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MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 8, 1S50.
IS rtlBLISIIED EVERT TDESDJIT MORNIXG,EY
J. H. BABKETT & J. COBB.
OFFICE IX STEWART'S HDILDIXC, OS SIAIJ-ST.
Hy Mail, or at tlio Ofiice, jxr annum, $l,r,0
11 not paid within thc year. 175
35y Curricr,. ....... ..T 200
If not paid within tlie jcar, 2 25
C?"No papcr discominucd until arrcara"cs
arc paid. 0
UA11 conimunications must be Post raid.
f- y 15. l'almer is our ogent in Boston
and Icw York.
THE WANING MOON.
BV WILLIAJ1 CULLEX BUTA2ST.
I'vc watched too latc ; thc moru is near,
One !ook at God's broad siient Ely ;
OIi, hopes and wishcs vainly dcar,
IIow in yonr vcry strcngth yc die !
Even while your glow is 011 thc check,
And scarcc thc high pnrsuit bcgun,
Thc licart grows faint, t!ic liaml grows wcak,
TIic task oriirc is left undone.
Scc. whcrc, upon thchorizon'sbrim,
Ucs tlicstill cloud in gloomybars,
Tlio waning inoon. nl pale and dira,
Sails up ami J tlie ctcmal stars.
Tatc, in a flood of tcnder Iight,
Sbe floatol through tlie cthercal blue,
A softer sun, tliat slionc all niht
Upon tlie gathcring beads ofdcw.
And still tliou wanest, pallid moon ;
Thc encroaching shndow grows tipace;
Ib'avcn's cvcrlusting watchcs 50011
Shall scc thce blottcd from t!iy place.
Kiglil's dctlironcd and crownlcss iuccnj
Wcll mny tliy sad, cxpiring ray
l!e slu.il 011 those whosc eycs liavc scen
Uopc's glori'ms visions fado away.
Sl.inc then for fonris Ilmt once wcrc briglit,
J'or sagcs in llic inind's cclipsc,
.1 t!ioc whose words wcrcspclUof iniglit,
But faltcr now ou stainnicring lips.
In tl.y dccaying beatn thcrclics
Full mmr a gravc on liitl and plain,
OT tboc who clocd tlicir dying eycs
Ingricf lliat tlicy liad lhrul iuvain.
Anotlicr niglit, and tliou mnong
The sphcres or Iicavcn shall ccnsc to kliinc,
All layless in thc glittcring llirong
Wlioic lustic latc was qucnchcd in tliino.
et soou a new and tcndcr ligbt
From out tliy darkencd orI shall bcm,
Aud broadcn till itsbines all nigbt
On glisttning dcwnnilgliinincring strcarn.
THE WORLD IS BEEOKE THEE.
Tlie widc world is before tbco,
Go rcvcl in its blazc;
Lifc's snnshine may restorc llicc
Thc smile of happier day.
I would not in tliy bosom
Onc bittcr thonght should spring,
I5c Iikc thc trcasurcd blossom
That wcars 110 sccrct sting.
Soon evcry strongemotion
Shall dropttithinihy brcast;
'J"hc ficrccst stornis of occan
At l.ist arc lnllcd to rcss.
And o'er thc changcd sccuc stcaliug
A chccring bcam appears ;
So. in thc work of fccling,
Hope fullows after tcars.
Thc moon, lo-nigm, is sui.....g u.. u .u,
. . 1 - r
bcad, and 011 u.y papcr. ni tny laim, anu
, v nen : but its silvcr l.ght lalls on tliy gravc,
il,,,! fairest ol my childbood's fnemls. In
..i. o imi.IiI. " 1 cannot niaKC inco ueau
1 1 tl,n "ravc that lias uou tlio clay 1
. . .1.,. C,., that has fallcn on the me-
1, ,lw-.ns voicc tbe Eolemn seal that closcd
ibo rubv lids. Yct irom tlie years uie noaru-
i-d vcars eome lamuj '" '"
sw'ndsof youngcr days;and, among thcm
all, tliat voicc is purc anu
, flnntc mvnv from me now 111-I
mciouiou?, ........- -j 1
j.uou ani;uiiu iuuTO.
...tnmn mnmins starbeam, tliou
.i.iUt not fado from the sky. Thou art only
Iud from usby thc grosscr l.gbt wbich our
t tpnirnic. and wheu the msht
ive shall sce thic again !
If vou will go with now to n g.cn .n
.. 1 ri.i..-.i -nil n willow-shaucu nook, i
' omTou tbe very spot whcrc a
,.v .? T havo sccn tbe fair girl I
. .nn vc TJtl. 1 iit:i u i'"ul4 . '
WU,L" f 'lt.Jn.- snd bv wbicb I oncc
srbcrkncelinS: Tbe cottage undcr thc
:,i tr.ni'?ers. and its broad
'", lC rooms rin2 to tbe lau.ahtcr of
Cc who kuew not her wl.ose gcntle sp.nt
baunts thcir very chambcrs.
She was us bcautiful as a dream.
. r 1 .1 c1.nrlofl llVr.lVGll tTCSS"
cst-nocrwcrctrcsscsso glorious as those.
!f t ,M vnu that 1 lovcd fcarah D , jou
... nniLnsiast. and ascnbe my
wjlicau uu -"-. Id!J Iovchcr.
' , ,,,pd to Iie at hcr fcet on tlie
i?wb'Khcr fecc, and watcb the
r,bv or i'C? cMLuisitc featurcs. lt was tlicrc
I iearntd first bow l.igb and puro and wor-
ehiplul buniauity may oo. nr
bhc lias pa" " , v . i il,-
. J "V ,1,p I am sure sbe smiles
if our lips
: .1,p. listens anu Jo "V
. -.1. -..r cnr(T- lUai SUU ao
1 . a. 1. -wmc-
cs him ,.,. lonir. lon;
tcd to pass ncnw, . . . f(jp
shc loves um "v- . ,1
I 'nn n(ifl UU 1UI'
ccts ns not, and sbe has been hcre to-nigm,
Ecl?. . ...i fnrphead as of old.
acomparau.o -"-"- . v not res,st
I,ad that iami..a ffnl nuUc of thc
the impulso logazo nt dc.
!on lanse of ycars, and the concnt ae
cayot ocamj. - 1 ntsof
. -NTntip. wnunuiiiou
--i avpiv iiw" -
on many conntcn
anpes,andgucn.andcarcs ve purrowe"
thcfr rosy chceks, and dimrocd thc.r morr,
thosa days are pieasam
memor. , ,..
..1,ild ftbechild of one once yon-g-
M will warble a notc l"?n'T tT
? ias"x ,1
iiero siiau .w , -.ii
hcr God; ami 11 10-ii.g..- t(;rcJ 0.,r cbarmcd circle. wituan opprcjs o..
l-S'irr,:iav, he0,nviniwS the brain, anda "sw.mm.ng, swollen
tMhatlana, anajev m. ..V.... v-- -y - At lencth. sbo rcmemocreu, anu raisvu
01 ' i. -ahieU our souls whpcr, 1 . "'.''"(:.' , i...i .i,m,iif,n
1 iii. nuiitK ... 1 i,nH.n 1 ... , 1 1 1 i in 1 1 -;i 1 1 n. 11 1.11 1. ii
nol add that shc l0vCd:f..rsachas shehve
on affcc'ion, and dic for Iack of lt. Hcr
fathcr devoted his fortune and his lifo to Iicr;
and shc waj bcircss to a largc cstatc. As
miglit bc cxpcctcd, shcbad numbcrlcss suit
ors, of CTery rank and variety. I cannot
now rcmcmber thcm all, although I thcn
kept Ihc rnn of them tolcrably wtll. But,
of all, there wcrc only two that appcarcd to
havc any prospcct of success ; and thc vij
lac uo?ips wcro occupicd in dlscussiny thcir
Frank R was thc gaycsr, bcst-lieartcd
fdlow in tbc world; and, had you sccn Lim
on liis liorse, by thc sido of Sarali D ,
you woald harc said hc was madc for hcr, so
wild was his iaugb, and so joyous ber rc
sponsc. Yet, had you bccn bchind tbe clo;cd
shuttcr in thc frontof thc largo white bousc
on tbc hill, as thcy rodc liy and had you
watc'jed tbe comuresscd lins.tbc broad. calm
forcbcad, tbe pale facc and spcnkins: cye of
Joscph b , as ho saw tliem passinj, you
would bave prayed to God that that fair glrl
migbt bclong to tbe nob!e nian cvcn, as I,
a boy, thcn prayed.
God bas answcicd my praycrs. Whcn
thc long way was travellcd ocr, and tbe
ruggcd and tlifliiult stecp surmountcd when
ber fairy foot was prcsssd on thc rock at thc
summit of tlie bill of life and hcr cyes Razcd
into tho dccp bluc sky with longing t;aze
ihcre, cven tbere, beyond tbe blue, his out
stretclied arnis received ber, and bis cmbrace
was Iicavcn !
Go preacb to blocks and sloncs, yc who
bclievc tbat Iovo is of shc clay! Go preacb
to tbe dcad, yc who dcny thc inimortality of
thc nfieclions ! Go rcason with trecs or bilU,
or iinages of wood, or with your own lifcless,
i:y souls, yc who belicve that, bccauso thcrc
is no marrying youdcr, thcic sball bo no em
bracing ; or becausc wc may nqt ujc tbc en
tle words, ''Aty wjfe," we mny not clasp
Ihcsa sanctified forms in our holy arms! I
tell you, nian, tbat inimortality would bc :i
glorious cbcat, if with our clay dicd all our
nlTec'.ionj. I tell -oti tbat annihilation would
bc hcavcn, if I bclicved tbat whcn my hcad
at lcngth rcsts upon my coflin pillovv, and
my lijissinkto thc silencc and repose of leath,
thcse Ioring cyes will nevcr look into luinc
again this purc clap nevrr be around my
ucck this holy cartss ncvcr blcss rac tnore!
Sbo Iovcd Joe. 1 1 is calm and carnest way
of loving hcr tvon hcr wholc soul. Hc diil
not say nuicb to hcr in couipany, nor of hcr;
but when tbey wcrc alone, or only Eome of
thc cbildrcn near, his Iow voicc would bo
musical, and shc sat cntranccd with his clo-
ipjenrc. I bave seen llicm scatcd on thc
bcnch by tho sido of a ttrcaui, and havc
heard bim lcad her gcutlc soul, stcp by stcp
with biin, fromearth to stars, and then from
star to star, until sbe scemt-d to bein lieavcn
with hun. and liitcnni" to tho praiscs of tbu
I am unablo to tell you bow it happcncd
tbat Joscph S lft his prorcssion,(wbich
bad liecn tho law,) and tntered'tbe uiinistry :
nor am I ablo to stnte, tbough I miglit gucss
at, thc causcs o)crating in his own mind.
I hc fatlitr ot barali U was not a reng-
ious nian, and, I am sorry to say, was one ot
a small class ot men wbo Uo not ueny tne
truths ol our most holy crecd, but tako evc-
ry opjiortunity to east nuicule on its tcacu-
crs. Jt was, tncreiore, wnn greai pam uiai.
his daughtcr obscrvcd his toldncss and ruac-
ncss to .Toscpb S ; and sbe was not sur-
priscd, bowcvcr much sbe was gTicved, whcn
an opcn rupturc rendcrcd tbc suspcnsion of
his visits at thc bousu absolutely ncccssary.
Thcy had noTcr spokcn 01 lovo. iiacn
kncw thc sccret of tho othcr's pcrfect pcr
fection ; and what nccd, thcn, of wonls to
tell it V It would havc bccn bat tbe rcpcti
tion ofbaknejcd phrases. And yct ihcre
is nomusic m tlie woria as tiiose mrcc worus
" 1 lovo j ou "from tbe lips wo lovc to
kiss. liut thc fatber of our gcntlc friond
had fcarcd tbc exisicncc of somo bond be
ihcm. and rKiremptori'y rcnuired his
diU"htcr to break it, if it did exist
mnlipd to him. rclatin-' tne simpic
truth ; and ho ordcrcd her theuccforward to
refuso to scc or spcaK to ooscpo.
A monthol ilecper pain iuau t." ;
iniagincu succccuen iuu .uuw.i..-i D
wbich they did not mcet.
It was a moonv mgui tuai u nim;u uu.
th me, (thcn a'boy thrceycarsher junior,)
.v .1- 1 I. 1... (liftci.i.. rS
uid sat ilown on iuu uum.11 j
tho strcarn. Tbe air wa3 clcar, 1110 sivy sc-
rene. and no sound ilisturbcd us; uut me
soft voicc of tbe winds araong thc tree-tops
, lcasant 1
music. and wo listcncu anu
i. .r,iii,.i w.ii lirokcn bv
... ,- mo ;p r pass over that
I daro not attcmpt a ilescripuon 01
I, lt mv lirst IpssOIl
in huniau sull'cr
nn.l ll.niih I havc lcarncU lt ovcr nnu
J - . ... 1
ovcr cver einco ilion thougb tbe iron bas
1 ..---0 - - .. , ,
cntcred mv own fouI. and scared anuscarrcti
it t j Lav0 ncvcr Slicn, nor do i ueuevc 1
, Uiall tll0S0 tw0
fclt as thcv partcd that night, 10 mcct no
- A 0
mor0 on eartu.
tTi...i i: . l,pr fnrehcad. and
.l il 1 Vnrowpr !
Illlinuuicu iuii awvutu Mv..., - - -
Sbe woko at tbe word, and cxclaimcd,
with startling vcberacncc,"No, no; thcrc is
no such wonl, Joc."
" Wc sball not mcct a?ain on canu, my
"And what is cartb?" Hcr tall form
grew more quccnly, and hcrdaik cj;c llashcd
diiiiclv, as she rose aud cxclaimcd in silvery
tones, And wliat is canu ' 1 mu i,..ii.So
must end. I will name a tryst, dcar Joc,
and vou shall kccp it. 11 you pass ursi mio
tiw. Ailmr lnnd. wait for mc on tbe bank ;
and, if I go hcnce before you, I will lingcr
onthc 01 hcr sbore until you como. mll
you rome ?" ....
" I will live ami dic in tnis mcmory j
Shc lifted hcr facc to his, and hcr arms to
his ncck, and thcy clung togcthcr in a long,
nassionato cmbrace. Thcir lips did not scp.
arate, but wcre prcsscd togeihcr, until hc
fclt her form cold, anu ncr ciasp ,
and hc laid hcr gcntly down on tbe old scat,
i,..i l,pr n momcnt in nratcr, anu
was conc. I hcard bim say, " Take care of
hcr, V ;"andsoI stroc to rccau me
life'that bad gonc from her chccks, and lips
I IIIUL UaAU .
and cves. It came slowly, and she wok as
we wake on tlie mornmg oncr y
of agony; broken by a sob; then fcll on ber
thnlipnch. buncdlicr facc in ncr
Ind, nd rcmained thus for nearly balf an
t ,t,:nt llC tookcold tnatnv
sht. Sbe was
aftcrwards, and the next vr.ntcr
, 1 ... .i. tl, roturnin" m thc
Josepi. o - . w
tho lioarus o j '
his hcalth failcd, u nc ru.s -
hc travcUcJ lhroush tho East-
ern worm. , . ... . . , .A
mi HaH nriin ini'ir iiiirti lnnun"1
- .r werc slowand painful
- ; hcr ,,,,
J cars , ,he strange tyit sbe
v-aon nn thc other side of tbat
- . . , . . s hnnK ironu uuc
1 was lUIlK'"ii ' "'r - . , r ct.
dark rivcr wbich men so sunnK irunu
grcw lecoicr, . , ... u.s
y t I 1 : 1 .a IhO TlfTlIll"I UI
tumn auvanceu, auu
oviucniiy i. .. .
One day, hcr mo
oiuci r . .
mikin" calls. Shc
amon olhcr mci
i .icnts ot ncws u.n .
mcntioned to Sarab tbe dcath of her old
friend, Joseph S .
Tho fair girl was rcclininp m hcr Iarge
ann-chair, looking out through tbe closcd
windows a the snow on tbe ground.and tbc
purc moonlight whicb silvered it. Thcro
was nostartling cmotion visible, asbermoth
cr menlinncd the fact wbicb to hcr was the
most solemn, yct thc most jojous ncws thc
world could give: for, now, bow raueh ncar
cr was thcir niceting ! I saw a smilc flash
across hcr face. as thc joyful ncws reachcd
ber car. I saw hcr lip movc as if sbe invit
ed, cvcn thcn, his spintual cmbrace. I saw
Iiir fnmhead raiscd tofcel the caress wbich I
L-now sbo. fflt ! Shc was thcn silcnt for ma-
ny minutcs, and thcn spokc in fecblc, yct
very musicai acccnis; anu 1, uujhuij,
aloud. Thcn shc smiled, and lookcd, with
unraiscd. and said, u Wait a little
loner,dcar V ;" and then after a mo-
mcnt, sbe said," Motbcr, is the snow vcry
" Not vcry. dcar. Wby do you ask? '
" BecauJc", if it wctc derp, I thougbt lt
would bc diflicult for old Mr. Smith to hnd
our lot in thc sravc-yanl. Are all tbe bead-
efnnoc rnTPrriL motber?"
" Wlmt is the niattcr. Sarab ? What if
thcv are covcred?"
'.Motber, dcir, it is uselcss to conceaj it
from ouisclves, or from ono another. You
know, and I quite as wcll, that I am dying.
I have not wishcd to live, only for one thing:
I did long for life, and I dreadcd to mcct
dcath all alone ! but now I shall not. W
will tell vou what I mcflti, whcn 1 11m gonc :
ycs, gonc, dcar motber. I sball not be hcre
any longcr. This chair will stand berc,
and 1 not be any whcrc near it. You will
be hcrc, and fathcr; and you will ridc anil
walk about, and visit, and goin and out, and
slcep and wake ajain, and so on, day after
ilay and I shall havc no part any loncr in
your cares and joys. Dcar motber !" and,
as sbe utlercd thc last two wordi, shc put
ber armk around ber motber'a ncck and kiss
cd ber fondly, and tank back into hcr chair
again. I sat at horfeet, natching ber matcb
Icss fealurcs. A smile was flitting across
thcm now thcrc, now gone ; vct, each time
it appcarcd, it linsered longer tban before.
until it bccamo fixcd, and o holy, so vcry
l.oly, that I grew bcwildcrcd as I gazed, and
n st'rangc trcmor passcd through my body.
Thc breath of tieacc was fanning hcrglo
rioits brow. Her hcad was bowcd a little for
ward, and a trcss. cscaping from its bond?,
fcll uy the side of hcr putc white templc,
atd close to hcr just opcued l.ips. It hiing
ihcre motionlcss. No breath disturbcd its
roposo. Shc sltcned as an angel migbt sleep,
baving aceomplisbed ibc misiion of her Go"I.
Oftcntimcs, sinco thcn, I bave hcard a
voicc from hemen. as melodious ns that
wbich ibe prophct of old hcard, dcclaring
thc blcsing of the rij;htcous dead. To night,
I havc becn bcarinp it : it is faint, indecd,
but clear.and O, bow thrillms ! and its sound,
like hcr voice cbanting a bravcold spalm !
" Ami tliou tlialt walk;!n pnrr white li;Ilt,
l ali kint ami prie.t aliral !
Anil Ihou ihall lamuKr row iu blist,
I know not undcr what nalm-trce of Chal-
i dca, or by tbc sbadow of what rock in Hin
I . j . . .... , 1
doostan, or umlerwiiat rum in umc-uaiiowcu
Ecypt, the claj whicb oncc was my friend,
ormincown kinilred, awajts thc rcsurrec
tion. I have knelt, in the silvery moonshine
of the blghlands, by the gravc of that othor
frirnd of carly, holy ycars !
Cut my thoughts linger not long, cither
at tbc onc gravc or at tbe other. I think
only of thc psnding vcil, and the cmbrace
wbich awaited her whcn she beeame nn an
gel. Trum tlio O.lil rellom' OfTeria;.
BY J01IN MILTON 6TEAr.SS.
llopc springs inunortal in thc human breast,
iVjan ncvur u, iui aiways to , I'lcstcu.
Amoxo tbc Icgcndsof the East, isrecord
cd tho story of Amilcar, thc Bcdouin,
wild in mciilcnts, yct sobcr m the truthtut
ness of its inoral trachings.
" I bave como at last to dic," said thc vcn-
erablc patriarch ; " and the ange 1 of hope,
tbat bas cbccred mc in I'it'a ruggcd patbs.
is ilill mv sootherand cooiforter." lt was
all tbesick man could say. Uo livcd in
co'.ta"C a few milcs from Mccca, thc sacrcd
city of thc rcnowncil prophct. A youtb,
who claimcd thc relaiion of a grandson, was
standing over him, administering to his relicf.
Exmrinir strenEtb ruvivcd for a moment, and
hc fccmcd rcstored, as it wcrc, in his facul-
ties; and, in a gentle voicc, hc thus addrcss
cd his attcndant :
" loun" man, bow shall 1 repay your
kindncssand ufl'cction? You are, indecl,
makinj a blcssed bcginningof life, whcn it
is my lot lo lcavc it. But, whcn I am gonc.
will you continuo thus constant in virtuc. or
will you forgctyour cwn bcttcr exauiplc,
and pursue tho fcmptations of a deceiving
world V A knowlcdgc of my cxpericnce
shall rcnav vour kindiicss, and forcwarn you
of dangers. God be praiscd, wbo shall give
me strcngth to tell it you.
" I am a child of the dc?crt. My carli
cst memories are its occan of sanu, its burn-
in? davs. and crimson CYenina skics. Tbe
namcs of fathcr. mother, friend, wcro but
traditions of mv C:trlicst ycars. 1 only kncw
that thcy wcre not, and that thcir boncs
wuitcncd the uescrt in somo lost way. aucu
was mv vouth a lonclv, fricndlecs orrihan
toilin" for bread with lho-o who Iovcd him
not, nor bad kind words or smiles lo chccr
bim at bis task.
" For ycars I thus lived on : so noor. in
deed, I oftcn askcd mysclf the object of my
cxistcncc ? Tlie past was but a blank.
and in thc future bung.no bow of bopc.
llut how should 1 cftapc V I kncw not ;
but the dcsert sure iinposed no prison-walls.
And whcn thc night came, I put a sack ot
bread upon my shoulder, and by my side a
goatskin fillrd with water, and rambled a
wav. till the rising suu found me a sorry boy,
nlone in the pathlcss dcscrt. I found a wcll
with camels' tracks around, and lookcd and
saw thc last of a caravan, about to pass from
view, beyoml a ndgcof rccks that strctcncu
to aconsidcrablc uistancc to tucrigutanu
left. I gae a howl, sucb ns tbe desert
travellcr rcgards, as from a Etrangers voice,
A youth, wbo was scatcd on a camcl, turn
ed and rodc back, inquring wbo I was and
what I wisheil. I told him I was a poor
boy, who wishcd for frccdom and to scc tne
world ; anu it thc caravan wcre not too rna
nv for its mcans, I bcssed iis protcctibn.
Tho company consisted of about a hundrcd;
tbey were mercbants trai'ing from Egypt lo
India, and Bagdad was proposcdlo bctakcn
in thc route. beeing tbat I had agootl snn
nlv of nrovisions, my rcnuest wa readiii
grantcd ; and a few days after, I partcd thcir
compan v, before thc walls of thc fanious and
This was a new world lo mc. I lookcd
nBotit to sce what adventure might subscrvc
the purpose I had Cxed, of gclting ricb and
rising in tlie world. An castorn mcrcbant,
in tbc India trade,madc me his scrvant, then
his scnbe. anu thcn the fattor ol his trade.
and trcasurcr and banker of his fund.,
few ycars wcre sudicient to pa3s me through
tbese "rades, and llien 1 was a mcrvhant lor
- , myselt, and went to dismnt cilies, and re-
,llrn(,.. with K1.alth. and
oods ol ncli
( worI,.11)sh; In,Jia and ClTna
. .,:mc,i ,. b. mv fri.nnV anil all llin worl.l
' ,j ... , . .... ,
could civc 1 claimcd to bave acn-ircd, asnia
- Kmg up the nchest tortune thcn posscssed
. ;n Bagdad. Bt n.o
:unlisht ef my hopcs
sccmed far away as- ever my toil was vain
1'd spent my strcngth for naught.
" I became rich, but riebcs did not make
me hapjiy. I marricd, but my domestic re
lations failed of mccting my bopes, though a
wife of uncommon beauty and purcst virtue
sought, by all the talents and arts sbe pos
scssed, to mako me bappy. Thrcu swcct
loys and a daughier gatbcred around me
wilb tbeir laugbing eycs and prattling
tongucs. and calicd me lfathti'
" Ycars tollcd on, and still my wcalth in
crcatcd ; among tbe mercbants of Bagdad,
none ttood liigner, ana nonc commanuea
sucb confidcnco and wcight of influence.
But I was still unhannT. My mind was
drcaming still, in vague conceits, of mincs of
pcace and joy in some strange lann.
" The things of caitb, of wbich I doubtcd
UUfc llUU IUU L'Cai, HUV wu. imi..mj w
booe deferred. I bad some notinns of an-
1 T l.-.l it 1 1 I.... rannfrnpt' nt
olfier world aud another life ; and whcn a
teacbcr of Mahommed's faitb sbowcd mo the
Koran, and asked obedicnce to the prophct s
laws, I listcned to the call and gave my mind
to all thc rjronbct s tcacbinss. A pilgrimage
to the propbct's tomb became thc pro.cr pen
ancc of my sins. To live and cherish pride
and discontcnt, amid my own vast wealth,
had becn my lot. My wifo bcsought me not
to lcavemy home and all my fricnds sokiiid.
But when sbe found ber eflbrts vain, wilh all
tho dcvolion of anselic lovc, shc cmploycd
hersc'.f in prcparations to mato my future
journey pleasant and deligbtful. 'With a sin-
gle camci anu a piignm s rouc, 1 icit inv
lome and all tbe palaces and stores of eoods
tbat rankcd mc with tbe Crst of Bagdad's
merchant princcss: nor east one thought be
hind, till the mornins dawn sawme a lonely
travellcr by the dcsert way, trusting to tbe
boliness of niv mission for protection. In a
day or two I fcll in with a caravan bouiid to
the holy city of Mccca. But little Jidrar
new-found fricnds care for the prophct or his
failh. Thcy said thcir praycrs, 'tis truc, at
early morninf, bowing toward the east.
" liut an old slave, Irom tde mountains 01
Etbionia. belonccd to the company. and witb
bim 1 continued to talk and while away tbc
tedium of the road. At the mendon of a
pilgrima'c, onc cvcning. the cye of tbe old
Afncan kindlcil witu uclignt. ics, sam
hc, " I have becn at the holy scpulehrc at
Ihe holy city of the ronowned Daid ! Thc
nlaco where Christ once slcnt is thc Jnost sa-
crcd of all holy allars this carlh has evc
secn." A Cbristian dog. as tbe slave wa
calicd by his maflers. could not distract my
mind from thc absolulior. I koped to obtain
bythosight of the prophct s ilust A lew
days passcd, and I came and bowcd in tbc
Sacrcd mosrjue, expccting some new anu
stiange scntiments would cnkindle in my
mmu by tlie sacreuncss 01 iuc associaiiuusa-
" But dcccntion was on cvcryhand, frauds,
robbcrics, tbcfts, and knavcry, ministercd at
the verv altar of tho sacrcd templc. I be-
;an to suspect 1 had mUtakcn the true faith;
and as I fiave to rcllections 011 the statemcnt;
of mv slave companion, who looked to the
holy city of Jerusalem as roarkmg his patb
way to hcaTcn, 1 sought him again, and talk
cd of all the incidents of a pilgrimago there.
But on the morrow hc was to leavc, witu his
mastcr. for the dcscrt. Had I been travel
ling as a merchant with money or mcans ol
credit, I ccrlamly should have redecmpd
him and set bim free. Uut 1 was a pilgnni
now, amonj strangcrs, and ncarly as poor
a;bimsclf. I gavc him a picce of silvcr;
and in his gratiiude for it, be prcsently
brou"ht me an old book, with the remark
that it was ono a gooil man gave as a guidc
book in his formcr pilgrimage to JYrusalem.
But be could not rcad it. anu ne would givo
it tome as a mcmcnto of our association un-
lcr the sorrows of this world of tears. Iie
supposedme in all thinga as poor as himse'f;
anu, tor au lacunics lor morai u.iipiuu, 1
sccmed to raysclf to bc much poorer. I took
the book, and on opcning it, I discovcrcd it
to bo tbe Cbristian's Biblo ; and baving loarn
ed to read by elTort3 to inslruct my chililrcn
in that art, t my home in Uagilad, I rcjoiwl
that I had, through God's goodncss, obtaincd
thc posscssion of sucb a confulcntial and syni
pathizing companion as an intcrcsting bouk.
" The imprcssion hung around mc that
Jerusalem was the true holy city, and tbat
Mahommcd s rcligion was an lmposiiinn anu
a cbcat. I Cxcd my rcsolution for a furtbcr
pilgrimage. But, as I wcnt on, I bcgan to
givo a nioro carcful attcntion to my guide
book, tbe bible I had received. At fW I
sought to makc out the proper toad by tra
ciu" the track of Moscs and the cbildrcn of
Isracl in thcir journey to the holv land ; and
in a few wccks I was looking over tbe Bcd
Sca, standing on tho ldcnhcal shore whcrc
Moscs anu hislollowcrs slood.as thcy turncd
to sce tho calamity of the Egyptian host. 1
traccd this propbct's path iu tbe dcscrl, and
prcssed on, ovcr the same journey and upon
thc same mountain ridges; having no thought,
howcver, that God would care for mc, n
wretchcd sinncr- And thcn I rambled down
into tbe plains of Jordan, whcrc its watcrs
stcod upright, and left tho bottom dry for Is-
rcls passago ovcr. 1 knelt wuu awe at
.Macphclan s cave. ana rau oeioro mc pa
triarch's dust the history of thcir rcnowncd
decds; and then the bills of Salem, in
tbe distance, charracd my dcligbted view. I
bcnt ray stcp3 to tbe sacrcd mountain whcre
the Savior tlied, and whcrc a word waspur
chased by hisblood. I sought his holy tomb,
and knelt on the marble stcps before thc sa
cred sarcopbagus. where "twas said Cbrist's
bodv lav, as 'liicre in slale, until hc ioso unto
his "lorious bome.and dissipatcd all thc sbadcs
" But all this long, laloriou3 pilgrimage '
was vain 1 I four.d mv own hcart still mis
crable I knew not whcre to fly. But I
rambled on. till at JacoVs wcll I sloppcd to
rcad what Cnrist liad said to tho woman 01
Samaria : tbat ncitbcr 111 tbat mountain.nor
yct at Jp.msalem, should men worship the
Father, but they that worship him, shouiu
worship him in spirit and in truth.'
" My awf al bunlcn of sin 1 bad becn at
tcmpting to bcar alone, and my proud hcart
hail never askcd the peacc whicb Gor gives
to bis humblcd cbildrcn. I bad rambled far.
ovcr manv countrie, to find what 1 should
havc sought athome.by communing with
God and my own licart. My cyes wcrc o- red and tlurlcen millions, anu our nn
pciicd ; and I found that all (Jod's servants, j ports about onc Iiundred and six rutl
and tho Savior too, mada uplife's burdcns jns makiug logcther twn hundrcd and
and its dnlies in usefulncsa to a saffering 1 ;, .;inns PTr.l.isivn of rnld and
world. Erc this, myself alonn had bccn tbe
sul.ject of my care. I had left my wife and
cl.iidrcn, and ramblod far away.'lcd on bv
.... ..... . . . "
vain dclusions ot scir-nghteousnes. 1 had a
fnrtunc. which chinlv lmsbt dispense to
briu the sunligbt down to thc poor xnan's
hcart to comfort lhc bcd of sickncrs. and
mako thc orphan fccl that rct a father was
lEll lur mui uii tiaiiiu itui nuai iinc.L'a uuu
knavcs migbt, cre this, have robbed mo of
my ttore. I kncw not. ior had thc an"uih
that my absence bad occvioncd tbe wifo I
ougbt to love, or thc dcar children God had
givcn us, bccn for oncc considcrcd, in lhc
mad course I had pursucd as supcrslition's
."But slrcnglh will fail to tell of nll tho
jnst rebukcs my conscicncp. felt, or all ihe
bard suflcringf of my pilgrimage. as I prcss
ed my course back by the sbortcst way to
my home and family.
" I found that God had kindly kcpi my
houte till my return. My wife and children
came unto my palace-gate with lcars of joy
and smiles, and welconvd mc again a mer
chant princc of Bagdad
" I told the story of my bcart's sad pil-
I PTimnffP ot snrrntr. anil nr Ihp lit.ht wlnph
Hcavcn had east around m- We red thc
Bible throiigb the same the slave bad giv-j
cn mc in tho dcscrt. My wife and cbildrcn
all bclievcd its solemn truths, and charity bc
niizn became to us a part of home. We
gnve not as to beggars, but as to fcllow-mcn
witf, wl,nrr, wp 1,;i,l n rnnimnn lrntliprlinwt t
Thp Kpprpt wa nnw brntioht to lipht. th.-it
liopc xcould live and smilc only tcJure dninr'
pnod is made the lurden and Ihe care of life.
To und true pcace, our hcarts must love aud
sympatliise with man Sclfisbncs: is tin,
and brings companionsbip wilh all tin's lcas
" I also Icarncd thc u;c of faitb and bopc,
in days when fortune's cloud ami stcrms
may eome to makc thc gravc of wcalth and
"As 'twcrcbut ycstcr-morn, so frcsb in
mcmory now, 1 woke to hear tho din of war
and tumult witliin tbe walls of Bagdad. Tho
Tartar horde, thoso wild men of the north,
had comc, a locust cloud, with firc and sword
and vcngcance, and forced thc city's gatc.
Wo had liarcly time to lly wilhout thc walls,
when, looking bick, wo raw the town in
flames ; and, cre the sun went down, my
whole cstate became a heap of asbes. I
looked and saw, and thcn I bowcd iu prayer;
but, cre nry words began, God's numcrous
mercics crowdcd my mcmorj- my lips would
only spcak in giving thanksand praisc. My
wife was still prescrvcd, ny cbildrcn too.
and my own life was safc ; und wcro not
thcso enough ?
" A fornier merchant-fricnd, from Mccca,
found. us fugities ramblini! otr tbe pluiu,
and made us wclcomo to the protection of
his caravan acrnss the dcsert. I came again
a pilgrim hcrc, but not to sce tbe prophet's
dust bnt lo seck a refuge for the living
souls endearcd to niy afluctions. This wa
true pil'Tiuiagc, I felt and Luew. Its ol-
iccts were bcncficcncc nndduly. And God
has biosscd ns. He made u? friemK in this j
little bamlct, an bcru we Piund a botiic,and t
hcre a peaceful crac is ready (o rceeivo ;
from tbce, m" grandson, ibe lasl wbo clainis
relationsbip of blood lhc last of thy anccs
tors known on carth. I knotv you'vc Icarued
to live and trubt in God.
" It was my rich cst joy. with all tbc priefs
attending. to comfort lhc 1 j ,t bours of my
wife whcn sickncss ranic tu summun her to
bcaven. ' Gol is riiy friend,' said shc ;'and,
liuib.nul dcar, I know you'U eome lo joinour
glorious Fongs." But few years p.vscd, pre
God retjuired his own, and took my cbildrcn
all away ; and you, au infaut grandchild l'jl'l
me, havc been the care anu comlort ol my
oldage. Mv lustory istold-farewell. Im-
prove on what 1 ve said ; learn to uve tor
uscfulness and God ; aud hope will bght
ynur spirit through dic world, und dissipate
thc darkness of lhc gravc."
Secretary Meredith's Beport.
We have only room for thc fullowing
cxtracts from lhc able and cxteudcd re
port of the Secretary of the Treasury
embracing the substance of his views
of the Tariff and the Sub Treasury :
Commercc is thc machinery of ex
chance. It is tbe handmaid of Ari
cultureand Manufaciures. It will not
be aflirmed that itis everposilively inju- bccnusc labor is bcttcr paid, its products , v,,pu's' "'I'criineiiu 1110 mo.ic 01 apprais-rious-hut
it will be more or lcss useful 1 nlIlst bc sold dcarcr. 'BBl i1cl' praclical rcforms
. ; ,.. ,..rp nr li.sa ,uiil, i Im . . . . . ns may be deemed ncccssary lo a jusi
as tcoopcratas more or lcss with he An ,i,at ;s wamiK ;3 a ceera dctcr- ..... P,,llai .I1rorcempI1. f the revci.ue
nrodiictive industrv oflhe couutrv. Thc ' :...i..." ii 1 a,lU cq lal eniori.emcni 01 tne reiciiue
r 1 1 1
nprn p.arriaan of commodilies bv sea or
Imd is necessarilv nrofilable onlv to ihe t
lanu is neccssaruy prouiauie oiny 10 1 ne
carricr who is paid for it. Itmay be
useful or not to othcrs, according to cir
cumstances. Tbe farmer finds a rail
road a greal convcnicnce, but he undcr-
stanus inai 11 is ueuer cu.iiioyeu 11. cnr-
F"S ?,hP 11 5 J
h.s SeedHheata..drnaniire. . !
i r'scid 'Sid,,r.o s 1
;c M " r 1
suiuuu c-uBj, u..Uv.i....u, m.,. ...... ...v.
commcrce tbusemployed would be niuch
morel.miled in amount, and much lcss ,
profitahlc to thc carr.crs tl.an what uc
now nave. i ci our prcse u commc ce .
is. in laci, oi iuc sniuc uaiure nitn iuai
1. . 1- .. 1 .. .
abovc dcscribed. The sced bearsto ibe
uolton thc same relaiion which lhc cot
ton bcars to tbe cloth. If we now c.
port cotlon of thc value of aboui sixly- j
SIX nilllions, iuc r'iiiiiu uuiitui, wiicii con
vcrted into cloth, would makc an export
of some. two hundrcd and sixty-four mil
lions, or some two hundrcd aud fnrty
ftve millions after dcductiug thc fifieen
or twenly millions wbich would bc re
qu:red for our own cnnsuniptioii, (in ad
dilion lo the portinn of our prescnt man
ufactures consumed at home.) and our
imports would bein like inanner increas
cd. Eugland, at this momcut, ilerivcs
a Iarge portion of her power from spin
niug and weaving our cntton. When
we shall spiu and weave it oursclics,
make our own iron, and tnsnufacitire
our other stapies, we shall lirivctrausferr-
ed to this couniry lhc great centres of
tveallh, commercc, civilizaluin, and po
litical, as wcll as mural aud iulcllectual
At prccnt, wc arc fjr from having
thc amount of foreign commerce which
is due to our pisiliou, as a vastly pro
ductive country, wilh an cxtenshe coast,
good harbors, great inlcrnal watcr cour
ses, and a pcoplc unsurpassed iu mari
timc skill and enterprise.
Ourannual products were eslimatcd
by my predeccssor iu this Dcpartutent at
ihree thousand milliou dollars, while
our average cxports arc auoui one iiunu-
: , ,.mm,i;,
. . """ '"'"S" ----
Pc and reexporled. An cinincn
t nt:..t. ...... .,,,n,n. t 1 1 n ..i.ii.l
urii.sn .uim.injr n- .-
creation of weallli in Ureat Uritain anu
j Irelaud, at bctwecn two thousnnd onc
j iiuiulred, and twn thonsand two huiidrcd
; mm-lQns if wc aj,)( rr arlicles omilled
by him, between thrce aud four humlred
millions, we sball havc a total of two
ibousand five Iiundred millions. The
British cxports and irnporls amount an
nually to about five hundred and tweniv
millions exclusive f gold and silvcr anu
of foieign commodilies impnrted and
reexporled. If iheir foreign trade were
brnughl down lo our scale upon this ea-
limale it would bc reduced lo about one
hundred and eighty-three millions. If
ours were raiscd to tlieir scale, it would
reach aboutsix Iiundred and liveiity-four
Estimmins thc nopulation of Grcat
Britaiu and Irclar.d at tlnrtr nilllions.
and' our populalion at twenty-onc miUl samii markct al any givcn time, never-
Vwnt, thei foreign trade aVcragcs' 817-lthbless may ofton pay" diflcrcnt ainoyritS
33 for each individual , ours 810 -1:1. If
tlieir foreisn trrde were 110 nrraler lliati
ours, in prnportinn tn populalioii, it
would bcrcduced from five hundrcd and
twenty to three Iiundred and twclve niil-
Ilour foreisn trade wcrc as creat
in proportion to populatiiin as is tlicirs,
it would bc swelled 111 amoiint from two
hundrcd and nincieen to tlnce hundrcd
and sixlj-fuur tnillions.
A lcadiiit; cause of the existinj difTcr
cncc is to be found in tlie fact. tliat Grcat
Britain cxports chicfly what she has first
brouglit to thc form in which itis ready
for ultimatc cnnsumption ; it is al the
stage of its Iug-hcsl value, and her ntar
ket is almost cc-cxlcnsive uith thc civi
All history sliows that where arc thc
workslions of the world. t iere must be 1
the marts of the world, aud the hcart
weaftli, conmierce and power. It is as
vain to hnpe to makc thcse marts by pro
viding warehouscs. as it would be tn
make a crop by building a baru.
Wc have becn, perhajis, loo ionn- lics
itr.tlncr and vacillatinij 011 lhc tlirclhold
of a crcat carccr. The want of st.ibil
ity in the coucof Ieisl.uioii, and tult
er ilislurbinjr t auses, havc hithrrto oc
casioiied iiicouveiiicnces. TIic short
duraiion or some of tbc tarifTac.s the
great exp.insion t.f tbc currency which
occnrrcd during iheir opcration thc
Compromise Act. (a rcsuli of what was
believcd to be a political necessity,)
which, whateverits efFcctsoii cxtsliti"
"'"u"! ,mr"15. uiiuoumci ly diNcouraged
I1L'W advcnturers and, fin.illy, thc 1111-
. . ..
expucled rcjieal ol the act of IsM-J-
thcse circutii'-taiices havc cpn.iii.U- !,pp,i
or a rctanlinrr characier.
Yet it is impossible not to observe
that, at evcry favorably momcnl, vast
motcments in advance havc been made,
and that tbe ground thus gaincd has not
bccn cntirely !nt. It is bclicved that
crery articlc, tbe manufacturc of which
has been cst.iblisbed hcre, has. after lliat
. . ...l.i:..l . : , . ..
ci.n'ii3ini!i iu, coiuiiiueu grauually to ui
minish iu price, cnd that, wilhout a cor-
resiJouuiug retiucittm 111 ttie wages ot
lauui, nim.ii, iuuucu, couiu not oe (l
nlinsllcc, by renson of an iucreased de-
niand for it. Statctucnts are nnnexed,
marked (L), cxhibiting some instancca
of this rcsult.
Tliese facts lead irresistihly tn the
conclusiou that our labor becomes so
much more cfhxient by use,
skill, enlared cstablishiuents, and new
facilitics dcrivcd from invculious; that
the diffcrcnce in price between it and
tbe forcign labor, however serious an
obstacle to succcssful coinpclition, will
bccomc less so wilh every ycar of our
aclivity in the same brauches of indus
try ; and thus it by no me.ms follnus
that labor must be wnrse paid becausc j
jls l)roducts arc sold chcapcr: or that
( nnl nriil eininnrlotl !n tlio IkiiiIC nrnflilr1. !
iiiiiiiiuuii ui. 11 niuusii 1 ;umi uuuui-
. , , .
1 1 r 1
, manufactures of iron. wool,
cotton, sugar, and our olhcr slaples, and
that tbc !egilation ncccssary to sustain
il shall bc lirmly adoptcd aud persetcrcd
. ... .,.,, , .,., .... ... -rl
",e nodir.cio. tvhicl.
pedici.t tomake in the cxisting Tar.lf.
r if 7,- ivi" ,,urcaftcr i,rec"' a
r ,,o ?i,ccia,,-v, m iu;iclcs sim -
loo,,r olll,,r htal,,cs' 1 coucene
liat (ic rcvc110 i,as suirercd materially
frmn Ms circumEtancc. lmIcciI , am
,.el, , bdlfve ,ial lvmil ,lavc
b . (!ilIliisIieu , fl)r ,1C cs.
lr.,oriljliarv dcinan,, for ,mr ,rpa(s,lT.
anil provisions produccd hy the fainine
in I'.urope iu and toa grcat t-x-
lcnt continueri by the short crop abroad
in 1848. Even uiu-'er tbese lavorablt
circumstances, theaveragc revenucfrom
i woollens, cnttons, hempen ooods, iron,
suar, henip uumauufacturt:tl, salt aud
coal, has fallen under lhc act of I84C
from 610,102,007 l.i .?l3,3lW,(il,r,n.
taking the aveiagc from tbc r.'ceiptsof
IS-lo-lS-lG, and ibose of 181-i-IHlD
beinjr au avcragc diminution of fi9,-
!H2,50, as will he sccn liy table markcd
(Nj.Iierolo auiicxcd ; thc loss ofaunual
rcvcuue bciug as fullows :
Ou hcinncii sioods. 01,791 '50
Tbe gain .is follows :
Ou henip uiimanufactured, 40,03 00
Tbe very small incrcasc on thc sta
pies of woolcns, iron and unmauufac-
tured hemp, compared wilh the vast iu
jury occ.isioncd to our production, sndjare, by exi.-ling arrangeinent.-, obliged
the diminution thereby of our power of .to rcccivc tbe full amoiinl of said drafls
coiisumplion, cannot fail to altract at- j
teiition v.hilc ou lhc olhcr aiticlcs
uamcd tbc revcnuc and production havc
both sulTcrcd materially. It is believcd
that tbe rcveuue could be greatly m-
creascd by iiicrcasing the duties on thcse
aud other arlicles.
2. I propose a return to thc syslctn of
spccific duties ou arlicles ou which thcy
can be convcniently laid. Thc effects
of lhc preseut rd valorem system are
two fold, viz : on thc rercuue, and on
our own productions. Experience has
I think dcmonslralcd, ih-l looking cx
clusively to ibe revenue, a specific duty
is more easilv assessed, more favorable
to commerce, more cqual aud less ex-
posed lo fraut's, tban nny other system.
Of course such duty is not laid with-
out reference to the average cosl o thc
commodiiy. This system ohviates the.
difilcuhies and coutroversics which al-
lend an appraiscmcut of ihe forei.u
markel value of each mvoice, and it im-
poscs an equal duiy on cqnal quantities
of the same commodiiy. Under lhc ad
valorem system, gixjds of the same kind
aud quality, aud between which thcrc
cannot be a diflerence iu value iu thc
of duty. Thus thc hazards of trade
arc unnecessarily increascd.
To levy an ad valorem duty on a for
cign raluation cqunllr, at the differciit
ports, is believcd to be impossible. That
the standard of value at any two pt ris
is prccisely the same at any given time,
is wlmlly improbablc. The facilitics af
forded to I'rauds upoi: the rcvenue are
vcry grcat. aud it is apprehcmled that
such frauds havc bccn and are habitu
ally and extcnsively praclised. The
slntcmcnts annexed, tunrkcd (O). to
which I invite espccial attentiou, cxhib
it in .1 slroiiL' liht tbc dnuers to wliich
this sybtcm are nect'ssarily cxposcd.
As the standard of value al evcry port
must at last depcnd upnn lhc nverae of
the invoiccs that are passed there, cverj
succrsslul atlempl at unuervaluation
reuuers more easy all tliat lolloiv it
consequences are, not only that the rcv
enue Miuers, that a cert.im stim is 111 el
fcct aunually giveu by thepublic nuiong
di'honest importers, as a premium ftr
their dishnncsty. but that fair Amcrican
impnrlers tnsy beiadually drive 1 out
of tlieir husines, and tlicir placcs sup
plied bv uuknown aud tinscriiiuIous fiir
eign advcnturcrs. As long aoasIOI,
Mr. Gallatin urged the cxtension ofspc
citic iluties 011 tbe grniind umr repeatcd
of lhc preiention of uudcrvaluatinn.
In his rcport of that ycar Iie used thc
followiug language: "Wilhout any tiew
to an iucrcai-e of rcvcnuc, but iu order
to gonrti, ns far as poible, ngainst tbe
value of coods being uisdrrratcd in Ibe
iuvoifes, it would tie rligiblc to lay spo
cilic duties 011 all such arlicles now pay
inrr duties ad valorem a may be sucep
liblc of that altcratiou." Al tbat time
specigc duties were alrcady laid on spir
its and wines, sugar, mulasses, tea, cof
fee, salt, peppcr, slcel, tiail.- and spikcs,
licmp, coal, cordagc, and scveral other
3. Ou tliosc articles nn which an nd-.
valorem duiy is retaiued, I reconiuicnd
that it hc lcvied ou tlio markct vnlue in
the principal markpls of our own coLn
try at rbe lime of arrtval. It would bc
casier to asccrtain at our ports such
innrkcl value, tban it is to asccrtain what
was that of a foreign cmintry at a past
time. Everv imporier should declare
the value of his goods, and by giving
tbe optinn to thc Governmeiit lo take
thetn at the value tlms dcclared, or levy
.:thflnfv nn fhp nr.lnnl valnp it is nrnti
, , , , ' . . , ' V
llHIC lllUt 11.1111(1.1.111. 1J II.. 1 "11-
dervaluation wonld occur. In counec
tion with this subjcct, and as a measure
tending to thc prcveiition of fraud, er
ror, and wantof uniformiiy of valnation
ut the various porl of our exlcmled
const, I would recommciid the appnint
ment of appraisers at Iarge, wlioic du'y
it shall be to visit, Irom time lo liiuc, tlie
"eiu usmm-.iouscs m,em,a,
. 11 t
I l.e nrovisions ol thc Unnatilu
'""a- 1 "e proi isious 01 iut. uiiiisuiu
tion. wlncn reqiiire. inat au iiinies auu
: .i.n i. r. 1 ,!. .,
Iluiied Slalcs, cannot, cvcn with a home
valnation, bc fu'.ly and efrecttially en
furced in pnictict, wilhout some systcm
tif gcneral Mipcrvisiou, more pcrfect 111
. . ; , ' .....-..
it.ippe.irsc.v-;,ert,le1cxllill f prm,sir.tI of aw which
j niurcly ive3 " tl, . Secretary of ll.e
,o ,r i,w wr
1 - - ,f
4. Thc laving it lower duty upon nnn-
enumcratcd article.-, ihnu is iuiposcu up
on those wliich are cnuuieralcd, Icads lo
attcmpts- nt difgii'se and to controversies
uiiI unneceFjary lingniion, wliich wou:u
be avoided by iiakin; ibe duiy on no:i-
uumeratcd arlicles lii"hcr tli.iu ou ibe
Diffcrcnt ralcs of duty on nianufic
tures of lhc same m.nerial arc also iu
C'liivcuienl, and 1 1ie saiiicrcuiark npplies
lo thc o'ifTcreut ratcs iinpoed upon ihe
manufacliircs of wool nud tbc in.iuufac
turcs of worsted.
Tbe ed'fct of lajing the Bame or a
higlicr rate of duty on lhc raw in'itcrial
thnu is iiiipnsed ou llic mnimraclurcd ar
ticlc too etidenlly teuds to iujiirc our
i iduslr) in competitii.ii with tbat ofolli
cr counlries, lo rcquite more llian n
Thc qiiestion of thc expcdiency ol
conliiiuiniT tbc sy?lcm cstnblished by tbc
nct enlitled "An acl lo prnvidc for lhc
bcttcr orgamzalion orthe I rcasury, nnil
for lhc collcclion. safc-krping. transfer,
and disbursement of tbe public reve
nue," approved 0th August, IS Il, isre
speclfully sul.mitted to ibe wisdom of
Cotfress. Expcricncc has dcmonMra
lcd some of tbc rcqiiircmcnts of the act
tn bc prodiictivc of grcat iiicoiiveniencc
if indecd. tbere hc not some wlpcli,
under tbc influence of strong necessity,
are oficn violalcd. Disbursing ofliccrs.
to wbom drafls for Iarge sums arc issued
t onc navment from lhc proper Assist
anlTreasurer, while thcir cxppnditurcs,
must be made in small sums frutn time
to time. The custody of thc money is
thus forced npon them, without anypro
vision pir its conveniencc, or evcn saf?
ty. If the money is to bc disburscd at
poinls distanl from tbe place whcre il is
received. the burden of transferrinz itis
in like manner imnosed on ihem. If
they adopt thc usual and custnmnry
incle of kepping and transffrring mon
ey, they violate the law. If thcy un Jer
take tbemselvcs its custody and car-
riage, they incur great nslt and respon
The actual carrhge of coiu from
place lo place, iu the same towti is hur-
dcnsome : cspccially in those Sotilherti
ports whcrc silvcr tsthe coin chiefly in
The numbcr of Cl'erks authorizcd bv
law to be ctupIo)cd to be much loo lim
! To alleviate some of the tnconvcn
ienccs atteiidiwj the system, I respect
fully suirgest if il is lo be continued
Ist. That any persou luviug i draft
on au Assistant Treasurer be permitted
tn deposit his draft wilh the Ass:stant
Trvasuror, and draw" for-the nirioinl'
from time to time in such sums as hc
may desire, upon hisowii orclers, paya
ble to any person or per.aoiis; providedfc
that the whole amount oflhedrafl should
bc actually drawn withiu a short period,
say two weeka altc thc depisit ot lhc
2d. That any disbursing ofhcer hav
ing a draft on au Assisiant Trcasurcr
should bc pcrmilted lo drpniit such
draft, aud draw for the amount th Iikc
manner, provided that each ordcr should"
be presencd lor paymcnl wilhiu twn
wecks after ils dale. Tbese provisions
would, it fs believcd, eflectually prcveut
the chccks or orders bciug used as cur
The proposcd system would rcndei
ncccssary au i:icreasc of ihe forcc cm
ploycd iu lhc efiiccs of tbescvcral As
sistant Trensur'.rs, and ougbt to bc ac
compauicd hy an iucre.ne of iheir own
The inconvciiictice Rrisiug from the
xccumiilation of coin at poiuts whcre it
13 not rcq'iircd for tbe public scrvice i
vcry greal ; bul it .secms to bc insepar.i
Me froui the system itself. To p-av n
puiilic crcditor with a tlr.ift ou a reiuote
iillicc, wbicb bc cjtiuot selt bat at a dis
cotiut, or cnllccl ii. iiersoii without a
journey, would be unsccnily. aud tbc
(jovernineut bas uo means itself of mak
iug tranofcrs in such cascs, otbcr tbar
thc dispatch of spccial messengcrs, :u
some expciisc aud much risk of loss
Tbc insecuriiy ol" the actual cusiody
of tbf public uionc) conlided, as it isf
at lhc scvcrnl poiuts, to lhc vigilance
and fldeliiy of onc Assistant Treasurer,
and bc inailcquaicly compeiisated is a
subjcct wliich should attract the scrious
niieution of Congrcss.
Respecl fully submittpd,
Scc. of the Treasury
Depaitment of the Interior.
NVe anticipatcd imicl. plcasuro in reading'
tho first rciwrt from this Depiirtmcm, bc
causo it was likcly to unibracc a lnrgcr va-
ncty ot interestiiig Jopics tlian uny ot tne.
other rcpoits. The .reading of it his not
disappoiulrd us, though it consibts ralhcr iu
suggestions ami recomDicnuaiions tnanin re-
sulls. Thii was a mattcr of coune. 'I ho,
b'icf period this Departmcn,t has h.id, iho
act to cstablish it having becn passed at lhc
closo of ihe Iait scsion of Corrsrcs, could
not bo fruitful in much bcionil inere prc
parations farsubscqiicntrcpurts. Impcrtant
duties, tho Secretary tclls us. wcrc Jranjfcr
rcil from thc Exel-ulive, Slate, Tic.Tury
and Wnr Departmcnls, and thcso duties.
many of Ihcm oncrom, wercsoon.found rniiT
ning into much dctail, and no mi'ans had
bccn furnislicd by C'ongnss for thcir pcr
formancc. In thcse circumstanees. the Sec
retary mu-it havc been greatly cmbarrasscd,'
and it is lo his crcdit that he ba3 accompl'sh
cd io much.
Thc heads, intowhtch llc llcport U divid -cd.are
public buiMiug. the patcnt olIice,ari
agricultural burcatt, tho pcnsion nirice, puh-,
llc lands and a I'acilic railroad. On cacb of
tbese. much and varied informalion is givcn.
In rcg.inl to t!it: first, tha Secretary rcmarks
tbat thcrc is among Ihe invrnticns of the
dav, mixctl wilh the wcll-directed a-id use
ful", much tbat is wild and viionaryt, and
tbcrcnirenlKirliic; and fometimc tho vanc,
and for Ibe prvseiil uselcss, forcshadowinj
iinportant futtuu dijcovcrios ; yet tho aptrrc
gat'c value of the labor nnd'stmly of this
chtss of inventors is pronounced beyond nll
etimale. A Iarge surp'usfund bas accumu
lated fiom such conlribtilior.s, nnil it is re
comniondtMl that this be npplied hcrcaftcr
for tbe cncouragcmcnt of ihe inventive arls
und tbcrwanlof succcsslul inventors.
An Agricultural Bnreau istronly rccom
mcnded, and thorc can bo little doubt that
Congress will cstablMi onp. Tho Agricul
turalintefcs:,as the Secretary rcmxrkstnnds
lirst iu inipori.ince in our country. and em
hodics wiihin itself the principal clcmcn's of
our national wcalth and jiwcr. Tho chicf
nations of Kurope h.ive thcir ngrlcullnrat
lio.irds, undcr lhc direction of bighly scicn
tifie tiieti. Bclsiimi 1ns the bcst organiza
tiou of this kind, and is tbc bcst cultivatcd
lounlry m Kuropc
Tlm' buincss iu the Pcn ion Ollice con
tinups to be largc. Thc invalid pcnsions, of
which there aie now -1,1 15 on llic liut. havc
increascd f)8U diriiig the Ia?t year. The
clainis for bounty land warranls. filed prior
lo Novcmlier, on. nlut 3,000, and nlioul
'JU.000 rcinnin to bc filcd. Of Ihe formcr,
..lKiiit 'JOoO have bccn si.pendedor rrjectPil.
To satisfy thcse. not lcss tban M,G0O,00U
ar.res of land arc rwmircil.
The ltqort uives many intcreslins facU
in rc.'.rd lo frcologic.-d cxploratiims and mr
vcys in Miclvgan, Wisconsin. nndlowa. Dr.
J.n kMJirs rcport is fnvorably noticcd as con
lainin A full ni'il nble dfscription of the ge
oloical clir:icle'itic of thc rich copperdc
pnsitrs on lhc: ilands nnd hhorcs of J.Jiko
Siqcrior. Dr. IK-ic'smaguctie obwrvations '
though not itll lliat is yet deiii.ind-iil, nre re
sanhil wilh poculiar iutercst. Mcssrs. Fos
icr and Whitney. who succcedcd Dr. Jack
sou on tho UltcrV rccuuinicudation, bnvu
.re-eI furward the ficlu work in Michiul
with tliligcnce, nr.d so bas Dr. Owen in Wis-
consin nnd lowa.
Mtu-h is said nbout tbe ultimatc ilisposmon
of lands in lhc new terriiorics. A burvey
or General's ofiice for each terri'.ory is urgell.
Judicial rcmimissions. to cxamina nnd sctthj
old Spanisb titlcs in New Mcxico ajyl .Cali
forni.i. are ncccsa.iry, iu the cocr, to a con
siderablc cxtcnt.llie miiKts of cold nnd quick-
ihcr. I hc right to thc nniic3, nliiel. jiasscu.
Vom tbc Siiauish Cruwn to tbe Governmcnt
of Mexico, U belietctl to have pastcd to tbe
Umld stalcs. AU the ilcpojilcs, llicrciorc,
nherevcr found in the new terriloriw, are
the propcrty of our Governniciit. Tho lar
get picce of gold, wbicb bas bccn bn.ught
to tho mint, weuihs SO ounccs. The Exec
utivc bas no power, by any cxistin law, to
rcgulate the mincs or prolcct Ihem Irom m-
trusion. A gcological cxploration is rccorn
mcndiit as preparatorv to thctlivi.ion of tho
irolu district into mali and convenicnt lols
Tho Secretary ihinks ihe bcst way to ditiiosc
of thcso lamls Ls by sale or Icav;, rcscrving'
a part of thc gold as rcnt. nnd on the con
dilion that, whcn ;nlleeted.it shall bc depos-
tcd in Ihe mint hcrcaftcr to bo cstnolishctr.
in that rogion. After rctaming fjrrcnt and
assv enough of the gold ro dcposilctl. hc
woutd have tho balance paid back in co.n.
or its value in drafls on -tho Treasury or
Mint. Lcnccs he thinks prcfcrable l sa!es
whcrc the cold is on the snrfiu-o, bul other
wip where it is found in rock3. Theso btt.
tcr muit nccrsrarily bc sohl, as thcjr cai.not
bc worked b-jt by capitalists with beavy in-
Sini c thc iliscovery of tbe mincs, gold ir
Californta has not rancotl lnghcriiian oio
nr. ouncc. Ils actual value u .tlractinnoyer
tis Tt.p npi-imens ot oni ksilvcr, which
th 3 mincrai, wbuh is scvrral frct in tlw;.
a .mlphuret ofincrcmvpr naitiwnai.'ar.j
thus lar assayed at Ibc mint rdpjrTrcln 16
of incti.1. Thc itratcm ol
ne-s, has becn traccd for s teni3crAi!ui.
lance , .rT.t"
Sbe was younj ana urauuiu. ,