their rcprc-
scntatircs in Congress, ought to bc rcsnccted and
-. : .1 . 1 .1 t . m 1
Now, unhss a mojority of both Ilouses of Con
gress arc in favor ofa Protectivc Tariff.nO mat-
tcrifwehad a Prcsident of the most tiftra views
in favor of Protcction, such a bill could ncvcr
pass. But if.with Zacbarr Taylor for Prcsident,
a majority in both Ifouses are in favor of such
a bill, that bill will reccive thc signature of the
Lxccutive, and bccomc a law.
Ilaring given the views of tbe thrce candidatcs:
as avowcd by themselres, wc lcavc onr readcrsto
judgc for which thcy ought to votc.
Mr. Slade's Credentials.
Wc undcrstand that Mr. Slade has in his
poscessiin nn importnnt paper. rcceived from
hcad-qnnrlers scveral years ago, and in the
hand-writingof Mr. Van Buren. ltiswelf
known that this latter gentleman, on the ac
cession ol Gen. Jackson to Supremo Power,
was appointed Secrctary of State, and that,
wiih loud professionsof'Reform'Retrench-
ment,' 5cc., on his lipj, he did happen to re
move alinoi-t every indivtdual from ofiice,
who had opposcd thc-electionof Jackson.
Wm. Slade waa at this time a Clerk in the
State Department, iiaving his nppointmeni
under John Quincy Adams, and was also a
warm adherent ol the Adams party. In
this staio of things, on or about the 4th of
March, 1S29, Mr. Slade received the cotnmu
nication to wliich we reler. As this gentle
man is traversing !rte country, beggingdo
nntions for the Western Education Society,
aud electioneenngfor Martin Van Buren, a
polite call fur his credentials, in the latter ca
pacity, would perhaps result in bringing lo
light a paper ofthe folfowing purport :
William Slade, Jr.,
Sir: This Department
has no furlher nced ofyocreervices.
M. Van Buren,
Sec. of State.
Mcrderocs. A desperate fcllow, who is
an ageitf for an assurance office, was lately
boasiing that he has taken sir lires since
Christmas lasL Saturday Courier.
The above doubtless- refers to Martin Van
Buren. He had thc "apsurance" ofan ''office"
in 1814, but losing it, he became "desper
ate," and aceasemated Lewis Cau.
William Slade on
" Scarce anything so much impairs our confi
dcnco in men as inconsis'encti So strongly and
decply seated is this'fecling, that we involuntan
ly respect the man who is coraislent, evcn in crror.
Incousistcncr cvinces weakness or wicked
esb..." "Wm. Slade, Speech tn 1S32.
" General Taylor is not a rcliable Wuio." " I
have made up my mind to TOte for Van BunEJf. '
Wm. Slade's Reasonsfor
A few evenings since,.it was our fortune to
listen, for something inore than two hours, to
some of the " reasons" of tho Hon. Wm. Slade
for being "a sort of a seeeder lrom thc Whig
party." When this remarkable discourse camo
to an cn3, we have not very dcfinitely ascer
tained. Having no " latch-key," and greatly
dreading to bo excluded from our lodgings,ex
hausted as we were in body and spirit, we
withdrew,in common witb-a considerable por
tion of our fellow auditors, a little before tho
"short hours" made their appearance. Very
likely wc lost thc gist of the wholc matter, yet
there may be no harm in mcntioning some
things we did hear nor will it, wc trust, be
construed as " personalabuse."
Mr. Slade adinitted that all whom he ad
dressed ( a rather promiscuous asscmbly, ea
ger to get sight of " the" Van Buren Whig
the only living specimcn known in this region)
were opposed to thc " extension of Slavery."
What should we do, in the premises, was the
question to which he would confine Mraself.
Aftcr stating that Cass was pledged to veto a
bill restricting Slavery, ho immcdiately went
on to give his " reasons" for deserting the
Whig party. This personal matter occupied
the greatcr portion of the time during which
Nobody in Vermont, said Mr. Slade, ex
pectcd that Gen. Taylor would be nominated.
Everybody was taken perfectly by surprise.
Thcy could hardly bclicve their senscs. Tho
ncws was like a clap of thundcr in thc open
sky. Now, as Mr. S. was not in thc State at
the time to which h refers, and had not bccn
for some months prcvious, it is easy to suppose
that hc might be ignorant of the fact that two
influcntial papers in this State warmly advo
cated this nomination, that many individuals
in various parts were zealous in its favor, and
that the fnends of Henry Clay had, for some
time prcvious to the meeting ofthe Convention,
very little hope of preventing it. This has
no hearing at all howover, on the subject
in question, cxcept a3 it givcs us, at thc vory
outset, a tcst of thc judgment and accu
racy ofthe Speaker.
The ncxt thing in ordcr, to'bo provcd, was,
that Gen. Taylor is not a relialle WHIG.
Mr. S. would rcad from Gen. T.'s letters.
Entirely passing over repeated and distinct a
vowals of Whigism, like thc following (in the
letter to W. E. Eussell.July 21, 1846): I
am A Wjiig, and shall ever be devoled in inrfi
vidual opinionto the PjuNCiri.ES of that par
ty" an avowal which of itsclf, forevcr rettlcs
tho whole question he procccded to rcad from
scveral ofthe earlicr letters thoughall, we
belicTC, written subsequently to the one wo
have just quotcd from passagcs going to
show Gen. Taylor's unwillingness to be a par-
tizan candidate, or to stand as thc exponent of
party principles. Onc oftheso letters states
that his position, in respect to this matter, " is
IMMTJTABI.E." All this has been perfectly un
dcrstood from the beginning. We have al
ready shown in this paper, that Gen. Taylor's
ground in regard to party pledges is precisely
like that of Gex. Harhisos in 1840, and of
Jouk Quin-cy Adams, when a candidate for
Congress, in 1831. And yet, after reading
these passages,this scrupulous )Vhig,(l !)witb a
very bitter tone and acccnt, would cxclaim,
'There's tho Whigism for you!" "There's a.
little more Whigism !" and so on. This same
furious champion and dcfcndcr of injured
Whigism, before be closcd, avowcd his delib
crato intcntion of voting for that Subtreasury,
Anti-tariff, "Northcrn Man with Southern
Principlcs," Martin VanBuben !
In respect to thc Allison letter, Mr. Slade
remarked, 1st, that Gcn. Taylor was screwed
up to write it, in order to sccure the nomina
tion (no authorilies given) ; 2d, that hc did not
write it, but that it was drafted for him b
some of his fiiends(no authorilies); 3d, that the
letter was wonderfully differcnt, in the posi
tion assumed, ftom one written two days prc
vious ; and finally, after long and circuitous
comments, ho asscrtcd that Gen. Taylor main
taincd in this letter the same position as in all
previous ones 1 Incredible as it may secm,
this is a litcral, uncxaggerated statcment of
Mr. Slade's positions.
Hc undcrtook to rcad. the Allison lettcr did
read that emphatic declaration of Gen. TayIor,"I
am x Wmo" aud his audiencc laughed wheth
er at him or at Gcn. Taylor. we will not presume
to say. It is charitablo to supj.ose, howcvcr, that
a 'goodly nmnbcr' of his auditors, thinking thc
Tctcran soldier understood his own principles
quitc as well as Mr. Slade, regard cd the special
plcading of thelattcr as exquisitcly ludicrous.
We wcro surprised at his unfairness (after be
ing caught oncc) in omitting words, mcmbcis of
sentenccs, wholc scntences, and cven, iu one in
stance, a whole paragrapb, bcaring directly 011 the
question at issue. After such a rcadiag of the let
ter, he triumphantly asscrted that our candidate
was committcd to no principles at all! His opin
ions rcspecting War, the Slerican War, and For
eign Conquest, in general, he omitted to read, and
yet pretewled to have givcnhis auditors every a
vowal of principle that Gen. Taylor had made.
We do not seruple to say that such a palpablc act
of dishoncsty would have much better becomo an
unpriocipled pettifogger, in a jostice court,than
an ex-Governor, addressing an intelligcnt audi
ence, in vindication of his own tergiversation.
If possible, bowever, ttis enormity was exceed
ed, when he camo to speak of a lettcr, (without
date, or address,) which maies Gcn. Tajlor say
tliat hc woald have acccpted thc nomination of
the Baltimore Convcntion,'ir iexdkhed ox tiie
same tekms' as thc Philadelphia nomination.
Admitting the letter tobe genuinc, (which there
is more exlernal than internal cvidence for doabt
ing,) it timply amounts to an assertion that if, as
the Whigs had done, the Locofocos had made.
him their candidate, biotcing him to be a Whigflnd
lequiring no pledges, he would have acccpted it.
Now, in thc name of reason and candor, where,
we beg to know, is thc inconsistency of such a
statemcnt what ora'ecu'oa can an honest and ra-
tionalmanoffer! Hcnry Clay himself, 01 Dan
iel Webster, might, with perfect propriety, have
assertcd the same thing. But onr ei-Wiug-bov.
ernor cannot afford to treat the subject fairly
knowine that, in such case, nothing could be
miHin of it. to suit his tiurposc. 'Ho must shamc-
lcssly misreprescnt the whole matter. Hc Ulls
his auditors that Gen. Taylor would have acccpt
ed thc nomination of the Baltimore Convention
crnJits horriblo 'Sulvebt mj.tform !' Shall
we call this dcliberate perversion of trulh by its
own lawful name, or shall we leave that for our
readers ? We prefer the latter.
Mr. Slade asserted that James K. Polk and
John Tylerhad said the same things aboat tho ve
to, as Gen. Taylor. This is either true or falsc
and there is not one of our readers who does not
He said he did not know a singlo man south of
Mason and Dixon's line, who did not think it un
constimtional to restrict Slavery. Probablyeve'
ry onc of our readers knows that Mr. Bcnton, of
Missouri, Mr. Houston, of Texas, and Messrs.
Clay ton and Spruance, of Dclawarc, (thc latter
nnder the instructiom of their fatate X,egisiature,j
toted for the Oregon bill just passed, which in
cludes the Wilmot Proxriso.
Mr, Slade read a passago from our paper, ad
mitting, he said, that the Philadelphia Conven
tion did not committ itsclf or its candidates to
any principles. In sclf-defencc, we shall simply
quote the passage as rcad by Mr. Siade, adding
thc concluding sentcnce of the paragraph, which
"Whigs have never been accustomcd to expect
ofmensent into a National Convention for the
purpose ofnominating candidates for thcPresi
dency and Vice Presidcncy, that thcy will also
act the part of a political council, and dictate a
aced to the party and to tho candidates, to which
the latter shall pledgc themsclves ; nor will thcy,
wc trust, ever borrow this absurd custom from
their political opponcnts, who complain so bitter
ly that their cxample is not followed. It is un
reasonable. therefore, to find fault with the late
Philadelphia Convention fornot doing what neith
er tlie Baltimore Whig Convention of '44, nor thc
Harrisburg Convention of '40, cverthoughtof do
ing. With Whigs, it is enough, so far as a com
mittal to their principlcs is conccrncd, that thc
candidate is a known Whig, is nominated by a
Whig Convention, and acccpts that nomination,
knowing it to have bccn made with thc distinct
understanding that he is a Whig."
A person in the audiencc (whose particular
case wc have uudcr consideration, and shall at
tend to, in duc season) sawfitto contradict our
statcment rcspecting thcConventions of '40 &'44.
Tlie Convention of '44 had a platform, he said
'hc see it in the TVi'.bunc ycsterday.' Mr. Slade,
howcvcr, very correctly, assnmcd that we were
right, (and we dcfy anybody to producc thc 'plat
form' of principles to which Hcnry Clay was
'pledged,') and procecdcd to say there was no
necd of pledges from such a man as Mr. Clay!
Il'c say, also, that we want r.o pledges from Gen.
Taylor aside from his past life, his known
character, and his avowed principlcs.
Mr. Slade said ho had made up his mind tosup
port the Buffalo nominations. Hc had swal
lowed things, as hard to get down as Martin
Van Buren Henry Clay (!) for instance. He
accordcd with the Buffalo platform, ho said, in
the main .He avowcd himself in favor of divers &
sundry radical mcasurcs such as thc clection of
TJ. S. Senators, Marshalls, Postmastcrs, &c, by
the people and made out, on the whole, a very
satisfactory confccsion of his prcsent devotion to
the fundamcntal principlcs of Locofocoism.
About this time, wearied and anxious about
onr Iodgings, as aforcsaid, we left.
CO" Our thanks are due, and nro hereby
cordially given.. to Charles C.Lathrop,Esq.,
ofNew Orleans, in behalfof the many Whigs
in this County andSta(e, who have had thc
pleasure of lijtcning to his forcible and per
tinen l reinarkt, upon Eever&I occasions, 011
the Piesidential question. Mr. Lathrop as
scrts decidcdly, from personal acquaiotancc
with Gen. Taylor and his intimalc friends,
that he is in fact opposed to ihe furlher exten
sion of Slavery that he regardsit as au e
vil, and at present, whete it cxists, to some
extent anecessary evil, but has no desirc to
sec it spread or perpetuaied that this leel
ing prevails much more generally at the
South than wc at the North have any idea of
that Gen. Taylor ia in favor of a Protect-
ive TarifT that the interests of the State of
Louisiana demand a TarifT that thc candi
date ofthe Whigs, is a man of enlarged na
tional, and nol simply sectional or Iocal,fcel
ings that but a little portion of his life has
beentpentin Louisiana, anda considerable
part of it in the free Terriiory of theNoith
wcat, wherc he obscrved and admircd the
opcration of free institutions tbat Gen. Tay
lor is an honest, upright, well-informed,
Btraight forward, and open-hearted man
and that he is known among all his fricnds
for a firm, unwavering altachmcnt and ud
herencc to Whig principles. We may be
pcrmitted tosay that, having converscd much
and intimately with Mr. Lathrop, who has
been epending scveral wecks in this place.
and who has but rccently sel out-on his re
turn to New Orleans, we have the fullest con
fidence in his statements, &s being thuse ofa
gentleman above the iir.putaiion of any un
fairness, growing out of partizan zealnnd of
one who understands well thc gronnds on
which his assertioos are made, and carefully
wcighs his words.
The representalions of Mr. Lathrop have
been conCrmed to us by many private assu
ranccs fiom other and unquestionable sour
ces, and we haveno hesitationin saying to
all whom these words may reach, that they
maynbsolutely rely uponit, ihat the "individ
ual opinions" of Gen. Taylor are, in all essen
tial respecU, as stated above. Wc would
not stake our reputation in this matter care
lessly, or without assurances that werctous
entirely satisfactury. Wc desire our read
ers to recollect the assurance we now give
them, that they may see, when the heat oflhe
battlc is past, and tbe smoks cleared away,
wbether thc event provei us to have been
right or wrong.
' Our best wishes go with Mr. Lathrop to
his Southern home and we beg him, when
the news of our triumph in this State, next
November, shall rcach New Orleans, to ac
cept the renewed thanks of hi friends in Ver
mont, fot ihe atd contributed by him to that
Whigs ! Let ev
ery manbe early
at the Polls !
Our readers, we trust, will givo as attean'Te
perusal to the communication of SeaatorPhelpi;
in onr paper of to-aay. vi e are saisned,and bave
been so from the first, tbat the ground taken by
Judge Phelps was misreprcsented and misunder
stood, and we had Yrittcn an article of that ira
port, which only the ncws of tho defcat of thc
bill prevcnted bur publishing it being then too
late to serre its purpose. Wc think our read
ers will agree with us, that the outcry raised a
gainst this bill was altogether premature and un
unwarranted, and that the great principles of free
dom, for which wo contend, were by no mcan9
desertcd, or even, in any preper sense, 'comprom
tred by the Territorial BilL The whole matter
is clearly and concisely explained in the commu
nication to which we refer. There is not in the
Senato a firmer champion and supporter of Tree
domin tlie Territories, than Judge Phelps and
we believe his coursc will be approved by his cn
stituents, tho moment they take the pains to nn
07" It was Col. Kichard M. Johnson, of Kcn
tucky, who said of John Quincy Adams' Admfa'
istration that, 'if aspure as the angels in Hcaven,
it mu3'.be put down," and not Martin Van
Buren, as a corresnondent suggests. Mr.
Van Buren, however, lent his whole influ
ence to the infamous purpose, which Col.
Johnson thus publicly avowed in the Sen
ate. There is one man in this town a man
long honorcd with distinguished marks o
confidence by the Whigs,who openly declares
ihat he intcnds to yote for the most ignoble,
and unprincipled of all the projeclors ol that
iniquilous plot ! That man is 27s William
Gek. Cass' Letter to theHabbor and
Riveh Coxvention. FiFTn Edition.
Ciiicago : JouRitAi. Peess, 1848.
Through the kindncss of a friend, we have
bccn furnished with a copy of the above vol-
uminous work containing the letter of Gen
eral Lewis Cass, to the Chicago Convention-
completo in one volume. We are happy to
Icarn that the entcrprising publishers have
been well sustaincd in this grcat undertaking,
and that thc work has rapidly passed through
scveral editions. This volume ouglit to be in
the library of every politician and man of let
ters fumishing as it docs one of thc most re
markable specimens of ppistolary writing
within thc wholc compass of English Litera
turc. The following cxtract will give a defin
ite and tolerab'y correct idea of the work:
" Circumstances Cass." pp. 4, 5.
"FREE SOIL AND FREE SPEECH !"
Mk. Twisiho, (some time ago profcssor in
Middlebury Collegc,) addrcsacd the Frco Soil
Club in this villa gc, the other cvcning, with a
fclicity, purity, and freedomot Speech, wo un
dcrstand, rarely surpassed ovcn by himself.
His fricnds were, in fact, ashamed of him.
The simple truth is, to spoak out plainly,
hc iudulged in indecent allusion ? "with
impunity aud great boldness." We have good
reasons for belicving that even liis new friends
thought him a little ullra.
We earncstly rcqucst the Chainnen of
Town Committccs, or any responsible pcrsons,
in thc several towns wherc this paper is scnt,
to forward us immediatelt the returns of
the Election. Pcrsons so obligingus will con-
fer a gTeat favor.
(JaTThe Whigs of Massachusctts hold their
State Convention at Worcester, on Wednes
iLiy, tho 13th injt. Candidates for Govcrnor,
and Licut. Govcrnor, and Prcsidcntial EIcc
tors, arc to be nominated.
3TThe Cholera has made its appearance
THE MEETING AT ALBANY.
The following is the concluding part of the
Report of thc Committee to whom was refcr
rcd Gcn. Taylor's letter to Mr. Pringlc, at a
meeting ofthe Whigs of Albany, on Satur
day, the 2Cth ult., who rcportcd on Monday,
of last week :
'Your Committee do not sce in this lettcr of
General Taylor, anything inconsistent with
tho coursc he has uniformly pursued, and hc
was nominated at the Whig National Conven
tion, with full knowledge of the position he
thus occupied. If this movement had procccd
ed lrom scccdinr: Whitrs, who had abanuoncd
Mr. Fillmore, and retuscd to support him, it
woulu Iiavc presented a very uitlerent question.
But wc must do tho Southern Whigs thc jus-
tice to say, that, so far as wc are mlormed
they have, throughout,actcd with perfect good
faith toward Mr. Fillmore ; and thuir Whig
banncrs arc all, without a singlc exception, in
scribed with the namcs of " "1'aylor and Fill-
mora. Let not the whigs ofisew iorUtticn,
sct the examplc of bad taitb, wbich they liave
hccn so eagcr to condcmn, in the mere antici-
pauon 01 uiat uisauecuon wnicn now provc;
never to have cxistcd among the Southern
Whigs. South Carolina boasU of never hav
in?; friven anythin'r but a Democratic votc, in
thirty years. Wo have always conccded thc
votc of that State to Cass and Butler. Shall
we put oursclves in a passion if Taylor shall
bclp us to a split ticlcet in tbat btate t Un
the contrary, ought we not to rejoice at it,and
be glad to compromise lor such a vote t
"Your Committee dccm it theimperative du
ty of all Northern Whigs, and particularly of
. n;? r - , , . . r
iub irmgs ot ixew Aorar, wnonaveoeen iavoi-
ed with the nomination of a candidate from
their own State for Vice President. to sunnort
in good faith the notuinces ofthe Philadel
phia Convention. Wo are now to choosc be-
tween laylor and Fillmore on the one hand,
and Cass and Butler on the other. We all
bad our preferences, and our favorite candi
dates, for the nominations. We have many of
us Dcen gnevously disappointed in tbe result.
But Taylor and Fillmore are now the onlv
candidates ofthe Whig party, and we surely
ought not to hesitate to give that tickct our u-
mteu sunport. ao lonrr as the Whiffs of thc
South are true to us, let us, without falterini?.
ue true lu ineui.
"Your committee have. UDOn full considera
tion, unanimously ajjreedto submitand recom-
mena to this meetinc the followmfr resolution
"Rcsolced, That the farther consideration of
this subject be referred to the Whirr State
Uonvention, and that wo will eordiallr sur
pon tne x,iectoral Ticket which that Convon
tion shall nominate.
AU which is respectfnlly submilted.
JOHN A. COLLIEB, F. TOWNSEND,
SAMUEL STEVENS, W. GREENE,
H. A. WILLIAMS. H. B. HASWELL,
C. S. OLHSTEAD, H. G. WAEATON."
Wo add the following parficulars from the
Albany Evcning Journalt Tncsday latt :
"Judgc VanRensseIaerfolIowcd.in ttirrvi
of tLopoation occupied by Gen. Taylor, ani:
in particular commendation ofhis All'ison Let
ter. T. Butler King, of Ga., being reccgnized in
thc meeting, was loudly called for, and sd
dressed thc meeting bricfly. He assured tie
Whigs of Albany that the Wh'igs ot the South
had no wish todlstract votca from Mr-Filkaore
He repelled the idea that any Whig who supl
porteu Taylor, North or South, could have al
ny dcsirc to prcvent the election of Millard"
Fulraore. Mr. K'a remarks were well receiv
ed. The meeting then adlourned, with Lcartv
cheers for Taylor and 1 illmore. It was, alto
gether, the most cnthnsiastic gathcrinr of the
season, and afTorded a gratifying indicatioa of
public sentiment. There may be renrets felt
that some other Whig than GeneraT Tavlor
was not nominated ; but when the nakcd" al
ternatire of Cass or Taylor is presented"
scarcely a Whig can be found in doubt wKi.1.'
ofthe two to choose.
It is to be honed that this mectinir ni 1
followed up by Iocal mcctingsfororganizab'on
r.vcry town ana wara in tne otate should
bave its Club, and thc meetlnes soon tr. v
held, preparatory to the State Convention
. ; 1 1 n .T r . -
11111 uc iiujm uutv iu picuare tor tae wcrk
On motion of B. R. Spelman, it waj
Resolved, That the thanks of this mpptm-
are dne, and are hereby tendered, to Messrs.
Collier and Kidd, delegates from this State"
for the votes they gave in the Philadelphia
SOMETHING FOR MR, SLADE.
ARGTJME.NTUM AD nOMlNEM.
During the discussion which arose in the
Senate, some years ago, on the nomination of
Mr. Van Buren, as Minister to Ennland, (a
roission on which he had already been scnt hy
1'resident Jackson, dunnga rcccss ofthe Sen-
ate,)and which resultcd in his rejection, (a re
btde almost without a parallcl in our hlstory.)
HENRY CLAY said:
"I have another objcction to this nomina
tion. I behcvc, upon circumstances which sat
isfy my mind, that to this gentleman is princi
pally to he ascribcd tbe introduction ofthc o
dious systcm of proscrintion for thecxprc?( nf
the elcctivcfranchisc, in the govcrnmcntof the
U. btates. 1 understand that it is tho svsfim
on which thc party in his own State, of which
he is thc rcputcd head, constantly acU no
was amonrr the first ofthc S'ccretaries tn nnnK-
that systein to the dismission of Clcrks in hU
Department, known to me to be hiphlv mpri-
tonous, and among thcm osn wno is'.now a
Kepresentatxve in Tm; OTHKn House.
Who couW Mr. Clay mean VI It "s a delesfa-
blc system, drawn from the worst pcriods of
the Roman Repuhlic: and if it wcro to be uer-
petuatcd ; if the ofliccs, honors, and digmtirs
ofthe people wcrc to be put np to a scramble
10 ne ucciucu oy me result 01 cvcry 1 resiucn
tial election, our covcrnmnnt and "institutionj.
becoming inlolciable, would finally end in a
dcspotism as incxorablu as that at Constauti-
tgS" We understood Mr. Slade tosay, the
other eveniug, that thc great abuse in th
prcsent Administration, was nct in tho exer
cise of the Veto Tower, but in the use ofits
Executive Patronagc ! and that ho looked u
Van Buren for REFORM!!
A Bolting FitEE-Son.cn. The Clt ve-
land Jlerald of Fridiy last containsi a
communication from Mr.I.knLLEV of that
ctty, from wliich we lake the following .
"I think that laylor is avuitable and
Cass will find it so. I want you sliould
cxcuse me now for attendinf: to my nwu
busincss. You must know that 1 have
just got homc from BufTafo, wherc thy
ratijy J'residents it thcy do not make
them. Cass.ycu know, could uot answer
two questions, and you cannot probably
answer my two, for 1 have found no whij
who could, so I concluded to join the om-
idea party. Well, I waa in great favor
with them, commenced takiii!' a census.
got three timcs as many uamcs as the
Whigs, or Taylor men did, felt "good'
only one question and one idea was ticed
cd. Are you opposcd to slave tcrritory ?
Yes. Sign this paper. Done, can't vote
for a slave-holder, Cass just as bad, must
have au honest man, opposed to slavcrv.
Come on boys, we will have a white man
nominated 1 started, and thou-arids
iv.ore, on the oneMdca pilgrimage, all thc
steamers were loaded with one-idea, from
the shorcs of the upper lakes, so that Ij-
ing down was out ol the question. ftcr.r-
ly all these were bolting democrats, and
straiglit Van Buren men. I was satisfied
we were swamped on going on board the
Baltic, before I left home. But I remem-
bered the dying words of Commodoro
Lawrence, and stuck to the ship gave
the crew a short Instory of Van s life
referred to his veto-in-advanct message
the Amistad prisoners the post-cffice
plunder laui the 40 million slave-cstch-
mg war lo suu and Ieg treasurers to his
infamous treaty, allowing England to do
carrying trade from our ports to thc West
Indies, we losing millions thereby I quo-
ted his Utica letter as fnllows : "Whilst
the candidate of my fricnds tor the Presi
dency, I distinctly announced my opitiion
jn favor of the power of Congress to a
holish slavery in the District of Colum
bia, although I was for reasons which were
then and are still satisfactory to my mind,
very decidcdly opposed to its excrcise
there." They were informed that he had
done more for the slave states than anj
Southern President, and that he had been
rightly christened "A Northern man with
Southern principlea" that he lackcd tba
onethitig needful, which was honesty, and
besides hc was opposed to abolishing slave
ry in the district of Columbia that he
had been tried and found wanting that
Cass nor Taylor had been, that they might
do better, but that they could not dotcorsc
that one term was long enough for a
good President, and a great deal too long
for a bad one that their platform, nor
any other, could make him an honest pol
itician that they had not got him on it.
and probably never would that they
might wrap it around him as tight as 1
mnmmy is laced, and then white wash
him, and then he would be Van Buren,
.mrl "nnthinrr else." And now I would
just observe, that in the strife who should
nominate tbe tcorst man, we nave ucai uic
whole ; you cannot deny tbat.Mr.flerald.
I knew we could beat you some way. Do
you give it up own ueai 1 " ;uu "uk
I want to tell you that Van cannot even
go the one-idea, and that although the
platform is as Jong as the 110th Psalro,
.ri DNtrlct of Columbia was carefully
left out lest it should remind us of the ve
to message and his Utica Ictter.
But can't he repent l l am assea oy
dozen voices at once. If I believeo: ra