Newspaper Page Text
"V! have had to contend wiih oppcsnion
i Whir nrinciplca for twcnty years. The
nnit nrrtrilir.fil v.illle of ihese prinCI-
d!cs has not changeJ, and tlio opinion of
our oppotienia has not changed with regard
10 Ihcm. The Conslitulioa of tbe Umied
Staiesstands atlhc hcad oflhrse. We lake
...... r.nt;nn. nmnnsiitntional interprelation
r.m r3 Wntt.inoinn and ihe prnclicc of
thc counlry for halt'a cenlury pasl ihey lake
llieira from Gcn. Jackson. Lauehlcr and
chceiB.l In ihe nexi plare, tliere is a lend
c ncv to iucreasc Esccutive nulborily, by in
.lisc'rimir.ule pnlronage and rewarcl for polit
ical support, Hnd in a loo free usc ol ihe Ve
to poiver. The Wliiga hold that this poiver
RnnT.I hp limiied lliat the Veto should only
be used iu extremo nases, when ihe good of
ihe counlry may be advanced lliereby, nul to
gratifv poliiical hoelili'y.
Anollier great qucstion, which has hcen
kcpt out of sight, but which must be rrct
before Iong, nnd perhapi in a nol very satia
factory state, is that ofProtection loLpbur,
and giving cr.couragement to Domeslic In
du.lry. I'hia is amost vilal quesiion. With
out the rcvisinn ofthe lawa rcgulating the
duu'csatour Custom Ilouscs, the prosperily
uf this counlry for many yeors lo comc, the
success of men of businers, nnd the protec
lion ofthe earningsof Labor, can never be
restored lo thcir iormer state. oni:crs.j
Nnt onc ol Ihese mcasures would bo success-
fu! if Cass is clecled. And any olher idea
ihan that cilher Gcn. Tayloror Gen. Cass
rauslbcchoscn, is idlc. Icare nothowany
pcrsous may be drawn away from this con
ciuion by new partica ornew namcs. They
m'll lind &uch names, whcthcr Christian or
Burnamcs, cosnomens or nomcnclntures, lo
bonolhinrbut,'-6ounding braea and tinkling
cymlials." Laughtcrand nppuusc.j
Anotlicr topic alao forces itfelf on our at
tcntinn. In what spirit nro thc foreign rela
tions ofthe counlry hcreafter to bc conduct
cd? Are they to be pacific in thcir nature
looKing to thc maintcnance of peace, on
jnst and honorable terms, with all naiion?,
itml to mutunlly beneficiiil rcgulations ol
iradc nnd intercouuc? Or Bhall they hc
rnndnrtcd in a spirit of qucruloumess and
roadires to quarrcl? A ppirit of aggrandize
mcnl and war a spirit disposcd to yicld it
eclf upfo what itisnowfaahionablotocall tho
'manifrst ileplmy' of tlie cnunlry which is
lo carry tlio insiitutinns jvliicli wc havo ea
mblislicd into all ncighhoring lands, willing
or umvilling to recrive them, nnd to mnkeby
r.onquest nnd acquisition, astill iiiighlicr ter
liinry ofour ltepubli ?
G'nllcmen, I linve said before, thntGcne
ral Ou33 una onc ofthe most dangcrous men
nnd ih mopt dnnircrotis man of all our
pufvic men, who rould be clccted lotho Prcs
idenry. I repeat it. I krioiv nothing in his
lii-itory that would Icad Iiim lo bo dcsirous
ofhonorablo pcacc. Nothing at n!l. I do
not Ray ihat he would wantonly plungc us in
lo w.ir wilhnut any r.nusc nt al'; but 1 Jo say
tlmt ihc irholc lonilency of hii policy ia io
vvard ar, invasion, aggrandizcmcnt,nnil tht
:ic(ui-ition cd'nciv terriiory. Applnuto.
And noiv ihe qnejlion u, slin.il vc aban
dnn all thpeegreat Whig principles ofwhich
1 h'ive (tpokcn ? And it ia n inattcr of recrct
to uk ihat tho nllentioii of tho Whig pnrty
nnd ofthe WI115 prcaahas bccn drawn too
mtich nvtny from tlio conEiderniion of ihcsc
'hinjirf, by Jiipulus nbout men. I am scrr
that i i iln-ir dispule.o on the queslion whclh
cr CJ 11. Taylor is a Wliit; of which I con
roivo thcrc is 110 tlouhl or whclhcr Mr. Van
Bnren ia and nlivays Ii;ih Iibcii a tr.ie Liber
ty nnn nf wlu'ch ihcru Ujuctas little iloubi
(Inughter) Ihey kIiquIiI have lcft ihis vi
tnl qncition nlninst tuispokcn of. Wcre il
not nntv loo l.itc 1 fliouKl invi'o tho who!e
pirty. boih of tho North and ofthe South,;
lo attrmpt to rally upon this mattcr of so
Nou gcmlcmrn. soine favorers of lls
ni-iv lighl ol'iho Frco S.iil sun, instruit us
:iot to Inok luickivnrd. I irust i lcas: ive
nny Inok forward. I hnpo ivo nrc nolto bc
plnced i.t the ailuation ol Iiim of whom U waa
'H ti"'rr lokit lincl,Tnnl nvanl till lio pois
t ni'tir lHks rurarit fartlirr Ihan lin nnso."
I prar rou, genllcmcn, to look forward and
si'u ivhat ill be tlio conditiort of tlio country,
if (.i -ncr.il Ca3 ii eluctcd. I b.ivc givcn you
n "iumnan of tlio priuciplci for which thc
Whis hac bccn contendiiig for twcnty years
i!iiieiplcs which I decm liiglily important
and csfcntial to tho pro'sr.crity of the country
aad I ask you to look forwanl and see what
will bwonie of tbcui if Mr. Cass U clio'cn thc
ri''xt l'rcidnt. I will iH j-ou cxactly what
wuuiappcn. Uen.Uass will ray that evcry
oao of thcm was repudiatcd, put down and
coutcmncil by the vcrj maj.irity which madc
Who, in thc ncst Congrcss, can vcnturc to
ftand un and sav tiint llioiuil.lic voicorcmiires
:m altcration in thc Tarilf of lS4fi, when hc
Miiiy turn rouml and ay that the pubhc voicc
has fxprcssly demanded that it shsll bo lcft
whcre it is?" Who can comnlain of the Sub-
Trca'iury, which now, in this verr hour of fi
n.in ial prussurc, has niilliom of spccie lockcd
np in its yaults whcn the rrc-'idcnt may say
that tkc institution p.isted in Novcmber, '-1S,
whcn hc was choscn hr a maioritv ofthe nco-
ple, tlicy knowing Iiim to bc for, and his antag-
onn: apini'-t the syf tcm ?
A id jint soit will be with evcry thing clse:
I will not fav that tho anrumcnt wonld be :
fair one. Under the cxisling state of things,
it woa!d bo unfair. But it would be pl.-.usi-ble
-and hc would put it forth, would stand
upon it. I)epcnd upon it, gcntlcmcn, that
woiiid uc ins courso.
So liiuch, fellow-citizcns, rcspcctinir tlic ccn
crai quction ofthe approaching elcction of a
iriwilcnt orthc L nitcd States.
I5ut reccnt cvents have raiscd anothpr nnpi.
tiou. which has come to aflcet vcry matcriallv
tho domcstic governmcnt of ihe State oQ.Ias-acliusctt.-.
A party has arisen and has bccn
or.mizcd in this State. which calls itsclf the
frec soif party. I think thcre is a joke by
""' xomo wnicr 01 his time, who wished
o rimcuio somcman who w makin" no ve
miwui usi; 01 1110 worus -;iaroic solum, in
0aUle o1am tilce ct nalala rioltim
(tuoJ wonls I uoddcr whero lio alolo Vm !
I will not say that tho word 'frco soil' are
Etolt'n from anvwlnro. Hnt'nilli rnrr!ir1 In
the seniimcnt "of tho party thai nscs thcm, 1
tuumu mai 11 savors very mtich oi petty Iar
ccny. Laughter and chcers.
The gcntlemen who have joii.cd this new
party from among thc Yliigs, prctend that
inoy are greatcr lovcra 01 l.ibcrty, and great
cr hatcrs of Slavcry, tban tlioe t'hcv lca e be
Imid thcm. I do not admit it. I ilo not ad
niit any such thing. (ApplaiL'e.) 1 think we
are as good Frcc Soil men a. they are, thongh
wo do not sct up any such great prccminonce
ovcr our ncighbors.
" by, gpntlcmcn, wlmt is the history of this
pnri? ; somc ycars ao.bc'bro .Mr. an 15u
rcn hadcomc into oflice. or in his timo. thcre
was a fcbisni jn the Ioco Foco party in JCew
-ioriv. nuicu incrcacu ny ucjrees. isutiMr.
Van Burcn was snpported byloth sidcs. The
schisni rrcw widcr nnd widcr. till Silas "IVrinht
became tho Dcmocratic candidatc for Goi'
r.or. Ihcn some of thc JJemocrats, kuown
since as 'Old Ilunkcrs,' rcsolvcd to abstain
from supporting him, or to opposc his elcc
tion, and they carricd out that determination,
The other side assumeil the name of 'Barn
buruen,' and are focalled to this daj-. Sothat
thcre Tas an actual outbrcak nn actnal out
brcat years aso, befwccr. thcse two parties
of thc Democracy of Xcw York, and this Barn-
ournmg party cxisted Iong bcforc.thcrc was
any qucsaon of Fre Soil amsng tliem. Long
before tliere was any qucstion of the Wilmot
ti - r.T 1,.. l.f nttrtv frt
i. roviso, or miy uppu6iuu jj tr "
tho. extcnsion of Slavcrv. And up to the An
nexation of Texas evcry man ofthe party went
Etraightfonvard lor that annexauon, oiaveiy
xtensioh and all.
But thp. AVhiirs. and thcv alone. raiscd
strong opposition to the raeasure. I fay the
Whigs alone for nobody clse, either in the
East, West, South or North, stirred a fingcriu
the cause or at least made so smaii an euon
that it could not be discerned until the
Whigs had rouscd ihe people to a sentiment of
opposition to the larther sxireau 01 me oiave
Then this portion of the New York Loco
Focos, thcse Barnburners, seized upon this
Whig doctrine, and attachcd it to their poli
cy merely to givo thcm the preuommancu o-
ver thcir nvals.
In thcir origin, thcrcfore, the Barnburners
had no moro to do with the Frce Soil question
ilisn thev had with the ouestion ot fllasonrj-
or Anti-JIasonry. Tlicy only adopted it to
securc a prcdominance in the Democratic par
ty of Xcw York. But having adopted this
vcry just sentiment though still rctaining all
the est of thc thiny-nine Loco Foco articles
they now oxpect the Whig party of Massa
chusetts to enhst undcr theni I had almost
said to bc subsidizcd by tliem, only to give
them the asccndency in New York politics.
lor one, I propose to do no such thing. J ao
not likc tho servicc. I Lhecrs.J
Mr. WEBSTEn then said, that in this Buffa
lo platform, this Collect of the new school,
tbcre was nothing new. Tho people of Mas-
sachusctts had Iatcly had the pleasure ot read
ing a lettcr from lloa. II. G. Otis, ono ofour
best and most rcspcctcd citizens, who had just
comnletcd hia 83d vcar. His snn throws its
shadows far into the past, but it is bright, pla-
cid and crateful: 11c has wnttcn with the
vigor of jouth and the wisdom of age. Some
of those who undertakc to instruct the public
niind on nucstions of politics, think it diKnilied
and courteous to call this letter Ilumbus. If
o, thenhumbug signifies great force ofcompe
sition united with ereat and comprehensive
knowlcdgo of political truth, and sagacity of
application. I wuh, saiu ir. WEBSTEn, we
had more such humbug. IfMr. Otis's merits
for valuablc public services wcre not as they
are, his vcry name should entitle him to rc
spcct. IIc bears thc name of that James Otis
who, according to John Adams, Fet the ball of
the Itevolution in motion. (Applau:c.j Al
ter reading this letter I referrcd to Mr. Otis's
spcech madc in the Senato of thc United
States, in January, 1820, and 1 undcrtake to
say, that from this spcech thero maybc made,
without thc addition of a sentcnco or a phrase
as good an Anti-Slavery Platform as that
which has bccn constructcd by order sf thc
Mr. WEBSTEn then wcnt into the qucstion
of State politics. IIc saw with as much gricf
as surpnsc that tlus new party, not contcnt
with confining thcir movemcnt to National
politics, wcre attcmptintorcvolutionizo Mas-
sachusctts. The vcry mcn who had for years
sat in counsel with Gov. Briggs and Lieut. Gov.
Rced and who had received office at thcir
hands, wcre now joincd to crush thcm. They
would attempt to dofcat Brij'rs and Itced bc-
causo ihey would not go with thcm for Van
isurcn anu whoever thought they would :
Laughter Thcso gcntlemen talk of put
tinir down m tbis Commonwcaltb of Manachu-
sctts thc minions of Slavcry ! And pray who
are tbe minions of slavcrv l iiecu a minion
of Slavcry? Is vour candidato for Concrcss
a minion of Slavcry ? If elccted to Congress
hc will give such a votc as hc should on thc
Slavcry qucstion, and yet Whigs will Tote fo
dcfeat him and cloct a Frcc Soil Loco Foco.
Things havo ccrtainly taken a strango bi
as, and I can haidly think that Rcasou holds
Thcrc is notliincr. said Mr. "WEESTEn. in tha
W'hi plntform which all Whice willnot airrcc to.
hich has not always hcen Whig principlo. Sup
osc all the Whigs should go ovcr to the Frce
Soil party. It would only bc a chango of name,
tho principlcs would still bo the mc But thero
would be onc chango which I admit would be
monstrous it would makc Mr. Van Burcn the
hcad of tho Whis party. ILauchter.l Childrcn
at school frcnncntly amui,o thcmselvcs drawing
aniusing f.muslicnl picturcs plncing thc headof
onc animal on the body or anoiucr. if onc of
those jnvcnilc limncrs should draw the Whig par
ty with Mr. Van Burcn's head upon it, it would
makc an imago more laughable than the cclcbra-
Mr. WnnsTER said that he considcrcd that the
country wasin acriiis, and that all Wh'gs should
unitsm stamling by her. That tho Avhigs had
bocn succcssful nndcr a moro dwcouraging state
of tliinss. Tho Whig party may cncounlor mis
fortunc and may coramit niistakcs, hut for onc.
said Mr. W., I shall fnllow its fortuncs, heing
more willing to tnist myself and trustmy country
with the principlcs ofthe Whig party than with
Mr. W. concludcd hv savin?: Fellow Whiirs
of Pljmoulh Co., I Iicrc tcfminatc what I have
to say in public on tho political qucstions now be
fore thc country. I dccply rcgrct that anything
should occur to weaken thc strcnpth of the Whi"
party or cloud its prospccts, for I sincercly be-
iicvo ! succcs is mtimatcly blcndcd with the
prcscrvation ofthe Constitution and thc great in
tcrests of the country.
William Sladc, AVillis Hall, Scth M. Gatcs, &e.
&e., aro amons tho latt mcn in the country who
wcre at libcrtr to dcscrt, or who can bo cxcnscd
rorclescrtinsthe lng party. The two formcr
gcntlcmcn liave for many ycars htcrallv bcen
warnieil, fed antl clotbcd bv Whiirs. And tl.p
lattcrhas hecn so generouslv dcalt with tlmt he
was bcnnd in good faith aud honcsty to remain
wilh his pnily.
Thcse gcntlcmcn will say, in rcply, that they
icavc ine nigpany lor inc fake or ree Soil !
But if wc could lco them in the eye when they
avow thcir intcntion to votc for Mr. Van Burcn
as tlio Kcpresentative of Frco Soil, they would
ULU.MI ucc cnissuD 1
Mr. Van Burcn and his fricnds snpported
Jamcs K. Tolk. who was nominatcd for lhn
pross and avowcd purposc of extendingthe Terri
tory and increain;r tho power of slavcry I It is
fienmse Mr. Van Buren and his fricnds fnnortpd
Polk tlmt slavery was extcnded ; and 1 uttor thcir
snpport ot l'olk we should have had no war and no
Frcc Soil issue.
Messrs. SnPK and RlTr bnro nnMiuil ATr-
Van Burcn for more than twcnty ycars becanse
hc was, dnring all that timc, what Gov. Cass is
now, 'a Northcrn man with Southem principlcf .'
illis IIall's Frce Soil zcal is new bom. IIc
rame back from Alabama with strong svmpathics
in favor of tho 'Pcculiar Instituiion.' "As Atlor-ney-Gencral
of this Stale he diffcred withGovcr
nor SEWAr.D on thc qnestion of surrcndcrinK frec
citizens of this Stato to Virmnin. tn ha rt,n;.li.l
for anofftnco not known to or recognizcd bv our
And McsSTS. Sr.lni- TTitt. nml fJi-rra InnTf
too, that U that has bcen done for thc cause of
j.u.a.H.i1.uon nas bcen done by Whirrs; thcv
kn.ow m" y higs have dcfendcd the Bight of Pc
tition and tlio frccdoni nf . i.
lngs, and 1 Whigs only rcsisted UioExtension of
blavery. And thcv know too ihatby supportiDir
Mr. A ax B cni- thcv are indircctl v iM;Vf 1,. .
An r r-. o v
. Mr. Slade, who has bccn hnsyfor ayearortwo
in raisinjr contribntions for cdncnionnl n-nrr.,.
ia the West, (ont of which he is himsolf
ed,) finds time to addrcss a lcttcr to the Whics of
Vermont in favor of VanBurenism. This rratuii.
ous labor of apostacy is cxciting. as it should
thc indignation of the trnc-hcarted 'Whigs of the
inountain state. Albany Mvemr.g Journal.
Cr" Jamcs Brooks, Esq., editor of the
N. Y. Express, has been nominatcd for
Congress in one of the City Congresjion
LIST OF PREMITBIS
Atcardcd by the Addison County Agricultural
Scciety, al theAnnxial Fair, holden at Mid
dlebury, October, Ath, 1848.
Best Bull,2 yrs. old and upwards.Charles
Linsley, Middlebury, SG.00
2d best, G. O. Swinnmgton, Leicester, 5,00
3d best, Orrin Wbeeler, New Ilaven, 4,00
4th best, Win. R. Sanford, Orwell, 3,00
Best Bull, 1 year old, A. L. Bingham,
2d best, Wm. N. Carter, Monkton, 3,00
Sd best, G. & J. Thomas, " 2,00
Best Bull Calf, K. P. Hall, 2,00
2d best, C. L. Smith, Bristol, 1,00
Best Cow, 3 ycars old ar.d upwards, hav
ing been in calt thc past eeason, iJ.
Bingham, Cornwall, 5,00
2d best, C L. Smith, Bristol, 4,00
3d best, Myron Hamilton, Bridport, 3,00
4th best, Horatio Plumbley, New Havcn, 2,00
Bebt 2 year old heifcr.B.F.Haskcll.Corn-
2d best. Albert Chapman, "Wcybridee, 2,00
Yearling heifcre, no competition .
uesi nener can, iiuen unapman, i ey-
2d best, E . Fuller, Middlebury, 1 ,00
Milch Cow, no competition,
Best pair Working Usen, i'. i-vlithorp,
2d best, Austin Smith, Addison, 4,00
3d best, G. O. Swinnington, Leicester, 3,00
Best pair 3 year old stcers, C. Hazlcton,
2d best, Austin Smith, Addison, S.00
Best pair 2y'rold Steers.IIairison Barnes,
2d best, Nelson Collins, Monkton, 2,00
STALLIONS & MATCIIED HORSES.
Best Stallion, Samuel Mooro, Shoreham, 8,00
2d best. Rufus Mead, Cornwall, 5,00
Best 2 year old Stud Colt, D. E. Hill,
2d best, James Dunn, 3,00
Best 1 year old Colt, Hiram II. Hall, 3,00
2d best, no competition.
Best breeding Mare, N. Northrop, 5,00
2d best, Wm. jNash, JNew llavcn, 3,00
Best sucking Colt, Amasa Wilhams, 2,00
2d best, O. liussell, 1,00
Best brcoding Sow, Job Lanc, Cornwall, 5.00
2d best, Solomon W. Jewett, 3,00
Best Boar, Job Lane, 3,00
2d best, F. Ayers, 2.00
Merino Bucks and Lambs.
Best M crino Buck, of 1 year nnd up
wards, n. Itotnnson, shoreham, 5,00
2d best, W. R. Sanford, Cornwall, 4,00
3d best, R. P. Hall, 8,00
ISuck Lamlis in pens ou.
Best R. P. Hall, 6,00
2d best, E. Robinson, Shoreham, 4,00
3d best, D. & G. Cutting, " 3,00
baxony and Orade llucksand Lambs.
Best Saxony and Grade Buck, Danicl L.
2d best, Elon R. Wilson, 4,00
3d best, Nazro Northrop, Shoreham, 3,00
Best pcn Saxony and grade lambs drop-
ped after tho 15th April.E. R. Wilson, G,00
2d best, Albert Chapman, Weybridge, 4,00
Merino JLices xn pcns oj o.
Best pcn of 5 Merino Ewcs, D. & G. Cul-
2d best, Edwin Ilammond, 4,00
3d best, no competition.
saxony and uradc .tccs mpens oJ5.
Best, D. L. Fofter, Middlebury 6,00
2d best, E. R. Wilson, 4,00
iiices and Lambs of any vanety.
Best pcn of 15 Ewcs, Edwin Hammmond,
2d best, E. R. Wilson, . 8.00
Best pcn of Lambi of any variety,T,. Rob
inson, Shoreham, 5,00
2d best, R. 1'. Uall & Co., Cornwall, 3,00
Best bushol of Cocoons, S. T. Walkcr, 3,00
2d best, Jamcs Hamilton, 2d. 2,00
G best pumpkins, John Brittcll, 50
G best squashcs, W. Chapman, 50
samuel ,lamcs, a grotuity of 25 cent.'.
G best Watcrmclons, David Hazard, 50
Best bushcl potatocs, John Brittcll, 50
uest 50 ears of corn, Albert Uhapman, 50
Solomon Allcn.a int.tuity of 25 ccnts.
Bcstbushel of Onions, L. Barrows, 50
V . Lhapinan, a "ratuity of 25 ccnts.
L. Barrows, " " " on susar bects.
Jeromiah Smart, " " " on cabbage.
Tho Committec on Manufacturcd Goods
madc the following rcport:
Middlebury, Ucl.4, 1843.
Mcssrs. Davcnport & Nash, cxhibitcdat the
Agricultural Fair hcldatthis placo thc fol
1 picce of black Cassimere,
1 " brown "
1 " Goldcn Twecd,
1 " black and white Twccd.
As thcrc was no competition on thc ahovo
Goods, wc could not iudco bctwecn them and
others, but would recommcnd thc abovc ccn-
v j 1 . . . . . . ...
uumcn oe awarucu a premium lor tnetr skill
in manufacturing good Cloths.
Thc Committec on Farm Implcmonts rc-
portcd as follows ;
V c have cxammed with much pleasure a
new and hiably incntonovs AVashrni' and
Wringing Machinc, prcsented bv Dr. W. P.
Rus'el, styled thc Ladies' Fricnd. This Ma-
chinc seems to cmbrace the new and improv-
cu pnncipics ana is worinj- or public patron
ago. They havo tbcreforeawardcd Dr. Russel.
a gratuity of Sl.
A. 1'. Beeman, for Com.
BUTTER, CHEESE, IIONEY & SU
GAR. Middlebury, Ocl-4, 1848.
Thc Committec on Buttcr. Checsc. and
Honey, have awardcd thc first premium on
Butter, 1. liarrows, S. Second to Waltcr
Barton, S2. Third to David Hazard, Sl. In
Cheese thcrc was no competition. In Hon-
ey and Sugarjno competition. Washington
uiucr prascnted 25 lbs. of maple sncar which
your committee think highly meritorious and
would recommcnd a premium of S2.
1j. ukhs, tjiairman.
IRON& LEATHER MANUFACTURES.
We have cxamined a bar of Tron one inch
and onc eighth squarc, and thrce and a half
leet long. manutactured by Wmtcr H. Holley,
Esq., at his force in Bristol, with in PiMitv dnr-s
last past, and we adjudged it of the first quali
tyofIron,and manulactured in thc best or
der. It was drawn undcr .1 700 hammer, which
is ono good ovidencc ofthe exccllent quality
ofthe Iron, its texturc and soliditv excellenr.
and it is the opinion of your committec that a
premium of Sl be awarded to said Holley.
L. VAN NESS HALL, Chairman.
Best piece of Flannel, Mrs. D. Hazard,
Piecc of Wool Carpet, Mrs. S. Douglass,
Kjna pair 01 woollen Blankets, Mrs. D.
nazard, Ferrisburgh, 2,00
Best Sewing Silk, Mrs. James Hamilton,
Bndport, ! 00
1 p r of silk hose, Mrs. Horace Janes.
Cornwall, ' j qq
1 p'r cotton hose, Mrs. Prudonco Walkcr, '
AVhitmg, spun and knit bv a blind wo-
man ovcr 80 years old, " 50
Best p'r Woolcn hose, Mw. S. Baldwin,
Best stravr hat, Mrs. H. Birge, New Ha
1 white beispread, Mrs. R. Hubbard,
Best coverlid, Mrs. D. Hazard, Ferris
burg! 2d best Mrs. V. Hammond, Mid
dlebury, Best bcdquilt, Mrs. Jamcs Hamilton, 2d.,
Embroidcred woolen shawl, Mrs. W. Bar
ton, New Havcn, JU
Show box, Miss Julia Hart, Middlsburj-. 1,00
Vascs of wax flowers, Mrs. Jackson, Mid-
1 pair of"Ottomari3, Miss Frances Portcr,
1 pair of stools, Miss Janes, Cornwall,
1 steel tag, Mrs. D. Hazard, Fcrris
1 alom baskct nd candlcstick, Mrs. W.
Barton, New Ilaven,
1 pair woolen hose, Mrs. Jesse Ellsworth,
"Pnfnxoll r. ninrlv 80 vears old.
Hniin tn (l.n cmtillnPU flt" lllP. PratuitV fit
the disposal of the committee, many articles of
mcrit weie not noticed.
Mrs. M. BINGHAM,
ii W. BARTON.
J. A. BECKWITH,
Yonr committco have cxamined vaiious
specimcns of fruits prescnted for thcir cxam
ination and have awardcd the following prc-
For the best 5 sorts ofApples, Stephen
Burroughs, Waltham, 1,00
2d best. Job Lane. Cornwall, 50
For tho largest variety of superior Apples,
S. Burroughs, Waltham,
For the best seedling variety of Apples,
Job Lane, Cornwall,
o,l T,ef A. Phanman.
pv-j., --- i - I .
In addition to the abOTC your committee
would rerommend a gratuitous premium to
C. Crane of 50 cents.
Owing to the scarcity of fruit thc past sea
son, there wcre no specimcns of the peach,
quince, pear or plum. Respcctfully submit
ted bv j-our committee.
Tuesday, October 17,1848.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
OF NEW YORIv.
FOR MIESTDENTIAL ELECTORS,
Erastus Fairbanks, 7 ,
Timothy Follctt, j M lar3e-
George T. Hodges, 1st Di.-trict.
Andrcw Tracy, 2d "
Albert L. Cath'n, 3d "
Elijah Clevcland, 4th "
For Congress, Sd District,
GEORGE P. MAItSLT.
"AI.TIIOUGH NO POLITIC1AN, HAVING AL
WAYS IIEI.I) MVSEI.F AI.OOF FRO.1t THE CLAM
ORS OF PARTY l'OI.ITICS. I AM A WHIG, AND
SIIAU. EVER RE DF.VOTED IN INDIVIDUAI. O
PINION TO TJIU rRlNCIFI.ES OF THAT PARTY."
Zaciiaev Tavloiu (Ilter loW. V Rnaiell.)
SIR.TIIE NOISr. AND CONFI'SIO.V WHICH
PKRVADE THIS ASSC.MM.Y WILL PRHVKNT
MY UE1NG HKARD O.V THE IMPORTANT TOPICS
TO WHICH YOU HAVE CALLED MY ATTnNTIO.V."
Lewis Cass. (Specch at Clercland.)
"THE PRINCIPLES OF LIBERTY ARE r37NEV
ERT1 SAFE IN THE IIANDS OF JIK.V WHO
MAKEA TRADE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. 3IR. VAN
lUJKh.r, JUJST IIE JUDGED RY HIS PRECEDINI.
COURSE, TAKEN AS AWIIOLE AND FROMTHAT
LET NO MAN DELUDE HIMSEI.F WITH THE I1E
LIEF THAT IIE IS FIXED TO ANYTHING RUT
HIS OWN INTEREST." C. F Adajis. (Pompl.Ict on
Texu, pajoJ. 13
Van Buren iirguments.
Erastus D. Culver.
We promiscd our rcaders to take some fur
tlier notico of certain statements of Mr. Cul
ver, in his spcech at thc Town Room, l.ist
wcck. The imported orator, notwithstanding
his short sojourn in this Stato cight ycars a
go, during which, as hc says, he " ransacked
thc vocabulary" to find language of denuncia
tion and vitupcration sevcre cnough for Mar
tin Van Burcn, seems not to have formcd a
very just cstimato of the character of Ver
montcrs, if hc calculated that his gross and wil
ful pervcrsions of truth would remain unde
tected by nny considerablc portion of his au
dicnce. We say wilful misstatcments bc
causc to ruppose that he himsclf wa3 so ignorant
as to bclicva them corrcct, would be tho
height of uucharitablcness.
Mr. Culver said, in substance, that a com
mittee ofthe Mississippi Legislature, appoint
cd to invite Gcn. Taylor to thc capital of that
State, in thcir rcport ofa convcrsation they
had with Gcn. T., say that he staced to them,
among other things, " that the South ouyht nev
tr to submit to the Wilmot Proviso that thc
Chairman of that committee was Col- Boone
that Col. Boone madc this statemcnt to Jacob
Thompson, that Jacob Thompson rcpcatcd it
somewhere to Mr. Giddings, and that Mr.
Giddings brought it all out at tho BufTalo Con
Tention. Wearc awarc that this falschood
has had a Tery cxtcnsive run, Jn its day,
but wehardly exnected to hear it repcatcd, at
this lato hour, to an intelligent audienco.
Tho facts of thc case are these. A commit
tec tczj appolnted by the Mississippi Legisla
ture, to invitc Gcn. Taylor to visit thc capital
of their State. Thn Chairman of that com
mittee was not Col. Boone, (who is a leading
Locofocoin Mississippi,) but it tcas Gcn. Hen
ry. So far is it from being truo that Gcn
Taylor, as statcd, " approvcd a vigorocs pros
ecution of thc Mcxican war," and declarcd
that " the South ougtt never to suhnit to the
Wilmot Proviso," that, as we lcafnfrom Gen.
Henn-. " not an cdlusion tcas madc to party pol
itics." All this was known -weeks ago. What
is more direct and explicit, thc editor of the
Worcester Whig, (Oct. 10th,) speaking of tho
statement imputed to Col. Boone, says: "Gen.
u Taylor has conlradicted it under his own sign
" manudl. This tce know; tce have seen and
" read the contradiction,'tcith the name of Zach
"ary Taglor affixed to it." And yet some peo
ple's conscience will not pennit thcm to let this
Again. Mr. Culver repcatcd the fabrica
tion,originalIy put in circulation in this region,
we bclievc.bv the Burlinjtoa Conricr,that Mr.
Benjamin,a Taylor Elcctor in Louisiana,stated
in a speech at Baton Rougc that Gen. Taylor
would " promptly veto tho Wilmot Proviso."
New, that vcry speech, in which Mr. Benja
min is reported lo have made this statement,
is givcn in full in thc New Orleans Delta, a
neutral paper, and not one tcord ofthis sort can
be found in it ! On thc contrary, in the reply
of his Locofoco opponcnt, on that occasion,
(for thc moeting was one gathcred for the pur
posc of a political discussion on cach side,) in
Mr. Benjamin's own hcaring before the same
audicnce it is said tbat Mr. Benjamin had
not told his audicnce tchat Gen. Taylor would
do tcith respect to the IVUmol Proviso. All this
thc conscientious Mr. C. knew or hu was in
the highest degrec culpable for attcmpting to
addrcss a respectablo audiencc, on eo impor
tant a qucstion. So much for that point.
Mr. Culver had tho unblushing impudence
to prctend looking in tho faco of intelligent
men that the so-callcd Compromiso Bill of
the last session was a bill for extending Slavc
ry ! And all the while hc knew, and evcry
wcll-informed person in thc housc knew,
(whatevcr opinion might bo entertained of
thc expediency of that mcasurc, on thc wholc,)
that thc bill was supporlcd by our distinguish
ed Senator on thc same grounds as he would
support the Wilmot Proviso, and as amounting
to the Yery same thing. He knew, too, that
such mcn as Messrs. Badger, Underwood, Ste
phcns, and .Foofe,opposcd the bill as giving up
everything on tho part of the South, and for
the reason that it excluded Slavcry forcvcr
from Now Mcxico and California. Of the dis
courtesy of such an attack as Mr. C. made up
on Senator Phelps a stranger in the latter's
own town, as he was it would bo quite super-
fluous to spcak. We ought rather to npolo-
gize for taking up so much spacc with so insig-
nificant a matter as either Mr. Culver or his
spcech. Wc should not. but for the purposc of
cxposing falsehoods that have had a currcncy
AFFAIRS AT MONTPELIER.
ThcLegislaturc ofthis State, it will bc seen,
from anothor part of our papcr, asscmblcd
as usual, last Thursday. The Senate was or
ganized without difficulty, tho Whigs baving
a clear majonty of clevcn (onc Whigmember
being abscnt Mr. Stanlcy, of Rutland Coun
ty, on account of illncss). In tho Housc,
matters stood somewhat difTerently ! Wo are
obligcd to confess that whilo, relying on our
own direct infonnation respecting this county,
and upon thc rcports from other parts of the
Stato that scemcd to us most rchablc, wc cx-
pcctcd a small majority ovcr all opposition, we
have not a majority, as appears on tnal, cx
cept on joint ballot. Tho Frec Soilcrs claimed
a majority of 19 against us an estimate not
much nearer thc truo rcsult than ours! The
Housc, it seems, is constituted on the triangu-
lar plan the longcr side being Whig, and
somewhat less than tho sum of thc other two,
though prctty nearly balanccd. On tho first
ballot for Speaker, Kittrcdgo had cight votes
Icss than the other two on thc fourth tico less
on thc cightccnth, one Icss than all thc rest.
Un joint ballot, thcrcfore, wc shall havo a
clear majority sccuring our Govcrnor and
U. S. Senator.
Thc Spcakership is hardly of sufiicicnt con
scquence to either party, to make it worth the
whilc to kecp both Houses in idlcrcss, for a
great whilc to come though wc trust Mr.
Kiltredgc, having a dccided pluralily, will not
be dcfcated through thc fault of any man who
cver callcd himsclf a IVhig.
On thc wholc, wo may cxpect some rather
singular scenes at tho capital during the pres
ent session of which we shall cndeavor to
kecp our rcaders duly informcd.
Memoir of Setii Waksek. Br Dasiel
Chitmaj,-, XL. D.
A work of the abovc titlo, which wc have had
tho pleasure of pcrusing in manuscript, is now
in proccss of publication by Mr. Clark, of this
placc, and will shortly bo rcady for dclivcry.
Thc author 13 well known to the public, and wo
nccd hardly say that, both from his own pcrsonal
knowlcdgo and-from the matcrials hc hascollcct
ed from various sources, he has prcpared a vol
nme that will bc read with great pleasure by all
who feel an intcrcst in the carly history of Ver
mont. By pcrmission of Mr. Sparks, thatgcn
tleman's " Lifc of Ethan Allen" is also addcd to
thc same volume making, togethcr, a most im
portant historical and biographical work, which
all Vcrmonters ought to read.
The Memoir of Seth Warncr was originallv
prepared by Judge Cliipman, for "Sparks" Amcr
ican Biography," but tbe writing was unavoida
bly delayed until that series was discontinucd
as the following extract of a letter from Mr.
Sparks (dated Oct. 15, 1847,) will show :
"It your memoir might vcry properly have
bccn inclndcd in thc Amcrican Biography, but
that work is now drawing fast to a close; the
twcnty-fifth and last volume, being ncarly
through the press. It was determincd some
time ago to end tho work with this volume, not
for the want of materials, or public patronagc,
but becanse it has been thought best not to con
tinue thc work to a grcater nnmbcr of volumes;
and, to say the truth, I ara wcary of thc task.
It may possibly be revived by some other editor,
but this is nnccrtain. I hope yon will not fail to j
publish your memoir, both a3 a valuablc contri-'
bution to the history of Vermont, and a just trib
ute to tho memory of a man, who hcld so con
spicuous a part in the early fortuncs ofthe State."
"We trust the work will command a rcady and
cxtensivc sale, and that tho limilej cdition issued
will be very soon cxhaustcd. Both biographies
areincluded in onencat IGmo. volume, of a
bont 223 pagcs, in good binding and on good pa
pcr. American Review. The October Kn. nf
thc Whig Review has a likeness orMillard
Fillmore, wiih a sketch of his life and a
variety of poliiical. literary and misccllane
oas articles. I
JCrE. R. Wright, Esq., has been ap
pointed Postmastcr, in this fftre, vice Ed
ward D. Barber, removed. We trust the
fricnds of Mr. Barber, who has been for
some time absent on Van Burcn businees,
will break the intelligenco to hira as gently
Pktcsylvania. The Tribune, of Fri-
day, has rcturns from 54 counties in Pcnnsyl
vania, civinff maiorities for Johnston, Whig.of
25,484, and for Longstreth, Loco, 21,102
Johnston's majority, 4,382. In the same
counties Polk's majority in 1844 was 5,020.
Johnson's clear gain 9,402.
Thc mcmbers of Congress will probably
stand, Whigs 1G, Locos 7, Nativo 1.
The Whigs have a majority in the Legisla
ture, securing the clection ofa U. S. Senator,
to succeed Gen. Cameron, (Loco,) whosa tenn
expircson the 4th ofMarch nest. The rc
sult is cheering beyond what the most san
guine had ilarcd to hope. The Whigs have
never before, we believe, elected thcir Gov
ornor,(save once, during thc Anti-Mason cx
citement,) though tbe State went for Harri
soc, in 1840. "Tliis rcsultsecurcs the elcc
tion of Taylor and Fillmore.
Omo. The rcsult in Ohio remains yet in
doubt Weller, Loco, is possibly elected by
a small majority. It is evidcnt that the Van
Burenites generally went over to Weller, as a
circular issucd by their State Committee just
beforo the clection seems to urge that move
ment, on the ground that, should Ford bo o
lected, the Stato would be claimed lor Tay
lor. Full returnsoftho Congrcssional vote
have not been received. The Legislature is
Whig on joint ballot.
Maryland. Thc Senatotial Eleciions in
one-third of the Countiey of thc State (all
that voto this year) have resulteu qs fol
Anne Arundel, Edicard Hammond, L.
Charles, John Mathews, W.
Calvert, Danicl Kent. L.
Caroline, Thomas Tntner, L.
Montgomery, Wm. I.. G.mther, W.
Piince George's, John D. Bowlinc. W. g.
Somersct, John H. Dane, W.
No chango exccpt in Prince Georgc's.
The last Senatc stood 13 higs to S Locus.
The neiv one stands 11 lo 7.
Georgia and Florida Rkoeemed. We
ar.e iudebted lo our friends of the Iftitional
Intclligencer for the following tclcgraphic
dispatch received yc3lcrday :
'Georgia and Florida are both rrdecmed
the laller by a Inrgo majority, which has
givcn uc n VUis Gnvcriior, Congrewnian
and Legislaturo. The populnr votc in Geor-
gia is close. The gain in 71 rountics, is 7 -
Ol ovcr tho voto lor uovcrnor last yrar,
when the Loco Foco majnrily was 1,203.
The Slato is gocd for Tnvlor. iu Novcmber,
bv 3,000 or over." A'eio York Tribune,
3Iacon, GEonciA, October 8.
AVe have received retnrnsfrom ncarly the whole
State. showinc thc clection of four "VV'hiss and
four Dcmocrats to Congress, thc same os last
First District Whijj majority, S00 ; last
Second District Dcmocratic majoriiy,80;
last clection, Ju.
Third District Whig majority, 500; Iasl
Fourth District Dcmocratic majorily,
300; last clection, 150.
Fifth District Dcmocratic maioritv. 2-
700;'lasL clection, 3,790.
. Sixlh District Democraticnajorily, 1
500; lastolcciion, 1,237.
Sccenth District Majority for Stcphcn,
Whig, 1,450; last elcction his majuriiyvns
Eighth District Mnjority for Toomhs,
Whig, 1,700; last eleclion Ins majority was
The rcsult, you will perccive. is nhout a
lic, or Icss ihan 100 Democratic najorily.
SOUTH CAROL1NA ELECTION.
Charleston, Oct. 1110 1-1 P. M.
The rcsult of ihe eleciions for onc reprc-
scnlalive to Congress, one Slntc Senator,
and scvcntecn mcmbers of ihc State Housc
of Kcpreseutativcs, has just bccii madc
Holmcs has 1629; Parker, 11G1;
ton. 79;-P..r.er, 1570 ; and Lrprc, 13C9.
ti,. r?o,..,o, ;..- . ,i. a !,1i.i
Taylor 14, and Cass 3.
Mr. Holmes is a membcr ofthe prescnt
Tho Legislature of this State clects Elcc
tors for I'resident, &c.
Reported for Walton'a Daily Journal.
Pursuant to the Constitution, the mem
bers elect of both houses mct atthe State
Housc in Montpelier, Thursday, Oct. 12,
1813, 10 A. M.
Thc Senate was callcd to order by thc
Secretary, and the roll being callcd, all
the mcmbers elect wcre found prescnt ex-
cept Mr. Stanley, of Rutland County, j
who is sick : when i
On motion of Mr. Mead, thc Senate
proceedcd to tho election of a President '
Hon. John Kimball was nominated by '
Mr. Stewart, and Hon. Jeffersan P. Kid-
der, by Mr. Mattocks: and the baIIots!
Deing taKen, mr. rvimoau wasdeclareu e-i
lccted, and took the chair,
On motion of Mr. Mead, the Housc was
apprized of the orgamzation of the Sen
ate, by the election of Mr. Kimbal!.
The Senate then proceeded to the
choice of a Secretary ; when D. W. C.
Clarke and Gco.H.Paul being nominated,
Mr. Clarke received 19 votes out of 23,
and was dcclared elected.
And Thomas E. Powers, and S. Minot
FJint of Braintree, being nominated for
assistant Secretary, Mr. Powers was c
lected by the same number of votes.
On motion of Mr. Dean, it was ordered
that the Senate rules of last session hc a
dopted for this, iMI otherwisc provided.
Mr. Mead offered 1 joint resolution for
thc publishing of 600 copies of a Direc.
tory, which was passed.
fllr. Dean oflered a resolution to furnish
the members and officers of the Senatc
with one weekly and one daily paper, to
be designated by cach ; passed.
Mr. Hamilton oflered a resolution to
meet the House at 4 o'clock this after
noon, to hear thc report of the canvassing
Mr. Beeman ofTeted a joint rcsolution
that the Joint Rales of loth Houses 0r
last session be adopted for this, till other-
vrise provided ; passed.
The Chair theB announced the appoint.
ment of a canvassing Committee on the
part of the Senate as follows :
Messrs. Dean of Windham County,
Kidder " Bennington,
June " Rutland,
Chandler " Windsor,
Walker " Addison,
Sweatt " Orange,
Hamilton " Chittenden,
Hall " Caledonia,
Crawforfl " Essex,
Redfield " Orleans,
Davis " Gr. Isle,
White " Lamoille,
Hamilton " Franklin,
Adj. to half past 3 o'clock this after-.
THURSDAY, A. 31., Oct. 12.
The Ilouse was called to order by J.
McM. Shafter, Esq., Secretary of State
when the roll was called aud thc members
Messrs. Sabin of Georgia, Titus of
Wolcott, and Bennett of Stockbridge,
were admitted without producinr creden
tials. Mr. Cree moved that Mr. James Rob
erts of Sheffield be admitted 19 a seat
without producing his credentials. Mr.
Kiltredgc of St, Johnsbury objected on
the grounds that he ncither was elected
legally (some 22 freeman having elected
him after the breaking up of freeman's
mceting,) nor had Iegal credentials ofthe
sort of election which was hcld. Mr.
Cree defended the right of Mr. Robcrts
to a seat, and presented a pelition of J.
II. Ingalls and others. pravinir for the ach.
niission of Mr. Roberts. Mr. Kittredge.
of St. J., statcd that aremonotrance would
be prcsented, containing the names of per
sons who had signed the first named peti
tion. Mr. Whittemore moved to layjthe
motion and petitiun on the table. Tlus
motion was opposed by Messrs. Hubbcll,
Beardsley, Smith of Weston, Sprague,
Arms and Corse.and supported by Messrs.
Whitiemore, Carpenter of Northfield, Sey
mour, and Convcrse the chicf point in
debate being whetlier this casecame with
in the precedents of Jast year in thc
Wardsboro and Clarendon cases. Ayes
1IG, noes97, so the motion to lay upon
the table prevailed. Adjourncd to 2 p. m.
On motion of Mr. Kidder, of Orange,
the rcsolution of the forcnoon fixing on -1
1 clock this afternnon to meet the Ilouse
10 hear the rcport of the Canvassing Coin-
nuttcc, was rcconsiUcrcd, and said rcsolu
tion laid on the table.
Thc Canvassing Committee, on tho
part of the Senate, wcre then sworn ;
when, after calling Ihe roll for designa
ting boarding places, &.c, thc Senate ad
Thc Secretary of State callcd thc at
tcntion of thc Housc tothe fact that tit.i
gcntlemen are cnrolled as tnpmbtrs At
thc.towH of Kirby, bntb prcsentina le:il
certificates. Mr. Kiltredgc of St. J. t f
fcrcd a rcsolution declaring that Arunah
Leach is not entitled to a seat in ihi.i
Housc, accompanicd by a ccrlificalc from
thc first cniistablc of Kirby, that Chaile
II. Grav.'s was elected on thc first ballot
by one majority, as determincd by tliccan
vassers, alicr the box had been closcd nu
public notico, which fact was cnprallj
known, though not ofiicially dcclared,
whcn a Mr. Locke, who had previi nsly
refused to vote, pretentcd a ballot, which
was received ; tliis vote made a tic, on the
first ballot, and subscquently Aruuah
Leach was elected by two majority. Thc
constnble gave a certificate to both, lcar
it:g it to the Ilouse to scltle thc matter.
The qucstion thus prcsented was whcthcr
thc uitc of Mr. Locke ought to have been
received and countcd on the first ballot.
the rcsolution in cffect declarinc that it
should not have been counted. "Mr. Kit-
tredc of St. J. stipporteil ihc rcsolution
J nnd Alr. Ilp.itnn nnnui : IM-
I ""wiu il, ,1111:11 11 1 .
, ,""Cna' cfclar'n?"'
nrcr 13 entitled toa seat. Messrs. Hnb-
bel, "oardsley, Ncedham and Strccfer ar-
I gufia ,lliU one oj thegentleman returncd
is entitled to a seat. and onnhi nnt tn h
excluded and that one should be the per
son who was first declarcd elected and re
Mr. Convcrse said that if either is ad
mitted the Housc must either go into a
full examination, or run thc hazard of
making a wrong decision. In his view,
the only safe waj is to send both gcntle
men before thc Committee of Elcctions.
Mr. Heaton moved a substitute for the
rcsolution, declaring that Arunah Leach
is cntitlrd to a seat, and that Charles. II.
Graves is not.
The Chsir ruled Ihat the part of thc a
mendmcnt cxcluding Charles H. Graves
is not in order, inasmuch as no noticc has
! Decn S'vcn t,,at ' seat of Mr.
w'" ba contested.
lr. Heaton appealed from this decis.ion.
Kittredge of Fairhaven argued Irom
tne certificate of tho constable that
- "r - wraves was first elected. and
so dcclared, with sufficient formalftv.
and that the subsequent election of
Mr. Leach and all subsequent action
was void. Still there were difficulties in
the case, such as ought to preclude hasty
action, and he moved to lay the wholc sub
ject on the tablt; for the pres:nt.
The debate was continued by Messrs.
Beardsley, Smith of Weston, and Nced
ham, against the motion to lic, and by
Mr. Kittredge of F. for it ; ivhen the mo
tion was agreed to.
The House then proceedcd lo the elec
lion of Speaker, when the following nom
inations were made : by Mr. Converse,
Hon. Wm. C. Kittredge, of Fairhaven
by Mr. Strecter, Homer W.Heatoo, Esq.,
of Montpelier and by Mr.Habtings, Ho
ratio Needhara, Esq., of Bristol.
Thc ballols were deelared as follows r
Is. hallat. 2d. 3d. 4th.
Wm. C. Kittredge, 105 107
Horatio Needbam, 6G 70
Homer W. Heaton, 46 41
Geo. W. Collamer, 1
Stephen Smith, 1
Adjonrncd until to-morrcw morning at
nine o'clock 103 to 96.